Federal Register of Legislation - Australian Government

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Futures Industry Act 1986

Act No. 72 of 1986 as amended, taking into account amendments up to Act No. 55 of 2001
Registered 26 Nov 2009
Start Date 01 Nov 1989
End Date 15 Jul 2001
Date of repeal 15 Jul 2001
Repealed by Corporations (Repeals, Consequentials and Transitionals) Act 2001

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986
(#DATE 31:08:1994)

Compilation Information

[Note: This Act is repealed by Act No. 55 of 2001]

This compilation was prepared on 19 July 2001 taking into account amendments up to Act No. 55 of 2001

Prepared by the Office of Legislative Drafting, Attorney-General’s Department, Canberra - Reprinted as at 31 August 1994

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - LONG TITLE

SECT

An Act relating to the futures industry in the Australian
Capital Territory

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - PART I
PART I - PRELIMINARY

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 1
Short title

SECT

1. This Act may be cited as the Futures Industry Act 1986.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 2
Commencement

SECT

2. This Act shall come into operation on a day to be fixed by Proclamation.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 3
Object

SECT

3. (1) The object of this Act is to regulate the futures industry in the Australian Capital Territory and this Act has effect, and shall be construed, accordingly.

(2) The Companies and Securities (Interpretation and Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 1980 applies to this Act.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - PART IA
PART IA - INTERPRETATION

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 3A
Effect of this Part

SECT

3A. The provisions of this Part have effect for the purposes of this Act, except so far as the contrary intention appears in this Act.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 4
Interpretation

SECT

4. (1) In this Act, unless the contrary intention appears:
"accounting records" includes invoices, receipts, orders for the payment of money, bills of exchange, cheques, promissory notes, vouchers and other documents of prime entry and also includes such working papers and other documents as are necessary to explain the methods and calculations by which accounts are made up;
"acquire", in relation to a futures contract, means:
(a) except in the case of a futures option or of a prescribed exchange-traded option - enter into, or take an assignment of, the futures contract; or
(b) in the case of a futures option or of a prescribed exchange-traded option - take, or take an assignment of, the futures option or prescribed exchange-traded option;
whether or not on behalf of another person;
"adjustment agreement" means a standardised agreement the effect of which is that:
(a) a particular person will either be under an obligation to pay, or will have a right to receive, an amount of money;
(b) whether the person will be under an obligation to pay, or will have a right to receive, the amount of money will depend on a particular state of affairs existing at a particular future time, including, without limiting the generality of the foregoing, a state of affairs that relates to fluctuations in the value or price of a commodity or other property, or in an index or other factor; and
(c) the amount of money will be calculated in a particular manner by reference to that state of affairs;
whether or not the agreement has any other effect or is capable of being varied or discharged before that future time;
"amount" includes a nil amount;
"assets", in relation to the holder of a futures broker's licence, means all the assets of the holder, whether or not used in connection with a business of dealing in futures contracts;
"Australian company law" means the Companies Act 1981 or the provisions of:
(a) a previous law of the Territory; or
(b) a law, or a previous law, of a State or of another Territory;
that correspond with that Act;
"banker's books" means:
(a) books of a banking corporation, including any documents used in the ordinary business of a banking corporation;
(b) cheques, orders for the payment of money, bills of exchange and promissory notes in the possession or under the control of a banking corporation; and
(c) documents that create or evidence futures contracts and are in the possession, or under the control, of a banking corporation;
"banking corporation" means:
(a) a bank as defined in section 5 of the Banking Act 1959; or
(b) a bank constituted under a law of a State or Territory;
"banning order" means an order made under section 80G and in force under Division 5 of Part IV;
"Board", in relation to a body corporate, means the board of directors, committee of management, council or other governing body of the body corporate;
"books" includes any register or other record of information and any accounts or accounting records, however compiled, recorded or stored and also includes any document;
"bought position" means:
(a) in relation to a commodity agreement, or in relation to a futures contract, being a commodity agreement - the position of a person who, by virtue of the agreement, is under an obligation to accept delivery in accordance with the agreement; or
(b) in relation to a futures contract, being an adjustment agreement - the position of a person who, by virtue of the agreement:
(i) will, if the value or worth of the agreement (as
determined in accordance with the agreement) as at a particular future time is less by a particular amount than the value or worth of the agreement (as so determined) as at a particular earlier time, be under an obligation to pay that amount; and
(ii) will, if the value or worth of the agreement (as so
determined) as at a particular future time exceeds by a particular amount the value or worth of the agreement (as so determined) as at a particular earlier time, have a right to receive that amount;
"broker" means futures broker;
"business day" means a day that is not a Saturday, a Sunday or a public holiday or bank holiday in the Territory;
"business rules", in relation to a body corporate, means:
(a) in the case of a body corporate that provides, or proposes to provide, clearing house facilities for a futures market - rules, regulations and by-laws governing:
(i) the activities and conduct of the body corporate and
its members; and
(ii) the activities and conduct of other persons in relation
to the provision by the body corporate of clearing house facilities for a futures market;
being rules, regulations and by-laws made by the body corporate or contained in its constituent documents;
(b) in the case of a body corporate that operates, or proposes to operate, as a futures association - rules, regulations and by-laws governing the activities and conduct of the body corporate and its members in relation to the operation of the body corporate as a futures association, being rules, regulations and by-laws made by the body corporate or contained in its constituent documents; or
(c) in the case of a body corporate that maintains or provides, or proposes to maintain or provide, a futures market - rules, regulations and by-laws governing:
(i) the activities and conduct of the body corporate and
its members;
(ii) the activities and conduct of each clearing house for
the body corporate; and
(iii) the activities and conduct of other persons in relation
to each futures market maintained or provided by the body corporate;
being rules, regulations and by-laws made by the body corporate or contained in its constituent documents;
"clearing house", except in Division 1 of Part II, means:
(a) in relation to a body corporate:
(i) in any case - a person who provides, or proposes to
provide, clearing house facilities for a futures market maintained or provided by that body corporate; or
(ii) in the case of a futures exchange - a body corporate
in relation to which an approval as a clearing house for that futures exchange is in force under subsection 48 (1); and
(b) in relation to a futures market:
(i) in any case - a person who provides, or proposes to
provide, clearing house facilities for that futures market; or
(ii) in the case of a futures market of a futures exchange - a body
corporate in relation to which an approval as a clearing house for that futures exchange is in force under subsection 48 (1);
"clearing house facilities", in relation to a futures market, means facilities for the registration of futures contracts made on that futures market;
"client", in relation to a futures broker, means a person on behalf of whom the broker deals, or from whom the broker accepts instructions to deal, in futures contracts;
"close out", in relation to a futures contract, means:
(a) discharge the obligations of the person in the bought position, or sold position, under the futures contract as a result of the matching up of the futures contract with a futures contract of the same kind under which the person has assumed an offsetting sold position, or offsetting bought position, as the case may be; or
(b) otherwise discharge the obligations of a party to the futures contract;
"commodity" means:
(a) any thing that is capable of delivery pursuant to an agreement for its delivery; or
(b) without limiting the generality of paragraph (a), an instrument creating or evidencing a thing in action;
"commodity agreement" means a standardised agreement the effect of which is that:
(a) a person is under an obligation to make delivery; or
(b) a person is under an obligation to accept delivery;
at a particular future time of a particular quantity of a particular commodity for a particular price or for a price to be calculated in a particular manner, whether or not:
(c) the subject matter of the agreement is in existence;
(d) the agreement has any other effect; or
(e) the agreement is capable of being varied or discharged before that future time;
"condition", in relation to a licence, means a condition or
restriction to which the licence is subject, or will be subject, as the case requires;
"director", in relation to a body corporate, includes:
(a) any person occupying or acting in the position of director of the body corporate, by whatever name called, and whether or not validly appointed to occupy, or duly authorised to act in, the position;
(b) any person in accordance with whose directions or instructions the directors of the body corporate are accustomed to act;
and
(c) in the case of a body corporate incorporated or formed outside the Territory:
(i) a member of the committee of management, council
or other governing body of the body corporate;
(ii) any person occupying or acting in the position of
member of the committee of management, council or other governing body of the body corporate, by whatever name called and whether or not validly appointed to occupy or duly authorised to act in the position; and
(iii) any person in accordance with whose instructions the
members of the committee of management, council or other governing body of the body corporate are accustomed to act;
"dispose of", in relation to a futures contract, means:
(a) except in the case of a futures option or of a prescribed exchange-traded option - take, or cause to be taken, such action as closes out the futures contract; or
(b) in the case of a futures option or of a prescribed exchange-traded option:
(i) grant, assign or exercise the futures option or prescribed
exchange-traded option;
(ii) take, or cause to be taken, such action as releases the
futures option or prescribed exchange-traded option;
or
(iii) allow the futures option or prescribed exchange-traded
option to lapse;
whether or not on behalf of another person;
"eligible commodity agreement" means a commodity agreement (in this definition referred to as the "relevant agreement"), where, at the time when the relevant agreement:
(a) unless paragraph (b) applies - is entered into; or
(b) if the relevant agreement is not a commodity agreement at the time when it is entered into - becomes a commodity agreement;
it appears likely, having regard to all relevant circumstances (other than the respective intentions of the person in the sold position, and the person in the bought position, under the relevant agreement), including, without limiting the generality of the foregoing:
(c) the provisions of any agreement;
(d) the rules and practices of any market; and
(e) the manner in which the respective obligations of persons in sold positions, and persons in bought positions, under agreements of the same kind as the first-mentioned agreement are generally discharged;
that:
(f) the obligation of the person in the sold position under the relevant agreement to make delivery in accordance with the relevant agreement will be discharged otherwise than by the person so making delivery;
(g) the obligation of the person in the bought position under the relevant agreement to accept delivery in accordance with the relevant agreement will be discharged otherwise than by the person so accepting delivery; or
(h) the person in the sold position, or bought position, under the relevant agreement will assume an offsetting bought position, or offsetting sold position, as the case may be, under an agreement of the same kind as the relevant agreement;
"eligible money market dealer" means a body corporate in respect of which a declaration is in force under paragraph 97 (7) (b) of the Companies Act 1981;
"event" includes any happening, circumstance or state of affairs;
"exchange member", in relation to a futures exchange, means:
(a) a person who is a member of the futures exchange;
(b) a partnership that is a member of the futures exchange; or
(c) a member of such a partnership;
"executive officer", in relation to a body corporate, means any person, by whatever name called, and whether or not a director of the body corporate, who is concerned in, or takes part in, the management of the body corporate;
"exempt broker" means a person who is an exempt broker by virtue of section 10;
"exempt futures adviser" means a person who is an exempt futures adviser by virtue of section 10;
"exempt futures market" means a futures market in relation to which, or a futures market included in a class of futures markets, being a class in relation to which, a declaration under subsection 45 (2) is in force;
"exempt public authority" means a body corporate that is incorporated within Australia and is a public authority or an instrumentality or agency of the Crown in right of the Commonwealth or of a State or Territory;
"externally-administered body corporate" means a body corporate:
(a) that is being wound up under an Australian company law;
(b) in respect of property of which a receiver, or a receiver and manager, has been appointed under an Australian company law (whether or not by a court) and is acting;
(c) that is under official management under an Australian company law; or
(d) that has, whether in the Territory or elsewhere, entered into a compromise or arrangement with its creditors that is still in operation;
"function" includes a duty;
"futures advice business" has the meaning given by section 10A;
"futures adviser" means a person who carries on, or 2 or more persons who together carry on, a futures advice business;
"futures adviser's licence" means a futures adviser's licence granted under Part IV;
"futures association" means a body corporate that is approved by the Ministerial Council under section 50;
"futures broker" means:
(a) a person who carries on, or 2 or more persons who together carry on, a futures broking business, whether or not the person, or any of the persons, also deals in futures contracts on the person's own account; or
(b) a person who holds a futures broker's licence under Part IV or the provisions of a law of a participating State or participating Territory that correspond with Part IV;
"futures broker's licence" means a futures broker's licence granted under Part IV;
"futures broking business", in relation to a person, means, subject to subsection 7 (4), a business of dealing in futures contracts on behalf of other persons;
"futures contract" means:
(a) an agreement that is, or has at any time been, an eligible commodity agreement or an adjustment agreement;
(b) a futures option; or
(c) a prescribed exchange-traded option;
but does not include:
(d) an agreement:
(i) that is:
(A) a currency swap;
(B) an interest rate swap;
(C) a forward exchange rate contract; or
(D) a forward interest rate contract; and
(ii) to which a banking corporation or a merchant bank is a party; or
(e) an agreement that, at the time when it is entered into, is included in a class of agreements prescribed for the purposes of this paragraph;
"futures exchange" means a body corporate that is approved by the Ministerial Council under section 46;
"futures law" means a provision of this Act or a provision of a corresponding law of a participating State or participating Territory;
"futures market" means a market, exchange or other place at which, or a facility by means of which, futures contracts are regularly made;
"futures option" means an option or right to assume, at a specified price or value and within a specified period, a bought position, or a sold position, in relation to an eligible commodity agreement or in relation to an adjustment agreement;
"futures report" means an analysis or report about futures contracts;
"have", in relation to information, includes be in possession of the information;
"hold", in relation to a person, in relation to a document that is, or purports to be, a copy of a licence, means have in the person's possession;
"information service" means:
(a) a broadcasting service;
(b) an interactive or broadcast videotext or teletext service or a similar service;
(c) an online database service or a similar service; or
(d) any other prescribed service;
"insolvent under administration" means a person who:
(a) under the Bankruptcy Act 1966 or the law of an external Territory, is a bankrupt under a bankruptcy from which he has not been discharged; or
(b) under the law of a country other than Australia or the law of an external Territory, has the status of an undischarged bankrupt;
and includes:
(c) a person who has executed a deed of arrangement under Part X of the Bankruptcy Act 1966 or the corresponding provisions of the law of an external Territory or of the law of a country other than Australia where the terms of the deed have not been fully complied with; and
(d) a person whose creditors have accepted a composition under Part X of the Bankruptcy Act 1966 or the corresponding provisions of the law of an external Territory or of the law of a country other than Australia where a final payment has not been made under that composition;
"invalid authority" has the meaning given by section 10B;
"licence" means a futures broker's licence or a futures adviser's licence;
"licensee" means a person who holds a licence and, in relation to a licence, means the person who holds the last-mentioned licence;
"liquidating trade" means a transaction whereby, for the purpose of closing out a futures contract, the person in the bought position, or sold position, under the futures contract assumes an offsetting sold position, or offsetting bought position, as the case may be, under another futures contract;
"liquidator" includes a provisional liquidator;
"local recognised futures exchange" means a body corporate that:
(a) is a futures exchange for the purposes of a corresponding law of a participating State or participating Territory; or
(b) is, by virtue of a law of a participating State or participating Territory, to be deemed to be a futures exchange for the purposes of the corresponding law of that State or Territory;
"lodge" means lodge with the Commission;
"non-broker" means a person who is neither a futures broker nor one of 2 or more persons who together constitute a futures broker;
"obligation" includes an obligation enforceable neither at law nor in equity;
"officer, in relation to a body corporate, includes:
(a) a director, secretary, executive officer or employee of the body corporate;
(b) a receiver and manager of property of the body corporate appointed under a power contained in an instrument;
(c) an official manager or deputy official manager of the body corporate;
(d) a liquidator of the body corporate appointed in a voluntary winding up of the body corporate; and
(e) a trustee or other person administering a compromise or
arrangement made between the body corporate and another person or other persons;
but does not include:
(f) a receiver who is not also a manager;
(g) a receiver and manager appointed by a court; or
(h) a liquidator appointed by a court;
"on, in relation to a futures market, means at or by means of;
"on behalf of" includes on the instructions of;
"prescribed exchange-traded option" means a contract entered into on a futures market of a futures exchange or of a local recognised futures exchange, being a contract under which a party to the contract acquires from another party to the contract an option or right, exercisable at or before a specified time:
(a) to purchase from, or to sell to, that other party a specified quantity of a specified commodity at a price specified in, or to be determined in accordance with, the contract; or
(b) to be paid by that other party an amount of money to be determined by reference to the amount by which a specified number is greater or less than the number of a specified index, being the Australian Stock Exchanges All Ordinaries Price Index or a prescribed index, as at the time when the option or right is exercised;
"price" includes any amount payable for the delivery of a commodity under an agreement;
"proper authority" has the meaning given by section 10B;
"publish" includes issue;
"recognised banning order" means a banning order within the meaning of a corresponding law of a participating State or participating Territory;
"recognised futures adviser" means, subject to section 11, a person who is the holder of a futures adviser's licence under the provisions of a law of a participating State or participating Territory that correspond with Part IV;
"recognised futures broker" means, subject to section 11, a person who is the holder of a futures broker's licence under the provisions of a law of a participating State or participating Territory that correspond with Part IV;
"recognised futures exchange" means:
(a) a local recognised futures exchange; or
(b) a body corporate that:
(i) maintains or provides a futures market elsewhere than
in the Territory, in a participating State or in a participating Terri ory; and
(ii) is prescribed, or is included in a class of bodies
corporate that is prescribed, for the purposes of this paragraph;
"recognised licence" means, subject to section 11, a licence within the meaning of a corresponding law of a participating State or participating Territory;
"recognised licensee" means a recognised futures broker or a recognised futures adviser and, in relation to a recognised licence, means the person who holds the recognised licence;
"registered company auditor" has the same meaning as that expression has in the Companies Act 1981;
"relevant organisation", except in Part VII, means a futures exchange, a local recognised futures exchange or a futures association;
"representative" has the meaning given by section 11A;
"responsible officer", in relation to a body corporate that applies for a licence, means an officer of the body who would perform duties in connection with the holding of the licence;
"right" includes a right enforceable neither at law nor in equity;
"serious fraud" means an offence involving fraud or dishonesty, being an offence:
(a) against a law of the Commonwealth, of a State or of a Territory, or against any other law; and
(b) punishable by imprisonment for life or for a period, or maximum period, of at least 3 months;
"sold position" means:
(a) in relation to a commodity agreement, or in relation to a futures contract, being a commodity agreement - the position of a person who, by virtue of the agreement, is under an obligation to make delivery in accordance with the agreement;
or
(b) in relation to a futures contract, being an adjustment agreement - the position of a person who, by virtue of the agreement:
(i) will, if the value or worth of the agreement (as
determined in accordance with the agreement) as at a particular future time exceeds by a particular amount the value or worth of the agreement (as so determined) as at a particular earlier time, be under an obligation to pay that amount; and
(ii) will, if the value or worth of the agreement (as so
determined) as at a particular future time is less by a particular amount than the value or worth of the agreement (as so determined) as at a particular earlier time, have a right to receive that amount;
"standardised agreement" means an agreement that is one of 2 or more agreements each of which is an agreement of the same kind as the other, or as each of the others, as the case may be;
"suspend" has a meaning affected by subsections 80D (7) and (8);
"trading floor", in relation to a futures market maintained or provided by a body corporate, or in relation to a body corporate, means a place or facility maintained or provided by the body corporate for the acquisition or disposal of futures contracts by members of the body corporate, or by such members and other persons;
"transmission" means a transmission, by means of electric or electromagnetic energy, of:
(a) sounds, including speech and music;
(b) visual images;
(c) signals for the communication, whether as between persons and persons, persons and things or things and things, of any matter otherwise than in the form of sounds or visual images; or
(d) signals for the actuation or control of machinery or apparatus.

(2) For the purposes of this Act, where a person acquires, or disposes of, a futures contract on behalf of another person, the other person shall also be deemed to acquire, or to dispose of, as the case may be, the futures contract.

(3) Where:
(a) because of instructions given, or any other act done, by a person (in this subsection referred to as the "relevant person"), the relevant person is, by virtue of:
(i) an application of subsection (2); or
(ii) an application of subsection (2) and an application, or 2 or more
applications, of this subsection;
to be deemed to acquire, or to dispose of, a futures contract; and
(b) the relevant person gave the instructions, or did that other act, as the case may be, on behalf of another person;
then, for the purposes of this Act (other than subsection (2) of this section):
(c) the relevant person shall be deemed to acquire, or to dispose of, as the case may be, the futures contract on behalf of the other person; and
(d) the other person shall also be deemed to acquire, or to dispose of, as the case may be, the futures contract.

(4) For the purposes of this Act, a person shall not be regarded as a person in accordance with whose directions or instructions the directors of a body corporate are accustomed to act by reason only that the directors act on advice given by that person in the proper performance of the functions attaching to the person's professional capacity or to the person's business relationship with the directors or the body corporate.

(5) For the purposes of subparagraph (d) (ii) of the definition of "futures contract" in subsection (1), a body corporate is a merchant bank at a particular time if, and only if, it is at that time a registered corporation included in:
(a) the category for authorised money market dealers or, if there is at that time no such category, a prescribed category; or
(b) the category for money market corporations or, if there is at that time no such category, a prescribed category.

(6) An expression used in subsection (5) of this section and in the Financial Corporations Act 1974 has the same meaning in that subsection as in that Act.

(7) For the purposes of this Act (other than this subsection), where an agreement that was not a futures contract at the time when it was entered into becomes a futures contract at a later time:
(a) the parties to the agreement shall be deemed to enter into a futures contract at the later time; and
(b) the agreement shall be deemed to constitute the futures contract referred to in paragraph (a).

(8) Where there is a reference in this Act to a class of futures contracts, then, except so far as the contrary intention appears:
(a) nothing in this Act limits the manner in which the class may be determined; and
(b) the class may be determined according to any factors relevant to futures contracts.

(9) Except so far as the contrary intention appears, a reference in this Act to a member, in relation to a body corporate, is, in a case where the body corporate is, or proposes to become, a futures exchange, a futures association, or both, and any of the rules, regulations or by-laws made by the body corporate or contained in its constituent documents provide for:
(a) a separate class of membership for persons to whom the operation of the body corporate otherwise than as a futures exchange, otherwise than as a futures association, or otherwise than as a futures exchange or as a futures association, as the case may be, relates (whether or not such persons may be members within another class of membership); or
(b) 2 or more such separate classes of membership;
a reference to a person in the person's capacity as a member of the body corporate within a class of membership other than the class referred to in paragraph (a), or other than the classes referred to in paragraph (b), as the case may be.

(10) A reference in this Act to an obligation of a particular kind includes a reference to alternative obligations one of which is an obligation of that kind.

(11) For the purposes of this Act, the question whether bodies corporate are related to each other shall be determined in the same manner as the question whether corporations within the meaning of the Companies Act 1981 are related to each other would be determined under that Act.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 5
Agreements

SECT

5. (1) In this Act, unless the contrary intention appears, "agreement" means any agreement, arrangement or understanding:
(a) whether formal or informal or partly formal and partly informal;
(b) whether written or oral or partly written and partly oral; and
(c) whether or not having legal or equitable force and whether or not based on legal or equitable rights.

(2) Except so far as the contrary intention appears:
(a) a reference in this Act to an agreement includes a reference to:
(i) a proposed agreement;
(ii) an agreement as varied, or as proposed to be varied;
(iii) in a case where an agreement has been varied - the agreement
as in force at any time before the variation; or
(iv) in a case where an agreement has been discharged - the
agreement as in force at any time before its discharge; and
(b) a reference in this Act to a party to an agreement is, in the case of a proposed or discharged agreement, a reference to a person who would be a party to the agreement if the agreement were in effect.

(3) For the purposes of this Act, an agreement is of the same kind as another agrement if, and only if, the provisions of the first-mentioned agreement are the same as, or not materially different from, the provisions of the other agreement, disregarding:
(a) the fact that the parties to the respective agreements are different;
and
(b) any differences in the amounts payable under corresponding provisions of the respective agreements.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 6
Associated persons

SECT

6. (1) A reference in this Act to a person associated with another person is a reference to:
(a) if the other person is a body corporate:
(i) a director or secretary of the body corporate;
(ii) a body corporate that is related to that other person; or
(iii) a director or secretary of such a related body corporate;
(b) a person in concert with whom the other person is acting, or proposes to act, in relation to the matter to which the reference relates;
(c) a person who carries on a business of dealing in futures contracts in partnership with the other person;
(d) subject to subsection (2), a person who is a partner of the other person otherwise than by reason that the first-mentioned person carries on a business of dealing in futures contracts in partnership with the other person;
(e) a trustee of a trust in relation to which the other person benefits or is capable of benefiting otherwise than by reason of transactions entered into in the ordinary course of business in connection with the lending of money;
(f) a person who is a director of a body corporate that carries on a business of dealing in futures contracts and of which the other person is also a director;
(g) subject to subsection (2), a person who is a director of a body corporate of which the other person is a director, not being a body corporate that carries on a business of dealing in futures contracts;
(h) a person with whom the other person is, by virtue of the regulations, to be regarded as associated in respect of the matter to which the reference relates;
(j) a person with whom the other person is, or proposes to become, associated, whether formally or informally, in any other way in respect of the matter to which the reference relates; or
(k) if the other person has entered into, or proposes to enter into, a transaction, or has done, or proposes to do, any other act or thing, with a view to becoming associated with a person as mentioned in any of the preceding paragraphs - that last-mentioned person.

(2) Where, in proceedings under this Act, it is alleged that a person referred to in paragraph (1) (d) or (g) was associated with another person at a particular time, that person shall be deemed not to have been so associated in relation to a matter to which the proceedings relate unless the person alleging the association proves that the first-mentioned person at that time knew or ought reasonably to have known the material particulars of that matter.

(3) For the purposes of this Act, where 2 or more persons constitute a futures broker or futures adviser, a person is associated with the futures broker or with the futures adviser, as the case may be, if the person is associated with either or any of those persons.

(4) A person shall not be taken to be associated with another person by virtue of paragraph (1) (b), (h) or (j) by reason only that one of those persons furnishes advice to, or acts on behalf of, the other person, in the proper performance of the functions attaching to the person's professional capacity or to the person's business relationship with the other person.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 6A
Businesses of a particular kind

SECT

6A. A reference to a business of a particular kind includes a reference to a business of that kind that is part of, or is carried on in conjunction with, any other business.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 6B
Carrying on a business: alone or together with others

SECT

6B. A reference to a person carrying on a business, or a business of a particular kind, is a reference to the person carrying on a business, or a business of that kind, whether alone or together with any other person or persons.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 7
Dealing in futures contracts

SECT

7. (1) Subject to subsection (2), a person shall be taken, for the purposes of this Act, to deal in a futures contract if, and only if, the person:
(a) acquires, or disposes of, the futures contract;
(b) offers to acquire, or to dispose of, the futures contract; or
(c) induces, or attempts to induce, another person to acquire, or to dispose of, the futures contract.

(2) A person shall be taken, for the purposes of this Act, to deal in a futures contract on behalf of another person if, and only if, the first-mentioned person acquires, or disposes of, the futures contract on behalf of the other person, or offers so to acquire, or so to dispose of, the futures contract.

(3) In determining for the purposes of this Act whether a person who is not a resident of Australia or of an external Territory deals in a futures contract on behalf of another person, regard shall not be had to an act done on behalf of the first-mentioned person by the holder of a futures broker's licence, by an exempt broker or by a recognised futures broker.

(4) Subsection (5) has effect for the purposes of determining:
(a) whether or not a person deals in a futures contract on another person's behalf;
(b) whether or not a person carries on, or holds himself, herself or itself out as carrying on, a futures broking business; and
(c) what constitutes such a business carried on by the person.

(5) An act that the person does:
(a) while employed by, or acting for or by arrangement with, a futures broker;
(b) as employee or agent of, or otherwise on behalf of, on account of, or for the benefit of, the broker; and
(c) in connection with a business of dealing in futures contracts that the broker carries on;
shall be disregarded.

(6) Subsections (3), (4) and (5) do not have effect for the purposes of sections 46 and 50.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 8
Dealings and transactions on a person's own account

SECT

8. (1) For the purposes of this Act:
(a) a reference to a person dealing in a futures contract, or entering into a transaction, on the person's own account includes a reference to a person dealing in a futures contract, or entering into a transaction:
(i) on behalf of a person associated with the first-mentioned
person;
(ii) on behalf of a body corporate in which the person has a
controlling interest; or
(iii) where the person carries on business as a futures broker in
partnership - on behalf of a body corporate in which the person's interest and the interests of the other partners together constitute a controlling interest; and
(b) a futures broker who is a member of a futures exchange or of a recognised futures exchange shall not be taken to be dealing in a futures contract, or entering into a transaction, on the broker's own account by reason only that the dealing is with, or the transaction is entered into with, another futures broker who is a member of a futures exchange or of a recognised futures exchange.

(2) Notwithstanding section 6, a person is not associated with another person for the purposes of subsection (1) by reason only that the first-mentioned person is:
(a) a partner of the other person otherwise than because the first-mentioned person carries on a business of dealing in futures contracts in partnership with the other person; or
(b) a director of a body corporate of which the other person is also a director, whether or not the body corporate carries on a business of dealing in futures contracts.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 9
Discretionary accounts

SECT

9. For the purposes of this Act, a reference to operation by a futures broker on a discretionary account is a reference to dealings by the broker in futures contracts on instructions of another person that authorise the broker to deal in futures contracts without the prior approval of that other person, whether:
(a) the instructions are given by, and the money used for operating on the account is provided by, one person only; or
(b) the instructions are given by, and the money used for operating on the account is contributed as a common fund by, each of a number of persons;
not being dealings on instructions that authorise dealings in futures contracts without the prior approval of that other person only as to the time when or the price at which the dealings are to be effected, or both.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 10
Exempt brokers and exempt futures advisers

SECT

10. (1) A body corporate is both an exempt broker and an exempt futures adviser if it is:
(a) a prescribed body corporate; or
(b) an exempt public authority in relation to which a declaration is in force under subsection (2).

(2) The Ministerial Council may by writing declare that paragraph (1) (b) applies in relation to specified bodies corporate.

(3) The Commission shall cause a copy of an instrument executed under subsection (2) to be published in the Gazette.

(4) Subject to this section, a person is an exempt broker or an exempt futures adviser if the person is a futures broker or futures adviser, as the case may be, but does not carry on a futures broking business or a futures advice business, as the case may be, except:
(a) as an official receiver or trustee within the meaning of the Bankruptcy Act 1966;
(b) as a receiver, receiver and manager, or liquidator, appointed by a court;
(c) as a person appointed by a court to carry on the business concerned;
(d) as a receiver, receiver and manager, or liquidator, appointed otherwise than by a court;
(e) as an official manager or deputy official manager of a body corporate;
(f) as a trustee or other person administering a compromise or arrangement between a body corporate and any other person or persons;
(g) as a personal representative of a dead dealer or investment adviser, as the case maybe; or
(h) in such other capacity, or in such other circumstances, as are prescribed.

(5) A person who carries on a futures broking business or futures advice business in a capacity referred to in any of paragraphs (4) (d) to (g), inclusive, shall be taken for the purposes of subsection (4) to carry on the business otherwise than in that capacity unless there is in force under subsection (6) an approval of the person carrying on the business in that capacity.

(6) The Commission may, on application by a person and after having regard to:
(a) the prescribed matters (if any); and
(b) such matters as it thinks appropriate;
by writing approve of the person carrying on a specified futures broking business or futures advice business in a specified capacity, being a capacity referred to in any of paragraphs (4) (d) to (g), inclusive.

(7) A person is not an exempt broker or an exempt futures adviser except as provided by this section.

(8) At and after the commencement of section 67 of the Co-operative Scheme Legislation Amendment Act 1989, a declaration that, immediately before that commencement, was in force under subsection 10 (2) of this Act as in force before that commencement has effect as if it were a declaration made at that commencement under subsection (2) of this section.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 10A
Futures advice business

SECT

10A. (1) A reference to a futures advice business, in relation to a person, is a reference to:
(a) a business of advising other persons about futures contracts; or
(b) a business in the course of which the person publishes futures reports.

(2) The remaining provisions of this section apply for the purposes of determining:
(a) whether or not a person carries on a futures advice business;
(b) what constitutes a futures advice business carried on by a person;
and
(c) whether or not a person holds himself, herself or itself out to be a futures adviser.

(3) The fact that the person advises other persons about futures contracts, or publishes futures reports, in some or all of the following circumstances shall be disregarded:
(a) in a newspaper or periodical:
(i) of which the person is the proprietor or publisher; and
(ii) that is generally available to the public otherwise than only
on subscription;
(b) in the course of, or by means of, transmissions that:
(i) the person makes by means of an information service; or
(ii) are made by means of an information service that the person
owns, operates or makes available;
and are generally available to the public;
(c) in sound recordings, video recordings, or data recordings, that the person makes generally available to the public in either or both of the following ways:
(i) by supplying copies of them to the public;
(ii) by causing the sound recordings to be heard by, the video
recordings to be seen and heard by, or the contents of the data recordings to be displayed or reproduced for, the public, as the case may be.

(4) Subsection (3) does not apply in relation to a newspaper or periodical, or transmissions, sound recordings, video recordings or data recordings, whose sole or principal purpose is to advise other persons about futures contracts or to publish futures reports.

(5) The fact that the person holds himself, herself or itself out as advising other persons, or publishing futures reports, as mentioned in subsection (3) shall be disregarded.

(6) An act that the person does:
(a) while employed by, or acting for or by arrangement with, another person;
(b) as employee or agent of, or otherwise on behalf of, on account of, or for the benefit of, the other person; and
(c) in connection with a futures advice business carried on by the other person;
shall be disregarded.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 10B
Proper authority; invalid authority

SECT

10B. (1) A reference, in relation to a person (in this subsection called the "representative"), to a proper authority from a person (in this subsection called the "principal") who holds a licence is a reference to a copy of the licence on which are endorsed:
(a) a statement:
(i) certifying the copy to be a true copy of the licence;
(ii) stating that the representative is employed by, or acts for or by
arrangement with, the principal; and
(iii) signed by the principal; and
(b) in relation to each licensee (if any), other than the principal, of whom the representative is a representative, a statement that:
(i) sets out the name of the licensee;
(ii) states that the representative is employed by, or acts for or by
arrangement with, the licensee;
(iii) states that the licensee consents to the representative being
employed by, or acting for or by arrangement with, the principal; and
(iv) is signed by the licensee.

(2) A reference, in relation to a person (in this subsection called the "representative"), to an invalid authority from a person (in this subsection called the "principal") is a reference to a document:
(a) on which is endorsed a statement:
(i) stating that the representative is employed by, or acts for or by
arrangement with, the principal; and
(ii) signed by the principal; and
(b) that purports to be a copy of a licence and to be a proper authority of the representative from the principal, but is not in fact such a proper authority;
whether or not:
(c) the principal is, or has ever been, a licensee; or
(d) the document is in fact a copy of a licence that exists or has ever existed.

(3) For the purposes of this section, a statement is signed by a person if, and only if, it is signed:
(a) if the person is a natural person - by the person; or
(b) if the person is a body corporate:
(i) by a director or secretary; or
(ii) by an executive officer who is authorised to sign the statement.

(4) In this section:
"licence" includes a recognised licence;
"licensee" includes a recognised licensee.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 11
Recognised licensee must be connected with State or Territory concerned

SECT

11. Where a person holds a futures broker's licence or futures adviser's licence under the provisions of a law of a participating State or participating Territory that correspond with Part IV, the person is not a recognised futures broker or recognised futures adviser, as the case may be, and the licence is not a recognised licence, unless:
(a) if the person is a natural person who is not a partner in a firm dealing in futures contracts or carrying on a futures advice business, as the case may be - the person is ordinarily resident in that State or Territory;
(b) if the person is a natural person who is a partner in such a firm - the firm's principal place of business is in that State or Territory;
or
(c) if the person is a body corporate - the body:
(i) is incorporated in that State or Territory; or
(ii) is incorporated outside Australia and the external Territories
and is registered under the provisions of a law of that State or Territory that correspond with Division 5 of Part XIII of the Companies Act 1981.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 11A
Representatives

SECT

11A. (1) Subject to subsection (2), a person is a representative of another person if, and only if, the first-mentioned person is employed by, or cts for or by arrangement with, the other person in connection with a futures broking business or futures advice business carried on by the other person.

(2) Except for the purposes of paragraph 10B (1) (b):
(a) a person who holds a proper authority from a licensee or recognised licensee is a representative of the licensee or recognised licensee; and
(b) a person who holds an invalid authority from another person is a representative of the other person.

(3) Subject to subsection (4), a person does an act, or engages in conduct, as a representative of another person if, and only if, the first-mentioned person does the act, or engages in the conduct:
(a) in connection with a futures broking business or futures advice business carried on by the other person;
(b) while the first-mentioned person is a representative of the other person;
(c) as employee or agent of, or otherwise on behalf of, on account of, or for the benefit of, the other person; and
(d) otherwise than in the course of work of a kind ordinarily done by accountants, clerks or cashiers.

(4) Except for the purposes of Division 4 of Part IV, a person who holds himself, herself or itself out to be a representative of another person does an act as a representative of the other person.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - PART II
PART II - ADMINISTRATION

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - DIVISION 1
Division 1 - General

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 12
Interpretation

SECT

12. In this Division:
"books" includes banker's books;
"clearing house" means:
(a) a person who provides clearing house facilities for a futures market; or
(b) a body corporate in relation to which an approval as a clearing house for a futures exchange is in force under subsection 48 (1).

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 13
Power of Commission to require production of books

SECT

13. (1) The powers of the Commission under subsection (3), or the powers of an authorised person under subsection (4), to make a requirement of a person shall not be exercised except:
(a) for the purpose of:
(i) the performance of a function, or the exercise of a power, by
the Commission under a relevant Act (other than the exercise of a power of the Commission under subsection 6 (3) of the National Companies and Securities Commission Act 1979);
or
(ii) ensuring compliance with the provisions of a relevant Act; or
(b) where the requirement relates to a matter that constitutes or may constitute:
(i) a contravention of a provision of a relevant Act; or
(ii) an offence relating to futures contracts that involves fraud or
dishonesty.

(2) A reference in subsection (1) to a relevant Act includes a reference to the provisions of a law of a participating State or participating Territory that correspond with a relevant Act.

(3) The Commission may, at any time, by notice in writing:
(a) give a direction to:
(i) a futures exchange, a clearing house or a futures association;
(ii) a member of the Board of a futures exchange, a clearing
house or a futures association;
(iii) a person who is or has been (either alone or together with
another person or other persons) a futures broker or a futures adviser or is or has been a futures broker's representative, a futures adviser's representative or a member of a futures association;
(iv) a nominee controlled by a person referred to in subparagraph
(iii) or jointly controlled by 2 or more persons at least one of whom is a person referred to in that subparagraph;
(v) a person who is or has been an officer or employee of, or an
agent, banker, solicitor, auditor or other person acting in any capacity for or on behalf of, a futures exchange, a clearing house, a member of a futures association or a person referred to in subparagraph (ii), (iii) or (iv); or
(vi) any other person who, in the opinion of the Commission,
has been a party to any dealing in futures contracts;
requiring the production, to a person authorised by the Commission to receive them, at such time and place as are specified in the direction, of such books as are so specified, being books relating to:
(vii) the business or affairs of a futures exchange, a clearing house
or a futures association;
(viii) any dealing in futures contracts;
(ix) any advice concerning futures contracts or the issuing or
publication of a report or analysis concerning futures contracts;
(x) the character or financial position of, or any business carried
on by, a person referred to in subparagraph (iii) or (iv); or
(xi) an audit of, or any report of an auditor concerning, a dealing
in futures contracts or any accounts or records of a futures broker or a futures adviser; or
(b) give a direction to any person requiring the production, to a person authorised by the Commission to receive them, at such time and place as are specified in the direction, of any books relating to matters mentioned in subparagraph (a) (vii), (viii), (ix), (x) or (xi) that are in the custody or under the control of the person.

(4) The Commission may from time to time authorise a person, on producing (if required to do so) such evidence of the person's authority as is prescribed:
(a) to require by notice in writing a futures exchange, a clearing house, a futures association or a person referred to in subparagraph (3) (a) (ii), (iii), (iv), (v) or (vi) to produce to the authorised person forthwith or, if a time and place at which the books are to be produced are specified in the notice, at that time and place, such books relating to matters mentioned in subparagraph (3) (a) (vii), (viii), (ix), (x) or (xi) as are specified by the authorised person and as are in the custody or under the control of the futures exchange, clearing house, futures association or person of whom the requirement is made; or
(b) to require by notice in writing a futures exchange, a clearing house, a futures association or any other person to produce to the authorised person forthwith or, if a time and place at which the books are to be produced are specified in the notice, at that time and place, any books relating to matters mentioned in subparagraphs (3) (a) (vii), (viii), (ix), (x) and (xi) that are in the custody or under the control of the futures exchange, clearing house, futures association or other person.

(5) A reference in subsection (3) to a dealing in futures contracts or to a business carried on by a person includes a reference to a dealing in futures contracts by a person as a trustee or to a business carried on by a person as a trustee, as the case may be.

(6) An authorisation under subsection (4) may be of general application or may be limited to making requirements of a particular futures exchange, clearing house, futures association or other person or particular futures exchanges, clearing houses, futures associations or other persons.

(7) Where the Commission, or a person authorised by the Commission, requires the production of any books under this section and a person has a lien on the books, the production of the books does not prejudice the lien.

(8) Where the Commission, or a person authorised by the Commission, exercises a power under this section to require another person to produce books:
(a) in a case where the books are produced - the person to whom the books are produced:
(i) may take possession of the books and make copies of, or take extracts
from, the books;
(ii) may require the other person, or any person who was a
party to the compilation of the books, to make a statement providing any explanation that the person concerned is able to provide as to a matter relating to the compilation of the books or as to any matter to which the books relate;
(iii) may retain possession of the books for such period as is
necessary to enable the books to be inspected, and copies of, or extracts from, the books to be made or taken, by or on behalf of the Commission; and
(iv) during that period shall permit a person who would be
entitled to inspect any one or more of the books if they were not in the possession of the person to whom the books were produced to inspect at all reasonable times such of the books as that person would be so entitled to inspect; or
(b) in any other case - the Commission or the authorised person may require the other person:
(i) to state, to the best of the other person's knowledge and
belief, where the books may be found; and
(ii) to identify the person who, to the best of the other person's
knowledge and belief, last had custody of the books and to state, to the best of the other person's knowledge and belief, where that person may be found.

(9) A person who complies or proposes to comply with a direction given or purporting to have been given under subsection (3) or a requirement made or purporting to have been made under subsection (4) is not liable to any proceedings in respect of that compliance or proposed compliance.

(10) A power conferred by this section to make a requirement of a person extends, if the person is a body corporate, including a body corporate that is in the course of being wound up, or was a body corporate, being a body corporate that has been dissolved, to making that requirement of any person who is or has been an officer of the body corporate.

(11) In subsection (10), "officer", in relation to a body corporate, includes:
(a) a director, secretary, executive officer or employee of the body corporate;
(b) a receiver, or a receiver and manager, of property of the body corporate;
(c) an official manager or a deputy official manager of the body corporate;
(d) a liquidator or provisional liquidator of the body corporate; or
(e) a trustee or other person administering a compromise or arrangement made between the body corporate and another person or other persons.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 14
Power of magistrate to issue warrant to seize books

SECT

14. (1) If a magistrate is satisfied on information on oath or affirmation laid by an employee of the Commission, or by another person authorised in writing by the Commission, that there are reasonable grounds for suspecting that there are on particular premises in the Territory any books the production of which has been required by virtue of section 13 or by virtue of a provision of a law of a participating State or of a participating Territory that corresponds with section 13 and which have not been produced in compliance with that requirement, the magistrate may issue a warrant authorising any member of the Australian Federal Police, together with any other person named in the warrant:
(a) to enter those premises (using such force as is necessary for the purpose);
(b) to search the premises and to break open and search any cupboard, drawer, chest, trunk, box, package or other receptacle, whether a fixture or not, in the premises;
(c) to take possession of, or secure against interference, any books that appear to be books the production of which was so required; and
(d) to deliver any books possession of which is so taken into the possession of a person authorised by the Commission to receive them.

(2) The information laid for the purposes of subsection (1) shall state that the person laying the information suspects that there are on particular premises in the Territory books the production of which has been required under section 13 or under a provision of a law of a participating State or of a participating Territory that corresponds with section 13 and which have not been produced in compliance with that requirement and shall specify the grounds on which the person so suspects.

(3) Where a magistrate issues a warrant under subsection (1), the magistrate shall state on the information laid under that subsection:
(a) which of the grounds set out in the information as required by subsection (2) the magistrate has relied on to justify the issue of the warrant; and
(b) particulars of any other grounds relied on by the magistrate to justify the issue of the warrant.

(4) There shall be stated in a warrant issued under this section:
(a) whether entry is authorised to be made at any time of the day or night or during specified hours of the day or night; and
(b) a date, being a date not later than 7 days after the date of issue of the warrant, upon which the warrant ceases to have effect.

(5) Where, under this section, a person takes possession of, or secures against interference, any books and a person has a lien on the books, the taking of possession of the books or the securing of the books against interference does not prejudice the lien.

(6) Where, under this section, a person takes possession of, or secures against interference, any books, or has any books delivered to the person's possession under paragraph (1) (d), the person:
(a) may make copies of, or take extracts from, the books;
(b) may require any person who was a party to the compilation of the books to make a statement providing any explanation that that person is able to provide as to any matter relating to the compilation of the books or as to any matter to which the books relate;
(c) may retain possession of the books for such period as is necessary to enable the books to be inspected, and copies of, or extracts from, the books to be made or taken, by or on behalf of the Commission;
and
(d) during that period shall permit a person who would be entitled to inspect any one or more of the books if they were not in the possession of the first-mentioned person to inspect at all reasonable times such of the books as that person would be so entitled to inspect.

(7) The powers conferred by this section are in addition to, and not in derogation of, any other powers conferred by law.

(8) In this section, "premises" includes any structure, building, aircraft, vehicle, vessel or place (whether built on or not) and any part of such a structure, building, aircraft, vehicle, vessel or place.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 15
Offences

SECT

15. (1) A person shall not, without reasonable excuse, refuse or fail to comply with a requirement made under section 13 or 14.
Penalty: $10,000 or imprisonment for 2 years, or both.

(2) A person shall not, in purported compliance with a requirement made under section 13 or 14, furnish information or make a statement that is false or misleading in a material particular.
Penalty: $10,000 or imprisonment for 2 years, or both.

(3) It is a defence to a prosecution for an offence against subsection (2)if it is established that the defendant believed on reasonable grounds that the information or statement was true and was not misleading.

(4) A person shall not, without reasonable excuse, obstruct or hinder:
(a) the Commission or another person in the exercise of any power under section 13; or
(b) a person executing a warrant under section 14.
Penalty: $10,000 or imprisonment for 2 years, or both.

(5) The occupier or person in charge of any premises that a person enters pursuant to a warrant referred to in subsection 14 (1) shall provide the last-mentioned person with all reasonable facilities and assistance for the effective exercise of the last-mentioned person's powers under the warrant.
Penalty: $2,500 or imprisonment for 6 months, or both.

(6) A person is not excused from making a statement providing an explanation as to any matter relating to the compilation of any books or as to any matter to which any books relate pursuant to a requirement made of the person in accordance with section 13 or 14 on the ground that the statement might tend to incriminate the person but, where the person claims before making a statement that the statement might tend to incriminate the person, the statement is not admissible in evidence against the person in any criminal proceedings other than proceedings under this section.

(7) Subject to subsection (6), a statement made by a person in compliance with a requirement made under section 13 or 14 may be used in evidence in any criminal or civil proceedings against the person.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 16
Copies or extracts to be admitted in evidence

SECT

16. (1) Subject to this section, in any legal proceedings (whether proceedings under this Act or otherwise), a copy of or extract from a book relating to a matter mentioned in subparagraph 13 (3) (a) (vii), (viii), (ix), (x) or (xi) is admissible in evidence as if it were the original book or the relevant part of the original book.

(2) A copy of or extract from a book is not admissible in evidence under subsection (1) unless it is proved that the copy or extract is a true copy of the book or the relevant part of the book.

(3) For the purposes of subsection (2), evidence that a copy of or extract from a book is a true copy of the book or part of a book may be given by a person who has compared the copy or extract with the book or the relevant part of the book and may be given either orally or by an affidavit sworn, or by a declaration made, before a person authorised to take affidavits or statutory declarations.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 17
Privilege

SECT

17. (1) Where:
(a) the Commission, or a person authorised by the Commission, makes a requirement under section 13 or 14 of a duly qualified legal practitioner in respect of a book; and
(b) the book contains a privileged communication made by, on behalf of or to the legal practitioner in his or her capacity as a legal practitioner;
the legal practitioner is entitled to refuse to comply with the requirement unless the person to whom or by or on behalf of whom the communication was made or, if the person is a body corporate that is under official management or is in the course of being wound up, the official manager or the liquidator, as the case may be, agrees to the legal practitioner complying with the requirements but, where the legal practitioner so refuses to comply with a requirement, he or she shall forthwith furnish, in writing, to the Commission or authorised person:
(c) if the legal practitioner knows the name and address of the person to whom or by or on behalf of whom the communication was made - that name and address; and
(d) sufficient particulars to identify the book, or part of the book, containing the communication.

(2) Where:
(a) under section 13 or 14, the Commission, or a person authorised by the Commission, requires a duly qualified legal practitioner to make a statement providing an explanation as to any matter relating to the compilation of books or as to any matter to which books relate;
and
(b) the legal practitioner is not able to make that statement without disclosing a privileged communication made by or on behalf of o to the legal practitioner in his or her capacity as a legal practitioner;
the legal practitioner is entitled to refuse to comply with the requirement, except to the extent that he or she is able to comply with the requirement without disclosing any privileged communication referred to in paragraph (b), unless the person to whom or by or on behalf of whom the communication was made or, if the person is a body corporate that is under official management or is in the course of being wound up, the official manager or the liquidator, as the case may be, agrees to the legal practitioner complying with the requirement but, where the legal practitioner so refuses to comply with a requirement, he or she shall forthwith furnish, in writing, to the Commission or authorised person:
(c) if the legal practitioner knows the name and address of the person to whom or by or on behalf of whom the communication was made - that name and address; and
(d) if the communication was made in writing - sufficient particulars to identify the document containing the communication.
Penalty: $1,000 or imprisonment for 3 months, or both.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 18
Disclosure to Commission

SECT

18. (1) The Commission may, in relation to any dealing by a futures broker in a futures contract, require the broker to disclose to the Commission whether or not the dealing was effected on behalf of another person and, if it was so effected, the name of that person and the nature of the instructions given to the broker in respect of the dealing.

(2) The Commission may require a person who instructed a futures broker to deal in a futures contract to disclose to the Commission whether the person gave the instructions as trustee for, or for or on behalf of, another person and, if the person gave the instructions as trustee for, or for or on behalf of, another person, to disclose the name of that other person and the nature of the instructions.

(3) The Commission may require a futures exchange or a clearing house to disclose to the Commission, in relation to a dealing in a futures contract on a futures market of that futures exchange or in respect of which that clearing house operates, the names of the members of that futures exchange or clearing house who are concerned in any action, or in any failure to act, in relation to the dealing.

(4) Where the Commission considers that it may be necessary to give a direction under section 56 or that a person may have contravened section 129, 130, 131, 132, 133, 134, 135 or 139, the Commission may require a person whom the Commission believes on reasonable grounds to be capable of giving information concerning:
(a) any dealing in futures contracts;
(b) any advice given by a futures broker, a futures adviser, a futures broker's representative or a futures adviser's representative concerning futures contracts;
(c) the issuing or publication of a report or analysis by a futures broker, a futures adviser, a futures broker's representative or a futures adviser's representative concerning futures contracts;
(d) the financial position of any business carried on by a person who is or has been (either alone or together with another person or other persons) a futures broker or a futures adviser and has dealt in, or given advice concerning, as the case may be, futures contracts;
(e) the financial position of any business carried on by a nominee controlled by a person referred to in paragraph (d) or jointly controlled by 2 or more persons at least one of whom is a person referred to in that paragraph; or
(f) an audit of, or any report of an auditor concerning, any accounts or records of a futures broker or of a futures adviser, being accounts or records relating to dealings in futures contracts;
to disclose to the Commission the information that the person has in relation to the matters concerning which the Commission believes that the person is capable of giving information.

(5) A person is not excused from disclosing information to the Commission pursuant to a requirement made of the person under subsection (4) on the ground that the disclosure of the information might tend to incriminate the person.

(6) Where a person claims, before making an oral statement disclosing information that the person is required to disclose by a requirement made of the person under subsection (4), that the statement might tend to incriminate the person, evidence of that statement is not admissible in evidence against the person in criminal proceedings other than proceedings under this section.

(7) Where, pursuant to subsection (4), the Commission requires a person to disclose information to the Commission, the Commission shall give, or cause to be given, to the person, at the time when the requirement is made, a notice in the prescribed form.

(8) A person shall not, without reasonable excuse, fail to comply with a requirement of the Commission under subsection (1), (2), (3) or (4).
Penalty: $5,000 or imprisonment for 1 year, or both.

(9) A person shall not, in purported compliance with a requirement of the Commission under subsection (1), (2), (3) or (4), disclose information, or make a statement, that is false or misleading in a material particular.
Penalty: $10,000 or imprisonment for 2 years, or both.

(10) It is a defence to a prosecution for an offence against subsection (9) if it is established that the defendant believed on reasonable grounds that the information or statement was true and was not misleading.

(11) In this section, a reference to disclosing information includes, in relation to information that is contained in a document, a reference to furnishing the document.

(12) A person who complies or proposes to comply with a requirement made or purporting to have been made under this section is not liable to any proceedings in respect of that compliance or proposed compliance.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 19
Investigation of certain matters

SECT

19. Where the Commission has reason to suspect that:
(a) an offence under a provision of a relevant Act or against any other law with respect to dealing in futures contracts; or
(b) an offence relating to futures contracts that involves fraud or
dishonesty;
may have been committed, the Commission may make such investigation as the Commission thinks expedient for the due administration of a relevant Act.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 20
Power of Court to make certain orders

SECT

20. (1) Where:
(a) on the application of the Commission, it appears to the Court that a person has contravened this Act, or any other law in force in the Territory relating to dealing in futures contracts, or has contravened the conditions or restrictions of a licence, the business rules of a futures exchange, a clearing house or a futures association or is about to do an act with respect to dealing in futures contracts that, if done, would be such a contravention; or
(b) on the application of a futures exchange, clearing house or futures association, it appears to the Court that a person has contravened the business rules of the futures exchange, clearing house or futures association, as the case may be;
the Court may make such order or orders as it thinks fit including, but without limiting the generality of the foregoing, one or more of the following orders:
(c) in the case of persistent or continuing breaches of this Act, or of any other law in force in the Territory relating to dealing in futures contracts, or the conditions or restrictions of a licence, or of the business rules of a futures exchange, clearing house or futures association - an order restraining a person from carrying on a business of dealing in futures contracts, acting as a futures adviser or as a futures broker's representative or futures adviser's representative, or from holding himself, herself or itself out as so carrying on business or so acting;
(d) an order restraining a person from acquiring, disposing of or otherwise dealing in any class of futures contracts that is specified in the order;
(e) an order appointing a receiver of property of a futures broker or of property that is held by a futures broker for or on behalf of another person, whether as trustee or otherwise;
(f) an order declaring a futures contract to be void or voidable;
(g) for the purpose of securing compliance with any other order under this section, an order directing a person to do or refrain from doing a specified act;
(h) any ancillary order deemed to be desirable in consequence of the making of an order under any of the preceding paragraphs.

(2) Where an application is made to the Court for an order under subsection (1), the Court may, if in the opinion of the Court it is desirable to do so, before considering the application, grant an interim order, being an order of the kind applied for that is expressed to have effect pending the determination of the application.

(3) Where the Commission makes an application to the Court for the making of an order under subsection (1), the Court shall not require the Commission or any other person, as a condition of granting an interim order under subsection (2), to give any undertaking as to damages.

(4) The Court shall not make an order under subsection (1) if it is satisfied that the order would unfairly prejudice a person.

(5) The Court may, before making an order under subsection (1), direct that notice of the application be given to such persons as it thinks fit or direct that notice of the application be published in such manner as it thinks fit, or both.

(6) A person appointed by order of the Court under subsection (1) as a receiver of property of a futures broker:
(a) may require the broker to deliver to the person any property of which the person has been appointed receiver or to give to the person all information concerning that property that may reasonably be required;
(b) may acquire and take possession of any property of which the person has been appointed receiver;
(c) may deal with any property that the person has acquired or of which the person has taken possession in any manner in which the broker might lawfully have dealt with the property; and
(d) has such other powers in respect of the property as the Court specifies in the order.

(7) In paragraph (1) (e) and subsection (6), "property", in relation to a futures broker, includes money or other property entrusted to or received on behalf of any other person by the broker or another person in the course of or in connection with a business of dealing in futures contracts carried on by the futures broker.

(8) A person shall not, without reasonable excuse, contravene:
(a) an order under this section that is applicable to the person; or
(b) a requirement of a receiver appointed by order of the Court under subsection (1).
Penalty: $10,000 or imprisonment for 2 years, or both.

(9) The Court may rescind, vary or discharge an order made by it under this section or suspend the operation of such an order.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - DIVISION 2
Division 2 - Investigations

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 21
Interpretation

SECT

21. (1) In this Division, unless the contrary intention appears:
"direction" means a direction given to the Commission in the exercise of a power under subsection 22 (1), (2) or (3) in relation to the carrying out of an investigation relating to dealing in futures contracts;
"inspector" means an inspector appointed under this Division;
"prescribed direction" means a direction given in the exercise of a power under subsection 22 (1) or (2) otherwise than in response to a request made by the Commission under subsection 22 (4), not being a direction that has been approved by the Ministerial Council under subsection 22 (6);
"prescribed person" means a person suspected or believed by an inspector, on reasonable grounds, to be capable of giving information concerning any matter being, or to be, investigated by the inspector pursuant to this Division;
"relevant authority", in relation to a direction or in relation to an investigation that is carried out, or is to be carried out, pursuant to a direction, means:
(a) in the case of a direction given by the Minister other than a direction that has been approved by the Ministerial Council under subsection 22 (6) - the Minister; or
(b) in the case of a direction given by the Ministerial Council or approved by the Ministerial Council under subsection 22 (6) - the Ministerial Council.

(2) In this Division, a reference to a statement made at an examination includes a reference to a question asked, an answer given, or any other comment or remark made, at the examination.

(3) Where 2 or more inspectors have been appointed under this Division to investigate particular matters relating to dealing in futures contracts, each of those inspectors may exercise the powers, or perform the functions, of an inspector under this Division independently of the other inspector or inspectors.

(4) In relation to an investigation carried out by the Commission into matters relating to dealing in futures contracts:
(a) a reference in section 25, 27, 38 or 41 to an inspector shall be read as a reference to a member of the Commission or to an authorised agent of the Commission; and
(b) the reference in section 40 to an inspector shall be read as a reference to the Commission.

(5) The reference in subsection (4) to an authorised agent of the Commission shall be read as a reference to:
(a) an employee of the Commission;
(b) a person whose services are available to the Commission by virtue of arrangements made under subsection 24 (1) or (2) of the National Companies and Securities Commission Act 1979; or
(c) a person engaged under subsection 25 (1) of that Act;
who is authorised by the Commission to act on behalf of the Commission in connection with the investigation concerned.

(6) In relation to an investigation carried out pursuant to a prescribed direction into matters relating to dealing in futures contracts, a reference in section 27, 36 (other than subsection 36 (4)) or 41 to the Commission shall be read as a reference to the relevant authority.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 22
Investigations

SECT

22. (1) Where it appears to the Minister that it is in the public interest in respect of the Territory that an investigation be carried out into any matters relating to dealing in futures contracts, the Minister may, by instrument in writing, direct the Commission to arrange for an investigation into those matters.

(2) Where it appears to the Minister that it is in the national interest that an investigation be carried out into any matters relating to dealing in futures contracts, the Minister may, by instrument in writing, direct the Commission to arrange for an investigation into those matters.

(3) The Ministerial Council may, by instrument in writing, direct the Commission to arrange for an investigation into any matters relating to dealing in futures contracts.

(4) The Commission may request the Minister in writing to exercise the Minister's powers under subsection (1) or (2) to direct the Commission to arrange for an investigation into any matters relating to dealing in futures contracts.

(5) The Commission may request the Ministerial Council in writing to exercise its powers under subsection (3) to direct the Commission to arrange for an investigation into any matters relating to dealing in futures contracts.

(6) Where a direction is given by the Minister under subsection (1) or
(2), the Ministerial Council may approve the direction.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 23
Conduct of investigations

SECT

23. (1) An instrument containing a prescribed direction:
(a) shall specify the matters that are to be investigated;
(b) may require the investigation to be carried out by the Commission or require it to be carried out by an inspector to be appointed by the Commission; and
(c) in the case of an investigation that is to be carried out by an inspector appointed by the Commission - may require a specified person to be appointed as the inspector and may require the person to be appointed on specified terms and conditions.

(2) An instrument containing a direction other than a prescribed direction:
(a) shall specify the matters that are to be investigated; and
(b) may be accompanied by a statement in writing setting out the views of the relevant authority as to:
(i) whether the investigation should be carried out by the
Commission or by an inspector appointed by the Commission;
and
(ii) if the Commission decides to appoint an inspector to carry
out the investigation - the person who should be appointed and the terms and conditions of the person's appointment.

(3) Where the Commission receives a direction, the Commission shall:
(a) in the case of a prescribed direction - comply with any requirements specified in the direction; and
(b) in the case of any other direction:
(i) take into account any views expressed by the relevant
authority accompanying the direction;
(ii) if the Commission decides to arrange for the investigation to
which the direction relates to be carried out contrary to the wishes of the relevant authority - notify the relevant authority accordingly; and
(iii) if, after the Commission so notifies the relevant authority,
the Ministerial Council gives any instructions to the Commission in relation to the investigation, comply with those instructions.

(4) Where the Commission receives a direction, the Commission shall:
(a) arrange for an investigation to be carried out into the matters specified in the instrument containing the direction; and
(b) subject to subsection (3):
(i) decide whether the investigation is to be carried out by the
Commission or by an inspector to be appointed by the Commission; and
(ii) if it decides that the investigation should be carried out by
an inspector - appoint the inspector on such terms and conditions as the Commission determines.

(5) Where, pursuant to a direction, an investigation is being carried out by the Commission or by an inspector appointed by the Commission, the Commission shall, if, and only if, it is so directed by the relevant authority:
(a) arrange for the investigation to be extended to additional matters;
(b) terminate the investigation, or terminate the investigation in so far as it relates to particular matters; or
(c) in the case of an investigation that is being carried out by an inspector - terminate, or vary the terms and conditions of, the appointment of the inspector;
before the completion of the investigation.

(6) Where the Commission is directed under subsection 22 (1), (2) or
(3) to arrange for an investigation into matters relating to futures contracts, the Commission shall cause to be published in the Gazette a notice stating that the direction has been given and specifying the matters concerned.

(7) A notice referred to in subsection (6) shall:
(a) if the investigation is being or is to be carried out by the Commission - state that fact; or
(b) if the investigation is being or is to be carried out by an inspector - state that fact and specify the name of the inspector.

(8) Where the Commission ceases to carry out an investigation or the appointment of an inspector to carry out an investigation is terminated, the Commission shall cause notice of the cessation or termination to be published in the Gazette.

(9) A certificate by the Commission stating that:
(a) an investigation into a matter specified in the certificate, being a matter relating to dealing in futures contracts, is being or is to be carried out by the Commission; or
(b) an investigation into a matter specified in the certificate, being a matter relating to dealing in futures contracts, is being or is to be carried out by an inspector named in the certificate;
is prima facie evidence of the matters stated in the certificate and, in the case of an investigation by an inspector, that the inspector has been duly appointed.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 24
Powers of Commission and inspectors appointed under corresponding laws

SECT

24. (1) Where, pursuant to a direction given to the Commission under the provisions of a law of a participating State or of a participating Territory that correspond with this Division, the Commission is carrying out an investigation into any matters, the Commission may exercise, in relation to those matters, the powers that it would have if it were carrying out an investigation into those matters under this Division.

(2) Where, pursuant to a direction given to the Commission under the provisions of a law of a participating State or of a participating Territory that correspond with this Division, a person has been appointed as an inspector to carry out an investigation into any matters, that person may exercise, in relation to those matters, the powers of an inspector under this Division that the person would have if the person had been appointed as an inspector under this Division to investigate those matters.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 25
Powers of inspectors

SECT

25. (1) An inspector carrying out an investigation may, by notice containing the prescribed matters given in the prescribed manner, require a prescribed person:
(a) to produce to the inspector such books relating to a matter to which the investigation relates as are in the custody or under the control of that person;
(b) to give to the inspector all reasonable assistance in connection with the investigation; and
(c) to appear before the inspector for examination on oath or affirmation and to answer questions put to that person;
and may administer an oath or affirmation to that person.

(2) A notice given pursuant to paragraph (1) (c) shall set out the provisions of subsections (9) and (10).

(3) An examination under this section shall, for the purposes of Part III of the Crimes Act 1914, be deemed to be a judicial proceeding.

(4) Where books are produced to an inspector under this section, the inspector may take possession of the books for such period as the inspector considers necessary for the purposes of the inspector's investigation and, during that period, the inspector shall permit a person who would be entitled to inspect any of those books if they were not in the possession of the inspector to inspect at all reasonable times such of those books as that person would be so entitled to inspect.

(5) A prescribed person shall not, without reasonable excuse, refuse or fail to comply with a requirement made under subsection (1).
Penalty: $10,000 or imprisonment for 2 years, or both.

(6) A prescribed person shall not, in purported compliance with a requirement made under subsection (1), furnish information that is false or misleading in a material particular.
Penalty: $10,000 or imprisonment for 2 years, or both.

(7) A prescribed person shall not, when appearing before an inspector for examination pursuant to a requirement made under subsection (1), furnish information that is false or misleading in a material particular.
Penalty: $10,000 or imprisonment for 2 years, or both.

(8) A prescribed person shall not, when appearing before an inspector for examination pursuant to a requirement made under subsection (1), refuse or fail to take an oath or make an affirmation.
Penalty: $1,000 or imprisonment for 3 months, or both.

(9) A duly qualified legal practitioner acting for a prescribed person:
(a) may attend an examination of that person; and
(b) may, at such times during the examination as the inspector determines:
(i) address the inspector; and
(ii) examine that person;
in relation to matters in respect of which the inspector has questioned that person.

(10) A prescribed person is not excused from answering a question put to the person by an inspector on the ground that the answer might tend to incriminate the person but, where the person claims, before answering the question, that the answer might tend to incriminate the person, the answer is not admissible in evidence against the person in criminal proceedings other than proceedings under this section or other proceedings in respect of the falsity of the answer.

(11) A person who complies or proposes to comply with a requirement made or purporting to have been made by an inspector under subsection (1) is not liable to any proceedings in respect of that compliance or proposed compliance.

(12) A person who is required to attend for examination under this section is entitled to such allowances and expenses as are prescribed.

(13) The Commission may, in its discretion, pay, on account of the costs and expenses incurred by a person in complying with a requirement under subsection (1), such amount as it thinks reasonable.

(14) Where, in the opinion of an inspector, a legal practitioner acting for a prescribed person is attempting to obstruct the examination of the prescribed person by the exercise of the rights conferred on the legal practitioner under subsection (9) to address the inspector or to examine the prescribed person, the inspector may require the legal practitioner to cease to address the inspector or to cease to examine the prescribed person, as the case may be.

(15) Where an inspector makes a requirement of a legal practitioner under subsection (14), the legal practitioner shall not refuse or fail to comply with the requirement.

(16) Where an inspector is satisfied that a prescribed person has failed, without reasonable excuse, to comply with a requirement of the inspector, the inspector may, by writing signed by the inspector, certify the failure to the Court.

(17) Where an inspector gives a certificate under subsection (16), the Court may inquire into the case and:
(a) order the prescribed person to comply with the requirement of the inspector within such period as is fixed by the Court; or
(b) if the Court is satisfied that the prescribed person failed, without reasonable excuse, to comply with the requirement of the inspector, punish the prescribed person in like manner as if the prescribed person had been guilty of contempt of the Court and, if it sees fit, also make an order pursuant to paragraph (a).

(18) The powers of the Court under this section may be exercised in relation to a person notwithstanding that the person has been convicted of an offence in relation to the matter in respect of which the powers are to be exercised.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 26
Investigation deemed to be a proceeding

SECT

26. An investigation under this Division shall, for the purposes of Part V of the Evidence Ordinance 1971, be deemed to be a proceeding.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 27
Record of examination

SECT

27. (1) An inspector may cause to be made a record of the statements made at an examination under this Division.

(2) Where a record of the statements made at an examination of a person under this Division is in writing or is reduced to writing:
(a) the inspector may require the person examined to read the written record or have the written record read to the person and may require the person to sign the written record; and
(b) if the person examined requests the inspector in writing to furnish the person with a copy of the written record, the inspector shall furnish the copy to the person without charge but subject to such conditions (if any) as the inspector imposes.

(3) A written record of the examination of a person under this Division that is signed by the person as mentioned in subsection (2) or is authenticated in any other prescribed manner is prima facie evidence of the statements made at the examination.

(4) A person to whom a copy of a written record of an examination is given under paragraph (2) (b) and any person who comes into possession of the copy or a copy of the copy shall comply with any conditions imposed by the inspector under that paragraph.

(5) Nothing in this section affects or limits the admissibility in any criminal or civil proceedings of other evidence of the statements made at an examination under this Division.

(6) The Commission may give a copy of a written record made of an examination under this Division and a copy of any related book to a duly qualified legal practitioner who satisfies the Commission that he or she is acting for a person who is conducting, or is in good faith contemplating, criminal or civil proceedings in respect of any matters into which an investigation has been or is being made by an inspector under this Division.

(7) A duly qualified legal practitioner to whom a copy of a written record of an examination or of a related book is given under subsection (6) or any other person who comes into possession of the copy shall not use the copy otherwise than in connection with the institution or preparation of, or in the course of, criminal or civil proceedings and shall not publish or communicate for any other purpose the copy or any part of the contents of the copy to any other person.

(8) The Commission may if it thinks fit give a copy of a written record made of an examination under this Division and of any related book to any other person subject to such conditions as the Commission imposes.

(9) A person to whom a copy of a written record of an examination or of a related book is given under subsection (8) and any person who comes into possession of the copy or a copy of the copy shall comply with any conditions imposed by the Commission under that subsection.
Penalty: $1,000 or imprisonment for 3 months, or both.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 28
Record to accompany report

SECT

28. When a final report is made in respect of an investigation under this Division, any record made of statements made at an examination relating to the investigation shall be furnished with the report.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 29
Admissibility of record of examination in evidence in proceedings against
person examined

SECT

29. (1) Except as provided by subsection (2), any statements made at an examination of a person under this Division are admissible in evidence in any criminal or civil proceedings against the person.

(2) Evidence of a statement made by a person at an examination under this Division shall not be admitted in evidence in criminal or civil proceedings against a person if:
(a) where the statement is an answer given by the person to a question - the proceedings are criminal proceedings (other than proceedings for an offence against subsection 25 (7) or other proceedings in respect of the falsity of the answer) and, before answering the question, the person claimed that the answer might tend to incriminate the person;
(b) the statement is not relevant to the proceedings and the person objects to the admission of the evidence;
(c) the statement is qualified or explained by some other statement made at the examination, evidence of the other statement is not tendered in the proceedings and the person objects to the admission of the evidence of the first-mentioned statement; or
(d) the statement discloses matter in respect of which a claim of legal professional privilege could be made by the person in the proceedings if the provisions of this Division did not apply in relation to that evidence, and the person objects to the admission of the evidence.

(3) This section applies whether the proceedings against the person examined are heard alone or together with proceedings against another person.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 30
Admissibility in other proceedings of statements made at an examination

SECT

30. Where, in any criminal or civil proceedings, direct evidence by a person of a matter would be admissible, a statement made by the person at an examination under this Division that tends to establish that matter is admissible in those proceedings as evidence of that matter:
(a) if it appears to the court in which the proceedings are instituted:
(i) that the person examined is dead or is unfit, by reason of
any physical or mental incapacity, to attend as a witness;
(ii) that the person is outside the Territory and it is not reasonably
practicable to secure the person's attendance; or
(iii) that all reasonable steps have been taken to find the person
and the person cannot be found; or
(b) in a case to which paragraph (a) does not apply - unless a party to the proceedings, other than the party tendering evidence of the statement, requires the tendering party to call a person as a witness in the proceedings and the tendering party does not call the person as a witness in the proceedings.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 31
Weight of evidence

SECT

31. In ascertaining the weight (if any) to be attached to statements admitted under section 30 in any proceedings, regard shall be had to all the circumstances from which an inference can reasonably be drawn as to the accuracy or otherwise of the evidence, including:
(a) the recency or otherwise at the time when the examination concerned took place of any relevant matter dealt with at the examination;
and
(b) the presence and nature, or the absence, of any incentive for the person examined to conceal or misrepresent any relevant matter in the person's statements.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 32
Credibility of person who made statements

SECT

32. (1) Where evidence of statements is admitted under section 30 in any proceedings and the person examined is not called as a witness in the proceedings, evidence is admissible where, if the person examined had been called as a witness, the evidence would have been admissible for the purpose of destroying or supporting the person's credibility.

(2) Evidence is admissible to show that a statement made by a person referred to in subsection (1) is inconsistent with another statement made by the person at any time.

(3) Notwithstanding subsections (1) and (2), evidence is not admissible of any matter of which, if the person referred to in subsection (1) had been called as a witness and denied the matter in cross-examination, evidence would not be admissible if adduced by the cross-examining party.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 33
Determination of objection to admissibility of statements

SECT

33. (1) A party to any criminal or civil proceedings may, not later than 14 days before the commencement of the hearing of the proceedings, serve upon another party notice that the first-mentioned party proposes to tender as evidence in the proceedings the written record of an examination under this Division or a specified part of the written record of such an examination.

(2) Where a notice is served under subsection (1), the other party may, within 14 days after the service of the notice or within such longer period as is agreed by the parties or allowed by the court or tribunal in which the proceedings are brought, give notice to the tendering party objecting to the admission in evidence of all or any of the statements contained in the written record or the part of the written record proposed to be tendered and, if the other party objects to the admission of some only of the statements, specifying the statements concerned.

(3) A notice under subsection (2) shall, in relation to each statement objected to, specify the grounds on which the objection is taken.

(4) Upon receipt of a notice under subsection (2), the tendering party shall send a copy of the notice to the court or tribunal in which the proceedings are brought.

(5) Upon receipt of the copy of a notice, the court or tribunal in which the proceedings are brought may, in its discretion, either determine the objections specified in the notice as a preliminary point of law before the commencement of the hearing of the proceedings or defer the determination of the objections until the hearing of the proceedings.

(6) At the hearing of the proceedings, a party is not entitled, without the leave of the court or tribunal hearing the proceedings, to take any objection to the admission in evidence of the written record, or a part of the written record, of an examination under this Division in respect of which notice was given to the party under subsection (1) if the party could have objected to the tender of the written record or of that part of the written record by a notice under subsection (2) but did not so object.

(7) Nothing in this section renders inadmissible in any criminal or civil proceedings any evidence that would have been admissible if this section had not been enacted.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 34
Delegation by inspector

SECT

34. (1) An inspector may, either generally or as otherwise provided by the instrument of delegation, by writing signed by the inspector, delegate to a person any of the inspector's powers or functions under this Division other than this power of delegation.

(2) The power of delegation conferred on an inspector under subsection (1) does not, except in the case of an inspector being a body corporate that is an authority of a State or Territory, extend to delegating the power to administer oaths or affirmations or the power to examine on oath or affirmation.

(3) Any act or thing done in the exercise of a power or the performance of a function by a person to whom that power or function has been delegated by an inspector under subsection (1) has the same force and effect as if it had been done by the inspector.

(4) A delegate shall, at the request of a prescribed person, produce the instrument of delegation for inspection.

(5) A delegation under this section by an inspector does not prevent the exercise or performance of a power or function by the inspector.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 35
Reports of investigations

SECT

35. (1) Where an investigation is being carried out by an inspector appointed pursuant to a direction other than a prescribed direction, the inspector may, and if so directed by the Commission shall, make interim reports to the Commission and, on the completion or termination of the investigation, the inspector shall report to the Commission the inspector's opinion on or in relation to the matters that the inspector has investigated, together with the facts on which that opinion is based.

(2) Where an investigation is being carried out by an inspector appointed pursuant to a prescribed direction, the inspector may, and if so directed by the relevant authority shall, make interim reports to the relevant authority and, on the completion or termination of the investigation, the inspector shall report to the relevant authority the inspector's opinion on or in relation to the matters that the inspector has investigated, together with the facts on which that opinion is based.

(3) Where an investigation is being carried out by the Commission, the Commission may, and if so directed by the relevant authority shall, make interim reports to the relevant authority and, on the completion or termination of the investigation, the Commission shall report to the relevant authority its opinion on or in relation to the matters that it has investigated, together with the facts on which its opinion is based.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 36
Report of inspector

SECT

36. (1) Subject to subsection (2), where, in the opinion of the Commission, the whole or any part of a report made under this Division ought to be given to a person by reason that it relates to the affairs of the person to a material extent, the Commission shall, unless in its opinion there is good reason for not divulging the contents of the report or of that part of the report, give to that person a copy of the report or of that part of the report, as the case requires.

(2) Subject to subsection (3), the Commission shall not give a copy of a report or of a part of a report under this Division to a person if the Commission believes that legal proceedings that have been, or that in its opinion might be, instituted might be unduly prejudiced by giving the copy of the report or of that part of the report to that person.

(3) A court before which legal proceedings are brought against a person for or in respect of matters dealt with in a report under this Division may order that a copy of the report or of a part of the report be given to that person.

(4) Subject to subsection (5):
(a) the Ministerial Council may cause to be printed and published the whole or any part of a report under this Division that relates to an investigation the expenses of which are, under the Agreement, to be borne by the Commission; and
(b) the Minister may cause to be printed and published the whole or any part of a report under this Division that relates to an investigation the expenses of which are, under the Agreement, to be borne by the Commonwealth.

(5) Where:
(a) the Ministerial Council or the Minister would, but for this subsection, have power to publish a report;
(b) the Ministerial Council or the Minister, as the case may be, receives:
(i) a certificate of the Attorney-General of a State stating that
the publication of the report would be prejudicial to the administration of justice in that State;
(ii) a certificate of the Attorney-General of the Commonwealth
stating that the publication of the report would be prejudicial to the administration of justice in a Territory (other than the Northern Territory) specified in the certificate; or
(iii) a certificate of the Attorney-General of the Northern
Territory stating that the publication of the report would be prejudicial to the administration of justice in that Territory;
and
(c) the Ministerial Council or the Minister, as the case may be, has not received a further certificate of that Attorney-General stating that the publication of the report would no longer be prejudicial to the administration of justice in the relevant State or Territory;
the Ministerial Council or the Minister, as the case may be, shall not cause or permit that report to be published wholly or in part.

(6) If from a report under this Division or from the record of an examination under this Division it appears to the Commission that an offence may have been committed by a person and that a prosecution ought to be instituted, the Commission shall cause a prosecution to be instituted and prosecuted.

(7) Where it appears to the Commission that a prosecution ought to be instituted, it may, by notice in writing given before or after the institution of a prosecution in accordance with subsection (6), require a person whom it suspects or believes on reasonable grounds to be capable of giving information concerning any matter to which the prosecution relates (not being a person who is or, in the opinion of that Commission, is likely to be a defendant in the proceedings or is or has been a duly qualified legal practitioner acting for such a person) to give all assistance in connection with the prosecution or proposed prosecution that the person is reasonably able to give.

(8) Where a person to whom a notice has been given under subsection (7) fails to comply with a requirement specified in the notice, the Court may, on the application of the Commission, direct that person to comply with the requirement.

(9) If from a report under this Division, or from the record of an examination under this Division, the Commission is of the opinion that proceedings ought in the public interest to be brought by a person for the recovery of damages in respect of fraud, negligence, default, breach of duty, breach of trust or other misconduct in connection with the matters to which the investigation relates or for the recovery of property of that person, the Commission may cause proceedings to be brought accordingly in the name of that person.

(10) A copy of a report of an inspector under this Division purporting to be certified as such a report by the Commission is admissible in civil proceedings as evidence of any facts or matters stated in the report to have been found to exist by the inspector.

(11) A copy of a report of the Commission under this Division purporting to be certified as such a report by the Commission is admissible in civil proceedings as evidence of any facts or matters stated in the report to have been found to exist by the Commission.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 37
Commission's powers in respect of books

SECT

37. (1) An inspector may, when making a report under this Division, give to the Commission books of which the inspector has taken possession under section 25 and the Commission:
(a) may retain the books for such period as it considers to be necessary to enable a decision to be made as to whether or not legal proceedings ought to be instituted as a result of the investigation carried out by the inspector;
(b) may retain the books for such further period as it considers to be necessary to enable any such proceedings to be instituted and prosecuted;
(c) may permit other persons to inspect the books while they are in its possession;
(d) may permit the use of the books for the purposes of legal proceedings instituted as a result of the investigation; and
(e) shall permit a person who would be entitled to inspect any one or more of the books if they were not in the possession of the Commission to inspect at all reasonable times such of the books as that person would be so entitled to inspect.

(2) Where the Commission takes possession of books under section 25, the Commission has such powers and obligations with respect to those books as it would have if it had been given the books by an inspector pursuant to subsection (1).

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 38
Privileged communications

SECT

38. Where in the exercise of powers under section 25 an inspector requires a duly qualified legal practitioner to disclose a privileged communication made by or on behalf of or to that legal practitioner in his or her capacity as a legal practitioner, the legal practitioner is entitled to refuse to comply with the requirement unless the person to whom or by or on behalf of whom the communication was made or, if the person is a body corporate that is under official management or in the course of being wound up, the official manager or the liquidator, as the case may be, agrees to the legal practitioner complying with the requirement but, where the legal practitioner so refuses to comply with the requirement, the legal practitioner shall, if he or she knows the name and address of the person to whom or by or on behalf of whom the communication was made, forthwith furnish that name and address in writing to the inspector.
Penalty: $1,000 or imprisonment for 3 months, or both.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 39
Expenses of investigation

SECT

39. (1) Subject to this section and to clause 18 of the Agreement, the expenses of and incidental to an investigation under this Division shall be paid by the Commission.

(2) For the purposes of this section, the expenses of and incidental to an investigation under this Division include:
(a) the expenses incurred in any proceedings brought in the name of a person under subsection 36 (9); and
(b) in the case of an investigation carried out pursuant to a direction that is approved by the Ministerial Council pursuant to subsection 22 (6) - the expenses (if any) incurred before the direction is so approved.

(3) Where an investigation has been carried out under this Division and proceedings are instituted under subsection 36 (9) or otherwise as a result of that investigation, the Commission may make one or more of the following orders:
(a) that a specified person pay, within the time and in the manner specified in the order, the whole, or a specified part, of the expenses of and incidental to the investigation;
(b) in a case where expenses have been paid by the Commission - that a specified person reimburse the Commission, within the time and in the manner specified in the order, to the extent of the payment;
(c) that a specified person, within the time and in the manner specified in the order, pay, or reimburse the Commission in respect of, the whole, or a specified part, of the cost to the Commission of carrying out the investigation, including the remuneration of any employee of the Commission concerned with the investigation.

(4) Where the Commission is of the opinion that the whole or any part of the expenses of and incidental to an investigation under this Division should be paid by a person to whose affairs the investigation relates, the Commission may by order in writing direct that person to pay a specified amount, being the whole or a part of the expenses, within the time and in the manner specified.

(5) Where a person has failed to comply with an order of the Commission under subsection (3) or (4), proceedings may be taken in a court of competent jurisdiction to recover the amount in question as a debt due to the Commission.

(6) The report of an inspector may include a recommendation whether an order under subsection (3) or (4) should be made or whether orders under both those subsections should be made.

(7) Where, in a case where the expenses of and incidental to an investigation or part of those expenses have been or are to be borne by a party to the Agreement, the expenses or part of the expenses borne or to be borne by that party are recovered by the Commission pursuant to this section, the Commission shall, to the extent of the amount recovered, reimburse or credit that party.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 40
Concealing etc. of books relating to futures contracts

SECT

40. (1) A person who:
(a) conceals, destroys, mutilates or alters a book relating to a matter that is the subject of investigation by an inspector under this Division;
(b) where such a book is in the Territory - sends or takes, or causes the sending or taking of, the book out of the Territory; or
(c) where such a book is outside the Territory but within Australia -
sends or takes, or causes the sending or taking of, the book out of Australia;
Penalty: contravenes this subsection.
Penalty: $20,000 or imprisonment for 5 years, or both.

(2) It is a defence to a prosecution for an offence against subsection (1) if it is established that the defendant did not act with intent to defeat the purposes of this Division or to delay or obstruct the carrying out of an investigation under this Division.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 41
Power of Commission to make certain orders

SECT

41. (1) Where an investigation is being made under this Division and it appears to the Commission that facts concerning futures contracts to which the investigation relates cannot be ascertained because a prescribed person has refused or failed to comply with a requirement of an inspector, the Commission may, by instrument in writing published in the Gazette, make one or more of the following orders:
(a) an order restraining a particular person from disposing of futures contracts;
(b) an order restraining a particular person from acquiring futures contracts;
(c) an order restraining a particular person from exercising rights under futures contracts;
(d) an order requiring a particular person to dispose of futures contracts, or to dispose of futures contracts in a particular manner.

(2) An order made under subsection (1) does not operate to prejudice or affect a right of a futures exchange, or of a clearing house for a futures exchange:
(a) to cause a futures contract to be closed out, or to close out a futures contract, because of a failure to meet a call for a deposit or margin;
(b) to enter into a liquidating trade for the purpose of so causing a futures contract to be closed out, or for the purpose of so closing out a futures contract; or
(c) to cause to be registered in the name of a person, or to register in the name of a person, a futures contract that was previously registered in the name of another person.

(3) The Commission may, by instrument in writing published in the Gazette, vary or revoke an order made under subsection (1).

(4) A copy of an order under subsection (1) and of any order by which it is revoked or varied shall be served on the person to whom it is directed.

(5) Where an order made under subsection (1) is in force, a person aggrieved by the order may apply to the Court for variation or revocation of the order and the Court may, if it is satisfied that it is reasonable to do so, vary the order or revoke the order and any order by which it has been varied.

(6) A person shall not contravene an order under subsection (1).
Penalty: $2,500 or imprisonment for 6 months, or both.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 42
Certain powers not to be delegated

SECT

42. The Commission shall not delegate to a person its power under this Division to appoint an inspector to carry out an investigation, to determine the terms and conditions of, or to terminate, such an appointment or to make orders under section 41.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - DIVISION 3
Division 3 - Futures Consultative Committee

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 43
Constitution and functions of Futures Consultative Committee

SECT

43. (1) The Ministerial Council may establish a Futures Consultative Committee, consisting of a Chairman and such other members as the Ministerial Council thinks fit, to advise the Ministerial Council and the Commission on such matters relating to the futures industry as are referred to it by the Ministerial Council or the Commission.

(2) During the absence of the Chairman, or during a vacancy in the office of Chairman, the Commission shall appoint a temporary Chairman from amongst the members of the Committee to act in the place of the Chairman.

(3) A member of the Committee:
(a) holds office during the pleasure of the Ministerial Council;
(b) may resign from office by writing signed by the member; and
(c) is not entitled to remuneration as such a member except to the extent of such reasonable expenses for attending a meeting of the Committee and otherwise transacting the business of the Committee as are determined by the Ministerial Council.

(4) In this section:
"Chairman" means the Chairman of the Committee;
"Committee" means the Futures Consultative Committee established under subsection (1);
"member", in relation to the Committee, includes the Chairman.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 44
Meetings of Futures Consultative Committee

SECT

44. (1) The Chairman:
(a) may convene a meeting of the Futures Consultative Committee as occasion requires; and
(b) shall convene such a meeting if the Ministerial Council or the Commission so directs.

(2) The Chairman shall preside at a meeting of the Futures Consultative Committee.

(3) The procedure at a meeting of the Futures Consultative Committee shall be determined by the members present at the meeting.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - PART III
PART III - FUTURES EXCHANGES, CLEARING HOUSES AND
FUTURES ASSOCIATIONS

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 45
Establishment of futures markets

SECT

45. (1) A person shall not establish, maintain or provide, or assist in establishing, maintaining or providing, or hold himself, herself or itself out as maintaining or providing, a futures market that is neither a futures market of a futures exchange nor an exempt futures market.
Penalty:
(a) in the case of an offence committed by a natural person - $20,000 or imprisonment for 5 years, or both; or
(b) in any other case - $50,000.

(2) The Ministerial Council may, by instrument in writing, declare that a specified futures market, or a futures market included in a specified class of futures markets, is, subject to any specified conditions, an exempt futures market.

(3) Without limiting the matters to which the Ministerial Council may have regard in considering whether to vary or revoke a declaration in force under subsection (2), the Ministerial Council may, in so considering, have regard to a breach of a condition specified in the declaration.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 46
Power of Ministerial Council to approve futures exchange

SECT

46. (1) A body corporate that proposes to establish, maintain or provide a futures market may lodge with the Commission an application in writing for approval by the Ministerial Council as a futures exchange.

(2) The Ministerial Council may, by instrument in writing, approve as a futures exchange a body corporate that makes an application under subsection (1) if it is satisfied:
(a) that the business rules of the body corporate make satisfactory provision:
(i) for the admission as members of persons licensed, or proposing
to apply to be licensed, under Part IV or under the provisions of a law of a participating State or participating Territory that correspond with that Part, or a specified class of such persons;
(ii) for the standards of training and experience, and other
qualifications, for membership;
(iii) for the manner in which members are to conduct their
business of dealing in futures contracts so as to ensure efficiency, honesty and fair practice in relation to such dealing;
(iv) for the exclusion of a body corporate from membership
where a director of the body corporate, a person concerned in the management of the body corporate or a person who has control, or substantial control, of the body corporate would be excluded from membership;
(v) for the exclusion from membership of a person who is not
of good character and high business integrity;
(vi) for the expulsion, suspension or disciplining of members for
conduct inconsistent with just and equitable principles in the transaction of business, for a contravention of the business rules of the body corporate or for a contravention of this Act or a corresponding law of a participating State or participating Territory;
(vii) for an appropriate mechanism whereby a person whose
application for membership of the body corporate is refused, or whose membership of the body corporate is cancelled or suspended, in circumstances where the person does not have a right to appeal to the Court under subsection 53 (1) against the decision to refuse the application, or to cancel or suspend the membership, as the case may be, may appeal against the decision;
(viii) for an appropriate mechanism whereby a person who has
been disciplined by the body corporate otherwise than by way of cancellation or suspension of the person's membership of the body corporate may appeal against the decision to discipline the person;
(ix) for the inspection and audit of the accounting records of
members, being accounting records required to be kept by this Act or by the corresponding law of a participating State or participating Territory;
(x) with respect to the classes of futures contracts that may be
dealt in by members;
(xi) prohibiting a member from accepting or executing, otherwise
than in accordance with the business rules, instructions from another person to deal in futures contracts;
(xii) prohibiting a member from dealing in futures contracts on
behalf of another person otherwise than in accordance with instructions accepted by the member from the person;
(xiii) prohibiting a member from dealing in futures contracts, on
behalf of another person, on a futures market of a futures exchange or of a recognised futures exchange, otherwise than in accordance with the business rules of the futures exchange or recognised futures exchange, as the case may be;
(xiv) prohibiting a member, except as permitted by the business
rules, from executing the instructions of another person to deal in futures contracts unless the instructions are executed in such a manner that the dealing is effected on a futures market of a futures exchange or of a recognised futures exchange or on an exempt futures market;
(xv) with respect to the conditions under which members may
deal in futures contracts;
(xvi) for the equitable and expeditious settlement of claims and
grievances between members, being claims and grievances relating to the transaction of business by members in their capacity as members;
(xvii) for appropriate mechanisms for the conciliation and settlement
of disputes between members and their clients, being disputes concerning dealings in futures contracts by members on behalf of their clients or concerning transactions between members and their clients in connection with such dealings; and
(xviii) generally for carrying on the business of the proposed futures
exchange with due regard for the interests and protection of the public; and
(b) that the interests of the public will be served by granting the application.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 47
Provision of clearing house facilities

SECT

47. A person shall not provide, or hold himself, herself or itself out as providing, clearing house facilities for a futures market (other than an exempt futures market) unless:
(a) the futures market is a futures market of a futures exchange;
(b) the person is a body corporate; and
(c) an approval of the person as a clearing house for that futures exchange is in force under subsection 48 (1).
Penalty: $5,000 or imprisonment for 1 year, or both.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 48
Power of Ministerial Council to approve clearing house

SECT

48. (1) A body corporate that proposes to provide clearing house facilities for a futures market of a futures exchange may lodge with the Commission an application in writing for approval by the Ministerial Council as a clearing house for that futures exchange.

(2) The Ministerial Council may, by instrument in writing, approve as a clearing house for a futures exchange a body corporate that makes an application under subsection (1) if it is satisfied:
(a) that the business rules of the body corporate are satisfactory, in particular such of those business rules as relate to the registration of futures contracts made on a futures market of the futures exchange;
(b) that the business rules of the body corporate make satisfactory provision for the expulsion, suspension or disciplining of members for a contravention of the business rules of the body corporate o for a contravention of this Act or a corresponding law of a participating State or participating Territory; and
(c) that the interests of the public will be served by granting the application.

(3) Without limiting the matters to which the Ministerial Council may have regard in considering an application under subsection (1) for approval as a clearing house for a futures exchange, the Ministerial Council may, in considering the application, have regard to any business rules of the applicant that relate to the guaranteeing, to members of the applicant, of the performance of futures contracts made on a futures market of the futures exchange.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 49
Publication of instruments executed under section 45, 46 or 48

SECT

49. The Commission shall cause a copy of an instrument executed by the Ministerial Council under subsection 45 (2), 46 (2) or 48 (2) to be published in the Gazette, but failure of the Commission to do so does not affect the validity of the instrument.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 50
Power of Ministerial Council to approve futures association

SECT

50. (1) A body corporate that proposes to operate as a futures association may lodge with the Commission an application in writing to be approved by the Ministerial Council as a futures association.

(2) The Ministerial Council may approve as a futures association a body corporate that makes an application under subsection (1) if it is satisfied:
(a) that the nature of the body corporate is such that it may properly exercise its functions as a futures association, being the functions of regulating the affairs of the association in the interests of the public and of administering and enforcing the business rules of the association;
(b) that its business rules make satisfactory provision:
(i) for the admission as members of persons licensed or proposing
to apply to be licensed under Part IV, or a specified class of such persons;
(ii) for the standards of training and experience, and other
qualifications, for membership;
(iii) for the manner in which members are to conduct their
business of dealing in futures contracts so as to ensure efficient, honest and fair practices in relation to such dealing;
(iv) for the exclusion of a body corporate from membership
where a director of the body corporate, a person concerned in the management of the body corporate or a person who has control, or substantial control, of the body corporate would be excluded from membership;
(v) for the exclusion from membership of a person who is not
of good character and high business integrity;
(vi) for the expulsion, suspension or disciplining of members for
conduct inconsistent with just and equitable principles in the transaction of business, for a contravention of the business rules of the body corporate, or for a contravention of this Act or a corresponding law of a participating State or participating Territory;
(vii) for an appropriate mechanism whereby a person whose
application for membership of the body corporate is refused, or whose membership of the body corporate is cancelled or suspended, in circumstances where the person does not have a right to appeal to the Court under subsection 53 (1) against the decision to refuse the application, or to cancel or suspend the membership, as the case may be, may appeal against the decision;
(viii) for an appropriate mechanism whereby a person who has
been disciplined by the body corporate otherwise than by way of cancellation or suspension of the person's membership of the body corporate may appeal against the decision to discipline the person;
(ix) for the inspection and audit of the accounting records of
members, being accounting records required to be kept by this Act or by a corresponding law of a participating State or participating Territory;
(x) prohibiting a member from accepting or executing, otherwise
than in accordance with the business rules, instructions from another person to deal in futures contracts;
(xi) prohibiting a member from dealing in futures contracts on
behalf of another person otherwise than in accordance with instructions accepted by the member from the person;
(xii) prohibiting a member from dealing in futures contracts, on
behalf of another person, on a futures market of a futures exchange or of a recognised futures exchange, otherwise than in accordance with the business rules of the futures exchange or recognised futures exchange, as the case may be;
(xiii) prohibiting a member, except as permitted by the business
rules, from executing the instructions of another person to deal in futures contracts unless the instructions are executed in such a manner that the dealing is effected on a futures market of a futures exchange or on a recognised futures exchange or on an exempt futures market;
(xiv) for the equitable and expeditious settlement of claims and
grievances between members, being claims and grievances relating to the transaction of business by members in their capacity as members; and
(xv) for appropriate mechanisms for the conciliation and settlement
of disputes between members and their clients, being disputes concerning dealings in futures contracts by members on behalf of their clients or concerning transactions between members and their clients in connection with such dealings; and
(c) that the interests of the public will be served by granting the application.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 51
Suspension or cancellation of approval

SECT

51. (1) The Ministerial Council may cause to be served on a body corporate notice in writing calling on the body corporate to show cause at a hearing before a person designated in the notice why its approval as a futures association should not be suspended or cancelled on grounds specified in the notice.

(2) A notice served on a body corporate under subsection (1) shall specify, and give reasonable notice of, the time and place at which the hearing referred to in the notice will take place but the person designated in the notice may, by agreement with the body corporate, fix a different time, or a different place, or both, for the hearing.

(3) After giving a body corporate served with a notice under subsection (1) an opportunity to be heard in accordance with subsection (2), the person designated in the notice shall submit to the Ministerial Council a report in relation to the hearing (if any) and a recommendation in relation to the matter and, after considering the report and recommendation, the Ministerial Council may:
(a) decide to take no further action in relation to the matters to which the notice related;
(b) suspend until a specified date the approval of the body corporate as a futures association; or
(c) cancel the approval of the body corporate as a futures association.

(4) Where the approval of a body corporate as a futures association is suspended under paragraph (3) (b), the body corporate shall, during the period of the suspension, be deemed not to be a futures association.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 52
Notification of approval etc. of futures association

SECT

52. (1) The Ministerial Council shall cause to be published in the Gazette notice of:
(a) the approval of a body corporate as a futures association;
(b) the suspension of any such approval, specifying the date of expiration of the suspension; and
(c) the cancellation of any such approval.

(2) A failure to publish a notice under subsection (1) does not affect the validity of the approval, suspension or cancellation in respect of which the notice is required to be published.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 53
Appeal to the Court against certain decisions of futures exchanges and
futures associations

SECT

53. (1) Where a body corporate, being a futures exchange or futures association:
(a) decides, at a time when a person is a member of no relevant organisation, to refuse an application by the person for membership of the body corporate; or
(b) decides, at a time when a person is a member of no other relevant organisation, to suspend or cancel the person's membership of the body corporate;
Penalty: the body corporate shall, within 14 days after so deciding, give to the person, and to the Commission, a notice in writing setting out the decision and the reasons for the decision, and the person may, before the end of the period of 21 days (or such longer period as the Court allows) commencing when the notice is so given, appeal to the Court against the decision by lodging a written notice of appeal.

(2) A person whose membership of a relevant organisation is suspended for a period:
(a) shall be deemed, for the purposes of paragraph (1) (a), to be a member of that relevant organisation throughout that period; and
(b) shall be deemed, for the purposes of paragraph (1) (b), not to be a member of that relevant organisation at any time during that period.

(3) A person shall, on the day on which the person lodges a notice of appeal with the Court under subsection (1), lodge a copy of the notice with the Commission.

(4) Where a body corporate decides as mentioned in paragraph (1) (b), then:
(a) subject to paragraph (c) of this subsection and to subsection (6), the decision takes effect at the end of the day on which a notice relating to the decision is given by the body corporate in accordance with subsection (1);
(b) if the person to whom the decision relates appeals to the Court under subsection (1) against the decision - the Court may, at any time before it determines the appeal, make such order as it thinks fit concerning the effect, pending determination of the appeal, of the decision, including, without limiting the generality of the foregoing, an order that is subject to conditions specified in the order; and
(c) an order made by the Court under paragraph (b) has effect accordingly.

(5) The Court may, after hearing an appeal under subsection (1), dismiss the appeal or:
(a) in the case of an appeal against a decision to refuse an application for membership - decide that the application should be granted, or should be granted subject to specified conditions;
(b) in the case of an appeal against a decision to suspend for a period a person's membership - decide that the person's membership:
(i) should not be suspended; or
(ii) should be suspended for a specified lesser period; or
(c) in the case of an appeal against a decision to cancel a person's membership - decide that the person's membership:
(i) should not be cancelled; or
(ii) should not be cancelled, but should be suspended for a
specified period.

(6) Where, on an appeal against a decision of a body corporate, the Court decides as mentioned in paragraph (5) (a), (b) or (c), then, as from the day on which the appeal is decided:
(a) the first-mentioned decision ceases to have effect; and
(b) the decision of the Court has effect, except for the purposes of subsection (1), as a decision of the body corporate and shall take effect accordingly.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 54
Commission to be notified of amendments of business rules

SECT

54. (1) Where an amendment is made by way of rescission or alteration of, or addition to, the business rules of a futures exchange, of a clearing house for a futures exchange, or of a futures association, the futures exchange, clearing house or futures association, as the case may be, shall, forthwith after the making of the amendment, give written notice of the amendment to the Commission.

(2) A notice under subsection (1) shall:
(a) set out the text of the amendment to which it relates;
(b) specify the date on which the amendment was made; and
(c) contain an explanation of the purpose of the amendment.

(3) If a notice required by subsection (1) to be given in relation to an amendment is not given within 21 days after the making of the amendment, the amendment ceases to have effect.

(4) Where the Commission receives a notice under this section, the Commission shall forthwith send a copy of the notice to each member of the Ministerial Council.

(5) The Ministerial Council may, within 28 days after the receipt by the Commission of a notice under this section, disallow the whole or a specified part of the amendment to which the notice relates.

(6) Where the Ministerial Council disallows under this section the whole or a part of an amendment of the business rules of a body corporate, the Commission shall forthwith give notice of the disallowance to the body corporate and, upon receipt by the body corporate of the notice of disallowance, the amendment ceases, to the extent of the disallowance, to have effect.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 55
Orderly markets in futures contracts - functions and powers of futures
exchanges and clearing houses

SECT

55. (1) A futures exchange, and a clearing house for a futures exchange, shall, to the extent that it is reasonably practicable to do so, take all steps, and do all things, necessary to ensure an orderly and fair market for dealings in futures contracts on a futures market of the futures exchange.

(2) A futures exchange may, for the purpose of performing its functions under subsection (1), give to a person who is not a member of the futures exchange but in whose name a futures contract entered into on a futures market of the futures exchange is registered a direction:
(a) to do a particular act or thing; or
(b) to refrain from doing a particular act or thing.

(3) A person shall comply with a direction given to the person in accordance with subsection (2), but a person who contravenes this subsection is not guilty of an offence by virtue of this section or section 148.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 56
Orderly markets in futures contracts - powers of Commission

SECT

56. (1) Subject to subsections (2) and (6), the Commission may, in relation to a futures market of a futures exchange, give a direction in writing to the futures exchange:
(a) to close the futures market;
(b) to suspend dealing on the futures market in a specified class of futures contracts;
(c) to limit transactions on the futures market to the closing out of futures contracts;
(d) to defer for a specified period the completion date for all futures contracts, or for a specified class of futures contracts, made on the futures market;
(e) to cause a specified futures contract made on the futures market, or each futures contract included in a specified class of futures contracts so made, to be:
(i) closed out forthwith as the result of the matching up of the
futures contract with a futures contract of the same kind whose price or value is equal to a price or value determined by the futures exchange; or
(ii) invoiced back to a specified date at a price or value
determined by the futures exchange;
(f) to require a futures contract made on the futures market, or each futures contract included in a specified class of futures contracts so made, to be discharged by:
(i) the tendering of a merchantable lot of a commodity
determined by the futures exchange, being a commodity of a quality or standard that is:
(A) different from the quality or standard of the commodity
specified in the futures contract; and
(B) determined by the futures exchange; and
(ii) the tendering of a price adjusted by an amount that is:
(A) appropriate having regard to the quality or standard
of the commodity referred to in subparagraph (i);
and
(B) determined by the futures exchange; or
(g) to require a member of the futures exchange to act in a specified manner in relation to dealings in futures contracts on the futures market, or in relation to a specified class of such dealings.

(2) The Commission shall not give a direction under subsection (1) in relation to a futures market of a futures exchange unless:
(a) it has determined that a direction should be so given because it is of the opinion that:
(i) subsection 55 (1) has not been complied with in relation to
that futures market;
(ii) it is necessary to protect the interests of persons on behalf
of whom futures contracts are or may be dealt with on that futures market; or
(iii) it would be in the public interest for a direction to be so
given;
(b) it has given to the futures exchange a notice in writing stating that it has formed that opinion and specifying:
(i) its reasons for forming that opinion;
(ii) the direction that it considers should be so given; and
(iii) a time, or a date and time, before which it will not so give
the direction;
(c) it has given a copy of the notice to each clearing house for that futures market; and
(d) the direction is so given after the time, or date and time, as the case may be, specified pursuant to subparagraph (b) (iii).

(3) The Commission shall, before determining in relation to a futures market of a futures exchange as mentioned in paragraph (2) (a), consult the futures exchange and each clearing house for that futures market.

(4) A failure by the Commission to comply with subsection (3) does not affect the validity of:
(a) a determination under paragraph (2) (a); or
(b) a direction given under subsection (1) pursuant to such a determination.

(5) The Commission shall, as soon as practicable after giving a notice under paragraph (2) (b) in relation to a futures market of a futures exchange:
(a) give to the Ministerial Council a copy of the notice and a written report setting out the reasons for the giving of the notice;
(b) give a copy of the report to the futures exchange; and
(c) give a copy of the report to each clearing house for that futures market.

(6) The Commission shall not give a direction under subsection (1) in relation to a futures market of a futures exchange if:
(a) the Ministerial Council has directed the Commission not to give the direction; or
(b) the futures exchange has acted as if the direction had been given.

(7) The Commission shall, as soon as practicable after giving a direction under subsection (1) in relation to a futures market of a futures exchange:
(a) give to the Ministerial Council a copy of the direction; and
(b) give to each clearing house for that futures market:
(i) a copy of the direction; and
(ii) a direction in writing prohibiting the clearing house from
acting in a manner inconsistent with, and requiring the clearing house to do all that it is reasonably capable of doing to give effect to, the direction under subsection (1) while the last-mentioned direction remains in force.

(8) The Ministerial Council may determine in writing the period throughout which a particular direction under subsection (1) is to remain in force.

(9) A direction given under subsection (1) remains in force:
(a) in a case where a determination under subsection (8) is in force-throughout the period specified in the determination; or
(b) in any other case - unless sooner revoked, until the end of the period of 21 days, or such shorter period (if any) as is specified in the direction, commencing when the direction is given.

(10) A futures exchange shall not, while a direction given under subsection (1) in relation to a futures market of the futures exchange remains in force, fail to comply with the direction.
Penalty: $1,000 for each day on which the futures exchange contravenes this subsection.

(11) A clearing house for a futures exchange shall not fail to comply with a direction given to the clearing house under subparagraph (7) (b) (ii).
Penalty: $1,000 for each day on which the clearing house contravenes this subsection.

(12) A document may be given to a person under this section by sending to the person, by telegraph, telex, facsimile service or other similar means of communication, a message to the effect of the document.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 57
Futures exchanges and others to assist Commission

SECT

57. (1) A futures exchange, a clearing house for a futures exchange, and a futures association, shall each provide such assistance to the Commission, or to a person acting on behalf of, or with the authority of, the Commission, as the Commission reasonably requires for the performance of its functions under this Act.

(2) Where:
(a) a body corporate, being a futures exchange, a clearing house for a futures exchange, or a futures association, decides to reprimand, fine, suspend, expel or otherwise take disciplinary action against, a member of the body corporate; and
(b) subsection 53 (1) does not require the body corporate to give to the Commission a notice relating to the decision;
Penalty:the body corporate shall, within 14 days after so deciding, give to the Commission a notice in writing setting out particulars of the name of the member, the decision, the reasons for the decision and, in the case of a decision to fine a member, the amount of the fine.

(3) Where a clearing house for a futures exchange:
(a) refuses to register a dealing in a futures contract; or
(b) closes out a futures contract because of a failure to meet a call for deposit or margin;
Penalty:it shall forthwith furnish the Commission with particulars of its action.

(4) A person authorised by the Commission is entitled at all reasonable times to full and free access for any of the purposes of this Act to the trading floor of a futures market of a futures exchange.

(5) A person who refuses or fails, without lawful excuse, to allow a person authorised by the Commission access in accordance with subsection (4) to the trading floor of a futures market of a futures exchange contravenes this subsection.

(6) The penalty applicable to an offence constituted by a contravention of subsection (5) is a fine of $2,500 or imprisonment for 6 months, or both.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 58
Power of Court to order observance or enforcement of business rules of
futures exchange, clearing house or futures association

SECT

58. Where a person who is under an obligation to comply with, observe, enforce or give effect to the business rules of a futures exchange, of a clearing house for a futures exchange, or of a futures association, fails to comply with, observe, enforce or give effect to those rules, the Court may, on the application of the futures exchange, clearing house or futures association, as the case may be, of the Commission, or of a person aggrieved by the failure, and after giving to the person against whom the order is sought an opportunity of being heard, make an order giving directions to the last-mentioned person concerning compliance with, observance or enforcement of, or giving effect to, those rules.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 59
Effect of certain laws on certain agreements

SECT

59. (1) A contravention of this Act affects neither the validity nor the enforceability of an agreement.

(2) For the purposes of any Act or law, a futures contract is not a contract by way of gaming or wagering if it is made:
(a) on an exempt futures market or on a futures market of a futures exchange or of a recognised futures exchange; or
(b) as permitted by the business rules of a futures association, of a futures exchange or of a recognised futures exchange.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - PART IV
PART IV - PARTICIPANTS IN THE FUTURES INDUSTRY

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - DIVISION 1
Division 1 - Futures brokers and futures advisers

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 61
Futures brokers

SECT

61. A person shall not:
(a) deal in a futures contract on another person's behalf; or
(b) hold himself, herself or itself out as carrying on a futures broking business;
Penalty:unless the first-mentioned person holds a futures broker's licence or is a recognised futures broker or an exempt broker.
Penalty: $10,000 or imprisonment for 2 years, or both.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 63
Futures advisers

SECT

63. A person shall not:
(a) carry on a futures advice business; or
(b) hold himself, herself or itself out to be a futures adviser;
Penalty: unless the person is a licensee, a recognised licensee or an exempt futures adviser.
Penalty: $5,000 or imprisonment for 1 year, or both.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 65
Application for a licence

SECT

65. (1) A person may apply to the Commission, in the prescribed form and manner, for a futures broker's licence or a futures adviser's licence.

(2) The Commission may require an applicant for a licence to give the Commission such further information in relation to the application as the Commission thinks necessary.

(3) Subsections (1) and (2) of this section, and sections 66 to 66B (inclusive), as in force at and after the commencement of section 71 of the Co-operative Scheme Legislation Amendment Act 1989 apply in relation to an application for a futures broker's licence or for a futures adviser's licence that:
(a) is made at or after that commencement; or
(b) was made before that commencement but, as at that commencement, had been neither granted nor refused.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 66
Grant of licence to natural person

SECT

66. (1) This section applies where a natural person applies for a licence.

(2) The Commission shall grant the licence if:
(a) the application was made in accordance with section 65;
(b) the person is not an insolvent under administration;
(c) if the application is for a futures broker's licence - the person is a member of a relevant organisation;
(d) the Commission is satisfied that the person's educational qualifications and experience are adequate having regard to the nature of the duties of a holder of a licence of the kind applied for;
(e) the Commission has no reason to believe that the person is not of good fame and character; and
(f) the Commission has no reason to believe that the person will not perform those duties efficiently, honestly and fairly.

(3) Otherwise, the Commission shall refuse the application.

(4) In determining whether or not it has reason to believe as mentioned in paragraph (2) (e) or (f), the Commission shall have regard to any conviction of the person, during the 10 years ending on the day of the application, of serious fraud.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 66A
Grant of licence to body corporate

SECT

66A. (1) This section applies where a body corporate applies for a licence.

(2) The Commission shall grant the licence if:
(a) the application was made in accordance with section 65;
(b) the applicant is not an externally-administered body corporate;
(c) if the application is for a futures broker's licence - the applicant is a member of a relevant organisation;
(d) the Commission is satisfied that the educational qualifications and experience of each responsible officer of the applicant are adequate having regard to the duties that the officer would perform in connection with the holding of the licence; and
(e) the Commission has no reason to believe that the applicant will not perform efficiently, honestly and fairly the duties of a holder of a licence of the kind applied for.

(3) Otherwise, the Commission shall refuse the application.

(4) In determining whether or not it has reason to believe as mentioned in paragraph (2) (e), the Commission shall have regard, in relation to each responsible officer of the applicant, to:
(a) whether or not the officer is an insolvent under administration;
(b) any conviction of the officer, during the 10 years ending on the day of the application, of serious fraud;
(c) any reason the Commission has to believe that the officer is not of good fame and character; and
(d) any reason the commission has to believe that the officer will not perform efficiently, honestly and fairly the duties that the officer would perform in connection with the holding of the licence.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 66B
Effect of certain provisions

SECT

66B. (1) Sections 66 and 66A apply subject to sections 80N, 80P and 80R and the regulations.

(2) Nothing in subsection 66 (4) or 66A (4) limits the matters to which the Commission may have regard:
(a) in deciding on an application for a licence; or
(b) in connection with performing or exercising any other function or power under this Part.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 69
Conditions of licence: general

SECT

69. A licence is subject to:
(a) such conditions and restrictions as are prescribed;
(b) if the licence was granted before the commencement of section 71 of the Co-operative Scheme Legislation Amendment Act 1989 - such of the conditions of the licence as at that commencement as were imposed by the Commission; and
(c) subject to section 80P, such conditions and restrictions as the Commission imposes when granting the licence or while the licence is in force.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 69A
Conditions of futures broker's licence: membership of relevant organisation

SECT

69A. (1) A futures broker's licence is subject to:
(a) a condition that the licensee be, throughout the currency of the licence, a member of a relevant organisation; and
(b) a condition that the licence is suspended throughout a period throughout which the licensee:
(i) is a member of no relevant organisation; and
(ii) would, but for the suspension of the licensee's membership
of a relevant organisation, be a member of the last-mentioned relevant organisation.

(2) A person whose membership of a relevant organisation is suspended for a period:
(a) is, for the purposes of paragraph (1) (a), a member of that relevant organisation throughout that period; and
(b) is, for the purposes of paragraph (1) (b), a member of that relevant organisation at no time during that period.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 69B
Conditions of futures broker's licence: assets and liabilities

SECT

69B. (1) Without limiting the generality of section 69, one or more of the following may be imposed under that section on a futures broker's licence:
(a) a condition or restriction about limiting the liability that the licensee may incur in connection with a business of dealing in futures contracts;
(b) a condition or restriction about incurring, or a condition about disclosing, liabilities of the licensee that arise otherwise than in connection with such a business;
(c) a condition or restriction about the licensee's financial position, whether or not in relation to such a business;
(d) without limiting the generality of paragraph (c), a condition that the licensee's assets include, or not include, specified assets;
(e) without limiting the generality of paragraph (c), a condition that the sum of the values of specified assets included in the licensee's assets be not less than, or not greater than, an amount ascertained in accordance with the condition.

(2) A condition imposed by virtue of paragraph (1) (e) may provide for the values of assets to be ascertained, for the purposes of applying the condition, in a manner specified in, or determined in accordance with, the condition.

(3) Without limiting the generality of paragraph (1) (e), a condition imposed by virtue of that paragraph may provide for the amount referred to in that paragraph to be a specified percentage of the sum of:
(a) the values of all the licensee's assets;
(b) the values of specified assets included in the licensee's assets;
(c) the amounts of all the licensee's liabilities; or
(d) the amounts of specified liabilities included in the licensee's liabilities.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 69C
Conditions of licence: supervision of representatives

SECT

69C. Without limiting the generality of section 69, one or more of the following may be imposed under that section on a licence:
(a) a condition about what the licensee is to do, by way of supervision or otherwise, in order to prevent the licensee's representatives from contravening:
(i) a futures law; or
(ii) other conditions of the licence;
(b) a condition about what the licensee is to do to ensure that each representative of the licensee has adequate qualifications and experience having regard to what the representative will do on the licensee's behalf in connection with a futures broking business or futures advice business carried on by the licensee.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 69D
Revocation and variation of licence conditions

SECT

69D. Subject to section 80P, the Commission may at any time revoke or vary a condition of a licence unless it was imposed by the regulations.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 69E
Relevant organisations to be informed about conditions of futures broker's
licence

SECT

69E. (1) As soon as practicable after imposing a condition on, or revoking or varying a condition of, a futures broker's licence, the Commission shall inform in writing:
(a) each relevant organisation of which the licensee is a member; and
(b) each body corporate that is a clearing house for a futures exchange of which the licensee is a member.

(2) A contravention of subsection (1) does not affect the validity of an act done by the Commission.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 70
Licensee to notify breach of licence condition

SECT

70. (1) Within one business day after the happening of an event constituting a contravention of a condition of a licence, the licensee shall give to:
(a) the Commission; and
(b) each relevant organisation of which the licensee is a member;
Penalty: a written notice setting out particulars of the event.
Penalty: $5,000 or imprisonment for 1 year, or both.

(2) It is a defence to a prosecution for failing to give a particular notice to a person as required by this section if it is proved that:
(a) when the requirement arose, the defendant was unaware of the event that gave rise to the requirement; and
(b) the defendant:
(i) did not become aware of the event before the date of the
information; or
(ii) did become so aware before that date but gave the notice to
that person as soon as reasonably practicable after becoming so aware.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 71
Commission may require licensed futures broker to give information

SECT

71. (1) The Commission may, by writing given to the holder of a futures broker's licence, direct the holder to give the Commission specified information about, or a specified statement relating to, a business of dealing in futures contracts that the holder carries on or has carried on.

(2) A direction under subsection (1) to give a specified statement may also direct the holder to cause the statement to be audited by a registered company auditor before it is given to the Commission.

(3) A person shall comply with a direction under this section:
(a) if the direction specifies a reasonable period for compliance - within that period; or
(b) in any other case - within a reasonable period;
Penalty:or within that period as extended, or further extended, by the Commission by writing given to the person.
Penalty: $1,000.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 72
Register of Licence Holders

SECT

72. (1) The Commission shall keep a Register of Licence Holders for the purposes of this Act.

(1A) The Commission shall include in the Register of Licence Holders, in relation to each licence, a copy of:
(a) the licence; and
(b) each instrument that imposes conditions on the licence, or revokes or varies conditions of the licence, after the licence is granted.

(2) The Commission shall enter in the Register of Licence Holders, in relation to each licence:
(a) the name of the licensee;
(b) if the licensee is a body corporate - the name of each director, and of each secretary, of the body;
(c) the day on which the licence was granted;
(d) in relation to each business to which the licence relates:
(i) the address of the principal place of business at which the
business is carried on;
(ii) the addresses of the other places (if any) at which the
business is carried on; and
(iii) if the business is carried on under a name or style other than
the name of the licensee - the name or style;
(e) in the case of a futures broker's licence - the name, and the address of the principal place of business, of each relevant organisation of which the licensee is a member;
(f) particulars of any suspension of the licence; and
(g) such other matters (if any) as are prescribed.

(3) Where a person no longer holds a particular licence, the Commission shall remove from the Register of Licence Holders the documents included in it, and the particulars entered in it, in relation to that licence.

(4) A person may inspect, and may make copies of, or take extracts from, the Register of Licence Holders.

(5) The Commission may enter in the Register of Licence Holders particulars of recognised licensees, being:
(a) the name of the recognised licensee;
(b) the date (if known) on which the recognised licensee became a recognised licensee; and
(c) such other matters as are prescribed.

(6) Where the Commission becomes aware that a person whose name is entered in the Register of Licence Holders as a recognised licensee has ceased to be a recognised licensee, the Commission shall remove from the Register the name of the person and the other particulars entered in the Register in relation to the person.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 73
Notifying change in particulars

SECT

73. Within 21 days after:
(a) the holder of a futures broker's licence ceases to carry on the business to which the licence relates;
(b) the holder of a futures adviser's licence ceases to act as, or to hold himself, herself or itself out to be, a futures adviser; or
(c) there is a change in a matter particulars of which are required by virtue of paragraph 72 (2) (a), (b), (d), (e) or (g) to be entered, in relation to a licence, in the Register of Licence Holders;
Penalty: the holder of the licence shall lodge written particulars, in the prescribed form, of that fact, or of that change, as the case may be.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 74
Annual statement of licensee

SECT

74. (1) A person who is or has been a licensee shall lodge, in respect of each year or part of a year during which the licence is or was in force, a statement in the prescribed form that complies with this section.

(2) The statement shall set out the number of persons:
(a) who, when the statement is lodged, hold; or
(b) who, when the person last ceased to be a licensee, held;
Penalty:as the case may be, proper authorities from the person.

(3) The statement shall also contain such information as is prescribed.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 75
When annual statement to be lodged

SECT

75. A person required by section 74 to lodge a statement shall lodge the statement:
(a) if the licence is a futures broker's licence - during the period within which a profit and loss account and balance sheet referred to in section 95 are required to be lodged with the Commission by the person;
(b) if the licence is a futures adviser's licence - within the period of one month immediately before the anniversary of the date on which the licence was granted.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 76
Commission may extend period for lodging statement

SECT

76. (1) The Commission may, in its discretion, extend, or further extend, the period for lodging a statement under section 74.

(2) An application for an extension under subsection (1) may be made, and the power of the Commission under that subsection may be exercised, notwithstanding that the period referred to in that subsection has expired.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - DIVISION 2
Division 2 - Agreements with unlicensed persons

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SUBDIVISION A
Subdivision A - Agreements affected

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 77A
Excluded clients

SECT

77A. In this Division:
"excluded client" means a person who is:
(a) a futures broker;
(b) a futures adviser; or
(c) one of 2 or more persons who together constitute a futures broker or futures adviser.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 77B
Agreement about a dealing in breach of section 61

SECT

77B. Where a person (in this section and Subdivision B called the "non-licensee") and another person (in this section and Subdivision B called the "client"), not being an excluded client, enter into an agreement relating to a dealing or proposed dealing in a futures contract by the non-licensee on the client's behalf, being a dealing or proposed dealing involving a contravention by the non-licensee of subsection 61 (1) or (2), Subdivision B applies, whether or not anyone else is a party to the agreement.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 77C
Agreement with person acting in breach of section 63

SECT

77C. Where, during a period when a person (in this section and Subdivision B called the "non-licensee"), in contravention of section 63, carries on a futures advice business or holds himself, herself or itself out to be a futures adviser, the non-licensee and a client (other than an excluded client) of the non-licensee enter into an agreement that relates to advising the client about futures contracts or to giving the client futures reports, Subdivision B applies, whether or not anyone else is a party to the agreement.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SUBDIVISION B
Subdivision B - Effect on agreements

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 77D
Client may give notice of rescission

SECT

77D. (1) Subject to this section, the client may, whether before or after completion of the agreement, give to the non-licensee a written notice stating that the client wishes to rescind the agreement.

(2) The client may only give a notice under this section within a reasonable period after becoming aware of the facts entitling the client to give the notice.

(3) The client is not entitled to give a notice under this section if the client engages in conduct by engaging in which the client would, if the entitlement so to give a notice were a right to rescind the agreement for misrepresentation by the non-licensee, be taken to have affirmed the agreement.

(4) The client is not entitled to give a notice under this section if, within a reasonable period before the agreement was entered into, the non-licensee informed the client (whether or not in writing) that:
(a) the non-licensee did not hold a futures broker's licence; or
(b) the non-licensee did not hold a futures broker's licence and did not hold a futures adviser's licence;
Penalty:as the case requires.

(5) If, at a time when a futures broker's licence or futures adviser's licence held by the non-licensee was suspended, the non-licensee informed the client that the licence was suspended, the non-licensee is to be taken for the purposes of subsection (4) to have informed the client at that time that the non-licensee did not hold a futures broker's licence or futures adviser's licence, as the case may be.

(6) A reference in subsection (4) or (5) to a futures broker's licence or futures adviser's licence is a reference to a futures broker's licence or futures adviser's licence, as the case may be, granted under this Part or under the provisions of a law of a participating State or participating Territory that correspond with this Part.

(7) None of subsections (2), (3) and (4) limits the generality of either of the others.

(8) Subject to this section, the client may give a notice under this section whether or not:
(a) the notice will result under section 77E in rescission of the agreement;
or
(b) the Court will, if the notice so results, be empowered to make a particular order, or any order at all, under section 77G.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 77E
Effect of notice under section 77D

SECT

77E. A notice given under section 77D rescinds the agreement unless rescission of the agreement would prejudice a right, or an estate in property, acquired by a person (other than the non-licensee) in good faith, for valuable consideration and without notice of the facts entitling the client to give the notice.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 77F
Client may apply to Court for partial rescission

SECT

77F. (1) If the client gives a notice under section 77D but the notice does not rescind the agreement because rescission of it would prejudice a right or estate of the kind referred to in section 77E, the client may, within a reasonable period after giving the notice, apply to the Court for an order under subsection (4) of this section.

(2) The Court may extend the period for making an application under subsection (1).

(3) If an application is made under subsection (1), the Court may make such orders expressed to have effect until the determination of the application as it would have power to make if the notice had rescinded the agreement under section 77E and the application were for orders under section 77G.

(4) On an application under subsection (1), the Court may make an order:
(a) varying the agreement in such a way as to put the client in the same position, as nearly as can be done without prejudicing such a right or estate acquired before the order is made, as if the agreement had not been entered into; and
(b) declaring the agreement to have had effect as so varied at and after the time when it was originally made.

(5) If the Court makes an order under subsection (4), the agreement shall be taken for the purposes of section 77G to have been rescinded under section 77E.

(6) An order under subsection (4) does not affect the application of section 77J or 77L in relation to the agreement as originally made or as varied by the order.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 77G
Court may make consequential orders

SECT

77G. (1) Subject to subsection (2), on rescission of the agreement under section 77E, the Court may, on the application of the client or the non-licensee, make such orders as it would have power to make if the client had duly rescinded the agreement for misrepresentation by the non-licensee.

(2) The Court is not empowered to make a particular order under subsection (1) if the order would prejudice a right, or an estate in property, acquired by a person (other than the non-licensee) in good faith, for valuable consideration and without notice of the facts entitling the client to give the notice.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 77H
Agreement unenforceable against client

SECT

77H. (1) This section:
(a) applies while both of the following are the case:
(i) the client is entitled to give a notice under section 77D;
(ii) a notice so given will result under section 77E in rescission
of the agreement; and
(b) applies after the agreement is rescinded under section 77E;
Penalty:but does not otherwise apply.

(2) The non-licensee is not entitled, as against the client:
(a) to enforce the agreement, whether directly or indirectly; or
(b) to rely on the agreement, whether directly or indirectly and whether by way of defence or otherwise.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 77J
Non-licensee not entitled to recover commission

SECT

77J. (1) Without limiting the generality of section 77H, this section:
(a) applies while the client is entitled to give a notice under section 77D; and
(b) applies after the client so gives a notice, even if the notice does not result under section 77E in rescission of the agreement;
Penalty:but does not otherwise apply.

(2) The non-licensee is not entitled to recover by any means (including, for example, set-off or a claim on a quantum meruit) any brokerage, commission or other fee for which the client would, but for this section, have been liable to the non-licensee under or in connection with the agreement.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 77K
Onus of establishing non-application of section 77H or 77J

SECT

77K. For the purposes of determining in a proceeding whether or not the non-licensee is, or was at a particular time, entitled as mentioned in subsection 77H (2) or 77J (2), it shall be presumed, unless the contrary is proved, that section 77H or 77J, as the case may be, applies, or applied at that time, as the case may be.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 77L
Client may recover commission paid to non-licensee

SECT

77L. (1) Without limiting the generality of section 77G, if the client gives a notice under section 77D, the client may, even if the notice does not result under section 77E in rescission of the agreement, recover from the non-licensee as a debt the amount of any brokerage, commission or other fee that the client has paid to the non-licensee under or in connection with the agreement.

(2) The Commission may, if it considers that it is in the public interest to do so, bring an action under subsection (1) in the name of, and for the benefit of, the client.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 77M
Remedies under this Division additional to other remedies

SECT

77M. The client's rights and remedies under this Division are additional to, and do not prejudice, any other right or remedy of the client.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - DIVISION 3
Division 3 - Representatives

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 78A
Representatives of futures brokers

SECT

78A. A natural person shall not do an act as a representative of a futures broker (other than an exempt broker) unless:
(a) the broker holds a futures broker's licence or is a recognised futures broker; and
(b) the person holds a proper authority from the broker.
Penalty: $2,500 or imprisonment for 6 months, or both.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 78B
Representatives of futures advisers

SECT

78B. A natural person shall not do an act as a representative of a futures adviser (other than an exempt futures adviser) unless:
(a) the futures adviser:
(i) is also a futures broker and either holds a futures broker's
licence or is a recognised futures broker; or
(ii) holds a futures adviser's licence or is a recognised futures
adviser; and
(b) the person holds a proper authority from the futures adviser. Penalty: $2,500 or imprisonment for 6 months, or both.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 78C
Defence

SECT

78C. It is a defence to a prosecution for a contravention of section 78A or 78B constituted by an act done by a person as a representative of another person if it is proved that:
(a) but for the revocation of, or the making under section 80D or a provision of a law of a participating State or participating Territory that corresponds with that section of an order relating to, a licence or recognised licence held by the other person, the act would not have been such a contravention;
(b) when he or she did the act, the first-mentioned person:
(i) believed in good faith that the other person held the licence
or recognised licence; and
(ii) was unaware of the revocation or order; and
(c) in all the circumstances it was reasonable for the first-mentioned person so to believe and to be unaware of the revocation or order.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 78D
Body corporate not to act as representative

SECT

78D. A body corporate shall not do an act as a representative of a person.
Penalty: $5,000 or imprisonment for 1 year, or both.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 78E
Licensee to keep register of holders of proper authorities

SECT

78E. (1) A licensee shall establish a register of the persons who hold proper authorities from the licensee and shall keep it in accordance with this section.

(2) The register shall be in writing or in such other form as the Commission approves.

(3) The register shall contain, in relation to each person (if any) who holds a proper authority from the licensee:
(a) a copy of the proper authority;
(b) the person's name;
(c) the person's current residential address;
(d) unless the person's current business address is the same as the licensee's - the person's current business address; and
(e) such other information (if any) as is prescribed.

(4) A copy of a proper authority of a person from the licensee that subsection (3) requires the register to contain shall be included in the register within 2 business days after the person begins to hold that proper authority.

(5) Information that subsection (3) requires the register to contain in relation to a person shall be entered in the register within 2 business days after:
(a) the person begins to hold a proper authority from the licensee; or
(b) the licensee receives the information;
Penalty:whichever happens later.

(6) Within 2 business days after a person ceases to hold a proper authority from the licensee, the licensee shall:
(a) in any case:
(i) include, in a part of the register separate from the part in
which copies of proper authorities are included under subsection (4); and
(ii) remove from the last-mentioned part;
Penalty:the copy of the proper authority that was included in the last-mentioned part; and
(b) unless, at the end of those 2 business days, the person again holds a proper authority from the licensee:
(i) enter, in a part of the register separate from the part in
which information is entered under subsection (5); and
(ii) remove from the last-mentioned part;
Penalty:the information that has been entered in the last-mentioned part in relation to the person.

(7) Information that has been entered under paragraph (6) (b) in a separate part of the register shall be deemed for the purposes of subsections (3) and (5) not to be contained or entered in the register.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 78F
Licensee to notify Commission of location and contents of register

SECT

78F. (1) This section has effect where a licensee keeps a register under section 78E.

(2) Within 14 days after establishing the register, the licensee shall lodge written notice of where the register is kept.

(3) As soon as practicable after changing the place where the register is kept, the licensee shall lodge written notice of the new place where the register is kept.

(4) Within 2 business days after the day on which a person begins to hold a particular proper authority from the licensee, the licensee shall, whether or not the person has previously held a proper authority from the licensee, lodge:
(a) a copy of the first-mentioned proper authority; and
(b) a written notice stating that the person began to hold that proper authority on that day.

(5) Within the period within which subsection 78E (5) requires the licensee to enter in the register information that the register must contain because of paragraph 78E (3) (b), (c), (d) or (e), the licensee shall lodge a written notice setting out the information and stating that the information has been, or is to be, entered in the register.

(6) Within 2 business days after a person ceases to hold a proper authority from the licensee, the licensee shall, unless at the end of those 2 business days the person again holds a proper authority from the licensee, lodge a written notice stating that the person has ceased to hold such a proper authority.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 78G
Inspection and copying of register

SECT

78G. (1) A licensee shall ensure that a register kept under section 78E by the licensee is open for inspection without charge.

(2) A person may by writing request a licensee to give the person a copy of the whole, or of a specified part, of a register kept by the licensee under section 78E.

(3) A licensee shall comply with a request under subsection (2) within 2 business days after:
(a) if the licensee requires the person to pay for the copy an amount of not more than the prescribed amount - receiving the amount from the person; or
(b) otherwise - receiving the request.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 78H
Commission may require production of authority

SECT

78H. (1) Where the Commission has reason to believe that a person:
(a) holds a proper authority from a licensee or recognised licensee; or

(b) has done an act as a representative of another person;
Penalty:then, whether or not the Commission knows who the licensee, recognised licensee or other person is, it may require the first-mentioned person to produce:
(c) any proper authority from a licensee or recognised licensee; or
(d) any invalid authority from a person;
Penalty: that the first-mentioned person holds.

(2) A person shall not, without reasonable excuse, refuse or fail to comply with a requirement under this section.
Penalty: $2,500 or imprisonment for 6 months, or both.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 78J
Commission may give licensee information about representative

SECT

78J. (1) Where the Commission believes on reasonable grounds that:
(a) a person (in this section called the "holder") holds, or will hold, a proper authority from a licensee;
(b) having regard to that fact, the Commission should give to the licensee particular information that the Commission has about the person; and
(c) the information is true;
Penalty:the Commission may give the information to the licensee.

(2) Where the Commission gives information under subsection (1), the licensee or an officer of the licensee may, for a purpose connected with:
(a) the licensee making a decision about what action (if any) to take in relation to the holder, having regard to, or to matters including, the information; or
(b) the licensee taking action pursuant to such a decision;
Penalty:or for 2 or more such purposes, and for no other purpose, give to another person, make use of, or make a record of, some or all of the information.

(3) A person to whom information has been given, in accordance with subsection (2) or this subsection, for a purpose or purposes may, for that purpose or one or more of those purposes, and for no other purpose, give to another person, make use of, or make a record of, that information.

(4) Subject to subsections (2) and (3), a person shall not give to another person, make use of, or make a record of, information given by the Commission under subsection (1).

(5) A person has qualified privilege in respect of an act done by the person as permitted by subsection (2) or (3).

(6) A person to whom information is given in accordance with this section shall not:
(a) give any of the information to a court; or
(b) produce in a court a document that sets out some or all of the information;
Penalty:except:
(c) for a purpose connected with:
(i) the licensee making a decision about what action (if any) to
take in relation to the holder, having regard to, or to matters including, some or all of the information;
(ii) the licensee taking action pursuant to such a decision; or
(iii) proving in a proceeding in that court that particular action
taken by the licensee in relation to the holder was so taken pursuant to such a decision;
Penalty:or for 2 or more such purposes, and for no other purpose;
(d) in a proceeding in that court, in so far as the proceeding relates to an alleged contravention of this section;
(e) in a proceeding in respect of an ancillary offence relating to an offence against this section; or
(f) in a proceeding in respect of the giving to a court of false information being or including some or all of the first-mentioned information.

(7) A reference in this section to a person taking action in relation to another person is a reference to the first-mentioned person:
(a) taking action by way of making, terminating, or varying the terms and conditions of; or
(b) otherwise taking action in relation to;
Penalty:an agreement, in so far as the agreement relates to the other person being employed by, or acting for or by arrangement with, the first-mentioned person in connection with a futures broking business or futures advice business carried on by the first-mentioned person.

(8) In this section:
"licensee" includes a recognised licensee.
Penalty: $5,000 or imprisonment for 1 year, or both.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 78K
Holder of authority may be required to return it

SECT

78K. (1) Where a person holds a proper authority from a licensee but is neither employed by, nor authorised to act for or by arrangement with, the licensee, the licensee may, by writing given to the person, require the person to give the proper authority to the licensee within a specified period of not less than 2 business days.

(2) Where a person holds an invalid authority from another person, the other person may, by writing given to the first-mentioned person, require the first-mentioned person to give the invalid authority to the other person within a specified period of not less than 2 business days.

(3) A person shall not, without reasonable excuse, refuse or fail to comply with a requirement made of the person in accordance with subsection (1) or (2).

(4) In this section:
"licensee" includes a recognised licensee.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - DIVISION 4
Division 4 - Liability of principals for representatives' conduct

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 79A
Conduct engaged in as a representative

SECT

79A. Where a person engages in conduct as a representative of another person (in this section called the "principal"), then, as between the principal and a third person (other than the Commission), the principal is liable in respect of that conduct in the same manner, and to the same extent, as if the principal had engaged in it.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 79B
Liability where identity of principal unknown

SECT

79B. (1) This section applies for the purposes of a proceeding in a court where:
(a) a person (in this section called the "representative") engages in particular conduct while the person is a representative of 2 or more persons (in this section called the "indemnifying principals"); and
(b) it is proved for the purposes of the proceeding that the representative engaged in the conduct as a representative of some person (in this section called the "unknown principal") but it is not proved for those purposes who the unknown principal is.

(2) If only one of the indemnifying principals is a party to the proceeding, he, she or it is liable in respect of that conduct as if he, she or it were the unknown principal.

(3) If 2 or more of the indemnifying principals are parties to the proceeding, each of those parties is liable in respect of that conduct as if he, she or it were the unknown principal.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 79C
Liability of principals where act done in reliance on representative's
conduct

SECT

79C. (1) This section applies where:
(a) at a time when a person (in this section called the "representative") is a representative of only one person (in this section called the "indemnifying principal") or of 2 or more persons (in this section called the "indemnifying principals"), the representative:
(i) engages in particular conduct; or
(ii) proposes, or represents that the representative proposes, to
engage in particular conduct;
(b) another person (in this section called the "client") does, or omits to do, a particular act because the client believes at a particular time in good faith that the representative engaged in, or proposes to engage in, as the case may be, that conduct:
(i) on behalf of some person (in this section called the "assumed
principal") whether or not identified, or identifiable, at that time by the client; and
(ii) in connection with a futures broking business or futures
advice business carried on by the assumed principal; and
(c) it is reasonable to expect that a person in the client's circumstances would so believe and would do, or omit to do, as the case may be, that act because of that belief;
Penalty:whether or not that conduct is or would be within the scope of the representative's employment by, or authority from, any person.

(2) If:
(a) subparagraph (1) (a) (i) applies; or
(b) subparagraph (1) (a) (ii) applies and the representative engages in that conduct;
Penalty:then:
(c) as between the indemnifying principal and the client or a person claiming through the client, the indemnifying principal is liable; or
(d) as between any of the indemnifying principals and the client or a person claiming through the client, each of the indemnifying principals is liable;
Penalty: as the case may be, in respect of that conduct in the same manner, and to the same extent, as if he, she or it had engaged in it.

(3) Without limiting the generality of subsection (2), the indemnifying principal, or each of the indemnifying principals, as the case may be, is liable to pay damages to the client in respect of any loss or damage that the client suffers as a result of doing, or omitting to do, as the case may be, the act referred to in paragraph (1) (b).

(4) If:
(a) there are 2 or more indemnifying principals;
(b) 2 or more of them are parties (in this subsection called the "indemnifying parties") to a proceeding in a court;
(c) it is proved for the purposes of the proceeding:
(i) that the representative engaged in that conduct as a
representative of some person; and
(ii) who that person is; and
(d) that person is among the indemnifying parties;
Penalty:subsections (2) and (3) do not apply, for the purposes of the proceeding, in relation to the indemnifying parties other than that person.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 79D
Presumptions about certain matters

SECT

79D. (1) Where it is proved, for the purposes of a proceeding in a court that a person (in this subsection called the "representative") engaged in particular conduct while the person was a representative of:
(a) only one person (in this subsection called the "indemnifying principal"); or
(b) 2 or more persons (in this subsection called the "indemnifying principals");
Penalty: then, unless the contrary is proved for the purposes of the proceeding, it shall be presumed for those purposes that the representative engaged in the conduct as a representative of:
(c) the indemnifying principal; or
(d) as a representative of some person among the indemnifying principals;
Penalty:as the case may be.

(2) Where, for the purposes of establishing in a proceeding in a court that section 79C applies, it is proved that a person did, or omitted to do, a particular act because the person believed at a particular time in good faith that certain matters were the case, then, unless the contrary is proved for those purposes, it shall be presumed for those purposes that it is reasonable to expect that a person in the first-mentioned person's circumstances would so believe and would do, or omit to do, as the case may be, that act because of that belief.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 79E
No contracting out of liability for representative's conduct

SECT

79E. (1) For the purposes of this section, a liability of a person:
(a) in respect of conduct engaged in by another person as a representative of the first-mentioned person; or
(b) arising under section 79C because another person has engaged in, proposed to engage in, or represented that the other person proposed to engage in, particular conduct;
Penalty: is a liability of the first-mentioned person in respect of the other person.

(2) Subject to this section, an agreement is void in so far as it purports to exclude, restrict or otherwise affect a liability of a person in respect of another person, or to provide for a person to be indemnified in respect of a liability of the person in respect of another person.

(3) Subsection (2) does not apply in relation to an agreement in so far as it:
(a) is a contract of insurance;
(b) provides for a representative of a person to indemnify the person in respect of a liability of the person in respect of the representative;
or
(c) provides for a licensee from whom a person holds a proper authority to indemnify another such licensee in respect of a liability of the other licensee in respect of the person.

(4) In paragraph (3) (c):
"licensee" includes a recognised licensee.

(5) A person shall not make, offer to make, or invite another person to offer to make, in relation to a liability of the first-mentioned person in respect of a person, an agreement that is or would be void, in whole or in part, by virtue of subsection (2).

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 79F
Effect of Division

SECT

79F. (1) Where 2 or more persons are liable under this Division in respect of the same conduct or the same loss or damage, they are so liable jointly and severally.

(2) Nothing in section 79A, 79B or 79C:
(a) affects a liability arising otherwise than by virtue of this Division;
(b) despite paragraph (a) of this subsection, entitles a person to be compensated more than once in respect of the same loss or damage;
or
(c) makes a person guilty of an offence.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - DIVISION 5
Division 5 - Excluding persons from the futures industry

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 80A
Power to revoke, without a hearing, licence held by natural person

SECT

80A. The Commission may, by written order, revoke a licence held by a natural person if the person:
(a) becomes an insolvent under administration;
(b) is convicted of serious fraud;
(c) becomes incapable, through mental or physical incapacity, of managing his or her affairs; or
(d) asks the Commission to revoke the licence.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 80B
Power to revoke, without a hearing, licence held by body corporate

SECT

80B. The Commission may, by written order, revoke a licence held by a body corporate if:
(a) the body ceases to carry on business;
(b) the body becomes an externally administered body corporate;
(c) the body asks the Commission to revoke the licence; or
(d) a director, secretary or executive officer of the body contravenes this Act because:
(i) he or she does not hold a licence; or
(ii) a licence he or she holds is suspended.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 80C
Power to revoke licence after a hearing

SECT

80C. (1) Subject to section 80P, the Commission may, by written order, revoke a licence if:
(a) the application for the licence contained matter that was false in a material particular or materially misleading;
(b) there was an omission of material matter from the application for the licence;
(c) the licensee contravenes a futures law;
(d) the licensee contravenes a condition of the licence;
(e) the licensee is a natural person and the Commission has reason to believe that he or she is not of good fame and character;
(f) the licensee is a body corporate and the Commission is satisfied that the educational qualifications or experience of a person who:
(i) is an officer of the body; and
(ii) was not an officer of the body when the licence was granted;
Penalty:are or is inadequate having regard to the duties that the officer performs, or will perform, in connection with the holding of the licence;
(g) the licensee is a body corporate and the Commission is satisfied that:
(i) an officer of the body performs, or will perform, in connection
with the holding of the licence, duties that are or include duties (in this paragraph called the "different duties") other than those having regard to which the Commission was satisfied, before granting the licence, that the officer's educational qualifications and experience were adequate; and
(ii) the officer's educational qualifications or experience are or is
inadequate having regard to the different duties;
(h) the licensee is a body corporate and:
(i) a licence held by a director, secretary or executive officer of
the body is suspended or revoked; or
(ii) an order is made under section 80G against such a director,
secretary or executive officer;
(j) the Commission has reason to believe that the licensee has not performed efficiently, honestly and fairly the duties of a holder of a futures broker's licence or a futures adviser's licence, as the case requires; or
(k) the Commission has reason to believe that the licensee will not perform those duties efficiently, honestly and fairly.

(2) In determining whether or not it has reason to believe as mentioned in paragraph (1) (e) or (k) in relation to a licensee, the Commission is not precluded from having regard to a matter that arose before the time when the licence was granted unless the Commission was aware of the matter at that time.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 80D
Power to suspend licence instead of revoking it

SECT

80D. (1) Subject to section 80P, where:
(a) section 80A or 80B empowers the Commission to revoke a licence otherwise than because the licensee has asked for the revocation; or
(b) the Commission is empowered by virtue of paragraph 80C (1) (c), (d), (f), (g), (h), (j) or (k) to revoke a licence;
Penalty:the Commission may, if it considers it desirable to do so, instead:
(c) by written order, suspend the licence for a specified period; or
(d) by written order, prohibit the licensee, either permanently or for a specified period, from doing specified acts, being acts that section 61 or 63 would prohibit the licensee from doing if it did not hold the licence.

(2) The Commission may at any time, by written order, vary or revoke an order in force under this section.

(3) For the purposes of sections 61, 63, 78A and 78B, a licensee or recognised licensee shall be taken not to hold the licence or recognised licence at any time during a period for which the licence or recognised licence is suspended.

(4) Where an order in force under this section prohibits a licensee as mentioned in paragraph (1) (d):
(a) the licensee shall not contravene the order; and
(b) in relation to the doing by a person, as a representative of the licensee, of an act specified in the order, sections 78A and 78B apply, or apply during the period specified in the order, as the case requires, as if the licensee did not hold the licence.
Penalty: $2,500 or imprisonment for 6 months, or both.

(5) Subsection (4) applies in relation to a person who holds a licence within the meaning of a corresponding law of a participating State or participating Territory and so applies as if:
(a) a reference in that subsection to a licensee were a reference to the person; and
(b) a reference in that subsection to this section or to paragraph (1) (d) were a reference to a provision of a law of that State or Territory that corresponds with this section or that paragraph, as the case may be.

(6) The effect that subsection (4) has by virtue of subsection (5) is additional to, and does not prejudice, the effect subsection (4) otherwise has.

(7) A reference in this Act (other than this section) to the Commission suspending a licence includes a reference to the Commission making under paragraph (1) (d) an order relating to the licence.

(8) A reference in this Act to the Commission suspending a recognised licence includes a reference to the Commission making under a provision of a law of a participating State or participating Territory that corresponds with paragraph (1) (d) an order relating to the recognised licence.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 80E
Power to make banning order where licence revoked or suspended

SECT

80E. Subject to section 80P, where the Commission:
(a) revokes under section 80A;
(b) revokes by virtue of paragraph 80C (1) (a), (b), (c), (d), (j) or (k);
(c) revokes by virtue of paragraph 80C (1) (e);
(d) suspends by virtue of paragraph 80D (1) (a); or
(e) suspends by virtue of paragraph 80D (1) (b);
Penalty:a licence held by a natural person, it may also make a banning order against the person.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 80F
Power to make banning order against unlicensed person

SECT

80F. Subject to section 80P, the Commission may make a banning order against a natural person (other than a licensee or recognised licensee) if:
(a) he or she becomes an insolvent under administration;
(b) he or she is convicted of serious fraud;
(c) he or she becomes incapable, through mental or physical incapacity, of managing his or her affairs;
(d) he or she contravenes a futures law;
(e) the Commission has reason to believe that he or she is not of good fame and character;
(f) the Commission has reason to believe that he or she has not performed efficiently, honestly and fairly the duties of:
(i) a representative of a futures broker; or
(ii) a representative of a futures adviser; or
(g) the Commission has reason to believe that he or she will not perform efficiently, honestly and fairly the duties of:
(i) a representative of a futures broker; or
(ii) a representative of a futures adviser.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 80G
Nature of banning order

SECT

80G. (1) Where this Division empowers the Commission to make a banning order against a person, the Commission may, by written order, prohibit the person:
(a) in any case - permanently; or
(b) except where the Commission is empowered by virtue of paragraph 80E (c) or 80F (e) to make the order - for a specified period;
Penalty:from doing an act as:
(c) a representative of a futures broker;
(d) a representative of a futures adviser; or
(e) a representative of a futures broker or of a futures adviser;
Penalty:whichever the order specifies.

(2) The Commission shall not vary or revoke a banning order except under section 80H, 80J or 80K.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 80H
Exceptions to banning order

SECT

80H. (1) An order made against a person under subsection 80G (1) may include a provision that permits the person, subject to such conditions (if any) as are specified, to do, or to do in specified circumstances, specified acts that the order would otherwise prohibit the person from doing.

(2) Subject to section 80P, the Commission may, at any time, by written order, vary a banning order against a person:
(a) by adding a provision that permits the person as mentioned in subsection (1);
(b) by varying such a provision in relation to conditions, circumstances or acts specified in the provision;
(c) by omitting such a provision and substituting another such provision;
or
(d) by omitting such a provision.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 80J
Variation or revocation of banning order on application

SECT

80J. (1) Subject to sections 80K and 80P, this section has effect where a person applies to the Commission to vary or revoke a banning order relating to the person.

(2) If:
(a) the person is not an insolvent under administration;
(b) the Commission has no reason to believe that the person is not of good fame and character; and
(c) the Commission has no reason to believe that the person will not perform efficiently, honestly and fairly the duties of:
(i) a representative of a futures broker; or
(ii) a representative of a futures adviser;
Penalty:the Commission shall, by written order:
(d) if only one of subparagraphs (c) (i) and (ii) applies - vary the banning order so that it no longer prohibits the person from doing an act as a representative of a futures broker or of a futures adviser, as the case may be; or
(e) otherwise - revoke the banning order.

(3) Otherwise, the Commission shall refuse the application.

(4) In determining whether or not it has reason to believe as mentioned in paragraph (2) (b) or (c), the Commission shall have regard to any conviction of the person, during the 10 years ending on the day of the application, of serious fraud.

(5) Nothing in subsection (4) limits the matters to which the Commission may have regard:
(a) in deciding on the application; or
(b) in connection with performing or exercising any other function or
power under this Part.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 80K
Revocation of banning order in certain cases

SECT

80K. Where:
(a) section 80J requires the Commission to vary a banning order so that it no longer has a particular operation; and
(b) the order has no other operation;
Penalty:the Commission shall, by written order, instead revoke the banning order.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 80L
Effect and publication of orders under this Division

SECT

80L. (1) An order by the Commission under this Division takes effect when served on the person to whom the order relates.

(2) As soon as practicable on or after the day on which an order by the Commission under this Division takes effect, the Commission shall publish in the Gazette a notice that sets out a copy of:
(a) if the order is made under section 80A, 80B, 80C, 80D or 80G or
revokes a banning order - the first-mentioned order; or
(b) if the order varies a banning order - the banning order as in force immediately after the first-mentioned order takes effect;
Penalty:and states that the first-mentioned order, or the banning order as so in force, as the case may be, took effect on that day.

(3) Where:
(a) but for this subsection, subsection (2) would require publication of a notice setting out a copy of a banning order as in force at a particular time;
(b) the banning order as so in force includes a provision that permits a person as mentioned in subsection 80H (1); and
(c) in the Commission's opinion, the notice would be unreasonably long if it set out a copy of the whole of that provision;
Penalty:the notice may, instead of setting out a copy of that provision, set out a summary of the provision's effect.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 80M
Contravention of banning order

SECT

80M. A person shall not contravene a banning order or recognised banning order relating to the person.
Penalty: $2,500 or imprisonment for 6 months, or both.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 80N
Banned person ineligible for licence

SECT

80N. The Commission shall not grant a futures broker's licence or a futures adviser's licence to a person if a banning order or recognised banning order prohibits the person (except as permitted by the order) from doing an act as a representative of a futures broker, or of a futures adviser, as the case may be.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 80P
Opportunity for hearing

SECT

80P. (1) The Commission shall not:
(a) refuse an application for a licence on the ground, or grounds including the ground, that paragraph 66 (2) (d), (e) or (f) or 66A (2) (d) or (e) does not apply in relation to the applicant;
(b) impose conditions on a licence;
(c) vary the conditions of a licence;
(d) revoke or suspend a licence otherwise than by virtue of section 80A or 80B or paragraph 80D (1) (a);
(e) make, otherwise than by virtue of paragraph 80E (a) or (d) or
80F (a), (b) or (c), an order under section 80G against a person;
(f) make under subsection 80H (2) an order varying a banning order against a person; or
(g) refuse an application by a person under section 80J;
Penalty:unless the Commission complies with subsection (2) of this section.

(2) The Commission shall give the applicant, licensee or person, as the case may be, an opportunity:
(a) to appear at a hearing before the Commission that takes place in private; and
(b) to make submissions and give evidence to the Commission in relation to the matter.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 80Q
Disqualification by the Court

SECT

80Q. (1) Where the Commission:
(a) revokes under section 80A or 80B or subsection 80C (1) a licence held by a person; or
(b) makes under section 80G against a person an order that is to operate otherwise than only for a specified period;
Penalty:the Commission may apply to the Court for an order or orders under this section in relation to the person.

(2) On an application under subsection (1), the Court may make one or more of the following:
(a) an order disqualifying the person, permanently or for a specified period, from holding:
(i) a futures broker's licence;
(ii) a futures adviser's licence; or
(iii) a futures broker's licence or a futures adviser's licence;
Penalty: whichever the order specifies;
(b) an order prohibiting the person, permanently or for a specified period, from doing an act as:
(i) a representative of a futures broker;
(ii) a representative of a futures adviser; or
(iii) a representative of a futures broker or of a futures adviser;
Penalty: whichever the order specifies;
(c) such other order as it thinks fit;
Penalty: or may refuse the application.

(3) The Court may revoke or vary an order in force under this section.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 80R
Effect of order under section 80Q or corresponding law

SECT

80R. (1) The Commission shall not grant a futures broker's licence or a futures adviser's licence to a person whom an order disqualifies from holding a futures broker's licence or a futures adviser's licence, as the case may be, under this Part or the provisions of a law of a participating State or participating Territory that correspond with this Part.

(2) A person shall not contravene an order that prohibits the person from doing an act as:
(a) a representative of a futures broker;
(b) a representative of a futures adviser; or
(c) a representative of a futures broker or of a futures adviser;
Penalty: whichever the order specifies.
Penalty: $2,500 or imprisonment for 6 months, or both.

(3) In this section:
"order" means:
(a) an order in force under section 80Q or a provision of a law of a participating State or participating Territory that corresponds with that section; or
(b) an order as it has effect because of subsection 80S (2) or a provision of a law of a participating State or participating Territory that corresponds with that subsection.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 80S
Effect of order under previous Territory law corresponding with
section 80Q

SECT

80S. (1) This section applies where, immediately before the commencement of section 75 of the Co-operative Scheme Legislation Amendment Act 1989, a person was disqualified, either permanently or for a period, because of an order that was made under subsection 78 (4) of this Act as in force before that commencement, from holding:
(a) a futures broker's licence;
(b) a futures adviser's licence;
(c) a futures broker's representative's licence; or
(d) a futures adviser's representative's licence.

(2) As from that commencement, the order has effect for the purposes of this Act as if it were an order in force under section 80Q:
(a) disqualifying the person, permanently or for that period, as the case may be, from holding:
(i) if paragraph (1) (a) applies - a futures broker's licence; or
(ii) if paragraph (1) (b) applies - a futures adviser's licence; or
(b) prohibiting the person, permanently or for that period, as the case may be, from doing an act as:
(i) if paragraph (1) (c) applies - a representative of a futures
broker; or
(ii) if paragraph (1) (d) applies - a representative of a futures
adviser;
Penalty: as the case requires.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - PART V
PART V - CONDUCT OF FUTURES BUSINESS

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 81
Certain representations prohibited

SECT

81. (1) A person who is the holder of a licence shall not represent or imply, or knowingly permit to be represented or implied, in any manner to a person that the abilities or qualifications of the holder of the licence have in any respect been approved by the Commission.

(2) A statement that a person is the holder of a licence is not a contravention of this section.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 82
Undesirable advertising

SECT

82. (1) In this section, "publish", in relation to a statement, means:
(a) insert the statement in a newspaper or periodical or cause it to be so inserted;
(b) publicly exhibit the statement or cause it to be publicly exhibited;
(c) include the statement, or cause it to be included, in a document that, whether or not in response to a request, is sent or delivered to a person, or thrown or left upon premises in the occupation of a person; or
(d) broadcast the statement by wireless transmission or television or cause it to be so broadcast.

(2) Where the Commission considers that, having regard to conduct that a person has engaged in, is engaging in, or proposes to engage in, it is in the public interest to do so, the Commission may, by order in writing served on the person, prohibit the person from publishing statements relating to futures contracts or to the carrying on or proposed carrying on of businesses involving dealing in futures contracts on behalf of other persons, unless the form and content of the statements have first been approved by the Commission.

(3) An order under subsection (2) shall not be made unless the Commission has first given the person in relation to whom it proposes to make the order an opportunity to appear at a hearing before the Commission (being a hearing that takes place in private) and make submissions and give evidence to the Commission in relation to the matter.

(4) A person the subject of an order under subsection (2) shall comply with the order.
Penalty: $10,000 or imprisonment for 2 years, or both.

(5) For the purposes of this section, where a statement is published and there is also published in relation to the statement:
(a) the name or address of a person;
(b) the telephone or telex number of a person; or
(c) the post office or other delivery box number of a person;
Penalty:it shall be presumed, unless the contrary is proved, that the statement was published by that person.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 83
Issue of contract notes

SECT

83. (1) In this section, "broker" means:
(a) a futures broker other than an exempt broker; or
(b) an exempt broker who, in the capacity of personal representative of a deceased futures broker, carries on a business of dealing in futures contracts on behalf of others.

(2) A broker shall, in respect of a transaction, being the acquisition or disposal of a futures contract, that is entered into by the broker on behalf of another person, forthwith give:
(a) in a case where the transaction is not an operation by the broker on a discretionary account - to that other person; or
(b) in a case where the transaction is an operation by the broker on a discretionary account - to the person, or to each person, as the case requires, who gave instructions to the broker authorising the broker to operate on the discretionary account, other than a person who agrees in the prescribed manner to waive the operation of this paragraph;
Penalty: a contract note that complies with subsection (4), (5) or (6), as the case requires.

(3) Subsection (2) does not require a broker to give a contract note to a person in respect of a transaction if the person was at the time of the transaction the holder of a futures broker's licence or a recognised futures broker.

(4) A contract note given by a broker under subsection (2) in respect of a transaction, being the acquisition or disposal of a futures contract (other than a futures option or a prescribed exchange-traded option), shall include:
(a) the name or style under which the broker carries on business as a futures broker and the address of the principal place at which the broker so carries on business;
(b) the name of the person to whom the broker gives the contract note;
(c) the day on which the transaction took place;
(d) a description of the futures contract sufficient to identify the nature of the transaction, including:
(i) in a case where the futures contract is a commodity
agreement - a description of the commodity and a statement of the contract price;
(ii) in a case where the futures contract is an adjustment
agreement:
(A) a description of the class of adjustment agreements in
which the futures contract is included;
(B) a statement of the contract price; and
(C) if the transaction is the completion of the futures
contract - the value or worth (as determined in accordance with the futures contract) of the futures contract at the time of that completion; and
(iii) in a case where the transaction is a liquidating trade - details
of the liquidating trade and of the futures contract that is intended to be closed out following the entering into of the liquidating trade;
(e) the deposit paid or payable in respect of the transaction;
(f) the month and year for the performance or settlement of the contract;
(g) in a case where the transaction took place on a futures market of a futures exchange or of a recognised futures exchange, or on an exempt futures market - a name or abbreviation by which the futures exchange, recognised futures exchange or exempt futures market, as the case may be, is generally known;
(h) a statement of the amount of commission charged or the rate (if any) at which the commission was charged; and
(j) a statement of the amounts (if any) of all stamp duties and other duties and taxes payable in connection with the transaction.

(5) A contract note given by a broker under subsection (2) in respect of a transaction, being the acquisition or disposal of a futures option, shall include:
(a) the matters specified in paragraphs (4) (a), (b), (c), (g), (h) and (j);
(b) a description of the class of futures contracts in which is included the futures contract to which the futures option relates;
(c) the month and year for performance or settlement of the futures contract to which the futures option relates;
(d) the date by which the purchaser of the futures option, in order to exercise the futures option, must declare an intention to exercise the futures option;
(e) a statement of the amount of the premium; and
(f) details of the price at which the purchaser of the futures option has, by virtue of the futures option, an option or right to assume a bought position, or sold position, as the case requires, in relation to the futures contract to which the futures option relates.

(6) A contract note given by a broker under subsection (2) in respect of a transaction, being the acquisition or disposal of a prescribed exchange-traded option (in this subsection referred to as the "option"), shall include:
(a) the matters specified in paragraphs (4) (a), (b), (c), (g), (h) and (j);
(b) a description of the commodity or index to which the option relates;
(c) the date by which the purchaser of the option, in order to exercise the option, must declare an intention to exercise the option;
(d) a statement of the amount of the premium; and
(e) details of:
(i) in a case where the option relates to a commodity - the price
at which the purchaser of the option has, by virtue of the option, an option or right to purchase, or sell, as the case requires, that commodity; or
(ii) in a case where the purchaser of the option has, by virtue
of the option, an option or right to be paid an amount of money to be determined by reference to the amount by which a specified number is greater or less than the number of a specified index - the specified number and the manner in which that amount of money is to be determined.

(7) A broker shall not include in a contract note given under subsection (2), as the name of a person with or on behalf of whom the broker has entered into the transaction, a name that the broker knows, or could reasonably be expected to know, is not a name by which that person is ordinarily known.

(8) For the purposes of this section, a futures contract is included in the same class of futures contracts as another futures contract if, and only if, the first-mentioned futures contract is of the same kind as the other futures contract.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 84
Futures broker to furnish monthly statement to client

SECT

84. (1) In this section, "broker" means:
(a) a futures broker other than an exempt broker; or
(b) an exempt broker who, in the capacity of personal representative of a deceased futures broker, carries on a business of dealing in futures contracts on behalf of others.

(2) Where:
(a) a broker has, at any time during a particular month, held money or property on account of a client; or
(b) a broker has, before or during a particular month, acquired a futures contract on behalf of a client, and, as at the end of that month, the futures contract has not been disposed of;
Penalty:the broker shall, within 7 days after the end of that month, send to the client a written statement setting out:
(c) the name or style under which the broker carries on business as a futures broker and the address of the principal place at which the broker so carries on business;
(d) the opening cash balance for that month in the client's account;
(e) all deposits, credits, withdrawals and debits affecting the account during that month;
(f) the cash balance in the account at the end of that month;
(g) in relation to each futures contract that the broker has, before or during that month, acquired on behalf of the client and that, as at the end of that month, has not been disposed of, particulars of the futures contract, including the particulars required by virtue of paragraph 83 (4) (d), or paragraphs 83 (5) (b), (e) and (f) or (6) (b), (d) and (e), as the case requires, to be included in a contract note relating to the acquisition of the futures contract; and
(h) details of each outstanding call for a deposit or margin in respect of a futures contract that the broker has acquired on behalf of the client.

(3) Where a broker has, during a particular month, authority to operate on a discretionary account, the broker shall, within 7 days after the end of that month, send to the person, or to each person, as the case requires, who gave instructions to the broker authorising the broker to operate on the discretionary account a written statement setting out:
(a) the name or style under which the broker carries on business as a futures broker and the address of the principal place at which the broker so carries on business;
(b) the opening cash balance for that month in the account (in this subsection referred to as the "account") maintained by the broker in respect of the discretionary account;
(c) all deposits, credits, withdrawals and debits affecting the account during that month;
(d) the cash balance in the account at the end of that month;
(e) in relation to each futures contract:
(i) that the broker has acquired before or during that month;
(ii) the acquisition of which was an operation by the broker on
the discretionary account; and
(iii) that, as at the end of that month, has not been disposed of;
Penalty:particulars of the futures contract, including the particulars required by virtue of paragraph 83 (4) (d), or paragraphs 83 (5) (b), (e) and (f) or (6) (b), (d) and (e), as the case requires, to be included in a contract note relating to the acquisition of the futures contract;
and
(f) details of each outstanding call for a deposit or margin in respect of a futures contract that the broker has acquired on behalf of the client and the acquisition of which was an operation by the broker on the discretionary account.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 85
Dealings by futures broker on own account

SECT

85. (1) A futures broker shall maintain separately from other records such records as correctly record and explain dealings in futures contracts by the broker on the broker's own account including, without limiting the generality of the foregoing, records specifying:
(a) a description of each of those dealings together with the date on which and the time at which:
(i) the instructions (if any) for each of those dealings were
received by the futures broker;
(ii) the instructions (if any) for each of those dealings were
transmitted to the futures market on which the dealing was effected; and
(iii) the dealing was effected; and
(b) the source of the funds used for effecting those dealings.

(2) A futures broker shall be deemed not to have maintained records in compliance with subsection (1) unless the entries in the records are made in writing in the English language or are made in such a manner as will enable them to be readily accessible and to be readily converted into writing in the English language.

(3) A futures broker shall not knowingly take the other side of an order of a client of the broker in relation to a futures contract unless:
(a) the client has consented to the broker taking the other side of the order in relation to that futures contract; or
(b) in dealing in that futures contract on behalf of the client, the broker is to be taken, for the purposes of this Act, to be dealing in that futures contract on the broker's own account.

(4) For the purposes of subsection (3), a futures broker takes the other side of an order of a client of the broker in relation to a futures contract where the broker:
(a) when dealing on the broker's own account, assumes a bought position or sold position in relation to the contract; and
(b) when dealing on the instructions of the client, assumes the opposite sold position or bought position in relation to the contract.
Penalty: $2,500 or imprisonment for 6 months, or both.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 86
Segregation of client money and property

SECT

86. (1) In this section:
"client, in relation to a futures broker, means a person on behalf of whom the broker deals, or from whom the broker accepts instructions to deal, in futures contracts, but does not include:
(a) the broker;
(b) a person who is associated with, or who is a partner of, the broker;
(c) a body corporate in which the broker has, or the broker and partners of the broker together have, a controlling interest;
(d) an employee of the broker; or
(e) in a case where the broker is a body corporate:
(i) a director, or an officer, of the broker; or
(ii) a body corporate that is related to the broker;
"clients' segregated account", in relation to a futures broker, means an account that:
(a) is maintained by the broker with a banking corporation;
(b) is designated as a clients' segregated account; and
(c) does not contain money other than money deposited by the broker in the account pursuant to this section;
"credit facility" means a document evidencing the right of a person to obtain money on credit from another person, and, without limiting the generality of the foregoing, includes a letter of credit and a bank guarantee;
"futures broker" means the holder of a futures broker's licence;
"property" includes credit facilities and securities;
"relevant credit balance", in relation to a client of a futures broker, means the total of:
(a) the amounts deposited by the broker in respect of the client in a clients' segregated account, or clients' segregated accounts, of the broker, less so much of those amounts as has been withdrawn from the account or accounts; and
(b) the values of the items of property that:
(i) have, in respect of the client, been deposited by the
broker in safe custody pursuant to subsection (3);
(ii) have not been withdrawn from safe custody; and
(iii) under the terms and conditions on which they were
deposited with, or received by, the broker, are available to meet, or to provide security in connection with the meeting of, relevant liabilities of the client;
"relevant liabilities", in relation to a client of a futures broker, means debts and liabilities of the client arising out of dealings in futures contracts effected by the broker on behalf of the client;
"securities" has the same meaning as that expression has in the Securities Industry Act 1980;
"settling", in relation to a dealing in a futures contract, includes making delivery, or taking delivery, of a commodity to which the futures contract relates.

(2) For the purposes of the definition of "relevant credit balance" in subsection (1), the value of an item of property at a particular time is:
(a) in the case of a credit facility - the amount of money that the person entitled to the right evidenced by the credit facility can, at that time or within a reasonable period after that time, obtain by virtue of that right; or
(b) in any other case - the market value of the property as at the end of the last business day before that time.

(3) Where, in connection with:
(a) dealings in futures contracts effected, or proposed to be effected, whether in the Territory or elsewhere, by a futures broker on behalf of a client of the broker; or
(b) instructions by a client of a futures broker to deal in futures contracts, whether in the Territory or elsewhere;
Penalty: money or property (other than property to which section 91 applies) is deposited with the broker by the client, or is received by the broker for, or on behalf of, the client, the broker shall:
(c) in the case of money - deposit the money in a clients' segregated account of the broker maintained in the Territory or in the place where the money was deposited with, or received by, the broker; or
(d) in the case of property - deposit the property in safe custody, in the Territory or in the place where the property was deposited with, or received by, the broker, in such a manner that the property is segregated from property other than property deposited by the broker in safe custody pursuant to this subsection;
Penalty:on or before the next day after the money or property is deposited with, or received by, the broker that is a day on which the money or property can be deposited as first mentioned in paragraph (c) or (d).
Penalty: $5,000 or imprisonment for 1 year, or both.

(4) Without limiting the generality of subsection (3), where, in connection with dealings in futures contracts effected, whether in the Territory or elsewhere, by a futures broker, the broker receives from a person an amount of money some or all of which is attributable to dealings in futures contracts so effected on behalf of clients of the broker, the broker shall, on the next day on which the amount can be so deposited, deposit the amount in a clients' segregated account of the broker maintained in the Territory or in the place where the broker receives the amount.
Penalty: $5,000 or imprisonment for 1 year, or both.

(5) Where, pursuant to this section, a futures broker deposits money in respect of a client in a clients' segregated account of the broker, the broker shall not withdraw any of the money except for the purpose of:
(a) making a payment to, or in accordance with the written direction of, a person entitled to the money;
(b) making a payment for, or in connection with, the entering into, margining, guaranteeing, securing, transferring, adjusting or settling of dealings in futures contracts effected, whether in the Territory o elsewhere, by the broker on behalf of the client;
(c) defraying brokerage and other proper charges incurred in respect of dealings in futures contracts effected, whether in the Territory or elsewhere, by the broker on behalf of the client;
(d) investing it:
(i) in any manner in which trustees are for the time being
authorised by law to invest trust funds;
(ii) on deposit with a corporation that is declared, pursuant to
paragraph 97 (7) (b) of the Companies Act 1981, to be an authorised dealer in the short term money market;
(iii) on deposit at interest with a banking corporation;
(iv) on deposit with a clearing house for a futures exchange; or
(v) in the purchase of eligible prescribed interests;
(e) paying to the broker the amount of a fee that the broker may charge, or an amount to which the broker is entitled, under an agreement with the client made under subsection (8); or
(f) making a payment that is otherwise authorised by law;
Penalty: or as permitted by subsection (11).
Penalty: $5,000 or imprisonment for 1 year, or both.

(6) In subparagraph (5) (d) (v), "eligible prescribed interest" means a prescribed interest, within the meaning of the Companies Act 1981 or the provisions of a law of a participating State or participating Territory that correspond with that Act:
(a) in relation to which there is in force a deed that, for the purposes of Division 6 of Part IV of that Act, or of the provisions of a law of that State or Territory that correspond with that Division, as the case may be, is an approved deed; and
(b) that relates to an undertaking, scheme, enterprise, contract or arrangement of the kind commonly known as a cash management trust.

(7) A futures broker shall not deal with property deposited by the broker in safe custody pursuant to subsection (3) otherwise than in accordance with the terms and conditions on which the property was deposited with, or received by, the broker.
Penalty: $5,000 or imprisonment for 1 year, or both.

(8) A futures broker who invests as mentioned in paragraph (5) (d) money that was, in respect of a client of the broker, deposited by the broker under subsection (3):
(a) may charge such fee (if any) for so investing the money; and
(b) is entitled to so much (if any) of the return on the money so invested;
Penalty:as the broker and the client agree in writing.

(9) A futures broker shall not invest an amount pursuant to paragraph (5) (d) by depositing it with a person for that person to invest, unless the broker:
(a) has informed the person that the amount has been withdrawn from a clients' segregated account of the broker and is money to which clients of the broker are entitled; and
(b) has obtained from the person a written statement that is signed by the person, sets out the amount and acknowledges that the broker has informed the person as mentioned in paragraph (a).

(10) Where, at a particular time, the total amount of the relevant liabilities of a client of a futures broker exceeds the relevant credit balance of the client, the broker may, in respect of the client, deposit in a clients' segregated account of the broker an amount of money not greater than the amount of the excess, and, if the broker does so, the amount so deposited shall, subject to subsection (11), be deemed to be money to which the client is entitled.

(11) Where:
(a) a futures broker has, in respect of a client of the broker, deposited an amount pursuant to subsection (10) in a clients' segregated account of the broker; and
(b) the relevant credit balance of the client exceeds by a particular amount the total amount of the relevant liabilities of the client;
Penalty: the broker may withdraw from the account so much of the amount referred to in paragraph (a) as does not exceed the amount first referred to in paragraph (b).

(12) A futures broker shall keep in relation to the clients' segregated account, or clients' segregated accounts, of the broker accounting records that:
(a) are separate from any other accounting records of the broker;
(b) record separately in respect of each client of the broker particulars of the amounts deposited in, and the amounts withdrawn from, the account or accounts in respect of the client; and
(c) record, separately from the particulars referred to in paragraph (b):
(i) particulars (including particulars of withdrawals) of so much
of the amounts deposited as required by subsection (4) in the account or accounts as was not attributable to dealings in futures contracts effected by the broker on behalf of clients of the broker;
(ii) particulars of all amounts deposited in the account or accounts
pursuant to subsection (10); and
(iii) particulars of all amounts withdrawn from the account or
accounts pursuant to subsection (11).
Penalty: $2,500 or imprisonment for 6 months, or both.

(13) A futures broker shall keep records that:
(a) relate to deposits of property in safe custody by the broker pursuant to subsection (3); and
(b) record separately in respect of each client of the broker particulars of the property deposited in respect of the client.
Penalty: $2,500 or imprisonment for 6 months, or both.

(14) Section 90 applies, so far as it is capable of application, in relation to accounting records, and other records, that are required by subsections (12) and (13), respectively, of this section to be kept by a futures broker, and so applies as if those accounting records and other records were accounting records required by that section to be kept by the broker.

(15) Subject to subsections (16) and (17), none of the following:
(a) money deposited by a futures broker pursuant to this section in a clients' segregated account of the broker;
(b) property in which money deposited by a futures broker as mentioned in paragraph (a) of this subsection has been invested pursuant to paragraph (5) (d);
(c) property deposited by a futures broker in safe custody pursuant to subsection (3);
Penalty: is available for the payment of a debt or liability of the broker or is liable to be attached, or taken in execution, under the order or process of a court at the instance of a person suing in respect of such a debt or liability.

(16) Nothing in subsection (15) affects the right of a client of a futures broker to recover money or property to which the client is entitled.

(17) Where a futures broker is entitled to withdraw money from a clients' segregated account of the broker for the purpose of making a payment to the broker, subsection (15) does not apply in relation to that money.

(18) Where a futures broker invests money pursuant to paragraph (5) (d) by depositing it with a person for the person to invest, neither that money, nor any property in which the person invests any of that money, is available for the payment of a debt or liability of the person or is liable to be attached, or taken in execution, under the order or process of a court at the instance of a person suing in respect of such a debt or liability.

(19) Nothing in this section affects a claim or lien that a futures broker has against or on:
(a) money deposited by the broker pursuant to this section in a clients' segregated account of the broker;
(b) property in which such money has been invested pursuant to paragraph (5) (d); or
(c) property deposited by the broker in safe custody pursuant to subsection (3).

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 87
Futures broker to give certain information to prospective clients

SECT

87. A futures broker shall, before accepting a person as a client of the broker, give to the person:
(a) a document that:
(i) explains the nature of futures contracts;
(ii) explains the nature of the obligations assumed by a person
who instructs a futures broker to enter into a futures contract;
(iii) sets out a risk disclosure statement in the prescribed form;
and
(iv) sets out the specifications, and details of the essential terms,
of each kind of futures contract in which the broker deals on behalf of clients; and
(b) a copy of each agreement into which the broker proposes, if the broker agrees to accept instructions from the person in relation to dealings in futures contracts, to require the person to enter.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - PART VI
PART VI - ACCOUNTS AND AUDIT

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 88
Interpretation

SECT

88. In this Part, unless the contrary intention appears, a reference to a book, futures contract or business of or in relation to a futures broker who carries on business in partnership is a reference to such a book, futures contract or business of or in relation to the partnership.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 89
Application of Part

SECT

89. (1) This Part applies to and in relation to the holder of a futures broker's licence and to the business of dealing in futures contracts carried on by the holder of a futures broker's licence, whether in the Territory or elsewhere, but does not apply to or in relation to a recognised futures broker or to the business carried on by a recognised futures broker.

(2) This Part does not affect the operation of Part VI of the Companies Act 1981 in relation to a company within the meaning of that Act that is the holder of a futures broker's licence or in relation to a business of dealing in futures contracts carried on by such a company.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 90
Accounts to be kept by futures brokers

SECT

90. (1) A futures broker shall:
(a) keep such accounting records as correctly record and explain the transactions and financial position of the business of dealing in futures contracts carried on by the broker;
(b) keep accounting records in such a manner as will enable true and fair profit and loss accounts and balance sheets to be prepared from time to time; and
(c) keep accounting records in such a manner as will enable profit and loss accounts and balance sheets of the business of dealing in futures contracts carried on by the broker to be conveniently and properly audited.

(2) Without limiting the generality of subsection (1), a futures broker shall be deemed not to have complied with that subsection in relation to records if those records:
(a) are not kept in writing in the English language or in such a manner as will enable them to be readily accessible and readily converted into writing in the English language;
(b) are not kept in sufficient detail to show particulars of:
(i) all money received or paid by the broker, including money
paid to, or disbursed from, an account of the kind referred to in paragraph 86 (3) (c);
(ii) all dealings in futures contracts made by the broker, the
charges and credits arising from them, and the name of the person on whose behalf each dealing was effected;
(iii) all income received from commissions, interest and other
sources, and all expenses, commissions and interest paid, by the broker;
(iv) all the assets and liabilities (including contingent liabilities)
of the broker;
(v) all futures contracts to which the broker has become a party
as a result of trading on the broker's own account;
(vi) all futures contracts dealt with by the broker pursuant to
instructions given by another person, showing who gave the instructions;
(vii) all property that is property of the broker and in respect of
which the business rules of a futures exchange authorise the making of a futures contract in the futures market of the futures exchange, showing by whom the property is held and, if held by some other person, whether or not the property is so held as security against loans or advances; and
(viii) all such property that is not property of the broker and for
which the broker or any nominee controlled by the broker is accountable, showing by whom, and for whom, the property is held and the extent to which the property is either held for safe custody or deposited with a third party as security for loans or advances made to the broker;
(c) are not kept in sufficient detail to show separately particulars of every transaction by the broker;
(d) do not specify the day on which or the period during which each transaction by the broker took place; or
(e) do not contain copies of acknowledgments of the receipts of property received by the broker from clients.

(3) Without affecting the operation of subsections (1) and (2), a futures broker shall be deemed not to have complied with subsection (1) in relation to records if, in respect of a discretionary account on which the broker operates, those records are not kept in sufficient detail to show the particulars that the broker is required to furnish to clients in order to comply with subsection 84 (3).

(4) Without affecting the operation of subsection (2) or (3), a futures broker shall keep records in sufficient detail to show separately particulars of all transactions by the broker:
(a) with, on behalf of, or on the account of, clients of the broker, excluding, in a case where the broker carries on business in partnership, the partners in the firm;
(b) in a case where the broker carries on business in partnership - on the broker's own account or with, on behalf of, or on the account of, the partners in the firm;
(c) in a case where the broker does not carry on business in partnership - on the broker's own account;
(d) with, on behalf of, or on the account of, other futures brokers carrying on business within or outside the Territory;
(e) with, on behalf of, or on the account of, futures broker's representatives employed by, or acting for or by arrangement with, the broker; and
(f) with, on behalf of, or on the account of, employees of the broker.

(5) An entry in the accounting and other records of a futures broker required to be kept in accordance with this section, and any matter recorded by a futures exchange in relation to a member pursuant to subsection 143 (3) shall be deemed to have been made by, or with the authority of, the broker or member.

(6) Where a record required by this section to be kept is not kept in writing in the English language, the futures broker shall, if required to convert the record into writing in the English language by a person who is entitled to examine the record, comply with the requirement within a reasonable time.

(7) Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, a futures broker shall not be deemed to have failed to keep a record referred to in subsection (1) by reason only that the record is kept as a part of, or in conjunction with, the records relating to any business other than dealing in futures contracts that is carried on by the broker.

(8) If accounting or other records are kept by a futures broker at a place outside the Territory, the broker shall cause to be sent to and kept at a place in the Territory such particulars with respect to the business dealt with in those records as will enable true and fair profit and loss accounts and balance sheets to be prepared.

(9) If any accounting records of a futures broker are kept at a place outside the Territory, the broker shall, if required by the Commission to produce those records at a place in the Territory, comply with the requirement not later than 14 days after the requirement is made.
Penalty: $2,500 or imprisonment for 6 months, or both.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 91
Property in custody of futures broker

SECT

91. (1) Where a futures broker receives for safe custody property:
(a) that is the property of another person (in this section referred to as the "client");
(b) that is, or is to be, delivered in accordance with a futures contract;
and
(c) for which the broker or a nominee of the broker is accountable;
Penalty:the broker shall forthwith:
(d) if the client requests that the property be deposited in safe custody with the broker's bankers - cause it to be so deposited or notify the client of any failure to comply with the request, whether or not caused by a refusal by the bankers to comply with the request; or
(e) if the client does not make, or the bankers refuse to comply with, such a request and the business rules of the futures exchange that maintained or provided the futures market on which the contract was made enable the property to be deposited in safe custody - cause the property to be so deposited in accordance with those rules.

(2) A futures broker shall not deposit as security for a loan or advance made to the broker property of a kind referred to in subsection (1) unless an amount is owed to the broker by the client in connection with a transaction entered into on the instructions of the client and the broker:
(a) gives a written notice to the client identifying the property and stating that the broker intends to deposit the property as security for a loan or advance to the broker; and
(b) deposits the property as security for a loan or advance to the broker, being a loan or advance of an amount that does not exceed the amount owed to the broker by the client on the day of the receipt by the broker of the property.

(3) Where:
(a) a futures broker has given a notice to a person as mentioned in subsection (2) and has deposited the property referred to in the notice as security for a loan or advance; and
(b) the person:
(i) has paid to the broker the amount owed by the person to
the broker at the time the property was so deposited; and
(ii) requests the broker to withdraw the property from deposit;
Penalty:the broker shall, as soon as practicable after the request, withdraw the property from deposit, but nothing in this subsection prevents the broker from redepositing the property, as permitted by subsection (2), as a security for a loan or advance.

(4) Where a futures broker deposits as security for a loan or advance made to the broker property of a kind referred to in subsection (1), the broker shall, at the end of the period of 3 months after the day on which the property is deposited, and at the end of each subsequent period of 3 months if the property is still on deposit, send to the person whose property it is written notice to that effect.
Penalty: $10,000 or imprisonment for 2 years, or both.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 92
Appointment of auditor by futures broker

SECT

92. (1) Within one month after becoming the holder of a futures broker's licence, a futures broker (other than a banking corporation) shall appoint a person or persons, a firm or firms, or a person or persons and a firm or firms, as auditor or auditors to audit the broker's accounts.

(2) Subject to this section, a person shall not:
(a) consent to be appointed as auditor of a futures broker;
(b) act as auditor of a futures broker; or
(c) prepare a report required by this Act to be prepared by an auditor of a futures broker;
Penalty:if:
(d) the person is not a registered company auditor;
(e) the person, or a body corporate in which the person is a substantial shareholder within the meaning of Division 4 of Part IV of the Companies Act 1981, or the provisions of a law of a participating State or participating Territory that correspond with that Division, is indebted in an amount exceeding $5,000 to the futures broker or, if the futures broker is a body corporate, to a related body corporate;
or
(f) the person is:
(i) in the case of a futures broker who is a natural person - a
partner or employee of the broker; or
(ii) in the case of a futures broker that is a body corporate:
(A) an officer of the body corporate;
(B) a partner, employer or employee of an officer of the
body corporate; or
(C) a partner or employee of an employee of an officer of
the body corporate.

(3) Subject to this section, a firm shall not:
(a) consent to be appointed as an auditor of a futures broker;
(b) act as auditor of a futures broker; or
(c) prepare a report required by this Act to be prepared by an auditor of a futures broker;
Penalty:unless:
(d) at least one member of the firm is a registered company auditor who is ordinarily resident in a State or Territory;
(e) where the business name under which the firm is carrying on business is not registered under the Business Names Ordinance 1963 - there has been lodged with the Commission a return in the prescribed form showing, in relation to each member of the firm, the member's full name and address as at the time when the firm so consents, acts or prepares a report;
(f) no member of the firm, and no body corporate in which any member of the firm is a substantial shareholder within the meaning of Division 4 of Part IV of the Companies Act 1981, or the provisions of a law of a participating State or participating Territory that correspond with that Division, is indebted in an amount exceeding $5,000 to the futures broker or, where the futures broker is a body corporate, to a related body corporate;
(g) no member of the firm is:
(i) in the case of a futures broker who is a natural person - a
partner or employee of the broker; or
(ii) in the case of a futures broker that is a body corporate:
(A) an officer of the body corporate;
(B) a partner, employer or employee of an officer of the
body corporate; or
(C) a partner or employee of an employee of an officer
of the body corporate; and
(h) in the case of a futures broker that is a body corporate, no officer of the body corporate receives any remuneration from the firm for acting as a consultant to it on accounting or auditing matters.

(4) A reference in subsection (2) or (3) to indebtedness to a body corporate does not, in relation to indebtedness of a natural person, include a reference to indebtedness of that person to a body corporate that is a prescribed corporation for the purposes of Division 4 of Part VI of the Companies Act 1981 where:
(a) the indebtedness arose as a result of a loan made to that person by the body corporate in the ordinary course of its ordinary business;
and
(b) the amount of that loan was used by that person to pay the whole or part of the purchase price of premises that are used by that person as the person's principal place of residence.

(5) For the purposes of subsections (2) and (3), a person shall be deemed to be an officer of a body corporate if:
(a) the person is an officer of a related body corporate; or
(b) except where the Commission, if it thinks fit in the circumstances of the case, directs that this paragraph shall not apply in relation to the person - the person has, at any time within the immediately preceding period of 12 months, been an officer or promoter of the body corporate or of a related body corporate.

(6) For the purposes of this section, a person shall not be taken to be an officer of a body corporate by reason only of being or having been the liquidator of the body corporate or of a related body corporate.

(7) For the purposes of this section, a person shall not be taken to be an officer of a body corporate by reason only of having been appointed as an auditor of that body corporate or of a related body corporate or, for any purpose relating to taxation, a public officer of a body corporate or by reason only of being or having been authorised to accept on behalf of the body corporate or a related body corporate service of process or any notices required to be served on the body corporate or related body corporate.

(8) The appointment of a firm as auditor of a futures broker shall be deemed to be an appointment of all persons who are members of the firm and are registered company auditors, whether resident in a State or Territory or not, at the date of the appointment.

(9) Where a firm that has been appointed as auditor of a futures broker is reconstituted by reason of the death, retirement or withdrawal of a member or members or by reason of the admission of a new member or
new members, or both:
(a) a person who was deemed under subsection (8) to be an auditor of the broker and who has so retired or withdrawn from the firm as previously constituted shall be deemed to have resigned as auditor of the company as from the day of the person's retirement or withdrawal but, unless that person was the only member of the firm who was a registered company auditor and, after the retirement or withdrawal of that person, there is no member of the firm who is a registered company auditor, section 93 does not apply to that resignation;
(b) a person who is a registered company auditor and who is so admitted to the firm shall be deemed to have been appointed as an auditor of the broker as from the day of admission; and
(c) the reconstitution of the firm does not affect the appointment of the continuing members of the firm who are registered company auditors as auditors of the broker;
Penalty:but nothing in this subsection affects the operation of subsection (3).

(10) Except as provided by subsection (9), the appointment of the members of a firm as auditors of a futures broker that is deemed by subsection (8) to have been made by reason of the appointment of the firm as auditor of the broker is not affected by the dissolution of the firm.

(11) A report or notice that purports to be made or given by a firm appointed as auditor of a futures broker shall not be taken to be duly made or given unless it is signed, in the firm name and in the name of the member concerned, by a member of the firm who is a registered company auditor.

(12) Where a person or firm is appointed as an auditor under subsection (1) (not being an appointment that is deemed to be made by virtue of subsection (9)) or under subsection (16), the futures broker shall, within 14 days after the appointment, lodge with the Commission a notice in writing stating that the broker has made the appointment and specifying the name of the person or firm.

(13) Without limiting the generality of section 148, if, in contravention of this section, a firm consents to be appointed, or acts as, an auditor of a futures broker or prepares a report required by this Act to be prepared by an auditor of a futures broker, each member of the firm is guilty of an offence.

(14) A person shall not:
(a) if the person has been appointed auditor of a futures broker - knowingly disqualify himself or herself while the appointment continues from acting as auditor of the broker; or
(b) if the person is a member of a firm that has been appointed auditor of a futures broker - knowingly disqualify the firm while the appointment continues from acting as auditor of the broker.

(15) An auditor of a futures broker holds office until death, until removal or resignation from office in accordance with section 93 or until becoming prohibited from acting as auditor by reason of subsection (2) or (3).

(16) Within 14 days after a vacancy occurs in the office of an auditor of a futures broker, if there is no surviving or continuing auditor of the broker, the broker shall appoint a person or persons, a firm or firms or a person or persons and a firm or firms to fill the vacancy.

(17) While a vacancy in the office of an auditor continues, the surviving or continuing auditor or auditors (if any) may act.

(18) A futures broker shall not appoint a person or firm as auditor of the broker unless that person or firm has, before the appointment, consented by notice in writing given to the broker to act as auditor and has not withdrawn the consent by notice in writing given to the broker.

(19) This section does not apply in relation to a body corporate (other than an exempt proprietary company) in relation to which section 280 of the Companies Act 1981, or a provision of a law of a participating State or participating Territory that corresponds with that section, applies.

(20) In subsection (19), "exempt proprietary company" means a body corporate that is an exempt proprietary company within the meaning of the Companies Act 1981 or of the provisions of a law of a participating State or participating Territory that correspond with that Act.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 93
Removal and resignation of auditors

SECT

93. (1) A futures broker may, with the consent of the Commission, remove an auditor of the broker from office.

(2) An auditor of a futures broker may, by notice in writing given to the broker, resign as auditor of the broker if:
(a) the auditor has, by notice in writing given to the Commission, applied for consent to the resignation and, at or about the same time as the notice was given to the Commission, notified the broker in writing of the application to the Commission; and
(b) the auditor has received the consent of the Commission.

(3) The Commission shall, as soon as practicable after receiving a notice from an auditor under subsection (2), notify the auditor and the futures broker whether it consents to the resignation of the auditor.

(4) A statement made by an auditor in an application to the Commission under subsection (2) or in answer to an inquiry by the Commission relating to the reasons for the application:
(a) is not admissible in evidence in any civil or criminal proceedings against the auditor other than proceedings for an offence against section 142; and
(b) may not be made the ground of a prosecution (other than a prosecution for an offence against section 142), action or suit against the auditor;
Penalty:and a certificate by the Commission that the statement was made in the application or in answer to an inquiry by the Commission is conclusive evidence that the statement was so made.

(5) Subject to subsection (6) and to any order of the Court under subsection (7), the resignation of an auditor takes effect:
(a) on the date (if any) specified for the purpose in the notice of resignation;
(b) on the date on which the Commission gives its consent to the resignation; or
(c) on the date (if any) fixed by the Commission for the purpose;
Penalty:whichever last occurs.

(6) Where, on the retirement or withdrawal from a firm of a member, the firm will no longer be capable, by reason of the provisions of paragraph 92 (3) (d), of acting as auditor of a futures broker, the member so retiring or withdrawing shall, if not disqualified from acting as auditor of the broker, be deemed to be the auditor of the broker until the member obtains the consent of the Commission to the retirement or withdrawal.

(7) A person aggrieved by the refusal of consent by the Commission to the removal or resignation of an auditor of a futures broker may, within one month after the date of refusal, appeal to the Court from the refusal and thereupon the Court may confirm or reverse the refusal and may make such further order in the matter as to it seems proper.

(8) This section does not apply in relation to a body corporate (other than an exempt proprietary company) in relation to which section 282 of the Companies Act 1981, or a provision of a law of a participating State or participating Territory that corresponds with that section, applies.

(9) In subsection (8), "exempt proprietary company" means a body corporate that is an exempt proprietary company within the meaning of the Companies Act 1981 or of the provisions of a law of a participating State or participating Territory that correspond with that Act.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 94
Fees and expenses of auditors

SECT

94. The reasonable fees and expenses of an auditor of a futures broker are payable by the broker.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 95
Futures brokers' accounts

SECT

95. (1) In this section:
"financial year, in relation to a futures broker, means:
(a) where the broker is not a body corporate - the year ending on 30 June; and
(b) where the broker is a body corporate - the financial year of the body corporate within the meaning of the Companies Act 1981;
"prescribed day, in relation to a financial year of a futures broker, means:
(a) where the broker is not a body corporate - the day that is 2 months after the end of that financial year; or
(b) where the broker is a body corporate - the day that is 3 months after the end of that financial year;
Penalty:or where, in either case, an extension of time is approved pursuant to subsection (3), the day on which the extended time expires.

(2) A futures broker (other than a banking corporation) shall, in respect of each financial year, other than a financial year that ended before the date of commencement of this Act or ended on or after that date but before the date on which the broker commenced to carry on business as a futures broker, prepare a true and fair profit and loss account and balance sheet on the basis of such accounting principles (if any) and containing such information and matters as are prescribed for the purposes of this subsection and lodge them with the Commission before the prescribed day for that financial year, together with an auditor's report containing such information and matters as are prescribed for the purposes of this subsection and such other information and matters as the auditor thinks fit to include in the report.

(3) The Commission may, on application made by a futures broker and the auditor of the broker before the expiration of the period of 2 months or, as the case requires, the period of 3 months referred to in the definition of "prescribed day" in subsection (1) or, if that period has been extended pursuant to an approval or approvals previously given under this subsection, before the expiration of the period as so extended, approve an extension or
further extension of the period, and such an approval may be given subject to such conditions (if any) as the Commission imposes.

(4) Where an approval under subsection (3) in relation to a futures broker is given subject to conditions, the broker shall comply with those conditions.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 96
Auditor's right of access to records, information etc.

SECT

96. (1) An auditor of a future broker has a right of access at all reasonable times to the accounting records and other records, including any register, of the broker, and is entitled to require from the broker or, in the case of a broker that is a body corporate, from any executive officer of the body corporate, such information and explanations as the auditor desires for the purposes of audit.

(2) A futures broker, or an executive officer of a futures broker that is a body corporate, who, without lawful excuse:
(a) refuses or fails to allow an auditor of the broker access, in accordance with subsection (1), to accounting records or other records, including any register, of the broker;
(b) refuses or fails to give information, or an explanation, as and when required under subsection (1); or
(c) otherwise hinders, obstructs or delays an auditor of the broker in the performance or exercise of the auditor's duties or powers;
Penalty: is guilty of an offence.
Penalty: $10,000 or imprisonment for 2 years, or both.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 97
Auditor to report to Commission in certain cases

SECT

97. (1) Where an auditor, in the performance of the duties of auditor of a futures broker, becomes aware of a prescribed matter, the auditor shall, within 7 days after becoming aware of that matter, lodge with the Commission a written report on the matter and send a copy of the report to:
(a) the broker;
(b) each futures exchange of which the broker is a member and to each clearing house (if any) for that futures exchange; and
(c) each futures association of which the broker is a member, unless the futures association is also a futures exchange of which the broker is a member.

(2) In this section, "prescribed matter" means a matter that, in the opinion of the auditor:
(a) has adversely affected, is adversely affecting, or may adversely affect, the ability of the futures broker to meet the broker's obligations as a broker;
(b) constitutes or may constitute a contravention of section 86, 90 or 91; or
(c) constitutes or may constitute a breach of a condition of a licence issued to the futures broker under this Act.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 98
Certain matters to be reported to Commission

SECT

98. (1) Where, in relation to a futures broker who is a member of a futures exchange, the futures exchange becomes aware of a prescribed matter, the futures exchange shall, as soon as practicable after becoming aware of the matter, lodge with the Commission a written report on the matter and send a copy of the report to the broker.

(2) Subsection (1) applies:
(a) in relation to a clearing house for a futures exchange and a member of the clearing house; and
(b) in relation to a futures association and a member of the futures association (unless the futures association is also a futures exchange);
Penalty:in the same manner as it applies in relation to a futures exchange and a member of the futures exchange.

(3) In this section, "prescribed matter", in relation to a futures broker, means a matter that, in the opinion of the futures exchange, clearing house or futures association concerned:
(a) has adversely affected, is adversely affecting, or may adversely affect, the ability of the broker to meet the broker's obligations as a broker;
(b) constitutes or may constitute a contravention of section 86, 90 or 91;
(c) constitutes or may constitute a breach of a condition of a licence issued to the broker under this Act; or
(d) constitutes a failure to make, in accordance with Part VII, contributions to a fidelity fund.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 99
Defamation

SECT

99. (1) In the absence of malice, an auditor is not liable to an action for defamation in respect of:
(a) any statement made, orally or in writing, in the course of performing the duties of an auditor; or
(b) the lodging of any report with the Commission, or the sending of any report under section 97 to a futures broker, a futures exchange, a clearing house for a futures exchange, or a futures association.

(2) In the absence of malice, a futures exchange, a clearing house for a futures exchange, a futures association, or an officer of a futures exchange, of a clearing house for a futures exchange, or of a futures association, is not liable to an action for defamation in respect of:
(a) any statement made, orally or in writing, in the course of performing the duties imposed by section 98; or
(b) the lodging of any report with the Commission, or the sending of any report to a futures broker, under section 98.

(3) A person is not liable to an action for defamation in respect of the publishing without malice of:
(a) a statement made by an auditor as mentioned in paragraph (1) (a), or by a futures exchange, a clearing house for a futures exchange, a futures association, or an officer, as mentioned in paragraph (2) (a);
(b) a document prepared by an auditor in the course of performing the duties of an auditor;
(c) a document prepared by a futures exchange, a clearing house for a futures exchange, a futures association, or an officer of a futures exchange, of a clearing house for a futures exchange, or of a futures association, in the course of performing the duties imposed by section 98; or
(d) a document required by or under this Act or the corresponding law of a participating State or participating Territory to be lodged with the Commission, whether or not the document has been so lodged.

(4) This section does not limit or affect any right, privilege or immunity that any person has, apart from this section, as defendant in an action for defamation.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 100
This Part not to affect right of futures exchange or futures association to
impose obligations etc. on members

SECT

100. Nothing in this Part prevents a futures exchange or futures association imposing on members of that futures exchange or futures association any obligations or requirements (not being obligations or requirements inconsistent with this Act) that the futures exchange or futures association thinks fit with respect to:
(a) the audit of accounts (including the audit of accounts by an auditor appointed by the futures exchange or futures association);
(b) the information to be furnished in reports from auditors; or
(c) the keeping of books.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 101
Power of Court to restrain dealings with futures broker's accounts

SECT

101. (1) Where the Court is satisfied, on application by the Commission, or by a body corporate that is a relevant organisation:
(a) that there are reasonable grounds for believing that there is a deficiency in a clients' segregated account of a futures broker, or of a member of the body corporate, as the case may be;
(b) that there has been undue delay, or unreasonable refusal, on the part of a futures broker, or on the part of a member of the body corporate, as the case may be, in paying, applying or accounting for money as required by this Act or by the corresponding law of a participating State or participating Territory;
(c) that a futures broker, or a member of the body corporate, as the case may be, has not paid money into a clients' segregated account of the broker or member as required by this Act or by the corresponding law of a participating State or participating Territory;
or
(d) in a case where a business of dealing in futures contracts on behalf of others is carried on, was carried on, or was last carried on, as the case requires, by a person, or by a member of the body corporate, as the case may be, otherwise than in partnership:
(i) in any case - that the futures broker's licence of that person
or member under Part IV or under the provisions of a law of a participating State or participating Territory that correspond with that Part has been revoked or suspended;
(ii) in a case where that person or member is a natural person -
that that person or member is incapable, by reason of physical or mental incapacity, of managing his or her affairs;
(iii) in any case - that that person or member has ceased to carry
on a business of dealing in futures contracts; or
(iv) in a case where that person or member is a natural person -
that that person or member has died;
Penalty: the Court may make an order restraining dealings in respect of all or any of the accounts of that broker, person or member, as the case may be, including a clients' segregated account of the broker, person or member, subject to such terms and conditions as the Court imposes.

(2) In subsection (1):
"clients' segregated account, in relation to a person, means an account (whether kept within or outside the Territory) that is, for the purposes of section 86, or of a provision of a law of a participating State or participating Territory that corresponds with that section, a clients' segregated account of the person;
"futures broker" means a person who is or has been a futures broker as defined in subsection 4 (1).

(3) Where an application is made to the Court for an order under subsection (1), the Court may, if in the opinion of the Court it is desirable to do so, before considering the application, grant an interim order, being an order of the kind applied for that is expressed to have effect pending the determination of the application.

(4) Where the Commission makes an application to the Court for the making of an order under subsection (1), the Court shall not require the Commission, as a condition of granting an interim order under subsection (3), to give any undertaking as to damages.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 102
Duty of banker or body corporate to make full disclosure

SECT

102. Where an order made under section 101 is directed to a banker or body corporate, the banker or body corporate shall:
(a) disclose to the applicant for the order every account kept by the bank or body corporate in the name of the person to whom the order relates, and any account that the banker or body corporate reasonably suspects is held or kept by the bank or body corporate for the benefit of that person; and
(b) permit the applicant for the order to make a copy of, or to take an extract from, any account of the person to whom the order relates or any of the banker's books relating to that person or the like books in the possession of the body corporate.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 103
Power of Court to make further orders and give directions

SECT

103. Where an order is made under section 101, the Court may, on the application of the Commission, a relevant organisation or a person affected by the order, make further orders:
(a) dealing with such ancillary matters as the Court considers necessary or desirable;
(b) directing that all or any of the money in an account affected by an order so made be paid by the bank or body corporate to the Commission or a person nominated by the Commission, on such terms and conditions as the Court thinks fit; and
(c) discharging or varying the order.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 104
Power of Court to make order relating to payment of money

SECT

104. (1) An order made under section 103 may include directions to the person to whom the money is paid directing that that person:
(a) shall cause the money to be paid into a trust account;
(b) is authorised to prepare a scheme for distributing the money to persons who claim, during a period of 6 months after the Commission or that other person receives the money, to be entitled to the money and satisfy the Commission or that other person that they are so entitled; or
(c) where the money received is insufficient to pay all proved claims, may, notwithstanding any rule of law or equity to the contrary, apportion the money among the claimants in proportion to their proved claims and show in the scheme how the money is so apportioned.

(2) Where a person prepares a scheme for distribution of money pursuant to subsection (1), the person shall apply to the Court for approval of the scheme and for directions with respect to it.

(3) The Court may give such directions as to the money held in a trust account pursuant to subsection (1), as to the persons to whom and in what amounts the whole or any portion of that money shall be paid, and as to the payment of the balance of the money (if any) remaining in the account, as the Court thinks fit.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - PART VII
PART VII - FIDELITY FUNDS

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 105
Interpretation

SECT

105. In this Part:
"contributing member, in relation to a relevant organisation, means:
(a) in the case of a futures exchange - an exchange member of the futures exchange; or
(b) in the case of a futures association:
(i) a person who is a member of the futures association
and who is neither a member of a futures exchange nor a member of a partnership that is a member of a futures exchange;
(ii) a partnership that is a member of the futures
association and that is not a member of a futures exchange; or
(iii) a member of a partnership that is a partnership of
the kind referred to in subparagraph (ii);
"relevant organisation" means:
(a) a futures exchange; or
(b) a futures association, other than a futures association all the members of which are members of a futures exchange.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 106
Establishment of fidelity funds

SECT

106. (1) A relevant organisation shall establish and keep a fidelity fund, and the Board of the relevant organisation shall administer the fidelity fund.

(2) The assets of a fidelity fund of a relevant organisation are the property of the relevant organisation, but shall be kept separately from all other property of the relevant organisation and shall be held in trust for the purposes set out in this Part.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 107
Money constituting fidelity fund

SECT

107. (1) The fidelity fund of a relevant organisation shall consist of:
(a) an amount of not less than the basic amount in relation to the relevant organisation, to be paid by the relevant organisation to the credit of the fund on the establishment of the fund;
(b) money paid to the relevant organisation, in accordance with this Part or the business rules of the relevant organisation, by contributing members of the relevant organisation;
(c) the interests and profits from time to time accruing from the investment of the fidelity fund;
(d) money paid into the fidelity fund by the relevant organisation;
(e) money recovered by or on behalf of the relevant organisation in the exercise of a right of action conferred by this Part;
(f) money paid by an insurer pursuant to a contract of insurance or
indemnity entered into by the relevant organisation under section 126; and
(g) all other money lawfully paid into the fund.

(2) The Ministerial Council may exempt a relevant organisation from compliance with paragraph (1) (a) if it is satisfied that the relevant organisation has entered into a contract in a form approved by the Ministerial Council with an insurer approved by the Ministerial Council under which the insurer undertakes to supplement the fund in the event of a claim being made on the fund so that the total amount available to satisfy the claim will be not less than the basic amount in relation to the relevant organisation.

(3) An exemption of a relevant organisation under subsection (2) ceases to have effect upon the lapsing of the insurance upon which the exemption was based.

(4) Where, in accordance with section 103A of the Securities Industry Act 1980, or with a provision of a law of a participating State or participating Territory that corresponds with that section, an amount is paid to the credit of a fidelity fund of a relevant organisation:
(a) the liability of the relevant organisation to pay an amount to the credit of the fidelity fund in accordance with paragraph (1) (a) of this section is, to the extent of the first-mentioned amount, discharged;
and
(b) the first-mentioned amount shall be deemed to have been paid to the credit of the fidelity fund in accordance with that paragraph.

(5) Where a relevant organisation has, in accordance with paragraph (1) (a), paid an amount to the credit of its fidelity fund:
(a) the Ministerial Council may approve in writing, on such conditions (if any) as are specified in the approval, the repayment of the whole, or a specified part, of the amount from the fidelity fund to the general funds of the relevant organisation; and
(b) if the Ministerial Council does so, the whole, or the specified part, as the case may be, of the amount may, in accordance with the conditions (if any) so specified, be so repaid.

(6) In this section, "basic amount", in relation to a relevant organisation, means:
(a) except where paragraph (b) applies - $500,000; or
(b) in a case where the Ministerial Council determines in writing that, for the purposes of this section, the basic amount in relation to the relevant organisation is to be a specified amount that is less than $500,000 - that specified amount.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 108
Fund to be kept in separate bank account

SECT

108. The money in a fidelity fund shall, until it is invested or applied in accordance with this Part, be kept in a separate account in a bank in the Territory.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 109
Payments out of fund

SECT

109. Subject to this Part, there shall be paid out of the fidelity fund of a relevant organisation in such order as the Board of the relevant organisation deems proper:
(a) the amount of all claims, including costs, allowed by the Board or established against the relevant organisation under this Part;
(b) all legal and other expenses incurred in investigating or defending claims made under this Part or incurred in relation to the fund or in the exercise by the relevant organisation or the Board of the rights, powers and authorities vested in it by this Part in relation to the fund;
(c) all premiums payable in respect of contracts of insurance or indemnity entered into by the relevant organisation under section 126;
(d) the expenses incurred in the administration of the fund, including the salaries and wages of persons employed by the relevant organisation or the Board in relation to the fund; and
(e) all other money payable out of the fund in accordance with the provisions of this Act.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 110
Accounts of fund

SECT

110. (1) A relevant organisation shall establish and keep proper accounts of its fidelity fund and shall, within the period of 3 months that next succeeds the end of its financial year within the meaning of the Companies Act 1981, cause a balance sheet in respect of those accounts to be made out as at the end of that financial year.

(2) A relevant organisation shall appoint a registered company auditor to audit the accounts of the fidelity fund.

(3) The auditor appointed by a relevant organisation shall audit the accounts of the fidelity fund and shall audit each balance sheet and cause a report on the accounts and balance sheet to be laid before the Board of the relevant organisation not later than one month after the balance sheet is made out.

(4) A relevant organisation shall give to the Commission a copy of each report laid before the Board of the relevant organisation under this section and of the balance sheet to which the report relates within 14 days after the report was so laid before the Board.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 111
Management sub-committee

SECT

111. (1) The Board of a relevant organisation may, by resolution, appoint a management sub-committee of not less than 3 and not more than 5 persons, at least one of whom is also a member of the Board.

(2) The Board of a relevant organisation may, by resolution, delegate to a sub-committee appointed by it under this section all or any of its powers, authorities and discretions under a provision of this Part (other than this section).

(3) A power, authority or discretion delegated under subsection (2) may be exercised by members forming a majority of the sub-committee as if that power, authority or discretion had been conferred by this Part on a majority of the members of the sub-committee.

(4) A delegation by the Board of a relevant organisation under this section may at any time, by resolution of the Board, be varied or revoked.

(5) The Board of a relevant organisation may at any time, by resolution, remove a member of a sub-committee appointed by it under this section and may, by resolution, fill a vacancy arising in the membership of the sub-committee.

(6) A delegation by the Board of a relevant organisation under this section does not prevent the exercise of a power, authority or discretion by that Board.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 112
Contribution to fund

SECT

112. (1) A person shall not be admitted to membership of a relevant organisation unless:
(a) except where paragraph (b) applies - the person has paid to the relevant organisation, as a contribution to its fidelity fund, such part of the annual membership fee of the relevant organisation as is determined by the relevant organisation in relation to that person or in relation to a class of persons in which that person is included;
or
(b) in a case where the relevant organisation is not a futures exchange -
the person is already an exchange member of a futures exchange;
Penalty:but a failure to comply with this subsection does not affect the validity of a person's membership of a relevant organisation.

(2) In subsection (1), "person" includes a partnership.

(3) A contributing member of a relevant organisation shall, on or before 31 March in each year, pay to the relevant organisation, as a contribution to its fidelity fund, such part of the annual membership fee of the relevant organisation as is determined by the relevant organisation in relation to that contributing member or in relation to a class of contributing members in which that contributing member is included.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 113
Levy in addition to annual contributions

SECT

113. (1) If at any time the amount of a fidelity fund is insufficient to pay all amounts that, at that time, are required to be paid under section 109, the relevant organisation may impose on each person who is liable to contribute to the fund a levy of such amount as it thinks fit for payment into the fund.

(2) The amount of such a levy shall be paid within the time and in the manner specified by the relevant organisation either generally or in relation to a particular case.

(3) A person is not required to pay by way of levy under this section more than $5,000, or such other amount as may be prescribed, in the aggregate or more than $1,000, or such other amount as may be prescribed, in any period of 12 months.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 114
Power of relevant organisation to make advances to fund

SECT

114. (1) A relevant organisation may, from its general funds, give or advance, on such terms as the Board of the relevant organisation thinks fit, any sums of money to its fidelity fund.

(2) Money that is advanced under subsection (1) may at any time be repaid from the fidelity fund to the general funds of the relevant organisation.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 115
Investment of fund

SECT

115. Money in a fidelity fund of a relevant organisation that is not immediately required for the purposes of the fund may be invested by the relevant organisation in any manner in which trustees are for the time being authorised by law to invest trust funds or on deposit with a corporation in respect of which a declaration under paragraph 97 (7) (b) of the Companies Act 1981 is in force.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 116
Application of fund

SECT

116. (1) Subject to this Part, where:
(a) a person (in this subsection referred to as the "relevant person") suffers pecuniary loss at a particular time because of a defalcation, or because of fraudulent misuse of money or other property, by:
(i) a person who is at that time a contributing member of a
relevant organisation;
(ii) a director, partner, officer or employee of a person who is
at that time a contributing member of a relevant organisation;
or
(iii) a partner in, or employee of, a partnership that is at that
time a contributing member of a relevant organisation; and
(b) the loss is suffered in respect of money or other property that was, in connection with the contributing member's dealings in futures contracts (whether or not any of those dealings was effected on a futures market), entrusted to or received by the contributing member, or a director, partner, officer or employee of the contributing member (whether before or after the commencement of this Act):
(i) for or on behalf of the relevant person or another person; or
(ii) because the contributing member was trustee of the money
or other property;
Penalty: the fidelity fund of the relevant organisation shall be applied for the purpose of compensating the relevant person.

(2) The reference in paragraph (1) (b) to a partner of a contributing member of a relevant organisation is, in a case where the contributing member is a partnership, a reference to a partner in the partnership.

(3) Subject to this Part, where a right to compensation does not arise under subsection (1), a fidelity fund of a relevant organisation may, if the Board of the relevant organisation thinks fit, be applied for the purpose of paying to an official receiver or trustee within the meaning of the Bankruptcy Act 1966an amount not greater than the amount that the official receiver or trustee, as the case may be, certifies is required in order to make up or reduce the total deficiency arising because the available assets of a bankrupt who is a contributing member of the relevant organisation are insufficient to satisfy the debts arising from dealings in futures contracts that have been proved in the bankruptcy by creditors of the bankrupt.

(4) Subsection (3) applies in the case of a contributing member of a relevant organisation who has made a composition with the member's creditors, or has executed a deed of assignment or a deed of arrangement, under Part X of the Bankruptcy Act 1966 in like manner as that subsection applies in the case of a contributing member of a relevant organisation who has become bankrupt and, for the purposes of that subsection as so applying by virtue of this subsection:
(a) the reference in that subsection to a trustee shall be deemed to be a reference to a controlling trustee within the meaning of that Part;
(b) the reference to debts proved in the bankruptcy shall be deemed to be a reference to provable debts in relation to the composition or deed within the meaning of that Part; and
(c) a reference to the bankrupt shall be deemed to be a reference to the person who made the composition or executed the deed.

(5) Subject to this Part, where a right to compensation does not arise under subsection (1), a fidelity fund of a relevant organisation may, if the Board of the relevant organisation thinks fit, be applied for the purpose of paying to the liquidator of a body corporate that is a contributing member of the relevant organisation and that has commenced to be wound up, an amount not greater than the amount that the liquidator certifies is required to make up or reduce the total deficiency arising because the available assets of the body corporate are insufficient to satisfy the debts of the body corporate arising from dealings in futures contracts that have been proved in the winding up by creditors of the body corporate.

(6) Money paid pursuant to subsection (3) or (5) is so paid only on condition that it is applied by the official receiver, trustee or liquidator towards satisfaction of debts arising from dealings in futures contracts and for no other purpose.

(7) Subject to subsection (9), the amount, or the sum of the amounts, paid under this Part out of a fidelity fund of a relevant organisation:
(a) for the purpose of compensating pecuniary loss as mentioned in subsection (1); or
(b) for the purpose of making payments under subsection (3) or (5);
Penalty: shall not exceed, in respect of a particular contributing member of the relevant organisation:
(c) unless paragraph (d) applies - $500,000; or
(d) if some other amount is prescribed, for the purposes of this subsection, in relation to the relevant organisation, a class of relevant organisations that includes the relevant organisation, or relevant organisations generally - that amount.

(8) For the purposes of calculating the sum referred to in subsection (7), an amount that is paid from a fidelity fund shall, to the extent to which that amount is repaid to the fund, be disregarded.

(9) If a relevant organisation considers, having regard to the ascertained or contingent liabilities of its fidelity fund, that the assets of the fund so permit, the relevant organisation may apply out of the fund such sums in excess of the amount limited by or under this section as the relevant organisation, in its discretion, thinks fit in or towards the compensation of persons who have suffered pecuniary loss as mentioned in subsection (1) or making a payment under subsection (3) or (5).

(10) Where:
(a) money or other property:
(i) has been entrusted to, or received by; or
(ii) has been entrusted to, or received by, a director, partner,
officer or employee of;
Penalty:a person (in this subsection referred to as the "former member") who has at any time been but is no longer a contributing member of a relevant organisation;
(b) immediately before the former member last ceased to be a member of that relevant organisation, the former member was a contributing member of that relevant organisation;
(c) by reason of a defalcation, or the fraudulent misuse of money or other property, by the former member, director, partner, officer or employee of the former member, the person by or from whom the money or other property was so entrusted or received suffered pecuniary loss; and
(d) at the time when the money or other property was so entrusted or received, the person suffering the pecuniary loss had reasonable grounds for believing, and did believe, that the former member was at that time a member of that relevant organisation;
Penalty: the former member shall, for the purposes of this section (other than this subsection and subsection (11)), be deemed to have been, at the time when the pecuniary loss was suffered, a contributing member of that relevant organisation.

(11) Where:
(a) a person who has at any time been, but is no longer, a contributing member (in this subsection referred to as the "former member") of a relevant organisation has incurred a debt arising from dealings in futures contracts; and
(b) at the time when the debt was incurred, the creditor, or one or more of the creditors, in relation to the debt had reasonable grounds for believing and did believe that the former member was at that time a member of the relevant organisation;
Penalty:a reference in this section (other than subsection (10) and this subsection) to a contributing member of the relevant organisation shall, for the purpose of determining the application of subsection (3) or (5) in relation to that creditor or those creditors, as the case may be, in relation to that debt, be deemed to include a reference to that former member.

(12) A reference in this section to a defalcation, or to a fraudulent misuse of money or other property, is a reference to a defalcation, or to such a fraudulent misuse, wherever and whenever occurring.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 117
Claims against fund

SECT

117. (1) Subject to this Part, a person who suffers pecuniary loss as mentioned in subsection 116 (1) is entitled to claim compensation from the fidelity fund of a relevant organisation whose fidelity fund is, pursuant to that subsection, required to be applied to compensate the person, and to take proceedings in the Court as provided in this Part against the relevant organisation to establish that claim.

(2) A person does not have a claim against a fidelity fund of a relevant organisation in respect of:
(a) pecuniary loss suffered before the commencement of this Act; or
(b) pecuniary loss in respect of money or other property suffered after the money or property had, in due course of the administration of a trust, ceased to be under the sole control of a person who is a member of the relevant organisation or of a partner or partners in a partnership that is such a member.

(3) Subject to this Part, the amount that a claimant is entitled to claim as compensation from a fidelity fund of a relevant organisation is the amount of the actual pecuniary loss suffered by the claimant (including the reasonable costs of, and disbursements incidental to, the making and proof of the claim) less the total amount or value of all amounts or other benefits received or receivable by the claimant from a source other than the fund in reduction of the loss.

(4) In addition to any compensation that is payable under this Part, interest is payable out of the fidelity fund on the amount of the compensation, less any amount attributable to costs and disbursements, at the prescribed rate calculated from and including the day on which the pecuniary loss was suffered until the day on which the claim is satisfied.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 118
Rights of innocent partner in relation to fund

SECT

118. (1) Where all persons who have submitted claims pursuant to section 117 have been fully compensated in accordance with the provisions of this Part for pecuniary loss in relation to a contributing member of a relevant organisation, being pecuniary loss as mentioned in subsection 116 (1) suffered in relation to money or other property, any partner of the contributing member who has made payment to a person in compensation for loss suffered by the person in relation to that money or property shall be deemed to be subrogated to the extent of that payment to all the rights and remedies of that person against the fidelity fund of the relevant organisation if the Board of the relevant organisation, having regard to all the circumstances, determines that the partner was in no way a party to the loss and acted honestly and reasonably in the matter.

(2) If a partner of a contributing member of a relevant organisation feels aggrieved by the determination of a Board under subsection (1), the partner may, within 28 days after receipt of notice of the determination, appeal to the Court against the determination by lodging a notice of appeal in the prescribed form.

(3) The appellant shall, on the day on which the appellant lodges notice of appeal with the Court, lodge a copy of the notice with the relevant organisation concerned.

(4) The Court shall inquire into and decide upon the appeal and, for that purpose, may do all such matters and things, and may do those matters and things in the same manner and to the same extent, as it is empowered to do in the exercise of its ordinary jurisdiction and if the Court is of the opinion having regard to all the circumstances that the appellant was not a party to the defalcation or fraudulent misuse of money or other property from which the pecuniary loss arose and that the appellant acted honestly and reasonably in the matter, it may order that the appellant shall, to the extent of any payment made by the appellant, be subrogated to the rights and remedies, in relation to the fidelity fund of the relevant organisation concerned, of the person to whom the appellant made such a payment.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 119
Notice calling for claims against fund

SECT

119. (1) A relevant organisation may cause to be published in a daily newspaper circulating generally in the Territory (and if, in any State or other Territory, that newspaper does not circulate generally, in a newspaper that does so circulate in that State or other Territory), a notice in the prescribed form specifying a date, not being earlier than 3 months after the publication of the notice, on or before which claims for compensation from the fidelity fund, in relation to the person specified in the notice, may be made.

(2) A claim for compensation from a fidelity fund of a relevant organisation in respect of a pecuniary loss shall be made in writing to the relevant organisation:
(a) where a notice under subsection (1) has been published, on or
before the date specified in the notice; or
(b) where no such notice has been published, within 6 months after the claimant became aware of the pecuniary loss;
Penalty: and a claim that is not so made is barred unless the relevant organisation otherwise determines.

(3) It is a defence to an action for damages against a relevant organisation, a member of a Board of a relevant organisation or a member or employee of a relevant organisation in respect of the publication of a notice under subsection (1) if the defendant establishes that the notice was published in good faith for the purposes of this section.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 120
Power of Board to settle claims

SECT

120. (1) Subject to this Part, the Board of a relevant organisation may allow and settle a proper claim for compensation from a fidelity fund of the relevant organisation at any time after the occurrence of the pecuniary loss in respect of which the claim arose.

(2) Subject to subsection (3), a person shall not commence proceedings under this Part against a relevant organisation without leave of the Board unless:
(a) the Board has disallowed the person's claim; and
(b) the claimant has exhausted all relevant rights of action and other legal remedies for the recovery of the money or other property in respect of which the pecuniary loss occurred, being rights and remedies that are available against the member of the relevant organisation in relation to whom the claim arose and all other persons who are liable in respect of the loss suffered by the claimant, other than any right or remedy that the claimant may have:
(i) under section 117, against another relevant organisation; or
(ii) under the provision of a law of a participating State or of a
participating Territory that corresponds with section 117, against a body that is a relevant organisation under the corresponding law of that State or Territory.

(3) A person who has been refused leave by the Board of a relevant organisation under subsection (2) may apply to the Court for leave to commence proceedings against the relevant organisation and the Court may make such order in the matter as it thinks fit.

(4) The Board of a relevant organisation, after disallowing, whether wholly or partly, a claim for compensation from the fidelity fund of the relevant organisation, shall serve notice of the disallowance in the prescribed form on the claimant or on the claimant's solicitor.

(5) Proceedings against a relevant organisation in respect of a claim that has been disallowed by the Board of the relevant organisation shall not be commenced after the expiration of 3 months after the service of the notice of disallowance referred to in subsection (4).

(6) In proceedings brought to establish a claim, evidence of an admission or confession by, or other evidence that would be admissible against, the person against whom a defalcation or fraudulent misuse of property is alleged is admissible to prove the defalcation or fraudulent misuse notwithstanding that the person is not the defendant in or a party to those proceedings, and all defences that would have been available to that person are available to the relevant organisation.

(7) The Board or, where proceedings are brought to establish a claim, the Court, if satisfied that there was a defalcation or fraudulent misuse of property on which to found the claim, may allow the claim and act accordingly notwithstanding that the person against whom the defalcation or fraudulent misuse of property is alleged has not been convicted or prosecuted or that the evidence on which the Board or the Court, as the case may be, acts would not be sufficient to establish the guilt of that person on a criminal trial in respect of the defalcation or fraudulent misuse of property.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 121
Form of order of Court establishing claim

SECT

121. (1) Where, in proceedings brought to establish a claim, the Court is satisfied that there was a defalcation or fraudulent misuse of property on which to found the claim and that otherwise the claimant has a valid claim, the Court shall, by order:
(a) declare the fact and the date of the defalcation or fraudulent misuse of property and the amount of the claim; and
(b) direct the Board to allow the claim as so declared and deal with it in accordance with the provisions of this Part.

(2) In any such proceedings all questions of costs are in the discretion of the Court.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 122
Power of Board to require production of documents etc.

SECT

122. The Board of a relevant organisation may at any time require a person to produce and deliver any documents or statements of evidence necessary to support a claim made or necessary for the purpose either of exercising its rights against a contributing member of the relevant organisation or a partner or the partners in a partnership that is a contributing member of the relevant organisation or any other person or of enabling criminal proceedings to be taken against a person in respect of a defalcation or
fraudulent misuse of property, and in default of delivery of such documents or statements of evidence by the first-mentioned person, the Board may disallow any claim by the first-mentioned person under this Part.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 123
Subrogation of relevant organisation to rights etc. of claimant on payment
from fund

SECT

123. On payment out of a fidelity fund of a relevant organisation of any money in respect of a claim under this Part, the relevant organisation is subrogated to the extent of that payment to all the rights and remedies of the claimant in relation to the loss suffered by the claimant from the defalcation or fraudulent misuse of property.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 124
Payment of claims only from fund

SECT

124. Money or other property belonging to a relevant organisation, other than its fidelity fund, is not available for the payment of a claim under this Part, whether the claim is allowed by the Board of the relevant organisation or is made the subject of an order of the Court.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 125
Provisions where fund insufficient to meet claims or where claims
exceed total amount payable

SECT

125. (1) Where the amount in a fidelity fund of a relevant organisation is insufficient to pay the whole of the amount of all claims against it that have been allowed or in respect of which orders of the Court have been made, the amount in the fund shall, subject to subsection (2), be apportioned among the claimants in such manner as the Board of the relevant organisation thinks equitable, and such a claim so far as it then remains unpaid shall be deemed to be charged against future receipts of the fund and paid out of the fund when money is available in the fund.

(2) Where the aggregate of all claims that have been allowed or in respect of which orders of the Court have been made in relation to defalcations or fraudulent misuses of property by or in connection with a contributing member of a relevant organisation exceeds the total amount that may, pursuant to section 116, be paid under this Part in respect of that contributing member, the total amount shall be apportioned among the claimants in such manner as the Board thinks equitable, and on payment out of the fund of that total amount in accordance with that apportionment all such claims and any orders relating to those claims and all other claims against the fund that may thereafter arise or be made in respect of defalcations or fraudulent misuses of property by or in connection with that contributing member are discharged.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 126
Power of relevant organisation to enter into contracts of insurance or
indemnity

SECT

126. (1) A relevant organisation may, in its discretion, enter into a contract with a person carrying on fidelity insurance business whereby the relevant organisation will be insured or indemnified, to the extent and in the manner provided by the contract, against liability in respect of claims under this Part.

(2) Such a contract may be entered into in relation to contributing members of the relevant organisation generally, or in relation to particular contributing members named in the contract, or in relation to contributing members generally with the exclusion of particular contributing members named in the contract.

(3) No action lies against a relevant organisation, against a member or employee of a relevant organisation or of the Board of a relevant organisation, or against a member of the management sub-committee of the Board of a relevant organisation, for damage alleged to have been suffered by a member of the relevant organisation because of the publication in good faith of a statement that a contract entered into under this section does, or does not, as the case may be, apply in relation to that member.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 127
Application of insurance money

SECT

127. A claimant against a fidelity fund of relevant organisation does not have a right of action against a person with whom a contract of insurance or indemnity is made under this Part in respect of such a contract or a right or claim with respect to any money paid by the insurer in accordance with such a contract.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - PART VIII
PART VIII - OFFENCES

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 128
Dealings by futures broker on behalf of others

SECT

128. A futures broker shall not deal in a futures contract on behalf of another person unless the dealing is effected:
(a) on a futures market of a futures exchange or recognised futures exchange;
(b) on an exempt futures market; or
(c) as permitted by the business rules of a relevant organisation of which the broker is a member.
Penalty: $10,000 or imprisonment for 2 years, or both.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 129
Prohibition of dealings by insiders in futures contracts relating to
securities

SECT

129. (1) A person shall not deal in a futures contract concerning a body corporate if the person:
(a) is, or at any time during the 6 months preceding the dealing has been, connected with the body corporate; and
(b) is, by virtue of being, or having so been, connected with the body corporate, in possession of information that is not generally available but, if it were generally available, would be likely materially to affect the price for dealing in a futures contract of the same kind as that futures contract.

(2) A person shall not deal in a futures contract concerning a body corporate if the person:
(a) is, or at any time during the 6 months preceding the dealing has been, connected with another body corporate; and
(b) is, by virtue of being, or having so been, connected with the other body corporate, in possession of information that:
(i) is not generally available but, if it were generally available,
would be likely materially to affect the price for dealing in a futures contract of the same kind as that futures contract;
and
(ii) relates to any transaction (actual or expected) involving both
those bodies corporate or involving one of them and securities of the other.

(3) A person who:
(a) is in possession of information of a kind referred to in subsection (1) or (2), being information that, if it were generally available, would be likely materially to affect the price for dealing in a futures contract concerning a body corporate; and
(b) is precluded by neither of those subsections from dealing in a futures contract (in this subsection referred to as a "relevant futures contract") of the same kind as the futures contract referred to in paragraph (a);
Penalty:shall not deal in a relevant futures contract if the person:
(c) has obtained the information, directly or indirectly, from another person and is aware, or ought reasonably to be aware, of facts or
circumstances by virtue of which that other person is then precluded by subsection (1) or (2) from dealing in a relevant futures contract;
and
(d) was, when the information was so obtained, associated with that other person or had with that other person an arrangement for the communication of information of a kind referred to in subsection (1) or (2) with a view to a dealing in a relevant futures contract by the first-mentioned person, by that other person or by both of them together.

(4) A person shall not, when precluded by subsection (1), (2) or (3) from dealing in a futures contract, cause or procure another person to deal in a futures contract of the same kind as that futures contract.

(5) A person who, by reason of being in possession of particular information, is precluded by subsection (1), (2) or (3) from dealing in a futures contract shall not, when so precluded, communicate that information to another person if the first-mentioned person knows, or ought reasonably to know, that the other person will make use of the information for the purpose of dealing, or causing or procuring another person to deal, in a futures contract of the same kind as that futures contract.

(6) Without prejudice to subsection (3), but subject to subsections (7) and (8), where an officer of a body corporate is precluded by subsection (1), (2) or (3) from dealing in a futures contract, the body corporate shall not, when the officer is so precluded, deal in a futures contract of the same kind as that futures contract.

(7) A body corporate is not, by reason only of information in the possession of an officer of the body corporate, precluded by subsection (6) from entering into a transaction at a particular time if:
(a) the decision to enter into the transaction was taken on its behalf by a person other than the officer;
(b) it had in operation at that time arrangements to ensure that the information was not communicated to that person and that no advice with respect to the transaction was given to that person by a person in possession of the information; and
(c) the information was not so communicated and no such advice was so given.

(8) A body corporate is not, by reason only of information in the possession of an officer of the body corporate, precluded by subsection (6) from dealing in a futures contract concerning another body corporate if the information:
(a) was obtained by the officer in the course of the performance of duties as an officer of the first-mentioned body corporate; and
(b) relates only to a proposed dealing by the first-mentioned body corporate in securities of, or a futures contract concerning, the other body corporate.

(9) Nothing in this section precludes the holder of a futures broker's licence from dealing in a futures contract concerning a body corporate if:
(a) the holder of the licence enters into the dealing as agent for another person pursuant to a specific instruction by that other person to enter into that dealing;
(b) the holder of the licence has not given any advice to the other person in relation to dealing in a futures contract concerning the body corporate; and
(c) the other person is not associated, in relation to the dealing, with the holder of the licence.

(10) Where a prosecution is instituted against a person for an offence because the person was in possession of particular information and dealt in a futures contract in contravention of this section, it is a defence if it is established that the other party to the dealing knew, or ought reasonably to have known, the information before entering into the dealing.

(11) For the purposes of this section, a futures contract concerns a body corporate if, and only if:
(a) in a case where the futures contract is a commodity agreement - a commodity to which the futures contract relates is securities of the body corporate; or
(b) in a case where the futures contract is an adjustment agreement - a state of affairs to which the futures contract relates concerns the price of securities of the body corporate, or the prices of a class of securities that includes securities of the body corporate, at a particular time.

(12) For the purposes of this section, a person is connected with a body corporate (in this subsection referred to as the "relevant body corporate") if the person is a natural person and:
(a) is an officer of the relevant body corporate or of a related body corporate;
(b) is a substantial shareholder within the meaning of Division 4 of Part IV of the Companies Act 1981 in the relevant body corporate or in a related body corporate; or
(c) occupies a position that may reasonably be expected to give the person access to information of a kind referred to in subsection (1) or (2) by virtue of:
(i) any professional or business relationship existing between the
person (or the person's employer or a body corporate of which the person is an officer) and the relevant body corporate or a related body corporate; or
(ii) the person being an officer of a substantial shareholder within
the meaning of Division 4 of Part IV of the Companies Act 1981 in the relevant body corporate or in a related body corporate.

(13) For the purposes of subsection (12), "officer", in relation to a body corporate, includes:
(a) a director, secretary, executive officer or employee of the body corporate;
(b) a receiver, or a receiver and manager, of property of the body corporate;
(c) an official manager or a deputy official manager of the body corporate;
(d) a liquidator of the body corporate; and
(e) a trustee or other person administering a compromise or arrangement made between the body corporate and another person or other persons.

(14) A reference in this section to a futures contract of the same kind as a particular futures contract includes a reference to the particular futures contract.

(15) In this section, "securities" has the same meaning as that expression has in the Securities Industry Act 1980.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 130
Futures market manipulation

SECT

130. A person shall not, whether within or outside the Territory, take part in, be concerned in or carry out, whether directly or indirectly:
(a) a transaction (whether or not the transaction is a dealing in a futures contract) that has, is intended to have or is likely to have;
or
(b) 2 or more transactions (whether or not any of the transactions is a dealing in a futures contract) that have, are intended to have or are likely to have;
Penalty:the effect of:
(c) creating an artificial price for dealing in futures contracts on a futures market within the Territory; or
(d) maintaining at a level that is artificial (whether or not that level was previously artificial) a price for dealing in futures contracts on a futures market within the Territory.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 131
False trading and market rigging

SECT

131. (1) A person shall not, whether within or outside the Territory, create, or cause to be created, or do anything that is calculated to create, a false or misleading appearance of active dealing in futures contracts on a futures market within the Territory or a false or misleading appearance with respect to the market for, or the price of dealing in, futures contracts on a futures market within the Territory.

(2) A person shall not, by any fictitious or artificial transactions or devices, maintain, inflate, depress or cause fluctuations in, the price for dealing in futures contracts on a futures market within the Territory.

(3) For the purpose of determining whether a transaction is fictitious or artificial within the meaning of subsection (2), the fact that the transaction is, or was at any time, intended by the parties who entered into the transaction to have effect according to its terms shall not be conclusive.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 132
False or misleading statements etc.

SECT

132. Where:
(a) a person makes a statement, or disseminates information, that is false or misleading in a material particular and is likely:
(i) to induce other persons to deal in futures contracts on a
futures market within the Territory; or
(ii) to have the effect of raising, lowering, maintaining or stabilising
the price for dealing in futures contracts, or in a class of futures contracts, on a futures market within the Territory; and
(b) at the time when the person makes the statement, or disseminates the information:
(i) the person is recklessly indifferent as to whether or not the
statement or information is true or false; or
(ii) the person knows, or ought reasonably to know, that the
statement or information is false or misleading in a material particular;
Penalty:the person contravenes this section.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 133
Fraudulently inducing person to deal in futures contracts

SECT

133. (1) A person shall not:
(a) by making or publishing any statement, promise or forecast that the person knows to be misleading, false or deceptive;
(b) by any dishonest concealment of material facts;
(c) by the reckless making or publishing (dishonestly or otherwise) of any statement, promise or forecast that is misleading, false or deceptive; or
(d) by recording or storing in, or by means of, any mechanical, electronic or other device information that the person knows to be false or
misleading in a material particular;
Penalty:induce or attempt to induce another person to deal in a futures contract or a class of futures contracts.

(2) It is a defence to a prosecution for an offence under subsection (1) constituted by recording or storing information as mentioned in paragraph (1) (d) if it is established that, at the time when the defendant so recorded or stored the information, the defendant had no reasonable grounds for expecting that the information would be available to any person.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 134
Dissemination of information about illegal transactions

SECT

134. Where:
(a) a person circulates or disseminates, or authorises or is concerned in the circulation or dissemination of, any statement or information to the effect that the price for dealing in futures contracts, or in a class of futures contracts, on a futures market within the Territory will, or is likely to, rise or fall or be maintained because of a transaction, or other act or thing done, in relation to such futures contracts or futures contracts included in that class, being a transaction, or other act or thing, that constitutes a contravention of section 130, 131, 132 or 133; and
(b) the person, or a person associated with the person:
(i) has entered into such a transaction or done such an act or thing; or
(ii) has received, or expects to receive, directly or indirectly, a
consideration or benefit for circulating or disseminating, or authorising or being concerned in the circulation or dissemination of, the statement or information;
Penalty: the first-mentioned person contravenes this section.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 135
Fraud in connection with dealings in futures contracts

SECT

135. (1) In this section, "relevant person", in relation to a dealing or
proposed dealing in a futures contract by a futures broker, means:
(a) the broker;
(b) an employee or agent of the broker; or
(c) a person who has an interest, or is otherwise concerned in, the dealing or proposed dealing.

(2) Where, in connection with a dealing or proposed dealing in a futures contract by a futures broker on behalf of a client of the broker, a relevant person in relation to the dealing or proposed dealing:
(a) defrauds the client;
(b) does an act, or omits to do an act, knowing that the client will be deceived or misled, or with reckless indifference as to whether or
not the client will be deceived or misled, as a result of the act or
omission; or
(c) (without limiting the generality of paragraph (b)) makes a statement, promise or forecast to the client, or makes an entry in a record relating to the client or persons including the client:
(i) knowing that the statement, promise, forecast or entry is
false, misleading or deceptive in a material particular; or
(ii) with reckless indifference as to whether or not the statement,
promise, forecast or entry is false, misleading or deceptive in a material particular;
Penalty:the relevant person contravenes this section.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 136
Penalties

SECT

136. A person who contravenes any of sections 129 to 135 (inclusive) is guilty of an offence. Penalty:
(a) in the case of a natural person - $20,000 or imprisonment for 5 years, or both; or
(b) in any other case - $50,000.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 137
Compensation for loss etc.

SECT

137. (1) Where:
(a) a person who, by reason of being in possession of particular information, is precluded by subsection 129 (1), (2) or (3) from dealing in a futures contract:
(i) deals, in contravention of that subsection, in that futures
contract; or
(ii) causes or procures, in contravention of subsection 129 (4),
another person to deal in that futures contract or in a futures contract of the same kind as that futures contract; or
(b) a person, being a body corporate, deals, in contravention of subsection 129 (6), in a futures contract at a time when an officer of the body corporate is, by reason of being in possession of particular information, precluded by subsection 129 (1), (2) or (3) from dealing in that futures contract or in a futures contract of the same kind as that futures contract;
Penalty:the person is liable (whether or not the person has been convicted of an offence in respect of the contravention) to compensate any other party to the dealing who was not in possession of that information for any loss sustained by that party by reason of any difference between the price at which the dealing took place and the price at which it would be likely to have taken place if that information had been generally available.

(2) A person who contravenes any of sections 130 to 135 (inclusive) (whether or not the person has been convicted of an offence in respect of the contravention) is liable to pay compensation to any other person who, in dealing in futures contracts, suffers loss by reason of the difference between the price at which the dealing takes place and the price at which it would be likely to have taken place if the contravention had not occurred.

(3) The amount of compensation for which a person is liable under subsection (1) or (2) is:
(a) in a case to which paragraph (b) does not apply - the amount of the loss sustained by the person claiming the compensation; or
(b) if the first-mentioned person has been found by a court to be liable, or has been ordered by a court, to pay an amount or amounts to any other person or persons under this Part or under subsection 229 (6) of the Companies Act 1981 or under a corresponding provision of a previous law of the Territory by reason of the same act or transaction - the amount of that loss less the amount or the sum of the amounts that the first-mentioned person has been so found to be liable, or has been so ordered, to pay.

(4) For the purposes of subsection (3), the onus of proving that the liability of a person to pay an amount to another person arose from the same act or transaction from which another liability arose lies on the person liable to pay the amount.

(5) An action under this section for recovery of compensation for a loss is not maintainable after the end of the period of 2 years commencing on the day of completion of the dealing in which the loss occurred.

(6) The Commission may, if it considers it to be in the public interest to do so, bring an action in the name of, and for the benefit of, a person for recovery of compensation for a loss referred to in subsection (1) and suffered by that person.

(7) Nothing in subsection (1) affects any liability that a person may incur under any other law.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 138
Sequence of transmission and execution of orders

SECT

138. (1) In this section, a reference to the transmission by a futures broker of instructions to deal in a class of futures contracts is a reference:
(a) where the broker has direct access to the futures market on which the instructions are to be executed - to the transmission of the instructions to that futures market; or
(b) where the broker has access to the futures market on which the instructions are to be executed only through another futures broker - to the transmission of the instructions to that other futures broker.

(2) Subject to subsection (3), a futures broker shall transmit in the sequence in which they are received by the broker all instructions to deal in a class of futures contracts at or near the market price for a futures contract of that class prevailing immediately before execution of the instructions.

(3) Where a futures broker proposes to deal in a class of futures contracts on the broker's own account and the person by whom or on whose instructions the instructions for the dealing are to be transmitted is aware of instructions of a client of the broker to deal in that class of futures contracts at or near the market price for a futures contract of that class prevailing at that time (being instructions that have not been transmitted), that person shall not transmit, and shall not give instructions to any other person to transmit, the instructions to give effect to the proposal of the broker to deal in that class of futures contracts before the instructions of the client are transmitted.

(4) A futures broker, or a director, partner, officer or employee of a futures broker, shall not, except:
(a) to the extent necessary to execute the instructions concerned;
(b) as required by this Act or any other law; or
(c) as required by the business rules of a relevant organisation of which the broker is a member;
Penalty: disclose to any other futures broker, or to a person engaged or employed in the business of the first-mentioned broker or of any other futures broker, instructions of a client to deal in a class of futures contracts.

(5) A member of a futures exchange who is concerned in the execution, on a trading floor of the futures exchange, of instructions to deal in futures contracts shall execute in the order in which they are received by the member all instructions to deal in a class of futures contracts at or near the market price for a futures contract of that class prevailing immediately before execution of the instructions.

(6) Where:
(a) during a particular period, a futures broker transmits instructions (whether or not those instructions consist of, or include, instructions giving effect to a proposal of the broker to deal in the class of contracts concerned on the broker's own account) to deal in a class of futures contracts at or near the market price for a futures contract of that class prevailing immediately before execution of the instructions; and
(b) dealings in that class of futures contracts are effected pursuant to those instructions;
Penalty: the broker shall, except so far as the business rules of a relevant organisation of which the broker is a member otherwise provide, allocate the dealings to those instructions:
(c) in the sequence in which the dealings were effected; and
(d) in the sequence in which the broker transmitted those instructions.

(7) A futures broker shall maintain, in accordance with the regulations, records that set out the prescribed particulars of:
(a) instructions by a client to deal in futures contracts;
(b) the date and time of receipt, transmission and execution of those instructions;
(c) the person by whom those instructions are received, the person by whom they are transmitted and the person by whom they are executed;
(d) the date and time of receipt, transmission and execution of instructions to deal in futures contracts on the broker's own account;
and
(e) the person by whom instructions of the kind referred to in paragraph
(d) are received, the person by whom they are transmitted and the person by whom they are executed;
Penalty: and shall retain those records for the prescribed period.

(8) Where:
(a) a futures broker transmits for execution on a futures market outside Australia and the external Territories instructions to deal in futures contracts; and
(b) it is not reasonably practicable for the broker to set out in the records maintained by the broker pursuant to subsection (7) the prescribed particulars of the date and time of execution of those instructions;
Penalty:the broker shall so set out those particulars as precisely as is reasonably practicable.
Penalty: $2,500 or imprisonment for 6 months, or both.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 139
Dealings by employees of licence holders

SECT

139. (1) A person who is a futures broker or a futures adviser and an employee of that person shall not, as principals, jointly deal in, or agree to deal in, futures contracts.

(2) A person who is a partner in a partnership that carries on a business of dealing in futures contracts and an employee of the partnership shall not, as principals, jointly deal in, or agree to deal in, futures contracts.

(3) A person who is a partner in a partnership that carries on a business in the course of which advice is given, or analyses or reports are issued or
published, concerning futures contracts and an employee of the partnership shall not, as principals, jointly deal in, or agree to deal in, futures contracts.

(4) A person who is a futures broker or a futures adviser shall not give credit to an employee of that person or to a person who, to the knowledge of the first-mentioned person, is associated with such an employee if:
(a) the credit is given for the purpose of enabling or assisting the person to whom the credit is given to deal in futures contracts; or
(b) the person giving the credit knows or has reason to believe that the credit will be used for the purpose of dealing in futures contracts.

(5) A person who is a partner in a partnership that carries on a business of dealing in futures contracts shall not give credit to an employee of the partnership or to a person who, to the knowledge of the first-mentioned person, is associated with such an employee if:
(a) the credit is given for the purpose of enabling or assisting the person to whom the credit is given to deal in futures contracts; or
(b) the person giving the credit knows or has reason to believe that the credit will be used for the purpose of dealing in futures contracts.

(6) A person who is a partner in a partnership that carries on a business in the course of which advice is given, or analyses or reports are issued or published, concerning futures contracts shall not give credit to an employee of the partnership or to a person who, to the knowledge of the first-mentioned person, is associated with such an employee if:
(a) the credit is given for the purpose of enabling or assisting the person to whom the credit is given to deal in futures contracts; or
(b) the person giving the credit knows or has reason to believe that the credit will be used for the purpose of dealing in futures contracts.

(7) A person who is an employee of a member of a futures exchange in connection with a business of dealing in futures contracts carried on by the member shall not, as principal, deal, or agree to deal, in futures contracts unless the member acts as the agent of the person in respect of the transaction.

(8) A reference in subsection (1) or (4) to an employee of a person who is a futures broker or a futures adviser includes, in the case of a body corporate that is a futures broker or a futures adviser, a reference to an officer of the body corporate.

(9) The reference in subsection (7) to an employee of a member of a futures exchange includes:
(a) in the case of a member that is a body corporate; and
(b) in the case of a member that is a partnership in which a partner is a body corporate;
Penalty:a reference to an officer of the body corporate.

(10) A reference in this section to an employee of a futures broker, futures adviser, partnership or member of a futures exchange includes a reference to a person who, pursuant to a subsisting agreement, performs services for the futures broker, futures adviser, partnership or member in connection with dealings in futures contracts by the futures broker, futures adviser, partnership or member.
Penalty: $2,500 or imprisonment for 6 months, or both.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - PART IX
PART IX - MISCELLANEOUS

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 140
Restrictions on use of titles "futures broker", "futures exchange" etc.

SECT

140. (1) A person who is not:
(a) the holder of a futures broker's licence; or
(b) the holder of a futures broker's licence within the meaning of the corresponding law of a participating State or of a participating Territory;
Penalty: shall not take or use, or by inference adopt, the name or title of futures broker, or take or use, or have attached to, or exhibited at, any place, a name, title or description implying, or tending to create the belief, that the person is a futures broker.

(2) A body corporate that is not:
(a) a futures exchange; or
(b) a recognised futures exchange;
Penalty: shall not take or use, or by inference adopt, the name or title of futures exchange, or take or use, or have attached to, or exhibited at, any place, a name, title or description implying, or tending to create the belief, that the body corporate is:
(c) a futures exchange; or
(d) a recognised futures exchange.
Penalty: $2,500 or imprisonment for 6 months, or both.

(3) A body corporate that is not:
(a) a futures association; or
(b) a futures association for the purposes of a corresponding law of a participating State or participating Territory;
Penalty: shall not take or use, or by inference adopt, the name or title of futures association, or take or use, or have attached to, or exhibited at, any place, a name, title or description implying, or tending to create the belief, that the body corporate is:
(c) a futures association; or
(d) a futures association for the purposes of a corresponding law of a participating State or participating Territory.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 141
Appeal

SECT

141. (1) A person aggrieved by the refusal of the Commission to grant a licence or by the revocation of a licence under section 78 or by any other act or decision of the Commission may appeal to the Court, which may confirm the refusal, revocation, act or decision or give such directions in the matter as seem proper or otherwise determine the matter.

(2) This section does not apply to an act or decision of the Commission:
(a) in respect of which a provision in the nature of an appeal or review is expressly provided in this Act; or
(b) which is declared by this Act to be conclusive or final or is embodied in a document declared by this Act to be conclusive evidence of an act, matter or thing.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 142
False or misleading statements

SECT

142. (1) A person shall not, in, or in connection with, an application for a licence:
(a) make a statement that is false or misleading in a material particular knowing it to be false or misleading; or
(b) omit to state any matter or thing knowing that by reason of that omission the application is misleading in a material respect.

(2) A person shall not, for the purposes of this Act, lodge with the Commission, a futures exchange, a clearing house for a futures exchange, or
a futures association, a document that contains a statement that to the person's knowledge is false or misleading.
Penalty: $2,500 or imprisonment for 6 months, or both.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 143
Preservation and disposal of records etc.

SECT

143. (1) A person who is required by a provision of this Act to maintain, make or keep a register or any accounting or other record in relation to a business carried on by the person shall preserve that register or record for the prescribed period, whether or not the person ceases to carry on that business before the end of that period.

(2) The prescribed period for the purposes of subsection (1) is:
(a) in relation to a register or a record other than an accounting record, the period of 5 years next after the day on which the last entry was made in the register or record; or
(b) in relation to an accounting record, the period of 7 years next after the last day of the accounting period to which the record relates.

(3) Subsections (1) and (2) do not apply in relation to a contract note or copy of a contract note received or issued by a futures broker who is a member of a futures exchange if the matters required by subsection 83 (4), (5) or (6), as the case requires, to be included in the contract note are recorded:
(a) by the futures exchange; or
(b) subject to such conditions (if any) as the Commission imposes, by the broker;
Penalty: in a manner approved by the Commission and the record of those matters is retained for not less than 5 years.

(4) The Commission may, if of the opinion that it is no longer necessary or desirable to retain it, destroy or otherwise dispose of any document that is given to or lodged with the Commission under or for the purposes of this Act and that has been in the possession of the Commission for such period as is prescribed for the purposes of this subsection, either generally or in relation to a particular document or class of documents.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 144
Concealing etc. books relating to futures contracts

SECT

144. (1) A person who:
(a) conceals, destroys, mutilates or alters a book relating to the business carried on by a futures broker or required under this Act to be kept by the holder of a licence;
(b) where such a book is in the Territory - sends or takes, or causes the sending or taking of, the book out of the Territory; or
(c) where such a book is outside the Territory but is within Australia -
sends or takes, or causes the sending or taking of, the book out of Australia;
Penalty: contravenes this subsection.
Penalty: $5,000 or imprisonment for 1 year, or both.

(2) In a prosecution of a person for an offence under subsection (1), it is a defence if it is established that the person did not act with intent to defraud, to defeat the purposes of this Act or to prevent, delay or obstruct the carrying out of an examination, investigation or audit, or the exercise of a power or authority, under this Act.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 145
Falsification of records

SECT

145. (1) Where matter that is used or intended to be used in connection with the keeping of a book required to be kept under this Act or a register or any accounting or other record referred to in section 143 is recorded or stored in an illegible form by means of a mechanical device, an electronic device or any other device, a person who:
(a) records or stores by means of that device matter that the person knows to be false or misleading in a material particular;
(b) destroys, removes or falsifies matter that is recorded or stored by means of that device, or has been prepared for the purpose of being recorded or stored, or for use in compiling other matter to be recorded or stored, by means of that device; or
(c) fails to record or store matter by means of that device with intent to falsify any entry made or intended to be compiled, wholly or in part, from that matter;
Penalty: contravenes this subsection.
Penalty: $5,000 or imprisonment for 1 year, or both.

(2) In a prosecution of a person for an offence under subsection (1), it is a defence if it is established that the person acted honestly and that in all the circumstances the act or omission constituting the offence should be excused.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 146
Precautions against falsification of records

SECT

146. A person required by this Act to keep a book or record shall take reasonable precautions for guarding against falsification of the book or record and for facilitating discovery of any falsification.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 147
Obstructing or hindering Commission etc.

SECT

147. A person shall not, without lawful excuse, obstruct or hinder the Commission or another person in the exercise or performance of a function, power or authority under this Act.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 148
General penalty provisions

SECT

148. (1) A person who:
(a) does an act or thing that the person is forbidden to do by or under a provision of this Act;
(b) does not do an act or thing that the person is required or directed to do by or under a provision of this Act; or
(c) otherwise contravenes a provision of this Act;
Penalty: is, unless that provision or another provision of this Act provides that the person is guilty of an offence, guilty of an offence by virtue of this subsection.

(2) A person who is guilty of an offence against this Act, whether by virtue of subsection (1) or otherwise, is punishable, upon conviction, by a penalty not exceeding the penalty applicable to the offence.

(3) Where:
(a) a section that does not consist of 2 or more subsections provides that a person is in circumstances referred to in the section guilty of an offence; or
(b) subsection (1) operates in relation to a provision of this Act that is contained in a section that does not consist of 2 or more subsections so as to make a person guilty of an offence;
Penalty:and a penalty, pecuniary or otherwise, is set out at the foot of the section, the penalty applicable to the offence is the penalty so set out.

(4) Where:
(a) a subsection of a section that consists of 2 or more subsections provides that a person is in circumstances referred to in the subsection guilty of an offence; or
(b) subsection (1) operates in relation to a provision of this Act that is contained in the subsection of a section that consists of 2 or more subsections so as to make a person guilty of an offence;
then:
(c) if a penalty, pecuniary or otherwise, is set out at the foot of the subsection - the penalty applicable to the offence is the penalty set out at the foot of the subsection; or
(d) if a penalty, pecuniary or otherwise, is set out at the foot of the section and no penalty is set out at the foot of the subsection - the penalty applicable to the offence is the penalty set out at the foot of the section.

(5) Where each of 2 or more subsections of a section contains one of the following provisions:
(a) a provision that a person is in circumstances referred to in the subsection guilty of an offence;
(b) a provision in relation to which subsection (1) operates so as to make a person guilty of an offence;
Penalty: and a penalty, pecuniary or otherwise, is set out at the foot of each of those subsections, the penalty applicable in relation to an offence created by either or any of those subsections, or in relation to an offence created by subsection (1) in relation to a provision contained in either or any of those subsections, is the penalty set out at the foot of the subsection concerned.

(6) Except as provided by subsections (3), (4) and (5), the penalty applicable in relation to an offence against this Act is a fine of $500.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 149
Penalty notices

SECT

149. (1) Where the Commission has reason to believe that a person has committed a prescribed offence, the Commission may, subject to subsection (2), serve on the person a notice in the prescribed form:
(a) alleging that the person has committed the prescribed offence and giving the prescribed particulars in relation to the prescribed offence;
(b) setting out the prescribed penalty in respect of the prescribed offence; and
(c) stating:
(i) in the case of a prescribed offence constituted by a failure to
do a particular act or thing:
(A) that the obligation to do the act or thing continues
notwithstanding the service of the notice or the payment of the prescribed penalty;
(B) that if, within the period specified in the notice (being
a period that is not less than 21 days), the person pays the prescribed penalty to the authority specified in the notice and does the act or thing, no further action will be taken against the person in relation to the prescribed offence; and
(C) that if, at the end of the period specified in the notice,
the person has not paid the prescribed penalty to the authority specified in the notice or has not done the act or thing, proceedings may be instituted against the person; or
(ii) in the case of a prescribed offence, not being an offence
constituted by a failure to do a particular act or thing:
(A) that if, within the period specified in the notice (being
a period that is not less than 21 days), the person pays the prescribed penalty to the authority specified in the notice, no further action will be taken against the person in relation to the prescribed offence; and
(B) that if, at the end of the period specified in the notice,
the person has not paid the prescribed penalty to the authority specified in the notice, proceedings may be instituted against the person.

(2) Subsection (1) does not empower the Commission:
(a) to serve on a person more than one notice under that subsection in relation to an alleged commission by that person of a particular prescribed offence; or
(b) to serve on a person a notice under that subsection in relation to a prescribed offence unless proceedings could be instituted against that person for that offence in accordance with section 34 of the Companies and Securities (Interpretation and Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 1980.

(3) Where a notice under subsection (1) is served on a person in relation to a prescribed offence constituted by a failure to do a particular act or thing:
(a) if, within the period specified in the notice, the person pays the prescribed penalty to the authority specified in the notice and does the act or thing - no proceedings may be instituted against the person in respect of the prescribed offence;
(b) if, at the end of the period specified in the notice, the person has paid the prescribed penalty to the authority specified in the notice but has not done the act or thing - no proceedings may be instituted against the person in respect of the prescribed offence, but the obligation to do that act or thing continues, and section 150 applies in relation to the continued failure to do that act or thing as if, on the day on which the person so paid the prescribed penalty, the person had been convicted of an offence constituted by a failure to do that act or thing;
(c) if, at the end of the period specified in the notice, the person has not paid the prescribed penalty to the authority specified in the notice but has done the act or thing - proceedings may be instituted against the person in respect of the prescribed offence; or
(d) if, at the end of the period specified in the notice, the person has not paid the prescribed penalty to the authority specified in the notice and has not done the act or thing - the obligation to do that act or thing continues, and proceedings may be instituted against the person in respect of the prescribed offence.

(4) Where a notice under subsection (1) is served on a person in relation to a prescribed offence, not being an offence constituted by a failure to do a particular act or thing:
(a) if, within the period specified in the notice, the person pays the prescribed penalty to the authority specified in the notice - no proceedings may be instituted against the person in respect of the prescribed offence; or
(b) if, at the end of the period specified in the notice, the person has not paid the prescribed penalty to the authority specified in the notice - proceedings may be instituted against the person in respect of the prescribed offence.

(5) The payment of an amount by a person pursuant to a notice served on the person under this section in relation to a prescribed offence shall not be taken for any purpose to be an admission by that person of any liability in connection with the alleged commission of the prescribed offence.

(6) Except as provided by paragraphs (3) (a) and (b) and (4) (a), this section does not affect the operation of any provision of this Act, of the regulations, of the rules or of any other Act in relation to the institution of proceedings in respect of offences that are prescribed offences for the purposes of this section.

(7) In this section:
"authority" includes a person;
"prescribed offence" means an offence prescribed for the purposes of this section.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 150
Continuing offences

SECT

150. (1) Where:
(a) by or under a provision, an act is required to be done within a particular period or before a particular time;
(b) failure to do the act within that period or before that time constitutes an offence; and
(c) the act is not done within that period or before that time;
Penalty: then:
(d) the obligation to do the act continues, notwithstanding that that period has expired or that time has passed, and whether or not a person is convicted of a primary substantive offence in relation to failure to do the act, until the act is done; and
(e) subsections (3) and (4) apply.

(2) Where:
(a) by or under a provision, an act is required to be done but neither a period within which, nor a time before which, the act is to be done is specified;
(b) failure to do the act constitutes an offence; and
(c) a person is convicted of a primary substantive offence in relation to failure to do the act;
Penalty: then:
(d) the obligation to do the act continues, notwithstanding the conviction, until the act is done; and
(e) subsections (3) and (4) apply.

(3) Where:
(a) at a particular time, a person is first convicted of a substantive offence, or is convicted of a second or subsequent substantive offence, in relation to failure to do the act; and
(b) the failure to do the act continues after that time;
Penalty: the person is, in relation to failure to do the act, guilty of a further offence in respect of so much of the period throughout which the failure to do the act continues as elapses after that time and before the relevant day in relation to the further offence.

(4) Where:
(a) a body corporate is guilty of a primary substantive offence in relation to failure to do the act; and
(b) throughout a particular period (in this subsection referred to as the "relevant period"):
(i) the failure to do the act continues;
(ii) a person (in this subsection referred to as the "derivative
offender") is in any way, by act or omission, directly or
indirectly, knowingly concerned in or party to the failure to do the act; and
(iii) the derivative offender is an officer of the body corporate;
Penalty: then:
(c) in a case where either or both of the following events occurs or
occur:
(i) the body corporate is convicted, before or during the relevant
period, of the primary substantive offence;
(ii) the derivative offender is convicted, before or during the
relevant period, of a primary derivative offence in relation to failure to do the act;
Penalty: the derivative offender is, in relation to failure to do the act, guilty of an offence (in this paragraph referred to as the "relevant offence") in respect of so much (if any) of the relevant period as elapses:
(iii) after the conviction referred to in subparagraph (i) or (ii),
or after the earlier of the convictions referred to in subparagraphs (i) and (ii), as the case may be; and
(iv) before the relevant day in relation to the relevant offence;
and
(d) in a case where, at a particular time during the relevant period, the derivative offender is first convicted of a secondary derivative offence, or is convicted of a second or subsequent secondary derivative offence, in relation to failure to do the act - the derivative offender is, in relation to failure to do the act, guilty of a further offence in respect of so much of the relevant period as elapses after that time and before the relevant day in relation to the further offence.

(5) Notwithstanding subsection 148 (6), where a person is guilty, by virtue of subsection (3) or (4) of this section, of an offence in respect of the whole or a part of a particular period, the penalty applicable to the offence is a fine of the amount obtained by multiplying $50 by the number of days in that period, or in that part of that period, as the case may be.

(6) In this section:
"act" includes thing;
"primary derivative offence", in relation to failure to do an act, means an offence (other than an offence of which a person is guilty by virtue of this section) of which a person is guilty by virtue of being an officer of a body corporate who is in any way, by act or omission, directly or indirectly, knowingly concerned in or party to the commission by the body corporate of a primary substantive offence in relation to failure to do the act;
"primary substantive offence", in relation to failure to do an act, means an offence (other than an offence of which a person is guilty by virtue of this section) constituted by failure to do the act, or by failure to do the act within a particular period or before a particular time;
"provision" means a section, or a subsection of a section, of this Act;
"relevant day", in relation to an offence of which a person is guilty by virtue of this section, means:
(a) in a case where the information relating to the offence specifies a day in relation to the offence for the purposes of this section, being a day not later than the day on which the information is laid - the day the information so specifies; or
(b) in any other case - the day on which the information relating to the offence is laid;
"required" includes directed;
"secondary derivative offence", in relation to failure to do an act, means an offence or further offence of which a person is, in relation to failure to do the act, guilty by virtue of paragraph (4) (c) or (d);
"substantive offence", in relation to failure to do an act, means:
(a) a primary substantive offence in relation to failure to do the act; or
(b) a further offence of which a person is, in relation to failure to do the act, guilty by virtue of subsection (3).

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 151
Offences by bodies corporate

SECT

151. (1) Where a body corporate is guilty of an offence against this Act (other than an offence of which the body corporate is guilty by virtue of section 150):
(a) any officer of the body corporate (including a person who has subsequently ceased to be an officer of the body corporate) who was in any way, by act or omission, directly or indirectly, knowingly concerned in or party to the commission of the offence is guilty of an offence; and
(b) notwithstanding subsection 148 (6), the penalty applicable to an offence of which such an officer is guilty by virtue of paragraph (a) of this subsection is the penalty applicable to the offence of which the body corporate is guilty.

(2) For the purposes of this section, "officer", in relation to a body corporate includes:
(a) a director, secretary, executive officer or employee of the body corporate;
(b) a receiver, or a receiver and manager, of property of the body corporate;
(c) an official manager or a deputy official manager of the body corporate;
(d) a liquidator of the body corporate; and
(e) a trustee or other person administering a compromise or arrangement made between the body corporate and another person or persons.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 152
Certain persons to assist in prosecutions

SECT

152. (1) Where a prosecution in respect of an offence against this Act has been instituted, or the Commission is of the opinion that a prosecution in respect of an offence against this Act ought to be instituted, against a person (in this section referred to as the "defendant"), the Commission may:
(a) if the defendant is a natural person - require any person who is or was a partner, employee or agent of the defendant; or
(b) if the defendant is a body corporate - require any person who is or was an officer, employee or agent of the defendant;
to assist in the prosecution, and the person who is so required shall give all assistance in connection with the prosecution that that person is reasonably able to give.

(2) The Commission shall not make such a requirement as is mentioned in subsection (1) of a person who, in the opinion of the Commission, is or is likely to be a defendant in the proceedings or is or has been a duly qualified legal practitioner acting for such a person.

(3) If a person to whom paragraph (1) (a) or (b) relates fails to give assistance as required by subsection (1), the person is guilty of an offence and, without affecting any penalty to which the person may be liable for the offence, the Court may, on the application of the Commission, order the person to comply with the requirement within such time, and in such manner, as the Court orders.

(4) In this section, "agent", in relation to the defendant, includes a banker of the defendant and a person engaged as an auditor by the defendant, whether that person is an employee or an officer of the defendant or not.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 153
Reciprocity in relation to offences

SECT

153. If a person does or omits to do an act or thing in the Territory and the person would, if the person had done or had omitted to do that act or thing in a State or in another Territory, have been guilty of an offence against the provision of a law of that State or Territory that corresponds with a provision of this Act, the person is guilty of an offence against that provision of this Act.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 154
Offences committed partly in and partly out of the Territory

SECT

154. If a person does or omits to do an act or thing outside the Territory and the person, if the person had done or omitted to do that act or thing in the Territory, would, by reason of also having done or omitted to do an act or thing in the Territory, have been guilty of an offence against this Act, the person is guilty of that offence.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 155
Power of Court to prohibit payment or transfer of money, futures
contracts or other property

SECT

155. (1) Where:
(a) an investigation is being carried out under this Act in relation to any act or omission by a person, being an act or omission that constitutes or may constitute an offence against this Act;
(b) a prosecution has been instituted against a person for an offence against this Act; or
(c) a civil proceeding has been instituted against a person under this Act;
and the Court considers it necessary or desirable to do so for the purpose of protecting the interests of any persons to whom the person (in this section referred to as the "relevant person") referred to in paragraph (a), (b) or (c), as the case may be, is liable or may be or become liable to pay any moneys, whether in respect of a debt, or by way of damages or compensation or otherwise, or to account for any futures contracts or other property, the Court may, on application by the Commission, make any one or more of the following orders:
(d) an order prohibiting, either absolutely or subject to conditions, a person who is indebted to the relevant person or to any person associated with the relevant person from making a payment in total or partial discharge of the debt to, or to another person at the direction or request of, the person to whom the debt is owed;
(e) an order prohibiting, either absolutely or subject to conditions, a person holding money, or futures contracts or other property, on behalf of the relevant person or on behalf of any person associated with the relevant person from paying all or any of the money, or transferring, or otherwise parting with possession of, the futures contracts or other property, to, or to another person at the direction or request of, the person on whose behalf the money, or the futures contracts or other property, is or are held;
(f) an order prohibiting, either absolutely or subject to conditions, the taking or sending out of the Territory, or out of Australia, of money of the relevant person or of any person associated with the relevant person;
(g) an order prohibiting, either absolutely or subject to conditions, the taking, sending or transfer of futures contracts or other property of the relevant person or of any person who is associated with the relevant person from a place in the Territory to a place outside the Territory or from a place in Australia to a place outside Australia;
(h) an order appointing:
(i) where the relevant person is a natural person - a receiver or trustee,
having such powers as the Court orders, of property of that person; or
(ii) where the relevant person is a body corporate - a receiver or
receiver and manager, having such powers as the Court orders, of property of that person;
(j) where the relevant person is a natural person - an order requiring that person to deliver up to the Court his or her passport and such other documents as the Court thinks fit;
(k) where the relevant person is a natural person - an order prohibiting that person from leaving Australia without the consent of the Court.

(2) Where an application is made to the Court for an order under subsection (1), the Court may, if in the opinion of the Court it is desirable to do so, before considering the application, grant an interim order, being an order of the kind applied for that is expressed to have effect pending the determination of the application.

(3) Where the Commission makes an application to the Court for the making of an order under subsection (1), the Court shall not require the Commission or any other person, as a condition of granting an interim order under subsection (2), to give any undertaking as to damages.

(4) Where the Court has made an order under this section, the Court may, on application by the Commission or by any person affected by the order, make a further order rescinding or varying the first-mentioned order.

(5) An order made under subsection (1) or (4) may be expressed to operate for a period specified in the order or until the order is rescinded by a further order under subsection (1) or (4).

(6) A person shall not contravene an order by the Court under this section that is applicable to the person.
Penalty: $2,500 or imprisonment for 6 months, or both.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 156
Power of Commission to intervene in proceedings

SECT

156. (1) The Commission may intervene in any proceeding relating to a matter arising under this Act.

(2) Where the Commission intervenes in any proceeding referred to in subsection (1), the Commission shall be deemed to be a party to the proceeding and, subject to this Act, has all the rights, duties and liabilities of such a party.

(3) Without limiting the generality of subsection (2), the Commission may appear and be represented in any proceeding in which it wishes to intervene pursuant to subsection (1):
(a) by an employee of the Commission;
(b) by a natural person to whom, or by an officer or employee of a person to whom or to which, the Commission has delegated its functions and powers under this Act or such of those functions and powers as relate to a matter to which the proceeding relates; or
(c) by solicitor or counsel.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 157
Injunctions

SECT

157. (1) Where a person has engaged, is engaging or is proposing to engage in any conduct that constitutes or would constitute a contravention of this Act, the Court may, on the application of:
(a) the Commission; or
(b) any person whose interests have been, are or would be affected by the conduct;
grant an injunction restraining the first-mentioned person from engaging in the conduct and, if in the opinion of the Court it is desirable to do so, requiring that person to do any act or thing.

(2) Where a person has refused or failed, is refusing or failing, or is proposing to refuse or fail, to do an act or thing that the person is required by this Act to do, the Court may, on the application of:
(a) the Commission; or
(b) any person whose interests have been, are or would be affected by the refusal or failure to do that act or thing;
grant an injunction requiring the first-mentioned person to do that act or thing.

(3) Where an application is made to the Court for an injunction under subsection (1), the Court may, if in the opinion of the Court it is desirable to do so, before considering the application, grant an interim injunction restraining a person from engaging in conduct of the kind referred to in subsection (1) pending the determination of the application.

(4) The Court may rescind or vary an injunction granted under subsection (1), (2) or (3).

(5) Where an application is made to the Court for the grant of an injunction restraining a person from engaging in conduct of a particular kind, the power of the Court to grant the injunction may be exercised:
(a) if the Court is satisfied that the person has engaged in conduct of that kind - whether or not it appears to the Court that the person intends to engage again, or to continue to engage, in conduct of that kind; or
(b) if it appears to the Court that, in the event that an injunction is not granted, it is likely that the person will engage in conduct of that kind - whether or not the person has previously engaged in conduct of that kind and whether or not there is an imminent danger of substantial damage to any person if the first-mentioned person engages in conduct of that kind.

(6) Where an application is made to the Court for the grant of an injunction requiring a person to do a particular act or thing, the power of the Court to grant the injunction may be exercised:
(a) if the Court is satisfied that the person has refused or failed to do that act or thing - whether or not it appears to the Court that the person intends to refuse or fail again, or to continue to refuse or fail, to do that act or thing; or
(b) if it appears to the Court that, in the event that an injunction is not granted, it is likely that the person will refuse or fail to do that act or thing - whether or not the person has previously refused or failed to do that act or thing and whether or not there is an imminent danger of substantial damage to any person if the first-mentioned person refuses or fails to do that act or thing.

(7) Where the Commission makes an application to the Court for the grant of an injunction under this section, the Court shall not require the Commission or any other person, as a condition of granting an interim injunction, to give any undertaking as to damages.

(8) Where the Court has power under this section to grant an injunction restraining a person from engaging in particular conduct, or requiring a person to do a particular act or thing, the Court may, either in addition to or in substitution for the grant of the injunction, order that person to pay damages to any other person.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 158
Power of Court to punish for contempt of Court

SECT

158. Nothing in a provision of this Act that provides:
(a) that a person shall not contravene an order of the Court; or
(b) that a person who contravenes an order of the Court is guilty of an offence;
affects the powers of the Court in relation to the punishment of contempts of the Court.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 159
Rules of court

SECT

159. The power to make rules of court conferred by section 28 of the Australian Capital Territory Supreme Court Act 1933 extends to making rules of court, not inconsistent with this Act, with respect to proceedings, and the practice and procedure, of the Court under this Act and, in particular, with respect to costs of and incidental to any such proceedings.

FUTURES INDUSTRY ACT 1986 - SECT 160
Regulations

SECT

160. (1) The Governor-General may make regulations, not inconsistent with this Act, prescribing all matters required or permitted by this Act to be prescribed, or necessary or convenient to be prescribed for carrying out or giving effect to this Act, and, in particular, matters for or in relation to:
(a) the forms to be used for the purposes of this Act;
(b) the publication of advertisements offering the services of futures brokers or futures advisers or offering to deal in futures contracts and the form and content of those advertisements;
(c) the form of balance sheets and profit and loss accounts required by this Act to be prepared by futures brokers;
(d) the furnishing to the Commission of information in addition to, or in variation of, the information contained in a prescribed form lodged with it;
(e) the manner in which, the persons by whom, and the directions in accordance with which, the prescribed forms, or any of them, shall or may be signed, prepared or completed, and the regulation generally of the signing, preparation and completion of those forms or any of them;
(f) the times within which information required to be furnished to the Commission pursuant to this Act shall be so furnished;
(g) the manner in which:
(i) orders made under this Act may be served on persons affected
by the orders; and
(ii) documents that are required or permitted by this Act to be
served on a person may be so served;
(h) prohibiting, or regulating the manner and extent of, the offsetting by a futures broker of dealings in futures contracts (as between dealings on the broker's own account and dealings on behalf of a client or as between dealings on behalf of a client and dealings on behalf of another client) and, without limiting the generality of the foregoing, regulating the manner of, or requiring, the making of margin calls in respect of dealings in futures contracts effected by a futures broker; and
(j) prescribing penalties not exceeding $1,000 for offences against the regulations.

(2) The regulations:
(a) may prescribe offences against this Act (not being offences the penalties applicable to which include a term of imprisonment or a pecuniary penalty that exceeds $1,000), or offences against the regulations, for the purposes of section 149; and
(b) shall, in relation to each offence that is prescribed pursuant to this subsection:
(i) prescribe the particulars of that offence that are to be given
in a notice served on a person under section 149 in relation to the offence; and
(ii) prescribe the amount of the penalty (being an amount that
does not exceed half the amount of the penalty applicable to the offence) that is payable in respect of the offence pursuant to a notice served on a person under section 149 in relation to the offence.

(3) In subsection (2), a reference to a penalty applicable to an offence is a reference to the penalty that is applicable to that offence by virtue of any of the provisions of section 148 or 150.

(4) The particulars of an offence required to be prescribed by subparagraph (2) (b) (i) may be prescribed by being set out in the form prescribed for the purposes of section 149 in relation to the offence.

(5) The regulations may provide that, subject to any prescribed terms and conditions, the provisions of this Act or any of those provisions:
(a) do not have effect in relation to a specified person, or a person included in a specified class of persons:
(i) who is or may be a futures broker or futures adviser by
reason only of doing anything that is incidental to another business;
(ii) who does not deal in futures contracts on behalf of any
other person or;
(iii) who is a futures broker or futures adviser by reason only of
entering into a specified transaction or class of transactions;
(b) do not have effect in relation to the representative of a person of a kind referred to in paragraph (a);
(c) do not have effect in relation to a specified person, or a person included in a specified class of persons, who provides, or proposes to provide, clearing house facilities for a futures market of a futures exchange;
(d) have effect in relation to a person of a kind referred to in paragraph (a), (b) or (c) to such extent only as is prescribed;
(e) do not have effect in relation to a specified transaction or class of transactions; or
(f) do not have effect in relation to a specified transaction or class of transactions entered into by a specified person or class of persons;
and may provide that a breach or failure to comply with any such prescribed term or condition is an offence against the regulations.

(6) Except as otherwise expressly provided in this Act, the regulations may be of general or specially limited application or may differ according to differences in time, locality, place or circumstance.

(7) Regulations for the purposes of subsection 25 (12) may be made by reference to a scale of expenses for witnesses who attend before a court specified in the regulations, being a federal court or the Supreme Court of a State or Territory.

(8) The power of the Governor-General to make regulations shall be exercised only in accordance with advice that is consistent with resolutions of the Ministerial Council.

Note

*1* The Futures Industry Act 1986 as shown in this reprint comprises Act No. 72, 1986 amended as indicated in the Tables below.
Table of Acts
Act Date Date of Application
Number and of assent commencement saving or
year transitional
provisions
Futures Industry Act 1986
72, 1986 24 June 1986 1 July 1986 (see Gazette
1986, No. S306)
Co-operative Scheme Legislation Amendment Act 1989
92, 1989 27 June 1989 Ss. 63-75: 1 Nov 1989
(see Gazette 1989, No. S345)
(a) -
(a) The Futures Industry Act 1986 was amended by sections 63-75 only of the Co-operative Scheme Legislation Amendment Act 1989, subsection 2 (5) of which provides as follows:

"(5) Subject to subsection (6), the remaining provisions of this Act commence on a day or days to be fixed by Proclamation."
Table of Amendments
ad=added or inserted am=amended rep=repealed rs=repealed and substituted
Provision affected How affected
Heading to Part IA ad. No. 92, 1989
S. 3A ad. No. 92, 1989
S. 4 am. No. 92, 1989
Ss. 6A, 6B ad. No. 92, 1989
S. 7 am. No. 92, 1989
S. 10 rs. No. 92, 1989
Ss. 10A, 10B ad. No. 92, 1989
S. 11 rs. No. 92, 1989
S. 11A ad. No. 92, 1989
Heading to Part IV rs. No. 92, 1989
S. 60 rep. No. 92, 1989
Heading to Div. 1 of Part IV
ad. No. 92, 1989
S. 61 rs. No. 92, 1989
S. 62 rep. No. 92, 1989
S. 63 rs. No. 92, 1989
S. 64 rep. No. 92, 1989
Ss. 65, 66 rs. No. 92, 1989
Ss. 66A, 66B ad. No. 92, 1989
Ss. 67, 68 rep. No. 92, 1989
S. 69 rs. No. 92, 1989
Ss. 69A-69E ad. No. 92, 1989
Ss. 70, 71 rs. No. 92, 1989
S. 72 am. No. 92, 1989
Ss. 73, 74 rs. No. 92, 1989
S. 75 am. No. 92, 1989
S. 77 rep. No. 92, 1989
Div. 2 of Part IV (ss. 77A-77M)
ad. No. 92, 1989
Ss. 77A-77M ad. No. 92, 1989
S. 78 rep. No. 92, 1989
Div. 3 of Part IV (ss. 78A-78K)
ad. No. 92, 1989
Ss. 78A-78K ad. No. 92, 1989
S. 79 rep. No. 92, 1989
Div. 4 of Part IV (ss. 79A-79F)
ad. No. 92, 1989
Ss. 79A-79F ad. No. 92, 1989
S. 80 rep. No. 92, 1989
Div. 5 of Part IV (ss. 80A-80S)
ad. No. 92, 1989
Ss. 80A-80S ad. No. 92, 1989