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Superannuation Guarantee (Administration) Act 1992

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  • In force - Superseded Version
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Act No. 111 of 1992 as made
An Act relating to the establishment and administration of the Superannuation Guarantee Scheme, and for related purposes
Administered by: Treasury
Date of Assent 21 Aug 1992
 

SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE (ADMINISTRATION) ACT 1992 No. 111, 1992

SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE (ADMINISTRATION) ACT 1992 No. 111, 1992 - TABLE OF PROVISIONS

TABLE OF PROVISIONS
PART 1-PRELIMINARY
Section
1. Short title
2. Commencement
3. Act binds Crown etc.
4. Extension to Territories
5. Application of Act to Commonwealth
PART 2-EXPLANATION OF TERMS USED IN THE ACT
6. Interpretation: general
7. Interpretation: complying superannuation fund or scheme
8. Interpretation: resident of Australia
9. Interpretation: indexation factor
10. Interpretation: benefit certificate
11. Interpretation: salary or wages
12. Interpretation: employee, employer
13. Interpretation: notional earnings base where employer
contributing to superannuation fund for benefit of employee
immediately before 21 August 1991
14. Interpretation: notional earnings base where employer not
contributing to superannuation fund for benefit of employee
immediately before 21 August 1991
15. Interpretation: maximum contribution base
PART 3-LIABILITY OF EMPLOYERS OTHER THAN THE COMMONWEALTH AND
TAX-EXEMPT COMMONWEALTH AUTHORITIES TO PAY SUPERANNUATION
GUARANTEE CHARGE
16. Charge payable by employer
17. Superannuation guarantee shortfall
18. Individual superannuation guarantee shortfall for 1992-93
19. Individual superannuation guarantee shortfall for 1993-94
and subsequent years
20. Charge percentage for a person who was an employer for the
whole of the 1991-92 year
21. Charge percentage for a person who was not an employer for
the whole of the 1991-92 year
22. Reduction of charge percentage where contribution made to
defined benefit superannuation scheme
23. Reduction of charge percentage where contribution made to
fund other than defined benefit superannuation scheme
24. Certain benefit certificates presumed to be certificates in
relation to complying superannuation scheme
25. Certain contributions presumed to be contributions to
complying superannuation fund
26. Certain periods not to count as periods of employment
27. Salary or wages: general exclusions
28. Salary or wages: excluded earnings of young persons
29. Salary or wages: excluded earnings of members of Reserve Forces
30. Arrangements to avoid payment of superannuation guarantee charge
31. Nominal interest component
32. Administration component
PART 4-SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE STATEMENTS AND ASSESSMENTS
33. Annual superannuation guarantee statements
34. Power to require information where no superannuation
guarantee statement
35. First superannuation guarantee statement for year taken to
be assessment
36. Default assessments
37. Amendment of assessments
38. Refund of overpaid amounts
39. Amended assessment to be an assessment
40. Notice of assessment or amendment
41. Validity of assessment
42. Objections against assessment or amendment
PART 5-ADMINISTRATION
43. General administration of Act
44. Annual report
45. Secrecy
PART 6-COLLECTION AND RECOVERY OF CHARGE
46. When superannuation guarantee charge becomes payable
47. When additional superannuation guarantee charge becomes
payable
48. Extension of time for payment
49. Penalty for unpaid superannuation guarantee charge
50. Recovery of superannuation guarantee charge
51. Substituted service
52. Liquidation
53. Receivers
54. Recovery of superannuation guarantee charge from trustee of
deceased employer

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55. Recovery of charge from unadministered deceased estates
56. Commissioner may collect superannuation guarantee charge
from person owing money to person liable to superannuation
guarantee charge
57. Public officer of company
58. Public officer of trust estate
PART 7-PENALTY CHARGE
59. Failure to provide statements or information
60. False or misleading statements
61. Penalty superannuation guarantee charge where arrangement to
avoid superannuation guarantee charge
62. Assessment of additional superannuation guarantee charge
PART 8-DISTRIBUTION OF SHORTFALL COMPONENT OF CHARGE
63. Application of Part
64. What is the "shortfall component"?
65. Payment of shortfall component
66. Payment to employee retired due to illness
67. Payment where employee deceased
68. Payment not subject to taxation
69. Repayment of overpayments in relation to a shortfall component
70. Recovery of overpayments
71. Appropriation
PART 9-MISCELLANEOUS
72. Treatment of partnerships
73. Treatment of unincorporated associations
74. Judicial notice of signature
75. Evidence
76. Access to premises etc.
77. Obtaining information and evidence
78. Right of contribution
79. Records to be kept and retained by employers
80. Regulations

SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE (ADMINISTRATION) ACT 1992 No. 111, 1992 - LONG TITLE

An Act relating to the establishment and administration of the
Superannuation Guarantee Scheme, and for related purposes

SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE (ADMINISTRATION) ACT 1992 No. 111, 1992 - PART 1
PART 1-PRELIMINARY

SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE (ADMINISTRATION) ACT 1992 No. 111, 1992 - SECT 1
Short title

(Assented to 21 August 1992)
1. This Act may be cited as the Superannuation Guarantee (Administration) Act 1992.

(Minister's second reading speech made in-
House of Representatives on 2 April 1992
Senate on 27 May 1992)

SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE (ADMINISTRATION) ACT 1992 No. 111, 1992 - SECT 2
Commencement

2. This Act commences on 1 July 1992.

SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE (ADMINISTRATION) ACT 1992 No. 111, 1992 - SECT 3
Act binds Crown etc.

3.(1) This Act binds the Crown in right of the Commonwealth, each State, the Australian Capital Territory and the Northern Territory.
(2) Nothing in this Act permits the Crown to be prosecuted for an offence.

SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE (ADMINISTRATION) ACT 1992 No. 111, 1992 - SECT 4
Extension to Territories

4. This Act:
(a) extends to the Territory of Cocos (Keeling) Islands and the Territory of Christmas Island; and
(b) has effect as if those Territories were part of Australia.

SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE (ADMINISTRATION) ACT 1992 No. 111, 1992 - SECT 5
Application of Act to Commonwealth

5.(1) Neither the Commonwealth nor a tax-exempt Commonwealth authority is liable to pay superannuation guarantee charge.
(2) This Act applies in all other respects as if the Commonwealth and tax-exempt Commonwealth authorities were liable to pay superannuation guarantee charge.
(3) Part 8 has effect as if any superannuation guarantee charge in respect of a superannuation guarantee shortfall of the Commonwealth or a tax-exempt Commonweath authority had been paid on 14 August in the year following the year to which the charge relates.
(4) Subsection 14ZX(4), section 14ZZ and Divisions 4 and 5 of Part IVC of the Taxation Administration Act 1953 do not apply to:
(a) the Commonwealth; or
(b) a tax-exempt Commonwealth authority.
(5) A tax-exempt Commonwealth authority is an authority or body that:
(a) is established by or under a law of the Commonwealth; and
(b) is not liable to any taxation under a law of the Commonwealth.

SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE (ADMINISTRATION) ACT 1992 No. 111, 1992 - PART 2
PART 2-EXPLANATION OF TERMS USED IN THE ACT

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SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE (ADMINISTRATION) ACT 1992 No. 111, 1992 - SECT 6
Interpretation: general

6.(1) In this Act, unless the contrary intention appears:
"actuary" means a Fellow or Accredited Member of The Institute of Actuaries of Australia;
"administration component", in relation to an employer and a year, means the amount worked out according to section 32;
"annual national payroll", in relation to an employer and a year, means the aggregate of the salary or wages paid by the employer during the year:
(a) in Australia; and
(b) outside Australia in relation to services performed or rendered wholly in Australia;
"arrangement", for the purposes of section 30, means:
(a) an agreement, arrangement, understanding, promise or undertaking, whether express or implied, and whether or not enforceable, or intended to be enforceable, by legal proceedings; or
(b) any scheme, plan, proposal, action, course of action or course of conduct;
"assessment" means:
(a) the ascertainment of an employer's superannuation guarantee shortfall in a year and of the superannuation guarantee charge payable on the shortfall; or
(b) the ascertainment of additional superannuation guarantee charge payable under Part 7;
"authorised officer" means an officer or employee within the meaning of the Public Service Act 1922 who has been authorised in writing by the Commissioner for the purposes of the provision in which the expression appears;
"base year", in relation to an employer, has the meaning given by subsections 20(2) and 21(2);
"Commissioner" means the Commissioner of Taxation;
"complying superannuation fund" has the meaning given by section 7;
"complying superannuation scheme" has the meaning given by section 7;
"contribution period" means:
(a) a period of 6 months commencing on 1 July 1992 or 1 January 1993; or
(b) a period of 3 months commencing on 1 July, 1 October, 1 January or 1 April in the 1993-94 year or any later year;
"data processing device" means any article or material from which information is capable of being reproduced with or without the aid of any other article or device; "defined benefit superannuation scheme" means a scheme under which:
(a) in all cases-one or more members of the scheme are entitled, on retirement, to be paid a benefit defined, wholly or in part, by reference to either or both of the following:
(i) the amount of the member's annual salary:
(A) at the date of the member's retirement; or
(B) at a date before retirement; or
(C) averaged over a period of employment before retirement;
(ii) a specified amount; and
(b) if the scheme is not a public sector scheme-some or all of the contributions under the scheme (out of which, together with earnings on those contributions, the benefits are to be paid) are not paid into a fund, or accumulated in a fund, in respect of any individual member but are paid into and accumulated in a fund in the form of an aggregate amount;
"Deputy Commissioner" means a Deputy Commissioner of Taxation;
"government body" means:
(a) the Commonwealth or a State or Territory; or
(b) a Commonwealth, State or Territory authority;
"half-year" means a contribution period of 6 months;
"indexation factor", in relation to a year, has the meaning given by section 9;
"individual superannuation guarantee shortfall", has the meaning given by sections 18 and 19;
"industrial award" means:
(a) an industrial award or determination made under a law of the Commonwealth, a State or a Territory; or
(b) an industrial agreement approved or registered under such a law;
"liability to the Commonwealth" means a liability to the Commonwealth arising under an Act of which the Commissioner has the general administration;
"lodge" means lodge with the Commissioner;
"month" means the period of a calendar month beginning on the first day of any of the 12 months of the year;
"nominal interest component", in relation to an employer and a year, has the meaning given by section 31;
"occupational superannuation arrangement", in relation to the employment of a person, means an agreement that imposes an obligation on the person's employer to contribute to a superannuation fund for the benefit of the person;
"offence against this Act" includes an offence relating to this Act against:

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(a) the Crimes Act 1914; or
(b) the Taxation Administration Act 1953;
"ordinary time earnings", in relation to an employee, means:
(a) the total of:
(i) earnings in respect of ordinary hours of work; and
(ii) earnings consisting of over-award payments, shift-loading or
commission; or
(b) if the total ascertained in accordance with paragraph (a) would be greater than the maximum contribution base for the contribution period-the maximum contribution base;
"part-time employee" means a person who is employed to work not more than 30 hours per week;
"proceeding under this Act" includes:
(a) a proceeding for an offence against this Act; or
(b) a proceeding under the Taxation Administration Act 1953 relating to this Act;
"public sector scheme" means a scheme of superannuation established:
(a) by or under a law of the Commonwealth or of a State or Territory; or
(b) under the authority of:
(i) the Commonwealth or the government of a State or Territory; or
(ii) a municipal corporation, another local governing body or a
public authority constituted by or under a law of the Commonwealth or of a State or Territory;
"quarter" means a contribution period of 3 months;
"resident of Australia" has the meaning given by section 8;
"Second Commissioner" means a Second Commissioner of Taxation;
"superannuation fund" means a superannuation fund within the meaning of subsection 3(1) of the Occupational Superannuation Standards Act 1987;
"superannuation guarantee charge" means charge imposed by the Superannuation Guarantee Charge Act 1992;
"superannuation guarantee shortfall" has the meaning given by section 17;
"superannuation guarantee statement" means a superannuation guarantee statement under section 33;
"superannuation scheme" means:
(a) a defined benefit superannuation scheme whether or not embodied in the governing rules of a superannuation fund; or
(b) any other scheme embodied in the governing rules of a superannuation fund;
"taxation officer" means a person exercising powers, or performing functions, under this Act;
"trustee", in relation to a superannuation scheme, means:
(a) if:
(i) the scheme is embodied in the governing rules of a fund; and
(ii) there is a trustee of the fund;
the trustee of the fund; or
(b) in any other case-the person who manages the scheme;
"trustee", except in relation to a superannuation fund or superannuation scheme, includes:
(a) a person appointed or constituted trustee by:
(i) act of parties; or
(ii) order or declaration of a court; or
(iii) operation of law; and
(b) an executor, administrator or other personal representative of a deceased person; and
(c) a guardian or committee; and
(d) a receiver or receiver and manager; and
(e) an official manager or liquidator of a company; and
(f) a person:
(i) having or taking upon himself or herself the administration or
control of any real or personal property affected by any express or implied trust; or
(ii) acting in any fiduciary capacity; or
(iii) having the possession, control or management of any real or
personal property of a person under any legal or other disability;
"year" means financial year.
(2) For the purposes of this Act, a reference to a contribution made by an employer for the benefit of an employee includes a reference to a contribution made on behalf of the employer.
(3) For the purposes of this Act, a reference to salary or wages paid by an employer to an employee includes a reference to a payment made on behalf of the employer.

SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE (ADMINISTRATION) ACT 1992 No. 111, 1992 - SECT 7
Interpretation: complying superannuation fund or scheme

7. A superannuation fund or scheme is a complying superannuation fund or scheme (as the case may be) in relation to a period for the purposes of this Act if it is a complying superannuation fund in relation to that period for the purposes of Part IX of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936.

SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE (ADMINISTRATION) ACT 1992 No. 111, 1992 - SECT 8
Interpretation: resident of Australia

8. A person is a resident of Australia for the purposes of this Act at any
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time when the person is a resident of Australia for the purposes of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936.

SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE (ADMINISTRATION) ACT 1992 No. 111, 1992 - SECT 9
Interpretation: indexation factor

9.(1) The indexation factor for a year is whichever is the greater of the following:
(a) 1;
(b) the number calculated (to 3 decimal places) by dividing the AWOTE amount for the March quarter in the preceding year by the AWOTE amount for the March quarter in the year preceding that year.
(2) The AWOTE amount for a quarter is the estimate of the full-time adult average weekly ordinary time earnings for persons in Australia for the middle month of the quarter published by the Australian Statistician in relation to the month.
(3) If the Australian Statistician publishes an estimate of full-time adult average weekly ordinary time earnings for persons in Australia for a period for which such an estimate was previously published by the Australian Statistician, the publication of the later estimate is to be disregarded for the purposes of this section.
(4) If the number calculated for the purposes of paragraph (1)(b) in relation to a year would, if calculated to 4 decimal places, end with a numeral higher than 4, the number is to be taken to be the number calculated to 3 decimal places and increased by 0.001.

SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE (ADMINISTRATION) ACT 1992 No. 111, 1992 - SECT 10
Interpretation: benefit certificate

10.(1) A benefit certificate is a certificate by an actuary relating to one or more specified defined benefit superannuation schemes and specifying the rate, expressed as a percentage, that is, in the opinion of the actuary, the notional employer contribution rate, in relation to a specified class of employees (being members of the scheme or schemes, as the case may be), of an employer who is a contributor under the scheme or schemes (as the case may be) for the benefit of an employee in that class.
(2) The notional employer contribution rate, in relation to a class of employees specified in a benefit certificate relating to one or more defined benefit superannuation schemes, is the contribution rate required to meet the expected long-term cost, to an employer who contributes to the scheme or schemes for the benefit of employees in the class, of the minimum benefits accruing in respect of all employees in the class from the date of effect of the benefit certificate onwards.
(3) A benefit certificate has effect from the date specified in the certificate until:
(a) a superannuation scheme to which it relates is amended in a way that affects, or may affect, the level or method of calculation of benefits provided under the scheme for the class of employees specified in the certificate; or
(b) another benefit certificate is issued in relation to the same class of employees and the same scheme or schemes; or
(c) a period of 5 years from the date of issue expires;
whichever occurs first.
(4) A benefit certificate may not be expressed to have effect from a date earlier than the date of issue except as provided by subsection (5).
(5) A benefit certificate issued in the period commencing on 1 July in a particular year and ending on:
(a) 14 August in the following year; or
(b) a later date allowed by the Commissioner;
may be expressed to have effect from:
(c) the first day of that period; or
(d) any later day up to the day of issue.
(6) The regulations may make provision regarding:
(a) the issue and form of benefit certificates; and
(b) the way in which the expected long-term cost to an employer of benefits accruing to all employees is to be calculated under subsection (2); and
(c) the manner in which the contribution rate is to be expressed under subsection (2); and
(d) the way in which minimum benefits accruing to all employees are to be calculated under subsection (2).

SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE (ADMINISTRATION) ACT 1992 No. 111, 1992 - SECT 11
Interpretation: salary or wages

11.(1) In this Act, "salary or wages" includes:
(a) commission; and
(b) payment for the performance of duties as a member of the executive body (whether described as the board of directors or otherwise) of a body corporate; and
(c) remuneration of a member of the Parliament of the Commonwealth or a State or the Legislative Assembly of a Territory; and
(d) payments to a person for work referred to in subsection 12(8); and
(e) remuneration of a person referred to in subsection 12(9) or (10).
(2) Remuneration under a contract for the employment of a person, for not more than 30 hours per week, in work that is wholly or principally of a domestic or private nature is not to be taken into account as salary or wages
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for the purposes of this Act.
(3) Fringe benefits within the meaning of the Fringe Benefits Tax Assessment Act 1986 are not salary or wages for the purposes of this Act.

SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE (ADMINISTRATION) ACT 1992 No. 111, 1992 - SECT 12
Interpretation: employee, employer

12.(1) Subject to this section, in this Act, "employee" and "employer" have their ordinary meaning. However, for the purposes of this Act, subsections (2) to (10):
(a) expand the meaning of those terms; and
(b) make particular provision to avoid doubt as to the status of certain persons.
(2) A person who is entitled to payment for the performance of duties as a member of the executive body (whether described as the board of directors or otherwise) of a body corporate is, in relation to those duties, an employee of the body corporate.
(3) If a person works under a contract that is wholly or principally for the labour of the person, the person is an employee of the other party to the contract.
(4) A member of the Parliament of the Commonwealth is an employee of the Commonwealth.
(5) A member of the Parliament of a State is an employee of the State.
(6) A member of the Legislative Assembly for the Australian Capital Territory is an employee of the Australian Capital Territory.
(7) A member of the Legislative Assembly of the Northern Territory is an employee of the Northern Territory.
(8) The following are employees for the purposes of this Act:
(a) a person who is paid to perform or present, or to participate in the performance or presentation of, any music, play, dance, entertainment, sport, display or promotional activity or any similar activity involving the exercise of intellectual, artistic, musical, physical or other personal skills is an employee of the person liable to make the payment;
(b) a person who is paid to provide services in connection with an activity referred to in paragraph (a) is an employee of the person liable to make the payment;
(c) a person who is paid to perform services in, or in connection with, the making of any film, tape or disc or of any television or radio broadcast is an employee of the person liable to make the payment.
(9) Subject to subsection (10), a person who:
(a) holds, or performs the duties of, an appointment, office or position under the Constitution or under a law of the Commonwealth, of a State or of a Territory; or
(b) is otherwise in the service of the Commonwealth, of a State or of a Territory (including service as a member of the Defence Force or as a member of a police force);
is an employee of the Commonwealth, the State or the Territory, as the case requires.
(10) A person who holds office as a member of a local government council is an employee of the council.
(11) A person who is paid to do work wholly or principally of a domestic or private nature for not more than 30 hours per week is not regarded as an employee in relation to that work.

SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE (ADMINISTRATION) ACT 1992 No. 111, 1992 - SECT 13
Interpretation: notional earnings base where employer contributing to
superannuation fund for benefit of employee immediately before 21 August 1991

13.(1) This section deals with the meaning of the expression "notional earnings base" in relation to an employee who is a member of a superannuation fund to which an employer is contributing, for the benefit of the employee, in the following situations:
(a) where the employer is contributing to the fund in accordance with an industrial award or an occupational superannuation arrangement for the benefit of the employee in relation to a contribution period and:
(i) was so contributing immediately before 21 August 1991; or
(ii) was contributing to the fund in accordance with that award or
arrangement (as the case may be) for the benefit of another employee immediately before 21 August 1991;
(b) where the employer is otherwise contributing to the fund under the applicable superannuation scheme for the benefit of the employee in relation to a contribution period and:
(i) was so contributing immediately before 21 August 1991; or
(ii) was contributing to the fund under the applicable
superannuation scheme for the benefit of another employee immediately before 21 August 1991.
(2) Subject to subsections (3) and (4), the expression "notional earnings base" means the earnings of the employee that, under the award, arrangement or scheme as in force on:
(a) the first day of a contribution period; or
(b) the first day of employment;
whichever is the later, constitute the employee's earnings by reference to which the requisite employer contribution is to be calculated.
(3) If an employee's notional earnings base ascertained in accordance with
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subsection (2) in relation to a contribution period would be an amount greater than the maximum contribution base for that period, the employee's notional earnings base is the maximum contribution base.
(4) If the award, arrangement or scheme that would, but for this subsection, determine an employee's notional earnings base under this section is at any time on or after 21 August 1991 amended in a way that has the effect of reducing an employee's notional earnings base, the employee's notional earnings base is to be determined as if the employee were an employee in relation to whom section 14 applies.

SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE (ADMINISTRATION) ACT 1992 No. 111, 1992 - SECT 14
Interpretation: notional earnings base where employer not contributing
to superannuation fund for benefit of employee immediately before 21 August 1991

14.(1) This section deals with the meaning of the expression "notional earnings base" in relation to an employee who is a member of a superannuation fund to which an employer is contributing, for the benefit of the employee, in the following situations:
(a) where the employer is contributing to the fund in accordance with an industrial award or an occupational superannuation arrangement for the benefit of the employee in relation to a contribution period but was not so contributing immediately before 21 August 1991 for the benefit of any employee;
(b) where the employer is otherwise contributing to the fund under the applicable superannuation scheme for the benefit of the employee in relation to a contribution period but was not so contributing immediately before 21 August 1991 for the benefit of any employee.
(2) Subject to subsections (3) and (4), the expression "notional earnings base" means the earnings of the employee that, under the award, arrangement or scheme as in force on:
(a) the first day of a contribution period; or
(b) the first day of employment; or
(c) the day on which the employer begins to contribute to the fund;
whichever is the later, constitute the employee's earnings by reference to which the requisite employer contribution is to be calculated.
(3) If, in a case where the employer is contributing to the fund in accordance with an occupational superannuation arrangement or the applicable superannuation scheme, the employee's notional earnings base calculated in accordance with subsection (2) would, in relation to a contribution period, be less than the employee's ordinary time earnings for the contribution period, the employee's notional earnings base is the employee's ordinary time earnings.
(4) If an employee's notional earnings base ascertained in accordance with subsection (2) in relation to a contribution period would be an amount greater than the maximum contribution base for that period, the employee's notional earnings base is the maximum contribution base.

SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE (ADMINISTRATION) ACT 1992 No. 111, 1992 - SECT 15
Interpretation: maximum contribution base

15.(1) The maximum contribution base for a contribution period in the 1992-93 year is $40,000.
(2) The maximum contribution base for a contribution period in the 1993-94 year is the amount worked out using the formula:
$40,000 x Indexation factor for the 1992-93 year
2.
(3) The maximum contribution base for a contribution period in any later year is the amount worked out using the formula:
Maximum contribution base Indexation factor
for a contribution period x for the year
in the immediately
preceding year
(4) Amounts calculated under subsection (2) or (3) must be rounded to the nearest 10 dollar multiple (rounding 5 dollars upwards).

SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE (ADMINISTRATION) ACT 1992 No. 111, 1992 - PART 3
PART 3-LIABILITY OF EMPLOYERS OTHER THAN THE COMMONWEALTH AND
TAX-EXEMPT COMMONWEALTH AUTHORITIES TO PAY SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE
CHARGE

SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE (ADMINISTRATION) ACT 1992 No. 111, 1992 - SECT 16
Charge payable by employer

16. Superannuation guarantee charge imposed on an employer's superannuation guarantee shortfall for a year is payable by the employer.

SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE (ADMINISTRATION) ACT 1992 No. 111, 1992 - SECT 17
Superannuation guarantee shortfall

17. If an employer has one or more individual superannuation guarantee shortfalls for a year, the employer has a superannuation guarantee shortfall for the year worked out by adding together:
(a) the total of the employer's individual superannuation guarantee shortfalls for the year; and
(b) the employer's nominal interest component for the year; and
(c) the employer's administration component for the year.

SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE (ADMINISTRATION) ACT 1992 No. 111, 1992 - SECT 18
Individual superannuation guarantee shortfall for 1992-93

18.(1) An employer's individual superannuation guarantee shortfall in
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respect of an employee for the 1992-93 year is the sum of the employer's half-yearly shortfalls in respect of that employee for that year.
(2) An employer's half-yearly shortfall in respect of an employee for a half-year is the amount worked out using the formula:
Total salary or wages paid Charge percentage for the
by the employer to the x employer for the half-year
employee for the half-year 100
where:
"Charge percentage for the employer for the half-year" means the number ascertained in relation to that employer and that half-year according to section 20 or 21 or that number as reduced, in respect of the employee, by section 22 or 23, as the case may be.

SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE (ADMINISTRATION) ACT 1992 No. 111, 1992 - SECT 19
Individual superannuation guarantee shortfall for 1993-94 and subsequent years

19.(1) An employer's individual superannuation guarantee shortfall in respect of an employee for a year (other than the 1992-93 year) is the sum of the employer's quarterly shortfalls in respect of that employee for that year.
(2) An employer's quarterly shortfall in respect of an employee for a quarter is the amount worked out using the formula:
Total salary or wages paid Charge percentage for the
by the employer to the x employer for the half-year
employee for the quarter 100
where:
"Charge percentage for the employer for the quarter" means the number ascertained in relation to that employer and that quarter according to section 20 or 21 or that number as reduced, in respect of the employee, by section 22 or 23, as the case may be.

SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE (ADMINISTRATION) ACT 1992 No. 111, 1992 - SECT 20
Charge percentage for a person who was an employer for the whole of the 1991-92 year

20.(1) This section applies to a person who was an employer for the whole of the 1991-92 year.
(2) In this section, "base year" means the 1991-92 year.
(3) Subject to subsection (4) and sections 22 and 23, if an employer's annual national payroll for the base year exceeded $1,000,000, the employer's charge percentage for a contribution period in a year, or a part of a year, specified in the following table is the number specified in that table in relation to that year or part of a year (as the case may be):
Year Percentage
1992-93 (1 July-31 December) 4
1992-93 (1 January-30 June) 5
1993-94 5
1994-95 5
1995-96 6
1996-97 6
1997-98 6
1998-99 7
1999-2000 7
2000-01 8
2001-02 8
2002-03 and subsequent years 9
(4) In the case of an employer whose charge percentage for the contribution period commencing on 1 January 1993 would, apart from this subsection, be 5, the charge percentage is 4 if:
(a) a regulation prescribing a charge percentage of 5 for the contribution period, in relation to employers whose annual national payrolls for the base year exceeded $1,000,000, is not made within 28 days after the day on which this Act receives the Royal Assent; or
(b) if such a regulation is made, it is disallowed by either House of the Parliament on or before:
(i) the second day after 8 December 1992 that is a sitting day for
both Houses of the Parliament; or
(ii) 31 December 1992;
whichever is earlier.
(5) Subject to sections 22 and 23, if an employer's annual national payroll for the base year did not exceed $1,000,000, the employer's charge percentage for a contribution period in a year specified in the following table is the number specified in that table in relation to that year:
Year Percentage
1992-93 3
1993-94 3
1994-95 4
1995-96 5
1996-97 6
1997-98 6
1998-99 7
1999-2000 7
2000-01 8
2001-02 8
2002-03 and subsequent years 9
Charge percentage for a person who was not an employer for the whole of the
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1991-92 year

SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE (ADMINISTRATION) ACT 1992 No. 111, 1992 - SECT 21

21.(1) This section applies to a person who was not an employer for the whole of the 1991-92 year.
(2) The base year for a person to whom this section applies is the first year commencing on or after 1 July 1992 in which the person is an employer for the whole of the year.
(3) The employer's charge percentage for a contribution period in a year in the period up to and including the base year is the number specified in the following table in relation to that year:
Year Percentage
1992-93 3
1993-94 3
1994-95 4
1995-96 5
1996-97 6
1997-98 6
1998-99 7
1999-2000 7
2000-01 8
2001-02 8
2002-03 and subsequent years 9
(4) If the employer's annual national payroll for the base year exceeds $1,000,000, the employer's charge percentage for a contribution period in a subsequent year specified in the following table is the number specified in that table in relation to that year:
Year Percentage
1992-93 4
1993-94 5
1994-95 5
1995-96 6
1996-97 6
1997-98 6
1998-99 7
1999-2000 7
2000-01 8
2001-02 8
2002-03 and subsequent years 9
(5) If the employer's annual national payroll for the base year does not exceed $1,000,000, the employer's charge percentage for a contribution period in a subsequent year specified in the table in subsection (3) is the number specified in that table in relation to that year.
(6) This section has effect subject to sections 22 and 23.

SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE (ADMINISTRATION) ACT 1992 No. 111, 1992 - SECT 22
Reduction of charge percentage where contribution made to defined
benefit superannuation scheme

22.(1) This section applies only in relation to defined benefit superannuation schemes.
(2) If:
(a) a benefit certificate in relation to one or more complying superannuation schemes has effect for the whole or a part of a contribution period; and
(b) a scheme in relation to which the certificate has effect is operating for the benefit of a person as an employee of an employer; and
(c) the certificate specifies a figure as the notional employer contribution rate in relation to a class of employees (being a class that includes the employee referred to in paragraph (b)) as members of the scheme or schemes (as the case may be);
the charge percentage for the employer, as calculated under section 20 or 21, in respect of an employee in the class for the contribution period is reduced, in addition to any other such reduction made under this section or section 23, by the amount worked out using the formula:
A x B
where:
"A" is the figure referred to in paragraph (c);
"B" is:
(A) 1; or
(B) if, in relation to the contribution period, the employment
period is greater than the scheme membership period or the certificate period-either the fraction that represents the scheme membership period as a proportion of the employment period or the fraction that represents the certificate period as a proportion of the employment period or, if one fraction is smaller than the other, the smaller fraction.
(3) For the purposes of subsection (2):
"the employment period" means the period in the contribution period for which the employee is employed by the employer;
"the scheme membership period" means the period in the contribution period for which the employee is a member of the superannuation scheme;
"the certificate period" means the period in the contribution period for which the benefit certificate has effect in relation to the scheme.

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(4) The charge percentage for an employer for a contribution period cannot be reduced below 0.

SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE (ADMINISTRATION) ACT 1992 No. 111, 1992 - SECT 23
Reduction of charge percentage where contribution made to fund other
than defined benefit superannuation scheme

23.(1) This section applies only in relation to superannuation funds other than defined benefit superannuation schemes.
(Reduction of charge percentage where contribution made under industrial award)
(2) Subject to subsections (6) and (7), if, in a contribution period:
(a) an employer is required by an industrial award to contribute for the benefit of an employee to a superannuation fund; and
(b) the requisite contribution is a specified percentage of the employee's notional earnings base or a percentage of that base calculated in accordance with the award; and
(c) the employer contributes to a complying superannuation fund for the benefit of the employee in accordance with the award;
the charge percentage for the employer, as calculated under section 20 or 21, in respect of the employee for the contribution period is reduced, in addition to any other such reduction made under this section or section 22, by the amount worked out using the formula:
A x B
where:
"A" is the amount of the percentage figure that expresses the contribution to the fund referred to in paragraph (c) as a proportion of the total amount of the employee's notional earnings base:
(A) if the employee is employed under the industrial award for
the whole of the contribution period-for the whole of that period; or
(B) if the employee is employed under the award for a part of
the period-for that part of the period;
"B" is:
(A) 1; or
(B) if, in relation to the contribution period, the period for
which the employee is employed by the employer is greater than the period of employment under the industrial award referred to in paragraph (a)-the fraction that represents the period of employment under the award as a proportion of the period of employment in the contribution period.
(Reduction of charge percentage where contribution made under occupational superannuation arrangement)
(3) Subject to subsections (6) and (7), if, in a contribution period:
(a) an employer is required by an occupational superannuation arrangement to contribute for the benefit of an employee to a superannuation fund; and
(b) the requisite contribution is a specified percentage of the employee's notional earnings base or a percentage of that base calculated in accordance with the arrangement; and
(c) the employer contributes to a complying superannuation fund for the benefit of the employee in accordance with the arrangement;
the charge percentage for the employer, as calculated under section 20 or 21, in respect of the employee for the contribution period is reduced, in addition to any other such reduction made under this section or section 22, by the amount worked out using the formula:
A x B
where:
"A" is the amount of the percentage figure that expresses the contribution to the fund referred to in paragraph (c) as a proportion of the total amount of the employee's notional earnings base:
(A) if the employee is employed under the occupational
superannuation arrangement for the whole of the contribution period-for the whole of that period; or
(B) if the employee is employed under the arrangement for a part
of the period-for that part of the period;
"B" is:
(A) 1; or
(B) if, in relation to the contribution period, the period for
which the employee is employed by the employer is greater than the period of employment under the occupational superannuation arrangement referred to in paragraph (a)-the fraction that represents the period of employment under the arrangement as a proportion of the period of employment in the contribution period.
(Reduction of charge percentage where contribution made under scheme that specifies notional earnings base)
(4) Subject to subsections (6) and (7), if, in a contribution period:
(a) an employer contributes for the benefit of an employee to a complying superannuation fund; and
(b) the applicable superannuation scheme specifies a requisite total contribution as a percentage of the employee's notional earnings base; and
(c) the employer's contribution is not taken into account for the purpose of reducing the employer's charge percentage in respect of the employee for the contribution period under subsection (2) or (3);
the charge percentage for the employer, as calculated under section 20 or 21,
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in respect of the employee for the contribution period is reduced, in addition to any other such reduction made under this section or section 22, by the amount worked out using the formula:
A x B
where:
"A" is the amount of the percentage figure that expresses the contribution to the fund referred to in paragraph (a) as a proportion of the total amount of the employee's notional earnings base:
(A) if the employer contributes for the benefit of the employee
to the complying superannuation fund for the whole of the contribution period-for the whole of that period; or
(B) if the employer contributes for the benefit of the employee
to the fund for a part of the period-for that part of the period;
"B" is:
(A) 1; or
(B) if, in relation to the contribution period, the period for
which the employee is employed by the employer is greater than the period for which the employer contributes for the benefit of the employee to the fund referred to in paragraph (a)-the fraction that represents the period for which the employer contributes to the fund as a proportion of the period of employment in the contribution period.
(Reduction of charge percentage where contribution made under scheme that does not specify notional earnings base)
(5) Subject to subsections (6) and (7), if, in a contribution period:
(a) an employer contributes for the benefit of an employee to a complying superannuation fund; and
(b) the contribution is not taken into account for the purpose of reducing the employer's charge percentage in respect of the employee for the contribution period under subsection (2), (3) or (4);
the charge percentage for the employer, as calculated under section 20 or 21, in respect of the employee for the contribution period is reduced, in addition to any other such reduction made under this section or section 22, by the amount worked out using the formula:
A x B
where:
"A" is the amount of the percentage figure that expresses the contribution to the fund referred to in paragraph (a) as a proportion of the total amount of the employee's ordinary time earnings:
(A) if the employer contributes for the benefit of the employee
to the complying superannuation fund for the whole of the contribution period-for the whole of that period; or
(B) if the employer contributes for the benefit of the employee
to the fund for a part of the period-for that part of the period;
"B" is:
(A) 1; or
(B) if, in relation to the contribution period, the period for
which the employee is employed by the employer is greater than the period for which the employer contributes for the benefit of the employee to the fund referred to in paragraph (a)-the fraction that represents the period for which the employer contributes to the fund as a proportion of the period of employment in the contribution period.
(Contribution made after end of period may be taken into account for previous period)
(6) A contribution to a complying superannuation fund made by an employer for the benefit of an employee in the period commencing on 1 July 1992 and ending on 14 August 1993 may be taken into account under this section as if it had been made in either contribution period in the 1992-93 year.
(7) A contribution to a complying superannuation fund made by an employer for the benefit of an employee may be taken into account under this section as if it had been made during a particular contribution period commencing after 30 June 1993 if the contribution is made:
(a) not more than 12 months before the beginning of the contribution period; or
(b) not more than 28 days after the end of the contribution period.
(8) A contribution to a superannuation fund made by an employer for the benefit of an employee that is taken into account under this section in relation to a contribution period is not to be taken into account under this section in relation to any other contribution period.
(Certain awards, arrangements and schemes taken not to specify requisite contribution as percentage of notional earnings base)
(9) An industrial award, an occupational superannuation arrangement or a superannuation scheme is to be taken not to specify the requisite employer contribution as a percentage of an employee's notional earnings base if the award, arrangement or scheme:
(a) determines the earnings of the employee by reference to which the requisite employer contribution is to be calculated by specifying an amount of money; and
(b) makes no provision for adjustment of that amount by reference to changes in the earnings of the employee.
(Charge percentage not to be less than 0)

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(10) The charge percentage for an employer for a contribution period cannot be reduced below 0.

SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE (ADMINISTRATION) ACT 1992 No. 111, 1992 - SECT 24
Certain benefit certificates presumed to be certificates in relation
to complying superannuation scheme

24.(1) Subject to subsections (3) and (4), a benefit certificate that has effect in relation to a superannuation scheme (being a scheme to which an employer has contributed for the benefit of an employee) for the whole or a part of a contribution period is, for the purposes of section 22, conclusively presumed, in relation to the employer, to be a certificate that has effect in relation to a complying superannuation scheme for the whole, or that part, as the case may be, of the contribution period if:
(a) within 30 days of the day on which the contribution period, or the part of the contribution period, as the case may be, commences, the employer obtains a written statement, provided by or on behalf of the trustee of the scheme, that the scheme:
(i) is operated in accordance with the superannuation fund
conditions under the Occupational Superannuation Standards Act 1987; and
(ii) has been so operated from the day on which the benefit
certificate is expressed to take effect; or
(b) in an earlier contribution period, the employer has obtained a statement of the kind referred to in paragraph (a).
(2) Subject to subsections (3) and (4), a benefit certificate that has effect in relation to a superannuation scheme (being a scheme to which an employer has contributed for the benefit of an employee) for the whole or a part of a contribution period is, if the employer obtains a statement of the kind referred to in paragraph (1)(a):
(a) within the contribution period; but
(b) later than 30 days after the day on which the contribution period, or the part of the contribution period, as the case may be, commences;
for the purposes of section 22, conclusively presumed, in relation to the employer, to be a certificate that has effect in relation to a complying superannuation scheme for the period commencing on the day on which the employer obtains the statement and ending on the last day of the contribution period.
(3) A presumption relating to a benefit certificate under subsection (1) or (2) is not, in relation to an employer and a superannuation scheme, effective in respect of any period for which the scheme is operating while in breach of a superannuation fund condition under the Occupational Superannuation Standards Act 1987 if:
(a) the employer has been notified of that breach by the trustee; and
(b) the employer has not been further notified by the trustee that the Commissioner of Insurance and Superannuation is satisfied that the breach has been rectified.
(4) A presumption relating to a benefit certificate under subsection (1) or (2) is not, in relation to an employer and a superannuation scheme, effective in respect of any period for which the scheme is operating while in breach of a superannuation fund condition under the Occupational Superannuation Standards Act 1987 if, in that period:
(a) the employer:
(i) is the trustee or manager of the scheme; or
(ii) has an association, within the meaning of subsection
26AAB(14) of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936, with the trustee or the manager of the scheme; and
(b) the employer has reasonable grounds for believing that the scheme is operating while in breach of a superannuation fund condition under the Occupational Superannuation Standards Act 1987.

SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE (ADMINISTRATION) ACT 1992 No. 111, 1992 - SECT 25
Certain contributions presumed to be contributions to complying
superannuation fund

25.(1) Subject to subsection (2), a contribution by an employer for the benefit of an employee to a superannuation fund is conclusively presumed to be a contribution to a complying superannuation fund for the purposes of section 23 if, at the time the contribution is made:
(a) the employer has obtained a written statement, provided by or on behalf of the trustee of the fund, that the fund is operated in accordance with the superannuation fund conditions under the Occupational Superannuation Standards Act 1987; and
(b) either:
(i) the employer has not been notified by the trustee that the
fund is operating while in breach of a superannuation fund condition under the Occupational Superannuation Standards Act 1987; or
(ii) the employer has been so notified, but has been further
notified by the trustee that the Commissioner of Insurance and Superannuation is satisfied that the breach has been rectified.
(2) Subsection (1) does not apply to a contribution to a superannuation fund if, at the time the contribution is made:
(a) the employer:
(i) is the trustee or the manager of the fund; or
(ii) has an association, within the meaning of subsection

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26AAB(14) of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936, with the trustee or the manager of the fund; and
(b) the employer has reasonable grounds for believing that the fund is operating while in breach of a superannuation fund condition under the Occupational Superannuation Standards Act 1987.

SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE (ADMINISTRATION) ACT 1992 No. 111, 1992 - SECT 26
Certain periods not to count as periods of employment

26.(1) Any period in respect of which excluded salary or wages are paid by an employer to an employee is not, for the purposes of section 22 or 23, to be taken into account as a period for which the employee is employed by the employer.
(2) For the purposes of subsection (1), excluded salary or wages are salary or wages that, under section 27 or 28, are not to be taken into account for the purpose of making a calculation under section 18 or 19.

SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE (ADMINISTRATION) ACT 1992 No. 111, 1992 - SECT 27
Salary or wages: general exclusions

27.(1) The following salary or wages are not to be taken into account for the purpose of making a calculation under section 18 or 19:
(a) salary or wages paid to an employee who is 65 or over;
(b) salary or wages paid to an employee who is not a resident of Australia for work done outside Australia;
(c) salary or wages paid by an employer who is not a resident of Australia to an employee who is a resident of Australia for work done outside Australia;
(d) salary or wages paid to an employee who is a prescribed employee for the purposes of this paragraph.
(2) If an employee receives less than $450 by way of salary or wages in respect of a month, the salary or wages so received in respect of that month are not to be taken into account for the purpose of making a calculation under section 18 or 19.

SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE (ADMINISTRATION) ACT 1992 No. 111, 1992 - SECT 28
Salary or wages: excluded earnings of young persons

28. Salary or wages paid to a part-time employee who is under 18 are not to be taken into account for the purpose of making a calculation under section 18 or 19.

SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE (ADMINISTRATION) ACT 1992 No. 111, 1992 - SECT 29
Salary or wages: excluded earnings of members of Reserve Forces

29. If an employee receives income that is exempt from income tax under paragraph 23(s) of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936, that income is not to be taken into account for the purposes of this Act.

SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE (ADMINISTRATION) ACT 1992 No. 111, 1992 - SECT 30
Arrangements to avoid payment of superannuation guarantee charge

30. If:
(a) an employer makes an arrangement; and
(b) as a result of the arrangement the employer's superannuation guarantee shortfall in a year is reduced; and
(c) in the Commissioner's opinion the arrangement was made solely or principally for the purpose of avoiding payment of superannuation guarantee charge otherwise than in accordance with this Act;
the employer is liable to pay for the year an amount of superannuation guarantee charge equal to the amount that, in the Commissioner's opinion, the employer would have been liable to pay if the arrangement had not been made.

SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE (ADMINISTRATION) ACT 1992 No. 111, 1992 - SECT 31
Nominal interest component

31.(1) The nominal interest component in relation to an employer for a year is the amount that would accrue by way of interest on the total of the employer's individual superannuation guarantee shortfalls for the year if interest were calculated at the rate applicable under regulations made for the purposes of paragraph 10(1)(b) of the Taxation (Interest on Overpayments) Act 1983 from the beginning of the year in question until the date on which superannuation guarantee charge in relation to the total would be payable under section 46.
(2) Until regulations made for the purposes of paragraph 10(1)(b) of the Taxation (Interest on Overpayments) Act 1983 commence, the rate of interest applicable for the purposes of subsection (1) is 14.026% per annum.

SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE (ADMINISTRATION) ACT 1992 No. 111, 1992 - SECT 32
Administration component

32. An employer's administration component for a year is the amount worked out using the formula:
Base amount + (N x Per capita amount)
where:
"Base amount" is $50 or such other amount as is from time to time prescribed;
"N" is the number of employees in respect of whom the employer has an individual superannuation guarantee shortfall for the year;
"Per capita amount" is $30 or such other amount as is from time to time prescribed.

SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE (ADMINISTRATION) ACT 1992 No. 111, 1992 - PART 4
PART 4-SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE STATEMENTS AND ASSESSMENTS

SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE (ADMINISTRATION) ACT 1992 No. 111, 1992 - SECT 33

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Annual superannuation guarantee statements

33.(1) An employer who has a superannuation guarantee shortfall for a year must lodge a superannuation guarantee statement for the year on or before:
(a) 14 August in the following year; or
(b) any later day allowed by the Commissioner.
(2) The statement must set out:
(a) the name and postal address of the employer; and
(b) the name, postal address and tax file number (so far as is known to the employer) of each employee in relation to whom the employer had an individual superannuation guarantee shortfall for the year; and
(c) the amount of each such shortfall; and
(d) the employer's nominal interest component for the year; and
(e) the employer's administration component for the year; and
(f) if the employer's annual national payroll for the employer's base year is $1,000,000 or less, the amount of that payroll; and
(g) the total of the employer's individual superannuation guarantee shortfalls for the year; and
(h) the amount of the employer's superannuation guarantee charge for the year.
(3) The statement must:
(a) be in a form approved by the Commissioner; and
(b) be lodged with the Commissioner in accordance with the regulations; and
(c) be signed by or on behalf of the employer making the statement.
(4) Subsection (1) does not apply to the employer if the employer has previously given the Commissioner a statement for the year under section 34.

SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE (ADMINISTRATION) ACT 1992 No. 111, 1992 - SECT 34
Power to require information where no superannuation guaranteee statement

34. The Commissioner, by written notice, may require a person who was at any time during a year an employer and who has not lodged a superannuation guarantee statement for that year to give the Commissioner, within a specified period of not less than 14 days, a written statement for the year stating whether the person has a superannuation guarantee shortfall for the year and if so, setting out the matters referred to in subsection 33(2).

SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE (ADMINISTRATION) ACT 1992 No. 111, 1992 - SECT 35
First superannuation guarantee statement for year taken to be assessment

35.(1) If:
(a) an employer lodges a superannuation guarantee statement for a year; and
(b) a superannuation guarantee statement has not previously been lodged, and an assessment has not previously been made, for the year in relation to the employer;
then:
(c) the statement has effect as an assessment of the employer's superannuation guarantee shortfall for the year and of the superannuation guarantee charge payable on the shortfall; and
(d) the assessment is taken to have been made on 14 August in the following year or the day on which the statement was lodged, whichever is the later; and
(e) the sum of:
(i) the total of the employer's individual superannuation
guarantee shortfalls; and
(ii) the employer's nominal interest component; and
(iii) the employer's administration component;
specified in the statement is to be taken to be the amount of superannuation guarantee charge payable by the employer for the year; and
(f) the statement has effect as if it were a notice of assessment signed by the Commissioner and given to the employer on the day on which the assessment is taken to have been made.
(2) In subsection (1), "superannuation guarantee statement" includes a statement under section 34 that indicates that an employer has a superannuation guarantee shortfall for a year.

SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE (ADMINISTRATION) ACT 1992 No. 111, 1992 - SECT 36
Default assessments

36.(1) If:
(a) an employer has not lodged a superannuation guarantee statement for a year; and
(b) the Commissioner is of the opinion that the employer is liable to pay superannuation guarantee charge for the year;
the Commissioner may make an assessment of the employer's superannuation guarantee shortfall for the year and of the superannuation guarantee charge payable on the shortfall.
(2) For the purposes of making an assessment under subsection (1), the superannuation guarantee shortfall is taken to be the amount that in the Commissioner's opinion might reasonably be expected to be the shortfall.
(3) Superannuation guarantee charge in relation to an assessment for a year made under this section is taken to have become payable on 14 August in the following year.

SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE (ADMINISTRATION) ACT 1992 No. 111, 1992 - SECT 37
Amendment of assessments

37.(1) The Commissioner may, subject to this section, at any time amend any assessment by making any alterations or additions that the Commissioner thinks
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necessary, whether or not superannuation guarantee charge has been paid in relation to the assessment.
(2) Subject to this section, if there has been an avoidance of superannuation guarantee charge, the Commissioner may:
(a) if the Commissioner is of the opinion that the avoidance of the charge is due to fraud or evasion-at any time; or
(b) in any other case-within 4 years from the day on which the assessment is made;
amend the assessment by making any alterations or additions that the Commissioner thinks necessary to correct the assessment.
(3) An amendment effecting a reduction in an employer's liability under an assessment is not effective unless it is made within 4 years from the day on which the assessment was made.
(4) If an assessment has, under this section, been amended in any particular, the Commissioner may, within 4 years from the day on which superannuation guarantee charge became payable under the amended assessment, make, in or in relation to the particular, any further amendment in the assessment that, in the Commissioner's opinion, is necessary to effect such reduction in the employer's liability under the assessment as is just.
(5) If:
(a) an employer applies for an amendment of the employer's assessment within 4 years from the day that superannuation guarantee charge became payable under the assessment; and
(b) within that period, the employer lodges all information the Commissioner needs to decide the application;
the Commissioner may amend the assessment when considering the application, even if that period has elapsed.
(6) Nothing in this section prevents the amendment of an assessment to give effect to:
(a) the decision on any review or appeal; or
(b) its amendment by reduction of any particular following the employer's objection or pending any review or appeal.
(7) Superannuation guarantee charge under an amended assessment is taken to have become payable on the day on which charge under the original assessment became payable.

SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE (ADMINISTRATION) ACT 1992 No. 111, 1992 - SECT 38
Refund of overpaid amounts

38.(1) If, because an assessment is amended, a person's liability to superannuation guarantee charge is reduced:
(a) the amount by which the charge is reduced is taken, for the purposes of section 49, never to have been payable; and
(b) the Commissioner must:
(i) refund any overpaid amount; or
(ii) apply any overpaid amount against the person's liability (if
any) to the Commonwealth and refund any part of the amount that is not so applied.
(2) In subsection (1):
"overpaid amount" includes any overpaid amount of additional superannuation guarantee charge under section 49 or Part 7.

SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE (ADMINISTRATION) ACT 1992 No. 111, 1992 - SECT 39
Amended assessment to be an assessment

39. Except as otherwise expressly provided by this Act, an amended assessment is taken to be an assessment for all the purposes of this Act.

SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE (ADMINISTRATION) ACT 1992 No. 111, 1992 - SECT 40
Notice of assessment or amendment

40. As soon as practicable after an assessment is made under section 36 or is amended under section 37, the Commissioner must give written notice of the assessment or amendment (as the case may be) to the person liable to pay the superannuation guarantee charge.

SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE (ADMINISTRATION) ACT 1992 No. 111, 1992 - SECT 41
Validity of assessment

41. The validity of an assessment is not affected because any provision of this Act has not been complied with.

SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE (ADMINISTRATION) ACT 1992 No. 111, 1992 - SECT 42
Objections against assessment

42. An employer who is dissatisfied with an assessment may object in the manner set out in Part IVC of the Taxation Administration Act 1953.

SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE (ADMINISTRATION) ACT 1992 No. 111, 1992 - PART 5
PART 5-ADMINISTRATION

SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE (ADMINISTRATION) ACT 1992 No. 111, 1992 - SECT 43
General administration of Act

43. The Commissioner has the general administration of this Act.

SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE (ADMINISTRATION) ACT 1992 No. 111, 1992 - SECT 44
Annual report

44. After the end of each year, the Commissioner must give the Treasurer a report on the working of this Act during the year for presentation to the Parliament.

SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE (ADMINISTRATION) ACT 1992 No. 111, 1992 - SECT 45
Secrecy

45.(1) In this section:

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"court" includes any tribunal, authority or person having power to require the production of documents or the answering of questions;
"person to whom this section applies" means a person who is or has been:
(a) the Commissioner, a Second Commissioner or a Deputy Commissioner; or
(b) an officer or employee of the branch of the Australian Public Service under the direct control of the Commissioner; or
(c) otherwise appointed or employed by, or a provider of services for, the Commonwealth;
"produce" includes permit access to;
"protected document" means a document that:
(a) contains information that concerns a person; and
(b) is obtained or made by a person to whom this section applies in the course of, or because of, the person's duties under or in relation to this Act;
"protected information" means information that:
(a) concerns a person; and
(b) is disclosed to, or obtained by, a person to whom this section applies in the course of, or because of, the person's duties under or in relation to this Act.
(2) Subject to subsection (3), a person to whom this section applies must not:
(a) make a record of any protected information; or
(b) whether directly or indirectly, divulge or communicate to a person any protected information concerning another person;
unless the record is made, or the information divulged or communicated:
(c) under or for the purposes of this Act; or
(d) in the performance of duties, as a person to whom this section applies, under or in relation to this Act.
Penalty: Imprisonment for 2 years.
(3) Subsection (2) does not prevent the Commissioner, a Second Commissioner or a Deputy Commissioner or a person authorised by the Commissioner, a Second Commissioner or a Deputy Commissioner from divulging or communicating any protected information to a person performing, as a person to whom this section applies, duties under or in relation to an Act of which the Commissioner has the general administration, or under regulations made under such an Act, for the purpose of enabling the person to perform the duties.
(4) A person divulges or communicates protected information to a person in contravention of subsection (2) if the person divulges or communicates the information to any Minister.
(5) A person to whom this section applies is not required:
(a) to divulge or communicate protected information to a court; or
(b) to produce a protected document in court;
except where it is necessary to do so for the purpose of carrying into effect the provisions of this Act.
(6) Nothing in this or any other Act of which the Commissioner has the general administration is taken to prohibit the Commissioner, a Second Commissioner, a Deputy Commissioner, or a person authorised by the Commissioner, a Second Commissioner or a Deputy Commissioner, from divulging or communicating any information to a person performing, as a person to whom this section applies, duties under or in relation to this Act for the purpose of enabling the person to perform the duties.
(7) Nothing in an Act of which the Commissioner has the general administration is taken to prohibit the Commissioner, a Second Commissioner, a Deputy Commissioner, or a person authorised by the Commissioner, a Second Commissioner or a Deputy Commissioner, from:
(a) divulging or communicating to a court any information obtained under or for the purposes of such an Act; or
(b) producing in court a document obtained or made under or for the purposes of such an Act;
where it is necessary to do so for the purpose of carrying into effect the provisions of this Act.
(8) A person to whom this section applies must, if and when required by the Commissioner, a Second Commissioner or a Deputy Commissioner to do so make an oath or declaration, in a manner and form specified by the Commissioner in writing, to maintain secrecy in accordance with this section.

SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE (ADMINISTRATION) ACT 1992 No. 111, 1992 - PART 6
PART 6-COLLECTION AND RECOVERY OF CHARGE

SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE (ADMINISTRATION) ACT 1992 No. 111, 1992 - SECT 46
When superannuation guarantee charge becomes payable

46. Superannuation guarantee charge for a year is payable:
(a) if, on or before 14 August in the following year, the employer lodges a superannuation guarantee statement or a statement under section 34 indicating a superannuation guarantee shortfall for that year-on that day; or
(b) if, after that day, the employer lodges a superannuation guarantee statement or a statement under section 34 indicating a superannuation guarantee shortfall for that year-on the day on which the statement is lodged.

SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE (ADMINISTRATION) ACT 1992 No. 111, 1992 - SECT 47
When additional superannuation guarantee charge becomes payable

47. Additional superannuation guarantee charge under Part 7 becomes payable on the day specified for the purpose in the notice of assessment of the
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additional charge.

SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE (ADMINISTRATION) ACT 1992 No. 111, 1992 - SECT 48
Extension of time for payment

48.(1) The Commissioner may, in such circumstances as the Commissioner thinks fit, extend the time for payment of an amount of superannuation guarantee charge for such period as the Commissioner determines, and, if the Commissioner does so, the charge is payable accordingly.
(2) In this section:
"superannuation guarantee charge" includes additional superannuation guarantee charge payable under section 49 or Part 7.

SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE (ADMINISTRATION) ACT 1992 No. 111, 1992 - SECT 49
Penalty for unpaid superannuation guarantee charge

49.(1) Subject to this section, if any superannuation guarantee charge remains unpaid after the time when it became payable, or would but for section 48 have become payable, additional superannuation guarantee charge is payable, by way of penalty, by the employer liable to pay the superannuation guarantee charge.
(2) Additional superannuation guarantee charge payable under subsection (1) is payable at the rate applicable under regulations made for the purposes of paragraph 10(1)(b) of the Taxation (Interest on Overpayments) Act 1983 on the amount unpaid less those amounts in respect of:
(a) the employer's administration component for the year; and
(b) the employer's nominal interest component for the year;
calculated from the day the superannuation guarantee charge originally became payable.
(3) Until regulations are made for the purposes of paragraph 10(1)(b) of the Taxation (Interest on Overpayments) Act 1983, the rate of interest applicable for the purposes of subsection (2) is 14.026% per annum. (4) In this section:
"superannuation guarantee charge" includes additional superannuation guarantee charge under Part 7.

SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE (ADMINISTRATION) ACT 1992 No. 111, 1992 - SECT 50
Recovery of superannuation guarantee charge

50.(1) Superannuation guarantee charge that is payable:
(a) is a debt due to the Commonwealth and payable to the Commissioner in the manner and at the place prescribed; and
(b) may be sued for and recovered in a court of competent jurisdiction by the Commissioner or a Deputy Commissioner suing in his or her official name.
(2) In subsection (1):
"superannuation guarantee charge" includes additional superannuation guarantee charge under section 49 or Part 7.

SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE (ADMINISTRATION) ACT 1992 No. 111, 1992 - SECT 51
Substituted service

51. If:
(a) a document is required to be served on an employer for the purposes of proceedings against the employer for the recovery of superannuation guarantee charge; and
(b) the Commissioner is satisfied, after reasonable enquiry, that the employer:
(i) is absent from Australia and has no attorney or agent in
Australia on whom service of process can be effected; or
(ii) cannot be found;
service of the document on the employer may be effected, without leave of the court, by posting the document or a sealed copy of it in a letter addressed to the employer at his or her last known place of business or residence in Australia.

SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE (ADMINISTRATION) ACT 1992 No. 111, 1992 - SECT 52
Liquidation

52. In the winding up of a company, any superannuation guarantee charge payable by the company is, for the purposes of payment, to have a priority equal to that of a debt of the company of the kind referred to in paragraph 556(1)(e) of the Corporations Law.

SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE (ADMINISTRATION) ACT 1992 No. 111, 1992 - SECT 53
Receivers

53.(1) If a person (the "asset holder"), as a receiver or a receiver and manager for debenture holders of an employer that is a company, takes possession of assets of the employer, the asset holder must, within 14 days, give written notice of the fact to the Commissioner.
(2) The Commissioner must, as soon as practicable, give the asset holder written notice of the amount that, in the Commissioner's opinion, is sufficient to provide for any amount of superannuation guarantee charge that is or may become payable by the employer (the "notified charge amount").
(3) The asset holder:
(a) must not, without the Commissioner's permission, part with any of the company's assets before receiving notice of the notified charge amount; and
(b) must set aside, out of the assets available for paying the company's ordinary debts, assets having the value worked out using the formula:
Notified charge amount
Total value of assets Notified + Company's + Sum of
available to x charge notified tax company's

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pay ordinary amount amount other
debts ordinary
debts
(4) The asset holder is liable to pay the superannuation guarantee charge payable by the company to the extent of the value of the assets that the asset holder is required to set aside.
(5) Paragraph (3)(a) does not prevent the asset holder from parting with the company's assets to pay the company's debts that are not ordinary debts.
(6) For the purposes of subsections (3) and (5), a company's debt is an ordinary debt if:
(a) it is unsecured; and
(b) it is not required, under a Commonwealth, State or Territory law, to be paid in priority to some or all of the company's other debts.
(7) If the asset holder, without reasonable excuse, contravenes this section or fails to pay the superannuation guarantee charge for which the asset holder is liable under subsection (4), the asset holder is guilty of an offence punishable on conviction by a fine not exceeding $1,000.
(8) This section is not taken to limit an obligation or liability of the asset holder arising otherwise than under this section.
(9) If 2 or more persons are asset holders in relation to the same company, the obligations and liabilities imposed on an asset holder by this section are imposed on both or all of the persons jointly.
(10) In this section:
"notified tax amount" means an amount that the Commissioner has notified to the company or the respective asset holder under a section of another Act that corresponds to this section;
"superannuation guarantee charge" includes additional superannuation guarantee charge under section 49 or Part 7.

SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE (ADMINISTRATION) ACT 1992 No. 111, 1992 - SECT 54
Recovery of superannuation guarantee charge from trustee of deceased employer

54.(1) This section applies, if at the time of an employer's death:
(a) superannuation guarantee charge that was payable by the employer immediately before the employer's death has not been assessed or has not been paid in full; or
(b) additional superannuation guarantee charge under Part 7 for which, immediately before the employer's death, the employer was liable has not been assessed or paid.
(2) The Commissioner has the same powers and remedies for the assessment and recovery of superannuation guarantee charge from a trustee of the estate of the employer as the Commissioner would have had against the employer if the employer were still living.
(3) The trustee must:
(a) lodge any statements or information that the employer was, or would but for the employer's death have been, liable to lodge; and
(b) lodge any other statements or information that the Commissioner requires.
(4) If the trustee fails to lodge a statement in relation to a year, the Commissioner may assess:
(a) the employer's superannuation guarantee shortfall for the year; and
(b) the amount of superannuation guarantee charge payable on the shortfall.
(5) The trustee is subject to additional superannuation guarantee charge under section 49 or Part 7 to the same extent as the employer would be if the employer were still living.
(6) The amount of any superannuation guarantee charge payable by the trustee is a charge on all of the employer's estate in the trustee's hands in priority to any other encumbrance (except a charge in relation to a debt payable to the Commissioner).
(7) A trustee who is dissatisfied with an assessment made under this section may object in the manner set out in Part IVC of the Taxation Administration Act 1953.
(8) Superannuation guarantee charge in relation to an assessment for a year made under this section is taken to have become payable on 14 August in the following year.
(9) In this section:
"superannuation guarantee charge" includes additional superannuation guarantee charge under section 49 or Part 7.

SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE (ADMINISTRATION) ACT 1992 No. 111, 1992 - SECT 55
Recovery of charge from unadministered deceased estates

55.(1) If, within 6 months after the death of an employer, neither probate of the employer's will nor letters of administration of the employer's estate have been granted, the Commissioner may assess:
(a) the superannuation guarantee shortfall (if any) of the employer for the year in which the employer died or for any previous year; and
(b) the amount of superannuation guarantee charge payable on the shortfall.
(2) If the employer resided in a State or Territory immediately before his or her death, the Commissioner must publish notice of the assessment twice in a daily newspaper circulating in the State or Territory.
(3) A person who claims an interest in the deceased employer's estate and who is dissatisfied with the assessment may object in the manner set out in Part IVC of the Taxation Administration Act 1953.

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(4) Subject to any amendment, the assessment is conclusive evidence of the liability of the deceased employer.
(5) In spite of subsection (4), if probate of the will, or letters of administration of the estate, of the deceased employer is or are granted to a person and the person is dissatisfied with the assessment, the person may object in the manner set out in Part IVC of the Taxation Administration Act 1953.
(6) Part IVC of the Taxation Administration Act 1953 applies in relation to an objection made by a person under subsection (3) or (5) as if the person were the deceased employer.
(7) In this section:
"superannuation guarantee charge" includes additional superannuation guarantee charge payable under section 49 or Part 7.

SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE (ADMINISTRATION) ACT 1992 No. 111, 1992 - SECT 56
Commissioner may collect superannuation guarantee charge from person
owing money to person liable to superannuation guarantee charge

56.(1) The Commissioner may, by written notice, require a person (in this section called the "debtor"):
(a) who owes, or may subsequently owe, money to an employer; or
(b) who holds, or may subsequently hold, money for or on account of an employer, or for or on account of another person for payment to an employer; or
(c) who has, or may subsequently have, authority from another person to pay money to an employer;
to pay to the Commissioner, at or before a time (in this section called the "payment time") specified in the notice (not being a time before the notice is served on the debtor, or before the money becomes due or is held, or the debtor has the authority, as the case may be) an amount (in this section called the "garnisheed amount") equal to:
(d) the whole of the money, or so much of it as is sufficient to pay the amount of superannuation guarantee charge by the employer, whichever is less; or
(e) the amount specified in the notice out of each payment that the debtor makes or becomes liable to make to the employer, until the amount of superannuation guarantee charge is paid.
(2) The Commissioner may, by further written notice, revoke or vary a notice under subsection (1).
(3) The Commissioner must arrange for a notice under subsection (1) or (2) to be given to the debtor and a copy of the notice to be given to the employer.
(4) A person who, without reasonable excuse, contravenes a notice under this section is guilty of an offence.
Penalty: $1,000.
(5) If a person (in this subsection called the "convicted person") is convicted of an offence against subsection (4) in relation to the contravention of the notice by the convicted person or another person, the court may, in addition to imposing a penalty on the convicted person, order the convicted person to pay to the Commissioner an amount not exceeding the amount or the sum of the amounts, as the case requires, that the convicted person or the other person, as the case may be, refused or failed to pay to the Commissioner in accordance with the notice.
(6) A person making a payment under this section is taken to be acting with the authority of the employer and of all other persons concerned and is indemnified in relation to the payment.
(7) If any payment in relation to the amount due by the employer is made before payment is made by a person under a notice under this section, the Commissioner must immediately give notice to the person under subsection (2). (8) The garnisheed amount is, from the payment time, a debt due to the Commonwealth and recoverable in a court of competent jurisdiction.
(9) If:
(a) money has been paid by a person to a building society in respect of the issue of withdrawable shares in the capital of the society; and
(b) the money has not been repaid;
the money is taken:
(c) if the money is repayable on demand-to be due by the building society to the person; or
(d) in any other case-to be money that may become due by the building society to the person.
(10) If, but for this subsection, a debt is not due, or repayable on demand, to a person unless a condition is fulfilled, the debt is taken, for the purposes of this section, to be due, or repayable on demand, as the case may be, to the person despite the fact that the condition has not been fulfilled.
(11) A notice may be given to the Commonwealth, a State or Territory by giving it to a person employed by the Commonwealth, State or Territory, respectively, being a person who, under a law of the Commonwealth, State or Territory, has a duty of disbursing public money, and a notice so given is taken, for the purposes of this section, to have been given to the Commonwealth, the State or the Territory, as the case may be.
(12) In this section:
"building society" means a society registered or incorporated as a building
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society, co-operative housing society or other similar society under the law in force in a State or Territory;
"superannuation guarantee charge" includes:
(a) additional superannuation guarantee charge under section 49 or Part 7; and
(b) a judgment debt or costs in relation to:
(i) superannuation guarantee charge; or
(ii) additional superannuation guarantee charge under section 49
or Part 7; and
(c) a fine or costs imposed by a court in relation to an offence against this Act; and
(d) an amount ordered by a court, on the conviction of a person for an offence against this Act, to be paid by the person to the Commissioner.

SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE (ADMINISTRATION) ACT 1992 No. 111, 1992 - SECT 57
Public officer of company

57.(1) The person who is, from time to time, the public officer of a company for the purposes of section 252 of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936 is the public officer of the company for the purposes of this Act, and the public officer's address for service under that Act is the public officer's address for service under this Act.
(2) Service of a notice or other document at the public officer's address for service, or on the public officer, is sufficient service on the company for the purposes of this Act, but, if at any time there is no public officer of the company, service on a person acting or appearing to act in the business of the company is sufficient.
(3) The public officer is answerable for doing all acts required to be done by the company under this Act, and in case of default is liable to the same penalties.
(4) Everything done by the public officer that the public officer is required to do in that capacity is taken to have been done by the company.
(5) If, at any time, there is no public officer of the company, this Act applies in relation to the company as if there were no requirement to appoint a public officer of the company.
(6) A proceeding under this Act brought against the public officer is taken to have been brought against the company, and the company is liable jointly with the public officer for any penalty imposed on the public officer.
(7) Despite subsections (1) to (6) (inclusive) and without affecting any of the public officer's obligations and liabilities, a notice, process or proceeding that under this Act may be given to, served on or brought against the company or public officer may, if the Commissioner thinks fit, be given to, served on or brought against any director, secretary or other officer of the company or any attorney or agent of the company, and the director, secretary, officer, attorney or agent has the same liability in relation to the notice, process or proceeding as the company or public officer would have had if it had been given to, served on or brought against the company or public officer.

SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE (ADMINISTRATION) ACT 1992 No. 111, 1992 - SECT 58
Public officer of trust estate

58.(1) The person who is, from time to time, the public officer of a trust estate for the purposes of section 252A of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936 is the public officer of the trust estate for the purposes of this Act, and the public officer's address for service under that Act is the public officer's address for service under this Act.
(2) Service of a notice or other document at the public officer's address for service, or on the public officer, is sufficient service on the trustee of the trust estate for the purposes of this Act, but, if at any time there is no public officer of the trust estate, service on a person acting or appearing to act in the business of the trust estate is sufficient.
(3) The public officer is answerable for doing all acts required to be done by the trustee of the trust estate under this Act, and in case of default is liable to the same penalties.
(4) Everything done by the public officer that the public officer is required to do in that capacity is taken to have been done by the trustee of the trust estate.
(5) If, at any time, there is no public officer of the trust estate, this Act applies in relation to the trustee of the trust estate as if there were no requirement to appoint a public officer of the trust estate.
(6) A proceeding under this Act brought against the public officer is taken to have been brought against the trustee of the trust estate, and the trustee is liable jointly with the public officer for any penalty imposed on the public officer.
(7) Despite subsections (1) to (6) (inclusive) and without affecting any of the public officer's obligations and liabilities, a notice, process or proceeding that under this Act may be given to, served on or brought against the trustee or public officer of the trust estate may, if the Commissioner thinks fit, be given to, served on or brought against any agent or attorney of the trustee, and the agent or attorney has the same liability in relation to the notice, process or proceeding as the trustee or public officer would have had if it had been given to, served on or brought against the trustee or public officer.

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SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE (ADMINISTRATION) ACT 1992 No. 111, 1992 - PART 7
PART 7-PENALTY CHARGE

SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE (ADMINISTRATION) ACT 1992 No. 111, 1992 - SECT 59
Failure to provide statements or information

59.(1) If an employer other than a government body refuses or fails to provide, when and as required under this Act, a superannuation guarantee statement or information relevant to assessing the employer's liability to pay superannuation guarantee charge for a year, the employer is liable to pay, by way of penalty, additional superannuation guarantee charge equal to double the amount of superannuation guarantee charge payable by the employer for the year.
(2) If an employer liable to pay superannuation guarantee charge in relation to a year:
(a) fails to keep a record in relation to the year containing details of the basis of calculation of the following amounts:
(i) the employer's annual national payroll for the employer's base
year;
(ii) the individual superannuation guarantee shortfalls of the
employer for the year;
(iii) the employer's nominal interest component for the year;
(iv) the employer's administration component for the year;
that were specified in a superannuation guarantee statement under section 33 or a statement under section 34; or
(b) refuses or fails to produce to the Commissioner, when and as required by the Commissioner under this Act, a document containing details of the basis of calculation of the amounts referred to in paragraph (2)(a) that were specified in a superannuation guarantee statement under section 33 or a statement under section 34;
the employer is liable to pay, by way of penalty, additional superannuation guarantee charge equal to double the amount of superannuation guarantee charge payable by the employer for the year.
(3) If the amount of additional superannuation guarantee charge that would, but for this subsection, be payable under subsection (1) or (2) is less than $20, the additional superannuation guarantee charge payable is $20.

SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE (ADMINISTRATION) ACT 1992 No. 111, 1992 - SECT 60
False or misleading statements

60.(1) If:
(a) an employer other than a government body:
(i) makes a statement that is false or misleading in a material
particular to:
(A) a taxation officer; or
(B) a person other than a taxation officer for a purpose
connected with this Act; or
(ii) omits from a statement made to:
(A) a taxation officer; or
(B) a person other than a taxation officer for a purpose
connected with this Act;
anything without which the statement is misleading in a material particular; and
(b) the superannuation guarantee charge properly payable by the employer exceeds the superannuation guarantee charge that would have been payable by the employer if it were assessed on the basis that the statement were not false or misleading;
the employer is liable to pay, by way of penalty, additional superannuation guarantee charge equal to double the amount of the excess referred to in paragraph (b).
(2) If the amount of additional superannuation guarantee charge that would, but for this subsection, be payable under subsection (1) is less than $20, the additional superannuation guarantee charge payable is $20.
(3) A reference in this section to a statement made to a taxation officer is a reference to a statement made to a taxation officer orally, in writing, in a data processing device or in any other form and, for example, includes a statement:
(a) made in an objection, statement or other document lodged, given or prepared, or purporting to be lodged, given or prepared under this Act; and
(b) made in answer to a question asked of a person under this Act; and
(c) made in any information provided, or purporting to be provided, under this Act; and
(d) made in a document provided to a taxation officer otherwise than under this Act.
(4) A reference in this section to a statement made to a person other than a taxation officer for a purpose connected with this Act is a reference to a statement made orally, in writing, in a data processing device or in any other form and, for example, includes a statement:
(a) made in an objection, statement or other document lodged with, given to or prepared for the person; and
(b) made in answer to a question asked by the person; and
(c) made in any information provided to the person.

SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE (ADMINISTRATION) ACT 1992 No. 111, 1992 - SECT 61
Penalty superannuation guarantee charge where arrangement to avoid

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superannuation guarantee charge

61. If, under section 30, an employer is liable to pay an amount of superannuation guarantee charge (in this section called the "amount payable") that is greater than the amount that would have been payable if section 30 had not applied to the employer (in this section called the "notional amount"), the employer is also liable to pay, by way of penalty, additional superannuation guarantee charge worked out using the formula:
2 x (Amount payable - Notional amount).

SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE (ADMINISTRATION) ACT 1992 No. 111, 1992 - SECT 62
Assessment of additional superannuation guarantee charge

62.(1) The Commissioner must make an assessment of the additional superannuation guarantee charge payable by an employer under this Part and must, as soon as practicable after the assessment is made, give written notice of the assessment to the employer.
(2) Nothing in this Act is taken to prevent a notice from being incorporated in a notice of any other assessment made in relation to the employer under this Act.
(3) The Commissioner may remit all or part of the additional superannuation guarantee charge payable by an employer under this Part, but, for the purposes of applying subsection 33(1) of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901 to the power of remission conferred by this subsection, nothing in this Act is taken to prevent the exercise of the power at a time before an assessment is made of the additional superannuation guarantee charge.

SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE (ADMINISTRATION) ACT 1992 No. 111, 1992 - PART 8
PART 8-DISTRIBUTION OF SHORTFALL COMPONENT OF CHARGE

SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE (ADMINISTRATION) ACT 1992 No. 111, 1992 - SECT 63
Application of Part

63. This Part is concerned with the way in which the Commissioner is to deal with the shortfall component of a payment of superannuation guarantee charge in relation to a particular employee.

SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE (ADMINISTRATION) ACT 1992 No. 111, 1992 - SECT 64
What is the "shortfall component"?

64.(1) If a payment of superannuation guarantee charge relates only to one employee, the shortfall component of the payment is the amount of the payment less:
(a) any amount in respect of the administration component for the year to which the payment relates; and
(b) any amount of penalty charge (other than penalty charge under section 49 that does not relate to additional superannuation guarantee charge under Part 7) included in the payment.
(2) If a payment of superannuation guarantee charge relates to 2 or more employees, the shortfall component of the payment is worked out in the following manner:
(a) the following amounts are deducted:
(i) any amount in respect of the administration component for the
year to which the payment relates;
(ii) any amount of penalty charge (other than penalty charge under
section 49 that does not relate to additional superannuation guarantee charge under Part 7) included in the payment;
(b) the amount remaining after the amounts referred to in paragraph (a) have been deducted represents the total of the shortfall components for all of the employees concerned;
(c) the shortfall component in relation to a particular employee is the amount worked out using the formula:
A x B
C
where:
"A" is the total amount referred to in paragraph (b);
"B" is the employer's individual superannuation guarantee shortfall in relation to the particular employee for the year concerned;
"C" is the total of the employer's individual superannuation guarantee shortfalls in relation to all employees to whom the payment or payments related for the year concerned.

SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE (ADMINISTRATION) ACT 1992 No. 111, 1992 - SECT 65
Payment of shortfall component

65.(1) Except in a case covered by section 66 or 67, the Commissioner is required to deal with the shortfall component inone of the following ways:
(a) pay the amount of the component, for the benefit of the employee, to a complying superannuation fund nominated in accordance with the regulations by the employee; or
(b) in accordance with the regulations, make arrangements to enable the amount of the component to be paid to such a fund for the benefit of the employee.
(2) A payment of a shortfall component made or arranged by the Commissioner for the benefit of an employee to a superannuation fund is conclusively presumed to be a payment to a complying superannuation fund for the purposes of subsection (1) if, at the time the payment is made:
(a) the Commissioner has obtained a written statement, provided by or on behalf of the trustee of the fund, that the fund is operated in accordance with the superannuation fund conditions under the Occupational Superannuation
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Standards Act 1987; and
(b) either:
(i) the Commissioner has not been notified by the trustee that the
fund is operating while in breach of a superannuation fund condition under the Occupational Superannuation Standards Act 1987; or
(ii) the Commissioner has been so notified, but has been further
notified by the trustee that the Commissioner of Insurance and Superannuation is satisfied that the breach has been rectified.

SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE (ADMINISTRATION) ACT 1992 No. 111, 1992 - SECT 66
Payment to employee retired due to illness

66. If the employee is under 55 but has retired because of illness the Commissioner must pay the amount of the shortfall component to the employee.

SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE (ADMINISTRATION) ACT 1992 No. 111, 1992 - SECT 67
Payment where employee deceased

67. If the employee has died, the Commissioner must pay the amount of the shortfall component to the legal personal representative of the employee.

SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE (ADMINISTRATION) ACT 1992 No. 111, 1992 - SECT 68
Payment not subject to taxation

68. An amount paid under section 66 or 67 is not subject to taxation under a law of the Commonwealth.

SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE (ADMINISTRATION) ACT 1992 No. 111, 1992 - SECT 69
Repayment of overpayments in relation to a shortfall component

69. If an amount paid by the Commissioner under this Part exceeds the amount properly payable by the Commissioner under this Part, the party to whom the payment has been made is liable to repay to the Commonwealth the amount of the excess.

SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE (ADMINISTRATION) ACT 1992 No. 111, 1992 - SECT 70
Recovery of overpayments

70. The amount of any excess payment referred to in section 69 may be recovered by the Commonwealth as a debt due to the Commonwealth.

SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE (ADMINISTRATION) ACT 1992 No. 111, 1992 - SECT 71
Appropriation

71. Amounts that the Commissioner is required to pay under this Part are payable out of the Consolidated Revenue Fund, which is appropriated accordingly.

SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE (ADMINISTRATION) ACT 1992 No. 111, 1992 - PART 9
PART 9-MISCELLANEOUS

SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE (ADMINISTRATION) ACT 1992 No. 111, 1992 - SECT 72
Treatment of partnerships

72.(1) Subject to this section, this Act applies as if a partnership were a legal person.
(2) An obligation that, apart from this subsection, would be imposed by this Act on a partnership is instead imposed on each partner, but may be discharged by any of the partners.
(3) If, apart from this subsection, a liability to pay money would be imposed on a partnership by this Act, the liability is instead imposed on the partners jointly and severally.
(4) If, because of subsection (1), a partnership would be taken to have committed an offence, the offence is instead taken to have been committed by each of the partners.
(5) In a prosecution for an offence taken to have been committed by a person because of subsection (4), it is a defence that the person:
(a) did not aid, abet, counsel or procure the act or omission constituting the offence; and
(b) was not in any way, by act or omission, directly or indirectly, knowingly concerned in, or party to, the act or omission constituting the offence.
(6) A reference in this section to this Act includes a reference to Part III of the Taxation Administration Act 1953, in so far as that Part relates to this Act.

SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE (ADMINISTRATION) ACT 1992 No. 111, 1992 - SECT 73
Treatment of unincorporated associations

73.(1) In this section, "association" means an unincorporated association or body of persons (other than a partnership).
(2) Subject to this section, this Act applies as if an association were a legal person.
(3) An obligation that, apart from this subsection, would be imposed on an association is instead imposed on the officers of the association.
(4) If, apart from this subsection, a liability to pay money would be imposed on an association by this Act, the liability is instead imposed on the members of the association jointly and severally. (5) If, because of subsection (2), an association would be taken to have committed an offence, the offence is instead taken to have been committed by each of the officers of the association.
(6) In a prosecution for an offence taken to have been committed by a person by virtue of subsection (5), it is a defence that the person:
(a) did not aid, abet, counsel or procure the act or omission constituting the offence; and
(b) was not in any way, by act or omission, directly or indirectly, knowingly concerned in, or party to, the act or omission constituting the
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offence.
(7) A reference in this section to this Act includes a reference to Part III of the Taxation Administration Act 1953, in so far as that Part relates to this Act.

SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE (ADMINISTRATION) ACT 1992 No. 111, 1992 - SECT 74
Judicial notice of signature

74. All courts and tribunals, and all judges and persons acting judicially or authorised by law or consent of parties to hear, receive and examine evidence, are to take judicial notice of the signature of a person who holds or has held the office of Commissioner, Second Commissioner or Deputy Commissioner.

SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE (ADMINISTRATION) ACT 1992 No. 111, 1992 - SECT 75
Evidence

75.(1) The mere production of:
(a) a notice of assessment; or
(b) a document signed by the Commissioner, a Second Commissioner or a Deputy Commissioner purporting to be a copy of a notice of assessment;
is conclusive evidence of the due making of the assessment and, except in proceedings under Part IVC of the Taxation Administration Act 1953 on a review or appeal relating to the assessment, that the amounts and all of the particulars of the assessment are correct.
(2) A document signed by the Commissioner, a Second Commissioner or a Deputy Commissioner purporting to be a copy of a document issued or given by the Commissioner, a Second Commissioner or a Deputy Commissioner is prima facie evidence that the second-mentioned document was so issued or given.
(3) A document signed by the Commissioner, a Second Commissioner or a Deputy Commissioner purporting to be a copy of, or an extract from, a superannuation guarantee statement or a notice of assessment is evidence of the matter set out in the document to the same extent as the original statement or notice, as the case may be, would be if it were produced.
(4) A certificate signed by the Commissioner, a Second Commissioner or a Deputy Commissioner certifying that a sum specified in the certificate was, on the day of the certificate, payable by a person in relation to an amount of superannuation guarantee charge or by way of penalty under section 49 or Part 7, is prima facie evidence of the matters stated in the certificate.
(5) A superannuation guarantee statement purporting to be made or signed by or on behalf of an employer is prima facie evidence that the statement was made by the employer or with the employer's authority.

SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE (ADMINISTRATION) ACT 1992 No. 111, 1992 - SECT 76
Access to premises etc.

76.(1) For the purposes of this Act, an authorised officer:
(a) may, at any reasonable time, enter and remain on any land or premises; and
(b) is entitled to full and free access at any reasonable time to all documents; and
(c) may inspect, examine, make copies of, or take extracts from, any documents.
(2) An authorised officer is not entitled to enter or remain on any land or premises if, on being requested by the occupier of the land or premises for proof of authority, the officer does not produce a written authority signed by the Commissioner stating that the officer is authorised to exercise powers under this section.
(3) The occupier of land or premises entered or proposed to be entered by an authorised officer under subsection (1) must, for the purpose of enabling the effective exercise of the officer's powers under this section, provide the officer with all reasonable facilities and assistance that the occupier is reasonably capable of providing.
Penalty for contravention of this subsection: $1,000.

SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE (ADMINISTRATION) ACT 1992 No. 111, 1992 - SECT 77
Obtaining information and evidence

77.(1) The Commissioner may, for the purposes of this Act, by written notice, require a person:
(a) to give to the Commissioner, within a reasonable period, and in a reasonable manner, specified in the notice, any information that the Commissioner requires; and
(b) to attend before the Commissioner, or an authorised officer, at a reasonable time and place specified in the notice, and then and there to answer questions; and
(c) to produce to the Commissioner, at a reasonable time and place specified in the notice, any documents in the custody or under the control of the person.
(2) The Commissioner may require the information or answers to be verified or given on oath or affirmation, and either orally or in writing, and for that purpose the Commissioner or an authorised officer may administer an oath or affirmation.
(3) The oath to be taken or affirmation to be made by a person for the purposes of this section is an oath or affirmation that the information or answers the person will give will be true.
(4) The regulations must prescribe scales of expenses to be allowed to persons required to attend under this section.

SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE (ADMINISTRATION) ACT 1992 No. 111, 1992 - SECT 78
Right of contribution

78.(1) If:
(a) 2 or more persons are jointly and severally liable to pay an amount of superannuation guarantee charge; and
(b) one of them has paid the amount or part of it;
the person who paid may, in a court of competent jurisdiction, recover by way of contribution, and as a debt, from any of the other persons an amount equal to as much of the amount paid as the court considers just and equitable.
(2) In subsection (1):
"superannuation guarantee charge" includes additional superannuation guarantee charge under section 49 or Part 7.

SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE (ADMINISTRATION) ACT 1992 No. 111, 1992 - SECT 79
Records to be kept and retained by employers

79.(1) An employer must keep records that record and explain all transactions and other acts engaged in by the employer, or required to be engaged in by the employer, under this Act.
(2) The records must include any documents relevant to ascertaining:
(a) the employer's annual national payroll for the employer's base year; and
(b) the individual superannuation guarantee shortfalls of the employer for a year.
(3) The records must be kept:
(a) in writing in the English language or so as to enable the records to be readily accessible and convertible into writing in the English language; and
(b) so that the employer's liability under this Act can be readily ascertained.
(4) An employer who has possession of any records kept or obtained under or for the purposes of this Act must retain them until the end of 5 years after those records were prepared or obtained, or the completion of the transactions or acts to which those records relate, whichever is later.
(5) Nothing in this section requires an employer to retain records if:
(a) the Commissioner has notified the employer that the retention of the records is not required; or
(b) the employer is a company that has gone into liquidation and been finally dissolved.
(6) An employer who, without reasonable excuse, contravenes this section is guilty of an offence punishable on conviction by a fine not exceeding $3,000.

SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE (ADMINISTRATION) ACT 1992 No. 111, 1992 - SECT 80
Regulations

80. The Governor-General may make regulations prescribing all matters:
(a) required or permitted by this Act to be prescribed; or
(b) necessary or convenient to be prescribed for carrying out or giving effect to this Act;
and, in particular, may make regulations prescribing penalties not exceeding a fine of $500 for offences against the regulations.