Income Tax Assessment Act 1997

No. 38, 1997

Compilation No. 174

Compilation date:   12 October 2017

Includes amendments up to: Act No. 108, 2017

Registered:    12 October 2017

This compilation is in 11 volumes

Volume 1: sections 11 to 3655

Volume 2: sections 401 to 5510

Volume 3: sections 581 to 122205

Volume 4: sections 1241 to 152430

Volume 5: sections 1641 to 220800

Volume 6: sections 2301 to 31215

Volume 7: sections 3151 to 42070

Volume 8: sections 6151 to 727910

Volume 9: sections 7681 to 9951

Volume 10: Endnotes 1 to 3

Volume 11: Endnote 4

Each volume has its own contents

 

About this compilation

This compilation

This is a compilation of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997 that shows the text of the law as amended and in force on 12 October 2017 (the compilation date).

The notes at the end of this compilation (the endnotes) include information about amending laws and the amendment history of provisions of the compiled law.

Uncommenced amendments

The effect of uncommenced amendments is not shown in the text of the compiled law. Any uncommenced amendments affecting the law are accessible on the Legislation Register (www.legislation.gov.au). The details of amendments made up to, but not commenced at, the compilation date are underlined in the endnotes. For more information on any uncommenced amendments, see the series page on the Legislation Register for the compiled law.

Application, saving and transitional provisions for provisions and amendments

If the operation of a provision or amendment of the compiled law is affected by an application, saving or transitional provision that is not included in this compilation, details are included in the endnotes.

Editorial changes

For more information about any editorial changes made in this compilation, see the endnotes.

Modifications

If the compiled law is modified by another law, the compiled law operates as modified but the modification does not amend the text of the law. Accordingly, this compilation does not show the text of the compiled law as modified. For more information on any modifications, see the series page on the Legislation Register for the compiled law.

Selfrepealing provisions

If a provision of the compiled law has been repealed in accordance with a provision of the law, details are included in the endnotes.

 

 

 

Contents

Chapter 3—Specialist liability rules

Part 33—Capital gains and losses: special topics

Division 124—Replacementasset rollovers

Guide to Division 124 2

1241 What this Division is about

1245 How to find your way around this Division

Subdivision 124A—General rules

12410 Your ownership of one CGT asset ends

12415 Your ownership of more than one CGT asset ends

12420 Share and interest sale facilities

Subdivision 124B—Asset compulsorily acquired, lost or destroyed

When a rollover is available

12470 Events giving rise to a rollover

12475 Other requirements if you receive money

12480 Other requirements if you receive an asset

The consequences of a rollover being available

12485 Consequences for receiving money

12490 Consequences for receiving an asset

12495 You receive both money and an asset

Subdivision 124C—Statutory licences

124140 New statutory licences

124145 Rollover consequences—capital gain or loss disregarded

124150 Rollover consequences—partial rollover

124155 Rollover consequences—all original licences were postCGT

124160 Rollover consequences—all original licences were preCGT

124165 Rollover consequences—some original licences were preCGT, others were postCGT

Subdivision 124D—Strata title conversion

124190 Strata title conversion

Subdivision 124E—Exchange of shares or units

124240 Exchange of shares in the same company

124245 Exchange of units in the same unit trust

Subdivision 124F—Exchange of rights or options

124295 Exchange of rights or option to acquire shares in a company

124300 Exchange of rights or option to acquire units in a unit trust

Subdivision 124I—Change of incorporation

Guide to Subdivision 124I

124510 What this Subdivision is about

Object of this Subdivision

124515 Object of this Subdivision

Change of incorporation without change of entity

124520 Change of incorporation without change of entity

Old corporation wound up

124525 Old corporation wound up

Special consequences of some rollovers

124530 Shares in company replacing preCGT and postCGT mix of interest and rights in body

124535 Rights as member of Indigenous corporation replacing preCGT and postCGT mix of interest and rights in body

Subdivision 124J—Crown leases

Guide to Subdivision 124J

124570 What this Subdivision is about

Operative provisions

124575 Extension or renewal of Crown lease

124580 Meaning of Crown lease

124585 Original right differs in area from new right

124590 Part of original right excised

124595 Treating parts of new right as separate assets

124600 What is the rollover?

124605 Change of lessor

Subdivision 124K—Depreciating assets

124655 Rollover for depreciating assets

124660 Right granted to associate

Subdivision 124L—Prospecting and mining entitlements

Guide to Subdivision 124L

124700 What this Subdivision is about

Operative provisions

124705 Extension or renewal of prospecting or mining entitlement

124710 Meaning of prospecting entitlement and mining entitlement

124715 Original entitlement differs in area from new entitlement

124720 Part of original entitlement excised

124725 Treating parts of new entitlement as separate assets

124730 What is the rollover?

Subdivision 124M—Scrip for scrip rollover

Guide to Subdivision 124M

124775 What this Subdivision is about

Operative provisions

124780 Replacement of shares

124781 Replacement of trust interests

124782 Transfer or allocation of cost base of shares acquired by acquiring entity etc.

124783 Meaning of significant stakeholder, common stakeholder, significant stake and common stake

124783A Rights that affect stakes

124784 Cost base of equity or debt given within acquiring group

124784A When arrangement is a restructure

124784B What is the cost base and reduced cost base when arrangement is a restructure?

124784C Cost base of equity or debt given within acquiring group

124785 What is the rollover?

124790 Partial rollover

124795 Exceptions

124800 Interest received for preCGT interest

124810 Certain companies and trusts not regarded as having 300 members or beneficiaries

Subdivision 124N—Disposal of assets by a trust to a company

Guide to Subdivision 124N

124850 What this Subdivision is about

Operative provisions

124855 What this Subdivision deals with

124860 Requirements for rollover

124865 Entities both choose the rollover

124870 Rollover for owner of units or interests in a trust

124875 Effect on the transferor and transferee

Subdivision 124P—Exchange of a membership interest in an MDO for a membership interest in another MDO

Guide to Subdivision 124P

124975 What this Subdivision is about

Operative provisions

124980 Exchange of membership interests in an MDO

124985 What the rollover is for postCGT interests

124990 Partial rollover

124995 PreCGT interests

Subdivision 124Q—Exchange of stapled ownership interests for ownership interests in a unit trust

Guide to Subdivision 124Q

1241040 What this Subdivision is about

Operative provisions

1241045 Exchange of stapled securities

1241050 Conditions

1241055 Consequences of the rollover for exchanging members

1241060 Consequences of the rollover for interposed trust

Subdivision 124R—Water entitlements

Guide to Subdivision 124R

1241100 What this Subdivision is about

Replacement case

1241105 Replacement water entitlements rollover

1241110 Rollover consequences—capital gain or loss disregarded

1241115 Rollover consequences—partial rollover

1241120 Rollover consequences—all original entitlements postCGT

1241125 Rollover consequences—all original entitlements preCGT

1241130 Rollover consequences—some original entitlements preCGT, others postCGT

Reduction case 

1241135 Reduction in water entitlements rollover

1241140 Rollover consequences—capital gain or loss disregarded

1241145 Rollover consequences—all original entitlements postCGT

1241150 Rollover consequences—some original entitlements preCGT, others postCGT

Variation to CGT asset case

1241155 Rollover for variation to CGT asset

1241160 Rollover consequences

1241165 Rollover consequences—partial rollover

Subdivision 124S—Interest realignment arrangements

Guide to Subdivision 124S

1241220 What this Subdivision is about

Operative provisions

1241225 Disposals of interests under interest realignment arrangements

1241230 Rollover consequences—partial rollover

1241235 Rollover consequences—all original interests were postCGT and preUCA

1241240 Rollover consequences—all original interests were preCGT

1241245 Rollover consequences—original interests were of mixed CGT status, all were preUCA

1241250 Rollover consequences—some original interests were preUCA

Division 125—Demerger relief

Guide to Division 125 98

1251 What this Division is about

Subdivision 125A—Object of this Division

1255 Object of this Division

Subdivision 125B—Consequences for owners of interests

Guide to Subdivision 125B

12550 Guide to Subdivision 125B

Operative provisions

12555 When a rollover is available for a demerger

12560 Meaning of ownership interest and related terms

12565 Meanings of demerger group, head entity and demerger subsidiary

12570 Meanings of demerger, demerged entity and demerging entity

12575 Exceptions to subsection 12570(2)

12580 What is the rollover?

12585 Cost base adjustments where CGT event happens but no rollover chosen

12590 Cost base adjustments where no CGT event

12595 No other cost base adjustment after demerger

125100 No further demerger relief in some cases

Subdivision 125C—Consequences for members of demerger group

Guide to Subdivision 125C

125150 Guide to Subdivision 125C

Operative provisions

125155 Certain capital gains or losses disregarded for demerging entity

125160 No CGT event J1

125165 Adjusted capital loss for value shift under a demerger

125170 Reduced cost base reduction if demerger asset subject to rollover

Subdivision 125D—Public trading trusts

Guide to Subdivision 125D

125225 Guide to Subdivision 125D

Operative provisions

125230 Application of Division to public trading trusts

Subdivision 125E—Miscellaneous

125235 Share and interest sale facilities

Division 126—Sameasset rollovers

Guide to Division 126 119

1261 What this Division is about

Subdivision 126A—Marriage or relationship breakdowns

1265 CGT event involving spouses

12615 CGT event involving company or trustee

12620 Subsequent CGT event happening to rollover asset where transferor was a CFC or a nonresident trust

12625 Conditions for the purposes of subsections 1265(3A) and 12615(5)

Subdivision 126B—Companies in the same whollyowned group

Guide to Subdivision 126B

12640 What this Subdivision is about

Operative provisions

12645 Rollover for members of whollyowned group

12650 Requirements for rollover

12655 When there is a rollover

12660 Consequences of rollover

12675 Originating company is a CFC

12685 Effect of rollover on certain liquidations

Subdivision 126C—Changes to trust deeds

Guide to Subdivision 126C

126125 What this Subdivision is about

126130 Changes to trust deeds

126135 Consequences of rollover

Subdivision 126D—Small superannuation funds

126140 CGT event involving small superannuation funds

Subdivision 126E—Entitlement to shares after demutualisation and scrip for scrip rollover

Guide to Subdivision 126E

126185 What this Subdivision is about

Operative provisions

126190 When there is a rollover

126195 Consequences of rollover

Subdivision 126G—Transfer of assets between certain trusts

Guide to Subdivision 126G

126215 What this Subdivision is about

Operative provisions

126220 Object of this Subdivision

126225 When a rollover may be chosen

126230 Beneficiaries’ entitlements not be discretionary etc.

126235 Exceptions for rollover

126240 Consequences for the trusts

126245 Consequences for beneficiaries—general approach for working out cost base etc.

126250 Consequences for beneficiaries—other approach for working out cost base etc.

126255 No other cost base etc. adjustment for beneficiaries

126260 Giving information to beneficiaries

126265 Interest sale facilities

Division 128—Effect of death

Guide to Division 128 156

1281 What this Division is about

General rules 

12810 Capital gain or loss when you die is disregarded

12815 Effect on the legal personal representative or beneficiary

12820 When does an asset pass to a beneficiary?

12825 The beneficiary is a trustee of a superannuation fund etc.

Special rules for joint tenants

12850 Joint tenants

Division 130—Investments

Guide to Division 130 163

1301 What this Division is about

Subdivision 130A—Bonus shares and units

Guide to Subdivision 130A

13015 Acquisition time and cost base of bonus equities

Operative provisions

13020 Issue of bonus shares or units

Subdivision 130B—Rights

13040 Exercise of rights

13045 Timing rules

13050 Application to options

Subdivision 130C—Convertible interests

13060 Shares or units acquired by converting a convertible interest

Subdivision 130D—Employee share schemes

13075 Objects of Subdivision

13080 ESS interests acquired under employee share schemes

13085 Interests in employee share trusts

13090 Shares held by employee share trusts

13095 Shares and rights in relation to ESS interests

13097 Application of certain provisions of Division 83A

Subdivision 130E—Exchangeable interests

130100 Exchangeable interest

130105 Shares acquired in exchange for the disposal or redemption of an exchangeable interest

Division 132—Leases

1321 Lessee incurs expenditure to get lease term varied or waived

1325 Lessor pays lessee for improvements

13210 Grant of a longterm lease

13215 Lessee of land acquires reversionary interest of lessor

Division 134—Options

1341 Exercise of options

Division 149—When an asset stops being a preCGT asset

Subdivision 149A—Key concepts

14910 What is a preCGT asset?

14915 Majority underlying interests in a CGT asset

Subdivision 149B—When asset of nonpublic entity stops being a preCGT asset

14925 Which entities are affected

14930 Effects if asset no longer has same majority underlying ownership

14935 Cost base elements of asset that stops being a preCGT asset

Subdivision 149C—When asset of public entity stops being a preCGT asset

14950 Which entities are affected

14955 Entity to give the Commissioner evidence periodically as to whether asset still has same majority underlying ownership

14960 What the evidence must show

14970 Effects if asset no longer has same majority underlying ownership

14975 Cost base elements of asset that stops being a preCGT asset

14980 No more evidence needed after asset stops being a preCGT asset

Subdivision 149F—How to treat a “demutualised” public entity

149162 Subdivision applies only if entity gives sufficient evidence

149165 Members treated as having underlying interests in assets until demutualisation

149170 Effect of demutualisation of interposed company

Division 152—Small business relief

Guide to Division 152 203

1521 What this Division is about

Subdivision 152A—Basic conditions for relief under this Division

Guide to Subdivision 152A

1525 What this Subdivision is about

Basic conditions for relief

15210 Basic conditions for relief

15212 Special conditions for CGT event D1

Maximum net asset value test

15215 Maximum net asset value test

15220 Meaning of net value of the CGT assets

Active asset test

15235 Active asset test

15240 Meaning of active asset

15245 Continuing time periods for involuntary disposals

Treatment of passively held CGT assets

15247 Spouses or children taken to be affiliates for certain passively held CGT assets

15248 Working out an entity’s aggregated turnover for passively held CGT assets

15249 Businesses that are winding up

Significant individual test

15250 Significant individual test

15255 Meaning of significant individual

CGT concession stakeholder

15260 Meaning of CGT concession stakeholder

Small business participation percentage

15265 Small business participation percentage

15270 Direct small business participation percentage

15275 Indirect small business participation percentage

Nomination of controllers of discretionary trust

15278 Trustee of discretionary trust may nominate beneficiaries to be controllers of trust

CGT event happens to asset or interest within 2 years of an individual’s death

15280 CGT event happens to an asset or interest within 2 years of individual’s death

Subdivision 152B—Small business 15year exemption

Guide to Subdivision 152B

152100 What this Subdivision is about

152105 15year exemption for individuals

152110 15year exemption for companies and trusts

152115 Continuing time periods for involuntary disposals

152125 Payments to company’s or trust’s CGT concession stakeholders are exempt

Subdivision 152C—Small business 50% reduction

Guide to Subdivision 152C

152200 What this Subdivision is about

152205 You get the small business 50% reduction

152210 You may also get the small business retirement exemption and small business rollover relief

152215 15year rule has priority

152220 You may choose not to apply this Subdivision

Subdivision 152D—Small business retirement exemption

Guide to Subdivision 152D

152300 What this Subdivision is about

152305 Choosing the exemption

152310 Consequences of choice

152315 Choosing the amount to disregard

152320 Meaning of CGT retirement exemption limit

152325 Company or trust conditions

152330 15year rule has priority

Subdivision 152E—Small business rollover

Guide to Subdivision 152E

152400 What this Subdivision is about

Operative provisions

152410 When you can obtain the rollover

152415 What the rollover consists of

152420 Rules where an individual who has obtained a rollover dies

152430 15year rule has priority

Chapter 3Specialist liability rules

Part 33Capital gains and losses: special topics

Division 124Replacementasset rollovers

Table of Subdivisions

 Guide to Division 124

124A General rules

124B Asset compulsorily acquired, lost or destroyed

124C Statutory licences

124D Strata title conversion

124E Exchange of shares or units

124F Exchange of rights or options

124I Change of incorporation

124J Crown leases

124K Depreciating assets

124L Prospecting and mining entitlements

124M Scrip for scrip rollover

124N Disposal of assets by a trust to a company

124P Exchange of a membership interest in an MDO for a membership interest in another MDO

124Q Exchange of stapled ownership interests for ownership interests in a unit trust

124R Water entitlements

124S Interest realignment arrangements

Guide to Division 124

1241  What this Division is about

A replacementasset rollover allows you, in special cases, to defer the making of a capital gain or loss from one CGT event until a later CGT event happens. It involves your ownership of one CGT asset ending and you acquiring another one.

1245  How to find your way around this Division

 (1) First, find out if you can obtain a rollover when your ownership of one or more CGT assets ends and you acquire one or more CGT assets: see Subdivisions 124B to 124R.

Note: If you carry on a small business, you may also be able to obtain a rollover under Subdivision 152E.

 (2) Second, find out what the consequences are for being able to obtain a rollover: see Subdivision 124A.

Note: The consequences of a scrip for scrip rollover are set out in Subdivision 124M. The consequences of replacing a statutory licence by a new statutory licence are set out in Subdivision 124C. The consequences of an exchange of a membership interest in an MDO are set out in Subdivision 124P. The consequences of an exchange of stapled ownership interests are set out in Subdivision 124Q. The consequences of a rollover for water entitlements are set out in Subdivision 124R.

 (3) Third, find out if there are any special rules relevant to your situation: see the Subdivision under which you can get the rollover.

Subdivision 124AGeneral rules

Table of sections

12410 Your ownership of one CGT asset ends

12415 Your ownership of more than one CGT asset ends

12420 Share and interest sale facilities

12410  Your ownership of one CGT asset ends

 (1) There are these consequences (in most cases) if you can obtain a rollover when your ownership of a *CGT asset (the original asset) ends and you *acquire one or more CGT assets (the new assets) in a situation covered by this Division.

 (1A) A *car, motor cycle or similar vehicle must not be one of the new assets.

 (2) A *capital gain or a *capital loss you make from the original asset is disregarded.

 (3) If you *acquired the original asset on or after 20 September 1985, the first element of each new asset’s *cost base is:

The first element of each new asset’s *reduced cost base is worked out similarly.

Note 1: In some cases the amount you paid to acquire the new asset also forms part of the first element: see Subdivision 124D (about strata title conversion).

Note 2: There are modifications to the consequences in Subdivision 124B (about compulsory acquisition, loss or destruction), Subdivision 124C (about statutory licences), Subdivision 124J (about Crown leases) and Subdivision 124L (about prospecting and mining).

Note 3: No other elements of the cost base of the new asset are affected by the rollover.

Note 4: There are special indexation rules for rollovers: see Division 114.

Note 5: The reduced cost base may be modified for a rollover happening after a demerger: see section 125170.

 (4) If you *acquired the original asset before 20 September 1985, you are taken to have acquired each new asset before that day.

Note: A capital gain or loss you make from a CGT asset you acquired before 20 September 1985 is generally disregarded: see Division 104. This exemption is removed in some situations: see Division 149.

 (5) However, subsection (4) is taken never to have applied to a *share to which subsection 104195(6) applies (CGT event J4).

12415  Your ownership of more than one CGT asset ends

 (1) There are these consequences (in most cases) if you can obtain a rollover when your ownership of more than one *CGT asset (the original assets) ends and you acquire one or more CGT assets (the new assets) in a situation covered by this Division.

Example: You own 100 shares in a company. The company cancels these shares and issues you with 10 shares in return.

 (1A) A *car, motor cycle or similar vehicle must not be one of the new assets.

 (2) A *capital gain or a *capital loss you make from each original asset is disregarded.

 (3) If you *acquired all the original assets on or after 20 September 1985, the first element of each new asset’s cost base is:

The first element of each new asset’s *reduced cost base is worked out similarly.

Note 1: No other elements of the cost base of the new asset are affected by the rollover.

Note 2: There are special indexation rules for rollovers: see Division 114.

 (4) If you *acquired all the original assets before 20 September 1985, you are taken to have acquired each new asset before that day.

Note: A capital gain or loss you make from a CGT asset you acquired before 20 September 1985 is generally disregarded: see Division 104. This exemption is removed in some situations: see Division 149.

 (5) If you *acquired some of the original assets before 20 September 1985, you are taken to have acquired a number of new assets before that day. It is the maximum possible that does not exceed:

If the result is less than one, none of the new assets are taken to have been *acquired before 20 September 1985.

Example: To continue the example, suppose you acquired 67 of the 100 original shares before 20 September 1985. The number of new shares that you are taken to have acquired before that day cannot exceed:

 So, you are taken to have acquired 6 of the 10 shares before that day.

 (6) These rules are relevant to each remaining new asset. The first element of each one’s *cost base is:

The first element of each one’s *reduced cost base is worked out similarly.

Note: There are special indexation rules for rollovers: see Division 114.

Example: To continue the example, suppose the total of the cost bases of the 33 shares you acquired on or after 20 September 1985 is $400.

 The first element of the cost base of each of the remaining 4 shares is:

 The first element of the reduced cost base of those 4 shares is worked out similarly.

 (7) However, subsections (4) and (5) are taken never to have applied to a *share to which subsection 104195(6) applies (CGT event J4).

12420  Share and interest sale facilities

Share and interest sale facilities

 (1) An entity (the investor) is treated as owning an *ownership interest (the rollover interest) in a company or trust (the issuer) at a time (the deeming time), if:

 (a) the investor owned an ownership interest (the original interest) in a company or trust; and

 (b) a transaction happened in relation to the original interest; and

 (c) because:

 (i) a *foreign law impedes the ability of the issuer to issue or transfer the rollover interest to the investor; or

 (ii) it would be impractical or unreasonably onerous to determine whether a foreign law impedes the ability of the issuer to issue or transfer the rollover interest to the investor;

  it is *arranged that the issuer will issue or transfer the rollover interest to another entity (the facility) under the transaction instead of to the investor; and

 (d) in accordance with that arrangement and as a result of the transaction, the facility:

 (i) becomes the owner of the rollover interest; and

 (ii) owns the rollover interest at the deeming time; and

 (e) under the arrangement, the investor is entitled to receive from the facility:

 (i) an amount equivalent to the *capital proceeds of any *CGT event that happens in relation to the rollover interest (less expenses); or

 (ii) if a CGT event happens in relation to the rollover interest together with CGT events happening in relation to other ownership interests—an amount equivalent to the investor’s proportion of the total capital proceeds of the CGT events (less expenses).

 (2) The facility is treated as not owning the rollover interest at the deeming time.

 (3) This section applies for the purposes of:

 (a) applying one of the following provisions (the rollover provision) in relation to the transaction:

 (iii) Subdivision 124I (Change of incorporation);

 (iv) Subdivision 124N (Disposal of assets by a trust to a company);

 (v) Subdivision 124Q (Exchange of stapled ownership interests for ownership interests in a unit trust);

 (vi) Division 615 (Rollovers for business restructures); and

 (b) the following provisions, to the extent that they relate to a rollover under the rollover provision that involves the transaction:

 (i) item 2 of the table in subsection 11530(1);

 (ii) sections 12410 and 12415.

Incorporated bodies

 (4) Without limiting this section, it also has effect, in a case covered by subparagraph (3)(a)(iii) (about Subdivision 124I), as if each reference in this section to an *ownership interest in a company or trust were a reference to:

 (a) an interest in an incorporated body; and

 (b) any rights relating to the body owned by the entity that owns that interest.

 (5) This section applies, in a case covered by subparagraph (3)(a)(iii) (about Subdivision 124I), in relation to rights as a *member of a company incorporated under the Corporations (Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander) Act 2006 in the same way as it applies in relation to *shares in a company.

Subdivision 124BAsset compulsorily acquired, lost or destroyed

Table of sections

When a rollover is available

12470 Events giving rise to a rollover

12475 Other requirements if you receive money

12480 Other requirements if you receive an asset

The consequences of a rollover being available

12485 Consequences for receiving money

12490 Consequences for receiving an asset

12495 You receive both money and an asset

When a rollover is available

12470  Events giving rise to a rollover

 (1) You may be able to choose a rollover if one of these events happens to a *CGT asset (the original asset) you own:

 (a) it is compulsorily *acquired by an *Australian government agency;

 (aa) it is compulsorily acquired by an entity (other than an Australian government agency or a *foreign government agency) under a power of compulsory acquisition conferred by a law covered under subsection (1A);

 (b) it, or part of it, is lost or destroyed;

 (c) you *dispose of it to an entity (other than a foreign government agency) in circumstances meeting all of these conditions:

 (i) the disposal takes place after a notice was served on you by or on behalf of the entity;

 (ii) the notice invited you to negotiate with the entity with a view to the entity acquiring the asset by agreement;

 (iii) the notice informed you that if the negotiations were unsuccessful, the asset would be compulsorily acquired by the entity;

 (iv) the compulsory acquisition would have been under a power of compulsory acquisition conferred by a law covered under subsection (1A);

 (ca) you dispose of it to an entity (other than a foreign government agency) in circumstances meeting all of these conditions:

 (i) the asset is land over which a mining lease was compulsorily granted;

 (ii) the lease significantly affected your use of the land;

 (iii) the lease was in force just before the disposal;

 (iv) the entity to which you dispose of the land was the lessee under the lease;

 (cb) you dispose of it to an entity (other than a foreign government agency) in circumstances meeting all of these conditions:

 (i) the asset is land over which a mining lease would have been compulsorily granted if you had not disposed of it;

 (ii) that lease would have significantly affected your use of the land;

 (iii) the entity to which you dispose of the land would have been the lessee under the lease.

 (d) if it is a lease granted to you by an *Australian government agency under an *Australian law—the lease expires and is not renewed.

Note 1: There are no rollover consequences if you make a capital loss from the event.

Note 2: Section 10325 tells you when you have to make the choice.

 (1A) A law is covered under this subsection if it is:

 (a) an *Australian law (other than Chapter 6A of the Corporations Act 2001); or

 (b) a *foreign law (other than a foreign law corresponding to Chapter 6A of the Corporations Act 2001).

 (2) You must receive money or another *CGT asset (except a *car, motor cycle or similar vehicle), or both:

 (a) as compensation for the event happening; or

 (b) under an insurance policy against the risk of loss or destruction of the original asset.

Note: There are other requirements that must be satisfied if:

 you receive money: see section 12475; or

 you receive another CGT asset: see section 12480.

 (3) The requirement in subsection (4) must be satisfied if:

 (a) you are a foreign resident just before the event happens; or

 (b) you are the trustee of a trust that is a *foreign trust for CGT purposes for the income year in which the event happens.

 (4) The original asset must be *taxable Australian property just before the event happens. The other asset must be taxable Australian property just after you *acquire it.

12475  Other requirements if you receive money

 (1) If you receive money for the event happening, you can choose to obtain a rollover only if these other requirements are satisfied.

Note: The rollover consequences are set out in section 12485.

 (2) You must:

 (a) incur expenditure in *acquiring another *CGT asset (except a *depreciating asset whose decline in value is worked out under Division 40 or deductions for which are calculated under Division 328); or

 (b) if part of the original asset is lost or destroyed—incur expenditure of a capital nature in repairing or restoring it.

 (3) At least some of the expenditure must be incurred:

 (a) no earlier than one year, or within such further time as the Commissioner allows in special circumstances, before the event happens; or

 (b) no later than one year, or within such further time as the Commissioner allows in special circumstances, after the end of the income year in which the event happens.

Special rules if you acquire another asset

 (4) If just before the event happened the original asset:

 (a) was used in your *business; or

 (b) was *installed ready for use in your business; or

 (c) was in the process of being *installed ready for use in your business;

the other asset must be used in the business, or be installed ready for use in the business, for a reasonable time after you *acquired it.

  Otherwise, you must use the other asset (for a reasonable time after you *acquired it) for the same purpose as, or for a similar purpose to, the purpose for which you used the original asset just before the event happened.

 (5) The other asset cannot become an item of your *trading stock just after you *acquire it, nor can it be a *depreciating asset whose decline in value is worked out under Division 40 or deductions for which are calculated under Division 328.

 (6) The other asset cannot become a *registered emissions unit *held by you just after you *acquire it.

12480  Other requirements if you receive an asset

 (1) If you receive another *CGT asset for the event happening, you can choose to obtain a rollover only if these other requirements are satisfied.

Note: The rollover consequences are set out in section 12490.

 (2) The other asset cannot become an item of your *trading stock just after you *acquire it, nor can it be a *depreciating asset whose decline in value is worked out under Division 40 or deductions for which are calculated under Division 328 nor can it be a *registered emissions unit.

 (3) The *market value of the other asset (when you *acquire it) must be more than the *cost base of the original asset just before the event happens.

The consequences of a rollover being available

12485  Consequences for receiving money

 (1) If you receive money for the event happening, there are these consequences if you choose to obtain a rollover.

Original asset acquired on or after 20 September 1985

 (2) If you make a *capital gain from the event, this table sets out in what situations the gain is reduced, not reduced or disregarded.

  It also sets out in what situations the expenditure you incurred to *acquire another *CGT asset or to repair or restore the original asset is reduced.

 

You make a capital gain from the event

Item

In this situation:

There are these consequences

1

The money exceeds the expenditure you incurred to *acquire another CGT asset or to repair or restore the original asset

If the gain is more than the excess:

(a) the gain is reduced to the amount by which the money exceeds that expenditure; and

(b) that expenditure is reduced by the amount by which the gain (before it is reduced) is more than the excess

2

The money exceeds that expenditure

If the gain is less than or equal to the excess, the gain is not reduced

3

The money does not exceed that expenditure

The gain is disregarded in working out your *net capital gain or *net capital loss for the income year. That expenditure is reduced by the amount of the gain

Example: In 1999 Simon bought a small factory. In 2000 a fire destroys part of it. He receives $100,000 under an insurance policy.

 The capital gain is worked out under section 11230.

 Suppose the factory’s cost base at the time of the fire is $75,000 and the market value of the part that is not destroyed is $150,000. The cost base of the part that is destroyed is:

 The capital gain is:

 Case 1

 Suppose Simon spent $80,000 on repairing the factory. The money he received under the insurance policy exceeds the repair cost by $20,000. The gain exceeds that by $50,000.

 The result is that the gain is reduced to $20,000 and the $80,000 he spent on repairs is reduced to $30,000.

 Case 2

 Suppose Simon spent $15,000 on repairs instead. The money he received under the policy exceeds that amount by $85,000. This is more than the gain he made.

 The gain is relevant to working out Simon’s net capital gain or loss for the income year and the $15,000 he spent on repairs forms part of the factory’s cost base.

 Case 3

 Suppose Simon spent $120,000 on repairs instead. The gain is disregarded and the $120,000 is reduced to $50,000.

Original asset acquired before 20 September 1985

 (3) If you *acquired the original asset before 20 September 1985 and you incurred expenditure in acquiring another *CGT asset, you are taken to have acquired the other asset before that day if:

 (a) the expenditure is not more than 120% of the *market value of the original asset when the event happened; or

 (b) a natural disaster happened so that the original asset, or part of it, is lost or destroyed and it is reasonable to treat the other asset as substantially the same as the original asset.

 (4) If you *acquired the original asset before 20 September 1985 and you incurred expenditure of a capital nature in repairing or restoring it, you are taken to have acquired the original asset (as repaired or restored) before that day.

12490  Consequences for receiving an asset

 (1) If you receive another *CGT asset for the event happening, there are these consequences if you choose to obtain a rollover.

 (2) A *capital gain you make from the original asset is disregarded.

 (3) If you *acquired the original asset on or after 20 September 1985:

 (a) the first element of the other asset’s *cost base is the original asset’s cost base at the time of the event; and

 (b) the first element of the other asset’s *reduced cost base is the original asset’s reduced cost base at the time of the event.

Note: There are special indexation rules for rollovers: see Division 114.

Example: Steven bought land in 1999 for $100,000. In 2001 the government compulsorily acquires the land and gives him new land in return.

 A capital gain he makes from the original land is disregarded. Suppose the original land’s cost base when it is acquired is $120,000. The first element of the new land’s cost base becomes $120,000.

 (4) If you acquired the original asset before 20 September 1985, you are taken to have *acquired the other asset before that day.

12495  You receive both money and an asset

 (1) If you receive both money and another *CGT asset for the event happening and choose to obtain a rollover, the requirements and consequences are different for each part of the compensation attributable to the original asset (having regard to the amount of money and the *market value of the other asset).

The other asset as a part of compensation

 (2) The *market value of the other asset (when you *acquire it) must be more than that part of the *cost base of the original asset that is attributable to the new asset.

Note: This requirement is different to that in subsection 12480(3). It requires a proportional attribution of the cost base of the original asset.

 (3) If you *acquired the original asset on or after 20 September 1985:

 (a) the first element of the other asset’s *cost base is that part of the original asset’s cost base at the time of the event that is attributable to the new asset; and

 (b) the first element of the other asset’s *reduced cost base is worked out similarly.

Note: These consequences are different to those in subsection 12490(3). They require a proportional attribution of the cost base of the original asset.

 (4) If you *acquired the original asset before 20 September 1985, you are taken to have acquired the new asset before that day.

Money as a part of compensation

 (5) If you make a *capital gain from the event, this table sets out in what situations that part of the gain on the original asset that is attributable to the amount of money you received is reduced, not reduced or disregarded.

  It also sets out in what situations the expenditure you incurred to *acquire another *CGT asset or to repair or restore the original asset is reduced.

 

You make a capital gain from the event

Item

In this situation:

There are these consequences

1

The money exceeds the expenditure you incurred to *acquire another CGT asset or to repair or restore the original asset

If that part of the gain that is attributable to the amount of money is more than the excess:

(a) that part of the gain is reduced to the amount by which the money exceeds that expenditure; and

(b) that expenditure is reduced by the amount by which that part of the gain (before it is reduced) is more than the excess

2

The money exceeds that expenditure

If that part of the gain that is attributable to the amount of money is less than or equal to the excess, the gain is not reduced

3

The money does not exceed that expenditure

That part of the gain that is attributable to the amount of money is disregarded in working out your *net capital gain or *net capital loss for the income year. That expenditure is reduced by the amount of that part of the gain

Note: These consequences are different to those in subsection 12485(2). They require a proportional attribution of capital gain on the original asset.

 (6) If you *acquired the original asset before 20 September 1985 and you incurred expenditure in acquiring another *CGT asset, you are taken to have acquired the other asset before that day if:

 (a) the expenditure you incurred in acquiring the other asset is not more than 120% of the *market value of that part of the original asset that is attributable to the other asset when the event happened; or

 (b) a natural disaster happened so that the original asset, or part of it, is lost or destroyed and it is reasonable to treat the other asset as substantially the same as that part of the original asset that is attributable to the new asset.

Note 1: The consequences in paragraph (6)(a) are different to those in paragraph 12485(3)(a). They require a proportional attribution of the market value of the original asset.

Note 2: The consequences in paragraph (6)(b) are different to those in paragraph 12485(3)(b). They require a proportional attribution of the original asset.

Example: Kris owns land, which he acquired in 1998. It is compulsorily acquired, and Kris receives $80,000 in cash and replacement land with a market value of $80,000.

 The cost base of the original land is $150,000.

 Kris buys additional land for $80,000.

 Subsection (2) is satisfied because the market value of the replacement land ($80,000) is more than the part of the cost base of the original land that is attributable to the replacement land:

 Applying subsection (5), the other part of the gain is disregarded, and the first element of the cost base of the replacement land is the part of the cost base of the original land that is attributable to the replacement land:

 Applying subsection (3), the money he received ($80,000) is the same as the expenditure he incurred to buy the additional land. Item 3 in the table applies. The part of the gain that is attributable to that money is disregarded:

 The expenditure is reduced by $5,000.

Subdivision 124CStatutory licences

124140  New statutory licences

 (1) There is a rollover if:

 (a) your ownership of one or more *statutory licences (each of which is an original licence) ends, resulting in *CGT event C2 happening to the licence (or to each of the licences as part of an *arrangement); and

 (b) as a result of the CGT event or events, you are issued one or more new licences (each of which is a new licence) for the original licence (or original licences); and

 (c) the new licence authorises (or the new licences taken together authorise) substantially similar activity as that authorised by the original licence (or by the original licences taken together).

Note 1: If there has been a capital improvement to the original licence: see section 10875.

Note 2: Subdivision 124C of the Income Tax (Transitional Provisions) Act 1997 modifies this rollover for certain waterrelated licences. A separate rollover for other water entitlements is provided in Subdivision 124R of this Act.

 (1A) If:

 (a) you are a foreign resident just before the *CGT event happens (or just before one or more of the CGT events happens); or

 (b) you are the trustee of a trust that is a *foreign trust for CGT purposes for the income year in which the event happens (or for an income year in which one or more of those events happens);

there is no rollover under this section unless the conditions in subsection (1B) are satisfied.

 (1B) The conditions are that:

 (a) if there was only one original licence—the licence must be *taxable Australian property just before the *CGT event happens; and

 (b) if there was more than one original licence—each original licence must be taxable Australian property just before the CGT event in relation to it happens; and

 (c) if there is only one new licence—the licence must be taxable Australian property just after you *acquire it; and

 (d) if there is more than one new licence—each new licence must be taxable Australian property just after you acquire it.

 (2) The first element of the *cost base and *reduced cost base of the new licence includes any amount you paid to get it (which can include giving property: see section 1035).

 (3) A statutory licence is an authority, licence, permit or quota (except a lease or a *mining entitlement or *prospecting entitlement) granted by:

 (a) an *Australian government agency under an *Australian law; or

 (b) a *foreign government agency under a *foreign law.

124145  Rollover consequences—capital gain or loss disregarded

  A *capital gain or *capital loss you make from the original licence (or from each of the original licences) is disregarded.

124150  Rollover consequences—partial rollover

 (1) You can obtain only a partial rollover in relation to an original licence if the *capital proceeds for that licence includes something (the ineligible proceeds) other than a new licence or new licences. There is no rollover for that part (the ineligible part) of the licence for which you received the ineligible proceeds.

Note: If there is more than one original licence, some or all of those original licences may each have an ineligible part.

 (2) The *cost base of the ineligible part is that part of the cost base of the original licence as is reasonably attributable to the ineligible part.

 (3) The *reduced cost base of the ineligible part is that part of the reduced cost base of the original licence as is reasonably attributable to the ineligible part.

 (4) For the purposes of sections 124155 and 124165, for each original licence that has an ineligible part:

 (a) reduce the *cost base of that licence (just before the *CGT event that happened in relation to it) by so much of that cost base as is attributable to that ineligible part; and

 (b) reduce the *reduced cost base of that licence (just before the CGT event that happened in relation to it) by so much of that reduced cost base as is attributable to that ineligible part.

124155  Rollover consequences—all original licences were postCGT

 (1) This section applies if you *acquired the original licence (or all of the original licences) on or after 20 September 1985.

 (2) The first element of the *cost base of the new licence (or of each of the new licences) is such amount as is reasonable having regard to:

 (a) the total of the cost bases of all the original licences; and

 (b) the number, *market value and character of the original licences; and

 (c) the number, market value and character of the new licences.

 (3) The first element of the *reduced cost base of the new licence (or of each of the new licences) is such amount as is reasonable having regard to:

 (a) the total of the reduced cost bases of all the original licences; and

 (b) the number, *market value and character of the original licences; and

 (c) the number, market value and character of the new licences.

124160  Rollover consequences—all original licences were preCGT

  If you *acquired the original licence (or all of the original licences) before 20 September 1985, you are taken to have acquired the new licence (or all of the new licences) before that day.

124165  Rollover consequences—some original licences were preCGT, others were postCGT

 (1) This section applies if:

 (a) there was more than one original licence; and

 (b) you *acquired one or more of the original licences before 20 September 1985; and

 (c) you acquired one or more of the original licences on or after that day.

 (2) Each new licence is taken to be 2 separate *CGT assets that are both *statutory licences:

 (a) one (which you are taken to have *acquired on or after 20 September 1985) representing the extent to which you acquired the original licences on or after that day; and

 (b) another (which you are taken to have acquired before that day) representing the extent to which you acquired the original licences before that day.

 (3) The first element of the *cost base and *reduced cost base of the *CGT asset mentioned in paragraph (2)(a) in relation to a new licence is worked out under the formula:

where:

market value of all new licences is the total of the *market values of all of the new licences.

market value of new licence is the *market value of the new licence to which the *CGT asset mentioned in paragraph (2)(a) relates.

total postCGT cost base is the total of the *cost bases of all the original licences that you *acquired on or after 20 September 1985.

Subdivision 124DStrata title conversion

124190  Strata title conversion

 (1) You can choose to obtain a rollover if:

 (a) you own property that gives you a right to occupy a unit in a building; and

 (b) the building’s owner subdivides it into *stratum units; and

 (c) the owner transfers to you the stratum unit that corresponds to the unit you had the right to occupy just before the subdivision.

Note 1: The rollover consequences are set out in section 12410. The original asset is the property that gave you the right to occupy a unit in the building. The new asset is the stratum unit.

Note 2: Section 10325 tells you when you have to make the choice.

 (2) The first element of the *cost base and *reduced cost base of the *stratum unit includes any amount you paid to get it (which can include giving property: see section 1035).

Note: The rest of the first element is worked out under Subdivision 124A.

 (3) A stratum unit is a lot or unit (however described in an *Australian law or a *foreign law relating to strata title or similar title) and any accompanying common property.

Subdivision 124EExchange of shares or units

Table of sections

124240 Exchange of shares in the same company

124245 Exchange of units in the same unit trust

124240  Exchange of shares in the same company

  You can choose to obtain a rollover if:

 (a) you own *shares (the original shares) of a certain class in a company; and

 (b) the company redeems or cancels all shares of that class; and

 (c) the company issues you with new shares (and you receive nothing else) in substitution for the original shares; and

 (d) the *market value of the new shares just after they were issued is at least equal to the market value of the original shares just before they were redeemed or cancelled; and

 (e) the *paidup share capital of the company just after the new shares were issued is the same as just before the original shares were redeemed or cancelled; and

 (f) one of these requirements is satisfied:

 (i) you are an Australian resident at the time of the redemption or cancellation; or

 (ii) if you are a foreign resident at that time—the original shares were *taxable Australian property just before that time and the new shares are taxable Australian property when they are issued.

Note 1: The rollover consequences are set out in Subdivision 124A. The original assets are the original shares. The new assets are the new shares.

Note 2: Section 10325 tells you when you have to make the choice.

124245  Exchange of units in the same unit trust

  You can choose to obtain a rollover if:

 (a) you own units (the original units) of a certain class in a unit trust; and

 (b) the trustee redeems or cancels all units of that class; and

 (c) the trustee issues you with new units (and you receive nothing else) in substitution for the original units; and

 (d) the *market value of the new units just after they were issued is at least equal to the market value of the original units just before they were redeemed or cancelled; and

 (e) one of these requirements is satisfied:

 (i) you are an Australian resident at the time of the redemption or cancellation; or

 (ii) if you are a foreign resident at that time—the original units were *taxable Australian property just before that time and the new units are taxable Australian property when they are issued.

Note: The rollover consequences are set out in Subdivision 124A. The original assets are the original units. The new assets are the new units.

Subdivision 124FExchange of rights or options

Table of sections

124295 Exchange of rights or option to acquire shares in a company

124300 Exchange of rights or option to acquire units in a unit trust

124295  Exchange of rights or option to acquire shares in a company

 (1) You can choose to obtain a rollover if:

 (a) you own rights (the original rights) to *acquire *shares in a company or to acquire an option to acquire *shares in a company; or

 (b) you own an option (the original option) to acquire *shares in a company;

and these other requirements are satisfied.

Note: Section 10325 tells you when you have to make the choice.

 (2) The *shares must:

 (a) be consolidated and divided into new shares of a larger amount; or

 (b) be subdivided into new shares of a smaller amount.

 (3) The company must cancel the original rights or original option because of the consolidation or subdivision.

 (4) The company must:

 (a) issue you with new rights (relating to the new *shares) in substitution for the original rights; or

 (b) issue you with a new option (relating to the new shares) in substitution for the original option.

 (5) You must receive nothing else in substitution for the original rights or original option.

 (6) The *market value of the new rights or new option just after it was issued must be at least equal to the market value of the original rights or original option just before it was cancelled.

 (7) One of these requirements must be satisfied:

 (a) you must be an Australian resident at the time of the cancellation; or

 (b) if you are a foreign resident at that time:

 (i) the original rights or original option were *taxable Australian property just before that time; and

 (ii) the new rights or new option are taxable Australian property when they are issued.

Note: The rollover consequences are set out in Subdivision 124A. The original asset is the original rights or original option. The new asset is the new rights or new option.

124300  Exchange of rights or option to acquire units in a unit trust

 (1) You can choose to obtain a rollover if:

 (a) you own rights (the original rights) to *acquire units in a unit trust or to acquire an option to acquire units in a unit trust; or

 (b) you own an option (the original option) to acquire units in a unit trust;

and these other requirements are satisfied.

Note: Section 10325 tells you when you have to make the choice.

 (2) The units must:

 (a) be consolidated and divided into new units of a larger amount; or

 (b) be subdivided into new units of a smaller amount.

 (3) The trustee must cancel the original rights or original option because of the consolidation or subdivision.

 (4) The trustee must:

 (a) issue you with new rights (relating to the new units) in substitution for the original rights; or

 (b) issue you with a new option (relating to the new units) in substitution for the original option.

 (5) You must receive nothing else in substitution for the original rights or original option.

 (6) The *market value of the new rights or new option just after it was issued must be at least equal to the market value of the original rights or original option just before it was cancelled.

 (7) One of these requirements must be satisfied:

 (a) you must be an Australian resident at the time of the cancellation; or

 (b) if you are a foreign resident at that time:

 (i) the original rights or original option were *taxable Australian property just before that time; and

 (ii) the new rights or new option are taxable Australian property when they are issued.

Note: The rollover consequences are set out in Subdivision 124A. The original asset is the original rights or original option. The new asset is the new rights or new option.

Subdivision 124IChange of incorporation

Guide to Subdivision 124I

124510  What this Subdivision is about

Rollover relief is available for members of a body that is incorporated under one law and is converted to, or replaced with, a body incorporated under another law.

Table of sections

Object of this Subdivision

124515 Object of this Subdivision

Change of incorporation without change of entity

124520 Change of incorporation without change of entity

Old corporation wound up

124525 Old corporation wound up

Special consequences of some rollovers

124530 Shares in company replacing preCGT and postCGT mix of interest and rights in body

124535 Rights as member of Indigenous corporation replacing preCGT and postCGT mix of interest and rights in body

Object of this Subdivision

124515  Object of this Subdivision

  The object of this Subdivision is to ensure that CGT considerations for *members of a body incorporated under a law do not impede a change of incorporation involving converting the body to, or replacing it with, a company incorporated under:

 (a) the Corporations Act 2001 or a similar *foreign law; or

 (b) the Corporations (Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander) Act 2006.

Note: Subdivision 620A provides a rollover for the assets of the body.

Change of incorporation without change of entity

124520  Change of incorporation without change of entity

 (1) This section applies if:

 (a) you are a *member of a body incorporated under a law described in column 1 of an item of the table; and

 (b) the body is converted into a company incorporated under a law described in column 2 of the item, without creating a new legal entity; and

 (c) it is reasonable to conclude that there is no significant difference:

 (i) between the ownership of the body, and of rights relating to the body held by entities that owned the body, just before the conversion and the ownership of the company just after the conversion; or

 (ii) between the mix of ownership of the body, and of rights relating to the body held by entities that owned the body, just before the conversion and the mix of ownership of the company just after the conversion.

Note: See section 12420 if an entity uses a share or interest sale facility.

 

Laws the body and company are incorporated under

 

Column 1

Body incorporated under this law

Column 2

Company incorporated under this law

1

A law other than the Corporations Act 2001 and a similar *foreign law relating to companies

The Corporations Act 2001 or a similar foreign law relating to companies

2

A law other than the Corporations (Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander) Act 2006

The Corporations (Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander) Act 2006

 (2) You can choose to obtain a rollover if:

 (a) as a result of the conversion you are issued with *shares in the company and you receive nothing else; and

 (b) either you are an Australian resident at the time of the conversion or, if you are a foreign resident at that time:

 (i) each of your interest and your other rights (if any) relating to the body was *taxable Australian property just before that time; and

 (ii) the shares are taxable Australian property when they are issued.

Note 1: The rollover consequences are set out in Subdivision 124A and section 124530.

Note 2: Section 10325 tells you when you have to make the choice.

 (3) If the company is incorporated under the Corporations (Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander) Act 2006, subsection (2) applies in relation to rights as a *member of the company in the same way as that subsection applies to *shares in a company.

Note: This may allow you to choose to obtain a rollover. The rollover consequences are set out in Subdivision 124A and section 124535.

Exception for demutualisation of certain bodies

 (4) This section does not apply to demutualisation of a body if Division 326 in Schedule 2H to the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936 applies to the demutualisation.

Note: That Division deals with demutualisation of entities other than insurance companies and health insurers.

Old corporation wound up

124525  Old corporation wound up

 (1) This section applies if:

 (a) a body is incorporated under a law described in column 1 of an item of the table; and

 (b) a company is incorporated under a law described in column 2 of the item; and

 (c) the body ceases to exist, but the company continues to exist, after the time (the switch time) the *members of the body receive *shares in the company, or rights as members of it if it is incorporated under the Corporations (Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander) Act 2006, on account of:

 (i) their interests in the body; and

 (ii) their other rights (if any) relating to the body; and

 (d) the members of the body do not receive anything else on account of the expected ending of those interests and rights; and

 (e) it is reasonable to conclude that there is no significant difference:

 (i) between the ownership of the body, and of rights relating to the body held by entities that owned the body, just before the switch time and the ownership of the company just after the switch time; or

 (ii) between the mix of ownership of the body, and of rights relating to the body held by entities that owned the body, just before the switch time and the mix of ownership of the company just after the switch time; and

Note: See section 12420 if an entity uses a share or interest sale facility.

 (f) the body *disposes of all its *CGT assets to the company, except any assets expected to be needed to meet the body’s existing or expected liabilities before it ceases to exist.

 

Laws the body and company are incorporated under

 

Column 1

Body incorporated under this law

Column 2

Company incorporated under this law

1

A law other than the Corporations Act 2001 and a similar *foreign law relating to companies

The Corporations Act 2001 or a similar foreign law relating to companies

2

A law other than the Corporations (Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander) Act 2006

The Corporations (Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander) Act 2006

 (2) You can choose to obtain a rollover if:

 (a) you were a *member of the body just before the switch time; and

 (b) your ownership of your interest in the body ends at a time (the end time) after the switch time; and

 (c) at the end time you have the *shares in the company that you received at the switch time; and

 (d) either you are an Australian resident at the end time or, if you are a foreign resident at the end time:

 (i) each of your interest in the body and your other rights (if any) relating to the body was *taxable Australian property just before the end time; and

 (ii) the shares in the company that you received at the switch time are taxable Australian property at the end time.

Note 1: The rollover consequences are set out in Subdivision 124A and section 124530.

Note 2: Section 10325 tells you when you have to make the choice.

 (3) If the company is incorporated under the Corporations (Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander) Act 2006, subsection (2) applies in relation to rights as a *member of the company in the same way as that subsection applies to *shares in a company.

Note: This may allow you to choose to obtain a rollover. The rollover consequences are set out in Subdivision 124A and section 124535.

Special consequences of some rollovers

124530  Shares in company replacing preCGT and postCGT mix of interest and rights in body

 (1) This section applies if:

 (a) you choose to obtain a rollover under section 124520 or 124525 relating to *shares you have in the company on account of the following (your original assets):

 (i) your interest in the body mentioned in that section;

 (ii) your other rights relating to the body mentioned in that section; and

 (b) you *acquired some of your original assets before 20 September 1985 and the rest of them on or after that day.

 (2) You are taken to have *acquired so many of the *shares before 20 September 1985 as is reasonable, having regard to:

 (a) the number and *market value of your original assets; and

 (b) the number and market value of the shares.

 (3) The first element of the *cost base of each of the *shares not taken by subsection (2) to have been *acquired before 20 September 1985 (your postCGT shares) is such amount as is reasonable having regard to:

 (a) the total of the cost bases of your original assets that you acquired on or after 20 September 1985; and

 (b) the number and *market value of your postCGT shares.

 (4) The reduced cost base of each of your postCGT shares is worked out similarly.

 (5) This section has effect despite subsections 12415(5) and (6).

124535  Rights as member of Indigenous corporation replacing preCGT and postCGT mix of interest and rights in body

 (1) This section applies if:

 (a) you choose to obtain a rollover under section 124520 or 124525 relating to rights (the replacement rights) you have as a *member of a company incorporated under the Corporations (Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander) Act 2006 on account of the following (your original assets):

 (i) your interest in the body mentioned in that section;

 (ii) your other rights relating to the body mentioned in that section; and

 (b) you *acquired any of your original assets before 20 September 1985.

 (2) You are taken to have *acquired the replacement rights before 20 September 1985.

 (3) This section has effect despite subsection 12415(5).

Subdivision 124JCrown leases

Guide to Subdivision 124J

124570  What this Subdivision is about

This Subdivision sets out the situations in which the holder of a Crown lease over land obtains a replacement asset rollover when the lease is, among other things, renewed, extended or converted to an estate in fee simple.

Table of sections

Operative provisions

124575 Extension or renewal of Crown lease

124580 Meaning of Crown lease

124585 Original right differs in area from new right

124590 Part of original right excised

124595 Treating parts of new right as separate assets

124600 What is the rollover?

124605 Change of lessor

Operative provisions

124575  Extension or renewal of Crown lease

 (1) There is a rollover if:

 (a) you hold one or more *CGT assets that are *Crown leases over land (the original right); and

 (b) the original right expires or you surrender it; and

 (c) you are granted one or more new Crown leases over land or one or more estates in fee simple in land, or both (the new right); and

 (d) the new right relates to the same land as the original right.

Note 1: The rollover consequences are set out in Subdivision 124A. They might be modified: see section 124600.

Note 2: If there has been a capital improvement to the Crown lease: see section 10875.

 (2) The new right must have been granted in one of these ways:

 (a) by renewing or extending the term of the original right where the renewal or extension is mainly due to your having held the original right; or

 (b) by changing the purpose for which the land to which the original right related can be used; or

 (c) by converting the original right to a *Crown lease in perpetuity; or

 (d) by converting the original right to an estate in fee simple; or

 (e) by consolidating, or consolidating and dividing, the original right; or

 (f) by subdividing the original right; or

 (g) by excising or relinquishing a part of the land to which the original right related; or

 (h) by expanding the area of that land.

124580  Meaning of Crown lease

  A Crown lease is:

 (a) a lease of land granted by the Crown under an *Australian law (other than the common law); or

 (b) a similar lease granted under a *foreign law.

124585  Original right differs in area from new right

 (1) Even if the new right relates to different land to that to which the original right related, this Subdivision applies as if it relates to the same land in these cases:

 (a) the difference in area is not significant;

 (b) the difference in *market value is not significant;

 (c) the new right was granted to correct errors in or omissions from the original right;

 (d) the new right relates to a significantly different area of land but you had made reasonable efforts to ensure that the area was the same;

 (e) it is otherwise reasonable for this Subdivision to apply in that way.

 (2) However, the rule in subsection (1) does not apply if section 124590 applies.

124590  Part of original right excised

 (1) There is a partial rollover if you *acquired the original right on or after 20 September 1985 and:

 (a) the land to which the new right relates is different in area to the land the subject of the original right because a part (the excised part) of the land to which the original right related was excised or you relinquished it; and

 (b) you received a payment for the expiry or surrender of the original right.

The payment can include giving property: see section 1035.

Note: Section 124600 sets out the effect on your cost base.

 (2) There is no rollover for the excised part. The *cost base of the excised part is so much of the *cost base of the relevant *Crown lease as is attributable to the excised part.

  Its *reduced cost base is worked out similarly.

Note: You may make a capital gain or loss on the excised part because of CGT event C2.

124595  Treating parts of new right as separate assets

 (1) Each part of a *Crown lease or an estate in fee simple that is part of the new right is taken to be a separate *CGT asset to the extent that it relates to:

 (a) land to which a Crown lease (that was part of the original right) related where you *acquired the lease before 20 September 1985; and

 (b) land to which a Crown lease (that was part of the original right) related where you acquired the lease on or after 20 September 1985; and

 (c) other land.

 (2) You are taken to have *acquired each asset that is a separate *CGT asset because of paragraph (1)(a) before 20 September 1985.

124600  What is the rollover?

 (1) The rollover is mainly as specified in Subdivision 124A.

 (2) However, you work out the *cost base and *reduced cost base of *CGT assets (that you are not taken to have *acquired before 20 September 1985) and that are part of the new right a bit differently where section 124590 or 124595 applies.

 (3) The first element of your *cost base for each of those assets is:

where:

CB of postCGT original right is the sum of the *cost bases of the *Crown leases (that were part of the original right) and that you *acquired on or after 20 September 1985 (just before the original right expired or was surrendered) reduced, if there is an excised part, by so much of those cost bases as is attributable to the excised part.

market value of all new assets is the *market value of all *CGT assets (that you are not taken to have *acquired before 20 September 1985) that are part of the new right just after you acquired them.

market value of separate asset is the *market value of the particular asset just after you *acquired it.

 (4) The first element of the *reduced cost base of each of those assets is worked out similarly.

124605  Change of lessor

 (1) You treat a lease of land (whether or not it is a *Crown lease) granted to you (the fresh lease) as being a renewal of your original right if:

 (a) after the grant of the original right, the land (the original land) to which it related became vested in an *Australian government agency (other than the one that granted the original right); and

 (b) the second agency granted you the fresh lease over:

 (i) the original land; or

 (ii) the original land less an excised area; or

 (iii) the original land and other land; and

 (c) the fresh lease was granted under an *Australian law (other than the common law).

 (2) You do this even if there is a period between the end of the original right and the grant of the fresh lease if you continued to occupy the original land during that period under a permission, licence or authority granted by the second agency.

Subdivision 124KDepreciating assets

Table of sections

124655 Rollover for depreciating assets

124660 Right granted to associate

124655  Rollover for depreciating assets

  There is a rollover for a *depreciating asset if:

 (a) the asset is attached to land you hold under a *quasiownership right granted by an *exempt Australian government agency or an *exempt foreign government agency; and

 (b) you *hold the asset because of section 4040; and

 (c) the quasiownership right expires or is terminated or you surrender it; and

 (d) you are granted a new quasiownership right over the land or an estate in fee simple in the land; and

 (e) there is no rollover for you under Subdivision 124J (about Crown leases) or Subdivision 124L (about prospecting and mining entitlements).

Note 1: The rollover consequences are set out in Subdivision 124A.

Note 2: This section provides a rollover for a depreciating asset in the limited circumstances where Subdivision 124J cannot because a quasiownership right over land covers situations that a Crown lease does not (for example, an easement over land).

Note 3: If there has been a capital improvement to the quasiownership right: see section 10875.

124660  Right granted to associate

  If the *quasiownership right or estate in fee simple is instead granted to an *associate or an *associated government entity of yours:

 (a) your *reduced cost base of the *depreciating asset is reduced by the *adjustable value of the asset just before the original quasiownership right expired or was surrendered or terminated; and

 (b) there is no rollover.

Subdivision 124LProspecting and mining entitlements

Guide to Subdivision 124L

124700  What this Subdivision is about

This Subdivision sets out the situations in which there is a rollover if a prospecting or mining entitlement expires or is surrendered and it is replaced by a new one.

Table of sections

Operative provisions

124705 Extension or renewal of prospecting or mining entitlement

124710 Meaning of prospecting entitlement and mining entitlement

124715 Original entitlement differs in area from new entitlement

124720 Part of original entitlement excised

124725 Treating parts of new entitlement as separate assets

124730 What is the rollover?

Operative provisions

124705  Extension or renewal of prospecting or mining entitlement

 (1) There is a rollover if:

 (a) you hold one or more *CGT assets that are *prospecting entitlements or *mining entitlements (the original entitlement); and

 (b) the original entitlement expires or you surrender it; and

 (c) you are granted one or more new prospecting entitlements or mining entitlements (the new entitlement); and

 (d) the new entitlement relates to the same land as the original entitlement.

Note 1: The rollover consequences are set out in Subdivision 124A. They might be modified: see section 124730.

Note 2: If there has been a capital improvement to the entitlement: see section 10875.

 (2) The new entitlement must have been granted in one of these ways:

 (a) by renewing or extending the term of the original entitlement where the renewal or extension is mainly due to your having held the original entitlement; or

 (b) by consolidating, or consolidating and dividing, the original entitlement; or

 (c) by subdividing the original entitlement; or

 (d) by converting a *prospecting entitlement to a *mining entitlement, or a mining entitlement to a prospecting entitlement; or

 (e) by excising or relinquishing a part of the land to which the original entitlement related; or

 (f) by expanding the area of that land.

124710  Meaning of prospecting entitlement and mining entitlement

 (1) A prospecting entitlement is:

 (a) an authority, licence, permit or entitlement under an *Australian law or *foreign law to prospect or explore for *minerals in an area; or

 (aa) an authority, licence, permit or entitlement under an Australian law to prospect or explore for *geothermal energy resources in an area; or

 (b) a lease of land that allows the lessee to prospect or explore for minerals or geothermal energy resources on the land; or

 (c) an interest in a thing referred to in paragraph (a), (aa) or (b).

 (2) A mining entitlement is:

 (a) an authority, licence, permit or entitlement under an *Australian law or *foreign law to mine for *minerals in an area; or

 (aa) an authority, licence, permit or entitlement under an Australian law to extract energy from *geothermal energy resources in an area; or

 (b) a lease of land that allows the lessee to mine for minerals, or extract energy from geothermal energy resources, on the land; or

 (c) an interest in a thing referred to in paragraph (a), (aa) or (b).

124715  Original entitlement differs in area from new entitlement

 (1) Even if the new entitlement relates to different land to that to which the original entitlement related, this Subdivision applies as if it relates to the same land in these cases:

 (a) the difference in area is not significant;

 (b) the difference in *market value is not significant;

 (c) the new entitlement was granted to correct errors in or omissions from the original entitlement;

 (d) it is otherwise reasonable for this Subdivision to apply in that way.

 (2) However, the rule in subsection (1) does not apply if section 124720 applies.

124720  Part of original entitlement excised

 (1) There is partial rollover if you *acquired the original entitlement on or after 20 September 1985 and:

 (a) the land to which the new entitlement relates is different in area to the land the subject of the original entitlement because a part (the excised part) of the land to which the original entitlement related was excised or you relinquished it; and

 (b) you received a payment for the expiry or surrender of the original entitlement.

The payment can include giving property: see section 1035.

Note: Section 124730 sets out the effect on your cost base.

 (2) There is no rollover for the excised part. The *cost base of the excised part is so much of the *cost base of the original entitlement as is attributable to the excised part.

  Its *reduced cost base is worked out similarly.

Note: You may make a capital gain or loss on the excised part because of CGT event C2.

124725  Treating parts of new entitlement as separate assets

 (1) Each part of a *prospecting entitlement or *mining entitlement that is part of the new entitlement is taken to be a separate *CGT asset to the extent that it relates to:

 (a) land to which a prospecting entitlement or mining entitlement (that was part of the original entitlement) related where you *acquired the entitlement before 20 September 1985; and

 (b) land to which a prospecting entitlement or mining entitlement (that was part of the original entitlement) related where you acquired the entitlement on or after 20 September 1985; and

 (c) other land.

 (2) You are taken to have *acquired each asset that is a separate *CGT asset because of paragraph (1)(a) before 20 September 1985.

124730  What is the rollover?

 (1) The rollover is mainly as specified in Subdivision 124A.

 (2) However, you work out the *cost base and *reduced cost base of *CGT assets (that you are not taken to have *acquired before 20 September 1985) and that are part of the new entitlement a bit differently where section 124720 or 124725 applies.

 (3) The first element of your *cost base for each of those assets is:

where:

CB of postCGT original entitlement is the sum of the *cost bases of the prospecting entitlements or mining entitlements (that were part of the original entitlement) and that you *acquired on or after 20 September 1985 (just before the original entitlement expired or was surrendered) reduced, if there is an excised part, by so much of those cost bases as is attributable to the excised part.

market value of all new assets is the *market value of all *CGT assets (that you are not taken to have *acquired before 20 September 1985) that are part of the new entitlement just after you acquired them.

market value of separate asset is the *market value of the particular asset just after you *acquired it.

 (4) The first element of the *reduced cost base of each of those assets is worked out similarly.

Subdivision 124MScrip for scrip rollover

Guide to Subdivision 124M

124775  What this Subdivision is about

This Subdivision allows you to choose a rollover where postCGT shares or trust interests you own are replaced with other shares or trust interests, for example, where there is a company takeover.

You can only choose the rollover if you would have made a capital gain from the exchange.

Table of sections

Operative provisions

124780 Replacement of shares

124781 Replacement of trust interests

124782 Transfer or allocation of cost base of shares acquired by acquiring entity etc.

124783 Meaning of significant stakeholder, common stakeholder, significant stake and common stake

124783A Rights that affect stakes

124784 Cost base of equity or debt given within acquiring group

124784A When arrangement is a restructure

124784B What is the cost base and reduced cost base when arrangement is a restructure?

124784C Cost base of equity or debt given within acquiring group

124785 What is the rollover?

124790 Partial rollover

124795 Exceptions

124800 Interest received for preCGT interest

124810 Certain companies and trusts not regarded as having 300 members or beneficiaries

Operative provisions

124780  Replacement of shares

 (1) There is a rollover if:

 (a) an entity (the original interest holder) exchanges:

 (i) a *share (the entity’s original interest) in a company (the original entity) for a share (the holder’s replacement interest) in another company; or

 (ii) an option, right or similar interest (also the holder’s original interest) issued by the original entity that gives the holder an entitlement to acquire a share in the original entity for a similar interest (also the holder’s replacement interest) in another company; and

 (b) the exchange is in consequence of a single *arrangement that satisfies subsection (2) or (2A); and

 (c) the conditions in subsection (3) are satisfied; and

 (d) if subsection (4) applies, the conditions in subsection (5) are satisfied.

Note 1: There are some exceptions: see section 124795.

Note 2: The original interest holder can obtain only a partial rollover if the capital proceeds for its original interest include something other than its replacement interest: see section 124790.

Note 3: A trustee who gets a rollover under this Subdivision for an original interest consisting of shares issued as part of a demutualisation may be eligible for a further rollover under Subdivision 126E when a beneficiary becomes absolutely entitled to the replacement shares.

Example 1: You can get a rollover if you exchange your shares in one entity for shares in another entity or if you exchange options in one entity for options in another entity. You cannot get a rollover if you exchange options for shares.

Example 2: Examples of arrangements that could be involved include:

 a company takeover, whether or not it is regulated by the Corporations Act 2001, resulting in a company owning 80% or more of another company’s shares.

 a scheme of arrangement governed by the Corporations Act 2001 that involves a cancellation of some interests in an original entity resulting in another entity owning 80% or more of the interests in the original entity.

Conditions for arrangement

 (2) The *arrangement must:

 (a) result in:

 (i) a company (the acquiring entity) that is not a member of a *whollyowned group becoming the owner of 80% or more of the *voting shares in the original entity; or

 (ii) a company (also an acquiring entity) that is a member of such a group increasing the percentage of voting shares that it owns in the original entity, and that company or members of the group becoming the owner of 80% or more of those shares; and

 (b) be one in which at least all owners of *voting shares in the original entity (except a company referred to in paragraph (a)) could participate; and

 (c) be one in which participation was available on substantially the same terms for all of the owners of interests of a particular type in the original entity.

Note 1: The 80% or more requirement is satisfied if the acquiring entity ends up owning at least 80% of the voting shares in the original entity. This may include shares held before the arrangement started.

Note 2: Participation will be on substantially the same terms if, for example, matters such as those referred to in subsections 619(2) and (3) of the Corporations Act 2001 affect the capital proceeds that each participant can receive.

Conditions for arrangement—takeover bids and arrangements

 (2A) The *arrangement must:

 (a) satisfy paragraph (2)(a); and

 (b) be, be part of, or include one or more of the following:

 (i) a takeover bid (within the meaning of the Corporations Act 2001) for the original interests by the acquiring entity that is not carried out in contravention of the provisions mentioned in paragraphs 612(a) to (g) of that Act;

Note: For exemption and modification of provisions by ASIC (and review by the takeovers panel) see Part 6.10 of the Corporations Act 2001. For Court declarations excusing contraventions see section 1325D of that Act.

 (ii) a compromise or arrangement entered into by the original entity under Part 5.1 of the Corporations Act 2001, approved by order of a court made for the purposes of paragraph 411(4)(b) of that Act.

Conditions for rollover

 (3) The conditions are:

 (a) the original interest holder *acquired its original interest on or after 20 September 1985; and

 (b) apart from the rollover, it would make a *capital gain from a *CGT event happening in relation to its original interest; and

 (c) its replacement interest is in a company (the replacement entity) that is:

 (i) the company referred to in subparagraph (2)(a)(i); or

 (ii) in any other case—the *ultimate holding company of the *whollyowned group; and

 (d) the original interest holder chooses to obtain the rollover or, if section 124782 applies to it for the *arrangement, it and the replacement entity jointly choose to obtain the rollover; and

 (e) if that section applies, the original interest holder informs the replacement entity in writing of the *cost base of its original interest worked out just before a CGT event happened in relation to it; and

 (f) if an acquiring entity is a member of a whollyowned group—no member of the group issues equity (other than a replacement interest), or owes new debt, under the arrangement:

 (i) to an entity that is not a member of the group; and

 (ii) in relation to the issuing of the replacement interest.

Note: If the original interest holder also exchanges a CGT asset that it acquired before 20 September 1985, the cost base of any interest received in exchange for it is worked out under section 124800.

Further rollover conditions in certain cases

 (4) The conditions specified in subsection (5) must be satisfied if the original interest holder and an acquiring entity did not deal with each other at *arm’s length and:

 (a) neither the original entity nor the replacement entity had at least 300 *members just before the *arrangement started; or

 (b) the original interest holder, the original entity and an acquiring entity were all members of the same *linked group just before that time.

Note: There are some cases where a company will not be regarded as having 300 members: see section 124810.

 (5) The conditions are:

 (a) the *market value of the original interest holder’s *capital proceeds for the exchange is at least substantially the same as the market value of its original interest; and

 (b) its replacement interest carries the same kind of rights and obligations as those attached to its original interest.

CUFS

 (6) This section applies to the holder of a Chess Unit of Foreign Security as if the holder held the underlying interests that the unit represents.

Note: A Chess Unit of Foreign Security is an interest, traded on the stock market operated by ASX Limited, in a foreign share, unit or interest.

 (7) A company is the ultimate holding company of a *whollyowned group if it is not a *100% subsidiary of another company in the group.

124781  Replacement of trust interests

 (1) There is a rollover if:

 (a) an entity (also the original interest holder) exchanges:

 (i) a unit or other interest (also the holder’s original interest) in a trust (also the original entity) for a unit or other interest (also the holder’s replacement interest) in another trust (also the acquiring entity and the replacement entity); or

 (ii) an option, right or similar interest (also the holder’s original interest) issued by the original entity that gives the holder an entitlement to acquire a unit or other interest in the original entity for a similar interest (also the holder’s replacement interest) in another trust (also the acquiring entity and the replacement entity); and

 (b) entities have *fixed entitlements to all of the income and capital of the original entity and the acquiring entity; and

 (c) the exchange is in consequence of an *arrangement that satisfies subsection (2) or (2A); and

 (d) the conditions in subsections (3) and (4) are satisfied.

Note 1: There are some exceptions: see section 124795.

Note 2: The original interest holder can obtain only a partial rollover if the capital proceeds for its original interest include something other than its replacement interest: see section 124790.

Conditions for arrangement

 (2) The *arrangement must:

 (a) result in the acquiring entity owning 80% or more of the *trust voting interests in the original entity or, if there are none, 80% or more of the units or other interests in the original entity; and

 (b) be one in which at least all owners of trust voting interests (or of units or other interests) in the original entity (except the acquiring entity) could participate; and

 (c) be one in which participation was available on substantially the same terms for all of the owners of interests or units of a particular type in the original entity.

Conditions for arrangement—takeover bids

 (2A) The *arrangement must:

 (a) satisfy paragraph (2)(a); and

 (b) be, be part of, or include a takeover bid (within the meaning of the Corporations Act 2001) for the original interests by the acquiring entity that is not carried out in contravention of the provisions mentioned in paragraphs 612(a) to (g) of that Act.

Note: For exemption and modification of provisions by ASIC (and review by the takeovers panel) see Part 6.10 of the Corporations Act 2001. For Court declarations excusing contraventions see section 1325D of that Act.

Conditions for rollover

 (3) The conditions are:

 (a) the original interest holder *acquired its original interest on or after 20 September 1985; and

 (b) apart from the rollover, it would make a *capital gain from a *CGT event happening in relation to its original interest; and

 (c) it chooses to obtain the rollover or, if section 124782 applies to it for the *arrangement, it and the trustee of the acquiring entity jointly choose to obtain the rollover; and

 (d) if that section applies to it, it informs that trustee in writing of the *cost base of its original interest as at the time just before a CGT event happened in relation to it.

Note: If the original interest holder also exchanges a CGT asset that it acquired before 20 September 1985, the cost base of any interest received in exchange for it is worked out under section 124800.

Further rollover conditions in certain cases

 (4) These conditions must be satisfied if the original interest holder and the trustee of the acquiring entity did not deal with each other at *arm’s length and neither the original entity nor the acquiring entity had at least 300 beneficiaries just before the *arrangement started:

 (a) the *market value of the original interest holder’s *capital proceeds for the exchange is at least substantially the same as the market value of its original interest; and

 (b) its replacement interest carries the same kind of rights and obligations as those attached to its original interest.

Note: There are some cases where a trust will not be regarded as having 300 beneficiaries: see section 124810.

CUFS

 (5) This section applies to the holder of a Chess Unit of Foreign Security as if the holder held the underlying interests that the unit represents.

Note: A Chess Unit of Foreign Security is an interest, traded on the stock market operated by ASX Limited, in a foreign share, unit or interest.

Meaning of trust voting interest

 (6) A trust voting interest in a trust is an interest in the trust that confers rights of the same or a similar kind as the rights conferred by a *voting share in a company.

124782  Transfer or allocation of cost base of shares acquired by acquiring entity etc.

Transfer of cost base

 (1) The *cost base of an original interest *acquired by an acquiring entity under the *arrangement from an original interest holder becomes the first element of the cost base and *reduced cost base of the acquiring entity for the interest if:

 (a) the original interest holder obtains a rollover; and

 (b) the holder is a *significant stakeholder or a *common stakeholder for the arrangement.

Note 1: For other interests, for example, interests for which the rollover is not chosen, the cost base will be worked out under the ordinary cost base rules in Divisions 110 and 112.

Note 2: There is a special rule to determine the cost base of equity or debt given to a member of an acquiring whollyowned group by another member of the group under an arrangement: see section 124784.

Allocation of cost base in cancellation case

 (2) The *cost base and *reduced cost base of any interests (the new interests) issued by the original entity to an acquiring entity under the *arrangement is worked out under subsection (3) if:

 (a) original interests of an original interest holder are cancelled under the arrangement; and

 (b) the holder obtains a rollover for the cancellation; and

 (c) the holder is a *significant stakeholder or a *common stakeholder for the arrangement.

 (3) The first element of the *cost base and *reduced cost base of the new interests of an acquiring entity is that part of the cost base of the cancelled interests as can be reasonably allocated to the new interests, having regard to:

 (a) the nature of the *arrangement; and

 (b) the number, type and relative *market values of the cancelled interests and the new interests; and

 (c) any other relevant matters.

Example: Robert Co has 3 shareholders: Antill Co with 300 shares, Rachael Co 400 shares and Margaret Co 300 shares. The cost base of each share is $1 and market value is $2. Margaret Co is owned by two shareholders, John and Paul, who each have 50 shares. The market value of each share is $20.

 Under an arrangement, Robert Co cancels the shares of Antill Co and Rachael Co. They receive 30 and 40 shares respectively in Margaret Co, which becomes the sole shareholder in Robert Co. The market value of Antill Co’s and Rachael Co’s shares in Margaret Co is equivalent to the market value of their cancelled shares in Robert Co.

 Robert Co also issues 700 shares to Margaret Co, reflecting the $1,400 total market value of the shares issued by Margaret Co to Antill Co and Rachael Co. Before and after the arrangement, Margaret Co’s shares in Robert Co were worth $2 each.

 It is necessary to reasonably allocate the cost bases of the cancelled shares (700 x $1) to the 700 shares issued by Robert Co to Margaret Co. In this case, an allocation of $1 per share would be reasonable.

Note: If no new shares are issued by Robert Co, the cost base of the original shares that Margaret Co holds would not be adjusted.

 (4) The amount allocated to a new interest under subsection (3) must not be more than its *market value just after the *arrangement was completed.

124783  Meaning of significant stakeholder, common stakeholder, significant stake and common stake

Significant stakeholder

 (1) An original interest holder is a significant stakeholder for an *arrangement if it had:

 (a) a *significant stake in the original entity just before the arrangement started; and

 (b) a significant stake in the replacement entity just after the arrangement was completed.

 (2) Also, if an original interest holder is an acquiring entity, any other original interest holder is a significant stakeholder for an *arrangement if it:

 (a) had a *significant stake in the original entity just before the *arrangement started; and

 (b) is an *associate of the replacement entity just after the arrangement was completed.

Common stakeholder

 (3) An original interest holder is a common stakeholder for an *arrangement if it had:

 (a) a *common stake in the original entity just before the arrangement started; and

 (b) a common stake in the replacement entity just after the arrangement was completed.

 (4) If an acquiring entity for an *arrangement is an original interest holder, each other original interest holder that has a replacement interest is a common stakeholder for the arrangement.

 (5) No original interest holder is a common stakeholder for an *arrangement if either the original entity or the replacement entity had at least 300 *members (for a company) or 300 beneficiaries (for a trust) just before the arrangement started.

Significant stake

 (6) An entity has a significant stake in a company at a time if the entity, or the entity and the entity’s *associates between them:

 (a) have at that time *shares carrying 30% or more of the voting rights in the company; or

 (b) have at that time the right to receive 30% or more of any *dividends that the company may pay; or

 (c) have at that time the right to receive 30% or more of any distribution of capital of the company.

Example: There are 4 shareholders in YZT Company: Sonja has 60%, Mario has 20%, Peter has 10% and Dave has 10%.

 Sonja, Mario and Peter are associates. They each have a significant stake in YZT because, on an associate inclusive basis, they each have a 90% stake in YZT. Dave does not have a significant stake because his total stake, on an associate inclusive basis, is 10%.

 (7) An entity has a significant stake in a trust at a time if the entity, or the entity and the entity’s *associates between them, had at that time the right to receive 30% or more of any distribution to beneficiaries of the trust of income or capital of the trust.

 (8) No original interest holder has a significant stake in a company that has at least 300 *members or a trust that has at least 300 beneficiaries if it is reasonable for the company or the trustee of the trust to conclude that this is the case on the information available to it.

Note: There are some cases where a company or trust will not be regarded as having 300 members or beneficiaries: see section 124810.

Common stake

 (9) If the original entity and the replacement entity are companies, an entity, or 2 or more entities, have a common stake in the original entity just before the *arrangement started and in the replacement entity just after the arrangement was completed if the entity or entities, and their *associates, between them:

 (a) had 80% or more of:

 (i) the voting rights in the original entity just before the arrangement started; and

 (ii) the voting rights in the replacement entity just after the arrangement was completed; or

 (b) had the right to receive 80% or more of:

 (i) any *dividends that the original entity may pay just before the arrangement started; and

 (ii) any dividends that the replacement entity may pay just after the arrangement was completed; or

 (c) had the right to receive 80% or more of:

 (i) any distribution of capital of the original entity just before the arrangement started; and

 (ii) any distribution of capital of the replacement entity just after the arrangement was completed.

 (10) If the original entity and the replacement entity are trusts, an entity, or 2 or more entities, have a common stake in the original entity just before the *arrangement started and in the replacement entity just after the arrangement was completed if the entity or entities, and their *associates, between them:

 (a) had, just before the arrangement started, the right to receive 80% or more of any distribution to beneficiaries of the original entity of income or capital of the original entity; and

 (b) had, just after the arrangement was completed, the right to receive 80% or more of any distribution to beneficiaries of the replacement entity of income or capital of that entity.

124783A  Rights that affect stakes

 (1) An entity has a significant stake in another entity if:

 (a) the first entity has one or more *stake options in the other entity; and

 (b) the first entity would have such a stake (under section 124783) if the first entity acquired *stake interests in the other entity under any of those stake options.

Note: Paragraph (b) is satisfied if there are any circumstances (e.g. the first entity exercises some but not all of the stake options) in which the first entity would have a significant stake in the other entity, even if in other circumstances the first entity would not have such a stake.

 (2) An entity, or 2 or more entities, have a common stake in the original entity just before the *arrangement started and in the replacement entity just after the arrangement was completed if:

 (a) the entities:

 (i) had one or more *stake options in the original entity before the arrangement started; or

 (ii) have one or more stake options in the replacement entity; and

 (b) the entities would have such stakes (under section 124783) if:

 (i) the entities had acquired *stake interests in the original entity under any of the stake options mentioned in subparagraph (a)(i); or

 (ii) the entities acquired stake interests in the replacement entity under some or all of the stake options mentioned in subparagraph (a)(ii).

 (3) Something is a stake option an entity has in another entity if it gives the first entity, or its *associates, a right to acquire the following (stake interests):

 (a) if the other entity is a company:

 (i) voting rights in the company; or

 (ii) the right to receive any part of any *dividends that the company may pay; or

 (iii) the right to receive any part of any distribution of capital of the company;

 (b) if the other entity is a trust—the right to receive any part of any distribution to beneficiaries of the trust of income or capital of the trust;

and the acquisition could occur before the end of 5 years after the *arrangement was completed.

Example 1: An option.

Example 2: A share that gives a voting right that is temporarily supressed.

 (4) For the purposes of subsection (1), treat the reference in subparagraph (3)(a)(i) to voting rights as being a reference to *shares carrying voting rights.

 (5) This section does not limit subsections 124783(6) to (10).

124784  Cost base of equity or debt given within acquiring group

Purpose

 (1) This section allocates an appropriate *cost base to equity issued, or new debt owed, under the *arrangement, by a member of a *whollyowned group to another member (the recipient) of the group, if:

 (a) the acquiring entity is a member of the group; and

 (b) the cost base of an original interest was transferred or allocated under section 124782 because the original interest holder is a *significant stakeholder or a *common stakeholder for the arrangement.

Allocation of cost base

 (2) The first element of the *cost base of the equity or debt for the recipient is that part of the cost base of the original interest transferred or allocated under section 124782 as:

 (a) may be reasonably allocated to the equity or debt; and

 (b) is not more than the *market value of the equity or debt just after the *arrangement was completed.

124784A  When arrangement is a restructure

 (1) This section applies in relation to a single *arrangement if:

 (a) the replacement entity for the arrangement knows, or could reasonably be expected to know:

 (i) that a rollover under section 124780 or 124781 has been, or will be, obtained in relation to the arrangement; and

 (ii) that there is a *common stakeholder for the arrangement (disregarding subsections 124783(4) and (5)); and

 (b) subsection (2) is satisfied for the arrangement.

Note: If this section applies, the first element of the cost base and reduced cost base of interests in the original entity acquired under the arrangement is worked out under section 124784B.

 (2) This subsection is satisfied for the *arrangement if the result of step 2 is more than 80% of the result of step 3.

Method statement

Step 1. Add up the *market value just after the *arrangement was completed (the completion time) of all of the replacement interests issued by the replacement entity under the arrangement in exchange for the following interests (the qualifying interests):

 (a) original interests in the original entity;

 (b) any interests issued by the original entity to an acquiring entity under the arrangement in respect of other original interests in the original entity cancelled under the arrangement.

Step 2. Add to the result of step 1 the *market value at the completion time of all of the replacement interests issued by the replacement entity under any earlier arrangement for which this section applied in exchange for qualifying interests in the original entity.

Step 3. Add up the *market value at the completion time of all of the:

 (a) if the replacement entity is a company—*shares *on issue by the replacement entity; and

 (b) if the replacement entity is a company—options, rights and similar interests issued by the replacement entity that give the holder an entitlement to acquire a share in the replacement entity at or after the completion time; and

 (c) if the replacement entity is a trust—units or other interests in the replacement entity; and

 (d) if the replacement entity is a trust—options, rights or similar interests issued by the replacement entity that gives the holder an entitlement to acquire a unit or other interest in the replacement entity at or after the completion time.

Application if an entity is listed

 (3) For the purposes of:

 (a) subsection (2); and

 (b) step 5 of the method statement in subsection 124784B(2);

if interests in an entity are listed for quotation in the official list of an *approved stock exchange at the completion time, then the replacement entity may choose that the *market value at that time of an interest in the firstmentioned entity is taken to be the *officially quoted price of the interest at that time.

Application if more than one original entity

 (4) If qualifying interests in more than one original entity are *acquired under the *arrangement, then, for the purposes of subsections (1) and (2):

 (a) those interests of each of those original entities are taken to have been acquired under separate arrangements; and

 (b) those separate arrangements are taken to have happened in the same order as the acquisitions.

 (5) If qualifying interests in more than one original entity:

 (a) would be taken by subsection (4) to have been *acquired under separate *arrangements happening at the same time; or

 (b) are acquired under separate arrangements that commence at the same time;

then, for the purposes of subsections (1) and (2), the replacement entity must choose the order in which those separate arrangements are to have happened.

Meaning of officially quoted price

 (6) An interest in an entity has an officially quoted price at a particular time if, during the one week period starting on the day in which that time occurred, there was at least one transaction on the relevant stock exchange in interests of that class. That price is the weighted average of the prices at which those interests were traded on that stock exchange during that period.

 (7) For the purposes of subsection (6), if an interest is quoted on 2 or more *approved stock exchanges on that day, the officially quoted price of the interest is determined under subsection (6) in respect of whichever of those the entity chooses.

124784B  What is the cost base and reduced cost base when arrangement is a restructure?

 (1) This section applies in relation to each qualifying interest in the original entity:

 (a) *acquired by an acquiring entity under an *arrangement to which section 124784A applies; and

 (b) for which the first element of the *cost base of the acquiring entity is not worked out under section 124782.

Note: Section 124782 applies when an original interest holder is a significant stakeholder or a common stakeholder.

First element of cost base—qualifying interests acquired in exchange for replacement interests only

 (2) The first element of the *cost base of the acquiring entity for the qualifying interest in the original entity is worked out as follows:

Method statement

Step 1. Add up:

 (a) the *market value, at the completion time, of the original entity’s *preCGT assets (except *trading stock); and

 (b) the *cost bases, at the completion time, of the original entity’s *postCGT assets (except trading stock); and

 (c) for the original entity’s *CGT assets (except trading stock) that had no cost base—the maximum amount of consideration the original entity would need to receive if it were to dispose, at the completion time, of those assets without an amount being assessable income of, or deductible to, the original entity; and

 (d) the amount worked out under steps 2 and 3.

Step 2. For the original entity’s *trading stock, add up:

 (a) the *value of the trading stock at the start of the income year containing the completion time; and

 (b) for *live stock acquired by natural increase during that income year but before the completion time—the *cost of that live stock; and

 (c) the amount of any outgoing incurred in connection with acquiring an item of trading stock during that income year but before the completion time (except live stock acquired by natural increase); and

 (d) the amount of any outgoings forming part of the cost of the trading stock incurred by the entity during its current holding of the trading stock but before the completion time.

Step 3. For any asset of the original entity not covered by steps 1 and 2, work out the amount that would be the asset’s *cost base at the completion time if it were a *CGT asset.

Step 4. Subtract from the result of step 1 the original entity’s liabilities (if any) at the completion time in respect of those assets.

Step 5. If there is one class of *membership interests in the original entity, divide the result of step 4 by the total number of those membership interests at the completion time.

 If there are 2 or more classes of membership interests in the original entity, allocate a portion of the result of step 4 to each class in proportion to the *market value of all the membership interests in that class and divide that result by the total number of membership interests in that class at the completion time.

Note 1: For the purposes of this subsection, Division 701 (Core rules for consolidated groups) is disregarded for an original entity that becomes a subsidiary member of a consolidated group or MEC group under the arrangement (see paragraph 715910(1)(a)).

Note 2: If the original entity is the head company of a consolidated group or MEC group, then subsection 7011(1) (the single entity rule) and section 7015 (the entry history rule) apply in relation to that group when working out steps 1 and 2 (see subsection 715910(2)).

Note 3: For step 5, the replacement entity may choose to use the officially quoted price of the qualifying interests as their market value (see subsection 124784A(3)).

First element of cost base—interests acquired in exchange for replacement interests and cash etc.

 (3) However, if the qualifying interest was acquired under the *arrangement partly in exchange for one or more replacement interests and partly for something else, subsection (2) applies only for working out the first element of that part of the *cost base of the qualifying interest that is attributable to the replacement interests.

Note 1: This means that the acquiring entity will have to apportion the cost base amount worked out under subsection (2) according to the relative values of the replacement interests and the other component.

Note 2: The first element of that part of the cost base, and reduced cost base, of the qualifying interest that is attributable to cash etc. is worked out using the general rules about cost base.

Liabilities

 (4) For the purposes of step 4 of subsection (2), a liability of the original entity that is not a liability in respect of a specific asset or assets of the entity is taken to be a liability in respect of all the assets of the entity.

 (5) If a liability is in respect of 2 or more assets, the proportion of the liability that is in respect of any one of those assets is equal to:

First element of reduced cost base

 (6) The first element of the *reduced cost base of the acquiring entity for the qualifying interest in the original entity is worked out similarly.

Rights and options to acquire membership interests

 (7) For the purposes of step 5 of subsection (2), if at the completion time a person holds an option, right or similar interest (including a contingent option, right or interest), created or issued by the original entity, to acquire a *membership interest in the original entity, that option, right or interest is treated as if it were a membership interest in the original entity.

124784C  Cost base of equity or debt given within acquiring group

Purpose

 (1) This section allocates an appropriate *cost base to equity issued, or new debt owed, under the *arrangement by a member of a *whollyowned group to another member (the holder) of the group, if:

 (a) an acquiring entity is a member of the group; and

 (b) the cost base of the acquiring entity for a qualifying interest was worked out under section 124784B.

Allocation of cost base

 (2) The first element of the *cost base of the equity or debt for the holder is that part of the cost base of the qualifying interest worked out under section 124784B as:

 (a) may be reasonably allocated to the equity or debt; and

 (b) is not more than the *market value of the equity or debt at the completion time.

124785  What is the rollover?

 (1) A *capital gain you make from your original interest is disregarded.

 (2) You work out the first element of the *cost base of each *CGT asset you received as a result of the exchange by reasonably attributing to it the cost base (or the part of it) of your original interest for which it was exchanged and for which you obtained the rollover.

 (3) In applying subsection (2), you reduce the *cost base of your original interest (just before you stop owning it) by so much of that cost base as is attributable to an ineligible part (see section 124790).

 (4) The first element of the *reduced cost base is worked out similarly.

Example 1: Lyn exchanges 1 share with a cost base of $10 for another share. The cost base of the new share is $10.

Example 2: Glenn exchanges 2 shares with cost bases of $10 and $11 respectively for one new share. The cost base of the new share is $21.

Example 3: Wayne exchanges 1 share with a cost base of $9 for share A with a market value of $5 and share B with a market value of $10. The cost base of share A is $3 and the cost base of share B is $6.

124790  Partial rollover

 (1) The original interest holder can obtain only a partial rollover if its *capital proceeds for its original interest include something (the ineligible proceeds) other than its replacement interest. There is no rollover for that part (the ineligible part) of its original interest for which it received ineligible proceeds.

 (2) The *cost base of the ineligible part is that part of the cost base of your original interest as is reasonably attributable to it.

Example: Ken owns 100 shares in Aim Ltd. Those shares have a cost base of $2.

 Ken accepts an offer from LBZ Ltd to acquire those shares. The offer is 1 share in LBZ (market value $4) plus $1 for each Aim share.

 Ken chooses the rollover to the extent that he can.

 The cost base of the ineligible part is [$100 $200] $500 $40.

 Ken makes a capital gain of $100 $40 $60.

124795  Exceptions

 (1) You cannot obtain the rollover if, just before you stop owning your original interest, you are a foreign resident unless, just after you *acquire your replacement interest, the replacement interest is *taxable Australian property.

 (2) You cannot obtain the rollover if:

 (a) any *capital gain you might make from your replacement interest would be disregarded (except because of a rollover); or

 (b) you and the acquiring entity are members of the same *whollyowned group just before you stop owning your original interest and the acquiring entity is a foreign resident.

Example: An example of a capital gain or loss being disregarded as mentioned in paragraph (2)(a) is because the asset is trading stock.

Note: A rollover may be available under Subdivision 126B in the circumstances mentioned in paragraph (2)(b).

 (3) You cannot obtain the rollover for the *CGT event happening in relation to the exchange of your original interest if you can choose a rollover under Division 122 or 615 for that event.

Note: Division 122 deals with the disposal of assets to a whollyowned company, and Division 615 deals with business restructures.

 (4) You cannot obtain the rollover for the *CGT event happening in relation to the exchange of your qualifying interest if:

 (a) the replacement entity makes a choice to that effect under this subsection; and

 (b) that entity or the original entity notifies you in writing of the choice before the exchange.

124800  Interest received for preCGT interest

 (1) If, in consequence of the *arrangement, you exchange an interest that you *acquired before 20 September 1985 for an interest in the replacement entity, the first element of the *cost base and *reduced cost base of the interest in the replacement entity is its *market value just after you acquired it.

 (2) The *cost base and *reduced cost base of the interest in the replacement entity is reduced if all or part of a *capital gain from *CGT event K6 happening is disregarded because of subsection 104230(10). The amount of the reduction is the amount of the *capital gain you disregard under that subsection.

Note 1: The full list of CGT events is in section 1045.

Note 2: Subsection 104230(10) provides that a capital gain from CGT event K6 is disregarded to the extent that you could have chosen a rollover under this Subdivision if your original interest had been postCGT.

124810  Certain companies and trusts not regarded as having 300 members or beneficiaries

 (1) For the purposes of this Subdivision, a company is treated as if it did not have at least 300 *members if subsection (3) or (5) applies to it.

 (2) For the purposes of this Subdivision, a trust is treated as if it did not have at least 300 beneficiaries if subsection (4) or (5) applies to it.

Concentrated ownership

 (3) This subsection applies to a company if an individual owns, or up to 20 individuals own between them, directly or indirectly (through one or more interposed entities) and for their own benefit, *shares in the company:

 (a) carrying *fixed entitlements to:

 (i) at least 75% of the company’s income; or

 (ii) at least 75% of the company’s capital; or

 (b) carrying at least 75% of the voting rights in the company.

 (4) This subsection applies to a trust if an individual owns, or up to 20 individuals own between them, directly or indirectly (through one or more interposed entities) and for their own benefit, units or other fixed interests in the trust:

 (a) carrying *fixed entitlements to:

 (i) at least 75% of the trust’s income; or

 (ii) at least 75% of the trust’s capital; or

 (b) if beneficiaries of the trust have a right to vote in respect of activities of the trust—carrying at least 75% of those voting rights.

Possible variation of rights etc.

 (5) This subsection applies to a company or trust if, because of:

 (a) any provision in the entity’s constituent document, or in any contract, agreement or instrument:

 (i) authorising the variation or abrogation of rights attaching to any of the *shares, units or other fixed interests in the entity; or

 (ii) relating to the conversion, cancellation, extinguishment or redemption of any of those interests; or

 (b) any contract, *arrangement, option or instrument under which a person has power to acquire any of those interests; or

 (c) any power, authority or discretion in a person in relation to the rights attaching to any of those shares, units or interests;

it is reasonable to conclude that the rights attaching to any of those interests are capable of being varied or abrogated in such a way (even if they are not in fact varied or abrogated in that way) that, directly or indirectly, subsection (3) or (4) would apply to the entity.

Single individual

 (6) For the purposes of subsections (3) and (4), all of the following are taken to be a single individual:

 (a) an individual, whether or not the individual holds *shares, units or other interests in the entity concerned;

 (b) the individual’s *associates;

 (c) for any shares, units or interests in respect of which other individuals are nominees of the individual or of the individual’s associates—those other individuals.

Subdivision 124NDisposal of assets by a trust to a company

Guide to Subdivision 124N

124850  What this Subdivision is about

Entities can choose to obtain a rollover if:

 (a) a trust disposes of all of its assets to a company; and

 (b) units and interests in the trust are replaced by shares in the company.

The rollover may also be available for 2 or more trusts disposing of all their assets to a single company.

Note: The effect of the rollover may be reversed if the trust does not cease to exist within 6 months: see section 104195.

Table of sections

Operative provisions

124855 What this Subdivision deals with

124860 Requirements for rollover

124865 Entities both choose the rollover

124870 Rollover for owner of units or interests in a trust

124875 Effect on the transferor and transferee

Operative provisions

124855  What this Subdivision deals with

 (1) A rollover may be available for a restructuring (a trust restructure) if:

 (a) a trust, or 2 or more trusts, (the transferor) *dispose of all of their *CGT assets to a company limited by *shares (the transferee); and

 (b) *CGT event E4 is capable of applying to all of the units and interests in the transferor; and

 (c) the requirements in section 124860 are met.

Note: A rollover is not available for a restructure undertaken by a discretionary trust.

 (2) For 2 or more transferors, units and interests in each transferor must be owned in the same proportions by the same beneficiaries.

Example: Matthew and Jaclyn each own 50% of the units in the Spring Unit Trust and the Dale Unit trust. All of the assets of both trusts are disposed of to Jonathon Pty Ltd. A rollover for a trust restructure is available if the other requirements of this Subdivision are met.

124860  Requirements for rollover

 (1) All of the *CGT assets owned by the transferor must be disposed of to the transferee during the *trust restructuring period. However, ignore any CGT assets retained by the transferor to pay existing or expected debts of the transferor.

 (2) The trust restructuring period for a trust restructure:

 (a) starts just before the first *CGT asset is *disposed of to the transferee under the trust restructure, which must happen on or after 11 November 1999; and

 (b) ends when the last CGT asset of the transferor is disposed of to the transferee.

 (3) The transferee must not be an *exempt entity.

 (4) The transferee must be a company that:

 (a) has never carried on commercial activities; and

 (b) has no *CGT assets, other than any or all of the following:

 (i) small amounts of cash or debt;

 (ii) its rights under an *arrangement, if (collectively) those rights only facilitate the transfer of assets to the transferee from the transferor; and

 (c) has no losses of any kind.

Example: It could be a shelf company.

 (5) Subsection (4) does not apply to a transferee that is the trustee of the transferor.

 (6) Just after the end of the *trust restructuring period:

 (a) each entity that owned interests in a transferor just before the start of the trust restructuring period must own replacement interests in the transferee in the same proportion as it owned those interests in that transferor; and

 (b) the *market value of the replacement interests each of those entities owns in the transferee must be at least substantially the same as the market value of the interests it owned in the transferor or transferors just before the start of the trust restructuring period.

Note 1: Any assets in the company just before the start of the trust restructuring period may affect the ability of owners of units or interests to comply with paragraph (6)(b).

Note 2: See section 12420 if an entity uses an interest sale facility.

 (7) For the purposes of subsection (6), ignore any *shares in the transferee that:

 (a) just before the start of the *trust restructuring period, were owned by entities who together owned no more than 5 shares; and

 (b) just after the end of that period, represented such a low percentage of the total *market value of all the shares that it is reasonable to treat other entities as if they owned all the shares in the transferee.

Example: To continue the example in subsection 124855(2), assume that Jonathon Pty Ltd was a shelf company organised for Matthew and Jaclyn by their solicitor, Indira.

 Indira owned the 2 shares in Jonathon Pty Ltd before the trust restructuring period. The company issues Matthew and Jaclyn 5,000 shares each.

 In these circumstances, it is reasonable to treat Matthew and Jaclyn as if they owned all the shares in Jonathon Pty Ltd.

124865  Entities both choose the rollover

  A rollover is only available for the transferor and transferee if both the transferor and transferee choose to obtain it.

Note 1: If they do so, the consequences for the transferor and transferee are set out in section 124875.

Note 2: An entity that owns a unit or interest in the transferor can also choose to obtain a rollover: see section 124870.

124870  Rollover for owner of units or interests in a trust

 (1) You can choose to obtain a rollover (whether or not the transferor and transferee choose to obtain a rollover, and even if *CGT event J4 applies) if:

 (a) you own units or interests in the transferor (your original interests); and

 (b) the ownership of all your units or interests ends under a trust restructure in exchange for *shares in the transferee (your replacement interests).

Note 1: The rollover consequences are set out in Subdivision 124A. The original assets are your units and interests in the transferor. The new assets are your shares in the transferee.

Note 2: The effect of the rollover may be reversed if the transferor does not cease to exist within 6 months: see section 104195.

 (2) You must make the choice for each of your original interests.

 (3) An entity that is a foreign resident cannot choose a rollover under this section unless the replacement interests the entity *acquires in the transferee are *taxable Australian property just after their acquisition.

 (4) If you choose a rollover, you cannot make a *capital loss from a *CGT event that happens to your original interests during the *trust restructuring period.

Note: The rule in subsection (4) prevents a capital loss arising on your units or interests after the trust assets have been disposed of to the company but before your shares are issued to you.

Exception: trading stock

 (5) This section does not apply to your ownership of an original interest ending if:

 (a) the interest was an item of your *trading stock and the corresponding replacement interest becomes an item of your trading stock when you *acquire it; or

 (b) the interest was not an item of your trading stock but the corresponding replacement interest becomes an item of your trading stock when you acquire it.

124875  Effect on the transferor and transferee

Capital gains and losses disregarded

 (1) Any *capital gain or *capital loss from *CGT event A1 happening to the transferor under the trust restructure is disregarded (even if *CGT event J4 applies).

Note: The effect of the rollover may be reversed if the transferor does not cease to exist within 6 months: see section 104195.

Cost base is transferred

 (2) The first element of the *cost base and *reduced cost base (for the transferee) of each *CGT asset that the transferee *acquires under the trust restructure is the same as the cost base and reduced cost base of that asset (for the transferor) just before that acquisition.

Note: For the cost base and reduced cost base of interests in the transferee: see Subdivision 124A.

PreCGT assets retain their status

 (3) If the transferor *acquired any of the *CGT assets *disposed of to the transferee under the trust restructure before 20 September 1985, the transferee is taken to have acquired it before that day.

 (4) However, subsection (3) is taken never to have applied to such an asset of the transferee if subsection 104195(4) (CGT event J4) applies to the transferee in relation to the asset.

Exception: trading stock

 (5) This section does not apply to a *CGT asset if:

 (a) the asset was an item of *trading stock of the transferor and becomes an item of trading stock of the transferee; or

 (b) the asset was not an item of trading stock of the transferor but becomes an item of trading stock of the transferee when the transferee *acquires it.

Exception: asset must be taxable Australian property for foreign resident transferee

 (6) For a transferee that is a foreign resident, this section only applies to a *CGT asset that is *taxable Australian property just after the transferee *acquires it under the trust restructure.

Subdivision 124PExchange of a membership interest in an MDO for a membership interest in another MDO

Guide to Subdivision 124P

124975  What this Subdivision is about

You can choose a rollover if you exchange your interest as a member of an MDO for an interest as a member of another MDO.

You can only choose the rollover if you would have made a capital gain from the exchange.

Table of sections

Operative provisions

124980 Exchange of membership interests in an MDO

124985 What the rollover is for postCGT interests

124990 Partial rollover

124995 PreCGT interests

Operative provisions

124980  Exchange of membership interests in an MDO

 (1) There is a rollover if:

 (a) an entity exchanges:

 (i) an interest (the original interest) in an *MDO (the original MDO) as a member of the original MDO; for

 (ii) a similar interest (the replacement interest) in another MDO (the new MDO) as a member of the new MDO; and

 (b) both the original MDO and the new MDO are companies limited by guarantee; and

 (c) the exchange is in consequence of a single *arrangement that satisfies subsection (3); and

 (d) apart from the rollover, the entity would make a *capital gain from a *CGT event happening in relation to its original interest; and

 (e) the entity chooses to obtain the rollover; and

 (f) the entity acquired the original interest on or after 20 September 1985.

Note: The entity can obtain only a partial rollover if the capital proceeds for its original interest include something other than its replacement interest: see section 124990.

 (2) In working out whether an original interest is exchanged for a similar interest, disregard a difference that consists only of a right to receive distributions of income or capital.

Conditions for arrangement

 (3) The *arrangement must:

 (a) result in the new *MDO becoming the sole *member of the original MDO; and

 (b) be one in which participation was available on substantially the same terms for all of the holders of interests as members of the original MDO of a particular type.

124985  What the rollover is for postCGT interests

 (1) A *capital gain the entity makes from an original interest *acquired on or after 20 September 1985 is disregarded.

 (2) The entity works out the first element of the *cost base of each replacement interest the entity received as a result of the exchange by reasonably attributing to it the cost base (or the part of it) of the entity’s original interest for which it was exchanged and for which the entity obtained the rollover.

 (3) In applying subsection (2), the entity reduces (but not below zero) the *cost base of the original interest (just before stopping owning it) by so much of that cost base as is attributable to an ineligible part (see section 124990).

 (4) The first element of the *reduced cost base of a replacement interest is worked out similarly.

124990  Partial rollover

 (1) The entity can obtain only a partial rollover if its *capital proceeds for its original interest include something (the ineligible proceeds) other than its replacement interest. There is no rollover for that part (the ineligible part) of its original interest for which it received ineligible proceeds.

 (2) The *cost base of the ineligible part is that part of the cost base of the original interest as is reasonably attributable to it.

124995  PreCGT interests

  If the entity exchanges an original interest that the entity *acquired before 20 September 1985 for its replacement interest, the first element of the *cost base and *reduced cost base of the replacement interest is zero.

Subdivision 124QExchange of stapled ownership interests for ownership interests in a unit trust

Guide to Subdivision 124Q

1241040  What this Subdivision is about

There is a rollover if you own ownership interests that are stapled and, as a result of a reorganisation, you stop owning those interests and you acquire or own ownership interests in an interposed unit trust.

Table of sections

Operative provisions

1241045 Exchange of stapled securities

1241050 Conditions

1241055 Consequences of the rollover for exchanging members

1241060 Consequences of the rollover for interposed trust

Operative provisions

1241045  Exchange of stapled securities

 (1) There is a rollover if:

 (a) you own *ownership interests in 2 or more trusts, or in one or more companies and one or more trusts, and those interests are stapled together to form stapled securities; and

 (b) at least one of the trusts is a trust whose trustee is not assessed and liable to pay tax under Division 6C of Part III of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936; and

 (c) if no company is involved—at least one of the trusts is a trust whose trustee is assessed and liable to pay tax under Division 6C of Part III of that Act; and

 (d) under a *scheme for reorganising the affairs of the relevant *stapled entities, you and the other entities that own the ownership interests in the stapled entities (together the exchanging members):

 (i) stop being the owner of those ownership interests and acquire ownership interests in a new unit trust (the interposed trust) and nothing else (a new trust case); or

 (ii) retain their ownership interests in one of those trusts (also the interposed trust), stop being the owner of the remaining ownership interests that form the stapled securities and receive nothing other than ownership interests in the interposed trust, or an increase in value of their existing ownership interests in the interposed trust, or both (an existing trust case); and

Note: See section 12420 if an exchanging member uses an interest sale facility.

 (e) under the scheme, the interposed trust becomes the owner of:

 (i) for a new trust case—all of the ownership interests in the stapled entities; or

 (ii) for an existing trust case—all of the ownership interests in the other stapled entities; and

 (f) the conditions in section 1241050 are satisfied.

Note: Division 6C of Part III of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936 deals with taxing public trading trusts in the same way as companies.

 (2) An entity is a stapled entity in relation to stapled securities if *ownership interests in the entity form part of the stapled securities.

 (3) Ignore for the purposes of subsection (1) *ownership interests held by one *stapled entity in another stapled entity as at the start of the day on which the Bill for this Act was introduced into the Parliament.

1241050  Conditions

 (1) Just after the *scheme is completed (the completion time), each exchanging member must own a percentage of the *ownership interests in the interposed trust that reasonably equates to the percentage of the ownership interests that the member owned in the *stapled entities.

Example: Public Company A, Unit Trust No. 1 and Unit Trust No. 2 are stapled entities. Each stapled entity has 4,000 ownership interests on issue. There are no ownership interests in any of the stapled entities other than shares in the company and units in the trusts.

 Under a scheme for reorganising the stapled entities, Unit Trust No. 3 is interposed between the stapled entities and the owners of the interests in those entities. Unit Trust No. 3 (the interposed trust) becomes the owner of all of the interests in each of the three stapled entities. Exchanging members receive one unit in the interposed trust for each stapled security they owned. All units in the interposed trust are of the same class.

 Naomi owned 200 shares in Public Company A, 200 units in Unit Trust No. 1 and 200 units in Unit Trust No. 2. Naomi therefore owned 5% of the ownership interests in each of the stapled entities. Under the scheme, Naomi receives 100 units in Unit Trust No. 3 (out of a total of 2,000 units) in exchange for her ownership interests in the stapled entities. Naomi now owns 5% of the ownership interests in the interposed trust and meets the condition in subsection (1).

 (2) Just after the completion time, each exchanging member must have the same, or as nearly as practicable the same, proportionate *market value of *ownership interests in the interposed trust as the member had in the *stapled entities just before that time.

 (3) In working out whether an exchanging member complies with subsection (2), an anticipated reasonable approximation of the *market value of *ownership interests just after the completion time is sufficient.

Note: An anticipated reasonable approximation of market values of ownership interests may include valuations provided to exchanging members in scheme documents.

 (4) You must be an Australian resident at the completion time or, if you are a foreign resident at that time:

 (a) some or all of your *ownership interests in the *stapled entities must have been *taxable Australian property just before that time; and

 (b) your ownership interests in the interposed trust must be taxable Australian property just after that time.

1241055  Consequences of the rollover for exchanging members

 (1) A *capital gain or *capital loss you make as a result of the *scheme from each of your *ownership interests is disregarded.

 (2) If you *acquired all of your *ownership interests in the *stapled entities on or after 20 September 1985, the first element of the *cost base and *reduced cost base of each of your ownership interests in the interposed trust is such amount as is reasonable having regard to:

 (a) the total of the *cost bases of all of your ownership interests in the *stapled entities; and

 (b) the number, *market value and character of your ownership interests in the interposed trust.

Example: Naomi had a cost base of $2.00 for each of her 200 Public Company A shares, $1.50 for each of her 200 Unit Trust No. 1 units and $0.50 for each of her 200 Unit Trust No. 2 units. The total of the cost bases of all of her membership interests is $800.00.

 It is reasonable to allocate $8.00 to each of the 100 units in the interposed trust that she receives under the reorganisation.

 (3) If you *acquired all of your *ownership interests in the *stapled entities before 20 September 1985, you are taken to have acquired all of your ownership interests in the interposed trust before that day.

 (4) If you *acquired some of your *ownership interests in the *stapled entities before 20 September 1985, you are taken to have acquired so many of your ownership interests in the interposed trust as is reasonable before that day having regard to:

 (a) the number, *market value and character of your ownership interests in the stapled entities; and

 (b) the number, market value and character of your ownership interests in the interposed trust.

Note: Generally, a capital gain or capital loss from a CGT asset acquired before 20 September 1985 can be disregarded: see Division 104.

 (5) The first element of the *cost base and *reduced cost base of each of your *ownership interests in the interposed trust that is not taken by subsection (4) to have been *acquired before 20 September 1985 (your postCGT interests) is such amount as is reasonable having regard to:

 (a) the total of the cost bases of your ownership interests in the *stapled entities that you acquired on or after 20 September 1985; and

 (b) the number, *market value and character of your postCGT interests.

1241060  Consequences of the rollover for interposed trust

 (1) Apply this section separately for the interposed trust in relation to the *ownership interests in each *stapled entity that the trustee of the interposed trust *acquires under the *scheme.

 (2) A whole number of *ownership interests in a *stapled entity that the trustee *acquires under the *scheme are taken to have been acquired before 20 September 1985 if any of the stapled entity’s assets as at the completion time were acquired by it before that day.

Note: Generally, a capital gain or capital loss from a CGT asset acquired before 20 September 1985 can be disregarded: see Division 104.

 (3) The number (worked out as at the completion time) is the greatest possible that (when expressed as a percentage of all the *ownership interests in the *stapled entity *acquired by the trustee) does not exceed:

 (a) the *market value of the stapled entity’s assets that it acquired before 20 September 1985; less

 (b) its liabilities (if any) in respect of those assets;

expressed as a percentage of the market value of all the stapled entity’s assets less all of its liabilities. The amounts in paragraphs (a) and (b) are to be worked out as at the completion time.

 (4) The first element of the *cost base and *reduced cost base of each of the trustee’s *ownership interests in that *stapled entity that are not taken by subsection (3) to have been *acquired before 20 September 1985 is such proportion as is reasonable of the total of the cost bases (as at the completion time) of that stapled entity’s assets that it acquired on or after that day less its liabilities (if any) in respect of those assets.

 (5) In applying this section:

 (a) a liability of a *stapled entity that is not a liability in respect of a specific asset or assets of the stapled entity is a liability in respect of all the assets of the stapled entity; and

 (b) if a liability is in respect of 2 or more assets, the proportion of the liability that is in respect of any one of those assets is such amount as is reasonable having regard to the *market values of each of those assets.

Subdivision 124RWater entitlements

Guide to Subdivision 124R

1241100  What this Subdivision is about

There is a rollover if a CGT event happens to you because of something occurring in relation to one or more water entitlements. You do not need to own water entitlements for the event to happen to you.

Table of sections

Replacement case

1241105 Replacement water entitlements rollover

1241110 Rollover consequences—capital gain or loss disregarded

1241115 Rollover consequences—partial rollover

1241120 Rollover consequences—all original entitlements postCGT

1241125 Rollover consequences—all original entitlements preCGT

1241130 Rollover consequences—some original entitlements preCGT, others postCGT

Reduction case

1241135 Reduction in water entitlements rollover

1241140 Rollover consequences—capital gain or loss disregarded

1241145 Rollover consequences—all original entitlements postCGT

1241150 Rollover consequences—some original entitlements preCGT, others postCGT

Variation to CGT asset case

1241155 Rollover for variation to CGT asset

1241160 Rollover consequences

1241165 Rollover consequences—partial rollover

Replacement case

1241105  Replacement water entitlements rollover

Automatic rollover for single water entitlements

 (1) There is a rollover if:

 (a) your ownership of a *water entitlement (the original entitlement) ends, resulting in a *CGT event happening; and

 (b) as a result of your ownership of the original entitlement ending, you *acquire one or more water entitlements (each of which is a new entitlement); and

 (c) if you are a foreign resident just before your ownership of the original entitlement ends, or you are the trustee of a trust that is a *foreign trust for CGT purposes for the income year in which your ownership of the original entitlement ends:

 (i) the original entitlement was *taxable Australian property just before you stopped owning it; and

 (ii) if there is only one new entitlement—the new entitlement is taxable Australian property just after you acquire it; and

 (iii) if there is more than one new entitlement—each new entitlement is taxable Australian property just after you acquire it; and

 (d) you have not chosen a rollover in relation to the original entitlement under subsection (2).

Elective rollover for bundled water entitlements

 (2) There is a rollover if:

 (a) your ownership of more than one *water entitlement (each of which is an original entitlement) ends, resulting in a *CGT event happening; and

 (b) as a result of your ownership of the original entitlements ending, you *acquire one or more water entitlements (each of which is a new entitlement); and

 (c) if you are a foreign resident just before your ownership of the original entitlements ends, or you are the trustee of a trust that is a *foreign trust for CGT purposes for the income year in which your ownership of the original entitlements ends:

 (i) each original entitlement was *taxable Australian property just before you stopped owning it; and

 (ii) if there is only one new entitlement—the new entitlement is taxable Australian property just after you acquire it; and

 (iii) if there is more than one new entitlement—each new entitlement is taxable Australian property just after you acquire it; and

 (d) you choose to obtain the rollover.

Note: Section 10325 tells you when the choice must be made.

No rollover if Subdivision 124C applies

 (3) However, there is no rollover in relation to a *water entitlement under this section if there is a rollover in relation to the water entitlement under Subdivision 124C (statutory licences).

Meaning of water entitlement

 (4) A water entitlement is a legal or equitable right that an entity owns that relates to water, including a right to:

 (a) receive water; or

 (b) take water from a water resource; or

 (c) have water delivered; or

 (d) deliver water;

and includes a right that must be owned by the entity in order to own a right covered by paragraph (a), (b), (c) or (d).

Example: Philip owns a share in Big Pump Irrigation Ltd. The share provides Philip with the right to receive dividends, to participate in the running of the company and to have a separate contractual agreement with Big Pump Irrigation Ltd for the delivery of 1 megalitre of water. Philip has such an agreement. Philip’s agreement is a water entitlement. Philip’s share is also a water entitlement because he must own the share in order to have a contractual arrangement with Big Pump Irrigation Ltd for the delivery of water.

1241110  Rollover consequences—capital gain or loss disregarded

  Disregard a *capital gain or *capital loss you make from each original entitlement that qualifies for a rollover.

1241115  Rollover consequences—partial rollover

 (1) You can obtain only a partial rollover in relation to an original entitlement if the *capital proceeds for that entitlement includes something (the ineligible proceeds) other than a new entitlement or new entitlements. There is no rollover for that part (the ineligible part) of the entitlement for which you received the ineligible proceeds.

Note: If the rollover is under subsection 1241105(2), some or all of the original entitlements may each have an ineligible part.

 (2) The *cost base of the ineligible part is that part of the cost base of the original entitlement as is reasonably attributable to the ineligible part.

 (3) The *reduced cost base of the ineligible part is worked out similarly.

 (4) In working out what is reasonably attributable to the ineligible part for the purposes of subsections (2) and (3), have regard to the *market value of the new entitlement relative to the market value of the ineligible proceeds.

 (5) If the rollover is under subsection 1241105(2), for the purposes of sections 1241120 and 1241130, for each original entitlement that has an ineligible part:

 (a) reduce the *cost base of that entitlement (just before you stopped owning it) by so much of that cost base as is attributable to that ineligible part; and

 (b) reduce the *reduced cost base of that entitlement similarly.

1241120  Rollover consequences—all original entitlements postCGT

 (1) In a situation covered by subsection 1241105(1), if you *acquired the original entitlement on or after 20 September 1985, the first element of the *cost base of the new entitlement (or of each of the new entitlements) is such amount as is reasonable having regard to:

 (a) the cost base and *market value of the original entitlement; and

 (b) the number and market value of the new entitlements; and

 (c) any amount you paid to get the new entitlement (which can include giving property: see section 1035).

 (2) In a situation covered by subsection 1241105(2), if you *acquired the original entitlements on or after 20 September 1985, the first element of the *cost base of the new entitlement (or of each of the new entitlements) is such amount as is reasonable having regard to:

 (a) the total of the cost bases of all the original entitlements; and

 (b) the number and *market value of the original entitlements; and

 (c) the number and market value of the new entitlements; and

 (d) any amount you paid to get the new entitlements (which can include giving property: see section 1035).

 (3) In the situation covered by subsection 1241105(1) or (2), the first element of the *reduced cost base of the new entitlement (or of each of the new entitlements) is worked out similarly.

 (4) For the purposes of paragraphs (1)(b) and (2)(c), the *market value of the new entitlements is their market value at the time you *acquired them.

1241125  Rollover consequences—all original entitlements preCGT

 (1) In the situation covered by subsection 1241105(1), if you *acquired the original entitlement before 20 September 1985, you are taken to have acquired the new entitlement (or all of the new entitlements) before that day.

 (2) In the situation covered by subsection 1241105(2), if you *acquired the original entitlements before 20 September 1985, you are taken to have acquired the new entitlement (or all of the new entitlements) before that day.

1241130  Rollover consequences—some original entitlements preCGT, others postCGT

 (1) This section applies if:

 (a) the rollover is under subsection 1241105(2); and

 (b) you *acquired one or more of the original entitlements before 20 September 1985; and

 (c) you acquired one or more of the original entitlements on or after that day.

 (2) You are taken to have *acquired so many of your new entitlements before 20 September 1985 as is reasonable, having regard to:

 (a) the number and *market value of your original entitlements; and

 (b) the number and market value of your new entitlements.

 (3) The first element of the *cost base of each of your new entitlements that are not taken by subsection (2) to have been *acquired before 20 September 1985 (your postCGT entitlements) is such amount as is reasonable having regard to:

 (a) the total of the cost bases of the original entitlements you acquired on or after 20 September 1985; and

 (b) the number and *market value of your postCGT entitlements; and

 (c) any amount you paid to get the new entitlements (which can include giving property: see section 1035).

 (4) The reduced cost base of each of your postCGT entitlements is worked out similarly.

Reduction case

1241135  Reduction in water entitlements rollover

  There is a rollover if:

 (a) you own more than one *water entitlement; and

 (b) under an *arrangement:

 (i) your ownership of one or more of the water entitlements (each of which is an original entitlement) ends, resulting in a *CGT event happening; and

 (ii) you do not receive anything for the original entitlement or entitlements; and

 (iii) you retain one or more of your original entitlements (the retained entitlements); and

 (c) the total of the *market values of all of the retained entitlements immediately after the CGT event happens is substantially the same as the total of the market values of all of the original entitlements immediately before the CGT event happened.

1241140  Rollover consequences—capital gain or loss disregarded

  A *capital gain or *capital loss you make from your ownership of the original entitlements ending is disregarded.

1241145  Rollover consequences—all original entitlements postCGT

 (1) This section applies if you *acquired the original entitlement (or all of the original entitlements) on or after 20 September 1985.

 (2) The first element of the *cost base of the retained entitlement (or of each of the retained entitlements) is such amount as is reasonable having regard to:

 (a) the total of the cost bases of all the original entitlements; and

 (b) the number and *market value of the original entitlements; and

 (c) the number and market value of the retained entitlements.

 (3) The first element of the *reduced cost base of the retained entitlements is worked out similarly.

 (4) For the purposes of paragraph (2)(c), the *market value of the retained entitlements is their market value just after the *CGT event referred to in section 1241135 happens.

1241150  Rollover consequences—some original entitlements preCGT, others postCGT

 (1) This section applies if:

 (a) you *acquired one or more of the original entitlements before 20 September 1985; and

 (b) you acquired one or more of the original entitlements on or after that day.

 (2) You are taken to have *acquired so many of your retained entitlements before 20 September 1985 as is reasonable, having regard to:

 (a) the number and *market value of your original entitlements; and

 (b) the number and market value of your retained entitlements.

 (3) The first element of the *cost base of each of your retained entitlements that are not taken by subsection (2) to have been *acquired before 20 September 1985 (your postCGT entitlements) is such amount as is reasonable having regard to:

 (a) the total of the cost bases of the original entitlements you acquired on or after 20 September 1985; and

 (b) the number and *market value of the your postCGT entitlements.

 (4) The reduced cost base of each of your postCGT entitlements is worked out similarly.

Variation to CGT asset case

1241155  Rollover for variation to CGT asset

  There is a rollover if:

 (a) a *CGT event happens to a *CGT asset that you own; and

 (b) the CGT event happens as a direct result of the circumstances that gave rise to a rollover under section 1241105; and

 (c) you continue to be the owner of the asset (the retained asset) immediately after the CGT event has happened.

1241160  Rollover consequences

  A *capital gain or *capital loss you make from the *CGT event is disregarded.

1241165  Rollover consequences—partial rollover

 (1) You can obtain only a partial rollover in relation to a *CGT asset if the *capital proceeds for that asset includes something (the ineligible proceeds) other than your retained asset. There is no rollover for that part (the ineligible part) of the asset for which you received the ineligible proceeds.

 (2) The *cost base of the ineligible part is that part of the cost base of the *CGT asset as is reasonably attributable to the ineligible part.

 (3) The *reduced cost base of the ineligible part is worked out similarly.

 (4) In working out what is reasonably attributable to the ineligible part for the purposes of subsections (2) and (3), have regard to the *market value of the retained asset relative to the market value of the ineligible proceeds.

Subdivision 124SInterest realignment arrangements

Guide to Subdivision 124S

1241220  What this Subdivision is about

There is rollover relief if an interest in a mining, quarrying or prospecting right is disposed of under an interest realignment arrangement.

Table of sections

Operative provisions

1241225 Disposals of interests under interest realignment arrangements

1241230 Rollover consequences—partial rollover

1241235 Rollover consequences—all original interests were postCGT and preUCA

1241240 Rollover consequences—all original interests were preCGT

1241245 Rollover consequences—original interests were of mixed CGT status, all were preUCA

1241250 Rollover consequences—some original interests were preUCA

Operative provisions

1241225  Disposals of interests under interest realignment arrangements

 (1) There is a rollover if:

 (a) *CGT event A1 happens because you *dispose of one or more assets each of which:

 (i) is an interest (an original interest) in a *mining, quarrying or prospecting right; and

 (ii) is an interest that you started to *hold before 1 July 2001; and

 (b) the disposal occurs under an *interest realignment arrangement.

 (2) The first element of the *cost base and *reduced cost base of an interest (a new interest) in a *mining, quarrying or prospecting right that you acquire under the *interest realignment arrangement includes any amount you paid to acquire the new interest.

Note 1: The rest of the first element is worked out under Subdivision 124A.

Note 2: Under subsections 12410(2) and 12415(2), a capital gain or capital loss you make from the original interest is disregarded.

 (3) The amount can include giving property: see section 1035. However, it does not include a *mining, quarrying or prospecting right that you dispose of under the *interest realignment arrangement.

1241230  Rollover consequences—partial rollover

 (1) You can obtain only a partial rollover in relation to an original interest if the *capital proceeds for that interest includes something (the ineligible proceeds) other than a new interest or new interests. There is no rollover for that part (the ineligible part) of the interest for which you received the ineligible proceeds.

Note: If there is more than one original interest, some or all of those original interests may each have an ineligible part.

 (2) The *cost base of the ineligible part is that part of the cost base of the original interest as is reasonably attributable to the ineligible part.

 (3) The *reduced cost base of the ineligible part is that part of the reduced cost base of the original interest as is reasonably attributable to the ineligible part.

 (4) For the purposes of sections 1241235 and 1241245, for each original interest that has an ineligible part:

 (a) reduce the *cost base of that interest (just before the *CGT event that happened in relation to it) by so much of that cost base as is attributable to that ineligible part; and

 (b) reduce the *reduced cost base of that interest (just before the CGT event that happened in relation to it) by so much of that reduced cost base as is attributable to that ineligible part.

1241235  Rollover consequences—all original interests were postCGT and preUCA

 (1) If you acquire the new interest in exchange for:

 (a) one original interest that you started to *hold on or after 20 September 1985 and before 1 July 2001; or

 (b) 2 or more original interests, each of which you started to hold on or after 20 September 1985 and before 1 July 2001;

you are taken to have started to hold the new interest (or all of the new interests) on or after 20 September 1985 and before 1 July 2001.

 (2) The first element of the *cost base of the new interest (or of each of the new interests) is such amount as is reasonable having regard to:

 (a) the total of the cost bases of all the original interests; and

 (b) the number, *market value and character of the original interests; and

 (c) the number, market value and character of the new interests.

 (3) The first element of the *reduced cost base of the new interest (or of each of the new interests) is such amount as is reasonable having regard to:

 (a) the total of the reduced cost bases of all the original interests; and

 (b) the number, *market value and character of the original interests; and

 (c) the number, market value and character of the new interests.

1241240  Rollover consequences—all original interests were preCGT

  If you acquire the new interest in exchange for:

 (a) one original interest that you started to *hold before 20 September 1985; or

 (b) 2 or more original interests, each of which you started to hold before 20 September 1985;

you are taken to have started to hold the new interest (or all of the new interests) before that day.

1241245  Rollover consequences—original interests were of mixed CGT status, all were preUCA

 (1) This section applies if:

 (a) you acquire the new interest in exchange for more than one original interest; and

 (b) you started to *hold one or more of the original interests before 20 September 1985; and

 (c) you started to hold one or more of the original interests on or after that day; and

 (d) you did not start to hold any of the original interests on or after 1 July 2001.

 (2) Each new interest is taken to be 2 separate *CGT assets that are both new interests:

 (a) one (which you are taken to have started to *hold on or after 20 September 1985 and before 1 July 2001) representing the extent to which you started to hold the original interests on or after 20 September 1985 and before 1 July 2001; and

 (b) another (which you are taken to have started to hold before 20 September 1985) representing the extent to which you started to hold the original interests before that day.

 (3) The first element of the *cost base and *reduced cost base of the *CGT asset mentioned in paragraph (2)(a) in relation to a new interest is worked out under the formula:

where:

market value of all new interests is the total of the *market values of all of the new interests.

market value of new interest is the *market value of the new interest to which the *CGT asset mentioned in paragraph (2)(a) relates.

total postCGT cost base is the total of the *cost bases of all the original interests that you started to *hold on or after 20 September 1985.

1241250  Rollover consequences—some original interests were preUCA

 (1) This section applies if:

 (a) you acquire the new interest in exchange for more than one original interest; and

 (b) you started to *hold one or more of the original interests (preUCA interests) before 1 July 2001; and

 (c) you started to hold one or more of the original interests (postUCA interests) on or after that day.

 (2) If you started to *hold all of the preUCA interests on or after 20 September 1985, each new interest is taken to be 2 separate assets that are both new interests:

 (a) one (which you are taken to have started to hold on or after that day and before 1 July 2001) representing the extent to which the original interests are preUCA interests; and

 (b) another (which you are taken to have started to hold on or after 1 July 2001) representing the extent to which the original interests are postUCA interests.

Apply section 1241235 to the interest referred to in paragraph (a) as if the preUCA interests were the only original interests. Apply Division 40 to the interests referred to in paragraph (b).

 (3) If you started to *hold all of the preUCA interests before 20 September 1985, each new interest is taken to be 2 separate assets that are both new interests:

 (a) one (which you are taken to have started to hold before that day) representing the extent to which the original interests are preUCA interests; and

 (b) another (which you are taken to have started to hold on or after 1 July 2001) representing the extent to which the original interests are postUCA interests.

Apply section 1241240 to the new interest referred to in paragraph (a) as if the preUCA interests were the only original interests. Apply Division 40 to the new interest referred to in paragraph (b).

 (4) If you started to *hold one or more of the preUCA interests before 20 September 1985 and one or more of the preUCA interests on or after that day, each new interest is taken to be 3 separate assets that are all new interests:

 (a) one (which you are taken to have started to hold on or after 20 September 1985 and before 1 July 2001) representing the extent to which the original interests that you started to hold on or after 20 September 1985 are preUCA interests; and

 (b) another (which you are taken to have started to hold before 20 September 1985) representing the extent to which the original interests that you started to hold before 20 September 1985 are preUCA interests; and

 (c) another (which you are taken to have started to hold on or after 1 July 2001) representing the extent to which the original interests are postUCA interests.

Apply section 1241245 to the new interests referred to in paragraphs (a) and (b) as if the preUCA interests were the only original interests. Apply Division 40 to the new interest referred to in paragraph (c).

Division 125Demerger relief

 

Table of Subdivisions

 Guide to Division 125

125A Object of this Division

125B Consequences for owners of interests

125C Consequences for members of demerger group

125D Public trading trusts

125E Miscellaneous

Guide to Division 125

1251  What this Division is about

Entities can obtain CGT relief for a demerger.

Owners of ownership interests in the head entity of a demerger group can obtain a rollover to defer CGT consequences for the CGT events that happen to their interests under the demerger (see Subdivision 125B).

Capital gains and capital losses made by members of the demerger group from certain CGT events that happen under the demerger are disregarded (see Subdivision 125C).

Note: Dividend relief is also available: see section 44 of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936.

Subdivision 125AObject of this Division

Table of sections

1255 Object of this Division

1255  Object of this Division

  The object of this Division is to facilitate the demerging of entities by ensuring that capital gains tax considerations are not an impediment to restructuring a *business.

Subdivision 125BConsequences for owners of interests

Guide to Subdivision 125B

12550  Guide to Subdivision 125B

You can choose to obtain a rollover if a CGT event happens to your interests in a company or trust because of a demerger of an entity from the group of which the company or trust is the head entity.

There are cost base adjustments if you receive new interests under a demerger and no CGT event happens to your original interests.

Table of sections

Operative provisions

12555 When a rollover is available for a demerger

12560 Meaning of ownership interest and related terms

12565 Meanings of demerger group, head entity and demerger subsidiary

12570 Meanings of demerger, demerged entity and demerging entity

12575 Exception: employee share schemes

12580 What is the rollover?

12585 Cost base adjustments where CGT event happens but no rollover chosen

12590 Cost base adjustments where no CGT event

12595 No other cost base adjustment after demerger

125100 No further demerger relief in some cases

Operative provisions

12555  When a rollover is available for a demerger

 (1) You can choose to obtain a rollover if:

 (a) you own an *ownership interest in a company or trust (your original interest); and

 (b) the company or trust is the *head entity of a *demerger group; and

 (c) a *demerger happens to the demerger group; and

 (d) under the demerger, a *CGT event happens to your original interest and you *acquire a new or replacement interest (your new interest) in the *demerged entity.

Note 1: Section 12580 sets out what the rollover is.

Note 2: You have to make cost base adjustments even if there is no CGT event: see section 12590.

Example: Peter owns shares (his original interests) in Company A, a public company. Company B is a wholly owned subsidiary of Company A. Company A announces a demerger utilising a proportionate capital reduction and the disposal of all its shares in Company B to its 320,000 shareholders. Following the demerger all of the shareholders in Company A, including Peter, will own all of the shares in Company B (their new interests).

 (2) You cannot choose to obtain a rollover under this Subdivision for an original interest if:

 (a) you are a foreign resident; and

 (b) the new interest you *acquire under the *demerger in exchange for that original interest is not *taxable Australian property just after you acquire it.

Note: For taxable Australian property, see section 85515.

12560  Meaning of ownership interest and related terms

 (1) An ownership interest in a company or trust is:

 (a) for a company, a *share in the company or an option, right or similar interest issued by the company that gives the owner an entitlement to *acquire a share in the company; and

 (b) for a trust, a unit or other interest in the trust or an option, right or similar interest issued by the trustee that gives the owner an entitlement to acquire a unit or other interest in the trust.

 (2) However, this Subdivision applies to a *dual listed company voting share in a company that is the *head entity of a *demerger group as if it were not an ownership interest if there are not more than 5 of those *shares in the company.

 (3) A dual listed company voting share is a *share in a company:

 (a) issued:

 (ii) as part of a *dual listed company arrangement; and

 (iii) mainly for the purpose of ensuring that shareholders of both companies involved in the arrangement vote as a single decisionmaking body on matters affecting them; and

 (b) that does not carry rights to financial entitlements (except the return of the amount paid up on the share and a dividend that is the equivalent of a dividend paid on an ordinary share).

 (4) A dual listed company arrangement is an *arrangement under which 2 publicly listed companies, while maintaining their separate legal entity status, shareholdings and listings, align their strategic directions and the economic interests of their respective shareholders through:

 (a) the appointment of common (or almost identical) boards of directors, except where the effect of the relevant regulatory requirements prevents this; and

 (b) management of the operations of the 2 companies on a unified basis; and

 (c) the shareholders of both companies voting in effect as a single decisionmaking body on substantial issues affecting their combined interests; and

 (d) equalised distributions to shareholders in accordance with an equalisation ratio applying between the 2 companies, both generally and in the event of a winding up of one or both of the companies; and

 (e) crossguarantees as to, or similar financial support for, each other’s substantial obligations or operations, except where the effect of the relevant regulatory requirements prevents those guarantees or that financial support.

 (5) However, an arrangement is not a dual listed company arrangement unless one but not both of the companies is an Australian resident.

12565  Meanings of demerger group, head entity and demerger subsidiary

 (1) A demerger group comprises the *head entity of the group and one or more *demerger subsidiaries.

Note: An entity may be a member of one or more demerger groups.

 (2) A trust cannot be a member of a demerger group unless *CGT event E4 is capable of applying to all of the units and interests in the trust.

Note: A discretionary trust cannot be a member of a demerger group.

 (2A) Neither a corporation sole nor a *complying superannuation entity is a member of a *demerger group.

 (3) A company or trust is the head entity of a *demerger group if no other member of the group owns *ownership interests in the company or trust.

 (4) If apart from this subsection, a company or trust would be the *head entity of a *demerger group and the company or trust, and all of its *demerger subsidiaries, are also demerger subsidiaries of another company or trust in another demerger group, the firstmentioned company or trust is not the head entity of a demerger group.

 (5) A company or trust (the first company or trust) that would, apart from this subsection, be a member of a demerger group is not a member of the demerger group if:

 (a) the first company or trust owns, either alone or together with another company or trust that would, apart from this subsection, be a member of the *demerger group, more than 20% but less than 80% of the *ownership interests in a *listed public company or *listed widely held trust; and

 (b) the listed public company or listed widely held trust chooses that the first company or trust not be a member of the demerger group.

 (6) A company is a demerger subsidiary of another company or a trust that is a member of a *demerger group if the other company or the trust, either alone or together with other members of the group, owns, or has the right to *acquire, *ownership interests in the company that carry between them:

 (a) the right to receive more than 20% of any distribution of income or capital by the company; or

 (b) the right to exercise, or control the exercise of, more than 20% of the voting power of the company.

 (7) A trust is a demerger subsidiary of another trust or a company that is a member of a *demerger group if the other trust or the company, either alone or together with other members of the group, owns, or has the right to *acquire, *ownership interests in the trust that carry between them the right to receive more than 20% of any distribution of income or capital by the trustee.

12570  Meanings of demerger, demerged entity and demerging entity

 (1) A demerger happens to a *demerger group if:

 (a) there is a restructuring of the demerger group; and

 (b) under the restructuring:

 (i) members of the demerger group *dispose of at least 80% of their total *ownership interests in another member of the demerger group to owners of original interests in the *head entity of the demerger group; or

 (ii) at least 80% of the total ownership interests of members of the demerger group in another member of the demerger group end and new interests are issued to owners of original interests in the head entity; or

 (iii) the demerged entity issues sufficient new ownership interests in itself with the result that owners of original interests in the head entity own at least 80% of the total ownership interests in the demerged entity; or

 (iv) some combination of the processes referred to in subparagraphs (i), (ii) and (iii) happens with the effect that members of the demerger group stop owning at least 80% of the total ownership interests owned by members of the demerger group in another member of the group; and

Note: CGT event C2 and CGT event C3 are the only relevant CGT events in a subparagraph (ii) case.

 (c) under the restructuring:

 (i) a *CGT event happens to an original interest owned by an entity in the head entity of the group and the entity *acquires a new interest and nothing else; or

 (ii) no CGT event happens to an original interest owned by an entity in the head entity of the group and the entity acquires a new interest and nothing else; and

 (d) the acquisition by entities of new interests happens only because those entities own or owned original interests; and

 (e) the new interests acquired are:

 (i) if the head entity is a company—ownership interests in a company; or

 (ii) if the head entity is a trust—ownership interests in a trust; and

 (g) neither the original interests nor the new interests are in a trust that is a *noncomplying superannuation fund; and

 (h) the requirements of subsection (2) are met.

Example: To continue the example from subsection 12555(1), Peter owns 400 postCGT shares in Company A. Companies A and B are both members of a demerger group. Company A is the head entity of the demerger group and Company B is a demerger subsidiary.

 Company A proceeds to demerge 100% of its shares in Company B to its shareholders.

 Company A enters into a proportionate capital reduction, returning 40 cents per share to its ordinary shareholders. Peter is entitled to $160 (40c times 400 shares) under the capital reduction.

 For Peter, the capital reduction amount of $160 is compulsorily applied to acquire Company A’s shares in Company B, at $6.75 (a discount of 10% to current market value). Company A rounds up the fractional amounts in calculating the number of whole shares to be distributed to each shareholder. This gives Peter 24 shares in Company B (160 divided by 6.75, rounded up to the nearest whole number).

Note: Acquiring new interests by an owner of original interests may include the allocation of the owner’s entitlement to new interests to a nominee:

 to sell on the owner’s behalf; or

 to hold pending the owner being located.

 (2) Each owner (an original owner) of original interests in the *head entity of the *demerger group must:

 (a) *acquire, under the *demerger, the same proportion, or as nearly as practicable the same proportion, of new interests in the *demerged entity as the original owner owned in the head entity just before the demerger; and

 (b) just after the demerger, have the same proportionate total *market value of *ownership interests in the head entity and demerged entity as the original owner owned in the head entity just before the demerger.

Note 1: There is an exception: see section 12575.

Note 2: Dual listed company voting shares are not treated as ownership interests: see section 12560.

Note 3: Fractional interests will generally not affect your ability to choose a rollover.

Example: To continue the example from subsection (1), Company A concludes, given the circumstances of the demerger, that the market values of Peter’s and the other shareholders’ shares in A and B are expected to be in proportion with their original interests in Company A, and advises the shareholders of this position.

 (3) In working out whether an original owner complies with subsection (2):

 (a) disregard *ownership interests that are original interests the owner owns in the *demerged entity; and

 (b) an anticipated reasonable approximation of the *market value of ownership interests is sufficient.

Example: An anticipated reasonable approximation of market values of ownership interests may include:

 valuations provided to shareholders in scheme documents;

 the price selected for use under a sale facility;

 and may be made by reference to longterm value.

Exception: offmarket buybacks

 (4) A buyback of *shares that is an offmarket purchase for the purposes of Division 16K of Part III of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936 is not a *demerger.

Exception: rollover available under another provision

 (5) Circumstances where an owner of original interests can obtain a rollover under a provision of this Act outside this Division for all of the CGT events that happened to the owner’s original interests under the circumstances cannot be a demerger.

Note: An owner might be able to obtain a rollover for the CGT events under Subdivision 124E, or 124M or Division 615.

Meaning of demerged entity

 (6) An entity that is a former member of a *demerger group is a demerged entity if, under a *demerger that happens to the group, *ownership interests in the entity are acquired by:

 (a) shareholders in the *head entity of the group; or

 (b) unitholders or holders of interests in the head entity of the group.

Meaning of demerging entity

 (7) An entity that is a member of a *demerger group just before the *CGT event referred to in section 125155 happens is a demerging entity if, under a *demerger that happens to the group:

 (a) the entity (either alone or together with other members of the demerger group)*dispose of at least 80% of their total *ownership interests in another member of the demerger group to owners of original interests in the *head entity of the demerger group; or

 (b) at least 80% of the total ownership interests of that entity and of other members of the demerger group in another member of the demerger group end and new interests are issued to owners of original interests in the head entity; or

Note: CGT event C2 and CGT event C3 are the only relevant CGT events.

 (c) the demerged entity issues sufficient new ownership interests in itself with the result that owners of original interests in the head entity own at least 80% of the total ownership interests in the demerged entity; or

 (d) some combination of the processes referred to in paragraphs (a), (b) and (c) happens with the effect that members of the demerger group stop owning at least 80% of the total ownership interests owned by members of the demerger group in another member of the group.

12575  Exceptions to subsection 12570(2)

Employee share schemes

 (1) In working out whether the requirements in subsection 12570(2) are met, disregard each of the *ownership interests described in subsections (2) and (3) if, just before the *demerger, those interests (taking into account either or both of their number and value) represented not more than 3% of the total *ownership interests in the entity.

 (2) An *ownership interest, in a company, that is owned by an entity is disregarded under subsection (1) if:

 (a) the entity acquired a beneficial interest in the ownership interest under an *employee share scheme; and

 (b) these provisions apply to the beneficial interest:

 (i) Subdivision 83AB and the provisions referred to in paragraphs 83A33(1)(a) to (c); or

 (ii) Subdivision 83AB and the provisions referred to in paragraphs 83A35(1)(a) and (b); or

 (iii) Subdivision 83AC; and

 (c) the ownership interest is not a fullypaid ordinary *share.

 (3) An *ownership interest, in a trust, that is owned by an entity is disregarded under subsection (1) if:

 (a) both of the following would apply if Division 83A (about employee share schemes) applied to ownership interests in trusts in the same way as it applies to *shares:

 (i) the entity acquired a beneficial interest in the ownership interest under an *employee share scheme;

 (ii) the provisions referred to in subparagraph (2)(b)(i), (ii) or (iii) apply to the beneficial interest; and

 (b) the ownership interest is not a fullypaid unit.

Adjusting instruments

 (4) In working out whether the requirements in subsection 12570(2) are met, disregard each of the *ownership interests described in subsection (5) (adjusting instruments) if, just before the *demerger, those interests represented not more than 10%, or such greater percentage (not exceeding 17%) as is prescribed, of the ownership interests in the entity.

 (5) An *ownership interest in a *listed public company or a *listed widely held trust that is the *head entity of a *demerger group is disregarded under subsection (4) if:

 (a) the adjusting instrument was issued on terms that ensure that its value is not adversely affected by an *arrangement undertaken by the company or trust in relation to other ownership interests in the company or trust; and

 (b) if the adjusting instrument can be converted into an ordinary *share in the company or an ordinary unit in the trust, any conversion will occur on a basis:

 (i) that is set out in the terms of the issue of the instrument; and

 (ii) that is adjusted to take into account a capital reduction or a capital reconstruction; and

 (c) before conversion, the owner of the adjusting instrument does not have a right to participate in distributions of profit or capital except as set out in the terms of the issue of the instrument; and

 (d) the adjusting instrument deals with the effect of a *demerger that happens to the demerger group on the value of the instrument.

Example: Some examples of adjusting instruments are:

 convertible preference shares, including reset preference shares;

 convertible notes;

 partly paid shares where the paidup amount is adjusted to reflect a capital reduction.

Additional exceptions

 (6) The regulations may provide that, in working out whether the requirements in subsection 12570(2) are met, other *ownership interests of a kind specified in the regulations are to be disregarded if, just before the *demerger, those interests represented not more than a prescribed percentage of the ownership interests in the entity.

 (7) However, the total percentage of *ownership interests to be disregarded under this section must not exceed 20% of the ownership interests in the entity.

12580  What is the rollover?

 (1) If you choose the rollover, a *capital gain or *capital loss you make from a *CGT event happening under the *demerger to an original interest you own is disregarded.

 (2) If you choose the rollover, the first element of the *cost base and *reduced cost base of:

 (a) each new interest that you are not taken to have *acquired before 20 September 1985; and

 (b) if not all of your original interests ended under the *demerger—each of your remaining original interests that you acquired on or after 20 September 1985;

is such proportion of the sum of the cost bases of all your original interests that you acquired on or after 20 September 1985 (worked out just before the demerger) as is reasonable having regard to the matters specified in subsection (3).

Note 1: These rules replace the cost base and reduced cost base adjustments in CGT event E4 and CGT event G1.

Note 2: The head entity or the demerging entity may advise you of the proportions.

 (3) The matters are:

 (a) the *market values of your remaining original interests just after the *demerger, or an anticipated reasonable approximation of those market values; and

 (b) the market values of your new interests just after the demerger, or an anticipated reasonable approximation of those market values.

Example: To continue the example from subsection 12570(2), Company A advises its shareholders that Company B at that time represents 5% of the market value of the group as a whole. Peter’s cost base for each of his shares in A is $4.60, and Peter recalculates his cost base as follows:

 to be spread over 400 shares in A and 24 shares in B.

PreCGT interests

 (4) The following subsections apply if you choose the rollover and you *acquired some or all of your original interests before 20 September 1985.

 (5) If you *acquired all of your original interests before 20 September 1985, you are taken to have acquired all of your new interests before that day.

 (6) If you *acquired some of your original interests before 20 September 1985, you are taken to have acquired a reasonable whole number of your new interests before that day having regard to:

 (a) the *market values of your original interests and your remaining original interests just after the *demerger, or an anticipated reasonable approximation of those market values; and

 (b) the market values of your new interests just after the demerger, or an anticipated reasonable approximation of those market values.

 (7) If a proportion, but not all, of your original interests ends under the *demerger and you *acquired some of your original interests before 20 September 1985, that same proportion of those interests you acquired before that day ends.

Note: CGT event K6 may be relevant if you later dispose of your interests that are treated as being preCGT.

Example: Bert owned 100 shares in a company of which 50 were acquired preCGT. Under a demerger 20 of Bert’s 100 shares were cancelled in exchange for new interests. As 20% of his shares were cancelled, 10 of his preCGT shares are taken to have been cancelled.

Partial rollover

 (8) If you choose a rollover for some but not all of your original interests, you apply the rules in this section as if your original interests for which you chose the rollover were your only original interests.

12585  Cost base adjustments where CGT event happens but no rollover chosen

 (1) You must adjust the *cost base and *reduced cost base of an *ownership interest you own in a company or trust if:

 (a) a *demerger happens to a *demerger group of which the company or trust is a member; and

 (b) you owned an original interest in the *head entity of the demerger group just before the demerger; and

 (c) a *CGT event happens to the original interest and you *acquire a new interest under the demerger; and

 (d) you do not choose a rollover under this Subdivision for the original interest.

 (2) The adjustments you must make are the same as the adjustments you would have to make under section 12580 for the *cost bases and *reduced cost bases of the remaining original interests and new interests just after the *CGT event if you could have chosen a rollover under this Subdivision for the *demerger and you had done so.

12590  Cost base adjustments where no CGT event

 (1) You must adjust the *cost base and *reduced cost base of an *ownership interest you own in a company or trust if:

 (a) a *demerger happens to a *demerger group of which the company or trust is a member; and

 (b) you owned an original interest in the *head entity of the demerger group just before the demerger; and

 (c) no *CGT event happens to the original interest, but you *acquire a new interest under the demerger.

 (2) The adjustments you must make are the same as the adjustments you would have to make under section 12580 if you could have chosen a rollover under this Subdivision for the *demerger and you had done so.

12595  No other cost base adjustment after demerger

  If you have to make adjustments to the *cost base and *reduced cost base of your *ownership interests under section 12580, 12585 or 12590 because of a *demerger, no other adjustment can be made under this Act to those cost bases and reduced cost bases because of something that happens under the demerger.

Note: Those sections deal with any value shift that might occur under the demerger and avoid the need for the general value shifting regime to apply.

125100  No further demerger relief in some cases

  This Division does not apply to the remaining *ownership interests in a *demerged entity if one or more members of the *demerger group *disposed of or cancelled less than 100% of the total ownership interests of that group in the demerged entity.

Note: After the demerger, a former member of the demerger group can undertake a further demerger to which this Division can apply.

Subdivision 125CConsequences for members of demerger group

Guide to Subdivision 125C

125150  Guide to Subdivision 125C

Certain capital gains and capital losses that members of a demerger group make under a demerger are disregarded.

Certain capital losses made under a demerger are reduced where the demerger results in a value shift.

Table of sections

Operative provisions

125155 Certain capital gains or losses disregarded for demerging entity

125160 No CGT event J1

125165 Adjusted capital loss for value shift under a demerger

125170 Reduced cost base reduction if demerger asset subject to rollover

Operative provisions

125155  Certain capital gains or losses disregarded for demerging entity

  Any *capital gain or *capital loss a *demerging entity makes from *CGT event A1, *CGT event C2, *CGT event C3 or *CGT event K6 happening to its *ownership interests in a *demerged entity under a *demerger is disregarded.

Note 1: The full list of CGT events is in section 1045.

Note 2: This section will not apply if section 125100 applies.

125160  No CGT event J1

  *CGT event J1 does not happen to a *demerged entity or a member of a *demerger group under a *demerger.

125165  Adjusted capital loss for value shift under a demerger

  A *capital loss made by an entity that was a member of a *demerger group from a *CGT event happening to a *CGT asset under a *demerger or after a demerger is reduced to the extent that the capital loss is reasonably attributable to a reduction in the *market value of the asset because of the demerger.

Example: The market value of equity or loan interests in the demerging entity may be reduced by the disposal, for inadequate value, of ownership interests of another member of the demerger group to owners of original interests in the head entity of the group.

125170  Reduced cost base reduction if demerger asset subject to rollover

 (1) The *reduced cost base of a *CGT asset is reduced if:

 (a) the *market value of the asset is reduced because of a *demerger; and

 (b) after the demerger the asset is *acquired by an entity from another entity (the transferor) in a situation where the transferor obtained a rollover for the disposal; and

 (c) the reduction occurred when the transferor owned the asset.

 (2) The *reduced cost base of the asset as determined under the rollover is reduced just after the rollover to the extent of the reduction in *market value caused by the *demerger.

Note: The rules in section 125165 and this section deal with any value shift that might occur under the demerger and avoid the need for the general value shifting regime to apply.

 (3) If the *reduced cost base of a *CGT asset is reduced under this section because of a *demerger, no other adjustment can be made under this Act to that reduced cost base because of something that happens under the demerger.

Subdivision 125DPublic trading trusts

Guide to Subdivision 125D

125225  Guide to Subdivision 125D

This Division applies to corporate unit trusts and public trading trusts as if they were companies.

Table of sections

Operative provisions

125230 Application of Division to public trading trusts

Operative provisions

125230  Application of Division to public trading trusts

  This Division applies to a trust to which section 102S of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936 applies for an income year in which a *demerger happens as if:

 (a) the trust were a company; and

 (b) *ownership interests in it were interests in a company.

Subdivision 125EMiscellaneous

Table of sections

125235 Share and interest sale facilities

125235  Share and interest sale facilities

Share and interest sale facilities

 (1) An entity (the investor) is treated as owning an *ownership interest (the rollover interest) in a *demerged entity at a time (the deeming time), if:

 (a) the investor owned an ownership interest in a company or trust that was the *head entity of a *demerger group; and

 (b) a *demerger happens to the demerger group; and

 (c) because:

 (i) a *foreign law impedes the ability of a member of the demerger group to issue or transfer the rollover interest to the investor; or

 (ii) it would be impractical or unreasonably onerous to determine whether a foreign law impedes the ability of a member of the demerger group to issue or transfer the rollover interest to the investor;

  it is *arranged that the member will issue or transfer the rollover interest to another entity (the facility) under the demerger instead of to the investor; and

 (d) in accordance with that arrangement and as a result of the demerger, the facility:

 (i) becomes the owner of the rollover interest (which is a new or replacement interest in the demerged entity); and

 (ii) owns the rollover interest at the deeming time; and

 (e) under the arrangement, the investor is entitled to receive from the facility:

 (i) an amount equivalent to the *capital proceeds of any *CGT event that happens in relation to the rollover interest (less expenses); or

 (ii) if a CGT event happens in relation to the rollover interest together with CGT events happening in relation to other ownership interests—an amount equivalent to the investor’s proportion of the total capital proceeds of the CGT events (less expenses).

 (2) The facility is treated as not owning the rollover interest at the deeming time.

 (3) This section applies for the purposes of:

 (a) applying this Division in relation to the demerger; and

 (b) item 2 of the table in subsection 11530(1), to the extent that it relates to a rollover under this Division that involves the demerger.

Division 126Sameasset rollovers

Table of Subdivisions

 Guide to Division 126

126A Marriage or relationship breakdowns

126B Companies in the same whollyowned group

126C Changes to trust deeds

126D Small superannuation funds

126E Entitlement to shares after demutualisation and scrip for scrip rollover

126G Transfer of assets between certain trusts

Guide to Division 126

1261  What this Division is about

A sameasset rollover allows a capital gain or loss an entity makes from disposing of a CGT asset to, or creating a CGT asset in, another entity to be disregarded. For a disposal, certain attributes of the asset are transferred to the receiving entity.

Subdivision 126AMarriage or relationship breakdowns

Table of sections

1265 CGT event involving spouses

12615 CGT event involving company or trustee

12620 Subsequent CGT event happening to rollover asset where transferor was a CFC or a nonresident trust

12625 Conditions for the purposes of subsections 1265(3A) and 12615(5)

1265  CGT event involving spouses

 (1) There is a rollover if a *CGT event (the trigger event) happens involving an individual (the transferor) and his or her *spouse (the transferee), or a former *spouse (also the transferee), because of:

 (a) a court order under the Family Law Act 1975 or under a *State law, *Territory law or *foreign law relating to breakdowns of relationships between spouses; or

 (b) a maintenance agreement approved by a court under section 87 of the Family Law Act 1975 or a corresponding agreement approved by a court under a corresponding *foreign law; or

 (d) something done under:

 (i) a financial agreement made under Part VIIIA of the Family Law Act 1975 that is binding because of section 90G of that Act; or

 (ii) a corresponding written agreement that is binding because of a corresponding foreign law; or

 (da) something done under:

 (i) a Part VIIIAB financial agreement (within the meaning of the Family Law Act 1975) that is binding because of section 90UJ of that Act; or

 (ii) a corresponding written agreement that is binding because of a corresponding foreign law; or

 (e) something done under:

 (i) an award made in an arbitration referred to in section 13H of the Family Law Act 1975; or

 (ii) a corresponding award made in an arbitration under a corresponding State law, Territory law or foreign law; or

 (f) something done under a written agreement:

 (i) that is binding because of a State law, Territory law or foreign law relating to breakdowns of relationships between spouses; and

 (ii) that, because of such a law, prevents a court making an order about matters to which the agreement applies, or that is inconsistent with the terms of the agreement in relation to those matters, unless the agreement is varied or set aside.

 (2) Only these *CGT events are relevant:

 (a) CGT events A1 and B1 (a disposal case); and

 (b) CGT events D1, D2, D3 and F1 (a creation case).

Note: The full list of CGT events is in section 1045.

 (3) However, there is no rollover if:

 (a) the *CGT asset involved is *trading stock of the transferor; or

 (b) for *CGT event B1—title in the CGT asset does not pass to the transferee at or before the end of the agreement.

 (3A) There is no rollover because of paragraph (1)(d), (da) or (f) unless the conditions set out in section 12625 are met.

 (4) A *capital gain or a *capital loss the transferor makes from the *CGT event is disregarded.

Consequences for the transferee (disposal case)

 (5) For a disposal case where the transferor *acquired the asset on or after 20 September 1985:

 (a) the first element of the asset’s *cost base (in the hands of the transferee) is the asset’s cost base (in the hands of the transferor) at the time the transferee acquired it; and

 (b) the first element of the asset’s *reduced cost base (in the hands of the transferee) is worked out similarly.

Example: Your spouse transfers land to you because of a court order under the Family Law Act 1975. Any capital gain or loss your spouse makes is disregarded.

 If the land’s cost base at the time you acquired it is $10,000, the first element of the land’s cost base in your hands becomes $10,000.

Note 1: There are special indexation rules for rollovers: see Division 114.

Note 2: A rollover under this Subdivision may have an effect on the transferee’s main residence exemption: see sections 118178 and 118180.

 (6) For a disposal case where the transferor *acquired the asset before 20 September 1985, the transferee is taken to have acquired it before that day.

Note: A capital gain or loss you make from a CGT asset you acquired before 20 September 1985 is generally disregarded: see Division 104. This exemption is removed in some situations: see Division 149.

 (7) For a disposal case where the transferor *disposed of a *collectable or *personal use asset, the transferee is taken to have *acquired one.

Note 1: Capital losses from collectables can be subtracted only from capital gains from collectables: see section 10810.

Note 2: Capital losses from personal use assets are disregarded: see section 10820.

Consequences for the transferee (creation case)

 (8) For a creation case, the first element of the asset’s *cost base (in the hands of the transferee) is the amount applicable under this table. The first element of its *reduced cost base is worked out similarly.

 

Creation case

Event No.

Applicable amount

D1

the *incidental costs the transferor incurred that relate to the trigger event

D2

the expenditure the transferor incurred to grant the option

D3

the expenditure the transferor incurred to grant the right

F1

the expenditure the transferor incurred on the grant, renewal or extension of the lease

  The expenditure can include giving property: see section 1035.

12615  CGT event involving company or trustee

 (1) There are the rollover consequences in section 1265 if the trigger event involves a company (the transferor) or a trustee (also the transferor) and a *spouse or former spouse (the transferee) of another individual because of:

 (a) a court order under the Family Law Act 1975 or under a *State law, *Territory law or *foreign law relating to breakdowns of relationships between spouses; or

 (b) a maintenance agreement approved by a court under section 87 of the Family Law Act 1975 or a corresponding agreement approved by a court under a corresponding *foreign law; or

 (d) something done under:

 (i) a financial agreement made under Part VIIIA of the Family Law Act 1975 that is binding because of section 90G of that Act; or

 (ii) a corresponding written agreement that is binding because of a corresponding foreign law; or

 (da) something done under:

 (i) a Part VIIIAB financial agreement (within the meaning of the Family Law Act 1975) that is binding because of section 90UJ of that Act; or

 (ii) a corresponding written agreement that is binding because of a corresponding foreign law; or

 (e) something done under:

 (i) an award made in an arbitration referred to in section 13H of the Family Law Act 1975; or

 (ii) a corresponding award made in an arbitration under a corresponding State law, Territory law or foreign law; or

 (f) something done under a written agreement:

 (i) that is binding because of a State law, Territory law or foreign law relating to breakdowns of relationships between spouses; and

 (ii) that, because of such a law, prevents a court making an order about matters to which the agreement applies, or that is inconsistent with the terms of the agreement in relation to those matters, unless the agreement is varied or set aside.

 (2) There are other consequences if:

 (a) just before the time of the trigger event, an entity (including the transferee) owned another *CGT asset of a kind covered by this table; and

 (b) the entity *acquired it on or after 20 September 1985; and

 (c) a *CGT event happens in relation to it.

 

Relevant CGT assets

Item

For this transferor:

The entity can own these assets:

1

Company

(a) a *share in the company; or

(b) a loan to the company; or

(c) an indirect interest (through one or more interposed companies or trusts) in a *share in, or loan to, the company

2

Trustee

(a) an interest or unit in the trust; or

(b) a loan to the trustee; or

(c) an indirect interest (through one or more interposed companies or trusts) in an interest or unit in the trust or in a loan to the trustee

Example: An individual owns all the shares in a company. The company owns land. The individual’s marriage breaks down. The Family Court orders that the company transfer the land it owns to the individual’s spouse. The individual later sells the shares.

 (3) The *cost base and *reduced cost base of the other asset are reduced by an amount that reasonably reflects the fall in its *market value because of the trigger event. The reduction occurs at the time of the trigger event.

 (4) If the entity owning the other asset is also the transferee, the *cost base and *reduced cost base of the other asset are then increased by any amount that is included in the entity’s assessable income for any income year because of the trigger event.

Note: The reduced cost base may be modified for a rollover happening after a demerger: see section 125170.

 (5) There is no rollover because of paragraph (1)(d), (da) or (f) unless the conditions set out in section 12625 are met.

12620  Subsequent CGT event happening to rollover asset where transferor was a CFC or a nonresident trust

 (1) This section applies if:

 (a) there is a rollover for the trigger event under section 12615; and

 (b) the transferor was:

 (i) a *CFC; or

 (ii) a trustee of a trust that is a nonresident trust estate within the meaning of section 102AAB of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936 for the income year of the trigger event; and

 (c) section 12615 is relevant to:

 (i) the calculation of the *attributable income of the CFC under Division 7 of Part X of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936; or

 (ii) the calculation of the attributable income of the trust under Subdivision D of Division 6AAA of Part III of that Act;

  because (ignoring the residency assumptions in that Division or Subdivision) the rollover asset was not *taxable Australian property; and

 (d) a subsequent *CGT event happens in relation to the rollover asset.

 (2) In working out the amount of any *capital gain or *capital loss the transferee (or a subsequent owner of the rollover asset if there is a series of rollovers until there is no rollover) makes when a subsequent *CGT event happens in relation to the asset, the modifications specified in Division 7 of Part X, or Subdivision D of Division 6AAA of Part III, of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936 apply.

12625  Conditions for the purposes of subsections 1265(3A) and 12615(5)

 (1) The conditions referred to in subsections 1265(3A) and 12615(5) are that:

 (a) at the time of the trigger event:

 (i) the *spouses, or former spouses, involved are separated; and

 (ii) there is no reasonable likelihood of cohabitation being resumed; and

 (b) the trigger event happened because of reasons directly connected with the breakdown of the relationship between the spouses or former spouses.

 (2) For the purposes of this section, the question whether *spouses or former spouses have separated is to be determined in the same way as it is for the purposes of section 48 of the Family Law Act 1975 (as affected by sections 49 and 50 of that Act).

Subdivision 126BCompanies in the same whollyowned group

Guide to Subdivision 126B

12640  What this Subdivision is about

A rollover may be available for the transfer of a CGT asset between 2 companies, or the creation of a CGT asset by one company in another, if:

 (a) both companies are members of the same whollyowned group; and

 (b) at least one of the companies is a foreign resident.

Table of sections

Operative provisions

12645 Rollover for members of whollyowned group

12650 Requirements for rollover

12655 When there is a rollover

12660 Consequences of rollover

12675 Originating company is a CFC

12685 Effect of rollover on certain liquidations

Operative provisions

12645  Rollover for members of whollyowned group

 (1) There may be a rollover if a *CGT event (the trigger event) happens involving a company (the originating company) and another company (the recipient company) in the circumstances set out in section 12650.

 (2) Only these *CGT events are relevant:

 (a) CGT events A1 and B1 (a disposal case); and

 (b) CGT events D1, D2, D3 and F1 (a creation case).

Note: The full list of CGT events is in section 1045.

 (3) However, there is no rollover for *CGT event B1 if title in the *CGT asset does not pass to the transferee at or before the end of the agreement.

Note: CGT event J1 can happen if the recipient company stops being a 100% subsidiary of a company in the relevant group: see section 104175.

12650  Requirements for rollover

 (1) The originating company and recipient company must be members of the same *whollyowned group at the time of the trigger event.

Note: This requirement is taken to be satisfied in the case of the transfer of the life insurance business of a life insurance company: see section 121AS of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936.

 (2) The *CGT asset involved (the rollover asset) must not be:

 (a) *trading stock of the recipient company just after the time of the trigger event; or

 (b) a *registered emissions unit *held by the recipient company just after the time of the trigger event.

 (3) If:

 (a) the rollover asset is a right or *convertible interest referred to in Division 130, or an option referred to in Division 134, or an *exchangeable interest; and

 (b) the recipient company *acquires another *CGT asset by exercising the right or option or by converting the convertible interest or in exchange for the disposal or redemption of the exchangeable interest;

the other asset cannot become *trading stock of the recipient company just after the recipient company acquired it.

 (3A) If:

 (a) the rollover asset is an option referred to in Division 134; and

 (b) the recipient company *acquires another *CGT asset by exercising the option;

the other asset cannot become a *registered emissions unit *held by the recipient company just after the recipient company acquired it.

 (4) The *ordinary income and *statutory income of the recipient company must not be exempt from income tax because it is an *exempt entity for the income year of the trigger event.

 (5) The requirements in one of the items in this table must be satisfied.

 

Additional requirements

Item

At the time of the trigger event the originating company must be:

At the time of the trigger event the recipient company must be:

The rollover asset must be taxable Australian property:

1

Either:

(a) a foreign resident; or

(b) an Australian resident but not a *prescribed dual resident

A foreign resident

Either:

(a) just before and just after the trigger event, for a disposal case; or

(b) just after that event, for a creation case

2

A foreign resident

An Australian resident but not a *prescribed dual resident

Either:

(a) just before the trigger event, for a disposal case; or

(b) just after that event, for a creation case

 (6) If the originating company or the recipient company is an Australian resident at the time of the trigger event, that company must:

 (a) be a *member of a *consolidated group or *MEC group at that time; or

 (b) not be a member of a *consolidatable group at that time.

 (7) If the originating company is a foreign resident, it must not have *acquired the *CGT asset described in subsection (8) because of:

 (a) a single *CGT event giving rise to a rollover under a previous application of this Subdivision (as amended by the New Business Tax System (Consolidation) Act (No. 1) 2002) involving an Australian resident originating company other than the company that is the recipient company for the current application of this Subdivision; or

 (b) a series (whether or not it is the longest possible series) of consecutive CGT events giving rise to rollovers under previous applications of this Subdivision (as amended by the New Business Tax System (Consolidation) Act (No. 1) 2002), the earliest involving an Australian resident originating company other than the company that is the recipient company for the current application of this Subdivision.

 (8) Subsection (7) operates in relation to the *CGT asset:

 (a) that was involved in the trigger event in a disposal case; or

 (b) because of which the originating company was able to create the CGT asset that was involved in the trigger event in a creation case.

 (9) Subsection (7) does not apply if each of the following companies mentioned in that subsection:

 (a) the recipient company for the rollover under the current application of this Subdivision;

 (b) the Australian resident originating company for the rollover under:

 (i) for paragraph (7)(a)—the previous application of this Subdivision; or

 (ii) for paragraph (7)(b)—the earliest previous application of this Subdivision for that series of consecutive *CGT events;

was, at the time of its rollover, the *head company of the same *MEC group.

12655  When there is a rollover

Capital gain or no loss

 (1) There is a rollover if:

 (a) either:

 (i) the trigger event would have resulted in the originating company making a *capital gain, or making no *capital loss and not being entitled to a deduction; or

 (ii) the originating company *acquired the rollover asset before 20 September 1985; and

 (b) the originating company and recipient company both choose to obtain it.

Note: Section 10325 sets out when the choice must be made.

12660  Consequences of rollover

Consequences for the originating company in all cases

 (1) A *capital gain the originating company makes from the trigger event is disregarded.

Consequences for the recipient company (disposal case)

 (2) For a disposal case, if the originating company *acquired the rollover asset on or after 20 September 1985:

 (a) the first element of the asset’s *cost base (in the hands of the recipient company) is the asset’s cost base (in the hands of the originating company) when the recipient company acquired it; and

 (b) the first element of the asset’s *reduced cost base (in the hands of the recipient company) is worked out similarly.

Note 1: There are special indexation rules for rollovers: see Division 114.

Note 2: The reduced cost base may be modified for a rollover happening after a demerger: see section 125170.

 (3) If the originating company *acquired the rollover asset before 20 September 1985, the recipient company is taken to have acquired it before that day.

Note 1: A capital gain or loss you make from a CGT asset you acquired before 20 September 1985 is generally disregarded: see Division 104. This exemption is removed in some situations: see, for example, Division 149.

Note 2: Under section 716855, where there have been certain rollovers, the cost base and reduced cost base of preCGT assets for the purposes of Part 390 (Consolidated groups) are worked out by applying subsection (2), rather than subsection (3), of this section.

 (4) If the trigger event involved a *personal use asset of the originating company, the recipient company is taken to have *acquired one.

Consequences for the recipient company (creation case)

 (5) For a creation case, the first element of the asset’s *cost base (in the hands of the recipient company) is the amount applicable under this table. The first element of its *reduced cost base is worked out similarly.

 

Creation case

Event No.

Applicable amount

D1

the *incidental costs the originating company incurred that relate to the trigger event

D2

the expenditure the originating company incurred to grant the option

D3

the expenditure the originating company incurred to grant the right

F1

the expenditure the originating company incurred on the grant, renewal or extension of the lease

  The expenditure can include giving property: see section 1035.

Note: CGT event J1 may occur if the recipient company stops being a member of the whollyowned group while still owning the rollover asset: see section 104175.

12675  Originating company is a CFC

 (1) This section applies if:

 (a) there is a rollover for the trigger event under this Subdivision; and

 (b) the originating company was a *CFC at the time of the trigger event; and

 (c) this Subdivision is relevant to the calculation of the *attributable income of the originating company under Division 7 of Part X of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936 because (ignoring the residency assumptions in that Division) the rollover asset was not *taxable Australian property for the originating company; and

 (d) a subsequent *CGT event happens in relation to the rollover asset.

 (2) In working out the amount of any *capital gain or *capital loss the recipient company (or a subsequent owner of the rollover asset if there is a series of rollovers until there is no rollover) makes when a subsequent *CGT event happens in relation to the asset, the modifications specified in Division 7 of Part X of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936 apply.

12685  Effect of rollover on certain liquidations

 (1) A *capital gain a company (the holding company) makes because *shares in its *100% subsidiary are cancelled (an example of *CGT event C2: see section 10425) on the liquidation of the subsidiary is reduced if the conditions in subsection (2) are satisfied. The reduction is worked out under subsection (3).

 (2) These conditions must be satisfied:

 (a) there must be a rollover under this Subdivision for at least one *CGT asset that the subsidiary *acquired on or after 20 September 1985 (the CGT rollover asset) being *disposed of by the subsidiary to the holding company in the course of the liquidation of the subsidiary;

 (c) the disposals must either:

 (i) be part of the liquidator’s final distribution in the course of the liquidation; or

 (ii) have occurred within 18 months of the dissolution of the subsidiary if they are part of an interim distribution in the course of the liquidation;

 (d) the holding company must have beneficially owned all of the shares in the subsidiary for the whole period from the time of the disposal, or the first disposal, of a CGT rollover asset until the cancellation of the shares;

 (e) the *market value of the CGT rollover asset or assets must comprise at least part of the *capital proceeds for the cancellation of the shares in the subsidiary that are beneficially owned by the holding company;

 (f) one or more of the shares that were cancelled (the postCGT shares) must have been acquired by the holding company on or after 20 September 1985.

 (3) The reduction of the *capital gain is worked out in this way.

Method statement

Step 1. Work out (disregarding this section) the sum of the *capital gains and the sum of the *capital losses the holding company would make on the cancellation of its shares in the subsidiary.

Step 2. Work out (disregarding this Subdivision):

 (a) the sum of the *capital gains the subsidiary would make on the *disposal of its CGT rollover assets to the holding company; and

 (b) the sum of the *capital losses it would make except for Subdivision 170D on the disposal of its *CGT assets to the holding company;

 in the course of the liquidation assuming the *capital proceeds were the assets’ *market values at the time of the disposal.

Step 3. If, after subtracting the sum of the *capital losses from the sum of the *capital gains, there is an overall capital gain from step 1 and an overall capital gain from step 2, then continue. Otherwise there is no adjustment.

Step 4. Express the number of postCGT shares as a fraction of the total number of shares the holding company owned in the subsidiary.

Step 5. Multiply the overall *capital gain from Step 2 by the fraction from Step 4.

Step 6. Reduce the overall *capital gain from Step 1 by the amount from Step 5. The result is the *capital gain the holding company makes from the cancellation of its shares in the subsidiary.

Note: This Subdivision is modified in calculating the attributable income of a CFC: see section 419 of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936.

Subdivision 126CChanges to trust deeds

Guide to Subdivision 126C

126125  What this Subdivision is about

This Subdivision sets out when there is a rollover for a CGT event that happens because of an amendment to or replacement of the trust deed of a complying approved deposit fund, a complying superannuation fund or a fund that accepts worker entitlement contributions.

Table of sections

126130 Changes to trust deeds

126135 Consequences of rollover

126130  Changes to trust deeds

 (1) There is a rollover if:

 (a) *CGT event E1 or E2 happens in relation to a *CGT asset because the trust deed of a *complying approved deposit fund or *complying superannuation fund is amended or replaced; and

 (b) the amendment or replacement is done for the purpose of:

 (i) complying with the Superannuation Industry (Supervision) Act 1993; or

 (ii) enabling a *complying approved deposit fund to become a *complying superannuation fund; and

 (c) the assets and members of the fund do not change as a consequence of the amendment or replacement.

Note: The full list of CGT events is in section 1045.

 (2) There is a rollover if:

 (a) *CGT event E1 or E2 happens in relation to a *CGT asset because the trust deed of a fund is amended or replaced; and

 (b) the amendment or replacement is done for the purpose of having:

 (i) the fund endorsed as an approved worker entitlement fund under subsection 58PB(3) of the Fringe Benefits Tax Assessment Act 1986; or

 (ii) the entity that operates the fund endorsed for the operation of the fund as an approved worker entitlement fund under subsection 58PB(3A) of that Act.

 (c) the assets and members of the fund do not change as a consequence of the amendment or replacement.

Note: The full list of CGT events is in section 1045.

126135  Consequences of rollover

 (1) A *capital gain or *capital loss made from the *CGT event is disregarded.

 (2) If the fund that owned the *CGT asset just before the time of the *CGT event *acquired it before 20 September 1985, the asset retains its status as a *preCGT asset in the hands of the fund that owned it after the time of the event.

 (3) If the fund that owned the *CGT asset just before the time of the *CGT event *acquired it on or after 20 September 1985:

 (a) the first element of the asset’s *cost base (in the hands of the fund that owned the asset after the time of the event) is its cost base just before that time; and

 (b) the first element of the asset’s *reduced cost base asset is worked out similarly; and

 (c) the fund that owned the asset after the time of the event is taken to have acquired the asset at that time.

Subdivision 126DSmall superannuation funds

Table of sections

126140 CGT event involving small superannuation funds

126140  CGT event involving small superannuation funds

Payment splits under Family Law Act

 (1) There is a rollover if:

 (a) an interest in a *small superannuation fund is subject to a *payment split; and

 (b) the *nonmember spouse in relation to that interest serves a waiver notice under section 90MZA of the Family Law Act 1975 in respect of that interest; and

 (c) as a result of serving the notice, the trustee (the transferor) of the fund transfers a *CGT asset to the trustee (the transferee) of another *complying superannuation fund for the benefit of the nonmember spouse.

Note: CGT event E2 may apply to the transfer.

Payment splits under the Superannuation Industry (Supervision) Regulations

 (2) There is also a rollover if:

 (a) an interest in a *small superannuation fund (the first fund) is subject to a *payment split; and

 (b) as a result of the payment split, there is a transfer or roll over of benefits, for the benefit of the *nonmember spouse, from the first fund to another *complying superannuation fund; and

 (c) the transfer is under provisions of the Superannuation Industry (Supervision) Regulations 1994 dealing with superannuation interests that are subject to payment splits; and

 (d) in order to give effect to the payment split, the trustee (the transferor) of the first fund transfers a *CGT asset to the trustee (the transferee) of the other fund for the benefit of the nonmember spouse.

Note: CGT event E2 may apply to the transfer.

Transfer of own interest in a small superannuation fund

 (2A) There is also a rollover if:

 (a) an individual has an interest in a *small superannuation fund (the first fund); and

 (b) the individual’s *spouse, or former spouse, also has an interest in the first fund; and

 (c) the trustee (the transferor) of the first fund transfers a *CGT asset to the trustee (the transferee) of another *complying superannuation fund for the benefit of the individual; and

 (d) the transfer is in accordance with an award, order or agreement mentioned in subsection (2B); and

 (e) if the transfer is part of a series of transfers in accordance with the award, order or agreement—the individual will no longer have an interest in the first fund when the series of transfers is complete; and

 (f) if the transfer is not part of a series of transfers in accordance with the award, order or agreement—as a result of the transfer, the individual no longer has an interest in the first fund; and

 (g) there has not been a rollover under subsection (1) or (2) or this subsection in relation to the transfer of another CGT asset from the first fund, where the transfer was:

 (i) made because of the award, order or agreement; and

 (ii) for the benefit of that spouse, or former spouse; and

 (h) if the transfer is in accordance with an agreement mentioned in paragraph (2B)(d), (da) or (e), the conditions in subsection (2C) are satisfied.

Note: CGT event E2 may apply to the transfer.

 (2B) The awards, orders and agreements are:

 (a) an award made in an arbitration referred to in section 13H of the Family Law Act 1975 or a corresponding award made in an arbitration under a corresponding *State law, *Territory law or *foreign law; or

 (b) a court order made under section 79, subsection 90AE(2) or 90AF(2) or section 90SM of the Family Law Act 1975; or

 (c) a court order made under a State law, Territory law or foreign law relating to breakdowns of relationships between *spouses that corresponds to an order made under subsection 90AE(2) or 90AF(2) or section 90SM of the Family Law Act 1975; or

 (d) a financial agreement made under Part VIIIA of the Family Law Act 1975 that is binding because of section 90G of that Act or a corresponding written agreement that is binding because of a corresponding foreign law; or

 (da) a Part VIIIAB financial agreement (within the meaning of the Family Law Act 1975) that is binding because of section 90UJ of that Act; or

 (e) a written agreement:

 (i) that is binding under a State law, Territory law or foreign law relating to breakdowns of relationships between spouses; and

 (ii) that, because of such a law, prevents a court making an order about matters to which the agreement applies, or that is inconsistent with the terms of the agreement in relation to those matters, unless the agreement is varied or set aside.

 (2C) The conditions are that:

 (a) at the time of the transfer:

 (i) the *spouses, or former spouses, involved are separated; and

 (ii) there is no reasonable likelihood of cohabitation being resumed; and

 (b) the transfer happened because of reasons directly connected with the breakdown of the relationship between the spouses or former spouses.

 (2D) For the purposes of subsection (2C), the question whether *spouses, or former spouses, have separated is to be determined in the same way as it is for the purposes of section 48 of the Family Law Act 1975 (as affected by sections 49 and 50 of that Act).

Rollover consequences

 (3) A *capital gain or *capital loss the transferor makes from the transfer of the asset is disregarded.

 (4) If the transferor *acquired the asset on or after 20 September 1985:

 (a) the first element of the asset’s *cost base (in the hands of the transferee) is the asset’s cost base (in the hands of the transferor) at the time the transferee acquired it; and

 (b) the first element of the asset’s *reduced cost base (in the hands of the transferee) is worked out similarly.

 (5) If the transferor *acquired the asset before 20 September 1985, the transferee is taken to have acquired it before that day.

Note: A capital gain or loss you make from a CGT asset you acquired before 20 September 1985 is generally disregarded: see Division 104. This exemption is removed in some situations: see Division 149.

Subdivision 126EEntitlement to shares after demutualisation and scrip for scrip rollover

Guide to Subdivision 126E

126185  What this Subdivision is about

This Subdivision sets out when there is a rollover for a CGT event that happens because a beneficiary becomes absolutely entitled to a share as against the trustee where the trustee obtained a rollover under Subdivision 124M following a demutualisation.

Table of sections

Operative provisions

126190 When there is a rollover

126195 Consequences of rollover

Operative provisions

126190  When there is a rollover

  There is a rollover if:

 (a) an insurance company demutualises; and

 (b) the trustee of a trust holds a *share issued under the demutualisation in trust for an entity to whom the share would have been issued if the entity could, and were in a position to, prove the entity’s entitlement to the share; and

 (c) the trustee obtains a rollover under Subdivision 124M of this Act (Scrip for scrip rollover) for the share because the trustee exchanges the share for a share (the replacement share) in another company (whether or not the trustee receives something in addition to the replacement share); and

 (d) a *CGT event happens in relation to the replacement share because the entity becomes absolutely entitled to the share as against the trustee.

Note: This Subdivision does not apply to the demutualisation of a private health insurer: see section 315160.

126195  Consequences of rollover

 (1) A *capital gain or *capital loss the trustee makes from the *CGT event is disregarded.

 (2) The first element of the *cost base of the replacement share for the entity is the cost base of the replacement share in the hands of the trustee just before the *CGT event happened. The first element of the *reduced cost base of the replacement share for the entity is worked out similarly.

Example: The JB mutual insurance company demutualises, issuing shares in JB Limited to its policyholders. It is unable to locate some of its policyholders so it establishes a trust and issues shares to the trustee on behalf of those policyholders. Steve is one of those policyholders (being potentially entitled to 50 shares).

 JB Limited is taken over by PVDM Limited. Members of JB are issued with 2 shares in PVDM for each share they have in JB. The trustee obtains a rollover under Subdivision 124M for the exchange. Each PVDM share held by the trustee has a cost base and reduced cost base of $15.

 Steve writes to the trustee and proves his entitlement to the shares held in trust for him.

 There is a rollover under this Subdivision so that any capital gain or loss made by the trustee is disregarded. The first element of the cost base and reduced cost base of each of Steve’s PVDM shares is $15.

Subdivision 126GTransfer of assets between certain trusts

Guide to Subdivision 126G

126215  What this Subdivision is about

Rollovers may be available when CGT assets are transferred between certain trusts.

Table of sections

Operative provisions

126220 Object of this Subdivision

126225 When a rollover may be chosen

126230 Beneficiaries’ entitlements not be discretionary etc.

126235 Exceptions for rollover

126240 Consequences for the trusts

126245 Consequences for beneficiaries—general approach for working out cost base etc.

126250 Consequences for beneficiaries—other approach for working out cost base etc.

126255 No other cost base etc. adjustment for beneficiaries

126260 Giving information to beneficiaries

126265 Interest sale facilities

Operative provisions

126220  Object of this Subdivision

  The object of this Subdivision is to ensure that CGT considerations are not an impediment to the restructure of trusts, whilst ensuring that subsequent changes to the manner and extent to which beneficiaries can benefit from the trusts are subject to appropriate tax consequences.

126225  When a rollover may be chosen

 (1) A rollover may be chosen for a *CGT asset (the rollover asset) if:

 (a) the trustee of a trust (the transferring trust):

 (i) creates a trust (the receiving trust), by declaration or settlement, over one or more CGT assets that include the rollover asset; or

 (ii) transfers the rollover asset to an existing trust (the receiving trust);

  at a particular time (the transfer time); and

 (b) if subparagraph (a)(ii) applies—the receiving trust has no CGT assets immediately before the transfer time, other than any or all of the following:

 (i) small amounts of cash or debt;

 (ii) its rights under an *arrangement, if (collectively) those rights only facilitate the transfer of assets to it from the transferring trust; and

 (c) just after the transfer time:

 (i) each of the trusts has the same beneficiaries; and

 (ii) the receiving trust has the same *classes of *membership interests that the transferring trust had just before, and has just after, the transfer time; and

 (iii) the sum of the *market values of each beneficiary’s membership interests of a particular class in both trusts is substantially the same as the sum of the market values, just before the transfer time, of the beneficiary’s membership interests of that class in both trusts; and

 (d) the requirement in section 126230 is met; and

 (e) the exceptions in section 126235 do not apply.

Exception if other rollover assets already transferred

 (2) However, paragraph (1)(b) does not apply if:

 (a) the rollover asset is transferred to the receiving trust under an *arrangement; and

 (b) the rollover asset was an asset of the transferring trust just before the arrangement was made; and

 (c) at least one other asset of the receiving trust:

 (i) is an asset for which a rollover was obtained under this Subdivision for the trusts; and

 (ii) is an asset over which the receiving trust was created, or was transferred by the transferring trust to the receiving trust under the arrangement; and

 (d) the transfer time is in the income year for the transferring trust that includes the earliest transfer time (the start time) for the assets covered by paragraph (c).

Obtaining the rollover

 (3) The rollover only happens if both the trustee of the transferring trust and the trustee of the receiving trust choose to obtain it.

126230  Beneficiaries’ entitlements not be discretionary etc.

 (1) The conditions in subsections (2) and (3) must be met:

 (a) if subsection 126225(2) applies—at all times during the period:

 (i) starting at the start time; and

 (ii) ending at the transfer time; and

 (b) otherwise—at the transfer time.

CGT event E4 is capable of happening

 (2) The first condition is met at a particular time if, at that time, *CGT event E4 is capable of happening to all of the *membership interests in each of the trusts.

Note: A rollover cannot be chosen if either trust is a discretionary trust.

Beneficiaries’ entitlements not discretionary

 (3) The second condition is met at a particular time if, at that time, the manner or extent to which each beneficiary of each trust can benefit from the trust is not capable of being significantly affected by the exercise, or nonexercise, of a power.

 (4) However, if both trusts are *managed investment trusts, disregard a power if the power’s existence at that time does not significantly affect the *market value at that time of each *membership interest in each of the trusts.

126235  Exceptions for rollover

Foreign trusts

 (1) An exception applies for a *CGT asset if:

 (a) the receiving trust is a *foreign trust for CGT purposes for the income year that includes the transfer time; and

 (b) the rollover asset is not *taxable Australian property just after the transfer time.

Public trading trusts

 (2) Another exception applies if either trust is a trust to which section 102S of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936 applies for the income year that includes the transfer time.

Choices

 (3) Another exception applies if, just after the transfer time:

 (a) a choice (however described) under a provision of a *taxation law is in force for either of the trusts in relation to particular circumstances; and

 (b) the same choice (however described) under that provision for the other trust in relation to those circumstances (a mirror choice) is not also in force; and

 (c) the absence of a mirror choice would or could have an ongoing effect on the calculation of an entity’s *net income, or taxable income, for:

 (i) the entity’s income year that includes the transfer time; or

 (ii) a later income year.

 (4) However, the exception in subsection (3) does not apply if:

 (a) the other trust makes a mirror choice before the first time after the transfer time when the absence of the mirror choice would affect the calculation of an entity’s *net income, or taxable income, for an income year; or

 (b) it would not be reasonable for subsection (3) to apply.

Note: For paragraph (a), the other trust must still be able, under the relevant provision of the taxation law, to make the mirror choice.

 (5) If, just after the transfer time:

 (a) a choice (however described) referred to in paragraph (3)(a) is in force for either of the trusts (the first choice); and

 (b) a provision of a *taxation law:

 (i) prevents the revocation or variation of that choice; or

 (ii) sets out a consequence for an entity if that choice is revoked or varied;

that provision is taken to apply for a mirror choice, in force for the other trust at or after that time, in a way corresponding to the way in which it applies for the first choice.

Note: For example, if the provision sets out consequences that flow from the revocation of the first choice, then those consequences will also flow if the mirror choice is revoked.

126240  Consequences for the trusts

Disregard any capital gain or loss

 (1) If the rollover is chosen, disregard any *capital gain or *capital loss the trustee of the transferring trust makes from:

 (a) creating the receiving trust over the rollover asset; or

 (b) transferring the rollover asset to the receiving trust;

at the transfer time.

Adjust rollover asset’s cost base and reduced cost base

 (2) If the rollover is chosen:

 (a) the first element of the rollover asset’s *cost base, in the hands of the receiving trust, is its cost base just before the transfer time; and

 (b) the first element of the rollover asset’s *reduced cost base is worked out similarly.

Any pretransfer losses of receiving trust cannot be utilised

 (3) If the rollover is chosen:

 (a) any *net capital loss of the receiving trust for an income year ending before the transfer time cannot be applied after the transfer time to reduce an amount of that trust’s *capital gains; and

 (b) the sum of the receiving trust’s *capital losses for the income year that includes the transfer time (the transfer year) is reduced by an amount equal to any net capital loss that the trust would have had for that year had that year ended just before the transfer time; and

 (c) any *tax loss of the receiving trust for an income year ending before the transfer time cannot be deducted after the transfer time from an amount of that trust’s assessable income or *net exempt income; and

 (d) the sum of the receiving trust’s deductions for the transfer year is reduced by an amount equal to any tax loss that the trust would have had for that year had that year ended just before the transfer time.

References in this subsection to the transfer time are to be read as references to the start time if subsection 126225(2) applies.

Note: Subsection 126225(2) applies if the rollover asset is transferred to the receiving trust after an earlier rollover under this Subdivision, for another asset, was obtained for the trusts.

PreCGT assets

 (4) If:

 (a) the rollover is chosen; and

 (b) the transferring trust last *acquired the rollover asset before 20 September 1985;

the receiving trust is taken to have acquired it before that day.

126245  Consequences for beneficiaries—general approach for working out cost base etc.

 (1) If the rollover is chosen, each of the following:

 (a) the *cost base and *reduced cost base of each of a beneficiary’s *membership interests in each trust;

 (b) the time each of the beneficiary’s membership interests in the receiving trust is treated as having been *acquired;

is adjusted under this section for the transfer time unless the beneficiary has chosen for them to be adjusted under section 126250.

Note: The beneficiary can choose for these things to be adjusted once for several consecutive transfer times (for multiple rollover assets) if the beneficiary owned the interests at all of those times (see section 126250).

First element of cost base of interests in transferring trust

 (2) The first element of the *cost base, just after the transfer time, of each of the beneficiary’s *membership interests in the transferring trust is an amount equal to such proportion of the interest’s cost base just before the transfer time as is reasonable having regard to:

 (a) the *market value of the interest just after the transfer time, or a reasonable approximation of that market value; and

 (b) the market value of the interest just before the transfer time, or a reasonable approximation of that market value.

First element of cost base of interests in receiving trust

 (3) The first element of the *cost base, just after the transfer time, of each of the beneficiary’s *membership interests in the receiving trust is such amount so that the sum of:

 (a) the cost base, just before the transfer time, of that membership interest in the receiving trust; and

 (b) if, just after the transfer time, that interest in the receiving trust corresponds to at least one of the beneficiary’s membership interests in the transferring trust—the cost base, just before the transfer time, of each of those corresponding membership interests in the transferring trust; and

 (c) if, just after the transfer time, that interest in the receiving trust corresponds to a proportion of one of the beneficiary’s membership interests in the transferring trust—that proportion of the cost base, just before the transfer time, of that corresponding membership interest in the transferring trust;

reasonably approximates:

 (d) if paragraph (b) applies—the sum of the cost bases, just after the transfer time, of each of the interests referred to in paragraphs (a) and (b); and

 (e) if paragraph (c) applies—the sum of:

 (i) the cost base, just after the transfer time, of the interest referred to in paragraph (a); and

 (ii) the proportion of the cost base, just after the transfer time, of the interest referred to in paragraph (c).

First element of reduced cost base of interests in each trust

 (4) The first element of the *reduced cost base, just after the transfer time, of each of the beneficiary’s *membership interests in each trust is worked out similarly.

Time of acquisition for interests in the receiving trust

 (5) Each of the beneficiary’s *membership interests in the receiving trust is treated as having been *acquired just after the transfer time.

Time of acquisition for preCGT interests in the receiving trust

 (6) However, if one or more of the beneficiary’s *membership interests in the transferring trust were *preCGT assets just before the transfer time, the beneficiary is treated as having *acquired before 20 September 1985 its interests in the receiving trust that correspond to those interests in the transferring trust.

126250  Consequences for beneficiaries—other approach for working out cost base etc.

 (1) This section applies if the beneficiary owns one or more *membership interests in the transferring trust at all times during the period:

 (a) starting just before this time (the starting time):

 (i) the transfer time; or

 (ii) the transfer time for an asset referred to in paragraph 126225(2)(c) (assuming subsection 126225(2) applies); and

 (b) ending just after this time (the ending time):

 (i) the transfer time (assuming this is not also the starting time); or

 (ii) a later time in the transfer year that is the transfer time for another asset for which a rollover is obtained under this Subdivision for the trusts.

Note: Subsection 126225(2) applies if the rollover asset is transferred to the receiving trust after an earlier rollover under this Subdivision, for another asset, was obtained for the trusts.

 (2) The beneficiary may choose for each of the following:

 (a) the *cost base and *reduced cost base of each of those *membership interests and of the beneficiary’s corresponding membership interests in the receiving trust;

 (b) the time each of those corresponding interests in the receiving trust is treated as having been *acquired;

to be adjusted under subsection (3) for the period.

 (3) For each of the interests referred to in subsection (2), subsections 126245(2), (3), (4), (5) and (6) apply as if:

 (a) references in those subsections to just before the transfer time were references to just before the starting time; and

 (b) references in those subsections to just after the transfer time were references to just after the ending time.

126255  No other cost base etc. adjustment for beneficiaries

  If a beneficiary of the trusts makes adjustments under section 126245 or 126250 to the *cost base and *reduced cost base of the beneficiary’s *membership interests in relation to the *CGT event that is:

 (a) the creation of the receiving trust over the rollover asset; or

 (b) the transfer of the rollover asset to the receiving trust;

no other adjustment is to be made under this Act to those cost bases and reduced cost bases because of something that happens in relation to that event.

Note: This section prevents the general value shifting regime from applying in relation to the event because sections 126245 and 126250 deal with any value shift that might occur.

126260  Giving information to beneficiaries

Beneficiaries must be given particulars of the rollover

 (1) If the rollover is chosen, the trustee of the transferring trust must, within 3 months after the end of the transfer year, send written notice of the particulars set out in subsection (2) to each of the trust’s beneficiaries:

 (a) by post to the address most recently notified by the beneficiary as the beneficiary’s address; or

 (b) by any other means notified by the beneficiary for receiving correspondence from the trust.

Note: The trustee may also notify beneficiaries of other details of the rollover.

The particulars that must be given

 (2) The particulars are as follows:

 (a) the rollover asset’s transfer time;

 (b) sufficient information to enable a beneficiary to work out which of the beneficiary’s *membership interests in the receiving trust correspond to each of the beneficiary’s membership interests in the transferring trust;

 (c) the *market value of each of the membership interests held by the beneficiary in the transferring trust just after the rollover asset’s transfer time, or a reasonable approximation of that market value;

 (d) the market value of each of the membership interests held by the beneficiary in the transferring trust just before the rollover asset’s transfer time, or a reasonable approximation of that market value.

Offence

 (3) A trustee commits an offence if the trustee contravenes subsection (1).

Penalty: 30 penalty units.

 (4) An offence against subsection (3) is an offence of strict liability.

Note: For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

If the transferring trust has multiple trustees

 (5) If the transferring trust has 2 or more trustees, the obligation imposed by subsection (1) is imposed on each of the trustees, but may be discharged by any of the trustees.

Note: Each of the trustees commits an offence against subsection (3) if none of them discharges the obligation imposed by subsection (1).

 (6) In a prosecution of a trustee for an offence against subsection (3) for an act or omission contravening subsection (1), it is a defence if the trustee proves that the trustee:

 (a) did not aid, abet, counsel or procure the act or omission; and

 (b) was not in any way knowingly concerned in, or party to, the act or omission (whether directly or indirectly and whether by any act or omission of the trustee).

Note: A defendant bears a legal burden in relation to the matters in subsection (6): see section 13.4 of the Criminal Code.

Obligations of beneficiary unaffected if not notified of rollover

 (7) A failure by a trustee to comply with subsection (1) does not affect the application of section 126245 to the beneficiary.

126265  Interest sale facilities

Interest sale facilities

 (1) For the purposes of this Subdivision, an entity (the investor) is treated as owning a *membership interest (the rollover interest) in the receiving trust at a time (the deeming time), if:

 (a) the investor owned a membership interest in the transferring trust; and

 (b) a trust is created, or a transfer happens, (the transaction) as mentioned in paragraph 126225(1)(a) in relation to *CGT assets of the transferring trust; and

 (c) because:

 (i) a *foreign law impedes the ability of the receiving trust to issue or transfer the rollover interest to the investor; or

 (ii) it would be impractical or unreasonably onerous to determine whether a foreign law impedes the ability of the receiving trust to issue or transfer the rollover interest to the investor;

  it is *arranged that the receiving trust will issue or transfer the rollover interest to another entity (the facility) under the transaction instead of to the investor; and

 (d) in accordance with that arrangement and as a result of the transaction, the facility:

 (i) becomes the owner of the rollover interest; and

 (ii) owns the rollover interest at the deeming time; and

 (e) under the arrangement, the investor is entitled to receive from the facility:

 (i) an amount equivalent to the *capital proceeds of any *CGT event that happens in relation to the rollover interest (less expenses); or

 (ii) if a CGT event happens in relation to the rollover interest together with CGT events happening in relation to other membership interests—an amount equivalent to the investor’s proportion of the total capital proceeds of the CGT events (less expenses).

 (2) The facility is treated as not owning the rollover interest at the deeming time.

Division 128Effect of death

Guide to Division 128

1281  What this Division is about

This Division sets out what happens when you die and a CGT asset you owned just before dying devolves to your legal personal representative or passes to a beneficiary in your estate.

It also contains rules about what happens when a joint tenant dies.

General rules

12810 Capital gain or loss when you die is disregarded

12815 Effect on the legal personal representative or beneficiary

12820 When does an asset pass to a beneficiary?

12825 The beneficiary is a trustee of a superannuation fund etc.

Special rules for joint tenants

12850 Joint tenants

General rules

12810  Capital gain or loss when you die is disregarded

  When you die, a *capital gain or *capital loss from a *CGT event that results for a *CGT asset you owned just before dying is disregarded.

Note 1: Section 104215 sets out an exception to this rule if the CGT asset passes to a beneficiary in your estate who is:

 an exempt entity; or

 the trustee of a complying superannuation entity; or

 a foreign resident.

Note 2: There is a special indexation rule for deceased estates: see section 11410.

12815  Effect on the legal personal representative or beneficiary

 (1) This section sets out what happens if a *CGT asset you owned just before dying:

 (a) devolves to your *legal personal representative; or

 (b) *passes to a beneficiary in your estate.

Note 1: Section 12825 has different rules if the asset passes to a beneficiary in your estate who is the trustee of a complying superannuation entity.

Note 2: If the beneficiary is an exempt entity, Division 57 in Schedule 2D to the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936 has rules about exempt entities that become taxable. It sets out what the entity is taken to have purchased its assets for when it becomes taxable.

Note 3: If the beneficiary is a foreign resident, Subdivision 855B sets out what happens if the beneficiary becomes an Australian resident. The beneficiary is taken to have acquired each asset owned just before becoming an Australian resident for the market value of the asset at that time.

 (2) The *legal personal representative, or beneficiary, is taken to have *acquired the asset on the day you died.

Special rule for legal personal representative

 (3) Any *capital gain or *capital loss the *legal personal representative makes if the asset *passes to a beneficiary in your estate is disregarded.

Cost base rules for both

 (4) This table sets out the modifications to the *cost base and *reduced cost base of the *CGT asset in the hands of the *legal personal representative or beneficiary.

 

Modifications to cost base and reduced cost base



Item


For this kind of CGT asset:


The first element of the asset’s cost base is:

The first element of the asset’s reduced cost base is:

1

One you *acquired on or after 20 September 1985, except one covered by item 2, 3, 3A or 3B

the *cost base of the asset on the day you died

the *reduced cost base of the asset on the day you died

2

One that was *trading stock in your hands just before you died

the amount worked out under section 70105

the amount worked out under section 70105

3

A *dwelling that was your main residence just before you died, and was not then being used for the *purpose of producing assessable income

the *market value of the *dwelling on the day you died

the market value of the *dwelling on the day you died

3A

If you were a foreign resident just before you died—an asset that was not *taxable Australian property just before you died, except one covered by item 2

the *market value of the asset on the day you died

the market value of the asset on the day you died

3B

One that *passes to a trustee of a *special disability trust

the *market value of the asset on the day you died

the market value of the asset on the day you died

4

One you *acquired before 20 September 1985

the *market value of the asset on the day you died

the market value of the asset on the day you died

Note 1: Section 70105 has a general rule that the person on whom the trading stock devolves is taken to have bought it for its market value. There are some exceptions though.

Note 2: Subdivision 118B contains other rules about dwellings acquired through deceased estates.

Note 3: The rule in item 3 in the table does not apply to a dwelling that devolved to your legal personal representative, or passed to a beneficiary in your estate, on or before 7.30 pm on 20 August 1996: see section 12815 of the Income Tax (Transitional Provisions) Act 1997.

Further rule for a beneficiary

 (5) A beneficiary can include in the *cost base or *reduced cost base of the asset any expenditure that the *legal personal representative would have been able to include at the time the asset *passes to the beneficiary. The beneficiary can include the expenditure on the day the representative incurred it.

Example: You die on 1 May 1995 owning land. On 15 June 1995 your legal personal representative pays $500 council rates for the land.

 On 31 July 1995 your representative transfers it to a beneficiary in your estate, who is taken to have acquired it on 1 May 1995.

 The beneficiary can include the $500 in the third element of the cost base of the land. It is included on 15 June 1995.

Collectables and personal use assets

 (6) The *legal personal representative or beneficiary is taken to have *acquired a *collectable or a *personal use asset if:

 (a) you acquired it on or after 20 September 1985; and

 (b) it was a *collectable or a *personal use asset (as appropriate) in your hands when you died.

Note 1: Capital losses from collectables can be used only to reduce capital gains from collectables: see section 10810.

Note 2: Capital losses from personal use assets are disregarded: see section 10820.

12820  When does an asset pass to a beneficiary?

 (1) A *CGT asset passes to a beneficiary in your estate if the beneficiary becomes the owner of the asset:

 (a) under your will, or that will as varied by a court order; or

 (b) by operation of an intestacy law, or such a law as varied by a court order; or

 (c) because it is appropriated to the beneficiary by your legal personal representative in satisfaction of a pecuniary legacy or some other interest or share in your estate; or

 (d) under a deed of arrangement if:

 (i) the beneficiary entered into the deed to settle a claim to participate in the distribution of your estate; and

 (ii) any consideration given by the beneficiary for the asset consisted only of the variation or waiver of a claim to one or more other *CGT assets that formed part of your estate.

  (It does not matter whether the asset is transmitted directly to the beneficiary or is transferred to the beneficiary by your *legal personal representative.)

 (2) A *CGT asset does not pass to a beneficiary in your estate if the beneficiary becomes the owner of the asset because your *legal personal representative transfers it under a power of sale.

12825  The beneficiary is a trustee of a superannuation fund etc.

 (1) This section has rules about *cost base and *reduced cost base that are relevant if you die and a *CGT asset you owned just before dying *passes to a beneficiary in your estate who (when the asset passes) is the trustee of a *complying superannuation entity.

Note: A capital gain or loss is also made: see section 104215.

 (2) The beneficiary is taken to have *acquired the asset on the day you died. The first element of the *cost base and *reduced cost base of the asset is its *market value on that day.

 (3) The beneficiary can include in the *cost base or *reduced cost base of the asset any expenditure that your *legal personal representative would have been able to include at the time the asset *passes to the beneficiary. The beneficiary can include the expenditure on the day the representative incurred it.

Special rules for joint tenants

12850  Joint tenants

 (1) This section has rules that are relevant if a *CGT asset is owned by joint tenants and one of them dies.

 (2) The survivor is taken to have *acquired (on the day the individual died) the individual’s interest in the asset. If there are 2 or more survivors, they are taken to have acquired that interest in equal shares.

Note: Joint tenants are treated as owning a CGT asset in equal shares: see section 1087.

 (3) If the individual who died *acquired his or her interest in the asset on or after 20 September 1985, the first element of the *cost base of the interest each survivor is taken to have acquired is:

  The first element of the *reduced cost base of the interest each survivor is taken to have *acquired is worked out similarly.

Example: In 1999 2 individuals buy land for $50,000 as joint tenants. Each one is taken to have a 50% interest in it. On 1 May 2001 one of them dies.

 The survivor is taken to have acquired the interest of the individual who died on 1 May 2001. If the cost base of that interest on that day is $27,000, the survivor is taken to have acquired that interest for that amount.

 (4) If the individual who died *acquired his or her interest in the asset before 20 September 1985, the first element of the *cost base and *reduced cost base of the interest each survivor is taken to have acquired is:

Note: There is a special indexation rule for surviving joint tenants: see section 11410.

Division 130Investments

Table of Subdivisions

 Guide to Division 130

130A Bonus shares and units

130B Rights

130C Convertible interests

130D Employee share schemes

130E Exchangeable interests

Guide to Division 130

1301  What this Division is about

This Division sets out the rules for these kinds of investments:

 bonus shares and units; and

 rights; and

 convertible interests; and

 shares acquired under an employee share scheme; and

 exchangeable interests.

Most are about modifying the cost base and reduced cost base of a CGT asset.

Subdivision 130ABonus shares and units

Guide to Subdivision 130A

Table of sections

13015 Acquisition time and cost base of bonus equities

Operative provisions

13020 Issue of bonus shares or units

13015  Acquisition time and cost base of bonus equities

Operative provisions

13020  Issue of bonus shares or units

 (1) This section sets out what happens if:

 (a) you own *shares in a company or units in a unit trust (the original equities); and

 (b) the company issues other shares, or the trustee issues other units, (the bonus equities) to you in relation to the original equities.

 (2) The first element of your *cost base and *reduced cost base for the bonus equities includes:

 (a) for *shares—any part of the shares that are a *dividend (or taken to be a dividend under subsection 45(2) or 45C(1) of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936); and

 (b) for units—any part of the other units that are or will be included in your assessable income.

You are taken to have *acquired the bonus equities when they were issued.

Note 1: There are special indexation rules for cost base modifications: see Division 114.

Note 2: The amounts of calls you pay on partlypaid equities will also form part of the first element of their cost base and reduced cost base.

Note 3: There is a special rule for shares issued on or before 30 June 1987: see subsection 13020(2) of the Income Tax (Transitional Provisions) Act 1997.

Note 4: Certain capital distributions are taken to be dividends under subsections 45(2) and 45C(1) if a company has entered into a capital streaming or dividend substitution arrangement.

 (3) This table sets out what happens if:

 (a) none of the shares are a *dividend (or taken to be a dividend under subsection 45(2) or 45C(1) of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936); or

 (b) none of the other units are or will be included in your assessable income.

Note: Certain capital distributions are taken to be dividends under subsections 45(2) and 45C(1) if a company has entered into a capital streaming or dividend substitution arrangement.

 

Modifications where neither a dividend nor assessable



Item



In this situation:

You are taken to have *acquired the bonus equities when:



There is this effect:

1

You *acquire the original equities on or after 20 September 1985

You *acquired the original equities

You apportion the first element of your *cost base and *reduced cost base for the original equities in a reasonable way over both the original and bonus equities

2

You *acquire the original equities before 20 September 1985 and an amount has been paid for the bonus equities that you were required to pay

The liability to pay the amount arose

The first element of your *cost base and *reduced cost base for the bonus equities includes their *market value just before that time

3

You *acquire the original equities before 20 September 1985 and the bonus equities are fully paid

You *acquired the original equities

Any *capital gain or *capital loss you make from the bonus equities is disregarded

4

You *acquire the original equities before 20 September 1985 and the bonus equities are partly paid but no amount has been paid since the issue of the bonus equities

You *acquired the original equities

Any *capital gain or *capital loss you make from the bonus equities is disregarded

  The amount paid or payable can include giving property: see section 1035.

Note 1: The amounts of calls you pay on partlypaid equities will also form part of the first element of their cost base and reduced cost base.

Note 2: There is a special rule for bonus equities issued on or before 1 pm on 10 December 1986 that affects item 2 of the table: see subsection 13020(3) of the Income Tax (Transitional Provisions) Act 1997.

 (3A) If only a part of a capital benefit that is bonus equities is a *dividend, or is taken to be a dividend under subsection 45(2) or 45C(1) of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936, you apportion the first element of your *cost base and *reduced cost base for the original equities in a reasonable way over both the original equities and the bonus equities.

 (4) The modifications in this section are not made if, for the income year in which the bonus equities are issued, the unit trust is a public trading trust within the meaning of section 102R of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936.

Note: Subsection 26BC(9E) of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936 (about securities lending arrangements) modifies the operation of this section.

Subdivision 130BRights

Table of sections

13040 Exercise of rights

13045 Timing rules

13050 Application to options

13040  Exercise of rights

 (1) The table in this section sets out the modifications to the rules about *cost base and *reduced cost base that happen if you exercise rights to *acquire:

 (a) *shares, or options to acquire shares, in a company; or

 (b) units, or options to acquire units, in a unit trust.

Note: For rights acquired under employee share schemes, see Division 83A, Subdivision 130D and Division 134.

 (2) The modifications happen only if:

 (a) you did not pay for the rights and the condition in subsection (3) is satisfied; or

 (b) the condition in subsection (4) is satisfied.

The payment can include giving property: see section 1035.

 (3) When you were issued the rights, you must:

 (a) already own shares in, or *convertible interests issued by, the company or a company that is a member of the same *whollyowned group (the original shares or interests); or

 (b) already own units in, or convertible interests issued by the trustee of, the unit trust (the original units or interests).

 (4) You must have *acquired the rights from an entity that already owned shares, units or convertible interests of the kind referred to in subsection (3).

 (5) The company that is a member of the same *whollyowned group mentioned in paragraph (3)(a) includes a company that would cease to be a member of that group by the exercise of the rights.

 (6) The rights to *acquire units or to acquire an option to acquire units in a unit trust must have been issued by the trustee after 28 January 1988.

 

Modifications on exercise of rights

Item

In this situation:

The modification is...

1

You exercise rights issued to you to *acquire the *shares, units or options.

The first element of your *cost base for the shares, units or options is the sum of:

(a) the cost base of the rights at the time of exercise; and

(b) any amount paid to exercise the rights, except to the extent that the amount is represented in the paragraph (a) amount; and

(c) all the amounts to be added under subsection (6A).

The first element of their *reduced cost base is worked out similarly.

2

You exercise rights you *acquired from another entity to acquire the *shares, units or options.

The first element of your *cost base for the shares, units or options is the sum of:

(a) the cost base of the rights at the time of exercise; and

(b) any amount paid to exercise the rights, except to the extent that the amount is represented in the paragraph (a) amount; and

(c) all the amounts to be added under subsection (6A).

The first element of their *reduced cost base is worked out similarly.

3

You exercise rights issued to you to *acquire the *shares, units or options, and you acquired the original shares or *convertible interests, or the original units or convertible interests, before 20 September 1985.

The first element of your *cost base for the shares, units or options is the sum of:

(a) the *market value of the rights when they were exercised; and

(b) any amount paid to exercise the rights, except to the extent that the amount is represented in the paragraph (a) amount; and

(c) all the amounts to be added under subsection (6A).

The first element of their *reduced cost base is worked out similarly.

 (6A) An amount is to be added under this subsection if a *capital gain made from the right has been reduced under section 11820. This is so even though a capital gain that is made on exercise is disregarded under subsection (7). The amount to be added is the amount of the reduction.

Note: For example, a capital gain made on the exercise of the right under section 11820 may be reduced because an amount is included in the owner’s assessable income under subsection 26BB(2) of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936 (about assessing a gain on disposal or redemption of a traditional security) or section 159GS of that Act (about balancing adjustments on transfer of a qualifying security).

 (7) A *capital gain or *capital loss you make from the exercise of the rights is disregarded.

Note 1: The exercise of the rights would be an example of CGT event C2 (about a CGT asset ending).

Note 2: There are transitional rules for some rights: see section 13040 of the Income Tax (Transitional Provisions) Act 1997.

Note 3: The effect of this Subdivision is modified in 2 cases by sections 102AAZBA (about nonresident trusts) and 414 (about CFC’s) of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936.

13045  Timing rules

Acquisition of rights

 (1) If you *acquired the rights from the company or trustee, you are taken to have acquired the rights when you acquired the original shares or interests or the original units or interests.

Acquisition of shares, units or options on exercise of rights

 (2) You are taken to have *acquired the new *shares, units or options when you exercise the rights.

13050  Application to options

  This Subdivision applies to options in the same way that it applies to rights.

Subdivision 130CConvertible interests

13060  Shares or units acquired by converting a convertible interest

 (1) This table sets out the modification to the rules about *cost base and *reduced cost base that happens if you *acquire *shares, or units in a unit trust, by converting a *convertible interest.

 

Conversion of a convertible interest

Item

In this situation:

The modification is...

1

You *acquire *shares or units in a unit trust by converting a *convertible interest that is a *traditional security.

The first element of the *cost base of the shares or units is the sum of:

(a) the cost base of the convertible interest at the time of conversion; and

(b) any amount paid to convert the convertible interest, except to the extent that the amount is represented in the paragraph (a) amount; and

(c) all the amounts to be added under subsection (1A).

The first element of their *reduced cost base is worked out similarly.

2

You *acquire *shares (except shares acquired under an *employee share scheme) by converting a *convertible interest that is not a *traditional security.

The first element of the *cost base of the shares is the sum of:

(a) the cost base of the convertible interest at the time of conversion; and

(b) any amount paid to convert the convertible interest, except to the extent that the amount is represented in the paragraph (a) amount; and

(c) all the amounts to be added under subsection (1A).

The first element of their *reduced cost base is worked out similarly.

3

You *acquire units in a unit trust by converting a *convertible interest (except one that is a *traditional security) that was issued by the trustee of the unit trust after 28 January 1988.

The first element of the *cost base of the units is the sum of:

(a) the cost base of the convertible interest at the time of conversion; and

(b) any amount paid to convert the convertible interest, except to the extent that the amount is represented in the paragraph (a) amount; and

(c) all the amounts to be added under subsection (1A).

The first element of their *reduced cost base is worked out similarly.

 (1A) An amount is to be added under this subsection if a *capital gain from the *convertible interest has been reduced under section 11820. This is so even though a capital gain that is made on conversion is disregarded under subsection (3). The amount to be added is the amount of the reduction.

Note: For example, a capital gain made on the conversion under section 11820 may be reduced because an amount is included in the owner’s assessable income under subsection 26BB(2) of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936 (about assessing a gain on disposal or redemption of a traditional security) or section 159GS of that Act (about balancing adjustments on transfer of a qualifying security).

 (1B) The payment to convert the convertible interest can include giving property (see section 1035).

 (2) You are taken to have *acquired the shares or units when the conversion of the convertible interest happened.

 (3) A *capital gain or *capital loss you make from converting the convertible interest is disregarded.

Note 1: The conversion of the convertible interest would be an example of CGT event C2 (about a CGT asset ending).

Note 2: There are transitional rules for some convertible notes: see section 13060 of the Income Tax (Transitional Provisions) Act 1997.

Subdivision 130DEmployee share schemes

Table of sections

13075 Objects of Subdivision

13080 ESS interests acquired under employee share schemes

13085 Interests in employee share trusts

13090 Shares held by employee share trusts

13095 Shares and rights in relation to ESS interests

13097 Application of certain provisions of Division 83A

13075  Objects of Subdivision

  The objects of this Subdivision are:

 (a) to recognise that:

 (i) Division 83A contains the primary rules for taxing gains on *ESS interests acquired under *employee share schemes; and

 (ii) *capital gains and *capital losses on such interests should usually be disregarded during the period in which Division 83A applies to them; and

 (b) to align the treatment of ESS interests under Division 83A and the CGT provisions by, for example:

 (i) turning off certain special CGT rules; and

 (ii) extending some of the deeming provisions of that Division into the CGT provisions; and

 (c) to disregard *employee share trusts for most CGT purposes, by treating ESS interests owned by such trusts as being directly owned by the beneficiaries of the trusts.

13080  ESS interests acquired under employee share schemes

Capital gains and losses

 (1) Disregard any *capital gain or *capital loss to the extent that it results from a *CGT event if:

 (a) the CGT event happens in relation to an *ESS interest you *acquire under an *employee share scheme; and

 (b) the CGT event is not CGT event E4, G1 or K8; and

 (c) if Subdivision 83AB applies to the interest—the time of the acquisition is the time when the CGT event happens; and

 (d) if Subdivision 83AC applies to the interest:

 (i) the time of the acquisition is the time when the CGT event happens; or

 (ii) the CGT event happens on or before the *ESS deferred taxing point for the ESS interest.

 (2) Subsection (1) does not apply if:

 (a) Subdivision 83AC applies to the *ESS interest; and

 (b) the *CGT event happens because you forfeit or lose the ESS interest (other than by disposing of it) on or before the *ESS deferred taxing point for the interest.

General acquisition rule

 (3) Subsection 1095(2) (about when you acquire a CGT asset) does not apply to a *CGT asset and a *CGT event if:

 (a) the CGT asset is:

 (i) a *share; or

 (ii) a right to acquire a beneficial interest in a share; and

 (b) the CGT event is CGT event A1; and

 (c) you acquire an *ESS interest; and

 (d) the ESS interest is a beneficial interest in the share or right; and

 (e) Subdivision 83AB or 83AC (about employee share schemes) applies to the ESS interest.

Market value substitution rule

 (4) Sections 11220 and 11630 (about the market value substitution rule) do not apply to the extent that they relate to:

 (a) you acquiring an *ESS interest to which Subdivision 83AC (about employee share schemes) applies; or

 (b) you:

 (i) forfeiting an ESS interest; or

 (ii) forfeiting or losing an ESS interest that is a beneficial interest in a right (without you having disposed of the interest or exercised the right);

  if Subdivision 83AB or 83AC applies to the ESS interest (ignoring section 83A310); or

 (c) you acquiring an ESS interest that:

 (i) is a beneficial interest in a right; and

 (ii) is an ESS interest to which the provisions referred to in paragraphs 83A33(1)(a) to (c) (about start ups) apply.

13085  Interests in employee share trusts

Scope

 (1) This section applies if:

 (a) you *acquire an *ESS interest under an *employee share scheme; and

 (b) Subdivision 83AB or 83AC applies to the ESS interest; and

 (c) the ESS interest is, or arises because of, an interest you hold in an *employee share trust.

Application of Division 83A, Part 31 and this Part

 (2) Division 83A (Employee share schemes), Part 31 (Capital gains and losses: general topics) and this Part apply as if you were absolutely entitled to the relevant *share or right:

 (a) from the time of acquisition of the *ESS interest; and

 (b) until you no longer have an ESS interest in the share or right.

Note 1: An interest you hold in an employee share trust may give rise to an ESS interest because of the operation of section 83A320.

Note 2: As a result of subsection (2) of this section, CGT event E5 might happen at the time of acquisition. This may result in the trustee making a capital gain. However, any capital gain made by the beneficiary would be disregarded under section 13080.

 (3) However, if this section applies to you because an *associate of yours *acquired the *ESS interest, Division 83A, this Part and Part 33 apply as if your associate were absolutely entitled to the relevant *share or right (instead of you):

 (a) either:

 (i) if Subdivision 83AB applies to the ESS interest—from the time of acquisition; or

 (ii) if Subdivision 83AC applies to the ESS interest—from immediately after the *ESS deferred taxing point for the ESS interest; and

 (b) until your associate no longer has an ESS interest in the share or right.

Note: Once the ESS interest has been taxed to you under Subdivision 83AB or 83AC, section 83A305 (which treats the interest as having been acquired by you, rather than your associate) is no longer relevant. Subsection (3) of this section ensures that your associate then gets the same tax treatment as you would have, had you originally acquired the interest. This does not, however, imply a disposal from you to your associate.

Meaning of employee share trust

 (4) An employee share trust, for an *employee share scheme, is a trust whose sole activities are:

 (a) obtaining *shares or rights in a company; and

 (b) ensuring that *ESS interests in the company that are beneficial interests in those shares or rights are provided under the employee share scheme to employees, or to *associates of employees, of:

 (i) the company; or

 (ii) a *subsidiary of the company; and

 (c) other activities that are merely incidental to the activities mentioned in paragraphs (a) and (b).

13090  Shares held by employee share trusts

Shares held for future acquisition under employee share schemes

 (1A) Disregard any *capital gain or *capital loss made by an *employee share trust to the extent that it results from a *CGT event, if:

 (a) immediately before the event happens, an *ESS interest is a *CGT asset of the trust; and

 (b) either of the following subparagraphs applies:

 (i) the event is CGT event E5, and the event happens because a beneficiary of the trust becomes absolutely entitled to the ESS interest as against the trustee;

 (ii) the event is CGT event E7, and the event happens because the trustee *disposes of the ESS interest to a beneficiary of the trust; and

 (c) Subdivision 83AB or 83AC (about employee share schemes) applies to the ESS interest.

Shares held to satisfy the future exercise of rights acquired under employee share schemes

 (1) Disregard any *capital gain or *capital loss made by an *employee share trust, or a beneficiary of the trust, to the extent that it results from a *CGT event, if:

 (a) the CGT event is CGT event E5 or E7; and

 (b) the CGT event happens in relation to a *share; and

 (c) the beneficiary had acquired a beneficial interest in the share by exercising a right; and

 (d) the beneficiary’s beneficial interest in the right was an *ESS interest to which Subdivision 83AB or 83AC (about employee share schemes) applied.

 (2) Subsection (1A) or (1) does not apply if the beneficiary acquired the beneficial interest in the *share for more than its *cost base in the hands of the *employee share trust at the time the *CGT event happens.

13095  Shares and rights in relation to ESS interests

  For the purposes of Part 31 (Capital gains and losses: general topics) and this Part, treat a *CGT event that happens in relation to a *share or right in the same way as a CGT event that happens in relation to an *ESS interest, if:

 (a) Subdivision 83AB or 83AC (about employee share schemes) applies to the ESS interest; and

 (b) the ESS interest forms part of the share or right.

13097  Application of certain provisions of Division 83A

  The following provisions have effect for the purposes of this Subdivision in the same way as they have for the purposes of Division 83A:

 (a) section 83A130 (about takeovers and restructures);

 (b) section 83A305 (about associates);

 (c) section 83A320 (about trusts);

 (d) section 83A325 (about relationships similar to employment);

 (e) section 83A335 (about stapled securities);

 (f) section 83A340 (about indeterminate rights).

Subdivision 130EExchangeable interests

Table of sections

130100 Exchangeable interest

130105 Shares acquired in exchange for the disposal or redemption of an exchangeable interest

130100  Exchangeable interest

  An exchangeable interest is a *traditional security or *qualifying security that:

 (a) was issued on the basis that it will or may be:

 (i) disposed of to the issuer of the traditional security or the qualifying security or to a *connected entity of the issuer of the traditional security or the qualifying security; or

 (ii) redeemed;

  in exchange for *shares in a company that is neither:

 (iii) the issuer of the traditional security or the qualifying security; nor

 (iv) a connected entity of the issuer of the traditional security or the qualifying security; and

 (b) was issued on or after 1 July 2001.

130105  Shares acquired in exchange for the disposal or redemption of an exchangeable interest

Cost base and reduced cost base

 (1) The table has effect:

 

Exchange of an exchangeable interest

Item

In this situation:

The rules about cost base and reduced cost base are modified in this way...

1

You *acquire shares in a company in exchange for the disposal of an *exchangeable interest, and the disposal of the exchangeable interest was to:

(a) the issuer of the exchangeable interest; or

(b) a *connected entity of the issuer of the exchangeable interest.

The first element of the *cost base of the shares is the sum of:

(a) the cost base of the exchangeable interest at the time of the disposal; and

(b) any amount paid for the exchange, except to the extent that the amount is represented in the paragraph (a) amount; and

(c) all the amounts to be added under subsection (2).

The first element of their *reduced cost base is worked out similarly.

2

You *acquire shares in a company in exchange for the redemption of an *exchangeable interest.

The first element of the *cost base of the shares is the sum of:

(a) the cost base of the exchangeable interest at the time of the redemption; and

(b) any amount paid for the exchange, except to the extent that the amount is represented in the paragraph (a) amount; and

(c) all the amounts to be added under subsection (2).

The first element of their *reduced cost base is worked out similarly.

 (2) An amount is to be added under this subsection if a *capital gain on the disposal or redemption of the exchangeable interest has been reduced under section 11820. This is so even though a capital gain that is made on the disposal or redemption of the exchangeable interest is disregarded under subsection (4). The amount to be added is the amount of the reduction.

 (3) The payment for the exchange can include giving property (see section 1035).

Other CGT consequences

 (4) The table has effect:

 

Exchange of an exchangeable interest

Item

In this situation:

This is the result:

1

You *acquire shares in a company in exchange for the disposal of an *exchangeable interest, and the disposal of the exchangeable interest was to:

(a) the issuer of the exchangeable interest; or

(b) a *connected entity of the issuer of the exchangeable interest.

(a) you are taken to have acquired the shares when the disposal of the exchangeable interest happened; and

(b) a *capital gain or *capital loss you make from the disposal of the exchangeable interest is disregarded.

2

You *acquire shares in a company in exchange for the redemption of an *exchangeable interest.

(a) you are taken to have acquired the shares when the redemption of the exchangeable interest happened; and

(b) a *capital gain or *capital loss you make from the redemption of the exchangeable interest is disregarded.

Application

 (5) This section applies to the disposal or redemption of an *exchangeable interest on or after 1 July 2001.

Division 132Leases

Table of sections

1321 Lessee incurs expenditure to get lease term varied or waived

1325 Lessor pays lessee for improvements

13210 Grant of a longterm lease

13215 Lessee of land acquires reversionary interest of lessor

1321  Lessee incurs expenditure to get lease term varied or waived

  If the lessee of property incurs expenditure in obtaining the consent of the lessor to vary or waive a term of the lease, the fourth element of the lease’s *cost base and *reduced cost base includes the amount of that expenditure.

  The expenditure can include giving property: see section 1035.

1325  Lessor pays lessee for improvements

  The fourth element of the *cost base and *reduced cost base of property that was subject to a lease includes any payment (because of the lease expiring or being surrendered or forfeited) by the lessor to the lessee for expenditure of a capital nature incurred by the lessee in making improvements to the lease property.

  The payment or expenditure can include giving property: see section 1035.

13210  Grant of a longterm lease

 (1) These rules apply if *CGT event F2 happens for a lessor of property.

 (2) For any later *CGT event that happens to the land or the lessor’s lease of it, its *cost base and *reduced cost base (including the cost base and reduced cost base of any building, part of a building, structure or improvement that is treated as a separate *CGT asset) excludes:

 (a) any expenditure incurred before *CGT event F2 happens; and

 (b) the *cost of any *depreciating asset for which the lessor has deducted or can deduct an amount for the asset’s decline in value under this Act.

Note: Subdivision 108D sets out when a building, structure or improvement is treated as a separate CGT asset.

 (3) The fourth element of the property’s *cost base and *reduced cost base includes any payment by the lessor to the lessee to vary or waive a term of the lease or for the forfeiture or surrender of the lease, reduced by the amount of any *input tax credit to which the lessor is entitled for the variation or waiver.

 (4) The expenditure or payment can include giving property: see section 1035.

13215  Lessee of land acquires reversionary interest of lessor

 (1) This table sets out what happens if:

 (a) the lessee of land *acquires the reversionary interest of the lessor in the land; and

 (b) Subdivision 124J (rollover provisions for Crown leases) does not apply to the acquisition.

 

Lessee acquires reversionary interest of lessor



Item



In this situation:

The lessee is taken to have *acquired the land at this time:


The lessee is taken to have acquired the land for:

1

The lease was originally granted for 99 years or more

When the lease was granted or assigned to the lessee

Any premium the lessee paid for the grant or assignment of the lease, plus the amount the lessee paid to *acquire the reversionary interest

2

The lease was originally granted for less than 99 years

When the lessee *acquired the reversionary interest

(a) if the lessee *acquired the lease after 19 September 1985—any premium the lessee paid for the grant or assignment of the lease, plus the amount the lessee paid to acquire the reversionary interest; or

(b) if the lessee acquired the lease before 20 September 1985—the *market value of the land when the lessee acquired it

 (2) All the payments can include giving property: see section 1035.

Note: CGT events F1 to F5 deal specifically with leases. See also (in particular) CGT event C2 (about cancellation, surrender and similar endings).

Division 134Options

1341  Exercise of options

 (1) This table sets out the effects of the exercise of an option (including an option that has been renewed or extended) on the *cost bases and *reduced cost bases of the grantor and the entity that exercises the option (the grantee).

 

Exercise of options

Item

In this situation:

Effect on cost base and reduced cost base:

1

Option binds grantor to:

(a) *dispose of a *CGT asset; or

(b) create (including grant or issue) a CGT asset (call option)

For the grantee

The first element of the grantee’s *cost base and *reduced cost base for the CGT asset is what the grantee paid for the option (or to renew or extend it) plus any amount the grantee paid to exercise it

For the grantor

See section 11665

2

Option binds grantor to *acquire a *CGT asset (put option)

For the grantor

The first element of the grantor’s *cost base and *reduced cost base for the asset acquired is any amount paid to exercise the option reduced by any payment received by the grantor for the option (or to renew or extend it)

For the grantee

The second element of the grantee’s cost base and reduced cost base for the asset acquired by the grantor includes any payment the grantee made to acquire the option (or to renew or extend it)

Note 1: If you granted, renewed or extended an option, CGT event C3 or D2 may happen.

Note 2: Item 1 in the table is modified for certain options granted before 20 September 1985: see section 1341 of the Income Tax (Transitional Provisions) Act 1997.

Note 3: Item 1 in the table is modified for ESS interests acquired under employee share schemes: see Division 83A and section 11297.

Note 4: This Division has no operation in relation to an option acquired under an employee share scheme if the option is exercised before the ESS deferred taxing point for the option: see Subdivision 130D. Division 83A applies instead.

 (2) All the payments can include giving property: see section 1035.

Example 1: Steven obtains an option to buy a yacht (for $75,000) from Tom. Steven pays $5,000 for the option.

 Steven exercises the option. The first element of his cost base and reduced cost base for the yacht includes the expenditure he incurred for the option.

 So, the first element of his cost base and reduced cost base for the yacht is:

Example 2: An entity owns 1,000 shares in a company. Bill grants the entity an option which, if exercised, would require him to buy the shares for $2 each. The entity pays Bill 10 cents per share for the option.

 The entity exercises the option. Bill paid $2,000 for the shares. He received $100 from the entity for granting the option.

 The first element of Bill’s cost base and reduced cost base for the shares is:

 In working out whether the entity made a capital gain or loss on the sale of the shares, the second element of its cost base (and reduced cost base) includes the $100 the entity paid for the option.

 (4) A *capital gain or *capital loss the grantee makes from exercising the option is disregarded. However, this rule does not apply if the grantee *acquired the option under a trust restructure (see Subdivision 124N) and, on exercising the option, held the resulting asset as an item of *trading stock.

Note 1: The exercise of the option would be an example of CGT event C2 (about a CGT asset ending).

Note 2: There is an exemption for the grantor if the option is exercised: see subsection 10440(5).

 (5) This Division does not apply to rights or options to which Subdivision 130B applies.

Note: Subdivision 130B deals (amongst other things) with rights and options issued by a company or trust where you did not pay or give anything to acquire them.

 (6) This Division does not apply to:

 (a) an option to the extent that the option binds the grantor to *dispose of *foreign currency; or

 (b) an option to the extent that the option binds the grantor to *acquire *foreign currency.

Division 149When an asset stops being a preCGT asset

Table of Subdivisions

149A Key concepts

149B When asset of nonpublic entity stops being a preCGT asset

149C When asset of public entity stops being a preCGT asset

149F How to treat a “demutualised” public entity

Subdivision 149AKey concepts

Table of sections

14910 What is a preCGT asset?

14915 Majority underlying interests in a CGT asset

14910  What is a preCGT asset?

  A *CGT asset that an entity owns is a preCGT asset if, and only if:

 (a) the entity last acquired the asset before 20 September 1985; and

 (b) the entity was not, immediately before the start of the 199899 income year, taken under:

 (i) former subsection 160ZZS(1) of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936; or

 (ii) Subdivision C of Division 20 of former Part IIIA of that Act;

  to have acquired the asset on or after 20 September 1985; and

 (c) the asset has not stopped being a preCGT asset of the entity because of this Division.

Note: There are transitional rules for assets that stopped being preCGT assets under the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936: see section 1495 of the Income Tax (Transitional Provisions) Act 1997.

14915  Majority underlying interests in a CGT asset

 (1) Majority underlying interests in a *CGT asset consist of:

 (a) more than 50% of the beneficial interests that *ultimate owners have (whether directly or *indirectly) in the asset; and

 (b) more than 50% of the beneficial interests that ultimate owners have (whether directly or indirectly) in any *ordinary income that may be *derived from the asset.

 (2) An underlying interest in a *CGT asset is a beneficial interest that an *ultimate owner has (whether directly or *indirectly) in the asset or in any *ordinary income that may be *derived from the asset.

 (3) An ultimate owner is:

 (a) an individual; or

 (b) a company whose *constitution prevents it from making any distribution, whether in money, property or otherwise, to its members; or

 (c) the Commonwealth, a State or a Territory; or

 (d) a municipal corporation; or

 (e) a *local governing body; or

 (f) the government of a foreign country, or of part of a foreign country.

 (4) An *ultimate owner indirectly has a beneficial interest in a *CGT asset of another entity (that is not an ultimate owner) if he, she or it would receive for his, her or its own benefit any of the capital of the other entity if:

 (a) the other entity were to distribute any of its capital; and

 (b) the capital were then successively distributed by each entity interposed between the other entity and the ultimate owner.

 (5) An *ultimate owner indirectly has a beneficial interest in *ordinary income that may be *derived from a *CGT asset of another entity (that is not an ultimate owner) if he, she or it would receive for his, her or its own benefit any of a *dividend or income if:

 (a)