Federal Register of Legislation - Australian Government

Primary content

Insurance Laws Amendment Act 1991

  • - C2004A04292
  • No longer in force
Act No. 1 of 1992 as made
An Act to amend the Insurance Act 1973 and the Life Insurance Act 1945, and for related purposes
Administered by: Treasury
Date of Assent 06 Jan 1992
Date of repeal 10 Mar 2016
Repealed by Amending Acts 1990 to 1999 Repeal Act 2016
 

INSURANCE LAWS AMENDMENT ACT 1991 No. 1, 1992

INSURANCE LAWS AMENDMENT ACT 1991 No. 1 of 1992 - TABLE OF PROVISIONS

TABLE OF PROVISIONS

PART 1 - PRELIMINARY
Section

1. Short title

2. Commencement
PART 2 - AMENDMENT OF THE INSURANCE ACT 1973

3. Principal Act

4. Interpretation

5. Insertion of new section:

3A. Interpretation - actuaries

6. Authority to commence carrying on insurance business

7. Authority to carry on insurance business for body
corporate that carried on insurance business before

9 December 1971

8. Conditions to which authority is subject

9. Exemption in respect of insurance business carried on
for benefit of limited class of persons

10. Accounts and statements to be lodged with Commissioner

11. Insertion of new sections:

48A. Actuarial investigation of outstanding claims provision

48B. Commissioner may reconsider delegate's decisions under
subsection 48A (7)

12. Interpretation

13. Investigation of body corporate by Commissioner or inspector

14. Repeal of section 53

15. Entry on premises

16. Powers of the Commissioner or the inspector

17. Persons to comply with requirements of the Commissioner
or the inspector

18. Person may be represented by a legal practitioner

19. Notes of examination of person

20. Delegation

21. Report of the Commissioner or the inspector

22. Directions

23. Bodies corporate ceasing to carry on insurance business

24. Insertion of new section:

117A. Bankrupts and persons convicted of certain offences
not to be directors, principal executive
officers etc. of authorised insurers

25. Inspection of Register, accounts and auditors'
certificates

26. Offences

27. Costs of investigations

28. Application of amendments - section 29 of the Principal Act

29. Application of amendments - accounts and statements

30. Application of amendments - accounts of reinsurers

31. Transitional - phasing-in of capital and solvency
requirements

32. Transitional - exemptions under section 37

33. Transitional - investigations

34. Transitional - pre-commencement directions under
section 62 of the Principal Act given by Treasurer

35. Transitional - section 123 of the Principal Act
PART 3 - AMENDMENT OF THE LIFE INSURANCE ACT 1945

36. Principal Act

37. Interpretation

38. Insertion of new section:

4B. Interpretation - eligible assets

39. Registration of companies

40. Insertion of new section:

19A. Capital and solvency requirements

41. Actuarial reports, abstracts and statements of life
insurance business

42. Accounts, balance-sheets etc. to be signed and lodged
with Commissioner

43. Insertion of new section:

54C. Inquiry by Commissioner and direction not to deal with
certain assets

44. Insertion of new section:

57A. Directions during or after investigation

45. Review of certain decisions

46. Insertion of new section:

146A. Bankrupts and persons convicted of certain offences
not to be directors, principal executive
officers etc. of registered life insurers

47. Phasing-in of capital and solvency requirements

48. Application - lodgment of annual returns

INSURANCE LAWS AMENDMENT ACT 1991 No. 1 of 1992 - LONG TITLE

An Act to amend the Insurance Act 1973 and the Life Insurance

Back to Top

Act 1945, and for related purposes

INSURANCE LAWS AMENDMENT ACT 1991 No. 1 of 1992 - PART 1
PART 1 - PRELIMINARY

INSURANCE LAWS AMENDMENT ACT 1991 No. 1 of 1992 - SECT 1
Short title

(Assented to 6 January 1992)
1. This Act may be cited as the Insurance Laws Amendment Act 1991.

(Minister's second reading speech made in-
House of Representatives on 6 June 1991
Senate on 21 August 1991)

INSURANCE LAWS AMENDMENT ACT 1991 No. 1 of 1992 - SECT 2
Commencement

2. This Act commences on the day on which it receives the Royal Assent.

INSURANCE LAWS AMENDMENT ACT 1991 No. 1 of 1992 - PART 2
PART 2 - AMENDMENT OF THE INSURANCE ACT 1973

INSURANCE LAWS AMENDMENT ACT 1991 No. 1 of 1992 - SECT 3
Principal Act

3. In this Part, "Principal Act" means the Insurance Act 1973.*1* *1* No. 76, 1973, as amended. For previous amendments, see No. 216, 1973; No. 157, 1976; No. 31, 1977; Nos. 92 and 177, 1981; No. 26, 1982; Nos. 54 and 129, 1983; No. 72, 1984; No. 187, 1985; No. 168, 1986; No. 99, 1987; Nos. 38 and 87, 1988; No. 16, 1989; and No. 32, 1991.

INSURANCE LAWS AMENDMENT ACT 1991 No. 1 of 1992 - SECT 4
Interpretation

4. Section 3 of the Principal Act is amended by inserting the following definitions:
" `actuary' has the meaning given by section 3A;
`outstanding claims provision', in relation to a body corporate, means so much of the total provision for liabilities made in its accounts as consists of provision for claims, reduced by any allowance made in its accounts for reinsurance recoverables in respect of the claims;".

INSURANCE LAWS AMENDMENT ACT 1991 No. 1 of 1992 - SECT 5

5. After section 3 of the Principal Act the following section is inserted:

Interpretation - actuaries
"3A. (1) Unless the contrary intention appears, a reference in this Act to an actuary is a reference to a person who is ordinarily resident in Australia and:
(a) is a Fellow of The Institute of Actuaries of Australia; or
(b) is a person in respect of whom there is in force an approval by the Commissioner under subsection (2).
"(2) The Commissioner may approve, in writing, a person who is not a Fellow of The Institute of Actuaries of Australia as an actuary for the purposes of this Act if the Commissioner is satisfied that the person has actuarial qualifications and experience that fit the person to perform the functions of an actuary under this Act.".

INSURANCE LAWS AMENDMENT ACT 1991 No. 1 of 1992 - SECT 6
Authority to commence carrying on insurance business

6. Section 23 of the Principal Act is amended:
(a) by omitting from paragraph (a) "$500,000" and substituting "$2,000,000";
(b) by omitting from paragraphs (b) and (c) "$1,000,000" and substituting "$2,000,000".

INSURANCE LAWS AMENDMENT ACT 1991 No. 1 of 1992 - SECT 7
Authority to carry on insurance business for body corporate that
carried on insurance business before 9 December 1971

7. Section 24 of the Principal Act is amended:
(a) by omitting from paragraph (a) "$500,000" and substituting "$2,000,000";
(b) by omitting from paragraphs (b) and (c) "$1,000,000" and substituting "$2,000,000";
(c) by omitting from subparagraphs (b) (ii) and (c) (ii) "made," and substituting "made; or";
(d) by inserting after subparagraph (b) (ii) the following subparagraph:
"(iii) 15% of its outstanding claims provision as at the end of its financial year last preceding the financial year in which the application is made;";
(e) by omitting from paragraphs (b) and (c) "greater" and substituting "greatest";
(f) by inserting after subparagraph (c) (ii) the following subparagraph:
"(iii) 15% of its outstanding claims provision in respect of liabilities in Australia as at the end of its financial year last preceding the financial year in which the application is made;".

INSURANCE LAWS AMENDMENT ACT 1991 No. 1 of 1992 - SECT 8
Conditions to which authority is subject

8. Section 29 of the Principal Act is amended:
(a) by omitting from paragraph (1) (a) "$500,000" and substituting "$2,000,000";
(b) by omitting from paragraphs (1) (b) and (c) "$1,000,000" and substituting "$2,000,000";
(c) by omitting from subparagraphs (1) (b) (ii) and (c) (ii) "year," and
Back to Top

substituting "year; or";
(d) by inserting after subparagraph (1) (b) (ii) the following subparagraph:
"(iii) 15% of its outstanding claims provision as at the end of its last preceding financial year;";
(e) by omitting from paragraphs (1) (b) and (c) "greater" and substituting "greatest";
(f) by inserting after subparagraph (1) (c) (ii) the following subparagraph:
"(iii) 15% of its outstanding claims provision in respect of liabilities in Australia as at the end of its last preceding financial year;".

INSURANCE LAWS AMENDMENT ACT 1991 No. 1 of 1992 - SECT 9
Exemption in respect of insurance business carried on for
benefit of limited class of persons

9. Section 37 of the Principal Act is amended by omitting "Treasurer" (wherever occurring) and substituting "Commissioner".

INSURANCE LAWS AMENDMENT ACT 1991 No. 1 of 1992 - SECT 10
Accounts and statements to be lodged with Commissioner

10. (1) Section 44 of the Principal Act is amended:
(a) by omitting from paragraph (2) (e) "premium income and earned premiums" and substituting "premiums and of reinsurance expense";
(b) by inserting in paragraph (2) (g) "expense and of claims recoveries revenue" after "claims";
(c) by inserting in paragraph (2) (h) "and of claims recoveries" after "claims";
(d) by omitting from paragraph (2) (j) "management" and substituting "general";
(e) by omitting paragraph (2) (k) and substituting the following paragraph:
"(k) except in relation to a body corporate to which
subsection (6) applies - a statement:
(i) of the cost of meeting claims; and
(ii) of reinsurance recoverables;".
(2) Section 44 of the Principal Act is amended:
(a) by omitting from subsection (6) all the words after "weeks" and substituting "after the last day of each quarter of the year, lodge with the Commissioner a statement of claims that:
(a) are in respect of liabilities in Australia; and
(b) exceed a prescribed amount; and
(c) were notified to the body corporate during that quarter.";
(b) by inserting after subsection (6) the following subsection:

"(6A) In subsection (6):

`quarter' means the period of 3 months ending on 31 March, 30 June, 30 September or 31 December.".

INSURANCE LAWS AMENDMENT ACT 1991 No. 1 of 1992 - SECT 11

11. After section 48 of the Principal Act the following sections are inserted:

Actuarial investigation of outstanding claims provision
"48A. (1) This section applies to bodies corporate authorised under this Act to carry on insurance business.
"(2) The Commissioner may, by notice in writing given to a body corporate, require the body corporate to appoint an actuary to:
(a) carry out an investigation of the whole or a specified part of the body corporate's outstanding claims provision as at a particular time; and
(b) make a report on that investigation.
"(3) The actuary must not be an officer of the body corporate.
"(4) The body corporate must, within 7 days after the date on which the notice was given, advise the Commissioner, in writing, of the name of the actuary.
"(5) If the Commissioner notifies the body corporate that the actuary is not acceptable to the Commissioner, the body corporate must, within 7 days after the date on which the notice was given:
(a) appoint a different actuary; and
(b) advise the Commissioner, in writing, of the name of the actuary so appointed.
"(6) The Commissioner may, within 7 days after the advice was given under subsection (4) or (5), notify the body corporate, in writing, that the actuary is not acceptable to the Commissioner.
"(7) The body corporate must cause the actuary's report to be given to the Commissioner:
(a) within 30 days after the date on which the notice was given to the body corporate under subsection (2); or
(b) within such further time as the Commissioner, by written notice, allows.
"(8) The actuary's report:
(a) must be signed by the actuary; and
(b) must contain a statement of the actuary's opinion about each of the following:
(i) the adequacy of the amount of the whole or the part, as the case requires, of the outstanding claims provision;
(ii) the accuracy of any relevant valuations made by the actuary;

Back to Top

(iii) the assumptions used by the actuary in making those valuations;
(iv) the relevance and appropriateness of the information on which those valuations were based;
(v) the accuracy of the information on which those valuations were based.
"(9) A body corporate that contravenes this section is guilty of an offence punishable on conviction by a fine not exceeding $10,000.
"(10) In this section: `officer', in relation to a body corporate, has the same meaning as in the Corporations Act 1989.

Commissioner may reconsider delegate's decisions under subsection 48A (7)
"48B. (1) If:
(a) a delegate of the Commissioner makes a decision under paragraph 48A (7) (b) allowing, or refusing to allow, further time; and
(b) the body corporate concerned is dissatisfied with the decision;
the body corporate may, by written notice given to the Commissioner within 21 days after the day on which the decision first comes to the notice of the body corporate, request the Commissioner to reconsider the decision.
"(2) The reasons for making the request must be set out in the request.
"(3) Upon receipt of the request, the Commissioner must reconsider the decision and may, subject to subsection (4), confirm or revoke the decision or vary the decision in such manner as the Commissioner thinks fit.
"(4) If the Commissioner does not confirm, revoke or vary the decision before the end of the period of 21 days after the day on which the Commissioner received the request under subsection (1) to reconsider the decision, the Commissioner is taken, at the end of that period, to have confirmed the decision under subsection (3).
"(5) If the Commissioner confirms, revokes or varies a decision before the end of the period referred to in subsection (4), the Commissioner must, by written notice given to the applicant, inform the applicant of the result of the reconsideration of the decision.".

INSURANCE LAWS AMENDMENT ACT 1991 No. 1 of 1992 - SECT 12
Interpretation

12. Section 50 of the Principal Act is amended by omitting from subsection (1) the definition of "inspector".

INSURANCE LAWS AMENDMENT ACT 1991 No. 1 of 1992 - SECT 13
Investigation of body corporate by Commissioner or inspector

13. Section 52 of the Principal Act is amended:
(a) by omitting from subsection (1) all of the words after "why" and substituting "the Commissioner should not, on specified grounds:
(c) investigate the whole or any part of the business of the body corporate; or
(d) appoint a person to make such an investigation and report to the Commissioner the results of his or her investigation.";
(b) by omitting subsections (2), (3), (4) and (5) and substituting the following subsections:

"(2) If:
(a) the body corporate fails, within the period specified in the notice, to show cause to the satisfaction of the Commissioner why an investigation should not be made; and
(b) the Commissioner is satisfied that, in relation to the insurance business carried on by the body corporate, it is in the public interest that an investigation should be made;
the Commissioner may:
(c) make the investigation himself or herself; or
(d) by signed instrument, appoint a person (in this Part called the `inspector') to make the investigation.

"(3) If:
(a) the Commissioner has decided that an investigation of a body corporate (in this section called the `first body corporate') should be made; and
(b) another body corporate (in this section called the `associated body corporate') is, or has at some relevant time been, associated with the first body corporate; and
(c) the Commissioner believes on reasonable grounds that it is necessary for the purposes of the investigation to investigate the whole or a part of the affairs of the associated body corporate;
the Commissioner may:
(d) make an investigation into the whole or that part of the affairs of the associated body corporate; or
(e) authorise the inspector to make such an investigation.

"(4) Before commencing an investigation of a body corporate, the Commissioner or the inspector, as the case may be, must serve on the body corporate:
(a) in all cases - a written notice by the Commissioner specifying the matters into which the investigation is to be made, being the whole or some part of affairs of the body corporate; and
(b) in the case of the inspector - a copy of the instrument appointing the inspector.

"(5) The inspector is to be a person resident in Australia.

"(6) The inspector is taken, for the purposes of section 126, to be a member of the staff assisting the Commissioner.".

INSURANCE LAWS AMENDMENT ACT 1991 No. 1 of 1992 - SECT 14
Repeal of section 53

Back to Top

14. Section 53 of the Principal Act is repealed.

INSURANCE LAWS AMENDMENT ACT 1991 No. 1 of 1992 - SECT 15
Entry on premises

15. Section 54 of the Principal Act is amended:
(a) by omitting from subsection (1) "Where an inspector empowered to investigate" and substituting "If the Commissioner or the inspector, while investigating";
(b) by omitting from subsection (2) "An inspector" and substituting "The Commissioner or the inspector";
(c) by inserting in subsection (2) "the Commissioner or" after "possession of";
(d) by omitting from subsection (3) "an inspector" and substituting "the Commissioner or the inspector".

INSURANCE LAWS AMENDMENT ACT 1991 No. 1 of 1992 - SECT 16
Powers of the Commissioner or the inspector

16. Section 55 of the Principal Act is amended:
(a) by omitting from subsection (1) "An inspector" and substituting "The Commissioner or the inspector";
(b) by omitting from subsection (1) and (2) "the inspector" (wherever occurring) and substituting "the Commissioner or the inspector";
(c) by omitting from subsections (2) and (3) "an inspector" and substituting "the Commissioner or the inspector".

INSURANCE LAWS AMENDMENT ACT 1991 No. 1 of 1992 - SECT 17
Persons to comply with requirements of the Commissioner or the inspector

17. Section 56 of the Principal Act is amended:
(a) by omitting "an inspector" (wherever occurring) and substituting "the Commissioner or the inspector";
(b) by omitting from subsection (2) "the inspector" (wherever occurring) and substituting "the Commissioner or the inspector".

INSURANCE LAWS AMENDMENT ACT 1991 No. 1 of 1992 - SECT 18
Person may be represented by a legal practitioner

18. Section 57 of the Principal Act is amended:
(a) by omitting "an inspector" and substituting "the Commissioner or the inspector";
(b) by omitting from paragraph (b) "the inspector" (wherever occurring) and substituting "the Commissioner or the inspector".

INSURANCE LAWS AMENDMENT ACT 1991 No. 1 of 1992 - SECT 19
Notes of examination of person

19. Section 58 of the Principal Act is amended:
(a) by omitting from subsection (1) "An inspector" and substituting "The Commissioner or the inspector";
(b) by omitting from subsection (2) "the inspector" and substituting "the Commissioner or the inspector";
(c) by omitting subsection (3) and substituting the following subsection:

"(3) If the inspector causes notes to be recorded under this section, the notes must be given to the Commissioner with the report of the investigation concerned.".

INSURANCE LAWS AMENDMENT ACT 1991 No. 1 of 1992 - SECT 20
Delegation

20. Section 59 of the Principal Act is amended:
(a) by omitting subsections (1) and (2) and substituting the following subsection:

"(1) The Commissioner or the inspector may, by instrument in writing signed by him or her, delegate to a member of the staff assisting the Commissioner any or all of his or her powers under this Part.";
(b) by omitting subsections (4) and (5).

INSURANCE LAWS AMENDMENT ACT 1991 No. 1 of 1992 - SECT 21
Report of the Commissioner or the inspector

21. Section 60 of the Principal Act is amended:
(a) by omitting from subsection (1) "An inspector, not being the Commissioner - " and substituting "The inspector:";
(b) by omitting subsection (1A) and substituting the following subsection:

"(1A) The Commissioner must, on a completion or termination of an investigation made by the Commissioner, make a report in writing on the result of the investigation.";
(c) by omitting from subsections (2) and (3) "the inspector" (wherever occurring) and substituting "the Commissioner or the inspector";
(d) by omitting from subsection (4) "An inspector" and substituting "The Commissioner or the inspector";
(e) by omitting from subsection (4) all of the words after "a specified person has committed a criminal offence";
(f) by omitting subsection (4A) and substituting the following subsection:

"(4A) If the inspector is of the opinion that criminal proceedings ought to be instituted or that a person has committed a criminal offence, the inspector must advise the Commissioner, in writing, of that opinion.";
(g) by omitting from subsections (5), (6) and (7) "Treasurer" and substituting "Commissioner";
(h) by omitting from subsection (5) "or forwarded" and substituting "by or".

INSURANCE LAWS AMENDMENT ACT 1991 No. 1 of 1992 - SECT 22

Back to Top

Directions

22. Section 62 of the Principal Act is amended by omitting "Treasurer" (wherever occurring) and substituting "Commissioner".

INSURANCE LAWS AMENDMENT ACT 1991 No. 1 of 1992 - SECT 23
Bodies corporate ceasing to carry on insurance business

23. Section 105 of the Principal Act is amended by inserting in subsection (7) ", as in force before the commencement of the Insurance Laws Amendment Act 1991", before "apply".

INSURANCE LAWS AMENDMENT ACT 1991 No. 1 of 1992 - SECT 24

24. After section 117 of the Principal Act the following section is inserted:

Bankrupts and persons convicted of certain offences not to be directors, principal executive officers etc. of authorised insurers
"117A. (1) For the purposes of this section, a person is a disqualified person if, at any time, whether before or after the commencement of this section:
(a) the person has been convicted of an offence against or arising out of this Act; or
(b) the person has been convicted of an offence against or arising out of a law of the Commonwealth, a State, a Territory or a foreign country, being an offence in respect of:
(i) conduct relating to insurance; or
(ii) dishonest conduct; or
(c) the person has:
(i) become bankrupt; or
(ii) applied to take the benefit of a law for the relief of bankrupt or insolvent debtors; or
(iii) compounded with his or her creditors.
"(2) A disqualified person must not:
(a) be, or act as, a director or principal executive officer of a body corporate (other than a foreign body corporate) authorised under this Act to carry on insurance business; or
(b) be, or act as, a local executive officer of a foreign body corporate authorised under this Act to carry on insurance business.
Penalty: Imprisonment for 2 years.
"(3) A body corporate (other than a foreign body corporate) authorised under this Act to carry on insurance business must not permit a disqualified person to be, or act as, a director or principal executive officer of the body corporate.
Penalty: $25,000.
"(4) A foreign body corporate authorised under this Act to carry on insurance business must not permit a disqualified person to be, or act as, a local executive officer of the body corporate.
Penalty: $25,000.
"(5) In a prosecution under subsection (3) or (4), it is a defence if the defendant proves that:
(a) the defendant did not know, and had no reasonable grounds to suspect, that the person was a disqualified person; and
(b) the defendant had made all reasonable efforts to ascertain whether the person was a disqualified person.
"(6) A failure to comply with this section does not affect the validity of an appointment or transaction.
"(7) A reference in subsection (1) to a person who has been convicted of an offence includes a reference to a person in respect of whom an order has been made under section 19B of the Crimes Act 1914, or under a corresponding provision of a law of a State, a Territory or a foreign country, in relation to the offence.
"(8) In this section:
`foreign body corporate' means a body corporate that is not incorporated in Australia;
`local executive officer' in relation to a foreign body corporate, means:
(a) a natural person:
(i) who is a resident of Australia; and
(ii) who is solely or principally responsible for the management of the insurance business of the body corporate in Australia; or
(b) an agent of the body corporate appointed under section 118;
`principal executive officer', in relation to a company, means the principal executive officer of the body corporate for the time being, by whatever name called, and whether or not he or she is a director.".

INSURANCE LAWS AMENDMENT ACT 1991 No. 1 of 1992 - SECT 25
Inspection of Register, accounts and auditors' certificates

25. Section 123 of the Principal Act is amended by adding at the end the following subsections:
"(2) A person may, on application in accordance with the regulations and on payment of the prescribed fee (if any):
(a) inspect:
(i) such other accounts or statements lodged with the Commissioner under section 44; or
(ii) such parts of such other accounts or statements lodged with the Commissioner under section 44;

Back to Top

as:
(iii) are specified by the Commissioner by notice published in the Gazette; and
(iv) were lodged by bodies corporate of a kind specified in the notice; and
(b) make a copy of, or take extracts from:
(i) if subparagraph (a) (i) applies - such an account or statement; or
(ii) if subparagraph (a) (ii) applies - such parts of such an account or statement.".
"(3) For the purposes of this section, if information contained in a document lodged with the Commissioner has been stored in electronic form by the Commissioner, a person is taken to have made a copy of, or taken an extract from, that document if the Commissioner gives the person a printout of, or of the relevant parts of, the information.
"(4) If an applicant under subsection (1) or (2) requests that a copy be provided in an electronic form, the Commissioner may provide the relevant information:
(a) on a data processing device; or
(b) by way of electronic transmission.
"(5) In this section: `data processing device' means any article or material (for example, a disc) from which information is capable of being reproduced with or without the aid of any other article or device.".

INSURANCE LAWS AMENDMENT ACT 1991 No. 1 of 1992 - SECT 26
Offences

26. Section 128 of the Principal Act is amended:
(a) by inserting in subsection (1) "48A (9)," before "51 (5)" (first occurring);
(b) by omitting from subsection (1) "or 109 (3)" (first occurring) and substituting ", 109 (3) or 117A (3) or (4)";
(c) by inserting in paragraph (1) (a) "48A (9)," before "62 (9)";
(d) by omitting from paragraph (1) (b) "or 105 (15)" and substituting ", 105 (15) or 117A (3) or (4)".

INSURANCE LAWS AMENDMENT ACT 1991 No. 1 of 1992 - SECT 27
Costs of investigations

27. Section 131 of the Principal Act is amended by omitting ", 53".

INSURANCE LAWS AMENDMENT ACT 1991 No. 1 of 1992 - SECT 28
Application of amendments - section 29 of the Principal Act

28. The amendments made by section 8 apply to the conditions applicable to a body corporate during a financial year of the body corporate that commences after the commencement of this section.

INSURANCE LAWS AMENDMENT ACT 1991 No. 1 of 1992 - SECT 29
Application of amendments - accounts and statements

29. The amendments made by subsection 10 (1) apply to the accounts and statements of a body corporate for a financial year of the body corporate ending on or after 30 June 1992.

INSURANCE LAWS AMENDMENT ACT 1991 No. 1 of 1992 - SECT 30
Application of amendments - accounts of reinsurers

30. The amendments made by subsection 10 (2) apply in relation to:
(a) months in a quarter that commences after the commencement of this section; and
(b) quarters that commence after the commencement of this section.

INSURANCE LAWS AMENDMENT ACT 1991 No. 1 of 1992 - SECT 31
Transitional - phasing-in of capital and solvency requirements

31. (1) In this section:
"amended Act" means the Principal Act as amended by this Act;
"insurance company" means a body corporate authorised under the Insurance Act 1973 to carry on insurance business;
"interim year" in relation to an insurance company, means one of the first 3 financial years of the insurance company commencing after the commencement of this section.
(2) Section 29 of the amended Act applies to an insurance company in relation to an interim year of that insurance company specified in the following table as if a reference in that section to the amount specified in the left-hand column of the table were a reference to the amount specified in whichever of the right-hand columns is applicable:

Reference in section 29
1st interim year
2nd interim year
3rd interim year
$2,000,000
$1,000,000
$1,500,000
$1,500,000

(3) Section 29 of the amended Act applies to an insurance company in relation to an interim year of that insurance company specified in the following table as if a reference in that section to a percentage specified in the left-hand column of the table were a reference to the percentage specified in whichever of the right-hand columns is applicable:

Reference in section 29
1st interim year

Back to Top

2nd interim year
3rd interim year
15%
5%
10%
12.5%

INSURANCE LAWS AMENDMENT ACT 1991 No. 1 of 1992 - SECT 32
Transitional - exemptions under section 37

32. In spite of the amendments made by section 9 of this Act, the Principal Act continues to apply, in relation to an exemption given by the Treasurer under section 37 of the Principal Act before the commencement of this section, as if those amendments had not been made.

INSURANCE LAWS AMENDMENT ACT 1991 No. 1 of 1992 - SECT 33
Transitional - investigations

33. In spite of the amendments made by sections 12 to 21 (inclusive) and 27 of this Act, the Principal Act continues to apply, in relation to any matter, investigation or other thing arising out of a notice served under subsection 52 (1) of the Principal Act before the commencement of this section, as if those amendments had not been made.

INSURANCE LAWS AMENDMENT ACT 1991 No. 1 of 1992 - SECT 34
Transitional - pre-commencement directions under section 62 of
the Principal Act given by Treasurer

34. In spite of the amendments made by section 22 of this Act, the Principal Act continues to apply, in relation to a direction given by the Treasurer under section 62 of the Principal Act before the commencement of this section, as if those amendments had not been made.

INSURANCE LAWS AMENDMENT ACT 1991 No. 1 of 1992 - SECT 35
Transitional - section 123 of the Principal Act

35. (1) In this section:
"amended Act" means the Principal Act as amended by this Act.
(2) For the purposes of the amended Act, regulations made for the purposes of section 123 of the Principal Act have effect as if they were made for the purposes of subsections 123 (1) and (2) of the amended Act.

INSURANCE LAWS AMENDMENT ACT 1991 No. 1 of 1992 - PART 3
PART 3 - AMENDMENT OF THE LIFE INSURANCE ACT 1945

INSURANCE LAWS AMENDMENT ACT 1991 No. 1 of 1992 - SECT 36
Principal Act

36. In this Part, "Principal Act" means the Life Insurance Act 1945.*2* *2* No. 28, 1945, as amended. For previous amendments, see Nos. 65 and 80, 1950; No. 94, 1953; No. 3, 1958; No. 93, 1959; No. 29, 1961; No. 145, 1965; Nos. 78 and 216, 1973; No. 32, 1977; No. 177, 1978; Nos. 92 and 176, 1981; No. 143, 1983; No. 74, 1984; No. 65, 1985; No. 99, 1987; No. 38, 1988; and No. 16, 1989.

INSURANCE LAWS AMENDMENT ACT 1991 No. 1 of 1992 - SECT 37
Interpretation

37. Section 4 of the Principal Act is amended by inserting in subsection (1) the following definition:
" `eligible asset' has the meaning given by section 4B;".

INSURANCE LAWS AMENDMENT ACT 1991 No. 1 of 1992 - SECT 38

38. After section 4A of the Principal Act the following section is inserted:

Interpretation - eligible assets
"4B. (1) A reference in this Act to an eligible asset of a company (in this section called the `first company') is a reference to an asset of the first company other than an asset invested in a related company.
"(2) A reference in subsection (1) to an asset invested in a related company does not include a reference to an asset where:
(a) both of the following conditions are satisfied:
(i) the related company is a subsidiary of the first company;
(ii) no part of the asset is re-invested, whether directly or indirectly, through one or more interposed bodies corporate, trusts or partnerships, with a company that:
(A) is related to the first company; and;
(B) is not a subsidiary of the first company; or
(b) the investment consists of a loan to (including deposit with), or a share in, or debentures of:
(i) a bank as defined by subsection 5 (1) of the Banking Act 1959; or
(ii) a bank constituted by a law of a State; or
(c) the investment consists of a loan to (including deposit with) a prescribed dealer in the short-term money market.
"(3) In this section:
`debenture' has the same meaning as in section 39;
`investment' has the same meaning as in section 39;
`prescribed dealer in the short-term money market' has the same meaning as in section 39;
`share' has the same meaning as in section 39.".

INSURANCE LAWS AMENDMENT ACT 1991 No. 1 of 1992 - SECT 39
Registration of companies

39. Section 19 of the Principal Act is amended:
(a) by inserting in paragraph (2) (aa) "is incorporated in Australia and" after "company";

Back to Top

(b) by omitting from paragraph (2) (aa) "$2,000,000" and substituting "$10,000,000";
(c) by inserting after paragraph (2) (aa) the following paragraphs:
"(ab) where the company is incorporated in Australia but does not have a share capital - that the value of the eligible assets of the company is not less than $10,000,000;
"(ac) where the company is a foreign company - that the value of the eligible assets in Australia of the company is not less than $10,000,000;".

INSURANCE LAWS AMENDMENT ACT 1991 No. 1 of 1992 - SECT 40

40. After section 19 of the Principal Act the following section is inserted:

Capital and solvency requirements
"19A. (1) A company that is incorporated in Australia, is registered under this Act and has a share capital must at all times have an adjusted paid-up share capital of not less than $10,000,000.
"(2) The reference in subsection (1) to the adjusted paid-up share capital of a company is a reference to the sum of its paid-up share capital and the amount standing to the credit of its share premium account.
"(3) A company that is incorporated in Australia and is registered under this Act but does not have a share capital must at all times have eligible assets (other than assets in a statutory fund) the value of which is not less than $10,000,000.
"(4) A foreign company that is registered under this Act must at all times have eligible assets in Australia (other than assets in a statutory fund) the value of which is not less than $10,000,000.
"(5) A company that is registered under this Act must at all times have eligible assets (other than assets in a statutory fund) the value of which exceeds the amount of its liabilities (other than liabilities in respect of share capital or liabilities that may be met by applying assets in a statutory fund) by $5,000,000.".

INSURANCE LAWS AMENDMENT ACT 1991 No. 1 of 1992 - SECT 41
Actuarial reports, abstracts and statements of life insurance business

41. Section 48 of the Principal Act is amended by omitting from subsection (1) all the words from and including "5 years" to and including "Division" and substituting "12 months".

INSURANCE LAWS AMENDMENT ACT 1991 No. 1 of 1992 - SECT 42
Accounts, balance-sheets etc. to be signed and lodged with Commissioner

42. Section 52 of the Principal Act is amended:
(a) by omitting from paragraph (2) (a) "5 months" and substituting "3 months";
(b) by omitting from paragraph (2) (b) "6 months" and substituting "15 weeks".

INSURANCE LAWS AMENDMENT ACT 1991 No. 1 of 1992 - SECT 43

43. After section 54B of the Principal Act the following section is inserted:

Inquiry by Commissioner and direction not to deal with certain assets
"54C. (1) This section applies to a company registered under this Act if it appears to the Commissioner that the company is, or is likely to become, unable to meet its liabilities.
"(2) The Commissioner may, by notice in writing served on the company, direct it to give to the Commissioner, within such period as is specified in the notice, such information in writing about the affairs of the company as is specified in the notice.
"(3) The period specified in a notice under subsection (2) must end later than 7 days after the date of service of the notice.
"(4) The Commissioner may, by written notice served on the company, direct it, in relation to an asset specified in the notice:
(a) in any case - not to dispose of or otherwise deal with the asset during such period as is specified in the notice; or
(b) if the asset is in Australia - not to remove the asset from Australia during such period as is specified in the notice.
"(5) The period specified in a notice under subsection (4) must end earlier than 6 months after the date of service of the notice.
"(6) A failure to comply with subsection (4) does not affect the validity of a transaction.
"(7) A direction under subsection (4) in respect of a company ceases to have effect if the company is commenced to be wound up.
"(8) A company which contravenes a direction given to it under this section is guilty of an offence punishable on conviction by a fine not exceeding $1,000,000.".

INSURANCE LAWS AMENDMENT ACT 1991 No. 1 of 1992 - SECT 44

44. After section 57 of the Principal Act the following section is inserted:

Directions during or after investigation
"57A. (1) If an investigation under this Division in respect of any company is being or has been made and it appears to the Commissioner:
(a) that the company is, or is about to become, unable to meet its liabilities; or
(b) the company has contravened a provision of this Act; or
(c) the company has contravened a condition or direction applicable to it under this Act;
the Commissioner may, by written notice served on the company, give directions

Back to Top

to the company about its life insurance business.
"(2) The directions the Commissioner may give under this section include, but are not limited to, directions that the company is not to issue any further policies (other than paid up policies as required by this Act).
"(3) A direction issued to a company under this section must not remain in force for more than 12 months.
"(4) Subsection (3) does not prevent the Commissioner from issuing further directions to the company.
"(5) If it appears to the Commissioner that a direction is no longer necessary or should be varied, the Commissioner must, by notice served on the company, revoke or vary the direction.
"(6) If a company to which a direction has been issued applies to the Commissioner, in writing, for the direction to be revoked or varied, the Commissioner must:
(a) if it appears to the Commissioner that the direction is no longer necessary or should be varied - revoke or vary the direction; or
(b) in any other case - refuse to revoke or vary the direction.
"(7) The Commissioner must serve on the company written notice of a decision made under subsection (6).
"(8) A failure to comply with a direction under this section does not affect the validity of a transaction.
"(9) A direction under this section in respect of a company ceases to have effect if the company is commenced to be wound up.
"(10) A company which contravenes a direction given to it under this section is guilty of an offence punishable on conviction by a fine not exceeding $20,000.
"(11) In this section:
`direction' includes, if a direction is varied, the direction as varied.".

INSURANCE LAWS AMENDMENT ACT 1991 No. 1 of 1992 - SECT 45
Review of certain decisions

45. Section 138 of the Principal Act is amended:
(a) by omitting "or" from the end of paragraph (g) of the definition of "reviewable decision" in subsection (1);
(b) by inserting after paragraph (g) of the definition of "reviewable decision" in subsection (1) the following paragraph:
"(ga) a direction given under subsection 57A (1) or a
decision under subsection 57A (5) or (6);";
(c) by omitting "(4)." from paragraph (h) of the definition of "reviewable decision" in subsection (1) and substituting "(4); or";
(d) by adding at the end of the definition of "reviewable decision" in subsection (1) the following paragraph:
"(i) a direction given under subsection 54C (4).".

INSURANCE LAWS AMENDMENT ACT 1991 No. 1 of 1992 - SECT 46

46. After section 146 of the Principal Act the following section is inserted:

Bankrupts and persons convicted of certain offences not to be directors, principal executive officers etc. of registered life insurers
"146A. (1) For the purposes of this section, a person is a disqualified person if, at any time, whether before or after the commencement of this section:
(a) the person has been convicted of an offence against or arising out of this Act; or
(b) the person has been convicted of an offence against or arising out of a law of the Commonwealth, a State, a Territory or a foreign country, being an offence in respect of:
(i) conduct relating to insurance; or
(ii) dishonest conduct; or
(c) the person has:
(i) become bankrupt; or
(ii) applied to take the benefit of a law for the relief of bankrupt or insolvent debtors; or
(iii) compounded with his or her creditors.
"(2) A disqualified person must not:
(a) be, or act as, a director or principal executive officer or the appointed actuary of a company (other than a foreign company) registered under this Act; or
(b) be, or act as, a local executive officer or the appointed actuary of a foreign company registered under this Act. Penalty: Imprisonment for 2 years.
"(3) A company (other than a foreign company) registered under this Act must not permit a disqualified person to be, or act as, a director or principal executive officer or the appointed actuary of the company.
Penalty: $25,000.
"(4) A foreign company registered under this Act must not permit a disqualified person to be, or act as, a local executive officer or the appointed actuary of the company.
Penalty: $25,000.
"(5) In a prosecution under subsection (3) or (4), it is a defence if the defendant proves that:
(a) the defendant did not know, and had no reasonable grounds to suspect, that the person was a disqualified person; and
(b) the defendant had made all reasonable efforts to ascertain whether the person was a disqualified person.
"(6) A failure to comply with this section does not affect the validity of an appointment or transaction.
"(7) A reference in subsection (1) to a person who has been convicted of an offence includes a reference to a person in respect of whom an order has been made under section 19B of the Crimes Act 1914, or under a corresponding provision of a law of a State, a Territory or a foreign country, in relation to the offence.
"(8) In this section:
`local executive officer', in relation to a foreign company, means:
(a) a natural person:
(i) who is a resident of Australia; and
(ii) who is solely or principally responsible for the management of the life insurance business of the company in Australia; or
(b) the principal officer of the company appointed under section 21;
`principal executive officer', in relation to a company, means the principal executive officer of the company for the time being, by whatever name called, and whether or not he or she is a director.".

INSURANCE LAWS AMENDMENT ACT 1991 No. 1 of 1992 - SECT 47
Phasing-in of capital and solvency requirements

47. (1) In this section:
"interim year", in relation to a company, means:
(a) so much of the first financial year of the company ending after the commencement of this section as occurs after the commencement of this section; or
(b) one of the 3 subsequent financial years of the company.
(2) Section 19A of the Life Insurance Act 1945 applies to a company registered under that Act in relation to an interim year of that company specified in the following table as if a reference in that section to an amount specified in the left-hand column of the table were a reference to the amount specified in whichever of the right-hand columns is applicable:

Reference in section 19A
1st interim year
2nd interim year
3rd interim year
4th interim year
$10,000,000
$3,000,000
$4,000,000
$6,000,000
$8,000,000
$5,000,000
$1,500,000
$2,000,000
$3,000,000
$4,000,000

INSURANCE LAWS AMENDMENT ACT 1991 No. 1 of 1992 - SECT 48
Application - lodgment of annual returns

48. The amendments made by section 42 of this Act apply to accounts, balance-sheets, abstracts, statements and returns in respect of a financial year of a company ending after the commencement of this section.