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Housing Agreement Act 1961

Authoritative Version
Act No. 31 of 1961 as made
An Act relating to Financial Assistance to the States for the purpose of Housing.
Administered by: Social Services
Date of Assent 25 May 1961
Date of repeal 17 Oct 2014
Repealed by Omnibus Repeal Day (Autumn 2014) Act 2014

HOUSING AGREEMENT

 

No. 31 of 1961.

An Act relating to Financial Assistance to the States for the purpose of Housing.

[Assented to 25th May, 1961.]

BE it enacted by the Queen’s Most Excellent Majesty, the Senate, and the House of Representatives of the Commonwealth of Australia, as follows:—

Short title.

1.  This Act may be cited as the Housing Agreement Act 1961.

Commencement.

2.  This Act shall come into operation on the day on which it receives the Royal Assent.

Execution of agreement authorized.

3.  The execution, by or on behalf of the Commonwealth, of an agreement between the Commonwealth and any State or States substantially in accordance with the form contained in the Schedule to this Act is authorized.

Authority to Treasurer to make advances in accordance with Housing Agreement.

4.  The Treasurer may, out of moneys lawfully available for the purpose, make advances to a State in accordance with the agreement executed in pursuance of the Housing Agreement Act 1956 as amended by an agreement executed in pursuance of this Act.

Authority to Treasurer to make advances before Housing Agreement comes into force.

5.—(1.)  Before an agreement the execution of which is authorized by this Act comes into force in respect of a particular State, the Treasurer may, subject to this section, out of moneys lawfully available for the purpose, make such advances to that State as he would be authorized to make under the last preceding section if such an agreement were in force.

(2.)  An advance to a State under the last preceding sub-section shall be made on such terms and conditions as the Minister determines, being terms and conditions substantially in accordance with the terms and conditions that would be applicable to the advance if an agreement the execution of which is authorized by this Act were in force in respect of that State.

(3.)  Advances shall not be made in pursuance of this section after the thirtieth day of June, One thousand nine hundred and sixty-two.


 

THE SCHEDULE.                                            Section 3.

 

An agreement made the                                                    day of                                      One thousand nine hundred and sixty

Between The Commonwealth of Australia (in this agreement called “the Commonwealth”), The State of New South Wales, The State of Victoria, The State of Queensland, The State of South Australia, The State of Western Australia and The State of Tasmania and intended to be supplemental to the agreement referred to in this agreement as the 1945 Agreement and to the agreement referred to in this agreement as the 1956 Agreement.

Whereas—

(a) by an agreement made the nineteenth day of November, 1945, between the Commonwealth and the States of New South Wales, Victoria, Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia and Tasmania and authorized or approved by the Parliaments of the Commonwealth and of the States provision was made for the carrying out by the States with the assistance of the Commonwealth of rental housing projects;

(b) that agreement, as varied in pursuance of its terms by agreements dated respectively the twenty-sixth day of November, 1948, the thirtieth day of December, 1949, the twenty-fourth day of November, 1952, and the fifth day of March, 1954, entered into between the Treasurer of the Commonwealth and the Treasurers of certain States, as amended between the Commonwealth and the States then parties thereto by an agreement made the sixteenth day of April, 1955, and authorized or approved by the Parliament of the Commonwealth and those States and as extended by the agreement referred to in this agreement as the 1956 Agreement, (which agreement as so varied, amended and extended is in this agreement called “the 1945 Agreement”) applies with respect to moneys advanced and dwellings erected thereunder to or by the States other than the State of Tasmania which is no longer regarded as a party thereto;

(c) by an agreement (in this agreement called “the 1956 Agreement”) dated the thirteenth day of February, 1957, between the Commonwealth and the States of New South Wales, Victoria, Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia and Tasmania and authorized or approved by the Parliaments of the Commonwealth and of the States provision was made for the grant by the Commonwealth of financial assistance to the Stales for housing upon the terms and conditions set out in that agreement;

(d) the Commonwealth has proposed to the States that the Commonwealth will grant further financial assistance to the States upon the terms and conditions set out in the 1956 Agreement amended in the manner set out in this agreement;

(e) the Commonwealth and the States have agreed that the 1945 Agreement should be amended as provided in this agreement to provide for the sale of dwellings to which the 1945 Agreement applies; and

(f) the Parliament of the Commonwealth has authorized the execution by or on behalf of the Commonwealth of this agreement;

Now it is hereby agreed as follows:—

Operation of agreement.

1.(1.)    This agreement shall come into force in respect of a State upon its execution by or on behalf of the Commonwealth and—

(a) if the execution by or on behalf of the State is authorized by the Parliament of the State—its execution by and on behalf of the State; or

(b) if it is executed by or on behalf of the State without the authority of the Parliament of the State—its approval by the Parliament of the State.

(2.)  Notwithstanding that all of the States of New South Wales, Victoria, Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia and Tasmania are named as parties to this agreement, this agreement shall operate as an agreement between the Commonwealth and a State or the States in respect of which it has come into force as fully and effectually as if the State or States were the only State or States named as parties to the agreement.

(3.)  Where in the 1945 Agreement or in the 1956 Agreement the word “State” or the expression “the States” means a State or the States in respect of which the 1945 Agreement or the 1956 Agreement, as the case may be, is in force, that word and that expression shall, for the purposes of the operation of the 1945 Agreement or the 1956 Agreement, as the case may be, as amended by this agreement, mean respectively a State or the States in respect of which this agreement has come into force.


 

The Schedule—continued.

Amendments of 1956 Agreement.

2.—(1.)   Clause 5 of the 1956 Agreement is amended by inserting in sub-clause (1.), after the word “respectively,”, the words and figures “and during the financial years commencing on the first day of July in the years 1961, 1962, 1963, 1964 and 1965, respectively,”.

(2.)  Clause 6 of the 1956 Agreement is amended by adding at the end thereof the following sub-clause:—

“(4.)  During each of the financial years commencing on the first day of July in the years 1961, 1962, 1963, 1964 and 1965, respectively, each State shall allocate for the provision of finance for home builders not less than thirty per centum of the total advances made to the State under clause 5 of this agreement in that financial year.”.

(3.)  In respect of the financial years commencing on the first day of July in the years 1961, 1962, 1963, 1964 and 1965 the following clause shall be substituted for and shall apply in lieu of clause 7 of the 1956 Agreement:—

“7.—(1.)   Of the advances made to a State in a financial year which pursuant to clause 6 of this agreement are to be used for the erection of dwellings by the State, the State shall set aside for the purposes of clause 13 of this agreement such portion not exceeding five per centum as may be specified by the Minister from time to time or such portion greater than five per centum as may be agreed from time to time between the Minister and the appropriate Minister of the State.

“(2.)  During each of the financial years referred to in clause 5 of this agreement, the Commonwealth shall, in addition to the advances made under clause 5 of this agreement, advance to the State for the purposes of clause 13 of this agreement an amount equal to the amount set aside in that financial year by the State and such additional amounts as may be agreed from time to time between the Minister and the appropriate Minister of the State.”.

(4.)  Clause 9 of the 1956 Agreement is amended—

(a) by omitting from sub-clause (1.) the words “sub-clauses (2.), (3.) and (4.) of “;

(b) by inserting after sub-clause (3.) the following sub-clause:—

“(3a.)   In respect of advances made during the financial years commencing on the first day of July in the years 1961, 1962, 1963, 1964 and 1965, respectively, the rate per annum shall be the long term bond rate less one per centum per annum.”; and

(c) by inserting after sub-clause (4.) the following sub-clause:—

“(4a.)   For the purposes of sub-clause (3a.) of this clause the long term bond rate shall be the interest rate per annum payable in respect of the Commonwealth securities having a currency of not less than five years being offered in Australia for public subscription at the date the advance is made or, if none is being offered at that date, the interest rate per annum payable in respect of Commonwealth securities last so offered prior to that date, and where the securities are or were being offered simultaneously for various currencies, each of not less than five years, the long term bond rate shall be the interest rate per annum payable in respect of those securities having the longest currency.”.

(5.)  Clause 11 of the 1956 Agreement is amended—

(a) by inserting in sub-clause (2.), after the words “Minister of the State”, the words “or except in such areas as the Minister and the appropriate Minister of the State agree constitute inner metropolitan areas”; and

(b) by inserting in sub-paragraph (i) of paragraph (b) of sub-clause (3.), after the word “kerbing”, the word” , developing”.

(6.)  On and from such date after the thirtieth day of June, 1961, as is determined by the Minister of Stale 4for the Commonwealth who is the Minister for the purposes of the 1956 Agreement, the following sub-clauses shall, with respect to moneys available on and after that date in the Home Builders’ Account established under clause 16 of the 1956 Agreement by a State in respect of which this Agreement comes into force, be, and be deemed to have been, substituted for sub-clauses (3.) and (4.) of that clause:—

“(3.)  All moneys at any time available in the Home Builders’ Account (after allowing for amounts with which the Account is to be debited under the last preceding clause) shall, except as provided in the next succeeding clause, be used by the State for the provision of finance for home builders in that State by means of


 

The Schedule—continued.

loans by the State to building societies subject to and in accordance with terms and conditions to be agreed from time to time between the Minister and the appropriate Minister of the State.

“(3a.)   If in any financial year the Minister, at the request of the appropriate Minister of the State, approves the allocation of a portion of the moneys available in the Home Builders’ Account to an institution approved by the Minister not being a building society, the State may in that financial year use that portion for the provision of finance for home builders in that State by loans to the approved institution subject to and in accordance with terms and conditions to be agreed between the Minister and the appropriate Minister of the State.

“(3b.)   When deciding whether to give his approval under the last preceding sub-clause, the Minister shall pay due regard to—

(a) the promotion of the maximum development of building societies in the State;

(b) the extent to which building societies in the State are able to use the moneys available in the Home Builders’ Account for the purposes of this agreement;

(c) the amounts which building societies in the State have raised and are able to raise from private sources; and

(d) any other matters considered relevant by the Minister.

“(4.)  A State shall not use moneys from the Home Builders’ Account except subject to and in accordance with such applicable terms and conditions as are agreed under this clause.”.

Advances made before coming into force of agreement.

3.  Where, before this agreement has come into force in respect of a State, the Commonwealth has, in pursuance of section 5 of the Housing Agreement Act 1961, made an advance to the State, the advance shall be deemed to have been made under the 1956 Agreement as amended by this agreement, and the 1956 Agreement as so amended shall apply, and shall be deemed at all times to have applied, to and with respect to the advance.

Sale of dwellings under 1945 Agreement.

4.—(1.)  As between the Commonwealth and a State in respect of which this agreement comes into force, other than the State of Tasmania, clause 14 of the 1945 Agreement, being the clause inserted therein by clause 4 of the said agreement dated the sixteenth day of April, 1955. shall, except as provided in the next succeeding sub-clause, cease to apply to the sale by the State of dwellings to which the 1945 Agreement applies and the following clause shall be substituted for and shall apply in lieu of that clause:—

“14.—(1.) Each State may, if it so desires and at such price and on such terms as it thinks fit, sell any dwellings, but sales pursuant to this sub-clause shall not affect the obligation of the State under clause 6 of this agreement to repay and to pay interest on advances made under this agreement.

“(2.)  Where a person to whom a dwelling could be sold is an eligible person who desires to purchase the dwelling from the Director in pursuance of the War Service Homes Act 1918-1956 as amended from time to time, or to obtain an advance under that Act to enable him to purchase the dwelling, the State may, if requested so to do by the Director, sell the dwelling to the Director or that eligible person, in which event no amount of money shall be payable to the State by the Director or the eligible person, as the case may be, but the State shall transfer to the Director or to the eligible person, as the case may be, an estate in fee simple in the land on which the dwelling is erected, if the dwelling is erected on freehold land, or issue a Crown lease in perpetuity to the Director or to the eligible person, as the case may be, if the dwelling is erected on Crown land, subject in either case to the reservations, exceptions and conditions (if any) contained in the Crown Grant or Crown lease, as the case may be. and to such encumbrances, reservations, exceptions, covenants or conditions subject to which the sale is expressly made, and the amount of the State’s indebtedness to the Commonwealth under sub-clause (2.) of clause 6 of this agreement shall as from the date of sale be reduced by the amount of the purchase price of the dwelling less the amount, if any, credited to the purchaser.”.

(2.)  The provisions of this clause shall not affect the operation of clause 14 of the 1945 Agreement in relation to sales of dwellings to which that agreement applies made by the State before the coming into force of this agreement in respect of the State.

In witness whereof, &c.