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Primary content

A Bill for an Act to implement the New Business Tax System in relation to debt and equity interests, and for related purposes
For authoritative information on the progress of bills and on amendments proposed to them, please see the House of Representatives Votes and Proceedings, and the Journals of the Senate as available on the Parliament House website.
Introduced HR 28 Jun 2001

New Business Tax System (Debt and Equity) Bill 2001
First Reading

1998-1999-2000-2001

The Parliament of the

Commonwealth of Australia

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

Presented and read a first time

New Business Tax System (Debt and Equity) Bill 2001

No. , 2001

(Treasury)

A Bill for an Act to implement the New Business Tax System in relation to debt and equity interests, and for related purposes

ISBN: 0642 460094

Contents

Part 1--Amendment of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997 3

Income Tax Assessment Act 1997 3

Part 2--Amendment of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936 45

Income Tax Assessment Act 1936 45

Part 3--Amendment of the Taxation Administration Act 1953 75

Taxation Administration Act 1953 75

Part 4--Application of amendments 76

Income Tax Assessment Act 1997 80

A Bill for an Act to implement the New Business Tax System in relation to debt and equity interests, and for related purposes

The Parliament of Australia enacts:

1 Short title This Act may be cited as the New Business Tax System (Debt and Equity) Act 2001.

2 Commencement This Act commences, or is taken to have commenced, on 1 July 2001.

3 Schedule(s) Each Act that is specified in a Schedule to this Act is amended or repealed as set out in the applicable items in the Schedule concerned, and any other item in a Schedule to this Act has effect according to its terms.

Schedule 1--Debt and equity interests Part 1--Amendment of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997

Income Tax Assessment Act 1997

1 Section 12-5 (after table item headed "death of timber owner")

Insert:

debt interests



certain returns in respect of debt interests


25-85

2 Section 12-5 (table item headed "dividends")

After:

franking credits, pooled development funds (PDFs).................


124ZM

insert:

non-share equity interests, no deduction for return in respect of..........................................................................................



26-26


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3 After section 25-80

Insert:

25-85 Certain returns in respect of debt interests (1) This section deals with a return that an entity pays on a *debt interest.

(2) The return is not prevented from being a *general deduction for an income year under section 8-1 merely because:

(a) the return is *contingent on the economic performance of:

(i) the entity or a part of the entity's activities; or

(ii) a *connected entity of the entity or a part of the activities of a connected entity of the entity; or

(b) the return secures a permanent or enduring benefit for the entity or a connected entity of the entity.

(3) Subject to regulations made for the purposes of subsection (4), subsection (2) does not apply to the return to the extent to which the annually compounded internal rate of the return exceeds the *benchmark rate of return for the interest increased by 150 basis points.

(4) The regulations may provide that subsection (3) applies in the circumstances specified in the regulations as if the reference to 150 basis points were a reference to a greater or lesser number of basis points.

4 After section 26-25

Insert:

26-26 Non-share distributions A company cannot deduct under this Act:

(a) a *non-share distribution; or

(b) a return that has accrued on a *non-share equity interest.

5 Paragraph 104-25(1)(f)

Omit "note", substitute "interest".

6 Subsection 104-25(5) (note 1)

Omit "note", substitute "interest".

7 Paragraph 104-35(5)(c)

Repeal the paragraph, substitute:

(c) a company issues or allots *equity interests in the company; or

8 Paragraph 104-35(5)(e)

Repeal the paragraph, substitute:

(e) a company grants an option to acquire equity interests or *debentures in the company; or

9 Paragraph 104-155(5)(c)

Repeal the paragraph, substitute:

(c) a company issues or allots *equity interests in the company; or

10 Paragraph 104-155(5)(e)

Repeal the paragraph, substitute:

(e) a company grants an option to acquire equity interests or *debentures in the company; or

11 Section 109-10 (table item 2)

Repeal the item, substitute:

2

A company issues or allots *equity interests in the company to you

when contract is entered into or, if none, when equity interests issued or allotted

12 Section 109-55 (table item 11)

Omit "note" (wherever occurring), substitute "interest"

13 Section 112-70

Repeal the section, substitute:

112-70 Convertible interests

Convertible interests

Item

In this situation:

Element affected:

See section:

1

You acquire shares, or units in a unit trust, by converting a convertible interest

First element of cost base and reduced cost base

130-60


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14 Subsection 114-15(4)

Omit "note", substitute "interest".

15 Subsection 114-15(6) (heading)

Repeal the heading, substitute:

Convertible interests

16 Subsection 114-15(6)

Omit "note" (wherever occurring), substitute "interest".

17 Subsection 114-15(6) (note)

Omit "note", substitute "convertible interest".

18 Paragraph 130-40(3)(a)

Omit "notes" (wherever occurring), substitute "interests".

19 Paragraph 130-40(3)(b)

Omit "notes" (wherever occurring), substitute "interests".

20 Subsection 130-40(4)

Omit "notes", substitute "interests".

21 Subsection 130-40(6) (table)

Repeal the table, substitute:

Modifications on exercise of rights

Item

In this situation:

The modification is...

1

You exercise rights issued to you to *acquire the *shares, units or options.

The first element of your *cost base for the shares, units or options is the sum of:

(a) the cost base of the rights at the time of exercise; and

(b) all the amounts to be added under subsection (6A).

The first element of their *reduced cost base is worked out similarly.

2

You exercise rights you *acquired from another entity to acquire the *shares, units or options.

The first element of your *cost base for the shares, units or options is the sum of:

(a) the cost base of the rights at the time of exercise; and

(b) all the amounts to be added under subsection (6A).

The first element of their *reduced cost base is worked out similarly.

3

You exercise rights issued to you to *acquire the *shares, units or options, and you acquired the original shares or *convertible interests, or the original units or convertible interests, before 20 September 1985.

The first element of your *cost base for the shares, units or options is the sum of:

(a) the market value of the rights when they were exercised; and

(b) all the amounts to be added under subsection (6A).

The first element of their *reduced cost base is worked out similarly.


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22 Subsection 130-40(6)

Omit "The payment can include giving property: see section 103-5."

23 After subsection 130-40(6)

Insert:

(6A) An amount is to be added under this subsection if a *capital gain made from the right has been reduced under section 118-20. This is so even though a capital gain that is made on exercise is disregarded under subsection (7). The amount to be added is the amount of the reduction.

Note: For example, a capital gain made on the exercise of the right under section 118-20 may be reduced because an amount is included in the owner's assessable income under subsection 26BB(2) of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936 (about assessing a gain on disposal or redemption of a traditional security) or section 159GS of that Act (about balancing adjustments on transfer of a qualifying security).

24 Subsection 130-45(1)

Omit "notes" (wherever occurring), substitute "interests".

25 Subdivision 130-C (heading)

Repeal the heading, substitute:

Subdivision 130-C--Convertible interests 26 Subsection 130-60(1)

Omit "note" (first occurring), substitute "interest".

Note: The heading to section 130-60 is altered by omitting "note" and substituting "interest".

27 Subsection 130-60(1) (table)

Repeal the table, substitute:

Conversion of a convertible interest

Item

In this situation:

The modification is:

1

You *acquire *shares or units in a unit trust by converting a *convertible interest that is a *traditional security.

The first element of the *cost base of the shares or units is the sum of:

(a) the cost base of the convertible interest at the time of conversion; and

(b) all the amounts to be added under subsection (1A).

The first element of their *reduced cost base is worked out similarly.

2

You *acquire *shares (except shares acquired under an *employee share scheme) by converting a *convertible interest that is not a *traditional security.

The first element of the *cost base of the shares is the sum of:

(a) the cost base of the convertible interest at the time of conversion; and

(b) all the amounts to be added under subsection (1A).

The first element of their *reduced cost base is worked out similarly.

3

You *acquire units in a unit trust by converting a *convertible interest (except one that is a *traditional security) that was issued by the trustee of the unit trust after 28 January 1988.

The first element of the *cost base of the units is the sum of:

(a) the cost base of the convertible interest at the time of conversion; and

(b) all the amounts to be added under subsection (1A).

The first element of their *reduced cost base is worked out similarly.


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28 Subsection 130-60(1)

Omit "The payment can include giving property: see section 103-5."

29 After subsection 130-60(1)

Insert:

(1A) An amount is to be added under this subsection if a *capital gain from the *convertible interest has been reduced under section 118-20. This is so even though a capital gain that is made on conversion is disregarded under subsection (3). The amount to be added is the amount of the reduction.

Note: For example, a capital gain made on the conversion under section 118-20 may be reduced because an amount is included in the owner's assessable income under subsection 26BB(2) of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936 (about assessing a gain on disposal or redemption of a traditional security) or section 159GS of that Act (about balancing adjustments on transfer of a qualifying security).

30 Subsection 130-60(2)

Omit "note", substitute "interest".

31 Subsection 130-60(3)

Omit "note", substitute "interest".

32 Subsection 130-60(3) (note 1)

Omit "note", substitute "interest".

33 Part 3-5 (link note after the heading)

Repeal the link note, substitute:

[The next Division is Division 164.]

Division 164--Non-share capital accounts for companies Guide to Division 164 164-1 What this Division is about A company that issues non-share equity interests will have a notional account called a non-share capital account. This account records contributions to the company in relation to those non-share equity interests and returns made by the company of those contributions.

A non-share distribution that represents a return of contributions is not taxed as a dividend (subject to the anti-avoidance provisions dealing with dividend substitution). In certain circumstances a company may use its share capital account as the source for such distributions.

Table of sections

Operative provisions

164-5 Object

164-10 Non-share capital account

164-15 Credits to non-share capital account

164-20 Debits to non-share capital account

[This is the end of the Guide.]

Operative provisions 164-5 Object (1) This Division provides for the *non-share capital account through which a company records contributions made to it in respect of *non-share equity interests and returns by it of those contributions.

(2) This allows a *non-share distribution to be characterised as either:

(a) a *non-share dividend; or

(b) a *non-share capital return.

164-10 Non-share capital account (1) A company has a non-share capital account if:

(a) the company issues a *non-share equity interest in the company on or after 1 July 2001; or

(b) the company has issued a non-share equity interest in the company before 1 July 2001 that is still in existence on 1 July 2001.

(2) The account continues in existence even if the company ceases to have any *non-share equity interests on issue.

(3) The balance of the account cannot fall below nil.

(4) The only credits and debits that may be made to the account are those provided for in sections 164-15 and 164-20.

164-15 Credits to non-share capital account (1) If the company issues a *non-share equity interest in the

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company on or after 1 July 2001, there is a credit to the *non-share capital account equal to:

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where:

amount received is the market value, when it is provided, of the consideration the company receives for the issue of the interest.

share capital account credit is the amount of any credit made to the company's share capital account in respect of the issue of the interest.

Note: The issue of a non-share equity interest can give rise to a credit to the company's share capital account if the interest consists, for example, of a stapled security that includes a share in the company's capital.

(2) If a *debt interest in the company changes at a particular time to an *equity interest in the company because of section 974-110, there is a credit to the *non-share capital account at that time equal to:

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where:

amount received is the market value, when it was provided, of the consideration the company received for the issue of the interest.

amount returned is so much of the amount received as has been returned to a holder of the interest before the change occurs.

share capital account credit is the amount of any credit made to the company's share capital account in respect of the issue of the interest.

(3) If the company has a *non-share capital account at the beginning of 1 July 2001 because of a *non-share equity interest the company issued before 1 July 2001, there is a credit to the non-share capital account on that day for each non-share equity interest in the company that:

(a) was issued before 1 July 2001; and

(b) is still in existence on 1 July 2001.

(4) The amount of the credit under subsection (3) is:

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where:

amount received is the market value, when it is provided, of the consideration the company receives for the issue of the interest.

return of amount received is the sum of the amounts paid before 1 July 2001 by way of return, in whole or in part, of the amount received.

share capital account credit is the sum of any amounts credited before 1 July 2001 to the company's share capital account in respect of the issue of the interest.

164-20 Debits to non-share capital account (1) The company may debit the whole or a part of a *non-share distribution against the company's *non-share capital account:

(a) to the extent to which the distribution is made as consideration for the surrender, cancellation or redemption of a *non-share equity interest in the company; or

(b) to the extent to which:

(i) the distribution is made in connection with a reduction in the market value of a non-share equity interest in the company; and

(ii) the amount of the distribution is equal to the amount of the reduction in market value.

(2) The total of the amounts debited to the account in respect of a particular *non-share equity interest must not exceed the total of the amounts credited to the account in respect of the interest.

(3) If an *equity interest in the company changes at a particular time to a *debt interest in the company because of section 974-110, there is a debit to the *non-share capital account at that time equal to:

Click here for Picture

where:

credits in relation to the interest is the sum of all the credits that have been made to the *non-share capital account in relation to the interest before the change occurs.

debits in relation to the interest is the sum of all the debits that have been made to the *non-share capital account in relation to the interest before the change occurs.

34 After Division 960

Insert:

[The next Division is Division 974.]

Division 974--Debt and equity interests Table

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of Subdivisions

974-A General

974-B Debt interests

974-C Equity interests

974-D Common provisions

974-E Non-share distributions by a company

974-F Related concepts

Subdivision 974-A--General Guide to Division 974 974-1 What this Division is about This Division tells you whether an interest is a debt interest, or an equity interest, for tax purposes. An interest that could be characterised as both a debt interest and an equity interest will be treated as a debt interest for tax purposes (except for certain interests that fund returns on equity interests).

Whether an interest is a debt interest or an equity interest matters because returns on debt interests are not frankable but may be deductible while returns on equity interests are not deductible but may be frankable.

This Division extends beyond shares the range of interests that are recognised as equity in a company. An interest that is an equity interest in a company but is not a share will be treated in the same way as a share for some tax purposes (particularly in relation to the determination of the tax treatment of returns on the interest).

This Division also tells you how to work out which distributions made in respect of a non-share equity interest in a company will be non-share dividends and which will be non-share capital returns. Those that are non-share dividends will be treated, for most tax purposes, in the same way as dividends.

Table of sections

974-5 Overview of Division

Operative provisions

974-10 Object

974-5 Overview of Division Test for distinguishing debt and equity interests

(1) The test for distinguishing between debt interests and equity interests focuses on economic substance rather than mere legal form (see subsection 974-10(2)). The test is designed to assess the economic substance of an interest in terms of its impact on the issuer's position.

Debt interests

(2) Subdivision 974-B tells you when an interest is a debt interest in an entity. The basic test is in section 974-20.

Equity interests

(3) Subdivision 974-C tells you when an interest is an equity interest in a company. The basic test is in section 974-75.

Tie breaker between debt and equity

(4) If an interest satisfies both the debt test and the equity test, it is treated as a debt interest and not an equity interest.

Distributions in relation to equity interests that are not shares

(5) If you have an equity interest in a company that is not a share, Subdivision 974-E tells you what will count as a non-share distribution, a non-share dividend and a non-share capital return in relation to the interest.

Concepts used in the debt and equity tests

(6) Subdivision 974-F defines a number of concepts that are used in the debt and equity tests (financing arrangement, effectively non-contingent obligation, benchmark rate of return and converting interest).

[This is the end of the Guide.]

Operative provisions 974-10 Object (1) An object of this Division is to establish a test for determining for particular tax purposes whether a *scheme, or the combined operation of a number of schemes:

(a) gives rise to a *debt interest; or

(b) gives rise to an *equity interest.

Note: The test is used, for example, for:

(a) identifying distributions that may be frankable and which may be subject to dividend withholding tax; and


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(b) identifying returns that may be deductible to the company making the return; and

(c) resolving uncertainty as to the proper tax treatment for debt/equity hybrid interests (interests that have some debt qualities and some equity qualities); and

(d) identifying debt capital for the purposes of Division 820 (thin capitalisation rules).

(2) The test is intended to operate on the basis of the economic substance of the rights and obligations arising under the *scheme or schemes rather than merely on the basis of the legal form of the scheme or schemes. In assessing economic substance regard is to be had, for example, to the undue tax benefits that could be obtained from deducting dividend-like payments (deductible equity) or from franking interest-like returns (franked debt).

Note: The basic indicator of the economic character of a debt interest is the non-contingent nature of the returns. The basic indicator of the economic character of an equity interest, on the other hand, is the contingent nature of the returns (or convertibility into an interest of that nature).

(3) This Division allows the combined effect of *related schemes to be taken into account in appropriate cases:

(a) to ensure that the test operates effectively on the basis of economic substance rather than legal form; and

(b) to prevent the test being circumvented by entities merely entering into a number of separate schemes instead of a single scheme.

(4) Another object of this Division is to identify the distributions and credits made in respect of *non-share equity interests in a company that are to be treated as *dividends (non-share dividends) and those that are to be treated as returns of capital (non-share capital returns).

Note: Non-share dividends will generally be included in the recipient's assessable income and may be frankable.

(5) Regulations may also be made under the provisions of this Division:

(a) to clarify the meaning of certain words and phrases in the light of emerging commercial practices, conditions and products; and

(b) to give guidance on the detailed operation of particular provisions.

The regulations must be consistent with the objects stated in subsections (1) to (3).

(6) Without limiting subsection 46(2) of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901, the regulations made for the purposes of this Division may specify different rules for different classes of circumstances.

Subdivision 974-B--Debt interests Table of sections

974-15 Meaning of debt interest

974-20 The test for a debt interest

974-25 Exceptions to the debt test

974-30 Providing a financial benefit

974-35 Valuation of financial benefit--general rules

974-40 Valuation of financial benefits--rights and options to terminate early

974-45 Valuation of financial benefits--convertible interests

974-50 Valuation of financial benefits--value in present value terms

974-55 The debt interest and its issue

974-60 Debt interest arising out of obligations owed by a number of entities

974-65 Commissioner's power

974-15 Meaning of debt interest Single scheme giving rise to debt interest

(1) A *scheme gives rise to a debt interest in an entity if the scheme, when it comes into existence, satisfies the debt test in subsection 974-20(1) in relation to the entity.

Note 1: A debt interest can also arise under subsection (2) (related schemes) or section 974-65 (Commissioner's discretion).

Note 2: Section 974-55 defines various aspects of the debt interest that arises.

Related schemes giving rise to debt interest

(2) Two or more *related schemes (the constituent schemes) together give rise to a debt interest in an entity if:

(a) the entity enters into, participates in or causes another entity to enter into or participate in the constituent schemes; and

(b) a scheme with the combined effect or operation of the constituent schemes (the notional scheme) would satisfy the debt test in subsection 974-20(1) in relation to the entity if the notional scheme came into existence when the last of the constituent schemes came into existence; and

(c) it is reasonable to conclude that the entity intended, or knew that a party to the scheme or one of the schemes intended, the combined economic effects of the constituent schemes to be the same as, or similar to, the

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economic effects of a debt interest.

This is so whether or not the constituent schemes come into existence at the same time and even if none of the constituent schemes would individually give rise to that or any other *debt interest.

Note: Section 974-105 explains the effect, for tax purposes, of actions taken under the schemes.

(3) Subsection (2) does not apply if each of the *schemes individually gives rise to a *debt interest in the entity.

(4) Two or more *related schemes do not give rise to a debt interest in an entity under subsection (2) if the Commissioner determines that it would be inappropriate to apply that subsection to those schemes.

974-20 The test for a debt interest Satisfying the debt test

(1) A *scheme satisfies the debt test in this subsection in relation to an entity if:

(a) the scheme is a *financing arrangement for the entity; and

(b) the entity, or a *connected entity of the entity, receives, or will receive, a *financial benefit or benefits under the scheme; and

(c) the entity has, or the entity and a connected entity of the entity each has, an *effectively non-contingent obligation under the scheme to provide a financial benefit or benefits to one or more entities after the time when:

(i) the financial benefit referred to in paragraph (b) is received if there is only one; or

(ii) the first of the financial benefits referred to in paragraph (b) is received if there are more than one; and

(d) it is substantially more likely than not that the value provided (worked out under subsection (3)) will be at least equal to the value received (worked out under subsection (4)); and

(e) the value provided (worked out under subsection (3)) and the value received (worked out under subsection (4)) are not both nil.

The scheme does not need to satisfy paragraph (a) if the entity is a company and the interest arising from the scheme is an interest covered by item 1 of the table in subsection 974-75(1) (interest as a member or stockholder of the company).

Note: Section 974-30 tells you when a financial benefit is taken to be provided to an entity.

(2) For the purposes of paragraph (1)(b), a *financial benefit is one that the entity or *connected entity will receive under the scheme only if another entity has an *effectively non-contingent obligation under the scheme to provide the financial benefit to the entity or connected entity.

(3) The value provided is:

(a) the value of the *financial benefit to be provided under the *scheme by the entity or a *connected entity if there is only one; or

(b) the sum of the values of all the financial benefits provided or to be provided under the scheme by the entity or a connected entity of the entity if there are 2 or more.

Note: Section 974-35 tells you how to value financial benefits.

(4) The value received is:

(a) the value of the *financial benefit received, or to be received, under the *scheme by the entity or a *connected entity of the entity if there is only one; or

(b) the sum of the values of all the financial benefits received, or to be received, under the scheme by the entity or a connected entity if there are 2 or more.

Multiple financial benefits

(5) Paragraphs (1)(b) and (c) apply to 2 or more *financial benefits whether they are provided at the same time or over a period of time.

Regulations

(6) The regulations:

(a) may specify circumstances in which paragraph (1)(d) is satisfied or not satisfied; and

(b) may otherwise specify rules to be applied in determining whether or not paragraph (1)(d) is satisfied.

974-25 Exceptions to the debt test Non-arm's length dealings giving rise to equity interests

(1) A *scheme does not satisfy the debt test in subsection 974-20(1) in relation to a company if:

(a) the scheme gives rise to an interest in the company to which an item in the table in subsection 974-75(1) applies (equity interests in a company);

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and

(b) the company (or its *connected entities) mentioned in paragraph 974-20(1)(b) do not deal at *arm's length in relation to the scheme with other parties to the scheme; and

(c) it is reasonable to conclude that the scheme would have given rise to an *equity interest in the company or a connected entity if the company or its connected entities had dealt at arm's length with other parties to the scheme.

Short term schemes

(2) A *scheme does not satisfy the debt test in subsection 974-20(1) in relation to an entity if:

(a) at least a substantial part of a *financial benefit mentioned in that subsection does not consist of either of the following or a combination of either of the following:

(i) a liquid or monetary asset;

(ii) an amount of money; and

(b) the scheme requires the financial benefit mentioned in paragraph 974-20(1)(c) to be provided within a period of no more than 100 days of the receipt of the first financial benefit mentioned in paragraph 974-20(1)(b); and

(c) the financial benefit mentioned in paragraph 974-20(1)(c) is in fact provided within that period; and

(d) the scheme is not one of a number of *related schemes that together are taken to give rise to a *debt interest under subsection 974-20(2).

Regulations

(3) The regulations may make provision in relation to the application or operation of subsection (2). Without limiting this, the regulations may:

(a) specify what constitutes a substantial part of a *financial benefit for the purposes of paragraph (2)(a); or

(b) specify a period to be substituted for the period referred to in paragraph (2)(b).

974-30 Providing a financial benefit Issue of equity interest

(1) The following do not constitute the provision of a *financial benefit by an entity or a *connected entity of the entity:

(a) the issue of an *equity interest in the entity or a connected entity of the entity; or

(b) an amount that is to be applied in respect of the issue of an equity interest in the entity or a connected entity of the entity.

Providing a financial benefit to an entity

(2) A *financial benefit is taken to be provided to an entity if it is provided:

(a) to the entity; or

(b) on the entity's behalf; or

(c) for the entity's benefit.

Obligation to provide future financial benefit

(3) For the avoidance of doubt, if you have a present obligation to provide a *financial benefit to an entity at some time in the future:

(a) the financial benefit is taken to be a financial benefit to be provided in the future; and

(b) the obligation to provide the financial benefit is taken not to be a financial benefit being provided at the present.

974-35 Valuation of financial benefits--general rules Value in nominal terms or present value terms

(1) For the purposes of this Subdivision:

(a) the value of a *financial benefit received or provided under a *scheme is its value calculated:

(i) in nominal terms if the performance period (see subsection (3)) must end no later than 10 years after the interest arising from the scheme is issued; or

(ii) in present value terms (see section 974-50) if the performance period must or may end more than 10 years after the interest arising from the scheme is issued; and

(b) the regulations may make provisions relating to the valuation of a financial benefit.

Assume scheme runs its full term

(2) The value of a *financial benefit received or provided under a *scheme is calculated assuming that the interest arising from the scheme will continue to be held for the rest of its life.

Note 1: Section 974-40 makes specific provision for cases in which there is a right or option to terminate the interest early.

Note 2: Section 974-45 makes specific provision for cases involving convertible interests.


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Performance period

(3) The performance period is the period within which, under the terms on which the interest is issued, the *effectively non-contingent obligations of the issuer, and any *connected entity of the issuer, to provide a *financial benefit in relation to the interest have to be met.

(4) An obligation is treated as having to be met within 10 years after the interest is issued if:

(a) the issuer; or

(b) the *connected entity of the issuer;

has an *effectively non-contingent obligation to terminate the interest within that 10 year period even if the terms on which the interest is issued formally allow the obligation to continue after the end of that 10 year period.

Benefit dependent on variable factor

(5) If:

(a) a *financial benefit received or provided in respect of an interest depends on a factor that may vary over time (such as a variable interest rate); and

(b) that factor is one commonly used in commercial arrangements; and

(c) it would be unreasonable to expect any of the parties to the *scheme to know, or to anticipate accurately, the future value of that factor; and

(d) that factor has a particular value (the starting value) when the scheme is entered into;

the value of the financial benefit is calculated assuming that the factor's value will retain the starting value for the whole of the life of the scheme.

Note: For example, the value of a return based on a floating interest rate is calculated on the basis that the interest rate remains the interest rate that is applicable when the scheme is entered into.

Scheme wholly in foreign currency

(6) If all the *financial benefits provided and received under a *scheme are denominated in a particular foreign currency, they do not need to be converted into Australian currency for the purpose of comparing their relative values for the purposes of this Subdivision.

974-40 Valuation of financial benefits--rights and options to terminate early (1) This section deals with the situation in which a party to a *scheme has a right or option to terminate the scheme early (whether by discharging an obligation early, converting the interest arising from the scheme into another interest or otherwise).

Note 1: An example of terminating a scheme early by discharging an obligation early is terminating a loan by discharging the obligation to repay the principal (and any outstanding interest) early.

Note 2: In certain circumstances, conversion of an interest into another interest can terminate its life (see section 974-45).

(2) The existence of the right or option is to be disregarded in working out the length of the life of the interest arising from the *scheme for the purposes of this Subdivision if the party does not have an *effectively non-contingent obligation to exercise the right or option.

(3) If the party does have an *effectively non-contingent obligation to exercise the right or option, the life of the interest ends at the earliest time at which the party will have to exercise the right or option.

(4) This section does not limit subsection 974-35(2).

974-45 Valuation of financial benefits--convertible interests (1) This section deals with the situation in which a *scheme gives rise to an *interest that will or may convert into an *equity interest in a company.

(2) The life of the interest ends no later than the time when it converts into that *equity interest.

(3) The possibility of the conversion is to be disregarded in working out the length of the life of the interest arising from the *scheme for the purposes of section 974-35 if it is uncertain:

(a) whether the interest will ever convert; or

(b) when the interest will convert.

Note: Section 974-40 deals with the situation in which a party to the scheme may exercise a right or option to convert the interest.

(4) This section does not limit subsection 974-35(2).

974-50 Valuation of financial benefits--value in present value terms (1) Subject to the regulations made for the purposes of subsection (5), the value in present value terms of a *financial benefit to be provided or received in respect of an interest (the test interest) is calculated under subsection (4).


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(2) If you need to calculate the values in present value terms of a number of *financial benefits, the value of each financial benefit is to be calculated separately.

(3) The value of a *financial benefit is to be calculated assuming that all amounts to be paid by an entity in respect of the test interest are paid at the earliest time when the entity becomes liable to pay them.

(4) The value of a *financial benefit in present value terms is:

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where:

adjusted benchmark rate of return is 75% of the *benchmark rate of return on the test interest.

n is the number of years in the period starting on the day on which the test interest is issued and ending on the day on which the *financial benefit is to be provided. If the period includes a part of a year, that part is to be expressed as the fraction:

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year means a period of 12 calendar months.

(5) The regulations may provide for the method of calculating the value in present value terms of a *financial benefit.

(6) Without limiting subsection (5), the regulations may:

(a) provide for an entirely different method of calculating the present value of the *financial benefit; or

(b) specify the adjusted *benchmark rate of return; or

(c) provide for a different method of determining the adjusted benchmark rate of return; or

(d) specify rules for determining whether a *debt interest is an *ordinary debt interest.

974-55 The debt interest and its issue (1) If a *scheme, or 2 or more *related schemes, give rise to a *debt interest in an entity, the debt interest:

(a) consists of the interest that carries the right to receive a *financial benefit that the entity or a *connected entity has an *effectively non-contingent obligation to provide under the scheme or any of the schemes; and

(b) is taken, subject to section 974-60, to be a debt interest in the entity; and

(c) is taken to be issued by the entity; and

(d) is issued when the entity (or a connected entity of the entity) first receives a *financial benefit under the scheme or any of the schemes; and

(e) is on issue while an effectively non-contingent obligation of the entity (or a connected entity of the entity) to provide a financial benefit under the scheme or any of the schemes remains unfulfilled.

(2) The interest referred to in paragraph (1)(a) may take the form of a proprietary right, a chose in action or any other form.

974-60 Debt interest arising out of obligations owed by a number of entities (1) This section deals with the situation in which a *scheme, or a number of *related schemes together, would, apart from this section, give rise to the same *debt interest in 2 or more entities.

Note: A scheme may give rise to the same debt interest in 2 or more entities if each of those entities has non-contingent obligations to provide financial benefits under the scheme.

(2) The *debt interest:

(a) is a debt interest in the entity identified under subsection (3) or (4); and

(b) is not a debt interest in the other entity or entities.

(3) The *debt interest is a debt interest in the entity identified using the following method statement:

Method statement

Step 1. Work out, for each of the entities, the total value of the *financial benefits that the entity is under an *effectively non-contingent obligation to provide under the *scheme or schemes: this is the entity's obligation value.

Step 2. The *debt interest is taken to be a debt interest in the entity with the greatest obligation value.

Step 3. If it is not possible to determine which entity has the greatest obligation value (whether because of an equality of, or uncertainty as to, obligation values or otherwise), the *debt interest is taken to be a debt interest in the entity agreed on by all the entities.

Step 4. If the entities do not agree, the interest is taken to be a *debt interest in the entity determined by the Commissioner.

(4) Despite subsection (3), the Commissioner may determine that the *debt interest is a debt interest in the entity specified in the

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determination.

(5) The Commissioner may make the determination only if satisfied, having regard to the economic substance of the relevant transactions, that the *debt interest is properly considered from a commercial point of view to be an interest in the entity specified in the determination.

974-65 Commissioner's power (1) Despite subsection 974-20(1) (the debt test), the Commissioner may determine that a *scheme gives rise to a debt interest in an entity if the Commissioner considers that:

(a) the scheme would satisfy paragraphs 974-20(1)(b) and (c); but

(b) instead of satisfying paragraph 974-20(1)(d), the scheme would satisfy all the following subparagraphs:

(i) it is substantially more likely than not that the value of the *financial benefit to be provided by the entity (or a *connected entity of the entity) under the *effectively non-contingent obligation will be at least equal to the substantial part of the value of the financial benefit received or to be received by the entity (or its connected entity) under the scheme;

(ii) it is substantially more likely than not that other financial benefits will be provided by the entity (or its connected entity) to one or more entities under the scheme;

(iii) it is substantially more likely than not that the sum of the values of the financial benefits mentioned in subparagraphs (i) and (ii) will be at least equal to the value of the financial benefit received by the entity (or its connected entity) under the scheme.

(2) In making the determination, the Commissioner must have regard to the following:

(a) the difference between the value of the *financial benefit received and the value of the financial benefit to be provided under the *effectively non-contingent obligation;

(b) the degree of likelihood of other financial benefits being provided under the *scheme;

(c) the degree of likelihood of the sum of the value of the financial benefits mentioned in subparagraphs (1)(b)(i) and (ii) being equal to or greater than the value of the financial benefit received under the scheme;

(d) the particular circumstances surrounding the scheme (including circumstances of the parties to the scheme and their purposes for entering into the scheme).

(3) If the Commissioner determines under this section that a *scheme gives rise to a *debt interest, the scheme has that effect for all purposes of this Division.

Subdivision 974-C--Equity interests in companies Table of sections

974-70 Meaning of equity interest in a company

974-75 The test for an equity interest

974-80 Equity interest arising from arrangement funding return through connected entities

974-85 Right or return contingent on economic performance

974-90 Right or return at discretion of company or connected entity

974-95 The equity interest

974-70 Meaning of equity interest in a company Single scheme giving rise to equity interest

(1) A *scheme gives rise to an equity interest in a company if, when the scheme comes into existence:

(a) the scheme satisfies the equity test in subsection 974-75(1) in relation to the company because of the existence of an interest; and

(b) the interest is not characterised as, and does not form part of a larger interest that is characterised as, a *debt interest in the company, or a *connected entity of the company, under Subdivision 974-B.

Note 1: An equity interest can also arise under subsection (2) (related schemes) or section 974-80 (arrangements for funding return through connected entities).

Note 2: Section 974-95 defines various aspects of the equity interest that arises.

Related schemes giving rise to equity interest

(2) Two or more *related schemes (the constituent schemes) are taken together to give rise to an equity interest in a company if:

(a) the company enters into, participates in or causes another entity to enter into or participate in the constituent schemes; and

(b) a scheme with the combined effect or operation of the constituent schemes

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(the notional scheme) would give rise to an *equity interest in the company under subsection (1) if the notional scheme came into existence when the last of the constituent schemes came into existence; and

(c) it is reasonable to conclude that the entity intended, or knew that a party to the scheme or one of the schemes intended, the combined economic effects of the constituent schemes to be the same as, or similar to, the economic effects of an equity interest.

This is so whether or not the constituent schemes come into existence at the same time and even if none of the constituent schemes would individually give rise to that or any other equity interest.

Note: Section 974-105 explains the effect, for tax purposes, of actions taken under the schemes.

(3) Subsection (2) does not apply if each of the constituent *schemes individually gives rise to an *equity interest in the company.

(4) Two or more related *schemes do not give rise to an *equity interest in a company under subsection (2) if the Commissioner determines that, having regard to the objects of this Division, it would be inappropriate to apply that subsection to those schemes.

974-75 The test for an equity interest Basic test for equity interest

(1) A *scheme satisfies the equity test in this subsection in relation to a company if it gives rise to an interest set out in the following table:

Equity interests

Item

Interest

1

An interest in the company as a member or stockholder of the company.

2

An interest that carries a right to a variable or fixed return from the company if either the right itself, or the amount of the return, is in substance or effect *contingent on the economic performance (whether past, current or future) of:

(a) the company; or

(b) a part of the company's activities; or

(c) a *connected entity of the company or a part of the activities of a connected entity of the company.

The return may be a return of an amount invested in the interest.

3

An interest that carries a right to a variable or fixed return from the company if either the right itself, or the amount of the return, is at the discretion of:

(a) the company; or

(b) a *connected entity of the company.

The return may be a return of an amount invested in the interest.

4

An interest issued by the company that:

(a) gives its holder (or a *connected entity of the holder) a right to be issued with an *equity interest in the company or a *connected entity of the company; or

(b) is an *interest that will, or may, convert into an equity interest in the company or a connected entity of the company.


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This subsection has effect subject to subsection (2) (requirement for financing arrangement).

Note: Section 974-90 allows regulations to be made clarifying when a right or return is taken to be at discretion of a company or connected entity.

Financing arrangement

(2) A *scheme that would otherwise give rise to an *equity interest in a company because of an item in the table in subsection (1) (other than item 1) does not give rise to an equity interest in the company unless the scheme is a *financing arrangement for the company.

Form interest may take

(3) The interest referred to in item 2, 3 or 4 in the table in subsection (1) may take the form of a proprietary right, a chose in action or any other form.

974-80 Equity interest arising from arrangement funding return through connected entities (1) This section deals with the situation in which:

(a) an interest carries a right to a variable or fixed return from a company; and

(b) the interest is held by a *connected entity of the company; and

(c) apart from this section, the interest would not be an *equity interest in the company; and

(d) there is a *scheme, or a series of schemes, under which the return to the connected entity is to fund (directly or indirectly) a return to another person (the ultimate recipient).

(2) The interest is an equity interest in the company if:

(a) the amount of the return to the ultimate recipient is in substance or effect *contingent on the economic performance (whether past, current or future) of:

(i) the company; or

(ii) a part of the company's activities; or

(iii) a *connected entity of the company or a part of the activities of a connected entity of the company; or

(b) either the right itself, or the amount of the return to the ultimate recipient, is at the discretion of:

(i) the company; or

(ii) a connected entity of the company; or

(c) the interest in respect of which the return to the ultimate recipient is made or another interest that arises from the scheme, or any of the schemes, referred to in paragraph (1)(d):

(i) gives the ultimate recipient (or a connected entity of the ultimate recipient) a right to be issued with an *equity interest in the company or a connected entity of the company; or

(ii) is an *interest that will, or may, convert into an equity interest in the company or a connected entity of the company;

and the interest is not characterised as, and does not form part of a larger interest that is characterised as, a *debt interest in the entity in which it is held, or a *connected entity, under Subdivision 974-B. The return may be a return of an amount invested in the interest.

Note 1: Section 974-90 allows regulations to be made clarifying when a right or return is taken to be at the discretion of a company or connected entity.

Note 2: Paragraphs (a), (b) and (c) parallel items 2, 3 and 4 of the table in subsection 974-75(1).

Example: Company A, Company B1, Company B2 and Company B3 are connected entities.

Company B1 operates Trust Fund C. An interest in Trust Fund C is issued to person H and the return on that interest is contingent on the economic performance of Company A.

Trust Fund C lends the money paid by H for the purchase of the interest to Company B1 which lends the money to Company B2 which lends the money to Company B3 which lends the money to Company A.

Under the arrangements under which the interest is issued and the loans made, payments of interest by Company A on the loan that Company B3 makes to Company A are intended to pass back through Company B2 and Company B1 to fund the return on H's interest in Trust Fund C.

Under subsection (2), Company B3 will have an equity interest in Company A. If the return to Company B3 were itself contingent on Company A's performance, Company B3's interest would be an equity interest in Company A under item 2 of the table in subsection 974-75(1) (and not under subsection (2) of this section).

Company B2 has an equity interest in Company B3 and Company B1 has an equity interest in Company B2. This is because the returns they get are intended to fund the return on H's interest in Trust Fund C and that return is contingent on the economic performance of Company A (which is related to both Company B3 and Company B2).

(3) The interest referred to in paragraph (1)(a) or (2)(c) may take the

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form of a proprietary right, a chose in action or any other form.

974-85 Right or return contingent on economic performance (1) A right, or the amount of a return, is not contingent on the economic performance of an entity, or a part of the entity's activities, merely because the right or return is contingent on:

(a) the ability or willingness of an entity to meet the obligation to satisfy the right to the return; or

(b) the receipts or turnover of the entity or the turnover generated by those activities.

(2) The regulations may specify circumstances in which a right or return is to be taken to be contingent, or not contingent, on the economic performance of an entity or a part of an entity's activities.

(3) The regulations may provide that paragraph (1)(b) does not apply in the circumstances specified in the regulations.

(4) The regulations may provide that an interest that:

(a) is covered by item 2 in the table in subsection 974-75(1) or paragraph 974-80(2)(a); and

(b) arises in the circumstances specified in the regulations;

is not an equity interest because of:

(c) the limited extent to which the right or return that the interest carries is *contingent on the economic performance of an entity or a part of the entity's activities; or

(d) the practical insignificance of the right or return that the interest carries being contingent on that performance.

974-90 Right or return at discretion of company or connected entity The regulations may specify circumstances in which a right, or the amount of a return, is to be taken to be at the discretion of a company or a *connected entity of the company.

974-95 The equity interest (1) If a *scheme gives rise to an *equity interest in a company because of an item of the table in subsection 974-75(1), the equity interest consists of the interest referred to in that item.

(2) If 2 or more *related schemes give rise to an *equity interest in a company because of an item of the table in subsection 974-75(1), the equity interest consists of the combination of interests under the schemes that satisfy the requirements of that item.

(3) Subsection 974-80(2) also provides that certain interests are *equity interests in a company.

(4) If the returns on a *non-share equity interest in a company are payable to 2 or more entities:

(a) each entity is taken to be the holder of a non-share equity interest in the company; and

(b) each entity's non-share equity interest consists of the interests that:

(i) constitute the non-share equity interest; and

(ii) are held by that entity.

(5) The company in which an *equity interest exists is taken to be the issuer of the interest.

Subdivision 974-D--Common provisions Table of sections

974-100 Treatment of convertible and converting interests

974-105 Effect of action taken in relation to interest arising from related schemes

974-110 Effect of material change

974-100 Treatment of convertible and converting interests (1) If a *debt interest is an *interest that will or may convert into an *equity interest, the conversion is taken, for the purposes of this Division to give rise to a new interest (and is not treated merely as a continuation of the debt interest).

(2) If an *equity interest is an *interest that will or may convert into a *debt interest, the conversion is taken, for the purposes of this Division to give rise to a new interest (and is not treated merely as a continuation of the equity interest).

974-105 Effect of action taken in relation to interest arising from related schemes If:

(a) a *scheme, or schemes, give rise to a *debt interest in an entity or an *equity interest in a company; and

(b) the entity or company pays a return, or undertakes any other transaction,

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in respect of any of the following (the component element):

(i) the scheme; or

(ii) a part of the scheme; or

(iii) one of those schemes; or

(iv) a part of one of those schemes;

then, for the purposes of this Act (other than this subsection), the return is taken to be paid, or the transaction to have been undertaken, in respect of the debt interest or equity interest and not in respect of the component element.

Example: Company A issues a convertible note to Company B. Company C, a connected entity of Company B, provides a binding collateral undertaking to Company A that Company B will exercise the option to convert the note into shares in Company A. The convertible note and the undertaking are related schemes that may give rise to an equity interest in Company A if their combined effect satisfies section 974-20. If so, the returns on the note are taken to be returns in respect of the equity interest.

974-110 Effect of material change Change to existing scheme

(1) If:

(a) a *scheme or schemes give rise to a *debt interest (or an *equity interest) in a company; and

(b) the scheme, or one or more of the schemes, are subsequently changed; and

(c) the scheme or schemes as they exist immediately after the change would give rise to an equity interest (or a debt interest) in the company if they came into existence when the change occurred;

this Division applies after the change as if the scheme or schemes as they exist immediately after the change came into existence when the change occurred.

Note 1: This will mean that the characterisation of the interest will change at that time.

Note 2: This section can apply to an interest a number of times so that, for example, an interest that is equity when issued may change to debt because of one subsequent change and then back to equity because of a later change.

Note 3: There will be an adjustment to the company's non-share capital account when the change occurs (see subsections 164-15(2) and 164-20(4)).

Entering into a new related scheme

(2) If:

(a) a *scheme or schemes give rise to a *debt interest (or an *equity interest) in a company; and

(b) the company subsequently enters into, participates in or causes another entity to enter into or participate in a new *related scheme; and

(c) the scheme or schemes, together with:

(i) the new related scheme; and

(ii) any other related scheme that the entity (or company) enters into, participates in or causes another entity to enter into or participate in before the new related scheme is entered into;

would give rise to an equity interest (or a debt interest) in the company if they all came into existence when the new related scheme is entered into;

this Division applies after the new related scheme is entered into as if all the schemes referred to in paragraph (c) had come into existence when the new related scheme is entered into.

Note 1: This will mean that the characterisation of the interest will change at that time.

Note 2: This section can apply to an interest a number of times so that, for example, an interest that is equity when issued may change to debt because of one subsequent change and then back to equity because of a later change.

Note 3: There will be an adjustment to the company's non-share capital account when the change occurs (see subsections 164-15(2) and 164-20(4)).

All prior changes to be taken into account

(3) In applying paragraphs (1)(c) and (2)(c) to the *scheme or schemes, take into account:

(a) all changes to the scheme or schemes that occur before the change or before the new related scheme is entered into; and

(b) all *related schemes entered into before the change or before the new related scheme is entered into; and

(c) all changes to related schemes referred to in paragraph (b) that occur before the change or before the new related scheme is entered into.

Subdivision 974-E--Non-share distributions by a company Table of sections

974-115 Meaning of non-share distribution

974-120 Meaning of non-share dividend

974-125 Meaning of non-share capital return

974-115 Meaning of non-share distribution

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A company makes a non-share distribution to you if:

(a) you hold a *non-share equity interest in the company; and

(b) the company:

(i) distributes money to you; or

(ii) distributes other property to you; or

(iii) credits an amount to you;

as the holder of that interest.

974-120 Meaning of non-share dividend (1) Subject to subsection (2), all *non-share distributions are non-share dividends.

(2) A *non-share distribution is not a non-share dividend to the extent to which the company debits the distribution against:

(a) the company's *non-share capital account; or

(b) the company's share capital account.

974-125 Meaning of non-share capital return A non-share capital return is a *non-share distribution to the extent to which it is not a *non-share dividend.

Subdivision 974-F--Related concepts Table of sections

974-130 Financing arrangement

974-135 Effectively non-contingent obligation

974-140 Ordinary debt interest

974-145 Benchmark rate of return

974-150 Schemes

974-155 Related schemes

974-160 Financial benefit

974-165 Convertible and converting interests

974-130 Financing arrangement (1) A *scheme is a financing arrangement for an entity if it is entered into or undertaken:

(a) to raise finance for the entity (or a *connected entity of the entity); or

(b) to fund another scheme that is a *financing arrangement under paragraph (a).

(2) The following are examples of *schemes that are generally entered into or undertaken to raise finance:

(a) a bill of exchange;

(b) income securities;

(c) a *convertible interest that will convert into an *equity interest.

Note: Paragraph (a) is likely to be relevant for debt interests, paragraph (b) for equity interests and paragraph (c) for both.

(3) The following are examples of *schemes that are generally not entered into or undertaken to raise finance:

(a) a derivative that is used solely for managing financial risk;

(b) a contract for personal services entered into in the ordinary course of a business.

Note: These may be relevant for both debt interests and equity interests.

(4) For the purposes of subsection (1), the following *schemes are taken not to be entered into or undertaken to raise finance:

(a) a lease that:

(i) is not a qualifying arrangement for the purposes of Division 16D of Part III of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936; and

(ii) is not a relevant agreement for the purposes of section 128AC of that Act;

(b) a securities lending arrangement under section 26BC of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936;

(c) a life insurance or general insurance contract undertaken as part of the issuer's ordinary course of business;

(d) a scheme for the payment of royalties (within the meaning of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936) other than:

(i) a qualifying arrangement for the purposes of Division 16D of Part III of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936; or

(ii) a relevant agreement for the purposes of section 128AC of that Act.

974-135 Effectively non-contingent obligation (1) There is an effectively non-contingent obligation to take an action under a *scheme if, having regard to the pricing, terms and conditions of the scheme, there is in substance or effect a non-contingent

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obligation (see subsections (3), (4) and (6)) to take that action.

(2) Without limiting subsection (1), that subsection applies to:

(a) providing a *financial benefit under the *scheme; or

(b) terminating the scheme.

(3) An obligation is non-contingent if it is not contingent on any event, condition or situation (including the economic performance of the entity having the obligation or a *connected entity of that entity), other than the ability or willingness of that entity or connected entity to meet the obligation.

(4) The existence of the right of the holder of an *interest that will or may convert into an *equity interest in a company to convert the interest does not of itself make the issuer's obligation to repay the investment not non-contingent.

(5) An obligation to redeem a preference share is not contingent merely because there is a legislative requirement for the redemption amount to be met out of profits or a fresh issue of *equity interests.

(6) In determining whether there is in substance or effect a non-contingent obligation to take the action, have regard to the artificiality, or the contrived nature, of any contingency on which the obligation to take the action depends.

Note: The artificiality, or the contrived nature, of a contingency would tend to indicate that there is, in substance or effect, a non-contingent obligation to take that action.

(7) An obligation of yours is not effectively non-contingent merely because you will suffer some detrimental practical or commercial consequences if you do not fulfil the obligation.

Note: For example, a contingent obligation to make payments in respect of an income security issued by an approved deposit-taking institution (ADI) is not effectively non-contingent merely because of the detrimental effect non-payment would have on the ADI's business.

(8) The regulations may make further provisions relating to the following:

(a) what constitutes a non-contingent obligation;

(b) what does not constitute a non-contingent obligation;

(c) what constitutes an *effectively non-contingent obligation;

(d) what does not constitute an effectively non-contingent obligation.

974-140 Ordinary debt interest (1) A *debt interest arising from a scheme is an ordinary debt interest if none of the obligations under the scheme is in substance or effect *contingent on the economic performance of:

(a) the issuer of the interest; or

(b) a *connected entity; or

(c) a part of the operations of the issuer or a connected entity.

(2) The regulations may specify rules for determining whether a *debt interest is an *ordinary debt interest.

974-145 Benchmark rate of return (1) The benchmark rate of return for an interest (the test interest) in an entity is the annually compounded internal rate of return on an *ordinary debt interest that:

(a) is issued, immediately before the test interest is issued, by the entity, or an equivalent entity, to an entity that is not a *connected entity; and

(b) has a comparable maturity date; and

(c) is in the same currency; and

(d) is issued in the same market; and

(e) has the same credit status; and

(f) has the same degree of subordination to debts owed to the ordinary creditors of the issuer.

(2) If there is no interest that satisfies subsection (1), the benchmark rate of return for the test interest is the annually compounded internal rate of return on an interest that is closest to the test interest in the respects referred to in that subsection (adjusted appropriately to take account of the differences between that interest and the test interest).

(3) The regulations may:

(a) specify the meaning to be given to an expression used in this section; or

(b) provide for a different method of determining the *benchmark rate of return.

974-150 Schemes (1) Scheme has the meaning given in section 995-1.

(2) The Commissioner:

(a) may determine that what would otherwise be a single *scheme is to be treated for the purposes of this Division as 2 or more separate schemes;

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and

(b) may determine that the schemes are to be taken for the purposes of this Division to not be *related schemes.

(3) The regulations:

(a) may provide that, in the circumstances specified in the regulations, what would otherwise be a single *scheme is to be treated for the purposes of this Division as 2 or more separate schemes; and

(b) may provide that the schemes are to be taken for the purposes of this Division to not be *related schemes.

974-155 Related schemes (1) Subject to subsection (3), 2 *schemes are related to one another if they are related to one another in any way.

(2) Without limiting subsection (1), 2 *schemes are related to each other if:

(a) the schemes are based on stapled instruments; or

(b) one of the schemes would, from a commercial point of view, be unlikely to be entered into unless the other scheme was entered into; or

(c) one of the schemes depends for its effect on the operation of the other scheme; or

(d) one scheme complements or supplements the other; or

(e) there is another scheme to which both the schemes are related because of a previous application or applications of this subsection.

(3) Two *schemes are not related to one another merely because:

(a) one refers to the other; or

(b) they have a common party.

(4) The regulations may specify circumstances in which 2 *schemes:

(a) are taken to be related to one another; or

(b) are taken not to be related to one another.

974-160 Financial benefit (1) In this Act:

financial benefit:

(a) means anything of economic value; and

(b) includes property and services; and

(c) includes anything that regulations made for the purposes of subsection (3) provide is a financial benefit;

even if the transaction that confers the benefit on an entity also imposes an obligation on the entity.

(2) In applying subsection (1), benefits and obligations are to be looked at separately and not set off against each other.

(3) The regulations may provide that a thing specified in the regulations is a financial benefit for the purposes of this Act.

974-165 Convertible and converting interests An interest (the first interest) is an interest that will or may convert into another interest (the second interest) if:

(a) the first interest, or a part of the first interest, must be or may be converted into the second interest; or

(b) the first interest, or a part of the first interest, must be or may be redeemed, repaid or satisfied by:

(i) the issue or transfer of the second interest (whether to the holder of the first interest or to some other person); or

(ii) the acquisition of the second interest (whether by the holder of the first interest or by some other person); or

(iii) the application in or towards paying-up (in whole or in part) the balance unpaid on the second interest (whether the second interest is to be issued to the holder of the first interest or to some other person); or

(c) the holder of the first interest has, or is to have, a right or option to have allotted or transferred to the holder or to some other person, or for the holder or some other person otherwise to acquire:

(i) the second interest; or

(ii) a right or option to acquire the second interest.

Part 2--Amendment of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936

Income Tax Assessment Act 1936

35 Subsection 6(1)

Insert:

debt interest has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

36 Subsection 6(1)

Insert:


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equity holder has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

37 Subsection 6(1)

Insert:

equity interest has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

38 Subsection 6(1) (paragraph (b) of the definition of income from personal exertion)

Repeal the paragraph, substitute:

(b) rents, dividends or non-share dividends.

39 Subsection 6(1)

Insert:

non-equity share means a share that is not an equity interest in the company.

Note: A share will not be an equity interest if it is characterised as, or forms part of a larger interest that is characterised as, a debt interest under Subdivision 974-B of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

40 Subsection 6(1)

Insert:

non-share capital account has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

41 Subsection 6(1)

Insert:

non-share capital return has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

42 Subsection 6(1)

Insert:

non-share distribution has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

43 Subsection 6(1)

Insert:

non-share dividend has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

44 Subsection 6(1)

Insert:

non-share equity interest has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

45 Subsection 6(1) (definition of paid)

After "dividends", insert "or non-share dividends".

46 Subsection 6(1)

Insert:

prudential standards has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

47 After subsection 6AB(5A)

Insert:

(5B) This section applies to a non-share dividend in the same way as it applies to a dividend.

48 At the end of section 6AC

Add:

(7) This section applies to a non-share dividend in the same way as it applies to a dividend.

49 At the end of section 6B

Add:

(4) This section:

(a) applies to a non-share equity interest in the same way as it applies to a share; and

(b) applies to an equity holder in the same way as it applies to a shareholder; and

(c) applies to a non-share dividend in the same way as it applies to a dividend.

50 At the end of section 6BA

Add:

(7) This section (other than subsection (6)):

(a) applies to a non-share equity interest in the same way as it applies to a share; and

(b) applies to an equity holder in the same way as it applies to a shareholder; and

(c) applies to a non-share dividend in the same way as it applies to a dividend.

51 Subparagraph 23(jb)(ii)

After "dividends", insert "or non-share dividends".

52 Subparagraph 26(e)(iii)

After "dividend", insert "or non-share dividend".

53 At the end of section 26A

Add:

(2) This section applies to a non-share dividend in the same way as it applies to a dividend.

54 Subsection 27A(1) (subparagraph (a)(v) of the definition of eligible termination payment)

After "dividend", insert ", or non-share dividend,".


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55 Subsection 27A(5)

After "dividend" (wherever occurring), insert ", or non-share dividend,".

56 After section 43A

Insert:

43B Application of Subdivision to non-share dividends (1) This Subdivision:

(a) applies to a non-share equity interest in the same way as it applies to a share; and

(b) applies to an equity holder in the same way as it applies to a shareholder; and

(c) applies to a non-share dividend in the same way as it applies to a dividend.

(2) Subsection (1) does not apply to section 47A.

(3) Paragraph (1)(c) does not apply to subsection 44(1).

(4) Subsection (1) has effect subject to the special provision that is made for non-share dividends in subsection 44(1).

57 Subsection 44(1)

Repeal the subsection, substitute:

(1) The assessable income of a shareholder in a company (whether the company is a resident or a non-resident) includes:

(a) if the shareholder is a resident:

(i) dividends (other than non-share dividends) that are paid to the shareholder by the company out of profits derived by it from any source; and

(ii) all non-share dividends paid to the shareholder by the company; and

(b) if the shareholder is a non-resident:

(i) dividends (other than non-share dividends) paid to the shareholder by the company to the extent to which they are paid out of profits derived by it from sources in Australia; and

(ii) non-share dividends paid to the shareholder by the company to the extent to which they are derived from sources in Australia.

This subsection does not apply to a dividend (or non-share dividend) to the extent to which another provision of this Act that expressly deals with dividends includes some or all of the dividend (or non-share dividend) in, or excludes some or all of the dividend (or non-share dividend) from, the shareholder's assessable income.

Note: Some of the other provisions of this Act that expressly deal with dividends are sections 23AJ, 23AI, 23AK and 128D.

58 After subsection 45A(3)

Insert:

(3A) For the purposes of this section, a non-share distribution to an equity holder is taken to be the distribution to the equity holder of share capital to the extent to which it is a non-share capital return.

59 After subsection 45B(4)

Insert:

(4A) For the purposes of this section, a non-share distribution to an equity holder is taken to be the distribution to the equity holder of share capital to the extent to which it is a non-share capital return.

60 After subsection 45C(4)

Insert:

(4A) For the purposes of this section:

(a) a non-share distribution to an equity holder is taken to be the distribution to the equity holder of share capital to the extent to which it is a non-share capital return; and

(b) the debit to the company's non-share capital account, in respect of the non-share distribution, is taken to be a debit to the company's share capital account.

61 Subsection 45Z(1A)

Repeal the subsection, substitute:

Application of section

(1A) This section:

(a) does not apply to a dividend that is paid in respect of a non-equity share in a company; and

(b) has effect subject to section 45ZA.

62 Subsection 46(1) (definition of dividend)

Repeal the definition, substitute:

dividend:

(a) means a dividend paid by a company that is a resident but, except in paragraph (3)(a) or (b), does not include a dividend in relation to which section 46A applies; and

(b) does not include a dividend paid in respect of a non-equity share in the company.

63 Subsection 46A(1) (definition of dividend)

Repeal the definition, substitute:

dividend:

(a) means a dividend paid by a company that is a resident; and

(b) does not, except in paragraph (6)(a) or (b), include a dividend unless the payment of the dividend arose out of, or was made in the course of, a transaction, operation, undertaking, scheme or arrangement that the

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Commissioner is satisfied was by way of dividend stripping; and

(c) does not include a dividend paid in respect of a non-equity share in the company.

64 Section 46D

Repeal the section.

65 At the end of section 50

Add:

(2) This section applies to a non-share dividend in the same way as it applies to a dividend.

66 At the end of section 52A

Add:

(9) Subsection (8) applies to a non-share equity interest in the same way as it applies to a share.

67 Before section 82L

Insert:

82LA Application of Division (1) This Division applies only for the purposes of:

(a) calculating an eligible CFC's attributable income for the purposes of Part X; and

(b) defining convertible note.

(2) A term used in paragraph (1)(a) has the same meaning as it has when used in Part X.

68 Subsection 82L(1)

Insert:

attributable income has the meaning given by Division 7 of Part X.

69 Subsection 82L(1)

Insert:

CFC or controlled foreign company has the meaning given by section 340.

70 Subsection 96C(5) (at the end of the definition of net income)

Add:

Note: See subsection (5A).

71 After subsection 96C(5)

Insert:

(5A) In calculating the net income of the trust estate of the year of income for the purposes of subsections (3), (4) and (5), disregard:

(a) Division 974 of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997; and

(b) the operation of any provision of this Act to the extent to which that operation depends on an expression whose meaning is given by that Division.

72 At the end of section 102AAW

Add:

(2) For the purpose of applying this Act in calculating the attributable income of a trust estate:

(a) Division 974 of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997; and

(b) the operation of any provision of this Act to the extent to which that operation depends on an expression whose meaning is given by that Division;

are to be disregarded.

73 Subsection 102L(2)

Omit "46D,".

74 At the end of subsection 102L(2)

Add:

; and (c) any of the provisions of those sections that does not apply to a dividend in respect of a non-equity share in a company also does not apply to a unit trust dividend in respect of an interest in the corporate unit trust that is characterised as, or forms part of a larger interest that is characterised as, a debt interest under Subdivision 974-B of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

75 At the end of section 102L

Add:

Non-unit dividend

(20) Subsections (2), (3), (3A) and (19) apply as if references in those subsections to a unit trust dividend included a reference to a non-unit dividend.

(21) For the purposes of subsection 44(1), a non-unit dividend paid by the trustee of a prescribed trust estate out of corpus of the trust estate is taken, to the extent to which the non-unit dividend is attributable to a source in Australia, to be derived from a source in Australia.

(22) If a provision of this Act that applies to a dividend:

(a) is taken under this section to apply to a unit trust dividend; and

(b) applies to a non-share dividend in the same way as it applies to a dividend;

that provision also applies to a non-unit dividend in the same way as it applies to a dividend.

Non-unit equity interest

(23) If a provision of this Act that applies to a share:

(a) is taken under this section to apply to a unit in a corporate unit trust;

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and

(b) applies to a non-share equity interest in a company in the same way as it applies to a share;

that provision also applies to a non-unit equity interest in a corporate unit trust in the same way as it applies to a share.

Equity holder

(24) Subsections (1), (2), (17) and (19) apply as if references in those subsections to a unitholder included a reference to an equity holder who is not a unitholder.

(25) If a provision of this Act that applies to a shareholder:

(a) is taken because of this section to apply to a unitholder in a corporate unit trust; and

(b) applies to an equity holder in a company who is not a shareholder in the same way as it applies to a shareholder;

that provision also applies to an equity holder in a corporate unit trust who is not a unitholder in the same way as it applies to a shareholder.

Definitions

(26) In this section:

equity holder in a prescribed trust estate means the holder of an equity interest in the prescribed trust estate.

equity interest in a prescribed trust estate means:

(a) a unit in the prescribed trust estate; or

(b) any other interest that would be an equity interest in the prescribed trust estate if references in Division 974 of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997 to a company included references to a prescribed trust estate or, as the context requires, to the trustee of a prescribed trust estate.

non-unit dividend means a unit trust distribution that is not a unit trust dividend.

non-unit equity interest in a prescribed trust estate means an equity interest in the prescribed trust estate that is not a unit in the prescribed trust estate.

unit trust distribution means a distribution, or an amount credited, that would be a unit trust dividend if references in the definition of unit trust dividend in subsection 102D(1) to a unitholder were references to an equity holder.

76 Subsection 102T(2)

Omit "46D,".

77 At the end of subsection 102T(2)

Add:

; and (c) any of the provisions of those sections that does not apply to a dividend in respect of a non-equity share in a company also does not apply to a unit trust dividend in respect of an interest in the public trading trust that is characterised as, or forms part of an interest that is characterised as, a debt interest under Subdivision 974-B of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

78 At the end of section 102T

Add:

Non-unit dividend

(21) Subsections (2), (3), (4) and (20) apply as if references in those subsections to a unit trust dividend included a reference to a non-unit dividend.

(22) For the purposes of subsection 44(1), a non-unit dividend paid by the trustee of a prescribed trust estate out of corpus of the trust estate is taken, to the extent to which the non-unit dividend is attributable to a source in Australia, to be derived from a source in Australia.

(23) If a provision of this Act that applies to a dividend:

(a) is taken under this section to apply to a unit trust dividend; and

(b) applies to a non-share dividend in the same way as it applies to a dividend;

that provision also applies to a non-unit dividend in the same way as it applies to a dividend.

Non-unit equity interest

(24) If a provision of this Act that applies to a share:

(a) is taken under this section to apply to a unit in a prescribed trust estate; and

(b) applies to a non-share equity interest in a company in the same way as it applies to a share;

that provision also applies to a non-unit equity interest in a prescribed trust estate in the same way as it applies to a share.

Equity holder

(25) Subsections (1), (2), (18) and (20) apply as if references in those subsections to a unitholder included a reference to an equity holder who is not a unitholder.

(26) If a provision of this Act that applies to a shareholder:

(a) is taken because of this section to apply to a unitholder in a prescribed trust estate; and

(b) applies to an equity holder in a company who is not a shareholder in the same way as it applies to a shareholder;

that provision also applies to an equity holder in a prescribed trust estate who is not a unitholder in the same way as it applies to a shareholder.


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Definitions

(27) In this section:

equity holder in a prescribed trust estate means the holder of an equity interest in the prescribed trust estate.

equity interest in a prescribed trust estate means:

(a) a unit in the prescribed trust estate; or

(b) any other interest that would be an equity interest in the prescribed trust estate if references in Division 974 of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997 to a company included references to a prescribed trust estate or, as the context requires, to the trustee of a prescribed trust estate.

non-unit dividend means a unit trust distribution that is not a unit trust dividend.

non-unit equity interest in a prescribed trust estate means an equity interest in the prescribed trust estate that is not a unit in the prescribed trust estate.

unit trust distribution means a distribution, or an amount credited, that would be a unit trust dividend if references in the definition of unit trust dividend in subsection 102M(1) to a unitholder were references to an equity holder.

79 Before section 103

Insert:

102V Application of Division to non-share dividends (1) This Division:

(a) applies to a non-share equity interest in the same way as it applies to a share; and

(b) applies to an equity holder in the same way as it applies to a shareholder; and

(c) applies to a non-share dividend in the same way as it applies to a dividend.

(2) Subsection (1) does not apply to section 103A.

80 At the end of section 109B

Add:

This Division applies to non-share equity interests and non-share dividends in the same way it applies to shares and dividends.

81 After Subdivision A of Division 7A of Part III

Insert:

Subdivision AA--Application of Division to non-share equity interests 109BA Application of Division to non-share dividends This Division:

(a) applies to a non-share equity interest in the same way as it applies to a share; and

(b) applies to an equity holder in the same way as it applies to a shareholder; and

(c) applies to a non-share dividend in the same way as it applies to a dividend.

82 Before section 128A

Insert:

128AAA Application of Division to non-share dividends (1) This Division:

(a) applies to a non-share equity interest in the same way as it applies to a share; and

(b) applies to an equity holder in the same way as it applies to a shareholder; and

(c) applies to a non-share dividend in the same way as it applies to a dividend.

(2) Subsection (1) does not apply to:

(a) section 128AE; and

(b) section 128F; and

(c) section 128J; and

(d) section 128K.

83 Subsection 128A(1) (definition of dividend)

Repeal the definition, substitute:

dividend:

(a) includes part of a dividend; and

(b) (except when used in paragraph (d) of the definition of interest in subsection (1AB)) does not include a dividend paid in respect of a non-equity share.

84 Subsection 128A(1AB) (definition of interest)

Repeal the definition, substitute:

interest includes an amount, other than an amount referred to in subsection 26C(1):

(a) that is in the nature of interest; or


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(b) to the extent that it could reasonably be regarded as having been converted into a form that is in substitution for interest; or

(c) to the extent that it could reasonably be regarded as having been received in exchange for interest in connection with a washing arrangement; or

(d) that is a dividend paid in respect of a non-equity share;

but does not include an amount to the extent to which it is a return on an equity interest in a company.

85 After subsection 128B(2C)

Insert:

(2D) Subsections (2B) and (2C) do not apply to income to the extent to which it is a return on an equity interest in a company.

86 Before paragraph 128B(3)(a)

Insert:

(aaa) income that consists of a non-share dividend that is not frankable under section 160APAAAA; or

87 Before Subdivision A of Division 16K of Part III

Insert:

Subdivision AA--Application of Division to non-share equity interests 159GZZZIA Application of Division to non-share dividends (1) This Division:

(a) applies to a non-share equity interest in the same way as it applies to a share; and

(b) applies to an equity holder in the same way as it applies to a shareholder; and

(c) applies to a non-share dividend in the same way as it applies to a dividend.

(2) Paragraph (1)(a) does not apply to subsection 159GZZZP(1).

88 Subsection 159GZZZP(1)

After "share" (first occurring), insert "or non-share equity interest".

89 Paragraph 159GZZZP(1)(b)

Repeal the paragraph, substitute:

(b) the part (if any) of the purchase price in respect of the buy-back of the share or non-share equity interest which is debited against amounts standing to the credit of:

(i) the company's share capital account if it is a share that is bought back; or

(ii) the company's share capital account or non-share capital account if it is a non-share equity interest that is bought back;

90 Before section 160AE

Insert:

160ADB Application of Division to non-share dividends (1) Sections 160AE, 160AEA, 160AF, 160AFA, 160AFAA and 160AFD:

(a) apply to a non-share equity interest in the same way as it applies to a share; and

(b) apply to an equity holder in the same way as it applies to a shareholder; and

(c) apply to a non-share dividend in the same way as it applies to a dividend.

(2) Without limiting subsection (1), paragraph (a) of the definition of passive income in subsection 160AEA(1) applies as if the reference in that paragraph to a dividend (within the meaning of section 6) included a reference to a non-share dividend.

91 Before paragraph 160AE(3)(d)

Insert:

(da) an amount to the extent to which it is a return on an equity interest in a company;

92 Paragraph 160AE(4)(b)

After "dividends", insert "or non-share dividends".

93 Before Division 1 of Part IIIAA

Insert:

Division 1AAA--Application of Part to non-share dividends 160AOA Application of Part to non-share dividends (1) This Part:

(a) applies to a non-share equity interest in the same way as it applies to a share; and

(b) applies to an equity holder who is not a shareholder in the same way as it applies to a shareholder; and

(c) applies to a non-share dividend in the same way as it applies to a dividend.

(2) Subsection (1) does not apply to paragraphs (aaa) and (da) of

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the definition of frankable dividend in section 160APA.

(3) Subsection (1) has effect subject to the special provision made for non-share equity interests, equity holders who are not shareholders and non-share dividends in:

(a) paragraphs (ga) and (gb) of the definition of frankable dividend in section 160APA; and

(b) section 160APAAAA; and

(c) section 160APAAAB; and

(d) subsection 160AQCBA(3A), (3B) and (3C).

94 Section 160APA (after paragraph (a) of the definition of frankable dividend)

Insert:

(aaa) a non-share dividend; or

95 Section 160APA (after paragraph (d) of the definition of frankable dividend)

Insert:

(da) a non-share dividend paid in respect of a non-share equity interest in a company that is a co-operative company for the purposes of Division 9 of Part III;

96 Section 160APA (paragraph (f) of the definition of frankable dividend)

Repeal the paragraph, substitute:

(f) a dividend that is paid in respect of a non-equity share;

97 Section 160APA (after paragraph (g) of the definition of frankable dividend)

Insert:

(ga) a non-share dividend that is taken by section 160APAAAA not to be a frankable dividend;

(gb) a non-share dividend that is taken by section 160APAAAB not to be a frankable dividend;

98 After section 160APA

Insert:

160APAAAA Certain non-share dividends by ADIs not frankable (1) A non-share dividend paid by an ADI (authorised deposit-taking institution) for the purposes of the Banking Act 1959 is not a frankable dividend if:

(a) the ADI is a resident of Australia; and

(b) the non-share dividend is paid in respect of a non-share equity interest that forms part of the ADI's Tier 1 capital (within the meaning of the prudential standards); and

(c) the non-share equity interest is issued at or through a permanent establishment of the ADI in a broad-exemption listed country (within the meaning of Part X); and

(d) the funds from the issue of the non-share equity interest are raised and applied solely for one or more permitted purposes (see subsection (2)) in relation to the non-share equity interest.

(2) The permitted purposes in relation to the non-share equity interest (the relevant interest) are the following:

(a) the purpose of the business of the ADI carried on at or through the permanent establishment other than the transfer of funds directly or indirectly to:

(i) the Australian head office of the permanent establishment; or

(ii) any connected entity of the ADI that is a resident of Australia; or

(iii) a permanent establishment of the ADI, or of a connected entity of the ADI, located in Australia;

(b) the purpose of redeeming:

(i) a debt interest; or

(ii) a non-share equity interest;

that is issued, before the relevant interest is issued, at or through the permanent establishment and is held by a connected entity of the ADI that is a resident of Australia;

(c) the purpose of returning funds to:

(i) the Australian head office of the permanent establishment; or

(ii) a permanent establishment of the ADI or of a connected entity of the ADI, located in Australia;

if the funds are contributed, before the relevant interest is issued, for use in the business of the ADI carried on at or through the permanent establishment.

160APAAAB Non-share dividends not frankable unless profits available (1) This section applies if:

(a) a company pays a non-share dividend; and

(b) immediately before the payment, the available frankable profits of the company were less than the amount of the non-share dividend.

(2) If the available frankable profits of the company at the relevant time is nil or negative, the non-share dividend:

(a) is not frankable; and

(b) is not a dividend to which paragraph 160AQF(1)(c), (1AA)(c) or (1AAA)(c)

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or 160AQFA(1)(c) or (2)(c) or section 160AQG applies.

Example: A company has no profits except profits from the revaluation of an asset. It pays a non-share dividend to a non-share equity holder. The non-share dividend is not a frankable dividend because the company's available frankable profits at the time of payment is nil.

Note that dividends from asset revaluation reserves are not frankable because of paragraph (g) of the definition of frankable dividend in section 160APA.

(3) In any other case, the non-share dividend (the original dividend) is taken, for the purposes of the relevant provisions, to consist of 2 separate non-share dividends:

(a) a non-share dividend that is a frankable non-share dividend; and

(b) a non-share dividend that:

(i) is not a frankable non-share dividend; and

(ii) is not a dividend to which paragraph 160AQF(1)(c), (1AA)(c) or (1AAA)(c) or 160AQFA(1)(c) or (2)(c) or section 160AQG applies.

The relevant provisions are sections 45Z to 46M, this Part and any other provision of this Act whose operation depends on this Part.

(4) The amount of the non-share dividend referred to in paragraph (3)(a) is equal to the available frankable profits.

(5) The amount of the non-share dividend referred to in paragraph (3)(b) is the difference between the original dividend and the frankable dividend referred to in paragraph (3)(a).

(6) A company that pays a non-share dividend may anticipate available frankable profits if:

(a) the company:

(i) has announced the payment of; or

(ii) is committed or has resolved (formally or informally) to pay;

share dividends (the committed share dividends) after payment of the non-share dividend; and

(b) but for this subsection, subsection (2) or (3) would apply to the non-share dividend mentioned in paragraph (a); and

(c) the company's available frankable profits would be greater than nil at the relevant time if the committed share dividends were ignored; and

(d) it is reasonable to expect that available profits will arise after payment of the non-share dividend and before payment of the committed share dividends.

The available frankable profits immediately before the company pays the non-share dividend are then the amount estimated by the company having regard to the expected profits referred to in paragraph (c).

(7) The amount estimated under subsection (6) must not exceed:

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where:

actual available frankable profits is the available frankable profits the company would have immediately before paying the non-share dividend apart from subsection (6).

adjusted expected profits is the lesser of:

(a) the available profits that it is reasonable to expect will arise after payment of the non-share dividend and before payment of the committed share dividends; and

(b) the difference between the amount of the frankable non-share dividend that would, apart from subsection (6), arise under subsections (2) and (3) and the amount of the frankable non-share dividend that would, apart from subsection (6), arise under those subsections if the committed share dividends were ignored.

For the purposes of paragraph (b), a frankable non-share dividend of nil amount is taken to arise under subsection (2).

(8) A class C franking debit arises for a company if:

(a) the company anticipates available frankable profits under subsection (6); and

(b) the available frankable profits of the company are negative:

(i) when the last of the committed share dividends are paid; or

(ii) immediately before the end of the franking year following the franking year in which the non-share dividend is paid;

whichever is the earlier.

(9) The class C franking debit that arises under subsection (8) is equal to the lesser of:

(a) the amount by which the available frankable profits is below zero; and

(b) the franked amount of the non-share dividend.

(10) In working out the company's available profits for the purposes of subsections (8) and (9), disregard:

(a) any dividends that:

(i) the company announces, or becomes committed to or resolves (formally or informally) to pay after the payment of the non-share dividend; and

(ii) has not been paid; and

(b) any estimate made by the company under subsection (6) after the non-share dividend is paid.

(11) If a company pays a number of non-share dividends at the same time, this section applies as if:


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(a) a reference to a non-share dividend were a reference to each of those non-share dividends; and

(b) the reference in paragraph (1)(b) to the amount of the non-share dividend were a reference to the sum of the amounts of the non-share dividends; and

(c) the reference in subsection (4) to the available frankable profits were a reference to the amount worked out using the formula:

Click here for Picture

(d) the reference to the amount of the frankable non-share dividend in paragraph (b) of the definition of adjusted expected profits in subsection (7) were a reference to the sum of the amounts of the frankable non-share dividends; and

(e) the reference in paragraph (9)(b) to the franked amount of the non-share dividend were a reference to the sum of the franked amounts of the non-share dividends.

(12) A company's available frankable profits at a particular time in relation to a non-share dividend is the amount worked out using the formula:

Click here for Picture

where:

committed share dividends means the amount of share dividends the company will make at that time, or after that time, if the company has announced their payment, or is committed or has resolved (formally or informally) to pay them.

maximum frankable amount means the maximum amount of frankable share dividends that the company could pay at that time having regard to its available profits at that time.

undebited non-share dividends means the sum of the franked amounts of the non-share dividends that:

(a) were not debited to available profits; and

(b) were paid within the preceding 2 franking years or were paid under the same scheme under which the company pays the non-share dividend.

(13) In this section:

share dividend means a dividend that is not a non-share dividend.

99 Subsection 160APHBC(6)

Repeal the subsection, substitute:

(6) A share is a finance share if:

(a) the share is a non-equity share in the company; or

(b) having regard to the rights attached to the share and to any arrangement with respect to the share of which the company is aware, the share is equivalent to a debt owed by the company to the holder of the share.

100 At the end of subsection 160APHBH(1)

Add:

; and (d) the share is not a non-equity share.

101 After subsection 160AQCBA(3)

Insert:

(3A) If:

(a) a company pays non-share dividends in respect of non-share equity interests held by particular shareholders (the disadvantaged shareholders); and

(b) the non-share dividends are not frankable dividends because of paragraph (ga) of the definition of frankable dividend in section 160APA;

the Commissioner must not make a determination under subsection (3) in reliance on the fact that the disadvantaged shareholders do not obtain franking credit benefits in respect of the non-share dividends.

(3B) Subsection (3A) does not apply if the Commissioner is satisfied, having regard to all the relevant circumstances, that the company issued the non-share equity interests, or allowed them to remain on issue, for the purpose of ensuring that:

(a) the disadvantaged shareholders would receive no franking credit benefits; or

(b) other shareholders would receive franking credit benefits.

That purpose need not be the dominant purpose for issuing the interests or allowing them to remain on issue but must be more than a merely incidental purpose.

(3C) Without limiting subsection (3B), the following are relevant circumstances for the purposes of that subsection:

(a) the company's reason for issuing the non-share equity interests or allowing them to remain on issue;

(b) the commercial benefit the company obtained by issuing the non-share equity interests or allowing them to remain on issue;

(c) whether the company may pay franked dividends in respect of interests that are, from a commercial point of view, similar to the non-share equity interests.

102 After Subdivision C of Division 7A of Part IIIAA

Insert:

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Subdivision CA--Extension of Part to non-unit dividends 160ARDHA Definitions In this Subdivision:

corporate trust distribution means a distribution, or an amount credited, that would be a corporate trust dividend if references in the definitions of unit trust dividend in subsections 102D(1) and section 102M to a unitholder were references to an equity holder.

equity holder in a corporate trust estate means the holder of an equity interest in the corporate trust estate.

equity interest in a corporate trust estate means:

(a) a unit in the corporate trust estate; or

(b) any other interest that would be an equity interest in the corporate trust estate if references in Division 974 of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997 to a company included references to a corporate trust estate.

non-unit dividend means a corporate trust distribution that is not a corporate trust dividend.

non-unit equity interest in a corporate trust estate means an equity interest in the corporate trust estate that is not a unit in the corporate trust estate.

160ARDHB Application of Part generally to non-unit dividends etc. (1) If a provision of this Part that applies to a dividend:

(a) is taken under this Division to apply to a corporate trust dividend; and

(b) applies to a non-share dividend in the same way as it applies to a dividend;

that provision also applies to a non-unit dividend in the same way as it applies to a dividend.

(2) If a provision of this Part that applies to a share:

(a) is taken under this Division to apply to a unit in a corporate trust estate; and

(b) applies to a non-share equity interest in a company in the same way as it applies to a share;

that provision also applies to a non-unit equity interest in a corporate trust estate in the same way as it applies to a share.

(3) If a provision of this Part that applies to a shareholder:

(a) is taken under this Division to apply to a unitholder; and

(b) applies to an equity holder in a company who is not a shareholder in the same way as it applies to a shareholder;

that provision also applies to an equity holder in a corporate trust estate who is not a unitholder in the same way as it applies to a shareholder.

160ARDHC Application of this Subdivision to non-unit dividends etc. (1) A provision of this Division (other than this Subdivision) that applies to a corporate trust dividend applies to a non-unit dividend in the same way as it applies to a corporate trust dividend.

(2) A provision of this Division (other than this Subdivision) that applies to a unit in a corporate trust estate applies to a non-unit equity interest in a corporate trust estate in the same way as it applies to a unit in a corporate trust estate.

(3) A provision of this Division (other than this Subdivision) that applies to a unitholder in a corporate trust estate applies to an equity holder in a corporate trust estate who is not a unitholder in the same way as it applies to a unitholder.

103 After subsection 177E(2)

Insert:

(2A) This section:

(a) applies to a non-share equity interest in the same way as it applies to a share; and

(b) applies to an equity holder in the same way as it applies to a shareholder; and

(c) applies to a non-share dividend in the same way as it applies to a dividend.

104 After subsection 177EA(11)

Insert:

Application of section to non-share dividends

(11A) This section:

(a) applies to a non-share equity interest in the same way as it applies to a share; and

(b) applies to an equity holder in the same way as it applies to a shareholder; and

(c) applies to a non-share dividend in the same way as it applies to a dividend.

105 After paragraph 177EA(19)(d)

Insert:


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(da) if the scheme involves the issue of a non-share equity interest to which section 160APAAAA applies--whether the company has issued, or is likely to issue, equity interests in the company:

(i) that are similar, from a commercial point of view, to the non-share equity interest; and

(ii) dividends in respect of which are frankable;

106 Before subsection 202D(1)

Insert:

(1A) This section:

(a) applies to a non-share equity interest in the same way as it applies to a share; and

(b) applies to an equity holder in the same way as it applies to a shareholder.

107 Before Subdivision A of Division 3B of Part VI

Insert:

Subdivision AA--Application of Division to non-share equity interests 221YHZAA Application of Division to non-share dividends This Division:

(a) applies to a non-share equity interest in the same way as it applies to a share; and

(b) applies to an equity holder in the same way as it applies to a shareholder; and

(c) applies to a non-share dividend in the same way as it applies to a dividend.

108 After section 221YJ

Insert:

221YJA Application of Division to non-share dividends This Division:

(a) applies to a non-share equity interest in the same way as it applies to a share; and

(b) applies to an equity holder in the same way as it applies to a shareholder; and

(c) applies to a non-share dividend in the same way as it applies to a dividend.

109 At the end of section 255

Add:

(5) This section applies to an equity holder in the same way as it applies to a shareholder.

110 At the end of section 273

Add:

(9) This section:

(a) applies to a non-share equity interest in the same way as it applies to a share; and

(b) applies to an equity holder in the same way as it applies to a shareholder; and

(c) applies to a non-share dividend in the same way as it applies to a dividend.

111 After section 389

Insert:

389A Other provisions to be disregarded in calculating attributable income For the purpose of applying this Act in calculating the attributable income of the eligible CFC, the following provisions are to be disregarded:

(a) Division 974 of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997; and

(b) any provision of this Act to the extent to which the operation of the provision depends on an expression whose meaning is given by Division 974 of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

112 Section 398A

Repeal the section, substitute:

398A Application of Division 3A of Part III (1) Subject to subsection (2), Division 3A of Part III applies in calculating the attributable income of the eligible CFC.

(2) Section 82R does not apply, subject to subsection (3), to outgoings during the eligible period under a convertible note if:

(a) the note was issued by the eligible CFC (whether or not the company concerned was a CFC at the time):

(i) before 1 July 1990; or

(ii) on or after 1 July 1990 and before 1 July 1992, where:

(A) the terms of the issue of the note were publicly announced by the eligible CFC before 1 July 1990; or

(B) the eligible CFC was, under a contract entered into before 1 July

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1990, obliged to issue the note; and

(b) at the end of each statutory accounting period of the eligible CFC preceding the eligible period and ending after 30 June 1990, the eligible taxpayer was an attributable taxpayer in relation to the eligible CFC; and

(c) the eligible period begins before 1 July 2000.

(3) If:

(a) the terms of a note to which subsection (2) would, apart from this subsection, apply are varied (otherwise than because of a compromise or arrangement approved by a court); and

(b) the Commissioner considers that the variation is substantial enough to represent a new loan;

subsection (2) does not apply to outgoings under the note after the time at which the variation takes place.

113 Before section 558

Insert:

557A Certain other provisions to be disregarded in applying this Subdivision In applying this Subdivision, disregard:

(a) Division 974 of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997; and

(b) the operation of any provision of this Act to the extent to which that operation depends on an expression whose meaning is given by Division 974 of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

114 Subsection 245-25(4) in Schedule 2C

Repeal the subsection, substitute:

(4) A non-equity share issued by a company is taken to be a commercial debt owed by the company to the shareholder.

115 Subsection 272-50(1) in Schedule 2F

After "dividend", insert "or non-share dividend".

116 At the end of section 272-50 in Schedule 2F

Add:

(3) A company distributes capital of the company to a person if the company makes a non-share capital return to the person.

Part 3--Amendment of the Taxation Administration Act 1953

Taxation Administration Act 1953

117 At the end of Subdivision 12-A of Schedule 1

Add:

12-20 Application of Division and regulations to non-share dividends This Division and the regulations made for the purposes of this Division:

(a) apply to a non-share equity interest in the same way as it applies to a share; and

(b) apply to an equity holder in the same way as it applies to a shareholder; and

(c) apply to a non-share dividend in the same way as it applies to a dividend.

Part 4--Application of amendments

118 Application of amendments

Definitions

(1) In this item:

CGT amendments means the amendments made by items 7 to 32 of this Schedule.

debt and equity test amendments means the amendments made by this Schedule (other than the CGT amendments).

Application of debt and equity test amendments

(2) The debt and equity test amendments apply to transactions that take place on or after 1 July 2001. This is so whether the interest in relation to which the transaction takes place was issued before, or is issued on or after, that date. This subitem has effect subject to any election made under subitem (6).

Application of the CGT amendments

(3) The amendments made by items 7 to 11 of this Schedule apply to:

(a) equity interests issued or allotted; and

(b) options granted;

on or after 1 July 2001.

(4) The amendments made by items 12 to 32 of this Schedule apply to the conversion of a convertible interest, or the exercise of a right, on or after 1 July 2001.

(5) Section 130-40 of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997 applies to all convertible notes acquired before 20 September 1985 as if they were convertible interests.

Election to defer application of debt and equity test amendments to interests issued before 21 February 2001

(6) The issuer of an interest may elect to have the application of the debt and equity test amendments to transactions that take place in relation to the interest deferred until 1 July 2004 if the interest was issued before 21 February 2001.


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(7) For the purposes of subitem (6), an interest is taken to be issued on or after 21 February 2001 if:

(a) the interest is issued on or after that date; or

(b) the interest is issued before that date; and:

(i) the terms of the interest are altered on or after that date; or

(ii) the interest is rolled over on or after that date; or

(iii) the original term of the interest is extended on or after that date.

In applying subparagraph (b)(i), disregard minor alterations that do not affect rights and obligations in relation to the interest.

(8) The debt and equity test amendments do not apply to transactions in relation to an interest that take place before 1 July 2004 if an election is made in relation to the interest under subitem (6).

(9) If an election is made in relation to an interest under subitem (6):

(a) the interest is disregarded for the purposes of paragraph 164-10(1)(b) and subsection 164-15(3) of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997; and

(b) section 164-15 of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997 applies to the interest as if references in paragraph 164-15(3)(b) and subsection 164-15(4) to 1 July 2001 were references to 1 July 2004.

(10) An election in relation to an interest is effective for the purposes of subitem (6) only if:

(a) the election is lodged with the Commissioner within:

(i) 28 days after the day on which this Act receives the Royal Assent; or

(ii) such further time as the Commissioner allows; and

(b) an election under subitem (6) is made in relation to all other interests that:

(i) were issued by the issuer before 21 February 2001; and

(ii) are substantially similar to that interest and in relation to which an election under that subitem can be made; and

(c) the election contains the following information:

(i) the name of the issuer;

(ii) the tax file number of the issuer;

(iii) the legal form of the interest;

(iv) ASX code or other stock exchange listing code allotted to the issue (if applicable);

(v) the date of the issue;

(vi) the face value of the issue;

(vii) the number of interests of that kind on issue when the election is made;

(viii) coupon/dividend rates and terms including contingencies;

(ix) maturity details;

(x) redemption details and terms including contingencies;

(xi) conversion/exercise details;

(xii) claimed tax treatment under current law to be applied as a consequence of the election.

An election under subitem (6) cannot be revoked.

(11) The Commissioner may allow further time under subparagraph (10)(a)(ii) only if he or she is satisfied that the issuer would otherwise not have sufficient opportunity to make the election.

(12) If:

(a) an election is made in relation to an interest under subitem (6); and

(b) after the election is made and before 1 July 2004:

(i) the terms of the interest are altered; or

(ii) the interest is rolled over; or

(iii) the original term of the interest is extended;

then:

(c) the debt and equity test amendments apply to the transactions in relation to the interest that take place after the event referred to in paragraph (b) occurs; and

(d) subitem (9) applies to the interest as if references in that subitem to 1 July 2004 were references to the time when that event occurs.

In applying subparagraph (b)(i), disregard minor alterations that do not affect rights and obligations in relation to the interest.

(13) A reference in this item to a transaction includes a reference to:

(a) making a return; and

(b) paying a dividend or unit trust dividend; and

(c) making a distribution in relation to a unit trust; and

(d) paying, crediting or lending an amount; and

(e) making a non-share distribution; and

(f) forgiving a debt; and

(g) redeeming, cancelling or buying back an interest; and

(h) converting an interest.

Schedule 2--Dictionary amendments

Income Tax Assessment Act 1997

1 Subsection 995-1(1)

Insert:


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APRA means the Australian Prudential Regulation Authority.

2 Subsection 995-1(1)

Insert:

benchmark rate of return for an interest has the meaning given by section 974-145.

3 Subsection 995-1(1)

Insert:

connected entity of an entity means:

(a) an *associate of the entity; or

(b) another member of the same *wholly owned group if the entity is a company and is a member of such a group.

4 Subsection 995-1(1)

Insert:

contingent on the economic performance has the meaning given by section 974-85.

5 Subsection 995-1(1)

Insert:

convertible interest means a convertible interest in a company or in a trust or unit trust and:

(a) a convertible interest in a company is an interest of the kind referred to in item 4 of the table in subsection 974-75(1); and

(b) a convertible interest in a trust or unit trust is an interest that has the same or a similar effect in relation to the trust or unit trust.

6 Subsection 995-1(1)

Insert:

debt interest in an entity has the meaning given by Subdivision 974-B.

7 Subsection 995-1(1)

Insert:

effectively non-contingent obligation has the meaning given by section 974-135.

8 Subsection 995-1(1)

Insert:

equity holder in a company means an entity that holds an *equity interest in the company.

9 Subsection 995-1(1)

Insert:

equity interest in a company has the meaning given by Subdivision 974-C.

10 Subsection 995-1(1)

Insert:

financial benefit has the meaning given by section 974-160.

11 Subsection 995-1(1)

Insert:

financing arrangement has the meaning given by section 974-130.

12 Subsection 995-1(1)

Insert:

interest that will or may convert into another interest has the meaning given by section 974-165.

13 Subsection 995-1(1)

Insert:

issued, in relation to a *debt interest, has the meaning given by subsection 974-20(3).

14 Subsection 995-1(1)

Insert:

non-share capital account means the account provided for by section 164-10.

15 Subsection 995-1(1)

Insert:

non-share capital return has the meaning given by section 974-125.

16 Subsection 995-1(1)

Insert:

non-share equity interest in a company means an *equity interest in the company that is not solely a *share.

17 Subsection 995-1(1)

Insert:

non-share distribution has the meaning given by section 974-115.

18 Subsection 995-1(1)

Insert:

non-share dividend has the meaning given by section 974-120.

19 Subsection 995-1(1)

Insert:

on issue, in relation to a *debt interest, has the

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meaning given by paragraph 974-55(1)(e).

20 Subsection 995-1(1)

Insert:

ordinary debt interest has the meaning given by section 974-140.

21 Subsection 995-1(1)

Insert:

prudential standards means the prudential standards determined by *APRA and in force under section 11AF of the Banking Act 1959.

22 Subsection 995-1(1)

Insert:

related scheme has the meaning given by section 974-155.