Federal Register of Legislation - Australian Government

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Act No. 149 of 1982 as made
An Act to further the protection and conservation of wildlife by regulating the export and import of certain animals, plants and goods, and for related purposes
Date of Assent 31 Dec 1982
Date of repeal 11 Jan 2002
Repealed by Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Amendment (Wildlife Protection) Act 2001
 

WILDLIFE PROTECTION (REGULATION OF EXPORTS AND IMPORTS) ACT 1982
No. 149 of 1982

WILDLIFE PROTECTION (REGULATION OF EXPORTS AND IMPORTS) ACT 1982 No. 149 of 1982 - TABLE OF PROVISIONS


TABLE OF PROVISIONS

PART I-PRELIMINARY
Section
1. Short title
2. Commencement
3. Object of Act
4. Interpretation
5. Saving of other laws
6. Application of Act
7. Act to bind Crown
8. Act not to apply to certain specimens
9. Variation of Schedules
10. Approved management programs
11. Approved institutions
12. Approved zoological organizations
13. Inter zoological gardens transfer
14. Breeding in captivity
15. Artificial propagation
16. Export of household pets
17. Designated Authority
18. Constitution of Designated Authority
19. Remuneration and allowances of Designated Authority
20. Acting Designated Authority

PART II-REGULATION OF EXPORT AND IMPORT OF SPECIMENS

Division 1-Prohibition of certain exports and imports

21. Certain exports prohibited
22. Certain imports prohibited

Division 2-Permits to export or to import specimens

23. Application for permit
24. Grant of permit

Division 3-Requirements for permits to export specimens

25. Permits to export not to be granted if detrimental to survival of
kind of animals or plants
26. Permits to export not to be granted in respect of specimens
unlawfully obtained, &c.
27. Requirements for permits to export live animals and live plants
28. Requirements for permits to export-Schedule 1
29. Requirements for permits to export-Schedule 2
30. Requirements for permits to export-Schedule 3
31. Requirements for permits to export-Native Australian animals and
plants
32. Permits to re-export

Division 4-Requirements for permits to import specimens

33. Permits to import not to be granted if detrimental to survival of
kind of animals or plants
34. Requirements for permits to import live animals and live plants
35. Requirements for permits to import certain live animals and live
plants
36. Requirements for permits to import-Schedule 1
37. Requirements for permits to import-Schedule 2
38. Requirements for permits to import-Schedule 3

Division 5-Authorities to export or to import specimens

39. Application for authority
40. Register of scientific organizations
41. Authority to export or import scientific specimens
42. Authority to export or import artificially propagated plants
43. Authority to export or import for the purposes of travelling
circuses,&c.
44. Authority to export or import in exceptional circumstances

Division 6-Permits and Authorities

45. Permit or authority to be produced
46. Revocation, &c., of permits and authorities

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47. Conditions in respect of permits and authorities
48. Compliance with conditions of permit or authority
49. Applications to Minister to vary operation of permits and
authorities
50. Conditions relating to imported animals
51. Conditions relating to imported plants

Division 7-Miscellaneous

52. Matters published in Gazette
53. Possession of illegally imported specimens
54. Specimens in personal effects of visitors to Australia
55. Specimens in personal effects of intending residents of Australia
56. Specimens in personal effects of residents of Australia
57. Uncertainty regarding specimen

PART III-ADMINISTRATION

58. Appointment of inspectors
59. Inspectors ex officio
60. Arrangements for State and Territory officers to be inspectors
61. Identity cards
62. Boarding of vessels, &c., by inspectors
63. Access to premises
64. Functions of inspectors
65. Powers of arrest of inspectors
66. Persons to assist inspectors
67. Power to search baggage
68. Obstruction of inspectors
69. Seizure and forfeiture of specimens
70. Disposal of certain live animals and plants seized
71. Seizure and forfeiture of goods involved in offences
72. False statements
73. Indictable offences
74. Evidence
75. Evidence of analyst
76. Delegation
77. Arrangements by Minister
78. Co-operation with States and Territories
79. Fees
80. Review of decisions
81. Regulations
82. Customs (Endangered Species) Regulations

SCHEDULE 1
Specimens the export or import of which, otherwise than in accordance with a permit or an authority, is prohibited, and in relation to which sections 28 and
36 apply

SCHEDULE 2
Specimens the export or import of which, otherwise than in accordance with a permit or an authority, is prohibited, and in relation to which sections 29 and
37 apply

SCHEDULE 3
Specimens the export or import of which, otherwise than in accordance with a permit or an authority, is prohibited, and in relation to which sections 30 and
38 apply

SCHEDULE 4
Specimens that are, or are derived from, native Australian animals or native Australian plants and the export of which is not prohibited by paragraph 21 (b)

SCHEDULE 5
Live animals and live plants the import of which is not prohibited by paragraph
22 (b) and in relation to which section 9 does not apply

SCHEDULE 6
Live animals and live plants the import of which is not prohibited by paragraph
22 (b) and in relation to which section 9 applies

SCHEDULE 7

Species of native Australian animals eligible to be treated as household
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pets

SCHEDULE 8
Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora

WILDLIFE PROTECTION (REGULATION OF EXPORTS AND IMPORTS) ACT 1982 No. 149 of 1982 - SECT. 1.
Short title.

An Act to further the protection and conservation of wildlife by regulating the export and import of certain animals, plants and goods, and for related purposes


(Assented to 31 December 1982)


PART I-PRELIMINARY
Short title

1. This Act may be cited as the Wildlife Protection (Regulation of Exports and Imports) Act 1982.

WILDLIFE PROTECTION (REGULATION OF EXPORTS AND IMPORTS) ACT 1982 No. 149 of 1982 - SECT. 2.
Commencement

2. This Act shall come into operation on a date to be fixed by Proclamation.

WILDLIFE PROTECTION (REGULATION OF EXPORTS AND IMPORTS) ACT 1982 No. 149 of 1982 - SECT. 3.
Object of Act

3. The object of this Act is to comply with the obligations of Australia under the Convention and otherwise to further the protection and conservation of the wild fauna and flora of Australia and of other countries by-

(a) regulating the export of specimens that are, or are derived from, native Australian animals or native Australian plants;

(b) regulating the export and import of specimens that are, or are derived from, animals, or plants, of a kind that are threatened with extinction;

(c) regulating the export and import of specimens that are, or are derived from, animals, or plants, of a kind that might become threatened with extinction if international trade in such specimens were not regulated;

(d) regulating the export and import of specimens that are, or are derived from, animals, or plants, of a kind that require, or might require, special protection by way of the regulation of international trade in such specimens;

(e) regulating the import of animals and plants of a kind the establishment of which in Australia or an external Territory could have an adverse effect (otherwise than by reason of a disease) on, or on the habitats of, native Australian animals or native Australian plants;

(f) regulating the export of specimens that are difficult to distinguish from specimens referred to in paragraph (a), (b), (c) or (d); and

(g) regulating the import of specimens that are difficult to distinguish from specimens referred to in paragraph (b), (c), (d) or (e).

WILDLIFE PROTECTION (REGULATION OF EXPORTS AND IMPORTS) ACT 1982 No. 149 of 1982 - SECT. 4.
Interpretation

4. (1) In this Act, unless the contrary intention appears-

''animal'' means any member, alive or dead, of the animal kingdom (other than man);

''animal reproductive material'' means-

(a) an embryo, an egg or sperm of an animal; or

(b) any other part, or product, of an animal from which another animal could be produced;

''animal specimen'' means-

(a) an animal;

(b) animal reproductive material;


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(c) the skin, feathers, horns, shell or any other part of an animal; or

(d) any article wholly produced by or from, or otherwise wholly derived from, a single animal;

''approved institution'' means an organization declared by a declaration in force under section 11 to be an approved institution in relation to a class, or classes, of specimens;

''approved management program'' means a management program declared by a declaration in force under section 10 to be an approved management program;

''approved zoological organization'' means a zoological organization declared by a declaration in force under section 12 to be an approved zoological organization in relation to a class, or classes, of specimens;

''article'' includes a substance or a mixture of substances;

''artificially propagated'', in relation to a plant or plant reproductive material, has the meaning given by section 15;

''authority'' means an authority to export or to import a specimen given under section 41, 42, 43 or 44;

''bred in captivity'', in relation to an animal or animal reproductive material, has the meaning given by section 14;

''care'', in relation to an animal or a plant, includes, where appropriate, the provision of suitable housing for the animal or plant;

''coastal sea''-

(a) in relation to Australia, means-

(i) the territorial sea of Australia; and

(ii) the sea on the landward side of the territorial sea of Australia; and

(b) in relation to an external Territory, means-

(i) the Territorial sea of that Territory; and

(ii) the sea on the landward side of the territorial sea of that Territory;

''continental shelf'', in relation to Australia or to an external Territory, has the same meaning as it has for the purposes of the Seas and Submerged Lands Act 1973;

''Convention'' means the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora done at Washington in the United States of America on 3 March 1973 (a copy of the version of which in the English language, apart from the Appendices to it, is set out in Schedule 8);

''Designated Authority'' means the Designated Authority established by section 17;

''Director'' means the Director of National Parks and Wildlife appointed under the National Parks and Wildlife Conservation Act 1975;

''disease'' means-

(a) a disease, parasite or pest that, for the purposes of the Quarantine Act 1908, is a disease in relation to animals; or

(b) a disease, pest or plant that, for the purposes of that Act, is a disease in relation to plants;

''export'' means export from Australia or from an external Territory, but does not include-

(a) export from Australia to a prescribed Territory;

(b) export from a prescribed Territory to Australia; and

(c) export from a prescribed Territory to the other prescribed Territory;

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''fish'' means any animal that is a member of the class Pisces, and includes a shark, a skate and a ray;

''holder'' means-

(a) in relation to a permit-the person who has been granted that permit; or

(b) in relation to an authority-the person who has been given that authority;

''import'' means import (including import by way of introduction from the sea) into Australia or into an external Territory, but does not include-

(a) import into Australia from a prescribed Territory;

(b) import into a prescribed Territory from Australia; and

(c) import into a prescribed Territory from the other prescribed Territory;

''inspector'' means-

(a) a person appointed as an inspector under section 58;

(b) a person who is an inspector by virtue of section 59; or

(c) a person who is an inspector by virtue of an arrangement entered into under sub-section 60 (1), (2) or (3);

''inter zoological gardens transfer'' has the meaning given by section 13;

''live animal'' includes animal reproductive material;

''live plant'' includes plant reproductive material;

''management program'' means a program for the protection, conservation or management of animals or of plants, or of both;

''marine environment'' means the sea, and includes-

(a) the air space above the sea; and

(b) the sea-bed and subsoil beneath the sea;

''native Australian animal'' means-

(a) an animal of a species that is indigenous to Australia or to an external Territory;

(b) an animal of a species that is indigenous to the coastal sea of Australia or of an external Territory or to the sea-bed or subsoil beneath that sea;

(c) an animal of a species that is indigenous to the continental shelf of Australia or of an external Territory or to the superjacent waters;

(d) a migratory animal of a species that periodically or occasionally visits Australia or an external Territory, the coastal sea of Australia or of an external Territory, or the sea over the continental shelf of Australia or of an external Territory; or

(e) an animal of a species that is not indigenous to Australia but was present in Australia before the year 1788;

''native Australian plant'' means-

(a) a plant of a species that is indigenous to Australia or to an external Territory;

(b) a plant of a species that is indigenous to the coastal sea of Australia or of an external Territory or to the sea-bed or subsoil beneath that sea;

(c) a plant of a species that is indigenous to the continental shelf of Australia or of an external Territory or to the superjacent waters; or

(d) a plant of a species that is not indigenous to Australia but was
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present in Australia before the year 1788;

''offence against this Act'' includes-

(a) an offence against section 6, 7 or 7A of the Crimes Act 1914 in relation to this Act; and

(b) an offence against sub-section 86 (1) of the Crimes Act 1914 by virtue of paragraph (a) of that sub-section, being an offence in relation to an offence against this Act;

''officer of Customs'' has the same meaning as it has in the Customs Act
1901;

''permit'' means a permit to export or to import a specimen granted under section 24;

''plant'' means a member, alive or dead, of the plant kingdom;

''plant reproductive material'' means-

(a) a seed or spore of a plant;

(b) a cutting from a plant; or

(c) any other part, or product, of a plant from which another plant can be produced;

''plant specimen'' means-

(a) a plant;

(b) plant reproductive material;

(c) any part of a plant; and

(d) any article wholly produced by or from, or otherwise wholly derived from, a single plant;

''premises'' includes land;

''prescribed scientific organization'' means a scientific organization included in a class of scientific organizations declared by the regulations to be a prescribed class of scientific organizations for the purposes of this Act;

''prescribed scientific research'' means scientific research engaged in by a prescribed scientific organization;

''prescribed Territory'' means-

(a) the Coral Sea Islands Territory; and

(b) the Territory of Ashmore and Cartier Islands;

''progeny'' includes-

(a) in relation to a live animal-any animal reproductive material of that animal or of any progeny of that animal;

(b) in relation to a live plant-any plant reproductive material of that plant or of any progeny of that plant;

(c) in relation to a live animal that is animal reproductive material-any animal resulting from that material or any progeny of such animal; and

(d) in relation to a live plant that is plant reproductive material-any plant resulting from that material or any progeny of such plant;

''recipient'' means-

(a) in relation to a specimen that is exported-the person in the country to which the specimen is exported who is to have the care and custody of the specimen after the export; and

(b) in relation to a specimen that is imported into Australia or into an external Territory-the person in Australia or that Territory, as the case may be, who is to have the care and custody of the specimen after the import;

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''relevant authority'', in relation to a country, means-

(a) where the country is a party to the Convention-a Management Authority of that country; or

(b) where the country is not a party to the Convention-the competent authority of that country within the meaning of Article X of the Convention;

''sender'', in relation to a specimen that is imported into Australia or into an external Territory, means the person in the country from which the specimen is imported who exports it from that country to Australia or to that Territory, as the case may be;

''scientific organization'' means an organization engaged in scientific research;

''specimen'' means-

(a) an animal specimen; or

(b) a plant specimen;

''take'' includes-

(a) in relation to an animal-catch, capture, trap and kill; and

(b) in relation to a plant specimen-pick, gather and cut;

''territorial sea'', in relation to Australia or to an external Territory, has the same meaning as it has for the purposes of the Seas and Submerged Lands Act 1973;

''vessel'' means a vessel or boat of any description, and includes-

(a) an air-cushion vehicle or other similar craft; and

(b) any floating structure;

''zoological organization'' means an organization engaged in the exhibition or breeding of wild animals.

(2) For the purposes of this Act, where an article consists of, or is derived from-

(a) a specimen and other material;

(b) 2 or more specimens; or

(c) 2 or more specimens and other material,
that article shall be deemed to be separate articles, being-

(d) that specimen and an article consisting of that material;

(e) each of those specimens; or

(f) each of those specimens and an article consisting of that material,
as the case may be.

(3) A reference in this Act to a country shall be read as including a reference to a place that is a territory, dependency or colony (however described) of another country.

(4) For the purposes of this Act, a specimen shall be taken to have been imported into Australia or into an external Territory by way of introduction from the sea if, and only if, the specimen was taken in the marine environment not under the jurisdiction of any country and then imported into Australia or the external Territory, as the case may be, without having been imported into any other country.

(5) For the purposes of this Act-

(a) where a live animal (other than animal reproductive material) that was bred in captivity dies, the dead animal and specimens derived from the dead animal shall be taken to be specimens derived from that live animal; and

(b) where a live plant (other than plant reproductive material) that was artificially propagated dies, the dead plant and specimens derived from the dead plant shall be taken to be specimens derived from that live plant.

(6) A reference in this Act to a member of the Australian Federal Police or to a member of a police force shall be read as including a reference to a special member of the Australian Federal Police.

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(7) Except so far as the contrary intention appears, an expression that is used in this Act without being defined in, or having a particular meaning assigned to it by, this Act and is used in the Convention (whether or not it is defined in, or a particular meaning is assigned to it by, the Convention) has, in this Act, the same meaning as it has in the Convention.

(8) For the purposes of this Act, the doing of any thing to, or with, a live animal or a live plant (including killing the animal or plant or doing, or failing to do, any thing in relation to the housing of the animal or plant) for the purposes of scientific research shall not be taken to be failure to provide suitable care for the animal or plant.

(9) For the purposes of this Act, where the common name of a kind of animal or plant is set out in a Schedule next to or under a taxon, that common name does not affect the meaning of that taxon.

(10) For the purposes of this Act, a genus, species or sub-species referred to in a description set out in a Part of a Schedule shall not be taken to be specified in that Part.

WILDLIFE PROTECTION (REGULATION OF EXPORTS AND IMPORTS) ACT 1982 No. 149 of 1982 - SECT. 5.
Saving of other laws

5. (1) This Act and the regulations shall be read and construed as being in addition to, and not in derogation of or in substitution for-

(a) the Customs Act 1901;

(b) the Quarantine Act 1908; or

(c) any other law of the Commonwealth or of an external Territory, whether passed or made before or after the commencement of this Act.

(2) A person who is the holder of a permit or an authority to export or to import a specimen is not, by reason only of being the holder of the permit or authority, exempt from compliance with any law referred to in paragraph (1) (a), (b) or (c) that applies in relation to that specimen.

(3) Without limiting the generality of sub-section (1), this Act and the regulations shall not be read or construed as authorizing or permitting the doing of any act in contravention of the Quarantine Act 1908 or of a law of an external Territory relating to quarantine.

WILDLIFE PROTECTION (REGULATION OF EXPORTS AND IMPORTS) ACT 1982 No. 149 of 1982 - SECT. 6.
Application of Act

6. This Act applies both within and outside Australia and extends to every external Territory.

WILDLIFE PROTECTION (REGULATION OF EXPORTS AND IMPORTS) ACT 1982 No. 149 of 1982 - SECT. 7.
Act to bind Crown

7. This Act binds the Crown in right of the Commonwealth, of each of the States, of the Northern Territory and of Norfolk Island.

WILDLIFE PROTECTION (REGULATION OF EXPORTS AND IMPORTS) ACT 1982 No. 149 of 1982 - SECT. 8.
Act not to apply to certain specimens

8. (1) For the purposes of this Act, where a specimen is brought into Australia from a country (other than a prescribed Territory)-

(a) for the purpose of transhipment to another country; or

(b) as part of an aircraft's stores or ship's stores,
that specimen-

(c) shall be taken not to have been imported into Australia; and

(d) when it leaves Australia, shall be taken not to be exported from Australia.

(2) For the purposes of this Act, where a specimen is brought into an external Territory (other than a prescribed Territory)-

(a) for the purpose of transhipment to another country; or

(b) as part of an aircraft's stores or ship's stores,
that specimen-

(c) shall be taken not to have been imported into that Territory; and

(d) when it leaves that Territory, shall be taken not to be exported from that Territory.

(3) For the purposes of this Act, where a prescribed organization sends a specimen out of, or brings a specimen into, Australia or an external Territory for the purpose of using the specimen in a diagnostic test that is to be carried out in an endeavour to identify a disease of humans, animals or plants, that specimen shall be taken not to have been exported or imported, as the case may be.

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(4) For the purposes of this Act, where-

(a) a prescribed person or a prescribed organization is satisfied that, in order to meet an emergency involving danger to the life or health of a human or an animal, it is necessary or desirable that a specimen that could be used in treating that person or animal should be sent out of, or brought into, Australia or an external Territory; and

(b) that specimen is sent out of, or brought into, Australia or that Territory, as the case requires, to meet that emergency,
that specimen shall be taken not to have been exported or imported, as the case may be.

(5) For the purposes of this Act, where, in accordance with the Quarantine Act 1908 or a law of an external Territory relating to quarantine, a person exercising powers under that Act or law brings into Australia or an external Territory a specimen that is subject to quarantine, that specimen shall be taken not to have been imported unless and until it is released from quarantine.

(6) In this section, ''aircraft's stores'' and ''ship's stores'' have the same meanings respectively as they have in Part VII of the Customs Act
1901.

WILDLIFE PROTECTION (REGULATION OF EXPORTS AND IMPORTS) ACT 1982 No. 149 of 1982 - SECT. 9.
Variation of Schedules

9. (1) The Minister may, by instrument under his hand published in the Gazette, declare that a Schedule, not being Schedule 5 or 8, specified in the instrument shall be deemed to be amended in a manner specified in the instrument, and that declaration shall have effect accordingly.

(2) Sections 48 (other than paragraph (1) (a)), 49 and 50 of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901 apply in relation to declarations under sub-section (1) as if, in those sections, references to regulations were references to declarations.

(3) For the purposes of section 8 of the Acts Interpretation Act
1901, a declaration under sub-section (1) that is deemed to amend a Schedule by way of repealing part of that Schedule shall be deemed to be an Act that repeals that part of that Schedule.

(4) The Minister will take all necessary action to ensure that, where a Schedule is deemed to be amended by virtue of a declaration in force under sub-section (1), a copy of that Schedule as deemed to be amended is readily available, on the payment of such fee (if any) as is prescribed, to any member of the public who might wish to export or to import, or is otherwise concerned with the export or import of, specimens.

WILDLIFE PROTECTION (REGULATION OF EXPORTS AND IMPORTS) ACT 1982 No. 149 of 1982 - SECT. 10.
Approved management programs

10. (1) Subject to any regulations referred to in sub-section (2), the Minister may, by instrument under his hand published in the Gazette, declare a management program that is being, is proposed to be, or has been, carried out, in Australia, in an external Territory or in another country to be an approved management program for the purposes of this Act.

(2) The regulations-

(a) may provide that the Minister shall not declare a management program to be an approved management program unless he is satisfied of certain matters in relation to the program; or

(b) may prescribe matters that are to be taken into account by the Minister when determining whether he shall declare a management program to be an approved management program.

WILDLIFE PROTECTION (REGULATION OF EXPORTS AND IMPORTS) ACT 1982 No. 149 of 1982 - SECT. 11.
Approved institutions

11. (1) Subject to any regulations referred to in sub-section (2), the Designated Authority may, by instrument under his hand published in the Gazette, declare an organization in Australia, in an external Territory or in another country, being an organization that is engaged in activities relating to live animals or live plants, to be an approved institution in relation to a class, or classes, of specimens specified in the instrument.

(2) The regulations-

(a) may provide that the Designated Authority shall not declare an organization referred to in sub-section (1) to be an approved institution in relation to any class, a particular class, or particular classes, of specimens unless he is satisfied of certain matters in relation to the organization; or

(b) may prescribe matters that are to be taken into account by the Designated Authority when determining whether he will declare an organization referred to in sub-section (1) to be an approved institution in relation to any class, a particular class, or particular classes, of specimens.

(3) An organization referred to in sub-section (1) may apply, in

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writing, to the Designated Authority to be declared to be an approved institution in relation to a class, or classes, of specimens specified in the application.

WILDLIFE PROTECTION (REGULATION OF EXPORTS AND IMPORTS) ACT 1982 No. 149 of 1982 - SECT. 12.
Approved zoological organizations

12. (1) Subject to any regulations referred to in sub-section (2), the Designated Authority may, by instrument under his hand published in the Gazette, declare a zoological organization in Australia, in an external Territory or in another country to be an approved zoological organization in relation to a class, or classes, of specimens specified in the instrument.

(2) The regulations-

(a) may provide that the Designated Authority shall not declare a zoological organization to be an approved zoological organization in relation to any class, a particular class, or particular classes, of specimens unless he is satisfied of certain matters in relation to the organization; or

(b) may prescribe matters that are to be taken into account by the Designated Authority when determining whether he will declare a zoological organization to be an approved zoological organization in relation to any class, a particular class, or particular classes, of specimens.

(3) A zoological organization may apply, in writing, to the Designated Authority to be declared to be an approved zoological organization in relation to a class, or classes, of specimens specified in the application.

WILDLIFE PROTECTION (REGULATION OF EXPORTS AND IMPORTS) ACT 1982 No. 149 of 1982 - SECT. 13.
Inter zoological gardens transfer

13. For the purposes of this Act, the export or the import of an animal specimen shall be taken to be an inter zoological gardens transfer if, and only if-

(a) the exporter or the sender, as the case may be, is an approved zoological organization in relation to a class of specimens that includes that specimen;

(b) in the case of a specimen that is a live animal-the animal is not required by the exporter or the sender, as the case may be, for the purposes of breeding or exhibition;

(c) in the case of a specimen, other than a specimen that is, or is derived from, a live animal that was bred in captivity-the specimen was not purchased or otherwise obtained for the purposes of trade; and

(d) the recipient is an approved zoological organization in relation to a class of specimens that includes that specimen.

WILDLIFE PROTECTION (REGULATION OF EXPORTS AND IMPORTS) ACT 1982 No. 149 of 1982 - SECT. 14.
Breeding in captivity

14. For the purposes of this Act, a live animal of a particular kind shall be taken to have been bred in captivity if, and only if, it was bred in circumstances declared by the regulations to be circumstances the breeding in which of-

(a) any live animal;

(b) any live animal of that kind; or

(c) any live animal included in a class of live animals that includes live animals of that kind,
would constitute breeding in captivity.

WILDLIFE PROTECTION (REGULATION OF EXPORTS AND IMPORTS) ACT 1982 No. 149 of 1982 - SECT. 15.
Artificial propagation

15. For the purposes of this Act, a live plant of a particular kind shall be taken to have been artificially propagated if, and only if, it was propagated in circumstances declared by the regulations to be circumstances the propagation in which of-

(a) any live plant;

(b) any live plant of that kind; or

(c) any live plant included in a class of live plants that includes live plants of that kind,
would constitute artificial propagation.

WILDLIFE PROTECTION (REGULATION OF EXPORTS AND IMPORTS) ACT 1982 No. 149 of 1982 - SECT. 16.
Export of household pets

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16. The export of a live native Australian animal from Australia or from an external Territory is an export of a household pet in accordance with this section if-

(a) the animal is an animal of a species specified in Schedule 7;

(b) the exporter has owned and kept the animal as a household pet for not less than 3 years immediately preceding the export;

(c) the exporter has been ordinarily resident in Australia or that Territory, as the case may be, for not less than 4 years immediately preceding the export;

(d) the exporter is leaving Australia or that Territory, as the case may be, with the intention of taking up permanent residence in another country; and

(e) it is not proposed to export any animal of that species that has been kept as a household pet by the exporter or the members of the household of the exporter other than that animal or that animal and one other animal of that species.

WILDLIFE PROTECTION (REGULATION OF EXPORTS AND IMPORTS) ACT 1982 No. 149 of 1982 - SECT. 17.
Designated Authority

17. There shall be a Designated Authority for the purposes of this Act.

WILDLIFE PROTECTION (REGULATION OF EXPORTS AND IMPORTS) ACT 1982 No. 149 of 1982 - SECT. 18.
Constitution of Designated Authority

18. (1) On and after the commencement of this Act and unless and until any appointment is made under sub-section (2), the Designated Authority is the Director, but the Director may resign the office of Designated Authority under sub-section (5).

(2) Subject to sub-section (1), the Designated Authority-

(a) shall be a person appointed by the Minister;

(b) shall be appointed on a part-time basis;

(c) holds office at the pleasure of the Minister; and

(d) may be the Director or a person who is an officer or employee within the meaning of the Public Service Act 1922.

(3) A person shall not be appointed to be the Designated Authority unless he has such qualifications and experience in connection with the conservation or management of wild animals and wild plants as, in the opinion of the Minister, render him suitable for the appointment.

(4) The Designated Authority holds office on such terms and conditions (if any) in respect of matters not provided for by this Act as are determined by the Minister.

(5) The Designated Authority may resign his office by writing signed by him and delivered to the Minister.

WILDLIFE PROTECTION (REGULATION OF EXPORTS AND IMPORTS) ACT 1982 No. 149 of 1982 - SECT. 19.
Remuneration and allowances of Designated Authority

19. (1) The Designated Authority shall be paid such remuneration as is determined by the Remuneration Tribunal but, if no determination of that remuneration by the Tribunal is in operation, he shall be paid such remuneration as is prescribed.

(2) The Designated Authority shall be paid such allowances as are prescribed.

(3) This section has effect subject to the Remuneration Tribunals Act 1973.

WILDLIFE PROTECTION (REGULATION OF EXPORTS AND IMPORTS) ACT 1982 No. 149 of 1982 - SECT. 20.
Acting Designated Authority

20. (1) The Minister may appoint a person to act as the Designated Authority-

(a) during a vacancy in the office of Designated Authority; or

(b) during any period, or during all periods, when the Designated Authority is absent from duty or from Australia or is, for any other reason, unable to perform the functions of his office,
but a person appointed to act during a vacancy shall not continue so to act for more than 12 months.

(2) An appointment of a person under sub-section (1) may be expressed to have effect only in such circumstances as are specified in the instrument of appointment.

(3) The Minister may-

(a) determine the terms and conditions of appointment, including

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remuneration and allowances, of a person acting as the Designated Authority; and

(b) terminate such an appointment at any time.

(4) Where a person is acting as Designated Authority in accordance with paragraph (1) (b) and the office of Designated Authority becomes vacant while that person is so acting, then, subject to sub-section (2), that person may continue so to act until the Minister otherwise directs, the vacancy is filled or a period of 12 months from the date on which the vacancy occurred expires, whichever first happens.

(5) The appointment of a person to act as the Designated Authority ceases to have effect if he resigns his appointment by writing signed by him and delivered to the Minister.

(6) Where a person is acting as Designated Authority, he has and may exercise all the powers, and may perform all the functions, of the Designated Authority under this Act.

(7) The validity of anything done by a person purporting to act under sub-section (1) shall not be called in question on the ground that the occasion for his appointment or acting had not arisen, that there is a defect or irregularity in or in connection with his appointment, that the appointment had ceased to have effect or that the occasion for him to act had not arisen or had ceased.

WILDLIFE PROTECTION (REGULATION OF EXPORTS AND IMPORTS) ACT 1982 No. 149 of 1982 - SECT. 21.
Certain exports prohibited


PART II-REGULATION OF EXPORT AND IMPORT OF SPECIMENS

Division 1-Prohibition of certain exports and imports

21. A person shall not, otherwise than in accordance with a permit or an authority, export-

(a) a specimen specified in Part I of Schedule 1, Part I of Schedule 2 or Part I of Schedule 3; or

(b) a specimen that is, or is derived from, a native Australian animal or a native Australian plant and is not specified in Part I of Schedule 4.

Penalty-

(a) if the person is a natural person-$100,000 or imprisonment for 5 years; or

(b) if the person is a body corporate-$200,000.

WILDLIFE PROTECTION (REGULATION OF EXPORTS AND IMPORTS) ACT 1982 No. 149 of 1982 - SECT. 22.
Certain imports prohibited

22. A person shall not, otherwise than in accordance with a permit or an authority, import-

(a) a specimen specified in Part I of Schedule 1, Part I of Schedule 2 or Part I of Schedule 3; or

(b) a specimen, being a live animal or a live plant (whether or not it is a specimen referred to in paragraph (a)) other than a live animal, or live plant, specified in Part I of Schedule 5 or Part I of Schedule 6.

Penalty-

(a) if the person is a natural person-$100,000 or imprisonment for 5 years; or

(b) if the person is a body corporate-$200,000.

WILDLIFE PROTECTION (REGULATION OF EXPORTS AND IMPORTS) ACT 1982 No. 149 of 1982 - SECT. 23.
Application for permit


Division 2-Permits to export or to import specimens

23. (1) A person may make an application to the Minister for the grant of-

(a) a permit to export a specimen the export of which, otherwise than in accordance with a permit or an authority, is prohibited by section 21; or

(b) a permit to import a specimen the import of which, otherwise than in accordance with a permit or an authority, is prohibited by section 22.

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(2) An application for a permit shall be made in accordance with the prescribed form or, if no form is prescribed, a form approved by the Minister.

(3) An application for a permit to export or to import a specimen for the purposes of scientific research shall contain particulars of the nature and purpose of that research.

(4) Where an application is made for the grant of a permit and the Minister requires further information for the purpose of enabling him to deal with the application (including the purpose of enabling the Designated Authority to advise him in relation to the application), the Minister may, by notice in writing served on the applicant not later than 60 days after the application is made, require the applicant to furnish to the Minister, as specified in the notice, a statement in writing setting out that further information and, if a notice is so served, the application shall be deemed, for the purposes of section 24, not to have been duly made until the statement is furnished.

(5) Where an application is made for the grant of a permit and the Minister requires a test to be carried out for the purpose of enabling him to deal with the application (including the purpose of enabling the Designated Authority to advise him in relation to the application), the Minister may, by notice in writing served on the applicant not later than 60 days after the application is made-

(a) inform the applicant of the nature of, the reason for, and the estimated cost of, that test and of the estimated time within which the result of that test would be obtained by the Minister; and

(b) require the applicant to pay to the Commonwealth, as specified in the notice, the amount of that estimated cost,
and, if a notice is so served, the application shall be deemed, for the purposes of section 24, not to have been duly made until the amount of that estimated cost is paid and the result of that test is obtained by the Minister.

WILDLIFE PROTECTION (REGULATION OF EXPORTS AND IMPORTS) ACT 1982 No. 149 of 1982 - SECT. 24.
Grant of permit

24. (1) Subject to this Act, the Minister may, in his discretion, grant, or refuse to grant, a permit to a person who has made an application for the permit in accordance with section 23.

(2) Subject to sub-section (3), the Minister shall give a decision under sub-section (1) on an application for a permit within 90 days after the application is made.

(3) Where, within 90 days after an application for a permit is made, the Minister administering the Environment Protection (Impact of Proposals) Act 1974, in accordance with procedures approved for the purposes of that Act, directs the submission to him of an environmental impact statement in relation to the export or import in respect of which the application is made, the Minister administering this Act shall give a decision under sub-section (1) on the application-

(a) within 30 days after the completion of all procedures under the Environment Protection (Impact of Proposals) Act 1974 in connection with the environmental impact statement; or

(b) within 90 days after the application is made,
whichever period is the last to end.

(4) A permit shall be in writing in the prescribed form, or, if no form is prescribed, a form approved by the Minister.

(5) A permit-

(a) comes into force on the date on which it is granted; and

(b) subject to section 46, remains in force for a period of 6 months commencing on the date on which it is granted or, if a lesser period is specified in the permit, that lesser period.

WILDLIFE PROTECTION (REGULATION OF EXPORTS AND IMPORTS) ACT 1982 No. 149 of 1982 - SECT. 25.
Permits to export not to be granted if detrimental to survival of kind of animals or plants


Division 3-Requirements for permits to export specimens

25. The Minister shall not grant a permit to export a specimen unless the Designated Authority has advised him that he is satisfied that the export of the specimen will not be detrimental to, or contribute to trade which is detrimental to, the survival of-

(a) any species or sub-species; or

(b) any population specified in Schedule 1, 2 or 3.

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WILDLIFE PROTECTION (REGULATION OF EXPORTS AND IMPORTS) ACT 1982 No. 149 of 1982 - SECT. 26.
Permits to export not to be granted in respect of specimens unlawfully obtained, &c.

26. The Minister shall not grant a permit to export a specimen unless the Designated Authority has advised him that he is satisfied that the specimen was not obtained in contravention of, and the export would not involve the contravention of, any law of the Commonwealth, of a State or of a Territory.

WILDLIFE PROTECTION (REGULATION OF EXPORTS AND IMPORTS) ACT 1982 No. 149 of 1982 - SECT. 27.
Requirements for permits to export live animals and live plants

27. The Minister shall not grant a permit to export a live animal or a live plant unless the Designated Authority has advised him that he is satisfied that-

(a) the proposed recipient of the animal or plant is equipped to provide, and will provide, suitable care for the animal or plant; and

(b) the animal or plant will be prepared and shipped so that the risk of-

(i) injury to the animal or plant;

(ii) adverse effect on the health of the animal or plant; and

(iii) in the case of an animal-cruel treatment of the animal,

is minimized.

WILDLIFE PROTECTION (REGULATION OF EXPORTS AND IMPORTS) ACT 1982 No. 149 of 1982 - SECT. 28.
Requirements for permits to export-Schedule 1

28. Subject to section 32, the Minister shall not grant a permit to export a specimen specified in Part I of Schedule 1 unless the Designated Authority has advised him that he is satisfied-

(a) that-

(i) the country to which the specimen is proposed to be exported has a relevant authority; and

(ii) permission to import that specimen into that country has been given by a relevant authority of that country;

(b) where the specimen is a live animal, that the proposed exporter and the proposed recipient are approved institutions in relation to a class of specimens that includes that live animal;

(c) where the specimen is a live native Australian animal, that the proposed export-

(i) would be an inter zoological gardens transfer; or

(ii) is for the purposes of prescribed scientific research;

(d) where the specimen is an animal specimen, other than a live native Australian animal, that-

(i) the proposed export would be an inter zoological gardens transfer;

(ii) the proposed export is for the purposes of prescribed scientific research; or

(iii) the specimen is, or is derived from, a live animal that was bred in captivity; and

(e) where the specimen is a plant specimen, that-

(i) the proposed export is for the purposes of prescribed scientific research; or

(ii) the specimen is, or is derived from, a live plant that was artificially propagated.

WILDLIFE PROTECTION (REGULATION OF EXPORTS AND IMPORTS) ACT 1982 No. 149 of 1982 - SECT. 29.
Requirements for permits to export-Schedule 2

29. Subject to section 32, the Minister shall not grant a permit to export a specimen specified in Part I of Schedule 2 unless the Designated Authority has advised him that he is satisfied-


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(a) that-

(i) the country to which the specimen is proposed to be exported has a relevant authority; and

(ii) permission to import that specimen into that country has been given by a relevant authority of that country;

(b) where the specimen is a live animal, that-

(i) the proposed exporter and the proposed recipient are approved institutions in relation to a class of specimens that includes that live animal; or

(ii) in the case of a live native Australian animal, the proposed export would be an export of a household pet in accordance with section 16;

(c) where the specimen is a live native Australian animal, that the proposed export-

(i) would be an inter zoological gardens transfer;

(ii) is for the purposes of prescribed scientific research; or

(iii) would be an export of a household pet in accordance with section 16;

(d) where the specimen is an animal specimen, other than a live native Australian animal, that-

(i) the proposed export would be an inter zoological gardens transfer;

(ii) the proposed export is for the purposes of prescribed scientific research;

(iii) the specimen is, or is derived from, a live animal that was bred in captivity; or

(iv) in the case of a specimen that is, or is derived from, a native Australian animal, the specimen is, or is derived from, an animal specimen that was taken in accordance with an approved management program; and

(e) where the specimen is a plant specimen, that-

(i) the proposed export is for the purposes of prescribed scientific research;

(ii) the specimen is, or is derived from, a live plant that was artificially propagated; or

(iii) the specimen is, or is derived from, a plant specimen that was taken in accordance with an approved management program.

WILDLIFE PROTECTION (REGULATION OF EXPORTS AND IMPORTS) ACT 1982 No. 149 of 1982 - SECT. 30.
Requirements for permits to export-Schedule 3

30. Subject to section 32, the Minister shall not grant a permit to export a specimen specified in Part I of Schedule 3 unless it appears to the Minister, after consultation with the Designated Authority, that there are exceptional circumstances justifying the grant of the permit and the Designated Authority has advised him that he is satisfied-

(a) in the case of an animal specimen, that the proposed export-

(i) would be an inter zoological gardens transfer; or

(ii) is for the purposes of prescribed scientific research; or

(b) in the case of a plant specimen, that the proposed export is for the purposes of prescribed scientific research.

WILDLIFE PROTECTION (REGULATION OF EXPORTS AND IMPORTS) ACT 1982 No. 149 of 1982 - SECT. 31.
Requirements for permits to export-Native Australian animals and plants

31. Subject to section 32, the Minister shall not grant a permit to export a specimen that is, or is derived from, a native Australian animal or a native Australian plant, being a specimen that is not specified in Part I of Schedule 1, Part I of Schedule 2 or Part I of Schedule 3, unless the Designated Authority has advised him that he is satisfied-

(a) where the specimen is a live animal, that the proposed export-

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(i) would be an inter zoological gardens transfer;

(ii) is for the purposes of prescribed scientific research; or

(iii) would be an export of a household pet in accordance with section 16;

(b) where the specimen is, or is derived from, a fish, that-

(i) the specimen is, or is derived from, a live animal that was bred in captivity; or

(ii) the specimen is, or is derived from, an animal specimen that was taken in accordance with an approved management program;

(c) where the specimen is an animal specimen, other than a live animal, that-

(i) the proposed export would be an inter zoological gardens transfer;

(ii) the proposed export is for the purposes of prescribed scientific research;

(iii) the specimen is derived from a live animal that was bred in captivity; or

(iv) the specimen is, or is derived from, an animal specimen that was taken in accordance with an approved management program; or

(d) where the specimen is a plant specimen, that-

(i) the proposed export is for the purposes of prescribed scientific research;

(ii) the specimen is, or is derived from, a live plant that was artificially propagated; or

(iii) the specimen is, or is derived from, a plant specimen that was taken in accordance with an approved management program.

WILDLIFE PROTECTION (REGULATION OF EXPORTS AND IMPORTS) ACT 1982 No. 149 of 1982 - SECT. 32.
Permits to re-export

32. (1) Sections 28, 29, 30 and 31 do not apply in relation to a permit to export from Australia or an external Territory a specimen, other than a live animal, that has been imported into Australia or that Territory, as the case may be.

(2) The Minister shall not grant a permit to export from Australia a specimen that has been imported into Australia, unless the Designated Authority has advised him that he is satisfied-

(a) that-

(i) in the case of a specimen that was imported before the commencement of this Act, the specimen was not imported in contravention of-

(A) the Customs (Endangered Species) Regulations; or

(B) the Customs (Prohibited Imports) Regulations; or

(ii) in the case of a specimen that was imported after the commencement of this Act, the specimen was not imported in contravention of this Act; and

(b) that-

(i) the country to which the specimen is proposed to be exported has a relevant authority; and

(ii) permission to import that specimen into that country has been given by a relevant authority of that country.

(3) The Minister shall not grant a permit to export from an external Territory a specimen that has been imported into that Territory, unless the Designated Authority has advised him that he is satisfied-

(a) that-

(i) in the case of a specimen that was imported before the commencement of this Act, the specimen was not imported in contravention of a

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law of that Territory relating to the import of specimens that was designed to comply with the obligations of Australia under the Convention; or

(ii) in the case of a specimen that was imported after the commencement of this Act, the specimen was not imported in contravention of this Act; and

(b) that-

(i) the country to which the specimen is proposed to be exported has a relevant authority; and

(ii) permission to import that specimen into that country has been given by a relevant authority of that country.

WILDLIFE PROTECTION (REGULATION OF EXPORTS AND IMPORTS) ACT 1982 No. 149 of 1982 - SECT. 33.
Permits to import not to be granted if detrimental to survival of kind of animals or plants


Division 4-Requirements for permits to import specimens

33. The Minister shall not grant a permit to import a specimen specified in Part I of Schedule 1, Part I of Schedule 2 or Part I of Schedule 3 unless the Designated Authority has advised him that he is satisfied that the import of the specimen will not be detrimental to, or contribute to trade that is detrimental to, the survival of-

(a) any species or sub-species; or

(b) any population specified in Schedule 1, 2 or 3.

WILDLIFE PROTECTION (REGULATION OF EXPORTS AND IMPORTS) ACT 1982 No. 149 of 1982 - SECT. 34.
Requirements for permits to import live animals and live plants

34. The Minister shall not grant a permit to import a live animal or a live plant unless the Designated Authority has advised him that he is satisfied that-

(a) the proposed recipient of the animal or plant-

(i) is equipped to confine, and will confine, the animal or plant; and

(ii) is equipped to provide, and will provide, suitable care for the animal or plant; and

(b) the animal or plant will be prepared and shipped so that the risk of-

(i) injury to the animal or plant;

(ii) adverse effect on the health of the animal or plant; and

(iii) in the case of an animal-cruel treatment of the animal,

is minimized.

WILDLIFE PROTECTION (REGULATION OF EXPORTS AND IMPORTS) ACT 1982 No. 149 of 1982 - SECT. 35.
Requirements for permits to import certain live animals and live plants

35. (1) The Minister shall not grant a permit to import a live animal, including a live animal that is a specimen specified in Part I of Schedule 1, Part I of Schedule 2 or Part I of Schedule 3, unless the Designated Authority has advised him that he is satisfied-

(a) that the proposed recipient is an approved institution in relation to a class of specimens that includes that live animal; and

(b) that, if the live animal were imported, it would not be kept, or dealt with, in contravention of any law of the Commonwealth, of a State or of a Territory.

(2) The Minister shall not grant a permit to import a live plant that is not specified in Schedule 5 or 6 unless the Designated Authority has advised him that he is satisfied that the proposed recipient is an approved institution in relation to a class of specimens that includes that live plant.

(3) The Minister shall not grant a permit to import a live plant, including a live plant that is a specimen specified in Part I of Schedule 1, Part I of Schedule 2 or Part I of Schedule 3, unless the Designated Authority has advised him that he is satisfied that, if the live plant were imported, it would not be kept, or dealt with, in contravention of any law of the Commonwealth, of a State or of a Territory.

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WILDLIFE PROTECTION (REGULATION OF EXPORTS AND IMPORTS) ACT 1982 No. 149 of 1982 - SECT. 36.
Requirements for permits to import-Schedule 1

36. The Minister shall not grant a permit to import a specimen specified in Part I of Schedule 1 unless the Designated Authority has advised him that he is satisfied-

(a) where the import is not by way of introduction from the sea, that-

(i) the country from which the specimen is proposed to be imported has a relevant authority; and

(ii) permission to export that specimen from that country has been given by a relevant authority of that country;

(b) where the specimen is a live animal, that the proposed sender is an approved institution in relation to a class of specimens that includes that live animal;

(c) where the specimen is an animal specimen, that-

(i) the proposed import would be an inter zoological gardens transfer;

(ii) the proposed import is for the purposes of prescribed scientific research; or

(iii) the specimen is, or is derived from, a live animal that was bred in captivity; and

(d) where the specimen is a plant specimen, that-

(i) the proposed import is for the purposes of prescribed scientific research; or

(ii) the specimen is, or is derived from, a live plant that was artificially propagated.

WILDLIFE PROTECTION (REGULATION OF EXPORTS AND IMPORTS) ACT 1982 No. 149 of 1982 - SECT. 37.
Requirements for permits to import-Schedule 2

37. The Minister shall not grant a permit to import a specimen specified in Part I of Schedule 2 unless the Designated Authority has advised him that he is satisfied-

(a) where the import is not by way of introduction from the sea, that-

(i) the country from which the specimen is proposed to be imported has a relevant authority; and

(ii) permission to export that specimen from that country has been given by a relevant authority of that country;

(b) where the specimen is a live animal, that the proposed sender is an approved institution in relation to a class of specimens that includes that live animal;

(c) where the specimen is an animal specimen, that-

(i) the proposed import would be an inter zoological gardens transfer;

(ii) the proposed import is for the purposes of prescribed scientific research;

(iii) the specimen is, or is derived from, a live animal that was bred in captivity; or

(iv) the specimen is, or is derived from, an animal specimen that was taken in accordance with an approved management program; and

(d) where the specimen is a plant specimen, that-

(i) the proposed import is for the purposes of prescribed scientific research;

(ii) the specimen is, or is derived from, a live plant that was artificially propagated; or


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(iii) the specimen is, or is derived from, a plant specimen that was taken in accordance with an approved management program.

WILDLIFE PROTECTION (REGULATION OF EXPORTS AND IMPORTS) ACT 1982 No. 149 of 1982 - SECT. 38.
Requirements for permits to import-Schedule 3

38. The Minister shall not grant a permit to import a specimen specified in Part I of Schedule 3 unless it appears to the Minister, after consultation with the Designated Authority, that there are exceptional circumstances justifying the grant of the permit and the Designated Authority has advised him that he is satisfied-

(a) in the case of an animal specimen, that-

(i) the proposed import would be an inter zoological gardens transfer;

(ii) the proposed import is for the purposes of prescribed scientific research; or

(iii) the specimen is, or is derived from, a live animal that was bred in captivity; or

(b) in the case of a plant specimen, that-

(i) the proposed import is for the purposes of prescribed scientific research; or

(ii) the specimen is, or is derived from, a live plant that was artificially propagated.

WILDLIFE PROTECTION (REGULATION OF EXPORTS AND IMPORTS) ACT 1982 No. 149 of 1982 - SECT. 39.
Application for authority


Division 5-Authorities to export or to import specimens

39. Sub-sections 23 (4) and (5) and 24 (2) and (3) apply in relation to an application for an authority under this Division in like manner as they apply in relation to an application for a permit under section 23 and, for the purposes of those sub-sections as so applying, the references in those sub-sections to a permit shall be read as references to an authority.

WILDLIFE PROTECTION (REGULATION OF EXPORTS AND IMPORTS) ACT 1982 No. 149 of 1982 - SECT. 40.
Register of scientific organizations

40. (1) The Designated Authority shall maintain a register containing a list of the names of scientific organizations that are registered scientific institutions for the purposes of section 41.

(2) The register maintained under sub-section (1) shall set out opposite to the name of a scientific organization entered in the register-

(a) the address of that organization;

(b) the date on which the name of the organization was entered in the register; and

(c) such other particulars as the Designated Authority considers appropriate.

(3) Subject to any regulations referred to in sub-section (4), the Designated Authority may, in his discretion, enter in the register maintained under sub-section (1) the name of a scientific organization in Australia, in an external Territory or in another country.

(4) The regulations-

(a) may provide that the Designated Authority shall not enter the name of a scientific organization in the register maintained under sub-section (1) unless he is satisfied of certain matters in relation to the organization;

(b) may prescribe matters that are to be taken into account by the Designated Authority when determining whether he will enter the name of a scientific organization in that register; or

(c) may provide that the name of a scientific organization may be entered in that register if the name of the organization is set out in, or in a specified part of, the latest edition of a publication specified in the regulations.

(5) A scientific organization in Australia, in an external territory or in another country may apply to the Designated Authority to have its name entered in the register maintained under sub-section (1).

(6) An application under sub-section (5) shall be made in accordance with the prescribed form or, if no form is prescribed, a form approved by the

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Designated Authority.

(7) Subject to any regulations referred to in sub-section (8), the Designated Authority may, in his discretion, remove the name of a scientific organization from the register maintained under sub-section (1).

(8) The regulations-

(a) may provide that the Designated Authority shall not remove the name of a scientific organization from the register maintained under sub-section (1) unless he is satisfied of certain matters in relation to the organization;

(b) may prescribe matters that are to be taken into account by the Designated Authority when determining whether he will remove the name of a scientific organization from that register; or

(c) may provide that the name of a scientific organization may be removed from that register if the name of the organization ceases to be set out in, or in a specified part of, the latest edition of a publication specified in the regulations.

WILDLIFE PROTECTION (REGULATION OF EXPORTS AND IMPORTS) ACT 1982 No. 149 of 1982 - SECT. 41.
Authority to export or import scientific specimens

41. (1) In this section-

''prescribed specimen'' means a specimen other than a live animal;

''registered scientific institution'' means a scientific organization the name of which is entered in the register maintained under sub-section 40 (1).

(2) A registered scientific institution may make an application, in writing, to the Minister for an authority under this section to-

(a) export prescribed specimens, or specimens included in a class of prescribed specimens, being specimens the export of which, otherwise than in accordance with a permit or an authority, is prohibited by section 21, in pursuance of-

(i) arrangements for the non-commercial loan of prescribed specimens by the registered scientific institution to other registered scientific institutions;

(ii) arrangements for the donation of prescribed specimens by the registered scientific institution to other registered scientific institutions; or

(iii) arrangements for the exchange of prescibed specimens between the registered scientific institution and other registered scientific institutions,

being arrangements for the purposes of scientific research;

(b) import prescribed specimens, or specimens included in a class of prescribed specimens, being specimens the import of which, otherwise than in accordance with a permit or an authority, is prohibited by section 22, in pursuance of-

(i) arrangements for the non-commercial loan of prescribed specimens to the registered scientific institution by other registered scientific institutions;

(ii) arrangements for the donation of prescribed specimens to the registered scientific institution by other registered scientific institutions; or

(iii) arrangements for the exchange of prescribed specimens between the registered scientific institution and other registered scientific institutions,

being arrangements for the purposes of scientific research;

(c) re-import prescribed specimens exported in pursuance of arrangements referred to in sub-paragraph (a) (i); and

(d) re-export prescribed specimens imported in pursuance of arrangements referred to in sub-paragraph (b) (i).

(3) Subject to sub-section (4), the Minister shall give an authority under this section to a registered scientific institution that has made an application for the authority under sub-section (2).

(4) The Minister shall not give an authority under this section unless the Designated Authority has advised him that he is satisfied that-

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(a) the recipient of any live plant that is not specified in Schedule 5 or 6 imported by virtue of the authority will be an approved institution in relation to a class of specimens that includes that live plant; and

(b) specimens exported or imported by virtue of the authority will be exported or imported in pursuance of arrangements specified in paragraph (2) (a) or (2) (b).

(5) An authority under this section-

(a) shall be in writing;

(b) comes into force on the date on which it is given; and

(c) subject to section 46, remains in force while the scientific organization to which the authority was given remains a registered scientific institution.

(6) An authority under this section to export or to import specimens shall set out particulars of a kind of label to be borne by the containers in which the specimens are to be exported or imported, as the case may be, and the authority shall be taken to be only an authority to export or to import the specimens, as the case may be, while they are in containers that bear labels of that kind.

(7) Subject to sub-section (8), where a registered scientific institution that holds an authority under this section wishes to foster scientific research by an individual, that institution may, by instrument in writing, declare that individual to be an affiliate of that institution and, while the declaration is in force-

(a) arrangements for the loan of prescribed specimens by or to that individual shall, for the purposes of this section, be taken to be arrangements for the loan of prescribed specimens by or to, as the case may be, that institution;

(b) arrangements for the donation of prescribed specimens by or to that individual shall, for the purposes of this section, be taken to be arrangements for the donation of prescribed specimens by or to, as the case may be, that institution;

(c) arrangements for the exchange of prescribed specimens between that individual and another registered scientific institution shall, for the purposes of this section, be taken to be arrangements for the exchange of prescribed specimens between the first-mentioned institution and that other institution; and

(d) arrangements for the exchange of prescribed specimens between that individual and another individual in respect of whom another declaration under this sub-section is in force shall, for the purposes of this section, be taken to be arrangements for the exchange of prescribed specimens between the first-mentioned institution and the registered scientific institution that made that other declaration.

(8) A registered scientific institution shall not make a declaration under sub-section (7) in relation to an individual without the consent in writing of the Designated Authority and shall revoke such a declaration if requested by the Designated Authority in writing to do so.

WILDLIFE PROTECTION (REGULATION OF EXPORTS AND IMPORTS) ACT 1982 No. 149 of 1982 - SECT. 42.
Authority to export or import artificially propagated plants

42. (1) A person may make an application to the Minister for-

(a) an authority under this section to export artificially propagated plants that are specimens specified in Part I of Schedule 2 or Part I of Schedule 3;

(b) an authority under this section to export artificially propagated native Australian plants that are specimens not specified in Part I of Schedule 1, Part I of Schedule 2 or Part I of Schedule 3; or

(c) an authority under this section to import artificially propagated plants that are specimens specified in Part I of Schedule 2 or Part I of Schedule 3.

(2) An application under sub-section (1) shall be made in accordance with the prescribed form, or, if no form is prescribed, a form approved by the Minister.

(3) Subject to sub-sections (4) and (5), the Minister may, in his discretion, give, or refuse to give, an authority under this section to a person who has made an application for the authority under sub-section (1).

(4) The Minister shall not give an authority under sub-section (3) to export or to import plants unless the Designated Authority has advised him that he is satisfied that plants that would be exported or imported by virtue

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of the authority will have been artificially propagated.

(5) The Minister shall not give an authority under sub-section (3) to import live plants that are not specified in Schedule 5 or 6 unless the Designated Authority has advised him that he is satisfied that the recipient of any live plant imported in accordance with the authority will be an approved institution in relation to a class of specimens that includes that live plant.

(6) An authority under this section-

(a) shall be in writing;

(b) comes into force on the date on which it is given; and

(c) subject to section 46, remains in force for a period of 12 months commencing on the date on which it is given or, if a lesser period is specified in the authority, that lesser period.

(7) A person who has been given an authority under this section shall-

(a) as soon as practicable after the end of each period specified for the purposes of this paragraph in the authority, give the Designated Authority particulars of any exports or imports made by virtue of the authority during that period; and

(b) comply, as soon as practicable, with any request by the Designated Authority for information relating to plants exported or imported by virtue of the authority.

WILDLIFE PROTECTION (REGULATION OF EXPORTS AND IMPORTS) ACT 1982 No. 149 of 1982 - SECT. 43.
Authority to export or import for the purposes of travelling circuses, &c.

43. (1) In this section, ''exhibition'' includes a zoo or menagerie.

(2) Where a person wishes to export a specimen, other than a live native Australian animal, the export of which, otherwise than in accordance with a permit or an authority, is prohibited by section 21, from Australia or from an external Territory for the purpose of the use of the specimen in a circus or an exhibition that is proposed to be, or has been, temporarily taken out of Australia or that Territory, as the case may be, that person may make an application to the Minister for an authority under this section to export that specimen for that purpose.

(3) Where a person wishes to import a specimen, other than a live native Australian animal, the import of which, otherwise than in accordance with a permit or an authority, is prohibited by section 22, into Australia or into an external Territory for the purpose of the use of the specimen in a circus or an exhibition that is proposed to be, or has been, temporarily brought into Australia or that Territory, as the case may be, that person may make an application to the Minister for an authority under this section to import that specimen for that purpose.

(4) An application under sub-section (2) or (3) shall-

(a) be in writing;

(b) contain particulars of the specimen to which the application relates; and

(c) contain particulars of the purpose of the export or import of the specimen, as the case requires.

(5) Subject to sub-section (6), the Minister may, in his discretion, give, or refuse to give, an authority under this section to a person who has made an application for the authority under sub-section (2) or (3).

(6) The Minister shall not give an authority under this section to export or to import a specimen unless the Designated Authority has advised him that he is satisfied-

(a) that the specimen will be exported or imported, as the case may be, for the purpose specified in sub-section (2) or (3), as the case may be;

(b) where the specimen is a live animal or a live plant, that-

(i) in the case of an authority to import-the proposed recipient of the animal or plant is equipped to confine, and will confine, the animal or plant;

(ii) the proposed recipient of the animal or plant is equipped to provide, and will provide, suitable care for the animal or plant; and

(iii) the animal or plant will be prepared and shipped (including prepared and shipped for the subsequent re-importation or re-exportation, as the case may be) so that the risk of-

(A) injury to the animal or plant;

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(B) adverse effect on the health of the animal or plant; and

(C) in the case of an animal-cruel treatment of the animal,

is minimized; and

(c) except in the case of an authority to import a specimen not referred to in paragraph 22 (a), that-

(i) the specimen-

(A) in the case of an animal specimen-is, or is derived from, a live animal that was bred in captivity; or

(B) in the case of a plant specimen-is, or is derived from, a live plant that was artificially propagated; or

(ii) the specimen was acquired by the applicant-

(A) where the specimen is of a species that was included in an Appendix to the Convention when the Convention entered into force-before the Convention entered into force;

(B) where the specimen is of a species that was first included in an Appendix to the Convention after the Convention came into force and before the commencement of this Act-before the species was so included;

(C) where a preceding provision of this sub-paragraph does not apply to the specimen and the specimen is of a kind to which section 21 or 22, as the case may be, applied
on the commencement of this Act-before that commencement; or

(D) in any other case-before section 21 or 22, as the case may be, commenced to apply to specimens of the kind of which the specimen is a kind.

(7) An authority under this section shall be in writing in the prescribed form or, if no form is prescribed, a form approved by the Minister.

(8) Without limiting the powers of the Minister under sub-section 47 (1), an authority under this section to export or to import a specimen is subject to the condition that the holder of the authority will not, without reasonable excuse, fail to re-import or re-export the specimen, as the case may be, before the authority expires.

(9) An authority under this section-

(a) comes into force on the date on which it is given; and

(b) subject to section 46, remains in force for a period of 12 months commencing on the date on which it is given or, if another period is specified in the authority, that other period.

(10) For the purposes of this Act-

(a) an authority in force under this section to export a specimen from Australia or an external Territory is also an authority to re-import the specimen into Australia or that Territory, as the case may be, after its export in accordance with the authority; and

(b) an authority in force under this section to import a specimen into Australia or an external Territory is also an authority to re-export that specimen from Australia or that Territory, as the case may be, after its import in accordance with the authority.

WILDLIFE PROTECTION (REGULATION OF EXPORTS AND IMPORTS) ACT 1982 No. 149 of 1982 - SECT. 44.
Authority to export or import in exceptional circumstances

44. (1) Where-

(a) the Minister is considering an application by a person for a permit or an authority to export or to import a specimen;

(b) under this Act, the Minister is precluded from granting that permit or giving that authority unless the Designated Authority has advised him that he is satisfied in relation to a matter; and

(c) the Designated Authority has advised the Minister that, though he is not satisfied in relation to that matter, he is satisfied that-

(i) the export or import of the specimen, as the case may be, would not be contrary to the object of this Act; and

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(ii) exceptional circumstances exist that justify the proposed export or import of the specimen,
the Minister may, in his discretion, give public notice-

(d) that he is considering giving the person authority under this section to export or to import the specimen, as the case may be;

(e) setting out the conditions (if any) that he would impose in accordance with section 47 in respect of that authority; and

(f) inviting interested persons to lodge with the Minister, not later than a date specified in the notice (not being a date earlier than 5 days after the last date of publication of the notice) and at a place specified in the notice, comments in writing on the desirability of the Minister giving that authority.

(2) Where-

(a) the Minister has given public notice under sub-section (1) that he is considering giving a person an authority under this section to export or to import a specimen; and

(b) the Minister has considered, and discussed with the Designated Authority, any comments lodged in response to that notice,
the Minister may, in his discretion, give, or refuse to give, an authority under this section to that person to export or to import the specimen, as the case may be.

(3) An authority under this section-

(a) shall be in writing;

(b) comes into force on the date on which it is given; and

(c) subject to section 46, remains in force for a period of 6 months commencing on the date on which it is given or, if a lesser period is specified in the authority, that lesser period.

(4) In sub-section (1), a reference to public notice is a reference to a notice published-

(a) in the Gazette;

(b) in each State and internal Territory in a newspaper circulating generally in that State or Territory; and

(c) in each external Territory that the Minister considers appropriate (if any) in a newspaper circulating generally in that external Territory.

WILDLIFE PROTECTION (REGULATION OF EXPORTS AND IMPORTS) ACT 1982 No. 149 of 1982 - SECT. 45.
Permit or authority to be produced

Division 6-Permits and Authorities

45. (1) For the purposes of this Act, where the holder of a permit or an authority (other than an authority under section 41) to export a specimen exports that specimen, he shall not be taken to have exported that specimen in accordance with that permit or authority unless, before exporting the specimen, he produced the permit or authority, or caused the permit or authority to be produced, to-

(a) where the export is from Australia-an officer of Customs; or

(b) where the export is from an external Territory-an inspector,
doing duty in relation to the export of the specimen.

(2) For the purposes of this Act, where the holder of a permit or an authority (other than an authority under section 41) to import a specimen imports that specimen, he shall not be taken to have imported that specimen in accordance with that permit or authority unless, before, or within a reasonable time after, importing the specimen, he produced the permit or authority, or caused the permit or authority to be produced, to-

(a) where the import is into Australia-an officer of Customs; or

(b) where the import is into an external Territory-an inspector,
doing duty in relation to the import of the specimen.

WILDLIFE PROTECTION (REGULATION OF EXPORTS AND IMPORTS) ACT 1982 No. 149 of 1982 - SECT. 46.
Revocation, &c., of permits and authorities

46. (1) The Minister may, at any time, by notice in writing served on the holder of a permit or an authority, vary or revoke the permit or authority where, after consultation with the Designated Authority, he is satisfied
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that-

(a) a provision of this Act relating to the permit or authority, or a condition imposed in respect of the permit or authority, has been contravened; or

(b) it is necessary or expedient to do so for the furtherance of the object of this Act.

(2) The Minister may, at any time, by notice in writing served on the holder of a permit or an authority, suspend the permit or authority where, after consultation with the Designated Authority, he believes on reasonable grounds that-

(a) a provision of this Act relating to the permit or authority, or a condition imposed in respect of the permit or authority, has been contravened; or

(b) it is necessary or expedient to do so for the furtherance of the object of this Act.

(3) A suspension of a permit or an authority may be of indefinite duration or for a period specified in the notice.

(4) The suspension of a permit or an authority is not affected by any proceedings for an offence in relation to the permit or authority (including any appeal) or by the termination of any such proceedings.

(5) During the period of suspension of a permit or an authority, the permit or authority has no force or effect, but the period of currency of the permit or authority continues to run.

(6) The suspension of a permit or an authority does not prevent its revocation.

(7) The variation, revocation or suspension of a permit or an authority takes effect when notice of the variation, revocation or suspension, as the case may be, is served on the holder of the permit or authority or on such later date (if any) as is specified in the notice.

WILDLIFE PROTECTION (REGULATION OF EXPORTS AND IMPORTS) ACT 1982 No. 149 of 1982 - SECT. 47.
Conditions in respect of permits and authorities

47. (1) The Minister may, when granting a permit or giving an authority or at any time while a permit or an authority is in force, impose conditions in respect of the permit or authority and may, at any time, revoke, suspend or vary, or cancel a suspension of, a condition so imposed.

(2) A condition imposed in respect of a permit or an authority, or a revocation, suspension or variation, or a cancellation of a suspension, of such a condition, takes effect when notice of the condition or of the revocation, suspension or variation or of the cancellation of the suspension is served on the holder of the permit or authority or on such later date (if any) as is specified in the notice.

WILDLIFE PROTECTION (REGULATION OF EXPORTS AND IMPORTS) ACT 1982 No. 149 of 1982 - SECT. 48.
Compliance with conditions of permit or authority

48. The holder of a permit or an authority who contravenes, or fails to comply with, a condition imposed under sub-section 47 (1) in respect of the permit or authority or, in the case of an authority under section 43, the condition to which the authority is subject under sub-section 43 (8), is guilty of an offence punishable, on conviction, by a fine not exceeding-

(a) if the person is a natural person-$10,000; or

(b) if the person is a body corporate-$20,000.

WILDLIFE PROTECTION (REGULATION OF EXPORTS AND IMPORTS) ACT 1982 No. 149 of 1982 - SECT. 49.
Applications to Minister to vary operation of permits or authorities

49. (1) The holder of a permit or an authority may make application to the Minister for the revocation or variation of a condition imposed under sub-section 47 (1) in respect of the permit or authority.

(2) The holder of a permit or an authority that is suspended may make application to the Minister for the cancellation of that suspension.

(3) The Minister shall, within 60 days after the receipt of an application under sub-section (1) or (2)-

(a) if, after consultation with the Designated Authority, he is satisfied that the application should be granted-

(i) revoke the condition;

(ii) vary the condition in accordance with the application; or

(iii) cancel the suspension of the permit or authority,

as the case may be; or


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(b) if, after consultation with the Designated Authority, he is not so satisfied-refuse to grant the application.

WILDLIFE PROTECTION (REGULATION OF EXPORTS AND IMPORTS) ACT 1982 No. 149 of 1982 - SECT. 50.
Conditions relating to imported animals

50. (1) Without limiting the powers of the Minister under sub-section 47 (1), a permit or an authority to import a live animal is subject to the condition that the holder of the permit or authority will not, without the approval in writing of the Designated Authority-

(a) sell or otherwise dispose of that animal, or any progeny of that animal, to another person;

(b) release that animal, or any progeny of that animal, from captivity; or

(c) where that animal, or any progeny of that animal, dies-bury, cremate, sell or otherwise dispose of the body, or any part of the body, of the dead animal.

(2) The Designated Authority shall not, for the purposes of sub-section (1), approve of the sale or other disposal of a live animal to a person if the keeping of the animal by that person would be contrary to a law of a State or of a Territory.

(3) Without limiting the generality of sub-section (1), a person shall, for the purposes of that sub-section, be taken to have released an animal from captivity if that animal has escaped from captivity and that person allowed the animal so to escape or failed to take all reasonable measures to prevent the animal from so escaping.

(4) The holder of a permit or an authority who contravenes, or fails to comply with, a condition to which the permit or authority is subject by virtue of this section is guilty of an offence punishable, on conviction, by a fine not exceeding $100,000.

WILDLIFE PROTECTION (REGULATION OF EXPORTS AND IMPORTS) ACT 1982 No. 149 of 1982 - SECT. 51.
Conditions relating to imported plants

51. (1) Without limiting the powers of the Minister under sub-section 47 (1), a permit or an authority to import a live plant that is not specified in Schedule 5 or 6 is subject to the condition that the holder of the permit or authority will not, without the approval in writing of the Designated Authority-

(a) sell or otherwise dispose of that plant, or any progeny of that plant, to another person;

(b) plant or sow that plant, or any progeny of that plant, so that that plant or any progeny of that plant would be in, or could spread to, a place that is not under the control of the holder; or

(c) where that plant, or any progeny of that plant, dies-bury, burn, sell or otherwise dispose of the plant or any part of the plant.

(2) The Designated Authority shall not, for the purposes of sub-section (1), approve of the sale or other disposal of a live plant to a person if the keeping of the plant by that person would be contrary to a law of a State or of a Territory.

(3) Without limiting the generality of sub-section (1), a person shall, for the purposes of that sub-section, be taken to have planted or sown a plant if that plant was planted or sown (including sown without human intervention) and that person allowed the plant to be so planted or sown or failed to take all reasonable measures to prevent the plant from being so planted or sown.

(4) The holder of a permit or an authority who contravenes or fails to comply with, a condition to which the permit or authority is subject by virtue of this section is guilty of an offence punishable, on conviction, by a fine not exceeding $100,000.

WILDLIFE PROTECTION (REGULATION OF EXPORTS AND IMPORTS) ACT 1982 No. 149 of 1982 - SECT. 52.
Matters published in Gazette

Division 7-Miscellaneous

52. (1) The Minister shall, from time to time, as soon as it is practicable to do so, cause to be published in the Gazette particulars of-

(a) applications for permits or authorities;

(b) permits granted or authorities given;

(c) refusals to grant permits or to give authorities; and

(d) specimens exported or imported in accordance with permits or authorities.

(2) Where, in accordance with sub-section (1), particulars of permits

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granted, or of refusals to grant permits, are published in the Gazette, those particulars shall, unless all the permits, or, in the case of refusals, the relevant applications, relate to specimens specified in Part I of Schedule 3, be accompanied by a statement to the effect that, subject to the Administrative Appeals Tribunal Act 1975, application may be made to the Administrative Appeals Tribunal for the review of a decision of the Minister to grant, or refuse to grant, a permit, other than a permit to export, or a permit to import, a specimen specified in Part I of Schedule 3, by or on behalf of the person or persons whose interests are affected by the decision.

(3) Where, in accordance with sub-section (1), particulars of authorities given, or of refusals to give authorities, under section 42 or 43 are published in the Gazette, those particulars shall be accompanied by a statement to the effect that, subject to the Administrative Appeals Tribunal Act 1975, application may be made to the Administrative Appeals Tribunal for the review of a decision of the Minister to give, or refuse to give, an authority under section 42 or 43 by or on behalf of the person or persons whose interests are affected by the decision.

(4) For the purposes of sub-section (1), particulars of an application for a permit or an authority include particulars of the specimen to which the permit or authority would relate.

WILDLIFE PROTECTION (REGULATION OF EXPORTS AND IMPORTS) ACT 1982 No. 149 of 1982 - SECT. 53.
Possession of illegally imported specimens

53. (1) A person who-

(a) without reasonable excuse (proof of which lies upon him) has in his possession, whether on board any vessel or aircraft or otherwise, any specimen that has been imported in contravention of this Act; or

(b) without reasonable excuse (proof of which lies upon him) has in his possession any specimen that he knows, or has reasonable grounds for suspecting, has been imported in contravention of this Act,
is guilty of an offence.

(2) On the prosecution of a person for an offence against sub-section (1), being an offence to which paragraph (1) (a) applies, it is a defence if the person proves that he did not know, and had no reasonable grounds for knowing or suspecting, that the specimen in his possession had been imported in contravention of this Act.

(3) On the prosecution of a person for an offence against sub-section (1), being an offence to which paragraph (1) (b) applies, it is a defence if the person proves that the specimen was not imported in contravention of this Act.

(4) Any defence for which provision is made under sub-section (2) or (3) in relation to an offence does not limit any defence otherwise available to the person charged.

(5) A person who is guilty of an offence against sub-section (1) is punishable upon conviction by a fine not exceeding $100,000 or imprisonment for a period not exceeding 5 years.

(6) This section does not prevent any person from being proceeded against for an offence against any other section of this Act, but he is not liable to be punished twice in respect of any one offence.

WILDLIFE PROTECTION (REGULATION OF EXPORTS AND IMPORTS) ACT 1982 No. 149 of 1982 - SECT. 54.
Specimens in personal effects of visitors to Australia

54. (1) Where-

(a) a person, other than a person who permanently resides, or intends permanently to reside, in Australia, arrives in Australia; and

(b) the personal effects or household goods brought to Australia by that person include a specimen the import of which, otherwise than in accordance with a permit or an authority, is prohibited by this Act,
that person may-

(c) surrender the specimen to an inspector;

(d) state to the inspector his full name, an address at which he may be contacted and his permanent address outside Australia; and

(e) inform the inspector of the date on which he proposes to depart from Australia,
and, if he does so as soon as practicable after the specimen arrives in Australia, he shall, for the purposes of this Act, be taken not to have imported that specimen.

(2) Where a person complies with sub-section (1) in relation to a specimen, the inspector shall-

(a) give that person a notice in writing-

(i) setting out the name of, and the address at which he may be

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contacted given by, that person;

(ii) identifying the specimen;

(iii) specifying the date on which, and the port or airport at which, the specimen was surrendered;

(iv) setting out the date on which that person proposes to depart from Australia;

(v) setting out adequate particulars of the provisions of sub-sections (3) to (8) (inclusive); and

(vi) specifying the address of the Designated Authority to which notifications for the purposes of sub-section (3) may be sent; and

(b) take the specimen, or cause the specimen to be taken, to a place approved by the Minister for the storage of specimens surrendered under sub-section (1).

(3) Where a person who has complied with sub-section (1) changes the date on which he proposes to depart from Australia, he may notify the Designated Authority in writing of the change.

(4) Subject to sub-sections (5), (7) and (8), where a person has complied with sub-section (1) in relation to a specimen, the Designated Authority shall take all reasonable steps to enable that person to take the specimen with him if and when he leaves Australia from the port or airport at which he surrendered the specimen on the date specified in relation to the specimen under paragraph (1) (e) or notified by him under sub-section (3), as the case requires.

(5) Subject to sub-section (8), a person who has complied with sub-section (1) in relation to a specimen may, within 3 months after the surrender of the specimen, make arrangements with the Designated Authority for the consignment, at the expense of that person, of the specimen to a place outside Australia, and the Designated Authority shall take all reasonable steps to enable the specimen to be consigned in accordance with those arrangements.

(6) For the purposes of this Act, where a specimen surrendered by a person under sub-section (1) leaves Australia with that person or in accordance with arrangements referred to in sub-section (5), that leaving by the specimen shall be taken not to constitute the export of the specimen.

(7) Where-

(a) a person has surrendered a specimen in compliance with this section; and

(b) the specimen has not been released in accordance with this section during the period of 12 months commencing on the date on which the specimen was surrendered or the period of 3 months commencing on the date specified in relation to the specimen under paragraph (1) (e), whichever expires first,
that specimen is, on the expiration of that period, forfeited to the Commonwealth and, subject to sub-section (9), may be disposed of in accordance with the directions of the Designated Authority.

(8) A specimen that has been surrendered by a person in accordance with this section shall not be released unless and until that person has paid all costs incurred by the Commonwealth in relation to the custody of the specimen (including any costs of transporting the specimen) particulars of which have been given to the person in a prescribed manner or, if no manner is prescribed, a manner approved by the Minister.

(9) A specimen shall not be disposed of under sub-section (7) in any way that would result in the specimen becoming an object of trade.

(10) A reference to a specimen in sub-section (2), (4), (5), (7), (8) or (9) shall be read as including a reference to an article to which sub-section 4 (2) applies the surrender of which was involved in the surrender of a specimen.

(11) In this section, ''Australia'' includes-

(a) Norfolk Island;

(b) the Territory of Cocos (Keeling) Islands; or

(c) the Territory of Christmas Island.

WILDLIFE PROTECTION (REGULATION OF EXPORTS AND IMPORTS) ACT 1982 No. 149 of 1982 - SECT. 55.
Specimens in personal effects of intending residents of Australia

55. (1) Where-

(a) a person who intends to reside permanently in Australia arrives in Australia; and


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(b) the personal effects or household goods brought to Australia by that person include a specimen the import of which, otherwise than in accordance with a permit or an authority, is prohibited by this Act,
that person may-

(c) surrender the specimen to an inspector; and

(d) state to the inspector his full name and an address at which he may be contacted,
and, if he does so as soon as practicable after the specimen arrives in Australia, that person shall, for the purposes of this Act, be taken not to have imported that specimen.

(2) Where a person complies with sub-section (1) in relation to a specimen, the inspector shall-

(a) give that person a notice in writing-

(i) setting out the name of, and the address given by, that person;

(ii) identifying the specimen;

(iii) specifying the date on which, and the port or airport at which, the specimen was surrendered; and

(iv) setting out adequate particulars of the provisions of sub-sections (3), (4), (5) and (6); and

(b) take the specimen, or cause the specimen to be taken, to a place approved by the Minister for the storage of specimens surrendered under sub-section (1).

(3) Subject to sub-section (6), a person who has complied with sub-section (1) in relation to a specimen may, within 3 months after the surrender of the specimen, make arrangements with the Designated Authority for the consignment, at the expense of that person, of the specimen to a place outside Australia, and the Designated Authority shall take all reasonable steps to enable the specimen to be consigned in accordance with those arrangements.

(4) For the purposes of this Act, where a specimen surrendered by a person under sub-section (1) leaves Australia in accordance with arrangements referred to in sub-section (3), that leaving by the specimen shall be taken not to constitute the export of the specimen.

(5) Where-

(a) a person has surrendered a specimen in compliance with this section; and

(b) arrangements referred to in sub-section (3) have not been made within 3 months after the surrender of the specimen,
the specimen is, at the expiration of that period, forfeited to the Commonwealth and, subject to sub-section (7), may be disposed of in accordance with the directions of the Designated Authority.

(6) A specimen that has been surrendered by a person in accordance with this section shall not be released unless and until that person has paid all costs incurred by the Commonwealth in relation to the custody of the specimen (including any costs of transporting the specimen) particulars of which have been given to the person in a prescribed manner or, if no manner is prescribed, a manner approved by the Minister.

(7) A specimen shall not be disposed of under sub-section (5) in any way that would result in the specimen becoming an object of trade.

(8) A reference to a specimen in sub-section (2), (3), (5), (6) or (7) shall be read as including a reference to an article to which sub-section 4 (2) applies the surrender of which was involved in the surrender of a specimen.

(9) In this section, ''Australia'' has the same meaning as it has in section 54.

WILDLIFE PROTECTION (REGULATION OF EXPORTS AND IMPORTS) ACT 1982 No. 149 of 1982 - SECT. 56.
Specimens in personal effects of residents of Australia

56. (1) Where-

(a) a person who resides permanently in Australia arrives back in Australia; and

(b) the personal effects or household goods brought to Australia by that person include a specimen the import of which, otherwise than in accordance with a permit or an authority, is prohibited by this Act,
that person may surrender the specimen to an inspector, and, if he does so as soon as practicable after the specimen arrives in Australia, that person shall, for the purposes of this Act, be taken not to have imported that specimen.

(2) A specimen surrendered by a person in accordance with sub-section (1) is

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forfeited to the Commonwealth and, subject to sub-section (3), may be disposed of in accordance with the directions of the Designated Authority.

(3) A specimen shall not be disposed of under sub-section (2) in any way that would result in the specimen becoming an object of trade.

(4) A reference to a specimen in sub-section (2) or (3) shall be read as including a reference to an article to which sub-section 4 (2) applies the surrender of which was involved in the surrender of a specimen.

(5) In this section, ''Australia'' has the same meaning as it has in section 54.

WILDLIFE PROTECTION (REGULATION OF EXPORTS AND IMPORTS) ACT 1982 No. 149 of 1982 - SECT. 57.
Uncertainty regarding specimen

57. (1) In this section, ''prescribed specimen'' means a specimen that the Minister, the Designated Authority or an inspector believes on reasonable grounds-

(a) has been exported;

(b) has been imported;

(c) is proposed to be exported; or

(d) is proposed to be imported.

(2) An inspector may ask any person who the inspector believes on reasonable grounds has information in respect of a prescribed specimen any question regarding the nature or origin of the specimen.

(3) Where-

(a) an inspector has asked a person a question in accordance with sub-section (2) in respect of a prescribed specimen; and

(b) that person has not answered that question or has not answered that question to the satisfaction of the inspector,
the inspector may seize the specimen and retain it until-

(c) that person answers that question or answers that question to the satisfaction of the inspector, as the case may be;

(d) the inspector becomes satisfied as to the nature or origin of the specimen;

(e) the Designated Authority becomes satisfied as to the nature and origin of the specimen and informs the inspector that he is satisfied as to those matters;

(f) the Minister makes a declaration under sub-section (5) in relation to the specimen; or

(g) a period of 60 days from the date on which the specimen was seized expires,
whichever occurs first.

(4) Where an inspector seizes a prescribed specimen under sub-section (3), he shall, as soon as it is practicable to do so, give the Designated Authority particulars of the seizure and of the reasons for the seizure.

(5) Where the Minister is advised by the Designated Authority that he is not satisfied as to the nature or origin of a prescribed specimen, the Minister may, by writing signed by him, declare that, for the purposes of this Act, the specimen shall be taken to be a specimen specified in Part I of Schedule 1, and that declaration has effect accordingly.

WILDLIFE PROTECTION (REGULATION OF EXPORTS AND IMPORTS) ACT 1982 No. 149 of 1982 - SECT. 58.
Appointment of inspectors

PART III-ADMINISTRATION

58. The Minister may, by instrument in writing, appoint a person as an inspector.

WILDLIFE PROTECTION (REGULATION OF EXPORTS AND IMPORTS) ACT 1982 No. 149 of 1982 - SECT. 59.
Inspectors ex officio

59. By force of this section-

(a) any officer of Customs;

(b) any member of the Australian Federal Police; and

(c) any member of the police force of an external Territory,
is an inspector.

WILDLIFE PROTECTION (REGULATION OF EXPORTS AND IMPORTS) ACT 1982 No. 149 of 1982 - SECT. 60.
Arrangements for State and Territory officers to be inspectors

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60. (1) The Minister may enter into an arrangement with the appropriate Minister of the Crown of a State for-

(a) officers or employees of the Public Service of the State or of an authority of the State (including a local government body); or

(b) members of the police force of the State,
to be inspectors, and that arrangement has effect accordingly.

(2) The Minister may enter into an arrangement with the appropriate person holding an office referred to in section 34 of the Northern Territory (Self-Government) Act 1978 for-

(a) officers or employees of the Public Service of the Northern Territory or of an authority of the Northern Territory (including a local government body); or

(b) members of the police force of the Northern Territory,
to be inspectors, and that arrangement has effect accordingly.

(3) The Minister may enter into an arrangement with the appropriate person holding an office under section 13 of the Norfolk Island Act 1979 for persons appointed or employed under an enactment referred to in section 61 of that Act to be inspectors, and that arrangement has effect accordingly.

WILDLIFE PROTECTION (REGULATION OF EXPORTS AND IMPORTS) ACT 1982 No. 149 of 1982 - SECT. 61.
Identity cards

61. (1) The Minister may cause to be issued to an inspector, other than a member of a police force or an officer of Customs, an identity card in a form approved by the Minister.

(2) Where a person in possession of an identity card issued to him under sub-section (1) ceases to be an inspector, he shall forthwith return the identity card to the Minister.

Penalty: $100.

WILDLIFE PROTECTION (REGULATION OF EXPORTS AND IMPORTS) ACT 1982 No. 149 of 1982 - SECT. 62.
Boarding of vessels, &c., by inspectors

62. (1) This section applies to-

(a) any Australian vessel, Australian aircraft or Australian platform;

(b) any vehicle, vessel or aircraft that is in Australia or an external Territory;

(c) any vessel, or any aircraft capable of landing on water, that is in Australian waters; and

(d) any aircraft that is over Australia, an external Territory or Australian waters.

(2) An inspector may, with such assistance as he thinks necessary, board any vehicle, vessel, aircraft or platform to which this section applies for the purpose of exercising, and may exercise, the functions of an inspector in accordance with section 64 if he believes on reasonable grounds that there is in, or on, that vehicle, vessel, aircraft or platform-

(a) any specimen that has been, or is proposed to be, exported or imported in contravention of this Act; or

(b) any matter or thing that may afford evidence as to the commission of an offence against this Act,
and, in the case of a vehicle, vessel or aircraft, may, for that purpose, stop and detain that vehicle, vessel or aircraft.

(3) An inspector may require any person on board a vehicle, vessel, aircraft or platform to which this section applies whom he finds committing, or whom he suspects on reasonable grounds of having committed, an offence against this Act to state his full name and usual place of residence.

(4) Where an inspector or the person in command of a Commonwealth ship or of a Commonwealth aircraft believes on reasonable grounds that a vessel to which this section applies and which is in Australian waters has been used or otherwise involved in the commission of an offence against this Act, he may bring, or, by means of an international signal code or other internationally recognized means of communication with a vessel, require the person in charge of the vessel to bring, the vessel to the nearest port in Australia or an external Territory to which it is safe and practicable to bring the vessel.

(5) Where an inspector or the person in command of a Commonwealth ship or of a Commonwealth aircraft believes on reasonable grounds that an aircraft to which this section applies and which is over Australia or over or in Australian waters has been used or otherwise involved in the commission of an offence against this Act, he may, by means of an international signal code or other internationally recognized means of communication with an aircraft,

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require the person in charge of the aircraft to bring the aircraft to the nearest airport in Australia or an external Territory to which it is safe and practicable to bring the aircraft.

(6) An inspector may, for the purposes of this Act, require the person in charge of a vehicle, vessel, aircraft or platform to which this section applies to give information concerning the vehicle, vessel, aircraft or platform and its crew and any other person on board the vehicle, vessel, aircraft or platform.

(7) Where an inspector (other than a member of a police force, or an officer of Customs, who is in uniform) boards a vehicle, vessel, aircraft or platform to which this section applies, he shall-

(a) in the case of a member of a police force-produce, for inspection by the person in charge of that vehicle, vessel, aircraft or platform, written evidence of the fact that he is a member of that police force;

(b) in the case of an officer of Customs-produce, for inspection by the person in charge of that vehicle, vessel, aircraft or platform, written evidence of the fact that he is an officer of Customs; or

(c) in any other case-produce his identity card for inspection by that person,
and, if he fails to do so, he is not authorized to remain, or to require any person assisting him to remain, on board that vehicle, vessel, aircraft or platform or to detain that vehicle, vessel or aircraft.

(8) Where an inspector (other than a member of a police force, or an officer of Customs, who is in uniform) makes a requirement of a person under this section, the inspector, unless it is impracticable to do so, shall-

(a) in the case of a member of a police force-produce, for inspection by that person, written evidence of the fact that he is a member of that police force;

(b) in the case of an officer of Customs-produce, for inspection by that person, written evidence of the fact that he is an officer of Customs; or

(c) in any other case-produce his identity card for inspection by that person,
and, if he fails to do so, that person is not obliged to comply with the requirement.

(9) A person who, without reasonable excuse, fails to comply with a requirement made of him by an inspector under this section or by the person in command of a Commonwealth ship or a Commonwealth aircraft under sub-section (4) or (5) is guilty of an offence punishable on conviction by a fine not exceeding $2,000.

(10) In this section, unless the contrary intention appears-

''Australian aircraft'' means an aircraft that-

(a) is owned by-

(i) the Commonwealth or an authority of the Commonwealth;

(ii) a State or an authority of a State;

(iii) the Northern Territory or an authority of the Northern Territory; or

(iv) the Administration of Norfolk Island; or

(b) is registered in Australia;

''Australian platform'' means a platform that-

(a) is fixed to the continental shelf of Australia or of an external Territory or to the sea-bed beneath Australian waters; or

(b) is otherwise operating in that part of the sea above the continental shelf of Australia or of an external Territory or in Australian waters;

''Australian vessel'' means a vessel that-

(a) is owned by-

(i) the Commonwealth or an authority of the Commonwealth;


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(ii) a State or an Authority of a State;

(iii) the Northern Territory or an authority of the Northern Territory; or

(iv) the Administration of Norfolk Island; or

(b) is registered in Australia or flying the Australian flag;

''Australian waters'' means-

(a) the waters adjacent to Australia and having as their inner limits the baselines by reference to which the territorial limits of Australia are defined for the purposes of international law and as their outer limits lines seaward from those inner limits every point on each of which is distant 12 nautical miles from the point on one of those baselines that is nearest to the first-mentioned point; and

(b) the waters adjacent to each external Territory and having as their inner limits the baselines by reference to which the territorial limits of that Territory are defined for the purposes of international law and as their outer limits lines seaward from those inner limits every point on each of which is distant 12 nautical miles from the point on one of those baselines that is nearest to the first-mentioned point;

''Commonwealth aircraft'' means an aircraft in the service of the Commonwealth on which the prescribed ensign or prescribed insignia of the aircraft is or are displayed;

''Commonwealth ship'' means a ship in the service of the Commonwealth on which the prescribed ensign of the ship is flying.

WILDLIFE PROTECTION (REGULATION OF EXPORTS AND IMPORTS) ACT 1982 No. 149 of 1982 - SECT. 63.
Access to premises

63. (1) An inspector may, with the consent of the occupier of any premises, enter the premises for the purpose of exercising the functions of an inspector in accordance with section 64.

(2) Where an inspector has reason to believe that there is on premises-

(a) any specimen that is proposed to be exported, or that has been imported, in contravention of this Act; or

(b) any matter or thing that may afford evidence as to the commission of an offence against this Act,
the inspector may make application to a Justice of the Peace for a warrant authorizing the inspector to enter the premises for the purpose of exercising the functions of an inspector in accordance with section 64.

(3) If, on an application under sub-section (2), the Justice of the Peace is satisfied, by information on oath or affirmation-

(a) that there is reasonable ground for believing that there is on the premises to which the application relates-

(i) any specimen that is proposed to be exported, or that has been imported, in contravention of this Act; or

(ii) any matter or thing that may afford evidence as to the commission of an offence against this Act; and

(b) that the issue of the warrant is reasonably required for the purposes of this Act,
the Justice of the Peace may grant a warrant authorizing the inspector, with such assistance as he thinks necessary, to enter the premises, during such hours of the day or night as the warrant specifies or, if the warrant so specifies, at any time, if necessary by force, for the purpose of exercising the functions of an inspector in accordance with section 64.

(4) A warrant under sub-section (3) shall specify a date after which the warrant ceases to have effect.

(5) Where an inspector has entered any premises in pursuance of sub-section (1) or in pursuance of a warrant granted under sub-section (3), he may exercise the functions of an inspector in accordance with section 64.

WILDLIFE PROTECTION (REGULATION OF EXPORTS AND IMPORTS) ACT 1982 No. 149 of 1982 - SECT. 64.
Functions of inspectors

64. (1) The functions of an inspector who boards a vehicle, vessel, aircraft or platform under section 62 or enters premises under section 63 are-

(a) to search the vehicle, vessel, aircraft, platform or premises, as the case may be;


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(b) to inspect, take extracts from, and make copies of, any document that relates to the export or import of any prescribed specimen; and

(c) to inspect, and take samples of, any prescribed specimen.

(2) For the purposes of carrying out his functions under sub-section (1), an inspector may break open any hold or compartment, or any container or other receptacle (including any place that could be used as a receptacle), on a vehicle, vessel, aircraft or platform or on any premises.

(3) In this section, ''prescribed specimen'' means a specimen that is, or that an inspector believes on reasonable grounds is, a specimen the export or the import of which, otherwise than in accordance with a permit or an authority, is prohibited by this Act.

WILDLIFE PROTECTION (REGULATION OF EXPORTS AND IMPORTS) ACT 1982 No. 149 of 1982 - SECT. 65.
Powers of arrest of inspectors

65. (1) An inspector may, without warrant, arrest any person, if the inspector believes on reasonable grounds that-

(a) the person is committing or has committed an offence against this Act; and

(b) proceedings against the person by summons would not be effective.

(2) Where an inspector (other than a member of a police force, or an officer of Customs, who is in uniform) arrests a person under sub-section (1), the inspector shall-

(a) in the case of a member of a police force-produce, for inspection by that person, written evidence of the fact that he is a member of that police force;

(b) in the case of an officer of Customs-produce, for inspection by that person, written evidence of the fact that he is an officer of Customs; or

(c) in any other case-produce his identity card for inspection by that person.

(3) Where a person is arrested under sub-section (1), an inspector shall without unreasonable delay bring the person, or cause him to be brought, before a Justice of the Peace or other proper authority to be dealt with in accordance with law.

(4) Nothing in this section prevents the arrest of a person in accordance with any other law.

WILDLIFE PROTECTION (REGULATION OF EXPORTS AND IMPORTS) ACT 1982 No. 149 of 1982 - SECT. 66.
Persons to assist inspectors

66. (1) Subject to sub-section (2), the owner, or person in charge, of any vehicle, vessel, aircraft or platform boarded by an inspector under section 62, or of any premises entered by an inspector under section 63, shall, if requested by an inspector to do so, provide reasonable assistance to the inspector in the performance of the functions, or carrying out of the duties, or the exercise of the powers, of the inspector under this Act in relation to that vehicle, vessel, aircraft or platform or those premises.

Penalty: $2,000 or imprisonment for 12 months, or both.

(2) Where an inspector (other than a member of a police force, or an officer of Customs, who is in uniform) makes a request of a person under this section, the inspector shall-

(a) in the case of a member of a police force-produce, for inspection by that person, written evidence of the fact that he is a member of that police force;

(b) in the case of an officer of Customs-produce, for inspection by that person, written evidence of the fact that he is an officer of Customs; or

(c) in any other case-produce his identity card for inspection by that person,
and, if he fails to do so, that person is not obliged to comply with the request.

WILDLIFE PROTECTION (REGULATION OF EXPORTS AND IMPORTS) ACT 1982 No. 149 of 1982 - SECT. 67.
Power to search baggage

67. (1) An inspector may search any baggage that has been taken off or out of a prescribed vessel (whether it is the baggage of a passenger or member of the crew of that vessel or of another vessel) or any goods that the inspector believes, on reasonable grounds, to be such baggage.

(2) An inspector may ask a person who owns, is carrying or is otherwise associated with, or appears to the inspector to be associated with, baggage

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that the inspector is searching or entitled to search under sub-section (1) any question in respect of any specimen in that baggage.

(3) A person shall not, without reasonable excuse, refuse or fail to answer a question put to him under sub-section (2).

Penalty: $2,000.

(4) In this section-

''baggage'', in relation to a prescribed vessel, includes any parcel or other goods that a passenger or member of the crew of the vessel has had with him on the vessel;

''member of the crew'' includes-

(a) in relation to a ship-the master, a mate or an engineer of the ship; and

(b) in relation to an aircraft-the pilot of the aircraft;

''prescribed vessel'' means-

(a) a ship that voyages between-

(i) a place in Australia and a place outside Australia; or

(ii) a place in an external Territory and a place outside that Territory; or

(b) an aircraft that flies between-

(i) a place in Australia and a place outside Australia; or

(ii) a place in an external Territory and a place outside that Territory.

WILDLIFE PROTECTION (REGULATION OF EXPORTS AND IMPORTS) ACT 1982 No. 149 of 1982 - SECT. 68.
Obstruction of inspectors

68. A person shall not, without reasonable excuse, obstruct or hinder an inspector in the exercise of his powers under this Act.

Penalty: $2,000 or imprisonment for 12 months, or both.

WILDLIFE PROTECTION (REGULATION OF EXPORTS AND IMPORTS) ACT 1982 No. 149 of 1982 - SECT. 69.
Seizure and forfeiture of specimens

69. (1) Where a court convicts a person of an offence against this Act or the regulations, the court may order the forfeiture to the Commonwealth of any specimen (including a specimen that has been seized under sub-section (2)) used or otherwise involved in the commission of the offence.

(2) An inspector may seize any specimen that he believes on reasonable grounds has been used or otherwise involved in the commission of an offence against this Act or the regulations and may retain the specimen until the expiration of a period of 60 days after the seizure, or, if-

(a) proceedings for an offence against this Act or the regulations in the commission of which the specimen may have been used or otherwise involved are instituted within that period; or

(b) an action referred to in sub-section (5) is brought in relation to the specimen,
until those proceedings, that action, or those proceedings and that action, as the case requires, is or are terminated.

(3) Subject to sub-section (4), where a specimen is seized by an inspector under sub-section (2), he shall, as soon as is practicable, serve on the owner of the specimen or the person who had possession, custody or control of the specimen immediately before it was seized a notice in writing-

(a) identifying the specimen;

(b) stating that it has been seized under sub-section 69 (2) and specifying the reason for the seizure; and

(c) setting out the terms of sub-section (5).

(4) An inspector is not required to serve a notice under sub-section (3) in relation to a specimen if-

(a) after making such inquiries as he thinks appropriate, he does not, within 20 days after the specimen was seized, have sufficient information to enable him to serve the notice; or

(b) the Minister is required to serve a notice under sub-section 70

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(2).

(5) Where a specimen is seized under sub-section (2), the owner of the specimen may, within 30 days after the seizure, or, where a notice is served under sub-section (3) in relation to the specimen, within 30 days after the service, bring an action against the Commonwealth in a court of competent jurisdiction for the delivery of the specimen to him on the ground that the specimen was not used or otherwise involved in the commission of an offence against this Act or the regulations, and-

(a) where the owner of the specimen does so-

(i) if the court finds that the specimen was used or otherwise involved in the commission of the offence-the court shall order the specimen to be forfeited to the Commonwealth; or

(ii) if the action is discontinued by the owner otherwise than by reason that the specimen has been delivered to him, forfeited to the Commonwealth or disposed of under sub-section 70 (1)-the specimen is forfeited to the Commonwealth; or

(b) where the owner of the specimen does not do so and, within the period of 60 days after the seizure, none of the following events occurs:

(i) proceedings are instituted for an offence against this Act or the regulations in the commission of which the specimen is alleged to have been used or otherwise involved;

(ii) the specimen is delivered to the owner;

(iii) the specimen is disposed of under sub-section 70 (1),

the specimen is forfeited to the Commonwealth.

(6) In any action in a court brought under sub-section (5), the court may find that a person committed an offence if, and only if-

(a) in the case of a person who has been tried for the offence-the person has been convicted of the offence; or

(b) in any other case-the court is satisfied beyond reasonable doubt that the person committed the offence.

(7) A specimen forfeited to the Commonwealth by virtue of this section becomes the property of the Commonwealth and, subject to sub-section (8), shall be dealt with and disposed of in accordance with the directions of the Minister.

(8) A specimen shall not be dealt with under this section in any way that would result in the specimen becoming an object of trade.

(9) Where a person has been convicted of an offence in which a specimen that has been seized under sub-section (2) was used, any costs in relation to the custody of the specimen (including any costs of transporting or disposing of the specimen and, in the case of a specimen that is a live animal or a live plant, any costs of maintaining the animal or plant) are a debt due by the person to the Commonwealth, and the Commonwealth may recover the amount of the costs by action in a court of competent jurisdiction.

(10) For the purposes of this section, where a live animal or a live plant has been used or otherwise involved in the commission of an offence against this Act or the regulations, any progeny of that animal or plant in the possession of the person who committed the offence shall be taken to be a specimen that was used or otherwise involved in the commission of that offence.

(11) Where an inspector is authorized under this section to retain a specimen he may do so by causing the specimen to be taken to, and kept at, a place approved by the Designated Authority for the purpose of keeping specimens seized under this section.

(12) For the purposes of this section, proceedings or an action shall not be taken to have been terminated unless and until any appeal to a court in relation to the proceedings or action has been terminated.

(13) In this section, ''specimen'' includes an article to which sub-section 4 (2) applies.

WILDLIFE PROTECTION (REGULATION OF EXPORTS AND IMPORTS) ACT 1982 No. 149 of 1982 - SECT. 70.
Disposal of certain live animals and plants seized

70. (1) Where-

(a) any specimen, being a live animal or live plant, is seized under sub-section 69 (2); and

(b) the Minister considers on reasonable grounds that it is not appropriate that that specimen be retained in accordance with that sub-section but that it is appropriate that that specimen be returned to its natural habitat, destroyed or otherwise dealt with,

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the Minister may cause the specimen to be dealt with in the manner that he considers appropriate.

(2) Subject to sub-section (3), where a specimen is dealt with in accordance with sub-section (1), the Minister shall, as soon as is practicable, serve on the owner of the specimen or the person who had possession, custody or control of the specimen immediately before it was seized a notice in writing-

(a) identifying the specimen;

(b) unless a notice in relation to the seizure has been served under sub-section 69 (3)-stating that the specimen has been seized under sub-section 69 (2) and specifying the reason for the seizure;

(c) stating that the specimen has been dealt with under sub-section 70 (1) and specifying the manner in which it has been so dealt with and the reason for doing so; and

(d) setting out the terms of sub-section (4).

(3) The Minister is not required to serve a notice under sub-section (2) in relation to a specimen if, after making such inquiries as he thinks appropriate, he does not, within 20 days after dealing with the specimen, have sufficient information to enable him to serve the notice.

(4) Where a specimen is dealt with in accordance with sub-section (1), the owner of the specimen may bring an action against the Commonwealth in a court of competent jurisdiction for the recovery of the market value of the specimen at the time it was so dealt with on the ground that the specimen was not used or otherwise involved in the commission of an offence against this Act or the regulations.

(5) In any action in a court brought under sub-section (4), the court may find that a person committed an offence if, and only if-

(a) in the case of a person who has been tried for the offence-the person has been convicted of the offence; or

(b) in any other case-the court is satisfied beyond reasonable doubt that the person committed the offence.

WILDLIFE PROTECTION (REGULATION OF EXPORTS AND IMPORTS) ACT 1982 No. 149 of 1982 - SECT. 71.
Seizure and forfeiture of goods involved in offences

71. (1) Where a court convicts a person of an offence against this Act or the regulations, the court may order the forfeiture to the Commonwealth of any goods used or otherwise involved in the commission of the offence.

(2) An inspector may seize any goods that he believes on reasonable grounds have been used or otherwise involved in the commission of an offence against this Act or the regulations and may retain the goods until the expiration of a period of 60 days after the seizure, or, if proceedings for an offence against this Act or the regulations in the commission of which the goods may have been used or otherwise involved are instituted within that period, until the proceedings (including any appeal to a court in relation to those proceedings) are terminated.

(3) The Minister may authorize goods seized under sub-section (2) or anything in, on or attached to such goods to be released to their owner, or to the person from whose possession they were seized, either unconditionally or on such conditions as he thinks fit, including conditions as to the giving of security for payment of their value if they are forfeited.

(4) An inspector may seize any matter or thing that he believes on reasonable grounds will afford evidence of the commission of an offence against this Act or the regulations and may retain it until the expiration of a period of 60 days after the seizure, or, if proceedings for an offence against this Act or the regulations of the commission of which it may afford evidence are instituted within that period, until the proceedings (including any appeal to a court in relation to those proceedings) are terminated.

(5) Goods forfeited to the Commonwealth by virtue of this section become the property of the Commonwealth and shall be dealt with and disposed of in accordance with the directions of the Minister.

(6) In this section, ''goods'' includes vehicles, vessels, aircraft and platforms but does not include any specimen or any article to which sub-section 4 (2) applies.

WILDLIFE PROTECTION (REGULATION OF EXPORTS AND IMPORTS) ACT 1982 No. 149 of 1982 - SECT. 72.
False statements

72. (1) A person who, in, or in connection with, an application for a permit or an authority-

(a) makes a statement that, to his knowledge, is false or misleading in a material particular; or

(b) furnishes to an inspector or other person doing duty in relation to this Act a document that, to the knowledge of the first-mentioned person, contains information that is false or misleading in a material particular,

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is guilty of an offence punishable, on conviction, by-

(c) if the person is a natural person-a fine not exceeding $5,000 or imprisonment for a period not exceeding 2 years, or both; or

(d) if the person is a body corporate-a fine not exceeding $20,000.

(2) A person who-

(a) makes to an inspector doing duty in relation to this Act a statement that, to the knowledge of the person, is false or misleading in a material particular; or

(b) furnishes to an inspector doing duty in relation to this Act a document that, to the knowledge of the person, contains information that is false or misleading in a material particular,
is guilty of an offence punishable, on conviction, by a fine not exceeding-

(c) if the person is a natural person-$2,000; or

(d) if the person is a body corporate-$5,000.

(3) For the purposes of the application of sub-sections (1) and (2) in relation to a corporation but without prejudice to the liability of any person other than the corporation-

(a) a statement made, or a document furnished, by a person acting on behalf of the corporation shall be deemed to have been made or furnished by the corporation; and

(b) the knowledge of any person employed by, or concerned in the management of, the corporation shall be deemed to be knowledge of the corporation.

WILDLIFE PROTECTION (REGULATION OF EXPORTS AND IMPORTS) ACT 1982 No. 149 of 1982 - SECT. 73.
Indictable offences

73. (1) An offence against section 21, 22, 48, 50, 51 or 53 or sub-section 72 (1) is an indictable offence.

(2) Notwithstanding that an offence referred to in sub-section (1) is an indictable offence, a court of summary jurisdiction may hear and determine proceedings in respect of such an offence if the court is satisfied that it is proper to do so and the defendant and the prosecutor consent.

(3) Where, in accordance with sub-section (2), a court of summary jurisdiction convicts a person of an offence against section 21, 22 or 53, the penalty that the court may impose is-

(a) if the person is a natural person-a fine not exceeding $5,000 or imprisonment for a period not exceeding 12 months, or both; or

(b) if the person is a body corporate-a fine not exceeding $10,000.

(4) Where, in accordance with sub-section (2), a court of summary jurisdiction convicts a person of an offence against section 50 or 51, the penalty that the court may impose is-

(a) if the person is a natural person-a fine not exceeding $5,000; or

(b) if the person is a body corporate-a fine not exceeding $10,000.

(5) Where, in accordance with sub-section (2), a court of summary jurisdiction convicts a person of an offence against sub-section 72 (1), the penalty that the court may impose is-

(a) if the person is a natural person-a fine not exceeding $2,000 or imprisonment for a period not exceeding 12 months, or both; or

(b) if the person is a body corporate-a fine not exceeding $5,000.

WILDLIFE PROTECTION (REGULATION OF EXPORTS AND IMPORTS) ACT 1982 No. 149 of 1982 - SECT. 74.
Evidence

74. (1) In any proceedings for an offence against this Act or the regulations-

(a) any record kept in pursuance of the regulations or another law of the Commonwealth or a law of a State or Territory is admissible as prima facie
evidence of the facts stated in the record;

(b) a copy of an entry in such a record, being a copy certified by the person by whom the record is kept to be a true copy of the entry, is admissible as prima facie evidence of the facts stated in the entry; and


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(c) a document purporting to be a record kept in pursuance of the regulations or another law of the Commonwealth, or a law of a State or Territory, or purporting to be such a certified copy as is referred to in paragraph (b), shall, unless the contrary is established, be deemed to be such a record or certified copy, as the case may be.

(2) Where, in any proceedings for an offence against this Act or the regulations, a record referred to in paragraph (1) (a) is tendered as prima facie evidence of a fact stated in the record, the person alleged to have committed the offence may require the person who kept that record to be called as a witness for the prosecution in the proceedings.

WILDLIFE PROTECTION (REGULATION OF EXPORTS AND IMPORTS) ACT 1982 No. 149 of 1982 - SECT. 75.
Evidence of analyst

75. (1) The Minister may appoint a person to be an analyst for the purposes of this Act.

(2) Subject to sub-section (4), a certificate of an analyst appointed under sub-section (1) stating that he has analyzed or examined a substance and stating the result of his analysis or examination is admissible in any proceeding under this Act as prima facie evidence of the matters in the certificate and of the correctness of the result of the analysis or examination.

(3) For the purposes of this section, a document purporting to be a certificate referred to in sub-section (2) shall, unless the contrary is established, be deemed to be such a certificate.

(4) A certificate shall not be admitted in evidence in pursuance of sub-section (2) in proceedings for an offence against this Act unless the person charged with the offence has been given a copy of the certificate together with reasonable notice of the intention to produce the certificate as evidence in the proceedings.

WILDLIFE PROTECTION (REGULATION OF EXPORTS AND IMPORTS) ACT 1982 No. 149 of 1982 - SECT. 76.
Delegation

76. (1) The Minister may, either generally or as otherwise provided by the instrument of delegation, by writing signed by him, delegate to the Designated Authority or another person all or any of his powers under this Act, other than-

(a) his powers under section 9;

(b) his powers under section 24 in relation to an application for a permit to export a specimen specified in Part I of Schedule 3;

(c) his powers under section 24 in relation to an application for a permit to import a specimen specified in Part I of Schedule 3;

(d) his powers under section 44; and

(e) this power of delegation.

(2) A power so delegated, when exercised by the delegate shall, for the purposes of this Act, be deemed to have been exercised by the Minister.

(3) A delegation under this section does not prevent the exercise of a power by the Minister.

(4) Where-

(a) the Minister delegates a power to the Designated Authority; and

(b) by a provision of this Act, the Minister is precluded from exercising that power unless the Designated Authority has advised him that he is satisfied in relation to a matter,
that provision shall be taken not so to provide but shall be taken to provide that the Designated Authority, as delegate of the Minister, shall not exercise that power unless he is satisfied in relation to that matter.

WILDLIFE PROTECTION (REGULATION OF EXPORTS AND IMPORTS) ACT 1982 No. 149 of 1982 - SECT. 77.
Arrangements by Minister

77. The Minister may make arrangements to the extent necessary to achieve the object of this Act (including arrangements involving co-operation by the Commonwealth with the Government of another country, of a State or of the Northern Territory, the administration of an external Territory, an organization or a person) for-

(a) the formulation or assessment of a management program for the purposes of this Act;

(b) the carrying out of research relating to native Australian animals and native Australian plants the species of which are, or are likely to become, threatened with extinction and the existence of the species of which is likely to be affected by trade in specimens of the species;

(c) the collection of statistics relating to the export and import
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of wild animals or wild plants, including statistics relating to the movement of such animals and plants within Australia before export or after import, as the case may be; or

(d) the dissemination of information relating to the export and import of wild animals or wild plants.

WILDLIFE PROTECTION (REGULATION OF EXPORTS AND IMPORTS) ACT 1982 No. 149 of 1982 - SECT. 78.
Co-operation with States and Territories

78. (1) The Minister shall ensure that-

(a) management programs for the purposes of this Act relating to the taking in or near Australia or in or near a prescribed Territory of specimens of native Australian animals or native Australian plants;

(b) proposed amendments to a Schedule, other than Schedule 8, (including amendments that would be deemed to be made by declarations under section 9) that would involve or affect native Australian animals or native Australian plants found in or near Australia or in or near a prescribed Territory;

(c) conditions to which permits or authorities are subject, being conditions relating to the confinement of live animals or live plants imported into Australia or into a prescribed Territory; and

(d) the requirements to be met by organizations that are to be entitled by virtue of this Act to receive live animals and live plants imported into Australia or into a prescribed Territory,
are formulated or determined, as the case requires, in accordance with procedures that provide for the participation of a Minister of the Crown of each State and a Minister of the Northern Territory, being Ministers whom the first-mentioned Minister considers to be appropriate for the purpose.

(2) A reference in sub-section (1) to a Minister of the Northern Territory shall be read as a reference to a person holding an office referred to in section 34 of the Northern Territory (Self-Government) Act 1978.

(3) The Minister shall ensure that-

(a) management programs for the purposes of this Act relating to the taking in or near Norfolk Island of specimens of native Australian animals or native Australian plants;

(b) proposed amendments to a Schedule, other than Schedule 8, (including amendments that would be deemed to be made by declarations under section 9) that would involve or affect native Australian animals or native Australian plants found in or near Norfolk Island;

(c) conditions to which permits or authorities are subject, being conditions relating to the confinement of live animals and live plants imported into Norfolk Island; and

(d) the requirements to be met by organizations that are to be entitled by virtue of this Act to receive live animals and live plants imported into Norfolk Island,
are formulated or determined, as the case requires, in accordance with procedures that provide for the participation of a person holding an office under section 13 of the Norfolk Island Act 1979 whom the Minister considers to be appropriate for the purpose.

WILDLIFE PROTECTION (REGULATION OF EXPORTS AND IMPORTS) ACT 1982 No. 149 of 1982 - SECT. 79.
Fees

79. (1) The regulations may prescribe the fees to be paid in respect of the grant of a permit or the giving of an authority.

(2) A fee prescribed in respect of the grant of a permit or the giving of an authority shall be paid before the permit is granted or the authority is given.

(3) The regulations may prescribe the fees to be paid in respect of an application under this Act, other than an application for a permit or an authority.

(4) A fee prescribed in respect of an application under this Act shall be paid when the application is made.

WILDLIFE PROTECTION (REGULATION OF EXPORTS AND IMPORTS) ACT 1982 No. 149 of 1982 - SECT. 80.
Review of decisions

80. (1) An application may be made to the Administrative Appeals Tribunal for a review of-

(a) a declaration by the Minister under sub-section 10 (1);

(b) a declaration by the Designated Authority under sub-section 11 (1) or 12 (1);

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(c) a refusal by the Designated Authority of an application made under sub-section 11 (3) or 12 (3);

(d) a requirement by the Minister under sub-section 23 (5);

(e) a decision of the Designated Authority that he is satisfied, or not satisfied, in relation to a matter for the purposes of section 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37 or 38;

(f) a decision of the Minister to grant, or refuse to grant, a permit, other than a permit to export, or a permit to import, a specimen specified in Part I of Schedule 3;

(g) a determination by the Minister for the purposes of paragraph 24 (5) (b) of the period for which a permit is to remain in force;

(h) a refusal by the Designated Authority of an application made under sub-section 40 (5);

(j) a decision of the Designated Authority under sub-section 40 (7) to remove the name of a scientific organization from the register maintained under sub-section 40 (1);

(k) a decision of the Designated Authority that he is satisfied, or not satisfied, in relation to a matter for the purposes of section 41, 42, 43 or 44;

(l) a decision of the Minister to give, or refuse to give, an authority under section 42 or 43;

(m) a determination by the Minister for the purposes of paragraph 42 (6) (c) of the period for which an authority under section 42 is to remain in force;

(n) a determination by the Minister for the purposes of paragraph 43 (9) (b) of the period for which an authority under section 43 is to remain in force, being a period of less than 12 months;

(o) a determination by the Minister for the purposes of paragraph 44 (3) (c) of the period for which an authority under section 44 is to remain in force;

(p) a decision of the Minister to vary, revoke or suspend a permit or authority under section 46;

(q) a determination by the Minister of the period of suspension of a permit or authority for the purposes of sub-section 46 (3);

(r) an imposition under sub-section 47 (1) of conditions in respect of a permit or an authority;

(s) a decision of the Minister to revoke, suspend, vary, or cancel a suspension of, a condition in respect of a permit or an authority under sub-section 47 (1);

(t) a refusal by the Minister of an application under sub-section 49 (1) or (2);

(u) a decision by the Designated Authority to give, or refuse to give, an approval under sub-section 50 (1) or 51 (1); or

(v) a declaration by the Minister under sub-section 57 (5).

(2) In giving a direction as to the persons who are to constitute the Administrative Appeals Tribunal for the purposes of a review of a decision of the Designated Authority that he is satisfied, or not satisfied, in relation to a matter for the purposes of section 25, 27, 33 or 34 or paragraph 43 (6) (b), the President of the Tribunal shall ensure that, for the purposes of the review, the Tribunal is constituted by, or includes, a member of the Tribunal who, in the opinion of the President, has special knowledge or skill in relation to environmental matters.

(3) Where the Minister or the Designated Authority makes a decision of a kind referred to in sub-section (1) and gives to the person or persons whose interests are affected by the decision notice in writing of the making of the decision, that notice shall include a statement to the effect that, subject to the Administrative Appeals Tribunal Act 1975, application may be made to the Administrative Appeals Tribunal for review of the decision to which the notice relates by or on behalf of the person or persons whose interests are affected by the decision.

(4) Any failure to comply with the requirements of sub-section (3) in

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relation to a decision shall not be taken to affect the validity of the decision.

(5) In sub-section (1), ''decision'' has the same meaning as it has in the Administrative Appeals Tribunal Act 1975.

WILDLIFE PROTECTION (REGULATION OF EXPORTS AND IMPORTS) ACT 1982 No. 149 of 1982 - SECT. 81.
Regulations

81. The Governor-General may make regulations, not inconsistent with this Act, prescribing matters-

(a) required or permitted by this Act to be prescribed; or

(b) necessary or convenient to be prescribed for carrying out or giving effect to this Act,
and, in particular-

(c) providing for the manner of service of notices under this Act;

(d) providing for forms to be completed, or declarations to be made, in relation to specimens by persons arriving in Australia or an external Territory; and

(e) prescribing penalties not exceeding $500 for offences against the regulations.

WILDLIFE PROTECTION (REGULATION OF EXPORTS AND IMPORTS) ACT 1982 No. 149 of 1982 - SECT. 82.
Customs (Endangered Species) Regulations

82. (1) The Customs (Endangered Species) Regulations made under the Customs Act 1901 are repealed.

(2) Notwithstanding the repeal by sub-section (1) of the regulations referred to in that sub-section, where an import permit, an export permit or a re-export certificate granted under those regulations was in force immediately before the commencement of this Act-

(a) that permit or certificate shall, subject to those regulations, continue in force; and

(b) those regulations shall continue to apply in relation to that permit or certificate,
as if those regulations had not been repealed.

(3) While an import permit, an export permit or a re-export certificate granted under the regulations referred to in sub-section (1) in relation to a specimen continues in force by virtue of sub-section (2), this Act shall not be taken to prohibit the import, export or re-export, as the case requires, of the specimen in accordance with those regulations.

----------------

WILDLIFE PROTECTION (REGULATION OF EXPORTS AND IMPORTS) ACT 1982 No. 149 of 1982 - SCHEDULE 1


SCHEDULE 1
Sections 21, 22, 28 and 36
SPECIMENS THE EXPORT OR IMPORT OF WHICH, OTHERWISE THAN IN ACCORDANCE
WITH A PERMIT OR AN AUTHORITY, IS PROHIBITED, AND IN RELATION TO
WHICH SECTIONS 28 AND 36 APPLY

PART I-SPECIMENS

A specimen that is, or is derived from, an animal of a genus, species or
sub-species specified, or described, in Part II.

A specimen that is, or is derived from, an animal that is, or has been, part
of a population specified in Part III.

A specimen, other than a seed or spore, that is, or is derived from, a plant
of a genus, species or sub-species specified, or described, in Part IV.

A specimen, other than a seed or spore, that is, or is derived from, a plant
that is, or has been, part of the population of plants of the species
Araucaria araucana in Chile.

A specimen, other than a seed or spore, that is, or is derived from, a plant
of the variety alba of the species Lycaste virginalis (nun,
white).

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PART II-ANIMALS

Division 1-Class Amphibia
------------------------------------------------------------------------------ -- Order Family Genus, species or
sub-species Common name
------------------------------------------------------------------------------ -- ANURA Hylidae Litoria longirostris frog, long-nosed tree
Microhylidae Cophixalus concinnus microhylid, elegant
Cophixalus saxatilis microhylid,
rock-dwelling
Leptodactylidae Arenophyryne rotunda frog, sandhill
Philoria frosti frog, Mt Baw Baw
Rheobatrachus silus frog, platypus
SALIENTIA Atelopodidae Atelopus varius zeteki frog, Zetek's or
(Panamanian) golden
or golden arrow poison
URODELA Bufonidae Bufo periglenes toad, orange or
golden or Monte Verde
Bufo superciliaris toad, Cameroon
Nectophrynoides toads, viviparous
African
Cryptobranchidae
Andrias
(Megalobatrachus)
davidianus salamander, Chinese
giant
Andrias
(Megalobatrachus)
japonicus salamander, Japanese
giant
------------------------------------------------------------------------------ -- Division 2-Class Aves
------------------------------------------------------------------------------ -- Order Family Genus, species or
sub-species Common name
------------------------------------------------------------------------------ -- ANSERIFORMES Anatidae Anas aucklandica
nesiotis teal, Campbell Island
flightless or
Campbell Island brown
Anas platyrhynchos
laysanensis duck, Laysan. Laysan
teal
Anas oustaleti duck, Marianas Island
or Oustalet's grey or
Marianas mallard
Branta canadensis
leucopareia goose, Aleutian or
Canada
Branta sandvicensis goose, Hawaiian. nene
Cairina scutulata duck, white-winged
wood
Rhodonessa
caryophyllacea duck, pink-headed
APODIFORMES Trochilidae Glaucis (Ramphodon)
dohrnii hermit, hook-billed
CAPRIMULGIFORMES
Podargidae Podargus ocellatus
plumiferus frogmouth, marbled
CHARADRIIFORMES
Laridae Anous tenuirostris
Larus relictus noddy, lesser
gull, relict. khar
turunt tsakhiai
Scolopacidae Numenius borealis curlew, Eskimo
Tringa guttifer greenshank,
Nordmann's or spotted
CICONIIFORMES
Ciconiidae Ciconia ciconia

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boyciana stork, Japanese white
or white oriental
Threskiornithidae
Geronticus eremita ibis, hermit
Nipponia nippon ibis, Japanese crested
COLUMBIFORMES
Columbidae Caloenas nicobarica
Columba janthina
nitens pigeon, Nicobar.
Nicobar dove pigeon,
red-headed wood or
black wood
Columba janthina
stejnegeri pigeon, Stejneger's
wood or black wood
Ducula mindorensis pigeon, Mindoro
imperial or Mindoro
zone-tailed
CORACIIFORMES
Bucerotidae Buceros bicornis
homrai hornbill, Homrai
great pied or Homrai
great Indian or
Northern great pied
Rhinoplax vigil hornbill, helmeted
FALCONIFORMES Accipitridae Erythrotriorchis
(Accipiter) radiatus Goshawk, red
Aquila chrysaetos
japonica eagle, Japanese golden
Aquila heliaca eagle imperial
Buteo buteo toyoshimae buzzard, Bonin
Chondrohierax
uncinatus wilsonii kite, Cuba(n)
hook-billed
Spilornis
(Haematornis) cheela
perplexus eagle, Ryuykyu serpent
Haliaeetus albicilla eagle, white-tailed
(sea) or grey sea
Haliaeetus
leucocephalus eagle, (American) bald
Harpia harpyja eagle, harpy
Pithecophaga jefferyi eagle, Philippine or
monkey-eating
Cathartidae Gymnogyps
californianus condor, California
Vultur gryphus condor, Andean
Falconidae Falco araea kestrel, Seychelles
Falco newtoni
aldabranus kestrel, Aldabra
Falco peregrinus
(pelegrinoides/
babylonicus) falcon, Peregrine
(Barbary
falcon/Shaheen
included)
Falco peregrinus
furuitii falcon, Volcano
Islands peregrine
Falco punctatus kestrel, Mauritius
GALLIFORMES Cracidae Crax blumenbachii curassow, red-billed.
mutum
Crax (Mitu) mitu mitu curassow,
razor-billed. mitu
Oreophasis derbianus guan, horned
Penelope albipennis guan, white-winged
Alburra (Pipile)
jacutinga guan, black-faced
piping or black-fronted piping. black-fronted
curassow
jacutinga
Alburra (Pipile)
pipile pipile curassow, Trinidad

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white-headed.
Trinidad white-headed
piping guan
Megapodiidae Macrocephalon maleo maleo (bird) or
megapode
Phasianidae Catreus wallichii pheasant, cheer
Colinus virginianus
ridgwayi bobwhite, masked
Crossoptilon
crossoptilon pheasant, white eared
or Tibetan eared
Crossoptilon
mantchuricum pheasant, brown eared
Lophophorus impeyanus monal, Himalayan or
pheasant, (Himalayan)
monal or Impeyan
Lophophorus lhuysii pheasant Chinese.
Chinese monal
Lophophorus sclateri pheasant, Sclater's.
Sclater's monal
pheasant
Lophura edwardsi pheasant, Edwards'
Lophura imperialis pheasant, Imperial
Lophura swinhoii pheasant, Swinhoe's
Polyplectron emphanum pheasant, Palawan
peacock
Syrmaticus ellioti pheasant, Elliot's
Syrmaticus humiae pheasant, Hume's or
(Hume's) bar-tailed
or Mrs Hume's
Syrmaticus mikado pheasant, Mikado
Tetraogallus caspius snowcock, Caspian
Tetraogallus tibetanus snowcock, Tibetan
Tragopan blythii tragopan, Blyth's
Tragopan caboti tragopan, Cabot's
Tragopan
melanocephalus tragopan, western
(horned)
Tetraonidae Lagopus mutus
japonicus ptarmigan, Japanese
Tympanuchus cupido
attwateri chicken, Attwater's
(greater) prairie
GRUIFORMES Gruidae Grus americana crane, whooping
Grus canadensis
nesiotes crane, Cuba sandhill
Grus canadensis pulla crane, Mississippi
sandhill
Grus japonensis crane, Japanese or
Manchurian or
red-crowned
Grus japonicus crane, Japanese
Grus leucogeranus crane, Siberian white
or snow or great white
Grus monacha crane, Hooded
Grus nigricollis crane, black-necked
or Tibetan
Grus vipio crane, white-naped or
(Japanese)
white-necked
Otidadae Choriotis nigriceps bustard, great Indian
Chlamydotis undulata bustard, Houbara
Eupodotis bengalensis bustard, Bengal or
great. Bengal florican
Pedionomidae Pedionomus torquatus plains-wanderer
Rallidae Rallus (Tricholimnas)
sylvestris rail, Lord Howe wood
or woodhen, Lord Howe
Island
Rhynochetidae Rhynochetos jubatus kagu

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PASSERIFORMES Atrichornithidae
Atrichornis clamosus scrub-bird, noisy.
western scrub-bird
Corvidae Garrulus lidthi jay, Lidth's or purple
Cotingidae Cotinga maculata cotinga, spotted or
banded
Xipholena atropurpurea cotinga, white-winged
Cracticidae Strepera graculina
crissalis currawong, Lord Howe
Island
Fringillidae Carduelis (Chloris)
sinica kittlitzi greenfinch, Bonin
Spinus cucullatus siskin, red
Meliphagidae Apalopteron familiare
hahasima honey-eater, Hahajima
Lichenostomus
(Meliphaga) melanops
cassidix honeyeater, helmeted
Manorina melanotis miner, black-eared
Muscicapidae Dasyornis brachypterus bristlebird, eastern
or long-billed
Dasyornis broadbenti
littoralis bristlebird, western
Picathartes
gymnocephalus rock-fowl,
white-necked
or bare-headed.
white-necked
picathartes.
white-necked
bald crow
Picathartes soreas rock-fowl, grey-necked. grey-necked
Amytornis dorotheae grasswren,
carpentarian or
red-winged
Amytornis textilis
textilis grasswren,
thick-billed
Malurus coronatus fairy-wren,
purple-crowned
Bradypterus pryeri
pryeri swamp-warbler,
Japanese
Cettia diphone
panafidinica bush-warbler,
Torishima
Psophodes nigrogularis whipbird, western
Drymodes
superciliaris
colcloughi robin, northern scrub
Erithacus komadori
komadori robin, Ryukyu or
Temminck's
Erithacus komadori
namiyei robin, Stejneger's
Erithacus komadori
subrufa robin, Yaeyama
Turdus dauma amami thrush, Amami tiger
Pardalotidae
(Dicaeidae) Pardalotus
quadragintus pardalote,
forty-spotted
Pittidae Pitta kochi pitta, Koch's
Pycnonotidae Pycnonotus sinensis
orii bulbul, lesser Chinese
Sturnidae Leucopsar rothschildi starling,
Rothschild's or white.
Rothschild's or Bali
mynah
Troglodytidae Troglodytes
troglodytes orii wren, Borodino
Zosteropidae Zosterops albogularis silvereye,
white-breasted.

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white-chested
white eye
PELECANIFORMES Fregatidae Fregata andrewsi frigate bird,
ChristmasIsland
Sulidae Sula abbotti booby, Abbott's
PICIFORMES Picidae Campephilus imperialis woodpecker, imperial
Picoides
(Dendrocopos)
leucotos owstoni woodpecker, Owston's
white-backed
Dryocopus javensis
richardsi woodpecker,
Tristram's or
white-bellied black
Picoides tridactylus
inouyei woodpecker, Ezo
three-toed
Sapheopipo noguchii woodpecker, Pryer's
PODICIPEDIFORMES
Podicipedidae Podilymbus gigas grebe, Atitlan
(pied-billed)
or giant
pied-billed
PROCELLARIIFORMES
Diomedeidae Diomedea albatrus albatross,
short-tailed
or Steller's
Procellariidae Pterodroma leucoptera
leucoptera petrel, Gould's
Pterodroma solandri petrel, providence or
Solander's
Puffinus carneipes
hullianus shearwater, Lord Howe
Island flesh-footed
or pale-footed
PSITTACIFORMES Psittacidae Amazona arausiaca amazon, red-necked
jacquot
Amazona barbadensis amazon,
yellow-shouldered
Amazona brasiliensis amazon, red-tailed
Amazona guildingii amazon, St. Vincent.
St. Vincent parrot
Amazona imperialis amazon, imperial.
imperial parrot
Amazona leucocephala amazon, Cuban. Cuban
or Bahamas or Bahaman
parrot
Amazona pretrei amazon, red-spectacled. red-spectacled
parrot
Amazona dufresniana
(rhodocorytha) amazon, red-crowned.
red-browned or
red-crowned parrot
Amazona versicolor amazon, St. Lucia. St.
Lucia parrot
Amazona vinacea amazon. vinaceous.
vinaceous (breasted)
parrot
Amazona vittata amazon. Puerto Rican
or red-fronted.
Puerto Rico or Puerto
Rican parrot
Anodorhynchus glaucus macaw, Glaucous
Anodorhynchus leari macaw, Lear's or
indigo
Aratinga guarouba parakeet, golden.
golden or Queen of
Bavariaor Queen of
Bavaria's conure
Cyanopsitta spixii macaw, Spix's or
little blue
Cyanoramphus auriceps
forbesi parakeet, Forbes' or
yellow-fronted.

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Forbes' Kakariki
Cyanoramphus
novaezelandiae cookii parrot, Norfolk Island
Cyclopsitta
diophthalma coxeni fig-parrot, Coxen's
Geopsittacus
occidentalis parrot, night
Neophema chrysogaster parrot, orange-bellied
Pezoporus wallicus parrot, ground
Pionopsitta pileata parrot, pileated or
red-capped
Polytelis alexandrae parrot, Alexandra's
Psephotus
chrysopterygius parrot,
golden-shouldered
Psephotus dissimilis parrot, hooded
Psephotus pulcherrimus parrot, paradise
Psittacula krameri
echo parakeet, Mauritius
ring-necked
Psittacus erithacus
princeps parrot, Fernando poo
grey or principe
Pyrrhura cruentata conure, blue-throated
or red-rumped.
ochre-marked parakeet
Rhynchopsitta parrot, thick-billed
or maroon-fronted
Strigops habroptilus kakapo. owl parrot
RHEIFORMES Rheidae Pterocnemia pennata rhea, Darwin's or
lesser orpuna
SPHENISCIFORMES Spheniscidae Spheniscus humboldti penguin, Humboldt or
Peruvian
STRIGIFORMES Strigidae Athene blewitti owl, forest little.
forest spotted owl
Ketupa (Bubo)
blakistoni blakistoni owl, Blakiston's
eagle or Blakiston's
fish
Ninox novaeseelandiae
royana owl, Norfolk Island
boobook
Ninox squamipila
natalis owl, Christmas Island
(hawk-)
Mimizuku (Otus)
gurneyi owl, giant scops
Tytonidae Tyto soumagnei owl, Soumagne's or
Madagascar grass

TINAMIFORMES Tinamidae Tinamus solitarius tinamou, solitary
TROGONIFORMES Trogonidae Pharomachrus mocinno
costaricensis quetzal, Costa Rica
(resplendent)
Pharomachrus mocinno
mocinno quetzal, magnificent
or Mexican resplendent
------------------------------------------------------------------------------ -- Division 3-Class Mammalia
------------------------------------------------------------------------------ -- Order Family Genus, species or
sub-species Common name
------------------------------------------------------------------------------ -- ARTIODACTYLA Antilocapridae Antilocapra americana
peninsularis pronghorn, Lower
California or
peninsular
Antilocapra americana
sonoriensis pronghorn, Sonoran
Bovidae Bison bison athabascae bison, wood
Bos gaurus ox, Indian wild. gaur.
saladang. seladang
Bos mutus (grunniens) yak, wild
Bubalus (Anoa)

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depressicornis anoa, lowland
Bubalus (Anoa)
mindorensis tamaraw. tamarou
Bubalus (Anoa)
quarlesi anoa, mountain
Capra falconeri
chiltanensis markhor. Chiltan
Capra falconeri
jerdoni markhor,
straight-horned
Capra falconeri
megaceros markhor, Kabul
Capricornis
sumatraensis serow
Hippotragus niger
variani antelope, giant sable
Nemorhaedus goral goral
Novibos (Bos) sauveli kouprey
Oryx leucoryx oryx, Arabian
Ovis ammon hodgsoni sheep, great Tibetan.
nyan
Ovis orientalis ophion mouflon, Cyprian
Ovis vignei urial. shapu. shapo
Pantholops hodgsoni antelope, Tibetan.
chiru. orong
Rupicapra rupicapra
ornata chamois, Abruzzi
Camelidae Vicugna vicugna vicuna. vicugna
Cervidae Axis (Hyelaphus)
calamianensis deer, Calamian (hog)
or Philippine
Axis (Hyelaphus) kuhli deer, Kuhl's (hog) or
Bawean (hog)
Axis (Hyelaphus)
porcinus annamiticus deer, Ganges hog or
Thai hog
Blastocerus dichotomus deer, marsh. guasu
puca
Cervus duvauceli deer, swamp.
barasingha
Cervus elaphus hanglu deer, Kashmir.
Kashmir stag hangul
Cervus eldi deer, brow-antlered
or Eld's. thamin
Dama mesopotamica deer, Persian fallow
or Mesopotamian fallow
Hippocamelus
antisensis huemal, North Andean
or Peruvian. taruca.
Peruvian guemal
Hippocamelus bisulcus huemal, South Andean
or Chilean.
Chileanguemal
Ozotoceros bezoarticus deer, Pampas
Pudu pudu pudu, Chilean
Suidae Babyrousa babyrussa babirusa. deer hog.
babiroussa
Sus salvanius hog, pygmy
CARNIVORA Canidae Speothos venaticus dog, bush or savannah
Vulpes velox hebes fox, northern kit or
northern swift
Felidae Acinonyx jubatus cheetah, or hunting
leopard
Felis bengalensis
bengalensis cat, leopard
Felis concolor coryi cougar, Florida.
Florida puma Florida
panther
Felis concolor
costaricensis puma, Costa Rica or
Central American
Felis concolor cougar cougar, eastern.
eastern puma eastern
panther
Felis jacobita cat, mountain or

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Andean
Felis marmorata cat, marbled
Felis nigripes cat, black-footed
Felis pardalis mearnsi ocelot, Costa Rican
Felis pardalis mitis ocelot, Brazilian
Felis planiceps cat, flat-headed
Felis (Lynx) rufa
escuinapae bobcat, Mexican
Felis temmincki cat, Asiatic golden
or Temminck's (golden)
Felis tigrina oncilla cat, tiger or little
spotted
Felis wiedii
nicaraguae margay, Nicaraguan
Felis wiedii salvinia margay, Guatemalan
Felis yagouaroundi
cacomitli jaguarundi, eastern
Mexico
Felis yagouaroundi
fossata jaguarundi, southern
Mexico
Felis yagouaroundi
panamensis jaguarundi, Panaman
Felis yagouaroundi
tolteca jaguarundi, western
Mexico
Neofelis nebulosa leopard, clouded
Panthera leo persica lion, Asiatic or
Indian
Panthera onca jaguar
Panthera pardus leopard
(Sub-species of
Panthera tigris other
than Panthera tigris
altaica (also known
as Panthera tigris
amurensis))
Panthera uncia leopard, snow
Hyaenidae Hyaena brunnea hyaena, brown
Mustelidae Aonyx microdon otter, Cameroon
clawless or
small-toothed
clawless or
small-clawed
Enhydra lutris nereis otter, southern sea
or Californian sea
Lutra felina otter, marine.
chungungo seat cat
Lutra longicaudis
(platensis/annectens) otter, long-tailed
(LaPlata otter or
South American otter
or lobito de rio and
Central American
otter included)
Lutra lutra otter, Eurasian or
European (river) or
Old World or common
Lutra provocax otter, southern river.
huillin
Mustela nigripes ferret, black-footed
Pteronura brasiliensis otter, giant or
Brasilian
Ursidae Helarctos malayanus bear, Malayan (sun)
Selenarctos thibetanus bear, Himalayan
(black) or Asiatic
black
Tremarctos ornatus bear, spectacled or
Andean
Ursus arctos
isabellinus bear, red or
Himalayan brown
Ursus arctos nelsoni bear, Mexican
(grizzli)
Ursus arctos pruinosus bear, Tibet(an) brown
Viverridae Prionodon pardicolor linsang, spotted.
tiger-civet

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EDENTATA Dasypodidae Priodontes giganteus
(maximus) armadillo, giant
LAGOMORPHA Leporidae Caprolagus hispidus rabbit, Assam. hispid
hare
Romerolagus diazi rabbit, volcano
MARSUPIALIA Dasyuridae Sminthopsis
longicaudata dunnart, long-tailed
Sminthopsis
psammophila dunnart, sandhill
Macropodidae Bettongia bettong
Caloprymnus campestris kangaroo, desert
rat-hare-wallaby,
Lagorchestes asomatus central
Lagorchestes hirsutus wallaby, rufous
hare-hare-wallaby,
Lagorchestes leporides eastern
Lagostrophus fasciatus wallaby, banded hare-
Macropus greyi wallaby, toolache
Onychogalea fraenata wallaby, bridled
nailtail
Onychogalea lunata wallaby, crescent
nailtail
Petrogale rock-wallaby,
proserpine
Potorous longipes potoroo, long-footed
Potorous platyops potoroo, broad-faced

Myrmecobiidae Myrmecobius fasciatus numbat
Peramelidae Chaeropus ecaudatus bandicoot, pig-footed
Macrotis lagotis bilby, greater
Macrotis leucura bilby, lesser
Perameles bougainville bandicoot, western
barred
Perameles eremiana bandicoot, desert
Petauridae Gymnobelideus
leadbeateri possum, leadbeater's
Thylacinidae Thylacinus
cynocephalus thylacine
Vombatidae Lasiorhinus krefftii wombat, northern
hairy-nosed
PERISSODACTYLA Equidae Equus grevyi zebra, Grevy's
Equus hemionus
hemionus ass, Mongolian wild.
kulan, oziggetai
Equus hemionus khur ass, Indian wild.
ghor-khar khar
Equus przewalskii horse, Przewalski's
or Mongolian wild
Equus zebra zebra zebra, Cape Mountain
Rhinocerotidae (All species of
Rhinocerotidae) rhinoceroses. rhinos
Tapiridae Tapirus bairdii tapir, Central
American or Baird's
Tapirus indicus tapir, Malayan or
Indian or Asian
Tapirus pinchaque tapir, mountain or
woolly
PHOLIDOTA Manidae Manis temmincki pangolin, South
African. scaly
anteater
PINNIPEDIA Otariidae Arctocephalus
townsendi seal, Guadalupe fur
or Lower California
fur
Phocidae Monachus seals, monk
PRIMATES Callithricidae Callimico goeldii marmoset, Goeldi's.
Goeldi's tamarin
Callithrix aurita marmoset, white-eared
Callithrix flaviceps marmoset, buff-headed
Leontopithecus
(Leontideus) tamarins, golden
(lion) or pied
Saguinus bicolor tamarin, pied
Saguinus leucopus tamarin, white-footed
Saguinus oedipus

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(geoffroyi) tamarin,
cotton-headed
or cotton top.
cotton-top or pinche
marmoset liszet
monkey (Geoffroy
tamarin included)
Cebidae Alouatta palliata
(villosa) howler, Guatemalan +
mantled
Ateles geoffroyi
frontatus monkey, black-browed
spider
Ateles geoffroyi
panamensis monkey, Panama spider
or red (-bellied)
spider
Brachyteles
arachnoides monkey, woolly spider
Cacajao uakaris
Chiropotes albinasus saki, white-nosed
Saimiri oerstedii monkey, red-backed
squirrel or Central
American squirrel
Cercopithecidae Cercocebus galeritus
galeritus mangabey, Tana River
(monkey)
Cercopithecus diana
(roloway) monkey, Diana
(Roloway monkey
included)
Colobus badius kirkii colobus, Kirk's red
or Zanzibar red
Colobus badius
rufomitratus colobus, Tana River
red
Macaca silenus macaque, lion-tailed
or wanderoo
Nasalis larvatus monkey, proboscis
Papio (Mandrillus)
leucophaeus drill
Papio (Mandrillus)
sphinx mandrill
Presbytis entellus langur, entellus or
true or hanuman or
common
Presbytis geei langur, golden
Presbytis pileatus langur, capped or
bonneted. capped
monkey
Presbytis potenziani langur, long-tailed.
mentawi leaf monkey
Pygathrix nemaeus langur, douc
Simias concolor langur, pig-tailed or
Mentawi Islands
snub-nosed
or Pagi Island
Daubentoniidae Daubentonia
madagascariensis aye-aye
Hylobatidae Hylobates gibbons
Symphalangus
syndactylus siamang
Indriidae Avahi avahis or woolly
lemurs or woolly
indris
Indri indris
Propithecus sifakas
Lemuridae Allocebus lemurs, hairy-eared
dwarf
Cheirogaleus lemurs, fat-tailed
dwarf
Hapalemur lemurs, gentle
Lemur lemurs
Lepilemur lemurs, sportive and
weasel
Microcebus lemurs, mouse
Phaner lemurs, fork-marked

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mouse
Pongidae (All species of
Pongidae) apes, great
PROBOSCIDEA Elephantidae Elephas maximus elephant, Asian or
Indian
RODENTIA Muridae Conilurus albipes tree-rat,
rabbit-eared
(rabbit-rat)
Leporillus apicalis rat, lesser stick-nest
Leporillus conditor rat, greater stick-nest or house-building
Notomys amplus hopping-mouse,
short-tailed
Notomys aquilo hopping-mouse,
northern
Notomys fuscus hopping-mouse, dusky
Notomys longicaudatus hopping-mouse,
long-tailed
Notomys macrotis hopping-mouse,
big-eared
Notomys mordax hopping-mouse,
Darling Downs
Pseudomys fieldi mouse, Alice Springs
Pseudomys fumeus mouse, smoky (false)
Pseudomys praeconis mouse, Shark Bay
(false)
Xeromys myoides rat, false
water-rat,
Zyzomys pedunculatus central rock or
Macdonnel Range rock
Sciuridae Cynomys mexicanus dog, Mexican prairie.
Mexican prairie marmot
SIRENIA Trichechidae Trichechus inunguis manatee, South
American or Amazonian
Trichechus manatus manatee, Caribbean or
North American or
West Indian
------------------------------------------------------------------------------ -- Division 4-Class Mollusca
------------------------------------------------------------------------------ -- Order Family Genus, species or
sub-species Common name
------------------------------------------------------------------------------ -- NAIADOIDA Unionidae Conradilla caelata mussel, birdwing
pearly. rimose naiad
Dromus dromas mussel, dromedary
pearly. dromedary
naiad
Epioblasma (Dysnomia)
torulosa gubernaculum mussel,
green-blossomed
pearly.
green-blossom naiad
Epioblasma (Dysnomia)
florentina curtisi mussel, Curtis pearly.
Curtis' naiad
Epioblasma (Dysnomia)
florentina florentina mussel, yellow-blossom
pearly.
yellow-blossom naiad
Epioblasma (Dysnomia)
sampsoni mussel, Sampson's
pearly. Sampson's
naiad
Epioblasma (Dysnomia)
sulcata perobliqua mussel, white catspaw.
white cats paw
Epioblasma (Dysnomia)
torulosa torulosa mussel,
tuberculed-blossom
pearly.
tuberculed-blossom

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naiad

Epioblasma (Dysnomia)
turgidula mussel,
turgid-blossom
pearly.
turgid-blossom naiad
Epioblasma (Dysnomia)
walkeri mussel, brown-blossom.
tan riffle shell,
brown-blossom naiad
Fusconaia cuneolus mussel, fine-rayed
pigtoe pearly.
fine-rayed
pigtoe
Fusconaia edgariana mussel, pearly. shiny
pigtoe
Lampsilis higginsi mussel, pearly.
Higgin's eye
Lampsilis orbiculata
orbiculata mussel, pearly. pink
mucket
Lampsilis satura mussel. plain
pocketbook
Lampsilis virescens mussel, Alabama lamp
pearly. Alabama lamp
naiad
Plethobasus
cicatricosus mussel, pearly. white
wartyback
Plethobasus
cooperianus mussel. orange-footed
pimpleback
Pleurobema plenum mussel, pearly. rough
pigtoe
Potamilus (Proptera)
capax mussel, pearly. fat
pocketbook
Quadrula intermedia mussel, Cumberland
monkeyface.
Cumberland monkey face
Quadrula sparsa mussel, Appalachian
monkeyface pearly.
Appalachian monkey
face
Toxolasma
(Carunculina)
cylindrella mussel, pale lilliput
pearly. pale lilliput
naiad
Unio (Megalonaias)
nickliniana mussel, Nicklin's
pearly
Unio (Lampsilis)
tampicoensis
tecomatensis mussel, Tampico pearly
Villosa (Micromya)
trabalis mussel, pearly
Cumberland bean
------------------------------------------------------------------------------ --
Division 5-Class Pisces
------------------------------------------------------------------------------ -- Order Family Genus, species or
sub-species Common name
------------------------------------------------------------------------------ -- ACIPENSERIFORMES
Acipenseridae Acipenser brevirostrum sturgeon, shortnose
CYPRINIFORMES Catostomidae Chasmistes cujus cui-ui
Cyprinidae Probarbus jullieni ikan, temoleh. pla
eesok (Thai), ikan

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temelian (Malay)
OSTEOGLOSSIFORMES
Osteoglossidae Scleropages formosus bonytongue, Asian or
Asiatic. kelesa,
dragon fish, golden
arowana
PERCIFORMES Percichthyidae Maccullochella
macquariensis cod, Trout
Macquaria australasica perch, Macquarie
Percidae Stizostedion vitreum
glaucum walleye, blue. blue
pickerel, blue pike
Sciaenidae Cynoscion macdonaldi weakfish, MacDonald.
totoaba
SALMONIFORMES Prototroctidae Prototroctes maraena grayling, Australian
Salmonidae Coregonus alpenae cisco, longjaw
SILURIFORMES Schilbeidae Pangasianodon gigas catfish, giant
------------------------------------------------------------------------------ --
Division 6-Class Reptilia
------------------------------------------------------------------------------ -- Order Family Genus, species or
sub-species Common name
------------------------------------------------------------------------------ -- CROCODYLIA Alligatoridae Alligator sinensis alligator, China or
Chinese
Caiman crocodilus
apaporiensis caiman, Rio Apaporis
(septacled) or
Apaporis River
Caiman latirostris caiman, broad-nosed or
broad-snouted
Melanosuchus niger caiman, black
Crocodylidae Crocodylus acutus crocodile, American
Crocodylus
cataphractus crocodile, African
slender-snouted or
African sharp-nosed
Crocodylus intermedius crocodile, Orinoco
Crocodylus moreletii crocodile, Morelet's
Crocodylus niloticus crocodile, Nile or
African
Crocodylus
novaeguineae
mindorensis crocodile, Mindoro or
Philippine
Crocodylus palustris crocodile, marsh or
broad-snouted or
mugger
Crocodylus rhombifer crocodile, Cuban
Crocodylus siamensis crocodile, Siamese
Osteolaemus tetraspis crocodile, (African)
dwarf
Tomistoma schlegelii gavial, false.
tomistoma,
(crocodile) false
gharial
Gavialidae Gavialis gangeticus gavial, (Indian).
gharial
RHYNCHOCEPHALIA
SAURIA Sphenodontidae Sphenodon punctatus Tuatara
Iguanidae Brachylophus iguanas, banded and
Fiji crested
Cyclura iguanas, West
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Indian
rock or ground
Sauromalus varius chuckwalla, San
Esteban Island
Varanidae Varanus bengalensis monitor, Indian or
Bengal
Varanus flavescens monitor, yellow or
ruddy snub-nosed.
yellow land or
(Indian) oval-grain
lizard
Varanus griseus monitor, grey or
desert
Varanus komodoensis monitor, Komodo
(Island). ora. Komodo
dragon
SERPENTES Boidae Acrantophis boas, Madagascar
Bolyeria boas, Round Island
Casarea boas, keel-scaled or
Round Island
Epicrates inornatus boa, Puerto-Rican or
yellow tree. culebra
grande
Epicrates subflavus boa, Jamaca(n)
Python molurus molurus python, Indian (rock)
or tiger
Sanzinia
madagascariensis boa, Madagascar tree.
sanzinia
SQUAMATA Elapidae Hoplocephalus
bungaroides snake, broad-headed
Neelaps calonotus snake, black-striped
Pygopodidae Aprasia parapulchella lizard, flap-footed
Ophidiocephalus
taeniatus lizard, bronzebacked
legless
Scincidae Ctenotus lancelini skink, Lancelin
Island striped
Lerista lineata skink, lined burrowing
Pseudemoia palfreymani skink, Pedra Branca
TESTUDINATA Chelidae Pseudemydura umbrina turtle, short-necked
(swamp) or (western)
swamp
Cheloniidae (All species of
Cheloniidae) turtles, (true) sea
Dermochelyidae Dermochelys coriacea turtle, leathery or
leather-backed or luth
Emydidae Batagur baska terrapin, river.
tuntong, common
batagur
Geoclemys (Damonia)
hamiltonii turtle, black pond or
spotted pond.
Hamilton's terrapin
Geoemyda (Nicoria)
tricarinata turtle, three-keeled
or Asian three-keeled.
Bengal
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three-keeled
land terrapin or
three-keeled. land
tortoise

Kachuga tecta tecta turtle, Indian tent
or Indian roof(ed) or
Indian sawback or dura
Morenia ocellata turtle, Burmese swamp
or Burmese peacock.
Bengal eyed terrapin
Terrapene coahuila turtle, Aquatic box.
water box. coahuila
Testudinidae Geochelone (Testudo)
elephantopus tortoise, Galapagos
giant
Geochelone (Testudo)
radiata tortoise,
(Madagascar) radiated
Geochelone (Testudo)
yniphora tortoise, Madagascar
or angulated. angonoka
Gopherus
flavomarginatus tortoise, Bolson or
Mexican giant gopher
Psammobates (Testudo)
geometricus tortoise, geometric
Trionychidae Lissemys punctata
punctata turtle, Indian
flap-shell(ed)
or flap-shell(ed)
spotted
Trionyx ater turtle, black
soft-shell(ed)
or black
mud or Cuatro
Cienagas soft-shell(ed) Trionyx gangeticus turtle, Ganges
soft-shell(ed)
or Indian
soft-shell(ed)
Trionyx hurum turtle,
peacock-marked
soft shell(ed)
or brown soft-shell(ed) or peacock
soft-shell(ed)
Trionyx nigricans turtle, dark-coloured
soft-shell(ed) or
sacred black mud
------------------------------------------------------------------------------ -- PART III-POPULATIONS OF ANIMALS

Population of animals of the species Falco rusticolus (gyrfalcon) in
Greenland or in areas outside North America
Population of animals of the species Moschus moschiferus in the
Himalayas
Population of animals of the species Canis lupus (wolf) in Bhutan,
India, Nepal or Pakistan
Population of animals of the species Felis caracal (lynx, desert.
caracal) in Asia
Population of animals of the species Felis rubiginosa (cat, rusty
spotted) in India

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Population of animals of the species Ursus arctos (bear, brown or
grizzly) in Italy
Population of animals of the genus Chinchilla in South America
Population of animals of the species Dugong dugon in areas outside
Australia
Population of animals of the species Crocodylus porosus in areas
outside Papua New Guinea

PART IV-PLANTS
------------------------------------------------------------------------------ -- Family Genus, species or
sub-species Common name
------------------------------------------------------------------------------ -- Apocynaceae Pachypodium namaquanum
Araceae Alocasia sanderana
Alocasia zebrina
Cactaceae Ariocarpus agavoides cactus, living rock
Ariocarpus scapharostrus cactus, living rock
Aztekium ritteri cactus, aztec
Echinocereus lindsayi cactus, Lindsay's
Obregonia denegrii peyote or cactus, artichoke
Pelecyphora aselliformis cactus, hatchet
Pelecyphora strobiliformis cactus, pine cone
Caryocaraceae Caryocar costaricense
Caryophyllaceae Gymnocarpos przewalskii
Melandrium mongolicus
Silene mongolica
Stellaria pulvinata
Cupressaceae Fitzroya cupressoides larch, Chilean false.
alerce
Pilgerodendron uviferum
Cycadaceae Microcycas calocoma
Gentianaceae Prepusa hookeriana prepusa, scarlet flowered
or white flowered
Humiriaceae Vantanea barbourii chiricana, ira
Juglandaceae Engelhardtia pterocarpa
Leguminosae Ammopiptanthus mongolicum
Cynometra hemitomophylla
Platymiscium pleiostachyum macawood, quira
Tachigalia versicolor
Liliaceae Aloe albida
Aloe pillansii
Aloe polyphylla aloe, apiral
Aloe thorncropftii
Aloe vossii
Melastomataceae Lavoisiera itambana
Meliaceae Guarea longipetiola musk-wood
Moraceae Batocarpus costaricensis
Nepenthaceae Nepenthes rajah pitcher-plant, giant
tropical
Orchidaceae Cattleya skinneri cattleya, skinner's. white
nun
Cattleya trianae orchid, Charistmas. winter
cattleya
Didiciea cunninghamii
Laelia jongheana
Laelia lobata
Peristeria elata orchid, dove or holy ghost.
dove or holy ghost flower
Renanthera imschootiana vanda, red
Vanda coerulea vanda, blue
Pinaceae Abies guatemalensis fir, guatemalan. pinabete
Abies nebrodensis
Podocarpaceae Podocarpus costalis
Podocarpus parlatorei podocarp, Parlatore's
Proteaceae Orothamnus zeyheri marsh-rose
Protea odorata
Rubiaceae Balmea stormae ayugue
Sarraceniaceae Sarracenia alabamensis
alabamensis pitcher-plant, Alabama
canebrake
Sarracenia jonesii pitcher-plant, Jones' or

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mountain sweet
Sarracenia oreophila pitcher-plant, green head,
Hottentot's
Saxifragaceae
(Grossulariaceae) Ribes sardoum
Stangeriaceae Stageria eriopus
Ulmaceae Celtis aetnensis nettle-tree
Welwitschiaceae Welwitschia bainesii
Zamiaceae Encephalartos trees, bread. bread-palms
Zingiberaceae Hedychium philippinense garland-flower, Philippine
------------------------------------------------------------------------------ --

WILDLIFE PROTECTION (REGULATION OF EXPORTS AND IMPORTS) ACT 1982 No. 149 of 1982 - SCHEDULE 2


SCHEDULE 2
Sections 21, 22, 29 and 37
SPECIMENS THE EXPORT OR IMPORT OF WHICH, OTHERWISE THAN IN
ACCORDANCE WITH A PERMIT OR AN AUTHORITY, IS PROHIBITED, AND IN
RELATION TO WHICH SECTIONS 29 AND 37 APPLY

PART I-SPECIMENS

A specimen that is, or is derived from, an animal of a genus, species or
sub-species specified, or described, in Part II
A specimen that is, or is derived from, an animal that is, or has been, part
of a population specified in Part III
A specimen, other than a seed or spore, that is, or is derived from, a plant
of a genus, species or sub-species specified, or described, in Part IV
A specimen, other than a seed or spore, that is, or is derived from, a plant
that is, or has been, part of the population of plants of the family
Chloanthaceae in Australia
A plant (whether alive or dead), and timber from a plant, that is, or has
been, part of the population of plants of the species Araucaria araucana
outside Chile
A plant (whether alive or dead), and the roots of a plant, of the species
Panax quinquefolius
A plant (whether alive or dead), and the roots of a plant, of the species
Saussurea lappa
A plant (whether alive or dead), and the trunk of a plant, of any species of
the family Cyatheaceae
A plant (whether alive or dead), and the trunk of a plant, of any species of
the family Dicksoniaceae
A plant (whether alive or dead), and the roots of a plant, of the species
Dioscorea deltoidea
A plant (whether alive or dead), and timber from a plant, of the species
Quercus copeyensis
A plant (whether alive or dead), and timber from a plant, of the species
Swietenia humilis
A plant (whether alive or dead), and timber from a plant, of the species
Basiloxylon excelsum
A plant (whether alive or dead), and timber from a plant, of the species
Guaiacum sanctum

PART II-ANIMALS

Division 1-Class Amphibia
------------------------------------------------------------------------------ -- Order Family Genus, species or
sub-species Common name
------------------------------------------------------------------------------ -- URODELA Ambystomidae Ambystoma dumerilii salamander, Lake
Patzcuaro. achoque
Ambystoma lermaensis salamander, Lake Lerma
Ambystoma mexicanum salamander. axolotl
Bufonidae Bufo retiformis toad, sonoran green
------------------------------------------------------------------------------ -- Division 2-Class Anthozoa
------------------------------------------------------------------------------ -- Order Family Genus, species or

Back to Top

sub-species Common name
------------------------------------------------------------------------------ -- ANTIPATHARIA (All species of
ANTIPATHARIA) corals, black.
antipatharians
------------------------------------------------------------------------------ -- Division 3-Class Aves
------------------------------------------------------------------------------ -- Order Family Genus, species or
sub-species Common name
------------------------------------------------------------------------------ -- ANSERIFORMES Anatidae Anas aucklandica
aucklandica teal, Auckland Island
flightless
Anas aucklandica
chlorotis teal, New Zealand
brown
Anas bernieri teal, Madagascar
Anser albifrons
gambelli goose, tule
white-fronted
Branta ruficollis goose, red-breasted
Coscoroba coscoroba coscoroba (swan)
Cygnus bewickii
jankowskii swan, Jankowski's or
eastern Bewick's
Cygnus melanocoryphus swan, black-necked
Dendrocygna arborea duck, Cuban tree or
black-billed whistling
Sarkidiornis melanotos duck, comb or
knob-billed
CHARADRIIFORMES
Laridae Larus brunnicephalus gull, brown-headed or
Indian black-headed
Scolopacidae Numenius minutus curlew, little or
Siberian baby or pigmy
Numenius tenuirostris curlew,
slender-billed
or long-billed
CICONIIFORMES Ciconiidae Ciconia nigra stork, black
Phoenicopteridae
Phoenicoparrus andinus flamingo, Andean
Phoenicoparrus jamesi flamingo, James'
Phoenicopterus
chilensis flamingo, Chilean
Phoenicopterus ruber
ruber flamingo, Caribbean
or American or Cuban
or rosy or West Indian
Threskiornithidae
Geronticus calvus ibis, (southern) bald
Platalea leucorodia spoonbill, white or
Eurasian
COLUMBIFORMES Columbidae Gallicolumba luzonica dove, bleeding heart.
bleeding heart pigeon
Goura cristata pigeon, common
crowned or blue
crowned. great goura
Goura scheepmakeri pigeon,
Scheepmarker's
crowned or
maroon-breasted
crowned.
masked goura
Goura victoria pigeon, victoria
crowned. Victoria
goura
CORACIIFORMES Bucerotidae Aceros narcondami hornbill, Narcondam
(Sub-species of
Buceros bicornis,
other than Buceros
bicornishomrai) hornbill, great

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Indian or great pied
Buceros hydrocorax
hydrocorax hornbill, Philippine
or Luzon rufus
Buceros rhinoceros
rhinoceros hornbill, Malayan
rhinoceros
CUCULIFORMES Musophagidae Tauraco (Gallirex)
porphyreolophus turaco, purple-
crested or
violet-crested
Tauraco corythaix turaco, knysna or
helmeted
FALCONIFORMES Accipitridae (Species of
Accipitridae, other
than-
(a) species
specified in Part II
of Schedule 1; and
(b) species a
sub-species
of which is
specified in Part II
of Schedule 1)
(Sub-species of
species of
Accipitridae a
sub-species
of which is
specified in Part II
of Schedule 1, other
than sub-species so
specified)
Falconidae (Species of
Falconidae, other
than-
(a) species
specified in Part II
of Schedule 1; and
(b) species a
sub-species
of which is
specified in Part II
of Schedule 1)
(Sub-species of
species of Falconidae
a sub-species of
which is specified in
Part II of Schedule
1, other than
sub-species
so specified)
Pandionidae (species of
Pandionidae)
Sagittariidae (species of
Sagittariidae)
GALLIFORMES Megapodiidae Megapodius freycinet
abbotti fowl, Abbott's scrub.
Abbott's megapode
Megapodius freycinet
nicobariensis fowl, Nicobar scrub.
Nicobar megapode
Phasianidae Argusianus argus pheasant, great argus
Cyrtonyx montezumae
montezumae quail, Massena
harlequin or Montezuma
Francolinus
ochropectus francolin, Tadjoura
or pale-bellied
Francolinus swierstrai francolin, Swierstra's
Gallus sonneratii fowl, Sonnerat's
jungle or grey jungle
Ithaginis cruentus pheasant, blood
Pavo muticus peafowl, Green
Polyplectron

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bicalcaratum pheasant, grey
peacock or common
peacock or Burmese
peacock
Polyplectron germaini pheasant, Germain's
peacock
Polyplectron malacense pheasant, Malay
(sian) peacock
Tetrao (Lyrurus)
mlokosiewiczi grouse, Caucasian
black. Caucasian
blackcock
GRUIFORMES Gruidae Balearica regulorum crane, South African
crowned
Grus canadensis
pratensis crane, Florida
sandhill
Otididae Otis tarda bustard, great
Rallidae Gallirallus australis
hectori rail, eastern weka or
New Zealand wood
Turnicidae Turnix melanogaster button-quail, black
breasted

PASSERIFORMES Cotingidae Rupicola peruviana cock-of-the-rock,
Andean or red or
scarlet or Peruvian
Rupicola rupicola cock-of-the-rock,
Guianan or orange or
smaller or common
Estrildidae Emblema oculata finch, red-eared
firetail
Poephila cincta cincta finch, black-throated
Fringillidae Carduelis (spinus)
yarrellii siskin, yellow-faced
Hirundinidae Pseudochelidon
sirintarae martin, white-eyed
river
Muscicapidae Niltava (Muscicapa)
ruecki flycatcher, Rueck's
blue
Paradisaeidae (all species of
Paradisaeidae) birds of paradise
Pittidae Pitta brachyura nympha pitta, Japanese fairy
or blue-winged
PELECANIFORMES Pelicanidae Pelecanus crispus pelican, Dalmation
PICIFORMES Picidae Picus squamatus
flavirostris woodpecker, western
scaly or western
scaly-bellied green
PSITTACIFORMES (Species of
PSITTACIFORMES, other
than-
(a) species
specified in Part II
of Schedule 1;
(b) species a
sub-species
of which is
specified in Part II
of Schedule 1; and
(c) Melopsittacus
undulatus, Nymphicus
hollandicus and
Psittacula krameri)
(Sub-species of
species of
PSITTACIFORMES a
sub-species
of which is
specified in Part II
of Schedule 1, other
than sub-species so
specified)
RHEIFORMES Rheidae Rhea americana
albescens rhea, Argentine
(greater) or
Argentine (common)

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SPHENISCIFORMES Spheniscidae Spheniscus demersus penguin, black-footed
or jackass
STRIGIFORMES (Species of
STRIGIFORMES, other
than-
(a) species
specified in Part II
of Schedule 1; and
(b) species a
sub-species
of which is
specified in Part II
of Schedule 1)
(Sub-species of
species of
STRIGIFORMES a
sub-species
of which is
specified in Part II
of Schedule 1, other
than sub-species so
specified)
TINAMIFORMES Tinamidae Rhynchotus rufescens
maculicollis tinamou, Bolivian
rufous or Bolivian
red-winged
Rhynchotus rufescens
pallescens tinamou, Argentine
rufous or Argentine
red-winged
Rhynchotus rufescens
rufescens tinamou, Brazilian
rufous or Brazilian
red-winged
------------------------------------------------------------------------------ -- Division 4-Class Insecta
------------------------------------------------------------------------------ -- Order Family Genus, species or
sub-species Common name
------------------------------------------------------------------------------ -- LEPIDOPTERA Papilionidae Ornithoptera (sensu
D'Abrera) butterflies, birdwing
Parnassius apollo butterfly, apollo.
mountain apollo
Trogonoptera (sensu
D'Abrera) butterflies, birdwing
Troides (sensu
D'Abrera) butterflies, birdwing
------------------------------------------------------------------------------ -- Division 5-Class Mammalia
------------------------------------------------------------------------------ -- Order Family Genus, species or
sub-species Common name
------------------------------------------------------------------------------ -- ARTIODACTYLA Antilocapridae Antliocapra americana
mexicana pronghorn, Mexican
Bovidae Addax nasomaculatus addax
(Sub-species of Capra
falconeri not
specified in Part II
of Schedule 1) markhor
Cephalophus monticola duiker, blue
(antelope)
Damaliscus dorcas
dorcas bontebok (antelope)
Hippotragus equinus antelope, roan
Kobus leche lechwe (antelope)
Oryx dammah (tao) oryx, scimitar-horned
or white
(Sub-species of Ovis
ammon not specified
in Part II of
Schedule 1) sheep, Marco Polo.
argali
Ovis canadensis sheep, bighorn or

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mountain
Camelidae Lama guanicoe guanaco
Cervidae Cervus elaphus
bactrianus deer, Bactrian (red)
or Bokharan. Bactrian
wapiti
(Species of Moschus,
other than-
(a) species
specified in Part II
or Part III of
Schedule 1; and
(b) species a
sub-species
of which is
specified in Part II
of Schedule 1)
Pudu mephistophiles pudu, northern
Hippopotamidae Choeropsis liberiensis hippopotamus pygmy
CANIVORA Canidae Chrysocyon brachyurus wolf, maned
Cuon alpinus dog, Asiatic wild or
Indian wild. dhole
Dusicyon culpaeus fox, Colpeo or red or
culpeo
Dusicyon fulvipes fox, Chiloe
Dusicyon griseus fox, Argentine grey
or little or chico
grey. chilla
Vulpes cana fox, Blanford's or
Afghan or dog or
steppe. corsac
Felidae (Species of Felidae
other than-
(a) species
specified in Part II
or Part III of
Schedule 1;
(b) species a
sub-species
of which is
specified in Part II
of Schedule 1;
(c) Panthera tigris;
and
(d) Felis catus
(Sub-species of
species of Felidae a
sub-species of which
is specified in Part
II of Schedule 1,
other than
sub-species
so specified)
(Panthera tigris
altaica (also known
as Panthera tigris
amurensis))
Mustelidae Conepatus humboldti skunk, Patagonian
(Species of
sub-family
Lutrinae not
specified in Part II
of Schedule 1) otters
Procyonidae Ailurus fulgens panda, lesser or red.
red cat-bear
Ursidae Ursus (Thalarctos)
maritimus bear, Polar
Viverridae Cryptoprocta ferox fossa (cat)
Cynogale bennetti otter, civet
Eupleres goudotii mongoose, Malagasy or
small-toothed.
mongoose slender
fanalouc
Eupleres major mongoose, great
falanouc or great
Malagasy or great

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small-toothed. taller
fanalouc
Fossa fossa civet, Malagasy.
fanaloka (civet)
Hemigalus derbyanus civet, banded palm,
Hardwick's civet
banded musang

EDENTATA Bradypodidae Bradypus boliviensis sloth, Bolivian
three-toed
Myrmecophagidae Myrmecophaga
tridactyla anteater, giant
Tamandua tetradactyla
chapadensis anteater, mato gross
collared. mato grosso
tamandua
INSECTIVORA Erinaceidae Erinaceus frontalis hedgehog, cape or
southern African
LAGOMORPHA Leporidae Nesolagus netscheri rabbit, Sumatra
(short-eared)
MARSUPIALIA Burramyidae Burramys parvus possum, mountain
pigmy-kangaroo,
Macropodidae Dendrolagus
bennettianus Bennett's
tree-kangaroo,
Dendrolagus inustus grizzled
grey tree-kangaroo,
Dendrolagus lumholtzi Lumholtz's
tree-kangaroo,
Dendrolagus ursinus black tree-cuscus,
Phalangeridae Phalanger maculatus common spotted
Phalanger orientalis cuscus, grey
MONOTREMATA Tachyglossidae (Species of Zaglossus
indigenous to Papua
New Guinea or
Indonesia) echidnas, New Guinea
long-nosed or long
snouted or anteaters,
New Guinea long-nosed
spiny or New Guinea
egg-laying
PERISSODACTYLA Equidae (Sub-species of Equus
hemionus not
specifiedin Part II
of Schedule 1)
Equus zebra hartmannae zebra, Hartmann's
mountain
Tapiridae Tapirus terrestris tapir, Brazilian or
South American
PHOLIDOTA Manidae Manis crassicaudata pangolin, Indian
Manis javanica pangolin, Malayan
Manis pentadactyla pangolin, Chinese
PINNIPEDIA Otariidae (Species of
Arctocephalus not
specified in Part II
of Schedule 1)
Phocidae Mirounga
angustirostris seal, northern
elephant
Mirounga leonina seal, southern
elephant or South
Atlantic elephant
PRIMATES (Species of Primates,
other than-
(a) species
specified in Part II
of Schedule 1; and
(b) species a
sub-species
of which is
specified in Part II
of Schedule 1)
(Sub-species of
species of Primates a
sub-species of which
is specifiedin Part
II of Schedule 1,

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other than
sub-species
so specified)
PROBOSCIDEA Elephantidae Loxodonta africana elephant, African
RODENTIA Heteromyidae Dipodomys phillipsii
phillipsii rat, Phillip's
kangaroo
Muridae Notomys mice, Australian
hopping-mouse,
Pseudomys shortridgei heath or
Shortridge's (false)
or Shortridge's
native. blunt-faced
rat
Sciuridae Lariscus hosei squirrel, four
striped ground
Ratufa squirrels, giant
SIRENIA Trichechidae Trichechus
senegalensis manatee, West African
TUBULIDENTATA Orycteropodidae Orycteropus afer aardvark or ant bear
------------------------------------------------------------------------------ -- Division 6-Class Mollusca
------------------------------------------------------------------------------ -- Order Family Genus, species or
sub-species Common name
------------------------------------------------------------------------------ -- ANISOMYARIA Mytilidae Mytilus chorus
NAIADOIDA Unionidae Cyprogenia aberti mussel, edible pearly.
the edible naiad
Epioblasma (Dysnomia)
torulosa rangiana mussel. tan-blossomed
pearly. tan-blossom
naiad
Fusconaia subrotunda mussel, long solid.
long solid naiad
Lampsilis brevicula mussel, Ozark lamp
pearly. Ozark lamp
naiad
Lexingtonia
dolabelloides mussel. slab sided
naiad
Pleurobema clava mussel, club pearly.
club naiad
PROSOBRANCHIA
Hydrobiidae
Coahuilix hubbsi snail, Coahuiliz de
Hubbs
Cochliopina milleri snail, Miller's
Durangonella coahuilae snail, Durangonello
de Coahuila
Mexipyrgus carranzae snail, Mexipyrgus de
Carranza
Mexipyrgus
churinceanus snail, Mexipyrgus de
Churince
Mexipyrgus escobedae snail, Mexipyrgus de
Escobeda
Mexipyrgus lugoi snail, Mexipyrgus de
Lugo
Mexipyrgus mojarralis snail, Mexipyrgus de
West el Mojarral
Mexipyrgus
multilineatus snail, Mexipyrgus de
East el Mojarral
Mexithauma
quadripaludium snail, Mexithauma de
Cienegas
Nymphophilus minckleyi snail, Numphophilus
de Minckley
Paludiscala caramba snail, Paludiscala de
Oro
STYLOMMATOPHORA
Camaenidae Papustyla (Papuina)
pulcherrima snail, green tree or
emerald green or
Manus Island tree

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Paryphantidae (Species of
Paryphanta indigenous
to New Zealand) snails, New Zealand
amber
------------------------------------------------------------------------------ -- Division 7-Class Pisces
------------------------------------------------------------------------------ -- Order Family Genus, species or
sub-species Common name
------------------------------------------------------------------------------ -- ACIPENSERIFORMES
Acipenseridae Acipenser fulvescens sturgeon, lake
Acipenser oxyrhynchus sturgeon, Atlantic
Acipenser sturio sturgeon, common or
Baltic
ATHERINIFORMES
Cyprinodontidae Cynolebias constanciae pearlfish. annual
tropical killifish
Cynolebias marmoratus pearlfish, ginger.
annual tropical
killifish
Cynolebias minimus pearlfish, minute.
annual tropical
killifish
Cynolebias opalescens pearlfish, opalescent.
annual tropical
killifish
Cynolebias splendens pearlfish, splendid.
annual tropical
killifish
Poeciliidae Xiphophorus couchianus platyfish, monterrey
CERATODI-
FORMES Ceratodidae Neoceratodus forsteri lungfish, Australian
or Queensland.
ceratodus
COELACANTHI-
FORMES Coelacanthidae Latimeria chalumnae coelacanth
CYPRINI-
FORMES Cyprinidae Caecobarbus geertsi fish, African blind
barb. Congo blinds
bard
Plagopterus
argentissimus woundfin
Ptychocheilus lucius squawfish, Colorado
River or Colorado

OSTEOGLOSSI-
FORMES Osteoglossidae Arapaima gigas arapaima. pirarucu
SALMONI-
FORMES Salmonidae Salmo chrysogaster trout, Mexican golden
Stenodus leucichthys
leucichthys beloribitsa
------------------------------------------------------------------------------ -- Division 8-Class Reptilia
------------------------------------------------------------------------------ -- Order Family Genus, species or
sub-species Common name
------------------------------------------------------------------------------ -- CROCODYLIA Alligatoridae (Species of
Alligatoridae, other
than-
(a) species
specified in Part II
of Schedule 1; and
(b) species a
sub-species
of which is
specified in Part II
of Schedule 1)
(Sub-species of
species of
Alligatoridae a
sub-species
of which is
specified in Part II
of
Schedule 1, other
than sub-species so
specified)

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Crocodylidae (Species of
Crocodylidae, other
than-
(a) species
specified in Part II
or III of Schedule 1;
and
(b) species a
sub-species
of which is
specified in Part II
of Schedule 1)
(Sub-species of
species of
Crocodylidae a
sub-species
of which is
specified in Part II
of Schedule 1, other
than sub-species so
specified)
SAURIA Agamidae Uromastyx lizards, spiny-tailed
or dabb or palm.
mastigures.
spiny-tailed
agamids
Chamaeleonidae Chamaeleo chamaeleons
Cordylidae Cordylus lizards, girdled
Pseudocordylus lizards, crag
Gekkonidae Cyrtodactylus
serpensinsula gecko, Serpent Island
Phelsuma geckos, day
Helodermatidae Heloderma lizards, poisonous or
bearded gila monster
Iguanidae Amblyrhynchus
cristatus iguana, Galapagos
marine
Conolophus iguanas, (Galapagos)
land. land lizards
Iguana iguanas, (common)
Phrynosoma coronatum
blainvillei lizard, San Diego
horned or Blainville
horned
Pygopodidae Paradelma orientalis lizard, Queensland
snake or Queensland
flap-footed
Teiidae Cnemidophorus
hyperythrus whiptail,
orange-throated
(lizard).
orange-throated
racerunner
Crocodilurus
lacertinus lizard, dragon.
dragon lizardet
Dracaena guianensis lizard, caiman or
four-foot caiman.
armoured teyou
croco-teju
Tupinambis lizards, tegu
Varanidae (Species of Varanus
not specified in Part
II of Schedule1)
SERPENTES Boidae (Species of Boidae,
other than-
(a) species
specified in Part II
of Schedule 1; and
(b) species a
sub-species
of which is
specified in Part II
of Schedule 1)
(Sub-species of
species of Boidae a
sub-species of which

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is specified in Part
II of Schedule 1,
other than
sub-species
so specified)
Colubridae Cyclagras gigas cobra, (South
American) false or
South American water
or beach. surucucu
Elachistodon
westermanni snake, Indian
egg-eating or
Westermann's Indian
egg-eater
Pseudoboa cloelia snake, mussurana
musurana
Thamnophis elegans
hammondi snake, two-striped
garter
TESTUDINATA Dermatemydidae Dermatemys mawii turtle, Central
American river
Emydidae Clemmys muhlenbergi turtle, bog or
Mulhenberg's
Pelomedusidae Podocnemis turtle, river or
sideneck
Testudinidae (Species of
Testudidae not
specified in Part II
of Schedule 1)
------------------------------------------------------------------------------ -- PART III-POPULATIONS OF ANIMALS

Population of animals of the sub-species Cyrtonyx montezumae mearnsi
outside the United States of America
Population of animals of the species Moschus moschiferus in areas
outside the Himalayas
Population of animals of the species Canis lupus outside Bhutan,
India, Nepal and Pakistan
Population of animals of the species Felis caracal in areas outside
Asia
Population of animals of the species Felis rubiginosa in areas outside
India
Population of animals of any sub-species of the species Ursus arctos
(other than sub-species specified in Schedule 1) in North America
Population of animals of the species Dugong dugon in Australia

PART IV-PLANTS
------------------------------------------------------------------------------ -- Family Genus, species or sub-species Common name
------------------------------------------------------------------------------ -- Apocynaceae (Species of Pachypodium not
specified in Part IV of Schedule
1) trunks; elephant's.
halfmen
Ascelpiadaceae Ceropegia
Frerea indica
Byblidaceae Byblis byblis. rainbow plants
Cactaceae (Species of Cactaceae indigenous
to the Americas)
Rhipsalis cacti; coral
Cephalotaceae Cephalotus follicularis pitcher-plant, Albany or
Western Australian
Cycadaceae (Species of Cycadaceae not
specified in Part IV of Schedule
1)
Didiereaceae (All species of Didiereaceae)
Euphorbiaceae (Species of Euphorbia that are
not succulent)
Haemodoraceae Anigozanthos paws, kangaroo
Macropidia fuliginosa paw, black kangaroo
Leguminosae Thermopsis mongolica
Liliaceae (Species of Aloe not specified
in Part IV of Schedule 1)
Myrtaceae Verticordia featherflowers or
cauliflowers
Orchidaceae (Species of Orchidaceae, other
than-
(a) species specified in Part
IV of Schedule 1; and

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(b) species a sub-species of
which is specified in Part IV of
Schedule 1)
(Sub-species of species of
Orchidaceae a sub-species of
which is specified in Part IV of
Schedule 1, other than
sub-species
so specified)

Palmae Areca ipot
Chrysalidocarpus decipiens palm, butterfly
Chrysalidocarpus lutescens palm, Madagascar
Neodypsis decaryi
Phoenix hanceana var
philippinensis
Zalacca clemensiana
Portulacaceae Anacampseros purselanes
Primulaceae Cyclamen cyclamens
Proteaceae Banksia banksias
Conospermum smokebushes, conosperma
Dryandra formosa dryandra, showy
Dryandra polycephala dryandra, many-headed
Xylomelum pears, woody or wooden
Rutaceae Boronia boronias
Crowea croweas
Geleznowia verrucosa
Sarraceniaceae Darlingtonia californica pitcher-plant,
California or western.
cobra lily
Solanaceae Solanum sylvestre
Stangeriaceae (Species of Stangeriaceae not
specified in Part IV of
Schedule1)
Thymelaeaceae Pimelea physodes bell, qualup, bluebeard,
lignum-vitae, holy wood,
tree of life
Verbenaceae Caryopteris mongolica bluebeard
Welwitschiaceae (Species of Welwitschiaceae not
specified in Part IV of Schedule
1)
Zamiaceae (Species of Zamiaceae not
specified in Part IV of Schedule
1)
------------------------------------------------------------------------------ --

WILDLIFE PROTECTION (REGULATION OF EXPORTS AND IMPORTS) ACT 1982 No. 149 of 1982 - SCHEDULE 3


SCHEDULE 3
Sections 21, 22, 30 and 38
SPECIMENS THE EXPORT OR IMPORT OF WHICH, OTHERWISE THAN IN
ACCORDANCE WITH A PERMIT OR AN AUTHORITY, IS PROHIBITED, AND IN
RELATION TO WHICH SECTIONS 30 AND 38 APPLY

PART I-SPECIMENS

A specimen of a genus, species or sub-species specified, or described, in Part II

PART II-ANIMALS

All species of the Order CETACEA (whales, dolphins and porpoises)

----------------

WILDLIFE PROTECTION (REGULATION OF EXPORTS AND IMPORTS) ACT 1982 No. 149 of 1982 - SCHEDULE 4

SCHEDULE 4
Section 23 SPECIMENS THAT ARE, OR ARE DERIVED FROM, NATIVE AUSTRALIAN ANIMALS
OR NATIVE AUSTRALIAN PLANTS AND THE EXPORT OF WHICH IS NOT PROHIBITED BY PARAGRAPH 21 (B)
PART I-SPECIMENS
A specimen that is, or is derived from, a marine fish
A specimen that is, or is derived from, a fish of the species Lates
calcarifer (barramundi)

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A specimen that is, or is derived from, an invertebrate of a genus, species or sub-species specified in Part II
A seed or spore
Fruit (whether or not containing seeds or spores) not attached to any part of
a plant
Timber, bark and wood chips
An article derived from timber
Oil distilled or otherwise extracted from a plant of the genus Eucalyptus
PART II
INVERTEBRATES
------------------------------------------------------------------------------ -- Family Genus, species or
sub-species
Phylum Class Order (common name) (common name)
------------------------------------------------------------------------------ -- MOLLUSCA STREPTONEURA
(PROSOBRANCHIA)
Haliotidae
(abalone) Notohaliotis ruber
(blacklip) Schismotis
laevigata (greenlip)
Marinauris roei
(Roe's)
Trochidae (top
shells) Trochus maximus
Trochus nilotius
Turbinidae
(turban shells) Turbo
Subninella undulata
(periwinkle)
Littorinidae
(periwinkles)
PELECYPODA
(LAMELLIBRANCHIATA)
Mytilidae
(mussels) Mytilus edulis
planulatus (mussel)
Pectinidae
(scallops) Amusium balloti
(saucer) Mimachlamys
asperrimus (doughboy)
Equichlamys bifrons
(queen) Pecten alba
(Tasmanian,
commercial)
Pecten fumata
Pecten meridionalis
Pecten modestus
Ostreidae
(oysters) Crassostrea
commercialis (Sydney
or N.S.W. rock oyster)
Crassostrea
tuberculata (Western
Rock oyster)
Ostrea angasi (oyster)
(Mother-of-pearl
shells) Pinctada margaritifera
(blacklip
mother-of-pearl)
Pinctada maxima
(silverlip)
Pinctada sugillata
(mother-of-pearl)
Donacidae
(pipis,
cockles) Plebidonax deltoides
(pipi, surf clam)
(All species of
Katylesia) (cockle)
CEPHALOPODA Octopoda
(octopus) Octopodidae Octopus tetricus
Decapoda
(cuttlefish,

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squid) Sepiidae (All species of Sepia)
(cuttlefish)
Sepioteuthis australis
(southern calamari
squid)
Nototodarus gouldi
(Gould's squid)
Todarodes filippovae
Onnastrephes bartramii
Syntletoteuthis
luminosa
Symplectoteuthis
ovalaniensis
Ornithoteuthis
volatilis
Loligo etheridgei
CRUSTACEA NATANTIA
(prawns) Alphaeidae ALPHAEIDAE (clicker,
pistol, or musical
prawns)
Penaeidae Hymenopenaeus sibogae
(royal red prawn)
Parapenaeopsis
sculptilis (rainbow
prawn)
Metapenaeus dalli
(western school prawn)
Metapenaeus macleayi
(school prawn)
Metapenaeus endeavouri
(endeavour prawn)
Metapenaeus bennettae
(greentail prawn,
greasy-back)
Metapenaeus
eboracensis (York
prawn)
Penaeus longistylus
(red spotted prawn)
Penaeus plebejus
(eastern king prawn)
Penaeus semisulcatus
(green tiger prawn,
grooved tiger prawn)
Penaeus esculentus
(brown tiger prawn)
Penaeus merguiensis
(banana prawn)
Penaeus latisulcatus
(western king prawn)
REPTANTIA
(crayfish) Austroastocidae Panulirus
penicillatus
(tropical rock
lobster)
Panulirus longipes
fermoristriga
(tropical rock
lobster)
Panulirus ornatus
(tropical rock
lobster)
Panulirus versicolor
(tropical rock
lobster)
Panulirus polyphagus
(tropical rock
lobster)
Panulirus homarus
(tropical rock
lobster)
Panulirus longipes
cygnus (western rock

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lobster)
Panulirus longipes
(painted cray)
Jasus verreauxi
(green rock lobster,
eastern rock lobster)
Jasus novaehollandiae
(=lalandei) (southern
rock lobster-crayfish)
Thenus orientalis
(bay lobster)
Ibacus incisus
(flapjack or Balmain
bug)
Ibacus peronii
(shovelnose lobster)
BRACHYURA
(crabs,
yabbies,
shrimp) Portunidae
(crabs) Portunus pelagicus
(sand crab, blue
swimmer) Scylla
serrata (mud crab)
Ranina ranina
(spanner or frog crab)
Parastacidae
(yabbies,
shrimp) Cherax tenuimanus
(marron) Eustacus
armatus (Murray
lobster-freshwater
crayfish)
Cherax destructor-
albidus (yabbie)
Macrobrachium
rosenbergii
(freshwater shrimp)
ANNELIDA POLYCHAETA Onuphis teres (beach
worms)
ECHINO-
DERMATA ECHINOIDEA (sea
urchins) Strongylo-
centrotidae Heliocidarus (sea
urchin)
HOLOTHUROIDEA
(sea cucumbers,
beche-de-mer) Stichopus variegatus
(red prickly fish)
Actinopyga obesa (red
fish) Holothuria
mammifera (black or
teat fish)
------------------------------------------------------------------------------ -- WILDLIFE PROTECTION (REGULATION OF EXPORTS AND IMPORTS) ACT 1982

DNo. 149 of 1982 - SCHEDULE 5

SCHEDULE 5
Section 22 LIVE ANIMALS AND LIVE PLANTS THE IMPORT OF WHICH IS NOT PROHIBITED
BY PARAGRAPH 22 (b) AND IN RELATION TO WHICH SECTION 9 DOES NOT
APPLY
PART I-LIVE SPECIMENS
A live animal of a genus, species or sub-species specified in Part II.
A live mule.
A live hinny.
A live animal, or a live plant, that is a biological control agent of a kind
that was approved for general release under the Quarantine Act 1908
before the commencement of this Act.
PART II-ANIMALS
Division 1-Class Aves
------------------------------------------------------------------------------ -- Order Family Genus, species or

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sub-species Common name
------------------------------------------------------------------------------ -- ANSERIFORMES Anatidae Anas platyrhynchos duck
Anseridae Anser anser goose
COLUMBIFORMES Columbidae Columba livia pigeon
GALLIFORMES Phasianidae Corturnix corturnix quail
Gallus gallus fowl
Meleagris galloparo turkey
Phasianus calchicus pheasant
------------------------------------------------------------------------------ -- Division 2-Class Insecta
------------------------------------------------------------------------------ -- Order Family Genus, species or Common name
sub-species
------------------------------------------------------------------------------ -- HYMENOPTERA Apidae Apis mellifera
mellifera bee, apiary (honey)
------------------------------------------------------------------------------ -- Division 3-Class Mammalia
------------------------------------------------------------------------------ -- Order Family Genus, species or
sub-species Common name
------------------------------------------------------------------------------ -- ARTIODACTYLA Bovidae Bos taurus cattle, domestic
Bos indicus ox, indian
Capra hircus goat, domestic
Ovis aries sheep, domestic
Camelidae Camelus dromedarius camel
Suidae Sus scrofa pig, domestic
CARNIVORA Canidae Canis familiaris dog, domestic
Felidae Felis catus cat, domestic
PERISSODACTYLA Equidae Equus asinus donkey, (ass)
Equus caballus horse, domestic
RODENTIA Caviidae Cavia porcellus guinea pig, domestic
Muridae Mus musculus house mouse
Rattus rattus Black rat
Rattus norvegicus Brown rat
------------------------------------------------------------------------------ --

WILDLIFE PROTECTION (REGULATION OF EXPORTS AND IMPORTS) ACT 1982 No. 149 of 1982 - SCHEDULE 6


SCHEDULE 6
Section 22
LIVE ANIMALS AND LIVE PLANTS THE IMPORT OF WHICH IS NOT PROHIBITED
BY PARAGRAPH 22 (b) AND IN RELATION TO WHICH SECTION 9 APPLIES

PART I-LIVE SPECIMENS

A live fish of a genus, species or sub-species specified in Part II
A live male fish of the species Macropodus opercularis
A live plant the introduction of which into Australia is in accordance with
the Quarantine Act 1908

PART II-FISH

Division 1-Freshwater Fish (Class Pisces)
------------------------------------------------------------------------------ -- Order Family Genus, species or
sub-species Common name
------------------------------------------------------------------------------ -- BELONIFORMES Hemiramphidae Dermogenys pusillus beak, half
Dianema urostriata catfish, stripe tailed
Epalzeorhynchus
kallopterus fox, flying
Epalzeorhynchus
siamensis fox, Siamese flying
Abramites
microcephalus headstander
CYPRINIFORMES Anostomidae Anostomus headstander
Chilodus punctatus headstander, spotted
Leporinus arcus leporinus, lipstick
Leporinus fasciatus leporinus, banded
Leporinus frederici leporinus, frederici's
Leporinus maculatus leporinus, spotted
Leporinus melanopleura leporinus, spot

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tailed
Leporinus
multifasciatus leporinus,
multi-banded
Leporinus striatus leporinus, striped
Aphyocharacinae Aphyocharax
rubripinnis tetra, blood fins
Callichthyidae Corydoras cat, armoured
Characidae Cheirodon axelrodi tetra, cardinal
Gymnocorymbus ternetzi tetra, black widow
Hemigrammus tetra
Hyphessobrycon tetra
Moenkhausia tetra
Paracheirodon
(Hyphessobrycon)
innesi tetra, neon
Pelvicachromis pulcher kribensis
Pelvicachromis
subocellatus kribensis
Pelvicachromis
taeniatus kribensis
Petitella georgiae nose, false rummy
Prionobrama filigera bloodfin, glass
Pristella riddlei pristella
Thayeria tetra, hockeystick
Cichlidae Julidochromis cichlid, dwarf
Kryptopterus bicirrhis catfish, glass
Kryptopterus
macrocephalus catfish, poormans
glass
Cobitidae Acanthophthalmus loach, kuhlii
Botia macracantha loach, clown
Botia sidthimunki loach, dwarf
Misgurnus
anguillicaudatus loach, weather
Cyprinidae Balantiocheilus
melanopterus shark, silver
Barbodes everetti barb, clown
Barbodes fasciatus barb, striped
Barbodes hexazona barb, tiger
Barbodes lateristriga barb, spanner
Barbodes pentazona barb, banded
Brachydanio
albolineatus danio, pearl
Brachydanio frankei danio, leopard
Brachydanio kerri danio, kerr's
Brachydanio
nigrofasciatus danio, spotted
Brachydanio rerio danio, zebra
Capoeta arulius barb, longfin
Capoeta oligolepis barb, checker
Capoeta partipentazona barb, tiger
Capoeta
semifasciolatus barb, golden
Capoeta tetrazona barb, tiger
Capoeta titteya barb, cherry
Carassius auratus goldfish
Danio malabaricus danio, giant
Esomus danrica barb, flying
Esomus goddardi barb, flying
Esomus malayensis barb, flying
Labeo bicolor shark, redtail
Labeo erythrurus shark, red fin
Labeo frenatus shark, rainbow
Labeo variegatus shark, variegated
Laubuca laubuca fish, Indian hatchet
Morulius
chrysophekadion shark, black
Puntius asoka barb, asoka
Puntius bimaculatus barb, two spot
Puntius conchonius barb, rosy
Puntius cumingi barb, cummings
Puntius filamentosus barb, black spot
Puntius nigrofasciatus barb, ruby
Puntius stoliczkai barb, Stoliczka's
Puntius ticto barb, ticto
Puntius vittatus barb, kooli
Rasbora argyrotaenia rasbora, silver
Rasbora boraptensis rasbora, red tail
Rasbora caudimaculata rasbora, red tail

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Rasbora dorsiocellata rasbora, emerald eye
Rasbora dusonensis rasbora, yellow tail
Rasbora einthoveni rasbora, blue line
Rasbora elegans rasbora, two spot
Rasbora hengelsii rasbora, harlequin
Rasbora heteromorpha rasbora, harlequin
Rasbora kalochroma rasbora, clown
Rasbora leptosoma rasbora, copper
striped
Rasbora maculata rasbora, dwarf spotted
Rasbora pauciperforata rasbora, red line
Rasbora sarawakensis rasbora, sarawak
Rasbora steineri rasbora, gold line
Rasbora taeniata rasbora, blue line
Rasbora trilineata scissortail, black
Rasbora vaterifloris rasbora, flame
Rhodeus amarus bitterling
Rhodeus sericeus bitterling
Tanichthys albonubes white cloud
Cyprinodontidae Aphyosemion fish, killie
Aplocheilus panchax
Oryzias javanicus medaka, Java
Oryzias latipes medaka
Osteochilus hasselti barb, bony lipped
Osteochilus vittatus barb, bony lipped
Gasteropelecidae
Carnegiella fish, hatchet
Gasteropelecus fish, hatchet
Thoracocharax fish, hatchet
Gyrinocheilidae Gyrinocheilus
aymonieri catfish, sucking-Asia
Hemiodontidae Nannostomus fish, pencil
Nematrobrycon tetra, emperor
Poecilobrycon fish, pencil
Homalopteridae Homaloptera
orthogoniata fish, lizard-Indonesia
Hydrocynidae Alestes longipinnis tetra, African
Loricariidae Farlowella acus catfish, twig
Gastromyzon myersi sucker, dwarf stone
Loricaria filamentosa catfish, whiptail
Otocinclus arnoldi catfish, sucker
Oxygaster
oxygastroides barb, glass
Mochokidae Synodontis
nigriventris cat, upsidedown
Pimelodidae Pimelodus ornatus cat, pictus
Poeciliidae Poecilia latipinna mollie, sailfin
Poecilia reticulata guppy
Poecilia sphenops mollie, black
Poecilia velifera mollie, sailfin
Xiphophorus helleri swordtail
Xiphophorus maculatus platy
Xiphophorus variatus platy, variegated
Tetragon
opterina Anoptichthys jordani fish, blind cave
MASTACEMBELIFORMES
Mastacembelidae Macrognathus
aculeatus eel, spiny
MORMYRIFORMES Mormyridae Gnathonemus
macrolepidotus nose, elephant
Gnathonemus petersi nose, elephant
MUGILIFORMES Atherinidae Telmatherina ladigesi rainbow, celebes
Hydrocynidae Micralestes
(Phenacogrammus)
interruptus tetra, congo
Melanotaeniidae Melanotaenia
(Nematocentrus) fish, rainbow
OSTEOGLOSIFORMES
Pantodontidae Pantodon buchholzi fish, butterfly
PERCIFORMES Anabantidae Betta fish, fighting
Colisa chuna gourami, honey dwarf
Colisa fasciata gourami, ''giant''
dwarf
Colisa labiosa gourami, thick-lipped
Colisa lalia gourami, dwarf
Helostoma rudolfi gourami, pink
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kissing
Helostoma temminckii gourami, green kissing
Macropodus opercularis fish, paradise
Megalamphodus
megalopterus tetra, black phantom
Megalamphodus sweglesi tetra, red phantom
Sphaerichthys
osphronemoides gourami, chocolate
Trichogaster leeri gourami, pearl
Trichogaster
microlepis gourami, moonbeam
Trichogaster
trichopterus gourami, blue or
opaline or golden
Trichopsis (Ctenops)
pumilus gourami
Trichopsis (Ctenops)
vittatus gourami
Trinectes maculatus flounder, freshwater
Tropheus duboisi cichlid, dwarf
Tanganyikan
Tropheus moorei cichlid, dwarf
Tanganyikan
Centropomidae Chanda ranga perchlet, glass
Cichlidae Aequidens curviceps curviceps
Aequidens maronii keyhole
Aequidens pulcher acara, blue
Apistogramma cichlid, dwarf
Astronotus ocellatus oscar
Geophagus jurupari cichlid, earth eating
Nannacara anomala acara, golden dwarf
Nannacara taenia cichlid, dwarf lattice
Papiliochromis
(Apistogramma)
ramirezzii ram
Pterophyllum fish, angel
Symphysodon discus
Gobiidae Brachygobius fish, bumble bee
Monodactylidae Monodactylus argenteus mono
Monodactylus sebae mono, African
Toxotidae Toxotes jaculator fish, archer
PLEURONECTIFORMES
Soleidae Achirus fasciatus sole, freshwater
SILURIFORMES Callichthyidae Brochis coeruleus catfish, blue
------------------------------------------------------------------------------ --
Division 2-Marine Fish (Class Pisces)
------------------------------------------------------------------------------ -- Order Family Genus, species or Common name
sub-species

------------------------------------------------------------------------------ -- Acanthuridae Acanthurus achilles surgeonfish
Acanthurus bleekeri surgeon, striped
Acanthurus dussumieri surgeonfish
Acanthurus
glaucopareius surgeonfish
Acanthurus guttatus surgeon, mustard
Acanthurus
leucosternon surgeonfish, blue
Acanthurus lineatus surgeon, clown
Acanthurus nigricauda surgeonfish
Acanthurus olivaceus surgeon, olive
Acanthurus pyroferus surgeon, chocolate
Acanthurus sohal surgeon, zebra
Acanthurus triostegus surgeon, convict
Zebrasoma xanthurum tang
Ctenochaetus strigosus tang
Naso brevirostris unicornfish
Naso lituratus unicornfish
Paracanthurus hepatus surgeon, blue
Zanclus cornutus idol, moorish
Zebrasoma flavescens tang
Zebrasoma scopas tang
Zebrasoma veliferum tang
Antennariidae Antennarius bigibbus frogfish, fishing
Antennarius
chironectes frogfish, fishing

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Antennarius coccineus frogfish, fishing
Antennarius hispidus frogfish, fishing
Antennarius nummifer frogfish, fishing
Antennarius phymatodes frogfish, fishing
Antennarius striatus frogfish, fishing
Histrio histrio fish, sargassum
Apogonidae Apogon coccineus fish, red cardinal
Apogon exostigma cardinalfish,
one-lined
Apogon fasciatus cardinalfish
Apogon fraenatus cardinalfish
Apogon leptacanthus cardinalfish
Apogon maculiferus cardinalfish
Apogon novaeguineaa cardinalfish
Apogon novemfasciatus cardinalfish
Apogon quadrifasciatus cardinalfish
Apogon sangiensis cardinalfish
Apogon taeniopterus cardinalfish
Cheilodipterus
macrodon cardinalfish
Sphaeramia orbicularis cardinalfish
Balistidae Abalistes stellaris triggerfish, starry
Alutera scripta trigger, scribbled
Balistapus undulatus trigger, undulate
Balistes vetula trigger, queen
Balistoides
conspicillum trigger, clown
Balistoides
viridescens trigger, spotted
Cantherhines pardalis filefish
Cantherhines pullus filefish
Cantherhines
sandwichiensis trigger, sandwich
Melichthys indicus trigger, brown
Melichthys vidua trigger, pink-tail
Odonus niger trigger, black
Oxymonacanthus
longirostris filefish, long-nose
Paraluteres prionurus mimic, valentini
Pervagor
melanocephalus filefish
Pervagor spilosoma filefish, fantail
Pervagor tomentosus filefish, red-tail
Pseudobalistes fuscus trigger
Rhinecanthus aculeatus trigger
Rhinecanthus
rectangulus trigger
Rhinecanthus
verrucosus trigger
Sufflamen bursa triggerfish
Xanthichthys mento trigger, sargassum
Blenniidae Ecsenius bicolor blenny, bicolor
Ecsenius pulcher blenny, rock
Meiacanthus
atrodorsalis blenny, forktail
Meiacanthus grammistes blenny, striped
Meiacanthus kamohari blenny, forktail
Meiacanthus
mossambicus blenny, sabre-toothed
Petroscirtes breviceps blenny, sabre-toothed
Plagiotremus
rhinorhynchus blenny, sabre-toothed
Plagiotremus
tapeinosoma blenny, sabre-toothed
Stanulus seychellensis blenny, mottled
Bothidae Bothus mancus flounder
Branchiostegidae
Malacanthus
latovittatus
Callionymidae Synchiropus splendidus mandarinfish
Carangidae Alectis ciliaris pennantfish
Alectis indicus mirrorfish
Gnathanodon speciosus trevally, golden
Carapodidae Carapus pearlfish
Centriscidae Aeoliscus strigatus razor-fish. shrimpfish

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Chaetodontidae Chaetodon argentatus butterfish, three band
Chaetodon auriga butterfish, threadfin
Chaetodon baronessa butterfish, baroness
Chaetodon bennetti butterfish, Bennett's
Chaetodon citrinellus butterfish, speckled
Chaetodon collare butterfish, red-tailed
Chaetodon decussatus butterfish,
black-finned
Chaetodon ephippium butterfish, saddled
Chaetodon falcula butterfish, sickle
Chaetodon fremblii butterfish,
blue-striped
Chaetodon kleinii butterfish, Klein's
Chaetodon leucopleura butterfish, somali
Chaetodon lineolatus butterfish, lined
Chaetodon lunula butterfish, racoon
Chaetodon melannotus butterfish,
black-backed
Chaetodon mertensii butterfish, Merten's
Chaetodon meyeri butterfish, Meyer's
Chaetodon miliaris butterfish,
millet-seed
Chaetodon multicinctus butterfish, pebbled
Chaetodon
octofasciatus butterfish,
eight-banded
Chaetodon ornatissimus butterfish, ornate
Chaetodon pelewensis butterfish,
dot-and-dash
Chaetodon plebeius butterfish, blue-spot
Chaetodon
punctatofasciatus butterfish,
spot-banded
Chaetodon
quadrimaculatus butterfish, four-spot
Chaetodon rafflesi butterfish, latticed
Chaetodon reticulatus butterfish,
reticulated
Chaetodon semeion butterfish, dotted
Chaetodon speculum butterfish, oval-spot
Chaetodon tinkeri butterfish, Tinker's
Chaetodon
trifascialius butterfish, chevroned
Chaetodon trifasciatus butterfish, red-fin
Chaetodon unimaculatus butterfish, teardrop
Chaetodon vagabundus butterfish, vagabond
Chaetodon xanthurus butterfish, chevron
Chelmon rostratus coralfish, beaked
Coradion chrysozonus coralfish,
orange-banded
Forcipiger flavissimus butterfish, long-nosed
Forcipiger
longirostris butterfish, long-nosed
Hemitaurichthys
polylepis butterfish, pyramid
Hemitaurichthys zoster butterfish, pyramid
Heniochus acuminatus bannerfish
Heniochus chrysostomus bannerfish, pennant
Heniochus monoceros bannerfish, masked
Heniochus singularius bannerfish, singular
Heniochus varius bannerfish, humphead
Parachaetodon
ocellatus coralfish, ocellate
Cirrhitidae Cirrhitichthys aprinus hawkfish, blotched
Cirrhitichthys
oxycephalus hawkfish
Cyprinocirrhites
polyactis hawkfish
Oxycirrhites typus hawkfish, long-nose
Paracirrhites arcatus hawkfish

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Dactylopteridae Dactyloptena
macracanthus gurnard, flying
Dasyatidae Taeniura lymna ray, blue-spotted
Diodontidae Diodon holacanthus fish, porcupine
Diodon hystrix fish, porcupine
Echeneididae Echeneis naucrates suckerfish
Ephippidae Drepane punctata batfish, spotted
Platax batavianus batfish
Platax orbicularis batfish
Heterodontidae Heterodontus japonicus shark, Port Jackson
Holocentridae Adioryx diadema squirrelfish
Adioryx lacteoguttatus squirrelfish
Adioryx microstomus squirrelfish
Adioryx ruber squirrelfish
Adioryx spinifer squirrelfish
Adioryx tiere squirrelfish
Adioryx xantherythrus squirrelfish
Flammeo opercularis squirrelfish
Flammeo sammara squirrelfish
Holocentrus rufus squirrelfish
Myripristis jacobus soldierfish
Myripristis kuntee soldierfish
Myripristis murdjan soldierfish
Myripristis pralinius soldierfish
Myripristis violaceus soldierfish
Plectrypops lima squirrelfish

Grammatidae Gramma loreto basslet
Grammistidae Grammistes sexlineatus soapfish
Haemulidae Plectorhynchus
albovittatus sweetlips. grunt
Plectorhynchus
chaetodonoides sweetlips. grunt
Plectorhynchus
goldmani sweetlips. grunt
Plectorhynchus
lineatus sweetlips. grunt
Plectorhynchus
orientalis sweetlips. grunt
Platax pinnatus batfish
Platax teira batfish
Spilotichthys pictus sweetlips
Gobiidae
(Oxudercidae) Amblygobius phalaena goby
Eleotriodes
sexguttatus gudgeon, blue-cheeked
Eleotriodes strigatus gudgeon, golden-headed
Gobiodon citrinus goby, lemon
Gobiodon histrio goby, coral
Lythrypnus dalli goby, catalina
Nemateleotris
magnifica gudgeon, fire
Oxyurichthys goby
Ptereleotris
microlepsis gudgeon, blue
Ptereleotris tricolor scissortail
Vanderhorstia
ornatissima goby
Zonogobious
semidoliatus goby, regal
Kuhliidae Kuhlia taentura perch, flagtail
Kyphosidae
(Scorpidae) Microcanthus strigatus stripey
Labridae Anampses
caeruleopunctatus wrasse, chisel-tooth
Anampses
chrysocephalus wrasse, chisel-tooth
Anampses cuvier wrasse, chisel-tooth
Anampses twistii wrasse, chisel-tooth
Bodianus axillaris pigfish
Bodianus bilunulatus pigfish
Bodianus diana pigfish
Bodianus mesothorax pigfish
Cheilinus undulatus wrasse, maori
Cheilio inermis rainbowfish
Cirrhilabrus
temminckii rainbowfish, threadfin
Coris aygula labrid, clown

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Coris ballieui malamalama
Coris flavovittata hilu
Coris gaimard wrasse, clown
Coris variegata wrasse, variegated
Epibulus insidiator telescopefish
Gomphosus varius wrasse, club-nosed
Halichoeres
biocellatus wrasse, two-spot
Halichoeres
centriquadrus wrasse, four-spot
Halichoeres
margaritaceus wrasse, pearl-spot
Halichoeres nebulosus wrasse, clouded
Halichoeres notopsis wrasse, two-eyed
Hemigymnus fasciatus wrasse, five-banded
Hemigymnus melapterus wrasse, thick-lipped
Hemipteronotus
pentadactylus wrasse, keel-headed
Hemipteronotus
taeniourus wrasse,
olive-scribbled
Labrichthys
unilineatus wrasse
Labroides dimidiatus wrasse, cleaner.
bridled beauty
Labroides
rubrolabiatus wrasse, red-lipped
Lienardella fasciata wrasse, harlequin
Macropharyngodon
(pardalis) meleagris wrasse, reticulated
Pseudocheilinus
evanidus wrasse, scarlet
Pseudocheilinus
hexataenia wrasse, six-lined
Pseudocheilinus
octotaenia wrasse, eight-lined
Pseudocheilinus
tetrataenia wrasse, four-lined
Stethojulius
bandanensis rainbowfish
Stethojulius
strigiventer rainbowfish
Thalassoma
amblycephalus wrasse, rainbow
Thalassoma ballieui wrasse, rainbow
Thalassoma lunare wrasse, lyretail
Thalassoma lutescens wrasse, rainbow
Wetmorella wrasse, arrowhead
Lutjanidae Lutjanus erythropterus perch, malabar sea
Lutjanus fulvus perch, sea
Lutjanus gibbus paddle-tail
Lutjanus kasmira perch, sea
Lutjanus sebae emperor, red
Macolor niger perch, sea
Symphorus nematophorus chinaman-fish
Monocentrididae Monocentrus japonicus pineapplefish
Mugiloididae Parapercis
schauinslandi grubfish
Mullidae Mulloidichthys
martinicus goatfish
Parupeneus cyclostomus goatfish
Parupeneus
pleurostigma goatfish
Upeneus vittatus goatfish
Muraenidae Echidna nebulosa eel, starry
Echidna zebra eel, zebra
Gymnothorax favagineus eel, tesselated
Gymnothorax meleagris eel, moray
Gymnothorax undulatus eel, mottled reef
Rhinomuraena
(amboinensis) quaesita eel, ribbon
Nemipteridae Scolopsis bilineatus bream, monocle
Ophidiidae Dinematichthys eels, cusk
Ostraciidae Lactoria cornuta cowfish, long-horn
Ostracion cubicus boxfish, spotted
Ostracion meleagris boxfish, spotted
Tetrasomus gibbosus turretfish
Oxudercidae Perciphthalmus papillo mudskipper
Pempherididae Pempheris oualensis sweeper
Pholidichthyidae

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Pholidichthys
leucotaenia worm, convict
Plesiopidae Calloplesiops
altivelis comet
Plesiops
caeruleolineatus longfin
Plotosidae Plotosus lineatus eel, catfish
Pomacanthidae Apolemichthys arcuatus angelfish,
black-banded
Apolemichthys
trimaculatus angelfish, three-spot
Centropyge argi angelfish
Centropyge bicolor angelfish, bicolor
Centropyge bispinosus angelfish, two-spined
Centropyge eibli angelfish, eibl's
Centropyge ferrugatus angelfish, rusty
Centropyge fisheri angelfish, Fisher's
Centropyge flavissimus angelfish, lemon-peel
Centropyge heraldi angelfish, Herald's
Centropyge loriculus angelfish, flame
Centropyge nox angelfish, midnight
Centropyge potteri angelfish, russet
Centropyge tibicen angelfish, keyhole
Centropyge vroliki angelfish,
pearl-scaled
Chaetodontoplus
chrysocephalus
Chaetodontoplus
melanosoma angelfish,
black-velvet
Chaetodontoplus
mesoleucus angelfish,
vermiculated
Euxiphipops navarchus angelfish,
blue-girdled
Euxiphipops
sexstriatus angelfish, six-banded
Euxiphipops
xanthometapon angelfish,
yellow-faced
Genicanthus lamarck angelfish, lamarck's
Genicanthus
melanospilos angelfish, black-pot
Genicanthus
semifasciatus angelfish, half-banded
Pomacanthus annularis angelfish, blue-ringed
Pomacanthus imperator angelfish, emperor
Pomacanthus
semicirculatus angelfish, semi-circle
Pygoplites diacanthus angelfish, regal
Pomacentridae Abudefduf saxatilis sergeant major
Abudefduf sexfasciatus sergeant major
Abudefduf sordidus sergeant major
Amblyglyphidodon
curacao demoiselle, staghorn
Amblyglyphidodon
leucogaster damsel, white-belly
Amphiprion
chrysopterus anemonefish,
orange-fin
Amphiprion ephippium anemonefish
Amphiprion percula anemonefish, clown
Amphiprion perideraion anemonefish, pink
Amphiprion polymnus anemonefish,
saddleback
Amphiprion
rubrocinctus anemonefish, red
Amphiprion

sandaracinos anemonefish, orange
Chromis caerulea chromis, blue-green
Chromis margaritifer chromis, bicolor
Dascyllus albisella dascyllus, Hawaiian
Dascyllus aruanus humbug

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Dascyllus melanurus footballer
Dascyllus reticulatus dascyllus, reticulated
Dascyllus trimaculatus dascyllus, three-spot
Eupomacentrus
leucostictus beau gregory
Glyphidodontops
cyaneus devil, blue
Glyphidodontops
glaucus demoiselle, grey
Glyphidodontops
leucopomus demoiselle, surge
Glyphidodontops rex demoiselle, king
Paraglyphidodon
nigroris damsel, Behn's
Petroglyphidodon
lacrymatus damsel, jewel
Plectroglyphidodon
leucozonus damsel, white-band
Plectroglyphidodon
phoenixensis damsel, phoenix
Plectroglyphidon
dickii damsel, dick's
Pomacentrus
amboinensis damsel, ambon
Pomacentrus coelestis damsel, neon
Pomacentrus melanochir damsel
Pomacentrus vaiuli damsel, princess
Premnas biaculeatus anemonefish, spine-
cheeked
Priacanthidae Priacanthus cruentatus bullseye
Pseudochromidae Dampieria longipinnis basslet
Pseudochromis
paccagnellae basslet
Pseudogrammatidae
Suttonia lineata
Scaridae Bolbometopon (Scarus)
bicolor parrotfish
Scarus frenatus parrotfish
Scarus ghobban parrotfish
Scarus jonesi parrotfish
Scarus psittacus parrotfish
Scatophagidae Scatophagus argus scat, spotted
Scorpaenidae
(Synanceinae) Amblyapistus
taenianotus scorpionfish
Dendrochirus
brachypterus cod, butterfly
Dendrochirus zebra cod, butterfly
Inimicus didactylus stinger
Paracentropogon
longispinis scorpionfish
Pterois antennata cod, butterfly.
firefish
Pterois radiata cod, butterfly.
firefish
Pterois sphex cod, butterfly.
firefish
Pterois volitans cod, butterfly
Scorpaenodes
parvipinnis scorpionfish
Taenianatus
triacanthus fish, sailfin leaf
Serranidae Anthias bimaculatus perch, sea
Anthias hutchii perch, sea
Anthias squamipinnis perch, sea
Anyperodon
leucogrammicus cod, rock
Cephalopholis argus cod, peacock rock
Cephalopholis
aurantius cod, orange rock
Cephalopholis boenack cod, blue-lined rock
Cephalopholis miniatus trout, coral
Cepholapholis urodelus cod, flag-tailed rock
Cromileptes altivelis cod, humped-back rock
Diploprion bifasciatum perch, 2-banded
Epinephelus

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caeruleopunctatus cod, blue-spotted rock
Epinephelus
corallicola cod, coral rock
Epinephelus
flavocaeruleus cod, purple rock
Epinephelus
hexagonatus cod, starry rock
Epinephelus merra cod, honeycomb rock
Epinephelus tauvina cod, greasy
Epinephelus truncatus cod, rock
Mirolabrichthys dispar perch, sea
Mirolabrichthys evansi perch, sea
Mirolabrichthys tuka perch, sea
Plectropomus maculatus trout, coral
Promicrops lanceolatus grouper. sea bass
Variola louti cod, lunar-tailed

Siganidae Lo vulpinus rabbitfish
Siganus canaliculatus rabbitfish
Siganus corallinus rabbitfish
Siganus javus rabbitfish
Siganus vermiculatus rabbitfish
Siganus virgatus rabbitfish
Syngnathidae Dunckorocampus
dactyliophorus pipefish, banded
Hippocampus hudsonius seahorse
Hippocampus kuda seahorse, spotted
Synodontidae Synodus fish, lizard
Tetraodontidae Arothron meleagris puffer, white-spotted
Arothron
nigropunctatus puffer, black-spotted
Arothron reticularis puffer, reticulated
Canthigaster bennetti puffer, sharp-nose
Canthigaster coronata puffer, sharp-nose
Canthigaster jactator puffer, sharp-nose
Canthigaster solandri puffer, sharp-nose
Canthigaster valentini puffer, sharp-nose
------------------------------------------------------------------------------ --

WILDLIFE PROTECTION (REGULATION OF EXPORTS AND IMPORTS) ACT 1982 No. 149 of 1982 - SCHEDULE 7


SCHEDULE 7
Section 16
SPECIES OF NATIVE AUSTRALIAN ANIMALS ELIGIBLE TO BE TREATED AS
HOUSEHOLD PETS

------------------------------------------------------------------------------ -- Order Class Family Species
------------------------------------------------------------------------------ -- AVES PSITTACIFORMES Cacatuidae Cacatua galerita
(cockatoo,
sulphur-crested)
Cacatua roseicapilla
(galah)
Platycercidae Melopsittacus
undulatus
(budgerigar)
------------------------------------------------------------------------------ --

WILDLIFE PROTECTION (REGULATION OF EXPORTS AND IMPORTS) ACT 1982 No. 149 of 1982 - SCHEDULE 8


SCHEDULE 8
Sub-section 4 (1) (Definition of ''Convention'')
CONVENTION ON INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN ENDANGERED SPECIES OF WILD FAUNA
AND FLORA

PREAMBLE

The Contracting States,

Recognizing that the wild fauna and flora in their many beautiful and
varied forms are an irreplaceable part of the natural systems of the earth which must be protected for this and the generations to come;

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Conscious of the ever-growing value of wild fauna and flora from
aesthetic, scientific, cultural, recreational and economic points of view;

Recognizing that peoples and States are and should be the best
protectors of their own wild fauna and flora;

Recognizing, in addition, that international cooperation is essential
for the protection of certain species of wild fauna and flora against
over-exploitation through international trade;

Convinced of the urgency of taking appropriate measures to this end;

Have agreed as follows:

ARTICLE I

Definitions

For the purpose of the present Convention, unless the context otherwise
requires:

(a) ''Species'' means any species, subspecies, or geographically
separate population thereof;

(b) ''Specimen'' means:

(i) any animal or plant, whether alive or dead;

(ii) in the case of an animal: for species included in Appendices I and
II, any readily recognizable part or derivative thereof; and for species
included in Appendix III, any readily recognizable part or derivative thereof
specified in Appendix III in relation to the species; and

(iii) in the case of a plant: for species included in Appendix I, any
readily recognizable part or derivative thereof; and for species included in
Appendices II and III, any readily recognizable part or derivative thereof
specified in Appendices II and III in relation to the species;

(c) ''Trade'' means export, re-export, import and introduction from
the sea;

(d) ''Re-export'' means export of any specimen that has previously
been imported;

(e) ''Introduction from the sea'' means transportation into a State
of specimens of any species which were taken in the marine environment not under the jurisdiction of any State;

(f) ''Scientific Authority'' means a national scientific authority
designated in accordance with Article IX;

(g) ''Management Authority'' means a national management authority
designated in accordance with Article IX;

(h) ''Party'' means a State for which the present Convention has
entered into force.

ARTICLE II

Fundamental Principles

1. Appendix I shall include all species threatened with extinction which are
or may be affected by trade. Trade in specimens of these species must be subject to particularly strict regulation in order not to endanger further their
survival and must only be authorized in exceptional circumstances.

2. Appendix II shall include:

(a) all species which although not necessarily now threatened with
extinction may become so unless trade in specimens of such species is subject to strict regulation in order to avoid utilization incompatible with their
survival; and

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(b) other species which must be subject to regulation in order that
trade in specimens of certain species referred to in sub-paragraph (a)
of this paragraph may be brought under effective control.

3. Appendix III shall include all species which any party identifies as being
subject to regulation within its jurisdiction for the purpose of preventing or
restricting exploitation, and as needing the cooperation of other parties in the control of trade.

4. The Parties shall not allow trade in specimens of species included in
Appendices I, II and III except in accordance with the provisions of the present Convention.

ARTICLE III

Regulation of Trade in Specimens of Species included in Appendix I

1. All trade in specimens of species included in Appendix I shall be in
accordance with the provisions of this Article.

2. The export of any specimen of a species included in Appendix I shall
require the prior grant and presentation of an export permit. An export permit
shall only be granted when the following conditions have been met:

(a) a Scientific Authority of the State of export has advised that
such export will not be detrimental to the survival of that species;

(b) a Management Authority of the State of export is satisfied that
the specimen was not obtained in contravention of the laws of that State for the protection of fauna and flora;

(c) a Management Authority of the State of export is satisfied that
any living specimen will be so prepared and shipped as to minimise the risk of
injury, damage to health or cruel treatment; and

(d) a Management Authority of the State of export is satisfied that
an import permit has been granted for the specimen.

3. The import of any specimen of a species included in Appendix I shall
require the prior grant and presentation of an import permit and either an
export permit or a re-export certificate. An import permit shall only be granted when the following conditions have been met:

(a) a Scientific Authority of the State of import has advised that
the import will be for purposes which are not detrimental to the survival of the species involved;

(b) a Scientific Authority of the State of import is satisfied that
the proposed recipient of a living specimen is suitably equipped to house and
care for it; and

(c) a Management Authority of the State of import is satisfied that
the specimen is not to be used for primarily commercial purposes.

4. The re-export of any specimen of a species included in Appendix I shall
require the prior grant and presentation of a re-export certificate. A re-export certificate shall only be granted when the following conditions have been met:

(a) a Management Authority of the State of re-export is satisfied
that the specimen was imported into that State in accordance with the provisions of the present Convention;

(b) a Management Authority of the State of re-export is satisfied
that any living specimen will be so prepared and shipped as to minimise the risk of injury, damage to health or cruel treatment; and

(c) a Management Authority of the State of re-export is satisfied
that an import permit has been granted for any living specimen.

5. The introduction from the sea of any specimen of a species included in

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Appendix I shall require the prior grant of a certificate from a Management
Authority of the State of introduction. A certificate shall only be granted when the following conditions have been met:

(a) a Scientific Authority of the State of introduction advises that
the introduction will not be detrimental to the survival of the species
involved;

(b) a Management Authority of the State of introduction is satisfied
that the proposed recipient of a living specimen is suitably equipped to house
and care for it; and

(c) a Management Authority of the State of introduction is satisfied
that the specimen is not to be used for primarily commercial purposes.

ARTICLE IV

Regulation of Trade in Specimens of Species included in Appendix II

1. All trade in specimens of species included in Appendix II shall be in
accordance with the provisions of this Article.

2. The export of any specimen of a species included in Appendix II shall
require the prior grant and presentation of an export permit. An export permit
shall only be granted when the following conditions have been met:

(a) a Scientific Authority of the State of export has advised that
such export will not be detrimental to the survival of that species;

(b) a Management Authority of the State of export is satisfied that
the specimen was not obtained in contravention of the laws of that State for the protection of fauna and flora; and

(c) a Management Authority of the State of export is satisfied that
any living specimen will be so prepared and shipped as to minimise the risk of
injury, damage to health or cruel treatment.

3. A Scientific Authority in each Party shall monitor both the export permits
granted by that State for specimens of species included in Appendix II and the
actual exports of such specimens. Whenever a Scientific Authority determines
that the export of specimens of any such species should be limited in order to
maintain that species throughout its range at a level consistent with its role
in the ecosystems in which it occurs and well above the level at which that
species might become eligible for inclusion in Appendix I, the Scientific
Authority shall advise the appropriate Management Authority of suitable measures to be taken to limit the grant of export permits for specimens of that species.

4. The import of any specimen of a species included in Appendix II shall
require the prior presentation of either an export permit or a re-export
certificate.

5. The re-export of any specimen of a species included in Appendix II shall
require the prior grant and presentation of a re-export certificate. A re-export certificate shall only be granted when the following conditions have been met:

(a) a Management Authority of the State of re-export is satisfied
that the specimen was imported into that State in accordance with the provisions of the present Convention; and

(b) a Management Authority of the State of re-export is satisfied
that any living specimen will be so prepared and shipped as to minimise the risk of injury, damage to health or cruel treatment.

6. The introduction from the sea of any specimen of a species included in
Appendix II shall require the prior grant of a certificate from a Management
Authority of the State of introduction. A certificate shall only be granted when the following conditions have been met:

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(a) a Scientific Authority of the State of introduction advises that
the introduction will not be detrimental to the survival of the species
involved; and

(b) a Management Authority of the State of introduction is satisfied
that any living specimen will be so handled as to minimise the risk of injury,
damage to health or cruel treatment.

7. Certificates referred to in paragraph 6 of this Article may be granted on
the advice of a Scientific Authority, in consultation with other national
scientific authorities or, when appropriate, international scientific
authorities, in respect of periods not exceeding one year for total numbers of
specimens to be introduced in such periods.

ARTICLE V

Regulation of Trade in Specimens of Species included in Appendix III

1. All trade in specimens of species included in Appendix III shall be in
accordance with the provisions of this Article.

2. The export of any specimen of a species included in Appendix III from any
State which has included that species in Appendix III shall require the prior
grant and presentation of an export permit. An export permit shall only be
granted when the following conditions have been met:

(a) a Management Authority of the State of export is satisfied that
the specimen was not obtained in contravention of the laws of that State for the protection of fauna and flora; and

(b) a Management Authority of the state of export is satisfied that
any living specimen will be so prepared and shipped as to minimise the risk of
injury, damage to health or cruel treatment.

3. The import of any specimen of a species included in Appendix III shall
require, except in circumstances to which paragraph 4 of this Article applies,
the prior presentation of a certificate of origin and, where the import is from
a State which has included that species in Appendix III, an export permit.

4. In the case of re-export, a certificate granted by the Management Authority of the State of re-export that the specimen was processed in that State or is
being re-exported shall be accepted by the State of import as evidence that the
provisions of the present Convention have been complied with in respect of the
specimen concerned.

ARTICLE VI

Permits and Certificates

1. Permits and certificates granted under the provisions of Articles III, IV
and V shall be in accordance with the provisions of this Article.

2. An export permit shall contain the information specified in the model set
forth in Appendix IV, and may only be used for export within a period of six
months from the date on which it was granted.

3. Each permit or certificate shall contain the title of the present
Convention, the name and any identifying stamp of the Management Authority
granting it and a control number assigned by the Management Authority.

4. Any copies of a permit or certificate issued by a Management Authority
shall be clearly marked as copies only and no such copy may be used in place of
the original, except to the extent endorsed thereon.

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5. A separate permit or certificate shall be required for each consignment of
specimens.

6. A Management Authority of the State of import of any specimen shall cancel
and retain the export permit or re-export certificate and any corresponding
import permit presented in respect of the import of that specimen.

7. Where appropriate and feasible a Management Authority may affix a mark upon any specimen to assist in identifying the specimen. For these purposes ''mark''
means any indelible imprint, lead seal or other suitable means of identifying a
specimen, designed in such a way as to render its imitation by unauthorized
persons as difficult as possible.

ARTICLE VII

Exemptions and Other Special Provisions Relating to Trade

1. The provisions of Articles III, IV and V shall not apply to the transit or
trans-shipment of specimens through or in the territory of a Party while the
specimens remain in Customs control.

2. Where a Management Authority of the State of export or re-export is
satisfied that a specimen was acquired before the provisions of the present
Convention applied to that specimen, the provisions of Articles III, IV and V
shall not apply to that specimen where the Management Authority issues a
certificate to that effect.

3. The provisions of Articles III, IV and V shall not apply to specimens that
are personal or household effects. This exemption shall not apply where:

(a) in the case of specimens of a species included in Appendix I,
they were acquired by the owner outside his State of usual residence, and are
being imported into that State; or

(b) in the case of specimens of species included in Appendix II:

(i) they were acquired by the owner outside his State of usual residence
and in a State where removal from the wild occurred:

(ii) they are being imported into the owner's State of usual residence;
and

(iii) the State where removal from the wild occurred requires the prior
grant of export permits before any export of such specimens;

unless a Management Authority is satisfied that the specimens were acquired
before the provisions of the present Convention applied to such specimens.

4. Specimens of an animal species included in Appendix I bred in captivity for commercial purposes, or of a plant species included in Appendix I artificially
propagated for commercial purposes, shall be deemed to be specimens of species
included in Appendix II.

5. Where a Management Authority of the State of export is satisfied that any
specimen of an animal species was bred in captivity or any specimen of a plant
species was artificially propagated, or is a part of such an animal or plant or
was derived therefrom, a certificate by that Management Authority to that effect shall be accepted in lieu of any of the permits or certificates required under
the provisions of Articles III, IV or V.

6. The provisions of Articles III, IV and V shall not apply to the
non-commercial loan, donation or exchange between scientists or scientific

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institutions registered by a Management Authority of their State, of herbarium
specimens, other preserved, dried or embedded museum specimens, and live plant
material which carry a label issued or approved by a Management Authority.

7. A Management Authority of any State may waive the requirements of Articles
III, IV and V and allow the movement without permits or certificates of
specimens which form part of a travelling zoo, circus, menagerie, plant
exhibition or other travelling exhibition provided that:

(a) the exporter or importer registers full details of such specimens
with that Management Authority;

(b) the specimens are in either of the categories specified in
paragraphs 2 or 5 of this Article; and

(c) the Management Authority is satisfied that any living specimen
will be so transported and cared for as to minimise the risk of injury, damage
to health or cruel treatment.

ARTICLE VIII

Measures to be Taken by the Parties

1. The Parties shall take appropriate measures to enforce the provisions of
the present Convention and to prohibit trade in specimens in violation thereof.
These shall include measures:

(a) to penalize trade in, or possession of, such specimens, or both;
and

(b) to provide for the confiscation or return to the State of export
of such specimens.

2. In addition to the measures taken under paragraph 1 of this Article, a
Party may, when it deems it necessary, provide for any method of internal
reimbursement for expenses incurred as a result of the confiscation of a
specimen traded in violation of the measures taken in the application of the
provisions of the present Convention.

3. As far as possible, the Parties shall ensure that specimens shall pass
through any formalities required for trade with a minimum of delay. To
facilitate such passage, a Party may designate ports of exit and ports of entry
at which specimens must be presented for clearance. The parties shall ensure
further that all living specimens, during any period of transit, holding or
shipment, are properly cared for so as to minimise the risk of injury, damage to health or cruel treatment.

4. Where a living specimen is confiscated as a result of measures referred to
in paragraph 1 of this Article:

(a) the specimen shall be entrusted to a Management Authority of the
State of confiscation;

(b) the Management Authority shall, after consultation with the State
of export, return the specimen to that State at the expense of that State, or to a rescue centre or such other places as the Management Authority deems
appropriate and consistent with the purposes of the present Convention; and

(c) the Management Authority may obtain the advice of a Scientific
Authority, or may, whenever it considers it desirable, consult the Secretariat
in order to facilitate the decision under sub-paragraph (b) of this
paragraph, including the choice of a rescue centre or other place.

5. A rescue centre as referred to in paragraph 4 of this Article means an
institution designated by a Management Authority to look after the welfare of
living specimens, particularly those that have been confiscated.

6. Each Party shall maintain records of trade in specimens of species

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included in Appendices I, II and III which shall cover:

(a) the names and addresses of exporters and importers; and

(b) the number and type of permits and certificates granted; the
States with which such trade occurred; the numbers or quantities and types of
specimens, names of species as included in Appendices I, II and III and, where
applicable, the size and sex of the specimens in question.

7. Each Party shall prepare periodic reports on its implementation of the
Present Convention and shall transmit to the Secretariat:

(a) an annual report containing a summary of the information
specified in sub-paragraph (b) of paragraph 6 of this Article; and

(b) a biennial report on legislative, regulatory and administrative
measures taken to enforce the provisions of the present Convention.

8. The information referred to in paragraph 7 of this Article shall be
available to the public where this is not inconsistent with the law of the Party concerned.

ARTICLE IX

Management and Scientific Authorities

1. Each Party shall designate for the purposes of the present Convention:

(a) one or more Management Authorities competent to grant permits or
certificates on behalf of that party; and

(b) one or more Scientific Authorities.

2. A State depositing an instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or
accession shall at that time inform the Depository Government of the name and
address of the Management Authority authorized to communicate with other Parties and with the Secretariat.

3. Any changes in the designations or authorizations under the provisions of
this Article shall be communicated by the Party concerned to the Secretariat for transmission to all other Parties.

4. Any Management Authority referred to in paragraph 2 of this Article shall
if so requested by the Secretariat or the Management Authority of another Party, communicate to it impressions of stamps, seals or other devices used to
authenticate permits or certificates.

ARTICLE X

Trade with States not Party to the Convention

Where export or re-export is to, or import is from, a State not a Party to the present Convention, comparable documentation issued by the competent authorities in that State which substantially conforms with the requirements of the present
Convention for permits and certificates may be accepted in lieu thereof by any
Party.

ARTICLE XI

Conference of the Parties

1. The Secretariat shall call a meeting of the Conference of the Parties not
later than two years after the entry into force of the present Convention.

2. Thereafter the Secretariat shall convene regular meetings at least once
every two years, unless the Conference decides otherwise, and extraordinary
meetings at any time on the written request of at least one-third of the
parties.


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3. At meetings, whether regular or extraordinary, the Parties shall review the implementation of the present Convention and may:

(a) make such provisions as may be necessary to enable the
Secretariat to carry out its duties;

(b) consider and adopt amendments to Appendices I and II in
accordance with Article XV;

(c) review the progress made towards the restoration and conservation
of the species included in Appendices I, II and III;

(d) receive and consider any reports presented by the Secretariat or
by any Party; and

(e) where appropriate, make recommendations for improving the
effectiveness of the present Convention.

4. At each regular meeting, the Parties may determine the time and venue of
the next regular meeting to be held in accordance with the provisions of
paragraph 2 of this Article.

5. At any meeting, the Parties may determine and adopt rules of procedure for
the meeting.

6. The United Nations, its Specialized Agencies and the International Atomic
Energy Agency, as well as any State not a party to the present Convention, may
be represented at meetings of the Conference by observers, who shall have the
right to participate but not to vote.

7. Any body or agency technically qualified in protection, conservation or
management of wild fauna and flora, in the following categories, which has
informed the Secretariat of its desire to be represented at meetings of the
Conference by observers, shall be admitted unless at least one-third of the
Parties present object:

(a) international agencies or bodies, either governmental or
non-governmental, and national governmental agencies and bodies; and

(b) national non-governmental agencies or bodies which have been
approved for this purpose by the State in which they are located. Once admitted, these observers shall have the right to participate but not to vote.

ARTICLE XII

The Secretariat

1. Upon entry into force of the present Convention, a Secretariat shall be
provided by the Executive Director of the United Nations Environment programme.
To the extent and in the manner he considers appropriate, he may be assisted by
suitable inter-government or non-governmental, international or national
agencies and bodies technically qualified in protection, conservation and
management of wild fauna and flora.

2. The Functions of the Secretariat shall be:

(a) to arrange for and service meetings of the Parties;

(b) to perform the functions entrusted to it under the provisions of
Articles XV and XVI of the present Convention;

(c) to undertake scientific and technical studies in accordance with
programs authorized by the Conference of the Parties as will contribute to the
implementation of the present Convention, including studies concerning standards for appropriate preparation and shipment of living specimens and the means of
identifying specimens;


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(d) to study the reports of Parties and to request from Parties such
further information with respect thereto as it deems necessary to ensure
implementation of the present Convention;

(e) to invite the attention of the Parties to any matter pertaining
to the aims of the present Convention;

(f) to publish periodically and distribute to the Parties current
editions of Appendices I, II and III together with any information which will
facilitate identification of specimens of species included in those Appendices.

(g) to prepare annual reports to the Parties on its work and on the
implementation of the present Convention and such other reports as meetings of
the Parties may request;

(h) to make recommendations for the implementation of the aims and
provisions of the present Convention, including the exchange of information of a scientific or technical nature;

(i) to perform any other function as may be entrusted to it by the
Parties.

ARTICLE XIII

International Measures

1. When the Secretariat in the light of information received is satisfied that any species included in Appendices I or II is being affected adversely by trade
in specimens of that species or that the provisions of the present Convention
are not being effectively implemented, it shall communicate such information to
the authorized Management Authority of the Party or Parties concerned.

2. When any Party receives a communication as indicated in paragraph 1 of this Article, it shall, as soon as possible, inform the Secretariat of any relevant
facts insofar as its laws permit and, where appropriate, propose remedial
action. Where the party considers that an inquiry is desirable, such inquiry may be carried out by one or more persons expressly authorized by the Party.

3. The information provided by the Party or resulting from any inquiry as
specified in paragraph 2 of this Article shall be reviewed by the next
Conference of the Parties which may make whatever recommendations it deems
appropriate.

ARTICLE XIV

Effect on Domestic Legislation and International Conventions

1. The provisions of the present Convention shall in no way affect the right
of Parties to adopt:

(a) stricter domestic measures regarding the conditions for trade,
taking, possession or transport of specimens of species included in Appendices
I, II, and III, or the complete prohibition thereof; or

(b) domestic measures restricting or prohibiting trade, taking,
possession, or transport of species not included in Appendices I, II or III.

2. The provisions of the present Convention shall in no way affect the
provisions of any domestic measures or the obligations of Parties deriving from
any treaty, convention, or international agreement relating to other aspects of
trade, taking, possession, or transport of specimens which is in force or
subsequently may enter into force for any Party including any measure pertaining to the Customs, public health, veterinary or plant quarantine fields.

3. The provisions of the present Convention shall in no way affect the

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provisions of, or the obligations deriving from, any treaty, convention or
international agreement concluded or which may be concluded between States
creating a union or regional trade agreement establishing or maintaining a
common external customs control and removing customs control between the parties thereto insofar as they relate to trade among the States members of that union
or agreement.

4. A State party to the present Convention, which is also a party to any other treaty, convention or international agreement which is in force at the time of
the coming into force of the present Convention and under the provisions of
which protection is afforded to marine species included in Appendix II, shall be relieved of the obligations imposed on it under the provisions of the present
Convention with respect to trade in specimens of species included in Appendix II that are taken by ships registered in that State and in accordance with the
provisions of such other treaty, convention or international agreement.

5. Notwithstanding the provisions of Articles III, IV and V, any export of a
specimen taken in accordance with paragraph 4 of this Article shall only require a certificate from a Management Authority of the State of introduction to the
effect that the specimen was taken in accordance with the provisions of the
other treaty, convention or international agreement in question.

6. Nothing in the present Convention shall prejudice the codification and
development of the law of the sea by the United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea convened pursuant to Resolution 2750 C (XXV) of the General Assembly of
the United Nations nor the present or future claims and legal views of any State concerning the law of the sea and the nature and extent of coastal and flag
State jurisdiction.

ARTICLE XV

Amendments to Appendices I and II

1. The following provisions shall apply in relation to amendments to
Appendices I and II at meetings of the Conference of the Parties:

(a) Any Party may propose an amendment to Appendix I or II for
consideration at the next meeting. The text of the proposed amendment shall be
communicated to the Secretariat at least 150 days before the meeting. The
Secretariat shall consult the other Parties and interested bodies on the
amendment in accordance with the provisions of sub-paragraphs (b) and (
c) of paragraph 2 of this Article and shall communicate the response to
all Parties not later than 30 days before the meeting.

(b) Amendments shall be adopted by a two-thirds majority of Parties
present and voting. For these purposes ''Parties present and voting'' means
Parties present and casting an affirmative or negative vote. Parties abstaining
from voting shall not be counted among the two-thirds required for adopting an
amendment.

(c) Amendments adopted at a meeting shall enter into force 90 days
after that meeting for all Parties except those which make a reservation in
accordance with paragraph 3 of this Article.

2. The following provisions shall apply in relation to amendments to
Appendices I and II between meetings of the Conference of the Parties:

(a) Any Party may propose an amendment to Appendix I or II for
consideration between meetings by the postal procedures set forth in this
paragraph.

(b) For marine species, the Secretariat shall, upon receiving the

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text of the proposed amendment, immediately communicate it to the Parties. It
shall also consult inter-governmental bodies having a function in relation to
those species especially with a view to obtaining scientific data these bodies
may be able to provide and to ensuring co-ordination with any conservation
measures enforced by such bodies. The Secretariat shall communicate the views
expressed and data provided by these bodies and its own findings and
recommendations to the Parties as soon as possible.

(c) For species other than marine species, the Secretariat shall,
upon receiving the text of the proposed amendment, immediately communicate it to the Parties, and, as soon as possible thereafter, its own recommendations.

(d) Any Party may, within 60 days of the date on which the
Secretariat communicated its recommendations to the Parties under sub-paragraphs (b) or (c) of this paragraph, transmit to the Secretariat any
comments on the proposed amendment together with any relevant scientific data
and information.

(e) The Secretariat shall communicate the replies received together
with its own recommendations to the Parties as soon as possible.

(f) If no objection to the proposed amendment is received by the
Secretariat within 30 days of the date the replies and recommendations were
communicated under the provisions of sub-paragraph (e) of this
paragraph, the amendment shall enter into force 90 days later for all Parties
except those which make a reservation in accordance with paragraph 3 of this
Article.

(g) If an objection by any Party is received by the Secretariat, the
proposed amendment shall be submitted to a postal vote in accordance with the
provisions of sub-paragraphs (h), (i) and (j) of this
paragraph.

(h) The Secretariat shall notify the Parties that notification of
objection has been received.

(i) Unless the Secretariat receives the votes for, against or in
abstention from at least one-half of the Parties within 60 days of the date of
the notification under sub-paragraph (h) of this paragraph, the proposed
amendment shall be referred to the next meeting of the Conference for further
consideration.

(j) Provided that votes are received from one-half of the Parties,
the amendment shall be adopted by a two-thirds majority of Parties casting an
affirmative or negative vote.

(k) The Secretariat shall notify all Parties of the result of the
vote.

(l) If the proposed amendment is adopted it shall enter into force 90
days after the date of the notification by the Secretariat of its acceptance for all parties except those which make a reservation in accordance with paragraph 3 of this Article.

3. During the period of 90 days provided for by sub-paragraph (c) of
paragraph 1 or sub-paragraph (l) of paragraph 2 of this Article any
Party may by notification in writing to the Depositary Government make a
reservation with respect to the amendment. Until such reservation is withdrawn
the party shall be treated as a State not a party to the present Convention with respect to trade in the species concerned.

ARTICLE XVI

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Appendix III and Amendments thereto

1. Any party may at any time submit to the Secretariat a list of species which it identifies as being subject to regulation within its jurisdiction for the
purpose mentioned in paragraph 3 of Article II. Appendix III shall include the
names of the Parties submitting the species for inclusion therein, the
scientific names of the species so submitted, and any parts or derivatives of
the animals or plants concerned that are specified in relation to the species
for the purposes of sub-paragraph (b) of Article I.

2. Each list submitted under the provisions of paragraph 1 of this Article
shall be communicated to the Parties by the Secretariat as soon as possible
after receiving it. The list shall take effect as part of Appendix III 90 days
after the date of such communication. At any time after the communication of
such list, any Party may by notification in writing to the Depositary Government enter a reservation with respect to any species or any parts or derivatives, and until such reservation is withdrawn, the State shall be treated as a State not a Party to the present Convention with respect to trade in the species or part or
derivative concerned.

3. A Party which has submitted a species for inclusion in Appendix III may
withdraw it at any time by notification to the Secretariat which shall
communicate the withdrawal to all Parties. The withdrawal shall take effect 30
days after the date of such communication.

4. Any Party submitting a list under the provisions of paragraph 1 of this
Article shall submit to the Secretariat a copy of all domestic laws and
regulations applicable to the protection of such species, together with any
interpretations which the Party may deem appropriate or the Secretariat may
request. The Party shall, for as long as the species in question is included in
Appendix III, submit any amendments of such laws and regulations or any new
interpretations as they are adopted.

ARTICLE XVII

Amendment of the Convention

1. An extraordinary meeting of the Conference of the Parties shall be convened by the Secretariat on the written request of at least one-third of the Parties
to consider and adopt amendments to the present Convention. Such amendments
shall be adopted by a two-thirds majority of Parties present and voting. For
these purposes ''Parties present and voting'' means Parties present and casting
an affirmative or negative vote. Parties abstaining from voting shall not be
counted among the two-thirds required for adopting an amendment.

2. The text of any proposed amendment shall be communicated by the Secretariat to all Parties at least 90 days before the meeting.

3. An amendment shall enter into force for the Parties which have accepted it
60 days after two-thirds of the Parties have deposited an instrument of
acceptance of the amendment with the Depositary Government. Thereafter, the
amendment shall enter into force for any other Party 60 days after that Party
deposits its instrument of acceptance of the amendment.

ARTICLE XVIII

Resolution of Disputes

1. Any dispute which may arise between two or more Parties with respect to the interpretation or application of the provisions of the present Convention shall
be subject to negotiation between the Parties involved in the dispute.

2. If the dispute cannot be resolved in accordance with paragraph 1 of this
Article, the Parties may, by mutual consent, submit the dispute to arbitration,
in particular that of the Permanent Court of Arbitration at the Hague and the
Parties submitting the dispute shall be bound by the arbitral decision.

ARTICLE XIX

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Signature

The present Convention shall be open for signature at Washington until 30th
April 1973 and thereafter at Berne until 31st December 1974.

ARTICLE XX

Ratification, Acceptance, Approval

The present Convention shall be subject to ratification, acceptance or
approval. Instruments of ratification, acceptance or approval shall be deposited with the Government of the Swiss Confederation which shall be the Depositary
Government.

ARTICLE XXI

Accession

The present Convention shall be open indefinitely for accession. Instruments
of accession shall be deposited with the Depositary Government.

ARTICLE XXII

Entry into Force

1. The present Convention shall enter into force 90 days after the date of
deposit of the tenth instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or
accession, with the Depositary Government.

2. For each State which ratifies, accepts or approves the present Convention
or accedes thereto after the deposit of the tenth instrument of ratification,
acceptance, approval or accession, the present Convention shall enter into force 90 days after the deposit by such State of its instrument of ratification,
acceptance, approval or accession.

ARTICLE XXIII

Reservations

1. The provisions of the present Convention shall not be subject to general
reservations. Specific reservations may be entered in accordance with the
provisions of this Article and Articles XV and XVI.

2. Any State may, on depositing its instrument of ratification, acceptance,
approval or accession, enter a specific reservation with regard to:

(a) any species included in Appendix I, II, or III; or

(b) any parts or derivatives specified in relation to a species
included in Appendix III.

3. Until a Party withdraws its reservation entered under the provisions of
this Article, it shall be treated as a State not a party to the present
Convention with respect to trade in the particular species or parts or
derivatives specified in such reservation.

ARTICLE XXIV

Denunciation

Any Party may denounce the present Convention by written notification to the
Depositary Government at any time. The denunciation shall take effect twelve
months after the Depositary Goverment has received the notification.

ARTICLE XXV

Depositary

1. The original of the present Convention, in the Chinese, English, French,
Russian and Spanish languages, each version being equally authentic, shall be
deposited with the Depositary Government, which shall transmit certified copies
thereof to all States that have signed it or deposited instruments of accession
to it.

2. The Depositary Government shall inform all signatory and acceding States
and the Secretariat of signatures, deposit of instruments of ratification,
acceptance, approval or accession, entry into force of the present Convention,
amendments thereto, entry and withdrawal of reservations and notifications of
denunciation.

3. As soon as the present Convention enters into force, a certified copy
thereof shall be transmitted by the Depositary Government to the Secretariat of
the United Nations for registration and publication in accordance with Article
102 of the Charter of the United Nations.

In witness whereof the undersigned Plenipotentiaries, being duly
authorized to that effect, have signed the present Convention.

Done at Washington this third day of March, One Thousand Nine Hundred
and Seventy-three.