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Taxation Laws Amendment (Car Parking) Act 1992

  • - C2004A04528
  • No longer in force
Act No. 237 of 1992 as made
An Act to amend the law relating to taxation
Date of Assent 24 Dec 1992
Date of repeal 10 Mar 2016
Repealed by Amending Acts 1990 to 1999 Repeal Act 2016
 

TAXATION LAWS AMENDMENT (CAR PARKING) ACT 1992 No. 237 of 1992

TAXATION LAWS AMENDMENT (CAR PARKING) ACT 1992 No. 237 of 1992 - TABLE OF PROVISIONS

TABLE OF PROVISIONS
PART 1-PRELIMINARY
Section
1. Short title
2. Commencement
PART 2-AMENDMENT OF THE FRINGE BENEFITS TAX ASSESSMENT ACT 1986
Division 1-Principal Act
3. Principal Act
Division 2-Amendments relating to car parking
4. Insertion of new Division:
Division 10A-Car Parking Fringe Benefits
Subdivision A-Car Parking Benefits
39A. Car parking benefits
39B. When commercial parking stations are located within a
1 km radius of business premises or associated premises
Subdivision B-Taxable Value of Car Parking Fringe Benefits
39C. Taxable value of car parking fringe
benefits-"commercial parking station" method
39D. Taxable value of car parking fringe benefits-"market
value" basis
39E. Fees charged by commercial parking stations for
all-day parking
5. Exempt benefits-motor vehicle parking
6. Interpretation
7. Application
PART 3-AMENDMENT OF THE INCOME TAX ASSESSMENT ACT 1936
Division 1-Principal Act
8. Principal Act
Division 2-Amendments to deny deductions to employees for
certain car parking expenses
9. Insertion of new section:
51AGA. No deduction to employee for certain car parking
expenses
10. Application

TAXATION LAWS AMENDMENT (CAR PARKING) ACT 1992 No. 237 of 1992 - LONG TITLE

An Act to amend the law relating to taxation

TAXATION LAWS AMENDMENT (CAR PARKING) ACT 1992 No. 237 of 1992 - PART 1
PART 1-PRELIMINARY

TAXATION LAWS AMENDMENT (CAR PARKING) ACT 1992 No. 237 of 1992 - SECT 1
Short title

(Assented to 24 December 1992
1. This Act may be cited as the Taxation Laws Amendment (Car Parking) Act 1992.

(Minister's second reading speech made in-
House of Representatives on 4 November 1992
Senate on 12 November 1992)

TAXATION LAWS AMENDMENT (CAR PARKING) ACT 1992 No. 237 of 1992 - SECT 2
Commencement

2. This Act commences on the day on which it receives the Royal Assent.

TAXATION LAWS AMENDMENT (CAR PARKING) ACT 1992 No. 237 of 1992 - PART 2
PART 2-AMENDMENT OF THE FRINGE BENEFITS TAX ASSESSMENT ACT 1986

TAXATION LAWS AMENDMENT (CAR PARKING) ACT 1992 No. 237 of 1992 - DIVISION 1
Division 1-Principal Act

TAXATION LAWS AMENDMENT (CAR PARKING) ACT 1992 No. 237 of 1992 - SECT 3
Principal Act

3. In this Part, "Principal Act" means the Fringe Benefits Tax Assessment Act 1986.*1* *1* No. 39, 1986, as amended. For previous amendments, see Nos. 48 and 112, 1986; Nos. 23 and 145, 1987; No. 139, 1987 (as amended by Nos. 11 and 78, 1988); Nos. 6, 78, 95, 97 and 153, 1988; Nos. 2, 11, 97 and 107, 1989; Nos. 58, 60 and 135, 1990; Nos. 48, 100 and 216, 1991; and Nos. 35, 92 and 101, 1992.

TAXATION LAWS AMENDMENT (CAR PARKING) ACT 1992 No. 237 of 1992 - DIVISION 2
Division 2-Amendments relating to car parking

TAXATION LAWS AMENDMENT (CAR PARKING) ACT 1992 No. 237 of 1992 - SECT 4

4. After section 39 of the Principal Act the following Division is inserted:

"Division 10A-Car Parking Fringe Benefits
"Subdivision A-Car Parking Benefits
Car parking benefits
"39A. If the following conditions are satisfied in relation to a daylight period, or a combination of daylight periods, on a particular day:
(a) during the period or periods, a car is parked on one or more premises of a person (the 'provider'), where:
(i) the premises, or each of the premises, on which the car is
parked are business premises, or associated premises, of the provider; and
(ii) a commercial parking station is located within a 1 km radius
of the premises, or each of the premises, on which the car is parked;
(b) the total duration of the period or periods exceeds 4 hours;

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(c) any of the following applies:
(i) a car benefit relating to the car is provided on that day to
an employee or an associate of an employee in respect of the employment of the employee;
(ii) the car is owned by, or leased to, an employee or an
associate of an employee at any time during the period or periods;
(iii) the car is made available to an employee or an associate of
an employee at any time during the period or periods by another person, where:
(A) the other person is neither the employer of the employee nor
an associate of the employer of the employee; and
(B) the other person did not make the car available under an
arrangement to which the employer of the employee, or an associate of the employer of the employee, is a party;
(d) the provision of parking facilities for the car during the period or periods is in respect of the employment of the employee;
(e) on that day, the employee has a primary place of employment;
(f) during the period or periods, the car is parked at, or in the vicinity of, that primary place of employment;
(g) on that day, the car is used in connection with travel by the employee between:
(i) the place of residence of the employee; and
(ii) that primary place of employment;
(h) the provision of parking facilities for the car during the period or periods is not taken, under the regulations, to be excluded from this section;
(i) the day is on or after 1 July 1993;
the provision of parking facilities for the car during the period or periods is taken to constitute a benefit provided by the provider to the employee or the associate of the employee in respect of the employment of the employee.

When commercial parking stations are located within a 1 km radius of business premises or associated premises
"39B. For the purposes of this Division, a commercial parking station is taken to be located within a 1 km radius of particular business premises or particular associated premises if, and only if, a car entrance to the commercial parking station is situated less than 1 km, by the shortest practicable route, from a car entrance to those premises.

"Subdivision B-Taxable Value of Car Parking Fringe Benefits
Taxable value of car parking fringe benefits-"commercial parking station" method
"39C. Subject to this Part, the taxable value, in relation to a year of tax, of a car parking fringe benefit provided on a day in the year of tax in connection with one or more premises is equal to:
(a) if, on that day, there is only one commercial parking station located within a 1 km radius of any of those premises-the lowest fee charged by the operator of the parking station in the ordinary course of business to members of the public forall-day parking on that day; or
(b) if, on that day, there are 2 or more commercial parking stations located within a 1 km radius of any of those premises-the lowest fee charged by any of the operators of those parking stations in the ordinary course of business to members of the public for all-day parking on that day;
reduced by the amount of the recipients contribution.

Taxable value of car parking fringe benefits-"market value" basis (Employer may choose market value basis)
"39D.(1) An employer may elect that this section apply in relation to any or all of the car parking fringe benefits in relation to the employer in relation to a particular year of tax.

(Market value basis of working out taxable value)
"(2) Subject to this Part, if an election is made under subsection (1) in relation to a car parking fringe benefit provided on a day in a year of tax, the taxable value, in relation to the year of tax, of the fringe benefit is:
(a) the amount that the recipient could reasonably be expected to have been required to pay the provider in respect of the provision of the benefit if it were assumed that the provider and the recipient were dealing with each other at arm's length; reduced by:
(b) the amount of the recipients contribution.

(Valuer's report must be given to employer)
"(3) An election purporting to be made under subsection (1) in relation to one or more car parking fringe benefits is of no effect unless:
(a) a suitably qualified valuer gives to the employer, before the declaration date, a report, in a form approved by the Commissioner, about the valuation of the fringe benefits; and
(b) the valuer is at arm's length in relation to the valuation; and
(c) the return of the employer of the year of tax, in so far as it relates to the taxable values of the fringe benefits, is based on the report.

Fees charged by commercial parking stations for all-day parking (Daily rate equivalent for periodic parking arrangements)
"39E.(1) For the purposes of this Subdivision, if the operator of a commercial parking station provides all-day parking in the ordinary course of business to members of the public on a weekly, monthly, yearly or other

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periodic basis, the operator is taken to charge a fee for all-day parking on a particular day during the period equal to the amount worked out using the formula:
Total fee
Business days in period
where:
'Total fee' is the total fee charged by the operator in respect of all-day parking on days in that period;
'Business days in period' means the number of business days in that period.

(Anti-avoidance)
"(2) If either or both of the following apply:
(a) a transaction between the operator of a commercial parking station and a customer is not at arm's length;
(b) the operator of a commercial parking station sets the level of a fee for the sole or dominant purpose of enabling one or more employers to obtain reductions in the taxable values of car parking fringe benefits;
then, for the purposes of this Subdivision:
(c) if only paragraph (a) applies-it is to be assumed that the fee is the fee that would have been payable if the operator and the customer had been dealing with each other at arm's length in relation to the transaction; and
(d) if only paragraph (b) applies-it is to be assumed that the fee is the fee that would have been payable if it had been set without that purpose in mind; and
(e) if both paragraphs (a) and (b) apply-it is to be assumed that the fee is the fee that would have been payable if:
(i) the operator and the customer had been dealing with each other
at arm's length in relation to the transaction; and
(ii) it had been set without that purpose in mind.".

TAXATION LAWS AMENDMENT (CAR PARKING) ACT 1992 No. 237 of 1992 - SECT 5
Exempt benefits-motor vehicle parking

5.(1) Section 58G of the Principal Act is amended by omitting paragraph (a) and substituting the following paragraph:
"(a) an expense payment benefit, where:
(i) the recipients expenditure is in respect of the provision of
motor vehicle parking facilities; and
(ii) the benefit is not an eligible car parking expense payment
benefit;".

(2) Section 58G of the Principal Act is amended by adding at the end the following subsection:

"(2) If the employer of an employee is:
(a) a scientific institution (other than an institution carried on by a company, society or association for the purposes of profit or gain to its individual shareholders or members); or
(b) a religious institution; or
(c) a charitable institution; or
(d) a public educational institution;
the following benefits provided in respect of the employment of the employee are exempt benefits:
(e) an eligible car parking expense payment benefit;
(f) a car parking benefit.".

TAXATION LAWS AMENDMENT (CAR PARKING) ACT 1992 No. 237 of 1992 - SECT 6
Interpretation

6. Section 136 of the Principal Act is amended:
(a) by inserting "a car parking fringe benefit," after "airline transport fringe benefit," in paragraph (a) of the definition of "recipients contribution" in subsection (1);
(b) by inserting "the recipients parking," after "recipients transport," in paragraph (a) of the definition of "recipients contribution" in subsection (1);
(c) by inserting the following definitions in subsection (1):
"'all-day parking' means parking of a single car for a continuous period of 6 hours or more;
'associated premises', in relation to a person, means premises, or a part of premises:
(a) owned by the person; or
(b) leased by the person; or
(c) otherwise under the control of the person;
but does not include:
(d) business premises of the person; or
(e) premises, or a part of premises, used as a place of residence of an employee of the person or an employee of an associate of the person;
'business day' means a day other than a Saturday, a Sunday or a public holiday in the place concerned;
'car parking benefit' means a benefit referred to in section 39A;
'car parking fringe benefit' means a fringe benefit that is a car parking benefit;
'commercial parking station', means a permanent commercial car parking facility where any or all of the car parking spaces are available in the ordinary course of business to members of the public for all-day parking on payment of a fee;

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'daylight period', in relation to a day, means so much of a period on that day as occurs:
(a) after 7 a.m. on that day; and
(b) before 7 p.m. on that day;
'eligible car parking expense payment benefit' means an expense payment benefit where:
(a) the recipient is an employee or an associate of an employee; and
(b) the recipients expenditure is in respect of the provision of car parking facilities for a car on one or more days; and
(c) the following conditions are satisfied in relation to any of those days:
(i) on that day, the employee has a primary place of employment;
(ii) on that day, the car was parked for one or more daylight
periods exceeding 4 hours in total at, or in the vicinity of, that primary place of employment;
(iii) the whole or a part of the recipients expenditure is in
respect of the provision of the parking facilities to which that parking relates;
(iv) on that day, the car was used in connection with travel by
the employee between the place of residence of the employee and that primary place of employment;
(v) the provision of parking facilities for the car during the
period or periods is not taken, under the regulations, to be excluded from this definition;
(vi) the day is on or after 1 July 1993;
'primary place of employment', in relation to an employee in relation to a day, means business premises, or associated premises, of the employer of the employee, or of an associate of the employer, where:
(a) if the employee performed duties of his or her employment on that day-on that day; or
(b) in any other case-on the most recent day before that day on which the employee performed duties of his or her employment;
those premises are or were:
(c) the sole or primary place of employment of the employee; or
(d) otherwise the sole or primary place from which or at which the employee performs duties of his or her employment;
'recipients parking', in relation to a car parking fringe benefit, means the provision of the parking facilities to which the benefit relates;".

TAXATION LAWS AMENDMENT (CAR PARKING) ACT 1992 No. 237 of 1992 - SECT 7
Application

7. The amendments made by this Division apply to assessments of the fringe benefits taxable amount of an employer of the year of tax commencing on 1 April 1993 and of all later years of tax.

TAXATION LAWS AMENDMENT (CAR PARKING) ACT 1992 No. 237 of 1992 - PART 3
PART 3-AMENDMENT OF THE INCOME TAX ASSESSMENT ACT 1936

TAXATION LAWS AMENDMENT (CAR PARKING) ACT 1992 No. 237 of 1992 - DIVISION 1
Division 1-Principal Act

TAXATION LAWS AMENDMENT (CAR PARKING) ACT 1992 No. 237 of 1992 - SECT 8
Principal Act

8. In this Part, "Principal Act" means the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936.*2* *2* No. 27, 1936, as amended. For previous amendments, see No. 88, 1936; No. 5, 1937; No. 46, 1938; No. 30, 1939; Nos. 17 and 65, 1940; Nos. 58 and 69, 1941; Nos. 22 and 50, 1942; No. 10, 1943; Nos. 3 and 28, 1944; Nos. 4 and 37, 1945; No. 6, 1946; Nos. 11 and 63, 1947; No. 44, 1948; No. 66, 1949; No. 48, 1950; No. 44, 1951; Nos. 4, 28 and 90, 1952; Nos. 1, 28, 45 and 81, 1953; No. 43, 1954; Nos. 18 and 62, 1955; Nos. 25, 30 and 101, 1956; Nos. 39 and 65, 1957; No. 55, 1958; Nos. 12, 70 and 85, 1959; Nos. 17, 18, 58 and 108, 1960; Nos. 17, 27 and 94, 1961; Nos. 39 and 98, 1962; Nos. 34 and 69, 1963; Nos. 46, 68, 110 and 115, 1964; Nos. 33, 103 and 143, 1965; Nos. 50 and 83, 1966; Nos. 19, 38, 76 and 85, 1967; Nos. 4, 70, 87 and 148, 1968; Nos. 18, 93 and 101, 1969; No. 87, 1970; Nos. 6, 54 and 93, 1971; Nos. 5, 46, 47, 65 and 85, 1972; Nos. 51, 52, 53, 164 and 165, 1973; No. 216, 1973 (as amended by No. 20, 1974); Nos. 26 and 126, 1974; Nos. 80 and 117, 1975; Nos. 50, 53, 56, 98, 143, 165 and 205, 1976; Nos. 57, 126 and 127, 1977; Nos. 36, 57, 87, 90, 123, 171 and 172, 1978; Nos. 12, 19, 27, 43, 62, 146, 147 and 149, 1979; Nos. 19, 24, 57, 58, 124, 133, 134 and 159, 1980; Nos. 61, 92, 108, 109, 110, 111, 154 and 175, 1981; Nos. 29, 38, 39, 76, 80, 106 and 123, 1982; Nos. 14, 25, 39, 49, 51, 54 and 103, 1983; Nos. 14, 42, 47, 63, 76, 115, 124, 165 and 174, 1984; No. 123, 1984 (as amended by No. 65, 1985); Nos. 47, 49, 104, 123, 168 and 174, 1985; No. 173, 1985 (as amended by No. 49, 1986); Nos. 41, 46, 48, 51, 109, 112 and 154, 1986; No. 49, 1986 (as amended by No. 141, 1987); No. 52, 1986 (as amended by No. 141, 1987); No. 90, 1986 (as amended by No. 141, 1987); Nos. 23, 58, 61, 120, 145 and 163, 1987; No. 62, 1987 (as amended by No. 108, 1987); No. 108, 1987 (as amended by No. 138, 1987); No. 138, 1987 (as amended by No. 11, 1988); No. 139, 1987 (as amended by Nos. 11 and 78, 1988); Nos. 8, 11, 59, 75, 78, 80, 87, 95, 97, 127 and 153, 1988; Nos. 2, 11, 56, 70, 73, 105, 107, 129, 163 and 167, 1989; No. 97, 1989 (as amended by No. 105, 1989); Nos. 20, 35, 45, 57, 58, 60, 61, 87, 119 and 135, 1990; Nos. 4, 5, 6, 48, 55, 100, 203, 208 and 216, 1991; and Nos. 3, 35, 70, 80, 81, 92, 98 and 101, 1992.

TAXATION LAWS AMENDMENT (CAR PARKING) ACT 1992 No. 237 of 1992 - DIVISION 2
Division 2-Amendments to deny deductions to employees for certain car
parking expenses

TAXATION LAWS AMENDMENT (CAR PARKING) ACT 1992 No. 237 of 1992 - SECT 9

9. After section 51AG of the Principal Act the following section is inserted:

No deduction to employee for certain car parking expenses (No deduction)
"51AGA.(1) A deduction is not allowable to an employee under this Act in respect of expenditure to the extent to which it is incurred in respect of the provision of car parking facilities for a car on a day if:
(a) on that day, the employee has a primary place of employment; and
(b) on that day, the car is parked for one or more daylight periods exceeding 4 hours in total at, or in the vicinity of, that primary place of employment; and
(c) the expenditure is in respect of the provision of the parking facilities to which that parking relates; and
(d) on that day, the car was used in connection with travel by the employee between:
(i) the place of residence of the employee; and
(ii) that primary place of employment; and
(e) the provision of parking facilities for the car during the period or periods is not taken, under the regulations, to be excluded from this section; and
(f) the day is on or after 1 July 1993.

(Definitions)
"(2) In this section:
'car' has the same meaning as in the Fringe Benefits Tax Assessment Act 1986;
'daylight period' has the same meaning as in the Fringe Benefits Tax Assessment Act 1986;
'employee' has the same meaning as in the Fringe Benefits Tax Assessment Act 1986;
'place of residence' has the same meaning as in the Fringe Benefits Tax Assessment Act 1986;
'primary place of employment' has the same meaning as in the Fringe Benefits Tax Assessment Act 1986.".

TAXATION LAWS AMENDMENT (CAR PARKING) ACT 1992 No. 237 of 1992 - SECT 10
Application

10. Section 51AGA of the Principal Act as amended by this Act applies to expenditure incurred on or after 1 July 1993.