Federal Register of Legislation - Australian Government

Primary content

A Bill for an Act to amend the law relating to financial services and markets, and for other purposes
For authoritative information on the progress of bills and on amendments proposed to them, please see the House of Representatives Votes and Proceedings, and the Journals of the Senate as available on the Parliament House website.
Introduced HR 05 Apr 2001

Financial Services Reform Bill 2001
First Reading

1998-1999-2000-2001

The Parliament of the

Commonwealth of Australia

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

Presented and read a first time

Financial Services Reform Bill 2001

No. , 2001

(Treasury)

A Bill for an Act to amend the law relating to financial services and markets, and for other purposes

ISBN: 0642 468281

Contents

Part 1--Main amendments 3

Corporations Act 2001 3

Part 2--Consequential amendments 445

Australian Securities and Investments Commission Act 2001 445

Corporations Act 2001 473

Corporations Act 2001 527

Part 1--Technical and other minor amendments 537

Australian Securities and Investments Commission Act 2001 537

Corporations Act 2001 537

Part 2--Telephone monitoring during takeovers 542

Corporations Act 2001 542

A Bill for an Act to amend the law relating to financial services and markets, and for other purposes

The Parliament of Australia enacts:

1 Short title This Act may be cited as the Financial Services Reform Act 2001.

2 Commencement (1) The following provisions:

(a) this section and section 1;

(b) Part 1 of Schedule 3;

commence:

(c) unless paragraph (d) applies--on the day on which this Act receives the Royal Assent; or

(d) if that day is the day on which the Corporations Act 2001 commences or an earlier day--immediately after the commencement of that Act.

(2) Subject to subsections (3) to (7), the remaining provisions of this Act commence on a day or days to be fixed by Proclamation.

(3) A day fixed by a Proclamation under subsection (2) cannot be a day before the day on which the Corporations Act 2001 commences.

(4) If a day fixed by a Proclamation under subsection (2) is the same day as the day on which the Corporations Act 2001 commences, the provisions of this Act to which that Proclamation applies are taken to commence immediately after the commencement of the Corporations Act 2001.

(5) The following provisions must commence on the same day:

(a) all the provisions of Schedule 1;

(b) all the provisions of Schedule 2.

(6) If a provision of this Act to which subsection (2) applies does not commence under that subsection within the period of 12 months beginning on the day on which the Corporations Act 2001 commences, it commences on the first day after the end of that period.

(7) Despite anything in subsections (2) to (6), the item in Part 2 of Schedule 1 that amends section 9 of the Corporations Act 2001 to insert a definition of offence based on does not commence if, at or before the time it would otherwise have commenced, item 1 of Schedule 1 to the Treasury Legislation Amendment (Application of Criminal Code) Act (No. 3) 2001 has commenced.

3 Schedule(s) Subject to section 2, each Act that is specified in a Schedule to this Act is amended or repealed as set out in the applicable items in the Schedule concerned, and any other item in a Schedule to this Act has effect according to its terms.

Schedule 1--Financial Services and Markets Part 1--Main amendments

Corporations Act 2001

1 Chapters 7 and 8


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Repeal the Chapters, substitute:

Chapter 7--Financial services and markets Part 7.1--Preliminary Division 1--Object of Chapter and outline of Chapter 760A Object of Chapter The main object of this Chapter is to promote:

(a) confident and informed decision making by consumers of financial products and services while facilitating efficiency, flexibility and innovation in the provision of those products and services; and

(b) fairness, honesty and professionalism by those who provide financial services; and

(c) fair, orderly and transparent markets for financial products; and

(d) the reduction of systemic risk and the provision of fair and effective services by clearing and settlement facilities.

760B Outline of Chapter An outline of this Chapter is set out in the table below.

Part-by-Part outline of Chapter 7


Part...

Covers...

1

7.1

definitions of key concepts and of commonly occurring expressions

2

7.2

licensing of financial markets

other matters relating to financial markets

3

7.3

licensing of clearing and settlement facilities

other matters relating to clearing and settlement facilities

4

7.4

limitation on ownership of certain licensees

individuals who are disqualified from being involved in certain licensees

5

7.5

compensation regimes for financial markets

6

7.6

licensing of providers of financial services

other related matters (e.g. restrictions on use of terminology; agreements with unlicensed persons relating to provision of financial services)

7

7.7

disclosure requirements for financial services licensees and their authorised representatives

disclosure requirements for certain people who are not required to be licensed

8

7.8

other conduct requirements for financial services licensees (e.g. dealing with client money and property; financial records, statements and audit)

special provisions relating to insurance

9

7.9

financial product disclosure requirements

other requirements relating to issue and sale of financial products

10

7.10

market misconduct and other prohibited conduct relating to financial products and services

11

7.11

title to, and transfer of, certain securities and other financial products

12

7.12

qualified privilege in certain situations

other miscellaneous matters


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Division 2--Definitions 761A Definitions In this Chapter:

able to be traded, in relation to a market, includes (but is not limited to) admitted to quotation on the market.

acquire, in relation to a financial product, has a meaning affected by section 761E.

arrangement means, subject to section 761B, a contract, agreement, understanding, scheme or other arrangement (as existing from time to time):

(a) whether formal or informal, or partly formal and partly informal; and

(b) whether written or oral, or partly written and partly oral; and

(c) whether or not enforceable, or intended to be enforceable, by legal proceedings and whether or not based on legal or equitable rights.

Australian CS facility licence means a licence under section 824B that authorises a person to operate a clearing and settlement facility.

Australian financial services licence means a licence under section 913B that authorises a person who carries on a financial services business to provide financial services.

Australian market licence means a licence under section 795B that authorises a person to operate a financial market.

authorised representative of a financial services licensee means a person authorised in accordance with section 916A or 916B to provide a financial service or financial services on behalf of the licensee.

basic deposit product means a deposit product that is a facility in relation to which the following conditions are satisfied:

(a) the terms applicable to the facility (the governing terms) do not permit the amount from time to time standing to the credit of the facility to be reduced otherwise than in consequence of one or more of the following:

(i) a withdrawal, transfer or debit on the instruction of, or by authority of, the depositor, not being on account of entry fees, exit fees or charges for the management of the funds (but this does not exclude charges for the maintenance of the facility itself);

(ii) a payment of charges or duties on deposits into, or withdrawals from, the facility that are payable under a law of the Commonwealth or of a State or Territory;

(iii) a payment that a law of the Commonwealth, or of a State or Territory, requires to be made out of the facility;

(iv) a payment that an order of a court requires to be made out of the facility;

(v) the exercise of a right to combine accounts;

(vi) the correction of an error;

(vii) any other circumstances specified in regulations made for the purposes of this subparagraph; and

(b) any return to be generated for the depositor on the amount from time to time standing to the credit of the facility is an amount that is set out in, or that is calculated by reference to a rate or rates that are set out in, the governing terms; and

(c) either:

(i) there is no minimum period before which funds cannot be withdrawn or transferred from the facility without a reduction in the return generated for the depositor; or

(ii) if there is such a period, it expires on or before the end of the period of 2 years starting on the day on which funds were first deposited in the facility; and

(d) funds are able to be withdrawn or transferred from the facility on the instruction of, or by authority of, the depositor (whether or not a withdrawal or transfer will attract a reduction in the return generated for the depositor as mentioned in subparagraph (c)(i)); and

(e) any other conditions specified in regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph.

binder means an authorisation given to a person by a financial services licensee who is an insurer to do either or both of the following:

(a) enter into contracts that are risk insurance products on behalf of the insurer as insurer; or

(b) deal with and settle, on behalf of the insurer, claims relating to risk insurance products against the insurer as insurer;

but does not include an authorisation of a kind referred to in paragraph (a) that is limited to effecting contracts of insurance by way of interim cover unless there is also in existence an authority given by the insurer to the person to enter into, on behalf of the insurer and otherwise than by way of interim cover, contracts of insurance.

body regulated by APRA has the meaning given by subsection 3(2) of the Australian Prudential Regulation Authority Act 1998.

carried on in this jurisdiction, in relation to a financial

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services business, has a meaning affected by section 911D.

certificate cancellation provisions, in relation to a prescribed CS facility, means the provisions of the facility's operating rules that deal with:

(a) the cancellation of documents of title to financial products transferred through the facility; and

(b) matters incidental to the cancellation of those documents.

clearing and settlement facility has the meaning given by Division 6.

CS facility licensee means a person who holds an Australian CS facility licence.

custodial or depository service that a person provides has the meaning given by section 766E.

dealing in a financial product has the meaning given by section 766C (and deal has a corresponding meaning).

declared professional body means a body, or the part of a body, in relation to which a declaration under subsection 918B(1) is in force.

deposit product means a financial product described in paragraph 764A(1)(i).

derivative has the meaning given by section 761D.

dispose, in relation to a financial product, includes terminate or close out the legal relationship that constitutes the financial product.

disqualified individual means an individual who is disqualified within the meaning given by section 853A.

financial market has the meaning given by Division 5.

financial product has the meaning given by Division 3.

Note: References in this Chapter to financial products have effect subject to particular express exclusions for particular purposes--see e.g. sections 1010A and 1074A.

financial product advice has the meaning given by subsection 766B(1).

financial service has the meaning given by Division 4.

financial services business means a business of providing financial services.

Note: The meaning of carry on a financial services business is affected by section 761C.

Financial Services Guide means a Financial Services Guide required by section 941A or 941B to be given in accordance with Division 2 of Part 7.7.

financial services licensee means a person who holds an Australian financial services licence.

foreign exchange contract means a contract:

(a) to buy or sell currency (whether Australian or not); or

(b) to exchange one currency (whether Australian or not) for another (whether Australian or not).

funeral benefit means a benefit that consists of:

(a) the provision of funeral, burial or cremation services, with or without the supply of goods connected with such services; or

(b) the payment of money, on the death of a person, for the purpose of meeting the whole or a part of the expenses of and incidental to the funeral, burial or cremation of the person.

general advice has the meaning given by subsection 766B(4).

general insurance product means a financial product described in paragraph 764A(1)(d).

insurance product means a financial product described in paragraph 764A(1)(d), (e) or (f).

investment life insurance product means a financial product described in paragraph 764A(1)(f).

involved in a market licensee or CS facility licensee, or in an applicant for such a licence, has the meaning given by section 853B.

issue, in relation to a financial product, has a meaning affected by section 761E.

issuer, in relation to a financial product, has a meaning affected by section 761E.

licensed CS facility means a clearing and settlement facility the operation of which is authorised by an Australian CS facility licence.

licensed market means a financial market the operation of which is authorised by an Australian market licence.

life risk insurance product means a financial product described in paragraph 764A(1)(e).

listing rules of a financial market, or proposed financial market, means any rules (however described) that are made by the operator of the market, or contained in the operator's constitution, and that deal with:

(a) admitting entities to, or removing entities from, the market's official list, whether for the purpose of enabling financial products of those entities to be traded on the market or for other purposes; or

(b) the activities or conduct of entities that are included on that list.

lodge with ASIC, when used in a provision of this Chapter in relation to which regulations made for the purposes of this definition state that the lodgment is to be in a prescribed form, means lodge with ASIC in a

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prescribed form.

Note: See section 350 for the meaning of lodge in a prescribed form.

makes a market for a financial product has the meaning given by section 766D.

managed investment product means a financial product described in paragraph 764A(1)(b) or (l).

market licensee means a person who holds an Australian market licence.

operated in this jurisdiction:

(a) in relation to a financial market, has a meaning affected by section 791D; and

(b) in relation to a clearing and settlement facility, has a meaning affected by section 820D.

operating rules:

(a) of a clearing and settlement facility, or proposed clearing and settlement facility, means any rules (however described) made by the operator of the facility, or contained in the operator's constitution, that deal with:

(i) the activities or conduct of the facility; or

(ii) the activities or conduct of persons in relation to the facility;

but does not include any such rules that deal with matters in respect of which licensed CS facilities must have written procedures under regulations made for the purposes of subsection 822A(2); or

(b) of a financial market, or proposed financial market, means any rules (however described), including the market's listing rules (if any), that are made by the operator of the market, or contained in the operator's constitution, and that deal with:

(i) the activities or conduct of the market; or

(ii) the activities or conduct of persons in relation to the market;

but does not include:

(iii) any such rules that deal with matters in respect of which licensed markets must have written procedures under regulations made for the purposes of subsection 793A(2); or

(iv) compensation rules within the meaning of Part 7.5.

participant means:

(a) in relation to a clearing and settlement facility--a person who is allowed to directly participate in the facility under the facility's operating rules; and

(b) in relation to a financial market--a person who is allowed to directly participate in the market under the market's operating rules.

person has a meaning affected by section 761F (which deals with partnerships).

personal advice has the meaning given by subsection 766B(3).

prescribed CS facility means a licensed CS facility that is prescribed by regulations made for the purposes of this definition.

Product Disclosure Statement means a Product Disclosure Statement:

(a) required by section 1012A, 1012B, 1012C or 1012I to be given in accordance with Division 2 of Part 7.9; or

(b) that section 1012H requires an issuer of a financial product to take reasonable steps to ensure is given to a new group member in accordance with Division 2 of Part 7.9.

provide, in relation to a financial product, has a meaning affected by section 761E.

retail client has the meaning given by section 761G.

risk insurance product means a financial product described in paragraph 764A(1)(d) or (e).

RSA product means a financial product described in paragraph 764A(1)(h).

security means:

(a) a share in a body; or

(b) a debenture of a body; or

(c) a legal or equitable right or interest in a security covered by paragraph (a) or (b); or

(d) an option to acquire, by way of issue, a security covered by paragraph (a), (b) or (c);

but does not include an excluded security. In Part 7.11, it also includes a managed investment product.

Statement of Advice means a Statement of Advice required by section 946A to be given in accordance with Subdivisions C and D of Division 3 of Part 7.7.

superannuation product means a financial product described in paragraph 764A(1)(g).

Supplementary Financial Services Guide has the meaning given by section 943A.

Supplementary Product Disclosure Statement has the meaning given by section 1014A.

title document, for a financial product, means a certificate or other document evidencing ownership of the financial product.

wholesale client has the meaning given by section 761G.

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761B Meaning of arrangement--2 or more arrangements that together form a derivative or other financial product If:

(a) an arrangement, when considered by itself, does not constitute a derivative, or some other kind of financial product; and

(b) that arrangement, and one or more other arrangements, if they had instead been a single arrangement, would have constituted a derivative or other financial product; and

(c) it is reasonable to assume that the parties to the arrangements regard them as constituting a single scheme;

the arrangements are, for the purposes of this Part, to be treated as if they together constituted a single arrangement.

761C Meaning of carry on a financial services business In working out whether someone carries on a financial services business, Division 3 of Part 1.2 needs to be taken into account. However, paragraph 21(3)(e) does not apply for the purposes of this Chapter.

761D Meaning of derivative (1) For the purposes of this Chapter, subject to subsections (2), (3) and (4), a derivative is an arrangement in relation to which the following conditions are satisfied:

(a) under the arrangement, a party to the arrangement must, or may be required to, provide at some future time consideration of a particular kind or kinds to someone; and

(b) that future time is not less than the number of days, prescribed by regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph, after the day on which the arrangement is entered into; and

(c) the amount of the consideration, or the value of the arrangement, is ultimately determined, derived from or varies by reference to (wholly or in part) the value or amount of something else (of any nature whatsoever and whether or not deliverable), including, for example, one or more of the following:

(i) an asset;

(ii) a rate (including an interest rate or exchange rate);

(iii) an index;

(iv) a commodity.

(2) Without limiting subsection (1), anything declared by the regulations to be a derivative for the purposes of this section is a derivative for the purposes of this Chapter. A thing so declared is a derivative despite anything in subsections (3) and (4).

(3) Subject to subsection (2), the following are not derivatives for the purposes of this Chapter even if they are covered by the definition in subsection (1):

(a) an arrangement in relation to which subparagraphs (i), (ii) and (iii) are satisfied:

(i) a party has, or may have, an obligation to buy, and another party has, or may have, an obligation to sell, tangible property (other than Australian or foreign currency) at a price and on a date in the future; and

(ii) the arrangement does not permit the seller's obligations to be wholly settled by cash, or by set-off between the parties, rather than by delivery of the property; and

(iii) neither usual market practice, nor the rules of a licensed market or a licensed CS facility, permits the seller's obligations to be closed out by the matching up of the arrangement with another arrangement of the same kind under which the seller has offsetting obligations to buy;

but only to the extent that the arrangement deals with that purchase and sale;

(b) a contract for the future provision of services;

(c) anything that is covered by a paragraph of subsection 764A(1), other than paragraph (c) of that subsection;

(d) anything declared by the regulations not to be a derivative for the purposes of this Chapter.

(4) Subject to subsection (2), an arrangement under which one party has an obligation to buy, and the other has an obligation to sell, property is not a derivative for the purposes of this Chapter merely because the arrangement provides for the consideration to be varied by reference to a general inflation index such as the Consumer Price Index.

761E Meaning of issued, issuer, acquire and provide in relation to financial products General

(1) This section defines when a financial product is issued to a person. It also defines who the issuer of a financial product is. If a financial product is issued to a person:

(a) the person acquires the product from the issuer; and

(b) the issuer provides the product to the person.


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Note: Some financial products can also be acquired from, or provided by, someone other than the issuer (e.g. on secondary trading in financial products).

Issuing a financial product

(2) Subject to this section, a financial product is issued to a person when it is first issued, granted or otherwise made available to a person.

(3) Subject to this section, a financial product specified in the table is issued to a person when the event specified for that product occurs:

When particular financial products are issued

Item

Financial product

Event

1

superannuation product

the person becomes a member of the fund concerned

2

RSA product

the account concerned is opened in the person's name

3

derivative

the person enters into the legal relationship that constitutes the financial product

Issuer of a financial product

(4) Subject to this section, the issuer, in relation to a financial product issued to a person (the client), is the person responsible for the obligations owed, under the terms of the facility that is the product:

(a) to, or to a person nominated by, the client; or

(b) if the product has been transferred from the client to another person and is now held by that person or another person to whom it has subsequently been transferred--to, or to a person nominated by, that person or that other person.

Note: For example, the issuer of a direct debit facility is the financial institution with which the account to be debited is held, rather than the persons to whom payments can be made using the facility.

(5) Subject to subsection (7), each person who is a party to a financial product that:

(a) is a derivative; and

(b) is not entered into, or acquired, on a financial market;

is taken to be an issuer of the product.

Note 1: Under paragraph (1)(a), each person who is a party to the derivative will also acquire the financial product at the time of its issue as specified in subsection (3).

Note 2: Although each party to the derivative is an issuer, whether any particular party has disclosure or other obligations under this Chapter will depend on the circumstances (e.g. whether the issue occurs in the course of a business of issuing financial products and whether any of the other parties is a retail client).

(6) Subject to subsection (7), the issuer of a financial product that:

(a) is a derivative; and

(b) is entered into, or acquired, on a financial market;


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is taken to be:

(c) if the product is entered into, or acquired, on the market through an arrangement made by a financial services licensee acting on behalf of another person--the financial services licensee; or

(d) if the product is entered into, or acquired, on the market through an arrangement made by an authorised representative of a financial services licensee acting on behalf of another person (not being the licensee)--the financial services licensee; or

(e) if neither paragraph (c) nor (d) applies--the market operator.

(7) The regulations may make provision determining all or any of the following for the purposes of this Chapter:

(a) the meaning of issue (and/or related parts of speech, including issuer) in relation to a class of financial products;

(b) the meaning of acquire (and/or related parts of speech) in relation to a class of financial products;

(c) the meaning of provide (and/or related parts of speech) in relation to a class of financial products.

Regulations made for the purposes of this subsection have effect despite anything else in this section.

761F Meaning of person--generally includes a partnership (1) This Chapter applies to a partnership as if the partnership were a person, but it applies with the following changes:

(a) obligations that would be imposed on the partnership are imposed instead on each partner, but may be discharged by any of the partners;

(b) any contravention of a provision of this Chapter, or a provision of this Act that relates to a requirement in a provision of this Chapter, that would otherwise be a contravention by the partnership is taken (whether for the purposes of criminal or civil liability) to have been a contravention by each partner who:

(i) aided, abetted, counselled or procured the relevant act or omission; or

(ii) was in any way knowingly concerned in, or party to, the relevant act or omission (whether directly or indirectly and whether by any act or omission of the partner).

(2) For the purposes of this Chapter, a change in the composition of a partnership does not affect the continuity of the partnership.

(3) Subsections (1) and (2) have effect subject to:

(a) an express or implied contrary intention in a provision or provisions of this Chapter; and

(b) the regulations, which may exclude or modify the effect of those subsections in relation to specified provisions.

761G Meaning of retail client and wholesale client Providing a financial product or financial service to a person as a retail client

(1) For the purposes of this Chapter, a financial product or a financial service is provided to a person as a retail client unless subsection (5) or (7) provides otherwise.

Note: The references in this section to providing a financial product to a person are not to be taken to imply that the provision of a financial product is not also the provision of a financial service (see the meaning of dealing in section 766C).

Acquiring a financial product or financial service as a retail client

(2) For the purposes of this Chapter, a person to whom a financial product or financial service is provided as a retail client is taken to acquire the product or service as a retail client.

Disposing of a financial product as a retail client

(3) If a financial product is provided to a person as a retail client, any subsequent disposal of all or part of that product by the person is, for the purposes of this Chapter, a disposal by the person as a retail client.

Wholesale clients

(4) For the purposes of this Chapter, a financial product or a financial service is provided to, or acquired by, a person as a wholesale client if it is not provided to, or acquired by, the person as a retail client.

General insurance products

(5) For the purposes of this Chapter, if a financial product is, or a financial service provided to a person relates to, a general insurance product, the product or service is provided to the person as a retail client if:

(a) either:

(i) the person is an individual; or

(ii) the insurance product is or would be for use in connection with a small business (see subsection (12)); and

(b) the general insurance product is:

(i) a motor vehicle insurance product (as defined in the regulations); or

(ii) a home building insurance product (as defined in the regulations); or

(iii) a home contents insurance product (as defined in the regulations); or

(iv) a sickness and accident insurance product (as defined in the

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regulations); or

(v) a consumer credit insurance product (as defined in the regulations); or

(vi) a travel insurance product (as defined in the regulations); or

(vii) a personal and domestic property insurance product (as defined in the regulations); or

(viii) a kind of general insurance product prescribed by regulations made for the purposes of this subparagraph.

In any other cases, the provision to a person of a financial product that is, or a financial service that relates to, a general insurance product does not constitute the provision of a financial product or financial service to the person as a retail client.

Superannuation products and RSA products are always retail

(6) For the purposes of this Chapter, if a financial product is, or a financial service provided to a person relates to, a superannuation product or an RSA product, the product or service is provided to the person as a retail client (regardless of the circumstances in which it is provided, and regardless of the provider's and the person's circumstances).

Other kinds of financial product

(7) For the purposes of this Chapter, if a financial product is not, or a financial service provided to a person does not relate to, a general insurance product, a superannuation product or an RSA product, the product or service is provided to the person as a retail client unless one or more of the following paragraphs apply:

(a) the price for the provision of the financial product, or the value of the financial product to which the financial service relates, equals or exceeds the amount specified in regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph as being applicable in the circumstances (but see also subsection (10)); or

(b) the financial product, or the financial service, is provided for use in connection with a business that is not a small business (see subsection (12));

(c) the financial product, or the financial service, is not provided for use in connection with a business, and the person who acquires the product or service gives the provider of the product or service, before the provision of the product or service, a copy of a certificate given within the preceding 6 months by a qualified accountant (as defined in section 9) that states that the person:

(i) has net assets of at least $2.5 million; or

(ii) has a gross income for each of the last 2 financial years of at least $250,000 a year;

(d) the person is a professional investor.

Offence proceedings--defendant bears evidential burden in relation to matters referred to in paragraphs (7)(a) to (d)

(8) In a prosecution for an offence based on a provision of this Chapter, a defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in paragraphs (7)(a) to (d) as if those matters were exceptions for the purposes of subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.

Other proceedings relating to subsection (7) products--presumption in non-criminal proceedings of retail client unless contrary established

(9) If:

(a) it is alleged in a proceeding under this Chapter (not being a prosecution for an offence), or in any other proceeding (not being a prosecution for an offence) in respect of a matter arising under this Chapter, that a particular financial product or financial service was provided to a person as a retail client; and

(b) the product or the service is one to which subsection (7) applies;

it is presumed that the product or service was provided to the person as a retail client unless the contrary is established.

Note 1: There is no such presumption in relation to the provision of a product or service that is or relates to a general insurance product. The matter is to be resolved as set out in subsection (5).

Note 2: The provision of a product or service that is or relates to a superannuation product or an RSA product will always be a provision to a person as a retail client--see subsection (6).

Note 3: In criminal proceedings, a defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in paragraphs (7)(a) to (d) (see subsection (8)).

Regulations and paragraph (7)(a)

(10) In addition to specifying an amount or amounts for the purposes of paragraph (7)(a), the regulations may do either or both of the following:

(a) deal with how a price or value referred to in that paragraph is to be calculated, either generally or in relation to a specified class of financial products;

(b) modify the way in which that paragraph applies in particular circumstances.

What happens if a package of general insurance products and other kinds of financial products is provided?

(11) If:

(a) either:

(i) in a single transaction, 2 or more financial products are provided to a

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person; or

(ii) a single financial service provided to a person relates to 2 or more financial products; and

(b) one or more, but not all, of the financial products are general insurance products;

subsection (5) applies to the transaction or service so far as it relates to the general insurance products, and subsection (6) or (7), as the case requires, applies to the transaction or service so far as it relates to other financial products.

Definition

(12) In this section:

small business means a business employing less than:

(a) if the business is or includes the manufacture of goods--100 people; or

(b) otherwise--20 people.

761H References to this Chapter include references to regulations made for the purposes of this Chapter A reference in a provision of this Chapter to this Chapter, or to a particular provision or group of provisions of this Chapter, includes (unless a contrary intention appears) a reference to regulations made for the purposes of this Chapter, or for the purposes of that provision or any of those provisions, as the case requires.

Division 3--What is a financial product? Subdivision A--Preliminary 762A Overview of approach to defining what a financial product is General definition

(1) Subdivision B sets out a general definition of financial product. Subject to subsections (2) and (3), a facility is a financial product if it falls within that definition.

Specific inclusions

(2) Subdivision C identifies, or provides for the identification of, kinds of facilities that, subject to subsection (3), are financial products (whether or not they are within the general definition).

Overriding exclusions

(3) Subdivision D identifies, or provides for the identification of, kinds of facilities that are not financial products. These facilities are not financial products:

(a) even if they are within the general definition; and

(b) even if they are within a class of facilities identified as mentioned in subsection (2).

762B What if a financial product is part of a broader facility? If a financial product is a component of a facility that also has other components, this Chapter, in applying to the financial product, only applies in relation to the facility to the extent it consists of the component that is the financial product.

Note: So, e.g., Part 7.9 does not require disclosures to be made in relation to those other components.

762C Meaning of facility In this Division:

facility includes:

(a) intangible property; or

(b) an arrangement or a term of an arrangement (including a term that is implied by law or that is required by law to be included); or

(c) a combination of intangible property and an arrangement or term of an arrangement.

Note: 2 or more arrangements may be taken to constitute a single arrangement--see section 761B.

Subdivision B--The general definition 763A General definition of financial product (1) For the purposes of this Chapter, a financial product is a facility through which, or through the acquisition of which, a person does one or more of the following:

(a) makes a financial investment (see section 763B);

(b) manages financial risk (see section 763C);

(c) makes non-cash payments (see section 763D).


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This has effect subject to section 763E.

(2) For the purposes of this Chapter, a particular facility that is of a kind through which people commonly make financial investments, manage financial risks or make non-cash payments is a financial product even if that facility is acquired by a particular person for some other purpose.

(3) A facility does not cease to be a financial product merely because:

(a) the facility has been acquired by a person other than the person to whom it was originally issued; and

(b) that person, in acquiring the product, was not making a financial investment or managing a financial risk.

763B When a person makes a financial investment For the purposes of this Chapter, a person (the investor) makes a financial investment if:

(a) the investor gives money or money's worth (the contribution) to another person and any of the following apply:

(i) the other person uses the contribution to generate a financial return, or other benefit, for the investor;

(ii) the investor intends that the other person will use the contribution to generate a financial return, or other benefit, for the investor (even if no return or benefit is in fact generated);

(iii) the other person intends that the contribution will be used to generate a financial return, or other benefit, for the investor (even if no return or benefit is in fact generated); and

(b) the investor has no day-to-day control over the use of the contribution to generate the return or benefit.

Note 1: Examples of actions that constitute making a financial investment under this subsection are:

(a) a person paying money to a company for the issue to the person of shares in the company (the company uses the money to generate dividends for the person and the person, as a shareholder, does not have control over the day-to-day affairs of the company); or

(b) a person contributing money to acquire interests in a registered scheme from the responsible entity of the scheme (the scheme uses the money to generate financial or other benefits for the person and the person, as a member of the scheme, does not have day-to-day control over the operation of the scheme).

Note 2: Examples of actions that do not constitute making a financial investment under this subsection are:

(a) a person purchasing real property or bullion (while the property or bullion may generate a return for the person, it is not a return generated by the use of the purchase money by another person); or

(b) a person giving money to a financial services licensee who is to use it to purchase shares for the person (while the purchase of the shares will be a financial investment made by the person, the mere act of giving the money to the licensee will not of itself constitute making a financial investment).

763C When a person manages financial risk For the purposes of this Chapter, a person manages financial risk if they:

(a) manage the financial consequences to them of particular circumstances happening; or

(b) avoid or limit the financial consequences of fluctuations in, or in the value of, receipts or costs (including prices and interest rates).

Note 1: Examples of actions that constitute managing a financial risk are:

(a) taking out insurance; or

(b) hedging a liability by acquiring a futures contract or entering into a currency swap.

Note 2: An example of an action that does not constitute managing a financial risk is employing a security firm (while that is a way of managing the risk that thefts will happen, it is not a way of managing the financial consequences if thefts do occur).

763D When a person makes non-cash payments (1) For the purposes of this Chapter, a person makes non-cash payments if they make payments, or cause payments to be made, otherwise than by the physical delivery of Australian or foreign currency in the form of notes and/or coins.

Note: Examples of actions that constitute making non-cash payments are:

(a) making payments by means of a facility for direct debit of a deposit account; or

(b) making payments by means of a facility for the use of cheques; or

(c) making payments by means of a purchased payment facility within the meaning of the Payment Systems (Regulation) Act 1998, such as a smart card; or

(d) making payments by means of traveller's cheques (whether denominated in Australian or foreign currency).


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(2) For the purposes of this Chapter, the following are not making non-cash payments, even if they might otherwise be covered by subsection (1):

(a) making payments by means of a facility in relation to which one of the following applies:

(i) there is only one person to whom payments can be made by means of the facility;

(ii) the facility is, or is of a kind, specified in the regulations as being a facility that is not to be covered by this section because of restrictions relating to the number of people to whom payments can be made by means of the facility, or relating to the number of persons who can use the facility to make payments;

(b) making payments by means of:

(i) a letter of credit from a financial institution; or

(ii) a cheque drawn by a financial institution on itself; or

(iii) a guarantee given by a financial institution.

763E What if a financial product is only incidental? (1) If:

(a) something (the incidental product) that, but for this section, would be a financial product because of this Subdivision is:

(i) an incidental component of a facility that also has other components; or

(ii) a facility that is incidental to one or more other facilities; and

(b) it is reasonable to assume that the main purpose of:

(i) if subparagraph (a)(i) applies--the facility referred to in that subparagraph, when considered as a whole; or

(ii) if subparagraph (a)(ii) applies--the incidental product, and the other facilities referred to in that subparagraph, when considered as a whole;

is not a financial product purpose;

the incidental product is not a financial product because of this Subdivision (however, it may be still be a financial product because of Subdivision C).

(2) In this section:

financial product purpose means a purpose of:

(a) making a financial investment; or

(b) managing financial risk; or

(c) making non-cash payments.

Subdivision C--Specific inclusions 764A Specific things that are financial products (subject to Subdivision D) (1) Subject to Subdivision D, the following are financial products for the purposes of this Chapter:

(a) a security;

(b) any of the following in relation to a registered scheme:

(i) an interest in the scheme;

(ii) a legal or equitable right or interest in an interest covered by subparagraph (i);

(iii) an option to acquire, by way of issue, an interest or right covered by subparagraph (i) or (ii);

(c) a derivative;

(d) a contract of insurance that is not a life policy, or a sinking fund policy, within the meaning of the Life Insurance Act 1995, but not including such a contract of insurance:

(i) to the extent that it provides for a benefit to be provided by an association of employees that is an organisation within the meaning of the Workplace Relations Act 1996 for a member of the organisation or a dependant of a member; or

(ii) to the extent that it provides for benefits, pensions or payments described in paragraph 11(3)(c) of the Life Insurance Act 1995; or

(iii) to the extent that it provides for the provision of a funeral benefit; or

(iv) issued by an employer to an employee of the employer;

(e) a life policy, or a sinking fund policy, within the meaning of the Life Insurance Act 1995, that is a contract of insurance, but not including such a policy:

(i) to the extent that it provides for a benefit to be provided by an association of employees that is an organisation within the meaning of the Workplace Relations Act 1996 for a member of the organisation or a dependant of a member; or

(ii) to the extent that it provides for benefits, pensions or payments described in paragraph 11(3)(c) of the Life Insurance Act 1995; or

(iii) to the extent that it provides for the provision of a funeral benefit; or

(iv) issued by an employer to an employee of the employer;

(f) a life policy, or a sinking fund policy, within the meaning of the Life Insurance Act 1995, that is not a contract of insurance, but not including

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such a policy:

(i) to the extent that it provides for a benefit to be provided by an association of employees that is an organisation within the meaning of the Workplace Relations Act 1996 for a member of the organisation or a dependant of a member; or

(ii) to the extent that it provides for benefits, pensions or payments described in paragraph 11(3)(c) of the Life Insurance Act 1995; or

(iii) to the extent that it provides for the provision of a funeral benefit; or

(iv) issued by an employer to an employee of the employer;

(g) a superannuation interest within the meaning of the Superannuation Industry (Supervision) Act 1993;

(h) an RSA (retirement savings account) within the meaning of the Retirement Savings Accounts Act 1997;

(i) any deposit-taking facility made available by an ADI (within the meaning of the Banking Act 1959) in the course of its banking business (within the meaning of that Act), other than an RSA (RSAs are covered by paragraph (h));

(j) a debenture, stock or bond issued or proposed to be issued by a government;

(k) a foreign exchange contract that is not:

(i) a derivative (derivatives are covered by paragraph (c)); or

(ii) a contract to exchange one currency (whether Australian or not) for another (the second currency) that is to be settled immediately by the physical delivery of notes and/or coins in the second currency;

(l) any of the following:

(i) an interest in a managed investment scheme operated outside this jurisdiction that section 601ED would require to be registered if it was operated in this jurisdiction;

(ii) a legal or equitable right or interest in an interest covered by subparagraph (i);

(iii) an option to acquire, by way of issue, an interest or right covered by subparagraph (i) or (ii);

(m) anything declared by the regulations to be a financial product for the purposes of this section.

Note: Even though something is expressly excluded from one of these paragraphs, it may still be a financial product (subject to Subdivision D) either because:

(a) it is covered by another of these paragraphs; or

(b) it is covered by the general definition in Subdivision B.

(2) For the purpose of paragraphs (1)(d), (e) and (f), contract of insurance includes:

(a) a contract that would ordinarily be regarded as a contract of insurance even if some of its provisions are not by way of insurance; and

(b) a contract that includes provisions of insurance in so far as those provisions are concerned, even if the contract would not ordinarily be regarded as a contract of insurance.

Subdivision D--Specific exclusions 765A Specific things that are not financial products (1) Despite anything in Subdivision B or Subdivision C, the following are not financial products for the purposes of this Chapter:

(a) an excluded security;

(b) an undertaking by a body corporate to pay money to a related body corporate;

(c) health insurance provided as part of a health insurance business (as defined in subsection 67(4) of the National Health Act 1953);

(d) insurance provided by the Commonwealth;

(e) State insurance or Northern Territory insurance, including insurance entered into by:

(i) a State or the Northern Territory; and

(ii) some other insurer;

as joint insurers;

(f) insurance entered into by the Export Finance and Insurance Corporation, other than a short-term insurance contract within the meaning of the Export Finance and Insurance Corporation Act 1991;

(g) reinsurance;

(h) any of the following:

(i) a credit facility within the meaning of the regulations;

(ii) a facility for making non-cash payments (see section 763D), if payments made using the facility will all be debited to a credit facility covered by subparagraph (i);

(i) a facility:

(i) that is an approved RTGS system within the meaning of the Payment Systems and Netting Act 1998; or

(ii) for the transmission and reconciliation of non-cash payments (see section 763D), and the establishment of final positions, for settlement

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through an approved RTGS system within the meaning of the Payment Systems and Netting Act 1998;

(j) a facility that is a designated payment system for the purposes of the Payment Systems (Regulation) Act 1998;

(k) a facility for the exchange and settlement of non-cash payments (see section 763D) between providers of non-cash payment facilities;

(l) a facility that is:

(i) a financial market; or

(ii) a clearing and settlement facility; or

(iii) a payment system operated as part of a clearing and settlement facility;

(m) a contract to exchange one currency (whether Australian or not) for another (the second currency) that is to be settled immediately by the physical delivery of notes and/or coins in the second currency;

(n) so much of an arrangement as is not a derivative because of paragraph 761D(3)(a);

(o) an arrangement that is not a derivative because of paragraph 761D(3)(b);

(p) an arrangement that is not a derivative because of subsection 761D(4);

(q) an interest in a superannuation fund of a kind prescribed by regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph;

(r) any of the following:

(i) an interest in something that is not a managed investment scheme because of paragraph (c), (e), (f), (k), (l) or (m) of the definition of managed investment scheme in section 9;

(ii) a legal or equitable right or interest in an interest covered by subparagraph (i);

(iii) an option to acquire, by way of issue, an interest or right covered by subparagraph (i) or (ii);

(s) any of the following:

(i) an interest in a managed investment scheme operated outside this jurisdiction that section 601ED would not require to be registered if it was operated in this jurisdiction;

(ii) a legal or equitable right or interest in an interest covered by subparagraph (i);

(iii) an option to acquire, by way of issue, an interest or right covered by subparagraph (i) or (ii);

(t) a deposit-taking facility that is, or is used for, State banking;

(u) a benefit provided by an association of employees that is an organisation within the meaning of the Workplace Relations Act 1996 for a member of the organisation or a dependant of a member;

(v) either of the following:

(i) a contract of insurance; or

(ii) a life policy or a sinking fund policy, within the meaning of the Life Insurance Act 1995, that is not a contract of insurance;

issued by an employer to an employee of the employer;

(w) a funeral benefit;

(x) equipment or infrastructure by which something else that is a financial product is provided;

(y) a facility, interest or other thing declared by regulations made for the purposes of this subsection not to be a financial product;

(z) a facility, interest or other thing declared by ASIC under subsection (2) not to be a financial product.

(2) ASIC may declare that a specified facility, interest or other thing is not a financial product for the purposes of this Chapter. The declaration must be in writing and ASIC must publish notice of it in the Gazette.

Division 4--When does a person provide a financial service? 766A When does a person provide a financial service? (1) For the purposes of this Chapter, subject to paragraph (2)(b), a person provides a financial service if they:

(a) provide financial product advice (see section 766B); or

(b) deal in a financial product (see section 766C); or

(c) make a market for a financial product (see section 766D); or

(d) operate a registered scheme; or

(e) provide a custodial or depository service (see section 766E); or

(f) engage in conduct of a kind prescribed by regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph.

(2) The regulations may set out:

(a) the circumstances in which persons facilitating the provision of a financial service (for example, by publishing information) are taken also to provide that service; or

(b) the circumstances in which persons are taken to provide, or are taken not to provide, a financial service.

(3) To avoid doubt, a person's conduct is not the provision of a financial service if it is done in the course of work of a kind ordinarily done by clerks or cashiers.

(4) For the purposes of this section, a person is not operating a

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registered scheme
merely because:

(a) they are acting as an agent or employee of another person; or

(b) they are taking steps to wind up the scheme.

766B Meaning of financial product advice (1) For the purposes of this Chapter, financial product advice means a recommendation or a statement of opinion, or a report of either of those things, that:

(a) is intended to influence a person or persons in making a decision in relation to a particular financial product or class of financial products, or an interest in a particular financial product or class of financial products; or

(b) could reasonably be regarded as being intended to have such an influence;

but does not include anything in an exempt document.

(2) There are 2 types of financial product advice: personal advice and general advice.

(3) For the purposes of this Chapter, personal advice is financial product advice that is given or directed to a person (including by electronic means) in circumstances where:

(a) the provider of the advice has considered the objectives, financial situation and needs of the person; or

(b) a reasonable person might expect the provider to have considered those matters.

(4) For the purposes of this Chapter, general advice is financial product advice that is not personal advice.

(5) Advice given by a lawyer in his or her professional capacity about matters of law, legal interpretation or the application of the law to any facts is not financial product advice.

(6) In this section:

exempt document means:

(a) a document prepared in accordance with requirements of this Chapter, other than:

(i) a Statement of Advice; or

(ii) a document of a kind prescribed by regulations made for the purposes of this subparagraph; or

(b) any other document of a kind prescribed by regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph.

766C Meaning of dealing (1) For the purposes of this Chapter, the following conduct constitutes dealing in a financial product:

(a) applying for or acquiring a financial product;

(b) issuing a financial product;

(c) in relation to securities or managed investment interests--underwriting the securities or interests;

(d) varying a financial product;

(e) disposing of a financial product.

(2) Arranging for a person to engage in conduct referred to in subsection (1) is also dealing in a financial product, unless the actions concerned amount to providing financial product advice.

(3) A person is taken not to deal in a financial product if the person deals in the product on their own behalf, unless:

(a) the person is an issuer of financial products; and

(b) the dealing is in relation to one or more of those products.

(4) Also, a transaction entered into by a person who is, or who encompasses or constitutes in whole or in part, any of the following entities:

(a) a government or local government authority;

(b) a public authority or instrumentality or agency of the Crown;

(c) a body corporate or an unincorporated body;

is taken not to be dealing in a financial product by that person if the transaction relates only to:

(d) securities of that entity; or

(e) if the entity is a government--debentures, stocks or bonds issued or proposed to be issued by that government.

(5) Paragraph (4)(c) does not apply if the entity:

(a) carries on a business of investment in securities, interests in land or other investments; and

(b) in the course of carrying on that business, invests funds subscribed, whether directly or indirectly, after an offer or invitation to the public (within the meaning of section 82) made on terms that the funds subscribed would be invested.

(6) A transaction entered into by a sub-underwriter of an issue of securities that relates only to the sub-underwriting is taken not to be dealing in a financial product.

(7) The regulations may prescribe conduct that is taken not to be dealing in a financial product.

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766D Meaning of makes a market for a financial product For the purposes of this Chapter, a person makes a market for a financial product if:

(a) either through a facility, at a place or otherwise, the person regularly states the prices at which they propose to acquire or dispose of financial products on their own behalf; and

(b) other persons have a reasonable expectation that they will be able to regularly effect transactions at the stated prices; and

(c) the actions of the person do not, or would not if they happened through a facility or at a place, constitute operating a financial market because of the effect of paragraph 767A(2)(a).

766E Meaning of provide a custodial or depository service (1) For the purposes of this Chapter, a person provides a custodial or depository service if:

(a) under an arrangement with a person (the client), they have possession or control of assets of the client in connection with the person providing a financial product to the client; and

(b) they carry out one or more of the following functions:

(i) settling a transaction relating to the assets;

(ii) collecting or distributing dividends or other pecuniary benefits derived from the assets;

(iii) paying tax or other costs associated with the assets;

(iv) exercising rights (for example, voting rights) attached to or derived from the assets;

(v) any other function necessary or incidental to the safeguard or administration of the assets.

(2) A person also provides a custodial or depository service if:

(a) they agree, or undertake, to provide a custodial or depository service as mentioned in subsection (1); or

(b) they arrange for someone else to provide a client with a custodial or depository service as mentioned in subsection (1).

(3) However, the following conduct does not constitute providing a custodial or depository service:

(a) the operation of a clearing and settlement facility;

(b) the operation of a registered scheme;

(c) the operation of a regulated superannuation fund, an approved deposit fund or a pooled superannuation trust (within the meaning of the Superannuation Industry (Supervision) Act 1993);

(d) the provision of services to a related body corporate;

(e) any other conduct of a kind prescribed by regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph.

Division 5--What is a financial market? 767A What is a financial market? (1) For the purposes of this Chapter, a financial market is a facility through which:

(a) offers to acquire or dispose of financial products are regularly made or accepted; or

(b) offers or invitations are regularly made to acquire or dispose of financial products that are intended to result or may reasonably be expected to result, directly or indirectly, in:

(i) the making of offers to acquire or dispose of financial products; or

(ii) the acceptance of such offers.

(2) However, the following conduct does not constitute operating a financial market for the purposes of this Chapter:

(a) a person making or accepting offers or invitations to acquire or dispose of financial products on the person's own behalf, or on behalf of one party to the transaction only, unless the regulations specify circumstances in which such conduct does constitute operating a financial market and the person's conduct occurs in circumstances so specified;

(b) conducting treasury operations between related bodies corporate;

(c) conducting an auction of forfeited shares;

(d) any other conduct of a kind prescribed by regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph.

Division 6--What is a clearing and settlement facility? 768A What is a clearing and settlement facility? (1) For the purposes of this Chapter, a clearing and settlement facility is a facility that provides a regular mechanism for the

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parties to transactions relating to financial products to meet obligations to each other that:

(a) arise from entering into the transactions; and

(b) are of a kind prescribed by regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph.

Example 1: A facility that provides a regular mechanism for stockbrokers to pay for the shares they buy and to be paid for the shares they sell, and for records of those transactions to be processed to facilitate registration of the new ownership of the shares, would be a clearing and settlement facility (assuming that the relevant obligations are of a kind prescribed by regulations made for the purposes of this section).

Example 2: A facility that provides a regular mechanism for registering trade in derivatives on a futures market and that enables the calculation of payments that market participants owe by way of margins would also be a clearing and settlement facility (assuming that the relevant obligations are of a kind prescribed by regulations made for the purposes of this section).

(2) However, the following conduct does not constitute operating a clearing and settlement facility for the purposes of this Chapter:

(a) an ADI (within the meaning of the Banking Act 1959) acting in the ordinary course of its banking business;

(b) a person acting on their own behalf, or on behalf of one party to a transaction only;

(c) a person who provides financial services to another person dealing with the other person's accounts in the ordinary course of the first person's business activities;

(d) the actions of a participant in a clearing and settlement facility who has taken on the delivery or payment obligations, in relation to a particular financial product, of another person who is a party to a transaction relating to a financial product;

(e) conducting treasury operations between related bodies corporate;

(f) operating a facility:

(i) that is an approved RTGS system within the meaning of the Payment Systems and Netting Act 1998; or

(ii) for the transmission and reconciliation of non-cash payments (see section 763D), and the establishment of final positions, for settlement through an approved RTGS system within the meaning of the Payment Systems and Netting Act 1998;

(g) operating a facility that is a designated payment system for the purposes of the Payment Systems (Regulation) Act 1998;

(h) operating a facility for the exchange and settlement of non-cash payments (see section 763D) between providers of non-cash payment facilities;

(i) any other conduct of a kind prescribed by regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph.

Division 7--General provisions relating to civil and criminal liability 769A Application of Criminal Code to offences The Criminal Code (except Part 2.5) applies to all offences based on the provisions of this Chapter.

Note 1: Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code sets out the general principles of criminal responsibility.

Note 2: For the meaning of offence based on a provision, see the definition in section 9.

769B People are generally responsible for the conduct of their agents, employees etc. (1) Subject to subsections (7) and (8), conduct engaged in on behalf of a body corporate:

(a) by a director, employee or agent of the body, within the scope of the person's actual or apparent authority; or

(b) by any other person at the direction or with the consent or agreement (whether express or implied) of a director, employee or agent of the body, where the giving of the direction, consent or agreement is within the scope of the actual or apparent authority of the director, employee or agent;

is taken, for the purposes of a provision of this Chapter, or a proceeding under this Chapter, to have been engaged in also by the body corporate.

(2) Conduct engaged in by a person (for example, the giving of money or property) in relation to:

(a) a director, employee or agent of a body corporate, acting within the scope of their actual or apparent authority; or

(b) any other person acting at the direction or with the consent or agreement (whether express or implied) of a director, employee or agent of a body corporate, where the giving of the direction, consent or agreement is within the scope of the actual or apparent authority of the director, employee or agent;

is taken, for the purposes of a provision of this Chapter, or a proceeding under this Chapter, to have been engaged in also in relation to the body

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corporate.

(3) If, in a proceeding under this Chapter in respect of conduct engaged in by a body corporate, it is necessary to establish the state of mind of the body, it is sufficient to show that a director, employee or agent of the body, being a director, employee or agent by whom the conduct was engaged in within the scope of the person's actual or apparent authority, had that state of mind. For this purpose, a person acting as mentioned in paragraph (1)(b) is taken to be an agent of the body corporate concerned.

(4) Subject to subsections (7) and (8), conduct engaged in on behalf of a person other than a body corporate:

(a) by an employee or agent of the person, acting within the scope of the actual or apparent authority of the employee or agent; or

(b) by any other person acting at the direction or with the consent or agreement (whether express or implied) of an employee or agent of the first-mentioned person, where the giving of the direction, consent or agreement is within the scope of the actual or apparent authority of the employee or agent;

is taken, for the purposes of a provision of this Chapter, or of a proceeding under this Chapter, to have been engaged in also by the first-mentioned person.

(5) Conduct engaged in by a person (for example, the giving of money or property) in relation to:

(a) an employee or agent of a person (the principal) other than a body corporate, acting within the scope of their actual or apparent authority; or

(b) any other person acting at the direction or with the consent or agreement (whether express or implied) of an employee or agent of a person (the principal) other than a body corporate, where the giving of the direction, consent or agreement is within the scope of the actual or apparent authority of the employee or agent;

is taken, for the purposes of a provision of this Chapter, or of a proceeding under this Chapter, to have been engaged in also in relation to the principal.

(6) If, in a proceeding under this Chapter in respect of conduct engaged in by a person other than a body corporate, it is necessary to establish the state of mind of the person, it is sufficient to show that an employee or agent of the person, being an employee or agent by whom the conduct was engaged in within the scope of the employee's or agent's actual or apparent authority, had that state of mind. For this purpose, a person acting as mentioned in paragraph (4)(b) is taken to be an agent of the person first referred to in subsection (4).

(7) Nothing in this section, or in any other law (including the common law), has the effect that, for the purposes of a provision of Part 7.7, or a proceeding under this Chapter that relates to a provision of Part 7.7, a financial service provided by person in their capacity as an authorised representative of a financial services licensee is taken, or taken also, to have been provided by that financial services licensee.

(8) Nothing in this section, or in any other law (including the common law), has the effect that, for the purposes of a provision of Division 2 of Part 7.9, or a proceeding under this Chapter that relates to a provision of Division 2 of Part 7.9, conduct engaged in by a person in their capacity as a regulated person (within the meaning of section 1011B) is taken, or taken also, to have been engaged in by another such regulated person.

(9) The regulations may provide that this section, or a particular provision of this section, has effect for specified purposes subject to modifications specified in the regulations. The regulations have effect accordingly.

(10) In this section:

(a) a reference to a proceeding under this Chapter includes a reference to:

(i) a prosecution for an offence based on a provision of this Chapter; and

(ii) a proceeding under a provision of Part 9.4B that relates to a provision of this Chapter; and

(iii) any other proceeding under any other provision of Chapter 9 that relates to a provision of this Chapter; and

(b) a reference to conduct is a reference to an act, an omission to perform an act, or a state of affairs; and

(c) a reference to the state of mind of a person includes a reference to the knowledge, intention, opinion, belief or purpose of the person and the person's reasons for the person's intention, opinion, belief or purpose.

Note: For the meaning of offence based on a provision, see the definition in section 9.

769C Representations about future matters taken to be misleading if made without reasonable grounds (1) For the purposes of this Chapter, or of a proceeding under this Chapter, if:

(a) a person makes a representation with respect to any future matter (including the doing of, or refusing to do, any act); and


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(b) the person does not have reasonable grounds for making the representation;

the representation is taken to be misleading.

(2) Subsection (1) does not limit the circumstances in which a representation may be misleading.

(3) In this section:

proceeding under this Chapter has the same meaning as it has in section 769B.

Part 7.2--Licensing of financial markets Division 1--Preliminary 790A Definition In this Part:

clearing and settlement arrangements, for transactions effected through a financial market, means arrangements with the operator of a clearing and settlement facility for the operator to provide the facility's services for those transactions. It does not matter whether the facility is operated by the market licensee or someone else.

Division 2--Requirement to be licensed 791A Need for a licence (1) A person must only operate, or hold out that the person operates, a financial market in this jurisdiction if:

(a) the person has an Australian market licence that authorises the person to operate the market in this jurisdiction; or

(b) the market is exempt from the operation of this Part.

Note 1: A market licensee may also provide financial services incidental to the operation of the market: see paragraph 911A(2)(d).

Note 2: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(2) For the purposes of an offence based on subsection (1), strict liability applies to paragraph (1)(b).

Note: For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

791B Other prohibitions on holding out A person must not hold out:

(a) that the person has an Australian market licence; or

(b) that the operation of a financial market by the person in this jurisdiction is authorised by an Australian market licence; or

(c) that a financial market is exempt from the operation of this Part; or

(d) that the person is a participant in a licensed market;

if that is not the case.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

791C Exemptions (1) The Minister may, by publishing a notice in the Gazette, exempt from the operation of this Part a particular financial market or type of financial market.

(2) The Minister may, at any time, by publishing a notice in the Gazette:

(a) impose conditions, or additional conditions, on an exemption; or

(b) vary or revoke the conditions on an exemption; or

(c) revoke an exemption.

(3) However, the Minister may only take action under subsection (2) after:

(a) giving notice, and an opportunity to make submissions on the proposed action, to the operator of each financial market known by the Minister to be covered by the exemption; and

(b) if the exemption covers a type of financial market--causing a notice to be published in a newspaper or newspapers circulating generally in each State and internal Territory allowing a reasonable time within which the operator of each financial market covered by the exemption may make submissions on the proposed action.

This subsection does not apply to the Minister imposing conditions when an exemption is made.

791D When a market is taken to be operated in this jurisdiction

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(1) For the purposes of this Chapter, a financial market is taken to be operated in this jurisdiction if it is operated by a body corporate that is registered under Chapter 2A.

(2) Subsection (1) does not limit the circumstances in which a financial market is operated in this jurisdiction for the purposes of this Chapter.

Division 3--Regulation of market licensees Subdivision A--Licensee's obligations 792A General obligations A market licensee must:

(a) do all things necessary to ensure that the market operates in a way that promotes the objectives of fairness, orderliness and transparency, to the extent that it is reasonably practicable to do so (and in particular to the extent that those objectives are consistent with one another); and

(b) comply with the conditions on the licence; and

(c) have adequate arrangements (whether they involve a self-regulatory structure or the appointment of an independent person or related entity) for supervising the market, including arrangements for:

(i) handling conflicts between the commercial interests of the licensee and the need for the licensee to ensure that the market operates in the way mentioned in paragraph (a); and

(ii) monitoring the conduct of participants in the market; and

(iii) enforcing compliance with the market's operating rules; and

(d) have sufficient resources (including financial, technological and human resources) to operate the market properly and for the required supervisory arrangements to be provided; and

(e) if section 881A requires there to be compensation arrangements in relation to the market that are approved in accordance with Division 3 of Part 7.5--ensure that there are such approved compensation arrangements in relation to the market; and

(f) if the licensee is a foreign body corporate--be registered under Division 2 of Part 5B.2; and

(g) if the licence was granted under subsection 795B(2) (overseas markets)--both:

(i) remain authorised to operate a financial market in the foreign country in which the licensee's principal place of business is located; and

(ii) get the Minister's approval under section 792H before that principal place of business becomes located in any other foreign country; and

(h) if the licensee, or a holding company of the licensee, is a widely held market body (within the meaning of Division 1 of Part 7.4)--take all reasonable steps to ensure that an unacceptable control situation (within the meaning of that Division) does not exist in relation to the body; and

(i) take all reasonable steps to ensure that no disqualified individual becomes, or remains, involved in the licensee (see Division 2 of Part 7.4).

792B Obligation to notify ASIC of certain matters (1) A market licensee must give written notice to ASIC, as soon as practicable, if it becomes aware that it may no longer be able to meet, or has breached, an obligation under section 792A. If ASIC considers it appropriate to do so, ASIC may give the Minister advice about the matter.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(2) A market licensee must give written notice to ASIC, as soon as practicable, as required by the following paragraphs:

(a) if the licensee provides a new class of financial service incidental to the operation of the market, the licensee must give notice that includes details of the new class;

(b) if the licensee takes any kind of disciplinary action against a participant in the market, the licensee must give notice that includes:

(i) the participant's name; and

(ii) the reason for and nature of the action taken;

(c) if the licensee has reason to suspect that a person has committed, is committing, or is about to commit a significant contravention of the market's operating rules or this Act, the licensee must give notice that includes:

(i) the person's name; and

(ii) details of the contravention or impending contravention; and

(iii) the licensee's reasons for that belief.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(3) If a market licensee becomes aware of:

(a) a matter that the licensee considers has adversely affected, is adversely affecting, or may adversely affect the ability of a participant in the market,

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who is a financial services licensee, to meet the participant's obligations as a financial services licensee; or

(b) a matter, concerning a participant in the market who is a financial services licensee, that is of a kind prescribed by regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph;

the market licensee must give a written report to ASIC on the matter and send a copy of it to the participant.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(4) A market licensee whose licence was granted under subsection 795B(2) (overseas markets) must, as soon as practicable, give written notice to ASIC if:

(a) the licensee ceases to be authorised to operate a financial market in the foreign country in which the licensee's principal place of business is located; or

(b) there is a significant change to the regulatory regime applying in relation to the market in the foreign country in which the licensee's principal place of business is located.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(5) As soon as practicable after:

(a) a person becomes or ceases to be a director, secretary or executive officer of a market licensee or of a holding company of a market licensee (including when a person changes from one of those positions to another); or

(b) a market licensee becomes aware that an individual has come to have, or has ceased to have, more than 15% of the voting power in the licensee or in a holding company of the licensee;

the licensee must give written notice of this to ASIC. The notice must include such other information about the matter as is prescribed by regulations made for the purposes of this subsection.

Note 1: To the extent that the licensee is required to give the notice and information under any other provision of this Act, the licensee may comply with this subsection by doing so. It need not provide the same information twice.

Note 2: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

792C Giving ASIC information about a listed disclosing entity (1) If a market licensee makes information about a listed disclosing entity available to participants in the market (whether or not the licensee also makes the information available to anyone else), the licensee must give ASIC the same information as soon as practicable.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(2) However, the licensee is not required to give ASIC any information of a kind that is excluded by the regulations.

(3) ASIC may require the information to be given in a particular form.

792D Obligation to assist ASIC (1) A market licensee must give such assistance to ASIC, or a person authorised by ASIC, as ASIC or the authorised person reasonably requests in relation to the performance of ASIC's functions.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(2) Such assistance may include showing ASIC the licensee's books or giving ASIC other information.

792E Obligation to give ASIC access to market facilities A market licensee must give a person authorised by ASIC such reasonable access to the market's facilities as the person requests for any of the purposes of this Chapter.

Note: Failure to comply with this section is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

792F Annual report (1) A market licensee must, within 3 months after the end of its financial year, give ASIC an annual report on the extent to which the licensee complied with its obligations as a market licensee under this Chapter.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(2) The licensee must ensure that the annual report is accompanied by any information and statements prescribed by regulations made for the purposes of this subsection.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(3) The licensee must also ensure that the annual report is accompanied by any audit report that the Minister requires under subsection (4).

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection

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1311(1)).

(4) The Minister may, by giving written notice to a market licensee, require the licensee to obtain an audit report on the annual report and on any information or statements accompanying it. The Minister must nominate to prepare the audit report:

(a) ASIC; or

(b) a specified person or body that is suitably qualified.

(5) ASIC must give the annual report and accompanying material to the Minister.

792G Advice to participants if no clearing and settlement arrangements (1) A market licensee that does not have clearing and settlement arrangements for transactions effected through the market must advise a person in writing, before the person becomes a participant in the market, that:

(a) the licensee does not have those arrangements; and

(b) it is the responsibility of the parties to those transactions to make their own arrangements for clearing and settlement.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(2) Within a reasonable time before a market licensee ceases to have clearing and settlement arrangements for transactions effected through the market, the licensee must advise participants in the market in writing that:

(a) the licensee will no longer have those arrangements; and

(b) it will be the responsibility of the parties to those transactions to make their own arrangements for clearing and settlement.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

792H Change of country by foreign licensee (1) In the case of a licence granted under subsection 795B(2), the Minister may approve the location of the licensee's principal place of business in a new country only if:

(a) the new country is not Australia; and

(b) the operation of the market in that country will be subject to requirements and supervision that are sufficiently equivalent, in relation to the degree of investor protection and market integrity they achieve, to the requirements and supervision to which financial markets are subject under this Act in relation to those matters.

(2) If, in relation to a licence granted under subsection 795B(2), the licensee's principal place of business changes to become a place in Australia:

(a) the licence ceases to be in force from the time of the change; and

(b) if the licensee wishes the market to continue to be licensed, the licensee may apply for the grant of a new licence under subsection 795B(1); and

(c) the application must be assessed in accordance with Subdivision A of Division 4, subject to such modifications (if any) of that Subdivision as are set out in regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph.

(3) An application referred to in paragraph (2)(b) may be made in advance of the change of location of the principal place of business, and a decision on the application may be made before that time. However, any licence granted pursuant to the application does not come into force until the change occurs.

792I Making information about compensation arrangements publicly available A market licensee must take reasonable steps to ensure that information about the compensation arrangements that are in place under Part 7.5 is available to the public free of charge.

Note: Failure to comply with this section is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

Subdivision B--The market's operating rules and procedures 793A Content of the operating rules and procedures (1) The operating rules of a licensed market must deal with the matters prescribed by regulations made for the purposes of this subsection.

(2) The regulations may also prescribe matters in respect of which a licensed market must have written procedures.

(3) However, subsections (1) and (2) do not apply if the licensee is also authorised to operate the market in the foreign country in which its principal place of business is located and the licence was granted under subsection 795B(2) (overseas markets).

(4) In a subsection (3) case, ASIC may determine, by giving written notice to the licensee, matters in respect of which the licensed market must have written procedures.

793B Legal effect of operating rules The operating rules (other than listing rules) of a licensed market have

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effect as a contract under seal:

(a) between the licensee and each participant in the market; and

(b) between a participant and each other participant;

under which each of those persons agrees to observe the operating rules to the extent that they apply to the person and to engage in conduct that the person is required by the operating rules to engage in.

793C Enforcement of operating rules (1) If a person who is under an obligation to comply with or enforce any of a licensed market's operating rules fails to meet that obligation, an application to the Court may be made by:

(a) ASIC; or

(b) the licensee; or

(c) the operator of a clearing and settlement facility with which the licensee has clearing and settlement arrangements; or

(d) a person aggrieved by the failure.

(2) After giving an opportunity to be heard to the applicant and the person against whom the order is sought, the Court may make an order giving directions to:

(a) the person against whom the order is sought; or

(b) if that person is a body corporate--the directors of the body corporate;

about compliance with, or enforcement of, the operating rules.

(3) For the purposes of this section, a body corporate that is, with its acquiescence, included in the official list of a licensed market, or an associate of such a body corporate, is taken to be under an obligation to comply with the operating rules of that market to the extent to which those rules purport to apply to the body corporate or associate.

(4) For the purposes of this section, if a disclosing entity that is an undertaking to which interests in a registered scheme relate is, with the responsible entity's acquiescence, included in the official list of a licensed market, the responsible entity, or an associate of the responsible entity, is taken to be under an obligation to comply with the operating rules of that market to the extent to which those rules purport to apply to the responsible entity or associate.

(5) For the purposes of this section, if a body corporate fails to comply with or enforce provisions of the operating rules of a licensed market, a person who holds financial products of the body corporate that are able to be traded on the market is taken to be a person aggrieved by the failure.

(6) There may be other circumstances in which a person may be aggrieved by a failure for the purposes of this section.

793D Changing the operating rules Licensed markets other than subsection 795B(2) markets

(1) As soon as practicable after a change is made to the operating rules of a licensed market, other than a market licensed under subsection 795B(2) (overseas markets), the licensee must lodge with ASIC written notice of the change. The notice must:

(a) set out the text of the change; and

(b) specify the date on which the change was made; and

(c) contain an explanation of the purpose of the change.

(2) If no notice is lodged as required by subsection (1) with ASIC within 21 days after the change is made, the change ceases to have effect at the end of that period.

Subsection 795B(2) markets

(3) As soon as practicable after a change is made to the operating rules of a market the operation of which is licensed under subsection 795B(2) (overseas markets), the licensee must lodge with ASIC written notice of the change. The notice must:

(a) set out the text of the change; and

(b) specify the date on which the change was made; and

(c) contain an explanation of the purpose of the change.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

793E Disallowance of changes to operating rules (1) This section does not apply in respect of an Australian market licence granted under subsection 795B(2) (overseas markets).

(2) As soon as practicable after receiving a notice under section 793D from a market licensee, ASIC must send a copy of the notice to the Minister.

(3) Within 28 days after ASIC receives the notice from the licensee, the Minister may disallow all or a specified part of the change to the operating rules.

(4) In deciding whether to do so, the Minister must have regard to the consistency of the change with the licensee's obligations under this Part (including in particular the obligation mentioned in paragraph 792A(a)).

Note: The Minister must also have regard to the matters in section 798A.


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(5) As soon as practicable after all or a part of a change is disallowed, ASIC must give notice of the disallowance to the licensee. The change ceases to have effect, to the extent of the disallowance, when the licensee receives the notice.

Subdivision C--Powers of the Minister and ASIC 794A Minister's power to give directions (1) If the Minister considers that a market licensee is not complying with its obligations as a market licensee under this Chapter, the Minister may give the licensee a written direction to do specified things that the Minister believes will promote compliance by the licensee with those obligations.

(2) The licensee must comply with the direction.

(3) If the licensee fails to comply with the direction, ASIC may apply to the Court for, and the Court may make, an order that the licensee comply with the direction.

(4) The Minister may vary or revoke a direction at any time by giving written notice to the licensee.

794B Minister's power to require special report (1) The Minister may give a market licensee a written notice requiring the licensee to give ASIC a special report on specified matters. ASIC must give the report to the Minister.

(2) The notice may also require the licensee to give ASIC an audit report on the special report. The Minister must nominate to prepare the audit report:

(a) ASIC; or

(b) a specified person or body that is suitably qualified.

(3) The licensee must give the special report, and audit report (if any), to ASIC within the time required by the notice.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

794C ASIC to assess licensee's compliance (1) ASIC may do an assessment of how well a market licensee is complying with any or all of its obligations as a market licensee under this Chapter. In doing the assessment, ASIC may take account of any information and reports that it thinks appropriate, including information and reports from an overseas regulatory authority.

(2) In respect of the obligation in paragraph 792A(c), ASIC must do such an assessment at least once a year for each market licensee.

(3) As soon as practicable after doing an assessment under this section, ASIC must give a written report on the assessment to the licensee and to the Minister.

(4) If an assessment, or part of an assessment, relates to any other person's affairs to a material extent, ASIC may, at the person's request or of its own motion, give the person a copy of the written report on the assessment or the relevant part of the report.

(5) If an assessment, or part of an assessment, relates to a serious contravention of a law of the Commonwealth or of a State or Territory, ASIC may give a copy of the written report on the assessment, or the relevant part of the report, to:

(a) the Australian Federal Police; or

(b) the National Crime Authority; or

(c) the Director of Public Prosecutions; or

(d) an agency prescribed by regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph.

(6) Either the Minister or ASIC may cause the written report on an assessment, or part of the report on an assessment, to be printed and published.

794D ASIC's power to give directions (1) If ASIC is of the opinion that it is necessary, or in the public interest, to protect people dealing in a financial product or class of financial products by:

(a) giving a direction to a market licensee to suspend dealings in the financial product or class of financial products; or

(b) giving some other direction in relation to those dealings;

ASIC may give written advice to the licensee of that opinion and the reasons for it.

Example: Under paragraph (b), ASIC could give a direction to limit the kinds of dealings that are allowed in the financial product or class of financial products or to require a participant in the market to act in a specified manner in relation to dealings in the financial product or class of financial products.

(2) If, after receiving ASIC's advice and reasons, the licensee does not take:

(a) in the case of a proposed direction to suspend dealings in the financial

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products--action to prevent such dealings; or

(b) in any other case--such other action as in ASIC's view is adequate to address the situation raised in the advice;

and ASIC still considers that it is appropriate to give the direction to the licensee, ASIC may give the licensee the written direction with a statement setting out its reasons for making the direction.

(3) The direction has effect for the period specified in it (which may be up to 21 days). During that period, the licensee must comply with the direction and must not allow any dealings to take place contrary to it.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(4) If the licensee fails to comply with the direction, ASIC may apply to the Court for, and the Court may make, an order that the licensee comply with the direction.

(5) As soon as practicable after making or varying (see subsection (7)) a direction, ASIC must:

(a) give a copy of the direction or variation to the operator of each clearing and settlement facility with which the market licensee has clearing and settlement arrangements for transactions effected through the market; and

(b) give a written report to the Minister setting out ASIC's reasons for making the direction or variation; and

(c) give a copy of the report to the licensee.

(6) If, at any time after the licensee receives ASIC's advice under subsection (1), the licensee requests in writing that ASIC refer the matter to the Minister, ASIC must do so immediately. In that event, the Minister may, if he or she considers it appropriate, require ASIC not to make, or to revoke, the direction. ASIC must immediately comply with such a requirement.

(7) ASIC may vary a direction by giving written notice to the licensee if ASIC is of the opinion that the variation is necessary, or in the public interest, to protect people dealing in a financial product or class of financial products.

(8) ASIC may revoke a direction by giving written notice to the licensee. ASIC must also give written notice of the revocation to the operator of each clearing and settlement facility with which the market licensee has clearing and settlement arrangements for transactions effected through the market.

794E Additional directions to clearing and settlement facilities (1) If ASIC gives a direction under section 794D, it may also give a written direction to the operator of each clearing and settlement facility with which the market licensee has clearing and settlement arrangements for transactions effected through the market:

(a) prohibiting the operator from acting in a manner inconsistent with the section 794D direction; and

(b) requiring the operator to do all that the operator is reasonably capable of doing to give effect to the section 794D direction.

(2) The operator must comply with the direction given to it under this section.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(3) If the operator fails to comply with the direction, ASIC may apply to the Court for, and the Court may make, an order that the operator comply with the direction.

Division 4--The Australian market licence Subdivision A--How to get a licence 795A How to apply for a licence (1) A body corporate may apply for an Australian market licence by lodging with ASIC an application that:

(a) includes the information required by regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph; and

(b) is accompanied by the documents (if any) required by regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph; and

(c) complies with the requirements of section 881B (relating to compensation arrangements).

Note: For fees in respect of lodging applications, see Part 9.10.

(2) ASIC must, within a reasonable time, give the application to the Minister with advice about the application.

795B When a licence may be granted General

(1) The Minister may grant an applicant an Australian market licence if the Minister is satisfied that:


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(a) the application was made in accordance with section 795A; and

(b) the applicant will comply with the obligations that will apply if the licence is granted; and

(c) the applicant has adequate operating rules, and procedures, (see Subdivision B of Division 3) to ensure, as far as is reasonably practicable, that the market will operate as mentioned in paragraph 792A(a); and

(d) the applicant has adequate arrangements (whether they involve a self-regulatory structure or the appointment of an independent person or related entity) for supervising the market, including arrangements for:

(i) handling conflicts between the commercial interests of the licensee and the need for the licensee to ensure that the market operates in the way mentioned in paragraph 792A(a); and

(ii) monitoring the conduct of participants in the market; and

(iii) enforcing compliance with the market's operating rules; and

(e) the applicant has adequate clearing and settlement arrangements for transactions effected through the market, if the Minister considers that the applicant should have such arrangements; and

(f) neither subsection 881D(2) nor 882A(2) (relating to compensation arrangements) requires the Minister to reject the application; and

(g) no unacceptable control situation (see Division 1 of Part 7.4) is likely to result if the licence is granted; and

(h) no disqualified individual appears to be involved in the applicant (see Division 2 of Part 7.4).

This subsection has effect subject to subsections (3) and (4).

Note: The Minister must also have regard to the matters in section 798A in deciding whether to grant a licence.

Alternative criteria for granting licence for overseas market

(2) If an applicant is authorised to operate a financial market in the foreign country in which its principal place of business is located, the Minister may grant the applicant an Australian market licence authorising the applicant to operate the same market in this jurisdiction. The Minister must be satisfied that:

(a) the application was made in accordance with section 795A; and

(b) the applicant will comply with the obligations that will apply if the licence is granted; and

(c) the operation of the market in that country is subject to requirements and supervision that are sufficiently equivalent, in relation to the degree of investor protection and market integrity they achieve, to the requirements and supervision to which financial markets are subject under this Act in relation to those matters; and

(d) the applicant undertakes to cooperate with ASIC by sharing information and in other appropriate ways; and

(e) no unacceptable control situation (see Division 1 of Part 7.4) is likely to result if the licence is granted; and

(f) no disqualified individual appears to be involved in the applicant (see Division 2 of Part 7.4); and

(g) any other requirements that are prescribed by regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph are satisfied.

This subsection has effect subject to subsections (3) and (4).

Note: The Minister must also have regard to the matters in section 798A in deciding whether to grant a licence.

Foreign bodies

(3) If the applicant is a foreign body corporate, the Minister:

(a) must not grant the applicant a licence unless the applicant is registered under Division 2 of Part 5B.2; and

(b) may otherwise grant a licence under either subsection (1) or (2) (if the relevant criteria are satisfied).

Disqualified individuals

(4) The Minister must not grant the applicant a licence unless:

(a) ASIC has notified the Minister that, as far as ASIC is aware, no disqualified individual is involved in the applicant (see Division 2 of Part 7.4); or

(b) 42 days have passed since the application was made and ASIC has not given a notice under subsection 853D(2) to the applicant within that 42 days.

795C Publication of notice of licence grant If the Minister grants an Australian market licence, the Minister must publish a notice in the Gazette stating:

(a) the name of the licensee; and

(b) when the licence was granted; and

(c) the conditions on the licence.

795D More than one licence in the same document If the Minister grants a person 2 or more of the following:

(a) an Australian market licence;

(b) an Australian CS facility licence;

they may be included in the same document.

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795E More than one market covered by the same licence (1) The same Australian market licence may authorise the licensee to operate 2 or more financial markets.

(2) In that case, a reference in this Chapter to the market to which an Australian market licence relates is taken instead to be a reference to each of those financial markets severally.

(3) Before varying the conditions on an Australian market licence so as to add another market that the licensee is authorised to operate, the Minister must be satisfied of the matters listed in subsection 795B(1) or (2) (as appropriate) in relation to the market.

(4) An Australian market licence that authorises the licensee to operate 2 or more financial markets may be suspended or cancelled under Subdivision C in respect of one or some of those markets only, as if the licensee held a separate licence for each of the markets.

Subdivision B--The conditions on the licence 796A The conditions on the licence (1) The Minister may, at any time:

(a) impose conditions, or additional conditions, on an Australian market licence; or

(b) vary or revoke conditions imposed on such a licence;

by giving written notice to the licensee. The Minister must also publish a notice in the Gazette with details of the action and when it took effect.

Note: As well as the requirements in this section, the Minister must also have regard to the matters in section 798A.

(2) The Minister may do so:

(a) on his or her own initiative, subject to subsection (3); or

(b) if the licensee lodges with ASIC an application for the Minister to do so, which is accompanied by the prescribed documents, if any.

Note: For fees in respect of lodging applications, see Part 9.10.

(3) The Minister may only impose conditions or additional conditions, or vary the conditions, on the licence on his or her own initiative if:

(a) he or she considers it appropriate to do so having regard to:

(i) the licensee's obligations as a market licensee under this Chapter; and

(ii) any change in market operations or the conditions in which the market is operating; and

(b) the Minister gives the licensee written notice of the proposed action and an opportunity to make a submission before it takes effect.

This subsection does not apply to the Minister imposing conditions when a licence is granted.

(4) The Minister must ensure that each Australian market licence is subject to conditions that specify:

(a) the particular market that the licensee is authorised to operate; and

(b) the class or classes of financial products that can be dealt with on the market; and

(c) if the Minister considers that the licensee should have clearing and settlement arrangements for transactions effected through the market--the type of clearing and settlement arrangements that are adequate.

(5) If there are compensation arrangements in relation to the market that are approved under Division 3 of Part 7.5, the Minister must ensure, in the conditions, that the minimum amount of cover required in relation to the compensation arrangements is dealt with in a manner that the Minister thinks appropriate.

(6) ASIC must give the Minister any application and documents lodged under subsection (2).

Subdivision C--When a licence can be varied, suspended or cancelled 797A Varying licences (1) The Minister may vary an Australian market licence to take account of a change in the licensee's name if the licensee lodges with ASIC an application for the variation, accompanied by the prescribed documents, if any.

Note 1: The conditions on the licence can be varied under section 796A.

Note 2: For fees in respect of lodging applications, see Part 9.10.

(2) The Minister must give written notice of the variation to the licensee.

(3) ASIC must give the Minister any application and documents lodged under subsection (1).

797B Immediate suspension or cancellation The Minister may, by giving written notice to a market licensee, suspend the

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licence for a specified period, or cancel it, if:

(a) the licensee ceases to carry on the business of operating the market; or

(b) the licensee becomes an externally-administered body corporate; or

(c) the licensee asks the Minister to do so; or

(d) in the case of a licence granted under subsection 795B(2) (overseas markets):

(i) the licensee ceases to be authorised to operate a financial market in the foreign country in which the licensee's principal place of business is located; or

(ii) there is a change to the regulatory regime applying in relation to the market to which the licence relates in the country in which the licensee's principal place of business is located, and, because of that change, the Minister is no longer satisfied as mentioned in paragraph 795B(2)(c).

797C Suspension or cancellation following hearing and report (1) If the Minister considers that a market licensee has breached, or is in breach of, one or more of its obligations as a market licensee under this Chapter, the Minister may give the licensee a written notice that requires the licensee to show cause, at a hearing before a specified person, why the licence should not be suspended or cancelled.

(2) The notice must specify:

(a) the grounds on which it is proposed to suspend or cancel the licence; and

(b) a reasonable time and place at which the hearing is to be held.

However, if the licensee consents, the person conducting the hearing may fix a different time or place.

(3) The person conducting the hearing must:

(a) give the licensee an opportunity to be heard at the hearing; and

(b) give the Minister:

(i) a report about the hearing; and

(ii) a recommendation about the grounds in the notice on which it is proposed to suspend or cancel the licence.

(4) After considering the report and recommendation, the Minister may:

(a) decide to take no further action in relation to the matter and give written advice of that decision to the licensee; or

(b) suspend the licence for a specified period, or cancel the licence, by giving written notice to the licensee.

Note: The Minister must also have regard to the matters in section 798A.

797D Effect of suspension (1) A person whose Australian market licence is suspended is taken not to hold that licence while it is suspended.

(2) However, the Minister may specify in the written notice to the licensee that subsection (1) does not apply for specified purposes.

797E Variation or revocation of suspension The Minister may at any time vary or revoke a suspension of an Australian market licence by giving written notice to the licensee.

797F Publication of notice of licence suspension or cancellation (1) If the Minister:

(a) suspends, or varies or revokes a suspension of, an Australian market licence; or

(b) cancels an Australian market licence;

the Minister must publish a notice in the Gazette to that effect.

(2) The notice must state when the action took effect.

797G Suspension and cancellation only in accordance with this Subdivision An Australian market licence cannot be varied, suspended or cancelled otherwise than in accordance with this Subdivision.

Note: The conditions on the licence can be varied under section 796A.

Division 5--Other matters 798A Matters to be taken into account by the Minister (1) The Minister must have regard to certain matters in deciding whether to:

(a) grant an applicant an Australian market licence under section 795B; or

(b) impose, vary or revoke conditions on such a licence under section 796A; or

(c) suspend or cancel such a licence under section 797C; or

(d) disallow a change to the operating rules of a licensed market under section 793E.


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(2) These are the matters the Minister must have regard to:

(a) the structure, or proposed structure, of the market;

(b) the nature of the activities conducted, or proposed to be conducted, on the market;

(c) the size, or proposed size, of the market;

(d) the nature of the financial products dealt with, or proposed to be dealt with, on the market;

(e) the participants, or proposed participants, in the market and:

(i) whether those participants, in effecting transactions through the market, are, or will be, providing financial services to other persons; and

(ii) whether those participants acquire or dispose, or will acquire or dispose, of financial products through the market as retail clients or as wholesale clients; and

(iii) whether those participants are also, or will also be, participants in any other financial markets;

(f) the technology used, or proposed to be used, in the operation of the market;

(g) whether it would be in the public interest to take the action referred to in subsection (1);

(h) any relevant advice received from ASIC.

The Minister may also have regard to any other matter that the Minister considers relevant.

(3) If the Minister is deciding whether to take the action referred to in paragraph (1)(a), (b) or (c) in respect of an Australian market licence granted under subsection 795B(2) (overseas markets), the Minister must also have regard to:

(a) the criteria that the licensee or applicant satisfied to obtain an authorisation to operate the same market in the foreign country in which their principal place of business is located; and

(b) the obligations they must continue to satisfy to keep the authorisation; and

(c) the level of supervision to which the operation of the market in that country is subject; and

(d) whether adequate arrangements exist for cooperation between ASIC and the authority that is responsible for that supervision.

798B ASIC may give advice to Minister ASIC may give advice to the Minister in relation to:

(a) any matter in respect of which the Minister has a discretion under this Part; or

(b) any other matter concerning financial markets.

Note: In some cases, the Minister must have regard to ASIC's advice: see paragraph 798A(2)(h).

798C Self-listing of markets (1) A market licensee may be included in the market's official list.

Note: There are certain matters that must be included in the market's listing rules before the licensee is included in the official list: see subsection (4).

(2) In such a case, the financial products of the licensee may be traded on the market, if the licensee has entered into such arrangements as ASIC requires:

(a) for dealing with possible conflicts of interest that might arise from the licensee's financial products being able to be traded on the market; and

(b) for the purposes of ensuring the integrity of trading in the licensee's financial products.

(3) The licensee must comply with the arrangements.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(4) Before, and at all times while, the licensee is included in the market's official list, the market's listing rules must provide for ASIC, instead of the licensee, to make decisions and to take action (or to require the licensee to take action on ASIC's behalf) in relation to these matters, and matters related to these matters:

(a) the admission of the licensee to the market's official list;

(b) the removal of the licensee from that list;

(c) allowing, stopping or suspending the trading on the market of the licensee's financial products.

Note: For fees in respect of ASIC performing this function, see Part 9.10.

(5) ASIC has the powers and functions that are provided for it in any listing rules or arrangements made for the purposes of this section.

(6) An Australian market licensee's products must not be traded on the licensee's own market otherwise than as allowed by this section.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(7) This section does not apply if the licence concerned was granted under subsection 795B(2) (overseas markets). Instead, the law of the country in which

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the market licensee's principal place of business is located applies for all purposes connected with the inclusion of the licensee in the market's official list.

798D Exemptions and modifications for self-listing licensees (1) ASIC may:

(a) exempt a market licensee whose financial products are able to be traded on the market from a modifiable provision (see subsection (7)); or

(b) declare that a modifiable provision applies to a market licensee whose financial products are able to be traded on the market as if specified provisions were omitted, modified or varied as specified in the declaration.

(2) An exemption or declaration must be in writing and ASIC must publish notice of it in the Gazette.

(3) An exemption may apply unconditionally or subject to specified conditions.

(4) If an exemption is granted subject to specified conditions, the market licensee must comply with those conditions.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(5) If an exemption is granted subject to specified conditions, the Court may, on ASIC's application, order the licensee to comply with one or more of those conditions in a specified way.

(6) If conduct (including an omission) of a person would not have constituted an offence if:

(a) a particular condition had not been imposed on an exemption under paragraph (1)(a); or

(b) a particular declaration under paragraph (1)(b) had not been made;

that conduct does not constitute an offence unless, before the conduct occurred (in addition to complying with the gazettal requirement of subsection (2)), ASIC gave written notice setting out the text of the condition or the declaration to the person. In a prosecution for an offence to which this subsection applies, the prosecution must prove that this additional notification requirement was complied with before the conduct occurred.

(7) In this section:

modifiable provision means:

(a) section 205G and any of the provisions of Chapter 6, 6A, 6B, 6C, 6CA or 7; or

(b) regulations made for the purposes of that section or any of those provisions.

798E Other potential conflict situations (1) The regulations may make provision in relation to the rules and procedures that are to apply in the case of conflicts, or potential conflicts, between the commercial interests of the licensee and the need for the licensee to ensure that the market operates in the way mentioned in paragraph 792A(a).

(2) In particular, such regulations may deal with the following:

(a) identifying when such a conflict, or potential conflict, is taken to arise;

(b) empowering ASIC, instead of the licensee, to make decisions and to take action under the market's operating rules in relation to such a conflict or potential conflict;

(c) empowering ASIC to require the licensee to take action under the market's operating rules (whether or not on ASIC's behalf) in relation to such a conflict or potential conflict.

Note: For fees in respect of ASIC performing this function, see Part 9.10.

(3) Subsection (2) does not limit the generality of subsection (1).

Part 7.3--Licensing of clearing and settlement facilities Division 1--Requirement to be licensed 820A Need for a licence (1) A person must only operate, or hold out that the person operates, a clearing and settlement facility in this jurisdiction if:

(a) the person has an Australian CS facility licence that authorises the person to operate the facility in this jurisdiction; or

(b) the facility is exempt from the operation of this Part.

Note 1: A CS facility licensee may also provide financial services incidental to the operation of the facility: see paragraph 911A(2)(d).

Note 2: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence: see subsection 1311(1).

(2) For the purposes of an offence based on subsection (1), strict liability applies to paragraph (1)(b).

Note: For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the

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Criminal Code.

820B Other prohibitions on holding out A person must not hold out:

(a) that the person has an Australian CS facility licence; or

(b) that the operation of a clearing and settlement facility by the person in this jurisdiction is authorised by an Australian CS facility licence; or

(c) that a clearing and settlement facility is exempt from the operation of this Part;

if that is not the case.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

820C Exemptions (1) The Minister may, by publishing a notice in the Gazette, exempt from the operation of this Part a particular clearing and settlement facility or type of clearing and settlement facility.

(2) The Minister may, at any time, by publishing a notice in the Gazette:

(a) impose conditions, or additional conditions, on an exemption; or

(b) vary or revoke the conditions on an exemption; or

(c) revoke an exemption.

(3) However, the Minister may only take action under subsection (2) after:

(a) giving notice, and an opportunity to make submissions on the proposed action, to the operator of each clearing and settlement facility known by the Minister to be covered by the exemption; and

(b) if the exemption covers a type of clearing and settlement facility--causing a notice to be published in a newspaper or newspapers circulating generally in each State and internal Territory allowing a reasonable time within which the operator of each facility covered by the exemption may make submissions on the proposed action.

This subsection does not apply to the Minister imposing conditions when an exemption is made.

820D When a clearing and settlement facility is taken to be operated in this jurisdiction (1) For the purposes of this Chapter, a clearing and settlement facility is taken to be operated in this jurisdiction if it is operated by a body corporate that is registered under Chapter 2A.

(2) Subsection (1) does not limit the circumstances in which a clearing and settlement facility is operated in this jurisdiction for the purposes of this Chapter.

Division 2--Regulation of CS facility licensees Subdivision A--Licensee's obligations 821A General obligations A CS facility licensee must:

(a) to the extent that it is reasonably practicable to do so, do all things necessary to reduce systemic risk and to ensure that the facility's services are provided in a fair and effective way; and

(b) comply with the conditions on the licence; and

(c) have adequate arrangements (whether they involve a self-regulatory structure or the appointment of an independent person or related entity) for supervising the facility, including arrangements for:

(i) handling conflicts between the commercial interests of the licensee and the need for the licensee to ensure that the facility's services are provided in a fair and effective way; and

(ii) enforcing compliance with the facility's operating rules; and

(d) have sufficient resources (including financial, technological and human resources) to operate the facility properly and for the required supervisory arrangements to be provided; and

(e) if the licensee is a foreign body corporate--be registered under Division 2 of Part 5B.2; and

(f) if the licence was granted under subsection 824B(2) (overseas clearing and settlement facilities)--both:

(i) remain authorised to operate a clearing and settlement facility in the foreign country in which the licensee's principal place of business is located; and

(ii) get the Minister's approval under section 821F before that principal place of business becomes located in any other foreign country; and

(g) if the licensee, or a holding company of the licensee, is a widely held market body (within the meaning of Division 1 of Part 7.4)--take all

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reasonable steps to ensure that an unacceptable control situation (within the meaning of that Division) does not exist in relation to the body; and

(h) take all reasonable steps to ensure that no disqualified individual becomes, or remains, involved in the licensee (see Division 2 of Part 7.4).

821B Obligation to notify ASIC of certain matters (1) A CS facility licensee must give written notice to ASIC, as soon as practicable, if it becomes aware that it may no longer be able to meet, or has breached, an obligation under section 821A. If ASIC considers it appropriate to do so, ASIC may give the Minister advice about the matter.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(2) A CS facility licensee must give written notice to ASIC, as soon as practicable, as required by the following paragraphs:

(a) if the licensee provides a new class of financial service incidental to the operation of the facility, the licensee must give notice that includes details of the new class;

(b) if the licensee takes any kind of disciplinary action against a participant in the facility, the licensee must give notice that includes:

(i) the participant's name; and

(ii) the reason for and nature of the action taken;

(c) if the licensee has reason to suspect that a person has committed, is committing, or is about to commit a significant contravention of the facility's operating rules or this Act, the licensee must give notice that includes:

(i) the person's name; and

(ii) details of the contravention or impending contravention; and

(iii) the licensee's reasons for that belief.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(3) A CS facility licensee whose licence was granted under subsection 824B(2) (overseas clearing and settlement facilities) must, as soon as practicable, give written notice to ASIC if:

(a) the licensee ceases to be authorised to operate a clearing and settlement facility in the foreign country in which the licensee's principal place of business is located; or

(b) there is a significant change to the regulatory regime applying in relation to the facility in the foreign country in which the licensee's principal place of business is located.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(4) As soon as practicable after:

(a) a person becomes or ceases to be a director, secretary or executive officer of a CS facility licensee or of a holding company of a CS facility licensee (including when a person changes from one of those positions to another); or

(b) a CS facility licensee becomes aware that an individual has come to have, or has ceased to have, more than 15% of the voting power in the licensee or in a holding company of the licensee;

the licensee must give written notice of this to ASIC. The notice must include such other information about the matter as is prescribed by regulations made for the purposes of this subsection.

Note 1: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

Note 2: To the extent that the licensee is required to give the notice and information under any other provision of this Act, the licensee may comply with this subsection by doing so. It need not provide the same information twice.

821C Obligation to assist ASIC (1) A CS facility licensee must give such assistance to ASIC, or a person authorised by ASIC, as ASIC or the authorised person reasonably requests in relation to the performance of ASIC's functions.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(2) Such assistance may include showing ASIC the licensee's books or giving ASIC other information.

821D Obligation to give ASIC access to the facility A CS facility licensee must give a person authorised by ASIC such reasonable access to the facility as the person requests for any of the purposes of this Chapter.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

821E Annual report (1) A CS facility licensee must, within 3 months after the end of its financial

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year, give ASIC an annual report on the extent to which the licensee complied with its obligations as a CS facility licensee under this Chapter.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(2) The licensee must ensure that the annual report is accompanied by any information and statements prescribed by regulations made for the purposes of this subsection.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(3) The licensee must also ensure that the annual report is accompanied by any audit report that the Minister requires under subsection (4).

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(4) The Minister may, by giving written notice to a CS facility licensee, require the licensee to obtain an audit report on the annual report and on any information or statements accompanying it. The Minister must nominate to prepare the audit report:

(a) ASIC; or

(b) a specified person or body that is suitably qualified.

(5) ASIC must give the annual report and accompanying material to the Minister.

821F Change of country by foreign licensee (1) In the case of a licence granted under subsection 824B(2), the Minister may approve the location of the licensee's principal place of business in a new country only if:

(a) the new country is not Australia; and

(b) the operation of the facility in that country will be subject to requirements and supervision that are sufficiently equivalent, in relation to the degree of protection from systemic risk and the level of effectiveness and fairness of services they achieve, to the requirements and supervision to which clearing and settlement facilities are subject under this Act in relation to those matters.

(2) If, in relation to a licence granted under subsection 824B(2), the licensee's principal place of business changes to become a place in Australia:

(a) the licence ceases to be in force from the time of the change; and

(b) if the licensee wishes the facility to continue to be licensed, the licensee may apply for the grant of a new licence under subsection 824B(1); and

(c) the application must be assessed in accordance with Subdivision A of Division 3, subject to such modifications (if any) of that Subdivision as are set out in regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph.

(3) An application referred to in paragraph (2)(b) may be made in advance of the change of location of the principal place of business, and a decision on the application may be made before that time. However, any licence granted pursuant to the application does not come into force until the change occurs.

Subdivision B--The facility's operating rules and procedures 822A Content of the operating rules and procedures (1) The operating rules of a licensed CS facility must deal with the matters prescribed by regulations made for the purposes of this subsection.

(2) The regulations may also prescribe matters in respect of which a licensed CS facility must have written procedures.

(3) However, subsections (1) and (2) do not apply if the licensee is also authorised to operate the facility in the foreign country in which its principal place of business is located and the licence was granted under subsection 824B(2) (overseas clearing and settlement facilities).

(4) In a subsection (3) case, ASIC may determine, by giving written notice to the licensee, matters in respect of which the licensed CS facility must have written procedures.

822B Legal effect of operating rules The operating rules of a licensed CS facility have effect as a contract under seal:

(a) between the licensee and each issuer of financial products in respect of which the facility provides its services; and

(b) between the licensee and each participant in the facility; and

(c) between each issuer of financial products in respect of which the facility provides its services and each participant in the facility; and

(d) between a participant in the facility and each other participant in the facility;

under which each of those persons agrees to observe the operating rules to the extent that they apply to the person and to engage in conduct that the person is required by the operating rules to engage in.


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822C Enforcement of operating rules (1) If a person who is under an obligation to comply with or enforce any of a licensed CS facility's operating rules fails to meet that obligation, an application to the Court may be made by:

(a) ASIC; or

(b) the licensee; or

(c) the operator of a financial market with which the facility has arrangements to provide services for transactions effected through the market; or

(d) a person aggrieved by the failure.

(2) After giving an opportunity to be heard to the applicant and the person against whom the order is sought, the Court may make an order giving directions to:

(a) the person against whom the order is sought; or

(b) if that person is a body corporate--the directors of the body corporate;

about compliance with, or enforcement of, the operating rules.

822D Changing the operating rules Licensed CS facilities other than subsection 824B(2) facilities

(1) As soon as practicable after a change is made to the operating rules of a licensed CS facility, other than a facility licensed under subsection 824B(2) (overseas clearing and settlement facilities), the licensee must lodge with ASIC written notice of the change. The notice must:

(a) set out the text of the change; and

(b) specify the date on which the change was made; and

(c) contain an explanation of the purpose of the change.

(2) If no notice is lodged with ASIC, as required by subsection (1), within 21 days after the change is made, the change ceases to have effect at the end of that period.

Subsection 824B(2) facilities

(3) As soon as practicable after a change is made to the operating rules of a clearing and settlement facility the operation of which is licensed under subsection 824B(2) (overseas clearing and settlement facilities), the licensee must lodge with ASIC written notice of the change. The notice must:

(a) set out the text of the change; and

(b) specify the date on which the change was made; and

(c) contain an explanation of the purpose of the change.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

822E Disallowance of changes to operating rules (1) This section does not apply in respect of an Australian CS facility licence granted under subsection 824B(2) (overseas clearing and settlement facilities).

(2) As soon as practicable after receiving a notice under section 822D from a CS facility licensee, ASIC must send a copy of the notice to the Minister.

(3) Within 28 days after ASIC receives the notice from the licensee, the Minister may disallow all or a specified part of the change to the operating rules.

(4) In deciding whether to do so, the Minister must have regard to the consistency of the change with the licensee's obligations under this Part (including in particular the obligation mentioned in paragraph 821A(a)).

Note: The Minister must also have regard to the matters in section 827A.

(5) As soon as practicable after all or a part of a change is disallowed, ASIC must give notice of the disallowance to the licensee. The change ceases to have effect, to the extent of the disallowance, when the licensee receives the notice.

Subdivision C--Powers of the Minister and ASIC in relation to licensees 823A Minister's power to give directions (1) If the Minister considers that a CS facility licensee is not complying with its obligations as a CS facility licensee under this Chapter, the Minister may give the licensee a written direction to do specified things that the Minister believes will promote compliance by the licensee with those obligations.

(2) The licensee must comply with the direction.

(3) If the licensee fails to comply with the direction, ASIC may apply to the Court for, and the Court may make, an order that the licensee comply with the direction.

(4) The Minister may vary or revoke a direction at any time by giving written notice to the licensee.

823B Minister's power to require special report

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(1) The Minister may give a CS facility licensee a written notice requiring the licensee to give ASIC a special report on specified matters. ASIC must give the report to the Minister.

(2) The notice may also require the licensee to give ASIC an audit report on the special report. The Minister must nominate to prepare the report:

(a) ASIC; or

(b) a specified person or body that is suitably qualified.

(3) The licensee must give the special report, and audit report (if any), to ASIC within the time required by the notice.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

823C ASIC to assess licensee's compliance (1) ASIC may do an assessment of how well a CS facility licensee is complying with its obligations as a CS facility licensee under this Chapter. In doing the assessment, ASIC may take account of any information and reports that it thinks appropriate, including information and reports from an overseas regulatory authority.

(2) In respect of the obligation in paragraph 821A(c), ASIC must do such an assessment at least once a year for each CS facility licensee.

(3) As soon as practicable after doing an assessment under this section, ASIC must give a written report on the assessment to the Minister.

(4) If an assessment, or part of an assessment, relates to any other person's affairs to a material extent, ASIC may, at the person's request or of its own motion, give the person a copy of the written report on the assessment or the relevant part of the report.

(5) If an assessment, or part of an assessment, relates to a serious contravention of a law of the Commonwealth or of a State or Territory, ASIC may give a copy of the written report on the assessment, or the relevant part of the report, to:

(a) the Australian Federal Police; or

(b) the National Crime Authority; or

(c) the Director of Public Prosecutions; or

(d) an agency prescribed by regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph.

(6) Either the Minister or ASIC may cause the written report on an assessment, or part of the report on an assessment, to be printed and published.

823D Directions power--protecting dealings in financial products and ensuring fair and effective provision of services by CS facilities (1) If ASIC:

(a) considers that it is necessary, or in the public interest, to protect people dealing in a financial product or class of financial products; or

(b) considers that a CS facility licensee has not done all things reasonably practicable to ensure the facility's services are provided in a fair and effective way;

ASIC may give the licensee written advice that it intends to give the licensee a specified direction under this section. The advice must include the reasons for ASIC's intention to give the direction.

(2) As soon as practicable after giving the advice to the licensee, ASIC must give notice of the advice to the operator of each financial market with which the facility has arrangements to provide services for transactions effected through the market.

(3) For the purpose of remedying the matter mentioned in subsection (1), ASIC may give the following directions to the licensee under this section:

(a) a direction not to provide the licensee's services in relation to any transactions, of which the licensee receives notice after the direction takes effect, that relate to a specified financial product or class of financial products;

(b) any other direction concerning dealings with transactions that relate to a specified financial product or class of financial products.

(4) If, after receiving ASIC's advice and reasons:

(a) the licensee does not take steps that in ASIC's view are adequate to address the situation; and

(b) ASIC still considers that it is appropriate to give the direction to the licensee;

ASIC may give the licensee the direction, in writing, with a statement setting out the reasons for giving the direction.

(5) The direction has effect until the earlier of the following times:

(a) the time ASIC revokes the direction in accordance with subsection (10);

(b) the end of the period (which may be up to 21 days) specified in the direction as the period during which the direction is effective ends.

While the direction has effect, the licensee must comply with the direction and must not provide any services contrary to it.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(6) If the licensee fails to comply with the direction, ASIC may apply to the Court for, and the Court may make, an order that the licensee comply with the

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direction.

(7) As soon as practicable after making or varying (see subsection (9)) a direction, ASIC must:

(a) give a copy of the direction or variation to:

(i) if the direction relates to a specified financial product--the issuer of that product; and

(ii) each of the operators mentioned in subsection (2); and

(b) give a written report to the Minister setting out ASIC's reasons for making the direction or variation; and

(c) give a copy of the report to the licensee.

(8) If, at any time after the licensee receives ASIC's advice under subsection (1), the licensee requests in writing that ASIC refer the matter to the Minister, ASIC must do so immediately. In that event, the Minister may, if he or she considers it appropriate, require ASIC not to make, or to revoke, the direction. ASIC must immediately comply with such a requirement.

(9) ASIC may vary a direction by giving written notice to the licensee.

(10) ASIC may revoke a direction by giving written notice to the licensee. ASIC must also give written notice of the revocation to each of the operators mentioned in subsection (2).

823E Directions power--reduction of systemic risk (1) If ASIC considers that a CS facility licensee has not done all things reasonably practicable to reduce systemic risk in the provision of the facility's services, ASIC may give the licensee a direction, in writing, to take any action that ASIC considers will reduce systemic risk in the provision of the facility's services.

(2) The direction may deal with the time by which, or period during which, it is to be complied with. The time or period must be reasonable.

(3) The licensee must comply with the direction.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(4) ASIC may vary the direction by giving written notice to the licensee.

(5) The direction has effect until ASIC revokes it by giving written notice to the licensee.

(6) ASIC may revoke the direction if, at the time of revocation, it considers that the direction is no longer necessary or appropriate.

Division 3--The Australian CS facility licence Subdivision A--How to get a licence 824A How to apply for a licence (1) A body corporate may apply for an Australian CS facility licence by lodging with ASIC an application that:

(a) includes the information required by regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph; and

(b) is accompanied by the documents (if any) required by regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph.

Note: For fees in respect of lodging applications, see Part 9.10.

(2) ASIC must, within a reasonable time, give the application to the Minister with advice about the application.

824B When a licence may be granted General

(1) The Minister may grant an applicant an Australian CS facility licence if the Minister is satisfied that:

(a) the application was made in accordance with section 824A; and

(b) the applicant will comply with the obligations that will apply if the licence is granted; and

(c) the applicant has adequate operating rules, and procedures, (see Subdivision B of Division 2) for the facility to ensure, as far as is reasonably practicable, that systemic risk is reduced and the facility is operated in a fair and effective way; and

(d) the applicant has adequate arrangements (whether they involve a self-regulatory structure or the appointment of an independent person or related entity) for supervising the facility, including arrangements for:

(i) handling conflicts between the commercial interests of the licensee and the need for the licensee to reduce systemic risk and ensure that the facility's services are provided in a fair and effective way; and

(ii) enforcing compliance with the facility's operating rules; and

(e) no unacceptable control situation (see Division 1 of Part 7.4) is likely to result if the licence is granted; and

(f) no disqualified individual appears to be involved in the applicant (see Division 2 of Part 7.4).


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This subsection has effect subject to subsections (3) and (4).

Note: The Minister must also have regard to the matters in section 827A in deciding whether to grant a licence.

Alternative criteria for granting licence to overseas clearing and settlement facility

(2) If an applicant is authorised to operate a clearing and settlement facility in the foreign country in which its principal place of business is located, the Minister may grant the applicant an Australian CS facility licence authorising the applicant to operate the same facility in this jurisdiction. The Minister must be satisfied that:

(a) the application was made in accordance with section 824A; and

(b) the applicant will comply with the obligations that will apply if the licence is granted; and

(c) the operation of the facility in that country is subject to requirements and supervision that are sufficiently equivalent, in relation to the degree of protection from systemic risk and the level of effectiveness and fairness of services they achieve, to the requirements and supervision to which clearing and settlement facilities are subject under this Act in relation to those matters; and

(d) the applicant undertakes to cooperate with ASIC by sharing information and in other ways; and

(e) no unacceptable control situation (see Division 1 of Part 7.4) is likely to result if the licence is granted; and

(f) no disqualified individual appears to be involved in the applicant (see Division 2 of Part 7.4); and

(g) any other requirements that are prescribed by regulations made for the purposes of this subsection are satisfied.

This subsection has effect subject to subsections (3) and (4).

Note: The Minister must also have regard to the matters in section 827A in deciding whether to grant a licence.

Foreign bodies

(3) If the applicant is a foreign body corporate, the Minister:

(a) must not grant the applicant a licence unless the applicant is registered under Division 2 of Part 5B.2; and

(b) may otherwise grant a licence under either subsection (1) or (2) (subject to the relevant criteria being satisfied).

Disqualified individuals

(4) The Minister must not grant the applicant a licence unless:

(a) ASIC has notified the Minister that, as far as ASIC is aware, no disqualified individual is involved in the applicant (see Division 2 of Part 7.4); or

(b) 42 days have passed since the application was made and ASIC has not given a notice under subsection 853D(2) to the applicant within that 42 days.

824C Publication of notice of licence grant If the Minister grants an Australian CS facility licence, the Minister must publish a notice in the Gazette stating:

(a) the name of the licensee; and

(b) the date on which the licence was granted; and

(c) the conditions on the licence.

824D More than one licence in the same document If the Minister grants a person 2 or more of the following:

(a) an Australian CS facility licence;

(b) an Australian market licence;

they may be included in the same document.

824E More than one CS facility covered by the same licence (1) The same Australian CS facility licence may authorise the licensee to operate 2 or more clearing and settlement facilities.

(2) In that case, a reference in this Chapter to the clearing and settlement facility to which an Australian CS facility licence relates is taken instead to be a reference to each of those facilities severally.

(3) Before varying the conditions on an Australian CS facility licence so as to add another facility that the licensee is authorised to operate, the Minister must be satisfied of the matters listed in subsection 824B(1) or (2) (as appropriate) in relation to the facility.

(4) An Australian CS facility licence that authorises the licensee to operate 2 or more clearing and settlement facilities may be suspended or cancelled under Subdivision C in respect of one or some of those facilities only, as if the licensee held a separate licence for each of the facilities.

Subdivision B--The conditions on the licence 825A The conditions on the licence

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(1) The Minister may, at any time:

(a) impose conditions, or additional conditions, on an Australian CS facility licence; or

(b) vary or revoke conditions imposed on such a licence;

by giving written notice to the licensee. The Minister must also publish a notice in the Gazette with details of the action and when it took effect.

Note: As well as the requirements in this section, the Minister must also have regard to the matters in section 827A.

(2) The Minister may do so:

(a) on the Minister's own initiative, subject to subsection (3); or

(b) if the licensee lodges with ASIC an application for the Minister to do so, which is accompanied by the documents, if any, required by regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph.

Note: For fees in respect of lodging applications, see Part 9.10.

(3) The Minister may only impose conditions or additional conditions, or vary the conditions, on the licence on his or her own initiative if:

(a) he or she considers it appropriate to do so having regard to:

(i) the licensee's obligations as a CS facility licensee under this Chapter; and

(ii) any change in the facility's operations or the conditions in which the facility is operating; and

(b) the Minister gives the licensee written notice of the proposed action and an opportunity to make a submission before it takes effect.

This subsection does not apply to the Minister imposing conditions when a licence is granted.

(4) The Minister must ensure that each Australian CS facility licence is subject to conditions that specify:

(a) the particular facility that the licensee is authorised to operate; and

(b) the class or classes of financial products in respect of which the facility can provide services.

(5) ASIC must give the Minister any application and documents lodged under subsection (2).

Subdivision C--When a licence can be varied, suspended or cancelled 826A Varying licences (1) The Minister may vary an Australian CS facility licence to take account of a change in the licensee's name if the licensee lodges with ASIC an application for the variation, accompanied by the documents, if any, required by regulations made for the purposes of this subsection.

Note 1: The conditions on the licence can be varied under section 825A.

Note 2: For fees in respect of lodging applications, see Part 9.10.

(2) The Minister must give written notice of the variation to the licensee.

(3) ASIC must give the Minister any application and documents lodged under subsection (1).

826B Immediate suspension or cancellation The Minister may, by giving written notice to a CS facility licensee, suspend the licence for a specified period, or cancel it, if:

(a) the licensee ceases to carry on the business of operating the facility; or

(b) the licensee becomes an externally-administered body corporate; or

(c) the licensee asks the Minister to do so; or

(d) in the case of a licence granted under subsection 824B(2) (overseas clearing and settlement facilities):

(i) the licensee ceases to be authorised to operate a clearing and settlement facility in the foreign country in which the licensee's principal place of business is located; or

(ii) there is a change to the regulatory regime applying in relation to the facility to which the licence relates in the country in which the licensee's principal place of business is located, and, because of that change, the Minister is no longer satisfied as mentioned in paragraph 824B(2)(c).

826C Suspension or cancellation following hearing and report (1) If the Minister considers that a CS facility licensee has breached one or more of its obligations as a CS facility licensee under this Chapter, the Minister may give the licensee a written notice that requires the licensee to show cause, at a hearing before a specified person, why the licence should not be suspended or cancelled.

(2) The notice must specify:

(a) the grounds on which it is proposed to suspend or cancel the licence; and

(b) a reasonable time and place at which the hearing is to be held.

However, if the licensee consents, the person conducting the hearing may fix a

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different time or place.

(3) The person conducting the hearing must:

(a) give the licensee an opportunity to be heard at the hearing; and

(b) give the Minister:

(i) a report about the hearing; and

(ii) a recommendation about the grounds in the notice on which it is proposed to suspend or cancel the licence.

(4) After considering the report and recommendation, the Minister may:

(a) decide to take no further action in relation to the matter and give written advice of that decision to the licensee; or

(b) suspend the licence for a specified period, or cancel the licence, by giving written notice to the licensee.

Note: The Minister must have regard to the matters in section 827A.

826D Effect of suspension (1) A person whose Australian CS facility licence is suspended is taken not to hold that licence while it is suspended.

(2) However, the Minister may specify in the written notice to the licensee that subsection (1) does not apply for specified purposes.

826E Variation or revocation of suspension The Minister may at any time vary or revoke a suspension of an Australian CS facility licence by giving written notice to the licensee.

826F Publication of notice of licence suspension or cancellation (1) If the Minister:

(a) suspends, or varies or revokes a suspension of, an Australian CS facility licence; or

(b) cancels an Australian CS facility licence;

the Minister must publish a notice in the Gazette to that effect.

(2) The notice must state when the action took effect.

826G Suspension and cancellation only in accordance with this Subdivision An Australian CS facility licence cannot be varied, suspended or cancelled otherwise than in accordance with this Subdivision.

Note: The conditions on the licence can be varied under section 825A.

Division 4--Other matters 827A Matters to be taken into account by the Minister (1) The Minister must have regard to certain matters in deciding whether to:

(a) grant an applicant an Australian CS facility licence under section 824B; or

(b) impose, vary or revoke conditions on such a licence under section 825A; or

(c) suspend or cancel such a licence under section 826C; or

(d) disallow a change to the operating rules of a licensed CS facility under section 822E.

(2) These are the matters the Minister must have regard to:

(a) the structure, or proposed structure, of the facility;

(b) the nature of the services provided, or proposed to be provided, by the facility;

(c) the size, or proposed size, of the facility;

(d) the nature of the financial products in respect of which the facility provides services or proposes to provide services;

(e) the participants, or proposed participants, in the facility and whether those participants:

(i) in using the facility's services, are, or will be, providing financial services to other persons; or

(ii) use, or will use, the facility's services in respect of financial products they acquire or dispose of as retail clients or as wholesale clients; or

(iii) are, or will be, participants in a financial market, or other clearing and settlement facilities, as well;

(f) the technology used, or proposed to be used, in the operation of the facility;

(g) whether it would be in the public interest to take the action referred to in subsection (1);

(h) any relevant advice received from ASIC.

The Minister may also have regard to any other matter that the Minister considers relevant.

(3) If the Minister is deciding whether to take the action mentioned in paragraph (1)(a), (b) or (c) in respect of an Australian CS facility licence granted under subsection 824B(2) (overseas clearing and settlement

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facilities), the Minister must also have regard to:

(a) the criteria that the licensee or applicant satisfied to obtain an authorisation to operate the same facility in the foreign country in which their principal place of business is located; and

(b) the obligations they must continue to satisfy to keep the authorisation; and

(c) the level of supervision to which the facility is subject in that country; and

(d) whether adequate arrangements exist for cooperation between ASIC and the authority that is responsible for that supervision.

827B ASIC may give advice to Minister ASIC may give advice to the Minister in relation to:

(a) any matter in respect of which the Minister has a discretion under this Part; or

(b) any other matter concerning clearing and settlement facilities.

Note: In some cases, the Minister must have regard to ASIC's advice: see paragraph 827A(2)(h).

Part 7.4--Limits on involvement with licensees Division 1--Limit on control of certain licensees Subdivision A--15% voting power limit 850A Scope of Division (1) This Division applies in relation to a body corporate that:

(a) has an Australian market licence or an Australian CS facility licence; or

(b) is the holding company of a body corporate that has an Australian market licence or an Australian CS facility licence;

and that is specified in regulations made for the purposes of this section.

(2) In this Division, such a body is called a widely held market body.

850B Meaning of unacceptable control situation For the purposes of this Division, an unacceptable control situation exists in relation to a widely held market body and in relation to a particular person if the person's voting power in the body is more than:

(a) 15%; or

(b) if an approval of a higher percentage is in force under Subdivision B in relation to the body and in relation to the person--that higher percentage.

850C Acquisitions of shares If:

(a) a person, or 2 or more persons under an arrangement, acquire shares in a body corporate; and

(b) the acquisition has the result, in relation to a widely held market body, that:

(i) an unacceptable control situation comes into existence in relation to the body and in relation to a person; or

(ii) if an unacceptable control situation already exists in relation to the body and in relation to a person--there is an increase in the voting power of the person in the body;

the person or persons mentioned in paragraph (a) contravene this section.

Note: A contravention of this section is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

850D Remedial orders (1) If an unacceptable control situation exists in relation to a widely held market body, the Court may make such orders as the Court considers appropriate for the purpose of ensuring that the unacceptable control situation ceases to exist.

(2) However, the Court may only make orders under this section on application by:

(a) the Minister; or

(b) ASIC; or

(c) the body; or

(d) a person who has any voting power in the body.

(3) The Court's orders may include:

(a) an order directing the disposal of shares; or


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(b) an order restraining the exercise of any rights attached to shares; or

(c) an order prohibiting or deferring the payment of any sums due to a person in respect of shares held by the person; or

(d) an order that any exercise of rights attached to shares be disregarded; or

(e) an order directing any person to do or refrain from doing a specified act, for the purpose of securing compliance with any other order made under this section; or

(f) an order containing such ancillary or consequential provisions as the Court thinks just.

(4) Subsection (3) does not, by implication, limit subsection (1).

(5) Before making an order under this section, the Court may direct that notice of the application be given to such persons as the Court thinks fit or be published in such manner as the Court thinks fit, or both.

(6) The Court may, by order:

(a) rescind, vary or discharge an order made by the Court under this section; or

(b) suspend the operation of such an order.

850E Injunctions (1) If any conduct (including a refusal or failure to act) amounts or would amount to a contravention of this Division in relation to a particular widely held market body, the body is taken, for the purposes of section 1324, to be a person whose interests are affected by the conduct.

(2) Subsection (1) does not, by implication, limit the class of persons whose interests are affected by the conduct.

(3) The Minister has the same powers as ASIC to apply for an injunction under section 1324 in relation to a contravention of this Division.

(4) The powers in sections 850D and 1324 do not, by implication, limit each other.

Subdivision B--Approval to exceed 15% voting power limit 851A Application for approval to exceed 15% voting power limit (1) A person may apply for approval to have voting power of more than 15% in a particular widely held market body by lodging with ASIC an application that:

(a) specifies the percentage of voting power (if any) the person currently has in the widely held market body; and

(b) specifies the percentage of voting power the person is seeking approval to have in the body; and

(c) sets out the person's reasons for making the application.

Note: For fees in respect of lodging applications, see Part 9.10.

(2) ASIC must give the application to the Minister as soon as possible.

851B Approval of application (1) If the Minister is satisfied that it is in the national interest to approve the applicant having voting power in the widely held market body of more than 15%, the Minister may grant the application.

(2) If the Minister grants the application, the Minister must:

(a) give written notice of the approval to the applicant; and

(b) specify the percentage of the voting power the Minister approves the applicant having in the widely held market body (which may or may not be the percentage the applicant applied for); and

(c) either:

(i) specify the period during which the approval remains in force; or

(ii) specify that the approval remains in force indefinitely.

(3) If the Minister refuses the application, the Minister must give written notice of the refusal to the applicant.

(4) As soon as practicable, the Minister must arrange for a copy of a notice of approval under this section to be:

(a) published in the Gazette; and

(b) given to the body concerned.

851C Duration of approval (1) An approval under section 851B remains in force:

(a) if the notice of approval specifies a period during which the approval remains in force--until the end of that period, or if the Minister extends that period, until the end of that extended period; or

(b) otherwise--indefinitely.

Extension of approval

(2) A person who holds an approval under section 851B that is in force for a specified period may apply to extend that period by lodging with ASIC an application that sets out the person's reasons for making the application.

Note: For fees in respect of lodging applications, see Part 9.10.

(3) ASIC must give the application to the Minister as soon as possible.


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(4) If the Minister is satisfied that it is in the national interest to grant the extension, the Minister may grant the application.

(5) If the Minister grants the application, the Minister must:

(a) give written notice of the extension to the applicant; and

(b) specify the extended period during which the approval remains in force (which may or may not be the period the applicant applied for).

(6) If the Minister refuses the application, the Minister must give written notice of the refusal to the applicant.

(7) As soon as practicable, the Minister must arrange for a copy of a notice of extension under this section to be:

(a) published in the Gazette; and

(b) given to the widely held market body concerned.

851D Conditions of approval (1) An approval under section 851B is subject to such conditions (if any) as are specified in the notice of approval.

(2) The Minister may, by written notice given to a person who holds an approval under section 851B:

(a) impose one or more conditions or further conditions to which the approval is subject; or

(b) revoke or vary any condition:

(i) imposed under paragraph (a); or

(ii) specified in the notice of approval.

(3) The Minister's power under subsection (2) may be exercised:

(a) on the Minister's own initiative; or

(b) on application by the person who holds the approval.

(4) An application made by a person under paragraph (3)(b) must be lodged with ASIC and must set out the person's reasons for making the application.

Note: For fees in respect of lodging applications, see Part 9.10.

(5) ASIC must give the application to the Minister as soon as possible.

(6) If the Minister refuses an application under paragraph (3)(b), the Minister must give written notice of the refusal to the applicant.

(7) As soon as practicable, the Minister must arrange for a copy of a notice under subsection (2) to be:

(a) published in the Gazette; and

(b) given to the widely held market body concerned.

(8) A person who holds an approval under section 851B must give written notice to ASIC if they become aware that they have breached a condition to which the approval is subject.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

851E Varying percentage approved Application by holder of approval

(1) A person who holds an approval under section 851B may apply to vary the percentage specified in the approval by lodging with ASIC an application that:

(a) specifies the percentage of the voting power the person currently has in the widely held market body concerned; and

(b) specifies the percentage of the voting power the person is seeking approval to have in the body; and

(c) sets out the person's reasons for making the application.

Note: For fees in respect of lodging applications, see Part 9.10.

(2) ASIC must give the application to the Minister as soon as possible.

(3) If the Minister is satisfied that it is in the national interest to vary the percentage, the Minister may grant the application.

(4) If the Minister grants the application, the Minister must:

(a) give written notice of the variation to the applicant; and

(b) specify the variation granted (which may or may not be the variation the applicant applied for).

(5) If the Minister refuses an application, the Minister must give written notice of the refusal to the applicant.

Minister's own initiative

(6) The Minister may, by written notice given to a person who holds an approval under section 851B, vary the percentage specified in the approval if the Minister is satisfied that it is in the national interest to do so.

Percentage varied upwards

(7) If the Minister varies a percentage upwards, the variation takes effect on the day the notice of variation is given.

Percentage varied downwards

(8) If the Minister varies a percentage downwards, the variation takes effect on the day specified in the notice of variation. The specified day must be a day at least 90 days after the day on which the notice is given.

Notification of variation

(9) As soon as practicable, the Minister must arrange for a copy of a notice of variation under this section to be:

(a) published in the Gazette; and


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(b) given to the widely held market body concerned.

851F Revoking an approval (1) The Minister may, by written notice given to a person who holds an approval under section 851B in relation to a widely held market body, revoke the approval if the Minister is satisfied that:

(a) it is in the national interest to do so; or

(b) an unacceptable control situation exists in relation to the widely held market body and in relation to the person; or

(c) there has been a contravention of a condition to which the approval is subject.

(2) The revocation takes effect on the day specified in the notice of revocation. The specified day must be a day at least 90 days after the day on which the notice is given.

(3) If a person who holds an approval under section 851B requests the Minister to revoke the approval, the Minister must, by written notice given to the person, revoke the approval. The revocation takes effect on the day specified in the notice of revocation.

(4) As soon as practicable, the Minister must arrange for a copy of a notice of revocation under this section to be:

(a) published in the Gazette; and

(b) given to the widely held market body concerned.

851G Further information about applications (1) This section applies to an application under this Subdivision.

(2) The Minister may, by written notice given to the applicant, require the applicant to give the Minister, within a specified period, further information about the application.

(3) The Minister may refuse to consider the application until the applicant gives the Minister the information.

851H Time limit for Minister's decision (1) The Minister must make a decision on an application under this Subdivision within 30 days after receiving the application.

(2) However, before the end of the 30 days, the Minister may decide to extend the period for considering the application until the end of 60 days after the application was received.

(3) If the Minister has not made a decision within the 30 days (or the 60 days, if subsection (2) applies), the Minister is taken to have granted whatever was applied for. As soon as practicable after that happens, the Minister must arrange for a notice to that effect to be:

(a) published in the Gazette; and

(b) given to the widely held market body concerned.

(4) The time for making the decision stops running if the Minister gives a notice under section 851G in relation to the application, and does not start again until the notice is complied with.

(5) The time limit in this section does not apply to an application under section 851A or 851E if an unacceptable control situation exists in relation to the applicant and in relation to the relevant widely held market body at any time before the Minister makes a decision.

851I Preservation of voting power in relation to bodies specified in regulations made for section 850A (1) A person holding a particular percentage of voting power in a body at its specification time (see subsection (3)) is taken at that time to be granted an approval under section 851B to hold that percentage of voting power in the body if:

(a) the person holding the percentage of voting power in the body immediately before the specification time did not, to any extent, constitute:

(i) if the body's specification time occurred after the commencement of this section--an unacceptable control situation; or

(ii) if the body's specification time occurred at the same time as the commencement of this section--a contravention of previous law (see subsection (3)); and

(b) on the body's specification time, the person holding that percentage of voting power in the body would (apart from this section) constitute an unacceptable control situation.

Note: Conditions can be imposed on the approval under section 851D and then varied or revoked in accordance with that section.

(2) The Minister is taken to have complied with the Minister's obligations under section 851B in relation to the granting of the approval to the person.

(3) In this section:

contravention of previous law means a contravention of a provision of Part 7.1A of this Act as in force immediately before the commencement of this section.

specification time, in relation to a body, means the time a body

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first becomes specified in regulations made for the purposes of section 850A.

Subdivision C--Other matters 852A Acquisition of property (1) The Court must not make an order under section 850D if:

(a) the order would result in the acquisition of property from a person otherwise than on just terms; and

(b) the order would be invalid because of paragraph 51(xxxi) of the Constitution.

(2) Section 1350 does not apply in relation to the making of an order under section 850D.

(3) In this section:

acquisition of property has the same meaning as in paragraph 51(xxxi) of the Constitution.

just terms has the same meaning as in paragraph 51(xxxi) of the Constitution.

852B Anti-avoidance (1) If:

(a) one or more persons enter into, begin to carry out or carry out a scheme; and

(b) it would be concluded that the person, or any of the persons, who entered into, began to carry out or carried out the scheme or any part of the scheme did so for the sole or dominant purpose of avoiding the application of any provision of Subdivision A in relation to any person or persons (whether or not mentioned in paragraph (a)); and

(c) as a result of the scheme or a part of the scheme, a person (the controller) increases the controller's voting power in a widely held market body;

the Minister may give the controller a written direction to cease having that voting power within a specified time.

(2) A person who is subject to a written direction under subsection (1) must comply with the direction.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(3) In this section:

increase voting power includes increasing it from a starting point of nil.

Division 2--Individuals who are not fit and proper are disqualified 853A Who is disqualified For the purposes of this Division, an individual is disqualified if:

(a) a declaration by ASIC that the individual is disqualified is in effect under section 853C; or

(b) the individual is disqualified from managing a corporation under section 206B; or

(c) the individual is on the Register that ASIC must keep under section 1274AA.

853B When an individual is involved in an operator For the purposes of this Division, an individual is involved in a market licensee or a CS facility licensee, or an applicant for such a licence, if:

(a) the individual is a director, secretary or executive officer of the licensee or applicant, or in a holding company of the licensee or applicant; or

(b) the individual has more than 15% of the total voting power in the licensee or applicant, or in a holding company of the licensee or applicant.

853C Declaration by ASIC (1) ASIC may declare in writing that an individual who is involved in a licensed financial market operator or licensed CS facility operator, or in an applicant for a licence of either of those kinds, is disqualified for the purposes of this Division.

(2) ASIC may make such a declaration only if ASIC is satisfied that, because the individual is unfit to be involved in the licensee or applicant, there is a risk that the licensee or applicant will breach its obligations under this Chapter if the declaration is not made.

(3) In deciding whether an individual is unfit as mentioned in

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subsection (2), ASIC must take into account such matters as the individual's fame, character and integrity, rather than his or her competence, experience, knowledge or other such attributes.

(4) A declaration may be expressed to remain in effect for a specified period or until a specified event occurs. Otherwise, it remains in effect indefinitely (unless it is revoked under section 853E).

853D Procedure for declaration (1) ASIC must not make a declaration under section 853C unless it has followed the procedure in this section.

(2) Within 42 days after:

(a) a body corporate applies for an Australian market licence or an Australian CS facility licence; or

(b) ASIC receives other information that may be relevant to deciding whether to make a declaration under section 853C about an individual who is involved in an applicant for an Australian market licence or an Australian CS facility licence, or in an existing licensee;

ASIC may give the applicant or licensee written notice that ASIC proposes to make a declaration under section 853C about the individual in question.

(3) ASIC must give a copy of the notice to the individual and to the Minister.

(4) The notice must:

(a) state the grounds on which ASIC proposes to make the declaration; and

(b) require the applicant or licensee, and the individual, to show, at a hearing before a specified person, why the declaration should not be made; and

(c) specify a reasonable time and place at which the hearing is to be held.

However, if the applicant or licensee, and the individual, consent, the person conducting the hearing may fix a different time or place.

(5) The person conducting the hearing must:

(a) give the applicant or licensee, and the individual, an opportunity to be heard at the hearing; and

(b) give ASIC:

(i) a report about the hearing; and

(ii) a recommendation about the grounds in the notice on which it is proposed to make the declaration.

(6) As soon as practicable after the hearing, ASIC must:

(a) decide whether to make the declaration; and

(b) give each of the following persons a copy of the declaration, or a written notice of its decision not to make the declaration:

(i) the applicant or licensee;

(ii) the individual;

(iii) the Minister.

853E Revoking a declaration (1) ASIC may, in writing, revoke a declaration under section 853C if it is no longer satisfied as mentioned in subsection 853C(2) in relation to the individual in question.

(2) ASIC must give a copy of the revocation to the relevant applicant or licensee, the individual and the Minister.

853F Obligations on disqualified individuals (1) A disqualified individual must not become involved in a market licensee or a CS licensee.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(2) A disqualified individual who is involved in a market licensee or CS licensee must take all reasonable steps to ensure that he or she ceases to be involved in the licensee.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

853G Notification by ASIC If ASIC becomes aware that an individual who is involved in a market licensee or a CS facility licensee is disqualified because of paragraph 853A(b) or (c), ASIC must notify the individual, the licensee and the Minister as soon as practicable.

Division 3--Record-keeping etc. 854A Record-keeping and giving of information (1) The regulations may make provision for and in relation to requiring a person:

(a) to keep and retain records that are relevant to whether a person has

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voting power in a widely held market body and, if so, how much; and

(b) to keep and retain records that are relevant to determining whether any disqualified individual is involved in a market licensee or a CS facility licensee; and

(c) to give the Minister or ASIC information that is relevant to the matters mentioned in paragraphs (a) and (b); and

(d) to give a widely held market body information that is relevant to the matter mentioned in paragraph (a).

(2) The regulations may provide that information given in accordance with a requirement covered by paragraph (1)(c) or (d) must be verified by statutory declaration.

(3) However, an individual is not required to give information in accordance with a requirement covered by paragraph (1)(c) or (d) if the information might tend to incriminate the individual or expose the individual to a penalty.

(4) A person contravenes this section if:

(a) the person makes or keeps a record in compliance, or purported compliance, with a requirement covered by subsection (1); and

(b) the person does so knowing that the record:

(i) is false or misleading; or

(ii) omits any matter or thing without which the record is misleading.

Note: A contravention of this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(5) Regulations made for the purposes of this section may make provision for or in relation to a matter by conferring a power on the Minister.

Part 7.5--Compensation regimes for financial markets Division 1--Preliminary 880A Part does not apply to markets licensed under special provisions about overseas markets Nothing in this Part applies in relation to:

(a) a financial market the operation of which is licensed under subsection 795B(2); or

(b) an application for the grant of a licence under that subsection.

880B Definitions (1) In this Part:

adequate has a meaning affected by subsection (2).

borrowing includes obtaining credit.

compensation arrangements are arrangements that consist of:

(a) a set of rules about compensation; and

(b) a source of funds from which compensation is payable; and

(c) associated administrative and monitoring arrangements.

compensation rules means rules referred to in paragraph (a) of the definition of compensation arrangements.

Division 3 arrangements means compensation arrangements approved under Division 3.

Division 3 loss means a loss described in section 885C, other than a loss that section 885D provides is to be taken not to be a Division 3 loss.

Division 4 arrangements means the arrangements constituted by Division 4.

fidelity fund, in relation to a financial market, means a fund consisting principally of contributions made by:

(a) participants and past participants in the market; or

(b) participants and past participants in:

(i) the market; and

(ii) one or more other financial markets;

the purpose, or the main purpose, of which is to provide a source of funds for the payment of compensation to clients of participants. Any investments made using money in the fund are taken to form part of the fund.

NGF means the National Guarantee Fund that continues in existence under section 889A.

operating rules, in relation to the SEGC, means the rules referred to in section 890D.

Part 7.5 arrangements means Division 3 arrangements or Division 4 arrangements.

pay compensation includes provide compensation in a form other than money.

SEGC means the body corporate in relation to which a nomination as the Securities Exchanges Guarantee Corporation is in force under section 890A.

(2) For the purposes of this Part, the question whether proposed compensation arrangements, compensation arrangements as proposed to be changed, or compensation arrangements that have been approved, are adequate

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is to be determined in accordance with Subdivision D of Division 3.

Division 2--When there must be a compensation regime 881A Licensed markets through which participants provide services for retail clients must generally have a compensation regime (1) If:

(a) any of the participants in a licensed market, in effecting transactions through the market, provide financial services for persons as retail clients; and

(b) in connection with the provision of those financial services, those persons will or may give money or other property, or authority over property, to those participants; and

(c) the market is not a financial market to which Division 4 applies;

there must be compensation arrangements in relation to the market that are approved in accordance with Division 3.

(2) The compensation regime applicable in relation to financial markets to which Division 4 applies is as constituted by that Division.

881B Additional requirements for the licence application (1) A person who is applying for an Australian market licence must state in their application:

(a) whether any of the participants in the market, in effecting transactions through the market, will provide financial services for persons as retail clients; and

(b) if any participants will so provide financial services to persons as retail clients--whether, in connection with the provision of those financial services, those persons will or may give money or other property, or authority over property, to those participants.

(2) If:

(a) participants in the market will provide financial services to persons as retail clients as mentioned in paragraph (1)(a); and

(b) in connection with the provision of those financial services, those persons will or may give money or property, or authority over property, to those participants;

the application must:

(c) contain the information, in relation to the proposed compensation arrangements, required by regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph and be accompanied by a copy of the proposed compensation rules; or

(d) state that the market is or will be covered by Division 4, and set out evidence, in accordance with the requirements (if any) of the regulations, in support of that statement.

881C What happens if an application contains information in accordance with paragraph 881B(2)(c) If a licence application contains information in relation to proposed compensation arrangements as required by paragraph 881B(2)(c), the Minister must deal with the application in accordance with section 882A.

881D What happens if an application contains a statement in accordance with paragraph 881B(2)(d) (1) If a licence application contains a statement in accordance with paragraph 881B(2)(d), the Minister must consider whether he or she is satisfied that the market will be covered by Division 4.

(2) If the Minister is not so satisfied, the application for the licence must be rejected.

(3) If the Minister is so satisfied, the Minister may (subject to the other provisions about granting licences) grant the licence.

Note: The other provisions about granting licences are in Subdivision A of Division 4 of Part 7.2.

Division 3--Approved compensation arrangements Subdivision A--Approval of compensation arrangements 882A How to get compensation arrangements approved with grant of licence (1) If an application for an Australian market licence contains information in relation to proposed compensation arrangements in accordance with paragraph 881B(2)(c), the Minister must treat the application as also being an application for approval of the compensation arrangements and, for that purpose, must consider whether the proposed arrangements are adequate.

(2) If the Minister does not consider that the proposed compensation arrangements are adequate, the application for the licence must be rejected.

(3) If the Minister considers that the proposed compensation arrangements are adequate, the Minister may (subject to the other provisions about granting

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licences) grant the licence. On the granting of the licence, the Minister is taken to have approved the compensation arrangements.

Note: The other provisions about granting licences are in Subdivision A of Division 4 of Part 7.2.

(4) In the conditions of the licence, the Minister must:

(a) deal with the minimum amount of cover required in relation to the compensation arrangements in such manner as the Minister thinks appropriate; and

(b) identify the source of funds available to cover claims, on the basis of which the Minister approves the arrangements (see section 885H).

882B How to get compensation arrangements approved after licence is granted (1) If the operator of a licensed market wants to have compensation arrangements for the market approved after the licence has been granted, the operator must apply for approval in accordance with this section.

(2) The application must:

(a) contain the information, in relation to the proposed compensation arrangements, required by regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph and be accompanied by a copy of the proposed compensation rules; and

(b) be made to the Minister by lodging the application with ASIC.

Note: For fees in respect of lodging applications, see Part 9.10.

(3) If the Minister does not consider that the proposed compensation arrangements are adequate, the application for approval must be rejected.

(4) If the Minister considers that the proposed compensation arrangements are adequate, the Minister must:

(a) approve the compensation arrangements in writing; and

(b) vary the conditions of the operator's licence so as to:

(i) deal with the minimum amount of cover required in relation to the compensation arrangements in such manner as the Minister thinks appropriate; and

(ii) identify the source of funds available to cover claims, on the basis of which the Minister approves the arrangements (see section 885H).

(5) In varying licence conditions as mentioned in paragraph (4)(b), the Minister must proceed under section 796A as though the licensee had applied for the variation to be made.

882C Revocation of approval The Minister may at any time revoke an approval of compensation arrangements if the Minister considers that the arrangements are not adequate.

882D Minister's power to give directions (1) If the Minister considers that a market licensee's approved compensation arrangements are no longer adequate, the Minister may give the licensee a written direction to do specified things that the Minister believes will ensure that the arrangements become adequate once more.

(2) The licensee must comply with the direction.

(3) If the licensee fails to comply with the direction, ASIC may apply to the Court for, and the Court may make, an order that the licensee comply with the direction.

(4) The Minister may vary or revoke a direction at any time by giving written notice to the licensee.

Subdivision B--Effect of compensation rules forming part of Division 3 arrangements 883A Legal effect of compensation rules Compensation rules forming part of Division 3 arrangements for a financial market have effect as a contract under seal between the operator of the market and each participant in the market under which each of those persons agrees to observe the rules to the extent that they apply to the person and engage in conduct that the person is required by the rules to engage in.

883B Enforcement of compensation rules (1) If a person who is under an obligation to comply with or enforce any of the compensation rules forming part of Division 3 arrangements for a financial market fails to meet that obligation, an application to the Court may be made by:

(a) ASIC; or

(b) the operator of the market; or

(c) if there are clearing and settlement arrangements for transactions entered into on the market (as defined in section 790A)--the operator of the clearing and settlement facility; or

(d) a person aggrieved by the failure.

(2) After giving an opportunity to be heard to the applicant and the person against whom the order is sought, the Court may make an order giving directions

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to:

(a) the person against whom the order is sought; or

(b) if that person is a body corporate--the directors of the body corporate;

about compliance with, or enforcement of, the compensation rules.

(3) For the purposes of this section, if the operator of the market fails to comply with or enforce provisions of the compensation rules, a person who is, under the rules, entitled to make a claim for compensation is (whether or not they have actually made a claim) taken to be a person aggrieved by the failure.

(4) There may be other circumstances in which a person may be aggrieved by a failure for the purposes of this section.

883C Other sources of funds for compensation Nothing in this Division makes the operator of a financial market liable to pay compensation from any source of funds other than the source identified in the licence conditions under paragraph 882A(4)(b) or subparagraph 882B(4)(b)(ii).

883D Payment of levies (1) This section applies if, under the compensation rules forming part of Division 3 arrangements for a particular financial market, a levy is payable by all or some of the participants in the market in order to ensure that adequate funds are available for the purposes of the arrangements.

(2) The levy is payable to the operator of the market, as agent for the Commonwealth, by each of the participants affected.

Note: For the imposition and amount of the levy, see the Corporations (Compensation Arrangements Levies) Act 2001.

(3) An amount of levy payable under subsection (2) must be paid within the time and in the manner specified by the operator either generally or in relation to a particular case.

(4) Whenever an amount of levy (the levy amount) is paid under this section, or under section 6 of the Corporations (Compensation Arrangements Levies) Act 2001, to the operator of a market as agent for the Commonwealth:

(a) the operator must pay an amount equal to the levy amount to the Commonwealth; and

(b) the Consolidated Revenue Fund is appropriated by that amount for the purpose of payment to the operator; and

(c) the Commonwealth must pay the amount so appropriated to the operator; and

(d) the operator must deal with the amount it receives under paragraph (c) in accordance with the compensation rules.

(5) A payment of an amount to the operator of a market as required by paragraph (4)(c) in respect of a particular levy amount is subject to a condition that, if the Commonwealth becomes liable to refund the whole or a part of the levy amount, the operator must pay the Commonwealth an amount equal to the amount that the Commonwealth is liable to refund.

(6) The Financial Management and Accountability Act 1997 does not apply in relation to the payment of an amount of levy under this section to the operator of a market as agent for the Commonwealth. However, the operation of that Act in relation to the following payments is not affected:

(a) the payment of an amount to the Commonwealth as required by paragraph (4)(a); or

(b) the payment of an amount by the Commonwealth as required by paragraph (4)(c).

The operator must, in accordance with the regulations, notify the Commonwealth of payments of levy it receives as agent for the Commonwealth.

(7) An amount payable by an operator as required by paragraph (4)(a) may be set off against an amount payable to the operator as required by paragraph (4)(c).

Subdivision C--Changing Division 3 arrangements 884A Division 3 arrangements must generally only be changed in accordance with this Subdivision (1) The operator of a financial market in relation to which there are Division 3 arrangements must not change those arrangements except in accordance with this Subdivision.

(2) However, a change may be made to Division 3 arrangements otherwise than in accordance with this Subdivision if:

(a) the change is not to a matter required by section 885B to be dealt with in the compensation rules; and

(b) the change is merely a minor administrative change.

884B Changing Division 3 arrangements--matters required to be dealt with in the compensation rules (1) If the proposed change is to a matter required by section 885B to be dealt with in the compensation rules, the change may only be made by changing

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the rules.

(2) As soon as practicable after the change is made, the operator must lodge with ASIC written notice of the change.

(3) The notice must:

(a) set out the text of the change; and

(b) specify the date on which the change was made; and

(c) contain an explanation of the purpose of the change.

(4) If no notice is lodged with ASIC within 21 days after the change is made, the change ceases to have effect.

(5) As soon as practicable after receiving a notice under subsection (2), ASIC must send a copy of the notice to the Minister.

(6) Within 28 days after receiving the copy of the notice, the Minister may disallow all or a specified part of the change to the compensation rules.

(7) The Minister must not disallow all or part of the change unless the Minister considers that, because of the change, or that part of the change, the compensation arrangements are not adequate.

(8) As soon as practicable after all or part of a change is disallowed, ASIC must give notice of the disallowance to the operator of the market concerned. The change ceases to have effect, to the extent of the disallowance, when the operator receives the notice.

884C Changing Division 3 arrangements--matters not required to be dealt with in the compensation rules (1) If:

(a) the proposed change is to a matter that is not required by section 885B to be dealt with in the compensation rules (including a matter that is dealt with in the compensation rules even though it is not required to be dealt with in those rules); and

(b) the change is not merely a minor administrative change;

the operator must not make the change unless:

(c) the operator has applied for approval of the change; and

(d) the change has been approved by the Minister.

(2) The application for approval must:

(a) include the information, required by regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph, in relation to the proposed change; and

(b) be made to the Minister by lodging the application with ASIC.

Note: For fees in respect of lodging applications, see Part 9.10.

(3) If the Minister does not consider that the compensation arrangements as proposed to be changed are adequate, the application for approval must be rejected.

(4) If the Minister considers that the compensation arrangements as proposed to be changed are adequate, the Minister must approve the change.

(5) If:

(a) the proposed change is to a matter that is dealt with in the compensation rules even though it is not required to be dealt with in those rules; and

(b) the change is approved;

the operator may make any change to the compensation rules that is necessary to give effect to the change that has been approved or that is incidental to giving effect to that change.

(6) If a change to the compensation rules is made as permitted by subsection (5), the operator must, as soon as practicable after the change is made, give ASIC written notice of the change.

(7) A notice required by subsection (6) must:

(a) set out the text of the change; and

(b) specify the date on which it was made; and

(c) contain an explanation of why it is a change that is permitted to be made by subsection (5).

Subdivision D--Are compensation arrangements adequate? 885A Purpose of this Subdivision (1) This Subdivision applies for the purpose of determining, for the purposes of a provision of this Division:

(a) whether:

(i) proposed compensation arrangements are adequate; or

(ii) compensation arrangements as proposed to be changed are adequate; or

(b) whether compensation arrangements that have been approved are adequate.

(2) A reference in this Subdivision to the arrangements is a reference to the proposed arrangements, the arrangements as proposed to be changed, or the arrangements that have been approved, as the case requires.

(3) A reference in this Subdivision to the compensation rules is a reference to the compensation rules, or the proposed compensation rules, forming part of the arrangements under consideration.

885B Requirements to be complied with for arrangements to be adequate (1) The arrangements are adequate if, and only if, the Minister is satisfied that:


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(a) the compensation rules provide adequate coverage for Division 3 losses (see sections 885C and 885D); and

(b) the compensation rules provide for adequate compensation to be paid in respect of Division 3 losses (see section 885E); and

(c) the compensation rules deal adequately with how compensation in respect of Division 3 losses is to be paid (see section 885F); and

(d) the compensation rules deal adequately with the making and determination of claims in respect of Division 3 losses, and with the notification of the outcome of such claims (see section 885G); and

(e) the arrangements provide for an adequate source of funds for paying compensation in respect of Division 3 losses and in respect of any other losses covered by the arrangements (see section 885H); and

(f) the arrangements include adequate arrangements for administration and monitoring (see section 885I); and

(g) under the arrangements, potential claimants have reasonable and timely access to the compensation regime; and

(h) if the licensee ceases (for whatever reason) to be required to have Division 3 arrangements, the rights of people to seek compensation under the arrangements, being rights that accrued while the licensee was required to have such arrangements, will be adequately protected.

(2) In considering the matters mentioned in subsection (1), the Minister must also have regard to the matters mentioned in section 885J.

(3) The matters that may be dealt with in compensation rules are not limited to matters mentioned in this section.

885C The losses to be covered (1) Subject to section 885D, the compensation rules must cover losses (Division 3 losses) of a kind described in the following paragraphs:

(a) a person (the client) gave money or other property, or authority over property, to a person (the participant):

(i) who was a participant in the market at that time; or

(ii) who the client reasonably believed to be a participant in the market at that time and who was a participant in the market at some earlier time; and

(b) the money or other property, or the authority, was given to the participant in connection with effecting a transaction, or proposed transaction, covered by provisions of the operating rules of the market relating to transactions effected through the market; and

(c) the effecting of the transaction through the market constitutes or would constitute the provision of a financial service to the client as a retail client; and

(d) the client suffers a loss because of:

(i) if the client gave the participant money or other property--the defalcation or fraudulent misuse of the money or other property by the participant; or

(ii) if the client gave the participant authority over property--the fraudulent misuse of that authority by the participant.

(2) The compensation rules must provide that a claim relating to an alleged loss caused by defalcation or fraudulent misuse may be allowed even if:

(a) the person against whom the defalcation or misuse is alleged has not been convicted or prosecuted; and

(b) the evidence on which the claim is allowed would not be sufficient to establish the guilt of that person on a criminal trial in respect of the defalcation or fraudulent misuse.

(3) The compensation rules may exclude losses of a kind described above that occur in specified situations. However, the compensation arrangements will not be adequate unless the Minister is satisfied that those exclusions are appropriate.

885D Certain losses that are not Division 3 losses (1) If, in relation to a loss suffered by a person:

(a) the requirements of subsection 885C(1) are satisfied in relation to a participant and 2 or more financial markets; and

(b) the person did not (expressly or impliedly) instruct the participant to use a particular one of those markets; and

(c) it is not reasonably apparent from the usual business practice of the participant which of those markets the participant would use when acting for the person;

the loss is taken not to be a Division 3 loss.

(2) If, in relation to a loss suffered by a person:

(a) the requirements of subsection 885C(1) are satisfied in relation to a participant and a financial market; and

(b) the loss is also connected (see section 888A) with a financial market to which Division 4 applies; and

(c) the person did not (expressly or impliedly) instruct the participant to use a particular one of those markets; and

(d) it is not reasonably apparent from the usual business practice of the participant which of those markets the participant would use when acting for

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the person;

the loss is taken not to be a Division 3 loss.

(3) If, in relation to a loss suffered by a person:

(a) the transaction referred to in paragraph 885C(1)(b) could have been effected otherwise than through a financial market; and

(b) the person did not (expressly or impliedly) instruct the participant concerned to effect the transaction through a financial market; and

(c) it is not reasonably apparent from the usual business practice of the participant that the transaction would be effected through a financial market;

the loss is taken not to be a Division 3 loss.

885E The amount of compensation (1) Subject to this section, the compensation rules must provide that the amount of compensation to be paid in respect of a Division 3 loss is to be not less than the sum of:

(a) the actual pecuniary loss suffered by the claimant, calculated by reference to the market value of any relevant assets or liabilities as at the date on which the loss was suffered; and

(b) the claimant's reasonable costs of, and disbursements incidental to, the making and proof of the claim.

(2) The compensation rules may provide for the amount of compensation payable in respect of a Division 3 loss to be reduced by reference to a right of set-off available to the claimant.

(3) The compensation rules may impose an upper limit on the amount of compensation to which a person is entitled in respect of a claim in particular circumstances, or an upper limit on the total amount of compensation to which persons are entitled in respect of claims referable to a particular event or circumstance.

(4) That upper limit may be specified in the compensation rules or determined by a method specified in the rules.

(5) The compensation rules must also provide for the payment to the claimant of interest at the rate applicable under the regulations on the amount of the actual pecuniary loss, or so much of that loss as from time to time has not been compensated by an instalment or instalments of compensation, in respect of the period starting on the day when the loss was suffered and ending on the day when the compensation, or the last instalment of compensation, is paid.

(6) The compensation rules may provide for what is to happen if there are insufficient funds to meet claims in respect of Division 3 losses and in respect of any other losses covered by the arrangements. For example, they may provide for the prioritisation of claims, or the apportionment of available funds between claims.

(7) In other provisions of this Division a reference to compensation in respect of a Division 3 loss includes (unless the contrary intention appears) a reference to interest referred to in subsection (5).

885F Method of payment of compensation (1) The compensation rules must deal with how compensation in respect of Division 3 losses is to be paid.

(2) Without limiting subsection (1), the compensation rules may provide for compensation to be paid in a lump sum or by instalments.

885G Making and determination of claims (1) The compensation rules must provide for how claims in respect of Division 3 losses are to be made and determined, and for how claimants are notified of the outcome of their claims.

(2) Without limiting subsection (1), the compensation rules may:

(a) require a person making a claim to pay money, or transfer other property, in support of a claim; and

(b) provide for claims to be disallowed unless persons exercise rights of set-off; and

(c) set time limits for the making of claims; and

(d) provide for claims to be partially allowed (including, for example, in a case where the operator considers that the claimant's conduct contributed to the loss).

885H The source of funds--general There must be an adequate source of funds available to cover claims made under the compensation arrangements in respect of Division 3 losses and in respect of any other losses covered by the arrangements.

Note 1: For example, the source of funds may consist of:

(a) a fidelity fund; or

(b) insurance arrangements; or

(c) an irrevocable letter of credit.

Note 2: The source of funds does not have to consist of a single thing. It may consist of a combination of different things.

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885I Administration and monitoring (1) The arrangements must include arrangements for:

(a) the administration of the compensation arrangements; and

(b) monitoring compliance with the compensation arrangements and reporting breaches of the arrangements to the board of the operator of the market; and

(c) monitoring the adequacy of the arrangements and reporting to the board of the operator of the market on the need for, or desirability of, changes to the compensation arrangements.

(2) Without limiting subsection (1), the arrangements may give responsibilities to:

(a) the operator of the market, or a related company, or a director or employee of the operator or a related company; or

(b) a committee; or

(c) another person acting under an arrangement with the operator.

(3) The people who may be members of a committee referred to in paragraph (2)(b) include, but are not limited to:

(a) participants in the market, or representatives of such participants; and

(b) members of the board of the operator of the market.

885J The losses to be covered--other matters to be taken into account (1) In considering whether the arrangements are adequate, the Minister must also have regard to:

(a) the services provided by the market and by the participants in the market; and

(b) any risk assessment report in relation to the market given to the Minister under section 892K.

(2) The Minister may take into account such other matters as the Minister thinks appropriate.

Subdivision E--Other provisions about Division 3 arrangements 886A Only one claim in respect of the same loss If:

(a) a claim by a person for compensation in respect of a particular Division 3 loss suffered by the person has been allowed under Division 3 arrangements; and

(b) the person makes or has made another claim under those Division 3 arrangements, or under other Division 3 arrangements, in respect of the same loss;

that other claim must not be allowed.

886B Regulations relating to fidelity funds The regulations may include provisions relating to how a fidelity fund, or part of a fidelity fund, is to be dealt with if:

(a) the operator of a financial market becomes insolvent, within the meaning of the regulations; or

(b) a financial market merges with another financial market; or

(c) a financial market ceases to operate (otherwise than because of a merger), or ceases to be required by subsection 881A(1) to have approved compensation arrangements.

Division 4--NGF Compensation regime Subdivision A--Application of Division 887A Markets to which this Division applies This Division applies to a financial market that is operated by:

(a) a body corporate that is a member of the SEGC; or

(b) a body corporate that is a subsidiary of such a member;

other than any such market that the regulations state is not covered by this Division.

Subdivision B--Claims for and payment of compensation 888A The situations in which compensation may be claimed (1) The situations in which compensation may be claimed in respect of a loss that is connected with a financial market to which this Division applies are as specified in the regulations.

(2) Without limiting subsection (1), a loss is connected with a financial

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market if it is caused by a participant, or past participant, in the market.

888B Kinds of compensation available The regulations may provide that compensation under this Division is to take the form of a payment of money or some other form (for example, a transfer of financial products).

888C Amount of compensation payable (1) The amount of compensation (including the value of any non-monetary compensation) to which a person is entitled in respect of a claim that is allowed is to be as determined in accordance with the regulations.

(2) Without limiting subsection (1), the regulations may do all or any of the following:

(a) provide for the amount of compensation to be determined by agreement with the claimant, or by arbitration if agreement cannot be reached; and

(b) provide for the payment of interest on the amount of the claimant's loss; and

(c) provide for the amount of compensation to be reduced by reference to a right of set-off available to the claimant or by reference to the extent to which the claimant was responsible for causing the loss; and

(d) impose an upper limit on the amount of compensation to which a person is entitled in respect of a claim in particular circumstances, or an upper limit on the total amount of compensation to which persons are entitled in respect of claims referable to a particular event or circumstance.

(3) An upper limit referred to in paragraph (2)(d) may be specified in the regulations or determined by a method specified in the regulations.

(4) The regulations may also provide for a claimant to be paid an amount in respect of the claimant's reasonable costs of, and disbursements incidental to, the making and proof of the claim (whether or not the claim is allowed in whole or in part).

(5) The regulations may also provide for a claimant to be paid an amount in respect of the claimant's reasonable costs of, and disbursements incidental to, attempting to recover the loss (whether or not the claim is allowed in whole or in part).

888D Payment of compensation (1) The regulations may provide for the compensation to be paid in a lump sum or by instalments.

(2) The regulations may make other provisions in relation to how compensation is to be paid.

888E Making and determination of claims (1) Claims are to be made and determined in accordance with:

(a) the regulations; and

(b) any relevant provisions of the SEGC's operating rules.

(2) Without limiting subsection (1), the regulations, or the SEGC's operating rules, may do all or any of the following:

(a) require a person making a claim to pay money, or transfer other property, to the SEGC in support of a claim;

(b) provide for claims to be disallowed unless persons exercise rights of set-off;

(c) set time limits for the making of claims;

(d) provide for claims to be partially allowed (including, for example, in a case where the SEGC considers that the claimant's conduct contributed to the loss).

(3) The regulations, or the SEGC's operating rules, may impose other requirements to be complied with by the SEGC in relation to claims (including, for example, requirements to notify claimants whether their claims have be allowed).

(4) If a provision of the SEGC's operating rules is wholly or partly inconsistent with regulations made for the purposes of this section, the provision of the SEGC's operating rules is, to the extent of the inconsistency, of no effect.

888F SEGC has power to determine claims The SEGC has power to determine claims in accordance with this Division.

888G Allowing a claim does not constitute an admission of any other liability If the SEGC allows a claim, that does not constitute an admission (by anyone) of any liability, other than the liability to provide compensation in respect of the claim in accordance with this Division.

888H Claimant may apply to Court if claim disallowed

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(1) If the SEGC has disallowed a claim, the claimant may bring proceedings in the Court to establish the claim. The proceedings must be brought within 3 months of notice of the disallowance of the claim.

(2) If the SEGC has neither allowed nor disallowed a claim within a reasonable period after it was made, the claimant may bring proceedings in the Court to establish the claim.

(3) If, on proceedings under subsection (1) or (2), the Court is satisfied that the claim should be allowed, the Court:

(a) must, by order, make a declaration accordingly and direct the SEGC to allow the claim and deal with it in accordance with this Division; and

(b) may, at any time after the order is made, on application made (whether before or after the order is made) by the claimant or the SEGC, give such directions relating to the claim as the Court thinks just and reasonable.

(4) In proceedings to establish a claim, all questions of costs are in the discretion of the Court.

888I Non-NGF property of the SEGC not available to meet claims Money or other property of the SEGC that is not part of the NGF is not available to be applied in respect of a claim that has been allowed by the SEGC, whether or not under an order of the Court.

888J SEGC may enter into contracts of insurance or indemnity (1) The SEGC may enter into a contract with a person (the insurer) carrying on a fidelity insurance business under which the SEGC will be insured or indemnified against liability in respect of claims to the extent and in the manner provided by the contract.

(2) The contract may relate to all claims or only to certain claims as specified in the contract. The contract may, for example, exclude claims relating to the conduct of a particular financial services licensee.

(3) The following persons each have qualified privilege in respect of the publication of a statement that the contract does not apply with respect to claims relating to the conduct of a particular financial services licensee:

(a) the SEGC;

(b) any body corporate that is a member of the SEGC;

(c) any subsidiary of such a member;

(d) any employee of a body covered by paragraph (a), (b) or (c).

(4) A person who has made a claim does not have a right of action against the insurer in respect of the contract or a right or claim in respect of money paid by the insurer in accordance with the contract.

888K NGF may be used to acquire financial products to be transferred as compensation The SEGC may pay money out of the NGF to acquire financial products for the purpose of providing compensation (in accordance with the regulations) that takes the form of a transfer of financial products.

Subdivision C--The NGF 889A Continuation of the National Guarantee Fund The National Guarantee Fund that continued to exist under section 928B of this Act before the repeal of that section by the Financial Services Reform Act 2001 continues in existence as the National Guarantee Fund for the purposes of this Part.

889B Compensation to be provided out of the NGF Compensation payable under this Division is to be paid out of the NGF.

889C SEGC to keep the NGF (1) The SEGC must keep and administer the NGF.

(2) The assets of the NGF are the property of SEGC, but must be kept separate from all other property and must be held on trust by the SEGC for the purposes of this Division.

889D What the NGF consists of The NGF consists of:

(a) money and other property constituting the NGF before the commencement of this Chapter; and

(b) money paid into the NGF in accordance with section 889J or 889K; and

(c) money paid to the SEGC in accordance with regulations referred to in section 888E in support of a claim; and

(d) money paid to the SEGC under a contract of insurance or indemnity referred to in section 888J; and


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(e) money paid into the NGF under subsection 889F(2); and

(f) the interest and profits from time to time accruing from the investment of the NGF; and

(g) money recovered by or on behalf of the SEGC in the exercise of a right of action that the SEGC has by virtue of a provision of this Part; and

(h) money and other property paid or transferred to the SEGC for inclusion in the NGF in accordance with regulations referred to in section 891B; and

(i) all other money and other property lawfully paid into, or forming part of, the NGF.

889E Power to borrow etc. for purposes of the NGF (1) If the SEGC considers that, in the interests of the sound financial management of the NGF, money should be borrowed for the purpose of meeting a payment due out of the NGF, the SEGC may borrow money for that purpose on such terms and conditions as the SEGC thinks appropriate.

(2) The SEGC may give security, including over the assets of the NGF, in respect of the SEGC's obligations in relation to a borrowing under subsection (1).

(3) If:

(a) money borrowed under subsection (1) is a loan from a body corporate that is a member of the SEGC; and

(b) the body corporate borrowed money for the purpose of making the loan to the SEGC;

the SEGC may give security, including over the assets of the NGF, in relation to the body corporate's obligations in respect of the borrowing referred to in paragraph (b).

889F Money borrowed and paid to the SEGC (1) This section applies if money borrowed by the SEGC under subsection 889E(1) is paid to the SEGC.

(2) The SEGC must pay the money into the NGF.

(3) If:

(a) the money was borrowed for the purpose of meeting a payment due out of the NGF; and

(b) the borrowed money has been paid into the NGF; and

(c) the payment due out of the NGF has not yet been made;

then, for the purposes of section 889J, the amount in the NGF is taken to be reduced by the amount of the borrowed money.

889G Money borrowed and not paid to the SEGC (1) This section applies if money borrowed by the SEGC under subsection 889E(1) is not paid to the SEGC but is payable to other persons at the direction of the SEGC.

(2) The SEGC must not direct that any of the money be paid to a person unless the payment is of a kind that can, under section 889H, be made out of the NGF.

889H Payments out of the NGF Subject to regulations made for the purposes of this section, the following are to be paid out of the NGF, in such order as the SEGC considers appropriate:

(a) amounts, including costs, disbursements and interest, that any provision of this Part requires to be paid in connection with claims;

(b) all legal and other expenses incurred:

(i) in investigating or defending claims; or

(ii) in relation to the NGF; or

(iii) in the exercise by the SEGC of the rights and powers vested in it by any provision of this Part in relation to the NGF;

(c) money payable out of the NGF under regulations referred to in subsection 892G(2);

(d) amounts to be paid to acquire financial products as mentioned in section 888K;

(e) premiums payable in respect of contracts of insurance or indemnity entered into by the SEGC under section 888J;

(f) payments of principal, interest and other amounts payable by the SEGC in respect of money borrowed, and security given, under section 889E;

(g) the expenses incurred in the administration of the NGF, including the salaries and wages of persons employed by the SEGC in relation to the NGF;

(h) amounts to be paid to a body corporate in accordance with a direction of the Minister under section 891A;

(i) any other money payable out of the NGF in accordance with a provision of this Part.

889I Minimum amount of the NGF (1) The minimum amount in relation to the NGF is:


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(a) unless paragraph (b) applies--$80,000,000; or

(b) if a determination is in force under subsection (2)--the amount specified in the determination.

(2) The SEGC may, in writing, determine an amount (whether greater than, or less than, $80,000,000) to be the minimum amount in relation to the NGF. The determination does not come into force until it has been approved by the Minister.

(3) The SEGC must publish in the Gazette notice of a determination that has come into force under subsection (2). The notice must specify the date when the determination came into force.

(4) If the amount in the NGF falls below the minimum amount, the SEGC must consider what action needs to be taken.

889J Levy by the SEGC (1) If the amount in the NGF is less than the minimum amount applicable under section 889I, the SEGC may determine in writing that:

(a) the operators of all, or a class, of the financial markets to which this Division applies; or

(b) all, or a class, of the participants in any of these markets;

must pay a levy to the SEGC.

(2) The levy is payable to the SEGC, as agent for the Commonwealth, in accordance with this section.

Note: For the imposition and amount of the levy, see the Corporations (National Guarantee Fund Levies) Act 2001.

(3) A levy payable under this section must be paid within the period and in the manner determined in writing by the SEGC.

(4) Whenever an amount of levy (the levy amount) is paid under this section, or under subsection 6(2) of the Corporations (National Guarantee Fund Levies) Act 2001, to the SEGC as agent for the Commonwealth:

(a) the SEGC must pay an amount equal to the levy amount to the Commonwealth; and

(b) the Consolidated Revenue Fund is appropriated by that amount for the purpose of payment to the SEGC; and

(c) the Commonwealth must pay the amount so appropriated to the SEGC; and

(d) the SEGC must pay the amount it receives under paragraph (c) into the NGF.

(5) Whenever an amount of levy (the levy amount) is paid under subsection 6(1) of the Corporations (National Guarantee Fund Levies) Act 2001, to the operator of a financial market as agent for the Commonwealth:

(a) the operator must pay an amount equal to the levy amount to the SEGC; and

(b) the SEGC must pay an amount equal to the amount so paid to it to the Commonwealth; and

(c) the Consolidated Revenue Fund is appropriated by that amount for the purpose of payment to the SEGC; and

(d) the Commonwealth must pay the amount so appropriated to the SEGC; and

(e) the SEGC must pay the amount it receives under paragraph (d) into the NGF.

(6) A payment of an amount to the SEGC as required by paragraph (4)(c) or (5)(d) in respect of a particular levy amount is subject to a condition that, if the Commonwealth becomes liable to refund the whole or a part of the levy amount, the SEGC must pay the Commonwealth an amount equal to the amount that the Commonwealth is liable to refund. The SEGC may pay, out of the NGF, any amount so required to be paid to the Commonwealth.

(7) The Financial Management and Accountability Act 1997 does not apply in relation to the payment of an amount of levy under this section to the SEGC, or the operator of a financial products market, as agent for the Commonwealth. However, the operation of that Act in relation to the following payments is not affected:

(a) the payment of an amount to the Commonwealth as required by paragraph (4)(a) or (5)(b); or

(b) the payment of an amount by the Commonwealth as required by paragraph (4)(c) or (5)(d).

The SEGC must, in accordance with the regulations, notify the Commonwealth of payments of levy it receives as agent for the Commonwealth, and the operator of a financial market must, in accordance with the regulations, notify the Commonwealth of payments it receives as agent for the Commonwealth as mentioned in paragraph (5)(a).

(8) An amount payable by the SEGC as required by paragraph (4)(a) may be set off against an amount payable to the SEGC as required by paragraph (4)(c), and an amount payable by the SEGC as required by paragraph (5)(b) may be set off against an amount payable to the SEGC as required by paragraph (5)(d).

889K Levy by market operator (1) An operator of a financial market who must pay an amount of levy (the

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primary levy amount) under section 889J may determine in writing that participants in the market must pay a levy (the contributory levy). The determination must be such that the total of the amounts of contributory levy payable by the participants does not exceed the primary levy amount. The contributory levy is payable to the operator as agent for the Commonwealth.

Note: For the imposition and amount of the levy, see the Corporations (National Guarantee Fund Levies) Act 2001.

(2) If a determination is made under subsection (1), the contributory levy is payable by each participant in the market who, when the determination is made, is in a class of participants in the market determined in writing by the operator for the purposes of the levy.

(3) The amount of contributory levy payable by a participant under a determination under subsection (1) must be paid within the period, and in the manner, specified in writing by the operator either generally or in relation to particular participants or classes of participants.

(4) Whenever an amount of levy (the levy amount) is paid under this section, or under subsection 6(3) of the Corporations (National Guarantee Fund Levies) Act 2001, to the operator of a financial market as agent for the Commonwealth:

(a) the operator must pay an amount equal to the levy amount to the Commonwealth; and

(b) the Consolidated Revenue Fund is appropriated by that amount for the purpose of payment to the SEGC; and

(c) the Commonwealth must pay the amount so appropriated to the SEGC; and

(d) the SEGC must pay the amount it receives under paragraph (c) into the NGF; and

(e) the operator's liability to pay the primary levy amount is reduced by the amount paid into the NGF under paragraph (d).

(5) A payment of an amount to the SEGC as required by paragraph (4)(c) in respect of a particular contributory levy amount is subject to a condition that, if the Commonwealth becomes liable to refund the whole or a part of the contributory levy amount, the SEGC must pay the Commonwealth an amount equal to the amount that the Commonwealth is liable to refund. The SEGC may pay, out of the NGF, any amount so required to be paid to the Commonwealth.

(6) The Financial Management and Accountability Act 1997 does not apply in relation to the payment of an amount of levy under this section to the operator of a financial market as agent for the Commonwealth. However, the operation of that Act in relation to the following payments is not affected:

(a) the payment of an amount to the Commonwealth as required by paragraph (4)(a); or

(b) the payment of an amount by the Commonwealth as required by paragraph (4)(c).

The operator must, in accordance with the regulations, notify the Commonwealth of payments of levy it receives as agent for the Commonwealth.

Subdivision D--The SEGC 890A Minister to nominate the SEGC (1) Subject to subsection (3), the Minister may nominate in writing as the Securities Exchanges Guarantee Corporation a body corporate (whenever incorporated) that is, for the purposes of the national corporate laws, a company limited by guarantee.

(2) ASIC must cause a copy of a nomination by the Minister under subsection (1) to be published in the Gazette.

(3) The Minister may only nominate a body corporate under subsection (1) if he or she is satisfied that:

(a) the Australian Stock Exchange Limited is a member of the body corporate; and

(b) each of the members of the body corporate is an eligible exchange (see subsection (4)); and

(c) the body corporate's constitution provides that only eligible exchanges may become or remain members of the body corporate; and

(d) the body corporate will, if nominated under subsection (1), be able to perform and exercise the SEGC's functions and powers under this Division adequately and with due regard to the interests of the public; and

(e) the body corporate has obtained, or will within a reasonable period after being nominated under subsection (1) obtain, indemnity insurance in respect of its liabilities for:

(i) negligence in; and

(ii) defalcation, or fraudulent misuse of property, by an officer, employee or agent of the body corporate in connection with;

the performance or exercise of the SEGC's functions or powers under this Division, or has made or will make other satisfactory provisions for meeting those liabilities; and

(f) the body corporate's business rules make satisfactory provision:

(i) for ensuring the safety of property received by the body corporate; and

(ii) generally for the protection of the interests of the public.


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(4) In this section:

eligible exchange means:

(a) the Exchange; or

(b) a securities exchange that is neither the Exchange nor an Exchange subsidiary.

890B The SEGC's functions and powers (1) In addition to the legal capacity and powers it has because of section 124, SEGC has such functions and powers as are conferred, or expressed to be conferred, on it by this Part.

(2) Section 125 does not apply in relation to a function or power conferred, or expressed to be conferred, as mentioned in subsection (1) of this section.

(3) The SEGC is to perform the functions, and may exercise the powers, that are conferred on it by or under this Part.

(4) The SEGC is to administer the arrangements constituted by this Division.

890C Delegation (1) Subject to this section, all decisions of the SEGC in relation to the performance of its functions, and the exercise of its powers, under this Part must be made by the board of the SEGC.

(2) The board of the SEGC must not delegate any of the following powers of the SEGC:

(a) the power to borrow under section 889E;

(b) the power to determine the order of payments under section 889H;

(c) the power to determine a minimum amount under section 889I;

(d) the power to make operating rules under section 890D;

(e) the power (or duty) to make a payment under section 891A.

(3) Otherwise, the board of the SEGC may delegate any of their powers under this Part in accordance with section 198D.

890D Operating rules of the SEGC The SEGC may make rules (operating rules) relating to the performance or exercise of its powers or duties under this Part, or relating to matters permitted by this Part to be dealt with in its operating rules.

890E Legal effect of the SEGC's operating rules The SEGC's operating rules have effect as a contract under seal between the SEGC and each member of the SEGC under which each of those persons agrees to observe the operating rules to the extent that they apply to the person and engage in conduct that the person is required by the operating rules to engage in.

890F Enforcement of the SEGC's operating rules (1) If a person who is under an obligation to comply with or enforce any of the SEGC's operating rules fails to meet that obligation, an application to the Court may be made by:

(a) ASIC; or

(b) the SEGC; or

(c) a member of the SEGC; or

(d) a person aggrieved by the failure.

(2) After giving an opportunity to be heard to the applicant and the person against whom the order is sought, the Court may make an order giving directions to:

(a) the person against whom the order is sought; or

(b) if that person is a body corporate--the directors of the body corporate;

about compliance with, or enforcement of, the operating rules.

890G Changing the SEGC's operating rules (1) As soon as practicable after a change is made to the SEGC's operating rules, the SEGC must lodge with ASIC written notice of the change.

(2) The notice must:

(a) set out the text of the change; and

(b) specify the date on which the change was made; and

(c) contain an explanation of the purpose of the change.

(3) If no notice is lodged with ASIC within 21 days after the change is made, the change ceases to have effect.

890H Disallowance of changes to the SEGC's operating rules (1) As soon as practicable after receiving a notice under section 890G, ASIC must send a copy of the notice to the Minister.

(2) Within 28 days after ASIC received the notice under section 890G, the Minister may disallow all or a specified part of the change to the SEGC's

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operating rules.

(3) As soon as practicable after all or part of a change is disallowed, ASIC must give notice of the disallowance to the SEGC. The change ceases to have effect, to the extent of the disallowance, when the SEGC receives the notice.

Subdivision E--Other provisions relating to compensation under this Division 891A Payment out of NGF to prescribed body with arrangements covering clearing and settlement facility support (1) If the Minister is satisfied that a body corporate specified in regulations made for the purposes of this section has made adequate arrangements covering all or part of the clearing and settlement system support that this Division provides for, the Minister may, in writing, direct the SEGC to pay a specified amount to that body corporate out of the NGF.

(2) The Minister may, in writing, impose conditions to be complied with by the SEGC or the body corporate, or both, in relation to the payment.

(3) The SEGC and the body corporate must comply with the direction and with any applicable conditions to which the direction is subject.

(4) Before giving a direction under subsection (1), the Minister must be satisfied that, after the payment is made, the NGF will still have an adequate amount of assets to meet claims.

891B Markets operated by bodies corporate that become members of the SEGC--regulations may deal with transitional provisions and other matters (1) In this section:

joining market means a financial market that:

(a) is operated by a body corporate that becomes a member of the SEGC after the commencement of this Division, or by a subsidiary of such a body corporate; and

(b) is a financial market to which this Division applies.

(2) The regulations may make provisions of a transitional or saving nature dealing with the transition, in relation to a joining market, from the compensation regime previously applicable in relation to the market to the arrangements constituted by this Division.

(3) Without limiting subsection (2), the regulations may require money or other property (including money or other property in a fidelity fund) to be paid or transferred to the SEGC for inclusion in the NGF.

(4) The regulations may also provide for the allocation of part of the NGF as being for use for the purposes of claims arising in connection with the joining market.

(5) The regulations may make modifications of provisions of this Division and Division 5 that are necessary or convenient to take account of allocations of a kind referred to in subsection (4).

891C Regulations may make different provision in respect of different markets etc. Regulations made for the purposes of a provision of this Division may make different provision in respect of different financial markets to which this Division applies and in respect of different circumstances.

Division 5--Provisions common to both kinds of compensation arrangements 892A Definitions In this Division:

regulated fund means:

(a) a fidelity fund that is the source, or a source, of funds under Division 3 arrangements; or

(b) the NGF; or

(c) an account kept as required by subsection 892B(3).

relevant authority, in relation to Part 7.5 arrangements, means:

(a) if the arrangements are Division 3 arrangements of a financial market--the operator of the market; or

(b) if the arrangements are Division 4 arrangements--the SEGC.

892B How regulated funds are to be kept (1) Money in:

(a) a fidelity fund that is the source, or a source, of funds under Division 3 arrangements; or

(b) the NGF;

must, until applied in paying claims or otherwise spent for the purposes of this Part, or invested in accordance with section 892C, be kept by the relevant authority in an account or accounts:

(c) with an Australian ADI; or

(d) of a kind prescribed by regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph;


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separate from any account or accounts in which other money is kept.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(2) The regulations may impose additional requirements to be complied with in relation to the keeping of a regulated fund that covers 2 or more financial markets.

(3) If:

(a) a source of funds under Division 3 arrangements for a financial market is something other than a fidelity fund; and

(b) the operator of the market, or a person involved in the administration of the arrangements, receives money from that source of funds;

the money received must, until applied in paying claims or otherwise spent for the purposes of this Part, or invested in accordance with section 892C, be kept by the relevant authority in an account or accounts:

(c) with an Australian ADI; or

(d) of a kind prescribed by regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph;

separate from any account or accounts in which other money is kept.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

892C Money in regulated funds may be invested (1) Money in a regulated fund that is not immediately required for the purposes of meeting claims may be invested in any way in which trustees are for the time being authorised by law in force in a State or Territory in this jurisdiction to invest trust funds.

(2) The relevant authority may, with the approval of ASIC, appoint a person to invest on behalf of the relevant authority money to which subsection (1) applies.

(3) ASIC must not grant approval to the appointment of a person under subsection (2) unless it is satisfied that:

(a) the person has appropriate qualifications and expertise to perform the duties of the appointment; and

(b) the relevant authority has adequate indemnity insurance in respect of its liabilities for any negligence, or any defalcation or fraudulent misuse of property, by the person in the performance of those duties, or has made other satisfactory provisions for meeting those liabilities.

(4) A person appointed under subsection (2) must perform the duties of the appointment in accordance with the directions of the relevant authority and subject to such conditions (if any) as the relevant authority imposes.

892D Powers of relevant authority to require production or delivery of financial products, documents or statements (1) The relevant authority in relation to Part 7.5 arrangements may require a person:

(a) to deliver to the relevant authority documents or copies of documents, including documents of, or evidencing, title to financial products; or

(b) to make out and deliver to the relevant authority a statement of evidence;

that the relevant authority considers will assist it in determining a claim for compensation that has been made.

(2) The requirement must be made by notice in writing given to the person. The notice must:

(a) so far as it requires documents or copies referred to in paragraph (1)(a)--identify or describe the documents or copies that are required; and

(b) so far as it requires a statement referred to in paragraph (1)(b)--describe the matters in relation to which the person's evidence is required, and set out any requirements to be complied with in relation to how the statement is made out.

(3) The person must comply with the requirement.

(4) If the person fails, without reasonable excuse, to comply with the requirement, the relevant authority may apply to the Court for, and the Court may make, an order that the person comply with the direction.

(5) If the person fails, without reasonable excuse, to comply with the requirement, the relevant authority may disallow a claim made by the person.

Note: This subsection would not apply if the person subject to the requirement were someone other than a claimant.

(6) The relevant authority may, in writing, delegate the power given by this section to a person involved in the administration of the Part 7.5 arrangements.

(7) The relevant authority must return any documents (other than copies of documents) provided to it under this section as soon as practicable after the claim referred to in subsection (1) has been determined, and any proceedings relating to the determination of the claim (including any arising from the subrogation of the relevant authority for the claimant) have been completed.

(8) Subsection (7) does not apply if:

(a) another law prohibits or prevents the return of the documents; or


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(b) the documents are no longer in the custody of the relevant authority; or

(c) the person tells the relevant authority that the person does not want the documents back.

892E Power to require assistance for purpose of dealing with a claim (1) If Division 3 arrangements give responsibilities (as mentioned in paragraph 885I(2)(c)) to a person acting under an arrangement with the operator of the market concerned, the person may give the operator a written request to give such assistance as the person requires for the purpose of fulfilling the person's responsibilities under the arrangement.

(2) The SEGC may give a member of the SEGC, or a subsidiary of a member of the SEGC, a written request to give such assistance as the SEGC requires for the purpose of:

(a) dealing with a claim; or

(b) the assessment of risks to the NGF.

(3) A requirement for assistance under subsection (1) or (2) must be reasonable.

(4) A person who is required under this section to give assistance must give the assistance.

(5) If the person fails to give the assistance, the person who required the assistance may apply to the Court for, and the Court may make, an order that the other person give the assistance.

892F Relevant authority's right of subrogation if compensation is paid (1) If compensation in respect of a claim is paid under Part 7.5 arrangements, the relevant authority in relation to the arrangements is subrogated, to the extent of that payment, to all the claimant's rights and remedies in relation to the loss to which the claim relates.

(2) The relevant authority may also recover from the participant or participants who caused the loss the costs it incurred in determining the claim.

892G Excess money in compensation funds (1) The regulations may determine, or provide a method for determining, when there is excess money in a regulated fund.

(2) The regulations may make provision in relation to how excess money in a regulated fund may be, or is to be, dealt with. The regulations may make different provision in relation to different funds.

892H Accounting and reporting for regulated funds (1) The relevant authority in relation to Part 7.5 arrangements must, in relation to each regulated fund established in connection with the arrangements, keep written financial records that:

(a) correctly record and explain the fund's transactions and financial position and performance; and

(b) would enable true and fair financial statements to be prepared and audited;

and must retain the financial records for 7 years after the transactions covered by the records are completed.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(2) Within 2 months after the end of each financial year of the relevant authority, the authority must cause financial statements and notes to those financial statements (within the meaning of section 295) for the regulated fund to be made out as at the end of that financial year.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(3) A registered company auditor must be appointed to audit the accounts of the regulated fund in accordance with whichever of the following paragraphs applies:

(a) if there is only one relevant authority for the fund, that relevant authority must appoint a registered company auditor to audit the fund's accounts;

(b) if there is more than one relevant authority for the fund:

(i) each of those relevant authorities must ensure that a registered company auditor is appointed in accordance with subparagraph (ii) to audit the fund's accounts; and

(ii) the appointment is to be made by one or more of the relevant authorities, with the consent of such of the relevant authorities (if any) as do not make the appointment; and

(iii) a relevant authority must not purport to appoint a person to audit the fund's accounts unless each other relevant authority (if any) who has not also made the appointment has consented to the appointment.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(4) If there is more than one relevant authority for a fund and they cannot agree on which auditor to appoint, ASIC may, on the written application of any

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of the authorities, appoint an auditor who consents to being so appointed.

(5) The auditor must:

(a) audit the accounts of the regulated fund and the financial statements; and

(b) do the things required by sections 307 and 308 in relation to those documents, as if the audit were being done under Chapter 2M.

(6) The relevant authority for the regulated fund must, within 14 days after receiving the auditor's report, lodge with ASIC a copy of the report and a copy of the financial statements. If there is more than one relevant authority for the regulated fund, the copy must be given to ASIC by at least one of those authorities, or else they all contravene this subsection.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(7) If the regulated fund is the NGF, the relevant authority (being the SEGC) must:

(a) give a copy of the audited financial statements to each member of the SEGC; and

(b) cause a copy of the audited financial statements to be laid before the annual general meeting of each member of the SEGC next following the making of that report.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

892I Division 3 arrangements--reporting in situations where compensation does not come out of a regulated fund The regulations may impose reporting requirements to be complied with by the relevant authority in relation to Division 3 arrangements in relation to situations in which compensation under the arrangements is provided otherwise than out of a regulated fund.

892J Regulations may provide for qualified privilege in respect of certain matters The regulations may provide for specified persons to have qualified privilege in respect of specified things done:

(a) under compensation rules forming part of Division 3 arrangements; or

(b) under regulations made for the purposes of a provision or provisions of Subdivision B of Division 4.

892K Risk assessment report (1) For the purposes of monitoring compliance with, and the operation of, this Part, the Minister may, by giving the operator of a financial market written notice, require the operator:

(a) to cause a risk assessment report to be prepared in relation to the market in accordance with the requirements specified in the notice; and

(b) to give that report to the Minister by the time specified in the notice.

(2) The operator must comply with the notice.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

Part 7.6--Licensing of providers of financial services Division 1--Preliminary 910A Definitions In this Part, unless the contrary intention appears:

representative of a financial services licensee means:

(a) an authorised representative of the licensee; or

(b) an employee or director of the licensee; or

(c) an employee or director of a related body corporate of the licensee; or

(d) any other person acting on behalf of the licensee.

Division 2--Requirement to be licensed or authorised 911A Need for an Australian financial services licence (1) Subject to this section, a person who carries on a financial services business in this jurisdiction must hold an Australian financial services licence covering the provision of the financial services.

Note 1: Also, a person must not provide a financial service contrary to a banning order or disqualification order under Division 8.

Note 2: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(2) However, a person is exempt from the requirement to hold an Australian financial services licence for a financial service they provide in any of the

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following circumstances:

(a) the person provides the service as representative of a second person who carries on a financial services business and who:

(i) holds an Australian financial services licence that covers the provision of the service; or

(ii) is exempt under this subsection from the requirement to hold an Australian financial services licence that covers the provision of the service;

Note: However, representatives must still comply with section 911B even if they are exempted from this section by this paragraph.

(b) the service is the issue, variation or disposal of a financial product by the person and the following conditions are satisfied:

(i) a second person, or an authorised representative of a second person, offered to arrange for the issue, variation or disposal of the product for a third person;

(ii) the offer was covered by an Australian financial services licence held by the second person;

(iii) the product was issued, varied or disposed of in accordance with such an arrangement;

(c) all of the following apply:

(i) the service is the variation or disposal of a financial product by the person;

(ii) the same person issued the original product;

(iii) the person provides the service at the direct request of the person to whom it is provided (rather than through an intermediary);

(d) the service is provided incidentally to the operation of a licensed market, or a licensed CS facility, operated by the person;

(e) the person provides the service as a member of a declared professional body and the service is the provision of financial product advice that is covered by the declaration (see section 918B);

(f) the person provides the service while performing functions, or exercising powers, in any of the following capacities or circumstances:

(i) as an official receiver or trustee within the meaning of the Bankruptcy Act 1966;

(ii) as a receiver, receiver and manager, or liquidator (whether appointed by a court or otherwise);

(iii) as a person appointed by a court to carry on a financial services business;

(iv) as the Public Trustee acting under a law, prescribed by regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph, of a State or Territory;

(v) as an administrator of a body corporate;

(vi) as an administrator of a deed of company arrangement executed by a body corporate;

(vii) as a trustee or person administering a compromise or arrangement between a body corporate and another person or persons;

(viii) as a personal representative of a deceased person other than a deceased financial services licensee;

(ix) subject to subsection (3), as a personal representative of a deceased financial services licensee;

(x) in the administration of a bankrupt estate or in the winding up of a body corporate or partnership;

(g) all of the following apply:

(i) the person is a body regulated by APRA;

(ii) the service is provided in the course of carrying on the business or undertaking which causes that APRA regulation to be required;

(iii) the service is provided only to wholesale clients;

(h) all of the following apply:

(i) the person is regulated by an overseas regulatory authority;

(ii) the regulatory authority is approved by ASIC in writing for the purposes of this paragraph;

(iii) the service is provided in the course of carrying on the business or undertaking which causes that regulation to be required;

(iv) the service is provided only to wholesale clients;

(i) the person provides the service only to related bodies corporate of the person;

(j) the person provides the service in the person's capacity as trustee of a self-managed superannuation fund (within the meaning of the Superannuation Industry (Supervision) Act 1993);

(k) the provision of the service is covered by an exemption prescribed in regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph;

(l) the provision of the service is covered by an exemption specified by ASIC in writing and published in the Gazette.

Note: A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in this subsection. See subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.

(3) Subparagraph (2)(f)(ix) only applies until whichever of these happens first:

(a) the end of 6 months after the death of the licensee;

(b) the removal or discharge of the personal representative;

(c) the final distribution of the licensee's estate.

(4) A person is not exempt under any paragraph of subsection (2) for a

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financial service they provide if the service is the operation of a registered scheme.

911B Providing financial services on behalf of a person who carries on a financial services business (1) A person (the provider) must only provide a financial service in this jurisdiction on behalf of another person (the principal) who carries on a financial services business if one or more of the following paragraphs apply:

(a) these conditions are satisfied:

(i) the principal holds an Australian financial services licence covering the provision of the service; and

(ii) the provider is an employee or director of the principal or of a related body corporate of the principal; and

(iii) the provider is not an employee or director of any other person who carries on a financial services business and who is not a related body corporate of the principal; and

(iv) the provider is not an employee or director of a related body corporate of a person of the kind mentioned in subparagraph (iii);

(b) these conditions are satisfied:

(i) the principal holds an Australian financial services licence covering the provision of the service; and

(ii) the provider is an authorised representative of the principal; and

(iii) the authorisation covers the provision of the service by the provider; and

(iv) in the case of a provider who is an employee or director of any other person (the second principal) who carries on a financial services business, or of a related body corporate of such a second principal--if the provider provides any financial services in this jurisdiction on behalf of the second principal, the provider does so as an authorised representative of the second principal;

(c) these conditions are satisfied:

(i) the principal holds an Australian financial services licence covering the provision of the service; and

(ii) the provider is an employee of an authorised representative of the principal; and

(iii) the authorisation covers the provision of the service by the authorised representative; and

(iv) the service is the provision of a basic deposit product or of a facility for making non-cash payments (see section 763D) that is related to a basic deposit product, or is the provision of a financial product of a kind prescribed by regulations made for the purposes of this subparagraph;

(d) the provider holds their own Australian financial services licence covering the provision of the service;

Note: However, in general a financial services licensee cannot be the authorised representative of another financial services licensee: see sections 916D and 916E.

(e) if the principal (rather than the provider) provided the service, the principal would not need an Australian financial services licence because the provision of the service would be exempt under subsection 911A(2).

Note 1: Also, a person must not provide a financial service on behalf of another person contrary to a banning order or disqualification order under Division 8.

Note 2: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(2) Paragraphs (1)(a), (b) and (c) do not apply if the provider is a financial services licensee, unless the principal is an insurer and the provider is acting under a binder given by the principal.

911C Prohibition on holding out A person must not hold out:

(a) that the person has an Australian financial services licence; or

(b) that a financial service provided by the person or by someone else is exempt from the requirement to hold an Australian financial services licence; or

(c) that, in providing a financial service, the person acts on behalf of another person; or

(d) that conduct, or proposed conduct, of the person is within authority (within the meaning of Division 6) in relation to a particular financial services licensee; or

(e) that a body is a declared professional body; or

(f) that a person is a member of a declared professional body;

if that is not the case.

Note: Failure to comply with this section is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

911D When a financial services business is taken to be carried on in this jurisdiction (1) For the purposes of this Chapter, a financial services business is taken to be carried on in this jurisdiction by a person if, in the course

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of the person carrying on the business, the person engages in conduct that is:

(a) intended to induce people in this jurisdiction to use the financial services the person provides; or

(b) is likely to have that effect;

whether or not the conduct is intended, or likely, to have that effect in other places as well.

(2) This section does not limit the circumstances in which a financial services business is carried on in this jurisdiction for the purposes of this Chapter.

Division 3--Obligations of financial services licensees 912A General obligations A financial services licensee must:

(a) to the extent that it is reasonably practicable to do so, do all things necessary to ensure that the financial services covered by the licence are provided competently and honestly; and

(b) comply with the conditions on the licence; and

(c) take reasonable steps to ensure that its representatives comply with the requirements of this Act (including any obligations under the other Parts of this Chapter), and any other law of the Commonwealth, a State or a Territory that relates to the provision of financial services; and

(d) unless the licensee is a body regulated by APRA--have available adequate resources (including financial, technological and human resources) to provide the financial services covered by the licence and to carry out supervisory arrangements; and

(e) maintain the competence to provide those financial services; and

(f) ensure that its representatives are adequately trained, and are competent, to provide those financial services; and

(g) if those financial services are provided to persons as retail clients--have internal and external dispute resolution procedures, that are approved by ASIC in accordance with the regulations, to resolve complaints such persons make in connection with the provision of financial services covered by the licence; and

(h) unless the licensee is a body regulated by APRA--have adequate risk management systems; and

(i) comply with all the other requirements that apply to the licensee under this Act; and

Note: Licensees may have additional obligations under, for example, the other Parts of this Chapter.

(j) comply with any other obligations that are prescribed by regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph.

912B Compensation arrangements if financial services provided to persons as retail clients (1) If a financial services licensee provides a financial service to persons as retail clients, the licensee must have arrangements for compensating those persons for loss or damage suffered because of breaches of the relevant obligations under this Chapter by the licensee or its representatives. The arrangements must meet the requirements of subsection (2).

(2) The arrangements must:

(a) if the regulations specify requirements that are applicable to all arrangements, or to arrangements of that kind--satisfy those requirements; or

(b) be approved in writing by ASIC.

(3) Before approving arrangements under paragraph (2)(b), ASIC must have regard to:

(a) the financial services covered by the licence; and

(b) whether the arrangements will continue to cover persons after the licensee ceases carrying on the business of providing financial services, and the length of time for which that cover will continue; and

(c) any other matters that are prescribed by regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph.

(4) Regulations made for the purposes of paragraph (3)(c) may, in particular, prescribe additional details in relation to the matters to which ASIC must have regard under paragraphs (3)(a) and (b).

912C Direction to provide a statement (1) ASIC may, by giving written notice to a financial services licensee, direct the licensee to give to ASIC a written statement containing the specified information about:

(a) the financial services provided by the licensee or its representatives; or

(b) the financial services business carried on by the licensee.

(2) ASIC may also, by giving written notice to the licensee, direct the licensee to obtain an audit report, prepared by a suitably qualified person specified in the notice, on such a statement before the statement is given to

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ASIC.

(3) The licensee must comply with a direction given under this section:

(a) within the time specified in the direction if that is a reasonable time; or

(b) in any other case--within a reasonable time.

ASIC may extend the time within which the licensee must comply with the direction by giving written notice to the licensee.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

912D Obligation to notify ASIC of certain matters (1) As soon as practicable, and in any case within 3 days, after a financial services licensee becomes aware that it can no longer meet, or has breached, an obligation under section 912A or 912B, the licensee must give a written report to ASIC on the matter.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(2) A financial services licensee must give written notice to ASIC, as soon as practicable, if the licensee becomes a participant in a licensed market or a licensed CS facility, or ceases to be such a participant. The notice must say when this happened and identify the market or facility.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

912E Surveillance checks by ASIC (1) A financial services licensee and its representatives must give such assistance to ASIC, or a person authorised by ASIC, as ASIC or the authorised person reasonably requests in relation to whether the licensee and its representatives are complying with this Act, and in relation to the performance of ASIC's other functions.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(2) Such assistance may include showing ASIC the licensee's books or giving ASIC other information.

912F Obligation to cite licence number in documents (1) Whenever a financial services licensee identifies itself in a document in connection with providing financial services under the licence, or otherwise in connection with the licence, the document must include the licensee's licence number (see section 913C).

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(2) An offence based on subsection (1) is an offence of strict liability.

Note: For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

Division 4--Australian financial services licences Subdivision A--How to get a licence 913A Applying for a licence A person may apply for an Australian financial services licence by lodging an application with ASIC that:

(a) includes the information required by regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph; and

(b) is accompanied by the documents (if any) required by regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph.

Note: For fees in respect of lodging applications, see Part 9.10.

913B When a licence may be granted (1) ASIC must grant an applicant an Australian financial services licence if (and must not grant such a licence unless):

(a) the application was made in accordance with section 913A; and

(b) ASIC has no reason to believe that the applicant will not comply with the obligations that will apply under section 912A if the licence is granted; and

(c) the requirement in whichever of subsection (2) or (3) of this section applies is satisfied; and

(d) the applicant meets any other requirements prescribed by regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph.

Note: ASIC must not grant an Australian financial services licence to a person contrary to a banning order or disqualification order (see Division 8).


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(2) If the applicant is a natural person, ASIC must be satisfied that there is no reason to believe that the applicant is not of good fame or character.

(3) If the applicant is not a natural person, ASIC must be satisfied:

(a) that:

(i) if the applicant is a body corporate--there is no reason to believe that any of the applicant's responsible officers are not of good fame or character; or

(ii) if the applicant is a partnership--there is no reason to believe that any of the partners who would perform duties in connection with the holding of the licence are not of good fame or character; or

(b) if ASIC is not satisfied of the matter in paragraph (a)--that the applicant's ability to provide the financial services covered by the licence would nevertheless not be significantly impaired.

(4) In considering whether there is reason to believe that a person is not of good fame or character, ASIC must (subject to Part VIIC of the Crimes Act 1914) have regard to:

(a) any conviction of the person, within 10 years before the application was made, for serious fraud; and

(b) whether the person has held an Australian financial services licence that was suspended or cancelled; and

(c) whether a banning order or disqualification order under Division 8 has previously been made against the person; and

(d) any other matter ASIC considers relevant.

Note: Part VIIC of the Crimes Act 1914 includes provisions that, in certain circumstances, relieve persons from the requirement to disclose spent convictions and require persons aware of such convictions to disregard them.

(5) However, ASIC may only refuse to grant a licence after giving the applicant an opportunity:

(a) to appear, or be represented, at a hearing before ASIC that takes place in private; and

(b) to make submissions to ASIC in relation to the matter.

913C Licence numbers ASIC must give each Australian financial services licence a unique licence number when it is granted, and must notify the licensee of that number.

Subdivision B--The conditions on the licence 914A The conditions on the licence (1) Subject to this section, ASIC may, at any time, by giving written notice to a financial services licensee:

(a) impose conditions, or additional conditions, on the licence; and

(b) vary or revoke conditions imposed on the licence.

Note: Subsection 923B(3) restricts the circumstances in which ASIC can impose a condition authorising a person to assume or use a restricted word or expression under that section.

(2) ASIC may do so:

(a) on its own initiative; or

(b) if the licensee lodges with ASIC an application for ASIC to do so, which is accompanied by the documents, if any, required by regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph.

Note: For fees in respect of lodging applications, see Part 9.10.

(3) However, ASIC may only impose conditions or additional conditions, or vary the conditions, on the licence after giving the licensee an opportunity:

(a) to appear, or be represented, at a hearing before ASIC that takes place in private; and

(b) to make submissions to ASIC in relation to the matter.

(4) If the licensee, or a related body corporate, is a body regulated by APRA, ASIC must consult with APRA before imposing a condition, or additional condition, on the licence or before varying or revoking a condition. This does not however apply in relation to a condition described in paragraph (5)(a).

(5) If the licensee, or a related body corporate, is an ADI (within the meaning of the Banking Act 1959), then the following provisions apply:

(a) ASIC cannot impose a condition, or an additional condition, on the licence that would have the result of significantly limiting or restricting the ADI's ability to carry on all or any of its banking business (within the meaning of that Act);

(b) subject to paragraphs (c) and (d), the powers that ASIC would otherwise have under this section to impose, vary or revoke such a condition are instead powers of the Minister;

(c) subject to paragraph (d), the procedures for the imposition of the condition, or the variation or revocation of the condition, are otherwise the same, except that the Minister must only impose, vary or revoke the condition on advice from ASIC given after ASIC has consulted APRA about the proposed action;

(d) ASIC (rather than the Minister) must still conduct any hearing required

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under paragraph (3)(a) and receive any submissions under paragraph (3)(b).

(6) ASIC must ensure that the licence is subject to a condition that specifies the particular financial services or class of financial services that the licensee is authorised to provide.

(7) The financial services or class of financial services may be specified by reference to particular financial products, or classes of financial products.

(8) The licence is subject to such other conditions as are prescribed by regulations made for the purposes of this subsection. However, ASIC cannot vary or revoke those conditions.

Subdivision C--When a licence can be varied, suspended or cancelled 915A Varying licences (1) ASIC may vary an Australian financial services licence to take account of a change in the licensee's name if the licensee lodges with ASIC an application for the variation, accompanied by the documents, if any, required by regulations made for the purposes of this subsection.

Note 1: The conditions on the licence can be varied under section 914A.

Note 2: For fees in respect of lodging applications, see Part 9.10.

(2) ASIC must give written notice of the variation to the licensee.

915B Immediate suspension or cancellation Licence held by a natural person

(1) ASIC may suspend or cancel an Australian financial services licence held by a natural person, by giving written notice to the person, if the person:

(a) ceases to carry on the financial services business; or

(b) becomes an insolvent under administration; or

(c) is convicted of serious fraud; or

(d) becomes incapable of managing their affairs because of mental or physical incapacity; or

(e) lodges with ASIC an application for ASIC to do so, which is accompanied by the documents, if any, required by regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph.

Note: For fees in respect of lodging applications, see Part 9.10.

Licence held by a partnership

(2) ASIC may suspend or cancel an Australian financial services licence held by a partnership, by giving written notice to the partnership, if:

(a) the partnership ceases to carry on the financial services business; or

(b) a creditor's petition or a debtor's petition is presented under Division 2 or 3 of Part IV of the Bankruptcy Act 1966 against the partnership; or

(c) one or more of the partners is convicted of serious fraud; or

(d) the partnership lodges with ASIC an application for ASIC to do so, which is accompanied by the documents, if any, required by regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph.

Note: For fees in respect of lodging applications, see Part 9.10.

Licence held by a body corporate

(3) ASIC may suspend or cancel an Australian financial services licence held by a body corporate, by giving written notice to the body, if the body:

(a) ceases to carry on the financial services business; or

(b) becomes an externally-administered body corporate; or

(c) is a responsible entity of a registered scheme whose members have suffered, or are likely to suffer, loss or damage because the body has breached this Act; or

(d) lodges with ASIC an application for ASIC to do so, which is accompanied by the documents, if any, required by regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph.

Note: For fees in respect of lodging applications, see Part 9.10.

915C Suspension or cancellation after offering a hearing (1) ASIC may suspend or cancel an Australian financial services licence (subject to complying with subsection (4)) in any of the following cases:

(a) the licensee breaches a provision of this Act;

(b) ASIC is no longer satisfied of the matter in whichever of subsection 913B(2) or (3) applied at the time the licence was granted (about whether the licensee, or the licensee's representatives, are of good fame or character);

(c) a banning order or disqualification order under Division 8 is made against the licensee;

(d) a banning order or disqualification order under Division 8 is made against a representative of the licensee and ASIC considers that the representative's involvement in the provision of the licensee's financial services will significantly impair the licensee's ability to meet its obligations under this Chapter.


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(2) ASIC may also cancel an Australian financial services licence (subject to complying with subsection (4)) if:

(a) the application for the licence was false in a material particular or materially misleading; or

(b) there was an omission of a material matter from the application.

(3) An Australian financial services licence is suspended or cancelled by ASIC giving written notice to the licensee.

(4) However, ASIC may only suspend or cancel an Australian financial services licence under this section after giving the licensee an opportunity:

(a) to appear, or be represented, at a hearing before ASIC that takes place in private; and

(b) to make submissions to ASIC on the matter.

915D Effect of suspension (1) A suspended Australian financial services licence has no effect while it remains suspended.

(2) Subsection (1) has effect subject to section 915H.

915E Revocation of suspension ASIC may at any time revoke the suspension of an Australian financial services licence by giving written notice to the licensee.

915F Date of effect and publication of cancellation or suspension (1) A variation, suspension, revocation of a suspension, or cancellation, of an Australian financial services licence takes effect when the written notice of that action is given to the licensee.

(2) As soon as practicable after the notice is given to the licensee, ASIC must:

(a) publish a notice of the action in the Gazette; and

(b) if the licensee is a participant in a licensed market or a licensed CS facility--give written notice of the action to the operator of the market or facility.

A notice under this subsection must state when the action took effect.

915G Statement of reasons A notice of suspension or cancellation given to a licensee under this Subdivision must be accompanied by a statement of reasons for the action taken.

915H ASIC may allow licence to continue in effect In the written notice of suspension or cancellation that ASIC gives to the licensee, ASIC may specify that the licence continues in effect as though the suspension or cancellation had not happened for the purposes of specified provisions of this Act in relation to specified matters, a specified period, or both.

915I Special procedures for APRA-regulated bodies (1) If a financial services licensee, or a related body corporate, is a body regulated by APRA, ASIC must consult with APRA before doing any of the following under this Subdivision:

(a) cancel the licence;

(b) suspend the licence;

(c) revoke a suspension of the licence;

This does not however apply if subsection (2) applies to the licence.

(2) If a financial services licensee, or a related body corporate, is an ADI (within the meaning of the Banking Act 1959), ASIC's powers to do any of the following under this Subdivision:

(a) cancel the licence;

(b) suspend the licence;

(c) revoke a suspension of the licence;

are instead taken to be powers of the Minister.

(3) In a case to which subsection (2) applies, the procedures for cancellation of a licence, suspension of a licence, or revocation of a suspension of a licence, are otherwise the same, except that the Minister may only act on advice from ASIC given after ASIC has consulted APRA about the proposed action. ASIC (rather than the Minister) must still conduct any hearing required under paragraph 915C(4)(a) and receive any submissions under paragraph 915C(4)(b).

915J Variation, suspension and cancellation only under this Subdivision An Australian financial services licence cannot be varied, suspended or cancelled otherwise than under this Subdivision.

Note: The conditions on the licence can be varied under section 914A.


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Division 5--Authorised representatives 916A How representatives are authorised (1) A financial services licensee may give a person (the authorised representative) a written notice authorising the person, for the purposes of this Chapter, to provide a specified financial service or financial services on behalf of the licensee.

(2) The financial services specified may be some or all of the financial services covered by the licensee's licence.

(3) An authorisation under subsection (1) is void to the extent that it purports to authorise a person to provide a financial service:

(a) that is not covered by the licensee's licence; or

(b) contrary to a banning order or disqualification order under Division 8.

(4) An authorisation may be revoked at any time by the licensee giving written notice to the authorised representative.

916B Sub-authorisations (1) Subject to subsection (3), an authorised representative of a financial services licensee cannot, in that capacity, make a person their authorised representative or an authorised representative of the licensee.

(2) A purported authorisation contrary to this section is void.

(3) A body corporate that is an authorised representative of a financial services licensee may, in that capacity, give an individual a written notice authorising that individual, for the purposes of this Chapter, to provide a specified financial service or financial services on behalf of the licensee, but only if the licensee consents.

(4) The financial services specified may be some or all of the financial services covered by the licensee's licence.

(5) The licensee may give consent under subsection (3) in respect of either a specified individual or a specified class of individuals (the membership of which might change from time to time).

(6) An individual who is authorised as mentioned in subsection (3) is an authorised representative of the relevant licensee.

916C Authorised representative of 2 or more licensees (1) One person can be the authorised representative of 2 or more financial services licensees, but only if:

(a) each of those licensees has consented to the person also being the authorised representative of each of the other licensees; or

(b) each of those licensees is a related body corporate of each of the other licensees.

(2) A purported authorisation given in breach of this requirement is void.

(3) As well, an authorisation that starts to breach this requirement, because another financial services licensee purports to authorise the same person, is void.

916D Licensees cannot authorise other licensees (1) A financial services licensee cannot be the authorised representative of another financial services licensee.

Note 1: Instead, the first licensee could use their own licence to provide financial services on behalf of the second licensee (assuming that the first licensee's licence covered the provision of those services). See paragraph 911B(1)(d).

Note 2: There is an exception to this rule in section 916E.

(2) A purported authorisation given in breach of this requirement is void.

(3) As well, an authorisation that starts to breach this requirement, because the person authorised is subsequently granted an Australian financial services licence, is void.

916E Licensees acting under a binder (1) Despite section 916D, a financial services licensee (the authorised licensee) may be the authorised representative of another financial services licensee who is an insurer, if the authorised licensee acts under a binder given by the insurer.

(2) For all purposes connected with contracts that are risk insurance products, or with claims against the insurer, in respect of which the authorised licensee acts under the binder:

(a) the authorised licensee is taken to act on behalf of the insurer and not the insured; and

(b) if the insured in fact relied in good faith on the conduct of the authorised licensee, the authorised licensee is taken to act on behalf of the insurer regardless of the fact that the authorised licensee did not act within the scope of the binder.

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916F Obligation to notify ASIC about authorised representatives (1) A person must give ASIC written notice (in accordance with subsection (2)), within 10 business days, if the person authorises a representative to provide a financial service as mentioned in section 916A or 916B.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(2) The notice must include the following details:

(a) the name and business address of the representative;

(b) details of the authorisation, including the date on which it was made and what the representative is authorised to do on behalf of the relevant licensee;

(c) details of each other financial services licensee on behalf of whom the representative is an authorised representative.

(3) The person must notify ASIC in writing, within 10 business days, if the authorisation is revoked or there is a change in any of those details.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(4) For the purposes of an offence based on subsection (3), strict liability applies to the physical element of circumstance of the offence, that the details mentioned in subsection (3) changed.

Note: For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

916G ASIC may give licensee information about representatives (1) If ASIC considers it appropriate to do so, it may give information to a financial services licensee about a person who ASIC believes is, or will be, a representative of the licensee. However, ASIC may only do so if it believes, on reasonable grounds, that the information is true.

(2) A financial services licensee to whom the information is given may only make use of, make a record of, or give to another person, the information for a purpose connected with:

(a) the licensee making a decision about what action (if any) to take in relation to the representative, as a consequence of receiving the information; or

(b) the licensee taking action pursuant to such a decision.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(3) A person to whom information has been given for a purpose or purposes under subsection (2) or this subsection, may only make use of, make a record of, or give to another person, that information for that purpose or any of those purposes.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(4) A person has qualified privilege in respect of an act done by the person under subsection (2) or (3).

(5) A person to whom information is given in accordance with this section must not give any of the information to a court, or produce in a court a document that sets out some or all of the information, except:

(a) for a purpose connected with:

(i) a financial services licensee making a decision about what action (if any) to take in relation to the representative, as a consequence of receiving some or all of the information; or

(ii) a financial services licensee taking action pursuant to that decision; or

(iii) proving in a proceeding in that court that particular action taken by a financial services licensee in relation to the representative was taken pursuant to that decision; or

(b) in a proceeding in that court, in so far as the proceeding relates to an alleged breach of this section; or

(c) in a proceeding in respect of an ancillary offence relating to an offence based on this section; or

(d) in a proceeding about giving to a court false information some, at least, of which was the information given under this section.

(6) A reference in this section to a financial services licensee taking action in relation to a representative is a reference to the licensee:

(a) taking action by way of making, terminating or varying the terms and conditions of an agreement; or

(b) otherwise taking action in relation to an agreement;

to the extent that the agreement relates to the representative acting on behalf of the licensee.

(7) Subsection (5) also has the effect it would have if:

(a) a reference in it to a court were a reference to a court of an external Territory or of a country outside Australia and the external Territories; and

(b) paragraphs (5)(b) and (c) were omitted.


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Division 6--Liability of financial services licensees for representatives
917A Application of Division (1) This Division applies to any conduct of a representative of a financial services licensee:

(a) that relates to the provision of a financial service; and

(b) on which a third person (the client) could reasonably be expected to rely; and

(c) on which the client in fact relied in good faith.

(2) In this Division, a reference to a representative's conduct being within authority in relation to a particular financial services licensee is, subject to subsection (3), a reference to:

(a) if the representative is an employee of the licensee or of a related body corporate of the licensee--conduct being within the scope of the employee's employment; or

(b) if the representative is a director of the licensee or of a related body corporate of the licensee--conduct being within the scope of the director's duties as director; or

(c) in any other case--conduct being within the scope of the authority given by the licensee.

(3) If:

(a) a person is the representative of more than one financial services licensee in respect of a particular class of financial service; and

(b) the person engages in conduct relating to that class of service; and

(c) any one or more of the licensees issues or transfers a financial product as a result of the conduct;

then, for the purposes of this Division:

(d) the person is taken, in respect of the conduct, to have acted within authority in relation to the licensee or to each licensee who issued or transferred a financial product as a result of the conduct; and

(e) the person is, in respect of the conduct, taken not to have acted within authority in relation to any licensee who did not issue or transfer a financial product as a result of the conduct.

917B Responsibility if representative of only one licensee If the representative is the representative of only one financial services licensee, the licensee is responsible, as between the licensee and the client, for the conduct of the representative, whether or not the representative's conduct is within authority.

917C Representatives of multiple licensees (1) This section applies if the representative is the representative of more than one financial services licensee.

Financial service covered by only one authority

(2) If:

(a) the representative is the representative of one of the licensees only in respect of a particular class of financial service; and

(b) the conduct relates to that class of service;

that licensee is responsible for the conduct, as between that licensee and the client, whether or not the conduct is within authority.

Financial service covered by multiple authorities: conduct within authority for only one of them

(3) If:

(a) the representative is the representative of more than one of the licensees in respect of a particular class of financial service; and

(b) the conduct relates to that class of service; and

(c) the conduct is within authority in relation to one only of those licensees;

that licensee is responsible for the conduct, as between that licensee and the client.

All other cases

(4) In any other case, all of the licensees are jointly and severally responsible for the conduct, as between themselves and the client, whether or not the representative's conduct is within authority in relation to any of them.

917D Exception if lack of authority is disclosed to client A financial services licensee is not responsible under section 917B or 917C for the conduct of their representative if:

(a) the conduct is not within authority in relation to the licensee (or in relation to any of the licensees, if there were more than one); and

(b) the representative disclosed that fact to the client before the client relied on the conduct; and

(c) the clarity and the prominence of the disclosure was such as a person would reasonably require for the purpose of deciding whether to acquire the relevant financial service.

Note: A person must not hold out that conduct, or proposed conduct, of the

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person is within authority in relation to a particular financial services licensee, unless that is the case. See section 911C.

917E Responsibility extends to loss or damage suffered by client The responsibility of a financial services licensee under this Division extends so as to make the licensee liable to the client in respect of any loss or damage suffered by the client as a result of the representative's conduct.

917F Effect of Division (1) If a financial services licensee is responsible for the conduct of their representative under this Division, the client has the same remedies against the licensee that the client has against the representative.

(2) The licensee and the representative (along with any other licensees who are also responsible) are all jointly and severally liable to the client in respect of those remedies.

(3) However, nothing in this Division imposes:

(a) any criminal responsibility; or

(b) any civil liability under a provision of this Act apart from this Division;

on a financial services licensee that would not otherwise be imposed on the licensee.

(4) This Division does not relieve a representative of a financial services licensee of any liability they have to the client or the licensee.

(5) An agreement is void in so far as it purports to alter or restrict the operation of section 917B, 917C, 917D or 917E.

(6) However, subsection (5) does not apply to the extent that the agreement:

(a) provides for a representative of a financial services licensee to indemnify the licensee for a liability of the licensee in respect of the representative; or

(b) provides for a financial services licensee, for whom a representative acts, to indemnify another financial services licensee for a liability in respect of the representative.

(7) A financial services licensee must not make, or offer to make, an agreement that is, or would be, void under subsection (5).

Division 7--Declared professional bodies Subdivision A--Becoming a declared professional body 918A Applying for a declaration A professional body may apply for a declaration to be made under section 918B by lodging an application with ASIC that:

(a) includes the information required by regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph; and

(b) is accompanied by the documents (if any) required by regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph.

Note: For fees in respect of lodging applications, see Part 9.10.

918B Becoming a declared professional body (1) On an application under section 918A, ASIC may declare in writing that a professional body, or a specified part of a professional body, is a declared professional body.

(2) ASIC must specify in the declaration the kind of financial product advice that members of the declared professional body may provide in accordance with the declaration.

(3) ASIC may only make such a declaration if:

(a) the application was made in accordance with section 918A; and

(b) ASIC has no reason to believe that the body (or specified part of the body) will not comply with the obligations that will apply if the declaration is made.

(4) If ASIC makes a declaration, it must give written notice to the professional body concerned. The notice must include the date on which the declaration was made, and may include such other matters as ASIC thinks fit. ASIC must also publish a notice in the Gazette to the same effect.

(5) If ASIC makes a declaration under subsection (1) in relation to a specified part of a professional body, the provisions of this Part that relate to declared professional bodies apply to that part of the body as though the part of the body were itself a declared professional body.

918C Variation and revocation of declaration (1) ASIC may, in writing, vary or revoke a section 918B declaration (including to take account of a change in a professional body's name) if the

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body lodges with ASIC an application for the variation, accompanied by the documents, if any, required by regulations made for the purposes of this subsection.

Note: For fees in respect of lodging applications, see Part 9.10.

(2) ASIC may, in writing, vary a section 918B declaration in respect of a professional body if ASIC considers it appropriate to vary the kind of advice that members of the body may provide in accordance with the declaration.

(3) ASIC may, in writing, vary or revoke a section 918B declaration in respect of a professional body if:

(a) the body ceases to function or becomes insolvent; or

(b) a material particular in the application for the declaration was false, such a particular was omitted from the application, or the application was otherwise materially misleading; or

(c) the body, or a member or members of the body, breach a provision of this Chapter.

(4) However, ASIC may only vary or revoke a declaration in respect of a professional body under subsection (2) or (3) after giving the body an opportunity:

(a) to be represented at a hearing before ASIC that takes place in private; and

(b) to make submissions to ASIC on the matter.

(5) If ASIC varies or revokes a declaration under this section, it must give written notice to the professional body concerned. The notice must include the date on which the variation or revocation took effect, must be accompanied by a statement of reasons for the action taken, and may include such other matters as ASIC thinks fit.

(6) ASIC must also publish a notice in the Gazette to the same effect as the notice under subsection (5).

(7) In the written notice of variation or revocation that ASIC gives to the body, ASIC may specify that the declaration continues in effect as though the variation or revocation had not happened for the purposes of specified provisions of this Act in relation to specified matters, a specified period, or both.

918D Conditions on declaration (1) ASIC may, at any time, by giving written notice to a declared professional body:

(a) impose conditions, or additional conditions, on the declaration; and

(b) vary or revoke conditions imposed on the declaration.

(2) ASIC may do so:

(a) on its own initiative; or

(b) if the body lodges with ASIC an application for ASIC to do so, which is accompanied by the documents, if any, required by regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph.

Note: For fees in respect of lodging applications, see Part 9.10.

(3) However, ASIC may only impose conditions or additional conditions, or vary the conditions, on the declaration after giving the body an opportunity:

(a) to be represented at a hearing before ASIC that takes place in private; and

(b) to make submissions to ASIC in relation to the matter.

This subsection does not apply to ASIC imposing conditions when the declaration is made.

(4) The declaration is subject to such other conditions as are prescribed by regulations made for the purposes of this subsection. However, ASIC cannot vary or revoke those conditions.

(5) In the written notice that ASIC gives to the body under subsection (1), ASIC may specify that the declaration takes effect, or continues in effect, as though the changes specified in the notice had not been made for the purposes of specified provisions of this Act in relation to specified matters, a specified period, or both.

Subdivision B--Obligations of declared professional bodies 919A General obligations A declared professional body must:

(a) comply with the conditions on the declaration; and

(b) take reasonable steps to ensure that its members comply with the requirements of this Act (including any obligations under the other Parts of this Chapter), and any other law of the Commonwealth, a State or a Territory that relates to the provision of financial product advice; and

(c) have available adequate resources (including financial, technological and human resources) to supervise the provision by its members of the kind of financial product advice covered by the declaration; and

(d) ensure that its members are adequately trained to provide, and supervised in the provision of, that kind of financial product advice; and

(e) if members of the body provide that kind of financial product advice to persons as retail clients--ensure that its members have internal and external

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dispute resolution procedures, that are approved by ASIC in accordance with the regulations, to resolve complaints that retail clients make in connection with the provision of that kind of financial product advice; and

(f) have adequate powers to discipline or remove members; and

(g) ensure that adequate conduct and disclosure requirements apply to members of the body; and

(h) have adequate arrangements for compensating clients for loss or damage suffered because of breaches of the relevant obligations under this Chapter by the body or its members; and

(i) comply with all the other requirements that apply to the body under this Act; and

(j) comply with any other obligations that are prescribed by regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph.

919B Direction to provide a statement (1) ASIC may, by giving written notice to a declared professional body, direct the body to give ASIC a written statement containing the specified information about:

(a) the financial services provided by the body or a member or members of the body; or

(b) the financial services business carried on by the body or a member or members of the body; or

(c) the body's compliance with this Part.

(2) ASIC may, by giving written notice to a member of a declared professional body, direct the member to give ASIC a written statement containing the specified information about:

(a) the financial services provided by the member; or

(b) the financial services business carried on by the member.

(3) A notice under subsection (1) or (2) may also include a direction that the body or member (as appropriate) obtain an audit report, prepared by a suitably qualified person specified in the notice, on the required statement before the statement is given to ASIC.

(4) The body or member must comply with a direction given under this section:

(a) within the time specified in the direction if that is a reasonable time; or

(b) in any other case--within a reasonable time.

ASIC may extend the time within which the direction must be complied with by giving written notice to the body or member.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(5) If a statement given to ASIC under this section relates to a person's affairs to a material extent, ASIC may, at the person's request or of its own motion, give the person a copy of the statement or of part of the statement.

(6) If a statement, or part of a statement, relates to a serious contravention of a law of the Commonwealth or of a State or Territory, ASIC may give a copy of the statement or part to:

(a) the Australian Federal Police; or

(b) the National Crime Authority; or

(c) the Director of Public Prosecutions; or

(d) an agency prescribed by regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph.

(7) The Minister may cause a statement, or part of a statement, to be printed and published.

919C Obligation to notify ASIC of certain matters (1) As soon as practicable, and in any case within 3 days, after a declared professional body becomes aware that it can no longer meet, or has breached, an obligation under section 919A, the body must give a written report to ASIC on the matter.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(2) As soon as practicable, and in any case within 3 days, after a declared professional body takes any kind of disciplinary action against a member of the body, the body must give ASIC written notice of this. The notice must include:

(a) the member's name; and

(b) the reason for and nature of the action taken.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(3) As soon as practicable, and in any case within 3 days, after a declared professional body forms a belief that a member of the body has committed, is committing, or is about to commit, a breach of the requirements of this Chapter, the body must give ASIC written notice of this. The notice must include:

(a) the member's name; and

(b) details of the breach or impending breach; and

(c) the body's reasons for that belief.


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Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

919D Surveillance checks by ASIC A declared professional body and its members must give such assistance to ASIC, or a person authorised by ASIC, as ASIC or the authorised person reasonably requests in relation to whether the body and its members are complying with this Act, and in relation to the performance of ASIC's other functions.

Note: Failure to comply with this section is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

919E Register of members (1) A declared professional body must establish and maintain a register of its members.

(2) The regulations may prescribe the way in which the register must be established or maintained, including the details that the body must enter in the register.

(3) A person may inspect a register established under this section and may make copies of, or take extracts from, the register.

(4) The regulations may prescribe the fees that a person must pay the body for doing the things mentioned in subsection (3). The fees must not be such as to amount to taxation.

(5) Any disclosure necessary for the purposes of this section is authorised by this section.

Division 8--Banning or disqualification of persons from providing financial services Subdivision A--Banning orders 920A ASIC's power to make a banning order (1) ASIC may make a banning order against a person, by giving written notice to the person, if:

(a) ASIC suspends or cancels an Australian financial services licence held by the person; or

(b) ASIC has reason to believe that the person has not complied, or will not comply, with their obligations under section 912A; or

(c) the person is convicted of fraud; or

(d) if the person is a declared professional body--ASIC revokes the declaration; or

(e) ASIC has reason to believe that the person has contravened a provision of this Chapter or of Division 2 of Part 2 of the ASIC Act.

(2) However, ASIC may only make a banning order against a person after giving the person an opportunity:

(a) to appear, or be represented, at a hearing before ASIC that takes place in private; and

(b) to make submissions to ASIC on the matter.

(3) Subsection (2) does not apply in so far as ASIC's grounds for making the banning order are or include the following:

(a) that the suspension or cancellation of the relevant licence took place under section 915B;

(b) that the person has been convicted of serious fraud.

920B What is a banning order? (1) A banning order is a written order that prohibits a person from providing any financial services or specified financial services in specified circumstances or capacities.

(2) The order may prohibit the person against whom it is made from providing a financial service:

(a) permanently; or

(b) for a specified period, unless ASIC has reason to believe that the person is not of good fame or character.

(3) A banning order may include a provision allowing the person against whom it was made, subject to any specified conditions:

(a) to do specified acts; or

(b) to do specified acts in specified circumstances;

that the order would otherwise prohibit them from doing.

920C Effect of banning orders (1) A person against whom a banning order is made cannot be granted an Australian financial services licence contrary to the banning order.

(2) A person contravenes this subsection if:

(a) the person engages in conduct; and

(b) the conduct breaches a banning order that has been made against the

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person.

Note: A contravention of this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

920D Variation or cancellation of banning orders (1) ASIC may vary or cancel a banning order, by giving written notice to the person against whom the order was made, if ASIC is satisfied that it is appropriate to do so because of a change in any of the circumstances based on which ASIC made the order.

(2) ASIC may do so:

(a) on its own initiative; or

(b) if the person against whom the order was made lodges with ASIC an application for ASIC to do so, which is accompanied by the documents, if any, required by regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph.

Note: For fees in respect of lodging applications, see Part 9.10.

(3) If ASIC proposes not to vary or cancel a banning order in accordance with an application lodged by a person under paragraph (2)(b), ASIC must give the person an opportunity:

(a) to appear, or be represented, at a hearing before ASIC that takes place in private; and

(b) to make submissions to ASIC on the matter.

920E Date of effect and publication of banning order, variation or cancellation (1) A banning order, or variation or cancellation of a banning order, takes effect when it is given to the person against whom the order is or was made.

(2) ASIC must publish a notice in the Gazette as soon as practicable after making, varying or cancelling a banning order. The notice must state when the action took effect and:

(a) in the case of the making of a banning order--set out a copy of the banning order; or

(b) in the case of the variation of a banning order--set out a copy of the banning order as varied.

(3) However, if the banning order contains a provision of the kind referred to in subsection 920B(3) and ASIC considers that the Gazette notice would be unreasonably long if that provision were included, the notice may instead set out a summary of the provision's effect.

(4) If ASIC makes a banning order against a person who is a participant in a licensed market or a licensed CS facility, or varies a banning order against such a person, ASIC must give the operator of the market or facility written notice of the making of the order or the variation.

920F Statement of reasons (1) A banning order given to a person must be accompanied by a statement of reasons for the order.

(2) If ASIC varies a banning order made against a person, ASIC must, on request by the person, give the person a statement of reasons for the variation.

Subdivision B--Disqualification by the Court 921A Disqualification by the Court (1) ASIC may apply to the Court for an order or orders under this section in relation to a person if ASIC:

(a) cancels an Australian financial services licence held by the person; or

(b) makes a banning order against the person that is to operate permanently.

(2) The Court may make:

(a) an order disqualifying the person, permanently or for a specified period, from providing any financial services, or specified financial services, in specified circumstances or capacities; or

(b) any other order the Court considers appropriate.

(3) The Court may revoke or vary an order made under subsection (2).

(4) A person against whom such an order is made cannot be granted an Australian financial services licence contrary to the order.

(5) If the Court makes or varies an order under this section in relation to a person who is a participant in a licensed market or a licensed CS facility, ASIC must give the operator of the market or facility written notice of the making of the order or the variation.

Division 9--Registers relating to financial services 922A Registers relating to financial services (1) ASIC must establish and maintain one or more registers relating to financial services.

(2) The regulations may prescribe the way in which the register or registers must be established or maintained, including the details that ASIC must enter

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in the register or registers in respect of the following persons or bodies:

(a) financial services licensees;

(b) authorised representatives of financial services licensees;

(c) persons against whom a banning order or disqualification order under Division 8 is made;

(d) declared professional bodies;

(e) any other persons or bodies that are prescribed by regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph.

922B Inspection of Registers (1) A person may inspect the register or registers relating to financial services established under this Division and may make copies of, or take extracts from, the register or registers.

(2) The regulations may prescribe the fees that a person must pay ASIC to do the things mentioned in subsection (1). The fees must not be such as to amount to taxation.

(3) Any disclosure necessary for the purposes of this section is authorised by this section.

Division 10--Restrictions on use of terminology 923A Restriction on use of certain words or expressions (1) A person contravenes this subsection if:

(a) either:

(i) the person carries on a financial services business or provides a financial service (whether or not on behalf of another person); or

(ii) another person (the provider) provides a financial service on behalf of the first person; and

(b) the first person assumes or uses, in this jurisdiction, a restricted word or expression in relation to that business or service.

Note 1: For the meanings of restricted word or expression and assume or use, see subsection (5).

Note 2: A contravention of this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(2) However, it is not a contravention of subsection (1) for a person to assume or use a restricted word or expression if:

(a) the person does not receive any of the following:

(i) commissions (apart from commissions that are rebated in full to the person's clients);

(ii) forms of remuneration calculated on the basis of the volume of business placed by the person with an issuer of a financial product;

(iii) other gifts or benefits from an issuer of a financial product which may reasonably be expected to influence the person; and

(b) none of the following persons receives any of the things covered by paragraph (a):

(i) the person's employer (if any);

(ii) if the person provides the financial service on behalf of another person (as mentioned in subparagraph (1)(a)(i))--that other person;

(ii) any other person identified (whether by reference to a class of person or otherwise) in regulations made for the purposes of this subparagraph; and

(c) if subparagraph (1)(a)(ii) applies in relation to a financial service--the provider mentioned in that subparagraph does not receive any of the things mentioned in paragraph (a) of this subsection in respect of the provision of that service; and

(d) in carrying on a financial services business, or providing financial services, the person operates free from direct or indirect restrictions relating to the financial products in respect of which they provide financial services; and

(e) in carrying on that business, or providing those services, the person operates without any conflicts of interest that might:

(i) arise from their associations or relationships with issuers of financial products; and

(ii) reasonably be expected to influence the person in carrying on the business or providing the services.

Note: A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in subsection (2). See subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.

(3) The reference in paragraph (2)(d) to direct or indirect restrictions does not include a reference to restrictions imposed on a person by:

(a) the conditions on an Australian financial services licence; or

(b) this Chapter or regulations made for the purposes of this Chapter.

(4) If a person assumes or uses a word or expression in circumstances that give rise to the person committing an offence based on subsection (1) of this section, the person is guilty of such an offence in respect of:

(a) the first day on which the offence is committed; and

(b) each subsequent day (if any) on which the circumstances that gave rise to the person committing the offence continue (including the day of conviction for any such offence or any later day).


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(5) In this section:

(a) a reference to a restricted word or expression is a reference to:

(i) the word independent, impartial or unbiased; or

(ii) any other word or expression specified in the regulations as a restricted word or expression for the purposes of this section; or

(iii) any other word or expression (whether or not in English) that is of like import to a word or expression covered by any of the previous subparagraphs; and

(b) a reference to a word or expression being assumed or used includes a reference to the word or expression being assumed or used:

(i) as part of another word or expression; or

(ii) in combination with other words, letters or other symbols.

923B Restriction on use of certain words or expressions unless authorised in licence conditions (1) A person contravenes this subsection if:

(a) the person carries on a financial services business or provides a financial service (whether or not on behalf of another person); and

(b) the person assumes or uses, in this jurisdiction, a restricted word or expression in relation to that business or service; and

(c) the person is not authorised, by the conditions on an Australian financial services licence held by the person, to assume or use that word or expression (see subsection (3)).

Note 1: For the meanings of restricted word or expression and assume or use, see subsection (4).

Note 2: A contravention of this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(2) If a person assumes or uses a word or expression in circumstances that give rise to the person committing an offence based on subsection (1), the person is guilty of such an offence in respect of:

(a) the first day on which the offence is committed; and

(b) each subsequent day (if any) on which the circumstances that gave rise to the person committing the offence continue (including the day of conviction for any such offence or any later day).

(3) ASIC can only impose a condition on an Australian financial services licence authorising a person to assume or use a restricted word or expression in these circumstances:

(a) in the case of a word or expression covered by subparagraph (4)(a)(i)--if the person:

(i) can, under the licence, provide a financial service relating to securities (whether or not the person can provide other financial services under the licence as well); and

(ii) is a participant in a licensed market whose licence covers dealings in securities;

(b) in the case of a word or expression covered by subparagraph (4)(a)(ii)--if the person:

(i) can, under the licence, provide a financial service relating to derivatives (whether or not the person can provide other financial services under the licence as well); and

(ii) is a participant in a licensed market whose licence covers dealings in derivatives;

(c) in the case of a word or expression covered by subparagraph (4)(a)(iii)--if the person:

(i) can, under the licence, provide a financial service relating to contracts of insurance (whether or not the person can provide other financial services under the licence as well); and

(ii) in providing that service, acts on behalf of intending insureds;

(d) in the case of a word or expression covered by subparagraph (4)(a)(iv)--if the person:

(i) can, under the licence, provide a financial service relating to contracts of general insurance (whether or not the person can provide other financial services under the licence as well); and

(ii) in providing that service, acts on behalf of intending insureds;

(e) in the case of a word or expression covered by subparagraph (4)(a)(v)--if the person:

(i) can, under the licence, provide a financial service relating to contracts of life insurance (whether or not the person can provide other financial services under the licence as well); and

(ii) in providing that service, acts on behalf of intending insureds;

(f) in the case of a word or expression covered by subparagraph (4)(a)(vi)--in the circumstances (if any) that are prescribed by regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph, or after ASIC has considered the matters (if any) that are so prescribed.

(4) In this section:

(a) a reference to a restricted word or expression is a reference to:

(i) the expression stockbroker or sharebroker, or any other word or expression (whether or not in English) that is of like import to that expression; or

(ii) the expression futures broker, or any other word or

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expression (whether or not in English) that is of like import to that expression; or

(iii) the expression insurance broker or insurance broking, or any other word or expression (whether or not in English) that is of like import to that expression; or

(iv) the expression general insurance broker, or any other word or expression (whether or not in English) that is of like import to that expression; or

(v) the expression life insurance broker, or any other word or expression (whether or not in English) that is of like import to that expression; or

(vi) any other expression or word specified in the regulations as a restricted word or expression for the purposes of this section, or any other word or expression (whether or not in English) that is of like import to such a word or expression; and

(b) a reference to a word or expression being assumed or used includes a reference to the word or expression being assumed or used:

(i) as part of another word or expression; or

(ii) in combination with other words, letters or other symbols; and

(c) contract of insurance and insured have the same meanings as in Division 4 of Part 7.8.

Division 11--Agreements with unlicensed persons relating to the provision of financial services Subdivision A--Agreements affected 924A Agreements with certain unlicensed persons (1) Subdivision B applies to an agreement entered into by a person (in this section and Subdivision B called the non-licensee) and another person (in this section and Subdivision B called the client) (not being a financial services licensee) that constitutes, or relates to, the provision of a financial service by the non-licensee if:

(a) the agreement is entered into in the course of a financial services business carried on by the non-licensee; and

(b) the non-licensee does not hold an Australian financial services licence covering the provision of the financial service, and is not exempt from the requirement to hold such a licence.

Note: It does not matter whether the financial service is provided to the client as a wholesale client or as a retail client.

(2) Subdivision B applies to the agreement whether or not anyone else is a party to the agreement.

Subdivision B--Effect on agreements 925A Client may give notice of rescission (1) Subject to this section, the client may, whether before or after completion of the agreement, give to the non-licensee a written notice stating that the client wishes to rescind the agreement.

(2) The client may only give a notice under this section within a reasonable period after becoming aware of the facts entitling the client to give the notice.

(3) The client is not entitled to give a notice under this section if the client engages in conduct by engaging in which the client would, if the entitlement so to give a notice were a right to rescind the agreement for misrepresentation by the non-licensee, be taken to have affirmed the agreement.

(4) The client is not entitled to give a notice under this section if, within a reasonable period before the agreement was entered into, the non-licensee informed the client (whether or not in writing) that the non-licensee did not hold an Australian financial services licence.

(5) If, at a time when an Australian financial services licence held by the non-licensee was suspended, the non-licensee informed the client that the licence was suspended, the non-licensee is to be taken for the purposes of subsection (4) to have informed the client at that time that the non-licensee did not hold the licence.

(6) None of subsections (2), (3) and (4) limits the generality of either of the others.

(7) Subject to this section, the client may give a notice under this section whether or not:

(a) the notice will result under section 925B in rescission of the agreement; or

(b) the Court will, if the notice so results, be empowered to make a particular order, or any order at all, under section 925D.


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925B Effect of notice under section 925A
A notice given under section 925A rescinds the agreement unless rescission of the agreement would prejudice a right, or an estate in property, acquired by a person (other than the non-licensee) in good faith, for valuable consideration and without notice of the facts entitling the client to give the notice.

925C Client may apply to Court for partial rescission (1) If the client gives a notice under section 925A but the notice does not rescind the agreement because rescission of it would prejudice a right or estate of the kind referred to in section 925B, the client may, within a reasonable period after giving the notice, apply to the Court for an order under subsection (4) of this section.

(2) The Court may extend the period for making an application under subsection (1).

(3) If an application is made under subsection (1), the Court may make such orders expressed to have effect until the determination of the application as it would have power to make if the notice had rescinded the agreement under section 925B and the application were for orders under section 925D.

(4) On an application under subsection (1), the Court may make an order:

(a) varying the agreement in such a way as to put the client in the same position, as nearly as can be done without prejudicing such a right or estate acquired before the order is made, as if the agreement had not been entered into; and

(b) declaring the agreement to have had effect as so varied at and after the time when it was originally made.

(5) If the Court makes an order under subsection (4), the agreement is to be taken for the purposes of section 925D to have been rescinded under section 925B.

(6) An order under subsection (4) does not affect the application of section 925F or 925H in relation to the agreement as originally made or as varied by the order.

925D Court may make consequential orders (1) Subject to subsection (2), on rescission of the agreement under section 925B, the Court, on the application of the client or the non-licensee, may make such order or orders as it would have power to make if the client had duly rescinded the agreement because of misrepresentation by the non-licensee.

(2) The Court is not empowered to make a particular order under subsection (1) if the order would prejudice a right, or an estate in property, acquired by a person (other than the non-licensee) in good faith, for valuable consideration and without notice of the facts entitling the client to give the notice.

925E Agreement unenforceable against client (1) This section:

(a) applies while both of the following are the case:

(i) the client is entitled to give a notice under section 925A;

(ii) a notice so given will result under section 925B in rescission of the agreement; and

(b) applies after the agreement is rescinded under section 925B;

but does not otherwise apply.

(2) The non-licensee is not entitled, as against the client:

(a) to enforce the agreement, whether directly or indirectly; or

(b) to rely on the agreement, whether directly or indirectly and whether by way of defence or otherwise.

925F Non-licensee not entitled to recover commission (1) Without limiting the generality of section 925E, this section:

(a) applies while the client is entitled to give a notice under section 925A; and

(b) applies after the client so gives a notice, even if the notice does not result under section 925B in rescission of the agreement;

but does not otherwise apply.

(2) The non-licensee is not entitled to recover by any means (including, for example, set-off or a claim on a quantum meruit) any brokerage, commission or other fee for which the client would, but for this section, have been liable to the non-licensee under or in connection with the agreement.

925G Onus of establishing non-application of section 925E or 925F For the purposes of determining, in a proceeding in a court, whether or not the non-licensee is, or was at a particular time, entitled as mentioned in

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subsection 925E(2) or 925F(2), it is to be presumed, unless the contrary is proved, that section 925E or 925F, as the case may be, applies, or applied at that time, as the case may be.

925H Client may recover commission paid to non-licensee (1) Without limiting the generality of section 925D, if the client gives a notice under section 925A, the client may, even if the notice does not result under section 925B in rescission of the agreement, recover from the non-licensee as a debt the amount of any brokerage, commission or other fee that the client has paid to the non-licensee under or in connection with the agreement.

(2) ASIC may, if it considers that it is in the public interest to do so, bring an action under subsection (1) in the name of, and for the benefit of, the client.

925I Remedies under this Division additional to other remedies The client's rights and remedies under this Division are additional to, and do not prejudice, any other right or remedy of the client.

Part 7.7--Financial services disclosure Division 1--Preliminary 940A How Part applies if a financial services licensee is acting as authorised representative If a financial services licensee is, in providing a financial service, acting as the authorised representative of another financial services licensee (see section 916E), this Part applies to the first-mentioned licensee, in relation to the service, in the capacity of authorised representative (rather than the capacity of licensee).

940B What if there is no reasonable opportunity to give a document, information or statement required by this Part? (1) If:

(a) apart from this section, a person (the providing entity) would be required by a provision of this Part to give another person (the client) a particular document (for example, a Financial Services Guide or a Statement of Advice), or particular information or a particular statement; and

(b) the providing entity has not had a reasonable opportunity to give (in accordance with section 940C) the client the document, information or statement by the time they are required by this Part to give it to the client; and

the fact that the providing entity has not given the document, information or statement to the client as required by the provision is not a contravention of the provision.

Note: In a prosecution for an offence, a defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in this section (see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code).

(2) For the purposes of subsection (1), the providing entity is not taken not to have had a reasonable opportunity to provide the document, information or statement if:

(a) section 940C (or regulations made for the purposes of that section) permit the document, information or statement to be sent to an address (including an electronic address) or fax number nominated by the client; and

(b) the client has not given the providing entity an address (including an electronic address) or fax number to which the document, information or statement can be sent; but

(c) the providing entity has had a reasonable opportunity to make, but has not made, reasonable enquiries of the client to obtain such an address or fax number.

940C How documents, information and statements are to be given (1) For the purposes of this Part (unless a contrary intention appears), a Financial Services Guide, a Supplementary Financial Services Guide or a Statement of Advice, or information or a statement that section 950D or 950E requires to be given, is given by a person (the providing entity) to another person (the client) if (and only if):

(a) it is:

(i) given to the client, or to the client's agent, personally; or

(ii) sent to the client, or the client's agent, at an address (including an electronic address) or fax number nominated by the client or the client's agent; or

(iii) otherwise made available to the client, or the client's agent, as agreed between the client, or the client's agent, and the providing entity; and


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(b) it is in printed or electronic form.

(2) For the purposes of this Part (unless a contrary intention appears), information that subsection 941C(7) or 946B(6) requires to be given by a person (the providing entity) to another person (the client) is given by the providing entity to the client if (and only if):

(a) it is given to the client, or the client's agent, orally; or

(b) it is in printed or electronic form and is:

(i) given to the client, or the client's agent, personally; or

(ii) sent to the client, or the client's agent, at an address (including an electronic address) or fax number nominated by the client or the client's agent; or

(iii) otherwise made available to the client, or the client's agent, as agreed between the client or the client's agent and the providing entity; or

(c) it is given by some other method permitted by regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph.

(3) For the purposes of this Part (unless a contrary intention appears), information that subsection 941C(5) or 946B(3) requires to be given by a person (the providing entity) to another person (the client) is given by the providing entity to the client if (and only if) it is given to the client, or the client's agent, in accordance with the applicable requirements of regulations made for the purposes of this subsection.

(4) For the purposes of this Part (unless a contrary intention appears), a statement that subsection 941D(2) or 946C(2) requires to be given by a person (the providing entity) to another person (the client) is given by the providing entity to the client if (and only if) it is given orally to the client or the client's agent.

(5) For the purposes of this section, a document, information or statement to which this section applies is sent to a person at an address if, and only if:

(a) the document, information or statement is sent to the address; and

(b) either:

(i) the envelope or other container in which it is sent; or

(ii) the message that accompanies it;

is addressed to the person.

(6) A document, information or statement to which this section applies may be given or sent to a person's agent only if the agent is not acting as the person's agent in one of the following capacities:

(a) a financial services licensee;

(b) an authorised representative of a financial services licensee;

(c) a person who is a member of a declared professional body;

(d) a person who is not required to hold an Australian financial services licence because the person is covered by:

(i) paragraph 911(2)(j); or

(ii) an exemption in regulations made for the purposes of paragraph 911A(2)(k); or

(iii) an exemption specified by ASIC for the purposes of paragraph 911A(2)(l);

(e) a person who is required to hold an Australian financial services licence but who does not hold such a licence;

(f) an employee, director or other representative of a person referred to in paragraph (a), (b), (c), (d) or (e).

(7) The regulations may specify requirements as to:

(a) the manner in which a document, information or statement may be given to a person; and

(b) the presentation, structure and format for a document, information or statement that is to be given in electronic form.

The giving of the document, information or statement is not effective unless those requirements are satisfied.

940D General approach to offence provisions Subdivision A of Division 7 contains provisions creating offences by reference to various rules contained in Divisions of this Part. However, it does not create all the offences relating to those rules, as some offences are created by subsection 1311(1). Where offences are created by subsection 1311(1) in relation to a rule, this is indicated by a note at the end of the provision containing the rule.

Division 2--Person provided with financial service as retail client to be given a Financial Services Guide Subdivision A--Requirement for a Financial Services Guide to be given 941A Obligation on financial services licensee to give a Financial Services Guide if financial service provided to person as a retail client (1) A financial services licensee (the providing entity) must give a person a Financial Services Guide in accordance with this Division if the providing entity provides a financial service to the person (the

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client) as a retail client.

(2) This section has effect subject to section 941C.

941B Obligation on authorised representative to give a Financial Services Guide if financial service provided to person as a retail client (1) An authorised representative (the providing entity) of a financial services licensee (the authorising licensee), or of 2 or more financial services licensees (the authorising licensees), must give a person a Financial Services Guide in accordance with this Division if the providing entity, as a representative of the authorising licensee, or one or more of the authorising licensees, provides a financial service to the person (the client) as a retail client.

Note: If the providing entity is the authorised representative of 2 or more financial services licensees, each of those licensees is, for the purposes of this Division, an authorising licensee in relation to the financial service provided to the client, even though the providing entity may not have been acting as representative of each of those licensees in providing the service to the client.

(2) A Financial Services Guide must not be given to the person by the providing entity unless the authorising licensee, or each of the authorising licensees, has authorised its distribution by the providing entity.

(3) This section has effect subject to section 941C.

941C Situations in which a Financial Services Guide is not required Client has already received the information

(1) The providing entity does not have to give the client a Financial Services Guide (the new FSG) if the client has already received a Financial Services Guide that contains all of the information that the new FSG is required to contain.

Providing entity is product issuer dealing in own products

(2) The providing entity does not have to give the client a Financial Services Guide if:

(a) the providing entity is an issuer of financial products; and

(b) the financial service is a dealing (see section 766C) in financial products, other than derivatives able to be traded on a licensed market, issued by the providing entity, and does not also relate to financial products issued by someone else.

Note: The issuer will however have to comply with the Product Disclosure Statement requirements (see Division 2 of Part 7.9).

Providing entity is merely operating a registered scheme

(3) The providing entity does not have to give the client a Financial Services Guide if:

(a) the providing entity is the responsible entity of a registered scheme; and

(b) the financial service consists only of the operation of that scheme by the providing entity.

Financial product advice given in a public forum

(4) The providing entity does not have to give the client a Financial Services Guide if the financial service is general advice provided in a public forum.

(5) However, if subsection (4) applies and the client is not given a Financial Services Guide before the advice is provided, the client must instead, before the advice is provided, be given the information that would be required to be in the Financial Services Guide by paragraphs 942B(2)(a), (e) and (f), or paragraphs 942C(2)(a), (c), (f) and (g), as the case requires.

Certain basic deposit and other products

(6) The providing entity does not have to give the client a Financial Services Guide if the financial service is a dealing (see section 766C) in, or otherwise relates to, any of the following:

(a) a basic deposit product;

(b) a facility for making non-cash payments (see section 763D) that is related to a basic deposit product;

(c) a financial product of a kind prescribed by regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph.

(7) However, if subsection (6) applies and the client is not given a Financial Services Guide before the service is provided, the client must instead, before the service is provided, be given the information that would be required to be in the Financial Services Guide by paragraphs 942B(2)(a) and (h), or paragraphs 942C(2)(a) and (i), as the case requires.

Regulations may specify other exemptions

(8) A Financial Services Guide does not have to be given to the client in circumstances specified in regulations made for the purposes of this subsection.

941D Timing of giving Financial Services Guide General rule

(1) Subject to this section, the Financial Services Guide must be given to the client as soon as practicable after it becomes apparent to the providing entity

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that the financial service will be, or is likely to be, provided to the client, and must in any event be given to the client before the financial service is provided.

Time critical cases

(2) If:

(a) the client expressly instructs that they require the financial service to be provided immediately, or by a specified time; and

(b) it is not reasonably practicable to give the Financial Services Guide to the client before the service is provided as so instructed;

the providing entity must instead give the client a statement that complies with subsection (3) before the service is provided.

(3) The statement must contain:

(a) the information that would be required to be in the Financial Services Guide by paragraphs 942B(2)(e), (f) and (i), or paragraphs 942C(2)(f), (g) and (j), as the case requires; and

(b) such other information as would be required to be in the Financial Services Guide as is particularly relevant to the financial service to be provided.

(4) The client must then be given the Financial Services Guide within 5 days after being given the statement, or sooner if practicable.

941E Information must be up to date The information in the Financial Services Guide must be up to date as at the time when it is given to the client.

Note: A Supplementary Financial Services Guide containing updated information may be given with a Financial Services Guide that has become out of date. The updated information is taken to be included in the Financial Services Guide (see section 943D.)

941F Obligation to give updated Financial Services Guide If:

(a) the Financial Services Guide is given to the client before the financial service is provided; and

(b) there is a change in circumstances before the service is provided, and the Financial Services Guide does not contain the information it would be required to contain if it were given to a person immediately after that change;

the providing entity must, before the service is provided, give the client:

(c) another Financial Services Guide that contains the up to date information before the service is provided; or

(d) a Supplementary Financial Services Guide (see Subdivision C) that updates the information in the Financial Services Guide.

Subdivision B--Content and authorisation of Financial Services Guide 942A Title of Financial Services Guide (1) The title "Financial Services Guide" must be used on the cover of, or at or near the front of, a Financial Services Guide.

(2) In any other part of a Financial Services Guide, "Financial Services Guide" may be abbreviated to "FSG".

942B Financial Services Guide given by financial services licensee--main requirements (1) This section applies if the providing entity is a financial services licensee.

(2) Subject to subsection (3) and to the regulations (see subsection (4)), the Financial Services Guide must include the following statements and information:

(a) a statement setting out the name and contact details of the providing entity; and

(b) a statement setting out any special instructions about how the client may provide instructions to the providing entity; and

(c) information about the kinds of financial services (the authorised services) that the providing entity is authorised by its licence to provide, and the kinds of financial products to which those services relate; and

(d) information about who the providing entity acts for when providing the authorised services; and

(e) information about the remuneration (including commission) or other benefits that any of the following is to receive in respect of, or that is attributable to, the provision of any of the authorised services:

(i) the providing entity;

(ii) a related body corporate of the providing entity;

(iii) a director or employee of the providing entity or a related body corporate;

(iv) an associate of any of the above;

(v) any other person in relation to whom the regulations require the

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information to be provided;

(f) information about any associations or relationships between the providing entity, or any related body corporate, and the issuers of any financial products, being associations or relationships that might reasonably be expected to be capable of influencing the providing entity in providing any of the authorised services; and

(g) if the providing entity provides execution-related telephone advice (see subsections 946B(1) to (4)) and does not usually provide clients with a record of that advice unless requested--a statement:

(i) to the effect that the client may request a record of such advice; and

(ii) setting out particulars of how and when the client may make such a request (these particulars must be such as will allow the client a reasonable opportunity to request a record of the advice); and

(h) information about the internal and external dispute resolution procedures that are available to deal with complaints by persons to whom the providing entity provides financial services, and about how those procedures may be accessed; and

(i) if the providing entity acts under a binder in providing any of the authorised services--a statement that:

(i) identifies the services provided under the binder; and

(ii) states that they are provided under a binder; and

(iii) explains the significance of the services being provided under a binder; and

(j) if the providing entity is a participant in a licensed market or a licensed CS facility--a statement that the providing entity is a participant in that market or facility; and

(k) any other statements or information required by the regulations.

Note: A Supplementary Financial Services Guide containing additional information may be given with a Financial Services Guide that does not contain all the required information. The additional information is taken to be included in the Financial Services Guide (see section 943D.)

(3) Subject to subsection (4), the level of information about a matter that is required is such as a person would reasonably require for the purpose of making a decision whether to acquire financial services from the providing entity as a retail client.

(4) The regulations may provide all or any of the following:

(a) that a provision of subsection (2) does not apply in a particular situation;

(b) that particular information is not required by a provision of subsection (2), either in a particular situation or generally;

(c) a more detailed statement of the information that is required by a provision of subsection (2), either in a particular situation or generally;

(d) that certain supplementary information must be given or made available to the client in some other way.

(5) The Financial Services Guide must be dated. The date must be the date on which the Financial Services Guide was prepared or its preparation was completed.

(6) The Financial Services Guide may also contain other information.

(7) The regulations may require the providing entity, in circumstances specified in the regulations, to provide the client, on request, with more detailed information about remuneration (including commission) or other benefits of a kind referred to in paragraph (2)(e).

942C Financial Services Guide given by authorised representative--main requirements (1) This section applies if the providing entity is an authorised representative.

(2) Subject to subsection (3) and to the regulations (see subsection (4)), the Financial Services Guide must include the following statements and information:

(a) a statement setting out the name and contact details of the providing entity; and

(b) a statement setting out any special instructions about how the client may provide instructions to the providing entity; and

(c) a statement:

(i) setting out the name and contact details of the authorising licensee, or of each of the authorising licensees; and

(ii) stating that the providing entity is the authorised representative of that licensee or those licensees; and

(d) information, in relation to the authorising licensee or each of the authorising licensees, about the kinds of financial services (the authorised services) that the providing entity provides as representative of the authorising licensee, and the kinds of financial products to which those services relate; and

(e) information about who the authorising licensee, or each of the authorising licensees, acts for when financial services are provided on their behalf by the providing entity; and

(f) information about the remuneration (including commission) or other benefits that any of the following is to receive in respect of, or that is

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attributable to, the provision of any of the authorised services:

(i) the providing entity;

(ii) an employer of the providing entity;

(iii) the authorising licensee, or any of the authorising licensees;

(iv) an employee or director of the authorising licensee, or of any of the authorising licensees;

(v) an associate of any of the above;

(vi) any other person in relation to whom the regulations require the information to be provided; and

(g) information about any associations or relationships between:

(i) the providing entity, or any employer of the providing entity, and the issuers of any financial products; or

(ii) the authorising licensee, or any of the authorising licensees, or any related body corporate of the authorising licensee or any of the authorising licensees, and the issuers of any financial products;

being associations or relationships that might reasonably be expected to be capable of influencing the providing entity in providing any of the authorised services; and

(h) if the providing entity, when acting as representative of the authorising licensee or any of the authorising licensees, provides execution-related telephone advice (see subsections 946B(1) to (4)) and does not usually provide clients with a record of that advice unless requested--a statement:

(i) to the effect that the client may request a record of such advice; and

(ii) setting out particulars of how and when the client may make such a request (these particulars must be such as will allow the client a reasonable opportunity to request a record of the advice); and

(i) information about the internal and external dispute resolution procedures that are available to deal with complaints by persons to whom the providing entity provides financial services when acting as representative of the authorising licensee or any of the authorising licensees, and about how those procedures may be accessed; and

(j) if the providing entity acts under a binder in providing any of the authorised services--a statement that:

(i) identifies the services provided under the binder; and

(ii) states that they are provided under a binder; and

(iii) explains the significance of the services being provided under a binder; and

(k) if the providing entity, or the authorising licensee or any of the authorising licensees, is a participant in a licensed market or a licensed CS facility--a statement that the providing entity or authorising licensee is a participant in that market or facility; and

(l) a statement to the effect that the distribution of the Financial Services Guide by the providing entity has been authorised by the authorising licensee, or by each of the authorising licensees; and

(m) any other statements or information required by the regulations.

Note: A Supplementary Financial Services Guide containing additional information may be given with a Financial Services Guide that does not contain all the required information. The additional information is taken to be included in the Financial Services Guide (see section 943D.)

(3) Subject to subsection (4), the level of detail of information about a matter that is required is such as a person would reasonably require for the purpose of making a decision whether to acquire financial services from the providing entity as a retail client.

(4) The regulations may provide all or any of the following:

(a) that a provision of subsection (2) does not apply in a particular situation;

(b) that particular information is not required by a provision of subsection (2), either in a particular situation or generally;

(c) a more detailed statement of the information that is required by a provision of subsection (2), either in a particular situation or generally;

(d) that certain supplementary information must be given or made available to the client in some other way.

(5) The Financial Services Guide must be dated. The date must be the date on which the Financial Services Guide was prepared or its preparation was completed.

(6) The Financial Services Guide may also contain other information.

(7) The regulations may require the providing entity, in circumstances specified in the regulations, to provide the client, on request, with more detailed information about remuneration (including commission) or other benefits of a kind referred to in paragraph (2)(f).

942D Financial Services Guide may consist of 2 or more separate documents given at same time (1) Subject to this section, a Financial Services Guide may be made up of 2 or more separate documents that are given at the same time.

(2) Each of the documents must have on the cover of the document, or at or near the front of the document, a statement:

(a) to the effect that the document is part of a Financial Services Guide; and


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(b) that (subject to subsection (3)) identifies the other documents that make up the Financial Services Guide.

(3) If there are or may be different versions of a document referred to in paragraph (2)(b), the statement required by subsection (2) does not have to identify any particular one of those versions and may instead identify the document generically.

Note: For example, if a Financial Services Guide is made up of a core document that is not updated very frequently, and a separate document providing information about remuneration that is updated more frequently:

(a) the statement in the core document need only refer to the fact that it, and a separate document about remuneration, make up the Financial Services Guide; and

(b) the statement in the document about remuneration need only refer to the fact that it, and a separate document about all other required matters, make up the Financial Services Guide.

(4) The requirement of section 942A (title of Financial Services Guide) is taken to be satisfied if the title "Financial Services Guide" is used on the cover of, or at or near the front of, at least one of the documents that make up the Financial Services Guide.

(5) The requirement of subsection 942B(5) or 942C(5) (dating of Financial Services Guide) must be separately complied with in relation to each of the documents. If, for any purpose, a single date needs to be determined as the date of the Financial Services Guide as a whole, that date is the most recent of the dates of those documents.

(6) Section 942E applies to an alteration to one of the documents as though the reference in that section to the date specified in the Financial Services Guide were a reference to the date specified in the document.

(7) The regulations may impose additional requirements to be complied with if a Financial Services Guide is made up of 2 or more documents.

942E Altering a Financial Services Guide after its preparation and before giving it to a person A financial services licensee, or an authorised representative of a financial services licensee, must not, in purported compliance with a provision of this Part, give a person a Financial Services Guide (the FSG) that has been altered (otherwise than pursuant to paragraph (b)) after the date specified in the FSG as required by subsection 942B(5) or 942C(5) unless:

(a) the alteration was made by, or with the authority of:

(i) if section 942B applies to the FSG--the financial services licensee to which the FSG relates; or

(ii) if section 942C applies to the FSG--the financial services licensee, or each of the financial services licensees, who authorised the distribution of the FSG; and

(b) if the alteration is a material alteration--the date of the FSG has been changed to the date on which the alteration was made.

Note: Failure to comply with this section is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

Subdivision C--Supplementary Financial Services Guides 943A What a Supplementary Financial Services Guide is (1) A Supplementary Financial Services Guide is a document by which a person who has prepared a Financial Services Guide (the FSG) can:

(a) correct a misleading or deceptive statement in the FSG; or

(b) correct an omission from the FSG of information it is required to contain; or

(c) update the information contained in the FSG.

(2) A Supplementary Financial Services Guide must not be given to a person by an authorised representative of a financial services licensee unless the licensee has authorised its distribution by the authorised representative.

943B Title of Supplementary Financial Services Guide (1) The title "Supplementary Financial Services Guide" must be used on the cover of, or at or near the front of, a Supplementary Financial Services Guide.

(2) In any other part of a Supplementary Financial Services Guide, "Supplementary Financial Services Guide" may be abbreviated to "SFSG".

943C Form of Supplementary Financial Services Guide (1) At the beginning of a Supplementary Financial Services Guide there must be:

(a) a statement that it is a Supplementary Financial Services Guide; and

(b) an identification of the Financial Services Guide that it supplements; and

(c) a statement that it is to be read together with that Financial Services Guide and any other specified Supplementary Financial Services Guides.


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(2) The Supplementary Financial Services Guide must be dated. The date must be the date on which the Supplementary Financial Services Guide was prepared or its preparation was completed.

(3) If the Supplementary Financial Services Guide will or may be distributed by an authorised representative of a financial services licensee, it must contain a statement to the effect that its distribution by the authorised representative has been authorised by the licensee.

943D Effect of giving a person a Supplementary Financial Services Guide If:

(a) a person is given a Financial Services Guide (the FSG); and

(b) at the same time, or later, they are given a Supplementary Financial Services Guide (the SFSG) that supplements the FSG;

the FSG is taken, from when the SFSG is given to the person, to include the information and statements contained in the SFSG.

943E Situation in which only a Supplementary Financial Services Guide need be given If:

(a) apart from this section, a person (the providing entity) would be required to give another person (the client) a Financial Services Guide (the new FSG); and

(b) the client has, because of some previous conduct, already been given a Financial Services Guide (the earlier FSG) containing some, but not all, of the information that the new FSG is required to contain;

the provider may, instead of giving the client the new FSG, give the client a Supplementary Financial Services Guide that contains the additional information.

943F Altering a Supplementary Financial Services Guide after its preparation and before giving it to a person A financial services licensee, or an authorised representative of a financial services licensee, must not, in purported compliance with a provision of this Part, give a person a Supplementary Financial Services Guide (the SFSG) that has been altered (otherwise than pursuant to paragraph (b)) after the date specified in the SFSG as required by subsection 943C(2) unless:

(a) the alteration was made by, or with the authority of:

(i) if section 942B applies to the Financial Services Guide that the SFSG supplements--the financial services licensee to which the Guide relates; or

(ii) if section 942C applies to the Financial Services Guide that the SFSG supplements--the financial services licensee, or each of the financial services licensees, who authorised the distribution of the SFSG; and

(b) if the alteration is a material alteration--the date of the SFSG has been changed to the date on which the alteration was made.

Note: Failure to comply with this section is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

Division 3--Additional requirements for personal advice provided to a retail client Subdivision A--When this Division applies 944A Situation in which Division applies This Division applies in relation to the provision of personal advice (the advice) in the following circumstances:

(a) the advice is provided:

(i) by a financial services licensee (the providing entity); or

(ii) by a person (the providing entity) in their capacity as authorised representative of a financial services licensee (the authorising licensee), or of 2 or more financial services licensees (the authorising licensees); and

(b) the advice is provided to a person (the client) as a retail client.

Subdivision B--Requirements relating to basis of advice 945A Requirement to have a reasonable basis for the advice (1) The providing entity must only provide the advice to the client if:

(a) having regard to the client's objectives, financial situation and needs (so far as they are known to the providing entity after making reasonable inquiries of the client), the providing entity has given such consideration to, and conducted such investigation of, the subject matter of the advice as is reasonable in all the circumstances; and

(b) the advice is appropriate, having regard to that consideration and

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investigation.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(2) In any proceedings against an authorised representative of a financial services licensee for an offence based on subsection (1), it is a defence if:

(a) the licensee had provided the authorised representative with information or instructions about the requirements to be complied with in relation to the giving of personal advice; and

(b) the representative's failure to comply with subsection (1) occurred because the representative was acting in reliance on that information or those instructions; and

(c) the representative's reliance on that information or those instructions was reasonable.

Note: A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in subsection (2). See subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.

(3) A financial services licensee must take reasonable steps to ensure that an authorised representative of the licensee complies with subsection (1).

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

945B Obligation to warn client if advice based on incomplete or inaccurate information (1) If:

(a) the advice is based on information relating to the client that is incomplete or inaccurate; and

(b) the providing entity knows that the information is incomplete or inaccurate, or is reckless as to whether it is incomplete or inaccurate;

the providing entity must, in accordance with subsections (2) and (3), warn the client that:

(c) the advice is, or may be, based on incomplete or inaccurate information relating to the client's objectives, financial situation and needs; and

(d) because of that, the client should, before acting on the advice, consider the appropriateness of the advice, having regard to the client's objectives, financial situation and needs.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(2) The warning must be given to the client at the same time as the advice is provided and, subject to subsection (3), by the same means as the advice is provided.

(3) If the Statement of Advice (see Subdivision C) is the means by which the advice is provided, or is given to the client at the same time as the advice is provided, the warning may be given by including it in the Statement of Advice.

Note: The Statement of Advice must at least contain a record of the warning--see paragraphs 947B(2)(f) and 947C(2)(g).

Subdivision C--Requirement for a Statement of Advice to be given 946A Obligation to give client a Statement of Advice (1) The providing entity must give the client a Statement of Advice in accordance with this Subdivision and Subdivision D.

(2) The Statement of Advice may be:

(a) the means by which the advice is provided; or

(b) a separate record of the advice.

(3) This section has effect subject to section 946B.

946B Situations in which a Statement of Advice is not required Execution-related telephone advice

(1) Subsections (2) to (4) apply to advice (execution-related telephone advice) in relation to which the following conditions are satisfied:

(a) the execution-related telephone advice is given by telephone; and

(b) the execution-related telephone advice:

(i) relates to financial products that are able to be traded on a licensed market; and

(ii) is given by the providing entity as an integral part of the execution of a transfer of, or order for, those financial products; and

(c) the execution-related telephone advice does not also contain any other kind of financial product advice.

(2) The providing entity does not have to give the client a Statement of Advice if, before the execution-related telephone advice is provided:

(a) the client agrees to a Statement of Advice not being given in respect of the advice, or advice of that kind; and

(b) unless subsection 941D(2) applies, the providing entity gives the client a Financial Services Guide that contains a statement:


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(i) to the effect that the client may request a record of such advice; and

(ii) setting out particulars of how and when the client may make such a request (these particulars must be such as will allow the client a reasonable opportunity to request a record of the advice); and

(c) the providing entity keeps a record of the advice in accordance with the requirements (if any) of the regulations.

(3) However, at the same time as the advice is provided to the client, the client must be given the information that would, if a Statement of Advice were to be given, be required to be in the Statement by paragraphs 947B(2)(d) and (e), or 947C(2)(e) and (f), as the case requires.

(4) The providing entity must comply with any request made by a person in accordance with a statement of a kind referred to in paragraph (2)(b) that was contained in a Financial Services Guide given to the person (including in a situation where the Financial Services Guide was not given to the person until after the advice was provided).

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

Certain basic deposit and other products

(5) The providing entity does not have to give the client a Statement of Advice if the advice relates to any or all of the following:

(a) a basic deposit product;

(c) a facility for making non-cash payments (see section 763D) that is related to a basic deposit product;

(c) a financial product of a kind prescribed by regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph.

(6) However, if subsection (5) applies and the client is not given a Statement of Advice, the client must instead, when, or as soon as practicable after, the advice is provided, be given the information that would be required to be in the Statement of Advice by paragraphs 947B(2)(d) and (e), or 947C(2)(e) and (f), as the case requires.

946C Timing of giving Statement of Advice General rule

(1) Subject to this section, if the Statement of Advice is not the means by which the advice is provided, the Statement of Advice must be given to the client when, or as soon as practicable after, the advice is provided and, in any event, before the providing entity provides the client with any further financial service that arises out of or is connected with that advice.

Statement of certain information if Statement of Advice not given when advice provided

(2) If the Statement of Advice is not given to the client when the advice is provided, the providing entity must, when the advice is provided, give the client a statement that contains the information that would be required to be in a Statement of Advice by paragraphs 947B(2)(d) and (e), or 947C(2)(e) and (f), as the case requires, and by section 947D, if applicable.

Time critical cases

(3) If:

(a) the client expressly instructs that they require a further financial service that arises out of, or is connected with, the advice to be provided immediately, or by a specified time; and

(b) it is not reasonably practicable to give the Statement of Advice to the client before that further service is provided as so instructed;

the providing entity must give the client the Statement of Advice:

(c) unless paragraph (d) applies--within 5 days after providing that further service, or sooner if practicable; or

(d) if that further service is the provision to the person of a financial product and section 1019B (cooling-off period) will apply to the acquisition of the product by the person--before the start of the period applicable under subsection 1019B(3), or sooner if practicable.

Subdivision D--Content of Statement of Advice 947A Title of Statement of Advice (1) The title "Statement of Advice" must be used on the cover of, or at or near the front of, a Statement of Advice.

(2) In any other part of a Statement of Advice, "Statement of Advice" may be abbreviated to "SoA".

947B Statement of Advice given by financial services licensee--main requirements (1) This section applies if the providing entity is a financial services licensee.

(2) Subject to subsection (3) and to the regulations (see subsection (4)), the Statement of Advice must include the following statements and information:

(a) a statement setting out the advice; and


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(b) information about the basis on which the advice is or was given; and

(c) a statement setting out the name and contact details of the providing entity; and

(d) information about any remuneration (including commission) or other benefits that any of the following is to receive that might reasonably be expected to be or have been capable of influencing the providing entity in providing the advice:

(i) the providing entity;

(ii) a related body corporate of the providing entity;

(iii) a director or employee of the providing entity or a related body corporate;

(iv) an associate of any of the above;

(v) any other person in relation to whom the regulations require the information to be provided; and

(e) information about:

(i) any other interests, whether pecuniary or not and whether direct or indirect, of the providing entity or of any associate of the providing entity; and

(ii) any associations or relationships between the providing entity or any associate of the providing entity and the issuers of any financial products;

that might reasonably be expected to be or have been capable of influencing the providing entity in providing the advice; and

(f) if section 945B requires a warning to be given to the client in relation to the advice--a statement setting out, or recording, the warning required by that section; and

(g) any other statements or information required by the regulations.

(3) Subject to subsection (4), the level of detail about a matter that is required is such as a person would reasonably require for the purpose of deciding whether to act on the advice as a retail client.

(4) The regulations may provide all or any of the following:

(a) that a provision of subsection (2) does not apply in a particular situation;

(b) that particular information is not required by a provision of subsection (2), either in a particular situation or generally;

(c) a more detailed statement of the information that is required by a provision of subsection (2), either in a particular situation or generally.

(5) The Statement of Advice:

(a) must also include any information required by section 947D, if applicable; and

(b) may also include other information.

947C Statement of Advice given by authorised representative--main requirements (1) This section applies if the providing entity is an authorised representative.

(2) Subject to subsection (3) and to the regulations (see subsection (4)), the Statement of Advice must include the following statements and information:

(a) a statement setting out the advice; and

(b) information about the basis on which the advice is or was given; and

(c) a statement setting out the name and contact details of the providing entity; and

(d) a statement

(i) setting out the name and contact details of the authorising licensee, or of each of the authorising licensees; and

(ii) stating that the providing entity is the authorised representative of that licensee or those licensees; and

(e) information about the remuneration (including commission) or other benefits that any of the following is to receive that might reasonably be expected to be or have been capable of influencing the providing entity in providing the advice:

(i) the providing entity;

(ii) an employer of the providing entity;

(iii) the authorising licensee, or any of the authorising licensees;

(iv) an employee or director of the authorising licensee, or of any of the authorising licensees;

(v) an associate of any of the above;

(vi) any other person in relation to whom the regulations require the information to be provided; and

(f) information about:

(i) any other interests, whether pecuniary or not and whether direct or indirect, of the providing entity, any employer of the providing entity, the authorising licensee or any of the authorising licensees, or of any associate of any of those persons; and

(ii) any associations or relationships between the providing entity, any employer of the providing entity, the authorising licensee or any of the authorising licensees, or any associate of any of those persons, and the issuers of any financial products;

that might reasonably be expected to be or have been capable of influencing

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the providing entity in providing the advice; and

(g) if section 945B requires a warning to be given to the client in relation to the advice--a statement setting out, or recording, the warning required by that section; and

(h) any other statements or information required by the regulations.

(3) Subject to subsection (4), the level of detail about a matter that is required is such as a person would reasonably require for the purpose of deciding whether to act on the advice as a retail client.

(4) The regulations may provide all or any of the following:

(a) that a provision of subsection (2) does not apply in a particular situation;

(b) that particular information is not required by a provision of subsection (2), either in a particular situation or generally;

(c) a more detailed statement of the information that is required by a provision of subsection (2), either in a particular situation or generally.

(5) The Statement of Advice:

(a) must also include any information required by section 947D, if applicable; and

(b) may also include other information.

947D Additional requirements when advice recommends replacement of one product with another (1) This section applies (subject to subsection (4)) if the advice is or includes a recommendation that the client dispose of, or reduce the client's interest in, all or part of a particular financial product and instead acquire all or part of, or increase the client's interest in, another financial product.

(2) The following additional information must be included in the Statement of Advice:

(a) information about the following, to the extent that the information is known to, or could reasonably be found out by, the providing entity:

(i) any charges the client will or may incur in respect of the disposal or reduction;

(ii) any charges the client will or may incur in respect of the acquisition or increase;

(iii) any pecuniary or other benefits that the client will or may lose (temporarily or otherwise) as a result of taking the recommended action;

(b) information about any other significant consequences for the client of taking the recommended action that the providing entity knows, or ought reasonably to know, are likely;

(c) any other information required by regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph.

(3) If:

(a) the providing entity knows that, or is reckless as to whether:

(i) the client will or may incur charges as mentioned in subparagraph (2)(a)(i) or (ii); or

(ii) the client will or may lose benefits as mentioned in subparagraph (2)(a)(iii); or

(iii) there will or may be consequences for the client as mentioned in paragraph (2)(b); but

(b) the providing entity does not know, and cannot reasonably find out, what those charges, losses or consequences are or will be;

the Statement of Advice must include a statement to the effect that there will or may be such charges, losses or consequences but the providing entity does not know what they are.

(4) The regulations may provide either or both of the following:

(a) that this section does not apply in relation to a financial product or a class of financial products;

(b) that this section does not require the provision of information of a particular kind, whether generally or in relation to a particular situation, financial product or class of financial products.

Subdivision E--Other matters 948A Qualified privilege if providing entity complies with this Division The providing entity has qualified privilege in respect of a statement made to the client, whether orally or in writing, in the course of, or in connection with, providing the advice if the providing entity has complied with all material requirements of this Division in relation to the advice.

Division 4--Other disclosure requirements 949A General advice provided to retail client--obligation to warn client that advice does not take account of client's objectives, financial situation and needs (1) This section applies in relation to the provision of general advice if:

(a) the advice is provided:


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(i) by a financial services licensee (the providing entity); or

(ii) by an authorised representative (the providing entity) of a financial services licensee, or of 2 or more financial services licensees; and

(b) the advice is provided to a person (the client) as a retail client.

(2) The providing entity must, in accordance with subsection (3), warn the client that:

(a) the advice has been prepared without taking account of the client's objectives, financial situation and needs; and

(b) because of that, the client should, before acting on the advice, consider the appropriateness of the advice, having regard to the client's objectives, financial situation and needs; and

(c) if the advice relates to the acquisition, or possible acquisition, of a particular financial product--the client should obtain a Product Disclosure Statement (see Division 2 of Part 7.9) relating to the product and consider the Statement before making any decision about whether to acquire the product.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(3) The warning must be given to the client at the same time as the advice is provided and by the same means as the advice is provided.

(4) In any proceedings against an authorised representative of a financial services licensee for an offence based on subsection (1), it is a defence if:

(a) the licensee had provided the authorised representative with information or instructions about the requirements to be complied with in relation to the giving of personal advice; and

(b) the representative's failure to comply with subsection (1) occurred because the representative was acting in reliance on that information or those instructions; and

(c) the representative's reliance on that information or those instructions was reasonable.

Note: A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in subsection (4). See subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.

(5) A financial services licensee must take reasonable steps to ensure that an authorised representative of the licensee complies with subsection (2).

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

949B Regulations may impose disclosure requirements in certain situations (1) The regulations may impose disclosure requirements, or additional disclosure requirements, to be complied with in any of the following situations:

(a) a financial service related to a risk insurance product or an investment life insurance product is provided to a person as a retail client by a financial services licensee, or an authorised representative of a financial services licensee, acting under a binder;

(b) a financial services licensee, or an authorised representative of a financial services licensee, arranges for a person's instructions to be carried out through a financial market or a clearing and settlement facility (whether inside or outside Australia) that is not a licensed market or a licensed CS facility;

(c) a financial service is provided by a person who is a member of a declared professional body;

(d) a financial service is provided by a person who does not need an Australian financial services licence because the person is covered by an exemption under paragraph 911A(2)(k) or (l);

(e) a financial service is provided to a person as a wholesale client.

(2) A person to whom regulations made for the purposes of subsection (1) apply must comply with any applicable requirements in those regulations.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(3) In any proceedings against an authorised representative of a financial services licensee for an offence based on subsection (2), it is a defence if:

(a) the licensee had provided the authorised representative with information or instructions about the requirements to be complied with in relation to the matter dealt with in the requirement in the regulations; and

(b) the representative's failure to comply with the requirement in the regulations occurred because the representative was acting in reliance on that information or those instructions; and

(c) the representative's reliance on that information or those instructions was reasonable.

Note: A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in subsection (3). See subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.

(4) A financial services licensee must take reasonable steps to ensure that an authorised representative of the licensee complies with subsection (2).


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Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

Division 5--Obligations of members of declared professional bodies who provide personal advice 950A Situation in which Division applies This Division applies in relation to the provision of personal advice if:

(a) the advice is provided by a member (the providing entity) of a declared professional body (the DPB); and

(b) the advice is provided to a person (the client) as a retail client.

950B Requirement to have a reasonable basis for the advice The providing entity must only provide the advice to the client if:

(a) having regard to the client's objectives, financial situation and needs (so far as they are known to the providing entity after making reasonable inquiries of the client), the providing entity has given such consideration to, and conducted such investigation of, the subject matter of the advice as is reasonable in all the circumstances; and

(b) the advice is appropriate, having regard to that consideration and investigation.

Note: Failure to comply with this section is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

950C Obligation to warn client if advice based on incomplete or inaccurate information (1) If:

(a) the advice is based on information relating to the client that is incomplete or inaccurate; and

(b) the providing entity knows that the information is incomplete or inaccurate, or is reckless as to whether it is incomplete or inaccurate;

the providing entity must, in accordance with subsection (2), warn the client that:

(c) the advice is or may be based on incomplete or inaccurate information relating to the client's objectives, financial situation and needs; and

(d) because of that, the client should, before acting on the advice, consider the appropriateness of the advice, having regard to the client's objectives, financial situation and needs.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(2) The warning must be given to the client at or before the giving of the advice.

950D Obligation to disclose commission etc. (1) At or before the giving of the advice, the providing entity must give the client information about:

(a) any commission, fee, benefit or advantage, whether pecuniary or not, that:

(i) the providing entity; or

(ii) any associate of the providing entity; or

(iii) the DPB; or

(iv) if the DPB is a body corporate--any associate of the DPB;

has received or will receive, in connection with the advice or in connection with the client acting on the advice; and

(b) any other interests, whether pecuniary or not and whether direct or indirect, of:

(i) the providing entity; or

(ii) any associate of the providing entity; or

(iii) the DPB;

(iv) if the DPB is a body corporate--any associate of the DPB; and

(c) any associations or relationships between the issuers of financial products and:

(i) the providing entity; or

(ii) any associate of the providing entity; or

(iii) the DPB; or

(iv) if the DPB is a body corporate--any associate of the DPB;

that might reasonably be expected to be or have been capable of influencing the providing entity in providing the advice.

(2) Subject to subsection (3), the level of detail of information required by subsection (1) is such as a person would reasonably require for the purpose of deciding whether to act on the advice as a retail client.

(3) The regulations may:

(a) provide that a provision of subsection (1) does not apply in a particular situation; or

(b) provide that particular information is not required by subsection (1), either in a particular situation or generally; or

(c) provide a more detailed statement of the information that is required by

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subsection (1), either in a particular situation or generally.

950E Additional requirements when advice recommends replacement of one product with another (1) This section applies (subject to subsection (4)) if the advice is or includes a recommendation that the client dispose of, or reduce the client's interest in, all or part of a particular financial product and instead acquire all or part of, or increase the client's interest in, another financial product.

(2) The following additional information must, at or before the giving of the advice, be given to the client:

(a) information about the following, to the extent that the information is known to, or could reasonably be found out by, the providing entity:

(i) any charges the client will or may incur in respect of the disposal or reduction;

(ii) any charges the client will or may incur in respect of the acquisition or increase;

(iii) any pecuniary or other benefits that the client will or may lose (temporarily or otherwise) as a result of taking the recommended action;

(b) information about any other significant consequences for the client of taking the recommended action that the providing entity knows, or ought reasonably to know, are likely;

(c) any other information required by regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph.

(3) If:

(a) the providing entity knows that, or is reckless as to whether:

(i) the client will or may incur charges as mentioned in subparagraph (2)(a)(i) or (ii); or

(ii) the client will or may lose benefits as mentioned in subparagraph (2)(a)(iii); or

(iii) there will or may be consequences for the client as mentioned in paragraph (2)(b); but

(b) the providing entity does not know, and cannot reasonably find out, what those charges, losses or consequences are or will be;

then, at or before the giving of the advice, the providing entity must make a statement to the client to the effect that there will or may be such charges, losses or consequences but the providing entity does not know what they are.

(4) The regulations may provide either or both of the following:

(a) that this section does not apply in relation to a financial product or a class of financial products;

(b) that this section does not require the provision of information of a particular kind, whether generally or in relation to a particular situation, financial product or class of financial products.

Division 6--Miscellaneous 951A Part cannot be contracted out of A condition of a contract for the acquisition of a financial product, or for the provision of a financial service, is void if it provides that a party to the contract is:

(a) required or bound to waive compliance with any requirement of this Part; or

(b) taken to have notice of any contract, document or matter not specifically referred to in a Financial Services Guide, Statement of Advice or other document given to the party.

951B Exemptions and modifications by ASIC (1) ASIC may, subject to subsection (2):

(a) exempt a person or a class of persons from all or specified provisions of this Part; or

(b) exempt a financial product or class of financial products from all or specified provisions of this Part; or

(c) declare that this Part applies in relation to a person or a financial product, or a class of persons or financial products, as if specified provisions of this Part were omitted, modified or varied as specified in the declaration.

(2) However, ASIC cannot declare that provisions of this Part are modified so that they apply in relation to persons or financial products to which they would not otherwise apply.

(3) An exemption may apply unconditionally or subject to specified conditions. A person to whom a condition specified in an exemption applies must comply with the condition. The Court may order the person to comply with the condition in a specified way. Only ASIC may apply to the Court for the order.

(4) An exemption or declaration must be in writing and ASIC must publish notice of it in the Gazette.

(5) If conduct (including an omission) of a person would not have constituted an offence if a particular declaration under paragraph (1)(c) had not been

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made, that conduct does not constitute an offence unless, before the conduct occurred (in addition to complying with the gazettal requirement of subsection (4)):

(a) the text of the declaration was made available by ASIC on the Internet; or

(b) ASIC gave written notice setting out the text of the declaration to the person.

In a prosecution for an offence to which this subsection applies, the prosecution must prove that paragraph (a) or (b) was complied with before the conduct occurred.

(6) For the purpose of this section, the provisions of this Part include:

(a) definitions in this Act, or in the regulations, as they apply to references in this Part; and

(b) any provisions of Part 10.2 (transitional provisions) that relate to provisions of this Part.

Division 7--Enforcement Subdivision A--Offences 952A Overview This Subdivision contains provisions creating offences by references to various rules contained in preceding Divisions of this Part. However, it does not create all the offences relating to those rules, as some offences are created by subsection 1311(1). Where offences are created by subsection 1311(1) in relation to a rule, this is indicated by a note at the end of the provision containing the rule.

952B Definitions (1) In this Subdivision:

defective, in relation to a disclosure document or statement, means:

(a) if the disclosure document or statement is a Financial Services Guide, a Supplementary Financial Services Guide, or is information or a statement required by subsection 941C(5), 941C(7) or 941D(2):

(i) there is a misleading or deceptive statement in the disclosure document or statement; or

(ii) if it is a Financial Services Guide--there is an omission from the Financial Services Guide of material required by section 942B or 942C; or

(iii) if it is a Supplementary Financial Services Guide that is given for the purposes of paragraph 941F(d)--there is an omission from the Supplementary Financial Services Guide of material required by that paragraph; or

(iv) if it is information or a statement required by subsection 941C(5), 941C(7) or 941D(2)--there is an omission from the document or statement of material required by that subsection;

being a statement, or an omission, that is or would be materially adverse from the point of view of a reasonable person considering whether to proceed to be provided with the financial service concerned; or

(b) if the disclosure document or statement is a Statement of Advice, or is information or a statement required by subsection 946B(3), 946B(6) or 946C(2) or by section 950D or 950E:

(i) there is a misleading or deceptive statement in the disclosure document or statement; or

(ii) if it is a Statement of Advice--there is an omission from the Statement of advice of material required by section 947B, 947C or 947D; or

(iii) if it is information or a statement required by subsection 946B(3), 946B(6) or 946C(2) or by section 950D or 950E--there is an omission from the information or statement of material required by that subsection or section;

being a statement, or an omission, that is or would be materially adverse from the point of view of a reasonable person considering whether to act in reliance on the advice concerned.

Note: In determining whether a Financial Services Guide is defective, the effect of section 943D must be taken into account (section 943D takes information and statements in a Supplementary Financial Services Guide to be included in the Financial Services Guide it supplements).

disclosure document or statement means:

(a) a Financial Services Guide; or

(b) a Supplementary Financial Services Guide; or

(c) a Statement of Advice; or

(d) information or a statement required by subsection 941C(5), 941C(7), 941D(2), 946B(3), 946B(6) or 946C(2) or by section 950D or 950E.

(2) In this Subdivision, a reference (including in the definitions in subsection (1)) to a document or statement of a kind referred to in a

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paragraph of the definition of disclosure document or statement in subsection (1) includes a reference to something purporting to be a document or statement of that kind.

952C Offence of failing to give a disclosure document or statement Strict liability offence

(1) A person (the providing entity) commits an offence if:

(a) the providing entity is required by a provision of this Part to give another person a disclosure document or statement (the required disclosure document or statement); and

(b) the providing entity does not give (within the meaning of section 940C) the other person anything purporting to be the required disclosure document or statement by the time they are required to do so.

Note: A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in subsections 941C(1), (2) and (3). See subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.

(2) An offence based on subsection (1) is an offence of strict liability.

Note: For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

Ordinary offence

(3) A person (the providing entity) commits an offence if:

(a) the providing entity is required by a provision of this Part to give another person a disclosure document or statement (the required disclosure document or statement); and

(b) the providing entity does not give (within the meaning of section 940C) the other person anything purporting to be the required disclosure document or statement by the time they are required to do so.

Note: A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in subsections 941C(1), (2) and (3). See subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.

Defence for authorised representative

(4) In any proceedings against an authorised representative of a financial services licensee for an offence based on subsection (1) or (3), it is a defence if:

(a) the licensee had provided the representative with information or instructions about the giving of disclosure documents or statements; and

(b) the representative's failure to give the required disclosure document or statement occurred because the representative was acting in reliance on that information or those instructions; and

(c) the representative's reliance on that information or those instructions was reasonable.

Note: A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in subsection (4). See subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.

952D Offence of giving a disclosure document or statement knowing it to be defective (1) A person (the providing entity), being a financial services licensee or a member of a declared professional body, commits an offence if:

(a) the providing entity:

(i) gives (see subsection (3)) another person a disclosure document or statement in circumstances in which the document or statement is required by a provision of this Part to be given to the other person; or

(ii) is a financial services licensee and gives (see subsection (3)), or makes available to, another person a disclosure document or statement, being a Financial Services Guide or a Supplementary Financial Services Guide, reckless as to whether the other person will or may rely on the information in it; and

(b) the providing entity knows that the disclosure document or statement is defective.

Note: A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in subsections 941C(1), (2) and (3). See subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.

(2) An authorised representative of a financial services licensee commits an offence if:

(a) the representative:

(i) gives (see subsection (3)) a person a disclosure document or statement in circumstances in which the document or statement is required by a provision of this Part to be given to the person; or

(ii) gives (see subsection (3)), or makes available to, a person a disclosure document or statement, being a Financial Services Guide or a Supplementary Financial Services Guide, reckless as to whether the person will or may rely on the information in it; and

(b) the representative knows that the disclosure document or statement is defective.

Note: A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in subsections 941C(1), (2) and (3). See subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.

(3) In this section, give means give by any means (including

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orally), and is not limited to the meaning it has because of section 940C.

952E Offence of giving a defective disclosure document or statement (whether or not known to be defective) (1) A person (the providing entity), being a financial services licensee or a member of a declared professional body, commits an offence if:

(a) the providing entity:

(i) gives (see subsection (7)) another person a disclosure document or statement in circumstances in which the document or statement is required by a provision of this Part to be given to the other person; or

(ii) is a financial services licensee and gives (see subsection (7)), or makes available to, another person a disclosure document or statement, being a Financial Services Guide or a Supplementary Financial Services Guide, reckless as to whether the other person will or may rely on the information in it; and

(b) the disclosure document or statement is defective.

Note: A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in subsections 941C(1), (2) and (3). See subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.

(2) For the purposes of an offence based on subsection (1), strict liability applies to the physical element of the offence specified in paragraph (1)(b).

Note: For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

(3) An authorised representative of a financial services licensee commits an offence if:

(a) the representative gives (see subsection (7)) a person a disclosure document or statement, being a Statement of Advice, or information or a statement required by subsection 941C(5), 941C(7), 941D(2), 946B(3), 946B(6) or 946C(2), in circumstances in which the document or statement is required by a provision of this Part to be given to the person; and

(b) the disclosure document or statement is defective.

Note: A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in subsections 941C(1), (2) and (3). See subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.

(4) For the purposes of an offence based on subsection (3), strict liability applies to the physical element of the offence specified in paragraph (3)(b).

Note: For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

(5) In any proceedings against a person for an offence based on subsection (1) or (3), it is a defence if the person took reasonable steps to ensure that the disclosure document or statement would not be defective.

Note: A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in subsection (5). See subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.

(6) In any proceedings against a person for an offence based on subsection (3), it is a defence if the disclosure document or statement:

(a) was provided to the person by a financial services licensee for whom they were, at that time, an authorised representative; or

(b) was defective because of information, or an omission from information, provided to them by a financial services licensee for whom they were, at that time, an authorised representative.

Note: A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in subsection (6). See subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.

(7) In this section, give means give by any means (including orally), and is not limited to the meaning it has because of section 940C.

952F Offences of financial services licensee knowingly providing defective disclosure material to an authorised representative (1) For the purposes of this section, a financial services licensee provides disclosure material to an authorised representative of the licensee if:

(a) the licensee authorises the distribution by the representative of a disclosure document or statement, being a Financial Services Guide or a Supplementary Financial Services Guide; or

(b) the licensee provides the representative with a disclosure document or statement, being a Statement of Advice, or information or a statement required by subsection 941C(5), 941C(7), 941D(2), 946B(3), 946B(6) or 946C(2); or

(c) the licensee provides the representative with information:

(i) for the purpose of it being included by the representative in a disclosure document or statement, being a Statement of Advice, or information or a statement required by subsection 941C(5), 941C(7), 941D(2), 946B(3), 946B(6) or 946C(2); or

(ii) knowing that it is likely that it will be so included in such a document.

(2) A financial services licensee commits an offence if:

(a) the licensee provides disclosure material (being a disclosure document or statement) to an authorised representative of the licensee as mentioned in paragraph (1)(a) or (b); and

(b) the licensee knows that the disclosure document or statement is defective.


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(3) A financial services licensee commits an offence if:

(a) the licensee provides disclosure material (being information) to an authorised representative of the licensee as mentioned in paragraph (1)(c); and

(b) the licensee knows that, if the information is included by the representative as mentioned in that paragraph, the disclosure document or statement concerned will be defective.

(4) A financial services licensee commits an offence if:

(a) the licensee provides disclosure material (being information) to an authorised representative of the licensee as mentioned in paragraph (1)(c); and

(b) the information relates to a matter or matters, but the licensee knows that it is only some of the information relating to the matter or matters that the disclosure document or statement concerned is required to contain; and

(c) the licensee is reckless as to whether the representative will or may prepare the disclosure document or statement on the basis that the information is all the information relating to the matter or matters that the disclosure document or statement is required to contain.

952G Offences of financial services licensee providing disclosure material to an authorised representative (whether or not known to be defective) (1) For the purposes of this section, a financial services licensee provides disclosure material to an authorised representative of the licensee if:

(a) the licensee authorises the distribution by the representative of a disclosure document or statement, being a Financial Services Guide or a Supplementary Financial Services Guide; or

(b) the licensee provides the representative with a disclosure document or statement, being a Statement of Advice, or information or a statement required by subsection 941C(5), 941C(7), 941D(2), 946B(3), 946B(6) or 946C(2); or

(c) the licensee provides the representative with information:

(i) for the purpose of it being included by the representative in a disclosure document or statement, being a Statement of Advice, or information or a statement required by subsection 941C(5), 941C(7), 941D(2), 946B(3), 946B(6) or 946C(2); or

(ii) knowing that it is likely that it will be so included in such a document.

(2) A financial services licensee commits an offence if:

(a) the licensee provides disclosure material (being a disclosure document or statement) to an authorised representative of the licensee as mentioned in paragraph (1)(a) or (b); and

(b) the disclosure document or statement is defective in a respect that does not relate to material required to be in the document or statement only because the representative is also the authorised representative of another financial services licensee.

(3) For the purposes of an offence based on subsection (2), strict liability applies to the physical element of the offence specified in paragraph (2)(b).

Note: For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

(4) A financial services licensee commits an offence if:

(a) the licensee provides disclosure material (being information) to an authorised representative of the licensee as mentioned in paragraph (1)(c); and

(b) the authorised representative includes the information in the disclosure document or statement concerned; and

(c) the disclosure document or statement is defective because it includes that information (whether or not it is also defective for other reasons).

(5) For the purposes of an offence based on subsection (4), strict liability applies to the physical element of the offence specified in paragraph (4)(c).

Note: For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

(6) A financial services licensee commits an offence if:

(a) the licensee provides disclosure material (being information) to an authorised representative of the licensee as mentioned in paragraph (1)(c); and

(b) the information relates to a matter or matters, but it is only some of the information relating to the matter or matters that the disclosure document or statement concerned is required to contain; and

(c) the representative prepares the disclosure document or statement on the basis that the information is all the information relating to the matter or matters that the disclosure document or statement is required to contain; and

(d) the disclosure document or statement is defective because it includes only that information about the matter or matters (whether or not it is also defective for other reasons).

(7) For the purposes of an offence based on subsection (6), strict liability applies to the physical elements of the offence specified in paragraphs (6)(b) and (d).

Note: For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the

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Criminal Code.

(8) In any proceedings against a person for an offence based on subsection (2), it is a defence if the person took reasonable steps to ensure that the disclosure document or statement would not be defective.

Note: A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in subsection (8). See subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.

(9) In any proceedings against a person for an offence based on subsection (4), it is a defence if the person took reasonable steps to ensure that the information they provided would not be such as to make the disclosure document or statement defective.

Note: A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in subsection (9). See subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.

(10) In any proceedings against a person for an offence based on subsection (6), it is a defence if the person took reasonable steps to ensure that the information they provided about the matter or matters would be all the information about the matter or matters that the disclosure document or statement would be required to contain.

Note: A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in subsection (10). See subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.

952H Offence of financial services licensee failing to ensure authorised representative gives disclosure documents or statements as required A financial services licensee commits an offence if the licensee does not take reasonable steps to ensure that an authorised representative of the licensee:

(a) complies with their obligations under this Part to give disclosure documents or statements as and when required; and

(b) without limiting paragraph (a), does not, in purported compliance with obligations under this Part, give disclosure documents or statements that are defective.

952I Offences if a Financial Services Guide (or Supplementary FSG) does not comply with certain requirements (1) A financial services licensee commits an offence if:

(a) the licensee:

(i) gives (see subsection (6)) a person a Financial Services Guide in circumstances in which it is required by a provision of this Part to be given to the person; or

(ii) gives (see subsection (6)), or makes available to, a person a Financial Services Guide, reckless as to whether the person will or may rely on the information in it; and

(b) the Financial Services Guide does not comply with section 942A, subsection 942B(5) or paragraph 942E(b).

Note: A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in subsections 941C(1), (2) and (3). See subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.

(2) A financial services licensee commits an offence if:

(a) the financial services licensee authorises the distribution of a Financial Services Guide by an authorised representative of the licensee; and

(b) the Financial Services Guide does not comply with section 942A, subsection 942B(5) or paragraph 942E(b).

(3) A financial services licensee commits an offence if:

(a) the licensee:

(i) gives (see subsection (6)) a person a Supplementary Financial Services Guide in circumstances in which it is required by a provision of this Part to be given to the person; or

(ii) gives (see subsection (6)), or makes available to, a person a Supplementary Financial Services Guide, reckless as to whether the person will or may rely on the information in it; and

(b) the Supplementary Financial Services Guide does not comply with section 943B or 943C.

Note: A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in subsections 941C(1), (2) and (3). See subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.

(4) A financial services licensee commits an offence if:

(a) the financial services licensee authorises the distribution of a Supplementary Financial Services Guide by an authorised representative of the licensee; and

(b) the Supplementary Financial Services Guide does not comply with section 943B or 943C.

(5) For the purposes of an offence based on subsection (1), (2), (3) or (4), strict liability applies to paragraph (b) of that subsection.

Note: For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

(6) In this section, give means give by any means (including orally), and is not limited to the meaning it has because of section 940C.

952J Offence if a Statement of Advice does not comply with certain requirements (1) A financial services licensee, or an authorised representative of a financial services licensee, commits an offence if:


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(a) the licensee or representative gives (see subsection (3)) a person a Statement of Advice in circumstances in which it is required by a provision of this Part to be given to the person; and

(b) the Statement of Advice does not comply with section 947A.

Note: A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in subsections 941C(1), (2) and (3). See subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.

(2) For the purposes of an offence based on subsection (1), strict liability applies to paragraph (b) of that subsection.

Note: For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

(3) In this section, give means give by any means (including orally), and is not limited to the meaning it has because of section 940C.

952K Offence if authorised representative gives out unauthorised Financial Services Guide (or Supplementary FSG) An authorised representative of a financial services licensee commits an offence if:

(a) the representative:

(i) gives a person a Financial Services Guide, or a Supplementary Financial Services Guide, in circumstances in which it is required by a provision of this Part to be given to the person; or

(ii) gives, or makes available to, a person a Financial Services Guide, or a Supplementary Financial Services Guide, reckless as to whether the person will or may rely on the information in it; and

(b) the licensee has not authorised the distribution by the representative of the Financial Services Guide or the Supplementary Financial Services Guide.

Note: A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in subsections 941C(1), (2) and (3). See subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.

952L Offences if financial services licensee or authorised representative becomes aware that a Financial Services Guide (or Supplementary FSG) is defective (1) A financial services licensee commits an offence if:

(a) the licensee has authorised an authorised representative of the licensee to distribute a Financial Services Guide or a Supplementary Financial Services Guide; and

(b) the licensee becomes aware that the Financial Services Guide, or the Supplementary Financial Services Guide, is defective; and

(c) the licensee does not, as soon as practicable, give the representative a direction that satisfies one or more of the following subparagraphs:

(i) a direction not to distribute the Financial Services Guide or the Supplementary Financial Services Guide;

(ii) a direction not to distribute the Financial Services Guide unless it is accompanied by a Supplementary Financial Services Guide that corrects the deficiency;

(iii) a direction not to distribute the Financial Services Guide or the Supplementary Financial Services Guide without first altering it in a way that is specified in the direction, being a way that corrects the deficiency and that complies with section 942E or 943F.

(2) An authorised representative commits an offence if:

(a) the representative is given a direction under subsection (1); and

(b) the representative does not comply with the direction.

(3) An authorised representative of a financial services licensee commits an offence if:

(a) the licensee has authorised the representative to distribute a Financial Services Guide or a Supplementary Financial Services Guide; and

(b) the representative becomes aware that the Financial Services Guide, or the Supplementary Financial Services Guide, is defective; and

(c) the representative does not, as soon as practicable, notify the licensee of the particulars of the deficiency.

(4) In this section, a reference to distributing a Financial Services Guide or a Supplementary Financial Services Guide includes (but is not limited to) giving or reading the document or statement to another person in purported compliance with a requirement of this Part.

952M Offence of unauthorised alteration of Financial Services Guide or Supplementary Financial Services Guide A person commits an offence if:

(a) the person engages in conduct that results in an alteration of a Financial Services Guide or a Supplementary Financial Services Guide that:

(i) has been prepared by or on behalf of a particular financial services licensee; or

(ii) the distribution of which by the person has been authorised by a particular financial services licensee; and

(b) the alteration results in the Financial Services Guide or Supplementary Financial Services Guide becoming defective, or more defective than it previously was; and

(c) the alteration is not made with the authority of the licensee; and

(d) the person, in purported compliance with a provision of this Part, gives

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the altered Financial Services Guide or Supplementary Financial Services Guide to another person.

Subdivision B--Civil liability 953A Definitions (1) In this Subdivision:

defective, in relation to a disclosure document or statement, means:

(a) if the disclosure document or statement is a Financial Services Guide, a Supplementary Financial Services Guide, or is information or a statement required by subsection 941C(5), 941C(7) or 941D(2):

(i) there is a misleading or deceptive statement in the disclosure document or statement; or

(ii) if it is a Financial Services Guide--there is an omission from the Financial Services Guide of material required by section 942B or 942C; or

(iii) if it is a Supplementary Financial Services Guide that is given for the purposes of paragraph 941F(d)--there is an omission from the Supplementary Financial Services Guide of material required by that paragraph; or

(iv) if it is information or a statement required by subsection 941C(5), 941C(7) or 941D(2)--there is an omission from the document or statement of material required by that subsection; or

(b) if the disclosure document or statement is a Statement of Advice, or is information or a statement required by subsection 946B(3), 946B(6) or 946C(2) or by section 950D or 950E:

(i) there is a misleading or deceptive statement in the disclosure document or statement; or

(ii) if it is a Statement of Advice--there is an omission from the Statement of Advice of material required by section 947B, 947C or 947D; or

(iii) if it is information or a statement required by subsection 946B(3), 946B(6) or 946C(2) or by section 950D or 950E--there is an omission from the information or statement of material required by that subsection or section.

Note: In determining whether a Financial Services Guide is defective, the effect of section 943D must be taken into account (section 943D takes information and statements in a Supplementary Financial Services Guide to be included in the Financial Services Guide it supplements).

disclosure document or statement means:

(a) a Financial Services Guide; or

(b) a Supplementary Financial Services Guide; or

(c) a Statement of Advice; or

(d) information or a statement required by subsection 941C(5), 941C(7), 941D(2), 946B(3), 946B(6) or 946C(2) or by section 950D or 950E.

(2) In this Subdivision, a reference (including in the definitions in subsection (1)) to a document or statement of a kind referred to in a paragraph of the definition of disclosure document or statement in subsection (1) includes a reference to something purporting to be a document or statement of that kind.

953B Civil action for loss or damage (1) This section applies in the following situations:

(a) a person:

(i) is required by a provision of this Part to give another person (the client) a disclosure document or statement (the required disclosure document or statement); and

(ii) does not give (within the meaning of section 940C) the client anything purporting to be the required disclosure document or statement by the time they are required to do so; or

(b) a person:

(i) gives another person (the client) a disclosure document or statement that is defective in circumstances in which a disclosure document or statement is required by a provision of this Part to be given to the client; or

(ii) is a financial services licensee and gives, or makes available to, another person (the client) a disclosure document or statement, being a Financial Services Guide or a Supplementary Financial Services Guide, that is defective, reckless as to whether the client will or may rely on the information in it; or

(c) a person contravenes section 945A, 945B, 949A, 949B, 950B or 950C.

In paragraph (b), give means give by any means (including orally), and is not limited to the meaning it has because of section 940C.

(2) In a situation to which this section applies, if a person suffers loss or damage:

(a) if paragraph (1)(a) applies--because the client was not given the disclosure document or statement that they should have been given; or


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(b) if paragraph (1)(b) applies--because the disclosure document or statement the client was given was defective; or

(c) if paragraph (1)(c) applies--because of the contravention referred to in that paragraph;

the person may, subject to subsection (6), recover the amount of the loss or damage by action against the, or a, liable person (see subsections (3) and (4)), whether or not that person (or anyone else) has been convicted of an offence in respect of the matter referred to in paragraph (a), (b) or (c).

(3) For the purposes of subsection (2), the, or a, liable person is:

(a) if the person first-referred to in paragraph (1)(a), (b) or (c) is a financial services licensee or a member of a declared professional body--subject to subsection (4), that person; or

(b) if the person first-referred to in paragraph (1)(a), (b) or (c) is an authorised representative of only one financial services licensee--that financial services licensee; or

(c) if the person first-referred to in paragraph (1)(a), (b) or (c) is an authorised representative of more than one financial services licensee:

(i) if, under the rules in section 917C, one of those licensees is responsible for the person's conduct--that licensee; or

(ii) if, under the rules in section 917C, 2 or more of those licensees are jointly and severally responsible for the person's conduct--each of those licensees.

(4) If:

(a) paragraph (1)(b) applies; and

(b) an alteration was made to the disclosure document or statement before it was given to the client; and

(c) the alteration made the disclosure document or statement defective, or more defective than it would otherwise have been; and

(d) the alteration was not made by, or with the authority of, the person who would, but for this subsection, be the liable person because of paragraph (3)(a);

then, so far as a person has suffered loss or damage because the disclosure document or statement was defective because of the alteration, the liable person is the person who made the alteration, rather than the person referred to in paragraph (d).

(5) An action under subsection (2) may be begun at any time within 6 years after the day on which the cause of action arose.

(6) A person is not liable under subsection (2) in a situation described in paragraph (1)(b) if the person took reasonable steps to ensure that the disclosure document or statement would not be defective.

(7) This section does not affect any liability that a person has under any other law.

953C Additional powers of court to make orders (1) The court dealing with an action under subsection 953B(2) may, in addition to awarding loss or damage under that subsection and if it thinks it necessary in order to do justice between the parties:

(a) make an order declaring void a contract entered into by the client referred to in that subsection for or relating to a financial product or a financial service; and

(b) if it makes an order under paragraph (a)--make such other order or orders as it thinks are necessary or desirable because of that order.

(2) Without limiting paragraph (1)(b), an order under that paragraph may include an order for the return of money paid by a person, and/or an order for payment of an amount of interest specified in, or calculated in accordance with, the order.

Part 7.8--Other provisions relating to conduct etc. connected with financial products and financial services, other than financial product disclosure Division 1--Preliminary 980A Matters covered by this Part This Part contains:

(a) provisions (see Divisions 2 to 7) relating to conduct etc. of financial services licensees; and

(b) miscellaneous provisions (see Division 8) relating to other conduct connected with financial products and financial services.

It does not deal with financial product disclosure (which is dealt with in Part 7.9).

980B General approach to offence provisions Division 9 contains provisions creating offences by reference to various rules contained in Divisions of this Part. However, it does not create all the

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offences relating to those rules, as some offences are created by subsection 1311(1). Where offences are created by subsection 1311(1) in relation to a rule, this is indicated by a note at the end of the provision containing the rule.

Division 2--Dealing with clients' money Subdivision A--Money other than loans 981A Money to which Subdivision applies (1) This Subdivision applies (subject to subsections (2), (3) and (4)) to money paid to a financial services licensee (the licensee) in the following circumstances:

(a) the money is paid in connection with:

(i) a financial service that has been provided, or that will or may be provided, to a person (the client); or

(ii) a financial product held by a person (the client); and

(b) the money is paid:

(i) by the client; or

(ii) by a person acting on behalf of the client or

(iii) for the benefit of the client.

(2) This Subdivision does not apply to money paid as mentioned in subsection (1) to the extent that:

(a) the money is paid by way of remuneration payable to the licensee, or the licensee is entitled to deduct such remuneration from the money; or

(b) the money is paid:

(i) to reimburse the licensee for payments made to acquire, or acquire an increased interest in, a financial product; or

(ii) to discharge a liability incurred by the licensee in respect of the acquisition of a financial product or an increased interest in a financial product, or to indemnify the licensee in respect of such a liability; or

(c) the money is paid to acquire, or acquire an increased interest in, a financial product from the licensee, whether by way of issue or sale by the licensee; or

(d) Subdivision B (loan money) applies to the money.

Note: Money excluded by paragraph (c) is covered by section 1017E.

(3) If a person pays money to a financial services licensee in order for it to be deposited to the credit of a deposit product held by the person or another person with the licensee, that payment does not constitute money to which this Subdivision applies.

(4) The regulations may:

(a) exempt money paid in specified circumstances from some or all of the provisions of this Subdivision; or

(b) declare that this Subdivision applies in relation to money paid in specified circumstances as if specified provisions of this Subdivision were omitted, modified or varied as set out in the regulations.

(5) An exemption in regulations made for the purposes of paragraph (4)(a) may be made subject to conditions specified in, or imposed in accordance with, the regulations. The regulations may provide for consequences of a contravention of a condition.

981B Obligation to pay money into an account (1) The licensee must ensure that money to which this Subdivision applies is paid into an account that satisfies these requirements:

(a) the account is:

(i) with an Australian ADI; or

(ii) of a kind prescribed by regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph;

and is designated as an account for the purposes of this section of this Act; and

(b) the only money paid into the account is:

(i) money to which this Subdivision applies (which may be money paid by, on behalf or, or for the benefit of, several different clients); or

(ii) interest on the amount from time to time standing to the credit of the account; or

(iii) interest, or other similar payments, on an investment made in accordance with regulations referred to in section 981C, or the proceeds of the realisation of such an investment; or

(iv) other money permitted to be paid into the account by the regulations; and

(c) if regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph impose additional requirements--the requirements so imposed by the regulations; and

(d) if the licence conditions of the licensee's licence impose additional requirements--the requirements so imposed by the licence conditions.

The money must be paid into such an account on the day it is received by the licensee, or on the next business day.


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(2) The licensee may, for the purposes of this section, maintain a single account or 2 or more accounts.

981C Regulations may deal with various matters relating to accounts maintained for the purposes of section 981B The regulations may deal with all or any of the following in relation to accounts, or a class of accounts, maintained for the purposes of section 981B:

(a) the circumstances in which payments may be made out of an account (including the circumstances in which money may be withdrawn and invested, and the kinds of investment that may be made);

(b) the minimum balance to be maintained in an account;

(c) how interest on an account is to be dealt with;

(d) how interest or other earnings on an investment of money withdrawn from an account, or the proceeds of the realisation of such an investment, are to be dealt with.

981D Money related to derivatives may be used for general margining etc. purposes Despite anything in regulations made for the purposes of section 981C, if:

(a) the financial service referred to in subparagraph 981A(1)(a)(i) is or relates to a dealing in a derivative; or

(b) the financial product referred to in subparagraph 981A(1)(a)(ii) is a derivative;

the money concerned may also be used for the purpose of meeting obligations incurred by the licensee in connection with margining, guaranteeing, securing, transferring, adjusting or settling dealings in derivatives by the licensee (including dealings on behalf of people other than the client).

981E Protection of money from attachment etc. (1) This section applies to:

(a) money to which this Subdivision applies that has been paid to the licensee, both while it is in an account maintained for the purposes of section 981B and before and after it is paid into such an account; and

(b) other money in such an account as permitted by paragraph 981B(1)(b); and

(c) investments made in accordance with regulations made for the purposes of section 981C.

(2) Money and investments to which this section applies are not capable:

(a) of being attached or otherwise taken in execution; or

(b) of being made subject to a set-off, charge or charging order, or to any process of a similar nature;

except at the suit of a person who is otherwise entitled to the money or investment.

981F Regulations may deal with how money to be dealt with if licensee ceases to be licensed etc. The regulations may include provisions dealing with how money in an account maintained for the purposes of section 981B, or an investment of such money, is to be dealt with if:

(a) the licensee ceases to be a financial services licensee; or

(b) the licensee becomes insolvent, within the meaning of the regulations; or

(c) the licensee merges with another financial services licensee; or

(d) the licensee ceases to carry on some or all of the activities authorised by their licence.

981G Account provider not liable merely because of licensee's contravention Nothing in this Subdivision, or in regulations made for the purposes of this Subdivision, makes the body (not being the licensee) that the account is with under paragraph 981B(1)(a) subject to any liability merely because of a failure by the licensee to comply with any of the provisions of this Subdivision or those regulations.

Subdivision B--Loan money 982A Money to which this Subdivision applies (1) Subject to subsection (2), this Subdivision applies to money paid to a financial services licensee (the licensee) by way of a loan from a person (the client) in connection with activities authorised by the licensee's licence.

(2) If a person pays money to a financial services licensee:

(a) in order for it to be deposited to the credit of a deposit product held by the person or another person with the licensee; or

(b) on condition that it is to be repaid to the person by the licensee, as a debt, pursuant to the terms of a debenture or other financial product issued by

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the licensee;

that payment does not constitute money to which this Subdivision applies.

982B Obligation to pay money into an account (1) The licensee must ensure that money to which this Subdivision applies is paid into an account that satisfies these requirements:

(a) the account is:

(i) with an Australian ADI; or

(ii) of a kind prescribed by regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph;

and is designated as an account for the purposes of this section of this Act; and

(b) the only money paid into the account is:

(i) money to which this Subdivision applies (which may be money lent by several different persons); or

(ii) interest on the amount from time to time standing to the credit of the account.

The money must be paid into such an account on the day it is received by the licensee, or on the next business day.

(2) The licensee may, for the purposes of this section, maintain a single account or 2 or more accounts.

982C Licensee to give client statement setting out terms of loan etc. Obligation to give client a statement

(1) The licensee must, in accordance with the regulations, give the client a statement setting out:

(a) the terms and conditions on which the loan is made and accepted; and

(b) the purpose for which, and the manner in which, the licensee is to use the money.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

Obligation to keep money in account until receive acknowledgment of receipt of statement

(2) The licensee must not take money out of the account before the client has given the licensee a written acknowledgment that the client has received the statement required by subsection (1).

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

982D Permitted use of loan The licensee must only use the money:

(a) for the purpose, and in the manner, set out in the statement given under section 982C; or

(b) for another purpose, or in another manner, agreed on in writing by the licensee and the client after the licensee gave the client the statement.

Note: Failure to comply with this section is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

Subdivision C--Powers of Court 983A Court may freeze certain accounts (1) The Court may, by order, restrain dealings in respect of specified accounts with financial institutions that a person holds or maintains (whether in Australia or elsewhere), subject to such terms and conditions as the Court imposes, if subsection (2) or (3) applies in relation to the person.

(2) This subsection applies to a person if, on application by ASIC, the Court is satisfied that the person holds, or has at any time held, an Australian financial services licence and that:

(a) there are reasonable grounds for believing that there is a deficiency in an account maintained by the person for the purposes of section 981B or 982B, whether the account is maintained in this jurisdiction or elsewhere; or

(b) there has been undue delay, or unreasonable refusal, on the person's part in paying, applying or accounting for money as provided for by this Division, by a condition of the licence, or by the operating rules of a licensed market or a licensed CS facility in which the person is or has been a participant; or

(c) without limiting the generality of paragraph (a) or (b), the person has contravened section 981B or 982B.

(3) This subsection applies to a person if, on application by ASIC, the Court is satisfied that the person holds, or has at any time held, an Australian financial services licence and that:

(a) the licence has been revoked or suspended; or

(b) the person is incapable, through mental or physical incapacity, of managing his or her affairs; or

(c) the person no longer carries on a financial services business; or


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(d) the person has died.

983B Interim order freezing accounts (1) Before considering an application under section 983A, the Court may, if it considers it desirable to do so, grant an interim order that is an order of the kind applied for and is expressed to apply until the application is determined.

(2) The Court must not require ASIC or any other person, as a condition of granting an order under subsection (1), to give an undertaking as to damages.

983C Duty of person to whom order directed to make full disclosure If an order made under section 983A is directed to a financial institution, the institution must:

(a) disclose to ASIC every account kept at the institution in the name of the person to whom the order relates, and any account that the institution reasonably suspects is held or kept at the institution for the benefit of that person; and

(b) permit ASIC to make a copy of, or to take an extract from, any account of the person to whom the order relates or any of the institution's books relating to that person.

Note: Failure to comply with this section is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

983D Further orders and directions (1) If an order is made under section 983A or 983B, the Court may, on application by ASIC or a person whom the order affects, make a further order that does one or more of the following:

(a) deals with such ancillary matters as the Court thinks necessary or desirable;

(b) directs that specified amounts in an account affected by the first-mentioned order be paid to ASIC or a person nominated by ASIC;

(c) varies or discharges the first-mentioned order or an order under this section.

(2) An order under this section may be made subject to such terms and conditions as the Court imposes.

983E Power of Court to make order relating to payment of money (1) An order made under section 983D may include directions to a person to whom money is ordered to be paid directing that the person:

(a) must pay the money into a separate account; or

(b) is authorised to prepare a scheme for distributing the money to persons who claim, within 6 months after the person receives the money, to be entitled to the money and satisfy the person that they are so entitled; or

(c) if the money received is insufficient to pay all proved claims, may, despite any rule of law or equity to the contrary, apportion the money among the claimants in proportion to their proved claims and show in the scheme how the money is so apportioned.

(2) If a person prepares a scheme for a distribution of money under subsection (1), the person must apply to the Court for approval of the scheme and for directions in respect of it.

(3) The Court may, in relation to money held in a separate account under subsection (1), give such directions as the Court thinks fit as to:

(a) the persons to whom that money is to be paid, and in what amounts the whole or any portion of that money is to be paid; and

(b) the payment of the balance of the money (if any) remaining in the account.

Division 3--Dealing with other property of clients 984A Property to which Division applies (1) Subject to subsection (2), this Division applies to property other than money (for example, share certificates) given to a financial services licensee (the licensee) in the following circumstances:

(a) the property is given in connection with:

(i) a financial service that has been provided, or that will or may be provided, to a person (the client); or

(ii) a financial product held by a person (the client); and

(b) the property is given:

(i) by the client; or

(ii) by a person acting on behalf of the client; or

(iii) for the benefit of the client; and

(c) the licensee is accountable for the property.

(2) The regulations may:

(a) exempt money given in specified circumstances from some or all of the provisions of this Division; or


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(b) declare that this Division applies in relation to property given in specified circumstances as if specified provisions of this Division were omitted, modified or varied as set out in the regulations.

The circumstances that may be specified include (but are not limited to) that the money was given in connection with a specified class of financial product or financial service.

(3) An exemption in regulations made for the purposes of paragraph (2)(a) may be made subject to conditions specified in, or imposed in accordance with, the regulations. The regulations may provide for consequences of a contravention of a condition.

984B How property to which this Division applies is to be dealt with (1) Subject to subsection (2), the licensee must ensure that property to which this Division applies is only dealt with in accordance with:

(a) the requirements (if any) specified in regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph; and

(b) subject to those requirements:

(i) the terms and conditions on which the property was given to the licensee; and

(ii) any subsequent instructions given by the client.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(2) If:

(a) the financial service referred to in subparagraph 984A(1)(a)(i) is or relates to a dealing in a derivative; or

(b) the financial product referred to in subparagraph 984A(1)(a)(ii) is a derivative;

the property concerned may also be used for the purpose of meeting obligations incurred by the licensee in connection with margining, guaranteeing, securing, transferring, adjusting or settling dealings in derivatives by the licensee (including dealings on behalf of people other than the client).

Division 4--Special provisions relating to insurance 985A Definitions etc. (1) In this Division:

contract of insurance includes a contract of life insurance.

Note: Contract of life insurance has a meaning affected by subsection (2).

insured, in relation to a contract of life insurance, means a person (other than the insurer) who is entitled to a benefit under the contract, whether that person is the life insured or some other person.

Note: Intending insured has a corresponding meaning.

(2) For the purposes of this Division, if:

(a) a life policy (within the meaning of the Life Insurance Act 1995) would not ordinarily be regarded as a contract of life insurance; and

(b) liability under the policy is borne by a company registered under that Act; and

(c) the policy was entered into after the commencement of section 9D of the Insurance (Agents and Brokers) Act 1984 as in force before the commencement of this Chapter;

the policy is taken to be a contract of life insurance.

985B Status of amounts paid to financial services licensees in respect of contracts of insurance (1) If:

(a) a contract of insurance is arranged or effected by a financial services licensee; and

(b) the licensee is not the insurer;

payment to the licensee of money payable (whether in respect of a premium or otherwise) by the insured under or in relation to the contract is a discharge, as between the insured and the insurer, of the liability of the insured to the insurer in respect of that money.

(2) Payment to a financial services licensee by or on behalf of an intending insured of money (whether in respect of a premium or otherwise) in respect of a contract of insurance to be arranged or effected by the licensee with an insurer (not being the licensee) is a discharge, as between the insured and the insurer, of any liability of the insured under or in respect of the contract, to the extent of the amount of the payment.

(3) Payment by an insurer to a financial services licensee of money payable to an insured, whether in respect of a claim, return of premiums or otherwise, under or in relation to a contract of insurance, does not discharge any liability of the insurer to the insured in respect of that money.

(4) An agreement, so far as it purports to alter or restrict the operation of subsection (1), (2) or (3), is void.

(5) Subsection (4) does not make void an agreement between a financial services licensee and an insured in so far as the agreement allows the licensee

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to set off against money payable to the insured money payable by the insured to the licensee in respect of premiums.

985C Regulations may impose other requirements etc. if financial services licensee is not the insurer (1) The regulations may impose requirements to be complied with by a financial services licensee in relation to, or make other provision dealing with, a situation specified in subsection (2) that arises in relation to a contract or proposed contract of insurance under which the licensee is not the insurer.

(2) The situations are as follows:

(a) the licensee receives an amount as a premium or instalment of premium;

(b) the licensee does not receive an amount as a premium or instalment of premium by a particular time;

(c) the licensee is not aware of the amount of a premium or instalment of premium that is to be paid;

(d) the licensee receives money from the insured or intending insured but the risk or part of the risk has not been accepted by a particular time;

(e) the licensee receives money from the insurer for payment to or on behalf of the insured.

Division 5--Obligations to report 986A Reporting in relation to money to which Subdivision A or B of Division 2 applies or property to which Division 3 applies The regulations may impose reporting requirements to be complied with by a financial services licensee in relation to money to which Subdivision A or B of Division 2 applies or property to which Division 3 applies.

986B Reporting in relation to dealings in derivatives The regulations may impose reporting requirements to be complied with by a financial services licensee in relation to dealings in derivatives on behalf of other people.

Division 6--Financial records, statements and audit Subdivision A--Preliminary 987A Application of Division (1) This Division applies in relation to a financial services licensee and a financial services business carried on by the licensee, whether that business is carried on in this jurisdiction or elsewhere.

(2) This Division does not affect, and is to be taken never to have affected, the operation of Chapter 2M in relation to a company that is a financial services licensee or in relation to a financial services business that is carried on by such a company.

Subdivision B--Financial records of financial services licensees 988A Obligation to keep financial records (1) A financial services licensee must (subject to subsection (3)):

(a) keep financial records that correctly record and explain the transactions and financial position of the financial services business carried on by the licensee; and

(b) keep those records in accordance with the requirements of this Subdivision; and

(c) comply with the requirements of this Subdivision in relation to conversion of records into the English language (see subsection 988C(2)).

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(2) The licensee does not contravene a requirement of this Subdivision merely because some or all of the records are kept as a part of, or in conjunction with, the records relating to any other business that is carried on by the licensee.

Note: A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in this subsection. See subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.

988B Records to be kept so that profit and loss statements and balance sheet can be prepared and audited The records must be kept in a way that:

(a) enables true and fair profit and loss statements, and balance sheets, of the financial services business of the licensee to be prepared from time to time; and


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(b) allows those statements and balance sheets to be conveniently and properly audited.

988C Language of records (1) The records must be kept in writing in the English language, or in a manner that enables them to be readily accessible and readily converted into writing in the English language.

(2) If any of the records are not kept in writing in the English language, the licensee must, if required to convert the records concerned into writing in the English language by a person who is entitled to examine the records concerned, comply with the requirement within a reasonable time.

988D Location of records If any of the records are kept outside this jurisdiction, the licensee must:

(a) cause to be sent to and kept at a place in this jurisdiction such particulars with respect to the business dealt with in those records as will enable true and fair profit and loss statements and balance sheets to be prepared; and

(b) if required by ASIC to produce those records at a place in this jurisdiction, comply with the requirement not later than 28 days after the requirement is made.

988E Particular categories of information to be shown in records The records must be kept in sufficient detail to show particulars of:

(a) all money received or paid by the licensee, including money paid to, or disbursed from, an account maintained for the purposes of section 981B or 982B; and

(b) all acquisitions and disposals of financial products made by the licensee, the charges and credits arising from them, and the names of the person acquiring or disposing of each of those products; and

(c) all income received by the licensee from commissions, interest, and other sources, and all expenses, commissions, and interest paid by the licensee; and

(d) all the assets and liabilities (including contingent liabilities) of the licensee; and

(e) all securities or managed investment products that are the property of the licensee, showing by whom the securities or products, or the documents of title to the securities or products, are held and, if they are held by some other person, whether or not they are held as security against loans or advances; and

(f) all securities or managed investment products that are not the property of the licensee and for which the licensee or a nominee controlled by the licensee is accountable, showing:

(i) by whom, and for whom, the securities or products, or the documents of title to the securities or products, are held; and

(ii) the extent to which they are either held for safe custody or deposited with a third party as security for loans or advances made to the licensee; and

(g) such other matters (if any) as are specified in regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph.

988F Regulations may impose additional requirements The regulations may impose additional requirements to be complied with in relation to the records including, for example, requirements for things to be contained in the records, and requirements relating to the level of detail to be shown in the records.

988G Records taken to be made with licensee's authority An entry in the records is, unless the contrary is proved, to be taken to have been made by, or with the authority of, the licensee.

Subdivision C--Financial statements of financial services licensees 989A Meaning of financial year In this Subdivision:

financial year, in relation to a financial services licensee, means:

(a) if the licensee is not a body corporate--a year ending on 30 June; and

(b) if the licensee is a body corporate--a financial year of the body corporate.

989B Financial services licensee to prepare and lodge annual profit and loss statement and balance sheet

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(1) A financial services licensee must, in respect of each financial year, prepare a true and fair profit and loss statement and balance sheet in accordance with this Subdivision.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1).

(2) The licensee must lodge the statement and balance sheet with ASIC in accordance with this Subdivision.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1).

(3) The licensee must, with the statement and balance sheet, lodge an auditor's report with ASIC containing the information and matters required by the regulations.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1).

989C Requirements as to contents and applicable accounting principles The profit and loss statement and the balance sheet must:

(a) contain the information that is required by the regulations; and

(b) be prepared in accordance with any requirements in the regulations as to the accounting principles to be used.

989D Time of lodgment (1) Unless an extension is granted under subsection (3), the profit and loss statement and the balance sheet must be lodged before:

(a) if the licensee is not a body corporate--the day that is 2 months after the end of that financial year; or

(b) if the licensee is a body corporate--the day that is 3 months after the end of that financial year.

(2) If an extension is granted under subsection (3), the profit and loss statement and the balance sheet must be lodged before the end of the extended period.

(3) ASIC may, on application made:

(a) by a financial services licensee and the licensee's auditor; and

(b) before the end of the period that would otherwise apply;

approve an extension of the period for lodging the profit and loss statement and balance sheet. The extension may be of the period originally applicable or the period applicable under a previous extension.

(4) An approval under subsection (3) may be given subject to such conditions (if any) as ASIC imposes.

(5) If an approval under subsection (3) is given subject to conditions, the licensee must comply with those conditions.

Subdivision D--Appointment etc. of auditors 990A Certain provisions of this Subdivision do not apply to a body corporate (other than a proprietary company) to which section 327 applies If:

(a) a financial services licensee is a body corporate to which section 327 applies; and

(b) the licensee is not a proprietary company;

nothing in sections 990B to 990H applies to the licensee.

990B Appointment of auditor by licensee (1) A financial services licensee must, within 1 month after beginning to hold the licence, appoint as auditor or auditors to audit the licensee's financial statements:

(a) a person or persons; or

(b) a firm or firms; or

(c) a person or persons and a firm or firms.

Subsections (4) and (5) must be complied with in relation to the appointment.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(2) Within 14 days after a vacancy occurs in the office of an auditor of the licensee, if there is no surviving or continuing auditor of the licensee, the licensee must appoint:

(a) a person or persons; or

(b) a firm or firms; or

(c) a person or persons and a firm or firms;

to fill the vacancy. Subsections (4) and (5) must be complied with in relation to the appointment.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(3) While a vacancy in the office of an auditor of the licensee continues, the surviving or continuing auditor or auditors (if any) may act.

(4) The licensee must not appoint as auditor a person who, or firm that, is

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ineligible by virtue of regulations made for the purposes of section 990C to act as auditor of the licensee.

(5) The licensee must not appoint a person or firm as auditor of the licensee unless that person or firm has, before the appointment, consented by written notice given to the licensee to act as auditor and has not withdrawn the consent by written notice given to the licensee.

(6) The licensee must, within 14 days after an appointment of a person or firm as auditor, lodge a written notice with ASIC stating that the licensee has made the appointment and specifying the name of the person or firm.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(7) The regulations may include provisions (including provisions imposing obligations) dealing with matters related to the appointment of a firm as auditor, including, for example:

(a) taking certain members of the firm to have been appointed as auditors; and

(b) the effect of a dissolution and reconstitution of the firm; and

(c) requiring a member of the firm who retires or withdraws to continue to act as auditor in certain circumstances; and

(d) how a report, notice or other document is to be made or given.

(8) Regulations made for the purposes of subsection (7) may also include provisions modifying the effect of provisions of this Subdivision in relation to matters dealt with in those regulations.

990C When a person or firm is ineligible to act as auditor A person or firm is ineligible to act as auditor of the licensee if regulations made for the purposes of this section provide that the person or firm is ineligible so to act.

990D Ineligible person or firm must not consent to act or disqualify themselves etc. (1) A person or firm, while ineligible to act as auditor of the licensee, must not:

(a) consent to be appointed as auditor of the licensee; or

(b) act as auditor of the licensee; or

(c) prepare a report that an auditor of the licensee is to prepare under this Part.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(2) A person must not:

(a) if the person has been appointed auditor of the licensee--disqualify himself or herself, while the appointment continues, from acting as auditor of the licensee; or

(b) if the person is a member of a firm that has been appointed auditor of the licensee--disqualify the firm, while the appointment continues, from acting as auditor of the licensee.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

990E Duration of appointment of auditors An auditor of the licensee holds office until:

(a) death; or

(b) removal in accordance with section 990F; or

(c) resignation in accordance with sections 990G and 990H; or

(d) becoming prohibited by subsection 990D(1) from acting as auditor of the licensee;

whichever occurs first.

990F Removal of auditors The licensee:

(a) must remove an auditor of the licensee from office if the auditor becomes ineligible to act as auditor of the licensee; and

(b) may, with ASIC's consent, remove an auditor of the licensee from office.

Note: Failure to comply with paragraph (a) is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

990G Resignation of auditors--requirements for resignation (1) An auditor of the licensee may, by written notice given to the licensee, resign as auditor of the licensee if:

(a) the auditor has, by written notice given to ASIC, applied for consent to the resignation and, at or about the same time as the auditor gave notice to ASIC, gave written notice of the application to the licensee; and

(b) ASIC has consented and the auditor has received notice of ASIC's consent.

(2) ASIC must, as soon as practicable after receiving an application from an auditor under subsection (1), notify the auditor and the licensee whether

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it consents to the resignation.

(3) A statement by an auditor in an application under subsection (1), or in answer to an inquiry by ASIC relating to the reasons for the application:

(a) is not admissible in evidence in any civil or criminal proceedings in a court against the auditor other than proceedings for a contravention of section 1308; and

(b) may not be made the ground of a prosecution (other than a prosecution for a contravention of section 1308), action or suit against the auditor.

(4) A certificate by ASIC that a statement was made in an application under subsection (1), or in answer to an inquiry by ASIC relating to the reasons for such an application, is conclusive evidence that the statement was so made.

990H Resignation of auditors--when resignation takes effect The resignation of an auditor of the licensee takes effect on:

(a) if the notice of resignation specifies a date as the date the resignation is to take effect--the date so specified; or

(b) the date on which ASIC gives its consent to the resignation; or

(c) if ASIC has fixed a date as the date the resignation is to take effect--the date so fixed;

whichever last occurs.

990I Auditor's right of access to records, information etc. (1) An auditor of the licensee has a right of access at all reasonable times to the financial records or other records (including any register) of the licensee.

(2) An auditor of the licensee is entitled to require:

(a) from the licensee; or

(b) if the licensee is a body corporate--from any executive officer of the licensee;

such assistance and explanations as the auditor desires for the purposes of audit.

(3) The licensee, or an executive officer of the licensee if it is a body corporate, must not:

(a) refuse or fail to allow an auditor of the licensee access, in accordance with subsection (1), to financial records or other records of the licensee; or

(b) refuse or fail to give assistance, or an explanation, to an auditor of the licensee as and when required under subsection (2); or

(c) otherwise hinder, obstruct or delay an auditor of the licensee in the performance or exercise of the auditor's duties or powers.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

990J Auditor's fees and expenses (1) The reasonable fees and expenses of an auditor of the licensee are payable by the licensee.

(2) The auditor may recover those fees by action against the licensee.

990K Auditor to report on certain matters (1) If an auditor, in the performance of duties as auditor of the licensee, becomes aware of a matter referred to in subsection (2), the auditor must, within 7 days after becoming aware of the matter, lodge a written report on the matter with ASIC and send a copy of the report to the licensee, and to each licensed market (if any) and each licensed CS facility (if any) in which the licensee is a participant.

Note: Failure to comply with this section is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(2) A report must be given in relation to any matter that, in the opinion of the auditor:

(a) has adversely affected, is adversely affecting or may adversely affect the ability of the licensee to meet the licensee's obligations as a licensee; or

(b) constitutes or may constitute a contravention of:

(i) a provision of Subdivision A or B of Division 2 (or a provision of regulations made for the purposes of such a provision); or

(ii) a provision of Division 3 (or a provision of regulations made for the purposes of such a provision); or

(iii) a provision of Subdivision B or C of this Division (or a provision of regulations made for the purposes of such a provision); or

(iv) a condition of the licensee's licence.

990L Qualified privilege for auditor etc. (1) An auditor of the licensee has qualified privilege in respect of:

(a) a statement that the auditor makes, orally or in writing, in the course of the auditor's duties as auditor; or

(b) the lodging of a report, or the sending of a report to the licensee, or to

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a licensed market or a licensed CS facility, under subsection 990K(1).

(2) A person has qualified privilege:

(a) in respect of the publishing of a document:

(i) prepared by an auditor of the licensee in the course of the auditor's duties as auditor; or

(ii) required by or under this Chapter to be lodged with ASIC, whether or not the document has been so lodged; or

(b) in respect of the publishing of a statement made by an auditor of the licensee as mentioned in subsection (1).

Division 7--Other rules about conduct 991A Financial services licensee not to engage in unconscionable conduct (1) A financial services licensee must not, in or in relation to the provision of a financial service, engage in conduct that is, in all the circumstances, unconscionable.

(2) If a person suffers loss or damage because a financial services licensee contravenes subsection (1), the person may recover the amount of the loss or damage by action against the licensee.

(3) An action under subsection (2) may be begun at any time within 6 years after the day on which the cause of action arose.

(4) This section does not affect any liability that a person has under any other law.

991B Financial services licensee to give priority to clients' orders (1) This section applies if:

(a) a person (the client) has instructed a financial services licensee to buy or sell financial products of a particular class that are able to be traded on a licensed market; and

(b) the licensee has not complied with the instruction; and

(c) the client is not an associate of the licensee; and

(d) regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph do not exclude those financial products from this section.

(2) The financial services licensee must not, except as permitted by subsection (3):

(a) enter into a transaction of purchase or sale of financial products of that class either on their own behalf or on behalf of an associate of the licensee; or

(b) instruct another person to enter into a transaction of purchase or sale of financial products of that class on behalf of the licensee or an associate of the licensee.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(3) Subsection (2) does not apply in relation to the entering into of a transaction, or the giving of an instruction, by the licensee if:

(a) the client's instructions required the purchase or sale to be effected only on specified conditions relating to price and the licensee has been unable to comply with the instructions because of those conditions; or

(b) the transaction, or the giving of the instruction, is permitted by regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph.

Note: A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in this subsection. See subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.

991C Regulations may deal with various matters relating to instructions to deal through licensed markets The regulations may do all or any of the following in relation to instructions received by financial services licensees to deal in financial products through licensed markets:

(a) impose requirements relating to the order in which instructions are to be transmitted to a licensed market or to another financial services licensee who is a participant in a licensed market;

(b) impose requirements relating to the order in which dealings that have been effected on a licensed market are to be allocated to instructions;

(c) prohibit the disclosure of instructions in specified circumstances.

991D Regulations may require records to be kept in relation to instructions to deal on licensed markets and foreign markets The regulations may impose requirements for the keeping of records relating to all or any of the following:

(a) instructions received by financial services licensees to deal in financial products through licensed markets or through other financial markets (whether inside or outside Australia);

(b) the execution of such instructions;

(c) the transmission of such instructions.

991E Obligations of financial services licensee in relation to dealings with non-licensees

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Obligation to disclose if acting on own behalf

(1) Subject to the regulations, a financial services licensee must not, either personally or through an authorised representative, enter into a financial product transaction on their own behalf:

(a) that relates to a financial product that is able to be traded on a licensed market; and

(b) that is with a person (the non-licensee) who is not a financial services licensee or an authorised representative;

if:

(c) the licensee has not (in accordance with any applicable regulations made for the purposes of paragraph (2)(a)) disclosed to the non-licensee the fact that the licensee will be acting on their own behalf in the proposed dealing; or

(d) the non-licensee has not (in accordance with any applicable regulations made for the purposes of paragraph (2)(b)) consented to the licensee so acting in the proposed dealing.

If the licensee is acting through an authorised representative, the disclosure referred to in paragraph (c) may instead be given by the representative.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(2) The regulations may deal with either or both of the following:

(a) how a disclosure referred to in paragraph (1)(c) is to be made;

(b) how a consent referred to in paragraph (1)(d) is to be given.

Obligation not to charge fee

(3) If a financial services licensee, either personally or through an authorised representative, enters into a transaction of sale or purchase of financial products on their own behalf:

(a) that relates to a financial product that is able to be traded on a licensed market; and

(b) that is with a person (the non-licensee) who is not a financial services licensee or an authorised representative;

the licensee must only charge the non-licensee a brokerage, commission or other fee in respect of the transaction if the charge is permitted by the regulations.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

Person may rescind contract if section contravened

(4) If subsection (1) or (3) is contravened in relation to a transaction (whether or not anyone is convicted of an offence in respect of the contravention), the non-licensee may, subject to subsection (5), rescind the contract effecting the transaction, unless the contract was for the purchase of financial products by the non-licensee and the non-licensee has disposed of those products.

(5) The right under subsection (4) to rescind the contract:

(a) can only be exercised during the period of 14 days starting on:

(i) unless subparagraph (ii) applies--the day on which the contract was entered into; or

(ii) if regulations made for the purposes of this subparagraph specify a later day--that later day; and

(b) is to be exercised by notice in writing to the licensee.

(6) Nothing in subsections (4) and (5) affects any other right that a person has.

Regulations may require records to be kept in relation to transactions entered into by licensee on own behalf

(7) The regulations may impose requirements for the keeping of records relating to financial products transactions entered into by a financial services licensee on their own behalf.

991F Dealings involving employees of financial services licensees (1) Subject to the regulations, a financial services licensee and an employee of the licensee must not, on their own behalves, jointly acquire a financial product.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(2) Subject to the regulations, a financial services licensee must not give credit to an employee of the licensee, or to a person who they know is an associate of an employee of the licensee, if:

(a) the credit is given for the purpose of enabling the person to whom the credit is given to acquire a financial product; or

(b) the licensee knows or has reason to believe that the credit will be used for the purpose of acquiring a financial product.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(3) Subject to the regulations, a person:

(a) who is an employee of a financial services licensee that is a participant in a licensed market; and

(b) who is so employed in connection with a business of dealing in financial products;


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must only, on their own behalf, acquire or agree to acquire a financial product of a kind that is able to be traded on that market if the licensee acts as the agent of the person in respect of the acquisition.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(4) In this section, a reference to an employee of a financial services licensee includes, for a licensee that is a body corporate, a reference to an officer of the body.

Division 8--Miscellaneous 992A Prohibition on hawking of certain financial products (1) A person must not offer financial products for issue or sale in the course of, or because of, an unsolicited meeting with another person.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(2) Subsection (1) does not apply to offering of securities, hawking of which is prohibited by section 736.

Note: A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in this subsection. See subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.

992B Exemptions and modifications by ASIC (1) ASIC may, subject to subsection (2):

(a) exempt a person or class of persons from all or specified provisions of this Part; or

(b) exempt a financial product or class of financial products from all or specified provisions of this Part; or

(c) declare that this Part applies in relation to a person or a financial product, or a class of persons or financial products, as if specified provisions of this Part were omitted, modified or varied as specified in the declaration.

(2) However, ASIC cannot declare that provisions of this Part are modified so that they apply in relation to persons or financial products to which they would not otherwise apply.

(3) An exemption may apply unconditionally or subject to specified conditions. A person to whom a condition specified in an exemption applies must comply with the condition. The Court may order the person to comply with the condition in a specified way. Only ASIC may apply to the Court for the order.

(4) An exemption or declaration must be in writing and ASIC must publish notice of it in the Gazette.

(5) If conduct (including an omission) of a person would not have constituted an offence if a particular declaration under paragraph (1)(c) had not been made, that conduct does not constitute an offence unless, before the conduct occurred (in addition to complying with the gazettal requirement of subsection (4)):

(a) the text of the declaration was made available by ASIC on the Internet; or

(b) ASIC gave written notice setting out the text of the declaration to the person.

In a prosecution for an offence to which this subsection applies, the prosecution must prove that paragraph (a) or (b) was complied with before the conduct occurred.

(6) For the purpose of this section, the provisions of this Part include:

(a) definitions in this Act, or in the regulations, as they apply to references in this Part; and

(b) any provisions of Part 10.2 (transitional provisions) that relate to provisions of this Part.

Division 9--Enforcement 993A Overview This Division contains provisions creating offences by reference to various rules contained in preceding Divisions of this Part. However, it does not create all the offences relating to those rules, as some offences are created by subsection 1311(1). Where offences are created by subsection 1311(1) in relation to a rule, this is indicated by a note at the end of the provision containing the rule.

993B Offence of failing to pay client money into an account as required Strict liability offence

(1) A financial services licensee commits an offence if:

(a) the licensee is required by subsection 981B(1) to pay particular money

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into an account in accordance with that subsection; and

(b) the licensee does not pay the money into an account in accordance with that subsection.

(2) An offence based on subsection (1) is an offence of strict liability.

Note: For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

Ordinary offence

(3) A financial services licensee commits an offence if:

(a) the licensee is required by subsection 981B(1) to pay particular money into an account in accordance with that subsection; and

(b) the licensee does not pay the money into an account in accordance with that subsection.

993C Offence of failing to comply with requirements relating to client money account requirements Strict liability offence

(1) A financial services licensee commits an offence if the licensee contravenes a requirement in regulations made for the purposes of section 981C.

(2) An offence based on subsection (1) is an offence of strict liability.

Note: For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

Ordinary offence

(3) A financial services licensee commits an offence if:

(a) a requirement in regulations made for the purposes of section 981C applies to the licensee; and

(b) the licensee contravenes the requirement.

993D Offence of failing to pay loan money into an account as required Strict liability offence

(1) A financial services licensee commits an offence if:

(a) the licensee is required by subsection 982B(1) to pay particular money into an account in accordance with that subsection; and

(b) the licensee does not pay the money into an account in accordance with that subsection.

(2) An offence based on subsection (1) is an offence of strict liability.

Note: For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

Ordinary offence

(3) A financial services licensee commits an offence if:

(a) the licensee is required by subsection 982B(1) to pay particular money into an account in accordance with that subsection; and

(b) the licensee does not pay the money into an account in accordance with that subsection.

Part 7.9--Financial product disclosure and other provisions relating to issue and sale of financial products Division 1--Preliminary 1010A Part generally does not apply to securities (1) Apart from section 1017F and Division 6 (and provisions of Division 7 that apply in relation to that section or provisions of that Division), nothing in this Part applies in relation to securities.

Note: Chapters 6CA and 6D provide for disclosure in relation to securities.

(2) Apart from section 1017F and Division 6, nothing in this Part applies in relation to debentures, stocks or bonds issued or proposed to be issued by a government.

Note: These financial products are not securities within the meaning of section 761A.

1010B Part does not apply to financial products not issued in the course of a business (1) Nothing in this Part applies in relation to a financial product that is not or was not issued, or that will not be issued, in the course of a business of issuing financial products.

(2) For this purpose, the issue of:

(a) any managed investment product; or

(b) any superannuation product;

is taken to occur in the course of a business of issuing financial products.


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1010C Special provisions about meaning of sale and offer (1) For the purposes of this Part, a reference to a sale or purchase of a financial product is a reference to a sale of the product by, or a purchase of the product from, a person who has (whether by issue or otherwise) acquired the product. The issue of a financial product is not a sale of the financial product.

(2) For the purposes of this Part:

(a) a reference to offering to issue a financial product includes a reference to inviting an application for the issue of the financial product; and

(b) a reference to offering to sell a financial product includes a reference to inviting an offer to purchase the financial product.

1010D General approach to offence provisions Division 7 contains provisions creating offences by reference to various rules contained in Divisions of this Part. However, it does not create all the offences relating to those rules, as some offences are created by subsection 1311(1). Where offences are created by subsection 1311(1) in relation to a rule, this is indicated by a note at the end of the provision containing the rule.

Division 2--Product Disclosure Statements Subdivision A--Preliminary 1011A Division only applies to recommendations received in this jurisdiction This Division only applies in relation to offers, recommendations and advice that are received in this jurisdiction.

1011B Definitions In this Division:

issue Statement has the meaning given by subsection 1013A(1).

offer has a meaning affected by sections 1010C and 1011C.

regulated person, in relation a financial product, means:

(a) an issuer of the financial product; or

(b) a seller of the financial product if the sale takes place in circumstances described in subsection 1012C(5), (6) or (8) (secondary sales that require a Product Disclosure Statement); or

(c) any financial services licensee; or

(d) any authorised representative of a financial services licensee; or

(e) any person who is a member of a declared professional body; or

(f) any person who is not required to hold an Australian financial services licence because the person is covered by:

(i) paragraph 911(2)(j); or

(ii) an exemption in regulations made for the purposes of paragraph 911A(2)(k); or

(iii) an exemption specified by ASIC for the purposes of paragraph 911A(2)(l); or

(g) any person who is required to hold an Australian financial services licence but who does not hold such a licence.

responsible person for a Product Disclosure Statement has the meaning given by subsection 1013A(3).

sale has a meaning affected by section 1010C.

sale Statement has the meaning given by subsection 1013A(2).

1011C Treatment of offers of options over financial products For the purposes of this Division:

(a) an offer of an option over a financial product is not to be taken to be an offer of the underlying financial product; and

(b) the grant of an option without an offer of the option is taken to be an offer of the option; and

(c) an offer to grant an option is taken to be an offer to issue the financial product constituted by the option.

Subdivision B--Requirement for a Product Disclosure Statement to be given 1012A Obligation to give Product Disclosure Statement--personal advice recommending particular financial product Section sets out recommendation situation in which Product Disclosure Statement required

(1) This section sets out the situations in which giving financial product

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advice that consists of, or includes, a recommendation to acquire a financial product gives rise to an obligation on a regulated person to give another person a Product Disclosure Statement for the product.

(2) For the purposes of this Division:

(a) each of the situations is a recommendation situation; and

(b) the relevant conduct for that situation is the making of the recommendation; and

(c) the client for that situation is the person to whom the advice is provided.

Personal advice recommending a particular financial product

(3) A regulated person must give a person a Product Disclosure Statement for a financial product if:

(a) the regulated person provides financial product advice to the person that consists of, or includes, a recommendation that the person acquire the financial product; and

(b) the person would acquire the financial product by way of:

(i) the issue of the product to the person (rather than the transfer of the product to the person); or

(ii) the transfer of the product to the person in circumstances described in subsection 1012C(5), (6) or (8) (secondary sales that require a Product Disclosure Statement); and

(c) the financial advice is provided to the client as a retail client; and

(d) the financial product advice is personal advice to the client.

The Product Disclosure Statement must be given at or before the time when the regulated person provides the advice and must be given in accordance with this Division.

This section has effect subject to other provisions

(4) This section has effect subject to sections 1012D, 1012E, 1012F, 1012G and 1014E.

1012B Obligation to give Product Disclosure Statement--offers related to issue of financial products Section sets out issue situations in which Product Disclosure Statement required

(1) This section sets out situations in which:

(a) an offer relating to the issue of a financial product; or

(b) the issue of a financial product;

gives rise to an obligation on a regulated person to give another person a Product Disclosure Statement for the product.

(2) For the purposes of this Division:

(a) each of the situations is an issue situation; and

(b) the relevant conduct for that situation is the conduct by the regulated person that gives rise to the obligation to give the Product Disclosure Statement; and

(c) the client for that situation is the person to whom the financial product is to be or is issued.

Offering to issue, or arrange for issue of, a particular financial product

(3) A regulated person must give a person a Product Disclosure Statement for a financial product if:

(a) the regulated person:

(i) offers to issue the financial product to the person; or

(ii) offers to arrange for the issue of the financial product to the person; or

(iii) issues the financial product to the person in circumstances in which there are reasonable grounds to believe that the person has not been given a Product Disclosure Statement for the product; and

(b) the financial product is, or is to be, issued to the person as a retail client.

The Product Disclosure Statement must be given at or before the time when the regulated person makes the offer, or issues the financial product, to the person and must be given in accordance with this Division.

Note: If a Product Disclosure Statement is given when the offer is made, it will not need to be given again when the product is issued to the person (see subsection 1012D(1)) unless the Product Disclosure Statement that was given is no longer up to date.

Receiving offer to acquire financial product

(4) A regulated person must give a person a Product Disclosure Statement for a financial product if:

(a) the person makes an offer to the regulated person to acquire the financial product; and

(b) the person would acquire the financial product by way of the issue of the product to the person (rather than the transfer of the product to the person); and

(c) the financial product is to be issued to the person as a retail client.

The Product Disclosure Statement must be given to the person before the person becomes bound by a legal obligation to acquire the financial product pursuant to the offer and must be given in accordance with this Division.

This section has effect subject to other provisions

(5) This section has effect subject to sections 1012D, 1012E, 1012F,

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1012G and 1014E.

1012C Obligation to give Product Disclosure Statement--offers related to sale of financial products Section sets out sale situations in which Product Disclosure Statement required

(1) This section sets out situations in which an offer relating to the sale of a financial product gives rise to an obligation on a regulated person to give another person a Product Disclosure Statement for the product.

(2) For the purposes of this Division:

(a) each of the situations is a sale situation; and

(b) the relevant conduct for that situation is the offer; and

(c) the client for that situation is the person to whom the product is to be sold.

Sale offers that require a Product Disclosure Statement

(3) A regulated person must give a person a Product Disclosure Statement for a financial product if:

(a) the regulated person offers to sell the financial product to the person; and

(b) a sale of the product to the person pursuant to the offer would take place in circumstances covered by subsection (5), (6) or (8); and

(c) the financial product is to be sold to the person as a retail client.

The Product Disclosure Statement must be given at or before the time when the regulated person makes the offer and must be given in accordance with this Division.

(4) A regulated person must give a person a Product Disclosure Statement for a financial product if:

(a) the person makes an offer to the regulated person to acquire the financial product; and

(b) the person would acquire the financial product by way of the transfer of the product to the person; and

(c) a sale of the product to the person pursuant to the offer would take place in the circumstances described in subsection (5), (6) or (8); and

(d) the financial product is to be sold to the person as a retail client.

The Product Disclosure Statement must be given to the person before the person becomes bound by a legal obligation to acquire the financial product pursuant to the offer and must be given in accordance with this Division.

Off-market sale by controller

(5) This subsection covers the circumstances in which:

(a) the seller controls the issuer of the financial product; and

(b) either:

(i) the product is not able to be traded on any licensed market; or

(ii) although the product is able to be traded on a licensed market, the offer is not made in the ordinary course of trading on a licensed market.

Note: See section 50AA for when a person controls a body.

Sale amounting to indirect issue

(6) This subsection covers the circumstances in which the offer is made within 12 months after the issue of the financial product, and the financial product was issued:

(a) without a Product Disclosure Statement being prepared before the issue of the product; and

(b) with the purpose of the person to whom the product was issued:

(i) selling or transferring the product; or

(ii) granting, issuing or transferring interests in, or options or warrants over, the product.

Evidence of intention--indirect issue

(7) Unless the contrary is proved, a person is taken to issue a financial product with the purpose referred to in paragraph (6)(b) if the financial product, or any financial product of the same kind that was issued at the same time, is subsequently sold, or offered for sale, within 12 months after issue.

Sale amounting to indirect off-market sale by controller

(8) This subsection covers the circumstances in which the offer is made within 12 months after the sale of the financial product by a person (the controller) who controlled the issuer of the product at the time of the sale and:

(a) either:

(i) at the time of the sale by the controller, the product was not able to be traded on any licensed market; or

(ii) although the product was able to be traded on a licensed market at that time, the sale by the controller did not occur in the ordinary course of trading on a licensed market; and

(b) a Product Disclosure Statement was not prepared by, or on behalf of, the controller before the sale of the product by the controller; and

(c) the controller sold the product with the purpose of the person to whom it was sold:

(i) selling or transferring the product; or

(ii) granting, issuing or transferring interests in, or options or warrants over, the product.

Note: See section 50AA for when a person controls a body.


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Evidence of intention--indirect sale by controller

(9) Unless the contrary is proved, a person who controls an issuer of financial products is taken to sell a financial product with the purpose referred to in paragraph (8)(c) if the financial product, or any financial product of the same kind that was issued at the same time, is subsequently sold, or offered for sale, within 12 months after its sale by the controller.

This section has effect subject to other provisions

(10) This section has effect subject to sections 1012D, 1012E and 1014E.

1012D Situations in which Product Disclosure Statement is not required Recommendation, issue or sale situation--client has already received an up to date Product Disclosure Statement

(1) In a recommendation situation, issue situation or sale situation, the regulated person does not have to give the client a Product Disclosure Statement if:

(a) the client has already received a Product Disclosure Statement that contains all of the information that the first-mentioned Product Disclosure Statement would be required to contain; or

(b) the regulated person believes on reasonable grounds that paragraph (a) applies.

Recommendation, issue or sale situation--client has or has access to up to date information

(2) In a recommendation situation, issue situation or sale situation, the regulated person does not have to give the client a Product Disclosure Statement for the financial product if:

(a) the client already holds a financial product of the same kind; and

(b) the regulated person believes on reasonable grounds that the client has received, or has access to, all of the information that the first-mentioned Product Disclosure Statement would be required to contain through:

(i) a Product Disclosure Statement; and

(ii) information provided to the client under section 1017B, 1017C or 1017D or through continuous disclosure under Chapter 6CA.

Note: Paragraph (a)--see subsection (11).

Recommendation or issue situation--certain offers to present holders

(3) In a recommendation situation or issue situation, the regulated person does not have to give the client a Product Disclosure Statement for the financial product if:

(a) the client already holds a financial product of the same kind; and

(b) either:

(i) in a recommendation situation--the advice that constitutes the relevant conduct relates to an offer made under a distribution reinvestment plan or switching facility; or

(ii) in an issue situation--the offer or issue that constitutes the relevant conduct is made under a distribution reinvestment plan or switching facility.

Note: Paragraph (a)--see subsection (10).

Issue situation--additional contributions etc. in relation to existing financial product

(4) In an issue situation, the regulated person does not have to give the client a Product Disclosure Statement if the issue of the financial product would arise merely because the client:

(a) makes a further contribution to a superannuation fund of which the client is already a member on the same terms as those on which the client has made earlier contributions to the fund; or

(b) makes a further deposit into an RSA maintained in the client's name; or

(c) makes a further payment under a life insurance investment product; or

(d) makes a further deposit into a deposit product; or

(e) engages in conduct specified in regulations made for the purposes of this subsection.

Recommendation, issue or sale situation--no consideration to be provided

(5) In a recommendation situation, an issue situation or a sale situation, the regulated person does not have to give the client a Product Disclosure Statement if:

(a) no consideration is to be provided for the issue or sale of the financial product; and

(b) the financial product is not an option and is:

(i) a managed investment product; or

(ii) a financial product of a kind prescribed by regulations made for the purposes of this subparagraph.

(6) In a recommendation situation, an issue situation or a sale situation, the regulated person does not have to give the client a Product Disclosure Statement if:

(a) the financial product is an option; and

(b) no consideration is to be provided for the issue or sale of the financial product; and

(c) no consideration is to be provided for the underlying financial product on the exercise of the option.

Issue or sale situation--takeovers


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(7) In an issue situation or a sale situation, the regulated person does not have to give the client a Product Disclosure Statement if:

(a) the financial product is:

(i) a managed investment product; or

(ii) an option to acquire, by way of transfer, a share in a body, a debenture of a body or a legal or equitable right or interest in a share in a body or a debenture of a body; and

(b) the offer that constitutes the relevant conduct is made as consideration for an offer made under a takeover bid under Chapter 6; and

(c) the offer is accompanied by a bidder's statement.

Note: Although a Product Disclosure Statement is not needed, disclosures must be made in the bidder's document under section 636.

Recommendation, issue or sale situation--responsible entity an exempt body

(8) In a recommendation situation, an issue situation or a sale situation, the regulated person does not have to give the client a Product Disclosure Statement if:

(a) the financial product is a managed investment product; and

(b) the responsible entity of the managed investment scheme is an exempt body of this jurisdiction; and

(c) in the case of a recommendation situation or an issue situation--either:

(i) the recommendation that constitutes the relevant conduct relates to an offer made by the responsible entity of the scheme; or

(ii) the offer that constitutes the relevant conduct is made by or to the responsible entity of the scheme.

Note 1: Section 66A defines exempt body.

Note 2: In the case of a sale situation, there is no additional requirement equivalent to paragraph (c).

Recommendation or issue situation--interim contracts of insurance

(9) In a recommendation situation or an issue situation, the regulated person does not have to give the client a Product Disclosure Statement if the financial product is an interim contract of insurance (as defined in subsection 11(2) of the Insurance Contracts Act 1984).

Note: This does not detract from the obligation to give a Product Disclosure Statement relating to any contract of insurance that replaces or supersedes the interim contract.

(10) For the purposes of this section:

(a) a financial product (other than a managed investment product or a superannuation product) is of the same kind as another financial product only if they are both issued:

(i) by the same issuer; and

(ii) on the same terms and conditions (other than price); and

(b) a managed investment product, or a superannuation product, is the same as another product only if the other product is an interest in the same scheme or fund.

1012E Small scale offerings of managed investment and other prescribed financial products (20 issues or sales in 12 months) (1) This section applies only to financial products that are:

(a) managed investment products; or

(b) financial products of a kind prescribed by regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph.

(2) Personal offers of financial products do not need a Product Disclosure Statement under this Part if:

(a) all of the financial products are issued by the same person (the issuer); and

(b) none of the offers results in a breach of the 20 purchasers ceiling (see subsections (6) and (7)); and

(c) none of the offers results in a breach of the $2 million ceiling (see subsections (6) and (7)).

(3) Subsection (2) does not apply to an offer to which subsection 1012C(6) (sale amounting to indirect issue) or (8) (sale amounting to indirect sale by controller) applies.

Note: Under section 1012K, ASIC may make a determination aggregating the transactions of bodies that ASIC considers to be closely related.

(4) If subsection (2) applies to an offer of a financial product, a recommendation to a person to acquire a financial product in response to a personal offer of that kind does not need a Product Disclosure Statement under this Part.

(5) For the purposes of subsections (2) and (4), a personal offer is one that:

(a) may only be accepted by the person to whom it is made; and

(b) is made to a person who is likely to be interested in the offer, having regard to:

(i) previous contact between the person making the offer and that person; or

(ii) some professional or other connection between the person making the offer and that person; or

(iii) statements or actions by that person that indicate that they are interested in offers of that kind.

(6) An offer to issue, or arrange for the issue of, a financial product:


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(a) results in a breach of the 20 purchasers ceiling if it results in the number of people to whom the issuer has issued financial products exceeding 20 in any 12 month period; and

(b) results in a breach of the $2 million ceiling if it results in the amount raised by the issuer from issuing financial products exceeding $2 million in any 12 month period.

(7) An offer by a person to sell a financial product:

(a) results in a breach of the 20 purchasers ceiling if it results in the number of people to whom the person sells financial products issued by the issuer of that financial product exceeding 20 in any 12 month period; and

(b) results in a breach of the $2 million ceiling if it results in the amount raised by the person from selling financial products issued by the issuer of that financial product exceeding $2 million in any 12 month period.

(8) In counting issues and sales of the financial products issued by the issuer, and the amount raised from issues and sales, for the purposes of subsection (2), disregard issues and sales that result from offers that:

(a) do not need a Product Disclosure Statement (otherwise than because of this section); or

(b) are made under a Product Disclosure Statement.

Note: Also see provisions on restrictions on advertising (section 1018A) and the anti-hawking provisions in section 992A).

(9) In counting issues and sales of the financial products issued by the issuer, and the amount raised from issues and sales, for the purposes of subsection (2), disregard any issues and sales made by a body if:

(a) the body was a managed investment scheme (but not a registered scheme) at the time that the offer of interests in the scheme that resulted in the issues or sales was made; and

(b) the body became a registered scheme within 12 months after that offer was made; and

(c) the offer would not have required a Product Disclosure Statement (otherwise than because of this section) if the managed investment scheme had been a registered scheme at the time that the offer was made.

(10) In working out the amount of money raised by the issuer from issuing financial products, include the following:

(a) the amount payable for the financial products at the time when they are issued;

(b) if the financial product is an option--any amount payable on the exercise of the option;

(c) if the financial products carry a right to convert the financial product into other financial products--any amount payable on the exercise of that right.

(11) If a person relies on subsection (2) to make offers of financial products without a Product Disclosure Statement under this Part, the person must not issue, arrange for the issue of, or transfer, financial products without a Product Disclosure Statement under this Part if the issue or transfer would result in a breach of the 20 purchasers ceiling or the $2 million ceiling (see subsections (6), (7), (8), (9) and (10)).

(12) For the purposes of this section, an offer of a financial product is an offer to:

(a) issue the financial product; or

(b) arrange for the issue of the financial product; or

(c) sell the financial product.

1012F Product Disclosure Statement for certain superannuation products may be provided later In a recommendation situation or an issue situation in which the financial product is a superannuation product of a kind specified in regulations made for the purposes of this section, the regulated person:

(a) need not give the client the Product Disclosure Statement at or before the time when it would otherwise be required to be given; and

(b) must give the client the Product Disclosure Statement as soon as is reasonably practicable and in any event within 3 months after the product is issued to the client; and

(c) need not give the client the Product Disclosure Statement at all if the client ceases to be a member of the superannuation fund concerned before the regulated person is required to give the Product Disclosure Statement under paragraph (b).

1012G Product Disclosure Statement may sometimes be provided later (1) The regulated person may deal with a financial product under this section only if:

(a) the financial product is one for which an application form is not required under section 1016A and section 1019B (cooling off period) will apply if the client enters into a legal obligation to acquire the product pursuant to the recommendation or offer that constitutes the relevant conduct; or

(b) the financial product is:

(i) a basic deposit product; or

(ii) a facility for making non-cash payments (see section 763D) that is related to a basic deposit product; or


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(iii) a financial product of a kind prescribed by regulations made for the purposes of this subparagraph.

(2) In a recommendation situation or an issue situation, the regulated person need not give the client a Product Disclosure Statement for the financial product at or before the time when it would otherwise be required to be given if:

(a) the client expressly instructs the regulated person that they require:

(i) in a recommendation situation--the advice constituting the recommendation; or

(ii) in an issue situation--the financial product;

to be provided or issued immediately, or by a specified time; and

(b) it is not reasonably practicable, while complying with the client's instructions, to give the client the Product Disclosure Statement at or before the time when it would otherwise be required to be given.

The regulated person must comply with subsection (3) instead.

(3) The regulated person must:

(a) at or before the time referred to in paragraph (2)(b), read the client a statement, prepared by or on behalf of the product issuer, that contains:

(i) the name and contact details of the issuer of the financial product; and

(ii) information about the essential features of the financial product; and

(iii) the information that would be required to be in a Product Disclosure Statement for the financial product by paragraphs 1013D(1)(c), (d), (h) and (i); and

(b) give the client the Product Disclosure Statement as soon as practicable after that time, and in any event not later than:

(i) the time when the confirmation requirement (if applicable) is complied with; or

(ii) the end of the fifth day after the day on which the financial product was issued or sold to the client.

(4) For the purposes of paragraph (3)(b), the confirmation requirement is complied with when:

(a) the client receives confirmation, as mentioned in paragraph 1017F(5)(a), of the transaction by which they acquired the financial product; or

(b) confirmation of that transaction is available to the client by a facility as mentioned in paragraph 1017F(5)(b).

1012H Obligation to take reasonable steps to ensure that Product Disclosure Statement is given to person electing to be covered by group financial product (1) This section covers the situation in which a financial product:

(a) is issued to a person; and

(b) covers, or is designed to cover, a group of people; and

(c) may cover a particular person (the new group member) if the person elects to be covered by the financial product.

(2) The issuer must take reasonable steps to ensure that the new group member is given a Product Disclosure Statement for the financial product in accordance with this Division before the new group member makes an election to be covered by the financial product.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(3) For the purposes of this section, a person is covered by a financial product if benefits are, or may be, provided under the financial product directly to:

(a) the person; or

(b) a relative of the person; or

(c) a person nominated by the person.

1012I Obligation to give employer a Product Disclosure Statement in relation to certain superannuation products and RSA products (1) At or before the time when a person (the employer) becomes a standard employer-sponsor of a superannuation entity, the person (the issuer) who is to provide the superannuation products to the employer's employees must give the employer a Product Disclosure Statement in accordance with this Division for each of those superannuation products.

(2) If a person (the employer) applies on behalf of an employee for an RSA product for the employee, the person (the issuer) who is to provide the RSA product must, at or before the time when the issuer issues the RSA product to the employee, give the employer a Product Disclosure Statement in accordance with this Division for the RSA product.

(3) The issuer does not have to give the employer a Product Disclosure Statement under subsection (1) or (2) for a financial product if:

(a) the employer has already received a Product Disclosure Statement for that financial product that contains all of the information that the first-mentioned Product Disclosure Statement would be required to contain; or

(b) the issuer believes on reasonable grounds that paragraph (a) applies.

(4) The issuer need not give the employer a Product Disclosure Statement under subsection (1) or (2) in the circumstances specified in the regulations.

(5) Terms used in this section that are defined for the purposes of the Superannuation Industry (Supervision) Act 1993 have the same meaning as

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in that Act.

1012J Information must be up to date The information in a Product Disclosure Statement must be up to date as at the time when it is given.

Note: A Supplementary Product Disclosure Statement containing updated information may be given with a Product Disclosure Statement that has become out of date. The updated information is taken to be included in the Product Disclosure Statement (see section 1014D).

1012K Anti-avoidance determinations (1) ASIC may determine in writing that a number of different bodies are closely related and that their transactions should be aggregated for the purposes of this Subdivision. If ASIC does so:

(a) an issue, sale or transfer of financial products of any other bodies is taken to also be an issue, sale or transfer of the financial products of each of the other bodies by those bodies; and

(b) any money received from an issue, sale or transfer of financial products of any of the bodies is taken to also be received by each of the other bodies from an issue, sale or transfer of its own financial products.

ASIC must give written notice of the determination to each of the bodies.

(2) ASIC may determine in writing that the transactions of a body and of a person who controls the body should be aggregated for the purposes of this Subdivision. If ASIC does so:

(a) an issue of financial products of the body is taken to also be the transfer of the financial products by the controller; and

(b) any money received from an issue of financial products of the body is taken to also be received by the controller from a transfer of the financial products; and

(c) a sale or transfer of financial products of the body by the controller is taken to also be the issue of the financial products by the body; and

(d) any money received from a sale or transfer of financial products of the body by the controller is taken to also be received by the body from an issue of the financial products.

ASIC must give written notice of the determination to the body and the controller.

Subdivision C--Preparation and content of Product Disclosure Statements 1013A Who must prepare Product Disclosure Statement (1) A Product Disclosure Statement that:

(a) is required to be given by section 1012A (otherwise than in a situation in which the recommendation concerned relates to an offer described in subsection 1012C(3) or (4)); or

(b) is required to be given by section 1012B; or

(c) section 1012H requires an issuer to take reasonable steps to ensure is given to a new group member; or

(d) is required to be given by section 1012I;

must be a document that has been prepared by the issuer of the financial product. A Product Disclosure Statement of this kind is in this Division referred to as an issue Statement.

(2) A Product Disclosure Statement that:

(a) is required to be given by section 1012A in a situation in which the recommendation concerned relates to an offer described in subsection 1012C(3) or (4)); or

(b) is required to be given by section 1012C;

must be a document that has been prepared by the person making the offer to sell the financial product. A Product Disclosure Statement of this kind is in this Division referred to as a sale Statement.

(3) The person who, or on whose behalf, a Product Disclosure Statement for a financial product is required to be prepared is, in this Division, referred to as the responsible person for the financial product.

(4) For the purposes of this Part, a Product Disclosure Statement prepared on behalf of a person is taken to be prepared by the person.

1013B Title of Product Disclosure Statement (1) The title "Product Disclosure Statement" must be used on the cover of, or at or near the front of, a Product Disclosure Statement.

(2) In any other part of a Product Disclosure Statement, "Product Disclosure Statement" may be abbreviated to "PDS".

1013C Product Disclosure Statement content requirements (1) A Product Disclosure Statement:

(a) must include the following statements and information required by this

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Subdivision:

(i) the statements and information required by section 1013D; and

(ii) the information required by section 1013E; and

(iii) the information required by the other provisions of this Subdivision; and

(b) may also:

(i) include other information; or

(ii) refer to other information that is set out in another document.

Note: A Supplementary Product Disclosure Statement containing additional information may be given with a Product Disclosure Statement that does not contain all the required information. The additional information is taken to be included in the Product Disclosure Statement (see section 1014D).

(2) The information required by sections 1013D and 1013E need only be included in the Product Disclosure Statement to the extent to which it is actually known to:

(a) the responsible person; and

(b) in the case of a sale Statement--the issuer of the financial product; and

(c) any person named in the Statement as an underwriter of the issue or sale of the financial product; and

(d) any person:

(i) named in the Statement as a financial services licensee providing services in relation to the issue or sale of the financial product; and

(ii) who participated in any way in the preparation of the Statement; and

(e) any person who has given a consent referred to in section 1013K in relation to a statement included in the Statement; and

(f) any person named in the Statement with their consent as having performed a particular professional or advisory function; and

(g) if any of the above persons is a body corporate--any director of that body corporate.

(3) The information included in the Product Disclosure Statement must be worded and presented in a clear, concise and effective manner.

(4) The responsible person may include in the Product Disclosure Statement a statement about the association between the financial product and another person.

(5) The responsible person must not include a statement about the association between the financial product and a person if:

(a) the statement creates the impression that the financial product is issued or sold by that other person; and

(b) the person has not issued or sold the product.

(6) The responsible person must not include a statement about the association between the financial product and a person if:

(a) the statement creates the impression that the financial product is guaranteed or underwritten by that other person; and

(b) the person has not guaranteed or underwritten the product.

(7) If the Product Disclosure Statement states that a person provides, or is to provide, services in relation to the financial product, the Product Disclosure Statement must clearly distinguish between the respective roles of that person and the issuer or seller of the financial product.

1013D Product Disclosure Statement content--main requirements (1) Subject to this section, subsection 1013C(2) and section 1013F, a Product Disclosure Statement must include the following statements, and such of the following information as a person would reasonably require for the purpose of making a decision, as a retail client, whether to acquire the financial product:

(a) a statement setting out the name and contact details of:

(i) the issuer of the financial product; and

(ii) if the Statement is a sale Statement--the seller; and

(b) information about any significant benefits to which a holder of the product will or may become entitled, the circumstances in which and times at which those benefits will or may be provided, and the way in which those benefits will or may be provided; and

(c) information about any significant risks associated with holding the product; and

(d) information about:

(i) the cost of the product; and

(ii) any amounts that will or may be payable by a holder of the product in respect of the product after its acquisition, and the times at which those amounts will or may be payable; and

(iii) if the amounts paid in respect of the financial product and the amounts paid in respect of other financial products are paid into a common fund--any amounts that will or may be deducted from the fund by way of fees, expenses or charges; and

(e) if the product will or may generate a return to a holder of the product--information about any commission, or other similar payments, that will or may impact on the amount of such a return; and

(f) information about any other significant characteristics or features of the product or of the rights, terms, conditions and obligations attaching to the

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product; and

(g) information about the internal and external dispute resolution procedures that are available to deal with complaints by holders of the product and about how those procedures may be accessed; and

(h) general information about any significant taxation implications of financial products of that kind; and

(i) information about any cooling-off regime that applies in respect of acquisitions of the product (whether the regime is provided for by a law or otherwise); and

(j) if the product issuer (in the case of an issue Statement) or the seller (in the case of a sale Statement) makes other information relating to the product available to holders or prospective holders of the product, or to people more generally--a statement of how that information may be accessed.

(2) For the purposes of paragraph (1)(d), an amount will or may be payable in respect of a financial product by the holder of the financial product if:

(a) the holder will or may have to pay an amount in respect of the product; or

(b) an amount will or may be deducted from:

(i) a payment to be made by the holder; or

(ii) a payment to be made to the holder; or

(iii) an amount held on the holder's behalf under the financial product; or

(c) an account representing the holder's interest in the financial product will or may be debited with an amount.

It includes an amount that the holder will or may have to pay, or that will or may be deducted or debited, as a fee, expense or charge in relation to a particular transaction in relation to the financial product.

(3) Subsection (1) requires information to be included in the Product Disclosure Statement only to the extent to which the requirement is applicable to the financial product. The Product Disclosure Statement does not need to indicate that a particular requirement is not applicable to the financial product.

(4) The regulations may:

(a) provide that a provision of subsection (1) does not apply in a particular situation; or

(b) provide that particular information is not required by a provision of subsection (1), either in a particular situation or generally; or

(c) provide a more detailed statement of the information that is required by a provision of subsection (1), either in a particular situation or generally.

1013E General obligation to include other information that might influence a decision to acquire Subject to subsection 1013C(2) and section 1013F, a Product Disclosure Statement must also contain any other information that might reasonably be expected to have a material influence on the decision of a reasonable person, as a retail client, whether to acquire the product.

1013F General limitations on extent to which information is required to be included (1) Despite anything in section 1013D or 1013E, information is not required to be included in a Product Disclosure Statement if it would not be reasonable for a person considering, as a retail client, whether to acquire the product to expect to find the information in the Statement.

(2) In considering whether it would not be reasonable for a person considering, as a retail client, whether to acquire the product to expect to find particular information in the Statement, the matters that may be taken into account include, but are not limited to:

(a) the nature of the product (including its risk profile); and

(b) the extent to which the product is well understood by the kinds of person who commonly acquire products of that kind as retail clients; and

(c) the kinds of things such persons may reasonably be expected to know; and

(d) if the product is an ED security--the effect of the following provisions:

(i) Chapter 2M as it applies to disclosing entities;

(ii) sections 674 and 675; and

(e) the way in which the product is promoted, sold or distributed; and

(f) any other matters specified in the regulations.

1013G Product Disclosure Statement must be dated A Product Disclosure Statement must be dated. The date must be:

(a) if a copy of the Product Disclosure Statement has been lodged with ASIC (see section 1015B)--the date on which it was so lodged; or

(b) in any other case--the date on which the Product Disclosure Statement was prepared or its preparation was completed.

1013H Requirements if Product Disclosure Statement states or implies that financial product will be able to be traded If a Product Disclosure Statement states or implies that the financial product will be able to be traded on a financial market (whether in Australia or

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elsewhere), the Statement must state that:

(a) the product is able to be traded on that market; or

(b) an application has been made to the operator of that market for the taking of such action as is necessary to enable the product to be traded on that market; or

(c) an application of a kind referred to in paragraph (b) will be made to the operator of that market within 7 days after the date of the Statement.

1013I Extra requirements if Product Disclosure Statement relates to managed investment products that are ED securities (1) This section applies to a Product Disclosure Statement that relates to managed investment products that are ED securities.

(2) The Product Disclosure Statement must include a statement that:

(a) as a disclosing entity, the scheme is subject to regular reporting and disclosure obligations; and

(b) copies of documents lodged with ASIC in relation to the scheme may be obtained from, or inspected at, an ASIC office.

(3) The Product Disclosure Statement must either:

(a) inform people of their right to obtain a copy of the following documents:

(i) the annual financial report most recently lodged with ASIC by the scheme;

(ii) any half-year financial report lodged with ASIC by the scheme after the lodgment of that annual financial report and before the lodgment of a copy of the Product Disclosure Statement with ASIC;

(iii) any continuous disclosure notices given by the scheme after the lodgment of that annual report and before the lodgment of a copy of the Product Disclosure Statement with ASIC; or

(b) include, or be accompanied by, a copy of the relevant document or documents.

(4) If:

(a) the Product Disclosure Statement informs people of their right to obtain a copy of a document referred to in subsection (3); and

(b) a person asks the issuer (in the case of an issue Statement) or the seller (in the case of a sale Statement) for a copy of the document;

the issuer or seller must give (see subsection (5)) the person a copy of the document free of charge as soon as practicable, and in any event within 5 days, after receiving the person's request.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(5) In subsection (4), give means give in a way that would satisfy the requirements of section 1015C if the copy of the document were a Statement to which that section applied.

1013J Requirements if Statement has been lodged with ASIC A Product Disclosure Statement, a copy of which has been lodged with ASIC (see section 1015B), must include a statement that:

(a) a copy of the document has been lodged with ASIC; and

(b) ASIC takes no responsibility for the content of the document.

1013K Requirements relating to consents to certain statements (1) A Product Disclosure Statement must only include a statement made by a person, or a statement said in the Product Disclosure Statement to be based on a statement made by a person, if:

(a) the person has consented to the statement being included in the Product Disclosure Statement in the form and context in which it is included; and

(b) the Product Disclosure Statement states that the person has given this consent; and

(c) the person has not withdrawn this consent before the date of the Product Disclosure Statement.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(2) The person who prepared the Product Disclosure Statement must not, without reasonable excuse, fail to keep the consent, or a copy of it, for the period, and in the manner, required by the regulations.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

1013L Product Disclosure Statement may consist of 2 or more separate documents given at same time (1) Subject to this section, a Product Disclosure Statement may be made up of 2 or more separate documents that are given at the same time.

(2) Each of the documents must have on the cover of the document, or at or near the front of the document, a statement:

(a) to the effect that the document is part of a Product Disclosure Statement; and

(b) that (subject to subsection (3)) identifies the other documents that make up the Product Disclosure Statement.


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(3) If there are or may be different versions of a document referred to in paragraph (2)(b), the statement required by subsection (2) does not have to identify any particular one of those versions and may instead identify the document generically.

Note: For example, if a Product Disclosure Statement is made up of a core document that is not updated very frequently, and a separate document providing information about remuneration that is updated more frequently:

(a) the statement in the core document need only refer to the fact that it, and a separate document about remuneration, make up the Product Disclosure Statement; and

(b) the statement in the document about remuneration need only refer to the fact that it, and a separate document about all other required matters, make up the Product Disclosure Statement.

(4) The requirement of section 1013B (title of Product Disclosure Statement) is taken to be satisfied if the title "Product Disclosure Statement" is used on the cover of, or at or near the front of, at least one of the documents that make up the Product Disclosure Statement.

(5) The requirement of section 1013G (dating of Product Disclosure Statement) must be separately complied with in relation to each of the documents. If, for any purpose, a single date needs to be determined as the date of the Product Disclosure Statement as a whole, that date is the most recent of the dates of those documents.

(6) Section 1015E applies to an alteration to one of the documents as though the reference in that section to the date specified in the Product Disclosure Statement were a reference to the date specified in the document.

(7) The regulations may impose additional requirements to be complied with if a Product Disclosure Statement is made up of 2 or more documents.

Subdivision D--Supplementary Product Disclosure Statements 1014A What a Supplementary Product Disclosure Statement is A Supplementary Product Disclosure Statement is a document by which a person who has prepared a Product Disclosure Statement (the PDS) can:

(a) correct a misleading or deceptive statement in the PDS; or

(b) correct an omission from the PDS of information it is required to contain; or

(c) update the information contained in the PDS; or

(d) change a statement of a kind referred to in paragraph 1016E(1)(a) or (b).

1014B Title of Supplementary Product Disclosure Statement (1) The title "Supplementary Product Disclosure Statement" must be used on the cover of, or at or near the front of, a Product Disclosure Statement.

(2) In any other part of a Supplementary Product Disclosure Statement, "Supplementary Product Disclosure Statement" may be abbreviated to "SPDS".

1014C Form of Supplementary Product Disclosure Statement At the beginning of a Supplementary Product Disclosure Statement there must be:

(a) a statement that it is a Supplementary Product Disclosure Statement; and

(b) an identification of the Product Disclosure Statement that it supplements; and

(c) a statement that it is to be read together with that Product Disclosure Statement and any other specified Supplementary Disclosure Statements.

1014D Effect of giving person a Supplementary Product Disclosure Statement If:

(a) a person is given a Product Disclosure Statement (the PDS); and

(b) at the same time, or later, they are given a Supplementary Product Disclosure Statement (the SPDS) that supplements the PDS;

the PDS is taken, from when the SPDS is given to the person, to include the information and statements contained in the SPDS.

1014E Situation in which only a Supplementary Product Disclosure Statement need be given If:

(a) apart from this section, a person would be required to give another person a Product Disclosure Statement (the new PDS) relating to a financial product; and

(b) the client has, because of some previous conduct, already received a Product Disclosure Statement (the earlier PDS) relating to the financial product; and

(c) the earlier PDS contains some, but not all, of the information that the new PDS is required to contain;


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the person may, instead of giving the person the new PDS, give the person a Supplementary Product Disclosure Statement that contains the additional information.

1014F Application of other provisions in relation to Supplementary Product Disclosure Statements Sections 1013A, 1013G, 1013H, 1013J and 1013K apply in relation to a Supplementary Product Disclosure Statement in the same way as they apply to a Product Disclosure Statement.

Subdivision E--Other requirements relating to Product Disclosure Statements and Supplementary Product Disclosure Statements 1015A Subdivision applies to Product Disclosure Statements and Supplementary Product Disclosure Statements This Subdivision applies to Product Disclosure Statements and to Supplementary Product Disclosure Statements. Both kinds of document are referred to in this Subdivision as a Statement.

1015B Some Statements must be lodged with ASIC (1) A copy of a Statement must have been lodged with ASIC (in accordance with the requirements of subsection (2) for consents) before the Statement is given to a person for the purposes of a provision of this Part if:

(a) the following subparagraphs apply:

(i) the financial product is a managed investment product; and

(ii) the Statement states or implies that the product will be able to be traded on a financial market; and

(iii) the Statement meets the requirements set out in section 1013H; or

(b) the financial product is a managed investment product that can be traded on a financial market; or

(c) the financial product is a financial product of a kind specified in regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(2) The lodgment of a Statement with ASIC requires the consent of:

(a) whether it is an issue Statement or a sale Statement:

(i) if the responsible person is a body corporate--every director of the responsible person; or

(ii) otherwise--the responsible person; and

(b) if it is a sale Statement:

(i) if the issuer of the financial product concerned is a body corporate--every director of the issuer; or

(ii) otherwise--the issuer of the financial product concerned.

1015C How a Statement is to be given (1) A Statement:

(a) must be:

(i) given to a person, or the person's agent, personally; or

(ii) sent to the person, or the person's agent, at an address (including an electronic address) or fax number nominated by the person or the agent; and

(b) may be printed or be in electronic form.

(2) For the purposes of this section, the Statement is sent to a person at an address if, and only if:

(a) the Statement is sent to the address; and

(b) either:

(i) the envelope or other container in which the Statement is sent; or

(ii) the message that accompanies the Statement;

is addressed to the person.

(3) The Statement may be given or sent to the person's agent only if the agent is not acting as the person's agent in one of the following capacities:

(a) a financial services licensee;

(b) an authorised representative of a financial services licensee;

(c) a person who is a member of a declared professional body;

(d) a person who is not required to hold an Australian financial services licence because the person is covered by:

(i) paragraph 911(2)(j); or

(ii) an exemption in regulations made for the purposes of paragraph 911A(2)(k); or

(iii) an exemption specified by ASIC for the purposes of paragraph 911A(2)(l);

(e) a person who is required to hold an Australian financial services licence but who does not hold such a licence;

(f) an employee, director or other representative of a person referred to in paragraph (a), (b), (c), (d) or (e).

(4) The regulations may provide for alternative ways of giving a Statement to a person.

(5) The regulations may specify requirements as to:

(a) the manner in which a Statement may be given to a person; and


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(b) the presentation, structure and format for a Statement that is to be given in electronic form.

The giving of the Statement is not effective unless those requirements are satisfied.

1015D Notice, retention and access requirements for Statement that does not need to be lodged (1) This section applies to a Statement if section 1015B does not require a copy of the Statement to be lodged with ASIC.

(2) The responsible person for the Statement must notify ASIC that the Statement is in use as soon as practicable after a copy of the Statement is first given to someone in a recommendation, issue or sale situation.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(3) The responsible person for the Statement must keep a copy of the Statement for the period of 7 years after the date of the Statement.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(4) During that period the responsible person:

(a) must make a copy of the Statement available to ASIC if asked to do so by ASIC; and

(b) must comply with any reasonable request from any other person for a copy of the Statement.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

1015E Altering a Statement after its preparation and before giving it to a person (1) A regulated person must not, in purported compliance with a provision of this Part, give a person a Statement that has been altered (otherwise than pursuant to paragraph (b)) after the date of the Statement if either or both of the following paragraphs applies:

(a) the alteration was not made by, or with the authority of, the issuer or seller, as the case requires, of the financial products;

(b) the alteration is a material alteration and the date of the Statement has not been changed to:

(i) if a copy of the altered Statement has been lodged with ASIC (see subsection (2))--the date on which it was so lodged; or

(ii) in any other case--the date on which the alteration was made.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(2) If the alteration is a material alteration to a Statement that has been lodged with ASIC under section 1015B, that section applies to the altered Statement as if it were a new Statement.

Subdivision F--Other rights and obligations related to Product Disclosure Statements 1016A Issuer or seller not to issue or sell certain financial products except pursuant to application form included in or provided with a Product Disclosure Statement (1) This section applies to an offer:

(a) that is of a kind described in subsection 1012B(3) or (4) or 1012C(3) or (4); and

(b) that is not made in a situation to which a subsection, other than subsection (1), of section 1012D applies; and

(c) that relates to a financial product that is:

(i) a managed investment product; or

(ii) a superannuation product; or

(iii) an investment life insurance product; or

(iv) of a kind specified in regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph; and

(d) if the financial product is a superannuation product--section 1012F does not apply to the issue of the product.

(2) A person (the issuer or seller) must not issue or sell the financial product to another person pursuant to the offer if the other person has not applied for the product using an application form.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(3) If there is a Product Disclosure Statement for the financial product, a person (the issuer or seller) must only issue or sell the financial product to another person pursuant to the offer if:

(a) the application form was included in, or accompanied, a Product Disclosure Statement given to the other person that contained all the information that would have been required to be contained in a Product Disclosure Statement given at the time of the offer; or

(b) the form was copied, or directly derived, by the person making the application from a form referred to in paragraph (a).

Note 1: Information in a Supplementary Product Disclosure Statement is taken to be contained in the Product Disclosure Statement it supplements (see section 1014D).


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Note 2: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

1016B If Statement lodged with ASIC, financial product is not to be issued or sold before specified period (1) If:

(a) a copy of a Product Disclosure Statement has been lodged with ASIC; and

(b) the financial product to which the Statement relates is not able to be traded on any financial market (whether in Australia or elsewhere);

the responsible person must not issue or sell a financial product to which the Statement applies until the period of 7 days (or that period as extended under subsection (2)) after lodgment of the Statement has ended.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(2) ASIC may extend the period by notice in writing to the responsible person. The period as extended must end no more than 14 days after lodgment.

1016C Minimum subscription condition must be fulfilled before issue or sale If a Product Disclosure Statement for a financial product states that a financial product to which the Statement relates will not be issued or sold unless:

(a) applications for a minimum number of financial products of that kind are received; or

(b) a minimum amount is raised;

the responsible person must not issue or sell a financial product of that kind if that condition has not been satisfied. For the purpose of working out whether the condition has been satisfied, a person who has agreed to take a financial product as underwriter is taken to have applied for that product.

Note 1: Statements in a Supplementary Product Disclosure Statement are taken to be contained in the Product Disclosure Statement it supplements (see section 1014D).

Note 2: Failure to comply with this section is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

1016D Condition about ability to trade on a market must be fulfilled before issue or sale (1) If a Product Disclosure Statement for a financial product states or implies that a financial product to which the Statement relates will be able to be traded on a financial market (whether in Australia or elsewhere), the responsible person must only issue or sell a financial product of that kind if:

(a) the product is able to be traded on that market; or

(b) an application has, within 7 days after the relevant date (see subsection (3)), been made to the operator of that market for the taking of such action as is necessary to enable financial products of that kind to be traded on that market.

Paragraph (b) ceases to apply to the financial product at the end of the period of 3 months starting on the relevant date.

Note 1: Statements in a Supplementary Product Disclosure Statement are taken to be contained in the Product Disclosure Statement it supplements (see section 1014D).

Note 2: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

Issue or transfer void if quotation condition not fulfilled

(2) If a Product Disclosure Statement for a financial product states or implies that the financial product is to be quoted on a financial market (whether in Australia or elsewhere) and:

(a) an application has not, within 7 days after the relevant date (see subsection (3)), been made to the operator of that market for the taking of such action as is necessary to enable financial products of that kind to be traded on that market; or

(b) the product is not able to be traded on that market at the end of 3 months after the relevant date;

then:

(c) an issue or transfer of a financial product of that kind to a person to whom the Statement was, or should have been, given is void; and

(d) the responsible person must return any money received from a person to whom the Statement was, or should have been, given as soon as practicable.

Note: Failure to comply with paragraph (d) is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

The relevant date

(3) For the purposes of this section, the relevant date in relation to an express or implied statement is:

(a) if the Statement is express or implied in a Product Disclosure Statement, disregarding the effect of section 1014D--the date of the Product Disclosure Statement; or

(b) if the Statement is express or implied in a Supplementary Product Disclosure Statement--the date of the Supplementary Product Disclosure Statement.


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1016E Choices open to person making the offer if disclosure condition not met or Product Disclosure Statement defective (1) This section applies if:

(a) a Product Disclosure Statement for a financial product states that a financial product to which the Statement relates will not be issued or sold unless:

(i) applications for a minimum number of financial products of that kind are received; or

(ii) a minimum amount is raised;

and that condition is not satisfied within 4 months after the relevant date (see subsections (3) and (4)); or

(b) a Product Disclosure Statement for a financial product states or implies that a financial product to which the Statement relates will be able to be traded on a financial market (whether in Australia or elsewhere) and:

(i) an application has not, within 7 days after the relevant date (see subsection (4)), been made to the operator of that market for the taking of such action as is necessary to enable financial products of that kind to be traded on that market; or

(ii) at the end of the period of 3 months starting on the relevant date, financial products of that kind are not able to be traded on that market; or

(c) in relation to a Product Disclosure Statement for a financial product, the responsible person becomes aware that:

(i) the Statement contains a misleading or deceptive statement; or

(ii) there is an omission from the Statement of information it was required to contain;

that is materially adverse from the point of view of a reasonable person deciding, as a retail client, whether to acquire a financial product to which the Statement relates; or

(d) in relation to a Product Disclosure Statement for a financial product, the responsible person becomes aware of a new circumstance that:

(i) has arisen since the Product Disclosure Statement was prepared; and

(ii) would have been required to be included in the Product Disclosure Statement if it had arisen before the Statement was prepared; and

(iii) is materially adverse from the point of view of a reasonable person deciding, as a retail client, whether to acquire a financial product to which the Statement relates.

Note: Information and statements in a Supplementary Product Disclosure Statement are taken to be contained in the Product Disclosure Statement it supplements (see section 1014D).

(2) If this section applies, the responsible person must, in relation to any application for financial products of the relevant kind that is made in response to the Product Disclosure Statement and that has not resulted in an issue or sale of financial products of that kind, comply with one of the following paragraphs:

(a) the responsible person must repay the money they received from the applicant;

(b) the responsible person must give the applicant:

(i) a Supplementary Product Disclosure Statement that changes the statement referred to in paragraph (1)(a) or (b), or that corrects the deficiency referred to in paragraph (1)(c) or (d); and

(ii) 1 month to withdraw their applications and be repaid; or

(c) the responsible person must issue or sell the financial products to the applicant and give them:

(i) a Supplementary Product Disclosure Statement that changes the statement referred to in paragraph (1)(a) or (b), or that corrects the deficiency referred to in paragraph (1)(c) or (d); and

(ii) 1 month to return the financial products and be repaid.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(3) For the purpose of working out whether the condition referred to in paragraph (1)(a) has been satisfied, a person who has agreed to take a financial product as an underwriter is taken to have applied for that financial product.

(4) For the purposes of paragraphs (1)(a) and (b), the relevant date in relation to an express or implied statement is:

(a) if the statement is express or implied in a Product Disclosure Statement, disregarding the effect of section 1014D--the date of the Product Disclosure Statement; or

(b) if the statement is express or implied in a Supplementary Product Disclosure Statement--the date of the Supplementary Product Disclosure Statement.

1016F Remedies for person acquiring financial product under defective Product Disclosure Document (1) Subject to this section, if a financial product is issued or sold to a person (the client) in contravention of section 1016E, the client has the right to return the product and to have the money they paid to acquire the product repaid. This is so even if the responsible person is being wound up.

(2) If the responsible person:

(a) is a body corporate; and


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(b) does not repay the money as required by subsection (1);

the directors of the responsible person are personally liable to repay the money.

(3) The right to return the product must be exercised by notifying the responsible person in one of the following ways:

(a) in writing; or

(b) electronically; or

(c) in any other way specified in the regulations.

Also, if the regulations require the client to comply with other requirements in order to exercise the right to return the product, those other requirements must be complied with.

(4) The right to return the product can only be exercised during the period of 1 month starting on the date of the issue or sale of the product to the client.

(5) On the exercise of the right to return the product:

(a) if the product is constituted by a legal relationship between the client and the issuer of the product--that relationship is, by force of this section, terminated with effect from that time without penalty to the client; and

(b) any contract for the acquisition of the product by the client is, by force of this section, terminated with effect from that time without penalty to the client.

(6) The regulations may provide for consequences and obligations (in addition to those provided for by subsection (5)) to apply if the right to return a financial product is exercised.

(7) The regulations may do any or all of the following:

(a) provide that a specified subclass of financial products that would otherwise be covered by this section is excluded from this section;

(b) provide additional requirements to be satisfied before this section applies in relation to a class or subclass of financial products;

(c) provide that this section does not apply in relation to the provision of a financial product in specified circumstances.

Division 3--Other disclosure obligations of the issuer of a financial product 1017A Obligation to give additional information on request Obligation to give information

(1) The following people may request the person who is the responsible person for a Product Disclosure Statement for a financial product under Division 2 to provide further information about the product:

(a) a person who:

(i) has been or should have been given, or who has obtained, the Product Disclosure Statement for the financial product; and

(ii) is not a holder of the financial product;

(b) a financial services licensee;

(c) an authorised representative of a financial services licensee;

(d) a person who is a member of a declared professional body;

(e) a person who is not required to hold an Australian financial services licence because the person is covered by:

(i) paragraph 911(2)(j); or

(ii) an exemption in regulations made for the purposes of paragraph 911A(2)(k); or

(iii) an exemption specified by ASIC for the purposes of paragraph 911A(2)(l).

(2) The responsible person must give the person the information if:

(a) the financial product is offered in this jurisdiction or the Product Disclosure Statement is given or obtained in this jurisdiction; and

(b) the responsible person has previously made the information generally available to the public; and

(c) the information might reasonably influence a person's decision, as a retail client, whether to acquire a financial product to which the Statement relates; and

(d) it is reasonably practicable for the responsible person to give the person the information; and

(e) the person pays any charge payable under subsection (5).

The responsible person does not need to give information that is contained in the Product Disclosure Statement.

Note 1: Paragraph (b)--This requirement means that the responsible person does not have to disclose material that is confidential because it is:

(a) an internal working document; or

(b) personal information about another person; or

(c) a trade secret or other information that has a commercial value that would be reduced or destroyed by the disclosure; or

(d) material that the responsible person owes another a person a duty not to disclose.

Note 2: Information in a Supplementary Product Disclosure Statement is taken to be contained in the Product Disclosure Statement it supplements (see section 1014D).


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(3) The responsible person must take reasonable steps to ensure that, as soon as practicable after receiving the request, and in any event within one month, subsection (2) is complied with.

Manner of giving information

(4) The responsible person may give the person making the request the information:

(a) by making a document containing the information available for inspection by the person:

(i) at a suitable place (having adequate facilities for the person to inspect and photocopy the document); and

(ii) during normal business hours; or

(b) in some other way that is agreed between the responsible person and the person making the request.

Issuer or seller may charge for giving information

(5) The responsible person may require the person making the request to pay a charge for obtaining the information.

(6) The amount of the charge must not exceed the reasonable costs that the responsible person incurs that are reasonably related to giving the information (including any costs incurred in photocopying the document containing the information).

Note: This would include the costs of searching for, obtaining and collating the information.

1017B Ongoing disclosure of material changes and significant events Responsible person must notify holders

(1) If:

(a) a person (the holder) acquired a financial product as a retail client; and

(b) either:

(i) the financial product was offered in this jurisdiction; or

(ii) the holder applied for the financial product in this jurisdiction; and

(c) the product is not specified in regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph; and

(d) a Product Disclosure Statement was, or should have been, produced for the product;

the person who is the responsible person for the Product Disclosure Statement for the financial product under Division 2 must, in accordance with subsections (3) to (8), notify the holder of:

(e) any material change to any of the matters specified, or that should have been specified, in the Statement that occurs while the holder holds the product; or

(f) any significant event that affects any of the matters specified, or that should have been specified, in the Statement and that occurs while the holder holds the product.

Note 1: Information in a Supplementary Product Disclosure Statement is taken to be contained in the Product Disclosure Statement it supplements (see section 1014D).

Note 2: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(2) The responsible person does not need to give the notice if the financial product is a managed investment product.

Note 1: The continuous disclosure provisions in Chapter 6CA (sections 674-677) apply to managed investment products.

Note 2: A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in this subsection.

(3) The responsible person must notify the holder in one of the following ways:

(a) in writing; or

(b) electronically; or

(c) in a way specified in the regulations.

(4) The notice must give the holder the information that is reasonably necessary for the holder to understand the nature and effect of the change or event.

Time for notifying holders

(5) The time within which the responsible person must give the notice is set out in the following table:

Time for giving notice of change or event


Nature of change or event

Time for giving notice

1

Change or event is not an increase in fees or charges

Subject to subsection (6), before the change or event occurs or as soon as practicable after, but not more than 3 months after, the change or event occurs

2

Change is an increase in fees or charges

30 days before the change takes effect


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(6) If the change or event is not an increase in fees or charges, the notice may be given more than 3 months after the change or event occurs if:

(a) the responsible person reasonably believes that the event is not adverse to the holder's interests and accordingly the holder would not be expected to be concerned about the delay in receiving the information; and

(b) the notice is given no later than 12 months after the change or event occurs.

(7) If the change or event might result in an increase in fees or charges, this section applies to the change or event as if it would result in an increase in fees or charges.

(8) In any proceedings against the responsible person for an offence based on subsection (1), it is a defence if the responsible person took reasonable steps to ensure that the other person would be notified of the matters required by subsection (1) in accordance with subsections (3) to (8).

Note: A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in subsection (8). See subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.

(9) In this section:

fees or charges does not include fees or charges payable under a law of the Commonwealth or of a State or Territory.

1017C Information for existing holders of superannuation products and RSA products Application

(1) This section applies to the responsible person for a Product Disclosure Statement for a financial product if the product is:

(a) a superannuation product; or

(b) an RSA product.

Information for concerned person

(2) Subject to subsection (4), the responsible person must, on request by a concerned person, give the concerned person information that the concerned person reasonably requires for the purposes of:

(a) understanding any benefit entitlements that the concerned person may have, has or used to have under the financial product; or

(b) understanding the main features of:

(i) the relevant sub-plan; or

(ii) the responsible person if there is no relevant sub-plan; or

(c) making an informed judgment about the management and financial condition of:

(i) the responsible person; and

(ii) the relevant sub-plan (if any); or

(d) making an informed judgment about the investment performance of:

(i) the relevant sub-plan; or

(ii) the responsible person if there is no relevant sub-plan; or

(e) understanding the particular investments of:

(i) the relevant sub-plan; and

(ii) the responsible person.

The information must be given in accordance with the other requirements of this section.

Note 1: Subsection (9) defines concerned person.

Note 2: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

Information for employer-sponsor

(3) Subject to subsection (4), the responsible person must, on request by an employer-sponsor, give the employer-sponsor information that the employer-sponsor reasonably requires for the purposes of:

(a) understanding the kinds of benefits to which the employer-sponsor's employees are entitled or will or may become entitled, and the main features of:

(i) the relevant sub-plan; or

(ii) the responsible person if there is no relevant sub-plan; or

(b) making an informed judgment about the management and financial condition of:

(i) the responsible person; and

(ii) the relevant sub-plan (if any); or

(c) making an informed judgment about the investment performance of:

(i) the relevant sub-plan; or

(ii) the responsible person if there is no relevant sub-plan; or

(d) a matter related to the Superannuation Guarantee (Administration) Act 1992.

The information must be given in accordance with the other requirements of this section.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

Exceptions

(4) This section does not require (and does not, by implication, authorise) the disclosure of:

(a) internal working documents of the responsible person; or

(b) information or documents that would disclose, or tend to disclose:

(i) personal information of another person if, in the circumstances, the disclosure would be unreasonable; or


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(ii) trade secrets or other information having a commercial value that would be reduced or destroyed by the disclosure; or

(c) information or documents in relation to which the responsible person owes to another person a duty of non-disclosure.

Note: A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in this subsection. See subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.

Specific requirements

(5) The responsible person must, on request in writing by a concerned person or an employee-sponsor, give the concerned person or the employer-sponsor:

(a) a copy of a prescribed document (to the extent the responsible person has access to the document) specified in the request; or

(b) prescribed information (to the extent to which the responsible person has or has access to the information) specified in the request.

The document or information must be given in accordance with the other requirements of this section.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(6) Subsection (5) does not apply if the responsible person is the trustee of a self-managed superannuation fund.

Documents may be made available for inspection

(7) It is sufficient compliance with a requirement imposed by this section on the responsible person to give information, or to give a copy of a document, to a person (the client) if:

(a) a document containing the information; or

(b) a copy of the document;

is made available for inspection by the responsible person:

(c) at a suitable place (having adequate facilities for the person to inspect and photocopy the document); and

(d) during normal business hours;

or as otherwise agreed between the responsible person for the financial product and the client.

Time for compliance

(8) The responsible person must comply with a request to give information, or a copy of a document, as soon as practicable. The responsible person must, in any event, make reasonable efforts to comply with the request within 1 month of receiving the request.

Definitions

(9) In this section:

concerned person means a person who:

(a) is, or was within the preceding 12 months, a member of the responsible person to which the request is made; or

(b) is a beneficiary of the responsible person to which the request is made.

1017D Periodic statements for retail clients for financial products that have an investment component (1) If:

(a) a person (the holder) of a financial product acquired the financial product as a retail client (whether or not it was acquired from the issuer); and

(b) the product is:

(i) a managed investment product; or

(ii) a superannuation product; or

(iii) an RSA product; or

(iv) an investment life insurance product; or

(v) a deposit product; or

(vi) specified in regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph; and

(c) either:

(i) the financial product was offered in this jurisdiction; or

(ii) the holder applied for the financial product in this jurisdiction;

the issuer of the product must, in accordance with subsections (2) to (6), give the holder a periodic statement for each reporting period during which the holder holds the product.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(2) The following provisions apply in relation to reporting periods:

(a) each reporting period lasts for a period, not exceeding 1 year, determined by the issuer;

(b) the first reporting period starts when the holder acquired the product;

(c) each subsequent reporting period starts at the end of the preceding reporting period;

(d) if the holder ceases to hold the product, the period starting at the end of the preceding reporting period and ending when the holder ceases to hold the product is a reporting period.

(3) The periodic statement must be given as soon as practicable after, and in any event within 6 months after, the end of the reporting period to which it relates.

(4) The periodic statement must give the holder the information that the issuer reasonably believes the holder needs to understand his or her investment in the financial product.

(5) The periodic statement must include the following if they are relevant to

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the financial product:

(a) opening and closing balances for the reporting period;

(b) the termination value of the investment at the end of the reporting period (to the extent to which it is reasonably practicable to calculate that value for the investment or a component of the investment);

(c) a summary of all transactions in relation to the product during the reporting period, indicating the nature and purpose of those transactions;

(d) any increases in contributions in relation to the financial product by the holder or another person during the reporting period;

(e) return on investment during the reporting period (on an individual basis if reasonably practicable to do so and otherwise on a fund basis);

(f) details of any change in circumstances affecting the investment that has not been notified since the previous periodic statement;

(g) details prescribed by regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph.

(6) The periodic statement must be given in one of the following ways:

(a) in writing; or

(b) electronically; or

(c) in a way specified in the regulations.

(7) The periodic statement need not be given if the issuer has already given the holder all the information that would be included in the periodic statement if it were to be given.

Note: A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in this subsection.

1017E Dealing with money received for financial product before the product is issued (1) This section applies to money paid to:

(a) an issuer (the product provider) of financial products; or

(b) a seller (the product provider) of financial products in relation to which the seller has prepared a Product Disclosure Statement;

if:

(c) the money is paid to acquire, or acquire an increased interest in, one or more of those financial products from the product provider (whether or not the acquisition would be by a person as a retail client); and

(d) the product provider does not, for whatever reason, issue or transfer the product or products, or the increased interest, immediately after receiving the money; and

(e) either:

(i) the financial product or increased interest was offered in this jurisdiction; or

(ii) the application for the financial product or increased interest was made in this jurisdiction; or

(iii) the money was received in this jurisdiction.

(2) The product provider must ensure that the money is paid into an account that satisfies these requirements:

(a) the account is:

(i) with an Australian ADI; or

(ii) of a kind prescribed by regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph;

and is designated as an account for the purposes of this section of this Act; and

(b) the only money paid into the account is:

(i) money to which this section applies; or

(ii) interest on the amount from time to time standing to the credit of the account; and

(c) if regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph impose additional requirements--the requirements so imposed by the regulations.

The money must be paid into the account on the day it is received by the product provider, or on the next business day.

Note: See section 1021O for related offences.

(3) The money must only be taken out of the account if:

(a) it is taken out for the purpose of return to the person by whom it was paid; or

(b) the product is issued or transferred to, or in accordance with the instructions of, that person; or

(c) it is taken out for a purpose specified by regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph; or

(d) it is taken out in a situation specified by regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(4) The product provider must:

(a) return the money; or

(b) issue or transfer the product to, or in accordance with the instructions of, the person who paid the money; or

(c) if the money is taken out:

(i) for a purpose specified by regulations made for the purposes of paragraph (3)(c); or

(ii) in a situation specified by regulations made for the purposes of

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paragraph (3)(d);

do any action required, by regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph, after taking out that money;

either:

(d) before the end of one month starting on the day on which the money was received; or

(e) if it is not reasonably practicable to do so before the end of that month--by the end of such longer period as is reasonable in the circumstances.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(5) The product provider may, for the purposes of this section, maintain a single account or 2 or more accounts.

(6) Nothing in this section, or in regulations made for the purposes of this section, makes the body (not being the product provider) that the account is with under paragraph (2)(a) subject to any liability merely because of a failure by the product provider to comply with any of the provisions of this section or those regulations.

1017F Confirming transactions Transactions to which this section applies

(1) This section applies in relation to a transaction involving a financial product if:

(a) a person (the holder) acquired the product as a retail client; and

(b) the transaction is:

(i) the transaction by which the holder acquired the product; or

(ii) a transaction that occurs while the holder holds the product, including a transaction by which the holder disposes of all or part of the product (and see also subsection (3)); and

(c) the transaction is not one that does not require confirmation because of subsection (4); and

(d) the holder has not, in accordance with regulations made for the purposes of paragraph (9)(d), waived their right to be provided with confirmation of the transaction; and

(e) either:

(i) the financial product was offered to, or acquired by, the holder in this jurisdiction; or

(ii) the transaction takes place in this jurisdiction.

Note: This section extends to financial products that are securities (see section 1010A).

Obligation to confirm transactions

(2) The person (the responsible person) specified in column 3 of an item in the following table must provide the holder with confirmation of the transaction specified in column 2 of the same item. The confirmation must be provided in accordance with subsections (5) to (8).

Who bears the obligation to confirm a transaction

Item

Transaction

Whose obligation?

1

transaction by which the holder acquired the financial product, unless that transaction was a sale pursuant to an offer to which section 1012C applies

the issuer of the product

2

transaction by which the holder acquired the financial product, where that transaction was a sale pursuant to an offer to which section 1012C applies

the seller of the product

3

any other transaction in relation to the financial product that occurs while the holder holds the product, other than a disposal of all or part of the product

the issuer of the product

4

transaction by which the holder disposes of all or part of the financial product

the person specified in the regulations made for the purposes of this item

Note:
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Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

Examples of transactions that are covered by subparagraph (1)(b)(ii)

(3) Without limiting the generality of subparagraph (1)(b)(ii), the transactions that are covered by that subparagraph include:

(a) varying the terms of the financial product while the holder holds the product (unless subsection (4) provides that the variation does not require confirmation); and

(b) the redemption or surrender of the financial product from or by the holder.

Transactions that do not require confirmation

(4) The following transactions do not require confirmation:

(a) a transaction consisting solely of an additional contribution towards the financial product in either of the following circumstances:

(i) the timing and amount, or method of calculating the amount, of the additional contribution was agreed on when the product was acquired by the holder;

(ii) the additional contribution is an amount that is payable under the terms of the product because of an increase in an external factor, such as a person's salary, an inflation index or a rate of a tax or levy;

(b) if the financial product is a security--a transaction consisting solely of a variation of the rights attaching to the security;

(c) if the financial product is a deposit product--any of the following transactions:

(i) a withdrawal from the deposit product pursuant to a cheque drawn on the account;

(ii) a deposit to, or withdrawal from, the deposit product under a direct credit arrangement or a direct debit arrangement;

(iii) crediting interest to the deposit product;

(iv) debiting the deposit product for fees or charges in respect of the product or transactions involving the product;

(v) debiting the deposit product for charges or duties on deposits into, or withdrawals from, the product that are payable under a law of the Commonwealth or of a State or Territory;

(vi) a transaction of a kind specified in regulations made for the purposes of this subparagraph;

(d) a variation of the terms of all financial products in the class to which the financial product belongs;

(e) a transaction of a kind specified in regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph.

Note 1: Because of subparagraph (a)(i), confirmation is not required, e.g., for regular monthly contributions to a superannuation fund.

Note 2: A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in this subsection.

Confirmation may be provided on a transaction-by-transaction basis or by means of a standing facility

(5) Confirmation of a transaction must be provided:

(a) by confirming the transaction in accordance with subsections (6) to (8), to the holder as soon as is reasonably practicable after the transaction occurs; or

(b) if the holder agrees, by providing the holder with access to a facility through which they can, for themselves, get a confirmation of the transaction in accordance with subsections (6) to (8) as soon as is reasonably practicable after the transaction occurs.

An arrangement under which the holder may request or require another person to provide a confirmation does not count as a facility that satisfies paragraph (b).

Means of confirmation

(6) The confirmation of the transaction:

(a) must be:

(i) in writing; or

(ii) electronic; or

(iii) in some other form applicable under regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph; and

(b) may be provided:

(i) in a case to which paragraph (5)(a) applies--directly by the responsible person or through another person (such as a financial services licensee); or

(ii) in a case to which paragraph (5)(b) applies--through a facility provided directly by the responsible person, or provided on behalf of the responsible person by someone else.

Content of confirmation

(7) The confirmation of the transaction must give the holder the information that the holder requires (having regard to the information he or she has received before the transaction) to understand the nature of the transaction.

(8) Without limiting subsection (7), the confirmation of the transaction must:

(a) identify the issuer and the holder; and

(b) if required to be given by a person other than the issuer--identify that

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person; and

(c) give details of the transaction, including:

(i) the date of the transaction; and

(ii) a description of the transaction; and

(iii) subject to regulations made for the purposes of this subparagraph--any amount paid or payable by the holder in relation to the transaction; and

(iv) subject to any regulations made for the purposes of this subparagraph--any taxes and stamp duties payable in relation to the transaction; and

(d) give any other details prescribed by regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph.

Regulations may provide for modification or waiver of confirmation obligation

(9) The regulations may do all or any of the following:

(a) modify subsection (2) to change the person required to provide confirmation of a transaction;

(b) modify subsections (5) and (6) to expand on or change the way in which confirmation of a transaction must be provided in particular circumstances;

(c) modify subsections (7) and (8) to expand on or change the information that must be included in the confirmation of a transaction in particular circumstances;

(d) specify the circumstances in which a person may waive the right to be provided with confirmation of a transaction, and specify how such a waiver may be made.

1017G Alternative dispute resolution requirements--product issuer that is not a financial services licensee If:

(a) an issuer of financial products is not a financial services licensee; and

(b) the financial products are available for acquisition (whether or not from the issuer) by a person or persons as retail clients;

the issuer must have internal and external dispute resolution procedures, that are approved by ASIC in accordance with the regulations, to resolve complaints such persons make in relation to alleged contraventions of this Part.

Note 1: For product issuers that are financial services licensees, the requirement to have approved internal and external dispute resolution procedures is imposed by paragraph 912A(g).

Note 2: Failure to comply with this section is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

Division 4--Advertising for financial products 1018A Advertising or other promotional material for financial product must refer to Product Disclosure Statement Advertisements and promotional material must identify issuer (or issuer and seller) and refer to Product Disclosure Statement

(1) Subject to this section, if a particular financial product is available for acquisition by persons as retail clients (whether or not it is also available for acquisition by persons as wholesale clients) by way of issue, or pursuant to sale offers to which section 1012C applies or will apply, a person must only:

(a) advertise the product; or

(b) publish a statement that is reasonably likely to induce people to acquire the product;

if the advertisement or statement:

(c) identifies:

(i) if the product is available by way of issue--the issuer of the product; or

(ii) if the product is available pursuant to sale offers to which section 1012C applies or will apply--the issuer of the product and the seller of the product; and

(d) indicates that a Product Disclosure Statement for the product is available and where it can be obtained; and

(e) indicates that a person should consider the Product Disclosure Statement in deciding whether to acquire, or to continue to hold, the product.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(2) Subject to this section, if a particular financial product, or proposed financial product, is not available for acquisition by persons as retail clients but it is reasonably likely that the product will become so available (whether or not it is, or will also become, available for acquisition by persons as wholesale clients) by way of issue, or pursuant to sale offers to which section 1012C will apply, a person must only:

(a) advertise the product; or

(b) publish a statement that is reasonably likely to induce people to acquire the product;


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if the advertisement or statement:

(c) identifies:

(i) if the product is likely to be so available by way of issue--the issuer of the product; or

(ii) if the product is likely to be so available pursuant to sale offers to which section 1012C will apply--the issuer of the product and the seller of the product; and

(d) indicates that a Product Disclosure Statement for the product will be made available when the product is released or otherwise becomes available; and

(e) indicates when and where the Product Disclosure Statement is expected to be made available; and

(f) indicates that a person should consider the Product Disclosure Statement in deciding whether to acquire, or continue to hold, the product.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

Distribution of disclosure document

(3) A person may distribute a Product Disclosure Statement without contravening subsection (1) or (2). This does not apply if an order under section 1020E is in force in relation to the product.

Note: A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in this section. See subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.

General exceptions

(4) An advertisement or publication does not contravene subsection (1) or (2) if it:

(a) relates to a financial product that is able to be traded on a financial market and consists of a notice or report by the issuer of the product, or one of its officers, about its affairs to the market operator; or

(b) consists solely of a notice or report of a general meeting of the issuer; or

(c) consists solely of a report about the issuer that is published by the issuer and:

(i) does not contain information that materially affects affairs of the issuer, other than information previously made available in a Product Disclosure Statement that has been distributed or disclosure document that has been lodged with ASIC, an annual report or a notice or report referred to in paragraph (a) or (b); and

(ii) does not refer (whether directly or indirectly) to the offer of the financial product; or

(d) is a news report, or is genuine comment, in the media relating to:

(i) a Product Disclosure Statement that has been distributed or disclosure document that has been lodged with ASIC; or

(ii) information contained in such a Statement or document; or

(iii) a notice or report covered by paragraph (a), (b) or (c); or

(e) is a report about the financial products of the issuer published by someone who is not:

(i) the issuer; or

(ii) acting at the instigation of, or by arrangement with, the issuer; or

(iii) a director of the issuer; or

(iv) a person who has an interest in the success of the issue or sale of the financial product.

Paragraphs (d) and (e) do not apply if anyone gives consideration or another benefit for publishing the report.

Note: A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in this section. See subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.

Liability of publishers

(5) A person does not contravene subsection (1) or (2) by publishing an advertisement or statement if the person:

(a) publishes it in the ordinary course of a media business; and

(b) did not know, and had no reason to suspect, that its publication would amount to a contravention of a provision of this section.

Note: A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in this section. See subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.

Meaning of media

(6) For the purposes of this section, the media consists of:

(a) newspapers and magazines; and

(b) radio and television broadcasting services; and

(c) electronic services (including services provided through the Internet) that:

(i) are operated on a commercial basis; and

(ii) are similar to newspapers, magazines or radio or television broadcasts.

1018B Prohibition on advertising personal offers covered by section 1012E (1) A person must not advertise an offer, or intended offer, of financial products that would not need a Product Disclosure Statement because of section 1012E.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(2) A person does not contravene subsection (1) by publishing an advertisement or statement if the person:


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(a) publishes it in the ordinary course of a media business; and

(b) did not know, and had no reason to suspect, that a Product Disclosure Statement was needed.

For this purpose, media has the same meaning as it has in section 1018A.

Note: A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in this section. See subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.

Division 5--Cooling-off periods 1019A Situations in which this Division applies (1) Subject to subsection (2), this Division applies if:

(a) a financial product of one of the following classes is provided in this jurisdiction to a person as a retail client after the commencement of this Chapter:

(i) risk insurance products;

(ii) investment life insurance products;

(iii) managed investment products;

(iv) superannuation products;

(v) RSA products; and

(b) the product is provided to the person:

(i) by way of issue; or

(ii) by way of sale pursuant to an offer to which section 1012C applies.

(2) The regulations may do any or all of the following:

(a) provide that a specified subclass of financial products that would otherwise be covered by a subparagraph of paragraph (1)(a) are excluded from that subparagraph;

(b) provide additional requirements to be satisfied before this Division applies in relation to a class or subclass of financial products;

(c) provide that this Division does not apply in relation to the provision of a financial product in specified circumstances.

(3) In this Division:

(a) the person referred to in paragraph (1)(a) is the client; and

(b) the person who issues or sells the product to the client is the responsible person.

1019B Cooling-off period for return of financial product (1) Subject to this section, the client has the right to return the financial product to the responsible person and to have the money they paid to acquire the product repaid. This is so even if the responsible person is being wound up.

(2) The right to return the product must be exercised by notifying the responsible person in one of the following ways:

(a) in writing; or

(b) electronically; or

(c) in any other way specified in the regulations.

Also, if the regulations require the client to comply with other requirements in order to exercise the right to return the product, those other requirements must be complied with.

(3) The right to return the product can only be exercised during the period of 14 days starting on the earlier of:

(a) the time when the confirmation requirement (if applicable) is complied with; or

(b) the end of the 5th day after the day on which the product was issued or sold to the client.

(4) For the purposes of subsection (3), the confirmation requirement is complied with when:

(a) the client receives confirmation, as mentioned in paragraph 1017F(5)(a), of the transaction by which they acquired the product; or

(b) confirmation of that transaction is available to the client by a facility as mentioned in paragraph 1017F(5)(b).

(5) The right to return the product (and have money paid to acquire it repaid) cannot be exercised at any time after:

(a) the client has (whether before or after the start of the period referred to in subsection (3)) exercised a right or power that they have under the terms applicable to the product; or

(b) the time (whether before or after the start of the period referred to in subsection (3)) at which, under the terms applicable to the product, the client's rights or powers in respect of the product end.

Note: So, e.g.:

(a) if the product is a contract of insurance, the right to return cannot be exercised after the client has made a claim under the contract of insurance; and

(b) if the product is a contract of insurance covering a period of only one week, the right to return cannot be exercised after the end of that week.


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(6) On the exercise of the right to return the product:

(a) if the product is constituted by a legal relationship between the client and the issuer of the product--that relationship is, by force of this section, terminated with effect from that time without penalty to the client; and

(b) any contract for the acquisition of the product by the client is, by force of this section, terminated with effect from that time without penalty to the client.

(7) The regulations may provide for consequences and obligations (in addition to those provided for by subsection (6)) to apply if the right to return a financial product is exercised.

(8) The regulations may provide that, in specified circumstances, the amount to be repaid on exercise of the right to return a financial product is to be reduced in accordance with the regulations.

Division 6--Miscellaneous 1020A Offers etc. of managed investment products not to be made in certain circumstances (1) A person must not engage in conduct of a kind referred to in subsection (2) in relation to a managed investment product if the managed investment scheme concerned needs to be, or will need to be, registered and has not been registered. This is so even if it is proposed to register the scheme.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(2) Subject to subsection (3), the kinds of conduct that must not be engaged in in relation to such a managed investment product are as follows:

(a) making a recommendation, as described in subsection 1012A(3), that is received in this jurisdiction;

(b) making an offer, as described in subsection 1012B(3) or 1012C(3), that is received in this jurisdiction;

(c) accepting an offer, made as described in subsection 1012B(3) or (4), that was received in this jurisdiction.

(3) Subsection (2) does not apply to a recommendation or offer made in a situation to which a subsection of section 1012D, other than subsection 1012D(1), applies.

Note: A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in this subsection. See subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.

1020B Short selling of securities, managed investment products and certain other financial products (1) In this section and section 1020C:

section 1020B products means:

(a) securities; or

(b) managed investment products; or

(c) financial products referred to in paragraph 764A(1)(j); or

(d) financial products of any other kind prescribed by regulations made for the purposes of this definition.

(2) Subject to this section and the regulations, a person must only, in this jurisdiction, sell section 1020B products to a buyer if, at the time of the sale:

(a) the person has or, if the person is selling on behalf of another person, that other person has; or

(b) the person believes on reasonable grounds that the person has, or if the person is selling on behalf of another person, that other person has;

a presently exercisable and unconditional right to vest the products in the buyer.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(3) For the purposes of subsection (2):

(a) a person who, at a particular time, has a presently exercisable and unconditional right to have section 1020B products vested in the person, or in accordance with the directions of the person, has at that time a presently exercisable and unconditional right to vest the products in another person; and

(b) a right of a person to vest section 1020B products in another person is not conditional merely because the products are charged or pledged in favour of another person to secure the repayment of money.

(4) Subsection (2) does not apply in relation to:

(a) a sale of section 1020B products by a financial services licensee who is a participant in a licensed market and specialises in transactions relating to odd lots of section 1020B products, being a sale made by the licensee on their own behalf solely for the purpose of:

(i) accepting an offer to buy an odd lot of section 1020B products; or

(ii) disposing of a parcel of section 1020B products that is less than one marketable parcel of section 1020B products by means of a sale of one marketable parcel of those products; or

(b) a sale of section 1020B products as part of an arbitrage transaction; or


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(c) a sale of section 1020B products by a person who, before the time of sale, has entered into a contract to buy those products and who has a right to have those products vested in the person that is conditional only upon all or any of the following:

(i) payment of the consideration in respect of the purchase;

(ii) the receipt by the person of a proper instrument of transfer in respect of the products;

(iii) the receipt by the person of the documents that are, or are documents of title to, the products; or

(d) a sale of section 1020B products in the following circumstances:

(i) the person who sold the products is not an associate of the body corporate that issued the products; and

(ii) arrangements are made before the time of the sale that will enable delivery of products of the class sold to be made to the buyer within 3 business days after the date of the transaction effecting the sale; and

(iii) if the sale is made on a licensed market:

(A) the price per unit in respect of the sale is not below the price at which the immediately preceding ordinary sale was effected; and

(B) the price per unit is above the price at which the immediately preceding ordinary sale was made, unless the price at which the immediately preceding ordinary sale was made was higher than the next preceding different price at which an ordinary sale had been made;

and the operator of the market is informed as soon as practicable that the sale has been made short in accordance with this subparagraph; or

(e) a sale of section 1020B products in the following circumstances:

(i) the products are included in a class of products in relation to which there is in force a declaration, made by the operator of a licensed market as provided by the operating rules of the market, to the effect that the class is a class of products to which this paragraph applies; and

(ii) the sale is made as provided by the operating rules of the market; and

(iii) at the time of the sale, neither the person who sold the products, nor any person on behalf of whom the first-mentioned person sold the products, was an associate, in relation to the sale, of the body corporate that issued the products.

Note: A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in this subsection. See subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.

(5) A person who requests a financial services licensee to make a sale of section 1020B products that would contravene subsection (2) but for paragraph (4)(b), (d) or (e) must, when making the request, inform the licensee that the sale is a short sale.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(6) If:

(a) a person who, through a licensed market, makes a sale of section 1020B products (whether or not on the person's own behalf); and

(b) the sale would contravene subsection (2) but for paragraph (4)(d);

the person must endorse a statement that the sale was a short sale on any document evidencing the sale that is given to the person who buys the products (whether or not on that person's own behalf).

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(7) For the purposes of this section, a person who:

(a) purports to sell section 1020B products; or

(b) offers to sell section 1020B products; or

(c) holds himself, herself or itself out as entitled to sell section 1020B products; or

(d) instructs a financial services licensee to sell section 1020B products;

is taken to sell the products.

1020C ASIC's power to prohibit short selling in certain cases (1) If ASIC forms the opinion that it is necessary to prohibit section 1020B products (as defined in subsection 1020B(1)), or a particular class of section 1020B products, from being sold on a licensed market in a manner that, but for paragraph 1020B(4)(e), would contravene subsection 1020B(2), in order to:

(a) protect persons who might suffer financial loss if they were to buy or sell those products in that manner; or

(b) protect the public interest;

ASIC may give written notice (the preliminary notice) to the operator of the market stating that it has formed that opinion and setting out the reasons for that opinion.

(2) If, after receiving the preliminary notice:

(a) the operator does not take action to prevent the selling on the market of the products, or class of products, specified in the preliminary notice in the manner referred to in subsection (1); and

(b) ASIC is still of the opinion that it is necessary to prohibit the selling on that market of the products, or class of products, in that manner;


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ASIC may, by a further written notice (the prohibition notice) given to the operator, prohibit the selling on the market of the products, or class of products, in that manner during a period of not more than 21 days.

(3) As soon as practicable after giving the prohibition notice to the operator, ASIC must give to the Minister a written report setting out the reasons for the giving of the prohibition notice and send a copy of the report to the operator.

(4) On receiving the report, the Minister may direct ASIC to revoke the prohibition notice and, if such a direction is given, ASIC must immediately revoke the prohibition notice.

(5) While the prohibition notice is in force, the operator must not permit the selling of section 1020B products on the market in a way that contravenes the prohibition notice.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

1020D Part cannot be contracted out of A condition of a contract for the acquisition of a financial product is void if it provides that a party to the contract is:

(a) required or bound to waive compliance with any requirement of this Part (or of regulations made for the purposes of this Part); or

(b) taken to have notice of any contract, document or matter not specifically referred to in a Product Disclosure Statement or Supplementary Product Disclosure Statement given to the party.

1020E Stop orders by ASIC (1) This section applies if:

(a) either:

(i) a disclosure document or statement is defective (see subsection (11)); or

(ii) an advertisement or statement of a kind referred to in subsection 1018A(1) or (2) that relates to financial products is defective (see subsection (11)); or

(b) an issuer of financial products is in breach of section 1017G.

(2) ASIC may order that:

(a) if paragraph (1)(a) applies--specified conduct in respect of the financial products to which the document, advertisement or statement relates; or

(b) if paragraph (1)(b) applies--specified conduct in respect of financial products issued by that issuer;

must not be engaged in while the order is in force.

(3) The order may include a statement that specified conduct engaged in contrary to the order will be regarded as not complying with the requirements of a specified provision of this Part.

(4) Before making an order under subsection (2), ASIC must:

(a) hold a hearing; and

(b) give a reasonable opportunity to any interested people to make oral or written submissions to ASIC on whether an order should be made.

(5) If ASIC considers that any delay in making an order under subsection (2) pending the holding of a hearing would be prejudicial to the public interest, ASIC may make an interim order under that subsection. The interim order may be made without holding a hearing and lasts for 21 days after the day on which it is made unless revoked before then.

(6) At any time during the hearing, ASIC may make an interim order under subsection (2). The interim order lasts until:

(a) ASIC makes an order under subsection (2) after the conclusion of the hearing; or

(b) the interim order is revoked;

whichever happens first.

(7) The order under subsection (2) must be in writing and must be served on:

(a) unless paragraph (b) applies--the issuer of the financial products concerned; or

(b) if paragraph (1)(a) applies and the document, advertisement or statement relates to a sale or proposed sale of the financial products--the seller of the financial products.

(8) The person on whom the order is served must take reasonable steps to ensure that other people who engage in conduct to which the order applies are aware of the order.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(9) The person on whom the order is served, or a person who is aware of the order, must not engage in conduct contrary to the order.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(10) If the person on whom the order is served, or a person who is aware of the order, engages in conduct contrary to the order, any relevant statement included in the order under subsection (3) has effect accordingly. This

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applies in addition to any other consequence that is provided for by this Act.

(11) In this section:

defective:

(a) in relation to a disclosure document or statement--has the same meaning as in Subdivision A of Division 7; and

(b) in relation to an advertisement or statement of a kind referred to in subsection 1018A(1) or (2) that relates to financial products--means:

(i) there is a misleading or deceptive statement in the advertisement or statement; or

(ii) there is an omission from the advertisement or statement of material required by paragraph 1018A(1)(c), (d) or (e), or paragraph 1018A(2)(c), (d), (e) or (f), to be included in the advertisement or statement;

being a statement, or an omission, that is or would be material from the point of view of a reasonable person considering whether to proceed to acquire any of those financial products.

disclosure document or statement has the same meaning as it has in Subdivision A of Division 7.

1020F Exemptions and modifications by ASIC (1) ASIC may, subject to subsection (3):

(a) exempt a person or class of persons from all or specified provisions of this Part; or

(b) exempt a financial product or a class of financial products from all or specified provisions of this Part; or

(c) declare that this Part applies in relation to a person or a financial product, or a class of persons or financial products, as if specified provisions were omitted, modified or varied as specified in the declaration.

(2) Without limiting subsection (1), ASIC may, under this section, declare that provisions of this Part are modified so that they apply (whether with or without further modifications) in a way that changes the person to whom a document or information is required to be given by a provision of this Part.

(3) However, except as mentioned in subsection (2), ASIC cannot declare that provisions of this Part are modified so that they apply in relation to persons or financial products to which they would not otherwise apply.

(4) An exemption may apply unconditionally or subject to specified conditions. A person to whom a condition specified in an exemption applies must comply with the condition. The Court may order the person to comply with the condition in a specified way. Only ASIC may apply to the Court for the order.

(5) An exemption or declaration must be in writing and ASIC must publish notice of it in the Gazette.

(6) If conduct (including an omission) of a person would not have constituted an offence if a particular declaration under paragraph (1)(c) had not been made, that conduct does not constitute an offence unless, before the conduct occurred (in addition to complying with the gazettal requirement of subsection (5)):

(a) the text of the declaration was made available by ASIC on the Internet; or

(b) ASIC gave written notice setting out the text of the declaration to the person.

In a prosecution for an offence to which this subsection applies, the prosecution must prove that paragraph (a) or (b) was complied with before the conduct occurred.

(7) For the purpose of this section, the provisions of this Part include:

(a) definitions in this Act, or in the regulations, as they apply to references in this Part; and

(b) any provisions of Part 10.2 (transitional provisions) that relate to provisions of this Part.

1020G Exemptions and modifications by regulations (1) The regulations may:

(a) exempt a person or class of persons from all or specified provisions of this Part; or

(b) exempt a financial product or a class of financial products from all or specified provisions of this Part; or

(c) provide that this Part applies in relation to a person or a financial product, or a class of persons or financial products, as if specified provisions were omitted, modified or varied as specified in the regulations.

(2) Without limiting subsection (1), regulations made for the purposes of this section may:

(a) declare that provisions of this Part are modified so that they apply (with or without further modifications) in relation to persons, financial products or situations to which they would not otherwise apply; or

(b) declare that provisions of this Part are modified so that they apply (whether with or without further modifications) in a way that changes the person by whom or to whom a document or information is required to be given by

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a provision of this Part.

(3) For the purpose of this section, the provisions of this Part include:

(a) definitions in this Act, or in the regulations, as they apply to references in this Part; and

(b) any provisions of Part 10.2 (transitional provisions) that relates to provisions of this Part.

Division 7--Enforcement Subdivision A--Offences 1021A Overview This Division contains provisions creating offences by reference to various rules contained in preceding Divisions of this Part. However, it does not create all the offences relating to those rules, as some offences are created by subsection 1311(1). Where offences are created by subsection 1311(1) in relation to a rule, this is indicated by a note at the end of the provision containing the rule.

1021B Definitions (1) In this Division:

defective, in relation to a disclosure document or statement, means:

(a) there is a misleading or deceptive statement in the disclosure document or statement; or

(b) if it is a Product Disclosure Statement--there is an omission from the Product Disclosure Statement of material required by section 1013C, other than material required by section 1013B or 1013G; or

(c) if it is a Supplementary Product Disclosure Statement that is given for the purposes of section 1014E--there is an omission from the Supplementary Product Disclosure Statement of material required by that section; or

(d) if it is a statement required by paragraph 1012G(3)(a) to be read to a person--there is an omission from the statement of material required by that paragraph;

being a statement, or an omission, that is or would be materially adverse from the point of view of a reasonable person considering whether to proceed to acquire the financial product concerned.

Note: In determining whether a Product Disclosure Statement is defective, the effect of section 1014D must be taken into account (section 1014D takes information and statements in a Supplementary Product Disclosure Statement to be included in the Product Disclosure Statement it supplements).

disclosure document or statement means:

(a) a Product Disclosure Statement; or

(b) a Supplementary Product Disclosure Statement; or

(c) a statement required by paragraph 1012G(3)(a) to be read to a person.

(2) In this Subdivision, a reference (including in the definitions in subsection (1)) to a document or statement of a kind referred to in a paragraph of the definition of disclosure document or statement in subsection (1) includes a reference to something purporting to be a document or statement of that kind.

1021C Offence of failing to give etc. a disclosure document or statement Strict liability offence

(1) A person (the providing entity) commits an offence if:

(a) the providing entity:

(i) is required by a provision of this Part to give another person a Product Disclosure Statement or a Supplementary Product Disclosure Statement (the required disclosure document or statement); or

(ii) is required by paragraph 1012G(3)(a) to read another person a statement (the required disclosure document or statement); and

(b) the providing entity does not:

(i) if subparagraph (a)(i) applies--give (in accordance with section 1015C) the other person anything purporting to be the required disclosure document or statement by the time they are required to do so; or

(ii) if subparagraph (a)(ii) applies--read the other person anything purporting to be the required disclosure document or statement when they are required to do so.

Note: A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in sections 1012D and 1012E.

(2) An offence based on subsection (1) is an offence of strict liability.

Note: For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.


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Ordinary offence

(3) A person (the providing entity) commits an offence if:

(a) the providing entity:

(i) is required by a provision of this Part to give another person a Product Disclosure Statement or a Supplementary Product Disclosure Statement (the required disclosure document or statement); or

(ii) is required by paragraph 1012G(3)(a) to read another person a statement (the required disclosure document or statement); and

(b) the providing entity does not:

(i) if subparagraph (a)(i) applies--give (in accordance with section 1015C) the other person anything purporting to be the required disclosure document or statement by the time they are required to do so; or

(ii) if subparagraph (a)(ii) applies--read the other person anything purporting to be the required disclosure document or statement when they are required to do so.

Note: A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in sections 1012D and 1012E.

Defence for authorised representative

(4) In any proceedings against an authorised representative of a financial services licensee for an offence based on subsection (1) or (3), it is a defence if:

(a) the licensee had provided the representative with information or instructions about the giving of disclosure documents or statements; and

(b) the representative's failure to give the required disclosure document or statement occurred because the representative was acting in reliance on that information or those instructions; and

(c) the representative's reliance on that information or those instructions was reasonable.

Note: A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in subsection (4). See subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.

1021D Offence of preparer of defective disclosure document or statement giving the document or statement knowing it to be defective (1) A person commits an offence if:

(a) the person prepares (or has someone else prepare for them) a disclosure document or statement; and

(b) the person knows that the disclosure document or statement is defective; and

(c) the person:

(i) gives (see subsection (3)) another person the disclosure document or statement in circumstances in which it is required by a provision of this Part to be given to the other person; or

(ii) gives (see subsection (3)), or makes available to, another person the disclosure document or statement reckless as to whether the other person will or may rely on the information in it.

Note: A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in sections 1012D and 1012E.

(2) A person commits an offence if:

(a) the person prepares (or has someone else prepare for them) a disclosure document or statement; and

(b) the person knows that the disclosure document or statement is defective; and

(c) the person gives (see subsection (3)), or makes available to, another person the disclosure document or statement, reckless as to whether the other person, or someone else, will or may give it, or make it available, to another person as mentioned in subparagraph (1)(c)(i) or (ii).

(3) In this section, give means give by any means (including orally), and is not limited to giving in accordance with section 1015C or paragraph 1012G(3)(a).

1021E Offence of preparer of defective disclosure document or statement giving the document or statement (whether or not known to be defective) (1) A person commits an offence if:

(a) the person prepares (or has someone else prepare for them) a disclosure document or statement; and

(b) the disclosure document or statement is defective; and

(c) the person:

(i) gives (see subsection (5)) another person the disclosure document or statement in circumstances in which it is required by a provision of this Part to be given to the other person; or

(ii) gives (see subsection (5)), or makes available to, another person a disclosure document or statement, reckless as to whether the other person will or may rely on the information in it.

Note: A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in sections 1012D and 1012E.

(2) A person commits an offence if:

(a) the person prepares (or has someone else prepare for them) a disclosure document or statement; and

(b) the disclosure document or statement is defective; and

(c) the person gives (see subsection (5)), or makes available to, another

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person the disclosure document or statement, reckless as to whether the other person, or someone else, will or may give it, or make it available, to another person as mentioned in subparagraph (1)(c)(i) or (ii).

(3) For the purposes of an offence based on subsection (1) or (2), strict liability applies to the physical element of the offence specified in paragraph (1)(b) or (2)(b).

Note: For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

(4) In any proceedings against a person for an offence based on subsection (1) or (2), it is a defence if the person took reasonable steps to ensure that the disclosure document or statement would not be defective.

Note: A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in subsection (4). See subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.

(5) In this section, give means give by any means (including orally), and is not limited to giving in accordance with section 1015C or paragraph 1012G(3)(a).

1021F Offence of regulated person (other than preparer) giving disclosure document or statement knowing it to be defective (1) A regulated person commits an offence if:

(a) another person prepares (or has someone else prepare for them) a disclosure document or statement; and

(b) the regulated person knows that the disclosure document or statement is defective; and

(c) the regulated person:

(i) gives (see subsection (2)) another person the disclosure document or statement in circumstances in which it is required by a provision of this Part to be given to the other person; or

(ii) gives (see subsection (2)), or makes available to, another person the disclosure document or statement, reckless as to whether the other person will or may rely on the information in it.

Note: A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in sections 1012D and 1012E.

(2) In this section, give means give by any means (including orally), and is not limited to giving in accordance with section 1015C or paragraph 1012G(3)(a).

1021G Offence of financial services licensee failing to ensure authorised representative gives etc. disclosure documents or statements as required A financial services licensee commits an offence if the licensee does not take reasonable steps to ensure that an authorised representative of the licensee complies with their obligations under this Part to give or read disclosure documents or statements as and when required by this Part.

1021H Offences if a Product Disclosure Statement (or Supplementary PDS) does not comply with certain requirements (1) A person commits an offence if:

(a) the person prepares (or has someone else prepare for them) a Product Disclosure Statement or a Supplementary Product Disclosure Statement (the disclosure document); and

(b) the disclosure document does not comply with:

(i) if it is a Product Disclosure Statement--section 1013B or 1013G; or

(ii) if it is a Supplementary Product Disclosure Statement--section 1013G, 1014B or 1014C; and

(c) the person:

(i) gives (see subsection (3)) another person the disclosure document in circumstances in which it is required by a provision of this Part to be given to the other person; or

(ii) gives (see subsection (3)), or makes available to, another person the disclosure document, reckless as to whether the other person will or may rely on the information in it; or

(iii) gives (see subsection (3)), or makes available to, another person the disclosure document, reckless as to whether the other person, or someone else, will or may give it, or make it available, to another person as mentioned in subparagraph (i) or (ii).

Note: A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in sections 1012D and 1012E.

(2) For the purposes of an offence based on subsection (1), strict liability applies to paragraph (b) of that subsection.

Note: For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

(3) In this section, give means give by any means (including orally), and is not limited to giving in accordance with section 1015C or paragraph 1012G(3)(a).

1021I Offence of giving disclosure document or statement that has not been prepared by the appropriate person (1) A regulated person commits an offence if:

(a) the regulated person:

(i) gives (see subsection (2)) another person a disclosure

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document or statement in circumstances in which it is required by a provision of this Part to be given to the other person; or

(ii) gives (see subsection (2)), or makes available to, another person a disclosure document or statement, reckless as to whether the other person will or may rely on the information in it; and

(b) the disclosure document or statement has not been prepared by, or on behalf of, the person required by section 1013A or paragraph 1012G(3)(a) to prepare it.

Note: A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in sections 1012D and 1012E.

(2) In this section, give means give by any means (including orally), and is not limited to giving in accordance with section 1015C or paragraph 1012G(3)(a).

1021J Offences if preparer etc. of disclosure document or statement becomes aware that it is defective (1) A person commits an offence if:

(a) the person prepares (or has someone else prepare for them) a disclosure document or statement; and

(b) the person becomes aware that the disclosure document or statement is defective; and

(c) the person does not, as soon as practicable, take reasonable steps to ensure that any regulated person to whom the disclosure document or statement has been provided for further distribution is given a direction that satisfies one of more of the following subparagraphs:

(i) a direction not to distribute the disclosure document or statement;

(ii) if it is a Product Disclosure Statement--a direction not to distribute the Product Disclosure Statement unless it is accompanied by a Supplementary Product Disclosure Statement that corrects the deficiency;

(iii) if it is a Product Disclosure Statement or a Supplementary Product Disclosure Statement--a direction not to distribute the Product Disclosure Statement or Supplementary Product Disclosure Statement without first altering it in a way that is specified in the direction, being a way that corrects the deficiency and that complies with section 1015E.

(2) A regulated person commits an offence if:

(a) the person is given a direction referred to in paragraph (1)(c); and

(b) the person does not comply with the direction.

(3) A regulated person commits an offence if:

(a) a disclosure document or statement has been provided to the person for distribution; and

(b) the person becomes aware that the disclosure document or statement is defective; and

(c) the person does not take reasonable steps to notify the person by whom, or on whose behalf, the disclosure document or statement was prepared of the particulars of the deficiency.

(4) In this section, a reference to distributing a disclosure document or statement includes (but is not limited to) giving or reading the document or statement to another person in purported compliance with a requirement of this Part.

(5) In this section, regulated person has the same meaning as it has in Division 2.

1021K Offence of unauthorised alteration of Product Disclosure Statement (or Supplementary PDS) (1) A person commits an offence if:

(a) the person engages in conduct that results in an alteration of a Product Disclosure Statement or a Supplementary Product Disclosure Statement that has been prepared by or on behalf of another person (the responsible person); and

(b) the alteration results in the Product Disclosure Statement or Supplementary Product Disclosure Statement becoming defective, or more defective than it previously was; and

(c) the alteration is not made with the authority of the responsible person; and

(d) either:

(i) the person, in purported compliance with a provision of this Part, gives (see subsection (2)) the altered Product Disclosure Statement or Supplementary Product Disclosure Statement to another person; or

(ii) the person gives (see subsection (2)), or makes available to, another person the altered Product Disclosure Statement or Supplementary Product Disclosure Statement, reckless as to whether the other person will or may rely on the information in it; or

(iii) the person gives (see subsection (2)), or makes available to, another person the altered Product Disclosure Statement or Supplementary Product Disclosure Statement, reckless as to whether the other person, or someone else, will or may give it, or make it available, to another person as mentioned in subparagraph (i) or (ii).

(2) In this section, give means give by any means (including orally), and is not limited to giving in accordance with section 1015C.

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1021L Offences of giving, or failing to withdraw, consent to inclusion of defective statement (1) A person commits an offence if:

(a) they consent to the inclusion of a statement (the consented material) in a Product Disclosure Statement or a Supplementary Product Disclosure Statement as mentioned in paragraph 1013K(1)(a); and

(b) either:

(i) there is a misleading or deceptive statement in the consented material; or

(ii) there is an omission of information from the consented material; and

(c) the statement or omission is or would be materially adverse from the point of view of a reasonable person considering whether to proceed to acquire the financial product concerned.

(2) A person commits an offence if:

(a) they consent to the inclusion of a statement (the consented material) in a Product Disclosure Statement or a Supplementary Product Disclosure Statement as mentioned in paragraph 1013K(1)(a); and

(b) they become aware that either:

(i) there is a misleading or deceptive statement in the consented material; or

(ii) there is an omission of information from the consented material;

being a statement, or an omission, that:

(iii) is or would be materially adverse from the point of view of a reasonable person considering whether to proceed to acquire the financial product concerned; or

(iv) results in the Product Disclosure Statement or the Supplementary Product Disclosure Statement being defective, or more defective than it would otherwise be; and

(c) they do not withdraw their consent after becoming aware of the matter mentioned in paragraph (b).

1021M Offences relating to keeping and providing copies of Product Disclosure Statements (or Supplementary PDSs) Strict liability offence

(1) A person commits an offence if:

(a) the person is required by section 1015D:

(i) to notify ASIC that a Product Disclosure Statement or a Supplementary Product Disclosure Statement is in use; or

(ii) to keep a copy of a Product Disclosure Statement or a Supplementary Product Disclosure Statement for a particular period; or

(iii) to make a copy of a Product Disclosure Statement or a Supplementary Product Disclosure Statement available to ASIC; or

(iv) to comply with a request from a person for a copy of a Product Disclosure Statement or a Supplementary Product Disclosure Statement; and

(b) the person does not comply with that requirement.

(2) An offence based on subsection (1) is an offence of strict liability.

Note: For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

Ordinary offence

(3) A person commits an offence if:

(a) the person is required by section 1015D:

(i) to notify ASIC that a Product Disclosure Statement or a Supplementary Product Disclosure Statement is in use; or

(ii) to keep a copy of a Product Disclosure Statement or a Supplementary Product Disclosure Statement for a particular period; or

(iii) to make a copy of a Product Disclosure Statement or a Supplementary Product Disclosure Statement available to ASIC; or

(iv) to comply with a request from a person for a copy of a Product Disclosure Statement or a Supplementary Product Disclosure Statement; and

(b) the person does not comply with that requirement.

1021N Offence of failing to provide additional information requested under section 1017A A person (the responsible person) commits an offence if:

(a) a request is made to them by another person, in accordance with subsection 1017A(1), to provide further information about a financial product; and

(b) the responsible person is required by subsection 1017A(2) to give the other person the information; and

(c) the other person has paid any charge in respect of the request, being a charge that is in accordance with subsections 1017A(5) and (6); and

(d) the responsible person does not take reasonable steps to ensure that, as soon as practicable after receiving the request, and in any event within one month, the information is provided to the other person in accordance with subsection 1017A(4).

1021O Offences of issuer or seller of financial product failing to pay money into an account as required

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Strict liability offence

(1) An issuer or seller of financial products commits an offence if:

(a) the issuer or seller is required by subsection 1017E(2) to pay particular money into an account in accordance with that subsection; and

(b) the issuer or seller does not pay the money into an account in accordance with that subsection.

(2) An offence based on subsection (1) is an offence of strict liability.

Note: For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

Ordinary offence

(3) An issuer or seller of financial products commits an offence if:

(a) the issuer or seller is required by subsection 1017E(2) to pay particular money into an account in accordance with that subsection; and

(b) the issuer or seller does not pay the money into an account in accordance with that subsection.

Subdivision B--Civil liability 1022A Definitions (1) In this Subdivision:

defective, in relation to a disclosure document or statement, means:

(a) there is a misleading or deceptive statement in the disclosure document or statement; or

(b) if it is a Product Disclosure Statement--there is an omission from the Product Disclosure Statement of material required by section 1013C, other than material required by section 1013B or 1013G; or

(c) if it is a Supplementary Product Disclosure Statement that is given for the purposes of section 1014E--there is an omission from the Supplementary Product Disclosure Statement of material required by that section; or

(d) if it is a statement required by paragraph 1012G(3)(a) to be read to a person--there is an omission from the statement of material required by that paragraph.

Note: In determining whether a Product Disclosure Statement is defective, the effect of section 1014D must be taken into account (section 1014D takes information and statements in a Supplementary Product Disclosure Statement to be included in the Product Disclosure Statement it supplements).

disclosure document or statement means:

(a) a Product Disclosure Statement; or

(b) a Supplementary Product Disclosure Statement; or

(c) a statement required by paragraph 1012G(3)(a) to be read to a person.

(2) In this Subdivision, a reference (including in the definitions in subsection (1)) to a document or statement of a kind referred to in a paragraph of the definition of disclosure document or statement in subsection (1) includes a reference to something purporting to be a document or statement of that kind.

1022B Civil action for loss or damage (1) This section applies in the following situations:

(a) a person:

(i) is required by a provision of this Part to give another person (the client) a Product Disclosure Statement or a Supplementary Product Disclosure Statement (the required disclosure document or statement); and

(ii) does not give (in accordance with section 1015C) the client anything purporting to be the required disclosure document or statement by the time they are required to do so; or

(b) a person:

(i) is required by paragraph 1012G(3)(a) to read another person (the client) a statement (the required disclosure document or statement); and

(ii) does not read the client anything purporting to be the required disclosure document or statement when they are required to do so; or

(c) a person:

(i) gives another person (the client) a disclosure document or statement that is defective in circumstances in which a disclosure document or statement is required by a provision of this Part to be given to the client; or

(ii) is a regulated person and gives, or makes available to, another person (the client) a disclosure document or statement, being a Product Disclosure Statement or a Supplementary Product Disclosure Statement, that is defective, reckless as to whether the client will or may rely on the information in it; or

(d) a person:

(i) gives consent to the inclusion of a statement in a Product Disclosure

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Statement or a Supplementary Product Disclosure Statement as mentioned in subsection 1021L(1), disregarding paragraph 1021L(1)(c); or

(ii) does not take reasonable steps to withdraw such a statement as mentioned in subsection 1021L(2), disregarding subparagraphs 1021L(2)(b)(iii) and (iv); or

(e) a person contravenes section 1017B or 1017D.

In paragraph (c), give means give by any means (including orally), and is not limited to giving in accordance with section 1015C or paragraph 1012G(3)(a).

(2) In a situation to which this section applies, if a person suffers loss or damage:

(a) if paragraph (1)(a) applies--because the client was not given the disclosure document or statement that they should have been given; or

(b) if paragraph (1)(b) applies--because the client was not read the statement that should have been read to them; or

(c) if paragraph (1)(c) applies--because the disclosure document or statement the client was given was defective; or

(d) if paragraph (1)(d) applies--because the consent referred to in that paragraph was given, or was not withdrawn, as the case requires; or

(e) if paragraph (1)(e) applies--because of the contravention referred to in that paragraph;

the person may recover the amount of the loss or damage by action against the, or a, liable person (see subsections (3) to (5)), whether or not that person (or anyone else) has been convicted of an offence in respect of the matter referred to in paragraph (a), (b), (c), (d) or (e).

(3) For the purposes of subsection (2), the, or a, liable person is:

(a) if paragraph (1)(a) or (b) applies--subject to subsection (4), the person first-referred to in that paragraph; or

(b) if paragraph (1)(c) applies--subject to subsection (5):

(i) the person by whom, or on whose behalf, the disclosure document or statement was prepared; and

(ii) each other person involved in the preparation of the disclosure document or statement who, directly or indirectly, caused the disclosure document or statement to be defective or contributed to it being defective; or

(c) if paragraph (1)(d) applies--the person who gave the consent; or

(d) if paragraph (1)(e) applies--the person who contravened the provision concerned.

(4) If paragraph (1)(a) or (b) applies and the person who would, but for this subsection, be the liable person is an authorised representative, the authorised representative is not the liable person and the following paragraphs apply:

(a) if the authorised representative is an authorised representative of only one financial services licensee--that financial services licensee is the liable person;

(b) if the authorised representative is an authorised representative of more than one financial services licensee:

(i) if, under the rules in section 917C, one of those licensees is responsible for the person's conduct--that licensee is the (or a) liable person; or

(ii) if, under the rules in section 917C, 2 or more of those licensees are jointly and severally responsible for the person's conduct--each of those licensees is a liable person.

(5) If:

(a) paragraph (1)(c) applies; and

(b) an alteration was made to the disclosure document or statement before it was given to the client; and

(c) the alteration made the disclosure document or statement defective, or more defective than it would otherwise have been; and

(d) the alteration was not made by, or with the authority of, the person who would, but for this subsection, be a liable person because of subparagraph (3)(b)(i);

then, so far as a person has suffered loss or damage because the disclosure document or statement was defective because of the alteration, the person who made the alteration is a liable person, rather than the person referred to in paragraph (d).

(6) An action under subsection (2) may be begun at any time within 6 years after the day on which the cause of action arose.

(7) A person is not liable under subsection (2) in a situation described in paragraph (1)(c) if the person took reasonable steps to ensure that the disclosure document or statement would not be defective.

(8) This section does not affect any liability that a person has under any other law.

1022C Additional powers of court to make orders (1) The court dealing with an action under subsection 1022B(2) may, in addition to awarding loss or damage under that subsection and if it thinks it necessary in order to do justice between the parties:

(a) make an order declaring void a contract entered into by the client

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referred to in that subsection for or relating to a financial product or a financial service; and

(b) if it makes an order under paragraph (a)--make such other order or orders as it thinks are necessary or desirable because of that order.

(2) Without limiting paragraph (1)(b), the orders that may be made under that paragraph include (but are not limited to) an order for the return of money paid by a person, and/or an order for payment of an amount of interest specified in, or calculated in accordance with, the order.

Part 7.10--Market misconduct and other prohibited conduct relating to financial products and financial services Division 1--Preliminary 1040A Content of Part This Part deals in Division 2 with various kinds of prohibited conduct, other than insider trading. The insider trading prohibitions are contained in Division 3.

Division 2--The prohibited conduct (other than insider trading prohibitions) 1041A Market manipulation A person must not take part in, or carry out (whether directly or indirectly and whether in this jurisdiction or elsewhere):

(a) a transaction that has or is likely to have; or

(b) 2 or more transactions that have or are likely to have;

the effect of:

(c) creating an artificial price for trading in financial products on a financial market operated in this jurisdiction; or

(d) maintaining at a level that is artificial (whether or not it was previously artificial) a price for trading in financial products on a financial market operated in this jurisdiction.

Note 1: Failure to comply with this section is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

Note 2: This section is also a civil penalty provision (see section 1317E). For relief from liability to a civil penalty relating to this section, see section 1317S.

1041B False trading and market rigging--creating a false or misleading appearance of active trading etc. (1) A person must not do, or omit to do, an act (whether in this jurisdiction or elsewhere) if that act or omission has or is likely to have the effect of creating, or causing the creation of, a false or misleading appearance:

(a) of active trading in financial products on a financial market operated in this jurisdiction; or

(b) with respect to the market for, or the price for trading in, financial products on a financial market operated in this jurisdiction.

Note 1: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)). For defences to a prosecution based on this subsection, see Division 4.

Note 2: This subsection is also a civil penalty provision (see section 1317E). For relief from liability to a civil penalty relating to this subsection, see Division 4 and section 1317S.

(2) For the purposes of subsection (1), a person is taken to have created a false or misleading appearance of active trading in particular financial products on a financial market if the person:

(a) enters into, or carries out, either directly or indirectly, any transaction of acquisition or disposal of any of those financial products that does not involve any change in the beneficial ownership of the products; or

(b) makes an offer (the regulated offer) to acquire or to dispose of any of those financial products in the following circumstances:

(i) the offer is to acquire or to dispose of at a specified price; and

(ii) the person has made or proposes to make, or knows that an associate of the person has made or proposes to make:

(A) if the regulated offer is an offer to acquire--an offer to dispose of; or

(B) if the regulated offer is an offer to dispose of--an offer to acquire;

the same number, or substantially the same number, of those financial products at a price that is substantially the same as the price referred to in subparagraph (i).

Note: The circumstances in which a person creates a false or misleading appearance of active trading in particular financial products on a financial market are not limited to the circumstances set out in this subsection.

(3) For the purposes of paragraph (2)(a), an acquisition or disposal of financial products does not involve a change in the beneficial ownership if:

(a) a person who had an interest in the financial products before the

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acquisition or disposal; or

(b) an associate of such a person;

has an interest in the financial products after the acquisition or disposal.

(4) The reference in paragraph (2)(a) to a transaction of acquisition or disposal of financial products includes:

(a) a reference to the making of an offer to acquire or dispose of financial products; and

(b) a reference to the making of an invitation, however expressed, that expressly or impliedly invites a person to offer to acquire or dispose of financial products.

1041C False trading and market rigging--artificially maintaining etc. trading price (1) A person must not, by any fictitious or artificial transactions or devices (whether in this jurisdiction or elsewhere) maintain, inflate, depress, or cause fluctuations in, the price for trading in financial products on a financial market operated in this jurisdiction.

Note 1: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)). For defences to a prosecution based on this subsection, see Division 4.

Note 2: This subsection is also a civil penalty provision (see section 1317E). For relief from liability to a civil penalty relating to this subsection, see Division 4 and section 1317S.

(2) In determining whether a transaction is fictitious or artificial for the purposes of subsection (1), the fact that the transaction is, or was at any time, intended by the parties who entered into it to have effect according to its terms is not conclusive.

1041D Dissemination of information about illegal transactions A person must not (whether in this jurisdiction or elsewhere) circulate or disseminate, or be involved in the circulation or dissemination of, any statement or information to the effect that the price for trading in financial products on a financial market operated in this jurisdiction will, or is likely to, rise or fall, or be maintained, because of a transaction, or other act or thing done, in relation to those financial products, if:

(a) the transaction, or thing done, constitutes or would constitute a contravention of section 1041A, 1041B, 1041C, 1041E or 1041F; and

(b) the person, or an associate of the person:

(i) has entered into such a transaction or done such an act or thing; or

(ii) has received, or may receive, directly or indirectly, a consideration or benefit for circulating or disseminating, or authorising the circulation or dissemination of, the statement or information.

Note 1: Failure to comply with this section is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)). For defences to a prosecution based on this section, see Division 4.

Note 2: This section is also a civil penalty provision (see section 1317E). For relief from liability to a civil penalty relating to this section, see Division 4 and section 1317S.

1041E False or misleading statements A person must not (whether in this jurisdiction or elsewhere) make a statement, or disseminate information, if:

(a) the statement or information is false in a material particular or is materially misleading; and

(b) the statement or information is likely:

(i) to induce persons in this jurisdiction to apply for financial products; or

(ii) to induce persons in this jurisdiction to dispose of or acquire financial products; or

(iii) to have the effect of increasing, reducing, maintaining or stabilising the price for trading in financial products on a financial market operated in this jurisdiction.

Note 1: Failure to comply with this section is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)). For defences to a prosecution based on this subsection, see Division 4.

Note 2: Failure to comply with this section may also lead to civil liability under section 1041I. For relief from liability under that section, see Division 4.

1041F Inducing persons to deal (1) A person must not, in this jurisdiction, induce another person to deal in financial products:

(a) by making or publishing a statement, promise or forecast if the person knows, or is reckless as to whether, the statement is misleading, false or deceptive; or

(b) by a dishonest concealment of material facts; or

(c) by recording or storing information that the person knows to be false or

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misleading in a material particular or materially misleading if:

(i) the information is recorded or stored in, or by means of, a mechanical, electronic or other device; and

(ii) when the information was so recorded or stored, the person had reasonable grounds for expecting that it would be available to the other person, or a class of persons that includes the other person.

Note 1: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)). For defences to a prosecution based on this subsection, see Division 4.

Note 2: Failure to comply with this subsection may also lead to civil liability under section 1041I. For relief from liability under that section, see Division 4.

(2) In this section:

dishonest means:

(a) dishonest according to the standards of ordinary people; and

(b) known by the person to be dishonest according to the standards of ordinary people.

1041G Dishonest conduct (1) A person must not, in the course of carrying on a financial services business in this jurisdiction, engage in dishonest conduct in relation to a financial product or financial service.

Note 1: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

Note 2: Failure to comply with this subsection may also lead to civil liability under section 1041I.

(2) In this section:

dishonest means:

(a) dishonest according to the standards of ordinary people; and

(b) known by the person to be dishonest according to the standards of ordinary people.

1041H Misleading or deceptive conduct (civil liability only) (1) A person must not, in this jurisdiction, engage in conduct, in relation to a financial product or a financial service, that is misleading or deceptive or is likely to mislead or deceive.

Note 1: Failure to comply with this subsection is not an offence.

Note 2: Failure to comply with this subsection may lead to civil liability under section 1041I. For relief from liability under that section, see Division 4.

(2) The reference in subsection (1) to engaging in conduct in relation to a financial product includes (but is not limited to) any of the following:

(a) dealing in a financial product;

(b) without limiting paragraph (a):

(i) issuing a financial product;

(ii) publishing a notice in relation to a financial product;

(iii) making, or making an evaluation of, an offer under a takeover bid or a recommendation relating to such an offer;

(iv) carrying on negotiations, making arrangements, or doing any other act, preparatory to, or in any way related to, an activity covered by subparagraph (i), (ii) or (iii).

(3) Conduct:

(a) that contravenes:

(i) section 670A (misleading or deceptive takeover document); or

(ii) section 728 (misleading or deceptive fundraising document); or

(b) in relation to a disclosure document or statement within the meaning of section 953A; or

(c) in relation to a disclosure document or statement within the meaning of section 1022A;

does not contravene subsection (1). For this purpose, conduct contravenes the provision even if the conduct does not constitute an offence, or does not lead to any liability, because of the availability of a defence.

1041I Civil action for loss or damage for contravention of sections 1041E to 1041H (1) A person who suffers loss or damage by conduct of another person that was engaged in in contravention of section 1041E, 1041F, 1041G or 1041H may recover the amount of the loss or damage by action against that other person or against any person involved in the contravention, whether or not that other person or any person involved in the contravention has been convicted of an offence in respect of the contravention.

(2) An action under subsection (1) may be begun at any time within 6 years after the day on which the cause of action arose.

(3) This section does not affect any liability that a person has under any other law.

(4) Section 1317S (which provides for relief from liability) applies in relation to liability under subsection (1) as if:

(a) the sections referred to in subsection (1) were civil penalty

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provisions; and

(b) proceedings under subsection (1) were eligible proceedings.

Note: Relief from liability under this section may also be available (depending on the circumstances) under Division 4.

1041J Sections of this Division have effect independently of each other Subject to any express provision to the contrary, the various sections in this Division have effect independently of each other, and nothing in any of the sections limits the scope or application of any of the other sections.

1041K Division applies to certain conduct to the exclusion of State Fair Trading Acts provisions (1) This section applies to conduct:

(a) that contravenes:

(i) section 670A (misleading or deceptive takeover document); or

(ii) section 728 (misleading or deceptive fundraising document); or

(b) that relates to a disclosure document or statement within the meaning of section 953A; or

(c) that relates to a disclosure document or statement within the meaning of section 1022A.

For this purpose, conduct contravenes the provision even if the conduct does not constitute an offence, or does not lead to any liability, because of the availability of a defence.

(2) This Division operates in relation to conduct to which this section applies to the exclusion of the provisions of the State Fair Trading Act of any State or Territory.

Division 3--The insider trading prohibitions Subdivision A--Preliminary 1042A Definitions In this Division:

able to be traded has a meaning affected by section 1042E.

Division 3 financial products means:

(a) securities; or

(b) derivatives; or

(c) managed investment products; or

(d) superannuation products, other than those prescribed by regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph; or

(e) any other financial products that are able to be traded on a financial market.

generally available, in relation to information, has the meaning given by section 1042C.

information includes:

(a) matters of supposition and other matters that are insufficiently definite to warrant being made known to the public; and

(b) matters relating to the intentions, or likely intentions, of a person.

material effect, in relation to a reasonable person's expectations of the effect of information on the price or value of Division 3 financial products, has the meaning given by section 1042D.

procure has a meaning affected by section 1042F.

1042B Application of Division This Division applies to:

(a) acts and omissions within this jurisdiction in relation to Division 3 financial products (regardless of where the issuer of the products is formed, resides or located and of where the issuer carries on business); and

(b) acts and omissions outside this jurisdiction (and whether in Australia or not) in relation to Division 3 financial products issued by:

(i) a person who carries on business in this jurisdiction; or

(ii) a body corporate that is formed in this jurisdiction.

1042C When information is generally available (1) For the purposes of this Division, information is generally available if:

(a) it consists of readily observable matter; or

(b) both of the following subparagraphs apply:

(i) it has been made known in a manner that would, or would be likely to, bring it to the attention of persons who commonly invest in Division 3 financial products of a kind whose price might be affected by the information; and

(ii) since it was made known, a reasonable period for it to be disseminated

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among such persons has elapsed; or

(c) it consists of deductions, conclusions or inferences made or drawn from either or both of the following:

(i) information referred to in paragraph (a);

(ii) information made known as mentioned in subparagraph (b)(i).

(2) None of the paragraphs of subsection (1) limits the generality of any of the other paragraphs of that subsection.

1042D When a reasonable person would take information to have a material effect on price or value of Division 3 financial products For the purposes of this Division, a reasonable person would be taken to expect information to have a material effect on the price or value of particular Division 3 financial products if (and only if) the information would, or would be likely to, influence persons who commonly acquire Division 3 financial products in deciding whether or not to acquire or dispose of the first-mentioned financial products.

1042E Division 3 financial products taken to be able to be traded despite suspensions or section 794D directions Particular Division 3 financial products that are ordinarily able to be traded on a licensed market are taken, for the purposes of this Division, to be able to be traded on that market even though trading in those products on that market is suspended by action taken by the market licensee, or is contrary to a direction given to the market licensee by ASIC under subsection 794D(2).

1042F Inciting, inducing or encouraging an act or omission constitutes procuring the omission (1) For the purposes of this Division, but without limiting the meaning that the expression procure has apart from this section, if a person incites, induces, or encourages an act or omission by another person, the first-mentioned person is taken to procure the act or omission by the other person.

(2) Subsection (1) does not limit the application in relation to provisions in this Division of:

(a) section 6 of the Crimes Act 1914; or

(b) section 11.1, 11.2, 11.4 or 11.5 of the Criminal Code.

1042G Information in possession of officer of body corporate (1) For the purposes of this Division:

(a) a body corporate is taken to possess any information which an officer of the body corporate possesses and which came into his or her possession in the course of the performance of duties as such an officer; and

(b) if an officer of a body corporate knows any matter or thing because he or she is an officer of the body corporate, it is to be presumed that the body corporate knows that matter or thing; and

(c) if an officer of a body corporate, in that capacity, is reckless as to a circumstance or result, it is to be presumed that the body corporate is reckless as to that circumstance or result; and

(d) for the purposes of paragraph 1043M(2)(b), if an officer of a body corporate ought reasonably to know any matter or thing because he or she is an officer of the body corporate, it is to be presumed that the body corporate ought reasonably to know that matter or thing.

(2) This section does not limit the application of section 769B in relation to this Division.

1042H Information in possession of partner or employee of partnership (1) For the purposes of this Division:

(a) a member of a partnership is taken to possess any information:

(i) which another member of the partnership possesses and which came into the other member's possession in the other member's capacity as a member of the partnership; or

(ii) which an employee of the partnership possesses and which came into his or her possession in the course of the performance of duties as such an employee; and

(b) if a member or employee of a partnership knows any matter or thing because the member or employee is such a member or employee, it is to be presumed that every member of the partnership knows that matter or thing; and

(c) if a member or employee of a partnership, in that capacity, is reckless as to a circumstance or result, it is to be presumed that every member of the partnership is reckless as to that circumstance or result; and

(d) for the purposes of paragraph 1043M(2)(b), if a member or employee of a partnership ought reasonably to know any matter or thing because he or she is such a member or employee, it is to be presumed that every member of the partnership ought reasonably to know that matter or thing.

(2) This section does not limit the application of section 769B in relation to this Division.


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Subdivision B--The prohibited conduct 1043A Prohibited conduct by person in possession of inside information (1) Subject to this Subdivision, if:

(a) a person (the insider) possesses information that is not generally available but, if the information were generally available, a reasonable person would expect it to have a material effect on the price or value of particular Division 3 financial products; and

(b) the insider knows that, or is reckless as to whether:

(i) the information is not generally available; and

(ii) if it were generally available, it might have a material effect on the price or value of those securities;

the insider must not (whether as principal or agent):

(c) apply for, acquire, or dispose of, any of those products, or enter into an agreement to apply for, acquire, or dispose of, any of those financial products; or

(d) procure another person to apply for, acquire, or dispose of, any of those products, or enter into an agreement to apply for, acquire, or dispose of, any of those financial products.

Note 1: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)). For defences to a prosecution based on this subsection, see section 1043M.

Note 2: This subsection is also a civil penalty provision (see section 1317E). For relief from liability to a civil penalty relating to this subsection, see sections 1043N and 1317S.

(2) Subject to this Subdivision, if:

(a) a person (the insider) possesses information that is not generally available but, if the information were generally available, a reasonable person would expect it to have a material effect on the price or value of particular Division 3 financial products; and

(b) the insider knows that, or is reckless as to whether:

(i) the information is not generally available; and

(ii) if it were generally available, it might have a material effect on the price or value of those securities; and

(c) the financial products are able to be traded on a financial market operated in this jurisdiction;

the insider must not, directly or indirectly, communicate the information, or cause the information to be communicated, to another person if the insider knows that, or is reckless as to whether, the other person would or would be likely to:

(d) apply for, acquire, or dispose of, any of those products, or enter into an agreement to apply for, acquire, or dispose of, any of those products; or

(e) procure another person to apply for, acquire, or dispose of, any of those products, or enter into an agreement to apply for, acquire, or dispose of, any of those products.

Note 1: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)). For defences to a prosecution based on this subsection, see section 1043M.

Note 2: This subsection is also a civil penalty provision (see section 1317E). For relief from liability to a civil penalty relating to this subsection, see sections 1043N and 1317S.

1043B Exception for withdrawal from registered scheme Subsection 1043A(1) does not apply in respect of a member's withdrawal from a registered scheme if the amount paid to the member on withdrawal is calculated (so far as is reasonably practicable) by reference to the underlying value of the assets of the financial or business undertaking or scheme, common enterprise, investment contract or time-sharing scheme to which the member's interest relates, less any reasonable charge for acquiring the member's interest.

1043C Exception for underwriters (1) Subsection 1043A(1) does not apply in respect of:

(a) applying for or acquiring securities or managed investment products under an underwriting agreement or a sub-underwriting agreement; or

(b) entering into an agreement referred to in paragraph (a); or

(c) disposing of securities or managed investment products acquired under an agreement referred to in paragraph (a).

(2) Subsection 1043A(2) does not apply in respect of:

(a) the communication of information in relation to securities or managed investment products to a person solely for the purpose of procuring the person to enter into an underwriting agreement in relation to any such securities or managed investment products; or

(b) the communication of information in relation to securities or managed investment products by a person who may be required under an underwriting agreement to apply for or acquire any such securities or managed investment products if the communication is made to another person solely for the purpose

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of procuring the other person to do either or both of the following:

(i) enter into a sub-underwriting agreement in relation to any such securities or managed investment products;

(ii) apply for any such securities or managed investment products.

1043D Exception for acquisition pursuant to legal requirement Subsection 1043A(1) does not apply in respect of the acquisition of financial products pursuant to a requirement imposed by this Act.

1043E Exception for information communicated pursuant to a legal requirement Subsection 1043A(2) does not apply in respect of the communication of information pursuant to a requirement imposed by the Commonwealth, a State, a Territory or any regulatory authority.

1043F Chinese wall arrangements by bodies corporate A body corporate does not contravene subsection 1043A(1) by entering into a transaction or agreement at any time merely because of information in the possession of an officer of the body corporate if:

(a) the decision to enter into the transaction or agreement was taken on its behalf by a person or persons other than that officer; and

(b) it had in operation at that time arrangements that could reasonably be expected to ensure that the information was not communicated to the person or persons who made the decision and that no advice with respect to the transaction or agreement was given to that person or any of those persons by a person in possession of the information; and

(c) the information was not so communicated and no such advice was so given.

1043G Chinese wall arrangements by partnerships etc. (1) The members of a partnership do not contravene subsection 1043A(1) by entering into a transaction or agreement at any time merely because one or more (but not all) of the members, or an employee or employees of the partnership, are in actual possession of information if:

(a) the decision to enter into the transaction or agreement was taken on behalf of the partnership by any one or more of the following persons:

(i) a member or members who are taken to have possessed the information merely because another member or other members, or an employee or employees of the partnership, were in possession of the information;

(ii) an employee or employees of the partnership who was not or were not in possession of the information; and

(b) the partnership had in operation at that time arrangements that could reasonably be expected to ensure that the information was not communicated to the person or persons who made the decision and that no advice with respect to the transaction or agreement was given to that person or any of those persons by a person in possession of the information; and

(c) the information was not so communicated and no such advice was so given.

(2) A member of a partnership does not contravene subsection 1043A(1) by entering into a transaction or agreement otherwise than on behalf of the partnership merely because the member is taken to possess information that is in the possession of another member or an employee of the partnership.

1043H Exception for knowledge of person's own intentions or activities A natural person does not contravene subsection 1043A(1) by entering into a transaction or agreement in relation to financial products issued by another person merely because the person is aware that he or she proposes to enter into, or has previously entered into, one or more transactions or agreements in relation to financial products issued by that other person.

1043I Exception for bodies corporate (1) A body corporate does not contravene subsection 1043A(1) by entering into a transaction or agreement in relation to financial products issued by another person merely because the body corporate is aware that it proposes to enter into, or has previously entered into, one or more transactions or agreements in relation to financial products issued by the other person.

(2) Subject to subsection (3), a body corporate does not contravene subsection 1043A(1) by entering into a transaction or agreement in relation to financial products issued by another person merely because an officer of the body corporate is aware that the body corporate proposes to enter into, or has previously entered into, one or more transactions or agreements in relation to financial products issued by the other person.

(3) Subsection (2) does not apply unless the officer of the body corporate became aware of the matters referred to in that subsection in the course of the performance of duties as such an officer.


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1043J Exception for officers or agents of body corporate
(1) Subject to subsection (2), a person (the first person) does not contravene subsection 1043A(1) by entering into a transaction or agreement on behalf of a person (the second person) in relation to financial products issued by another person (the third person) merely because the first person is aware that the second person proposes to enter into, or has previously entered into, one or more transactions or agreements in relation to financial products issued by the third person.

(2) Subsection (1) does not apply unless the first person became aware of the matters referred to in that subsection in the course of the performance of duties as an officer of the second person or in the course of acting as an agent of the second person.

1043K Transactions by holder of financial services licence or a representative of the holder of such a licence A person (the agent) does not contravene subsection 1043A(1) by applying for, acquiring, or disposing of, or entering into an agreement to apply for, acquire, or dispose of, financial products that are able to be traded on a licensed market if:

(a) the agent is a financial services licensee or a representative of a financial services licensee; and

(b) the agent entered into the transaction or agreement concerned on behalf of another person (the principal) under a specific instruction by the principal to enter into that transaction or agreement; and

(c) the licensee had in operation, at the time when that transaction or agreement was entered into, arrangements that could reasonably be expected to ensure that any information in the possession of the licensee, or of any representative of the licensee, as a result of which the person in possession of the information would be prohibited by subsection 1043A(1) from entering into that transaction or agreement was not communicated to the agent and that no advice with respect to the transaction or agreement was given to the principal or to the agent by a person in possession of the information; and

(d) the information was not so communicated and no such advice was so given; and

(e) the principal is not an associate of the licensee or of any representative of the licensee;

but nothing in this section affects the application of subsection 1043A(1) in relation to the principal.

1043L A specific situation in which a compensation order under section 1317HA may be made Situation to which this section applies

(1) If:

(a) a person (the insider) possesses information that is not generally available but, if the information were generally available, a reasonable person would expect it to have a material effect on the price or value of Division 3 financial products (other than derivatives); and

(b) the insider knows that, or is reckless as to whether:

(i) the information is not generally available; and

(ii) if the information were generally available, it might have a material effect on the price or value of those Division 3 financial products; and

(c) the insider (whether as principal or agent) in contravention of subsection 1043A(1):

(i) applies for, acquires, or disposes of, or enters into an agreement to apply for, acquire, or dispose of, any such Division 3 financial products; or

(ii) procures another person to apply for, acquire, or dispose of, or to enter into an agreement to apply for, acquire, or dispose of, any such Division 3 financial products;

the following subsections apply.

Compensation for damage suffered by person applying for the Division 3 financial products

(2) If the insider applied for or agreed to apply for, or procured another person to apply for or to agree to apply for, the Division 3 financial products, the issuer of the products may, by action under section 1317HA, recover as compensation for damage suffered by the issuer, the amount (if any) by which the price described in the first of the following paragraphs was less than the price described in the second of those paragraphs:

(a) the price at which the products were applied for, or agreed to be applied for, by the insider or the other person;

(b) the price at which they would have been likely to have been disposed of in a disposal made at the time of the application or the time of the agreement, as the case may be, if the information had been generally available.

The action may be taken against the insider, the other person or any other person involved in the contravention.

Compensation for damage suffered by person disposing of the Division 3 financial products

(3) If the insider acquired or agreed to acquire, or procured another person to acquire or to agree to acquire, the Division 3 financial products from

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a person (in this subsection and subsection (5) called the disposer) who did not possess the information, the disposer may, by action under section 1317HA, recover, as compensation for damage suffered by the disposer, the amount (if any) by which the price described in the first of the following paragraphs was less than the price described in the second of those paragraphs:

(a) the price at which the financial products were acquired, or agreed to be acquired, by the insider or the other person from the disposer;

(b) the price at which they would have been likely to have been acquired in an acquisition made at the time of the first-mentioned acquisition or the time of the agreement, as the case may be, if the information had been generally available.

The action may be taken against the insider, the other person or any other person involved in the contravention.

Compensation for damage suffered by person acquiring the Division 3 financial products

(4) If the insider disposed of or agreed to dispose of, or procured another person to dispose of or to agree to dispose of, the Division 3 financial products to a person (in this subsection and subsection (5) called the acquirer) who did not possess the information, the acquirer may, by action under section 1317HA, recover, as compensation for damage suffered by the acquirer, the amount (if any) by which the price described in the first of the following paragraphs was greater than the price described in the second of those paragraphs:

(a) the price at which the financial products were disposed of, or agreed to be disposed of, by the insider or the other person to the acquirer;

(b) the price at which they would have been likely to have been disposed of in a disposal made at the time of the first-mentioned disposal or the time of the agreement, as the case may be, if the information had been generally available.

The action may be taken against the insider, the other person or any other person involved in the contravention.

Additional situations in which issuer may recover

(5) In addition to any action that may be brought as provided by subsection (3) or (4), the issuer of the financial products may, in the case of an acquisition or disposal of, or an agreement to acquire or dispose of, the financial products by the insider or another person in the circumstances mentioned in that subsection, by action under section 1317HA, recover, as compensation for damage suffered by the issuer:

(a) in the case of an acquisition or agreement to acquire the financial products--the amount (if any) by which the price described in the first of the following subparagraphs was less than the price described in the second of those subparagraphs:

(i) the price at which the financial products were acquired, or agreed to be acquired, by the insider or other person from the disposer;

(ii) the price at which they were likely to have been acquired in an acquisition made at the time of the first-mentioned acquisition or the time of the agreement, as the case may be, if the information had been generally available; or

(b) in the case of a disposal or an agreement to dispose of financial products--the amount (if any) by which the price described in the first of the following subparagraphs was greater than the price described in the second of those subparagraphs:

(i) the price at which the financial products were disposed of, or agreed to be disposed of, by the insider or other person to the acquirer;

(ii) the price at which they would have been likely to have been disposed of at the time of the first-mentioned disposal or the time of the agreement, as the case may be, if the information had been generally available.

The action may be taken against the insider, the other person or any other person involved in the contravention.

ASIC may take action for benefit of issuer

(6) ASIC may, if it considers that it is in the public interest to do so, bring an action in accordance with subsection (2) or (5) in the name of, and for the benefit of, an issuer of Division 3 financial products for the recovery of an amount that the issuer is entitled to recover by virtue of that subsection.

Relief from liability

(7) In an action brought against a person in accordance with this section because the person entered into, or procured another person to enter into, a transaction or agreement at a time when certain information was in the first-mentioned person's possession, the court may relieve the person wholly or partly from liability if it appears to the court that the information came into the first-mentioned person's possession solely as a result of the information having been made known as mentioned in subparagraph 1042C(1)(b)(i).

Special provision for registered schemes--treatment of amount recovered in respect of subsection (2) loss

(8) If:

(a) the responsible entity for a registered scheme; or

(b) ASIC in the name of, and for the benefit of, the responsible entity for a

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registered scheme;

brings an action in accordance with subsection (2) in respect of a subscription for, or any agreement to subscribe for, any interests in the scheme, any amount recovered in the action:

(c) is to be held by the responsible entity on behalf of the persons who, at the time of the subscription or agreement, had rights or interests in the relevant financial or business undertaking or scheme, common enterprise, investment contract or time-sharing scheme; and

(d) is to be held on their behalf in the respective proportions that, at that time, their individual rights or interests bore to the total of all those rights or interests.

Special provision for registered schemes--treatment of amount recovered in respect of subsection (5) loss

(9) If:

(a) the responsible entity for a registered scheme; or

(b) ASIC in the name of, and for the benefit of, the responsible entity for a registered scheme;

brings an action in accordance with subsection (5) in respect of an acquisition or disposal of, or an agreement to acquire or dispose of, interests in the scheme, any amount recovered in the action:

(c) is to be held by the responsible entity on behalf of the persons who, at the time of the disposal, acquisition or agreement, had rights or interests in the relevant financial or business undertaking or scheme, common enterprise, investment contract or time-sharing scheme; and

(d) is to be held on their behalf in the respective proportions that, at that time, their individual rights or interests bore to the total of all those rights or interests.

(10) Any right of action that a person has by virtue of this section is in addition to any right that any other person has under section 1317HA.

1043M Defences to prosecution for an offence (1) In a prosecution of a person for an offence based on subsection 1043A(1) or (2), it is not necessary for the prosecution to prove the non-existence of facts or circumstances which, if they existed, would, by virtue of section 1043B, 1043C, 1043D, 1043E, 1043F, 1043G, 1043H, 1043I, 1043J or 1043K, preclude the act or omission from constituting a contravention of subsection 1043A(1) or (2), as the case may be, but it is a defence if the facts or circumstances existed.

Note: A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the facts or circumstances. See subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.

(2) In a prosecution brought against a person for an offence based on subsection 1043A(1) because the person entered into, or procured another person to enter into, a transaction or agreement at a time when certain information was in the first-mentioned person's possession:

(a) it is a defence if the information came into the first-mentioned person's possession solely as a result of the information having been made known as mentioned in subparagraph 1042C(1)(b)(i); and

(b) it is a defence if the other party to the transaction or agreement knew, or ought reasonably to have known, of the information before entering into the transaction or agreement.

Note: A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters referred to in paragraphs (a) and (b). See subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.

(3) In a prosecution against a person for an offence based on subsection 1043A(2) because the person communicated information, or caused information to be communicated, to another person:

(a) it is a defence if the information came into the first-mentioned person's possession solely as a result of the information having been made known as mentioned in subparagraph 1042C(1)(b)(i); and

(b) it is a defence if the other person knew, or ought reasonably to have known, of the information before the information was communicated.

Note: A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters referred to in paragraphs (a) and (b). See subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.

1043N Relief from civil liability In proceedings against a person under Part 9.4B (including under section 1317HA) relating to a contravention of subsection 1043A(1) or (2), the court may relieve the person wholly or partly from liability if it appears to the court that:

(a) in any case--the circumstances in any of the sections referred to in subsection 1043M(1) applied; or

(b) in the case of subsection 1043A(1)--the circumstance referred to in paragraph 1043M(2)(a) or (b) applied; or

(c) in the case of subsection 1043A(2)--the circumstance referred to in paragraph 1043M(3)(a) or (b) applied.


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1043O Powers of Court
If, in a proceeding instituted under this Act, the Court finds that a contravention of section 1043A has occurred, the Court may, in addition to any other orders that it may make under any other provision of this Act, make such order or orders as it thinks just, including, but without limiting the generality of the above, any one or more of the following orders:

(a) an order restraining the exercise of rights attached to Division 3 financial products;

(b) an order restraining the issue of Division 3 financial products;

(c) an order restraining the acquisition or disposal of Division 3 financial products;

(d) an order directing the disposal of Division 3 financial products;

(e) an order vesting Division 3 financial products in ASIC;

(f) an order cancelling an agreement for the acquisition or disposal of Division 3 financial products;

(g) an order cancelling an Australian financial services licence;

(h) for the purpose of securing compliance with any other order made under this section, an order directing a person to do or refrain from doing a specified act.

Division 4--General defences and relief 1044A General defence or relief for publishers (1) It is a defence to a prosecution for an offence based on a provision of this Part committed by the publication of an advertisement if:

(a) the defendant was, at that time, a person whose business it was to publish or arrange for the publication of advertisements; and

(b) they received the advertisement for publication in the ordinary course of that business and did not know, and had no reason to believe, that its publication would amount to an offence against that provision.

Note: A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in subsection (1). See subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.

(2) In proceedings against a person under:

(a) Part 9.4B (including under section 1317H) relating to a contravention of a civil penalty provision that is in this Part; or

(b) section 1041I relating to a contravention of a provision to which that section applies;

the court may relieve the person wholly or partly from liability if it appears to the court that the circumstances mentioned in paragraphs (1)(a) and (b) applied.

Part 7.11--Title and transfer Division 1--Title to certain securities 1070A Nature of shares and certain other interests in a company or registered scheme (1) A share, other interest of a member in a company or interest of a person in a registered scheme:

(a) is personal property; and

(b) is transferable or transmissible as provided by:

(i) the company's, or scheme's, constitution; or

(ii) the operating rules of a prescribed CS facility if they are applicable; and

(c) is capable of devolution by will or by operation of law.

(2) Paragraph (1)(c) has effect subject to:

(a) in the case of a company:

(i) the company's constitution (if any); and

(ii) any replaceable rules that apply to the company; and

(iii) the operating rules of a prescribed CS facility if they apply to the share or interest; and

(b) in the case of a scheme:

(i) the scheme's constitution; and

(ii) the operating rules of a prescribed CS facility if they apply to the interest.

(3) Subject to subsection (1):

(a) the laws applicable to ownership of, and dealing with, personal property apply to a share, other interest of a member in a company or interest of a person in a registered scheme as they apply to other property; and

(b) equitable interests in respect of a share, interest of a member in a company or other interest of a person in a registered scheme may be created, dealt with and enforced as in the case of other personal property.

(4) For the purposes of any law, a share, other interest of a member in a company or interest of a person in a registered scheme is taken to be situated:

(a) if the share, interest in a company, or managed investment product is

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entered on the register kept under section 169--in the State or Territory where that register is kept; or

(b) if the share or interest in the company is entered on an overseas branch register kept under section 178--in the foreign country where that register is kept.

1070B Numbering of shares (1) Except as provided in subsection (2), a company must ensure that each share in the company is distinguished by an appropriate number.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(2) Despite subsection (1):

(a) if at any time all the issued shares in a company, or all the issued shares in a company of a particular class:

(i) are fully paid up; and

(ii) rank equally for all purposes;

none of those shares is required to have a distinguishing number so long as each of those shares remains fully paid up, and ranks equally for all purposes with all shares of the same class for the time being issued and fully paid up; and

(b) if:

(i) all the issued shares in a company are evidenced by certificates in accordance with section 1070C; and

(ii) each certificate is distinguished by an appropriate number; and

(iii) that number is recorded in the register of members;

none of those shares is required to have a distinguishing number; and

(c) a share need not have a distinguishing number if the operating rules of a prescribed CS facility through which it is able to be transferred provide that the share need not have a distinguishing number.

Note: A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in this subsection. See subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.

1070C Matters to be specified in share certificate (1) A company must ensure that a certificate it issues specifying the shares held by a member of the company states:

(a) the name of the company and the fact that it is registered under this Act; and

(b) the class of the shares; and

(c) the amount (if any) unpaid on the shares.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(2) A certificate issued in accordance with subsection (1) specifying shares held by a member of a company is prima facie evidence of the title of the member to the shares.

(3) A failure to comply with subsection (1) does not affect the rights of a holder of shares.

1070D Loss or destruction of title documents for certain securities (1) This section deals with the following securities:

(a) shares in the company;

(b) debentures of the company;

(c) managed investment products.

(2) This section applies to a managed investment product as if:

(a) references to a company were instead references to the responsible entity of the registered scheme; and

(b) references to the directors of a company were instead references to the directors of the responsible entity of the registered scheme.

(3) A company must, in accordance with subsection (4), issue a duplicate certificate or other title document for securities if:

(a) the certificate or document is lost or destroyed; and

(b) the owner of the securities applies to the company for the duplicate in accordance with subsection (5); and

(c) the owner complies with any requirements made in accordance with subsection (6).

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(4) The company must issue the duplicate:

(a) if the company requires the payment of an amount not exceeding the amount prescribed by regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph--within 21 days after the payment is received by the company or within such longer period as ASIC approves; or

(b) in a case to which paragraph (a) does not apply--within 21 days after the application is made or within such longer period as ASIC approves.

(5) The application must be accompanied by:

(a) a statement in writing that the certificate or other document:

(i) has been lost or destroyed; and

(ii) has not been pledged, sold or otherwise disposed of; and


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(b) if the certificate or other document has been lost--a statement in writing that proper searches have been made; and

(c) an undertaking in writing that if the certificate or other document is found or received by the owner it will be returned to the company.

(6) The directors of the company may, before accepting an application for the issue of a duplicate certificate, require the applicant to do either or both of the following:

(a) place an advertisement in a daily newspaper circulating in a place specified by the directors stating that:

(i) the certificate or other document has been lost or destroyed; and

(ii) the owner intends, after the end of 14 days after the publication of the advertisement, to apply to the company for a duplicate certificate;

(b) give a bond for an amount equal to at least the current market value of the securities indemnifying the company against loss following the production of the original certificate or other document.

(7) If:

(a) a certificate or other title document for securities is cancelled in reliance on the operating rules of a prescribed CS facility; and

(b) having regard to those provisions, the certificate or other document should not have been cancelled;

this section applies to the certificate or other document as though it were destroyed on its cancellation.

Division 2--Transfer of certain securities Subdivision A--General provisions 1071A Application of the Division to certain securities (1) This Division applies to the following securities:

(a) shares in a company;

(b) debentures of a company;

(c) managed investment products.

(2) This Division applies to a managed investment product as if:

(a) references to a company were instead references to the responsible entity of the registered scheme; and

(b) references to the constitution of a company were instead references to the constitution of the registered scheme; and

(c) references to members of a company were instead references to members of the registered scheme.

1071B Instrument of transfer (1) This section does not apply to a transfer of a security through a prescribed CS facility.

(2) Subject to subsection (5), a company must only register a transfer of securities if a proper instrument of transfer (see subsections (3) and (4)) has been delivered to the company. This is so despite:

(a) anything in its constitution; or

(b) anything in a deed relating to debentures.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(3) An instrument of transfer is not a proper instrument of transfer for the purposes of subsection (2) if it does not show the details, specified in the regulations, in relation to the company concerned.

(4) If the transfer of the securities is covered by Division 3 of this Part, then (in addition to subsection (3)), the instrument is not a proper instrument of transfer for the purposes of subsection (2) unless it is a sufficient transfer of the securities under regulations made for the purposes of that Division.

(5) Subsection (2) does not prejudice the power of the company to register, as the holder of securities, a person to whom the right to the securities has devolved by will or by operation of law.

(6) Subsections (7) to (13) deal with a transfer of a security of a dead holder by the dead holder's personal representative. They deal with the transfer differently depending on whether the personal representative is a local representative or not.

(7) The personal representative is a local representative if the representative is duly constituted as a personal representative under the law of the State or Territory in which the security is situated.

Note: Subsection 1070A(4) provides that the security is situated where the relevant register is kept.

(8) If the personal representative is a local representative, a transfer of the security by the representative is as valid as if the representative had been registered as the holder of the security at the time when the instrument of transfer was executed.

(9) If:

(a) the personal representative is not a local representative; and


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(b) the representative:

(i) executes an instrument of transfer of the security to the representative or to another person; and

(ii) delivers the instrument to the company; and

(iii) delivers to the company with the instrument a statement in writing made by the representative to the effect that, to the best of the representative's knowledge, information and belief, no grant of representation of the estate of the deceased holder has been applied for or made in the State or Territory in which the security is located and no application for such a grant will be made; and

(c) the statement is made within 3 months immediately before the date on which the statement is delivered to the company;

the company must (subject to subsection (10)) register the transfer and pay to the representative any dividends or other money accrued in respect of the security up to the time when the instrument was executed.

(10) Subsection (9) does not operate so as to require the company to do anything that it would not have been required to do if the personal representative were a local representative.

(11) A transfer or payment made under subsection (9) and a receipt or acknowledgment of such a payment is, for all purposes, as valid and effectual as if the personal representative were a local representative.

(12) For the purposes of this section, an application by a personal representative of a dead person for registration as the holder of a security in place of the dead person is taken to be an instrument of transfer effecting a transfer of the security to the personal representative.

(13) The production to a company of a document that is, under the law of a State or Territory, sufficient evidence of probate of the will, or letters of administration of the estate, of a dead person having been granted to a person, is sufficient evidence of the grant (for the company's purposes). This is so despite:

(a) anything in its constitution; or

(b) in a deed relating to debentures.

1071C Occupation need not appear in transfer document, register etc. (1) A document transferring securities need not state the occupation of the transferor or transferee and, if it is signed by a person, the signature need not be witnessed.

(2) Subsection (1) applies despite anything in:

(a) the constitution of:

(i) a company; or

(ii) a body referred to in paragraph 1073C(a) or (b); or

(b) the terms and conditions on which securities are created or issued.

(3) The omission from a register, certificate, document transferring securities or other document relating to a security, of a statement of the occupation of a person who is, or is entitled to be, registered as the holder of the security does not breach any law, constitution, trust deed or other document relating to the securities.

1071D Registration of transfer at request of transferor (1) A written application by the transferor of a security of a company for the transferee's name to be entered in the appropriate register is as effective (for the company's purposes) as if it were an application by the transferee. The application is subject to the same conditions as it would be if it had been made by the transferee.

(2) If the transferor of a security of a company requests the company in writing to do so, the company must, by written notice, require a person who has possession, custody or control of either or both of the following:

(a) any title documents for the security;

(b) the instrument of transfer of the security;

to bring it or them into the office of the company within a specified period, to have the document cancelled or rectified and the transfer registered or otherwise dealt with.

(3) The period specified under subsection (2) must be not less than 7 and not more than 28 days after the date of the notice.

(4) If a person refuses or fails to comply with a notice given under subsection (2), the transferor may apply to the Court for the issue of a summons for that person to appear before the Court and show cause why the documents mentioned in the notice should not be delivered up or produced as required by the notice.

(5) The Court may:

(a) if the person appears:

(i) examine the person upon oath or affirmation; and

(ii) receive other evidence; and

(b) if the person does not appear after being duly served with the summons--receive evidence in the person's absence; and

(c) in either case order the person to deliver up such documents to the company upon such terms or conditions as the Court considers just and reasonable.


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The costs of the summons and of proceedings on the summons are in the discretion of the Court.

(6) Lists of documents required to be brought in under subsection (2) but not brought in in accordance with a requirement made under subsection (2) or delivered up in accordance with an order under subsection (5), must be:

(a) exhibited in the office of the company; and

(b) advertised in the Gazette and in such newspapers and at such times as the company thinks fit.

1071E Notice of refusal to register transfer If a company refuses to register a transfer of a security of the company, it must, within 2 months after the date on which the transfer was lodged with it, give the transferee notice of the refusal.

Note: Failure to comply with this section is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

1071F Remedy for refusal to register transfer or transmission (1) If a relevant authority in relation to a company:

(a) refuses or fails to register; or

(b) refuses or fails to give its consent or approval to the registration of;

a transfer or transmission of securities of the company, the transferee or transmittee may apply to the Court for an order under this section.

(2) If the Court is satisfied on the application that the refusal or failure was without just cause, the Court may:

(a) order that the transfer or transmission be registered; or

(b) make such other order as it thinks just and reasonable, including:

(i) in the case of a transfer or transmission of shares--an order providing for the purchase of the shares by a specified member of the company or by the company; and

(ii) in the case of a purchase by the company--an order providing for the reduction accordingly of the capital of the company.

(3) In this section:

relevant authority, in relation to a company, means:

(a) a person who has, 2 or more persons who together have, or a body that has, authority to register a transfer or transmission of securities of the company; or

(b) a person, 2 or more persons, or a body, whose consent or approval is required before a transfer or transmission of securities of the company is registered.

1071G Certification of transfers (1) The certification by a company of an instrument of transfer of securities of the company:

(a) is taken as a representation by the company to any person acting on the faith of the certification that there have been produced to the company such documents as on the face of them show prima facie title to the securities in the transferor named in the instrument of transfer; and

(b) is not taken as a representation that the transferor has any title to the securities.

(2) If a person acts on the faith of a false certification by a company made negligently, the company is under the same liability to the person as if the certification had been made fraudulently.

(3) A certification may be expressed to be limited to 42 days or any longer period from the date of certification. If it is, the company and its officers are not, in the absence of fraud, liable in respect of the registration of any transfer of securities comprised in the certification after the end of:

(a) the period so limited; or

(b) any extension of that period given by the company;

if the instrument of transfer has not, within that period, been lodged with the company for registration.

(4) For the purposes of this section:

(a) an instrument of transfer is taken to be certified if it bears the words "certificate lodged" or words to the like effect; and

(b) the certification of an instrument of transfer is taken to be made by a company if:

(i) the person issuing the instrument is a person authorised to issue certified instruments of transfer on the company's behalf; and

(ii) the certification is signed by a person authorised to certify transfers on the company's behalf or by an officer of the company or of a body corporate so authorised; and

(c) a certification that purports to be authenticated by a person's signature or initials (whether handwritten or not) is taken to be signed by the person unless it is shown that the signature or initials:

(i) was not or were not placed there by the person; and

(ii) was not or were not placed there by any other person authorised to use the signature or initials;


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for the purpose of certifying transfers on the company's behalf.

1071H Duties of company with respect to issue of certificates (1) Subject to subsection (2), within 2 months after a company issues a security, the company must:

(a) complete and have ready for delivery to the holder of the security all the appropriate certificates or other title documents in connection with the issue of the security; and

(b) unless otherwise instructed by the holder, send or deliver the completed certificates or other title documents to:

(i) the holder; or

(ii) if the holder has instructed the company in writing to send them to a nominated person--that person.

Paragraph (a) has effect in relation to shares subject to the conditions on which the shares are issued.

(2) If the operating rules of a prescribed CS facility include a provision to the effect that:

(a) no document is required by subsection (1) to be completed and delivered by a company in relation to the issue of a security in specified circumstances; or

(b) the only document required by subsection (1) to be completed and delivered by a company in relation to the issue of a security in specified circumstances is the document required by the provision;

the provision has effect accordingly.

(3) Within one month after the date on which a transfer of a security is lodged with a company, the company must:

(a) complete and have ready for delivery to the transferee all the appropriate transfer and title documents in connection with the transfer; and

(b) unless otherwise instructed by the transferee, send or deliver the completed documents to:

(i) the transferee; or

(ii) if the transferee has instructed the company in writing to send them to a nominated person--that person.

This subsection does not apply to a transfer that the company is for any reason entitled to refuse to register and does not register.

(4) The only document required by subsection (3) to be completed and delivered by a company in relation to a transfer covered by the operating rules of a prescribed CS facility is the document (if any) that those rules require to be completed and delivered.

(5) A company need not comply:

(a) with subsection (1) in relation to the issue of a security; or

(b) with subsection (3) in relation to a transfer of a security;

if the person to whom the security is issued, or the transferee, has:

(c) applied to ASIC for the making of a declaration under this subsection; and

(d) been declared by ASIC, by writing published in the Gazette, to be a person in relation to whom this section does not apply.

(6) If:

(a) either:

(i) if subsection (1) applies--the holder referred to in that subsection serves a notice on the company requiring the company to remedy a contravention of that subsection; or

(ii) if subsection (3) applies--the transferee referred to in that subsection serves a notice on the company requiring the company to remedy a contravention of that subsection; and

(b) the company fails to remedy the contravention within 10 days after the service of the notice; and

(c) the person entitled to have the documents delivered to him or her applies to the Court for an order under this subsection;

the Court may make an order directing the company and any officer of the company to remedy the contravention within such period as is specified in the order.

(7) An order under subsection (6) may provide that all costs of, and incidental to, the application are to be borne by:

(a) the company; or

(b) any officer of the company who was involved in the contravention;

in such proportions as the Court thinks just and reasonable.

Subdivision B--Special provisions for shares 1072A Transmission of shares on death (replaceable rule--see section 135) If shares not held jointly

(1) If a shareholder who does not own shares jointly dies, the company will recognise only the personal representative of the deceased shareholder as being entitled to the deceased shareholder's interest in the shares.

(2) If the personal representative gives the directors the information they

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reasonably require to establish the representative's entitlement to be registered as holder of the shares:

(a) the personal representative may:

(i) by giving a written and signed notice to the company, elect to be registered as the holder of the shares; or

(ii) by giving a completed transfer form to the company, transfer the shares to another person; and

(b) the personal representative is entitled, whether or not registered as the holder of the shares, to the same rights as the deceased shareholder.

(3) On receiving an election under subparagraph (2)(a)(i), the company must register the personal representative as the holder of the shares.

(4) A transfer under subparagraph (2)(a)(ii) is subject to the same rules (for example, about entitlement to transfer and registration of transfers) as apply to transfers generally.

If shares held jointly

(5) If a shareholder who owns shares jointly dies, the company will recognise only the survivor as being entitled to the deceased shareholder's interest in the shares. The estate of the deceased shareholder is not released from any liability in respect of the shares.

1072B Transmission of shares on bankruptcy (replaceable rule--see section 135) (1) If a person entitled to shares because of the bankruptcy of a shareholder gives the directors the information they reasonably require to establish the person's entitlement to be registered as holder of the shares, the person may:

(a) by giving a written and signed notice to the company, elect to be registered as the holder of the shares; or

(b) by giving a completed transfer form to the company, transfer the shares to another person.

(2) On receiving an election under paragraph (1)(a), the company must register the person as the holder of the shares.

(3) A transfer under paragraph (1)(b) is subject to the same rules (for example, about entitlement to transfer and registration of transfers) as apply to transfers generally.

(4) This section has effect subject to the Bankruptcy Act 1966.

1072C Rights of trustee of estate of bankrupt shareholder (1) If:

(a) because of the Bankruptcy Act 1966, a share in a company, being part of the property of a bankrupt, vests in the trustee of the bankrupt's estate; and

(b) the bankrupt is the registered holder of that share;

this section applies whether or not the trustee has been registered as the holder of the share.

(2) On producing such information as the company's directors properly require, the trustee is entitled to:

(a) the same dividends and other benefits; and

(b) the same rights, for example, but without limitation, rights in relation to:

(i) meetings of the company; or

(ii) documents, including notices of such meetings; or

(iii) voting; or

(iv) inspection of the company's records;

as the bankrupt would be entitled to if he or she were not a bankrupt.

(3) The trustee has the same rights:

(a) to transfer the share; and

(b) to require a person to do an act or give a consent in connection with completing or registering a transfer of the share;

as the bankrupt would have if he or she were not a bankrupt.

(4) If the trustee transfers the share, the transfer is as valid as if the trustee had been registered as the holder of the share when the trustee executed the instrument of transfer.

(5) A person or body whose consent or approval is required for the transfer of shares in the company must not unreasonably withhold consent or approval for the transfer of the share by the trustee.

(6) If:

(a) the company's constitution requires:

(i) the share to be offered for purchase to a member of the company; or

(ii) an invitation to buy the share to be issued to such a member; and

(b) as at the end of a reasonable period after the trustee so offers the share, or so issues such an invitation, no such member has agreed to buy the share from the trustee at a reasonable price;

the trustee may sell and transfer the share to a person other than such a member.

(7) A provision of the company's constitution is void as against the trustee in so far as, apart from this section, it would affect rights attached to the share:

(a) because the bankrupt is a bankrupt; or


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(b) because of some event that led to the bankrupt becoming, or that indicated that the bankrupt was about to become, or might be about to become, a bankrupt; or

(c) for reasons including a reason referred to in paragraph (a) or (b).

(8) Nothing in this section limits the generality of anything else in it.

(9) This section has effect despite anything in the company's constitution.

1072D Transmission of shares on mental incapacity (replaceable rule--see section 135) (1) If a person entitled to shares because of the mental incapacity of a shareholder gives the directors the information they reasonably require to establish the person's entitlement to be registered as the holder of the shares:

(a) the person may:

(i) by giving a written and signed notice to the company, elect to be registered as the holder of the shares; or

(ii) by giving a completed transfer form to the company, transfer the shares to another person; and

(b) the person is entitled, whether or not registered as the holder of the shares, to the same rights as the shareholder.

(2) On receiving an election under subparagraph (1)(a)(i), the company must register the person as the holder of the shares.

(3) A transfer under subparagraph (1)(a)(ii) is subject to the same rules (for example, about entitlement to transfer and registration of transfers) as apply to transfers generally.

1072E Trustee etc. may be registered as owner of shares (1) In this section:

share, in relation to a body corporate, means a share in the body that is registered in a register kept in this jurisdiction.

(2) A trustee, executor or administrator of the estate of a dead person who was the registered holder of a share in a corporation may be registered as the holder of that share as trustee, executor or administrator of that estate.

(3) A trustee, executor or administrator of the estate of a dead person who was entitled in equity to a share in a corporation may, with the consent of:

(a) the corporation; and

(b) the registered holder of that share;

be registered as the holder of that share as trustee, executor or administrator of that estate.

(4) If:

(a) a person (the administrator) is appointed, under a law of a State or Territory relating to the administration of the estates of persons who, through mental or physical infirmity, are incapable of managing their affairs, to administer the estate of a person who is so incapable; and

(b) the incapable person is the registered holder of a share in a corporation;

the administrator may be registered as the holder of that share as administrator of that estate.

(5) If:

(a) a person (the administrator) is appointed, under a law of a State or Territory relating to the administration of the estates of a person who, through mental or physical infirmity, are incapable of managing their affairs, to administer the estate of a person who is so incapable; and

(b) the incapable person is entitled in equity to a share in a corporation;

the administrator may, with the consent of the corporation and of the registered holder of that share, be registered as the holder of the share as administrator of that estate.

(6) If:

(a) by virtue of the Bankruptcy Act 1966, a share in a body corporate, being the property of a bankrupt, vests in the Official Trustee in Bankruptcy; and

(b) the bankrupt is the registered holder of that share;

the Official Trustee may be registered as the holder of that share as the Official Trustee in Bankruptcy.

(7) If:

(a) by virtue of the Bankruptcy Act 1966, a share in a body corporate, being the property of a bankrupt, vests in the Official Trustee in Bankruptcy; and

(b) the bankrupt is entitled in equity to that share;

the Official Trustee may, with the consent of the body and of the registered holder of that share, be registered as the holder of that share as the Official Trustee in Bankruptcy.

(8) A person registered under subsection (2), (3), (4), (5), (6) or (7), is, while registered as mentioned in that subsection:

(a) subject to the same liabilities in respect of the share as those to which he, she or it would have been subject if the share had remained, or had been, as the case requires, registered in the name of the dead person, the incapable person or the bankrupt, as the case may be; and

(b) subject to no other liabilities in respect of the share.


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(9) Shares in a corporation registered in a register and held by a trustee in respect of a particular trust may, with the consent of the corporation, be marked in the register in such a way as to identify them as being held in respect of the trust.

(10) Except as provided in this section and section 169:

(a) no notice of a trust, whether express, implied or constructive, must be entered on a register kept in this jurisdiction or be receivable by ASIC; and

(b) no liabilities are affected by anything done under a preceding subsection of this section or under section 169; and

(c) nothing so done affects the body corporate concerned with notice of a trust.

(11) A person must, within one month after beginning to hold shares in a proprietary company as trustee for, or otherwise on behalf of or on account of, a body corporate, serve on the company notice in writing that the person so holds the shares.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

1072F Registration of transfers (replaceable rule--see section 135) (1) A person transferring shares remains the holder of the shares until the transfer is registered and the name of the person to whom they are being transferred is entered in the register of members in respect of the shares.

(2) The directors are not required to register a transfer of shares in the company unless:

(a) the transfer and any share certificate have been lodged at the company's registered office; and

(b) any fee payable on registration of the transfer has been paid; and

(c) the directors have been given any further information they reasonably require to establish the right of the person transferring the shares to make the transfer.

(3) The directors may refuse to register a transfer of shares in the company if:

(a) the shares are not fully-paid; or

(b) the company has a lien on the shares.

(4) The directors may suspend registration of transfers of shares in the company at the times and for the periods they determine. The periods of suspension must not exceed 30 days in any one calendar year.

1072G Additional general discretion for directors of proprietary companies to refuse to register transfers (replaceable rule--see section 135) The directors of a proprietary company may refuse to register a transfer of shares in the company for any reason.

1072H Notices relating to non-beneficial and beneficial ownership of shares (1) If, upon registration of a transfer of shares in a company, the transferee would hold non-beneficially particular shares (the relevant shares), being all or any of the shares to which the transfer relates, the transferee must only lodge the instrument of transfer with the company for registration of the transfer if the instrument of transfer includes a notice that:

(a) contains a statement to the effect that, upon registration of the transfer, the transferee will hold the relevant shares non-beneficially; and

(b) sets out particulars of the relevant shares; and

(c) is signed by or on behalf of the transferee.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(2) The fact that a person has failed to comply with subsection (1) does not affect the validity of the registration of a transfer of shares in a company.

(3) If:

(a) an instrument of transfer of shares in a company includes a notice of the kind referred to in paragraph (1)(c) and is lodged with the company for registration of the transfer; and

(b) upon registration of the transfer, the transferee holds beneficially particular shares (in this subsection called the relevant shares), being all or any of the shares particulars of which are set out in the notice;

then, before the end of 14 days beginning on registration of the transfer, the transferee must, whether or not the transferee begins before the end of that period to hold all or any of the relevant shares non-beneficially, give to the company a notice that:

(c) sets out the name and address of the transferee; and

(d) contains a statement to the effect that, as from registration of the transfer, the transferee holds the relevant shares beneficially; and

(e) sets out particulars of the relevant shares; and

(f) is signed by or on behalf of the transferee.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection

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1311(1)).

(4) If:

(a) an instrument of transfer of shares in a company is lodged with the company for registration of the transfer; and

(b) upon registration of the transfer, the transferee holds non-beneficially particular shares (in this subsection called the relevant shares), being all or any of the shares to which the instrument of transfer relates (other than, in a case in which the instrument of transfer includes a notice of the kind referred to in paragraph (1)(c), the shares particulars of which are set out in the notice);

then, before the end of 14 days beginning on registration of the transfer, the transferee must, whether or not the transferee begins before the end of that period to hold any of the relevant shares beneficially, give to the company a notice that:

(c) sets out the name and address of the transferee; and

(d) contains a statement to the effect that, as from registration of the transfer, the transferee holds the relevant shares non-beneficially; and

(e) sets out particulars of the relevant shares; and

(f) is signed by or on behalf of the transferee.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(5) If:

(a) at a particular time, a person holds beneficially shares in a company; and

(b) immediately after that time, the person holds non-beneficially particular shares (in this subsection called the relevant shares), being all or any of the shares referred to in paragraph (a);

then, before the end of 14 days beginning at that time, the person must, whether or not the person recommences before the end of that period to hold any of the relevant shares beneficially, give to the company a notice that:

(c) sets out the name and address of the person; and

(d) contains a statement to the effect that, after that time, the person holds the relevant shares non-beneficially; and

(e) specifies that time and sets out particulars of the relevant shares; and

(f) is signed by or on behalf of the person.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(6) If:

(a) at a particular time, a person holds non-beneficially shares in a company; and

(b) immediately after that time, the person holds beneficially particular shares (in this subsection called the relevant shares), being all or any of the shares referred to in paragraph (a);

then, before the end of 14 days beginning at that time, the person must, whether or not the person recommences before the end of that period to hold any of the relevant shares non-beneficially, give to the company a notice that:

(c) sets out the name and address of the person; and

(d) contains a statement to the effect that, after that time, the person holds the relevant shares beneficially; and

(e) specifies that time and sets out particulars of the relevant shares; and

(f) is signed by or on behalf of the person.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(7) In proceedings under, or for an offence based on a provision of, this section, a person is, unless the contrary is established, presumed to have been aware at a particular time of a circumstance of which an employee or agent of the person, being an employee or agent having duties or acting in relation to the transfer to, or ownership by, the person of a share or shares in the company concerned, was aware at that time.

(8) For the purposes of this section and of section 169:

(a) if, at a particular time, a person:

(i) holds shares in a capacity other than that of sole beneficial owner; or

(ii) without limiting the generality of subparagraph (i), holds shares as trustee for, as nominee for, or otherwise on behalf of or on account of, another person;

the first-mentioned person is taken to hold the shares non-beneficially at that time; and

(b) a person who holds shares at a particular time is taken to hold the shares beneficially at that time unless the person holds the shares non-beneficially at that time.

Division 3--Transfer of certain securities effected otherwise than through a prescribed CS facility 1073A Application of the Division to certain securities (1) This Division applies to the following securities:

(a) shares in a company;

(b) debentures of a company;

(c) managed investment products prescribed by regulations made for the

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purposes of this paragraph;

(d) options (whether existing or future, and whether contingent or not) to acquire, by way of issue, a security referred to in paragraph (a), (b) or (c) (whether or not on payment of any money or for any other consideration);

(e) securities declared by ASIC under section 1073E to be securities to which the regulations apply.

(2) This Division applies to a managed investment product as if:

(a) references to a company were instead references to the responsible entity of the registered scheme; and

(b) references to the constitution of a company were instead references to the constitution of the registered scheme; and

(c) references to members of a company were instead references to members of the registered scheme.

1073B Definitions In this Division, unless the contrary intention appears:

transfer of a financial product means:

(a) a change in the ownership of the financial product; or

(b) if the financial product is a right--the renunciation and transfer of the right.

transfer document for the transfer of a financial product means a document, or electronic message or other electronic communication, by which the financial product is transferred.

1073C Application of Division to certain bodies as if they were companies This Division applies to the following as if they were companies:

(a) a body corporate (other than a company) that:

(i) is incorporated in a State or Territory in this jurisdiction; and

(ii) is prescribed by regulations made for the purposes of this subparagraph;

(b) an unincorporated society, association or body, that:

(i) is formed or established in a State or Territory in this jurisdiction; and

(ii) is included in the official list of a licensed market; and

(iii) is prescribed by regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph.

1073D Regulations may govern transfer of certain securities (1) The regulations may make provision in relation to transfers of securities that are not effected through a prescribed CS facility.

Regulations may make provision in relation to the transfer of securities

(2) The regulations may specify:

(a) the way in which a security may be transferred, including:

(i) the forms (if any) to be used; and

(ii) what amounts to a proper or sufficient transfer of a security; and

(b) the legal effect of a proper or sufficient transfer of a security; and

(c) the rights, liabilities and obligations of a person in relation to the transfer of a security, including the rights, liabilities and obligations of:

(i) the transferor and transferee; and

(ii) any other person involved in the transfer; and

(d) the circumstances in which a person will be taken to be involved in the transfer of a security for the purposes of the regulations; and

(e) the circumstances in which a person is required not to register, or give effect to, a transfer.

Sufficient transfer

(3) Without limiting paragraph (2)(a), the regulations may:

(a) specify the requirements for a document to be a sufficient transfer of a security; and

(b) provide that a document meeting specified requirements may be used:

(i) as a proper instrument of transfer for the purposes of section 1071B; and

(ii) as an instrument of transfer for the purposes of any other law or instrument governing or relating to the security.

Rights and liabilities in relation to transfer

(4) Without limiting paragraph (2)(c), the regulations may provide that a person:

(a) is taken to have:

(i) agreed to do, to accept or to be bound by a particular thing; or

(ii) done a particular thing; or

(iii) given particular warranties; or

(iv) done particular things on behalf of another person; or

(b) is taken to be authorised to do particular things on behalf of another person; or

(c) is taken to be bound by a particular act; or

(d) is liable to indemnify another person against particular loss or damage; or

(e) is entitled to assume a particular matter without inquiry.


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Person involved in transfer

(5) Without limiting paragraph (2)(d), the regulations may provide for any of the following to be taken to be involved in a transfer of securities:

(a) a person who carries on a financial services business and who arranges for the transfer; and

(b) a person who operates a financial market on which the securities are sold; and

(c) a person who operates a licensed CS facility through which the securities are transferred; and

(d) a company with which the transfer is lodged for registration; and

(e) an associate of a person who is involved in the transfer.

The regulations may specify the circumstances in which a person will be taken to be an associate of another person for the purposes of the regulations.

Offences

(6) Without limiting subsection (2), the regulations may provide for offences in relation to:

(a) the use, or purported use, of a stamp of a person who:

(i) carries on a financial services business; or

(ii) operates a financial market; or

(iii) operates a clearing and settlement facility; or

(b) the execution of a document, or the transmission of an electronic message or other electronic communication, that may be used as a sufficient transfer under this Division; or

(c) the lodgment of a transfer document or title document for a security with the issuer of the security; or

(d) the use of identifying codes in relation to transfers of securities.

Jurisdiction

(7) The regulations may apply to conduct engaged in in this jurisdiction or elsewhere.

1073E ASIC may extend regulations to securities not otherwise covered (1) ASIC may, by writing, declare that:

(a) particular securities; or

(b) a particular class of securities;

are securities to which this Division, and regulations made for the purposes of section 1073D, apply.

(2) ASIC may specify in the declaration modifications of the regulations that are to have effect in relation to the application of this Division and the regulations to the securities, or the class of securities, to which the declaration relates.

(3) A declaration under subsection (1) has effect accordingly.

(4) ASIC must cause a copy of a declaration under subsection (1) to be published in the Gazette.

(5) If conduct (including an omission) of a person would not have constituted an offence if a particular declaration under subsection (1) had not been made, that conduct does not constitute an offence unless, before the conduct occurred (in addition to complying with the gazettal requirement of subsection (4)):

(a) the text of the declaration was made available by ASIC on the Internet; or

(b) ASIC gave written notice setting out the text of the declaration to the person.

In a prosecution for an offence to which this subsection applies, the prosecution must prove that paragraph (a) or (b) was complied with before the conduct occurred.

1073F Operation of this Division and regulations made for its purposes (1) This section deals with the effect of the provisions of:

(a) this Division; and

(b) the regulations made for the purposes of this Division.

(2) The provisions apply in relation to a transfer of securities despite anything to the contrary in:

(a) this Act (other than this Division); or

(b) another law, or instrument, relating to the transfer of the securities.

(3) Except as provided in the provisions, the provisions do not affect the terms and conditions on which securities are sold.

(4) Nothing in the provisions affects any right of the issuer of a security to refuse:

(a) to acknowledge or register a person as the holder of a security; or

(b) to issue a security to a person;

on a ground other than an objection to the form of document, or electronic message or other electronic communication, that is lodged with or sent to the issuer and purports to transfer the security to the person.

(5) The registration of a transfer, or the issue, of a security by means of a transfer effected in accordance with regulations made for the purposes of this Division does not breach any law, constitution, trust deed or other instrument relating to financial products.

(6) Nothing in the provisions prevents or affects the use of:


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(a) any other form of transfer of securities; or

(b) any other mode of executing a document transferring securities;

that is otherwise permitted by law.

(7) A transfer of a security by or to a trustee or legal representative may be effected by means of a transfer in accordance with regulations made for the purposes of this Division. The transfer may be so effected despite the means required by any law or the provisions of the instrument (if any) creating, or having effect in relation to, the trust or will under which the trustee or legal representative is appointed.

(8) In subsection (7):

legal representative means:

(a) the executor, original or by representation, of a will of a dead person; or

(b) the administrator of the estate of a dead person.

Division 4--Transfer of financial products effected through prescribed CS facility 1074A Things that are not financial products for the purposes of this Division Nothing in this Division applies to a financial product that is of a kind, or within a class, prescribed by regulations made for the purposes of this section.

1074B Definitions In this Division, unless the contrary intention appears:

transfer of a financial product has the meaning given by section 1073B.

transfer document for the transfer of a financial product has the meaning given by section 1073B.

1074C Operating rules of prescribed CS facility may deal with transfer of title (1) The operating rules of a prescribed CS facility may deal with the transfer of financial products through the facility.

(2) Without limiting subsection (1), the operating rules of a prescribed CS facility may deal with the way in which a financial product may be transferred, including specifying:

(a) the financial products that may be transferred through the facility; and

(b) how financial products are transferred through the facility; and

(c) the person or body (if any) authorised to determine whether a transfer substantially complies with the operating rules of the facility.

1074D Valid and effective transfer if operating rules complied with (1) If a transfer of a financial product is effected:

(a) through a prescribed CS facility; and

(b) in accordance with the operating rules of the facility;

the transfer is valid and effective for the purposes of any law or instrument governing or relating to the way in which the financial product may be transferred.

(2) For the purposes of this section, the transfer of a financial product is taken to be, and always to have been, effected in accordance with the operating rules of a prescribed CS facility if the person or body authorised to do so under those rules determines that the transfer substantially complies with those rules.

1074E Regulations may govern transfer of financial products in accordance with operating rules of prescribed CS facility Transfers that regulations may deal with

(1) The regulations may make provision in relation to transfers of financial products effected:

(a) through a prescribed CS facility; and

(b) in accordance with the operating rules of the facility.

Regulations may make provision in relation to the transfer of financial products

(2) The regulations may specify:

(a) the legal effect of a transfer of a financial product through the facility in accordance with its operating rules; and

(b) the rights, liabilities and obligations of a person in relation to the transfer of a financial product through the facility, including the rights, liabilities and obligations of:

(i) the transferor and transferee; and

(ii) any other person involved in the transfer; and

(c) the circumstances in which a person will be taken to be involved in the transfer of a financial product for the purposes of the regulations; and

(d) the circumstances in which a person is required not to register, or give effect to, a transfer through the facility; and

(e) the circumstances in which a person is required not to refuse or fail to

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register, or give effect to, a transfer through the facility; and

(f) the circumstances in which a transfer through the facility will be taken to have been made in accordance with the rules of a prescribed CS facility; and

(g) the circumstances in which a person will be taken to be the holder of a financial product for the purposes of:

(i) a meeting; or

(ii) paying or transferring money or property to a person because the person holds or held a financial product; or

(iii) issuing a financial product to a person because the person holds or held a financial product; or

(iv) conferring a right on a person because the person holds or held a financial product.

Rights and liabilities in relation to transfer

(3) Without limiting paragraph (2)(b), the regulations may provide that a person:

(a) is taken to have:

(i) agreed to do, to accept or to be bound by a particular thing; or

(ii) done a particular thing; or

(iii) given particular warranties; or

(iv) done particular things on behalf of another person; or

(b) is taken to be authorised to do particular things on behalf of another person (even if the person has died); or

(c) is taken to be bound by a particular act; or

(d) is liable to indemnify another person against particular loss or damage; or

(e) is entitled to assume a particular matter without inquiry.

Person involved in transfer

(4) Without limiting paragraph (2)(c), the regulations may provide for any of the following to be taken to be involved in a transfer of a financial product:

(a) a person who carries on a financial services business and who arranges for the transfer;

(b) a person who operates a financial market on which the financial product is sold;

(c) a person who operates a licensed CS facility through which the product is transferred;

(d) the issuer of the product;

(e) an associate of a person who is involved in the transfer.

The regulations may specify the circumstances in which a person will be taken to be an associate of another person for the purposes of the regulations.

Offences

(5) Without limiting subsection (2), the regulations may provide for offences in relation to:

(a) the lodgment of a transfer document or title document for a financial product with the issuer of the product; or

(b) the use of identifying codes in relation to transfers of financial products; or

(c) contraventions of the operating rules of a prescribed CS facility.

Civil liability

(6) The regulations may also:

(a) provide for the liability of a person who contravenes the operating rules of a prescribed CS facility to compensate a person for loss or damage the person suffers because of the conduct engaged in in contravention of those rules; and

(b) specify the period within which an action for compensation must be begun.

(7) The regulations do not affect a liability that a person has under any other law.

Jurisdiction

(8) The regulations may apply to conduct engaged in in this jurisdiction or elsewhere.

1074F Issuer protected from civil liability for person's contravention of prescribed CS facility's certificate cancellation rules If:

(a) a person contravenes the certificate cancellation provisions of a prescribed CS facility in relation to the transfer of a particular financial product through the facility; and

(b) the issuer of the financial product is not involved in the contravention;

the issuer is not liable to an action or other proceeding for damages in relation to the person's contravention.

1074G Operation of this Division and regulations made for its purposes (1) This section deals with the effect of the provisions of:

(a) this Division; and

(b) the regulations made for the purposes of this Division.

(2) The provisions apply in relation to a transfer of financial products

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despite anything to the contrary in:

(a) this Act (other than this Division); or

(b) another law, or instrument, relating to the transfer of the financial products.

(3) Except as provided in the provisions, the provisions do not affect the terms and conditions on which financial products are sold.

(4) Nothing in the provisions (other than in regulations made for the purpose of paragraph 1074E(2)(e)) affects any right of the issuer of a financial product to refuse:

(a) to acknowledge or register a person as the holder of a financial product; or

(b) to issue a financial product to a person;

on a ground other than an objection to the form of document, or electronic message or other electronic communication, that is lodged with or sent to the issuer and purports to transfer the financial product to the person.

(5) The registration of a transfer, or the issue, of a financial product by means of a transfer effected in accordance with the operating rules of a prescribed CS facility does not breach any law, constitution, trust deed or other instrument relating to financial products.

(6) Nothing in the provisions (other than in regulations made for the purpose of paragraph 1074E(2)(d)) prevents or affects the use of:

(a) any other form of transfer of financial products; or

(b) any other mode of executing a document transferring financial products;

that is otherwise permitted by law.

(7) A transfer of a financial product by or to a trustee or legal representative may be effected by means of a transfer in accordance with the operating rules of a prescribed CS facility despite any law or the provisions of the instrument (if any) creating, or having effect in relation to, the trust or will under which the trustee or legal representative is appointed.

(8) In subsection (7):

legal representative means:

(a) the executor, original or by representation, of a will of a dead person; or

(b) the administrator of the estate of a dead person.

Division 5--Exemptions and modifications 1075A ASIC's power to exempt and modify (1) ASIC may:

(a) exempt specified financial products, or a specified class of financial products, from a provision of this Part; or

(b) declare that this Part applies to specified financial products, or a specified class of financial products, as if specified provisions were omitted, modified or varied as specified in the declaration.

(2) ASIC's power to grant an exemption or make a declaration under this section may be exercised in relation to financial products, or a class of financial products, only if ASIC is satisfied that:

(a) if the exemption were granted or the declaration were made, the interests of the holders of those financial products, or of financial products in that class, would continue to have adequate protection; and

(b) the granting of the exemption or the making of the declaration would make the transfer of those financial products, or of financial products in that class, more efficient.

(3) The exemption or declaration may:

(a) apply to all or specified provisions of this Part; and

(b) apply to all persons, specified persons, or a specified class of persons; and

(c) relate to all financial products, specified financial products or a specified class of financial products; and

(d) relate to any other matter generally or as specified.

(4) An exemption may apply unconditionally or subject to specified conditions. A person to whom a condition specified in an exemption applies must comply with the condition. The Court may order the person to comply with the condition in a specified way. Only ASIC may apply to the Court for the order.

(5) The exemption or declaration must be in writing and ASIC must publish notice of it in the Gazette.

(6) If conduct (including an omission) of a person would not have constituted an offence if a particular declaration under paragraph (1)(b) had not been made, that conduct does not constitute an offence unless, before the conduct occurred (in addition to complying with the gazettal requirement of subsection (5)):

(a) the text of the declaration was made available by ASIC on the Internet; or

(b) ASIC gave written notice setting out the text of the declaration to the person.

In a prosecution for an offence to which this subsection applies, the prosecution must prove that paragraph (a) or (b) was complied with before the conduct occurred.


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(7) For the purposes of this section, the provisions of this Part include:

(a) regulations made for the purposes of this Part; and

(b) definitions in this Act or the regulations as they apply to references in:

(i) this Part; or

(ii) regulations made for the purposes of this Part; and

(c) any provisions of Part 10.2 (transitional provisions) that relate to provisions of this Part.

Part 7.12--Miscellaneous Division 1--Qualified privilege 1100A Qualified privilege for information given to ASIC (1) A person has qualified privilege in respect of the giving of any information to ASIC that the person is required to give under this Chapter or regulations made for the purposes of this Chapter.

(2) A person or body that is:

(a) a market licensee; or

(b) a CS facility licensee; or

(c) a person acting under an arrangement to supervise a licensed market or licensed facility; or

(d) a foreign person or body responsible for the supervision of the operation in a foreign country of a financial market or clearing and settlement facility;

also has qualified privilege in respect of the giving of any information to ASIC in connection with the performance or exercise of ASIC's functions or powers under, or in relation to, this Chapter or regulations made for the purposes of this Chapter.

(3) A person or body that has qualified privilege under subsection (1) or (2) in respect of conduct is also not liable for any action based on breach of confidence in relation to that conduct.

1100B Qualified privilege for the conduct of market licensees and CS facility licensees (1) A market licensee, or CS facility licensee, has qualified privilege in respect of actions (including the giving of information) done in connection with:

(a) the performance, or purported performance, of the licensee's obligations under this Act; or

(b) the exercise or performance, or purported exercise or performance, of the licensee's powers, functions or obligations under the operating rules of the market or facility concerned, if the licensee believes, on reasonable grounds, that the action is necessary:

(i) in the case of a market licensee--to ensure the market operates in a fair, orderly and transparent way; or

(ii) in the case of a CS facility licensee--to ensure the facility's services are provided in a fair and effective manner or to reduce systemic risk in the provision of those services.

(2) A market licensee, or CS facility licensee, has qualified privilege in respect of the giving of information:

(a) to the operator of a financial market (regardless of where the market is operated) for the purpose of assisting the operator to ensure that market operates in a fair, orderly and transparent way; or

(b) to the operator of a clearing and settlement facility (regardless of where the facility is operated) for the purpose of assisting the operator to ensure that facility's services are provided in a fair and effective manner or to reduce systemic risk.

(3) Despite subsections (1) and (2), a market licensee does not have qualified privilege in respect of the giving of information if:

(a) an entity included on the market's official list gave the information to the licensee under a provision of this Act or of the market's operating rules; and

(b) this Act, or those rules, expressly or impliedly authorised the entity to limit the purposes for which it gave the information to the licensee; and

(c) when giving the information to the licensee, the entity limited those purposes as so authorised; and

(d) the giving of the information by the licensee is not solely for one or more of the limited purposes.

(4) The protections given by this section apply to the giving of information whether or not the recipient of the information has an interest in the information.

1100C Qualified privilege for information given to market licensees and CS facility licensees etc. A person has qualified privilege in respect of the giving of information if:


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(a) the person gives the information to any of the following persons or bodies:

(i) a market licensee;

(ii) a CS facility licensee;

(iii) a person acting under an arrangement to supervise a licensed market or licensed CS facility;

(iv) a foreign person or body responsible for the supervision of the operation in a foreign country of a financial market or clearing and settlement facility; and

(b) the information is in relation to a contravention or suspected contravention of this Act or the operating rules of the market or facility concerned.

1100D Extension of protections given by this Division The protections given by this Division to a person or body in respect of conduct extend to officers, employees and representatives of the person or body.

Division 2--Other matters 1101A Approved codes of conduct (1) ASIC may, on application, approve codes of conduct that relate to any aspect of the activities of:

(a) financial services licensees; or

(b) authorised representatives of financial services licensees; or

(c) issuers of financial products;

being activities in relation to which ASIC has a regulatory responsibility. The approval must be in writing.

(2) ASIC may, on application, approve a variation of an approved code of conduct. The approval must be in writing.

(3) ASIC must not approve a code of conduct, or a variation of a code of conduct, unless it is satisfied that:

(a) the code, or the code as proposed to be varied, is not inconsistent with this Act or any other law of the Commonwealth under which ASIC has regulatory responsibilities; and

(b) it is appropriate to approve the code, having regard to:

(i) the ability of the applicant to ensure that persons who hold out that they comply with the code will comply with the code as in force from time to time; and

(ii) the desirability of codes of conduct being harmonised to the greatest extent possible.

(4) ASIC may revoke an approval of a code of conduct:

(a) on application by the person who applied for the approval; or

(b) if ASIC is no longer satisfied as mentioned in subsection (3).

The revocation must be in writing.

1101B Power of Court to make certain orders Court's power to make orders in relation to certain contraventions

(1) The Court may make such order, or orders, as it thinks fit if:

(a) on the application of ASIC, it appears to the Court that a person:

(i) has contravened a provision of this Chapter, or any other law relating to dealing in financial products or providing financial services; or

(ii) has contravened a condition of an Australian market licence, Australian CS facility licence or Australian financial services licence; or

(iii) has contravened a provision of the operating rules of a licensed market or of a licensed CS facility; or

(iv) has contravened a condition imposed under section 918D on a declaration of a declared professional body; or

(v) has contravened a condition on an exemption from the requirement to hold an Australian market licence or an Australian CS facility licence; or

(vi) is about to do an act with respect to dealing in financial products or providing a financial service that, if done, would be such a contravention; or

(b) on the application of a market licensee, it appears to the Court that a person has contravened the operating rules of a licensed market operated by the licensee; or

(c) on the application of a CS facility licensee, it appears to the Court that a person has contravened a provision of the operating rules of a licensed CS facility operated by the licensee; or

(d) on the application of a person aggrieved by an alleged contravention by another person of a provision of the operating rules of a licensed market, it appears to the Court that:

(i) the other person did contravene the provision or condition; and

(ii) the applicant is aggrieved by the contravention.

However, the Court can only make such an order if the Court is satisfied that the order would not unfairly prejudice any person.


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Note: For examples of orders the Court could make, see subsection (4).

(2) For the purposes of paragraph (1)(d), if a body corporate contravenes a provision of the operating rules of a licensed market, a person who holds financial products of the body corporate that are able to be traded on the licensed market is taken to be a person aggrieved by the contravention.

(3) Subsection (2) does not limit the circumstances in which a person may be aggrieved by a contravention for the purposes of paragraph (1)(d).

Examples of orders the Court may make

(4) Without limiting subsection (1), some examples of orders the Court may make under subsection (1) include:

(a) an order restraining a person from carrying on a business, or doing an act or classes of acts, in relation to financial products or financial services, if the person has persistently contravened, or is continuing to contravene:

(i) a provision or provisions of this Chapter; or

(ii) a provision or provisions of any other law relating to dealing in financial products or providing financial services; or

(iii) a condition on an Australian market licence, Australian CS facility licence or Australian financial services licence; or

(iv) a condition imposed under section 918D on a declaration of a declared professional body; or

(v) a condition of an exemption from a requirement to hold an Australian market licence or Australian CS facility licence; or

(vi) a provision of the operating rules of a licensed market or of a licensed CS facility; or

(b) an order giving directions about complying with a provision of the operating rules of a licensed market or of a licensed CS facility to a person (or the directors of the body corporate, if the person is a body corporate) who contravened the provision; and

(c) an order requiring a person to disclose to the public or to specified persons, in accordance with the order, specified information that the person to whom the order is directed possesses or to which that person has access, if the person:

(i) contravened a provision of the operating rules of a licensed market or a condition relating to the disclosure or provision of information; or

(ii) was involved in such a contravention; and

(d) an order requiring a person to publish advertisements in accordance with the order at that person's expense, if the person:

(i) contravened a provision of the operating rules of a licensed market, or a condition relating to the disclosure or provision of information; or

(ii) was involved in such a contravention; and

(e) an order restraining a person from acquiring, disposing of or otherwise dealing with any financial products that are specified in the order; and

(f) an order restraining a person from providing any financial services that are specified in the order; and

(g) an order appointing a receiver of property (see subsection (9)) of a financial services licensee; and

(h) an order declaring a contract relating to financial products or financial services to be void or voidable; and

(i) an order directing a person to do or refrain from doing a specified act, if that order is for the purpose of securing compliance with any other order under this section; and

(j) any ancillary order considered to be just and reasonable in consequence of the making of an order under any of the preceding provisions of this subsection.

Interim orders

(5) Before considering an application to the Court under subsection (1), the Court may make an interim order of the kind applied for to apply pending the determination of the application, if in the opinion of the Court it is desirable to do so.

(6) However, if ASIC, a market licensee or a CS facility licensee applies for an order under subsection (1), the Court must not require the applicant, or any other person, to give any undertakings as to damages as a condition of making an interim order under subsection (5).

Power to give notice of applications

(7) Before making an order under subsection (1), the Court may do either or both of the following:

(a) direct that notice of the application be given to such persons as it thinks fit;

(b) direct that notice of the application be published in such manner as it thinks fit.

Powers of receivers appointed under Court orders

(8) A person appointed by order of the Court under subsection (1) as a receiver of the property (see subsection (9)) of a financial services licensee:

(a) may require the financial services licensee to:

(i) deliver to the person any property of which the person has been appointed receiver; or

(ii) give to the person all information concerning that property that may reasonably be required; and

(b) may acquire and take possession of any property of which the person has

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been appointed receiver; and

(c) may deal with any property that the person has acquired, or of which the person has taken possession, in any way in which the financial services licensee might lawfully have dealt with the property; and

(d) has such other powers in respect of the property as the Court specifies in the order.

Meaning of property

(9) In this section:

property, in relation to a financial services licensee, includes:

(a) money; or

(b) financial products; or

(c) documents of title to financial products; or

(d) other property;

entrusted to, or received on behalf of, any other person by the financial services licensee or another person in the course of, or in connection with, a financial services business carried on by the financial services licensee.

Duty to comply with order

(10) A person must not, without reasonable excuse, contravene:

(a) an order under this section; or

(b) a requirement imposed under paragraph (8)(a) or (8)(d) by a receiver appointed by order of the Court under subsection (1).

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

Power to rescind or vary order

(11) The Court may rescind or vary an order made by it under this section or suspend the operation of such an order.

1101C Preservation and disposal of records etc. Registers

(1) A person who is required by a provision of this Chapter to keep a register in relation to a business carried on by the person must preserve it for 5 years after the day on which the last entry was made in the register.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

Financial records

(2) A person who is required by a provision of this Chapter to keep any financial record in relation to a business carried on by the person must preserve it for 7 years after the transactions covered by the record are completed.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

Other records

(3) A person who is required by a provision of this Chapter or the regulations to keep any other record must preserve it for 5 years after the day on which the last entry was made in the record.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

Exceptions

(4) Registers and records must be preserved in accordance with this section (even if the person stops carrying on the business to which they relate during the period for which they must be preserved), unless:

(a) the regulations provide that those documents, or a class to which they belong, need not be preserved; and

(b) any conditions specified in or under those regulations have been complied with.

Note: A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in this subsection. See subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.

1101D Destruction of records by ASIC ASIC may destroy or otherwise dispose of any document that is lodged under, or for the purposes of, a provision of this Chapter if:

(a) ASIC is of the opinion that it is no longer necessary or desirable to retain it; and

(b) it has been in the possession of ASIC for such period as is specified in the regulations, either generally or in relation to a particular document or class of documents.

1101E Concealing etc. of books relating to financial products (1) A person must not:

(a) conceal, destroy, mutilate or alter a book:

(i) relating to the business carried on by a financial services licensee or an authorised representative of such a licensee; or

(ii) required under a provision of this Chapter to be kept by a market licensee, a CS facility licensee, a financial services licensee or an authorised representative of a financial services licensee; or

(b) send such a book out of this jurisdiction.


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Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(2) In any proceedings against a person for an offence based on subsection (1), it is a defence if the person did not act with intent to:

(a) defraud; or

(b) defeat the objects of this Chapter; or

(c) prevent, delay or obstruct the carrying out of an examination, investigation or audit, or the exercise of a power, under this Chapter.

Note: A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in subsection (2). See subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.

1101F Falsification of records (1) If matter that is used, or intended to be used, in connection with:

(a) the keeping of a book required to be kept by a provision of this Chapter; or

(b) a register or any accounting or other record referred to in section 1101D;

is recorded or stored in an illegible form by means of a mechanical device, an electronic device or any other device, a person must not:

(c) record or store by means of that device matter that the person knows to be false in a material particular or materially misleading; or

(d) destroy, remove or falsify matter that is recorded or stored by means of that device, or has been prepared for the purpose of being recorded or stored, or for use in compiling other matter to be recorded or stored, by means of that device; or

(e) fail to record or store matter by means of that device, with intent to falsify any entry made or intended to be compiled, wholly or in part, from that matter.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

(2) In any proceedings against a person for an offence based on subsection (1), it is a defence if it is proved that the person acted honestly and that in all the circumstances the act or omission constituting the offence should be excused.

Note: A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in subsection (2). See subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.

1101G Precautions against falsification of records A person required by a provision of this Chapter to keep a book or record must take reasonable precautions for guarding against falsification of the book or record and for facilitating discovery of any falsification.

Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).

1101H Contravention of Chapter does not generally affect validity of transactions etc. (1) Subject to subsection (2), a failure to comply with any requirement of this Chapter (including requirements in regulations made for the purposes of this Chapter) does not affect the validity or enforceability of any transaction, contract or other arrangement.

(2) Subsection (1) has effect subject to any express provision to the contrary in:

(a) this Chapter; or

(b) regulations made for the purposes of another provision of this Chapter; or

(c) regulations referred to in subsection (3).

(3) Regulations made for the purposes of this subsection may provide that a failure to comply with a specified requirement referred to in subsection (1) has a specified effect on the validity or enforceability of a transaction, contract or arrangement.

1101I Gaming and wagering laws do not affect validity of contracts relating to financial products Despite any law of a State or Territory in this jurisdiction about gaming and wagering:

(a) a person may enter into a contract that is a financial product; and

(b) the contract is valid and enforceable.

1101J Delegation The Minister may delegate any of the Minister's powers under this Chapter to:

(a) ASIC; or

(b) a member of ASIC (within the meaning of section 9 of the Australian Securities and Investments Commission Act 2001); or

(c) a staff member (within the meaning given by subsection 5(1) of that Act) who is an SES employee (within the meaning of section 34 of the Public

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Service Act 1999
) or who holds an office or position that is at a level equivalent to that of an SES employee.

Part 2--Consequential amendments

Australian Securities and Investments Commission Act 2001

2 Title

Omit "Companies and Securities Advisory Committee", substitute "Corporations and Markets Advisory Committee".

3 Paragraph 1(1)(c)

Omit "Companies and Securities Advisory Committee", substitute "Corporations and Markets Advisory Committee".

4 Paragraph 1(1)(c)

Omit "the securities markets and futures markets", substitute "financial products and financial markets".

5 Paragraph 1(1)(d)

Omit "Parliamentary Joint Committee on Corporations and Securities", substitute "Parliamentary Joint Committee on Corporations and Financial Services".

6 At the end of section 4

Add:

(2) Without limiting paragraph (1)(c), if an external Territory is prescribed, regulations prescribing the external Territory may provide:

(a) that only some of the provisions of this Act apply in the external Territory; and

(b) that provisions that apply in the external Territory only apply in specified circumstances.

7 Subsection 5(1)

Insert:

CAMAC means the Corporations and Markets Advisory Committee.

8 Subsection 5(1) (definition of CASAC)

Repeal the definition.

9 Subsection 5(1) (definition of Convenor)

Omit "CASAC", substitute "CAMAC".

10 Subsection 5(1)

Insert:

financial product:

(a) in Division 2 of Part 2--has the meaning given by section 12BAA; and

(b) in the other provisions of this Act--has the same meaning as it has in Chapter 7 of the Corporations Act.

11 Subsection 5(1)

Insert:

financial service:

(a) in Division 2 of Part 2--has the meaning given by section 12BAB; and

(b) in the other provisions of this Act--has the same meaning as it has in Chapter 7 of the Corporations Act.

12 Subsection 5(1) (paragraph (b) of the definition of meeting)

Omit "CASAC", substitute "CAMAC".

13 Subsection 5(1) (definition of member)

Omit "CASAC" (wherever occurring), substitute "CAMAC".

14 Subsection 5(1) (definition of Parliamentary Committee)

Omit "Securities", substitute "Financial Services".

15 Subsection 5(2)

Repeal the subsection, substitute:

(2) Unless the contrary intention appears:

(a) an expression that:

(i) is used, but not defined, in this Act; and

(ii) is defined in section 761A of the Corporations Act (regardless of whether it is also defined in another section of that Act);

has the same meaning in this Act as in section 761A of the Corporations Act; and

(b) an expression that:

(i) is used, but not defined, in this Act; and

(ii) is not defined in section 761A of the Corporations Act; and

(ii) is used in the Corporations Act;

has the same meaning in this Act as in the Corporations Act.

16 Subsection 9(4)

Omit all the words from and including "following fields", substitute:

following fields, namely:

(a) business;

(b) administration of companies;

(c) financial markets;

(d) financial products and financial services;

(e) law;

(f) economics;

(g) accounting.

17 Paragraphs 12A(1)(a) and (b)

Repeal the paragraphs.


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18 Subsection 12BA(1) (definition of financial product)

Repeal the definition, substitute:

financial product has the meaning given by section 12BAA.

19 Subsection 12BA(1) (definition of financial service)

Repeal the definition, substitute:

financial service has the meaning given by section 12BAB.

20 After section 12BA

Insert:

12BAA Definition of financial product General definition of financial product

(1) Subject to subsection (8), for the purposes of this Division, a financial product is a facility through which, or through the acquisition of which, a person does one or more of the following:

(a) makes a financial investment (see subsection (4));

(b) manages financial risk (see subsection (5));

(c) makes non-cash payments (see subsection (6)).

(2) Subject to subsection (8), for the purposes of this Division, a particular facility that is of a kind through which people commonly make financial investments, manage financial risks or make non-cash payments is a financial product even if that facility is acquired by a particular person for some other purpose.

(3) A facility does not cease to be a financial product merely because:

(a) the facility has been acquired by a person other than the person to whom it was originally issued; and

(b) that person, in acquiring the product, was not making a financial investment or managing a financial risk.

Meaning of makes a financial investment

(4) For the purposes of this section, a person (the investor) makes a financial investment if:

(a) the investor gives money or money's worth (the contribution) to another person and any of the following apply:

(i) the other person uses the contribution to generate a financial return, or other benefit, for the investor;

(ii) the investor intends that the other person will use the contribution to generate a financial return, or other benefit, for the investor (even if no return or benefit is in fact generated);

(iii) the other person intends that the contribution will be used to generate a financial return, or other benefit, for the investor; and

(b) the investor has no day-to-day control over the use of the contribution to generate the return or benefit.

Note 1: Examples of actions that constitute making a financial investment under this subsection are:

(a) a person paying money to a company for the issue to the person of shares in the company (the company uses the money to generate dividends for the person and the person, as a shareholder, does not have control over the day-to-day affairs of the company); or

(b) a person contributing money to acquire interests in a registered scheme from the responsible entity of the scheme (the scheme uses the money to generate financial or other benefits for the person and the person, as a member of the scheme, does not have day-to-day control over the operation of the scheme).

Note 2: Examples of actions that do not constitute making a financial investment under this subsection are:

(a) a person purchasing real property or bullion (while the property or bullion may generate a return for the person, it is not a return generated by the use of the purchase money by another person); or

(b) a person giving money to a financial services licensee who is to use it to purchase shares for the person (while the purchase of the shares will be a financial investment made by the person, the mere act of giving the money to the licensee will not of itself constitute making a financial investment).

Meaning of manages a financial risk

(5) For the purposes of this section, a person manages financial risk if they:

(a) manage the financial consequences to them of particular circumstances happening; or

(b) avoid or limit the financial consequences of fluctuations in, or in the value of, receipts or costs (including prices and interest rates).

Note 1: Examples of actions that constitute managing a financial risk are:

(a) taking out insurance; or

(b) hedging a liability by acquiring a futures contract or entering into a currency swap.

Note 2: An example of an action that does not constitute managing a financial risk is employing a security firm (while that is a way of managing the risk that thefts will happen, it is not a way of managing the financial consequences if thefts do occur).

Meaning of makes non-cash payments

(6) For the purposes of this section, a person makes non-cash

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payments
if they make payments, or cause payments to be made, otherwise than by the physical delivery of Australian currency in the form of notes and/or coins.

Note: Examples of actions that constitute making non-cash payments are:

(a) making payments by means of a facility for direct debit of a deposit account; or

(b) making payments by means of a facility for the use of cheques; or

(c) making payments by means of a purchased payment facility within the meaning of the Payment Systems (Regulation) Act 1998, such as a smart card; or

(d) making payments by means of traveller's cheques in Australian currency.

Specific things that are financial products (subject to subsection (8))

(7) Subject to subsection (8), the following are financial products for the purposes of this Division:

(a) a security;

(b) any of the following in relation to a registered scheme:

(i) an interest in the scheme;

(ii) a legal or equitable right or interest in an interest covered by subparagraph (i);

(iii) an option to acquire, by way of issue, an interest or right covered by subparagraph (i) or (ii);

(c) a derivative;

(d) a contract of insurance (see subsection (9)) (except health insurance provided as part of a health insurance business as defined by subsection 67(4) of the National Health Act 1953);

(e) a life policy, or a sinking fund policy, within the meaning of the Life Insurance Act 1995, that is not a contract of insurance (see subsection (9));

(f) a beneficial interest in a superannuation fund (as defined by section 10 of the Superannuation Industry (Supervision) Act 1993);

(g) an RSA (retirement savings account) within the meaning of the Retirement Savings Accounts Act 1997;

(h) any deposit-taking facility made available by an ADI (within the meaning of the Banking Act 1959) in the course of its banking business (within the meaning of that Act), other than an RSA (RSAs are covered by paragraph (g));

(i) a debenture, stock or bond issued or proposed to be issued by a government;

(j) a foreign exchange contract;

(k) a credit facility (within the meaning of the regulations);

(l) any of the following:

(i) an interest in a managed investment scheme operated outside this jurisdiction that section 601ED of the Corporations Act would require to be registered if it was operated in this jurisdiction;

(ii) a legal or equitable right or interest in an interest covered by subparagraph (i);

(iii) an option to acquire, by way of issue, an interest or right covered by subparagraph (i) or (ii);

(m) anything declared by the regulations to be a financial product for the purposes of this subsection.

Note: Even though something is expressly excluded from one of these paragraphs, it may still be a financial product (subject to subsection (8)) either because:

(a) it is covered by another of these paragraphs; or

(b) it is covered by the general definition in subsection (1).

Specific things that are not financial products

(8) Despite anything else in this section, the following are not financial products for the purposes of this Division:

(a) an excluded security;

(b) health insurance provided as part of a health insurance business (as defined in subsection 67(4) of the National Health Act 1953);

(c) State insurance or Northern Territory insurance, including insurance entered into by:

(i) a State or the Northern Territory; and

(ii) some other insurer;

as joint insurers;

(d) a facility:

(i) that is an approved RTGS system for the purposes of the Payment Systems and Netting Act 1998; or

(ii) for the transmission and reconciliation of non-cash payments (see subsection (6)), and the establishment of final positions, for settlement through an approved RTGS system within the meaning of the Payment Systems and Netting Act 1998;

(e) a facility that is a designated payment system for the purposes of the Payment Systems (Regulation) Act 1998;

(f) a facility for the exchange and settlement of non-cash payments (see subsection (6)) between providers of non-cash payment facilities;

(g) a facility that is:


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(i) a financial market; or

(ii) a clearing and settlement facility; or

(iii) a payment system operated as part of a clearing and settlement facility;

(h) so much of an arrangement as is not a derivative within the meaning of the Corporations Act because of paragraph 761D(3)(a) of that Act;

(i) an arrangement that is not a derivative within the meaning of the Corporations Act because of paragraph 761D(3)(b) of that Act;

(j) an arrangement that is not a derivative within the meaning of the Corporations Act because of subsection 761D(4) of that Act;

(k) any of the following:

(i) an interest in something that is not a managed investment scheme within the meaning of the Corporations Act because of paragraph (c), (e), (f), (k), (l) or (m) of the definition of managed investment scheme in section 9 of that Act;

(ii) a legal or equitable right or interest in an interest covered by subparagraph (i);

(iii) an option to acquire, by way of issue, an interest or right covered by subparagraph (i);

(l) any of the following:

(i) an interest in a managed investment scheme operated outside this jurisdiction that section 601ED of the Corporations Act would not require to be registered if it was operated in this jurisdiction;

(ii) a legal or equitable right or interest in an interest covered by subparagraph (i);

(iii) an option to acquire, by way of issue, an interest or right covered by subparagraph (i) or (ii);

(m) a deposit-taking facility that is used for State banking;

(n) equipment or infrastructure by which something else that is a financial product is provided;

(o) a funeral benefit;

(p) a facility, interest or other thing declared by regulations made for the purposes of this subsection not to be a financial product.

(9) For the purpose of paragraphs (7)(d) and (e), contract of insurance includes:

(a) a contract that would ordinarily be regarded as a contract of insurance even if some of its provisions are not by way of insurance; and

(b) a contract that includes provisions of insurance in so far as those provisions are concerned, even if the contract would not ordinarily be regarded as a contract of insurance.

12BAB Meaning of financial service When does a person provide a financial service?

(1) For the purposes of this Division, subject to paragraph (2)(b), a person provides a financial service if they:

(a) provide financial product advice (see subsection (5)); or

(b) deal in a financial product (see subsection (7)); or

(c) make a market for a financial product (see subsection (11)); or

(d) operate a registered scheme; or

(e) provide a custodial or depository service (see subsection (12)); or

(f) operate a financial market (see subsection (15)) or clearing and settlement facility (see subsection (17)); or

(g) provide a service that is otherwise supplied in relation to a financial product; or

(h) engage in conduct of a kind prescribed in regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph.

(2) The regulations may set out:

(a) the circumstances in which persons facilitating the provision of a financial service (for example, by publishing information) are taken also to provide that service; or

(b) the circumstances in which persons are taken to provide, or are taken not to provide, a financial service.

(3) To avoid doubt, a person's conduct is not the provision of a financial service if it is done in the course of work of a kind ordinarily done by clerks or cashiers.

(4) For the purposes of this section, a person is not operating a registered scheme merely because:

(a) they are acting as an agent or employee of another person; or

(b) they are taking steps to wind up the scheme.

Meaning of financial product advice

(5) For the purposes of this section, financial product advice means a recommendation or a statement of opinion, or a report of either of those things, that:

(a) is intended to influence a person or persons in making a decision in relation to a particular financial product or class of financial products, or an interest in a particular financial product or class of financial products; or

(b) could reasonably be regarded as being intended to have such an

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influence;

but does not include anything in:

(c) a document prepared in accordance with requirements of Chapter 7 of the Corporations Act, other than a document of a kind prescribed by regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph; or

(d) any other document of a kind prescribed by regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph.

(6) Advice given by a lawyer in his or her professional capacity about matters of law, legal interpretation or the application of the law to any facts is not financial product advice.

Meaning of dealing

(7) For the purposes of this section, the following conduct constitutes dealing in a financial product:

(a) applying for or acquiring a financial product;

(b) issuing a financial product;

(c) in relation to securities or managed investment interests--underwriting the securities or interests;

(d) varying a financial product;

(e) disposing of a financial product.

(8) Arranging for a person to engage in conduct referred to in subsection (7) is also dealing in a financial product, unless the actions concerned amount to providing financial product advice.

(9) A person is taken not to deal in a financial product if the person deals in the product on their own behalf, unless:

(a) the person is an issuer of financial products; and

(b) the dealing is in relation to one or more of those products.

(10) The regulations may prescribe conduct that is taken not to be dealing in a financial product.

Meaning of makes a market for a financial product

(11) For the purposes of this section, a person makes a market for a financial product if:

(a) either through a facility, at a place or otherwise, the person regularly states the prices at which they propose to acquire or dispose of financial products on their own behalf; and

(b) other persons have a reasonable expectation that they will be able to regularly effect transactions at the stated prices; and

(c) the actions of the person do not, or would not if they happened through a facility or at a place, constitute operating a financial market because of the effect of paragraph (16)(a).

Meaning of provide a custodial or depository service

(12) For the purposes of this section, a person provides a custodial or depository service if:

(a) under an arrangement with a person (the client), they have possession or control of assets of the client in connection with the person providing a financial product to the client; and

(b) they carry out one or more of the following functions:

(i) settling a transaction relating to the assets;

(ii) collecting or distributing dividends or other pecuniary benefits derived from the assets;

(iii) paying tax or other costs associated with the assets;

(iv) exercising rights (for example, voting rights) attached to or derived from the assets;

(v) any other function necessary or incidental to the safeguard or administration of the assets.

(13) A person also provides a custodial or depository service if:

(a) they agree, or undertake, to provide a custodial or depository service as mentioned in subsection (12); or

(b) they arrange for someone else to provide a client with a custodial or depository service as mentioned in subsection (12).

(14) However, the following conduct does not constitute providing a custodial or depository service:

(a) the operation of a clearing and settlement facility;

(b) the operation of a registered scheme;

(c) the operation of a regulated superannuation fund, an approved deposit fund or a pooled superannuation trust (within the meaning of the Superannuation Industry (Supervision) Act 1993);

(d) the provision of services to a related body corporate;

(e) any other conduct of a kind prescribed by regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph.

Meaning of financial market

(15) For the purposes of this section, a financial market is a facility through which:

(a) offers to acquire or dispose of financial products are regularly made or accepted; or

(b) offers or invitations are regularly made to acquire or dispose of financial products that are intended to result or may reasonably be expected to result, directly or indirectly, in:

(i) the making of offers to acquire or dispose of financial products; or

(ii) the acceptance of such offers.


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(16) However, the following conduct does not constitute operating a financial market for the purposes of this section:

(a) a person making or accepting offers or invitations to acquire or dispose of financial products on the person's own behalf, or on behalf of one party to the transaction only;

(b) conducting treasury operations between related bodies corporate;

(c) conducting an auction of forfeited shares;

(d) any other conduct of a kind prescribed by regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph.

Meaning of clearing and settlement facility

(17) For the purposes of this section, a clearing and settlement facility is a facility that provides a regular mechanism for the parties to transactions relating to financial products to meet obligations to each other that:

(a) arise from entering into the transactions; and

(b) are of a kind prescribed by regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph.

(18) However, the following conduct does not constitute operating a clearing and settlement facility for the purposes of this section:

(a) an ADI (within the meaning of the Banking Act 1959) acting in the ordinary course of its banking business;

(b) a person acting on their own behalf, or on behalf of one party to a transaction only;

(c) a person who provides financial services to another person dealing with the other person's accounts in the ordinary course of the first person's business activities;

(d) the actions of a participant in a clearing and settlement facility who has taken on the delivery or payment obligations, in relation to a particular financial product, of another person who is a party to a transaction relating to a financial product;

(e) conducting treasury operations between related bodies corporate;

(f) operating a facility:

(i) that is an approved RTGS system within the meaning of the Payment Systems and Netting Act 1998; or

(ii) for the transmission and reconciliation of non-cash payments, and the establishment of final positions, for settlement through an approved RTGS system within the meaning of the Payment Systems and Netting Act 1998;

(g) operating a facility that is a designated payment system for the purposes of the Payment Systems (Regulation) Act 1998;

(h) operating a facility for the exchange and settlement of non-cash payments between providers of non-cash payment facilities;

(i) any other conduct of a kind prescribed by regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph.

21 Subsection 12DA(1A)

Repeal the subsection, substitute:

(1A) Conduct:

(a) that contravenes:

(i) section 670A of the Corporations Act (misleading or deceptive takeover document); or

(ii) section 728 of the Corporations Act (misleading or deceptive fundraising document); or

(b) in relation to a disclosure document or statement within the meaning of section 953A of the Corporations Act; or

(c) in relation to a disclosure document or statement within the meaning of section 1022A of the Corporations Act;

does not contravene subsection (1). For this purpose, conduct contravenes the provision even if the conduct does not constitute an offence, or does not lead to any liability, because of the availability of a defence.

22 Subsection 12DB(2)

Repeal the subsection, substitute:

(2) Conduct:

(a) that contravenes:

(i) section 670A of the Corporations Act (misleading or deceptive takeover document); or

(ii) section 728 of the Corporations Act (misleading or deceptive fundraising document); or

(b) in relation to a disclosure document or statement within the meaning of section 953A of the Corporations Act; or

(c) in relation to a disclosure document or statement within the meaning of section 1022A of the Corporations Act;

does not contravene subsection (1). For this purpose, conduct contravenes the provision even if the conduct does not constitute an offence, or does not lead to any liability, because of the availability of a defence.

23 Section 12DC

Omit "security" (wherever occurring), substitute "financial product".

Note: The heading to section 12DC is altered by omitting "securities" and substituting "financial products".

24 Subsection 12DD(2)

After "securities", insert "(within the meaning of Chapter 6 of the

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Corporations Act)".

25 Subsection 12DK(5)

Omit "securities" (wherever occurring), substitute "financial products".

Note: The heading to section 12DK is altered by omitting "securities" and substituting "financial products".

26 Paragraph 12DK(6)(c)

Omit "security" (wherever occurring), substitute "financial product".

27 Subdivision F of Division 2 of Part 2

Repeal the Subdivision.

28 Subparagraph 13(1)(b)(ii)

Omit "securities or futures contracts", substitute "financial products".

29 Subparagraph 14(2)(b)(ii)

Omit ", securities or futures contracts", substitute "or financial products".

30 Paragraphs 14(2)(d) and (e)

Repeal the paragraphs, substitute:

(d) dealing in financial products;

31 Paragraph 14(2)(f)

Omit "stock market or futures market", substitute "financial market".

32 Paragraph 14(2)(g)

Omit "clearing house facilities for a futures market", substitute "a clearing and settlement facility".

33 Paragraph 14(2)(j)

Repeal the paragraph, substitute:

(j) the giving of advice, analyses or reports about financial products;

34 At the end of subsection 14(2)

Add:

; (k) the provision of compensation arrangements for a financial market.

35 Subparagraph 28(c)(ii)

Omit ", securities or futures contracts", substitute "or financial products".

36 Paragraph 31(1)(a)

Repeal the paragraph, substitute:

(a) the operator of a financial market or clearing and settlement facility; or

37 Paragraph 31(1)(b)

Omit "a securities exchange", substitute "the operator of a financial market or clearing and settlement facility".

38 Paragraph 31(1)(c)

Repeal the paragraph, substitute:

(c) a person who either carries on or has carried on (either alone or together with any other person or persons) a financial services business, or who is a representative of such a person; or

39 Paragraph 31(1)(f)

Omit "securities", substitute "financial products".

Note: The heading to section 31 is altered by omitting "securities" and substituting "financial products".

40 Paragraph 31(1)(g)

Omit "securities exchange", substitute "financial market or clearing and settlement facility".

41 Paragraph 31(1)(h)

Omit "securities", substitute "financial products".

42 Paragraph 31(1)(j)

Omit "securities", substitute "financial products".

43 Paragraph 31(1)(m)

Omit "securities", substitute "financial products".

44 Paragraph 31(1)(m)

Omit "dealer or investment adviser", substitute "person who either carries on or has carried on (either alone or together with any other person or persons) a financial services business, or who is a representative of such a person".

45 Subsection 31(2)

Omit "securities" (wherever occurring), substitute "financial products".

46 Section 32

Repeal the section.

47 Paragraph 33(b)

Omit ", and 32(1)(j) to (p), inclusive".

48 Subsection 34(3)

Omit "32,".

49 Division 4 of Part 3 (heading)

Repeal the heading, substitute:

Division 4--Requirements to disclose information about financial products 50 Section 40

Omit "or 44".

51 Subparagraph 40(c)(ii)

Omit ", securities or futures contracts", substitute "or financial products".

52 Subsection 41(1)

Omit "dealer", substitute "a person who carries on a financial services business".

53 Subsection 41(1)


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Omit "securities", substitute "financial products".

Note: The heading to section 41 is altered by omitting "securities" and substituting "financial products".

54 Before paragraph 41(1)(a)

Insert:

(aa) whether the acquisition or disposal was effected on another person's behalf and, if so:

(i) the name of the other person; and

(ii) the nature of the instructions given to the person who carries on a financial services business in relation to the dealing; or

55 Paragraph 41(1)(a)

Omit ", or on whose behalf, the securities were acquired", substitute "the financial products were acquired".

56 Paragraph 41(1)(b)

Omit ", or on whose behalf, the securities were disposed of", substitute "the financial products were disposed".

57 Subsection 41(2)

Omit "securities" (wherever occurring), substitute "financial products".

58 Subsection 41(3)

Omit "conducts a stock market", substitute "operates a financial market".

59 Subsection 41(3)

Omit "securities on that stock market", substitute "financial products on that financial market".

60 At the end of section 41

Add:

(4) ASIC may require an operator of a clearing and settlement facility to disclose to ASIC, in relation to a dealing in financial products, the names of any participants in the clearing and settlement facility who were concerned in any act or omission in relation to the dealing.

(5) Information required to be disclosed under this section need only be disclosed to the extent to which it is known to the person required to make the disclosure.

Note: In criminal proceedings, a defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in subsection (5).

61 Paragraph 43(1)(a)

Omit "securities of a body corporate, a power under section 775", substitute "a financial product issued by a body corporate, a power under section 794D".

Note: The heading to section 43 is altered by omitting "securities" and substituting "financial products".

62 Paragraph 43(1)(b)

Omit "845, or Division 2 of Part 7.11", substitute "991F, or Division 2 of Part 7.10".

63 Paragraph 43(1)(b)

Omit "securities of", substitute "financial products issued by".

64 Paragraph 43(1)(d)

Omit "securities of a body corporate", substitute "financial products issued by a body corporate".

65 Subsection 43(2)

Omit "securities of the body", substitute "financial products issued by the body".

66 Paragraph 43(3)(a)

Omit "securities of the body", substitute "financial products issued by the body".

67 Paragraph 43(3)(b)

Omit "dealer, an investment adviser, or a securities representative of a person", substitute "person who carries on or has carried on (either alone or together with any other person or persons) a financial services business, or a representative of such a person".

68 Paragraph 43(3)(b)

Omit "such securities", substitute "such financial products".

69 Subparagraph 43(3)(c)(i)

Omit "dealer or investment adviser", substitute "person who carries on or has carried on a financial services business, or a representative of such a person".

70 Subparagraph 43(3)(c)(ii)

Omit "securities", substitute "financial products".

71 Paragraph 43(3)(e)

Omit "dealer or investment adviser", substitute "person who carries on or has carried on (either alone or together with any other person or persons) a financial services business, or a representative of such a person".

72 Paragraph 43(3)(e)

Omit "securities", substitute "financial products".

73 Section 44

Repeal the section.

74 Section 46

Repeal the section.

75 Subsection 63(2)

Omit "41, 42, 43, 44, 45 or 46", substitute "41 or 43".

76 Paragraphs 71(b) and (c)


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Repeal the paragraphs, substitute:

(b) financial products;

77 Section 73

Omit "securities" (wherever occurring), substitute "financial products".

Note: The heading to section 73 is altered by omitting "securities" and substituting "financial products".

78 At the end of section 73

Add:

; (h) an order requiring a specified person to dispose of specified derivatives, or to dispose of specified derivatives in a specified manner.

(2) An order under subsection (1) does not prejudice or affect a right of an operator of a financial market or clearing and settlement facility:

(a) to cause or enter into a transaction that causes a derivative to be closed out; or

(b) to cause to be registered in a person's name, or to register in a person's name, a derivative that was previously registered in another person's name.

79 Section 74

Repeal the section.

80 Subsection 75(4)

Omit "securities" (wherever occurring), substitute "financial products".

81 Paragraph 80(1)(b)

Omit ", and 32(1)(j) to (p), inclusive".

82 Paragraph 111(1)(e)

Omit "section 125; or", substitute "section 125.".

83 Paragraph 111(1)(f)

Repeal the paragraph.

84 Paragraph 123(1)(b)

Omit "(including securities, futures contracts or other financial products)", substitute "(including financial products)".

85 Subsection 123(3)

Repeal the subsection, substitute:

(3) In disclosing an indirect pecuniary interest in financial products, the member must identify the particular products.

86 Subsections 127(1B) to (1E)

Repeal the subsections.

87 Paragraph 127(4)(a)

Omit "CASAC", substitute "CAMAC".

88 Subparagraph 127(4B)(a)(ii)

Omit "business rules, or the listing rules (if any),", substitute "operating rules".

89 Paragraph 127(4C)(a)

Omit "stock market or a futures market", substitute "financial market".

90 Paragraph 127(4C)(b)

Repeal the paragraph, substitute:

(b) is a body corporate that holds an Australian CS facility licence.

91 After subsection 127(5)

Insert:

(5B) Regulations made for the purpose of this section may specify uses of information and disclosures of information that are authorised uses and authorised disclosures for the purposes of this section.

92 Subsection 127(6)

Omit "(1B), (1C), (1D), (1E),".

93 Subsection 127(6)

Omit "and (4B)", substitute ", (4B) and (5)".

94 Division 3 of Part 7

Repeal the Division.

95 Paragraph 135(1)(b)

Omit "CASAC", substitute "CAMAC".

96 Subsection 138(3)

Repeal the subsection.

97 Part 9 (heading)

Repeal the heading, substitute:

Part 9--The Corporations and Markets Advisory Committee 98 Section 146

Omit "CASAC", substitute "CAMAC".

Note: The heading to section 146 is altered by omitting "CASAC" and substituting "CAMAC".

99 Subsection 146 (note 1)

Before "was", insert "(under its previous name of the Companies and Securities Advisory Committee)".

100 Subsection 147(1)

Omit "CASAC", substitute "CAMAC".

101 Subsection 147(3)

Omit "CASAC", substitute "CAMAC".

102 Subsection 147(4)

Omit all the words from and including "following fields", substitute:

following fields, namely:


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(a) business;

(b) administration of companies;

(c) financial markets;

(d) financial products and financial services;

(e) law;

(f) economics;

(g) accounting.

103 Paragraph 147(5)(b)

Omit "CASAC", substitute "CAMAC".

104 Section 148

Omit "CASAC's", substitute "CAMAC's".

105 Paragraph 148(d)

Omit ", securities or the futures industry", substitute "or a segment of the financial products and financial services industry".

106 Paragraph 148(e)

Omit "securities markets or futures markets", substitute "financial markets".

107 Section 154

Omit "CASAC" (wherever occurring), substitute "CAMAC".

Note: The heading to section 154 is altered by omitting "CASAC" and substituting "CAMAC".

108 Section 155

Omit "CASAC" (wherever occurring), substitute "CAMAC".

109 Subsection 156(1)

Omit "CASAC's", substitute "CAMAC's".

110 Subsection 156(3)

Omit "CASAC" (wherever occurring), substitute "CAMAC".

111 Subsection 156(4)

Omit "CASAC", substitute "CAMAC".

112 Section 157

Omit "CASAC" (wherever occurring), substitute "CAMAC".

113 Section 158

Omit "CASAC" (wherever occurring), substitute "CAMAC".

Note: The heading to section 158 is altered by omitting "CASAC" and substituting "CAMAC".

114 Section 159

Omit "CASAC" (wherever occurring), substitute "CAMAC".

Note: The heading to section 159 is altered by omitting "CASAC" and substituting "CAMAC".

115 Section 160

Omit "CASAC's", substitute "CAMAC's".

Note: The heading to section 160 is altered by omitting "CASAC's" and substituting "CAMAC's".

116 Paragraphs 160(a) and (b)

Omit "CASAC", substitute "CAMAC".

117 Subsection 161(1)

Omit "CASAC's", substitute "CAMAC's".

Note: The heading to section 161 is altered by omitting "CASAC's" and substituting "CAMAC's".

118 Paragraphs 161(1)(a) and (b)

Omit "CASAC", substitute "CAMAC".

119 Subsections 161(3) and (4)

Omit "CASAC", substitute "CAMAC".

120 Subsection 161(5)

Omit "CASAC" (wherever occurring), substitute "CAMAC".

121 Subsection 161(5)

Omit "CASAC's", substitute "CAMAC's".

122 Subsections 161(6) and (7)

Omit "CASAC", substitute "CAMAC".

123 Subsection 163(1)

Omit "CASAC" (wherever occurring), substitute "CAMAC".

124 Subsection 165(1)

Omit "CASAC", substitute "CAMAC".

125 Section 166

Omit "CASAC" (wherever occurring), substitute "CAMAC".

Note: The heading to section 166 is altered by omitting "CASAC" and substituting "CAMAC".

126 Section 167

Omit "CASAC" (wherever occurring), substitute "CAMAC".

127 Subsection 168(1)

Omit "CASAC", substitute "CAMAC".

128 Subsection 168(1)

Omit "CASAC's", substitute "CAMAC's".

129 Subsection 168(2)

Omit "CASAC" (wherever occurring), substitute "CAMAC".

130 Subsection 172(4)

Omit all the words from and including "following fields", substitute:

following fields, namely:

(a) business;

(b) administration of companies;

(c) financial markets;


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(d) financial products and financial services;

(e) law;

(f) economics;

(g) accounting.

131 Paragraph 172(4A)(a)

Omit all the words from and including "following fields", substitute:

following fields, namely:

(i) business;

(ii) administration of companies;

(iii) financial markets;

(iv) financial products and financial services;

(v) law;

(vi) economics;

(vii) accounting; and

132 Paragraph 178(1)(d)

Repeal the paragraph.

133 Section 186

Repeal the section, substitute:

186 Application of Division 2 of Part 7 Division 2 of Part 7 applies in relation to the Panel as if a reference in section 127 to ASIC included a reference to the Panel.

134 Part 14 (heading)

Repeal the heading, substitute:

Part 14--The Parliamentary Joint Committee on Corporations and Financial Services 135 Paragraphs 243D(a) to (k)

Repeal the paragraphs, substitute:

(a) to ASIC; or

(b) to a market licensee; or

(c) to a CS facility licensee; or

(d) to an operator of a market exempted under section 791C of the Corporations Act; or

(e) to an operator of a clearing and settlement facility exempted under section 820C of the Corporations Act; or

(f) in accordance with conditions imposed on an Australian market licence under section 796A of the Corporations Act; or

(g) in accordance with conditions imposed on a CS facility licence under section 825A of the Corporations Act; or

(h) in accordance with conditions on an exemption made under section 791C of the Corporations Act from the requirement to hold an Australian market licence; or

(i) in accordance with conditions on an exemption made under section 820C of the Corporations Act from the requirement to hold an Australian CS facility licence; or

(j) as prescribed by regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph.

136 Paragraph 244(2)(a)

Omit ", 73 or 74", substitute "or 73".

137 Section 246

Omit "CASAC" (wherever occurring), substitute "CAMAC".

Corporations Act 2001

138 Title

Omit ", securities, the futures industry".

139 At the end of subsection 5(1)

Add:

; and (d) also, for the purposes of the application of a provision of Chapter 7 or an associated provision (see subsection (10))--any external Territory in which the provision applies because of subsection (9) (but only to the extent provided for in that subsection).

140 Subsections 5(2) to (6)

Repeal the subsections, substitute:

(2) Throughout this Act, this jurisdiction therefore consists of:

(a) either:

(i) the whole of Australia (if all the States are referring States); or

(ii) Australia (other than any State that is not a referring State) if one or more States are not referring States; and

(b) also, when used in or in relation to a provision of Chapter 7 or an associated provision (see subsection (10))--any external Territory in which the provision applies because of subsection (9) (but only to the extent provided for in that subsection).

Operation in this jurisdiction

(3) Each provision of this Act applies in this jurisdiction.

Operation outside this jurisdiction

(4) Subject to subsection (8), each provision of this Act also applies, according to its tenor, in relation to acts and omissions outside this

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jurisdiction.

141 Subsection 5(7)

Omit "This Act", substitute "Each provision of this Act".

142 At the end of section 5

Add:

Expanded application of provisions of Chapter 7 and associated provisions

(9) The regulations may provide that, in specified circumstances, a specified external Territory is included in this jurisdiction for the purposes of a specified provision of Chapter 7 (the applicable provision). If the regulations do so:

(a) the applicable provision applies in that external Territory in those circumstances; and

(b) the associated provisions (see subsection (10)) in relation to the applicable provision apply in that external Territory in relation to the applicable provision as so applying.

Meaning of associated provisions

(10) For the purposes of this section, the associated provisions in relation to a provision of Chapter 7 are:

(a) the provisions of Chapters 1, 9 (including the provisions of Division 2 of Part 9.4 that create offences and of Part 9.4B that allow for pecuniary penalty orders) and 10 as they apply or have effect in relation to, or for the purposes of, the provision; and

(b) any regulations or other instruments (including any that create offences or allow for pecuniary penalty orders) made under this Act for the purposes of any of the provisions covered by paragraph (a); and

(c) if regulations made for the purposes of subsection (9) have been made in relation to the provision--any other provisions of this Act, or any regulations or other instruments made under this Act (including any that create offences or allow for pecuniary penalty orders), specified in those regulations.

143 Subsection 5A(4)

Repeal the subsection, substitute:

(4) A provision of Chapter 7 only binds the Crown in a particular capacity in circumstances (if any) specified in the regulations.

144 Subsection 5A(5)

Repeal the subsection, substitute:

(5) Nothing in this Act makes the Crown in any right liable to a pecuniary penalty or to be prosecuted for an offence.

145 Subsection 7(2)

Repeal the subsection, substitute:

(2) However, interpretation provisions relevant only to Chapter 7 are to be found at the beginning of that Chapter.

146 Section 9 (definition of acquire)

Repeal the definition.

147 Section 9 (definition of adjustment agreement)

Repeal the definition.

148 Section 9 (definition of admit to quotation)

Repeal the definition, substitute:

admit to quotation: financial products are admitted to quotation on a market if the market operator has given unconditional permission for quotation of the financial products on the market.

149 Section 9 (definition of agreement)

Repeal the definition, substitute:

agreement, in Chapter 6 or 7, means a relevant agreement.

150 Section 9 (definition of approved foreign bank)

Repeal the definition.

151 Section 9 (definition of approved securities organisation)

Repeal the definition.

152 Section 9 (definition of acquire)

Repeal the definition, substitute:

acquire, in relation to financial products, when used in a provision outside Chapter 7, has the same meaning as it has in Chapter 7.

153 Section 9 (definition of arbitrage transaction)

Repeal the definition, substitute

arbitrage transaction means a purchase or sale of financial products effected in the ordinary course of trading on a financial market together with an offsetting sale or purchase of those financial products effected at the same time, or at as nearly the same time as practicable, in the ordinary course of trading on another financial market for the purpose of obtaining a profit from the difference between the prices of those financial products in the 2 financial markets.

154 Section 9 (definition of assets)

Repeal the definition, substitute

assets, in relation to a financial services licensee, means all the licensee's assets (whether or not used in connection with the licensee's Australian financial services licence).

155 Section 9 (definition of ASX)


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Repeal the definition.

156 Section 9

Insert:

Australian CS facility licence, when used in a provision outside Chapter 7, has the same meaning as it has in Chapter 7.

157 Section 9

Insert:

Australian financial services licence, when used in a provision outside Chapter 7, has the same meaning as it has in Chapter 7.

158 Section 9

Insert:

Australian market licence, when used in a provision outside Chapter 7, has the same meaning as it has in Chapter 7.

159 Section 9 (definition of banker's books)

Repeal the definition.

160 Section 9 (definition of banning order)

Repeal the definition.

161 Section 9 (note to the definition of bidder)

Repeal the note, substitute:

Note: A person who announces a bid on behalf of another person is not making the bid, the other person is making the bid.

162 Section 9 (paragraph (b) of the definition of bid period)

Omit "securities exchange", substitute "financial market".

163 Section 9 (definition of Board)

Repeal the definition, substitute:

Board, when used in Part 9.2, means the Companies Auditors and Liquidators Disciplinary Board.

164 Section 9 (definition of bought position)

Repeal the definition.

165 Section 9 (definition of Chapter 8 agreement)

Repeal the definition.

166 Section 9 (definition of Chapter 8 obligation)

Repeal the definition.

167 Section 9 (definition of Chapter 8 right)

Repeal the definition.

168 Section 9 (paragraph (a) of the definition of class)

Repeal the paragraph.

169 Section 9

Insert:

clearing and settlement facility, when used in a provision outside Chapter 7, has the same meaning as it has in Chapter 7.

170 Section 9 (definition of clearing house)

Repeal the definition.

171 Section 9 (definition of clearing house facilities)

Repeal the definition.

172 Section 9 (definition of client)

Repeal the definition.

173 Section 9 (definition of clients' segregated account)

Repeal the definition.

174 Section 9 (definition of close out)

Repeal the definition.

175 Section 9 (definition of commodity)

Repeal the definition.

176 Section 9 (definition of commodity agreement)

Repeal the definition.

177 Section 9 (definition of conduct)

Repeal the definition.

178 Section 9 (definition of contributing member)

Repeal the definition.

179 Section 9

Insert:

corporation/scheme civil penalty provision has the meaning given by section 1317DA.

180 Section 9 (paragraph (b) of the definition of date)

Omit "securities exchange", substitute "financial market".

181 Section 9 (definition of dealer)

Repeal the definition.

182 Section 9 (definition of dealers licence)

Repeal the definition.

183 Section 9

Insert:

dealing, in relation to financial products, when used in a provision outside Chapter 7, has the same meaning as it has in Chapter 7.

184 Section 9

Insert:

declared professional body when used in a provision outside

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Chapter 7, has the same meaning as it has in Chapter 7.

185 Section 9 (definition of defalcation)

Repeal the definition.

186 Section 9

Insert:

derivative, when used in a provision outside Chapter 7, has the same meaning as it has in Chapter 7.

187 Section 9 (definition of discretionary account)

Repeal the definition.

188 Section 9

Insert:

dispose, in relation to financial products, when used in a provision outside Chapter 7, has the same meaning as it has in Chapter 7.

189 Section 9 (definition of document of title)

Repeal the definition.

190 Section 9 (definition of eligible commodity agreement)

Repeal the definition.

191 Section 9 (definition of eligible exchange-traded option)

Repeal the definition.

192 Section 9 (definition of eligible securities conduct)

Repeal the definition.

193 Section 9 (second sentence of the definition of enter into)

Repeal the sentence.

194 Section 9 (definition of Exchange)

Repeal the definition.

195 Section 9 (definition of exchange member)

Repeal the definition.

196 Section 9 (definition of Exchange subsidiary)

Repeal the definition.

197 Section 9 (definition of exchange traded option)

Repeal the definition.

198 Section 9 (definition of exempt broker)

Repeal the definition.

199 Section 9 (definition of exempt dealer)

Repeal the definition.

200 Section 9 (definition of exempt futures market)

Repeal the definition.

201 Section 9 (definition of exempt investment adviser)

Repeal the definition.

202 Section 9 (definition of exempt stock market)

Repeal the definition.

203 Section 9 (definition of fidelity fund)

Repeal the definition.

204 Section 9

Insert:

financial market, when used in a provision outside Chapter 7, has the same meaning as it has in Chapter 7.

205 Section 9

Insert:

financial product, when used in a provision outside Chapter 7, has the same meaning as it has in Chapter 7.

206 Section 9

Insert:

financial service, when used in a provision outside Chapter 7, has the same meaning as it has in Chapter 7.

207 Section 9

Insert:

financial services business, when used in a provision outside Chapter 7, has the same meaning as it has in Chapter 7.

208 Section 9

Insert:

financial services civil penalty provision has the meaning given by section 1317DA.

209 Section 9

Insert:

financial services licensee, when used in a provision outside Chapter 7, has the same meaning as it has in Chapter 7.

210 Section 9 (definition of Fund)

Repeal the definition.

211 Section 9 (definition of futures advice business)

Repeal the definition.

212 Section 9 (definition of futures adviser)

Repeal the definition.

213 Section 9 (definition of futures advisers licence)

Repeal the definition.

214 Section 9 (definition of futures association)


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Repeal the definition.

215 Section 9 (definition of futures broker)

Repeal the definition.

216 Section 9 (definition of futures brokers licence)

Repeal the definition.

217 Section 9 (definition of futures broking business)

Repeal the definition.

218 Section 9 (definition of futures contract)

Repeal the definition.

219 Section 9 (definition of futures exchange)

Repeal the definition.

220 Section 9 (definition of futures law)

Repeal the definition.

221 Section 9 (definition of futures licence)

Repeal the definition.

222 Section 9 (definition of futures licensee)

Repeal the definition.

223 Section 9 (definition of futures market)

Repeal the definition.

224 Section 9 (definition of futures option)

Repeal the definition.

225 Section 9 (definition of futures organisation)

Repeal the definition.

226 Section 9 (definition of futures report)

Repeal the definition.

227 Section 9 (definition of futures representative)

Repeal the definition.

228 Section 9 (definition of information service)

Repeal the definition.

229 Section 9 (definition of inside information)

Repeal the definition.

230 Section 9 (definition of insolvent)

Omit "and, in Part 7.10, has a meaning affected by section 922".

231 Section 9 (definition of invalid futures authority)

Repeal the definition.

232 Section 9 (definition of invalid securities authority)

Repeal the definition.

233 Section 9 (definition of investment advice business)

Repeal the definition.

234 Section 9 (definition of investment adviser)

Repeal the definition.

235 Section 9 (definition of investment advisers licence)

Repeal the definition.

236 Section 9 (at the end of the definition of issue)

Add:

Note: When issue is used in Chapter 7 in relation to a financial product it has a meaning affected by section 761E.

237 Section 9 (definition of liquidating trade)

Repeal the definition.

238 Section 9 (definition of liquidator)

Omit "Chapters 7 and 8", substitute "Chapter 7".

239 Section 9 (definition of listed)

Omit "securities exchange", substitute "prescribed financial market operated in this jurisdiction".

240 Section 9 (definition of listed corporation)

Repeal the definition, substitute:

listed corporation means a body corporate that is included in an official list of a prescribed financial market.

241 Section 9 (definition of listing rules)

Repeal the definition, substitute:

listing rules, when used in a provision outside Chapter 7, has the same meaning as it has in Chapter 7.

242 Section 9

Insert:

market traded option means an option declared by an operator of a prescribed financial market to be a market traded option.

243 Section 9 (paragraphs (b), (c) and (d) of the definition of member)

Repeal the paragraphs.

244 Section 9 (definition of member firm)

Repeal the definition.

245 Section 9 (definition of member organisation)

Repeal the definition.

246 Section 9 (definition of minimum holding buy-back)

Omit "securities exchange", substitute "financial market".

247 Section 9 (definition of non-broker)

Repeal the definition.

248 Section 9 (definition of non-dealer)

Repeal the definition.


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249 Section 9 (definition of of)

Omit "securities", substitute "financial products".

250 Section 9

Insert:

offence based on a particular provision of this Act means, unless a contrary intention appears:

(a) if that provision creates an offence--an offence against that provision, or an offence against section 1314 that relates to that provision; or

(b) if section 1311 creates an offence relating to that provision--an offence against section 1311 or 1314 that relates to that provision.

251 Section 9 (definition of on)

Omit "stock market or futures market", substitute "financial market".

252 Section 9 (definition of on-market)

Repeal the definition, substitute:

on-market: a transaction of any kind is an on-market transaction if it is effected on a prescribed financial market and is:

(a) an on-market transaction as defined in the rules governing the operation of the market; or

(b) if those rules do not define on-market transactions--effected in the ordinary course of trading on the market.

253 Section 9

Insert:

operated in this jurisdiction, when used in a provision outside Chapter 7, has the same meaning as it has in Chapter 7.

254 Section 9

Insert:

operating rules, when used in a provision outside Chapter 7, has the same meaning as it has in Chapter 7.

255 Section 9 (definition of option contract)

Repeal the definition.

256 Section 9 (definition of own account)

Repeal the definition.

257 Section 9

Insert:

participant, when used in a provision outside Chapter 7, has the same meaning as it has in Chapter 7.

258 Section 9 (definition of party)

Repeal the definition, substitute:

party, in relation to a transaction that has been completed, given effect to, or terminated, includes a person who was a party to the transaction.

259 Section 9

Insert:

prescribed financial market means a financial market that is prescribed by regulations made for the purposes of this definition.

260 Section 9 (definition of price)

Repeal the definition.

261 Section 9

Insert:

professional investor means a person in relation to whom one or more of the following paragraphs apply:

(a) the person is a financial services licensee;

(b) the person is a body regulated by APRA;

(c) the person is a body registered under the Financial Corporations Act 1974;

(d) the person is the trustee of:

(i) a superannuation fund; or

(ii) an approved deposit fund; or

(iii) a pooled superannuation trust; or

(iv) a public sector superannuation scheme;

within the meaning of the Superannuation Industry (Supervision) Act 1993 and the fund, trust or scheme has net assets of at least $10 million;

(e) the person controls at least $10 million (including any amount held by an associate or under a trust that the person manages);

(f) the person is a listed entity, or a related body corporate of a listed entity;

(g) the person is an exempt public authority;

(h) the person is a body corporate, or an unincorporated body, that:

(i) carries on a business of investment in financial products, interests in land or other investments; and

(ii) for those purposes, invests funds received (directly or indirectly) following an offer or invitation to the public, within the meaning of section 82, the terms of which provided for the funds subscribed to be invested for those purposes;

(i) the person is a foreign entity that, if established or incorporated in Australia, would be covered by one of the preceding paragraphs.

262 Section 9 (definition of proper authority)

Repeal the definition.

263 Section 9 (definition of proper SCH transfer)


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Repeal the definition.

264 Section 9 (subparagraph (a)(ii) of the definition of public company)

Omit "securities exchange", substitute "prescribed financial market".

265 Section 9 (paragraph (a) of the definition of publish)

After "periodical,", insert "on the Internet,".

266 Section 9 (definition of quotation)

Repeal the definition, substitute:

quotation, in relation to financial products or in relation to a financial market, includes the displaying or providing, on a financial market, of information concerning:

(a) if offers to dispose of, purchase or exchange the financial product at particular prices, or for particular consideration, are made or accepted on that financial market--those prices or that consideration; or

(b) if offers or invitations are made on that financial market, being offers or invitations that are intended, or may reasonably be expected, to result in the making or acceptance of offers to dispose of, purchase or exchange the financial products at particular prices, or for particular consideration--those prices or that consideration; or

(c) in any case--the price at which, or the consideration for which, particular persons, or particular classes of persons, propose, or may reasonably be expected, to dispose of, purchase or exchange the financial products.

267 Section 9 (definition of quoted right)

Repeal the definition.

268 Section 9 (definition of quoted security)

Repeal the definition, substitute:

quoted security means a security that is listed for quotation on a prescribed financial market.

269 Section 9 (definition of recognised futures exchange)

Repeal the definition.

270 Section 9

Insert:

relevant financial market, for a listed company, or listed registered scheme, means:

(a) the prescribed financial market on which the company or scheme is listed; or

(b) if the company or scheme is listed on 2 or more prescribed financial markets--each of those markets.

271 Section 9

Insert:

relevant market operator, for a listed company, or listed registered scheme, means:

(a) if there is only one relevant financial market for the company or scheme--the operator of that relevant financial market; or

(b) if there is 2 or more relevant financial markets for the company or scheme--each of the operators of each of those relevant financial markets.

272 Section 9 (definition of relevant securities exchange)

Repeal the definition.

273 Section 9 (definition of representative)

Repeal the definition.

274 Section 9 (definition of responsible officer)

Repeal the definition, substitute:

responsible officer, in relation to a body corporate that applies for a licence, means an officer of the body who would perform duties in connection with the holding of the licence.

275 Section 9 (definition of same kind)

Repeal the definition.

276 Section 9 (definition of SCH)

Repeal the definition.

277 Section 9 (definition of SCH business rules)

Repeal the definition.

278 Section 9 (definition of SCH certificate cancellation provisions)

Repeal the definition.

279 Section 9 (definition of SCH participant)

Repeal the definition.

280 Section 9 (definition of SCH-regulated transfer)

Repeal the definition.

281 Section 9 (definition of SCH subregister)

Repeal the definition.

282 Section 9 (definition of section 770A stock market)

Repeal the definition.

283 Section 9 (definition of securities adviser)

Repeal the definition.

284 Section 9 (definition of securities business)

Repeal the definition.


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285 Section 9 (definition of securities clearing house)

Repeal the definition.

286 Section 9 (definition of securities exchange)

Repeal the definition.

287 Section 9 (definition of securities law)

Repeal the definition.

288 Section 9 (definition of securities licence)

Repeal the definition.

289 Section 9 (definition of securities licensee)

Repeal the definition.

290 Section 9 (definition of securities recommendation)

Repeal the definition.

291 Section 9 (definition of securities report)

Repeal the definition.

292 Section 9 (definition of securities representative)

Repeal the definition.

293 Section 9 (definition of SEGC)

Repeal the definition.

294 Section 9 (definition of sold position)

Repeal the definition.

295 Section 9 (definition of sole trader)

Repeal the definition.

296 Section 9 (definition of standardised agreement)

Repeal the definition.

297 Section 9 (definition of stock exchange)

Repeal the definition.

298 Section 9 (definition of stock market)

Repeal the definition.

299 Section 9 (subparagraph (a)(ii) of the definition of substantial holding)

Omit "exchange traded", substitute "market traded".

300 Section 9 (definition of suspend)

Repeal the definition.

301 Section 9 (at the end of the definition of this jurisdiction)

Add:

; and (d) also, for the purposes of the application of a provision of Chapter 7 or an associated provision (as defined in section 5)--any external Territory in which the provision applies because of subsection 5(9) (but only to the extent provided for in that subsection).

302 Section 9 (definition of trade)

Repeal the definition, substitute:

trade, in relation to financial products, in relation to a financial market, includes:

(a) make or accept on that financial market an offer to dispose of, acquire or exchange the financial products; and

(b) make on that financial market an offer or invitation that is intended, or may reasonably be expected, to result in the making or acceptance of an offer to dispose of, acquire or exchange the financial products.

303 Section 9 (definition of trading floor)

Repeal the definition.

304 Section 9 (definition of unauthorised futures market)

Repeal the definition.

305 Section 9 (definition of unauthorised stock market)

Repeal the definition.

306 Section 13

Omit "securities business" (wherever occurring), substitute "financial services business".

307 Section 14

Repeal the section.

308 Paragraph 16(1)(b)

Repeal the paragraph, substitute:

(b) one, a client, gives specific instructions to the other, whose ordinary business includes dealing in financial products, to acquire financial products on the client's behalf in the ordinary course of that business;

309 Subsection 16(2)

Omit "or 14(b) or (e)".

310 Section 17

Repeal the section, substitute:

17 Associates of composite person that carries on a financial services business A reference to an associate, in relation to an entity (other than a body corporate) that carries on a financial services business, is, if 2 or more persons constitute the entity, a reference to an associate of any of those persons.

311 Division 4 of Part 1.2

Repeal the Division.

312 Sections 51, 54, 55, 56 and 61

Repeal the sections.


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313 Section 64

Omit "section 51 or".

314 Sections 67, 68, 71, 72, 72A, 73, 77, 84, 87 and 88

Repeal the sections.

315 Paragraph 92(1)(ca)

Repeal the paragraph.

316 Paragraph 92(1)(d)

Omit "or".

317 Paragraph 92(1)(e)

Repeal the paragraph.

318 Subsection 92(1)

Omit "but does not include a futures contract or an excluded security.", substitute:

but does not include:

(f) a derivative (as defined in Chapter 7), other than an option to acquire by way of transfer a security covered by paragraph (a), (b), (c) or (d); or

(g) an excluded security.

319 Subsection 92(1) (note)

Repeal the note, substitute:

Note: A derivative does not include an option to acquire a security by way of issue (see the combined effect of paragraph 761D(3)(c), paragraph 764A(1)(a) and paragraph (d) of the definition of security in section 761A).

320 Paragraph 92(2)(ca)

Repeal the paragraph.

321 Subsection 92(2)

Omit "but does not include a futures contract or an excluded security.", substitute:

but does not include:

(e) a derivative (as defined in Chapter 7), other than an option to acquire by way of transfer a security covered by paragraph (a), (b), (c) or (d); or

(f) an excluded security.

Note: A derivative does not include an option to acquire a security by way of issue (see the note to subsection (1)).

322 Subsection 92(2A)

Repeal the subsection.

323 Subsection 92(3) (second sentence)

Repeal the sentence, substitute:

It does not cover:

(f) a derivative (as defined in Chapter 7), other than an option to acquire by way of transfer a security covered by paragraph (a), (b), (c) or (d); or

(g) an option approved by a securities exchange as a market traded option.

Note: A derivative does not include an option to acquire a security by way of issue (see the note to subsection (1)).

324 Subsection 92(3)

Omit "exchange traded option", substitute "market traded option".

325 Subsection 92(3) (note)

Omit "and sections 9 and 72 define futures contract".

326 At the end of section 92

Add:

(4) In Chapter 6D securities has the meaning given by section 700 and in Chapter 7 security has the meaning given by section 761A.

327 Section 92A

Repeal the section.

328 Sections 93 and 94

Repeal the sections.

329 Section 95A

Repeal the section.

330 Section 97

Repeal the section.

331 Paragraph 103(2)(a)

Omit ", 601CD or of Chapter 8", substitute "or 601CD".

332 At the end of subsection 103(2)

Add:

Note: Section 1101H provides that a failure to comply with requirements of Chapter 7 generally does not affect the validity or enforceability of any transaction, contract or other arrangement.

333 Section 141 (table items 35, 36, 37, 38 and 39)

Repeal the items, substitute:


Transfer of shares


35

Transmission of shares on death

1072A

36

Transmission of shares on bankruptcy

1072B

37

Transmission of shares on mental incapacity

1072D

38

Registration of transfers

1072F

39

Additional general discretion for directors of proprietary companies to refuse to register transfers

1072G

334
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Subsection 170(3)

Omit "has been granted official quotation by a securities exchange", substitute "is listed for quotation on a prescribed financial market".

335 Subsection 205G(1)

Omit "securities exchange", substitute "market operator".

Note: The heading to section 205G is altered by omitting "securities exchange" and substituting "market operator".

336 Subsections 205G(3) and (4)

Omit "exchange", substitute "relevant market operator".

337 Subsection 205G(5)

Omit "exchange" (wherever occurring), substitute "relevant market operator".

338 Subsection 205G(6)

Omit "securities exchange", substitute "market operator".

339 Paragraph 206C(1)(a)

After "contravened a", insert "corporation/scheme".

340 Subsection 206C(1) (note)

Repeal the note.

341 Subsection 220(2)

Repeal the subsection, substitute:

(2) If the company is listed, ASIC may consult with the relevant market operator for the purposes of giving comments to the company.

342 Subsection 249CA(2)

Repeal the subsection, substitute:

(2) This section only applies to a company that is listed.

343 Subsection 249HA(2)

Repeal the subsection, substitute:

(2) This section only applies to a company that is listed.

344 Subsection 250BA(2)

Repeal the subsection, substitute:

(2) This section only applies to a company that is listed.

345 Subsection 251AA(2)

Omit "the Exchange" (first occurring), substitute "the operator of each market on which financial products of the company are listed".

346 Subsection 251AA(2)

Omit "the Exchange" (second occurring), substitute "the relevant market operator".

347 Subsection 251AA(3)

Repeal the subsection, substitute:

(3) This section only applies to a company that is listed.

348 Section 253F

Omit "stock market of a stock exchange" (wherever occurring), substitute "prescribed financial market".

349 Subsection 257B(6)

Omit "at an official meeting of a securities exchange in Australia in the ordinary course of trading on a stock market of that exchange", substitute "on a prescribed financial market in the ordinary course of trading on that market".

350 Subsection 257B(7)

Repeal the subsection, substitute:

(7) A buy-back by a company (whether listed or not) is also an on-market buy-back if it results from an offer made in the ordinary course of trading in a financial market outside Australia which ASIC declares in writing to be an approved overseas financial market for the purposes of this subsection. A buy-back by a listed company is an on-market buy-back under this subsection only if an offer to buy-back those shares is also made on a prescribed financial market at the same time.

351 Subsection 257H(2)

Omit "deal in", substitute "dispose of".

352 Subsection 300(11) (note)

Omit "the ASX", substitute "a relevant market operator".

353 Subsection 300(12)

Omit "stock market of a securities exchange", substitute "prescribed financial market".

354 Subsection 300A(2)

Repeal the subsection, substitute:

(2) This section only applies to a company that is listed.

355 Paragraph 323DA(1)(c)

Repeal the paragraph, substitute:

(c) a financial market in a foreign country if that financial market is prescribed by regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph;

356 Subsection 323DA(1)

Omit "to the Exchange", substitute "to each relevant market operator, if the company is listed".

357 Subsection 323DA(2)

Repeal the subsection.

358 Subsection 601ED(2)

Repeal the subsection, substitute:

(2) A managed investment scheme does not have to be registered if all the issues of interests in the scheme that have been made would not have required the giving of a Product Disclosure Statement under Division 2 of

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Part 7.9 if the scheme had been registered when the issues were made.

359 Section 601FA

Omit "a dealers licence", substitute "an Australian financial services licence".

Note: The heading to section 601FA is altered by omitting "dealers licence" and substituting "Australian financial services licence".

360 Subparagraph 601FD(1)(f)(ii)

Omit "dealers licence", substitute "Australian financial services licence".

361 Paragraph 601MB(1)(b)

Repeal the paragraph, substitute:

(b) a person (the offeror) fails to comply with Division 2 of Part 7.9 when offering an interest in a registered scheme for subscription or issuing an invitation to subscribe for an interest in a registered scheme;

362 Paragraph 601PA(2)(b)

Omit "Chapter 6D", substitute "Division 2 of Part 7.9".

363 Paragraph 609(1)(a)

Omit "providing financial services", substitute "the provision of financial accommodation by any means".

364 Subsection 609(3)

Omit "securities dealer", substitute "financial services licensee".

Note: The heading to subsection 609(3) is altered by omitting "securities dealer" and substituting "financial services licensee".

365 Subsection 609(3)

Omit "securities business", substitute "financial services business".

366 Paragraph 609(6)(a)

Omit "exchange traded option", substitute "market traded option".

Note: The heading to subsection 609(6) is replaced by the heading "Market traded options and derivatives".

367 Paragraph 609(6)(b)

Omit "futures contract", substitute "derivative".

368 After subsection 609(9)

Insert:

Clearing and settlement facilities

(9A) The operator of a clearing and settlement facility (within the meaning of Chapter 7) does not have a relevant interest in securities merely because of its provision of facilities for the settlement of transactions.

369 Section 611 (table item 6)

Repeal the item, substitute:

6

Nature of acquirer

An acquisition that results from the exercise by a person of a power, or appointment as a receiver, or receiver and manager, under a mortgage, charge or other security if:

(a) the person's ordinary business includes the provision of financial accommodation by any means; and

(b) the person took or acquired the security in the ordinary course of their business of the provision of financial accommodation by any means and on ordinary commercial terms.

370 Section 611 (table item 14)

Repeal the item, substitute:

14


Acquisition through listed company

An acquisition that results from another acquisition of relevant interests in voting shares in a body corporate included in the official list of:

(a) a prescribed financial market; or

(b) a foreign body conducting a financial market that is a body approved in writing by ASIC for the purposes of this item.

371 Subsection 618(2)

Omit "securities exchange", substitute "financial market".

372 Subsection 621(2)

Omit "the stock market of a securities exchange", substitute "a prescribed financial market".

373 Paragraph 625(3)(b)

Omit "stock market of a securities exchange", substitute "financial market".

374 Paragraph 630(5)(b)

Omit "securities exchange", substitute "market operator".

375 Section 632 (overview)


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Omit "*[exchange]" (wherever occurring), substitute "*[market]".

376 Subsection 633(1) (table item 5)

Repeal the item, substitute:

5

The bidder must send a copy of the bidder's statement and offer document to the operator of each prescribed financial market on which the target's securities are quoted.

To be done on the day the bidder's statement is sent to the target

See also subsection (5).

377 Subsection 633(1) (table item 8)

Repeal the item, substitute:

8


The bidder must send a notice that offers have been sent as required by item 6 to the operator of each prescribed financial market on which the target's securities are quoted.

To be done on the day all offers have been sent as required by item 6

378 Paragraph 633(4)(a)

Omit "securities exchange", substitute "market operator".

379 Section 634 (overview)

Omit "the exchange" (wherever occurring), substitute "the market".

380 Section 634 (overview)

Omit "* exchange" (wherever occurring), substitute "* market".

381 Section 635 (table items 2 to 6)

Repeal the items, substitute:

2

The bidder must have the bid announced to the relevant financial market.


3

The bidder must send a copy of the bidder's statement to the relevant market operator

To be done on the day the announcement is made

4

The bidder must send to the target:

* a copy of the bidder's statement; and

* a copy of any other document that was sent with the bidder's statement to the relevant market operator.

To be done on the day the announcement is made

5

The bidder must lodge with ASIC:

* a copy of the bidder's statement; and

* a copy of any other document that was sent with the bidder's statement to the relevant market operator.

To be done on the day the announcement is made

6

The bidder must send to each holder of bid class securities (other than the bidder):

* a copy of the bidder's statement; and

* a copy of any other document that was sent with the bidder's statement to the relevant market operator.

Within 14 days after the announcement is made.

Sections 648B and 648C provide for the manner in which documents may be sent to holders.

382
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Section 635 (table items 10 to 14)

Repeal the items, substitute:

10

The target must send a copy of the target's statement to the relevant market operator.

Within 14 days after the announcement is made

11

The target must send to the bidder:

* a copy of the target's statement; and

* a copy of any other document that was sent with the target's statement to the relevant market operator.

To be done on the day the target sends a copy of the target's statement to the relevant market operator

12

The target must lodge with ASIC:

* a copy of the target's statement; and

* a copy of any other document that was sent with the target's statement to the relevant market operator.

To be done on the day the target sends a copy of the target's statement to the relevant market operator

13

The target must send each holder of bid class securities:

* a copy of the target's statement; and

* a copy of any other document that was sent with the target's statement to the relevant market operator.

Within 14 days after the announcement is made.

Sections 648B and 648C provide for the manner in which documents may be sent to holders.

14

The bidder must make offers for the securities under the bid through the relevant financial market.

To be done on the next day after the end of the 14 day period referred to in item 13.

If the bidder does not make the offers at that time, the bidder contravenes this section.

Item 2 of the table in section 611 covers offers made by the bidder on market during the 14 day period between the announcement and the making of the offers under the bid

383 Paragraph 647(3)(b)

Omit "each relevant securities exchange that has a stock market", substitute "the operator of each prescribed financial market".

384 Paragraph 648E(2)(b)

Omit "securities exchange", substitute "financial market".


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385 Paragraph 648H(a)

Omit "business rules or listing rules of a securities exchange", substitute "operating rules of a financial market".

386 Section 649B

Omit "securities exchange", substitute "financial market".

387 Subsection 649C(1)

Omit "securities exchange" (wherever occurring), substitute "financial market".

388 Subsection 649C(1)

Omit "the exchange", substitute "the market".

389 Paragraph 649C(2)(a)

Omit "securities exchange", substitute "market operator".

390 Subsection 650E(3)

Repeal the subsection, substitute:

(3) A notice under paragraph (2)(a) must:

(a) comply with the conditions specified in regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph; or

(b) if no such regulations are made--be in writing.

391 Paragraphs 650E(4)(a) and (b)

Repeal the paragraphs, substitute:

(a) take any actions that are specified in regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph in relation to the return of those securities; or

(b) if no such regulations are made--give the bidder any transfer documents needed to effect the return of the securities.

392 Paragraph 650E(5)(a)

Repeal the paragraph, substitute:

(a) take any actions that are specified in regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph in relation to the withdrawal of acceptance; and

393 Paragraph 650F(3)(a)

Omit "securities exchange", substitute "market operator".

394 Subsection 652C(3)

Omit "securities exchange", substitute "market operator".

395 Paragraph 653A(b)

Repeal the paragraph, substitute:

(b) regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph set out any requirements for the manner in which the acceptance of the offer, so far as it relates to those securities, must be complied with;

396 Subsection 653B(4)

Repeal the subsection, substitute:

(4) A notice under subsection (3) must:

(a) comply with the conditions specified in regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph that provide for the manner of giving the notice; or

(b) if no such regulations are made--be in writing.

397 Paragraph 661B(1)(d)

Omit "securities exchange", substitute "market operator".

398 Subsection 661C(4)

Repeal the subsection, substitute:

(4) The election must:

(a) comply with the conditions specified in regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph that provide for the manner of making the election; or

(b) if no such regulations are made--be in writing.

399 Paragraph 663B(1)(d)

Omit "securities exchange", substitute "market operator".

400 Paragraph 664C(2)(d)

Omit "securities exchange", substitute "market operator".

401 Paragraph 664E(3)(d)

Omit "securities exchange", substitute "market operator".

402 Paragraph 665B(1)(e)

Omit "securities exchange", substitute "market operator".

403 Subsection 671B(1)

Omit "securities exchange", substitute "market operator".

Note: The heading to section 671B is altered by omitting "securities exchange" and substituting "market operator".

404 Subsection 671B(2) (note)

Omit "exchange", substitute "market".

405 Subsection 671B(3) (note)

Omit "exchange", substitute "market".

406 Subsection 671B(5)

Omit "a stock exchange approved under section 769", substitute "a prescribed financial market".

407 Paragraph 671B(6)(b)

Omit "securities exchange", substitute "financial market".

408 Subsection 671B(7)

Omit "exchange", substitute "market".

409 Subsection 700(1)

Repeal the subsection, substitute:

(1) In this Chapter, securities has the same meaning as it has in Chapter 7.

410 Section 701

Repeal the section.


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411 At the end of Part 6D.1

Add:

703A Operating a clearing and settlement facility is not offering securities etc. Nothing that the operator of a clearing and settlement facility (within the meaning of Chapter 7) does in the course of, or in connection with, providing facilities for the settlement of transactions constitutes, for the purposes of this Chapter:

(a) an offer of securities for subscription or purchase; or

(b) an invitation to subscribe for or buy securities.

412 Subparagraph 707(2)(b)(ii)

Omit "stock market of a securities exchange", substitute "relevant financial market".

413 Subparagraph 707(5)(a)(ii)

Omit "stock market of a securities exchange", substitute "relevant financial market on which they were quoted".

414 Subsection 708(6)

Repeal the subsection.

415 Subsection 708(8) (note 2)

Repeal the note, substitute:

Note 2: A financial services licensee has obligations under Division 3 of Part 7.7 when providing financial advice. ASIC has a power under section 915C to suspend or cancel a licensee's licence.

416 Paragraph 708(10)(a)

Omit "licensed dealer", substitute "financial services licensee".

417 Paragraph 708(10)(b)

Omit "dealer", substitute "licensee".

418 Paragraph 708(10)(c)

Omit "dealer", substitute "licensee".

419 Paragraph 708(10)(c)

Omit "dealer's", substitute "licensee's".

420 Paragraph 708(10)(d)

Omit "dealer", substitute "licensee".

421 Subsection 708(11)

Repeal the subsection, substitute:

Professional investors

(11) An offer of securities does not need disclosure to investors under this Part if it is made to a professional investor (as defined in section 9).

422 Paragraph 710(3)(e)

Omit "stockbroker to the issue or sale if they participate in any way in the preparation of the prospectus", substitute "a person named in the prospectus as a financial services licensee involved in the issue or sale".

423 Paragraph 711(4)(c)

Repeal the paragraph.

424 Paragraph 711(4)(e)

Repeal the paragraph, substitute:

(e) an underwriter (but not a sub-underwriter) to the issue or sale or a financial services licensee named in the prospectus as a financial services licensee involved in the issue or sale.

425 Subsection 711(5)

Repeal the subsection, substitute:

Quotation of securities

(5) If the prospectus for an offer of securities states or implies that the securities will be able to be traded on a financial market (whether in Australia or elsewhere), the prospectus must state that:

(a) the securities have been admitted to quotation on that financial market; or

(b) an application for admission of the securities to quotation on that financial market has been made to the operator of that market; or

(c) an application for admission of the securities to quotation on that financial market will be made to the operator of that market within 7 days after the date of the prospectus.

Note 1: Paragraph 724(1)(b) gives times within which the person should seek and obtain admission to quotation.

Note 2: Subsection 716(1) requires the prospectus to be dated.

426 Subsection 723(3)

Omit "stock market of a securities exchange", substitute "financial market".

427 Section 726

Repeal the section, substitute:

726 Offering securities in a body that does not exist A person must not offer securities of a body that has not been formed or does not exist if the offer would need disclosure to investors under Part 6D.2 if the body did exist. This is so even if it is proposed to form or incorporate the body.

428 Paragraph 734(7)(a)

Omit "securities exchange", substitute "market operator".

429 Subparagraph 1274(2)(a)(ia)


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Repeal the subparagraph, substitute:

(ia) a document lodged under a provision of Chapter 7 (other than section 675 or subsection 792C(1)); or

430 Subsection 1308(8)

Omit "a securities licence or futures licence", substitute "an Australian CS facility licence, Australian financial services licence, Australian market licence or an application to become a declared professional body under section 918A".

431 Paragraph 1309(1)(c)

Repeal the paragraph, substitute:

(c) an operator of a financial market (whether the market is operated in Australia or elsewhere) or an officer of such a market;

432 Paragraph 1309(2)(c)

Repeal the paragraph, substitute:

(c) an operator of a financial market (whether the market is operated in Australia or elsewhere) or an officer of such a market;

433 Subsection 1309(5)

Repeal the subsection.

434 After paragraph 1311(1A)(d)

Insert:

(da) Chapter 6CA;

(db) Chapter 7;

435 After paragraph 1317C(gc)

Insert:

(gd) a decision of the Minister under Division 1 of Part 7.4; or

(ge) a decision of ASIC under section 1101A; or

436 Before section 1317E

Insert in Part 9.4B:

1317DA Definitions In this Act:

corporation/scheme civil penalty provision means a provision referred to in subsection 1317E(1), other than a financial services civil penalty provision.

financial services civil penalty provision means a provision referred to in any of paragraphs 1317E(1)(jb) to (jg).

437 Before paragraph 1317E(1)(k)

Insert:

(jb) section 1041A (market manipulation);

(jc) subsection 1041B(1) (false trading and market rigging--creating a false or misleading appearance of active trading etc.);

(jd) subsection 1041C(1) (false trading and market rigging--artificially maintaining etc. market price);

(je) section 1041D (dissemination of information about illegal transactions);

(jf) subsection 1043A(1) (insider trading);

(jg) subsection 1043A(2) (insider trading);

438 Subsection 1317E(1) (note)

After "or", insert "(in the case of a corporation/scheme civil penalty provision)".

439 Paragraph 1317E(2)(e)

Before "the corporation", insert "if the contravention is of a corporation/scheme civil penalty provision--".

440 After paragraph 1317G(1)(a)

Insert:

(aa) the contravention is of a corporation/scheme civil penalty provision; and

Note: The following heading to subsection 1317G(1) is inserted "Corporation/scheme civil penalty provisions".

441 After subsection 1317G(1)

Insert:

Financial services civil penalty provisions

(1A) A Court may order a person to pay the Commonwealth a pecuniary penalty of up to $200,000 if:

(a) a declaration of contravention by the person has been made under section 1317E; and

(b) the contravention is of a financial services civil penalty provision; and

(c) the contravention:

(i) materially prejudices the interests of acquirers or disposers of the relevant financial products; or

(ii) materially prejudices the issuer of the relevant financial products or, if the issuer is a corporation or scheme, the members of that corporation or scheme; or

(iii) is serious.

Note: The following heading to subsection 1317G(1) is inserted "Penalty a civil debt etc.".

442 Paragraph 1317H(1)(a)

After "contravened a", insert "corporation/scheme".


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Note: The heading to section 1317H is altered by adding at the end "--corporation/scheme civil penalty provisions".

443 After section 1317H

Insert:

1317HA Compensation orders--financial services civil penalty provisions Compensation for damage suffered

(1) A Court may order a person (the liable person) to compensate another person (including a corporation), or a registered scheme, for damage suffered by the person or scheme if:

(a) the liable person has contravened a financial services civil penalty provision; and

(b) the damage resulted from the contravention.

The order must specify the amount of compensation.

Damage includes profits

(2) In determining the damage suffered by a person or scheme for the purposes of making a compensation order, include profits made by any person resulting from the contravention.

Damage to scheme includes diminution of value of scheme property

(3) In determining the damage suffered by a registered scheme for the purposes of making a compensation order, include any diminution in the value of the property of the scheme.

(4) If the responsible entity for a registered scheme is ordered to compensate the scheme, the responsible entity must transfer the amount of the compensation to the scheme property. If anyone else is ordered to compensate the scheme, the responsible entity may recover the compensation on behalf of the scheme.

Recovery of damage

(5) A compensation order may be enforced as if it were a judgment of the Court.

444 After subsection 1317J(3)

Insert:

Compensation order relating to financial services civil penalty provision--any other person who suffers damage may apply

(3A) Any other person who suffers damage in relation to a contravention, or alleged contravention, of a financial services civil penalty provision may apply for a compensation order under section 1317HA.

445 At the end of section 1317P

Add:

; or (e) an order has been made against the person by ASIC under section 920A (banning orders) or by the Court under section 921A (disqualification by Court).

446 Subsection 1323(1)

Omit "securities, futures contracts" (wherever occurring), substitute "financial products".

Note: The heading to section 1323 is altered by omitting "securities, futures contracts or property", and substituting "financial products or other property".

447 Paragraph 1323(1)(g)

Omit "securities from" (wherever occurring), substitute "financial products from".

448 Section 1324A

Omit "or 6D or Part 7.11", substitute ", 6CA or 6D or Part 7.10".

449 Section 1324B

Omit "or 6D or Part 7.11", substitute ", 6CA or 6D or Part 7.10".

450 Section 1325

Omit "or 6D or Part 7.11" (wherever occurring), substitute ", 6CA or 6D or Part 7.10".

451 Paragraph 1325A(2)(b)

Omit "securities are to be quoted on a stock market of a securities exchange", substitute "securities will be able to be traded on a financial market".

452 Subparagraph 1325B(1)(b)(ii)

Omit "securities exchange", substitute "market operator".

453 Paragraphs 1364(2)(n), (p), (q) and (r)

Repeal the paragraphs.

454 Paragraph 1364(2)(w)

Omit "$1,000", substitute "50 penalty units".

455 Section 1368

Omit ", 7 or 8", (wherever occurring), substitute "or 7".

Note: The heading to section 1368 is altered by omitting ", 7 or 8" and substituting "or 7".

456 Schedule 2

Repeal the Schedule.

457 Schedule 3 (table items 246 to 331)

Repeal the items, substitute:

<
246A

Subsection 791A(1)

500 penalty units or imprisonment for 5 years, or both.

246B

Subsection 791B(1)

500 penalty units or imprisonment for 5 years, or both.

246C

Subsection 792B(1)

100 penalty units or imprisonment for 2 years, or both.

247A

Subsection 792B(2)

100 penalty units or imprisonment for 2 years, or both.

247B

Subsection 792B(3)

100 penalty units or imprisonment for 2 years, or both.

247C

Subsection 792B(4)

100 penalty units or imprisonment for 2 years, or both.

248A

Subsection 792B(5)

100 penalty units or imprisonment for 2 years, or both.

248B

Subsection 792C(1)

100 penalty units or imprisonment for 2 years, or both.

248C

Subsection 792D(1)

25 penalty units or imprisonment for 6 months, or both.

249A

Section 792E

100 penalty units or imprisonment for 2 years, or both.

249B

Subsection 792F(1)

100 penalty units or imprisonment for 2 years, or both.

249C

Subsection 792F(2)

50 penalty units.

250A

Subsection 792F(3)

100 penalty units or imprisonment for 2 years, or both.

250B

Subsection 792G(1)

100 penalty units or imprisonment for 2 years, or both.

250C

Subsection 792G(2)

100 penalty units or imprisonment for 2 years, or both.

250D

Section 792I

50 penalty units.

251A

Subsection 793D(3)

100 penalty units or imprisonment for 2 years, or both.

251B

Subsection 794B(3)

100 penalty units or imprisonment for 2 years, or both.

251C

Subsection 794D(3)

100 penalty units for each day, or part of a day, in respect of which the offence is committed.

252A

Subsection 794E(2)

100 penalty units for each day, or part of a day, in respect of which the offence is committed.

252B

Subsection 798C(3)

100 penalty units or imprisonment for 2 years, or both.

252C

Subsection 798C(6)

100 penalty units or imprisonment for 2 years, or both.

253A

Subsection 798D(4)

100 penalty units or imprisonment for 2 years, or both.

253B

Subsection 820A(1)

500 penalty units or imprisonment for 5 years, or both.

253C

Subsection 820B(1)

500 penalty units or imprisonment for 5 years, or both.

254A

Subsection 821B(1)

100 penalty units or imprisonment for 2 years, or both.

254B

Subsection 821B(2)

100 penalty units or imprisonment for 2 years, or both.

254C

Subsection 821B(3)

100 penalty units or imprisonment for 2 years, or both.

255A

Subsection 821B(4)

100 penalty units or imprisonment for 2 years, or both.

255B

Subsection 821C(1)

25 penalty units or imprisonment for 6 months, or both.

255C

Section 821D

25 penalty units or imprisonment for 6 months, or both.

256A

Subsection 821E(1)

100 penalty units or imprisonment for 2 years, or both.

256B

Subsection 821E(2)

50 penalty units.

256C

Subsection 821E(3)

100 penalty units or imprisonment for 2 years, or both.

257A

Subsection 822D(3)

100 penalty units or imprisonment for 2 years, or both.

257B

Subsection 823B(3)

100 penalty units or imprisonment for 2 years, or both.

257C

Subsection 823D(5)

100 penalty units for each day, or part of a day, in respect of which the offence is committed.

257D

Subsection 823E(3)

100 penalty units for each day, or part of a day, in respect of which the offence is committed.

258A

Section 850C

400 penalty units or imprisonment for 4 years, or both.

258B

Subsection 851D(8)

100 penalty units or imprisonment for 2 years, or both.

258C

Subsection 852B(2)

400 penalty units or imprisonment for 4 years, or both.

259A

Subsection 853F(1)

500 penalty units or imprisonment for 5 years, or both.

259B

Subsection 853F(2)

500 penalty units or imprisonment for 5 years, or both.

259C

Subsection 854A(5)

100 penalty units or imprisonment for 2 years, or both.

260A

Subsection 892B(1)

200 penalty units or imprisonment for 5 years, or both.

260B

Subsection 892B(4)

200 penalty units or imprisonment for 5 years, or both.

260C

Subsection 892H(1)

200 penalty units or imprisonment for 5 years, or both.

261A

Subsection 892H(2)

200 penalty units or imprisonment for 5 years, or both.

261B

Subsection 892H(3)

200 penalty units or imprisonment for 5 years, or both.

261C

Subsection 892H(6)

50 penalty units or imprisonment for 1 year, or both.

262A

Subsection 892H(7)

50 penalty units or imprisonment for 1 year, or both.

262B

Subsection 892K(2)

100 penalty units or imprisonment for 2 years, or both.

262C

Subsection 911A(1)

200 penalty units or imprisonment for 2 years, or both.

263A

Subsection 911B(1)

200 penalty units or imprisonment for 2 years, or both.

263B

Section 911C

50 penalty units or imprisonment for 1 year, or both.

263C

Subsection 912C(3)

25 penalty units or imprisonment for 6 months, or both.

264A

Subsection 912D(1)

50 penalty units or imprisonment for 1 year, or both.

264B

Subsection 912D(2)

50 penalty units or imprisonment for 1 year, or both.

264C

Subsection 912E(1)

25 penalty units or imprisonment for 6 months, or both.

265A

Subsection 912F(1)

10 penalty units.

265B

Subsection 916F(1)

25 penalty units or imprisonment for 6 months, or both.

265C

Subsection 916F(3)

25 penalty units or imprisonment for 6 months, or both.

266A

Subsection 916G(2)

50 penalty units or imprisonment for 1 year, or both.

266B

Subsection 916G(3)

50 penalty units or imprisonment for 1 year, or both.

266C

Subsection 919B(4)

25 penalty units or imprisonment for 6 months, or both.

267A

Subsection 919C(1)

50 penalty units or imprisonment for 1 year, or both.

267B

Subsection 919C(2)

50 penalty units or imprisonment for 1 year, or both.

267C

Subsection 919C(3)

50 penalty units or imprisonment for 1 year, or both.

268A

Section 919D

25 penalty units or imprisonment for 6 months, or both.

268B

Subsection 920C(2)

25 penalty units or imprisonment for 6 months, or both.

268C

Subsection 923A(1)

10 penalty units for each day, or part of a day, in respect of which the offence is committed.

269A

Subsection 923B(1)

10 penalty units for each day, or part of a day, in respect of which the offence is committed.

269B

Section 942E

100 penalty units or imprisonment for 2 years, or both.

269C

Section 943F

100 penalty units or imprisonment for 2 years, or both.

270A

Subsection 945A(1)

200 penalty units or imprisonment for 5 years, or both.

270B

Subsection 945A(3)

200 penalty units or imprisonment for 5 years, or both.

270C

Subsection 945B(1)

200 penalty units or imprisonment for 5 years, or both.

271A

Subsection 946B(4)

50 penalty units or imprisonment for 1 year, or both.

271B

Subsection 949A(2)

100 penalty units or imprisonment for 2 years, or both.

271C

Subsection 949A(5)

200 penalty units or imprisonment for 5 years, or both.

272A

Subsection 949B(2)

50 penalty units or imprisonment for 1 year, or both.

272B

Subsection 949B(4)

50 penalty units or imprisonment for 1 year, or both.

272C

Section 950B

200 penalty units or imprisonment for 5 years, or both.

273A

Subsection 950C(1)

200 penalty units or imprisonment for 5 years, or both.

273B

Subsection 952C(1)

50 penalty units.

273C

Subsection 952C(3)

100 penalty units or imprisonment for 2 years, or both.

274A

Subsection 952D(1)

200 penalty units or imprisonment for 5 years, or both.

274B

Subsection 952D(2)

200 penalty units or imprisonment for 5 years, or both.

274C

Subsection 952E(1)

100 penalty units or imprisonment for 2 years, or both.

275A

Subsection 952E(3)

100 penalty units or imprisonment for 2 years, or both.

275B

Subsection 952F(2)

200 penalty units or imprisonment for 5 years, or both.

275C

Subsection 952F(3)

200 penalty units or imprisonment for 5 years, or both.

276A

Subsection 952F(4)

200 penalty units or imprisonment for 5 years, or both.

276B

Subsection 952G(2)

100 penalty units or imprisonment for 2 years, or both.

276C

Subsection 952G(4)

100 penalty units or imprisonment for 2 years, or both.

277A

Subsection 952G(6)

100 penalty units or imprisonment for 2 years, or both.

277B

Section 952H

200 penalty units or imprisonment for 5 years, or both.

277C

Subsection 952I(1)

10 penalty units.

278A

Subsection 952I(2)

10 penalty units.

278B

Subsection 952I(3)

10 penalty units.

278C

Subsection 952I(4)

10 penalty units.

279A

Subsection 952J(1)

10 penalty units.

279B

Section 952K

200 penalty units or imprisonment for 5 years, or both.

279C

Subsection 952L(1)

200 penalty units or imprisonment for 5 years, or both.

280A

Subsection 952L(2)

100 penalty units or imprisonment for 2 years, or both.

280B

Subsection 952L(3)

200 penalty units or imprisonment for 5 years, or both.

280C

Section 952M

200 penalty units or imprisonment for 5 years, or both.

281A

Subsection 982C(1)

100 penalty units or imprisonment for 2 years, or both.

281B

Subsection 982C(2)

100 penalty units or imprisonment for 2 years, or both.

281C

Section 982D

25 penalty units or imprisonment for 6 months, or both.

282A

Section 983C

25 penalty units or imprisonment for 6 months, or both.

282B

Subsection 984B(1)

(a) if the offence relates only to a contravention of requirements referred to in paragraph 984B(1)(a)--50 penalty units;

(b) otherwise--100 penalty units or imprisonment for 2 years, or both.

282C

Subsection 988A(1)

200 penalty units or imprisonment for 5 years, or both.

283A

Subsection 989B(1)

200 penalty units or imprisonment for 5 years, or both.

283B

Subsection 989B(2)

200 penalty units or imprisonment for 5 years, or both.

283C

Subsection 989B(3)

200 penalty units or imprisonment for 5 years, or both.

284A

Subsection 990B(1)

200 penalty units or imprisonment for 5 years, or both.

284B

Subsection 990B(2)

200 penalty units or imprisonment for 5 years, or both.

284C

Subsection 990B(6)

25 penalty units or imprisonment for 6 months, or both.

285A

Subsection 990D(1)

100 penalty units or imprisonment for 2 years, or both.

285B

Subsection 990D(2)

100 penalty units or imprisonment for 2 years, or both.

285C

Paragraph 990F(a)

100 penalty units or imprisonment for 2 years, or both.

286A

Subsection 990I(3)

100 penalty units or imprisonment for 2 years, or both.

286B

Subsection 990K(1)

50 penalty units or imprisonment for 1 year, or both.