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Psychotropic Substances Act 1976

  • - C2004C06224
  • In force - Superseded Version
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Act No. 87 of 1976 as amended, taking into account amendments up to Act No. 10 of 1986
Registered 07 Dec 2009
Start Date 13 May 1986
End Date 30 Jun 1995

PSYCHOTROPIC SUBSTANCES ACT 1976
- Updated as at 24 January 1994 (HISTACT CHAP 1719 #DATE 24:01:1994)

*1* The Psychotropic Substances Act 1976 as shown in this
reprint comprises Act No. 87, 1976 amended as indicated in the
Tables below.
Table of Acts
Act Date Date of Application
Number and of assent commencement saving or
year transitional
provisions
Psychotropic Substances Act 1976
87, 1976 25 Aug 1976 S. 9: 1 Nov 1984
(see Gazette 1984,
No. S426)
Remainder:
Royal Assent
Customs Administration (Transitional Provisions and
Consequential Amendments) Act 1985
39, 1985 29 May 1985 10 June 1985 S. 4
(see s. 2 and
Gazette 1985,
No. S194)
Customs Administration (Transitional Provisions and
Consequential Amendments) Act 1986
10, 1986 13 May 1986 13 May 1986 Ss. 2 (2)
and 4
Table of Amendments
ad=added or inserted am=amended rep=repealed rs=repealed and substituted
Provision affected How affected
S. 2A ad. No. 39, 1985
S. 9 am. No. 10, 1986

PSYCHOTROPIC SUBSTANCES ACT 1976 - TABLE OF PROVISIONS

TABLE

TABLE OF PROVISIONS
Section
1. Short title
2. Commencement
2A. General administration of Act
3. Interpretation
4. Extension of Territories
5. Approval of ratification of Convention
6. Exempt preparations
7. Provisional application of this Act to certain
substances etc.
8. Amendments of the Schedules to the Convention
9. Psychotropic substances and preparations passing through
Australia
10. Regulations
SCHEDULE
CONVENTION ON PSYCHOTROPIC SUBSTANCES

PSYCHOTROPIC SUBSTANCES ACT 1976 - LONG TITLE

SECT

An Act to Approve Ratification of the Convention on
Psychotropic Substances and to give effect to that Convention
with respect to certain Psychotropic Substances and
Psychotropic Preparations that enter Australia in the course
of Consignment from one place outside Australia to another
place outside Australia

PSYCHOTROPIC SUBSTANCES ACT 1976 - SECT 1
Short title

SECT

1. This Act may be cited as the Psychotropic Substances Act 1976.*1* SEE NOTES TO FIRST ARTICLE OF THIS CHAPTER .

PSYCHOTROPIC SUBSTANCES ACT 1976 - SECT 2
Commencement

SECT

2.*1* (1) Subject to subsection (2), this Act shall come into operation on the day on which it receives the Royal Assent.

(2) Section 9 shall come into operation on a date to be fixed by Proclamation, being a date not earlier than the date on which the Convention enters into force for Australia. SEE NOTES TO FIRST ARTICLE OF THIS CHAPTER .

PSYCHOTROPIC SUBSTANCES ACT 1976 - SECT 2A
General administration of Act

SECT

2A. The Comptroller-General of Customs has the general administration of this Act.

PSYCHOTROPIC SUBSTANCES ACT 1976 - SECT 3
Interpretation

SECT

3. In this Act, unless the contrary intention appears:
"Australia", when used in a geographical sense, includes the external Territories;
"Collector" has the same meaning as in the Customs Act 1901;
"Commission" means the Commission on Narcotic Drugs of the Economic and Social Council of the United Nations;
"Convention" means the Convention on Psychotropic Substances that was adopted and opened for signature at Vienna on 21 February 1971 the text of which is set forth in the Schedule and includes that Convention as amended from time to time in relation to Australia;
"export authorization" means an export authorization issued by or on behalf of the Government of a country in pursuance of the Convention or in pursuance of a law of that country giving effect to the Convention in so far as it relates to the exportation of goods;
"preparation" means:
(a) a solution or mixture, in whatever physical state, containing a psychotropic substance or 2 or more psychotropic substances; or
(b) a psychotropic substance, or 2 or more psychotropic substances, in dosage form;
"psychotropic substance" means a Schedule I substance or a Schedule II substance;
"psychotropic preparation" means a preparation other than a preparation declared by the regulations to be an exempt preparation;
"Schedule I substance" means:
(a) a substance or natural material that is specified in the list of substances and natural materials contained in Schedule I to the Convention in the form in which that Schedule appears in the Schedule to this Act other than a substance or material that is declared by the regulations to be deemed to have been deleted from that list; or
(b) a substance or natural material that is declared by the regulations to be deemed to have been added to that list; and
"Schedule II substance" means:
(i) a substance or natural material that is specified in
the list of substances and natural materials contained in Schedule II to the Convention in the form in which that Schedule appears in the Schedule to this Act other than a substance or material that is declared by the regulations to be deemed to have been deleted from that list; or
(ii) a substance or material that is declared by the
regulations to be deemed to have been added to that list.

PSYCHOTROPIC SUBSTANCES ACT 1976 - SECT 4
Extension of Territories

SECT

4. This Act extends to every external Territory.

PSYCHOTROPIC SUBSTANCES ACT 1976 - SECT 5
Approval of ratification of Convention

SECT

5. Approval is given to ratification by Australia of the Convention.

PSYCHOTROPIC SUBSTANCES ACT 1976 - SECT 6
Exempt preparations

SECT

6. The regulations may declare a preparation other than:
(a) a solution or mixture containing a Schedule I substance;
(b) a Schedule I substance in dosage form; or
(c) 2 or more psychotropic substances of which at least one is a Schedule I substance, in dosage form;
to be, for the purposes of this Act, an exempt preparation.

PSYCHOTROPIC SUBSTANCES ACT 1976 - SECT 7
Provisional application of this Act to certain substances etc.

SECT

7. Where information is transmitted to Australia in accordance with paragraph 2 of Article 2 of the Convention that indicates that a substance or natural material is suitable for inclusion in Schedule I or Schedule II to the Convention in pursuance of paragraph 4 of that Article, the regulations may declare that the substance or material shall be deemed to be added to the list of substances or materials contained in Schedule I or Schedule II, as the case requires, to the Convention, in the form in which that Schedule appears in the Schedule to this Act.

PSYCHOTROPIC SUBSTANCES ACT 1976 - SECT 8
Amendments of the Schedules to the Convention

SECT

8. (1) Where communication of a decision of the Commission, being a decision referred to in paragraph 7 of Article 2 of the Convention, is received by Australia, the regulations may, for the purpose of enabling Australia to give effect to the decision under the Act when the decision becomes fully effective with respect to Australia, declare that a specified substance or a specified natural material shall be deemed to be added to, or deleted from, the list of substances and natural materials contained in Schedule I or Schedule II, as the case requires, to the Convention, in the form in which that Schedule appears in the Schedule to this Act, or shall be deemed to be added to one of those lists and deleted from the other, or may repeal or amend a regulation or regulations previously made under this section.

(2) A regulation made under this section in relation to a decision of the Commission shall take effect on a date specified in the regulation:
(a) not being a date earlier than the date on which that decision becomes, under the Convention, fully effective with respect to Australia; and
(b) in the case of a regulation referred to in subsection (3) - not being a date occurring within 3 months after notice of the making of the regulation is published in the Gazette.

(3) For the purposes of paragraph (2) (b), a regulation is a regulation referred to in this subsection if:
(a) it declares that a specified substance or a specified natural material shall be deemed to be added to the list of substances contained in Schedule I, or Schedule II, to the Convention in the form in which that Schedule appears in the Schedule to this Act; or
(b) it repeals a regulation that declared that a specified substance or a specified natural material shall be deemed to be deleted from either of those lists.

PSYCHOTROPIC SUBSTANCES ACT 1976 - SECT 9
Psychotropic substances and preparations passing through Australia

SECT

9. (1) Where a psychotropic substance (not being a psychotropic substance in dosage form) or a psychotropic preparation consigned to a person, or to a place, outside Australia enters Australia on a vessel or aircraft in the course of consignment, a Collector may, whether or not the substance or preparation is unloaded from the vessel or aircraft in which it enters Australia, require the person having the possession or control of the substance or preparation to produce to him an export authorization in relation to the substance or preparation.

(2) Where a person who is required in pursuance of subsection (1) to produce to a Collector an export authorization in respect of a psychotropic substance or a psychotropic preparation does not produce such an export authorization to the Collector, the Collector may seize the substance or preparation.

(3) A psychotropic substance or a psychotropic preparation seized under subsection (2) shall be deemed to be forfeited to the Commonwealth and shall be disposed of in accordance with the directions of the Comptroller-General of Customs.

(4) The powers conferred on a Collector by this section do not apply to, or in relation to:
(a) a substance that is not included in the list of substances contained in Schedule I or Schedule II to the Convention;
(b) a preparation, being a solution or mixture that does not contain a substance included in the list of substances contained in Schedule I or Schedule II to the Convention; or
(c) any other preparation consisting of:
(i) a substance that is not included in the list of
substances contained in Schedule I or Schedule II to the Convention, in dosage form; or
(ii) 2 or more substances neither of which is included in
such a list, in dosage form.

(5) Where a psychotropic substance or a psychotropic preparation enters Australia on board a vessel or aircraft, then, except where some person, not being the master, or a member of the crew, of that vessel or the pilot, or a member of the crew of that aircraft has the possession or control of that substance or preparation, the master of that vessel or the pilot of that aircraft, as the case may be, shall be deemed, for the purposes of this Act, to have the possession and control of that substance or preparation.

(6) For the purposes of this section, a psychotropic substance or psychotropic preparation shall not be taken to have entered Australia merely by virtue of being carried on board an aircraft that flies over, but does not land in, Australia.

(7) In this section:
(a) a reference to an export authorization includes a reference to a copy of an export authorization;
(b) a reference to a preparation, not being a reference to a psychotropic preparation, is a reference to:
(i) a solution or mixture; or
(ii) a substance, or 2 or more substances, in dosage form;
and
(c) a reference to a substance, not being a reference to a psychotropic substance, includes a reference to a natural material.

PSYCHOTROPIC SUBSTANCES ACT 1976 - SECT 10
Regulations

SECT

10. The Governor-General may make regulations, not inconsistent with this Act, prescribing all matters that are required or permitted by this Act to be prescribed or are necessary or convenient to be prescribed for carrying out or giving effect to this Act.

PSYCHOTROPIC SUBSTANCES ACT 1976 - SCHEDULE

SCH

SCHEDULE Section 3
CONVENTION ON PSYCHOTROPIC SUBSTANCES
PREAMBLE
The Parties,
Being concerned with the health and welfare of mankind,
Noting with concern the public health and social problems
resulting from the abuse of certain psychotropic substances,
Determined to prevent and combat abuse of such substances and
the illicit traffic to which it gives rise,
Considering that rigorous measures are necessary to restrict
the use of such substances to legitimate purposes,
Recognizing that the use of psychotropic substances for medical
and scientific purposes is indispensable and that their
availability for such purposes should not be unduly restricted,
Believing that effective measures against abuse of such
substances require co-ordination and universal action,
Acknowledging the competence of the United Nations in the field
of control of psychotropic substances and desirous that the
international organs concerned should be within the framework
of that Organization,
Recognizing that an international convention is necessary to
achieve these purposes,
Agree as follows:
ARTICLE 1
Use of terms
Except where otherwise expressly indicated, or where the
context otherwise requires, the following terms in this
Convention have the meanings given below:
(a) "Council" means the Economic and Social Council of the
United Nations.
(b) "Commission" means the Commission on Narcotic Drugs of the
Council.
(c) "Board" means the International Narcotics Control Board
provided for in the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, 1961.
(d) "Secretary-General" means the Secretary-General of the
United Nations.
(e) "Psychotropic substance" means any substance, natural or
synthetic, or any natural material in Schedule I, II, III or
IV.
(f) "Preparation" means:
(i) any solution or mixture, in whatever physical state,
containing one or more psychotropic substances, or
(ii) one or more psychotropic substances in dosage form.
(g) "Schedule I", "Schedule II", "Schedule III" and "Schedule
IV" mean the correspondingly numbered lists of psychotropic
substances annexed to this Convention, as altered in accordance
with article 2.
(h) "Export" and "import" mean in their respective connotations
the physical transfer of a psychotropic substance from one
State to another State.
(i) "Manufacture" means all processes by which psychotropic
substances may be obtained, and includes refining as well as
the transformation of psychotropic substances into other
psychotropic substances. The term also includes the making of
preparations other than those made on prescription in
pharmacies.
(j) "Illicit traffic" means manufacture of or trafficking in
psychotropic substances contrary to the provisions of this
Convention.
(k) "Region" means any part of a State which pursuant to
article 28 is treated as a separate entity for the purposes of
this Convention.
(l) "Premises" means buildings or parts of buildings, including
the appertaining land.
ARTICLE 2
Scope of control of substances
1. If a Party or the World Health Organization has information
relating to a substance not yet under international control
which in its opinion may require the addition of that substance
to any of the Schedules of this Convention, it shall notify the
Secretary-General and furnish him with the information in
support of that notification. The foregoing procedure shall
also apply when a Party or the World Health Organization has
information justifying the transfer of a substance from one
Schedule to another among those Schedules, or the deletion of a
substance from the Schedules.
2. The Secretary-General shall transmit such notification, and
any information which he considers relevant, to the Parties, to
the Commission and, when the notification is made by a Party,
to the World Health Organization.
3. If the information transmitted with such a notification
indicates that the substance is suitable for inclusion in
Schedule I or Schedule II pursuant to paragraph 4, the Parties
shall examine, in the light of all information available to
them, the possibility of the provisional application to the
substance of all measures of control applicable to substances
in Schedule I or Schedule II, as appropriate.
4. If the World Health Organization finds:
(a) that the substance has the capacity to produce
(i) (1) a state of dependence, and
(2) central nervous system stimulation or depression, resulting
in halucinations or disturbances in motor function or thinking
or behaviour or perception or mood, or
(ii) similar abuse and similar ill effects as a substance in
Schedule I, II, III or IV, and
(b) that there is sufficient evidence that the substance is
being or is likely to be abused so as to constitute a public
health and social problem warranting the placing of the
substance under international control,
the World Health Organization shall communicate to the
Commission an assessment of the substance, including the extent
or likelihood of abuse, the degree of seriousness of the public
health and social problem and the degree of usefulness of the
substance in medical therapy, together with recommendations on
control measures, if any, that would be appropriate in the
light of its assessment.
5. The Commission, taking into account the communication from
the World Health Organization, whose assessments shall be
determinative as to medical and scientific matters, and bearing
in mind the economic, social, legal, administrative and other
factors it may consider relevant, may add the substance to
Schedule I, II, III or IV. The Commission may seek further
information from the World Health Organization or from other
appropriate sources.
6. If a notification under paragraph 1 relates to a substance
already listed in one of the Schedules, the World Health
Organization shall communicate to the Commission its new
findings, any new assessment of the substance it may make in
accordance with paragraph 4 and any new recommendations on
control measures it may find appropriate in the light of that
assessment. The Commission, taking into account the
communication from the World Health Organization as under
paragraph 5 and bearing in mind the factors referred to in that
paragraph, may decide to transfer the substance from one
Schedule to another or to delete it from the Schedules.
7. Any decision of the Commission taken pursuant to this
article shall be communicated by the Secretary-General to all
States Members of the United Nations, to non-member States
Parties to this Convention, to the World Health Organization
and to the Board. Such decision shall become fully effective
with respect to each Party 180 days after the date of such
communication, except for any Party which, within that period,
in respect of a decision adding a substance to a Schedule, has
transmitted to the Secretary-General a written notice that, in
view of exceptional circumstances, it is not in a position to
give effect with respect to that substance to all of the
provisions of the Convention applicable to substances in that
Schedule. Such notice shall state the reasons for this
exceptional action. Notwithstanding its notice, each Party
shall apply, as a minimum, the control measures listed below:
(a) A Party having given such notice with respect to a
previously uncontrolled substance added to Schedule I shall
take into account, as far as possible, the special control
measures enumerated in article 7 and, with respect to that
substance, shall:
(i) require licences for manufacture, trade and distribution as
provided in article 8 for substances in Schedule II;
(ii) require medical prescriptions for supply or dispensing as
provided in article 9 for substances in Schedule II;
(iii) comply with the obligations relating to export and import
provided in article 12, except in respect to another Party
having given such notice for the substance in question;
(iv) comply with the obligations provided in article 13 for
substances in Schedule II in regard to prohibition of and
restrictions on export and import;
(v) furnish statistical reports to the Board in accordance with
paragraph 4 (a) of article 16; and
(vi) adopt measures in accordance with article 22 for the
repression of acts contrary to laws or regulations adopted
pursuant to the foregoing obligations.
(b) A Party having given such notice with regard to a
previously uncontrolled substance added to Schedule II shall,
with respect to that substance:
(i) require licences for manufacture, trade and distribution in
accordance with article 8;
(ii) require medical prescriptions for supply or dispensing in
accordance with article 9;
(iii) comply with the obligations relating to export and import
provided in article 12, except in respect to another Party
having given such notice for the substance in question;
(iv) comply with the obligations of article 13 in regard to
prohibition of and restrictions on export and import;
(v) furnish statistical reports to the Board in accordance with
paragraphs 4 (a), (c) and (d) of article 16; and
(vi) adopt measures in accordance with article 22 for the
repression of acts contrary to laws or regulations adopted
pursuant to the foregoing obligations.
(c) A Party having given such notice with regard to a
previously uncontrolled substance added to Schedule III shall,
with respect to that substance:
(i) require licences for manufacture, trade and distribution in
accordance with article 8;
(ii) require medical prescriptions for supply or dispensing in
accordance with article 9;
(iii) comply with the obligations relating to export provided
in article 12, except in respect to another Party having given
such notice for the substance in question;
(iv) comply with the obligations of article 13 in regard to
prohibition of and restrictions on export and import; and
(v) adopt measures in accordance with article 22 for the
repression of acts contrary to laws or regulations adopted
pursuant to the foregoing obligations.
(d) A Party having given such notice with regard to a
previously uncontrolled substance added to Schedule IV shall,
with respect to that substance:
(i) require licences for manufacture, trade and distribution in
accordance with article 8;
(ii) comply with the obligations of article 13 in regard to
prohibition of and restrictions on export and import; and
(iii) adopt measures in accordance with article 22 for the
repression of acts contrary to laws or regulations adopted
pursuant to the foregoing obligations.
(e) A Party having given such notice with regard to a substance
transferred to a Schedule providing stricter controls and
obligations shall apply as a minimum all of the provisions of
this Convention applicable to the Schedule from which it was
transferred.
8. (a) The decisions of the Commission taken under this article
shall be subject to review by the Council upon the request of
any Party filed within 180 days from receipt of notification of
the decision. The request for review shall be sent to the
Secretary-General together with all relevant information upon
which the request for review is based.
(b) The Secretary-General shall transmit copies of the request
for review and the relevant information to the Commission, to
the World Health Organization and to all the Parties, inviting
them to submit comments within ninety days. All comments
received shall be submitted to the Council for consideration.
(c) The Council may confirm, alter or reverse the decision of
the Commission. Notification of the Council's decision shall be
transmitted to all States Members of the United Nations, to
non-member States Parties to this Convention, to the
Commission, to the World Health Organization and to the Board.
(d) During pendency of the review, the original decision of the
Commission shall, subject to paragraph 7, remain in effect.
9. The Parties shall use their best endeavours to apply to
substances which do not fall under this Convention, but which
may be used in the illicit manufacture of psychotropic
substances, such measures of supervision as may be practicable.
ARTICLE 3
Special provisions regarding the control of preparations
1. Except as provided in the following paragraphs of this
article, a preparation is subject to the same measures of
control as the psychotropic substance which it contains, and,
if it contains more than one such substance, to the measures
applicable to the most strictly controlled of those substances.
2. If a preparation containing a psychotropic substance other
than a substance in Schedule I is compounded in such a way that
it presents no, or a negligible, risk of abuse and the
substance cannot be recovered by readily applicable means in a
quantity liable to abuse, so that the preparation does not give
rise to a public health and social problem, the preparation may
be exempted from certain of the measures of control provided in
this Convention in accordance with paragraph 3.
3. If a Party makes a finding under the preceding paragraph
regarding a preparation, it may decide to exempt the
preparation, in its country or in one of its regions, from any
or all of the measures of control provided in this Convention
except the requirements of:
(a) article 8 (licences), as it applies to manufacture;
(b) article 11 (records), as it applies to exempt preparations;
(c) article 13 (prohibition of and restrictions on export and
import);
(d) article 15 (inspection), as it applies to manufacture;
(e) article 16 (reports to be furnished by the Parties), as it
applies to exempt preparations; and
(f) article 22 (penal provisions), to the extent necessary for
the repression of acts contrary to laws or regulations adopted
pursuant to the foregoing obligations.
A Party shall notify the Secretary-General of any such
decision, of the name and composition of the exempt
preparation, and of the measures of control from which it is
exempted. The Secretary-General shall transmit the notification
to the other Parties, to the World Health Organization and to
the Board.
4. If a Party or the World Health Organization has information
regarding a preparation exempted pursuant to paragraph 3 which
in its opinion may require the termination, in whole or in
part, of the exemption, it shall notify the Secretary-General
and furnish him with the information in support of the
notification. The Secretary-General shall transmit such
notification, and any information which he considers relevant,
to the Parties, to the Commission and, when the notification is
made by a Party, to the World Health Organization. The World
Health Organization shall communicate to the Commission an
assessment of the preparation in relation to the matters
specified in paragraph 2, together with a recommendation of the
control measures, if any, from which the preparation should
cease to be exempted. The Commission, taking into account the
communication from the World Health Organization, whose
assessment shall be determinative as to medical and scientific
matters, and bearing in mind the economic, social, legal,
administrative and other factors it may consider relevant, may
decide to terminate the exemption of the preparation from any
or all control measures. Any decision of the Commission taken
pursuant to this paragraph shall be communicated by the
Secretary-General to all States Members of the United Nations,
to non-member States Parties to this Convention, to the World
Health Organization and to the Board. All Parties shall take
measures to terminate the exemption from the control measure or
measures in question within 180 days of the date of the
Secretary-General's communication.
ARTICLE 4
Other special provisions regarding the scope of control
In respect of psychotropic substances other than those in
Schedule I, the Parties may permit:
(a) the carrying by international travellers of small
quantities of preparations for personal use; each Party shall
be entitled, however, to satisfy itself that these preparations
have been lawfully obtained;
(b) the use of such substances in industry for the manufacture
of non-psychotropic substances or products, subject to the
application of the measures of control required by this
Convention until the psychotropic substances come to be in such
a condition that they will not in practice be abused or
recovered;
(c) the use of such substances, subject to the application of
the measures of control required by this Convention, for the
capture of animals by persons specifically authorized by the
competent authorities to use such substances for that purpose.
ARTICLE 5
Limitation for use to medical and scientific purposes
1. Each party shall limit the use of substances in Schedule I
as provided in article 7.
2. Each Party shall, except as provided in article 4, limit by
such measures as it considers appropriate the manufacture,
export, import, distribution and stocks of, trade in, and use
and possession of, substances in Schedules II, III and IV to
medical and scientific purposes.
3. It is desirable that the Parties do not permit the
possession of substances in Schedule II, III and IV except
under legal authority.
ARTICLE 6
Special administration
It is desirable that for the purpose of applying the provisions
of this Convention, each Party establish and maintain a special
administration, which may with advantage be the same as, or
work in close co-operation with, the special administration
established pursuant to the provisions of conventions for the
control of narcotic drugs.
ARTICLE 7
Special provisions regarding substances in Schedule I
In respect of substances in Schedule I, the Parties shall:
(a) prohibit all use except for scientific and very limited
medical purposes by duly authorized persons, in medical or
scientific establishments which are directly under the control
of their Governments or specifically approved by them;
(b) require that manufacture, trade, distribution and
possession be under a special licence or prior authorization;
(c) provide for close supervision of the activities and acts
mentioned in paragraphs (a) and (b);
(d) restrict the amount supplied to a duly authorized person to
the quantity required for his authorized purpose;
(e) require that persons performing medical or scientific
functions keep records concerning the acquisition of the
substances and the details of their use, such records to be
preserved for at least two years after the last use recorded
therein; and
(f) prohibit export and import except when both the exporter
and importer are the competent authorities or agencies of the
exporting and importing country or region, respectively, or
other persons or enterprises which are specifically authorized
by the competent authorities of their country or region for the
purpose. The requirements of paragraph 1 of article 12 for
export and import authorizations for substances in Schedule II
shall also apply to substances in Schedule I.
ARTICLE 8
Licences
1. The Parties shall require that the manufacture of, trade
(including export and import trade) in, and distribution of
substances listed in Schedules II, III and IV be under licence
or other similar control measure.
2. The Parties shall:
(a) control all duly authorized persons and enterprises
carrying on or engaged in the manufacture of, trade (including
export and import trade) in, or distribution of substances
referred to in paragraph 1;
(b) control under licence or other similar control measure the
establishments and premises in which such manufacture, trade or
distribution may take place; and
(c) provide that security measures be taken with regard to such
establishments and premises in order to prevent theft or other
diversion of stocks.
3. The provisions of paragraphs 1 and 2 of this article
relating to licensing or other similar control measures need
not apply to persons duly authorized to perform and while
performing therapeutic or scientific functions.
4. The Parties shall require that all persons who obtain
licences in accordance with this Convention or who are
otherwise authorized pursuant to paragraph 1 of this article or
sub-paragraph (b) of article 7 shall be adequately qualified
for the effective and faithful execution of the provisions of
such laws and regulations as are enacted in pursuance of this
Convention.
ARTICLE 9
Prescriptions
1. The Parties shall require that substances in Schedules II,
III and IV be supplied or dispensed for use by individuals
pursuant to medical prescription only, except when individuals
may lawfully obtain, use, dispense or administer such
substances in the duly authorized exercise of therapeutic or
scientific functions.
2. The Parties shall take measures to ensure that prescriptions
for substances in Schedules II, III and IV are issued in
accordance with sound medical practice and subject to such
regulation, particularly as to the number of times they may be
refilled and the duration of their validity, as will protect
the public health and welfare.
3. Notwithstanding paragraph 1, a Party may, if in its opinion
local circumstances so require and under such conditions,
including record-keeping, as it may prescribe, authorize
licensed pharmacists or other licensed retail distributors
designated by the authorities responsible for public health in
its country or part thereof to supply, at their discretion and
without prescription, for use for medical purposes by
individuals in exceptional cases, small quantities, within
limits to be defined by the Parties, of substances in Schedules
III and IV.

ARTICLE 10
Warnings on packages, and advertising
1. Each Party shall require, taking into account any relevant
regulations or recommendations of the World Health
Organization, such directions for use, including cautions and
warnings, to be indicated on the labels where practicable and
in any case on the accompanying leaflet of retail packages of
psychotropic substances, as in its opinion are necessary for
the safety of the user.
2. Each Party shall, with due regard to its constitutional
provisions, prohibit the advertisement of such substances to
the general public.
ARTICLE 11
Records
1. The Parties shall require that, in respect of substances in
Schedule I, manufacturers and all other persons authorized
under article 7 to trade in and distribute those substances
keep records, as may be determined by each Party, showing
details of the quantities manufactured, the quantities held in
stock, and, for each acquisition and disposal, details of the
quantity, date, supplier and recipient.
2. The Parties shall require that, in respect of substances in
Schedules II and III, manufacturers, wholesale distributors,
exporters and importers keep records, as may be determined by
each Party, showing details of the quantities manufactured and,
for each acquisition and disposal, details of the quantity,
date, supplier and recipient.
3. The Parties shall require that, in respect of substances in
Schedule II, retail distributors, institutions for
hospitalization and care and scientific institutions keep
records, as may be determined by each Party, showing, for each
acquisition and disposal, details of the quantity, date,
supplier and recipient.
4. The Parties shall ensure, through appropriate methods and
taking into account the professional and trade practices in
their countries, that information regarding acquisition and
disposal of substances in Schedule III by retail distributors,
institutions for hospitalization and care and scientific
institutions is readily available.
5. The Parties shall require that, in respect of substances in
Schedule IV, manufacturers, exporters and importers keep
records, as may be determined by each Party, showing the
quantities manufactured, exported and imported.
6. The Parties shall require manufacturers of preparations
exempted under paragraph 3 of article 3 to keep records as to
the quantity of each psychotropic substance used in the
manufacture of an exempt preparation, and as to the nature,
total quantity and initial disposal of the exempt preparation
manufactured therefrom.
7. The Parties shall ensure that the records and information
referred to in this article which are required for purposes of
reports under article 16 shall be preserved for at least two
years.
ARTICLE 12
Provisions relating to international trade
1. (a) Every Party permitting the export or import of
substances in Schedule I or II shall require a separate import
or export authorization, on a form to be established by the
Commission, to be obtained for each such export or import
whether it consists of one or more substances.
(b) Such authorization shall state the international
non-proprietary name, or, lacking such a name, the designation of
the substance in the Schedule, the quantity to be exported or
imported, the pharmaceutical form, the name and address of the
exporter and importer, and the period within which the export
or import must be effected. If the substance is exported or
imported in the form of a preparation, the name of the
preparation, if any, shall additionally be furnished. The
export authorization shall also state the number and date of
the import authorization and the authority by whom it has been
issued.
(c) Before issuing an export authorization the Parties shall
require an import authorization, issued by the competent
authority of the importing country or region and certifying
that the importation of the substance or substances referred to
therein is approved, and such an authorization shall be
produced by the person or establishment applying for the export
authorization.
(d) A copy of the export authorization shall accompany each
consignment, and the Government issuing the export
authorization shall send a copy to the Government of the
importing country or region.
(e) The Government of the importing country or region, when the
importation has been effected, shall return the export
authorization with an endorsement certifying the amount
actually imported, to the Government of the exporting country
or region.
2. (a) The Parties shall require that for each export of
substances in Schedule III exporters shall draw up a
declaration in triplicate, on a form to be established by the
Commission, containing the following information:
(i) the name and address of the exporter and importer;
(ii) the international non-proprietary name, or, failing such a
name, the designation of the substance in the Schedule;
(iii) the quantity and pharmaceutical form in which the
substance is exported, and, if in the form of a preparation,
the name of the preparation, if any; and
(iv) the date of despatch.
(b) Exporters shall furnish the competent authorities of their
country or region with two copies of the declaration. They
shall attach the third copy to their consignment.
(c) A Party from whose territory a substance in Schedule III
has been exported shall, as soon as possible but not later than
ninety days after the date of despatch, send to the competent
authorities of the importing country or region, by registered
mail with return of receipt requested, one copy of the
declaration received from the exporter.
(d) The Parties may require that, on receipt of the
consignment, the importer shall transmit the copy accompanying
the consignment, duly endorsed stating the quantities received
and the date of receipt, to the competent authorities of his
country or region.
3. In respect of substances in Schedules I and II the following
additional provisions shall apply:
(a) The Parties shall exercise in free ports and zones the same
supervision and control as in other parts of their territory,
provided, however, that they may apply more drastic measures.
(b) Exports of consignments to a post office box, or to a bank
to the account of a person other than the person named in the
export authorization, shall be prohibited.
(c) Exports to bonded warehouses of consignments of substances
in Schedule I are prohibited. Exports of consignments of
substances in Schedule II to a bonded warehouse are prohibited
unless the Government of the importing country certifies on the
import authorization, produced by the person or establishment
applying for the export authorization, that it has approved the
importation for the purpose of being placed in a bonded
warehouse. In such case the export authorization shall certify
that the consignment is exported for such purpose. Each
withdrawal from the bonded warehouse shall require a permit
from the authorities having jurisdiction over the warehouse
and, in the case of a foreign destination, shall be treated as
if it were a new export within the meaning of this Convention.
(d) Consignments entering or leaving the territory of a Party
not accompanied by an export authorization shall be detained by
the competent authorities.
(e) A Party shall not permit any substances consigned to
another country to pass through its territory, whether or not
the consignment is removed from the conveyance in which it is
carried, unless a copy of the export authorization for
consignment is produced to the competent authorities of such
Party.
(f) The competent authorities of any country or region through
which a consignment of substances is permitted to pass shall
take all due measures to prevent the diversion of the
consignment to a destination other than that named in the
accompanying copy of the export authorization, unless the
Government of the country or region through which the
consignment is passing authorizes the diversion. The Government
of the country or region of transit shall treat any requested
diversion as if the diversion were an export from the country
or region of transit to the country or region of new
destination. If the diversion is authorized, the provisions of
paragraph 1 (e) shall also apply between the country or region
of transit and the country or region which originally exported
the consignment.
(g) No consignment of substances, while in transit or whilst
being stored in a bonded warehouse, may be subjected to any
process which would change the nature of the substance in
question. The packing may not be altered without the permission
of the competent authorities.
(h) The provisions of sub-paragraphs (e) to (g) relating to the
passage of substances through the territory of a Party do not
apply where the consignment in question is transported by
aircraft which does not land in the country or region of
transit. If the aircraft lands in any such country or region,
those provisions shall be applied so far as circumstances
require.
(i) The provisions of this paragraph are without prejudice to
the provisions of any international agreements which limit the
control which may be exercised by any of the Parties over such
substances in transit.
ARTICLE 13
Prohibition of and restrictions on export and import
1. A Party may notify all the other Parties through the
Secretary-General that it prohibits the import into its country
or into one of its regions of one or more substances in
Schedule II, III or IV, specified in its notification. Any such
notification shall specify the name of the substance as
designated in Schedule II, III or IV.
2. If a Party has been notified of a prohibition pursuant to
paragraph 1, it shall take measures to ensure that none of the
substances specified in the notification is exported to the
country or one of the regions of the notifying Party.
3. Notwithstanding the provisions of the preceding paragraphs,
a Party which has given notification pursuant to paragraph 1
may authorize by special import licence in each case the import
of specified quantities of the substances in question or
preparations containing such substances. The issuing authority
of the importing country shall send two copies of the special
import licence, indicating the name and address of the importer
and the exporter, to the competent authority of the exporting
country or region, which may then authorize the exporter to
make the shipment. One copy of the special import licence, duly
endorsed by the competent authority of the exporting country or
region, shall accompany the shipment.
ARTICLE 14
Special provisions concerning the carriage of psychotropic
substances in first-aid kits of ships, aircraft or other forms
of public transport engaged in international traffic
1. The international carriage by ships, aircraft or other forms
of international public transport, such as international
railway trains and motor coaches, of such limited quantities of
substances in Schedule II, III or IV as may be needed during
their journey or voyage for first-aid purposes or emergency
cases shall not be considered to be export, import or passage
through a country within the meaning of this Convention.
2. Appropriate safeguards shall be taken by the country of
registry to prevent the improper use of the substances referred
to in paragraph 1 or their diversion for illicit purposes. The
Commission, in consultation with the appropriate international
organizations, shall recommend such safeguards.
3. Substances carried by ships, aircraft or other forms of
international public transport, such as international railway
trains and motor coaches, in accordance with paragraph 1 shall
be subject to the laws, regulations, permits and licences of
the country of registry, without prejudice to any rights of the
competent local authorities to carry out checks, inspections
and other control measures on board these conveyances. The
administration of such substances in the case of emergency
shall not be considered a violation of the requirements of
paragraph 1 of article 9.
ARTICLE 15
Inspection
1. The Parties shall maintain a system of inspection of
manufacturers, exporters, importers, and wholesale and retail
distributors of psychotropic substances and of medical and
scientific institutions which use such substances. They shall
provide for inspections, which shall be made as frequently as
they consider necessary, of the premises and of stocks and
records.
ARTICLE 16
Reports to be furnished by the Parties
1. The Parties shall furnish to the Secretary-General such
information as the Commission may request as being necessary
for the performance of its functions, and in particular an
annual report regarding the working of the Convention in their
territories including information on:
(a) important changes in their laws and regulations concerning
psychotropic substances; and
(b) significant developments in the abuse of and the illicit
traffic in psychotropic substances within their territories.
2. The Parties shall also notify the Secretary-General of the
names and addresses of the governmental authorities referred to
in sub-paragraph (f) of article 7, in article 12 and in
paragraph 3 of article 13. Such information shall be made
available to all Parties by the Secretary-General.
3. The Parties shall furnish, as soon as possible after the
event, a report to the Secretary-General in respect of any case
of illicit traffic in psychotropic substances or seizure from
such illicit traffic which they consider important because of:
(a) new trends disclosed;
(b) the quantities involved;
(c) the light thrown on the sources from which the substances
are obtained; or
(d) the methods employed by illicit traffickers.
Copies of the report shall be communicated in accordance with
sub-paragraph (b) of article 21.
4. The Parties shall furnish to the Board annual statistical
reports in accordance with forms prepared by the Board:
(a) in regard to each substance in Schedules I and II, on
quantities manufactured, exported to and imported from each
country or region as well as on stocks held by manufacturers;
(b) in regard to each substance in Schedules III and IV, on
quantities manufactured, as well as on total quantities
exported and imported;
(c) in regard to each substance in Schedules II and III, on
quantities used in the manufacture of exempt preparations; and
(d) in regard to each substance other than a substance in
Schedule I, on quantities used for industrial purposes in
accordance with sub-paragraph (b) of article 4.
The quantities manufactured which are referred to in
sub-paragraphs (a) and (b) of this paragraph do not include the
quantities of preparations manufactured.
5. A Party shall furnish the Board, on its request, with
supplementary statistical information relating to future
periods on the quantities of any individual substance in
Schedules III and IV exported to and imported from each country
or region. That Party may request that the Board treat as
confidential both its request for information and the
information given under this paragraph.
6. The Parties shall furnish the information referred to in
paragraphs 1 and 4 in such a manner and by such dates as the
Commission or the Board may request.
ARTICLE 17
Functions of the Commission
1. The Commission may consider all matters pertaining to the
aims of this Convention and to the implementation of its
provisions, and may make recommendations relating thereto.
2. The decisions of the Commission provided for in articles 2
and 3 shall be taken by a two-thirds majority of the members of
the Commission.
ARTICLE 18
Reports of the Board
1. The Board shall prepare annual reports on its work
containing an analysis of the statistical information at its
disposal, and, in appropriate cases, an account of the
explanations, if any, given by or required of Governments,
together with any observations and recommendations which the
Board desires to make. The Board may make such additional
reports as it considers necessary. The reports shall be
submitted to the Council through the Commission, which may make
such comments as it sees fit.
2. The reports of the Board shall be communicated to the
Parties and subsequently published by the Secretary-General.
The Parties shall permit their unrestricted distribution.
ARTICLE 19
Measures by the Board to ensure the execution of the provisions
of the Convention
1. (a) If, on the basis of its examination of information
submitted by governments to the Board or of information
communicated by United Nations organs, the Board has reason to
believe that the aims of this Convention are being seriously
endangered by reason of the failure of a country or region to
carry out the provisions of this Convention, the Board shall
have the right to ask for explanations from the Government of
the country or region in question. Subject to the right of the
Board to call the attention of the Parties, the Council and the
Commission to the matter referred to in sub-paragraph (c)
below, it shall treat as confidential a request for information
or an explanation by a government under this sub-paragraph.
(b) After taking action under sub-paragraph (a), the Board, if
satisfied that it is necessary to do so, may call upon the
Government concerned to adopt such remedial measures as shall
seem under the circumstances to be necessary for the execution
of the provisions of this Convention.
(c) If the Board finds that the Government concerned has failed
to give satisfactory explanations when called upon to do so
under sub-paragraph (a), or has failed to adopt any remedial
measures which it has been called upon to take under
sub-paragraph (b), it may call the attention of the Parties, the
Council and the Commission to the matter.
2. The Board, when calling the attention of the Parties, the
Council and the Commission to a matter in accordance with
paragraph 1 (c), may, if it is satisfied that such a course is
necessary, recommend to the Parties that they stop the export,
import, or both, of particular psychotropic substances, from or
to the country or region concerned, either for a designated
period or until the Board shall be satisfied as to the
situation in that country or region. The State concerned may
bring the matter before the Council.
3. The Board shall have the right to publish a report on any
matter dealt with under the provisions of this article, and
communicate it to the Council, which shall forward it to all
Parties. If the Board publishes in this report a decision taken
under this article or any information relating thereto, it
shall also publish therein the views of the Government
concerned if the latter so requests.
4. If in any case a decision of the Board which is published
under this article is not unanimous, the views of the minority
shall be stated.
5. Any State shall be invited to be represented at a meeting of
the Board at which a question directly interesting it is
considered under this article.
6. Decisions of the Board under this article shall be taken by
a two-thirds majority of the whole number of the Board.
7. The provisions of the above paragraphs shall also apply if
the Board has reason to believe that the aims of this
Convention are being seriously endangered as a result of a
decision taken by a Party under paragraph 7 of article 2.
ARTICLE 20
Measures against the abuse of psychotropic substances
1. The Parties shall take all practicable measures for the
prevention of abuse of psychotropic substances and for the
early identification, treatment, education, after-care,
rehabilitation and social reintegration of the persons
involved, and shall co-ordinate their efforts to these ends.
2. The Parties shall as far as possible promote the training of
personnel in the treatment, after-care, rehabilitation and
social reintegration of abusers of psychotropic substances.
3. The Parties shall assist persons whose work so requires to
gain an understanding of the problems of abuse of psychotropic
substances and of its prevention, and shall also promote such
understanding among the general public if there is a risk that
abuse of such substances will become widespread.
ARTICLE 21
Action against the illicit traffic
Having due regard to their constitutional, legal and
administrative systems, the Parties shall:
(a) make arrangements at the national level for the
co-ordination of preventive and repressive action against the
illicit traffic; to this end they may usefully designate an
appropriate agency responsible for such co-ordination;
(b) assist each other in the campaign against the illicit
traffic in psychotropic substances, and in particular
immediately transmit, through the diplomatic channel or the
competent authorities designated by the Parties for this
purpose, to the other Parties directly concerned, a copy of any
report addressed to the Secretary-General under article 16 in
connexion with the discovery of a case of illicit traffic or a
seizure;
(c) co-operate closely with each other and with the competent
international organizations of which they are members with a
view to maintaining a co-ordinated campaign against the illicit
traffic;
(d) ensure that international co-operation between the
appropriate agencies be conducted in an expeditious manner; and
(e) ensure that, where legal papers are transmitted
internationally for the purpose of judicial proceedings, the
transmittal be effected in an expeditious manner to the bodies
designated by the Parties; this requirement shall be without
prejudice to the right of a Party to require that legal papers
be sent to it through the diplomatic channel.

ARTICLE 22
Penal provisions
1. (a) Subject to its constitutional limitations, each Party
shall treat as a punishable offence, when committed
intentionally, any action contrary to a law or regulation
adopted in pursuance of its obligations under this Convention,
and shall ensure that serious offences shall be liable to
adequate punishment, particularly by imprisonment or other
penalty of deprivation of liberty.
(b) Notwithstanding the preceding sub-paragraph, when abusers
of psychotropic substances have committed such offences, the
Parties may provide, either as an alternative to conviction or
punishment or in addition to punishment, that such abusers
undergo measures of treatment, education, after-care,
rehabilitation and social reintegration in conformity with
paragraph 1 of article 20.
2. Subject to the constitutional limitations of a Party, its
legal system and domestic law,
(a) (i) if a series of related actions constituting offences
under paragraph 1 has been committed in different countries,
each of them shall be treated as a distinct offence;
(ii) intentional participation in, conspiracy to commit and
attempts to commit, any of such offences, and preparatory acts
and financial operations in connexion with the offences
referred to in this article, shall be punishable offences as
provided in paragraph 1;
(iii) foreign convictions for such offences shall be taken into
account for the purpose of establishing recidivism; and
(iv) serious offences heretofore referred to committed either
by nationals or by foreigners shall be prosecuted by the Party
in whose territory the offence was committed, or by the Party
in whose territory the offender is found if extradition is not
acceptable in conformity with the law of the Party to which
application is made, and if such offender has not already been
prosecuted and judgment given.
(b) It is desirable that the offences referred to in paragraph
1 and paragraph 2 (a) (ii) be included as extradition crimes in
any extradition treaty which has been or made hereafter be
concluded between any of the Parties, and, as between any of
the Parties which do not make extradition conditional on the
existence of a treaty or on reciprocity, be recognized as
extradition crimes;
provided that extradition shall be granted in conformity with
the law of the Party to which application is made, and that the
Party shall have the right to refuse to effect the arrest or
grant the extradition in cases where the competent authorities
consider that the offence is not sufficiently serious.
3. Any psychotropic substance or other substance, as well as
any equipment, used in or intended for the commission of any of
the offences referred to in paragraphs 1 and 2 shall be liable
to seizure and confiscation.
4. The provisions of this article shall be subject to the
provisions of the domestic law of the Party concerned on
questions of jurisdiction.
5. Nothing contained in this article shall affect the principle
that the offences to which it refers shall be defined,
prosecuted and punished in conformity with the domestic law of
a Party.
ARTICLE 23
Application of stricter control measures than those required by
this Convention
A Party may adopt more strict or severe measures of control
than those provided by this Convention if, in its opinion, such
measures are desirable or necessary for the protection of the
public health and welfare.
ARTICLE 24
Expenses of international organs incurred in administering the
provisions of the Convention
The expenses of the Commission and the Board in carrying out
their respective functions under this Convention shall be borne
by the United Nations in such manner as shall be decided by the
General Assembly. The Parties which are not Members of the
United Nations shall contribute to these expenses such amounts
as the General Assembly finds equitable and assesses from time
to time after consultation with the Governments of these
Parties.
ARTICLE 25
Procedure for admission, signature, ratification and accession
1. Members of the United Nations, States not Members of the
United Nations which are members of a specialized agency of the
United Nations or of the International Atomic Energy Agency or
Parties to the Statute of the International Court of Justice,
and any other State invited by the Council, may become Parties
to this Convention:
(a) by signing it; or
(b) by ratifying it after signing it subject to ratification;
or
(c) by acceding to it.
2. The Convention shall be open for signature until 1 January
1972 inclusive.
Thereafter it shall be open for accession.
3. Instruments of ratification or accession shall be deposited
with the Secretary-General.
ARTICLE 26
Entry into force
1. The Convention shall come into force on the ninetieth day
after forty of the States referred to in paragraph 1 of article
25 have signed it without reservation of ratification or have
deposited their instruments of ratification or accession.
2. For any other State signing without reservation of
ratification, or depositing an instrument of ratification or
accession after the last signature or deposit referred to in
the preceding paragraph, the Convention shall enter into force
on the ninetieth day following the date of its signature or
deposit of its instrument of ratification or accession.
ARTICLE 27
Territorial application
The Convention shall apply to all non-metropolitan territories
for the international relations of which any Party is
responsible except where the previous consent of such a
territory is required by the Constitution of the Party or of
the territory concerned, or required by custom. In such a case
the Party shall endeavour to secure the needed consent of the
territory within the shortest period possible, and when the
consent is obtained the Party shall notify the
Secretary-General. The Convention shall apply to the territory or
territories named in such a notification from the date of its
receipt by the Secretary-General. In those cases where the
previous consent of the non-metropolitan territory is not
required, the Party concerned shall, at the time of signature,
ratification or accession, declare the non-metropolitan
territory or territories to which this Convention applies.
ARTICLE 28
Regions for the purposes of this Convention
1. Any Party may notify the Secretary-General that, for the
purposes of this Convention, its territory is divided into two
or more regions, or that two or more of its regions are
consolidated into a single region.
2. Two or more Parties may notify the Secretary-General that,
as the result of the establishment of a customs union between
them, those Parties constitute a region for the purposes of
this Convention.
3. Any notification under paragraph 1 or 2 shall take effect on
1 January of the year following the year in which the
notification was made.
ARTICLE 29
Denunciation
1. After the expiry of two years from the date of the coming
into force of this Convention any Party may, on its own behalf
or on behalf of a territory for which it has international
responsibility, and which has withdrawn its consent given in
accordance with article 27, denounce this Convention by an
instrument in writing deposited with the Secretary-General.
2. The denunciation, if received by the Secretary-General on or
before the first day of July of any year, shall take effect on
the first day of January of the succeeding year, and if
received after the first day of July it shall take effect as if
it had been received on or before the first day of July in the
succeeding year.
3. The Convention shall be terminated if, as a result of
denunciations made in accordance with paragraphs 1 and 2, the
conditions for its coming into force as laid down in paragraph
1 of article 26 cease to exist.
ARTICLE 30
Amendments
1. Any Party may propose an amendment to this Convention. The
text of any such amendment and the reasons therefor shall be
communicated to the Secretary-General, who shall communicate
them to the Parties and to the Council. The Council may decide
either:
(a) that a conference shall be called in accordance with
paragraph 4 of Article 62 of the Charter of the United Nations
to consider the proposed amendment; or
(b) that the Parties shall be asked whether they accept the
proposed amendment and also asked to submit to the Council any
comments on the proposal.
2. If a proposed amendment circulated under paragraph 1 (b) has
not been rejected by any Party within eighteen months after it
has been circulated, it shall thereupon enter into force. If
however a proposed amendment is rejected by any Party, the
Council may decide, in the light of comments received from
Parties, whether a conference shall be called to consider such
amendment.
ARTICLE 31
Disputes
1. If there should arise between two or more Parties a dispute
relating to the interpretation or application of this
Convention, the said Parties shall consult together with a view
to the settlement of the dispute by negotiation, investigation,
mediation, conciliation, arbitration, recourse to regional
bodies, judicial process or other peaceful means of their own
choice.
2. Any such dispute which cannot be settled in the manner
prescribed shall be referred, at the request of any one of the
parties to the dispute, to the International Court of Justice
for decision.
ARTICLE 32
Reservations
1. No reservation other than those made in accordance with
paragraphs 2, 3 and 4 of the present article shall be
permitted.
2. Any State may at the time of signature, ratification or
accession make reservations in respect of the following
provisions of the present Convention:
(a) article 19, paragraphs 1 and 2;
(b) article 27; and
(c) article 31.
3. A State which desires to become a Party but wishes to be
authorized to make reservations other than those made in
accordance with paragraphs 2 and 4 may inform the
Secretary-General of such intention. Unless by the end of twelve months
after the date of the Secretary-General's communication of the
reservation concerned, this reservation has been objected to by
one third of the States that have signed without reservation or
ratification, ratified or acceded to this Convention before the
end of that period, it shall be deemed to be permitted, it
being understood however that States which have objected to the
reservation need not assume towards the reserving State any
legal obligation under this Convention which is affected by the
reservation.
4. A State on whose territory there are plants growing wild
which contain psychotropic substances from among those in
Schedule 1 and which are traditionally used by certain small,
clearly determined groups in magical or religious rites, may,
at the time of signature, ratification or accession, make
reservations concerning these plants, in respect of the
provisions of article 7, except for the provisions relating to
international trade.
5. A State which has made reservations may at any time by
notification in writing to the Secretary-General withdraw all
or part of its reservations.
ARTICLE 33
Notifications
The Secretary-General shall notify to all the States referred
to in paragraph 1 of article 25:
(a) signatures, ratifications and accessions in accordance with
article 25;
(b) the date upon which this Convention enters into force in
accordance with article 26;
(c) denunciations in accordance with article 29; and
(d) declarations and notifications under articles 27, 28, 30
and 32.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the undersigned, duly authorized, have
signed this Convention on behalf of their respective
Governments.
DONE at Vienna, this twenty-first day of February one thousand
nine hundred and seventy-one, in a single copy in the Chinese,
English, French, Russian and Spanish languages, each being
equally authentic. The Convention shall be deposited with the
Secretary-General of the United Nations, who shall transmit
certified true copies thereof to all the Members of the United
Nations and to the other States referred to in paragraph 1 of
article 25.
(Here follow the signatures on behalf of the parties to
the Convention, including Australia.)
LISTS OF SUBSTANCES IN THE SCHEDULES*
LIST OF SUBSTANCES IN SCHEDULE 1
INN Other non-proprietary or trivial names
Chemical name
1. DET
N, N-diethyltryptamine
2. DMHP
3-(1,2-dimethylheptyl)-1-hydroxy-7,8,9,
10-tetrahydro-6,6,
9-trimethyl-6H-dibenzo(b,d)pyran
3. DMT
N,N-dimethyltryptamine
4. (+)-LYSERGIDE
LSD, LSD-25
(+)-N, N-diethyllysergamide (d-lysergic acid
diethylamide)
5. mescaline
3,4,5-trimethoxyphenethylamine
6. parahexyl
3-hexyl-1-hydroxy-7,8,9,10-tetrahydro-6,6,
9-trimethyl-6H-dibenzo(b,d)pyran
7. psilocine, psilotsin
3-(2-dimethylaminoethyl)-4-hydroxyindole
8. PSILOCYBINE
3-(2-dimethylaminoethyl) indol-4-yl dihydrogen
phosphate
9. STP, DOM
2-amino-1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-methyl) phenylpropane
10.
tetrahydrocannabinols, all isomers
1-hydroxy-3-pentyl-6a,7,10,10a-tetrahydro-6,6,
9-trimethyl-6-H-dibenzo(b,d) pyran
LIST OF SUBSTANCES IN SCHEDULE II
INN Other non-proprietary or trivial names
Chemical name
1. AMPHETAMINE
(+-)-2-amino-1-phenylpropane
2. DEXAMPHETAMINE
(+)-2-amino-1-phenylpropane
3. METHAMPHETAMINE
(+)-2-methylamino-1-phenylpropane
4. METHYLPHENIDATE
2-phenyl-2-(2-piperidyl) acetic acid, methyl
ester
5. PHENCYCLIDINE
1-(1-phenylcyclohexyl) piperidine
6. PHENMETRAZINE
3-methyl-2-phenylmorpholine
LIST OF SUBSTANCES IN SCHEDULE III
INN Other non-proprietary or trivial names
Chemical name
1. AMOBARBITAL
5-ethyl-5-(3-methylbutyl) barbituric acid
2. CYCLOBARBITAL
5-(1-cyclohexen-1-yl)-5-ethylbartituric acid
3. GLUTETHIMIDE
2-ethyl-2-phenylglutarimide
4. PENTOBARBITAL
5-ethyl-5-(1-methylbutyl) barbituric acid
5. SECOBARBITAL
5-allyl-5-(1-methylbutyl) barbituric acid
* The names printed in capitals in the left-hand column are the
International Non-Proprietary Names (INN). With one exception
((+)-LYSERGIDE), other non-proprietary or trivial names are
given only where no INN has yet been proposed.
LIST OF SUBSTANCES IN SCHEDULE IV
INN Other non-proprietary or trivial names
Chemical name
1. AMFEPRAMONE
2-(diethylamino) propiophenone
2. BARBITAL
5,5-diethylbarbituric acid
3. ethchlorvynol
ethyl-2-chlorovinylethinyl-carbinol
4. ETHINAMATE
1-ethynylcyclohexanolcarbamate
5. MEPROBAMATE
2-methyl-2-propyl-1,3-propanediol dicarbamate
6. METHAQUALONE
2-methyl-3-o-tolyl-4 (3H)-quinazolinone
7. METHYLPHENOBARBITAL
5-ethyl-1-methyl-5-phenyl-barbituric acid
8. METHYPRYLON
3,3-diethyl-5-methyl-2,4-piperidine-dione
9. PHENOBARBITAL
5-ethyl-5-phenylbarbituric acid
10. PIPRADROL
1,1-diphenyl-1-(2-piperidyl) methanol
11. SPA
(-)-1-dimethylamino-1,2-diphenylethane