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Census Regulations 1920

Authoritative Version
SR 1920 No. 127 Regulations as made
Principal Regulations; Repeals the former Census Regulations 1911.
Gazetted 29 Jul 1920
Date of repeal 09 Dec 1932
Repealed by Repealed by Census Regulations 1932 (SR 1932 No. 142)

STATUTORY RULES.

1920. No. 127.

 

REGULATIONS UNDER THE CENSUS AND STATISTICS ACT 1905.

I, THE GOVERNOR-GENERAL in and over the Commonwealth of Australia, acting with the advice of the Federal Executive Council, hereby make the following Regulations under the Census and Statistics Act 1905, to come into operation forthwith.

Dated this twenty-eighth day of July, 1920.

R. M. FERGUSON,

Governor-General.

By His Excellency’s Command,

A. POYNTON,

Minister of State for Home and Territories.

————

Census Regulations.

Short Title.

1. These Regulations may be cited as the Census Regulations 1920.

Definitions.

2. In these Regulations, unless the contrary intention appears—

“Territory” means a Territory under the authority of the Commonwealth, and includes any Territory governed by the Commonwealth under a mandate, or in military occupation by the Commonwealth pending the issue of a mandate.

“The Act” means the Census and Statistics Act 1905, or any Act in amendment thereof.

Delegation of Powers of Statistician.

3. (1) The Statistician may, by writing under his hand, delegate any of his powers or functions under these Regulations (except this power of delegation) in relation to any matters or class of matters or to any particular State or Territory, so that the delegated powers may be exercised by the delegate with respect to the matters or class of matters specified or the State or Territory defined in the instrument of delegation.

(2) Every delegation by the Statistician shall be revocable in writing at will, and no delegation shall prevent the exercise of any power or function by the Statistician.

Deputy Supervisors.

4. For each State and Territory there shall be an officer called the Deputy Supervisor, who shall be appointed by the Minister, on the recommendation of the Statistician, and shall hold office from the date of appointment until the thirtieth day of September, 1921, or until the termination of the appointment by the Minister, whichever first happens.

5. The following persons shall be eligible for appointment as Deputy Supervisor for a State, namely:—

(a) The Commonwealth Electoral Officer for the State;

(b) an officer of the Bureau of Census and Statistics;

(c) the State Statistician; or

(d) any other person approved by the Minister.


 

6. The following persons shall be eligible for appointment as a Deputy Supervisor in a Territory, namely:—

(a) The Administrator;

(b) the Director; or

(c) any other person approved by the Minister.

7. Subject to the Act and these Regulations, and to the directions of the Statistician, it shall be the duty of each Deputy Supervisor—

(i) to make all necessary arrangements for the taking and collection of the census in the State or Territory for which he is appointed;

(ii) to obtain an accurate record of the population of that State or Territory; and

(iii) to promptly forward such record, together with such summaries or reports relative thereto as may be directed by the Commonwealth Statistician.

8. Each Deputy Supervisor shall, in addition to any emolument which he is otherwise receiving, receive such payment as the Minister, on the recommendation of the Statistician, approves.

Census Divisions.

9. Each State shall, for the purposes of census collection, be divided into Census Divisions, which shall, where practicable and suitable, coincide with the Commonwealth Electoral Divisions.

10. Each Territory may, for the purposes of census collection, be divided into Census Divisions in such way as is approved by the Statistician.

Enumerators in Charge of Census Divisions.

11. For each Census Division there shall be an officer called an Enumerator, who, in relation to that division, shall carry out such duties in connexion with the taking and collection of the census as are prescribed, or as are assigned to him by the Statistician.

12. Where a Census Division coincides with a Commonwealth Electoral Division, the Commonwealth Divisional Returning Officer for that Electoral Division, or such other person as the Statistician, on the recommendation of the Deputy Supervisor, approves, shall be the Enumerator for that division.

13. Where a Census Division does not coincide with a Commonwealth Electoral Division, such person as the Statistician, on the recommendation of the Deputy Supervisor, approves shall be the Enumerator for that division.

14. Each Enumerator shall, in addition to any emolument which he is otherwise receiving, receive such payment as the Minister, on the recommendation of the Statistician, approves.

15. Each Enumerator shall hold office from the date of appointment to the 30th June, 1921, or until the termination of the appointment by the Statistician, whichever first happens.


 

16. Each Enumerator shall, before his appointment or before he commences duty, sign, in the presence of a witness, an undertaking in accordance with the following form:—

Commonwealth of Australia.

Census and Statistics Act 1905.

Undertaking by Enumerator.

I,                                        , of                                                     , undertake, in connexion with the taking of the Census in the year 1921, that I will faithfully and with due despatch perform the duties of Enumerator under the Census Regulations within the Census Division of                                           , in the State/Territory of                      , and I do solemnly and sincerely promise that I will carry out, in every particular, all instructions supplied to me by the Commonwealth Statistician, or by the Deputy Supervisor of the said State/Territory, and that I will not desert from my duty, and will not refuse or neglect, without just excuse, to perform the duties of the office of Enumerator, or wilfully, or without lawful authority, alter any document or form under the above-named Act, or the Regulations thereunder, or wilfully sign any untrue document or form, or, except as allowed by the said Act or Regulations, divulge the contents of any form filled up in pursuance of the said Act, or any information furnished in pursuance of the said Act.

Signature

Date

Witness

Address of Witness

Census Subdivisions.

17. Each Census Division within a State shall be divided into Census Subdivisions, which shall, wherever practicable and suitable, coincide with the Commonwealth Electoral Subdivisions in the Census Division, provided that, at the discretion of the Statistician, two or more Commonwealth Electoral Subdivisions may be grouped to form a Census Subdivision, or an existing Commonwealth Electoral Subdivision may be divided into two or more Census Subdivisions.

18. Census Divisions within Territories may be divided into Census Subdivisions at the discretion of the Statistician.

Sub-Enumerators in Charge of Census Subdivisions.

19. For each Census Subdivision there shall be an officer called a sub-enumerator who, in relation to that subdivision, shall carry out such duties in connexion with the taking and collection of the Census as are prescribed or as are assigned to him by the Statistician.

20. Where a Census Subdivision coincides with a Commonwealth Electoral Subdivision, a person who holds the position of Commonwealth Electoral Registrar or who has acted as Assistant Returning Officer for that subdivision, or such other person as the Deputy Supervisor in charge, on the recommendation of the Enumerator in charge, approves, shall be appointed sub-enumerator of that subdivision.

21. Where a Census Subdivision does not coincide with a Commonwealth Electoral Subdivision, such person as the Deputy Supervisor in charge, on the recommendation of the Enumerator in charge, approves shall be appointed Sub-enumerator of that subdivision.

22. Each Sub-enumerator shall, in addition to any emolument which he is otherwise receiving, receive such payment as the Minister, on the recommendation of the Statistician, approves.


 

23. Each Sub-enumerator shall hold office from the date of appointment to the 30th June, 1921, or until the termination of the appointment by the Deputy Supervisor in charge, whichever, first happens.

24. Each Sub-enumerator shall, before his appointment, or before he commences duty, sign in the presence of a witness an undertaking in accordance with the following form:—

Commonwealth of Australia.

Census and Statistics Act 1905.

Undertaking of Sub-enumerator.

I,                                        , of                                                     , undertake, in connexion with the taking of the Census in the year 1921, that I will faithfully and with due despatch perform the duties of Sub-enumerator under the Census Regulations within the Census Subdivision of                                      , in the State/Territory of                      , and I do solemnly and sincerely promise that I will carry out, in every particular, all instructions supplied to me by the Commonwealth Statistician, or by the Deputy Supervisor of the said State/Territory, or by the Enumerator for the said Census Subdivision, and that I will not desert from my duty, and will not refuse or neglect, without just excuse, to perform the duties of the office of Sub-enumerator, or wilfully or without lawful authority alter any document or form under the above-named Act or the Regulations thereunder, or wilfully sign any untrue document or form, or, except as allowed by the said Act or Regulations, divulge the contents of any form filled up in pursuance of the said Act, or any information furnished in pursuance of the said Act.

Signature

Date

Witness

Address of Witness

Collectors Districts.

25. Each Census Subdivision within a State, and each Census Division or Subdivision within a Territory, shall be divided into as many Collectors’ Districts as the Statistician deems necessary.

26. The division into Collectors’ Districts of a Census Subdivision within a State, or a Census Division or Subdivison within a Territory, shall, as far as practicable, be so effected that no Collector’s District shall lie partly in one and partly in another municipal area.

27. Two or more Collectors’ Districts may, at the discretion of the Statistician, be, grouped for the purposes of collection, and placed in charge of the same collector.

Collectors.

28. For each Collector’s District, or for each group of Collectors’ Districts, formed in accordance with the last preceding regulation, there shall be an officer called a collector, who shall, in relation to that district or group, carry out such duties in connexion with the taking and collection of the Census as are prescribed or as are assigned to him by the Statistician.

29. Each Collector shall, in addition to any emolument which he is otherwise receiving, receive such payment as the Minister, on the advice of the Statistician, approves.

30. Each Collector shall be appointed by the Enumerator in charge of the Collector’s District, after consultation, where possible, with the Sub-enumerator in charge, and subject to such special instructions as he receives from the Statistician or the Deputy Supervisor in charge.

31. Each Collector shall hold office during the pleasure of the Statistician, but not longer than is necessary to finish the work for which he is appointed.

 


 

32. In an emergency an Enumerator or Sub-enumerator may appoint any person to act as a Collector, and that person shall be deemed a Collector until such time as he is notified of the termination of his appointment.

33. Each Collector shall, before his appointment, or before he commences duty, sign, in the presence of a witness, an undertaking in accordance with the following form:—

Commonwealth of Australia.

Census and Statistics Act 1905.

Undertaking by Collector.

I,                                        , of                                                     , undertake, in connexion with the taking of the Census in the year 1921, that I will faithfully and with due despatch perform the duties of Collector under the Census Regulations within the Census Sub-division of                            , in the State/Territory of                 , and I do solemnly and sincerely promise that I will carry out, in every particular, all instructions supplied to me by the Commonwealth Statistician, or by the Deputy Supervisor of the said State/Territory, or by the Enumerator or Sub-enumerator in charge of my collector’s district, and that I will not desert from my duty, and will not refuse or neglect, without just excuse, to perform the duties of the office of Collector, or wilfully, or without lawful authority, alter any document or form under the above-named Act, or the Regulations thereunder, or wilfully sign any untrue document or form, or, except as allowed by the said Act or Regulations, divulge the contents of any form filled up in pursuance of the said Act, or any information furnished in pursuance of the said Act.

Signature

Date

Witness

Address of Witness

Householders’ Schedule.

34. The Householders’ Schedule shall consist of a Dwelling Card or Slip in respect of the dwelling, as well as one Personal Card or Slip in respect of each person resident therein.

35. The Dwelling Card or Slip and the Personal Card or Slip shall be in such forms as the Statistician deems appropriate.

36. In addition to the particulars specified in section 12 of the Act, the Householder’s Schedule shall include the following:—

(a) In relation to the dwelling:—

(i) Class of dwelling (i.e., whether private house, hotel, institution, or other class of habitation;

(ii) Method of occupation (i.e., whether by owner, tenant, rent-purchaser, caretaker, or otherwise;

(iii) Weekly rent payable, or rental value per week; and

(iv) Number of persons usually resident on premises.

(b) In relation to persons:—

(i) Date of birth;

(ii) Date of existing marriage;

(iii) Number of children living or dead from existing marriage and from previous marriages (if any);

(iv) Birthplaces of parents;

(v) Basis of nationality (i.e., whether birthplace, parentage, or naturalization);

(vi) Race;

(vii) Date of arrival in Australia (if born abroad);

(viii) Grade of occupation (i.e., whether employer, wage-earner, or as the case may be);

(ix) Unemployment, with duration and cause of same;

(x) Occupation of employer (in the case of persons in employment).


 

Distribution of Schedules.

37. Prior to Census Day each Collector shall, in accordance with his instructions, leave a householder’s schedule at each occupied dwelling within the Collector’s district or districts allotted to him.

38. Except under special instructions from his Enumerator or Sub-enumerator, a Collector shall not leave a householder’s schedule at any dwelling earlier than seven days nor later than one day before Census Day.

39. The householder’s schedule should be left with the occupier of the dwelling, or, in the absence of the occupier, with the person apparently in charge of the dwelling. If no person is in when the Collector calls, a householder’s schedule, comprising a dwelling card or slip, and as many personal cards or slips as there are, in the Collector’s opinion, persons usually resident in the dwelling, may be placed in a letter-box, put under the door, or put in some other place where it is likely to come under the notice of the occupier.

40. It shall be the duty of every person (other than the occupier) who receives a householder’s schedule, or to whose hands or notice a householder’s schedule comes, to deliver it or bring it to the notice of the occupier for whom it is intended.

Penalty: Five pounds.

41. Where a house is let, sub-let, or held in different apartments, and occupied by different persons or families, a householder’s schedule shall be left for each part so let, sub-let, or held in different apartments.

Duty to Supply Required Particulars.

42. Every occupier of a dwelling is required to supply, to the best of his knowledge and belief, the particulars asked for in the householder’s schedule, to sign the schedule, and to deliver it to the Collector.

Penalty: Ten pounds.

43. Every person who spent the night prior to Census Day in any dwelling, or who, being absent on that night, returned thereto on Census Day without being counted elsewhere, is required to fill in the particulars asked for on the personal card or slip relating to himself, and to hand the completed card or slip to the occupier, or to furnish to the occupier all information necessary to enable him to fill in such particulars.

Penalty: Ten pounds.

Householder’s Schedules for Ships.

44. In the case of a ship or vessel in any port of the Commonwealth or in any inland waters thereof, the householder’s schedule shall be delivered to the master of the ship, who shall be deemed to be the occupier.

45. Where a ship or vessel is on a passage between any two Commonwealth ports on Census Day, and a householder’s schedule for the ship was not left with the master before Census Day, a householder’s schedule shall be left with him immediately on arrival of the ship at the first port of call on or after Census Day.

46. The master of a ship or vessel with whom a householder’s schedule is left, in pursuance of either of the last two preceding regulations, shall, to the best of his knowledge and belief, fill up and supply therein, in accordance with the instructions contained in or accompanying the schedule, all the particulars specified therein, and shall sign his name thereto, and shall deliver the schedule so filled up and signed to the Collector authorized to receive it.

Penalty: Ten pounds.


 

47. Every person who spent the night prior to Census Day on the ship, or who, being absent on that night, returned thereto on Census Day without being counted elsewhere, is required to fill in the particulars asked for on the personal card or slip relating to himself, and to hand the completed card or slip to the master of the ship, or to furnish to the master all information necessary to enable him to fill in such particulars.

Penalty: Ten pounds.

Persons not in any Dwelling or Ship.

48. Every person who spent the night prior to Census Day elsewhere than in a dwelling or on a ship, and who did not return to a dwelling or a ship on Census Day, and who was not otherwise counted, is required to immediately report at the nearest post-office or police station on or after Census Day, and to furnish there the particulars asked for on the personal card or slip.

Penalty: Ten pounds.

49. If a Collector comes in contact with any person camping out in his district on the night prior to Census Day, or meets on or after Census Day any person who camped out on that night, and who at the time of meeting had not been recorded, he shall require that person to fill in forthwith the requisite personal cards or slips, or to furnish the Collector forthwith with all information necessary to enable the Collector to fill in the cards or slips himself, and any person who refuses or fails to comply with any requirement of the Collector under this regulation shall be guilty of an offence.

Penalty: Ten pounds.

Collection of Schedules.

50. On or after Census Day each Collector shall, in accordance with his instructions, call at each dwelling within the Collector’s district or districts allotted to him, and shall obtain therefrom the appropriate householder’s schedule duly filled in.

Houses Uninhabited and Being Built

51. In the case of a building or part of a building ordinarily used for human habitation, but uninhabited at the date of the Census, the Collector shall supply on a “dwelling” card or slip such of the particulars as are required to be filled in on the card or slip as he can ascertain by observation and inquiry, and shall himself sign the card or slip, writing the word “unoccupied” across the face of it.

52. In the case of a house intended for human habitation which is in course of erection at the date of the Census, the Collector shall supply on a “dwelling” card or slip such of the particulars as are required to be filled in on the card or slip as he can ascertain by observation and inquiry, together with an estimate of the probable date of completion, and shall himself sign the card or slip, writing the words “being built” across the face of it.

Repeal.

53. The Census Regulations 1911, being Statutory Rules 1911, No. 4, are hereby repealed.

 

Printed and Published for the Government of the Commonwealth of Australia by Albert J. Mullett, Government Printer for the State of Victoria.