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Taxation Laws Amendment (Baby Bonus) Act 2002

  • - C2004A00969
  • In force - Latest Version
Act No. 32 of 2002 as made
An Act to amend the law relating to taxation, and for related purposes
Administered by: Treasury
Originating Bill: Taxation Laws Amendment (Baby Bonus) Bill 2002
Date of Assent 30 May 2002

 

 

 

 

 

Taxation Laws Amendment (Baby Bonus) Act 2002

 

No. 32, 2002

 

 

 

 

 

An Act to amend the law relating to taxation, and for related purposes

  

  


Contents

1............ Short title............................................................................................ 1

2............ Commencement.................................................................................. 1

3............ Schedule(s).......................................................................................... 2

4............ Application......................................................................................... 2

Schedule 1—Income Tax Assessment Act 1997                                                   3

Schedule 2—Income Tax Assessment Act 1936                                                 12

 


 

Taxation Laws Amendment (Baby Bonus) Act 2002

No. 32, 2002

 

 

 

An Act to amend the law relating to taxation, and for related purposes

[Assented to 30 May 2002]

The Parliament of Australia enacts:

1  Short title

                   This Act may be cited as the Taxation Laws Amendment (Baby Bonus) Act 2002.

2  Commencement

                   This Act commences on the day on which it receives the Royal Assent.

3  Schedule(s)

                   Each Act that is specified in a Schedule to this Act is amended or repealed as set out in the applicable items in the Schedule concerned, and any other item in a Schedule to this Act has effect according to its terms.

4  Application

                   The amendments made by this Act apply to assessments for the 2001‑02 income year and later income years.


 

Schedule 1Income Tax Assessment Act 1997

  

1  Section 13‑1 (table item headed “child”)

Before:

hardship.....................................................................

102AJ

insert:

first child.....................................................

Subdivision 61‑I

2  Section 61‑345 (link note)

Repeal the link note, substitute:

Subdivision 61‑IFirst child tax offset (baby bonus)

Guide to Subdivision 61‑I

61‑350  What this Subdivision is about

You are entitled to a tax offset for your first child, for income years up to and including the year the child turns 5, if you meet certain conditions.

The amount of the offset is usually based on your tax liability in the year before you became responsible for the child, and on a comparison between your taxable income in that year and the year you are claiming for. However, if you are a low income taxpayer, a minimum offset will generally be available.

Instead of claiming the offset yourself, you may transfer your entitlement to your spouse.

Table of sections

Entitlement to the first child tax offset

61‑355      Who is entitled to the tax offset

61‑360      What is a child event?

61‑365      First child only

61‑370      Another carer with entitlement for another child

61‑375      Selection rules

61‑380      Special rules for death of first child

Transferring the entitlement

61‑385      You may transfer your entitlement to the tax offset

61‑390      Transfer is irrevocable

61‑395      Transferor is not entitled to tax offset

61‑400      Transferee is entitled to tax offset

Claiming the first child tax offset

61‑405      How to claim a tax offset for a child

61‑410      Claim is irrevocable

Amount of the first child tax offset

61‑415      Formula for working out amount of tax offset

61‑420      Component of formula—entitlement amount

61‑425      Component of formula—total of the entitlement days

61‑430      What is your base year?

Entitlement to the first child tax offset

61‑355  Who is entitled to the tax offset

             (1)  You are entitled to a *tax offset for a child for an income year if you meet the conditions in subsection (3) at any time in the income year.

             (2)  To meet those conditions for a child at a given time is to have a primary entitlement to the *tax offset for the child at that time.

             (3)  The conditions are that:

                     (a)  you have had a *child event (see section 61‑360) in relation to the child (whether or not in the income year); and

                     (b)  section 61‑365 (first child only) does not prevent you from having a *primary entitlement to the offset for the child; and

                     (c)  at the time:

                              (i)  the child is less than 5; and

                             (ii)  you are *legally responsible for the child; and

                            (iii)  the child is in your care; and

                            (iv)  you are an Australian resident; and

                             (v)  section 61‑370 (another carer) does not prevent you from having a primary entitlement to the offset for the child; and

                            (vi)  if section 61‑375 (selection rules) applies—you are selected by subsection (3) of that section.

61‑360  What is a child event?

                   You have a child event at a particular time (the event time) if:

                     (a)  you become *legally responsible for a child at the event time; and

Example: Giving birth is generally an example of becoming legally responsible for a child.

                     (b)  the event time is on or after 1 July 2001; and

                     (c)  you are an Australian resident at the event time; and

                     (d)  you were not legally responsible for the child at any time before 1 July 2001; and

                     (e)  there is no other person who is also legally responsible for the child at the event time and who was legally responsible for the child at any time before 1 July 2001.

61‑365  First child only

                   You cannot have a *primary entitlement to a *tax offset for a child if:

                     (a)  you have had a *child event in relation to another child that was earlier than the child event you had for the first‑mentioned child; and

                     (b)  you meet, or met at any time, the conditions in subparagraphs 61‑355(3)(c)(i) to (iv) for that other child.

61‑370  Another carer with entitlement for another child

                   You cannot have a *primary entitlement to a *tax offset for a child at a time if:

                     (a)  at that time:

                              (i)  another person is *legally responsible for the child; and

                             (ii)  the child is in the other person’s care; and

                     (b)  the other person has, or had at any time, a primary entitlement to the offset for another child.

61‑375  Selection rules

             (1)  This section applies if the conditions in subsection 61‑355(3) (other than subparagraph (c)(vi)) are met by more than one person at the same time in relation to the same child.

             (2)  Only one of those persons can have a *primary entitlement to a *tax offset for the child at that time.

             (3)  The person who gets the *primary entitlement to the offset at that time is selected in the following order of priority:

                     (a)  the natural mother;

                     (b)  if only one is the adoptive mother—the adoptive mother;

                     (c)  if only one is a woman—the woman;

                     (d)  the natural father;

                     (e)  if only one is the adoptive father—the adoptive father;

                      (f)  the person determined by the Commissioner, having regard to:

                              (i)  any agreement between the persons; and

                             (ii)  any other matters that the Commissioner considers relevant.

61‑380  Special rules for death of first child

Child dies aged less than 5

             (1)  This section applies if your *primary entitlement to a *tax offset for a child ends because the child dies aged less than 5.

Special extension of time in year of death

             (2)  Your *primary entitlement is extended until the end of the income year in which the death occurred.

Limit on application of first child only rule

             (3)  Section 61‑365 does not prevent you from having a *primary entitlement to a *tax offset for another child after the end of the income year in which the death occurred.

Transferring the entitlement

61‑385  You may transfer your entitlement to the tax offset

             (1)  If you are entitled to a *tax offset for a child for an income year under section 61‑355, you may transfer that entitlement to another person.

             (2)  A transfer has effect only if:

                     (a)  the transferee was your *spouse at all times when you had a *primary entitlement for the child for the income year; and

                     (b)  the transferee does not have a primary entitlement for that, or another, child for any time during the income year; and

                     (c)  you have not already claimed the *tax offset for the income year; and

                     (d)  you make the transfer after the end of the income year; and

                     (e)  the transfer is in the *approved form.

61‑390  Transfer is irrevocable

                   A transfer cannot be changed or revoked.

61‑395  Transferor is not entitled to tax offset

                   You are no longer yourself entitled to a *tax offset for a child for an income year if you transfer the entitlement under section 61‑385 for that income year.

61‑400  Transferee is entitled to tax offset

                   If an entitlement to a *tax offset is transferred under section 61‑385, the transferee is entitled to the offset for the income year.

Claiming the first child tax offset

61‑405  How to claim a tax offset for a child

                   If you are entitled under this Subdivision to a *tax offset for an income year, you may claim the offset only:

                     (a)  in the return you give the Commissioner for that income year; or

                     (b)  if you are not required to give the Commissioner a return for the income year—in the *approved form.

61‑410  Claim is irrevocable

                   A claim for a *tax offset under this Subdivision cannot be revoked.

Amount of the first child tax offset

61‑415  Formula for working out amount of tax offset

                   The amount of your *tax offset for an income year is the amount (rounded up to the nearest whole dollar) worked out using the formula:

where:

entitlement amount has the meaning given by section 61‑420.

total of the entitlement days has the meaning given by section 61‑425.

61‑420  Component of formula—entitlement amount

             (1)  In section 61‑415, the entitlement amount is the amount (rounded up to the nearest whole dollar) worked out using the formula:

where:

base amount is the lesser of:

                     (a)  one‑fifth of your basic income tax liability for your *base year (as worked out in step 2 of the method statement in subsection 4‑10(3)); and

                     (b)  $2,500.

             (2)  However, if:

                     (a)  the current income year is not your *base year; and

                     (b)  your taxable income for the current income year is not more than $25,000; and

                     (c)  the amount worked out under subsection (1) is less than $500;

then the entitlement amount is $500.

             (3)  If the amount worked out under subsection (1) is negative, then, unless subsection (2) applies, the entitlement amount is nil.

61‑425  Component of formula—total of the entitlement days

             (1)  In section 61‑415, the total of the entitlement days is the total number of days for which the primary person (see subsection (3)) had a *primary entitlement to a *tax offset for the child for the income year.

             (2)  In addition, if:

                     (a)  the relevant *child event happened in the primary person’s *base year; and

                     (b)  the primary person did not transfer the entitlement under section 61‑385 for the primary person’s base year; and

                     (c)  the relevant child turns 5 during the income year;

the total of the entitlement days also includes the number of days in the base year for which the primary person had a primary entitlement to a *tax offset for the child.

             (3)  In this section, the primary person is:

                     (a)  if you are claiming the offset as a person who has a *primary entitlement to the offset for the child—you; or

                     (b)  if you are claiming the offset as a transferee under section 61‑400—the transferor.

61‑430  What is your base year?

Primary entitlement

             (1)  Your base year for an entitlement to a *tax offset for a child under section 61‑355 is:

                     (a)  if you were an Australian resident at any time in the income year just before the income year in which the *child event for the child happened (the event year)—the income year just before the event year; and

                     (b)  otherwise—the event year.

             (2)  If paragraph (1)(a) applies to you, you may choose the event year to be your base year, in the *approved form. A choice cannot be revoked.

             (3)  A choice cannot be made:

                     (a)  after you have claimed the *tax offset for any income year; or

                     (b)  after you have transferred your entitlement under section 61‑385 for any income year.

Transferred entitlement

             (4)  Your base year for an entitlement transferred to you under section 61‑385 is the income year before the first income year for which the entitlement for the child was transferred to you.

3  At the end of section 67‑25

Add:

First child

             (4)  First child tax offsets under Subdivision 61‑I are subject to the refundable tax offset rules.

4  Subsection 995‑1(1)

Insert:

base year, for your entitlement to a *tax offset under Subdivision 61‑I, has the meaning given by section 61‑430.

5  Subsection 995‑1(1)

Insert:

child event has the meaning given by section 61‑360.

6  Subsection 995‑1(1)

Insert:

legally responsible for a child means legally responsible (whether alone or jointly with someone else) for the day‑to‑day care, welfare and development of the child.

7  Subsection 995‑1(1)

Insert:

primary entitlement to a *tax offset under Subdivision 61‑I has the meaning given by subsection 61‑355(2).


 

Schedule 2Income Tax Assessment Act 1936

  

1  Subsection 170(10AA) (after table item 20)

Insert:

24

Subdivision 61‑I

Tax offset for first child

 

 

 

 

[Minister’s second reading speech made in—

House of Representatives on 14 March 2002

Senate on 20 March 2002]

 

Text Box: (46/02)