Commonwealth Coat of Arms of Australia

Social Security Act 1991

No. 46, 1991

Compilation No. 218

Compilation date: 29 March 2024

Includes amendments: Act No. 100, 2023

Registered: 8 April 2024

This compilation is in 5 volumes

Volume 1: sections 1–661F

Volume 2: sections 665A–1067L

Volume 3: sections 1068–1263

 Schedule 1A

Volume 4: Endnotes 1–4

Volume 5: Endnote 5

Each volume has its own contents

About this compilation

This compilation

This is a compilation of the Social Security Act 1991 that shows the text of the law as amended and in force on 29 March 2024 (the compilation date).

The notes at the end of this compilation (the endnotes) include information about amending laws and the amendment history of provisions of the compiled law.

Uncommenced amendments

The effect of uncommenced amendments is not shown in the text of the compiled law. Any uncommenced amendments affecting the law are accessible on the Register (www.legislation.gov.au). The details of amendments made up to, but not commenced at, the compilation date are underlined in the endnotes. For more information on any uncommenced amendments, see the Register for the compiled law.

Application, saving and transitional provisions for provisions and amendments

If the operation of a provision or amendment of the compiled law is affected by an application, saving or transitional provision that is not included in this compilation, details are included in the endnotes.

Editorial changes

For more information about any editorial changes made in this compilation, see the endnotes.

Modifications

If the compiled law is modified by another law, the compiled law operates as modified but the modification does not amend the text of the law. Accordingly, this compilation does not show the text of the compiled law as modified. For more information on any modifications, see the Register for the compiled law.

Selfrepealing provisions

If a provision of the compiled law has been repealed in accordance with a provision of the law, details are included in the endnotes.

 

 

 

Contents

Chapter 2—Pensions, benefits and allowances

Part 2.13A—Education entry payment

Division 1—Recipients of pension PP (single)

665A Payment to recipient of pension PP (single)

665B Amount of section 665A payment

665C Need for claim

Division 2—Recipients of disability support pension

665E Payment to a disability support pensioner

665F Amount of section 665E payment

665G Need for claim

Division 4—Special benefit recipients

665M Payment to a special benefit recipient

665N Amount of section 665M payment

665P Need for claim

Division 6—Jobseeker payment recipients

665U Payment to recipient

665V Amount of section 665U payment

665W Need for claim

Division 8A—Carer payment recipients

665ZFA Payment to a carer payment recipient

665ZFB Amount of section 665ZFA payment

665ZFC Need for claim

Division 12—Recipients of PP (partnered)

665ZU Payment to recipient of PP (partnered)

665ZV Amount of section 665ZU payment

665ZW Need for claim

Division 13—Protection of education entry payment

665ZY Education entry payment to be absolutely inalienable

665ZZ Effect of garnishee or attachment order

Part 2.15—Special benefit

Division 1—Qualification for and payability of special benefit

Subdivision A—Qualification

729 Qualification for special benefit

729A Time limit on qualification for certain recipients of special benefit

729AA Effect of industrial action on qualification conditions of certain claimants for special benefit

729B Certain recipients of special benefit cease to be qualified for special benefit after 52 weeks

729C Consequence of subsection 729B(2) determination

730 Determination of period

Subdivision B—Payability

732 Special benefit not payable if benefit rate nil

733 Assets test—benefit not payable if assets value limit exceeded

734 Value of assets of members of couples

735 Multiple entitlement exclusion

736 Secretary may require certain persons to attend courses or undertake work

737 Fulltime students

738 Payments under certain education schemes

739 SPB homeless person

739A Newly arrived resident’s waiting period

739B Secretary to act in accordance with guidelines

739C Guidelines for exercise of Secretary’s powers under subsection 739A(7)

Subdivision D—Situations where special benefit not payable to persons who are nominated visa holders (administrative breaches)

745H Situations where special benefit not payable for failure to comply with certain requirements

Subdivision F—Other situations where special benefit not payable to persons who are nominated visa holders

745M Seasonal workers

745N Move to area of lower employment prospects

Division 4—Rate of special benefit

746 Rate of special benefit

747 Approved program of work supplement for persons who are nominated visa holders

759 Effect of industrial action on rate of special benefit payable to persons who are nominated visa holders

Division 9—Bereavement payments

Subdivision AA—Death of partner

768A Qualification for payments under this Subdivision

768B Continued payment of partner’s pension or benefit

768C Lump sum payable in some circumstances

768D Adjustment of a person’s special benefit rate

768E Effect of death of person entitled to payments under this Subdivision

768F Matters affecting payments under this Subdivision

Part 2.16—Special needs pensions

Division 1A—Time limit on grant of special needs wife pension

771P Special needs wife pension not to be granted after 30 June 1995

Division 1B—Time limit on grant of other special needs pensions

771PA Special needs pensions not to be granted after 20 September 2000

Division 1—Qualifications for and payability of special needs pensions

Subdivision A—Qualification

772 Qualification for special needs age pension

773 Qualification for special needs disability support pension

774 Qualification for special needs wife pension

Subdivision B—Payability

779 Special needs pension not payable if pension rate nil

783 Second special needs pension generally not payable after cancellation of initial pension

787 Multiple entitlement exclusion

Division 5—Rate of special needs pension

796 How to work out a person’s special needs pension rate

Special Needs Proportional Rate Calculator

Module A—Overall rate calculation process

Module B—Australian working life residence

Module C—Residence factor

Division 10—Bereavement payments

Subdivision A—Death of partner

822 Qualification for payments under this Subdivision

823 Continued payment of deceased partner’s previous entitlement

824 Lump sum payable in some circumstances

825 Adjustment of rate of person’s special needs pension

826 Effect of death of person entitled to payments under this Subdivision

827 Matters affecting payment of benefits under this Subdivision

Subdivision C—Death of recipient

830 Death of recipient

Part 2.17—Economic security strategy payment

900 Qualification for economic security strategy payment

901 Amount of economic security strategy payment—general

902 Amount of economic security strategy payment—person receiving carer allowance

Part 2.18—Training and learning bonus

910 Qualification for training and learning bonus

911 Amount of training and learning bonus

Part 2.18A—Clean energy payments

Division 1—Clean energy advances

Subdivision A—Qualifying for clean energy advances

914 Recipients of certain social security payments

914A Recipients of austudy, youth allowance, some disability support pensions and some special benefits

914B Disregard nil rate in certain circumstances

914C Limits on qualifying for multiple advances

Subdivision B—Amount of a clean energy advance

914D Amount of a clean energy advance

914E Clean energy advance daily rate

914F Number of advance days

Subdivision C—Topup payments of clean energy advance

914G Topup payments of clean energy advance

Division 2—Quarterly energy supplement

915 When quarterly energy supplement is payable

915A Electing to receive quarterly energy supplement

915B Rate of quarterly energy supplement

Division 4—Essential medical equipment payment

917A Definitions

917B Qualification for essential medical equipment payment

917C The medical needs requirement

917D The concession card requirement

917E The energy account requirement

917F Availability of payments

917G Amount of payment

917H Nonreceipt of social security payment

Division 5—Multiple qualification exclusions

918 Multiple qualification exclusions

Part 2.19—Carer allowance

Division 1—Interpretation

952 Carer allowance definitions

Division 2—Qualification for and payability of carer allowance

Subdivision A—Qualification

953 Qualification for carer allowance—caring for either 1 or 2 disabled children

953A Remaining qualified for carer allowance after child turns 16

954 Qualification for carer allowance—caring for a disabled adult in a private home of both the adult and the carer

954A Qualification for carer allowance—caring for a disabled adult in a private home not shared by the adult and carer

954B Qualification for carer allowance—receiving carer payment for caring for child or children

955 Qualification for carer allowance—hospitalisation

956 Absence from Australia

957 Effect of cessation of care etc. on carer allowance

957A Carer allowance income test

957B Adjusted taxable income

957C Accepted estimates

957D Income from longterm financial assets

Subdivision B—Limitations on payability

958 Carer allowance not payable if allowance rate nil

964 Carer allowance not payable to 2 people for the same care receiver or care receivers unless declaration made

965 Carer allowance not payable to more than one member of a couple

966 Newly arrived resident’s waiting period

967 Duration of newly arrived resident’s waiting period

Division 5—Rate of carer allowance

974 Rate of carer allowance

Division 6—Multiple qualification for carer allowance for same care receiver or receivers

981 Secretary may make declaration where 2 people are qualified for carer allowance for the same care receiver or care receivers

Division 10—Bereavement payments (death of disabled child or adult)

Subdivision A—Death of disabled child

992J Continued carer allowance during bereavement rate continuation period where disabled child dies

992K Lump sum payable in some circumstances

Subdivision B—Death of disabled child (special shortterm assistance)

992L Continuation of qualification for carer allowance for 4 weeks in some cases where recipient’s disabled child dies

Subdivision BA—Death of disabled adult

992LA Continued carer allowance during bereavement rate continuation period where disabled adult dies

992LB Lump sum payable in some circumstances

Subdivision C—Death of recipient

992M Death of recipient

Part 2.19AA—Child disability assistance

992MA Child disability assistance definitions

992MB Qualification for child disability assistance

992MC Eligible care receivers

992MD Amount of child disability assistance

Part 2.19A—Oneoff payments to carers eligible for carer allowance

Division 1—Oneoff payment to carers eligible for carer allowance

992N Oneoff payment to carers (carer allowance related)

992O In respect of what care receivers is the payment payable?

992P What is the amount of the payment?

Division 2—2005 oneoff payment to carers eligible for carer allowance

992Q 2005 oneoff payment to carers (carer allowance related)

992R In respect of what care receivers is the payment payable?

992S What is the amount of the payment?

Division 3—2006 oneoff payment to carers eligible for carer allowance

992T 2006 oneoff payment to carers (carer allowance related)

992U In respect of which care receivers is the payment payable?

992V Amount of the oneoff payment

Division 4—2007 oneoff payment to carers eligible for carer allowance

992WA 2007 oneoff payment to carers (carer allowance related)

992WB Eligible care receivers

992WC Amount of the oneoff payment

Division 5—2008 oneoff payment to carers eligible for carer allowance

992WD 2008 oneoff payment to carers (carer allowance related)

992WE Eligible care receivers

992WF Amount of the oneoff payment

Part 2.19B—Carer supplement

992X Carer supplement

Part 2.20—Double orphan pension

Division 1—DOP child status

993 Double orphan—not refugee

994 Double orphan—refugee

995 Refugee child

996 Longterm prisoner

997 Patient on a longterm basis

998 Person uncontactable

Division 2—Qualification for and payability of double orphan pension

Subdivision A—Qualification

999 Qualification for double orphan pension

Subdivision B—Payability

1003 Double orphan pension not payable for child receiving a pension under the Veterans’ Entitlements Act

Division 5—Rate of double orphan pension

1010 Rate of double orphan pension

Division 10—Bereavement payments (death of DOP child)

Subdivision A—Death of DOP child (General)

1033 Continued double orphan pension during bereavement rate continuation period where DOP child dies

1034 Lump sum payable in some circumstances

Subdivision AA—Death of dependent child (special shortterm assistance)

1034AA Continuation of qualification for double orphan pension for 4 weeks in some cases where recipient’s DOP child dies

Subdivision B—Death of recipient

1034A Death of recipient

Part 2.21—Mobility allowance

Division 1—Qualification for and payability of mobility allowance

Subdivision A—Qualification

1035 Qualification for mobility allowance (rate specified in subsection 1044(1))

1035A Qualification for mobility allowance (rate specified in subsection 1044(1A))

Subdivision B—Payability

1036 Mobility allowance not payable at 2 rates

1037 Mobility allowance not payable where person receiving motor vehicle assistance

1038 Mobility allowance not payable when person is NDIS participant

1039AA Newly arrived resident’s waiting period

1039AB Duration of newly arrived resident’s waiting period

Division 2—Rate of mobility allowance

1044 Rate of mobility allowance

1044A Reduction of the advance payment period

Division 3—Mobility allowance advance

1045 Qualification for mobility advance

Division 4—Continuation

1046 Continuation of mobility allowance when person ceases to be qualified

Part 2.21A—Language, literacy and numeracy supplement

Division 1—Preliminary

1047 Definition

Division 2—Qualification for language, literacy and numeracy supplement

1048 General statement of qualification

Division 3—Circumstances where language, literacy and numeracy supplement not payable

1049 Language, literacy and numeracy supplement not payable in certain circumstances

Division 4—Rate increase relating to language, literacy and numeracy supplement

1050 Rate increase attributable to language, literacy and numeracy supplement

Part 2.22—Advance payments of social security entitlements

Division 1—Qualification for advance payment

1061A Qualification for advance payment

Division 2—Applying for advance payment

1061B Application

1061C Form of application

1061D Lodgment of application

1061E Application may be withdrawn

Division 3—Determination of application and payment of advance payment

1061EA Secretary to determine application

1061EB Payment of advance payment

Division 4—Amount of advance payment

1061ECA Amount of advance payment—age and disability support pensions and carer payment

1061ED Amount of advance payment—pension PP (single)

1061EE Amount of advance payment—certain other social security payments

Division 5—Payment of advance payment

1061EI Advance payment to be paid to person or nominee

1061EJ Payment into bank account etc.

Division 6—Protection of advance payment

1061EK Advance payment to be absolutely inalienable

Division 7—Repayment of advance payment

1061EL Repayment of advance payment

Part 2.22A—Special employment advances

Division 1—Qualification for special employment advance

1061EM Qualification for special employment advance

1061EN Meaning of in severe financial hardship

1061EO Person not qualified in certain circumstances

Division 4—Amount of special employment advance

1061EW Where claim based on effect of unreceived income on special employment advance qualifying entitlement

1061EX Where claim based on claimant’s need for financial assistance to take up offered employment

Division 7—Repayment of special employment advance

1061EZC Repayment of special employment advance

Part 2.23—Advance pharmaceutical allowance

Division 1—Qualification for and payability of advance pharmaceutical allowance

1061F Qualification for advance pharmaceutical allowance

1061G Advance pharmaceutical allowance not payable in some circumstances

Division 3—Amount of advance pharmaceutical allowance

1061JC Amount of advance pharmaceutical allowance

1061JD Annual limit

Part 2.23A—Crisis payment

Division 1—Qualification for crisis payment

1061JG Qualification—release from gaol or psychiatric confinement

1061JH Qualification—extreme circumstances forcing departure from home

1061JHA Qualification—remaining in home after removal of family member due to domestic or family violence

1061JI Qualification—humanitarian entrant to Australia

1061JIA Qualification—national health emergency

1061JJ Crisis payment not payable in addition to disaster relief payment

1061JK Crisis payment not payable if assurance of support in force

1061JL Person not qualified for crisis payment if qualified for crisis payment under ABSTUDY scheme

Division 4—Amount of crisis payment

1061JU Amount of payment

Part 2.23B—Disaster Recovery Allowance

Division 1—Qualification for Disaster Recovery Allowance

1061KA Qualification for Disaster Recovery Allowance

1061KB Disaster Recovery Allowance not payable if assurance of support in force

Division 2—Rate of Disaster Recovery Allowance

1061KC Rate of Disaster Recovery Allowance

Division 3—Other matters

1061KD Period that Disaster Recovery Allowance is payable

1061KE Nonreceipt of social security payment

Part 2.24—Australian Government Disaster Recovery Payment

Division 1—Qualification for Australian Government Disaster Recovery Payment

1061K Qualification for Australian Government Disaster Recovery Payment

1061L Meaning of adversely affected

Division 2—Amount of Australian Government Disaster Recovery Payment

1061M Amount of payment for disasters in Australia

1061N Amount of payment for disasters outside Australia

1061P Determinations of rates

Division 3—Recoverable payments etc.

1061PAAA Recoverable payments

1061PAAB Recoverable death payments

1061PAAC Reports about recoverable payments and recoverable death payments

1061PAAD Review of decisions

1061PAAE Department official

Part 2.24AA—Australian Victim of Terrorism Overseas Payment

Division 1—Qualification for Australian Victim of Terrorism Overseas Payment

1061PAA Qualification for Australian Victim of Terrorism Overseas Payment

1061PAB Whether a person can be qualified for more than one AVTOP in relation to the same terrorist act

Division 2—Payability of Australian Victim of Terrorism Overseas Payment to secondary victims

1061PAC When AVTOP for secondary victims is not payable

Division 3—Amount of Australian Victim of Terrorism Overseas Payment

1061PAD Amount of AVTOP for a primary victim

1061PAE Amount of AVTOP for a secondary victim

1061PAF AVTOP Principles

Division 4—Other

1061PAG Consultation on the AVTOP Principles

1061PAH AVTOP is not compensation or damages

Part 2.24A—Pensioner education supplement

Division 1—Qualification for pensioner education supplement

Subdivision A—The basic rules

1061PA Qualification for pensioner education supplement

Subdivision B—Undertaking qualifying study

1061PB Undertaking qualifying study

1061PC Approved course of education or study

1061PD Fulltime students

1061PE Concessional studyload students

1061PF Normal amount of fulltime study

1061PG First fortnight of classes

1061PH Progress rules—secondary students

1061PI Progress rules—tertiary students

Subdivision C—Payments attracting pensioner education supplement

1061PJ Payments attracting pensioner education supplement

Subdivision D—Pensioner education supplement age

1061PK Pensioner education supplement age

1061PL When a person is regarded as independent

Subdivision E—Residency

1061PM Residency requirements

1061PN Absence of persons overseas

Division 2—Situations in which pensioner education supplement is not payable

Subdivision C—Newly arrived resident’s waiting period

1061PT Pensioner education supplement not payable during newly arrived resident’s waiting period

1061PU Newly arrived resident’s waiting period

1061PV Length of newly arrived resident’s waiting period

Subdivision D—Multiple entitlement exclusion

1061PW Meaning of multiple entitlement exclusion

1061PX Multiple entitlement exclusion

Division 5—Rate of pensioner education supplement

1061PZG Rate of pensioner education supplement

Part 2.25—Telephone allowance

Division 1—Qualification for and payability of telephone allowance

1061Q Qualification for telephone allowance

1061R Telephone allowance not payable in some circumstances

Division 2—Rate of telephone allowance

1061S Standard rate of telephone allowance

1061SA Increased rate of telephone allowance

1061SB Increased rate of telephone allowance for home internet

Part 2.25A—Utilities allowance

Division 1—Qualification for and payability of utilities allowance

1061T Qualification for utilities allowance

1061TA When utilities allowance is payable

Division 2—Rate of utilities allowance

1061TB Rate of utilities allowance

Part 2.25B—Energy supplement

Division 1—Qualification and payability

1061U Qualification for energy supplement

1061UA When energy supplement is payable

Division 2—Rate of energy supplement

1061UB Rate of energy supplement

Part 2.25C—Quarterly pension supplement

1061V When this Part applies

1061VA Quarterly pension supplement

1061VB Rate of quarterly pension supplement

Part 2.26—Fares allowance

Division 1—Qualification for fares allowance

1061ZAAA Qualification for fares allowance

1061ZAAB Journey by person who is not an external student

1061ZAAC Journey by person who is an external student

Division 3—Amount of fares allowance

1061ZAAJ Fares allowance for public transport

1061ZAAK Fares allowance for private transport

Chapter 2A—Benefits and concessions other than payments

Part 2A.1—Concession cards

Division 1—Qualification for, and issue of, pensioner concession card

1061ZA General qualification rules

1061ZC Extended qualification rule: longterm recipient of social security benefits

1061ZCA Extended qualification rule: former recipient of age pension and partner

1061ZD Extended qualification rule: former recipient of disability support pension and partner

1061ZDA Extended qualification rule: former recipient of pension PP (single)

1061ZDB Extended qualification rule: partner of former recipient of veterans’ entitlement

1061ZEA Further extended qualification rule: loss of payment because of employment income

1061ZEB Extended qualification rule: persons with a partial capacity to work

1061ZEC Effect of compliance penalty periods

1061ZF Issue of pensioner concession card

Division 2—Qualification for seniors health card

1061ZG Qualification rules

1061ZH Newly arrived resident’s waiting period

1061ZI Duration of newly arrived resident’s waiting period

1061ZJ Giving of copy of assessment of taxable income to Secretary

1061ZJA Modifications if person’s rate of social security pension is nil on 1 January 2017

1061ZJB Other modifications because of Veterans’ Entitlements Act

Division 3—Qualification for health care card

Subdivision A—Qualification for automatic issue health care card

1061ZK Qualification: general rules

1061ZM Qualification for health care card: employmentaffected person

1061ZMA Further extended qualification rule: loss of payment because of employment income

1061ZN Residence requirement

1061ZNA Effect of compliance penalty periods

Subdivision B—Qualification for health care card in other circumstances

1061ZO Qualification

1061ZP Person subject to newly arrived resident’s waiting period

1061ZQ Newly arrived resident’s waiting period

1061ZR Duration of newly arrived resident’s waiting period

Subdivision C—Miscellaneous provisions relating to health care cards

1061ZS Issue of health care cards

1061ZT Certain dependants not qualified for health care card

Division 4—Noncancellation of concession cards for temporary overseas absences

1061ZUA Persons to whom Division applies

1061ZUB Noncancellation of concession cards for temporary overseas absences

1061ZUC Extension cards

Chapter 2AA—Student startup loans

Part 2AA.1—Introduction

1061ZVAA Simplified outline of this Chapter

Part 2AA.2—Qualification for and amount of student startup loan

1061ZVBA Simplified outline of this Part

1061ZVBB Qualification for student startup loan

1061ZVBC Circumstances in which person is not qualified for student startup loan

1061ZVBD Amount of student startup loan

Part 2AA.3—Indebtedness

Division 1—Introduction

1061ZVCA Simplified outline of this Part

Division 2—Incurring SSL debts

1061ZVDA SSL debts

1061ZVDB SSL debt discharged by death

1061ZVDC Notice to Commissioner

Division 3—Working out accumulated SSL debts

1061ZVEA Simplified outline of this Division

1061ZVEB Stage 1—working out a former accumulated SSL debt

1061ZVEC Stage 2—working out an accumulated SSL debt

1061ZVED Rounding of amounts

1061ZVEE Accumulated SSL debt discharges earlier debts

1061ZVEF Accumulated SSL debt discharged by death

Part 2AA.4—Discharge of indebtedness

Division 1—Introduction

1061ZVFA Simplified outline of this Part

1061ZVFB Debts under this Chapter

Division 2—Voluntary discharge of indebtedness

1061ZVGA Voluntary SSL repayments in respect of debts

1061ZVGB Application of voluntary SSL repayments

1061ZVGC Refunding of payments

Division 3—Compulsory discharge of indebtedness

Subdivision A—Liability to repay amounts

1061ZVHA Liability to repay amounts

1061ZVHB Repayable SSL debt for an income year

Subdivision B—Assessments

1061ZVHC Commissioner may make assessments

1061ZVHD Notification of notices of assessment of tax

1061ZVHE Commissioner may defer making assessments

1061ZVHF Commissioner may amend assessments

Part 2AA.5—Tax administration matters

1061ZVJA Simplified outline of this Part

1061ZVJB Verification of tax file numbers

1061ZVJC When person with tax file number incorrectly notifies number

1061ZVJD When person without tax file number incorrectly notifies number

1061ZVJE When tax file numbers are altered

1061ZVJF When tax file numbers are cancelled

1061ZVJG Returns, assessments, collection and recovery

1061ZVJH Charges and civil penalties for failing to meet obligations

1061ZVJJ Pay as you go (PAYG) withholding

1061ZVJK Pay as you go (PAYG) instalments

1061ZVJL Administration of this Chapter

Chapter 2B—Student Financial Supplement Scheme

Part 2B.1—Establishment of scheme

Division 1—Preliminary

1061ZW Object of this Chapter

1061ZX Outline of the scheme

Division 2—Eligibility to obtain financial supplement

1061ZY Eligibility to obtain financial supplement

1061ZZ Category 1 student

1061ZZA Category 2 student

1061ZZAA Failure by person to comply with request to provide person’s tax file number

1061ZZAB Failure by person to comply with request to provide the tax file number of a parent of the person

Division 3—Decision and notice about eligibility to obtain financial supplement

1061ZZAC Secretary’s decision

1061ZZAD Revocation or variation of decision after review

1061ZZAE Transitional

Division 4—Agreements between Commonwealth and financial corporations

1061ZZAF Applications for financial supplement

1061ZZAG Agreements

Division 5—Application for financial supplement

1061ZZAH When to apply

1061ZZAI How to apply

1061ZZAJ Changing an application

Division 6—Amount of financial supplement

Subdivision A—Category 1 students

1061ZZAK Maximum amount of financial supplement

Subdivision B—Category 2 students

1061ZZAL Change in eligibility period

1061ZZAM Eligibility period (short course)

1061ZZAN Eligibility period (no short course)

1061ZZAO Maximum amount of financial supplement

Subdivision C—Provisions applying to both category 1 students and category 2 students

1061ZZAP Minimum amount of financial supplement

1061ZZAQ Person doing more than one course

Division 7—Trading in youth allowance, austudy payment or pensioner education supplement for financial supplement

1061ZZAR Purpose of Division

1061ZZAS Reduction of youth allowance, austudy payment or pensioner education supplement for financial supplement

Division 8—Obtaining or increasing financial supplement by trading back youth allowance, austudy payment or pensioner education supplement

Subdivision A—Purpose of Division

1061ZZAT Purpose of Division

Subdivision B—When a person may repay youth allowance, austudy payment or pensioner education supplement to obtain or increase financial supplement

1061ZZAU Election to repay youth allowance, austudy payment or pensioner education supplement

1061ZZAV Timing of repayment

Subdivision C—Repayment

1061ZZAW Effect of repayment

Division 9—Financial supplement contracts

Subdivision A—Making a contract for payment of financial supplement

1061ZZAX Making a contract between person and participating corporation

1061ZZAY Existing contracts

1061ZZAZ Liability for money paid under a financial supplement contract

1061ZZBA Validity of financial supplement contract

Subdivision B—When a financial supplement contract can be cancelled

1061ZZBB Person has right to cancel financial supplement contract

1061ZZBC How to cancel financial supplement contract

1061ZZBD When to cancel financial supplement contract

1061ZZBE Payments made during cooling off period

1061ZZBF Person may waive right to cancel contract

1061ZZBG How to waive right to cancel contract

1061ZZBH When to waive right to cancel contract

Subdivision C—Financial supplement contract exempt from certain laws and taxes

1061ZZBI Financial supplement contract exempt from certain laws and taxes

Division 10—Payment of financial supplement

1061ZZBJ Payment by instalments

1061ZZBK Rounding off

1061ZZBL To whom instalments must be paid

1061ZZBM Payment into bank account

Division 11—Protection of financial supplement

1061ZZBN Financial supplement to be absolutely inalienable

1061ZZBO Effect of garnishee or attachment order

Division 12—Obligations of category 2 students

Subdivision A—Statements about tax file numbers

1061ZZBP Secretary may request person obtaining financial supplement to give statement of person’s tax file number

1061ZZBQ Secretary may request person obtaining financial supplement to give statement of parent’s tax file number

Subdivision B—Notice of events or changes in circumstances

1061ZZBR Secretary may give notice requiring information

1061ZZBS Event or change relevant to payment

1061ZZBT Formalities related to notice

1061ZZBU Validity of notice

1061ZZBV Period within which information to be given

1061ZZBW Refusal or failure to comply with notice

1061ZZBX Application overseas

Subdivision C—Notice about a matter relevant to payment of financial supplement

1061ZZBY Secretary may give notice requiring statement on matter

1061ZZBZ Formalities related to notice

1061ZZCA Validity of notice

1061ZZCB Period within which statement to be given

1061ZZCC Statement must be in approved form

1061ZZCD Refusal or failure to comply with notice

1061ZZCE Application overseas

Division 13—Early repayments of financial supplement

Subdivision A—Calculation and notification of amount outstanding under financial supplement contract

1061ZZCF Application of Subdivision

1061ZZCG Calculation of amount outstanding under financial supplement contract before 1 June in the year after the year in which the contract was made

1061ZZCH Calculation of amount outstanding under financial supplement contract at a later time

1061ZZCI Notification of amount outstanding

Subdivision B—Person’s rights to make repayments during contract period

1061ZZCJ Person not required to, but may, make repayments during contract period

1061ZZCK What happens if person makes an excess repayment

1061ZZCL Amount repaid not to include certain amounts

1061ZZCM How to work out discount

1061ZZCN Effect of making a repayment during contract period

1061ZZCO Rights and liabilities of participating corporation if repayment made

Subdivision C—What happens at the end of the contract period

1061ZZCP Corporation’s rights at end of contract period

1061ZZCQ Termination notice

1061ZZCR Secretary may give notice correcting information in previous notice

1061ZZCS Person may request notice to be corrected

1061ZZCT Effect of notices and requests

Part 2B.2—Payments of financial supplement under scheme to stop in certain circumstances

Division 1—Payments to stop at request of recipient

1061ZZCU Person may ask for payment to stop

1061ZZCV Effect of notice

Division 2—Payments to stop if the maximum amount of financial supplement is reduced to the amount already paid or a lesser amount

Subdivision A—Notice that payments are to stop

1061ZZCW Secretary must give notice to person and corporation

1061ZZCX Effect of notice

1061ZZCY This Subdivision is subject to sections 1061ZZFS and 1061ZZFT

Subdivision B—Original amount paid because person failed to notify change of circumstances

1061ZZCZ Secretary may give notice to person and corporation

1061ZZDA Effect of notice

1061ZZDB Transfer of corporation’s rights to Commonwealth

1061ZZDC Apportionment of financial supplement

1061ZZDD Liability of Commonwealth to corporation

1061ZZDE Liability of person to Commonwealth

1061ZZDF This Subdivision not to affect Subdivision A

Subdivision C—Original amount paid because of false or misleading information

1061ZZDG Secretary may give notice to person and corporation

1061ZZDH Effect of notice

1061ZZDI Transfer of corporation’s rights to Commonwealth

1061ZZDJ Apportionment of financial supplement

1061ZZDK Liability of Commonwealth to corporation

1061ZZDL Liability of person to Commonwealth

1061ZZDM This Subdivision not to affect Subdivision A

Division 3—Payments to stop if person ceases to be eligible to obtain financial supplement

Subdivision A—Notice that payments are to stop

1061ZZDN Secretary must give notice to person and corporation

1061ZZDO Effect of notice

1061ZZDP This Subdivision is subject to sections 1061ZZFS and 1061ZZFT

Subdivision B—Financial supplement paid because person failed to notify change of circumstances

1061ZZDQ Secretary may give notice to person and corporation

1061ZZDR Effect of notice

1061ZZDS Transfer of corporation’s rights to Commonwealth

1061ZZDT Apportionment of financial supplement

1061ZZDU Liability of Commonwealth to corporation

1061ZZDV Liability of person to Commonwealth

1061ZZDW This Subdivision not to affect Subdivision A

Division 4—Payments to stop if person is found never to have been eligible to obtain financial supplement

Subdivision A—Notice that payments are to stop

1061ZZDX Secretary must give notice to person and corporation

1061ZZDY Effect of notice

1061ZZDZ This Subdivision is subject to sections 1061ZZFS and 1061ZZFT

Subdivision B—Financial supplement paid because of false or misleading information

1061ZZEA Secretary may give notice to person and corporation

1061ZZEB Effect of notice

1061ZZEC Transfer of corporation’s rights to Commonwealth

1061ZZED Liability of Commonwealth to corporation

1061ZZEE Liability of person

1061ZZEF Definitions

1061ZZEG This Subdivision not to affect Subdivision A

Division 5—Payments to stop if person dies

1061ZZEH Secretary may give notice to corporation if other party to contract dies

1061ZZEI Effect of notice

1061ZZEJ Discharge of corporation’s liability

1061ZZEK Transfer of corporation’s rights to Commonwealth

1061ZZEL Liability of Commonwealth to corporation

1061ZZEM Discharge of person’s liability

Part 2B.3—Repayment of financial supplement through taxation system after termination date

Division 1—Purpose and application of Part

1061ZZEN Purpose and application of Part

1061ZZENA Extent of Commissioner of Taxation’s general administration of this Part

Division 2—FS debt and accumulated FS debt

1061ZZEO FS debt owed by person

1061ZZEP How to work out FS debt

1061ZZEQ Accumulated FS debt incurred by person

1061ZZER How to work out accumulated FS debt

1061ZZES Adjusted accumulated FS debt

1061ZZET Indexation factor

1061ZZEU Accumulated FS debt discharges earlier debts

Division 3—Information to be given to Commissioner of Taxation

1061ZZEV Secretary to give notice to Commissioner of Taxation

1061ZZEW Secretary to give further notice to Commissioner of Taxation

1061ZZEX Secretary to give certificate to Commissioner of Taxation

Division 4—Voluntary repayments of FS debts

1061ZZEY Voluntary repayments of FS debts

1061ZZEYA Refunding of payments

Division 5—Compulsory repayments in respect of accumulated FS debt

1061ZZEZ Compulsory payments in respect of accumulated FS debt

1061ZZFA Repayment income

1061ZZFB Minimum repayment income

1061ZZFC Repayable debt for an income year

1061ZZFD Amounts payable to the Commonwealth

Division 6—Application of tax legislation

1061ZZFG Application of tax legislation

1061ZZFGA Charges and administrative penalties for failing to meet obligations

1061ZZFGB Pay as you go (PAYG) withholding

1061ZZFGD Pay as you go (PAYG) instalments

Division 7—Assessments

1061ZZFH Commissioner of Taxation may make assessment

1061ZZFI Notice of assessment may be served

Division 8—Commissioner of Taxation may delay assessment

1061ZZFJ Commissioner of Taxation may delay assessment

1061ZZFK Commissioner of Taxation may amend assessment

1061ZZFL When Commissioner of Taxation must make decision to delay or amend assessment

Division 9—Review of Commissioner of Taxation’s decision

1061ZZFM Application to Administrative Appeals Tribunal

Division 10—Treatment of payments under financial supplement scheme

1061ZZFN Payments not subject to taxation

1061ZZFO Application of payments

1061ZZFP Debt discharged by death

Part 2B.4—Miscellaneous

Division 1—Application of the Bankruptcy Act 1966

1061ZZFQ Application of Division

1061ZZFR Treatment of debt

Division 2—Review of decisions

1061ZZFS What happens if a decision of the Secretary is set aside

1061ZZFT What happens if a decision of the Secretary is varied

Division 3—Transfer of rights under this Chapter

1061ZZFU Notices of transfer

1061ZZFV Transfers not subject to State or Territory taxes

Chapter 2C—Assurances of support

Part 2C.1—Giving assurances

1061ZZGA What is an assurance of support?

1061ZZGB Who may give an assurance of support?

1061ZZGC How to give an assurance of support

Part 2C.2—Acceptance of assurances

1061ZZGD Accepting or rejecting an assurance of support

1061ZZGE Notices relating to an assurance of support

Part 2C.3—Effect of accepted assurances

1061ZZGEA Assurance cannot be withdrawn once visa issued

1061ZZGF When an accepted assurance is in force

1061ZZGG Liability to pay for social security payments

Part 2C.4—Determinations

1061ZZGH Determinations

Part 2C.5—Assurances by unincorporated bodies

1061ZZGI Application of social security law to unincorporated bodies

Chapter 2D—Arrangements and grants relating to assisting persons to obtain and maintain paid work

1062 Simplified outline of this Chapter

1062A Arrangements and grants relating to assisting persons to obtain and maintain paid work

1062B Constitutional limits

1062C Executive power of the Commonwealth

1062D Inclusion of information in annual report

1062DA Application of Administration Act

Chapter 3—General provisions relating to payability and rates

Part 3.1—Rate Calculators (General)

1062E Steps in rate calculation

1063 Standard categories of family situations

Part 3.2—Pension Rate Calculator A

1064 Rate of age and disability support pensions and carer payment (people who are not blind)

Pension Rate Calculator A

Module A—Overall rate calculation process

Module B—Maximum basic rate

Module BA—Pension supplement

Module C—Energy supplement

Module E—Ordinary income test

Module F—Ordinary income for the purposes of disability support pension

Module G—Assets test

Module H—Remote area allowance

Part 3.3—Pension Rate Calculator B

1065 Rate of age and disability support pension (blind people)

Pension Rate Calculator B

Module A—Overall rate calculation process

Module B—Maximum basic rate

Module BA—Pension supplement

Module C—Energy supplement

Module E—Remote area allowance

Part 3.4A—Pension Rate Calculator D

1066A Rate of disability support pension (people under 21 who are not blind)

Pension Rate Calculator D

Module A—Overall rate calculation process

Module B—Maximum basic rate

Module BA—Energy supplement

Module C—Youth disability supplement

Module D—Pharmaceutical allowance

Module F—Ordinary income test

Module G—Payments taken to be ordinary income

Module H—Assets test

Module I—Remote area allowance

Part 3.4B—Pension Rate Calculator E

1066B Rate of disability support pension (people under 21 who are blind)

Pension Rate Calculator E

Module A—Overall rate calculation process

Module B—Maximum basic rate

Module BA—Energy supplement

Module C—Youth disability supplement

Module D—Pharmaceutical allowance

Module F—Remote area allowance

Part 3.5—Youth Allowance Rate Calculator

1067 Definitions

1067A When a person is regarded as independent

1067B Accommodated independent person

1067C Member of a YA couple

1067D Person required to live away from home

1067E Person living at home

1067F Long term income support student

1067G Rate of youth allowance

Youth Allowance Rate Calculator

Module A—Overall rate calculation process

Module B—Maximum basic rate

Module BA—Energy supplement

Module C—Pharmaceutical allowance

Module D—Youth disability supplement

Module E—Person’s reduction for parental income

Module F—Parental income test

Submodule 1—Parental income test result

Submodule 2—Exemption from parental income test

Submodule 3—Appropriate tax year

Submodule 4—Combined parental income

Submodule 5—Parental income free area

Submodule 6—If person’s combined parental income exceeds parental income free area

Module GA—Maintenance income test

Submodule 1—Maintenance income test result

Submodule 2—Exemption from maintenance income test

Submodule 3—Annualised amount of maintenance income for parent of a person

Submodule 4—Maintenance income free area

Module H—Income test

Module J—Student income bank

Module K—Remote area allowance

Module L—Table of pensions, benefits, allowances and compensation

Part 3.5A—Austudy Payment Rate Calculator

1067H Definitions

1067J Person living at home

1067K Long term income support student

1067L Rate of austudy payment

Austudy Payment Rate Calculator

Module A—Overall rate calculation process

Module B—Maximum basic rate

Module BA—Pension supplement

Module BB—Energy supplement

Module C—Pharmaceutical allowance

Module D—Income test

Module E—Student income bank

Module F—Remote area allowance

Chapter 2Pensions, benefits and allowances

Part 2.13AEducation entry payment

Division 1Recipients of pension PP (single)

665A  Payment to recipient of pension PP (single)

  A person is qualified for an education entry payment under this section if:

 (a) the person is receiving a pension PP (single); and

 (b) a pensioner education supplement is payable to the person; and

Note: Pensioner education supplement is payable to a person even if a person’s whole payment has been traded in, or traded back, under the Student Financial Supplement Scheme established under Chapter 2B.

 (c) the person has not received a payment under this Part for which he or she made a claim in the current calendar year.

665B  Amount of section 665A payment

  The amount of an education entry payment under section 665A is $208.

665C  Need for claim

  A person is not qualified for an education entry payment under section 665A unless the person has made a claim for the payment.

Division 2Recipients of disability support pension

665E  Payment to a disability support pensioner

  A person is qualified for an education entry payment under this section if:

 (a) the person is receiving a disability support pension; and

 (b) a pensioner education supplement is payable to the person; and

Note: Pensioner education supplement is payable to a person even if a person’s whole payment has been traded in, or traded back, under the Student Financial Supplement Scheme established under Chapter 2B.

 (d) the person has not received a payment under this Part for which he or she made a claim in the current calendar year.

665F  Amount of section 665E payment

  The amount of an education entry payment under section 665E is $208.

665G  Need for claim

  A person is not qualified for an education entry payment under section 665E unless the person has made a claim for the payment.

Division 4Special benefit recipients

665M  Payment to a special benefit recipient

  A person is qualified for an education entry payment under this section if:

 (a) the person would be qualified for a pension PP (single) apart from paragraphs 500(1)(b) and (d) (Australian residency requirements); and

 (b) the person is receiving special benefit; and

 (c) a pensioner education supplement is payable to the person; and

Note: Pensioner education supplement is payable to a person even if a person’s whole payment has been traded in, or traded back, under the Student Financial Supplement Scheme established under Chapter 2B.

 (e) the person has not received a payment under this Part for which he or she made a claim in the current calendar year.

665N  Amount of section 665M payment

  The amount of an education entry payment under section 665M is $208.

665P  Need for claim

  A person is not qualified for an education entry payment under section 665M unless the person has made a claim for the payment.

Division 6Jobseeker payment recipients

665U  Payment to recipient

 (1) A person is qualified for an education entry payment under this section if:

 (a) either:

 (i) the Secretary is satisfied that the person intends to enrol in a fulltime course of education that is an approved course under the ABSTUDY scheme or an approved course of education or study for the purposes of paragraph 541B(1)(c) or 569A(b); or

 (ii) the person is enrolled in such a course; and

 (b) immediately before starting the course of education:

 (i) the person is receiving a jobseeker payment; and

 (ii) the person had been receiving income support payments in respect of a continuous period of at least 12 months (whether or not the kind of payment received has changed over the period and whether the period or any part of it occurred before or after the commencement of this section); and

Note 1: For income support payment see subsection 23(1).

Note 2: For the determination of whether a person received income support payments in respect of a continuous period of at least 12 months see section 38B.

 (c) the person:

 (i) ceases to be qualified for jobseeker payment because the person takes part in the course of education; or

 (ii) is not qualified for youth allowance as a fulltime student, austudy payment or payments under the ABSTUDY scheme because the person takes part in the course to comply with a requirement in an employment pathway plan; and

 (d) the person has not, within the last 12 months, received a payment under this Part.

 (2) A person is also taken to be qualified for an education entry payment under this section if:

 (a) immediately before 20 September 1996, the person:

 (i) was qualified for an education entry payment under section 665Q of this Act, or under this section, as in force immediately before that date; or

 (ii) would have been so qualified if the person had, before that date, duly made a claim for the payment; and

 (b) the person has not received the payment.

Reduction of qualification period during designated period

 (3) Subsection (1) has effect during the designated period as if the reference in subparagraph (b)(ii) to 12 months were a reference to 4 weeks.

 (4) For the purposes of subsection (3), the designated period is the period beginning on 1 January 2009 and ending at the end of:

 (a) 30 June 2010; or

 (b) if a later date is determined by the Minister by legislative instrument—that later date.

665V  Amount of section 665U payment

  The amount of an education entry payment under section 665U is $208.

665W  Need for claim

  A person is not qualified for an education entry payment under section 665U unless the person has made a claim for the payment.

Division 8ACarer payment recipients

665ZFA  Payment to a carer payment recipient

  A person is qualified for an education entry payment under this section if:

 (a) the person is receiving a carer payment; and

 (b) a pensioner education supplement is payable to the person; and

Note: Pensioner education supplement is payable to a person even if a person’s whole payment has been traded in, or traded back, under the Student Financial Supplement Scheme established under Chapter 2B.

 (d) the person has not received a payment under this Part for which he or she made a claim in the current calendar year.

665ZFB  Amount of section 665ZFA payment

  The amount of an education entry payment under section 665ZFA is $208.

665ZFC  Need for claim

  A person is not qualified for an education entry payment under section 665ZFA unless the person has made a claim for the payment.

Division 12Recipients of PP (partnered)

665ZU  Payment to recipient of PP (partnered)

 (1) A person is qualified for an education entry payment under this section if:

 (a) either:

 (i) the Secretary is satisfied that the person intends to enrol in a fulltime or parttime course of education that is an approved course under the AUSTUDY scheme or ABSTUDY scheme; or

 (ii) the person is enrolled in such a course; and

 (b) immediately before the person commences the course of education, the person:

 (i) is receiving benefit PP (partnered); and

 (ii) is a longterm social security recipient; and

 (c) the person has not, within the last 12 months, received a payment under this Part.

Note 1: For longterm social security recipient see subsection 23(1).

Note 2: For benefit PP (partnered) see section 18.

Note 3: Transitional provisions apply to this section for 3 months after 1 July 1995 (see section 12 of the Social Security (Parenting Allowance and Other Measures) Legislation Amendment Act 1994).

Reduction of qualification period during designated period

 (2) Subsection (1) has effect during the designated period as if it were modified as follows:

 (a) by omitting subparagraph (b)(ii) and substituting the following subparagraph:

 (ii) had been receiving income support payments in respect of a continuous period of at least 4 weeks (whether or not the kind of payment received has changed over the period and whether the period or any part of it occurred before or after 1 January 2009); and

 (b) by omitting Note 1 and substituting the following notes:

Note 1: For income support payment see subsection 23(1).

Note 1A: For the determination of whether a person received income support payments in respect of a continuous period of at least 4 weeks see section 38B.

 (3) For the purposes of subsection (2), the designated period is the period beginning on 1 January 2009 and ending at the end of:

 (a) 30 June 2010; or

 (b) if a later date is determined by the Minister by legislative instrument—that later date.

665ZV  Amount of section 665ZU payment

  The amount of an education entry payment under section 665ZU is $208.

665ZW  Need for claim

  A person is not qualified for an education entry payment under section 665ZU unless the person has made a claim for the payment.

Division 13Protection of education entry payment

665ZY  Education entry payment to be absolutely inalienable

 (1) Subject to subsections (2) and (3) and section 238 of the Administration Act, an education entry payment is absolutely inalienable, whether by way of, or in consequence of, sale, assignment, charge, execution, bankruptcy or otherwise.

 (2) The Secretary may make a deduction from an education entry payment payable to a person if the person asks the Secretary:

 (a) to make the deduction; and

 (b) to pay the amount to be deducted to the Commissioner of Taxation.

 (3) The Secretary may make a deduction from a person’s education entry payment if the person consents under section 1234A to the Secretary making that deduction.

Note: Section 1234A enables the Secretary to recover a debt from a person other than the debtor if the person is receiving a social security payment.

665ZZ  Effect of garnishee or attachment order

 (1) If:

 (a) a person has an account with a financial institution; and

 (b) a court order in the nature of a garnishee order comes into force in respect of the account; and

 (c) an education entry payment payable to the person (whether on the person’s own behalf or not) has been paid to the credit of the account during the 4week period immediately before the court order came into force;

the court order does not apply to the saved amount (if any) in the account.

 (2) The saved amount is worked out as follows:

Method statement

Step 1. Work out the amount of education entry payment paid to the credit of the account as mentioned in paragraph (1)(c).

Step 2. Subtract from that amount the total amount withdrawn from the account during the 4week period referred to in paragraph (1)(c): the result is the saved amount.

 (3) This section applies to an account whether it is maintained by a person:

 (a) alone; or

 (b) jointly with another person; or

 (c) in common with another person.

Note: A person affected by a garnishee order may have other saved amounts.

Part 2.15Special benefit

Division 1Qualification for and payability of special benefit

Subdivision AQualification

729  Qualification for special benefit

 (1) A person is qualified for a special benefit for a period if the Secretary determines, in accordance with subsection (2), that a special benefit should be granted to the person for the period.

Note: Special benefit is a discretionary benefit and is available only to a person who is not able to get any other income support payment (see paragraphs (2)(a) and (b) below).

 (2) The Secretary may, in his or her discretion, determine that a special benefit should be granted to a person for a period if:

 (a) no social security pension is payable to the person during the period; and

 (b) no other social security benefit is payable to the person for the period; and

 (bb) the person is not disqualified for a benefit PP (partnered) for the period solely because of the operation of section 500C (unemployment due to industrial action); and

 (bc) the person is not disqualified from parenting payment for the period solely because of a failure to meet the requirement of paragraph 500(1)(c) or (1)(ca) (participation requirements); and

 (bd) if the person is qualified for parenting payment but the payment is not payable because of the operation of any of the following provisions of the Administration Act:

 (i) subsection 42AL(1) (payment suspension periods—persons other than declared program participants);

 (ii) subsection 42AO(1) (unemployment preclusion periods—persons other than declared program participants);

 (iii) subsection 42AP(5) (postcancellation nonpayment periods—persons other than declared program participants);

 (iv) subsection 42P(1) (serious failures—declared program participants);

 (v) subsection 42S(1) (unemployment nonpayment periods—declared program participants); and

 (c) the person is not disqualified for a jobseeker payment for the period because of the operation of section 596; and

 (d) if the person is qualified for a jobseeker payment but the payment is not payable to the person for the period—that result is not produced because of the operation of one or more of the following:

 (i) subsection 42AL(1) of the Administration Act (payment suspension periods—persons other than declared program participants);

 (ii) subsection 42AO(1) of that Act (unemployment preclusion periods—persons other than declared program participants);

 (iia) subsection 42AP(5) of that Act (postcancellation nonpayment periods—persons other than declared program participants);

 (iib) subsection 42P(1) of that Act (serious failures—declared program participants);

 (iic) subsection 42S(1) of that Act (unemployment nonpayment periods—declared program participants);

 (iii) section 631 of this Act (person failing to comply with notification requirement);

 (iv) section 633 of this Act (seasonal workers);

 (v) section 634 of this Act (move to area of lower employment prospects); and

 (da) the person is not disqualified for a youth allowance for the period because the person fails to satisfy the employment pathway plan requirements; and

 (db) the person is not disqualified for an austudy payment for the period because the person fails to satisfy the activity test within the meaning of section 569; and

 (dc) youth allowance is not payable to the person for the period and that result is not because of the operation of:

 (i) section 550B (youth allowance participation failure); or

 (ia) section 551 (repeated failure); or

 (ii) section 553B (move to an area of lower employment prospects); or

 (iii) subsection 42AL(1) of the Administration Act (payment suspension periods—persons other than declared program participants); or

 (iv) subsection 42AO(1) of that Act (unemployment preclusion periods—persons other than declared program participants); or

 (v) subsection 42AP(5) of that Act (postcancellation nonpayment periods—persons other than declared program participants); or

 (vi) subsection 42P(1) of that Act (serious failures—declared program participants); or

 (vii) subsection 42S(1) of that Act (unemployment nonpayment periods—declared program participants); or

 (viii) section 81 of that Act; and

 (dd) austudy payment is not payable to the person for the period and that result is not because of the operation of:

 (i) section 576A (austudy participation failure); or

 (ia) section 577 (repeated failure); or

 (ii) section 81 of the Administration Act; and

 (e) the Secretary is satisfied that the person is unable to earn a sufficient livelihood for the person and the person’s dependants (if any) because of age, disability or domestic circumstances or for any other reason; and

 (f) the person:

 (i) is an Australian resident; or

 (v) is the holder of a visa that is in a class of visas determined by the Minister for the purposes of this subparagraph; and

 (g) if the person is:

 (i) the holder of a visa included in a class of visas that is issued for temporary protection, humanitarian, or safe haven purposes and that is determined by the Minister to be a class of visas to which this subparagraph applies; and

 (ii) a person to whom subsection (2A) applies;

  the person meets the additional criteria set out in subsection (2B); and

 (h) an assurance of support does not apply to the person at any time during the period (see subsection (2C)).

Note: For Australian resident see subsection 7(2).

 (2A) For the purposes of paragraph (2)(g), the holder of a visa included in a class of visas that is issued for temporary protection, humanitarian, or safe haven purposes and that is determined by the Minister to be a class of visas to which subparagraph (2)(g)(i) applies is a person to whom that firstmentioned paragraph applies only if:

 (a) the person would not qualify for disability support pension under section 94 or 95 if the person were an Australian resident; and

 (b) the person has attained the minimum age for youth allowance as determined in accordance with subsection 543A(1) but has not attained pension age; and

 (c) the person:

 (i) claims, or has claimed, special benefit on or after 1 January 2003 that is not continuous with any previous grant of special benefit; or

 (ii) if the person had not attained the minimum age for youth allowance as defined by subsection 543A(1) before 1 January 2003—is receiving special benefit granted before, or continuous with special benefit granted before, that date.

 (2B) A person referred to in paragraph (2)(g) is qualified for special benefit in respect of a period only if, in addition to meeting any relevant requirement in paragraphs (2)(a) to (f), throughout the period:

 (a) the following apply:

 (i) the person satisfies the employment pathway plan requirements;

 (ii) the person satisfies the Employment Secretary that the person is willing to actively seek and to accept and undertake paid work in Australia, except particular paid work that is unsuitable to be done by the person; or

 (b) the following apply:

 (i) the person is, under Subdivision C of Division 2A of Part 3 of the Administration Act, not required to satisfy the employment pathway plan requirements;

 (ii) the person satisfies the Employment Secretary that the person would otherwise be willing to actively seek and to accept and undertake paid work in Australia, except particular paid work that is unsuitable to be done by the person.

Note 1: For satisfies the employment pathway plan requirements, see subsection 23(1).

Note 2: See Division 2B of Part 3 of the Administration Act for the circumstances in which paid work is unsuitable to be done by a person.

 (2C) For the purposes of paragraph (2)(h), an assurance of support applies to a person at a particular time if:

 (a) an assurance of support is in force in respect of the person (the assuree) at that time; and

 (b) the person who gave the assurance was willing and able to provide an adequate level of support to the assuree; and

 (c) it was reasonable for the assuree to accept that support.

Note: For assurance of support see subsection 23(1).

 (2D) For the avoidance of doubt, if, at any time during the period for which special benefit is granted to a person, the person’s circumstances change such that, if the person were to be making a claim for special benefit on the basis of the changed circumstances, the person would not be qualified for special benefit, special benefit ceases to be payable.

 (3) The Secretary is not to determine that a special benefit should be granted to a person for a period if the Secretary is satisfied that the benefit is not payable to the person for that period.

 (4) For the purposes of paragraph (2)(d), a jobseeker payment is to be taken to be not payable to a person for a period because of the operation of a provision if:

 (a) the person has claimed the payment for the period and the payment is not payable to the person because of the operation of the provision; or

 (b) were the person to claim the payment for the period the payment would not be payable to the person because of the operation of the provision.

 (4A) For the purposes of paragraph (2)(dc) a youth allowance is taken to be not payable to a person for a period because of the operation of a provision if:

 (a) the person has claimed the allowance for the period and the allowance is not payable to the person because of the operation of the provision; or

 (b) were the person to claim the allowance for the period the allowance would not be payable to the person because of the operation of the provision.

 (4B) For the purposes of paragraph (2)(dd), an austudy payment is taken not to be payable to a person for a period because of the operation of a provision if:

 (a) the person has claimed the payment for the period and the payment is not payable to the person because of the operation of the provision; or

 (b) were the person to claim the payment for the period, the payment would not be payable to the person because of the operation of the provision.

 (6) If:

 (a) a person was receiving a social security pension, a service pension, income support supplement or a veteran payment; and

 (b) the person claims a special benefit within 14 days of the day on which the last instalment of the person’s social security pension, service pension, income support supplement or veteran payment was paid; and

 (c) the person becomes qualified for a special benefit at some time during the 14 day period but after the first day of that period;

the person is taken to be qualified for a special benefit for the whole of the 14 day period.

Note: Subsection (6) operates when a person transfers from a social security pension, a service pension, income support supplement or a veteran payment to a special benefit and the person is not qualified for a special benefit immediately after the day on which the person’s last instalment of social security pension, service pension, income support supplement or veteran payment is paid. The subsection deems the person to be so qualified. As a result, the person may be paid a special benefit for the period beginning on the day after the day on which the person’s last instalment of social security pension, service pension, income support supplement or veteran payment was paid. The subsection aims to ensure that there is minimal disruption to a person’s payments when a person transfers from a social security pension, a service pension, income support supplement or a veteran payment to a special benefit.

729A  Time limit on qualification for certain recipients of special benefit

 (1) This section applies to a person who is receiving special benefit if:

 (a) the person’s maximum benefit period is 13 weeks or less; and

 (b) the Secretary determines that this section should apply to the person.

 (2) The maximum benefit period for a person is the period specified in the determination granting the person’s claim for special benefit as the maximum period for which the special benefit is payable to the person.

 (3) If:

 (a) the section applies to a person; and

 (b) the Secretary is satisfied that the person’s qualification for special benefit will continue after the end of the person’s maximum benefit period; and

 (c) the Secretary determines that this subsection should apply to the person;

the Secretary may determine that special benefit should be granted to the person for a period of not more than 13 weeks.

 (4) Subject to section 729B, if:

 (a) the Secretary has determined that special benefit should be granted to the person for a period of not more than 13 weeks under subsection (3) or this subsection; and

 (b) the Secretary is satisfied that the person’s qualification for special benefit will continue after the end of that period; and

 (c) the Secretary determines that this subsection should apply to the person;

the Secretary may determine that special benefit should be granted to the person for a further period of not more than 13 weeks.

729AA  Effect of industrial action on qualification conditions of certain claimants for special benefit

 (1) A person who:

 (a) has claimed special benefit; and

 (b) is:

 (i) the holder of a visa included in a class of visas that is issued for temporary protection, humanitarian, or safe haven purposes and that is determined by the Minister to be a class of visas to which subparagraph 729(2)(g)(i) applies; and

 (ii) a person to whom subsection 729(2A) applies;

is not, for the purposes of paragraph 729(2)(e), taken to be unable to earn a sufficient livelihood for the person and the person’s dependants (if any) if:

 (c) that inability arises because the person has ceased to be employed, or to be employed at a particular level of income; and

 (d) that cessation is attributable to the person’s being, or having been, engaged in industrial action, or in a series of industrial actions.

 (2) Subsection (1) does not apply in relation to a person if the Secretary is satisfied that:

 (a) the person’s unemployment or the effect on the person’s level of income was due to other people being, or having been, engaged in industrial action or in a series of industrial actions; and

 (b) the people or some of the people were members of a trade union that was involved in the industrial action; and

 (c) the person was not a member of the trade union during the period of the industrial action.

 (3) Subject to subsection (4), subsections (1) and (2) do not prevent a person from being qualified for special benefit in respect of a period that occurs after the relevant industrial action or series of industrial actions has stopped.

 (4) If the relevant industrial action or series of industrial actions is in breach of an order, direction or injunction issued by:

 (a) a prescribed State industrial authority within the meaning of the Fair Work Act 2009; or

 (b) the Fair Work Commission or the Australian Industrial Relations Commission; or

 (c) the Federal Court of Australia; or

 (d) the Federal Circuit and Family Court of Australia (Division 2);

a person is not qualified for special benefit in respect of a period unless that period occurs 6 weeks or more after the relevant industrial action or series of industrial actions has stopped.

729B  Certain recipients of special benefit cease to be qualified for special benefit after 52 weeks

 (1) A person to whom subsection 729A(4) applies ceases to be qualified for special benefit if the person has received special benefit in respect of the immediately preceding period of 52 weeks.

 (2) The Secretary may make a written determination that subsection (1) does not apply to a person if the Secretary is satisfied:

 (a) that the person’s qualification for special benefit will end during the next 13 weeks; or

 (b) that the person’s qualification for special benefit will continue after the end of the period of 65 weeks commencing on the person’s start day.

729C  Consequence of subsection 729B(2) determination

 (1) If the Secretary:

 (a) is satisfied of the matter mentioned in paragraph 729B(2)(a); and

 (b) makes a determination under subsection 729B(2) in relation to a person;

then the person ceases to be qualified for special benefit if:

 (c) the person has received special benefit in respect of the immediately preceding 65 weeks; and

 (d) the Secretary is satisfied that this subsection should apply to the person.

 (2) If the Secretary:

 (a) is satisfied of the matter mentioned in paragraph 729B(2)(b); and

 (b) makes a determination under subsection 729B(2) in relation to a person;

the Secretary may determine that special benefit should be granted to the person for a period.

730  Determination of period

  The period determined by the Secretary under subsection 729(2) is not to begin before the person’s start day.

Subdivision BPayability

732  Special benefit not payable if benefit rate nil

 (1) Subject to subsection (2), special benefit is not payable to a person if the person’s special benefit rate would be nil.

 (2) Subsection (1) does not apply to a person if the person’s rate would be nil merely because:

 (a) an election by the person under subsection 915A(1) (about quarterly energy supplement) or 1061VA(1) (about quarterly pension supplement) is in force; or

 (b) the person has been paid an advance pharmaceutical allowance under the social security law.

733  Assets test—benefit not payable if assets value limit exceeded

 (1) A special benefit is not payable to a person if:

 (a) the person is not excluded from the special benefit assets test; and

 (b) the value of the person’s assets exceeds the person’s assets value limit.

 (2) A person is excluded from the special benefit assets test if the person:

 (a) has not turned 18; and

 (b) is not independent within the meaning of section 1067A.

 (3) A person’s assets value limit is worked out using the following table: work out which family situation applies to the person; the assets value limit is the corresponding amount in the assets value limit column.

 

Assets value limit table

Column 1

Column 2

Column 3

Assets value limit

Item

Person’s family situation

Column 3A

Either person or partner homeowner

Column 3B

Neither person nor partner homeowner

1.

Not member of a couple

$250,000

$450,000

2.

Partnered (partner getting neither pension nor benefit)

$375,000

$575,000

3.

Partnered (partner getting pension or benefit)

$187,500

$287,500

Note 1: For member of a couple, partnered (partner getting neither pension nor benefit) and partnered (partner getting pension or benefit) see section 4.

Note 2: For homeowner see section 11.

Note 3: If item 2 applies to a person, the value of all the assets of the person’s partner is to be taken as being included in the value of the person’s assets (see subsection 734(1)—this is why the assets value limit is so high. If, on the other hand, item 3 applies to a person, the value of the person’s assets is only half the combined value of the person’s assets and the assets of the person’s partner (see subsection 734(2)).

Note 4: If a special benefit is not payable to a person because of the value of the person’s assets, the person may be able to take advantage of provisions dealing with financial hardship (see sections 1131 and 1132).

Note 5: The assets value limits of items 1 and 3 in column 3A and item 3 in column 3B are indexed annually in line with CPI increases (see sections 1191 to 1194).

Note 6: The assets value limit of item 1 in column 3B is adjusted annually (see subsection 1204(1)).

Note 7: The item 2 assets value limits are adjusted annually so that they are twice the corresponding item 3 limits (see subsections 1204(2) and (3)).

734  Value of assets of members of couples

 (1) If:

 (a) the person is a member of a couple; and

 (b) the person’s partner:

 (i) is not in receipt of a social security pension, a service pension, income support supplement or a veteran payment; and

 (ii) is not in receipt of a social security benefit;

the value of the person’s assets, or of assets of a particular kind of the person, includes the value of the partner’s assets or of assets of that kind of the partner.

Note: For social security pension see subsection 23(1).

 (2) If:

 (a) the person is a member of a couple; and

 (b) the person’s partner is in receipt of:

 (i) a social security pension, a service pension, income support supplement or a veteran payment; or

 (ii) a social security benefit;

the following provisions have effect:

 (c) the value of the person’s assets is taken to be 50% of the sum of the value of the assets of the person and the value of the assets of the person’s partner; and

 (d) the value of the person’s assets of a particular kind is taken to be 50% of the sum of the value of the assets of that kind of the person and the value of assets of that kind of the person’s partner.

735  Multiple entitlement exclusion

 (1) Special benefit is not payable to a person if the person is already receiving a service pension, income support supplement or a veteran payment.

 (2) If:

 (a) a person is receiving special benefit; and

 (b) a social security pension, another social security benefit, a service pension, income support supplement or a veteran payment becomes payable to the person;

the special benefit is not payable to the person.

Note 1: Another payment type will generally not become payable to the person until the person claims it.

Note 2: For social security pension and social security benefit see subsection 23(1).

 (3) Special benefit is not payable to a woman if:

 (a) the woman is an armed services widow; and

 (b) the woman is receiving a pension under Part II or IV of the Veterans’ Entitlements Act at a rate determined under or by reference to subsection 30(1) of that Act;

unless:

 (c) the woman has been receiving a payment referred to in paragraph (b) continuously since before 1 November 1986; and

 (d) before 1 November 1986 the woman was also receiving a social security benefit.

Note: For armed services widow see subsection 4(1).

 (4) Special benefit is not payable to a man if:

 (a) the man is an armed services widower; and

 (b) the man is receiving a pension under Part II or IV of the Veterans’ Entitlements Act at a rate determined under or by reference to subsection 30(1) of that Act.

Note: For armed services widower see subsection 4(1).

 (5) Special benefit is not payable to a person if:

 (a) the person is an armed services widow or an armed services widower; and

 (b) the person is receiving the weekly amount mentioned in paragraph 234(1)(b) of the MRCA (including a reduced weekly amount because of a choice under section 236 of the MRCA) or has received a lump sum mentioned in subsection 236(5) of the MRCA.

Note 1: For armed services widow and armed services widower see subsection 4(1).

Note 2: For MRCA see subsection 23(1).

736  Secretary may require certain persons to attend courses or undertake work

 (1) If:

 (a) a person, other than a person who is a nominated visa holder, is receiving, or has lodged a claim for, special benefit; and

 (b) the Secretary is of the opinion that the person should:

 (i) undertake a course of vocational training; or

 (ii) undertake a course:

 (A) which the person could reasonably undertake; and

 (B) to which the person has been referred by the Secretary; or

 (iii) do any work suitable to be done by the person; and

 (c) the Secretary notifies the person that the person is required to:

 (i) undertake that course; or

 (ii) do that work; and

 (d) the person does not comply with the Secretary’s requirements;

special benefit is not payable to the person for a period determined by the Secretary.

 (2) The Secretary may determine that special benefit is payable for a period for which he or she had previously determined that it was not payable under subsection (1) if, within a reasonable period, the person complies with the Secretary’s requirements.

737  Fulltime students

 (1) Subject to subsection (3), a special benefit is not payable to a person:

 (a) who has turned 18; or

 (b) who satisfies both of the following:

 (i) the person has not turned 16; and

 (ii) the person is not a SPB homeless person;

if the person is enrolled in a fulltime course of education or of vocational training.

Note: For SPB homeless person see section 739.

Period for which benefit not payable

 (2) The period for which a special benefit is not payable under subsection (1) is the period that:

 (a) starts when the person starts the course; and

 (b) finishes when the person:

 (i) completes the course; or

 (ii) abandons the course; or

 (iii) gives notice to the provider of the course that the person:

 (A) wishes to withdraw from the course; or

 (B) wishes to withdraw from such number of subjects that the person’s course will no longer be a fulltime course; and

 (c) includes periods of vacation.

Subsection (1) does not apply in certain cases

 (3) Subsection (1) does not prevent a special benefit from being payable for any period during which:

 (a) a person is enrolled in a course of study that the Secretary has required the person to undertake under section 736; or

 (b) the person is engaged in a course undertaken under an employment pathway plan; or

 (c) the person has deferred a course of education.

738  Payments under certain education schemes

 (1) Subject to subsections (2) and (3), a special benefit is not payable to a person:

 (a) who has turned 18; or

 (b) who satisfies both of the following:

 (i) the person has not turned 16;

 (ii) the person is not a SPB homeless person;

if a payment has been made or may be made in respect of the person for the same period under:

 (c) a prescribed educational scheme other than the ABSTUDY scheme to the extent that it applies to parttime students; or

 (d) the scheme to provide an allowance known as the Adult Migrant Education Program Living Allowance; or

 (e) the scheme to provide an allowance known as the Maintenance Allowance for Refugees; or

 (f) the scheme to provide an allowance known as the English as a Second Language Allowance to the extent that the scheme applies to fulltime students.

Note 1: For prescribed educational scheme see section 5.

Note 2: For SPB homeless person see section 739.

 (2) If:

 (a) a person may start a course of education on a fulltime basis; and

 (b) a payment under a scheme referred to in subsection (1) may be made in respect of the person;

the Secretary may decide that, in spite of subsection (1), a special benefit is payable to the person for a period before the person starts the course.

 (3) If:

 (a) a person enrols in a fulltime course of education; and

 (b) an application is made for a payment in respect of the person under:

 (ii) the ABSTUDY Schooling scheme; or

 (iii) the ABSTUDY Tertiary scheme; and

 (c) the person was receiving special benefit immediately before the start of the course;

the Secretary may decide that, in spite of subsection (1), special benefit is payable to the person for the period of 3 weeks commencing on the day on which the course starts.

739  SPB homeless person

  For the purposes of subparagraphs 737(1)(b)(ii) and 738(1)(b)(ii), a person is an SPB homeless person if:

 (a) the person is not a member of a couple; and

 (b) the person does not have a dependent child; and

 (c) the person meets the conditions in subsection 1067A(9) (which is about being independent).

739A  Newly arrived resident’s waiting period

 (1) Subject to this section, a person who, on or after the commencement of this subsection:

 (a) enters Australia; or

 (b) becomes the holder of a permanent visa; or

 (e) becomes the holder of a visa that is in a class of visas determined by the Minister, by legislative instrument, for the purposes of this paragraph;

is subject to a newly arrived resident’s waiting period.

 (2) Subject to this section, if, immediately before the commencement of this subsection, a person was the holder of a visa that is in a class of visas determined by the Minister for the purposes of this subsection, the person is subject to a newly arrived resident’s waiting period.

 (3) If:

 (a) a person is subject to a newly arrived resident’s waiting period; and

 (b) before, on or after the commencement of this subsection, the person applies for a visa that is in a class of visas determined by the Minister, by legislative instrument, for the purposes of this paragraph;

the waiting period:

 (c) starts on the day on which the person applied for that visa; and

 (d) ends when the person has been in Australia for a period of, or periods totalling, 208 weeks after that day.

 (4) If:

 (a) a person is subject to a newly arrived resident’s waiting period; and

 (b) before, on or after the commencement of this subsection, the person was the holder of a visa that is in a class of visas determined by the Minister, by legislative instrument, for the purposes of this paragraph;

the period:

 (c) starts on the day on which the person applied for that visa; and

 (d) ends when the person has been in Australia for a period of, or periods totalling, 208 weeks after that day.

 (5) If:

 (a) a person is subject to a newly arrived resident’s waiting period; and

 (b) neither subsection (3) nor (4) apply to the person;

the waiting period starts on the day on which the person:

 (c) first entered Australia; or

 (d) becomes the holder of a permanent visa;

whichever occurs last, and ends on the day after the person has been in Australia for a period of, or periods totalling, 208 weeks after that day.

 (6) Neither subsection (1) nor (2) applies to a person if the person holds, or was the former holder of, a visa in a class of visas determined by the Minister, by legislative instrument, for the purposes of this subsection.

 (7) Neither subsection (1) nor (2) apply to a person if the person, in the Secretary’s opinion, has suffered a substantial change in circumstances beyond the person’s control after the person first entered Australia.

Note: For permanent visa see subsection 7(1).

 (8) Neither subsection (1) nor (2) applies to a person if:

 (a) the person is a refugee, or a former refugee, at the time the person made the claim for a special benefit; or

 (b) the following apply:

 (i) before the person made the claim for a special benefit, the person was a family member of another person at the time the other person became a refugee;

 (ii) the person is a family member of that other person at the time the person made the claim for a special benefit or, if that other person has died, the person was a family member of that other person immediately before that other person died; or

 (c) the person is an Australian citizen at the time the person made the claim for a special benefit.

 (9) For the purposes of subsection (8):

 (a) family member has the meaning given by subsection 7(6D); and

 (b) former refugee has the meaning given by subsection 7(1); and

 (c) refugee has the meaning given by subsection 7(6B).

739B  Secretary to act in accordance with guidelines

  The Secretary must exercise the powers under subsection 739A(7), in accordance with guidelines from time to time in force under section 739C.

739C  Guidelines for exercise of Secretary’s powers under subsection 739A(7)

  The Minister, by legislative instrument:

 (a) is to set guidelines for the exercise of the Secretary’s powers under subsection 739A(7); and

 (b) may revoke or vary those guidelines.

Subdivision DSituations where special benefit not payable to persons who are nominated visa holders (administrative breaches)

745H  Situations where special benefit not payable for failure to comply with certain requirements

  Special benefit is not payable to a person who is a nominated visa holder if the person refuses or fails, without reasonable excuse, to comply with a requirement made of the person under section 67, 68 or 192 of the Administration Act.

Subdivision FOther situations where special benefit not payable to persons who are nominated visa holders

745M  Seasonal workers

 (1) This section applies if, at any time during the 6 months immediately before the day on which a person who is a nominated visa holder lodges a claim for special benefit, the person or, if the person is a member of a couple, the person or the person’s partner, has been engaged in seasonal work within the meaning of subsection 16A(1).

 (2) Special benefit is not payable to the person:

 (a) if the person is subject to a seasonal work preclusion period within the meaning of subsection 16A(1) (whether in relation to the claim referred to in subsection (1) or any other claim under this Act) and the Secretary has not made a determination under subsection (3) in relation to the person—for the person’s seasonal work preclusion period; or

 (b) if the Secretary has made a determination under subsection (3) in relation to the person—for that part (if any) of the person’s seasonal work preclusion period to which the person is subject as a result of the determination.

 (3) If the Secretary is satisfied that a person is in severe financial hardship within the meaning of subsection 19C(2) or (3), whichever is appropriate, because the person has incurred unavoidable or reasonable expenditure within the meaning of subsection 19C(4) while the person is subject to a seasonal work preclusion period (whether in relation to the claim referred to in subsection (1) or any other claim under this Act):

 (a) the Secretary may determine that the person is not subject to the whole, or any part, of the preclusion period; and

 (b) the determination has effect accordingly.

745N  Move to area of lower employment prospects

 (1) Subject to subsection (3), if, in the opinion of the Secretary, a person who is a nominated visa holder has reduced his or her employment prospects by moving to a new place of residence without sufficient reason, special benefit is not payable to the person for 26 weeks.

 (2) Subsection (1) extends to a person who makes a claim for special benefit on or after the day on which the person moved to the new place of residence and before the end of the period referred to in that subsection.

 (3) If a person to whom special benefit is not payable under subsection (1) for a period of 26 weeks (including that subsection as it applies by virtue of subsection (2)) does either of the following during that period:

 (a) moves back to the place of residence (the original place of residence) the movement from which resulted in special benefit not being payable to him or her;

 (b) moves to another place of residence a movement to which from the original place of residence would not have resulted in special benefit not being payable to him or her;

the period of 26 weeks ends at the time of the movement back to the original place of residence or the movement to the other place of residence, as the case may be.

 (4) For the purposes of subsection (1), a person has a sufficient reason for moving to a new place of residence if and only if the person:

 (a) moves to live with a family member who has already established his or her residence in that place of residence; or

 (b) moves to live near a family member who has already established residence in the same area; or

 (c) satisfies the Secretary that the move is necessary for the purposes of treating or alleviating a physical disease or illness suffered by the person or by a family member; or

 (d) satisfies the Secretary that the person has moved from his or her original place of residence because of an extreme circumstance which made it reasonable for the person to move to the new place of residence (for example, the person had been subjected to domestic or family violence in the original place of residence).

 (5) The Secretary may determine in writing the day on which the period of nonpayment imposed by subsection (1) commences and that day may be before the day of the determination.

Division 4Rate of special benefit

746  Rate of special benefit

 (1) The rate of a person’s special benefit is the fortnightly rate determined by the Secretary in his or her discretion.

 (2) The rate of a person’s special benefit is not to exceed the rate at which youth allowance, austudy payment or jobseeker payment would be payable to the person if:

 (a) the person were qualified for youth allowance, austudy payment or jobseeker payment; and

 (b) youth allowance, austudy payment or jobseeker payment were payable to the person.

 (3) In working out, for the purposes of subsection (2), the rate at which youth allowance would be payable to a person, disregard any amount by which the rate would be increased because of point 1067GB3A or 1067GD1 of the Youth Allowance Rate Calculator.

 (4) In working out, for the purposes of subsection (2), the rate at which jobseeker payment would be payable to a person, disregard any amount by which the rate would be increased because of point 1068B5 of Benefit Rate Calculator B.

747  Approved program of work supplement for persons who are nominated visa holders

  If a person who is a nominated visa holder:

 (a) is receiving special benefit; and

 (b) is participating in an approved program of work for income support payment;

the rate of the person’s special benefit is increased by an amount of $20.80, to be known as the approved program of work supplement, for each fortnight during which the person participates in the program.

759  Effect of industrial action on rate of special benefit payable to persons who are nominated visa holders

 (1) If:

 (a) a person who is a nominated visa holder is receiving special benefit; and

 (b) while the person is receiving that benefit the person becomes engaged in industrial action, or in a series of industrial actions, that leads to the person’s unemployment or to a decrease in the person’s level of income;

the rate of special benefit payable to the person is to be determined as if the person had continued, for the period of that industrial action, to be employed and to receive income at the level at which it would have been received if the person had not engaged in that action.

 (2) Subsection (1) does not apply in relation to a person if the Secretary is satisfied:

 (a) that the person’s unemployment or the effect on the person’s level of income was due to other people being, or having been, engaged in industrial action or in a series of industrial actions; and

 (b) the people or some of the people were members of a trade union that was involved in the industrial action; and

 (c) the person was not a member of the trade union during the period of the industrial action.

 (3) Subject to subsection (4), subsections (1) and (2) do not affect the rate of special benefit payable to a person in respect of a period that occurs after the relevant industrial action or series of industrial actions has stopped.

 (4) If the relevant industrial action or series of industrial actions is in breach of an order, direction or injunction issued by:

 (a) a prescribed State industrial authority within the meaning of the Fair Work Act 2009; or

 (b) the Fair Work Commission or the Australian Industrial Relations Commission; or

 (c) the Federal Court of Australia; or

 (d) the Federal Circuit and Family Court of Australia (Division 2);

the rate of special benefit payable to a person is to continue to be determined in accordance with subsection (1) but subject to subsection (2) until the end of a period of 6 weeks after the relevant industrial action or series of industrial actions has stopped.

Division 9Bereavement payments

Subdivision AADeath of partner

768A  Qualification for payments under this Subdivision

 (1) If:

 (a) a person is receiving a special benefit; and

 (b) the person is a longterm social security recipient; and

 (c) the person is a member of a couple; and

 (d) the person’s partner dies; and

 (e) immediately before the partner died, the partner:

 (i) was receiving a social security pension; or

 (ii) was receiving a service pension, income support supplement or a veteran payment; or

 (iii) was a longterm social security recipient; and

 (f) on the person’s payday immediately before the first available bereavement adjustment payday, the amount that would be payable to the person if the person were not qualified for payments under this Subdivision is less than the sum of:

 (i) the amount that would otherwise be payable to the person under section 768D (person’s continued rate) on that payday; and

 (ii) the amount (if any) that would otherwise be payable to the person, under section 768B (continued payment of partner’s pension or benefit) on the partner’s payday immediately before the first available bereavement adjustment payday;

the person is qualified for payments under this Subdivision to cover the bereavement period.

Note 1: Section 768B provides for the payment to the person, up to the first available bereavement adjustment payday, of amounts equal to the instalments that would have been paid to the person’s partner during that period if the partner had not died.

Note 2: Section 768C provides for a lump sum that represents the instalments that would have been paid to the person’s partner, between the first available bereavement adjustment payday and the end of the bereavement period, if the partner had not died.

Note 3: For longterm social security recipient see subsection 23(1).

 (2) A person who is qualified for payments under this Subdivision may choose not to receive payments under this Subdivision.

 (3) An election under subsection (2):

 (a) must be made by written notice to the Secretary; and

 (b) may be made after the person has been paid an amount or amounts under this Subdivision; and

 (c) cannot be withdrawn after the Department has taken all the action required to give effect to that election.

 (4) If a person is qualified for payments under this Subdivision in relation to the partner’s death, the rate at which special benefit is payable to the person during the bereavement period is, unless the person has made an election under subsection (2), governed by section 768D.

768B  Continued payment of partner’s pension or benefit

  If a person is qualified for payments under this Subdivision in relation to the death of the person’s partner, there is payable to the person, on each of the partner’s paydays in the bereavement rate continuation period, an amount equal to the amount that would have been payable to the partner on that payday if the partner had not died.

768C  Lump sum payable in some circumstances

  If:

 (a) a person is qualified for payments under this Subdivision in relation to the death of the person’s partner; and

 (b) the first available bereavement adjustment payday occurs before the end of the bereavement period;

there is payable to the person as a lump sum an amount worked out using the lump sum calculator at the end of this section.

LUMP SUM CALCULATOR

This is how to work out the amount of the lump sum:

Method statement

Step 1. Add up:

 (a) the amount that, if the person’s partner had not died, would have been payable to the person on the person’s payday immediately before the first available bereavement adjustment payday; and

 (b) the amount (if any) that, if the partner had not died, would have been payable to the partner on the partner’s payday immediately before the first available bereavement adjustment payday;

 the result is called the combined rate.

Step 2. Work out the amount that, but for section 768D, would have been payable to the person on the person’s payday immediately before the first available bereavement adjustment payday: the result is called the person’s individual rate.

Step 3. Take the person’s individual rate away from the combined rate: the result is called the partner’s instalment component.

Step 4. Work out the number of the partner’s paydays in the bereavement lump sum period.

Step 5. Multiply the partner’s instalment component by the number obtained in Step 4: the result is the amount of the lump sum payable to the person under this section.

768D  Adjustment of a person’s special benefit rate

  If:

 (a) a person is qualified for payments under this Subdivision; and

 (b) the person does not elect under subsection 768A(2) not to receive payments under this Subdivision;

the rate of the person’s special benefit during the bereavement period is worked out as follows:

 (c) during the bereavement rate continuation period, the rate of special benefit payable to the person is the rate at which the allowance would have been payable to the person if the person’s partner had not died;

 (d) during the bereavement lump sum period (if any), the rate at which special benefit is payable to the person is the rate at which the allowance would be payable to the person apart from this Subdivision.

768E  Effect of death of person entitled to payments under this Subdivision

  If:

 (a) a person is qualified for payments under this Subdivision in relation to the death of the person’s partner; and

 (b) the person dies within the bereavement period; and

 (c) the Secretary does not become aware of the death of the person’s partner before the person dies;

there is payable, to such person as the Secretary thinks appropriate, as a lump sum, an amount worked out using the lump sum calculator at the end of this section.

LUMP SUM CALCULATOR

This is how to work out the amount of the lump sum:

Method statement

Step 1. Add up:

 (a) the amount that, if neither the person nor the person’s partner had died, would have been payable to the person on the person’s payday immediately after the day on which the person dies; and

 (b) the amount (if any) that, if neither the person nor the person’s partner had died, would have been payable to the person’s partner on the partner’s payday immediately after the day on which the person died;

 the result is called the combined rate.

Step 2. Work out the amount that, but for section 768D, would have been payable to the person on the person’s payday immediately after the day on which the person died if the person had not died: the result is called the person’s individual rate.

Step 3. Take the person’s individual rate away from the combined pensioner couple rate: the result is called the partner’s instalment component.

Step 4. Work out the number of paydays of the partner in the period that commences on the day on which the person dies and ends on the day on which the bereavement period ends.

Step 5. Multiply the partner’s instalment component by the number obtained in Step 4: the result is the amount of the lump sum payable under this section.

768F  Matters affecting payments under this Subdivision

 (1) If:

 (a) a person is qualified for payments under this Subdivision in relation to the death of the person’s partner; and

 (b) after the person’s partner died, an amount to which the partner would have been entitled if the partner had not died has been paid under this Act or under Part III or IIIA of the Veterans’ Entitlements Act; and

 (c) the Secretary is not satisfied that the person has not had the benefit of that amount;

the following provisions have effect:

 (d) the amount referred to in paragraph (b) is not recoverable from the person or from the personal representative of the person’s partner, except to the extent (if any) that the amount exceeds the amount payable to the person under this Subdivision;

 (e) the amount payable to the person under this Subdivision is to be reduced by the amount referred to in paragraph (b).

 (2) If:

 (a) a person is qualified for payments under this Subdivision in relation to the death of the person’s partner; and

 (b) the amount to which the person’s partner would have been entitled if the person’s partner had not died has been paid under this Act or under Part III or IIIA of the Veterans’ Entitlements Act, within the bereavement period, into an account with a bank; and

 (c) the bank pays to the person, out of the account, an amount not exceeding the total of the amounts paid as mentioned in paragraph (b);

the bank is, in spite of anything in any other law, not liable to any action, claim or demand by the Commonwealth, the personal representative of the person’s partner or anyone else in respect of the payment of that money to the person.

Part 2.16Special needs pensions

Division 1ATime limit on grant of special needs wife pension

771P  Special needs wife pension not to be granted after 30 June 1995

 (1) In spite of any other provision of this Part or any provision of the Administration Act, other than section 85, a woman is not to be granted a special needs wife pension unless:

 (a) her claim for the pension is lodged on or before 30 June 1995; and

 (b) she qualifies for the pension on or before 30 June 1995.

 (2) For the purposes of paragraph (1)(a), if section 15 of the Administration Act applies, the woman is taken to have lodged her claim on the day on which she makes her initial claim.

 (3) In subsection (2):

initial claim has the same meaning as in section 15 of the Administration Act.

Division 1BTime limit on grant of other special needs pensions

771PA  Special needs pensions not to be granted after 20 September 2000

  In spite of any other provision of this Part, a person is not to be granted a special needs age pension or special needs disability pension unless:

 (a) the person’s claim for the pension is lodged, or is taken to have been lodged, on or before 20 September 2000; and

 (b) the person qualifies for the pension on or before 20 September 2000.

Division 1Qualifications for and payability of special needs pensions

Subdivision AQualification

772  Qualification for special needs age pension

  A person is qualified for a special needs age pension if:

 (a) the person has not resided in Australia at any time after 7 May 1973; and

 (b) the person has turned:

 (i) if the person is a woman—60; or

 (ii) if the person is a man—65; and

 (c) the person ceased to reside in Australia after the person had turned:

 (i) if the person is a woman—55; or

 (ii) if the person is a man—60; and

 (d) the person had resided in Australia for a period that was, or for periods that in the aggregate were, not less than 30 years; and

 (e) the person would:

 (i) if the person had lodged a claim immediately before the person ceased to reside in Australia—have been qualified under section 25 of the 1947 Act to receive an age pension; or

 (ii) if the person had not ceased to reside in Australia, were physically present in Australia and lodged a claim for an age pension—be qualified under section 25 of the 1947 Act to receive an age pension; and

 (f) the person is, in the opinion of the Secretary, in special need of financial assistance.

773  Qualification for special needs disability support pension

  A person is qualified for a special needs disability support pension if:

 (a) the person has not resided in Australia at any time after 7 May 1973; and

 (b) the person is severely disabled; and

 (c) the person has turned 16; and

 (d) at the time when the person first satisfied paragraph (b), the person was in Australia or temporarily absent from Australia; and

 (e) the person is, in the opinion of the Secretary, in special need of financial assistance.

Note: A person who is receiving a special needs disability support pension may be automatically transferred to the special needs age pension if the person becomes qualified for the special needs age pension (see subsection 789(3)).

774  Qualification for special needs wife pension

  A person is qualified for a special needs wife pension if the person:

 (a) is a woman who is a member of a couple; and

 (b) has a partner who is receiving a special needs age pension or a special needs disability support pension.

Note 1: For member of a couple see subsections 4(2), (3) and (6).

Note 2: A person who is receiving a special needs wife pension may be automatically transferred to the special needs age pension if the person becomes qualified for the special needs age pension (see subsection 789(3)).

Subdivision BPayability

779  Special needs pension not payable if pension rate nil

  A special needs pension is not payable to a person if the person’s special needs pension rate would be nil.

783  Second special needs pension generally not payable after cancellation of initial pension

  If:

 (a) a special needs pension is payable to a person; and

 (b) the special needs pension is cancelled;

another special needs pension is not payable to the person unless the person is qualified to receive another special needs pension at the time the initial pension is cancelled.

787  Multiple entitlement exclusion

 (1) A special needs pension is not payable to a person if the person is already receiving a service pension or a veteran payment.

 (2) If:

 (a) a person is receiving a special needs pension; and

 (b) another social security pension, a social security benefit, a service pension or a veteran payment becomes payable to the person;

the special needs pension is not payable to the person.

Note 1: Another payment type will generally not become payable to the person until the person claims it.

Note 2: For social security pension and social security benefit see subsection 23(1).

 (3) A special needs pension is not payable to a woman if:

 (a) the woman is an armed services widow; and

 (b) the woman is receiving a pension under Part II or IV of the Veterans’ Entitlements Act at a rate determined under or by reference to subsection 30(1) of that Act.

Note: For armed services widow see subsection 4(1).

 (4) A special needs pension is not payable to a man if:

 (a) the man is an armed services widower; and

 (b) the man is receiving a pension under Part II or IV of the Veterans’ Entitlements Act at a rate determined under or by reference to subsection 30(1) of that Act.

Note: For armed services widower see subsection 4(1).

 (5) A special needs pension is not payable to a person if:

 (a) the person is an armed services widow or an armed services widower; and

 (b) the person is receiving the weekly amount mentioned in paragraph 234(1)(b) of the MRCA (including a reduced weekly amount because of a choice under section 236 of the MRCA) or has received a lump sum mentioned in subsection 236(5) of the MRCA.

Note 1: For armed services widow and armed services widower see subsection 4(1).

Note 2: For MRCA see subsection 23(1).

Division 5Rate of special needs pension

796  How to work out a person’s special needs pension rate

 (1) Subject to subsection (2), the rate of a person’s special needs pension is:

 (a) if the pension is a special needs age pension—the rate at which an age pension would be payable to the person if the person were qualified for an age pension; or

 (b) if the pension is a special needs disability support pension—the rate at which a disability support pension would be payable to the person if the person were qualified for a disability support pension; or

 (c) if the pension is a special needs wife pension—the rate at which a wife pension would be payable to the person if the person were qualified for a wife pension.

 (2) If:

 (a) the person was absent from Australia on 1 July 1986; and

 (b) the person commences after 1 July 1986 to receive a special needs pension; and

 (c) the person is absent from Australia;

the rate of the person’s special needs pension is, subject to subsections (3) and (4), the person’s special needs proportional rate worked out using the Special Needs Proportional Rate Calculator at the end of this section.

 (3) Subsection (2) does not apply to a person’s special needs disability support pension if the person became qualified for the pension because the person became permanently incapacitated for work or permanently blind while the person was an Australian resident.

 (4) Subsection (2) does not apply to a person’s special needs sole parent pension if:

 (a) the person became qualified for the pension because of the death of the person’s former partner; and

 (b) at the time when the former partner died the former partner was an Australian resident; and

 (c) the person would, apart from subsections 249(2) and 362(2) of this Act, and section 46 of the 1947 Act as in force at any time before 1 March 1989, have become so qualified for that pension.

Special Needs Proportional Rate Calculator

Module AOverall rate calculation process

Overall rate calculation process

796A1  This is how to work out a person’s special needs proportional rate:

Method statement

Step 1. Work out the period of the person’s Australian working life residence using Module B: the result is called the residence period.

Step 2. Use the person’s residence period to work out the person’s residence factor using Module C below.

Step 3. Work out the rate that would be the person’s pension or allowance rate if this Rate Calculator did not apply to the person: the result is called the person’s notional domestic rate.

Step 4. Multiply the person’s notional domestic rate by the person’s residence factor: the result is the person’s special needs proportional rate.

Module BAustralian working life residence

Working life

796B1  For the purposes of this Module, a person’s working life is the period commencing when the person turns 16 and ending:

 (a) if the person is a woman—when she turns 60; or

 (b) if the person is a man—when he turns 65.

Australian working life residence (general)

796B2  Subject to points 796B3 to 796B9, a person’s period of Australian working life residence as at a particular time is the number of months in the period, or the aggregate of the periods, during the person’s working life during which the person has, up to that time, been an Australian resident.

Calculation of number of months

796B3  If a person’s period of Australian working life residence would, apart from this subsection, be a number of whole months, the period is to be increased by one month.

796B4  If a person’s period of Australian working life residence would, apart from this subsection, be a number of whole months and a day or days, the period is to be increased so that it is equal to the number of months plus one month.

Australian working life residence (special needs age or disability support pensioner couples)

796B5  If:

 (a) a person is receiving a special needs age pension or a special needs disability support pension; and

 (b) the person is a member of a couple; and

 (c) the person’s partner is receiving an age or disability support pension or a special needs age or disability support pension; and

 (d) the partner’s period of Australian working life residence is longer than the period that would be the person’s period of Australian working life residence under point 796B2;

the person’s period of Australian working life residence is to be equal to the partner’s period of Australian working life residence.

Australian working life residence (member of former special needs age or disability support pensioner couple)

796B6  If:

 (a) a person is receiving a special needs age pension or a special needs disability support pension; and

 (b) the person is a member of a couple; and

 (c) the person ceases to be a member of a couple; and

 (d) immediately before the person ceases to be a member of a couple:

 (i) the person was receiving an age or disability support pension or a special needs age or disability support pension; and

 (ii) the partner was receiving an age or disability support pension or a special needs age or disability support pension; and

 (e) the partner’s period of Australian working life residence (immediately before the person ceases to be a member of a couple) is longer than the period that would be the person’s period of Australian working life residence under point 796B2;

the person’s period of Australian working life residence is to be equal to the partner’s period of Australian working life residence (immediately before the person ceases to be a member of a couple).

Australian working life residence (special needs wife pensioner)

796B7  If a person is receiving a special needs wife pension, the person’s period of Australian working life residence is equal to the period of Australian working life residence of the person’s partner.

Australian working life residence—second special needs pension

796B9  If:

 (a) a special needs pension is payable to a person (in this point called the initial pension); and

 (b) the special needs pension is cancelled or ceases to be payable automatically; and

 (c) another special needs pension is payable to the person (in this point called the second pension); and

 (d) the person’s period of Australian working life residence in respect of the second pension is shorter than the period that was the person’s period of Australian working life residence for the purposes of calculating the person’s initial special needs pension;

the person’s period of Australian working life residence for the second pension is to be equal to the period of Australian working life residence used in calculating the person’s initial pension.

Module CResidence factor

Residence factor (period of Australian working life residence 25 years or more)

796C1  If a person’s period of Australian working life residence is 300 months (25 years) or more, the person’s residence factor is 1.

Note: If a person’s residence factor is 1, the person’s overseas pension will be payable overseas at the full domestic rate (less any rent assistance and any and remote area allowance).

Residence factor (period of Australian working life residence under 25 years)

796C2  If a person’s period of Australian working life residence is less than 300 months (25 years), the person’s residence factor is:

Start formula start fraction person's Australian working life residence over 300 end fraction end formula

Division 10Bereavement payments

Subdivision ADeath of partner

822  Qualification for payments under this Subdivision

 (1) If:

 (a) a person is receiving a special needs age, disability support or wife pension; and

 (b) the person is a member of a couple; and

 (c) the person’s partner dies; and

 (d) immediately before the partner died, the partner:

 (i) was receiving a social security pension; or

 (ii) was receiving a service pension, income support supplement or a veteran payment; or

 (iii) was a longterm social security recipient; and

 (e) on the person’s payday immediately before the first available bereavement adjustment payday, the amount that would be payable to the person if the person were not qualified for payments under this Subdivision is less than the sum of:

 (i) the amount that would otherwise be payable to the person under section 825 (person’s continued rate) on that payday; and

 (ii) the amount that would otherwise be payable to the person under section 823 (continued payment of partner’s pension or benefit) on the partner’s payday immediately before the first available bereavement adjustment payday;

the person is qualified for payments under this Subdivision to cover the bereavement period.

Note 1: Section 823 provides for the payment to the person, up to the first available bereavement adjustment payday, of amounts equal to the instalments that would have been paid to the person’s partner during that period if the partner had not died.

Note 2: Section 824 provides for a lump sum that represents the instalments that would have been paid to the person’s partner, between the first available bereavement adjustment payday and the end of the bereavement period, if the partner had not died.

 (1A) If:

 (a) a person is receiving a special needs pension; and

 (b) immediately before starting to receive the special needs pension the person was receiving partner bereavement payments; and

 (c) the bereavement rate continuation period in relation to the death of the person’s partner has not ended;

the person is qualified for payments under this Subdivision to cover the remainder of the bereavement period.

 (2) A person who is qualified for payments under this Subdivision may choose not to receive payments under this Subdivision.

 (3) An election under subsection (2):

 (a) must be made by written notice to the Secretary; and

 (b) may be made after the person has been paid an amount or amounts under this Subdivision; and

 (c) cannot be withdrawn after the Department has taken all the action required to give effect to that election.

 (4) If a person is qualified for payments under this Subdivision in relation to the partner’s death, the rate at which special needs pension is payable to the person during the bereavement period is, unless the person has made an election under subsection (2), governed by section 825.

 (5) For the purposes of this section, a person is a longterm social security recipient if:

 (a) the person is receiving a social security benefit; and

 (b) in respect of the previous 12 months, the person:

 (i) was receiving a social security pension; or

 (ii) was receiving a social security benefit; or

 (iia) was receiving a youth training allowance; or

 (iii) was receiving a service pension, income support supplement or a veteran payment.

 (6) A person is taken to satisfy the requirements of paragraph (5)(b) if:

 (a) the person was receiving one or a combination of the payments referred to in that paragraph for a continuous period of 12 months; or

 (b) the person was receiving one or a combination of the payments referred to in that paragraph for 46 weeks of the previous 52.

823  Continued payment of deceased partner’s previous entitlement

 (1) If a person is qualified for payments under this Subdivision in relation to the death of the person’s partner, there is payable to the person, on each of the partner’s paydays in the bereavement rate continuation period:

 (a) where the partner was receiving a social security pension or social security benefit—the amount that would have been payable to the partner on the payday if the partner had not died; or

 (b) where the partner was receiving a service pension, income support supplement or a veteran payment—the amount that would have been payable to the partner under Part III, IIIA or IIIAA of the Veterans’ Entitlements Act on the service payday that:

 (i) where the first Thursday after the partner’s death was a service payday—precedes the partner’s payday; or

 (ii) in any other case—follows the partner’s payday;

  if the partner had not died.

 (2) For the purposes of subsection (1), if the couple were, immediately before the partner’s death, an illness separated couple or a respite care couple, the amounts are to be worked out as if they were not such a couple.

824  Lump sum payable in some circumstances

  If:

 (a) a person is qualified for payments under this Subdivision in relation to the death of the person’s partner; and

 (b) the first available bereavement adjustment payday occurs before the end of the bereavement period;

there is payable to the person as a lump sum an amount worked out using the lump sum calculator at the end of this section.

LUMP SUM CALCULATOR

This is how to work out the amount of the lump sum:

Method statement

Step 1. Work out the amount that would have been payable to the person on the person’s payday immediately before the first available bereavement adjustment payday if:

 (a) the person’s partner had not died; and

 (b) where immediately before the partner’s death the couple were an illness separated couple or a respite care couple—they were not such a couple.

Step 2. Work out the amount that would have been payable to the person’s partner on the partner’s payday or service payday immediately before the first available bereavement adjustment payday if:

 (a) the partner had not died; and

 (b) where immediately before the partner’s death the couple were an illness separated couple or a respite care couple—they were not such a couple.

Step 3. Add the results of Step 1 and Step 2: the result is called the combined rate.

Step 4. Work out the amount that, but for subsection 825, would have been payable to the person on the person’s payday immediately before the first available bereavement adjustment payday: the result is called the person’s individual rate.

Step 5. Take the person’s individual rate away from the combined rate: the result is called the partner’s instalment component.

Step 6. Work out the number of paydays of the partner in the bereavement lump sum period.

Step 7. Multiply the partner’s instalment component by the number obtained in Step 6: the result is the amount of the lump sum payable to the person under this section.

825  Adjustment of rate of person’s special needs pension

  If:

 (a) a person is qualified for payments under this Subdivision; and

 (b) the person does not elect under subsection 822(2) not to receive payments under this Subdivision;

the rate of the person’s special needs pension during the bereavement period is worked out as follows:

 (c) during the bereavement rate continuation period, the rate of special needs pension payable to the person is the rate at which the pension would have been payable to the person if:

 (i) the person’s partner had not died; and

 (ii) where immediately before the partner’s death the couple were an illness separated couple or a respite care couple—they were not such a couple;

 (d) during the bereavement lump sum period (if any), the rate at which special needs pension is payable to the person is the rate at which the special needs pension would be payable to the person apart from this Subdivision.

826  Effect of death of person entitled to payments under this Subdivision

  If:

 (a) a person is qualified for payments under this Subdivision in relation to the death of the person’s partner; and

 (b) the person dies within the bereavement period; and

 (c) the Secretary does not become aware of the death of the person’s partner before the person dies;

there is payable, to such person as the Secretary thinks appropriate, as a lump sum, an amount worked out using the lump sum calculator at the end of this section.

LUMP SUM CALCULATOR

This is how to work out the amount of the lump sum:

Method statement

Step 1. Work out the amount that would have been payable to the person on the person’s payday immediately after the day on which the person died if:

 (a) neither the person nor the person’s partner had died; and

 (b) where immediately before the partner’s death the couple were an illness separated couple or a respite care couple—they were not such a couple.

Step 2. Work out the amount that would have been payable to the partner on the partner’s payday or service payday immediately after the day on which the person died if:

 (a) neither the person nor the partner had died; and

 (b) where immediately before the partner’s death the couple were an illness separated couple or a respite care couple—they were not such a couple.

Step 3. Add the results of Step 1 and Step 2: the result is called the combined rate.

Step 4. Work out the amount that, but for section 825, would have been payable to the person on the person’s payday immediately after the day on which the person died if the person had not died: the result is called the person’s individual rate.

Step 5. Take the person’s individual rate away from the combined rate: the result is called the partner’s instalment component.

Step 6. Work out the number of paydays of the partner in the period that starts on the day on which the person dies and ends on the day on which the bereavement period ends.

Step 7. Multiply the partner’s instalment component by the number obtained in Step 6: the result is the amount of the lump sum payable under this section.

827  Matters affecting payment of benefits under this Subdivision

 (1) If:

 (a) a person is qualified for payments under this Subdivision and in relation to the death of the person’s partner; and

 (b) after the person’s partner died, an amount to which the partner would have been entitled if the partner had not died has been paid under this Act or under Part III or IIIA of the Veterans’ Entitlements Act; and

 (c) the Secretary is not satisfied that the person has not had the benefit of that amount;

the following provisions have effect:

 (d) the amount referred to in paragraph (b) is not recoverable from the person or from the personal representative of the person’s partner except to the extent (if any) that the amount exceeds the amount payable to the person under this Subdivision;

 (e) the amount payable to the person under this Subdivision is to be reduced by the amount referred to in paragraph (b).

 (2) If:

 (a) a person is qualified for payments under this Subdivision in relation to the death of the person’s partner; and

 (b) an amount to which the person’s partner would have been entitled if the person’s partner had not died has been paid under this Act or under Part III or IIIA of the Veterans’ Entitlements Act, within the bereavement period, into an account with a bank; and

 (c) the bank pays to the person, out of the account, an amount not exceeding the total of the amounts paid as mentioned in paragraph (b);

the bank is, in spite of anything in any other law, not liable to any action, claim or demand by the Commonwealth, the personal representative of the person’s partner or anyone else in respect of the payment of that money to the person.

Subdivision CDeath of recipient

830  Death of recipient

 (1) If:

 (a) a person is receiving a special needs pension; and

 (b) either:

 (i) the person is not a member of a couple; or

 (ii) the person is a member of a couple and the person’s partner:

 (A) is not receiving a social security pension; and

 (C) is not receiving a service pension, income support supplement or a veteran payment; and

 (c) the person dies;

there is payable, to such person as the Secretary thinks appropriate, an amount equal to the amount that would have been payable to the person under this Act on the person’s payday after the person’s death if the person had not died.

 (2) If an amount is paid under subsection (1) in respect of a person, the Commonwealth is not liable to any action, claim or demand for any further payment under that subsection in respect of the person.

Note: For the death of a person qualified for bereavement payments under Subdivision A, see section 826.

Part 2.17Economic security strategy payment

 

900  Qualification for economic security strategy payment

Qualified if this section applies

 (1) A person is qualified for an economic security strategy payment if subsection (2), (3) or (4) applies to the person.

Receipt of certain payments

 (2) This subsection applies to a person if:

 (a) the person was receiving one of the following payments in respect of 14 October 2008:

 (i) an age pension;

 (ii) a disability support pension;

 (iii) a wife pension;

 (iv) a carer payment;

 (v) a bereavement allowance;

 (vi) a widow B pension;

 (vii) a widow allowance;

 (viii) partner allowance;

 (ix) carer allowance; and

 (b) except in the case of carer allowance, the person was receiving that payment because of a claim the person made on or before 14 October 2008.

Note: For receive see subsections 23(2) and (4).

Pension age and receipt of other payments

 (3) This subsection applies to a person if:

 (a) the person reached pension age on or before 14 October 2008; and

 (b) the person was receiving one of the following payments in respect of 14 October 2008:

 (i) a parenting payment;

 (ii) austudy payment;

 (iii) special benefit;

 (iv) a payment under the ABSTUDY Scheme that includes an amount identified as living allowance; and

 (c) the person was receiving that payment because of a claim the person made on or before 14 October 2008.

Note: For receive see subsections 23(2) and (4).

Qualified for seniors health card

 (4) This subsection applies to a person if:

 (a) on or before 14 October 2008, the person made a claim for a seniors health card under Division 1 of Part 3 of the Administration Act and had not withdrawn that claim on or before 14 October 2008; and

 (b) on 14 October 2008, the person was qualified for the card.

One payment under this section only

 (5) A person cannot receive more than one payment under this section, regardless of how many times the person qualifies under this section.

 (6) Despite anything else in this section, a person who is eligible for a payment under section 118ZZQ of the Veterans’ Entitlements Act is not qualified for a payment under this section unless the person is so qualified because he or she was receiving carer allowance in respect of 14 October 2008.

901  Amount of economic security strategy payment—general

 (1) The amount of a person’s economic security strategy payment under this Part is the amount, specified in column 3 of the following table, that corresponds to the family situation, specified in column 2 of the table, that applied to the person on 14 October 2008:

 

Amount of economic security strategy payment

Item

Person’s family situation on 14 October 2008

Amount

1

Not member of couple

$1,400.00

2

Partnered

$1,050.00

3

Member of illness separated couple

$1,400.00

4

Member of respite care couple

$1,400.00

5

Partnered (partner in gaol)

$1,400.00

Note: For member of couple, partnered, illness separated couple, respite care couple and partnered (partner in gaol) see section 4.

 (2) However, this section does not apply to a person if he or she is qualified under section 900 for an economic security strategy payment because he or she was receiving carer allowance in respect of 14 October 2008.

902  Amount of economic security strategy payment—person receiving carer allowance

 (1) If a person:

 (a) is qualified under section 900 for an economic security strategy payment because he or she was receiving carer allowance in respect of 14 October 2008; and

 (b) would not be so qualified if he or she had not been receiving carer allowance in respect of 14 October 2008;

the amount of the person’s economic security strategy payment under this Part is the amount worked out under subsection (3) for the person’s carer allowance.

 (2) If a person:

 (a) is qualified under section 900 for an economic security strategy payment because he or she was receiving carer allowance in respect of 14 October 2008; and

 (b) would be so qualified even if he or she had not been receiving carer allowance in respect of 14 October 2008;

the amount of the person’s economic security strategy payment under this Part is the sum of the amount worked out under subsection (3) for the person’s carer allowance and the amount that would have been worked out under section 901 for the person if subsection 901(2) had not applied.

 (3) Subject to subsection (4), the amount for a person’s carer allowance is worked out by adding together the amount applicable under this section for each person (care receiver) whose care qualified the person for carer allowance in respect of 14 October 2008.

 (4) If subsection 953(2) applied in relation to the carer allowance in respect of 14 October 2008, the 2 disabled children whose care qualified the person for carer allowance in respect of 14 October 2008 are to be treated as if they were a single care receiver in relation to the person qualified for the economic security strategy payment.

 (5) Subject to subsection (6), the amount applicable for a care receiver is $1,000.

 (6) If the rate at which carer allowance in respect of 14 October 2008 was paid took account of a determination under subsection 981(1) of a particular share (being a percentage or proportion) in relation to a care receiver, the amount applicable for the care receiver is that share of $1,000.

Part 2.18Training and learning bonus

 

910  Qualification for training and learning bonus

Qualified if this section applies

 (1) A person is qualified for a training and learning bonus if subsection (2) or (4) applies to the person.

Receipt of certain payments

 (2) This subsection applies to a person if the person was receiving one or more of the following payments in respect of 3 February 2009:

 (a) youth allowance;

 (b) austudy payment;

 (c) special benefit;

 (d) sickness allowance;

 (e) a payment under the ABSTUDY Scheme that included an amount identified as living allowance;

 (f) an education allowance under section 3.2, 3.3, 3.4, 3.5, 3.6 or 3.6A of the Veterans’ Children Education Scheme;

 (g) an education allowance under section 3.2, 3.3, 3.4, 3.5 or 3.6 of the Military Rehabilitation and Compensation Act Education and Training Scheme.

 (3) However:

 (a) paragraph (2)(a) does not apply to the person unless the person was receiving youth allowance on the basis that, on 3 February 2009:

 (i) the person was undertaking fulltime study; or

 (ii) the person was qualified for a youth allowance under section 540AA; and

 (b) paragraph (2)(c) does not apply if the person had reached pension age on or before 14 October 2008.

Person entitled to family tax benefit Part A

 (4) This subsection applies to a person if:

 (a) on 3 February 2009 the person was entitled to family tax benefit; and

 (b) the rate of family tax benefit payable in relation to that day consisted of or included a Part A rate greater than nil worked out taking into account at least one FTB child who was aged 21 or more and less than 25 on that day; and

 (c) the person would have been entitled to a back to school bonus under section 95 of the Family Assistance Act if any such child were aged 4 or more and less than 19 on that day.

One payment under this section only

 (5) A person cannot receive more than one payment under this section, regardless of how many times the person qualifies under this section.

No qualification under subsection (2) in certain circumstances

 (6) Despite anything else in this section, a person who is:

 (a) an FTB child in respect of whom another person is entitled to a back to school bonus under section 95 of the Family Assistance Act; or

 (b) entitled to a back to school bonus under section 98 of the Family Assistance Act;

is not qualified for a training and learning bonus under subsection (2) of this section.

911  Amount of training and learning bonus

 (1) The amount of a person’s training and learning bonus is:

 (a) if the person qualifies for a training and learning bonus under subsection 910(2) but not under subsection 910(4)—$950; or

 (b) if the person qualifies for a training and learning bonus under subsection 910(4) but not under subsection 910(2)—$950 for each FTB child because of whom the person so qualifies; or

 (c) if the person qualifies for a training and learning bonus under subsection 910(2) and also qualifies under subsection 910(4)—the sum of:

 (i) $950; and

 (ii) $950 for each FTB child because of whom the person so qualifies.

 (2) Despite paragraph (1)(b) and subparagraph (1)(c)(ii) of this section, subsections 97(3), (4) and (5) of the Family Assistance Act apply in relation to the amount of a person’s training and learning bonus in relation to an FTB child in the same way as they would apply in relation to the amount of a back to school bonus under that Act.

Part 2.18AClean energy payments

Division 1Clean energy advances

Subdivision AQualifying for clean energy advances

914  Recipients of certain social security payments

Qualification for days 14 May 2012 to 30 June 2012

 (1) The Secretary may, on a day during the period starting on 14 May 2012 and ending on 30 June 2012, determine that a person is qualified for a clean energy advance if, on that day:

 (a) the person receives one of the social security payments set out in subsection (4); and

 (b) the person’s rate of payment is greater than nil; and

 (ba) the person is residing in Australia; and

 (c) the person is in Australia.

Qualification for days 1 July 2012 to 19 March 2013

 (2) The Secretary may determine that a person is qualified for a clean energy advance if, on a day during the period starting on 1 July 2012 and ending on 19 March 2013:

 (a) the person receives one of the social security payments set out in subsection (4); and

 (b) the person’s rate of payment is greater than nil; and

 (ba) the person is residing in Australia; and

 (c) the person is in Australia.

 (3) A determination under subsection (2) must specify the first day during the period set out in that subsection for which the person:

 (a) satisfies paragraphs (2)(a), (b) and (ba); and

 (b) is in Australia, disregarding any temporary absence from Australia for a continuous period not exceeding 6 weeks.

Clean energy qualifying payments

 (4) The social security payments (the clean energy qualifying payments) are as follows:

 (a) age pension;

 (b) benefit PP (partnered);

 (c) bereavement allowance;

 (d) carer payment;

 (e) disability support pension (other than for a person who is under 21 with no dependent children);

 (f) newstart allowance;

 (g) pension PP (single);

 (h) partner allowance;

 (i) seniors supplement;

 (j) sickness allowance;

 (k) special benefit, whose rate is worked out as if the person were qualified for newstart allowance;

 (l) widow allowance;

 (m) widow B pension;

 (n) wife pension.

914A  Recipients of austudy, youth allowance, some disability support pensions and some special benefits

Qualification for days 14 May 2012 to 30 June 2012

 (1) The Secretary may, on a day during the period starting on 14 May 2012 and ending on 30 June 2012, determine that a person is qualified for a clean energy advance if, on that day:

 (a) the person receives one of the social security payments set out in subsection (5); and

 (b) the person’s rate of payment is greater than nil; and

 (ba) the person is residing in Australia; and

 (c) the person is in Australia.

Qualification for days 1 July 2012 to 30 June 2013

 (2) The Secretary may determine that a person is qualified for a clean energy advance if, on a day during the period starting on 1 July 2012 and ending on 30 June 2013:

 (a) the person receives one of the social security payments set out in subsection (5); and

 (b) the person’s rate of payment is greater than nil; and

 (ba) the person is residing in Australia; and

 (c) the person is in Australia.

Qualification for days 1 July 2013 to 31 December 2013

 (3) The Secretary may determine that a person is qualified for a clean energy advance if, on a day during the period starting on 1 July 2013 and ending on 31 December 2013:

 (a) the person receives one of the social security payments set out in subsection (5); and

 (b) the person’s rate of payment is greater than nil; and

 (ba) the person is residing in Australia; and

 (c) the person is in Australia.

First day of qualification under subsection (2) or (3)

 (4) A determination under subsection (2) or (3) must specify the first day during the period set out in that subsection for which the person:

 (a) satisfies paragraphs (a), (b) and (ba) of that subsection; and

 (b) is in Australia, disregarding any temporary absence from Australia for a continuous period not exceeding 6 weeks.

Clean energy qualifying payments

 (5) The social security payments (the clean energy qualifying payments) are as follows:

 (a) austudy payment;

 (b) disability support pension for a person who is under 21 with no dependent children;

 (c) special benefit, whose rate is worked out as if the person were qualified for austudy payment or youth allowance;

 (d) youth allowance.

914B  Disregard nil rate in certain circumstances

 (1) For the purposes of section 914 or 914A, a person is taken to receive a social security payment at a rate greater than nil even if the person’s rate would be nil merely because:

 (a) an election by the person under subsection 1061VA(1) is in force; or

 (b) the person has been paid an advance pharmaceutical allowance under the social security law.

 (2) For the purposes of section 914 or 914A, if a social security payment is payable to a person because of subsection 23(1D), the person is taken to receive that payment at a rate greater than nil.

914C  Limits on qualifying for multiple advances

 (1) A person cannot qualify for more than one clean energy advance under section 914.

 (2) A person can qualify for at most 2 clean energy advances under section 914A:

 (a) one under either subsection 914A(1) or (2); and

 (b) one under subsection 914A(3).

 (3) A person who has qualified for a clean energy advance under subsection 914(1) or 914A(1) cannot qualify for a clean energy advance under the other of those subsections.

Note 1: Further limits may be determined under section 918.

Note 2: Topup payments of clean energy advance may be payable under Subdivision C if the person’s circumstances change during the person’s clean energy advance period.

Subdivision BAmount of a clean energy advance

914D  Amount of a clean energy advance

 (1) On the day (the decision day) that the Secretary determines that a person (the recipient) is qualified for a clean energy advance, the Secretary must work out the amount of the advance.

Note: The advance will be paid in a lump sum as soon as is reasonably practicable (see section 47D of the Administration Act).

 (2) The amount of the advance is the result of the following formula rounded up to the nearest multiple of $10:

Start formula Clean energy advance daily rate times Number of advance days end formula

914E  Clean energy advance daily rate

 (1) The recipient’s clean energy advance daily rate is worked out as follows:

 

Working out the recipient’s clean energy advance daily rate

 

If the recipient’s clean energy qualifying payment is:

Use this provision:

1

(a) age pension; or

(b) bereavement allowance; or

(c) disability support pension to which neither subsection 1066A(1) nor 1066B(1) applies; or

(d) wife pension; or

(e) carer payment; or

(f) seniors supplement; or

(g) widow B pension; or

(h) another payment, and the recipient reached pension age on or before the decision day

subsection (2)

2

one of the following payments, and the recipient is under pension age on the decision day:

(a) newstart allowance, if the recipient’s maximum basic rate is worked out under point 1068B5;

(b) pension PP (single);

(c) youth allowance, if the recipient’s maximum basic rate is worked out under point 1067GB3A

subsection (3)

3

one of the following payments, and the recipient is under pension age on the decision day:

(a) newstart allowance, if the recipient’s maximum basic rate is not worked out under point 1068B5;

(b) sickness allowance;

(c) partner allowance;

(d) widow allowance;

(e) benefit PP (partnered);

(f) special benefit, whose rate is worked out as if the recipient were qualified for newstart allowance

subsection (4)

4

disability support pension to which subsection 1066A(1) or 1066B(1) applies

subsection (5)

5

one of the following payments, and the recipient is under pension age on the decision day:

(a) austudy payment;

(b) youth allowance, if:

(i) the recipient’s maximum basic rate is not worked out under point 1067GB3A; and

(ii) the recipient’s rate of youth allowance is not worked out by adding a youth disability supplement;

(c) special benefit, whose rate is worked out as if the recipient were qualified for austudy payment or youth allowance

subsection (6)

6

youth allowance, whose rate is worked out by adding a youth disability supplement

subsection (7)

Note: For recipient and decision day, see subsection 914D(1).

Rate for payments set out in item 1 of the table

 (2) The recipient’s clean energy advance daily rate is worked out by:

 (a) working out 1.7% of the total of:

 (i) double the maximum basic rate under Pension Rate Calculator A, worked out for 1 July 2012 for a person who is partnered; and

 (ii) the combined couple rate of pension supplement for 1 July 2012; and

 (b) rounding the result of paragraph (a) up or down to the nearest multiple of $5.20 (rounding up if that result is not a multiple of $5.20 but is a multiple of $2.60); and

 (c) adding $5.20 to the result of paragraph (b); and

 (d) applying the applicable percentage in the following table to the result of paragraph (c); and

 (e) rounding the result of paragraph (d) up or down to the nearest multiple of $2.60 (rounding up if that rate is not a multiple of $2.60 but is a multiple of $1.30); and

 (f) dividing the result of paragraph (e) by 364.

 

Percentage to be applied

Item

Recipient’s family situation on the advance qualification day

Use this %

1

Not a member of a couple

66.33%

2

Partnered

50%

3

Member of an illness separated couple

66.33%

4

Member of a respite care couple

66.33%

5

Partnered (partner in gaol)

66.33%

Note: This subsection covers payments covered by Pension Rate Calculator A, B or C, seniors supplement, recipients of other payments who have reached pension age and recipients of pensions covered by clause 146 of Schedule 1A.

Rate for payments set out in item 2 of the table

 (3) The recipient’s clean energy advance daily rate is worked out by:

 (a) working out 1.7% of the total of the maximum basic rate, and the pension supplement basic amount, for the clean energy qualifying payment, worked out:

 (i) for 1 July 2012; and

 (ii) for a person in circumstances the same as the recipient’s on the advance qualification day; and

 (b) rounding the result of paragraph (a) up or down to the nearest multiple of $2.60 (rounding up if that result is not a multiple of $2.60 but is a multiple of $1.30); and

 (c) adding $5.20 to the result of paragraph (b); and

 (d) dividing the result of paragraph (c) by 364.

Rate for payments set out in item 3 of the table

 (4) The recipient’s clean energy advance daily rate is worked out by:

 (a) working out 1.7% of the maximum basic rate for the clean energy qualifying payment, worked out:

 (i) for 1 July 2012; and

 (ii) for a person in circumstances the same as the recipient’s on the advance qualification day; and

 (b) rounding the result of paragraph (a) up or down to the nearest multiple of 10 cents (rounding up if that result is not a multiple of 10 cents but is a multiple of 5 cents); and

 (c) adding 20 cents to the result of paragraph (b); and

 (d) dividing the result of paragraph (c) by 14.

Rate for payments set out in item 4 of the table

 (5) The recipient’s clean energy advance daily rate is worked out by:

 (a) working out 1.7% of the total of the maximum basic rate, and the youth disability supplement, for the clean energy qualifying payment, worked out:

 (i) for the first day of the recipient’s clean energy advance period; and

 (ii) for a person in circumstances the same as the recipient’s on the advance qualification day; and

 (b) rounding the result of paragraph (a) up or down to the nearest multiple of $2.60 (rounding up if that result is not a multiple of $2.60 but is a multiple of $1.30); and

 (c) adding $5.20 to the result of paragraph (b); and

 (d) dividing the result of paragraph (c) by 364.

Rate for payments set out in item 5 of the table

 (6) The recipient’s clean energy advance daily rate is worked out by:

 (a) working out 1.7% of the maximum basic rate for the clean energy qualifying payment, worked out:

 (i) for the first day of the recipient’s clean energy advance period; and

 (ii) for a person in circumstances the same as the recipient’s on the advance qualification day; and

 (b) rounding the result of paragraph (a) up or down to the nearest multiple of 10 cents (rounding up if that result is not a multiple of 10 cents but is a multiple of 5 cents); and

 (c) adding 20 cents to the result of paragraph (b); and

 (d) dividing the result of paragraph (c) by 14.

Rate for payments set out in item 6 of the table

 (7) The recipient’s clean energy advance daily rate is worked out by:

 (a) working out 1.7% of the total of the maximum basic rate, and the youth disability supplement, for the clean energy qualifying payment, worked out:

 (i) for the first day of the recipient’s clean energy advance period; and

 (ii) for a person in circumstances the same as the recipient’s on the advance qualification day; and

 (b) rounding the result of paragraph (a) up or down to the nearest multiple of 10 cents (rounding up if that result is not a multiple of 10 cents but is a multiple of 5 cents); and

 (c) adding 20 cents to the result of paragraph (b); and

 (d) dividing the result of paragraph (c) by 14.

914F  Number of advance days

  The recipient’s number of advance days is the number of days in the recipient’s clean energy advance period that are on or after:

 (a) if the recipient qualifies for the clean energy advance before 1 July 2012—1 July 2012; or

 (b) otherwise—the advance qualification day.

Subdivision CTopup payments of clean energy advance

914G  Topup payments of clean energy advance

 (1) The Minister may by legislative instrument determine that persons:

 (a) who have been paid the amount (the original payment) of a specified clean energy advance worked out under Subdivision B in relation to a clean energy qualifying payment (the original qualifying payment); and

 (b) whose circumstances change, within a period specified in the instrument, in a way that is specified in the instrument and is covered by subsection (2) or (3);

qualify for a further payment, of the amount worked out in accordance with the instrument, of clean energy advance.

 (2) This subsection covers a person’s circumstances changing in a way such that:

 (a) on the day (the change day) the change happens, the person was still receiving the original qualifying payment; and

 (b) had the amount of the original payment been worked out by reference to the person’s circumstances on the change day (rather than those on the advance qualification day), a greater clean energy advance daily rate would have been used for working out that amount than the rate actually used for working out that amount.

 (3) This subsection covers a change in a person’s circumstances that, apart from a multiple qualification exclusion, would (if any necessary administrative decisions were made) qualify the person for a clean energy bonus, under an Act or a scheme, relating to a payment other than the original qualifying payment.

 (4) For the purposes of subsection (3), a multiple qualification exclusion is an instrument that:

 (a) provides a person is not qualified for a clean energy bonus under an Act or a scheme because of the person’s qualification for or receipt of the original payment or the original qualifying payment; and

 (b) is made under:

 (i) section 918; or

 (ii) section 424L of the MRCA; or

 (iii) section 65A of the Veterans’ Entitlements Act;

  or is an instrument establishing qualifications for a clean energy bonus under a scheme.

 (5) An instrument under subsection (1) may provide for:

 (a) different periods for changes in circumstances depending on different changes in circumstances; and

 (b) different ways of working out further amounts of the original payment depending on different changes in circumstances.

Division 2Quarterly energy supplement

915  When quarterly energy supplement is payable

  Quarterly energy supplement is payable to a person for each day for which an election by the person under subsection 915A(1) or 1061VA(1) is in force in relation to a social security payment the person is receiving.

Note: Section 918 may affect the person’s qualification for quarterly energy supplement.

915A  Electing to receive quarterly energy supplement

 (1) If:

 (a) Part 2.25C (about quarterly pension supplement) does not apply to a person in relation to a social security payment the person is receiving; and

 (b) energy supplement is used to work out the rate of that social security payment;

the person may, in a manner or way approved by the Secretary, make an election to receive the person’s energy supplement under this Division as a separate social security payment.

Note: The person could make an election under subsection 1061VA(1) if Part 2.25C applies to the person in relation to the social security payment. That election would cause quarterly energy supplement to be payable (see section 915).

 (2) An election comes into force as soon as practicable after it is made.

 (3) An election ceases to be in force if the person ceases to receive a social security payment (a main payment) calculated using a Rate Calculator that has an energy supplement Module.

 (4) The person may, in a manner or way approved by the Secretary, revoke an election. A revocation takes effect as soon as practicable after it happens.

915B  Rate of quarterly energy supplement

 (1) The person’s daily rate of quarterly energy supplement, for a particular day, is:

 (a) if the Rate Calculator for the main payment received on that day produces an annual rate—1/364 of the amount that, apart from this Division, would be the person’s energy supplement for that day; or

 (b) if the Rate Calculator for the main payment received on that day produces a fortnightly rate—1/14 of the amount that, apart from this Division, would be the person’s energy supplement for that day.

 (2) This section has effect subject to subsection 1210(3A).

Division 4Essential medical equipment payment

917A  Definitions

  In this Division:

EMEP residence has the meaning given by subsection 917C(1).

essential medical equipment payment:

 (a) means an essential medical equipment payment under this Division (except in section 917F); and

 (b) in section 917F—has the meaning given by that section.

medical equipment, in relation to a person who satisfies the medical needs requirement under paragraph 917C(1)(b), means the heating or cooling system (as the case requires) of the residence described in that paragraph.

person with medical needs has the meaning given by paragraph 917C(2)(b).

917B  Qualification for essential medical equipment payment

 (1) A person (the claimant) is qualified for an essential medical equipment payment for an income year if:

 (a) the Secretary is satisfied that the claimant satisfies each of the following on the EMEP test day:

 (i) the medical needs requirement in section 917C;

 (ii) the concession card requirement in section 917D;

 (iii) the energy account requirement in section 917E; and

 (b) a medical practitioner has (subject to subsection (2)) certified that:

 (i) the claimant meets the medical needs requirement under subsection 917C(1) on a day; or

 (ii) another specified person meets the medical needs requirement under subsection 917C(1) on a day;

  (as the case requires); and

 (c) the claimant is not prevented from receiving an essential medical equipment payment by section 917F; and

 (d) the claimant is not a dependent child of another person on the EMEP test day; and

 (e) the claimant is in Australia on the EMEP test day.

 (2) Paragraph (1)(b) does not apply if the Secretary is otherwise satisfied that the claimant or another specified person meets the medical needs requirement in section 917C.

Meaning of EMEP test day

 (3) For the purposes of subsection (1), the EMEP test day is either:

 (a) the day in the income year referred to in subsection (1) on which the claimant makes the claim for the payment; or

 (b) an anniversary (in the income year referred to in subsection (1)) of the day on which the claimant made a claim for the payment if:

 (i) the claimant made the claim in a previous income year; and

 (ii) since the claimant made the claim, the Secretary has not determined that the claimant has ceased to be qualified for the payment.

Note 1: Under section 11 of the Administration Act, a person is required to make a claim for a social security payment.

Note 2: For additional rules relating to the claim, see section 19 of the Administration Act.

Determining qualification for later income years

 (4) In determining whether a person is qualified for an essential medical equipment payment for an income year after the income year in which the claim for the payment is made, the Secretary:

 (a) may act on the basis of the documents and information in his or her possession; and

 (b) is not required to conduct any inquiries or investigations into the matter or to require (whether under this Act or otherwise) the giving of any information or the production of any document.

 (5) Despite subsection (4), the Secretary may require a further certification for the purposes of paragraph (1)(b), or further information or a further document for the purposes of subsection (2), in an income year after the income year in which the claim is made.

917C  The medical needs requirement

Person who has medical needs

 (1) A person satisfies the medical needs requirement on a day if:

 (a) the person has a medical condition on that day, and as a result:

 (i) the person requires the use of specified essential medical equipment in a residence (the EMEP residence) that is the person’s home and is either a private residence or a specified residence; and

 (ii) the person uses that equipment in that residence; or

 (b) the person has a specified medical condition on that day, and as a result:

 (i) the person is unable to regulate his or her body temperature; and

 (ii) additional heating or cooling is required, in a residence (the EMEP residence) that is the person’s home and is either a private residence or a specified residence, to manage the person’s condition; and

 (iii) the person uses additional heating or cooling in that residence.

Caring for a person who has medical needs

 (2) A person (the carer) also satisfies the medical needs requirement on a day if:

 (a) the carer provides care and attention on a regular and ongoing basis for a person; and

 (b) the person (the person with medical needs) satisfies the medical needs requirement under subsection (1) on the day; and

 (c) the person with medical needs is specified in the certification under subparagraph 917B(1)(b)(ii) or is the person specified for the purposes of subsection 917B(2) (as the case requires); and

 (d) the carer’s home is the EMEP residence that is the home of the person with medical needs.

Legislative instrument

 (3) The Minister may, by legislative instrument, specify:

 (a) essential medical equipment for the purposes of paragraph (1)(a); and

 (b) medical conditions for the purposes of paragraph (1)(b); and

 (c) residences for the purposes of paragraphs (1)(a) and (b).

917D  The concession card requirement

  A person satisfies the concession card requirement on a day if:

 (a) the person is a holder of a concession card, or the person’s name is included on a concession card, on that day; or

 (b) both of the following apply:

 (i) the person satisfies the medical needs requirement under subsection 917C(2) (caring for a person) on that day in relation to a person with medical needs;

 (ii) the person with medical needs is a holder of a concession card, or the name of the person with medical needs is included on a concession card, on that day.

917E  The energy account requirement

 (1) A person satisfies the energy account requirement on a day if:

 (a) on that day, the energy account for the relevant EMEP residence is in the name of that person; or

 (b) on that day, the energy account for the relevant EMEP residence is in the name of that person’s partner; or

 (c) the person contributes (whether wholly or partly) to paying the energy account for the relevant EMEP residence; or

 (d) if the person is not the person with medical needs—the person with medical needs contributes (whether wholly or partly) to paying the energy account for the relevant EMEP residence.

 (2) For the purposes of subsection (1), an energy account for a residence means any account for:

 (a) electricity; or

 (b) any other specified form of energy;

that is supplied to the residence.

 (3) The Minister may, by legislative instrument, specify forms of energy for the purposes of paragraph (2)(b).

917F  Availability of payments

 (1) No essential medical equipment payment may be made for an income year in relation to medical equipment that is used in an EMEP residence if an essential medical equipment payment has already been made for that income year in relation to the same equipment and the same residence.

 (2) No more than 2 essential medical equipment payments may be made in relation to the same medical equipment for an income year (subject to subsection (1)).

 (3) Essential medical equipment payments for an income year may not be made, in relation to a person with medical needs, in relation to more than 2 EMEP residences.

Meaning of essential medical equipment payment

 (4) In this section, an essential medical equipment payment means an essential medical equipment payment under this Division or Division 3 of Part IIIE of the Veterans’ Entitlements Act.

917G  Amount of payment

  The amount of an essential medical equipment payment for an income year is $140.

Note: The amount specified is indexed on each 1 July (see sections 1190 and 1191).

917H  Nonreceipt of social security payment

 (1) This section applies for the purposes of a provision of this or another Act if:

 (a) the provision provides a benefit (whether the benefit is a pension, benefit, payment, supplement or any other sort of benefit) if a person meets specified criteria; and

 (b) one of the specified criteria is that the person is receiving a social security payment, or is a recipient of a social security payment.

 (2) For the purposes of the provision, a person is not taken to be receiving a social security payment, or to be a recipient of a social security payment, merely because the person receives an essential medical equipment payment.

Division 5Multiple qualification exclusions

918  Multiple qualification exclusions

 (1) The Minister may by legislative instrument determine that persons in circumstances specified in the instrument cannot qualify for a clean energy bonus under this Act that is specified in the instrument.

 (2) Those circumstances must relate to persons’ qualification for or receipt of one or more of the following:

 (a) a clean energy bonus under this Act;

 (b) a clean energy bonus under the MRCA;

 (c) a clean energy bonus under the Veterans’ Entitlements Act;

 (d) a clean energy bonus under a scheme (however described), whether or not the scheme is provided for, by or under an Act.

 (3) An instrument under subsection (1) has effect according to its terms, despite any other provision of this Act.

Part 2.19Carer allowance

Division 1Interpretation

952  Carer allowance definitions

  In this Part, unless the contrary intention appears:

Adult Disability Assessment Tool has the meaning given by subsection 38C(3).

care receiver has the meaning given by subsections 953(1) and (2), 954(1) and 954A(1) and section 954B.

Disability Care Load Assessment (Child) Determination has the meaning given by subsection 38E(1).

disabled adult means a person aged 16 or more who:

 (a) has a physical, intellectual or psychiatric disability; and

 (b) is likely to suffer from that disability permanently or for an extended period.

disabled child means a person aged under 16 who:

 (a) has a physical, intellectual or psychiatric disability; and

 (b) is likely to suffer from that disability permanently or for an extended period.

Division 2Qualification for and payability of carer allowance

Subdivision AQualification

953  Qualification for carer allowance—caring for either 1 or 2 disabled children

Single child

 (1) A person is qualified for carer allowance for a disabled child (the care receiver) if:

 (a) the care receiver is a dependent child (disregarding subsection 5(3)) of the person; and

 (b) the care receiver is an Australian resident; and

 (d) because of the disability from which the care receiver is suffering, the care receiver receives care and attention on a daily basis from:

 (i) if the person is a member of a couple—the person, the person’s partner or the person together with another person (whether or not the person’s partner); or

 (ii) if the person is not a member of a couple—the person or the person together with another person;

  in a private home that is the residence of the person and the care receiver; and

 (e) either of the following applies:

 (i) the disability from which the care receiver is suffering is declared, under subsection 38E(3), to be a recognised disability for the purposes of this section;

 (ii) the person has been given a qualifying rating of intense under the Disability Care Load Assessment (Child) Determination for caring for the care receiver; and

 (f) the person is an Australian resident; and

 (g) the person satisfies the carer allowance income test under section 957A.

2 children

 (2) A person is qualified for carer allowance for 2 disabled children (the care receivers) if:

 (a) each care receiver is a dependent child (disregarding subsection 5(3)) of the person; and

 (b) each care receiver is an Australian resident; and

 (d) because of the disability from which each care receiver is suffering, each care receiver receives care and attention on a daily basis from:

 (i) if the person is a member of a couple—the person, the person’s partner or the person together with another person (whether or not the person’s partner); or

 (ii) if the person is not a member of a couple—the person or the person together with another person;

  in a private home that is the residence of the person and each care receiver; and

 (e) the person has been given a qualifying rating of intense under the Disability Care Load Assessment (Child) Determination for caring for the care receivers; and

 (f) the person is an Australian resident; and

 (g) the person satisfies the carer allowance income test under section 957A.

Note 1: For Australian resident see section 7.

Note 2: For qualification for carer allowance in circumstances of hospitalisation, see section 955.

Note 4: For the effect of temporary cessation of care and attention on carer allowance, see section 957.

Note 5: For the effect of 2 people being qualified for carer allowance, see sections 964 and 965.

953A  Remaining qualified for carer allowance after child turns 16

Single child

 (1) If:

 (a) a person is qualified for carer allowance under subsection 953(1) for a disabled child; and

 (b) the child turns 16; and

 (c) apart from the child turning 16, the person would remain qualified for carer allowance under that subsection for that child;

then the person remains qualified for carer allowance under that subsection for that child until the later of the following:

 (d) the end of the period of 3 months starting on the day the child turns 16;

 (e) if the person ensures that, on or before the day the child turns 16, the Secretary is given all the information, statements and other materials that are needed in order for the child to be assessed and rated and given a score under the Adult Disability Assessment Tool—the end of the day before the first day on which the child is given such a score.

Two children

 (2) If:

 (a) a person is qualified for carer allowance under subsection 953(2) for 2 disabled children; and

 (b) on a particular day (the relevant day), either or both of those children turn 16; and

 (c) apart from either or both of those children turning 16, the person would remain qualified for carer allowance under that subsection for those children;

then the person remains qualified for carer allowance under that subsection for those children until the later of the following:

 (d) the end of the period of 3 months starting on the relevant day;

 (e) if the person ensures that, on or before the relevant day, the Secretary is given all the information, statements and other materials that are needed in order for each child who turns 16 on the relevant day to be assessed and rated and given a score under the Adult Disability Assessment Tool—the end of the day before the first day on which such a score is given to such a child.

 (3) Subsection (2) can apply only once in relation to the same 2 disabled children.

954  Qualification for carer allowance—caring for a disabled adult in a private home of both the adult and the carer

 (1) A person is qualified for carer allowance for a disabled adult (the care receiver) if:

 (a) the care receiver is an Australian resident; and

 (b) the care receiver is a family member of the person or is a person approved in writing by the Secretary for the purposes of this paragraph; and

 (c) the care receiver has been assessed and rated under the Adult Disability Assessment Tool and given a score under that assessment tool of at least 30, being a score calculated on the basis of a professional questionnaire score of at least 12; and

 (d) because of the disability from which the care receiver is suffering, the care receiver receives care and attention on a daily basis from the person, or the person together with another person, in a private home that is the residence of the person and the care receiver; and

 (f) the person is an Australian resident; and

 (g) the person satisfies the carer allowance income test under section 957A.

Note 1: For family member see subsection 23(1). For Australian resident see section 7.

Note 2: For qualification for carer allowance in circumstances of hospitalisation, see section 955.

Note 4: For the effect of temporary cessation of care and attention on carer allowance, see section 957.

Note 5: For the effect of 2 people being qualified for carer allowance, see sections 964 and 965.

Disabled adult does not qualify for carer allowance for another disabled adult

 (2) If a person is qualified for carer allowance for a disabled adult, the disabled adult is not able to qualify for carer allowance for another disabled adult.

Person cannot qualify for more than 2 carer allowances

 (3) A person may qualify for carer allowance under this section and/or section 954A for 2, but no more than 2, disabled adults.

954A  Qualification for carer allowance—caring for a disabled adult in a private home not shared by the adult and carer

 (1) A person is qualified for carer allowance for a disabled adult (the care receiver) if:

 (a) the care receiver is an Australian resident; and

 (b) the care receiver is a family member of the person or is a person approved in writing by the Secretary for the purposes of this paragraph; and

 (c) the care receiver has been assessed and rated under the Adult Disability Assessment Tool and given a score under that assessment tool of at least 30, being a score calculated on the basis of a professional questionnaire score of at least 12; and

 (d) the care receiver receives care and attention that meet the requirements in subsection (2); and

 (e) the person is an Australian resident; and

 (ea) the person satisfies the carer allowance income test under section 957A; and

 (f) the person’s work in providing the care and attention is not on wages that are at or above the relevant minimum wage; and

 (g) neither the person nor anyone else is qualified for carer allowance for the care receiver under section 954.

Note 1: For Australian resident see section 7. For family member see subsection 23(1).

Note 2: For qualification for carer allowance in circumstances of hospitalisation, see section 955.

Note 3: For the effect of temporary cessation of care and attention on carer allowance, see section 957.

Note 4: For the effect of 2 people being qualified for carer allowance, see sections 964 and 965.

 (2) The care and attention:

 (a) must address special care needs:

 (i) that the care receiver is assessed under the Adult Disability Assessment Tool as having; and

 (ii) that relate to the care receiver’s bodily functions or to sustaining the care receiver’s life; and

 (b) must be received by the care receiver on a daily basis, for a total of at least 20 hours a week; and

 (c) must:

 (i) be received by the care receiver from the person alone; or

 (ii) be received by the care receiver from the person together with another person whose work in providing the care and attention is not on wages that are at or above the wages mentioned in paragraph (1)(f), whether or not both persons are present every day when the care receiver receives the care and attention; and

 (d) must be received in a private home that is the residence of the care receiver, the person or the other person (if any), but not the residence of both the care receiver and the person; and

 (e) must not be care and attention of a kind (if any) specified, by legislative instrument, by the Secretary for the purposes of this paragraph.

Disabled adult does not qualify for carer allowance for another disabled adult

 (4) If a person is qualified for carer allowance for a disabled adult, the disabled adult is not able to qualify for carer allowance for another disabled adult.

Person cannot qualify for more than 2 carer allowances

 (5) A person may qualify for carer allowance under this section and/or section 954 for 2, but no more than 2, disabled adults.

954B  Qualification for carer allowance—receiving carer payment for caring for child or children

  While:

 (a) a person is receiving a carer payment for caring for one or more persons (the care receiver or care receivers) other than:

 (i) a care receiver referred to in subparagraph 197D(1)(a)(i); or

 (ii) a care receiver referred to in paragraph 198(2)(a) or (d); and

 (b) the person is not, apart from this section, qualified for carer allowance for the care receiver or care receivers;

the person is qualified for carer allowance for each care receiver.

Note: For the effect of 2 people being qualified for carer allowance for the same care receiver, see sections 964 and 965.

955  Qualification for carer allowance—hospitalisation

Participating in care of person in hospital

 (1) If:

 (a) a person (the carer) is participating in the care of a disabled child, or a disabled adult, (the hospitalised person) in hospital; and

 (b) it is reasonable to assume that, if the hospitalised person were not in hospital, one or more persons would qualify, under section 953, 954 or 954A, for carer allowance for the hospitalised person or for the hospitalised person and another person; and

 (c) either the hospitalised person is terminally ill or it is reasonable to expect that, upon the hospitalised person leaving hospital:

 (i) the hospitalised person will reside in the private home of the carer and the hospitalised person; or

 (ii) the carer will qualify under section 954A for carer allowance for the hospitalised person;

the one or more persons who would qualify for carer allowance as mentioned in paragraph (b) qualify for carer allowance.

Limit on qualification under subsection (1) for disabled adult

 (2) However, the period, or the sum of the periods, for which the one or more persons can be qualified under subsection (1) for a hospitalised person who is a disabled adult is 63 days in any calendar year.

Note: There is no limit for a hospitalised person who is a child.

956  Absence from Australia

  During any period of absence from Australia:

 (a) throughout which Division 2 of Part 4.2 applies to the person; and

 (b) that is before the end of the person’s portability period for carer allowance (within the meaning of that Division);

the person does not cease to be qualified, under section 953, 954 or 954A, for carer allowance merely because the care and attention of the care receiver or care receivers is not provided in a private home that is described in whichever one of paragraphs 953(1)(d) and (2)(d), 954(1)(d) and 954A(2)(d) is relevant.

957  Effect of cessation of care etc. on carer allowance

Continuation of allowance where temporary cessation of care

 (1) Subject to subsection (3), if:

 (a) a person is qualified, under section 953, 954 or 954A, for carer allowance because a care receiver or care receivers are receiving care and attention on a daily basis; and

 (b) the care receiver or care receivers temporarily cease to receive care and attention that would qualify the person for carer allowance;

the person does not cease to be qualified for carer allowance merely because of that cessation.

Continuation of allowance after hospitalisation—section 955 ceases to apply

 (2) Subject to subsection (3), if:

 (a) a person is qualified for carer allowance under section 955 because the person or another person is participating in the care of a disabled child or disabled adult in hospital; and

 (b) apart from this subsection, the person would later cease to be qualified for carer allowance under that section; and

 (c) the person would not cease to be qualified for carer allowance if the disabled child or disabled adult were receiving care and attention on a daily basis;

the person does not cease to be qualified for carer allowance merely because of the lack of receipt of that care and attention.

Limit on subsections (1) and (2)

 (3) However, the period, or the sum of the periods, for which subsection (1) or (2), or a combination of those subsections, can apply is:

 (a) 63 days in any calendar year; or

 (b) another period that the Secretary, for any special reason in the particular case, decides to be appropriate.

Cessation of care in order to undertake training etc.

 (4) If:

 (a) a person is qualified under section 953 for carer allowance for a care receiver who is a disabled child or for care receivers who are 2 disabled children; and

 (b) the care receiver or either or both of the care receivers then are, or are likely to be, receiving education, training or treatment (other than treatment in hospital) for a period; and

 (c) during the period the care receiver or care receivers are not receiving the care and attention that would qualify the person for carer allowance; and

 (d) subsection (1) does not apply to the period;

the person does not cease to be qualified for carer allowance during the period merely because of the lack of receipt of that care and attention.

Note: A person who continues to be qualified for carer allowance because of subsection (4) will receive a reduced rate of carer allowance: see subsection 974(3).

957A  Carer allowance income test

 (1) This is how to work out whether a person satisfies the carer allowance income test on a day (the test day).

Method statement

Step 1. Work out the amount of the person’s adjusted taxable income for the reference tax year.

 Note 1: Section 957B deals with how to work out adjusted taxable income.

 Note 2: For reference tax year see subsections (2) and (3).

Step 2. If, on the test day, the person is a member of a couple, work out the amount of the person’s partner’s adjusted taxable income for the reference tax year applicable under step 1.

 Note 1: Section 957B deals with how to work out adjusted taxable income.

 Note 2: For reference tax year see subsections (2) and (3).

Step 3. If, on the test day, the person is not a member of a couple, the person has reached the minimum age mentioned in section 30110 of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997 and the person has at least one longterm financial asset, work out the person’s deemed income amount under subsection 957D(1).

 Note: For longterm financial asset see subsection (5).

Step 4. If, on the test day, the person is a member of a couple and the person, or the person’s partner, or both, have reached the minimum age mentioned in section 30110 of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997 and have at least one longterm financial asset, work out the person’s deemed income amount under subsection 957D(2).

 Note: For longterm financial asset see subsection (5).

Step 5. Work out the sum of the amounts at steps 1, 2, 3 and 4 (as applicable).

Step 6. The person satisfies the carer allowance income test if the amount at step 5 is less than $250,000.

Reference tax year

 (2) For the purposes of this section, a person’s reference tax year is:

 (a) if the person has received a notice of assessment of the person’s taxable income for the base tax year—the base tax year; or

 (b) otherwise—the tax year immediately preceding the base tax year.

Note: For base tax year see subsection (4).

 (3) However, if the person has informed the Secretary in writing that the person wishes to have the person’s qualification for carer allowance determined by reference to the person’s adjusted taxable income for the tax year (the current tax year) in which the test day occurred, the person’s reference tax year is the current tax year.

 (4) The base tax year is the tax year immediately preceding the tax year in which the test day occurred.

Note: For tax year see subsection 23(1).

Longterm financial asset

 (5) For the purposes of this Subdivision, a longterm financial asset is:

 (a) a financial investment within the meaning of paragraph (i) of the definition of financial investment in subsection 9(1), where the assettested income stream (long term) arises under a complying superannuation plan (within the meaning of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997) that is not a constitutionally protected fund (within the meaning of that Act); or

 (b) a financial investment within the meaning of paragraph (j) of the definition of financial investment in subsection 9(1).

957B  Adjusted taxable income

 (1) For the purposes of this Subdivision, a person’s adjusted taxable income for a particular tax year is the sum of the following amounts (each of which is an income component):

 (a) the person’s taxable income for that year, disregarding the person’s assessable FHSS released amount (within the meaning of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997) for that year;

 (b) the person’s fringe benefits value for that year;

 (c) the person’s target foreign income for that year;

 (d) the person’s total net investment loss for that year;

 (e) the person’s tax free pensions or benefits for that year;

 (f) the person’s reportable superannuation contributions for that year;

less the amount of the person’s deductible child maintenance expenditure (the deductible component) for that year.

Note: For tax year see subsection 23(1).

Taxable income

 (2) For the purposes of this section, a person’s taxable income for a particular tax year is:

 (a) the person’s assessed taxable income for that year; or

 (b) if the person does not have an assessed taxable income for that year—the person’s accepted estimate of taxable income for that year.

Note: For accepted estimate see section 957C.

 (3) For the purposes of this section, a person’s assessed taxable income for a particular tax year at a particular time is the most recent of:

 (a) if, at that time, the Commissioner of Taxation has made an assessment or an amended assessment of that taxable income—that taxable income according to the assessment or amended assessment; or

 (b) if, at that time, a tribunal has amended an assessment or an amended assessment made by the Commissioner—that taxable income according to the amendment made by the tribunal; or

 (c) if, at that time, a court has amended an assessment or an amended assessment made by the Commissioner or an amended assessment made by a tribunal—that taxable income according to the amendment made by the court.

Fringe benefits value

 (4) For the purposes of this section, a person’s fringe benefits value for a particular tax year is the person’s accepted estimate of the amount by which the total of the assessable fringe benefits received or to be received by the person in the tax year exceeds $1,000.

Note 1: For assessable fringe benefit see subsection 10A(2) and Part 3.12A.

Note 2: For accepted estimate see section 957C.

Target foreign income

 (5) For the purposes of this section, a person’s target foreign income for a particular tax year is the person’s accepted estimate of the amount of the person’s target foreign income for that year.

Note 1: For target foreign income see subsection 10A(2).

Note 2: For accepted estimate see section 957C.

Total net investment loss

 (6) For the purposes of this section, a person’s total net investment loss for a particular tax year is the person’s accepted estimate of the amount of the person’s total net investment loss (within the meaning of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997) for that year.

Note: For accepted estimate see section 957C.

Tax free pensions or benefits

 (7) For the purposes of this section, a person’s tax free pensions or benefits for a particular tax year is the person’s accepted estimate of the total of the person’s tax free pensions or benefits (worked out under clause 7 of Schedule 3 to the A New Tax System (Family Assistance) Act 1999) for that year.

Note: For accepted estimate see section 957C.

Reportable superannuation contributions

 (8) For the purposes of this section, a person’s reportable superannuation contributions for a particular tax year is the person’s accepted estimate of the amount of the person’s reportable superannuation contributions (within the meaning of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997) for that year.

Note: For accepted estimate see section 957C.

Deductible child maintenance expenditure

 (9) For the purposes of this section, a person’s deductible child maintenance expenditure for a particular tax year is the person’s accepted estimate of the amount worked out under subclause 8(1) of Schedule 3 to the A New Tax System (Family Assistance) Act 1999 for the person for that year.

Note: For accepted estimate see section 957C.

957C  Accepted estimates

 (1) For the purposes of section 957B, a person’s accepted estimate of an income component, or the deductible component, for a particular tax year is that income component, or deductible component, according to the most recent notice given by the person to the Secretary under subsection (2) and accepted by the Secretary for the purposes of this section.

Note: For income component and deductible component see subsection 957B(1).

 (2) A person may give the Secretary a notice, in a form approved by the Secretary, setting out the person’s estimate of an income component, or the deductible component, of the person for a tax year.

 (3) The notice is to contain, or be accompanied by, such information as is required by the form to be contained in it or to accompany it, as the case may be.

 (4) The Secretary is to accept a notice only if the Secretary is satisfied that the estimate is reasonable.

957D  Income from longterm financial assets

Person is not a member of a couple

 (1) This is how to work out the person’s deemed income amount under this subsection:

Method statement

Step 1. Work out the total value of all of the person’s longterm financial assets on the test day.

 Note: For longterm financial asset see subsection 957A(5).

Step 2. Work out under section 1076 the amount of ordinary income the person would be taken to receive per year on the financial assets:

 (a) on the assumption that the only financial assets of the person were the financial assets referred to in step 1; and

 (b) on the assumption that the total value of the person’s financial assets were the amount at step 1.

Step 3. The result at step 2 is the person’s deemed income amount.

Person is a member of a couple

 (2) This is how to work out the person’s deemed income amount under this subsection:

Method statement

Step 1. If, on the test day, the person has reached the minimum age mentioned in section 30110 of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997, work out the total value of all of the person’s longterm financial assets on the test day.

 Note: For longterm financial asset see subsection 957A(5).

Step 2. If, on the test day, the person’s partner has reached the minimum age mentioned in section 30110 of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997, work out the total value of all of the person’s partner’s longterm financial assets on the test day.

Step 3. Work out under section 1077 the amount of ordinary income the couple would be taken to receive per year on the financial assets:

 (a) on the assumption that section 1077 applied to the person and the person’s partner; and

 (b) on the assumption that the only financial assets of the person and the person’s partner were the financial assets referred to in steps 1 and 2 (as applicable); and

 (c) on the assumption that the total value of the couple’s financial assets were the sum of the amounts at steps 1 and 2 (as applicable).

Step 4. The result at step 3 is the person’s deemed income amount.

Subdivision BLimitations on payability

958  Carer allowance not payable if allowance rate nil

  A carer allowance is not payable to a person if the person’s carer allowance rate would be nil.

964  Carer allowance not payable to 2 people for the same care receiver or care receivers unless declaration made

  If:

 (a) 2 persons who are not members of the same couple are each qualified for carer allowance for the same care receiver or care receivers; and

 (b) the Secretary has not made a declaration under subsection 981(1) in respect of carer allowance for the care receiver or care receivers; and

 (c) one of the persons is receiving carer allowance for the care receiver or care receivers;

carer allowance is not payable to the other person for the care receiver or care receivers.

965  Carer allowance not payable to more than one member of a couple

 (1) Subject to this section, if one member of a couple is receiving carer allowance for a care receiver or care receivers, carer allowance is not payable to the other member of the couple for the same care receiver or care receivers.

 (2) If:

 (a) the Secretary is satisfied that each of the members of a couple is qualified for carer allowance for the same care receiver or care receivers; and

 (b) both members of the couple are qualified under section 953, 954 or 954A for carer allowance—each of them has made a claim for carer allowance (whether or not one of them is receiving carer allowance); and

 (ba) only one of the members of the couple is qualified under section 953, 954 or 954A for carer allowance—that member has made a claim for carer allowance (whether or not one of them is receiving carer allowance);

the Secretary is to make a declaration:

 (c) stating that the Secretary is satisfied that each of them is qualified for carer allowance for the care receiver or care receivers; and

 (d) naming one of them as the member of the couple to whom carer allowance is payable for the care receiver or care receivers.

 (3) If such a declaration is made, carer allowance for the care receiver or care receivers to which the declaration relates is not payable to the member of the couple who is not named in the declaration as mentioned in paragraph (2)(d).

 (4) The Secretary is to give notice of the declaration to each of the members of the couple involved.

 (5) In making the declaration, the Secretary must have regard to whether one member of the couple is the primary carer for the care receiver or care receivers.

966  Newly arrived resident’s waiting period

 (1) A person is subject to a newly arrived resident’s waiting period if the person:

 (a) has entered Australia; and

 (b) has not been an Australian resident and in Australia for a period of, or periods totalling, 52 weeks.

Note: For Australian resident see subsection 7(2).

 (2) Subsection (1) does not apply to a person who has a qualifying residence exemption for carer allowance.

Note: For qualifying residence exemption in relation to carer allowance see paragraph 7(6AA)(f).

 (3) Subsection (1) does not apply to a person if, at the time the person made the claim for carer allowance, the person holds a visa that is in a class of visas determined by the Minister for the purposes of subsection 201AA(5).

 (4) Subsection (1) does not apply to a person if:

 (a) the person is receiving a social security pension or a social security benefit; or

 (b) the person is receiving farm household allowance under the Farm Household Support Act 2014; or

 (c) parental leave pay under the Paid Parental Leave Act 2010 is payable to the person.

 (5) Subsection (1) does not apply to a person if:

 (a) the person is a refugee, or a former refugee, at the time the person made the claim for carer allowance; or

 (b) the following apply:

 (i) before the person made the claim for carer allowance, the person was a family member of another person at the time the other person became a refugee;

 (ii) the person is a family member of that other person at the time the person made the claim for carer allowance or, if that other person has died, the person was a family member of that other person immediately before that other person died; or

 (c) the person is an Australian citizen at the time the person made the claim for carer allowance.

 (6) For the purposes of subsection (5):

 (a) family member has the meaning given by subsection 7(6D); and

 (b) former refugee has the meaning given by subsection 7(1); and

 (c) refugee has the meaning given by subsection 7(6B).

967  Duration of newly arrived resident’s waiting period

 (1) If a person is subject to a newly arrived resident’s waiting period, the period starts on the day the person first became an Australian resident.

 (2) The newly arrived resident’s waiting period ends when the person has been an Australian resident and in Australia for a period of, or periods totalling, 52 weeks.

Division 5Rate of carer allowance

974  Rate of carer allowance

Daily rate

 (1) A person’s rate of carer allowance is a daily rate worked out by dividing the person’s fortnightly rate of carer allowance by 14.

Fortnightly rate

 (2) Subject to subsections (3) and (4), a person’s fortnightly rate of carer allowance for a care receiver or care receivers is $75.60.

Note: The rate of carer allowance is indexed annually (see sections 1190 and 1191).

Reduced fortnightly rate if care receiver undertakes training etc.

 (3) If on one or more days (each of which is a training day) in an instalment period in relation to carer allowance a person would have stopped being qualified under section 953, apart from subsection 957(4) (care receiver undertakes training etc.), the person’s fortnightly rate of carer allowance for that period is to be reduced by the following amount:

Start formula Number of training days times Daily rate of carer allowance applicable to each training day end formula

Rate where carer allowance shared

 (4) If:

 (a) 2 people who are not members of the same couple are each qualified for carer allowance for the same care receiver or care receivers; and

 (b) the Secretary has made a declaration under subsection 981(1) in respect of carer allowance for the care receiver or care receivers;

the person’s rate of carer allowance is the share specified in the declaration under paragraph 981(1)(b) of the carer allowance rate that would otherwise apply in respect of the care receiver or care receivers.

Division 6Multiple qualification for carer allowance for same care receiver or receivers

981  Secretary may make declaration where 2 people are qualified for carer allowance for the same care receiver or care receivers

 (1) If the Secretary is satisfied that 2 people who are not members of the same couple are each qualified for carer allowance for the same care receiver or care receivers, the Secretary is to make a declaration:

 (a) stating that the Secretary is satisfied that the 2 people are each qualified for carer allowance for the care receiver or care receivers; and

 (b) specifying the share of the carer allowance for the care receiver or care receivers that each of the 2 people is to receive.

 (2) If the Secretary makes a declaration under subsection (1), the Secretary is to give each of the 2 people involved notice of the declaration.

Note 1: Until the declaration under this section is made, only one of the 2 people involved can receive carer allowance for the care receiver or care receivers—see section 964.

Note 2: For the effect of a declaration under this section on the calculation of carer allowance rates see subsection 974(4).

Division 10Bereavement payments (death of disabled child or adult)

Subdivision ADeath of disabled child

992J  Continued carer allowance during bereavement rate continuation period where disabled child dies

 (1) If:

 (a) a person is receiving carer allowance (other than because of this section or section 954B) for a care receiver who is a disabled child or for care receivers who are 2 disabled children; and

 (b) the disabled child or one of the disabled children dies; and

 (c) immediately before the child’s death, the child was an FTB child, or a regular care child, of the person;

the person is to be qualified for carer allowance during the bereavement rate continuation period as if the child had not died and had received the care and attention referred to in paragraph 953(1)(d) or 953(2)(d) (as the case may be).

Note 1: For bereavement rate continuation period see subsection 21(2).

Note 2: If a person fails to satisfy paragraph (1)(c), the person may still be qualified for carer allowance for 4 weeks after the death of the child under section 992L.

 (2) The rate at which the carer allowance is to be paid during the bereavement rate continuation period is the rate at which the allowance was payable to the person immediately before the day on which the child died.

992K  Lump sum payable in some circumstances

 (1) If:

 (a) a person is qualified for carer allowance under section 992J in relation to a disabled child, or one of 2 disabled children, who has died; and

 (b) the first available bereavement adjustment payday occurs before the end of the bereavement period; and

 (c) immediately before the child’s death, the child was an FTB child, or a regular care child, of the person;

a lump sum (worked out using the lump sum calculator at the end of this subsection) is payable to the person.

Lump Sum Calculator

This is how to work out the amount of the lump sum:

Method statement

Step 1. Work out the rate at which carer allowance was payable to the person immediately before the child died.

Step 2. Work out the number of paydays of the person in the bereavement lump sum period.

Step 3. Multiply the rate obtained in Step 1 by the number obtained in Step 2: the result is the amount of the lump sum payable to the person under this section.

Note: For first available bereavement adjustment payday, bereavement period and bereavement lump sum period see subsection 21(2).

 (2) However, if a person is qualified for carer allowance under section 992J in relation to 2 disabled children both of whom have died at the same time, only one lump sum is payable to the person under this section.

Subdivision BDeath of disabled child (special shortterm assistance)

992L  Continuation of qualification for carer allowance for 4 weeks in some cases where recipient’s disabled child dies

 (1) If:

 (a) a person is receiving carer allowance (other than because of this section or section 954B) for a care receiver who is a disabled child or for care receivers who are 2 disabled children; and

 (b) the disabled child or one of the disabled children dies; and

 (c) the person is not qualified under section 992J for carer allowance for the disabled child or disabled children;

the person is to be qualified for carer allowance for the period of 4 weeks that starts on the day on which the child died as if the child had not died and had received the care and attention referred to in paragraph 953(1)(d) or 953(2)(d) (as the case may be).

 (2) The rate at which the carer allowance is to be paid during the 4 week period is the rate at which the allowance was payable to the person immediately before the day on which the child died.

Subdivision BADeath of disabled adult

992LA  Continued carer allowance during bereavement rate continuation period where disabled adult dies

 (1) If:

 (a) a person is receiving carer allowance (other than because of this section) for a care receiver who is a disabled adult; and

 (b) the disabled adult dies; and

 (c) the person is receiving an income support payment (other than carer payment) at the time of the death of the disabled adult; and

 (d) the person is not qualified for a payment under a provision of this Act (other than this section), or of the Veterans’ Entitlements Act, in respect of the death of the disabled adult;

the person is qualified for carer allowance during the bereavement rate continuation period as if the disabled adult had not died and had received the care and attention referred to in paragraph 954(1)(d) or 954A(1)(d) (as the case may be).

Note: For bereavement rate continuation period see subsection 21(2).

 (2) The rate at which the carer allowance is to be paid during the bereavement rate continuation period is the rate at which the allowance was payable to the person immediately before the day on which the disabled adult died.

992LB  Lump sum payable in some circumstances

  If:

 (a) a person is qualified for carer allowance under section 992LA in relation to a disabled adult who has died; and

 (b) the first available bereavement adjustment payday occurs before the end of the bereavement period;

a lump sum (worked out using the lump sum calculator at the end of this section) is payable to the person.

Lump Sum Calculator

This is how to work out the amount of the lump sum:

Method statement

Step 1. Work out the rate at which carer allowance was payable to the person immediately before the disabled adult died.

Step 2. Work out the number of paydays of the person in the bereavement lump sum period.

Step 3. Multiply the rate obtained in step 1 by the number obtained in step 2: the result is the amount of the lump sum payable to the person under this section.

Note: For first available bereavement adjustment payday, bereavement period and bereavement lump sum period see subsection 21(2).

Subdivision CDeath of recipient

992M  Death of recipient

 (1) If:

 (a) a person is receiving carer allowance; and

 (b) the person is a member of a couple; and

 (c) the person dies; and

 (d) the person:

 (i) was qualified at the time of the person’s death for payments under Subdivision A in relation to the death of a disabled child or under Subdivision BA in relation to the death of a disabled adult; or

 (ii) would have been so qualified if the person had not died;

there is payable to the partner an amount equal to the sum of the following amounts:

 (e) the amount of carer allowance that would have been payable to the person under subsection 992J(2) or 992LA(2), as the case requires, if the person had not died;

 (f) any lump sum that would have been payable to the person under section 992K or 992LB, as the case requires, if the person had not died.

 (2) If:

 (a) a person is receiving carer allowance; and

 (b) the person is not a member of a couple; and

 (c) the person dies; and

 (d) the person:

 (i) was qualified at the time of the person’s death for payments under Subdivision A in relation to the death of a disabled child or under Subdivision BA in relation to the death of a disabled adult; or

 (ii) would have been so qualified if the person had not died;

there is payable, to such person as the Secretary thinks appropriate, an amount equal to the sum of the following amounts:

 (e) the amount of carer allowance that would have been payable to the person under subsection 992J(2) or 992LA(2), as the case requires, if the person had not died;

 (f) any lump sum that would have been payable to the person under section 992K or 992LB, as the case requires, if the person had not died.

Part 2.19AAChild disability assistance

 

992MA  Child disability assistance definitions

  In this Part:

care receiver has the same meaning as in Part 2.19.

disabled child has the same meaning as in Part 2.19.

eligible care receiver has the meaning given by section 992MC.

qualified person has the meaning given by subsection 992MB(1).

qualifying instalment has the meaning given by subsection 992MB(2).

992MB  Qualification for child disability assistance

 (1) A person (the qualified person) is qualified for child disability assistance in respect of a particular 1 July if the following conditions are satisfied in respect of one or more instalments of carer allowance:

 (a) the person was paid the instalment in respect of a period that included that 1 July;

 (b) either:

 (i) the instalment was for a care receiver who was a disabled child or for care receivers who were 2 disabled children; or

 (ii) the instalment was for a care receiver referred to in paragraph 954B(a).

 (2) Each instalment in respect of which the conditions in subsection (1) are satisfied is a qualifying instalment.

992MC  Eligible care receivers

 (1) Each person to whose care a qualifying instalment relates is an eligible care receiver in relation to the qualified person.

 (2) However, if subsection 953(2) applied in relation to a qualifying instalment, the 2 disabled children to whom the instalment relates are to be treated as if they were a single eligible care receiver in relation to the qualified person.

992MD  Amount of child disability assistance

 (1) The amount of child disability assistance for the qualified person in respect of the 1 July is worked out by adding together the amount applicable under subsection (2) for each eligible care receiver in relation to the qualified person.

 (2) The amount applicable under this subsection for an eligible care receiver is:

 (a) $1,000; or

 (b) if the rate at which the qualifying instalment was paid took account of a determination under subsection 981(1) of a particular share (being a percentage or proportion) in relation to an eligible care receiver—that share of $1,000.

Part 2.19AOneoff payments to carers eligible for carer allowance

Division 1Oneoff payment to carers eligible for carer allowance

992N  Oneoff payment to carers (carer allowance related)

 (1) A person (the qualified person) is qualified for a oneoff payment to carers (carer allowance related) if the following conditions are satisfied in relation to one or more instalments of carer allowance that have been paid to the person:

 (a) the instalment was in respect of a period that included 11 May 2004;

 (b) the reason why the instalment covered 11 May 2004 was not only because of clause 16 or 17 of Schedule 2 to the Social Security (Administration) Act 1999.

 (2) For the purposes of this Part, the instalment, or each instalment, in relation to which paragraphs (1)(a) and (b) are satisfied is a qualifying instalment.

Note: The person may also be qualified for a oneoff payment to carers (carer payment related) under Division 1 of Part 2.5A.

992O  In respect of what care receivers is the payment payable?

 (1) Subject to subsection (2), each person to whose care a qualifying instalment relates is an eligible care receiver in relation to the qualified person.

 (2) If subsection 953(2) applied in relation to a qualifying instalment, the 2 disabled children to whom the instalment relates are to be treated as if they were a single eligible care receiver in relation to the qualified person.

992P  What is the amount of the payment?

Add together the amounts applicable under this section for each eligible care receiver

 (1) The amount of the oneoff payment to the qualified person is worked out by adding together the amounts applicable under this section for each eligible care receiver.

Amount is $600 unless subsection (3) applies

 (2) Subject to subsection (3), the amount applicable for an eligible care receiver is $600.

Reduced amount if instalment rate took account of a subsection 981(1) determination

 (3) If the rate at which a qualifying instalment was paid took account of a determination under subsection 981(1) of a particular share (being a percentage or proportion) in relation to an eligible care receiver, the amount applicable for the eligible care receiver is that share of $600.

Division 22005 oneoff payment to carers eligible for carer allowance

992Q  2005 oneoff payment to carers (carer allowance related)

 (1) A person (the qualified person) is qualified for a 2005 oneoff payment to carers (carer allowance related) if the following conditions are satisfied in relation to one or more instalments of carer allowance that have been paid to the person:

 (a) the instalment was in respect of a period that included 10 May 2005;

 (b) the reason why the instalment covered 10 May 2005 was not only because of clause 16 or 17 of Schedule 2 to the Social Security (Administration) Act 1999.

 (2) For the purposes of this Part, the instalment, or each instalment, in relation to which paragraphs (1)(a) and (b) are satisfied is a qualifying instalment.

Note: The person may also be qualified for a 2005 oneoff payment to carers (carer payment related) under Division 2 of Part 2.5A.

992R  In respect of what care receivers is the payment payable?

 (1) Subject to subsection (2), each person to whose care a qualifying instalment relates is an eligible care receiver in relation to the qualified person.

 (2) If subsection 953(2) applied in relation to a qualifying instalment, the 2 disabled children to whom the instalment relates are to be treated as if they were a single eligible care receiver in relation to the qualified person.

992S  What is the amount of the payment?

Add together the amounts applicable under this section for each eligible care receiver

 (1) The amount of the oneoff payment to the qualified person is worked out by adding together the amounts applicable under this section for each eligible care receiver.

Amount is $600 unless subsection (3) applies

 (2) Subject to subsection (3), the amount applicable for an eligible care receiver is $600.

Reduced amount if instalment rate took account of a subsection 981(1) determination

 (3) If the rate at which a qualifying instalment was paid took account of a determination under subsection 981(1) of a particular share (being a percentage or proportion) in relation to an eligible care receiver, the amount applicable for the eligible care receiver is that share of $600.

Division 32006 oneoff payment to carers eligible for carer allowance

992T  2006 oneoff payment to carers (carer allowance related)

 (1) A person (the qualified person) is qualified for a 2006 oneoff payment to carers (carer allowance related) if the following conditions are satisfied in relation to one or more instalments of carer allowance that have been paid to the person:

 (a) the instalment was in respect of a period that includes 9 May 2006;

 (b) the reason why that instalment covered 9 May 2006 was not only because of clause 16 or 17 of Schedule 2 to the Administration Act;

 (c) the person was paid that instalment because of a claim the person made on or before 9 May 2006.

 (2) For the purposes of this Part, the instalment, or each instalment, in relation to which paragraphs (1)(a), (b) and (c) are satisfied is a qualifying instalment.

992U  In respect of which care receivers is the payment payable?

 (1) Subject to subsection (2), each person to whose care a qualifying instalment relates is an eligible care receiver in relation to the qualified person.

 (2) If subsection 953(2) applied in relation to a qualifying instalment, the 2 disabled children to whom the instalment relates are to be treated as if they were a single eligible care receiver in relation to the qualified person.

992V  Amount of the oneoff payment

Add together the amounts applicable under this section for each eligible care receiver

 (1) The amount of the oneoff payment to the qualified person is worked out by adding together the amounts applicable under this section for each eligible care receiver.

Amount is $600 unless subsection (3) applies

 (2) Subject to subsection (3), the amount applicable for an eligible care receiver is $600.

Reduced amount if instalment rate took account of a subsection 981(1) determination

 (3) If the rate at which a qualifying instalment was paid took account of a determination under subsection 981(1) of a particular share (being a percentage or proportion) in relation to an eligible care receiver, the amount applicable for the eligible care receiver is that share of $600.

Division 42007 oneoff payment to carers eligible for carer allowance

992WA  2007 oneoff payment to carers (carer allowance related)

 (1) A person (the qualified person) is qualified for a 2007 oneoff payment to carers (carer allowance related) if the following conditions are satisfied in relation to one or more instalments of carer allowance that have been paid to the person:

 (a) the instalment was in respect of a period that includes 8 May 2007;

 (b) the reason why that instalment covered 8 May 2007 was not only because of clause 16 or 17 of Schedule 2 to the Administration Act;

 (c) the person was paid that instalment because of a claim the person made on or before 8 May 2007.

 (2) For the purposes of this Part, the instalment, or each instalment, in relation to which paragraphs (1)(a), (b) and (c) are satisfied is a qualifying instalment.

992WB  Eligible care receivers

 (1) Subject to subsection (2), each person to whose care a qualifying instalment relates is an eligible care receiver in relation to the qualified person.

 (2) If subsection 953(2) applied in relation to a qualifying instalment, the 2 disabled children to whom the instalment relates are to be treated as if they were a single eligible care receiver in relation to the qualified person.

992WC  Amount of the oneoff payment

Add together the amounts applicable under this section for each eligible care receiver

 (1) The amount of the oneoff payment to the qualified person is worked out by adding together the amounts applicable under this section for each eligible care receiver.

Amount is $600 unless subsection (3) applies

 (2) Subject to subsection (3), the amount applicable for an eligible care receiver is $600.

Reduced amount if instalment rate took account of a subsection 981(1) determination

 (3) If the rate at which a qualifying instalment was paid took account of a determination under subsection 981(1) of a particular share (being a percentage or proportion) in relation to an eligible care receiver, the amount applicable for the eligible care receiver is that share of $600.

Division 52008 oneoff payment to carers eligible for carer allowance

992WD  2008 oneoff payment to carers (carer allowance related)

 (1) A person (the qualified person) is qualified for a 2008 oneoff payment to carers (carer allowance related) if the following conditions are satisfied in relation to one or more instalments of carer allowance that have been paid to the person:

 (a) the instalment was in respect of a period that includes 13 May 2008;

 (b) the reason why that instalment covered 13 May 2008 was not only because of clause 16 or 17 of Schedule 2 to the Administration Act;

 (c) the person was paid that instalment because of a claim the person made on or before 13 May 2008.

 (2) For the purposes of this Part, the instalment, or each instalment, in relation to which paragraphs (1)(a), (b) and (c) are satisfied is a qualifying instalment.

992WE  Eligible care receivers

 (1) Subject to subsection (2), each person to whose care a qualifying instalment relates is an eligible care receiver in relation to the qualified person.

 (2) If subsection 953(2) applied in relation to a qualifying instalment, the 2 disabled children to whom the instalment relates are to be treated as if they were a single eligible care receiver in relation to the qualified person.

992WF  Amount of the oneoff payment

Add together the amounts applicable under this section for each eligible care receiver

 (1) The amount of the oneoff payment to the qualified person is worked out by adding together the amounts applicable under this section for each eligible care receiver.

Amount is $600 unless subsection (3) applies

 (2) Subject to subsection (3), the amount applicable for an eligible care receiver is $600.

Reduced amount if instalment rate took account of a subsection 981(1) determination

 (3) If the rate at which a qualifying instalment was paid took account of a determination under subsection 981(1) of a particular share (being a percentage or proportion) in relation to an eligible care receiver, the amount applicable for the eligible care receiver is that share of $600.

Part 2.19BCarer supplement

 

992X  Carer supplement

Qualifying for carer supplement

 (1) A person (the qualified person) is qualified for carer supplement for a year if the person was or is paid an instalment (the qualifying instalment) of carer allowance, carer payment or carer service pension in respect of a period that includes 1 July in the year.

Note: There may be more than one qualifying instalment for carer supplement for a year. For example, if a person is paid both an instalment of carer allowance and an instalment of carer payment in respect of a period including 1 July in the year, both instalments are qualifying instalments for carer supplement for the year for the person.

Amount of carer supplement

 (2) The amount of carer supplement for the qualified person for the year is the total worked out in accordance with the table (taking account of every relevant item of the table):

 

Amount of carer supplement

Item

If:

Include this amount in the total:

1

The qualifying instalment is of carer allowance

The amount worked out under subsection (3) for each eligible care receiver (see subsections (4) and (5))

2

The qualifying instalment is of carer payment

$600

3

The qualifying instalment is of carer service pension

$600

5

Both of the following apply:

(a) the qualifying instalment is of carer allowance;

(b) the qualified person was or is also paid an instalment of partner service pension under the Veterans’ Entitlements Act in respect of a period that includes the day described in subsection (1) for the year

$600

Amount for eligible care receiver

 (3) The amount for an eligible care receiver is:

 (a) $600; or

 (b) if the rate at which the qualifying instalment was paid takes account of a determination under subsection 981(1) of a particular share (being a percentage or proportion) in relation to the eligible care receiver—that share of $600.

Example 1: Assume that:

(a) the qualified person qualifies for carer supplement for 2010 because he or she is paid a qualifying instalment of carer allowance relating to 3 eligible care receivers; and

(b) the rate of the qualifying instalment takes account of a determination under subsection 981(1) of a half share in relation to one of those eligible care receivers; and

(c) the qualified person is also paid an instalment of partner service pension for a period including 1 July 2010.

 The amount of carer supplement for the qualified person for 2010 is $2,100, made up of $600 each for 2 of the eligible care receivers, $300 (which is half of $600) for the eligible care receiver to whom the halfshare determination relates and $600 relating to the partner service pension.

Example 2: Assume that the qualified person qualifies for carer supplement for 2011 because he or she is paid a qualifying instalment of carer allowance relating to one eligible care receiver and also because the qualifying person is paid a qualifying instalment of carer payment.

 The amount of carer supplement for the qualified person for 2011 is $1,200, made up of $600 relating to carer allowance relating to the eligible care receiver and $600 relating to carer payment.

Effect of nil rates of carer payment, partner service pension and carer service pension

 (3A) If:

 (a) a person:

 (i) is not paid an instalment of carer payment under this Act in respect of a period that includes 1 July in a year because the person’s rate of that payment in respect of that period is nil; or

 (ii) is not paid an instalment of partner service pension or carer service pension under the Veterans’ Entitlements Act in respect of a period that includes 1 July in a year because the person’s rate of that pension in respect of that period is nil; and

 (b) the person’s rate of that payment or pension in respect of that period is worked out having regard to an income test module of a rate calculator in this Act or the Veterans’ Entitlements Act; and

 (c) either:

 (i) if subparagraph (a)(i) applies—the person has employment income (within the meaning of this Act) in respect of that period; or

 (ii) if subparagraph (a)(ii) applies—the person has employment income (within the meaning of section 46AB of the Veterans’ Entitlements Act) in respect of that period; and

 (d) the person would have been paid an instalment of that payment or pension in respect of that period if all of the person’s income, and all of the person’s partner’s income (if any), in respect of that period were disregarded;

the person is taken, for the purposes of this section, to have been paid an instalment of that payment or pension in respect of that period.

Definition of eligible care receiver

 (4) Each person to whose care a qualifying instalment of carer allowance relates is an eligible care receiver in relation to the qualified person.

 (5) However, if subsection 953(2) applies in relation to a qualifying instalment, the 2 disabled children to whom the instalment relates are to be treated as if they were a single eligible care receiver in relation to the qualified person.

Definition of carer service pension

 (6) In this section:

carer service pension means carer service pension that is payable because of subclause 8(2) or (4) of Schedule 5 to the Veterans’ Entitlements Act.

Part 2.20Double orphan pension

Division 1DOP child status

993  Double orphan—not refugee

 (1) A young person is a double orphan if:

 (a) the young person is not a refugee child; and

 (b) each parent of the young person is dead.

Note 1: For young person and parent see section 5.

Note 2: For refugee child see section 995.

Note 3: If the young person does not qualify as a double orphan under this subsection, and the young person is a refugee child, the young person may qualify as a double orphan under section 994.

 (2) A young person is a double orphan if:

 (a) the young person is not a refugee child; and

 (b) one parent of the young person is dead; and

 (c) the other parent of the young person is:

 (i) a longterm prisoner; or

 (ii) a mental hospital patient on a longterm basis; or

 (iii) in residential care on a longterm basis; or

 (iv) uncontactable.

Note 1: For young person and parent see section 5.

Note 2: For refugee child see section 995.

Note 3: For longterm prisoner see section 996.

Note 4: For mental hospital patient on a longterm basis, see subsection 997(1).

Note 4A: For in residential care on a longterm basis, see subsection 997(2).

Note 5: For uncontactable see section 998.

 (3) If a young person (other than an adopted child) is a relationship child of a person because he or she is a child of the person, and of another person, within the meaning of the Family Law Act 1975, the person and the other person are taken to be the young person’s only parents for the purposes of this section.

994  Double orphan—refugee

 (1) A young person is a double orphan if:

 (a) the young person is a refugee child; and

 (b) one parent of the young person is:

 (i) dead; or

 (ii) living outside Australia; or

 (iii) uncontactable; and

 (c) the other parent, if any, is:

 (i) dead; or

 (ii) living outside Australia; or

 (iii) uncontactable; or

 (iv) a longterm prisoner; or

 (v) a mental hospital patient on a longterm basis; or

 (vi) in residential care on a longterm basis.

Note 1: For young person and parent see section 5.

Note 2: For refugee child see section 995.

Note 3: For uncontactable see section 998.

Note 4: For longterm prisoner see section 996.

Note 5: For mental hospital patient on a longterm basis, see subsection 997(1).

Note 5A: For in residential care on a longterm basis, see subsection 997(2).

 (2) If a young person (other than an adopted child) is a relationship child of a person because he or she is a child of the person, and of another person, within the meaning of the Family Law Act 1975, the person and the other person are taken to be the young person’s only parents for the purposes of this section.

995  Refugee child

 (1) A young person is a refugee child if:

 (a) the young person is not an adopted child by virtue of an adoption under a law in force in a State or Territory of the Commonwealth; and

 (b) the young person has not, at any time, lived in Australia with one or both of his or her parents; and

 (c) the young person:

 (i) has been granted refugee status by the Australian Government; or

 (ii) has, at any time, been admitted into Australia as a refugee by the Australian Government; or

 (iii) the young person has been, at any time, admitted into Australia in accordance with the terms of a special humanitarian program of the Australian Government that has been approved by the Minister for the purposes of this definition.

 (2) An approval of a special humanitarian program for the purposes of subparagraph (1)(c)(iii) may be expressed to have retrospective effect to the date of the establishment of the program.

 (3) If a young person (other than an adopted child) is a relationship child of a person because he or she is a child of the person, and of another person, within the meaning of the Family Law Act 1975, the person and the other person are taken to be the young person’s only parents for the purposes of this section.

996  Longterm prisoner

 (1) For the purposes of this Division, a person is a longterm prisoner if the person:

 (a) has been convicted of an offence; and

 (b) has been sentenced to imprisonment:

 (i) for life; or

 (ii) for a term of at least 10 years; and

 (c) is serving the sentence.

 (2) For the purposes of this Division, a person is a longterm prisoner if:

 (a) the person has been charged with an offence punishable by imprisonment for life or for a term of at least 10 years; and

 (b) the person has not been convicted of the offence; and

 (c) the person is in custody; and

 (d) the person is not serving a sentence of imprisonment for life or for a term of 10 years or more imposed as a result of conviction of another offence.

997  Patient on a longterm basis

Mental hospital patient

 (1) For the purposes of this Division, a person is a mental hospital patient on a longterm basis if:

 (a) the person is a mental hospital patient; and

 (b) the Secretary is satisfied that the person will require care and treatment for an indefinite period.

Note: For mental hospital patient see section 23.

Nursing home patient

 (2) For the purposes of this Division, a person is in residential care on a longterm basis if:

 (a) the person is in residential care; and

 (b) the Secretary is satisfied that the person will be in residential care for an indefinite period.

998  Person uncontactable

  For the purposes of this Division, a person is uncontactable if the person’s whereabouts are not known to the person or approved care organisation claiming or receiving the double orphan pension concerned.

Division 2Qualification for and payability of double orphan pension

Subdivision AQualification

999  Qualification for double orphan pension

Persons other than approved care organisations

 (1) A person is qualified for a double orphan pension for a young person if:

 (a) the young person is an FTB child of the person, or would be an FTB child of the person except that the young person, or someone on behalf of the young person, is receiving payments under a prescribed educational scheme; and

 (b) the person is eligible for family tax benefit, or would be so eligible except that:

 (i) the young person is not an FTB child of the person, but only because of the receipt of the payments referred to in paragraph (a); or

 (ii) the person’s rate of family tax benefit, worked out under Division 1 of Part 4 of the Family Assistance Act, is nil; and

 (c) on the day on which the person claims the double orphan pension, the young person is a double orphan; and

 (d) either:

 (i) the young person continues to be a double orphan; or

 (ii) if the young person is no longer a double orphan, the person has not become aware that the young person is no longer a double orphan.

Approved care organisations

 (2) An approved care organisation is qualified for a double orphan pension for a young person if:

 (a) the organisation is eligible for family tax benefit for the young person, or would be eligible for family tax benefit for the young person except that the young person, or someone on behalf of the young person, is receiving payments under a prescribed education scheme; or

 (b) on the day on which the organisation claims the double orphan pension, the young person is a double orphan; and

 (c) either:

 (i) the young person continues to be a double orphan; or

 (ii) if the young person is no longer a double orphan—the organisation has not become aware that the young person is no longer a double orphan.

Note 1: For double orphan see sections 993 and 994.

Note 2: For approved care organisation see sections 6 and 35.

Subdivision BPayability

1003  Double orphan pension not payable for child receiving a pension under the Veterans’ Entitlements Act

 (1) A double orphan pension is not payable for a child in relation to an instalment period for family tax benefit if the child is receiving a pension under Part II or IV of the Veterans’ Entitlements Act.

 (2) In subsection (1):

instalment period for family tax benefit means a period that is an instalment period for the purposes of section 23 of the Family Assistance Administration Act.

Division 5Rate of double orphan pension

1010  Rate of double orphan pension

 (1) Subject to subsections (1A) to (3A), the rate of double orphan pension is a daily rate calculated by dividing $37.90 by 14.

 (1A) If a person who is qualified for double orphan pension for a child has, under section 59 of the Family Assistance Act, a shared care percentage for the child, the rate of double orphan pension under subsection (1) is the person’s shared care percentage of the rate of double orphan pension that would otherwise apply under that subsection to the child.

Children who became double orphans before 1 July 2000

 (2) If:

 (a) a child became a double orphan before 1 July 2000; and

 (b) the person who is qualified for double orphan pension for the child does not, under section 59 of the Family Assistance Act, have a shared care percentage for the child; and

 (c) the current family tax benefit rate in respect of the child is less than the prior family allowance rate in respect of the child;

then the rate calculated under subsection (1) in relation to the child is increased by an amount equal to the difference between the prior family allowance rate and the current family tax benefit rate.

 (2A) If:

 (a) a child became a double orphan before 1 July 2000; and

 (b) the person who is qualified for double orphan pension for the child has, under section 59 of the Family Assistance Act, a shared care percentage for the child; and

 (c) the current family tax benefit rate in respect of the child is less than the shared care percentage of the prior family allowance rate in respect of the child;

then the rate calculated under subsections (1) and (1A) in relation to the child is increased by an amount equal to the difference between:

 (d) the person’s shared care percentage of the prior family allowance rate; and

 (e) the current family tax benefit rate.

Children who become double orphans on or after 1 July 2000

 (3) If:

 (a) a child becomes a double orphan on or after 1 July 2000; and

 (b) the person who is qualified for double orphan pension for the child does not, under section 59 of the Family Assistance Act, have a shared care percentage for the child; and

 (c) the current family tax benefit rate in respect of the child is less than the prior family tax benefit rate in respect of the child;

then the rate calculated under subsection (1) in relation to the child is increased by an amount equal to the difference between the prior family tax benefit rate and the current family tax benefit rate.

 (3A) If:

 (a) a child becomes a double orphan on or after 1 July 2000; and

 (b) the person who is qualified for double orphan pension for the child has, under section 59 of the Family Assistance Act, a shared care percentage for the child; and

 (c) the current family tax benefit rate in respect of the child is less than the shared care percentage of the prior family tax benefit rate in respect of the child;

then the rate calculated under subsections (1) and (1A) in relation to the child is increased by an amount equal to the difference between:

 (d) the person’s shared care percentage of the prior family tax benefit rate; and

 (e) the current family tax benefit rate.

 (4) Subsections (2) and (3) do not have effect in relation to a child at any time at which double orphan pension in respect of the child is payable to an approved care organisation.

 (5) In this section:

current family tax benefit rate, in relation to a child, means the rate represented by so much of an individual’s Part A rate of family tax benefit as relates to the child.

prior family allowance rate, in relation to a child, means the rate at which family allowance was payable in respect of the child immediately before the child became a double orphan.

prior family tax benefit rate, in relation to a child, means the rate represented by so much of an individual’s Part A rate of family tax benefit as related to the child immediately before the child became a double orphan.

Division 10Bereavement payments (death of DOP child)

Subdivision ADeath of DOP child (General)

1033  Continued double orphan pension during bereavement rate continuation period where DOP child dies

  If:

 (a) a person is receiving double orphan pension for a young person; and

 (b) the young person dies; and

 (c) immediately before the young person died:

 (ii) the young person was an FTB child of the person; or

 (iii) the person was receiving a service pension or income support supplement whose rate included:

 (A) a dependent child addon for the young person; or

 (B) guardian allowance in respect of the young person;

the person is to be qualified for double orphan pension for the young person during the bereavement rate continuation period as if the young person had not died.

1034  Lump sum payable in some circumstances

  If:

 (a) a person is qualified for double orphan pension under section 1033 in relation to the death of a DOP child; and

 (b) the first available bereavement adjustment payday occurs before the end of the bereavement period; and

 (c) immediately before the child died, the child was an FTB child;

a lump sum (worked out using the lump sum calculator at the end of this section) is payable to the person.

LUMP SUM CALCULATOR

This is how to work out the amount of the lump sum:

Method statement

Step 1. Work out the rate at which double orphan pension was payable immediately before the first available bereavement adjustment payday: the result is called the continued rate.

Step 2. Work out the number of the person’s paydays in the bereavement lump sum period.

Step 3. Multiply the continued rate by the number obtained in Step 2: the result is the amount of the lump sum payable to the person under this section.

Subdivision AADeath of dependent child (special shortterm assistance)

1034AA  Continuation of qualification for double orphan pension for 4 weeks in some cases where recipient’s DOP child dies

  If:

 (a) a person is receiving double orphan pension for a young person; and

 (b) the young person dies; and

 (c) the person is not qualified for double orphan pension under section 1033 in respect of the young person;

the person is to be qualified for double orphan pension, for the period of 4 weeks that starts on the day after the day on which the young person died, as if the young person had not died.

Subdivision BDeath of recipient

1034A  Death of recipient

 (1) If:

 (a) a person is receiving a double orphan pension; and

 (b) the person is a member of a couple; and

 (c) the person dies; and

 (d) the person:

 (i) was qualified at the time of the person’s death for payments under Subdivision A in relation to the death of a DOP child; or

 (ii) would have been so qualified if the person had not died; and

 (e) the person’s partner claims the payments referred to in paragraph (d) within 3 months after the death of the child;

there is payable to the partner an amount equal to the sum of the following amounts:

 (f) the amount of double orphan pension that would have been payable to the person under section 1033 if the person had not died;

 (g) any lump sum that would have been payable to the person under section 1034 if the person had not died.

 (2) If:

 (a) a person is receiving a double orphan pension; and

 (b) the person is not a member of a couple; and

 (c) the person dies; and

 (d) the person:

 (i) was qualified at the time of the person’s death for payments under Subdivision A in relation to the death of a DOP child; or

 (ii) would have been so qualified if the person had not died;

there is payable, to such person as the Secretary thinks appropriate, an amount equal to the sum of the following amounts:

 (e) the amount of double orphan pension that would have been payable to the person under section 1033 if the person had not died; and

 (f) any lump sum that would have been payable to the person under section 1034 if the person had not died.

Part 2.21Mobility allowance

Division 1Qualification for and payability of mobility allowance

Subdivision AQualification

1035  Qualification for mobility allowance (rate specified in subsection 1044(1))

 (1) A person is qualified for a mobility allowance at the rate specified in subsection 1044(1) if the person satisfies the travel test set out in subsection (2) of this section, the person is a person with disability, the person has turned 16 and:

 (a) all of the following apply:

 (ii) the person is engaged in gainful employment;

 (iii) the Secretary is of the opinion that:

 (A) the person is unable to use public transport without substantial assistance, either permanently or for an extended period; and

 (B) the person’s inability to use public transport without substantial assistance is due to the person’s disability; and

 (C) the person is engaged in the gainful employment for at least 32 hours in every 4 weeks on a continuing basis;

 (iv) the person is an Australian resident; or

 (b) all of the following apply:

 (ii) the person is undertaking vocational training;

 (iii) the Secretary is of the opinion that:

 (A) the person is unable to use public transport without substantial assistance, either permanently or for an extended period; and

 (B) the person’s inability to use public transport without substantial assistance is due to the person’s disability; and

 (C) the person is undertaking the vocational training for at least 32 hours in every 4 weeks on a continuing basis;

 (iv) the person is an Australian resident; or

 (c) all of the following apply:

 (ii) the person is receiving jobseeker payment, youth allowance or austudy payment;

 (iii) the Secretary is of the opinion that:

 (A) the person is unable to use public transport without substantial assistance, either permanently or for an extended period; and

 (B) the person’s inability to use public transport without substantial assistance is due to the person’s disability; and

 (iv) if the person is receiving jobseeker payment—the person is required to satisfy the employment pathway plan requirements;

 (iva) if the person is receiving youth allowance—the person is undertaking fulltime study (see section 541B) or is required to satisfy the employment pathway plan requirements;

 (ivb) if the person is receiving austudy payment—the person is required to satisfy the activity test;

 (v) the person is an Australian resident; or

 (d) all of the following apply:

 (ii) the Secretary is of the opinion that:

 (A) the person is unable to use public transport without substantial assistance, either permanently or for an extended period; and

 (B) the person’s inability to use public transport without substantial assistance is due to the person’s disability; and

 (C) the person is undertaking job search activities under an agreement between the Secretary and a service provider nominated by the Secretary;

 (iii) the person is an Australian resident; or

 (e) all of the following apply:

 (ii) the Secretary is of the opinion that:

 (A) the person is unable to use public transport without substantial assistance, either permanently or for an extended period; and

 (B) the person’s inability to use public transport without substantial assistance is due to the person’s disability; and

 (C) the person is undertaking job search activities under the Competitive Employment Placement and Training Program administered by the Department;

 (iii) the person is an Australian resident; or

 (f) all of the following apply:

 (ii) the Secretary is of the opinion that:

 (A) the person is unable to use public transport without substantial assistance, either permanently or for an extended period; and

 (B) the person’s inability to use public transport without substantial assistance is due to the person’s disability; and

 (C) the person is engaged in voluntary work for at least 32 hours in every 4 weeks on a continuing basis;

 (iii) the person is an Australian resident; or

 (g) all of the following apply:

 (ii) the Secretary is of the opinion that:

 (A) the person is unable to use public transport without substantial assistance, either permanently or for an extended period; and

 (B) the person’s inability to use public transport without substantial assistance is due to the person’s disability;

 (iii) the Secretary is of the opinion that the person is undertaking a combination of any 2 or more of the following:

 (A) gainful employment;

 (B) vocational training;

 (C) voluntary work;

  for at least 32 hours in every 4 weeks on a continuing basis;

 (iv) the person is an Australian resident; or

 (h) all of the following apply:

 (ii) the person is undertaking a vocational rehabilitation program or the person is being provided with supports or services that are specified in an instrument under subsection (2A) and are provided under an arrangement or grant under the Disability Services and Inclusion Act 2023;

 (iii) the Secretary is of the opinion that:

 (A) the person is unable to use public transport without substantial assistance, either permanently or for an extended period; and

 (B) the person’s inability to use public transport without substantial assistance is due to the person’s disability;

 (iv) the person is an Australian resident.

 (2) A person satisfies the travel test mentioned in subsection (1) if the person is required to travel to and from the person’s home for the purpose of:

 (a) undertaking gainful employment; or

 (b) undertaking vocational training; or

 (c) undertaking job search activities; or

 (d) undertaking voluntary work; or

 (e) undertaking a vocational rehabilitation program or being provided with supports or services that are specified in an instrument under subsection (2A) and are provided under an arrangement or grant under the Disability Services and Inclusion Act 2023.

 (2A) The Secretary may, by legislative instrument, specify supports or services for the purposes of subparagraph (1)(h)(ii) or paragraph (2)(e). The supports or services must be employment supports or services within the meaning of the Disability Services and Inclusion Act 2023.

 (3) In this section:

vocational rehabilitation program means a rehabilitation program (or followup program) under Part III of the former Disability Services Act 1986 that provides a person with assistance to obtain or retain unsupported paid employment.

Note: A vocational rehabilitation program may include vocational training within the meaning of section 19.

vocational training means vocational training within the meaning of section 19, other than training provided as:

 (a) part of a rehabilitation program or followup program under Part III of the former Disability Services Act 1986; or

 (b) part of supports or services that are covered by an instrument in force under subsection (2A) of this section and are provided under an arrangement or grant under the Disability Services and Inclusion Act 2023.

voluntary work means work approved by the Secretary undertaken in a voluntary capacity for charitable, welfare or community organisations.

1035A  Qualification for mobility allowance (rate specified in subsection 1044(1A))

General principle

 (1) A person is qualified for a mobility allowance at the rate specified in subsection 1044(1A) if:

 (a) the person is a person with disability; and

 (aa) the person has turned 16; and

 (b) the Secretary is of the opinion that the person is unable to use public transport without substantial assistance (either permanently or for an extended period) due to the person’s disability; and

 (c) the person is an Australian resident; and

 (d) the person satisfies one or more of subsections (2) to (9).

Disability support pension

 (2) A person satisfies this subsection if:

 (a) at a particular time, the person’s hours of work per week, on wages that are at or above the relevant minimum wage increase to at least 30 hours per week; and

 (b) immediately before that time, the person was receiving disability support pension as a result of a claim made before 1 July 2006; and

 (c) the person ceased to be qualified for disability support pension because of the increase in the number of hours worked; and

 (d) since the time mentioned in paragraph (a), the person:

 (i) has been working at least 30 hours per week on wages that are at or above the relevant minimum wage; and

 (ii) has not received another income support payment; and

 (e) the person is required to travel to and from the person’s home for the purpose of performing that work.

However, this subsection ceases to apply to a transitional DSP applicant from the date of effect of the first decision about the person’s capacity to perform work made on or after 1 July 2006 following a review of the person’s capacity to perform work.

 (3) A person satisfies this subsection if:

 (a) the person is receiving disability support pension; and

 (b) one or both of the following applies to the person:

 (i) the person is working for at least 15 hours per week on wages that are at or above the relevant minimum wage;

 (ii) the person is undertaking job search activities under an agreement between the Secretary and the person, or an employment pathway plan that is in force in relation to the person, for work of at least 15 hours per week on wages that are at or above the relevant minimum wage; and

 (c) if the person is working as mentioned in subparagraph (b)(i)—the person is required to travel to and from the person’s home for the purpose of performing the work; and

 (d) if the person is undertaking job search activities as mentioned in subparagraph (b)(ii)—the person is required to travel to and from the person’s home for the purpose of undertaking those activities.

 (4) A person satisfies this subsection if:

 (a) subsection (2) does not apply (or has ceased to apply) to the person; and

 (b) the person is working for at least 30 hours per week on wages that are at or above the relevant minimum wage; and

 (c) immediately before the person started that work, the person was receiving disability support pension; and

 (d) the person ceased to be qualified for disability support pension because of the number of hours worked; and

 (e) since starting that work, the person:

 (i) has been working at least 30 hours per week on wages that are at or above the relevant minimum wage; and

 (ii) has not received another income support payment; and

 (f) the person is required to travel to and from the person’s home for the purpose of performing that work.

 (5) A person satisfies this subsection if:

 (a) subsection (2) does not apply (or has ceased to apply) to the person; and

 (b) at a particular time, the person starts to earn income from work or the person’s income from work increases; and

 (c) immediately before that time, the person was receiving disability support pension; and

 (d) the disability support pension ceased to be payable to the person because the rate of the pension is nil due to the income, or increased income, the person earned from the work; and

 (e) since the time mentioned in paragraph (b), the person has been working at least 15 hours per week on wages that are at or above the relevant minimum wage; and

 (f) the person is required to travel to and from the person’s home for the purpose of performing that work; and

 (g) since the time mentioned in paragraph (b), no income support payment has been payable to the person because the rate of the payment is nil due to the income, or increased income, the person has been earning from the work.

Jobseeker payment, youth allowance or parenting payment recipients

 (6) A person satisfies this subsection if:

 (a) the person:

 (i) is receiving jobseeker payment; or

 (ii) is receiving youth allowance, but is not undertaking fulltime study and is not a new apprentice; or

 (iii) is receiving parenting payment; and

 (b) one or both of the following applies to the person:

 (i) the person is working for at least 15 hours per week on wages that are at or above the relevant minimum wage;

 (ii) the person is undertaking job search activities under an agreement between the Secretary and the person, or an employment pathway plan that is in force in relation to the person, for work of at least 15 hours per week on wages that are at or above the relevant minimum wage; and

 (c) if the person is working as mentioned in subparagraph (b)(i)—the person is required to travel to and from the person’s home for the purpose of performing the work; and

 (d) if the person is undertaking job search activities as mentioned in subparagraph (b)(ii)—the person is required to travel to and from the person’s home for the purpose of undertaking those activities.

Note 1: For undertaking fulltime study see section 541B.

Note 2: For new apprentice see subsection 23(1).

 (7) A person satisfies this subsection if:

 (a) at a particular time, the person starts to earn income from work or the person’s income from work increases; and

 (b) immediately before that time, the person:

 (i) was receiving jobseeker payment; or

 (ii) was receiving youth allowance, but was not undertaking fulltime study and was not a new apprentice; or

 (iii) was receiving parenting payment; and

 (c) the jobseeker payment, youth allowance or parenting payment ceased to be payable to the person because the rate of the payment or allowance was nil due to the income, or increased income, the person earned from his or her work; and

 (d) since the time mentioned in paragraph (a), the person has been working at least 15 hours per week on wages that are at or above the relevant minimum wage; and

 (e) the person is required to travel to and from the person’s home for the purpose of performing that work; and

 (f) since the time mentioned in paragraph (a), no income support payment has been payable to the person because the rate of the payment is nil due to the income, or increased income, the person has been earning from the work.

Note 1: For undertaking fulltime study see section 541B.

Note 2: For new apprentice see subsection 23(1).

Jobseeker payment, youth allowance, disability support pension and parenting payment recipients

 (8) A person satisfies this subsection if:

 (a) the person:

 (i) is receiving jobseeker payment; or

 (ii) is receiving youth allowance, but is not undertaking fulltime study and is not a new apprentice; or

 (iii) is receiving disability support pension; or

 (iv) is receiving parenting payment; and

 (b) the person is working for at least 15 hours per week on wages set in accordance with the program administered by the Commonwealth known as the supported wage system; and

 (c) the work is not performed by the person in the course of employment that is supported by supported employment services within the meaning of section 7 of the former Disability Services Act 1986; and

 (ca) the work is not performed by the person in the course of employment that is supported by supports or services that are specified in an instrument under subsection (10) and are provided under an arrangement or grant under the Disability Services and Inclusion Act 2023; and

 (d) the person is required to travel to and from the person’s home for the purpose of performing the work.

Note 1: For undertaking fulltime study see section 541B.

Note 2: For new apprentice see subsection 23(1).

 (9) A person satisfies this subsection if:

 (a) at a particular time, the person starts to earn income from work or the person’s income from work increases; and

 (b) immediately before that time, the person:

 (i) was receiving jobseeker payment; or

 (ii) was receiving youth allowance, but was not undertaking fulltime study and was not a new apprentice; or

 (iii) was receiving disability support pension; or

 (iv) was receiving parenting payment; and

 (c) the jobseeker payment, youth allowance, disability support pension or parenting payment ceased to be payable to the person because the rate of the payment, allowance or pension was nil due to the income, or increased income, the person earned from his or her work; and

 (d) since the time mentioned in paragraph (a), the person has been working:

 (i) for at least 15 hours per week on wages set in accordance with the program administered by the Commonwealth known as the supported wage system; or

 (ii) at least 15 hours per week on wages that are at or above the relevant minimum wage; and

 (e) the work has not been performed by the person in the course of employment that is or was supported by supported employment services within the meaning of section 7 of the former Disability Services Act 1986; and

 (ea) the work has not been performed by the person in the course of employment that is or was supported by supports or services that are specified in an instrument under subsection (10) and are provided under an arrangement or grant under the Disability Services and Inclusion Act 2023; and

 (f) the person has been required to travel to and from the person’s home for the purpose of performing that work; and

 (g) since the time mentioned in paragraph (a), no income support payment has been payable to the person because the rate of the payment is nil due to the income, or increased income, the person has been earning from the work.

Note 1: For undertaking fulltime study see section 541B.

Note 2: For new apprentice see subsection 23(1).

 (10) The Secretary may, by legislative instrument, specify supports or services for the purposes of paragraph (8)(ca) or (9)(ea). The supports or services must be employment supports or services within the meaning of the Disability Services and Inclusion Act 2023.

Subdivision BPayability

1036  Mobility allowance not payable at 2 rates

  Mobility allowance at the rate specified in subsection 1044(1) is not payable to a person while mobility allowance at the rate specified in subsection 1044(1A) is payable to the person.

1037  Mobility allowance not payable where person receiving motor vehicle assistance

  A mobility allowance is not payable to a person:

 (a) if the person is provided with a motor vehicle under the Vehicle Assistance Scheme prepared under section 105 of the VEA—during any period during which the vehicle is provided; or

 (aa) if the person is provided with a motor vehicle under the Motor Vehicle Compensation Scheme under section 212 of the MRCA—during any period during which the vehicle is provided.

Note: For VEA and MRCA see section 23.

1038  Mobility allowance not payable when person is NDIS participant

  A mobility allowance is not payable to a person if:

 (a) the person is an NDIS participant; and

 (b) an NDIS plan is in effect for the NDIS participant; and

 (c) the NDIS plan contains a statement specifying the reasonable and necessary supports that will be funded under the National Disability Insurance Scheme (within the meaning of the National Disability Insurance Scheme Act 2013).

1039AA  Newly arrived resident’s waiting period

 (1) Subject to this section, a person who:

 (a) enters Australia; and

 (b) has not been an Australian resident and in Australia for a period of, or periods totalling, 208 weeks;

is subject to a newly arrived resident’s waiting period.

 (2) Subsection (1) does not apply to a person who has a qualifying residence exemption for a mobility allowance.

Note: For qualifying residence exemption in relation to mobility allowance, see paragraph 7(6AA)(f).

 (4) Subsection (1) does not apply to a person who, while in Australia, becomes a person with disability who has turned 16.

 (5) Subsection (1) does not apply to a person if:

 (a) the person is a refugee, or a former refugee, at the time the person made the claim for a mobility allowance; or

 (b) the following apply:

 (i) before the person made the claim for a mobility allowance, the person was a family member of another person at the time the other person became a refugee;

 (ii) the person is a family member of that other person at the time the person made the claim for a mobility allowance or, if that other person has died, the person was a family member of that other person immediately before that other person died; or

 (c) the person is an Australian citizen at the time the person made the claim for a mobility allowance.

 (6) For the purposes of subsection (5):

 (a) family member has the meaning given by subsection 7(6D); and

 (b) former refugee has the meaning given by subsection 7(1); and

 (c) refugee has the meaning given by subsection 7(6B).

1039AB  Duration of newly arrived resident’s waiting period

  If a person is subject to a newly arrived resident’s waiting period, the period:

 (a) starts on the day the person first became an Australian resident; and

 (b) ends when the person has been an Australian resident and in Australia for a period of, or periods totalling, 208 weeks.

Division 2Rate of mobility allowance

1044  Rate of mobility allowance

 (1AA) The rate of mobility allowance is a daily rate worked out by dividing the fortnightly rate by 14.

 (1) The fortnightly rate of mobility allowance for a person who qualifies for the allowance under section 1035 is $50.50.

 (1A) The fortnightly rate of mobility allowance for a person who qualifies for the allowance under section 1035A is $100.

 (2) A person’s mobility allowance rate is nil if:

 (a) the person has received mobility allowance advance under section 1045; and

 (b) the person’s advance payment period has not ended.

Note: The rate of mobility allowance is indexed annually in line with CPI increases (see sections 1191 to 1194).

 (3) In this section:

advance payment period, in relation to a person, means the period of:

 (a) 26 weeks; or

 (b) if section 1044A applies—such number of days as is provided for in that section;

that starts at the beginning of the advance entitlement period.

1044A  Reduction of the advance payment period

 (1) A person’s advance payment period is the period worked out using the following Method statement if:

 (a) the person has received a mobility allowance advance; and

 (b) the amount of the advance was calculated on the basis that the person qualified for mobility allowance under section 1035; and

 (c) the person qualifies for mobility allowance under section 1035A, during the period of 26 weeks starting on the day on which the person qualified for the advance; and

 (d) this section has not previously applied to the person in relation to the same advance.

Method statement

Step 1. Work out the number of days that, at the time of qualification under section 1035A, remain from the period of 26 weeks referred to in paragraph (c) (counting the day on which that qualification occurs as a whole day).

Step 2. Multiply the result under Step 1 by the amount worked out under the following formula:

 Start formula start fraction Rate of mobility allowance specified in subsection 1044(1) over Rate of mobility allowance specified in subsection 1044(1A) end fraction end formula

 If the result is not a whole number, round the result down to the next whole number.

Step 3. Subtract the result under Step 2 from the result under Step 1.

Step 4. Subtract the result under Step 3 from the number 182. The result is the number of days in the person’s advance payment period.

Division 3Mobility allowance advance

1045  Qualification for mobility advance

 (1) A person is qualified for a mobility allowance advance if:

 (a) the person is receiving mobility allowance; and

 (b) the person has requested the advance; and

 (c) the Secretary is satisfied that the person will continue to be qualified for mobility allowance for at least 26 weeks from the day on which the person receives the advance; and

 (d) if the person has previously received a mobility allowance advance, a period of not less than 12 months has elapsed since the person last received a mobility allowance advance.

 (2) If a person has previously received a mobility allowance advance, a request is not effective for the purpose of paragraph (1)(b) if it was made within 11 months after the person received a mobility allowance advance.

 (3) The amount of the advance is calculated by multiplying the mobility allowance rate by 13.

 (4) For the purpose of subsection (3):

mobility allowance rate is the rate of mobility allowance on the advance payday.

Division 4Continuation

1046  Continuation of mobility allowance when person ceases to be qualified

 (1) This section applies to a person if:

 (a) a mobility allowance at the rate specified in subsection 1044(1) is payable to a person; and

 (b) the person would, apart from this section, cease to be qualified for the mobility allowance because he or she ceases, in the Secretary’s opinion:

 (i) to undertake gainful employment, vocational training or voluntary work; or

 (ii) to undertake a combination of any 2 or more of the following:

 (A) gainful employment;

 (B) vocational training;

 (C) voluntary work;

  for at least 32 hours in every 4 weeks on a continuing basis.

 (2) This section applies to a person if:

 (a) a mobility allowance at the rate specified in subsection 1044(1) is payable to a person; and

 (b) the person would, apart from this section, cease to be qualified for the mobility allowance because he or she ceases, in the Secretary’s opinion:

 (i) to receive jobseeker payment for a reason other than because the person ceases to satisfy the employment pathway plan requirements and other than the application of subsection 42AL(1), 42AO(1), 42AP(5), 42P(1) or 42S(1), or section 81, of the Administration Act; or

 (ii) to receive youth allowance for a reason other than because the person ceases to satisfy the employment pathway plan requirements and other than the application of section 550B, 551 or 553B of this Act, or subsection 42AL(1), 42AO(1), 42AP(5), 42P(1) or 42S(1), or section 81, of the Administration Act; or

 (iii) to receive an austudy payment for a reason other than the application of section 569 or 576 of this Act or section 81 of the Administration Act; or

 (vi) to undertake a vocational rehabilitation program or to be provided with supports or services that are specified in an instrument under subsection (2AA) and are provided under an arrangement or grant under the Disability Services and Inclusion Act 2023.

 (2AA) The Secretary may, by legislative instrument, specify supports or services for the purposes of subparagraph (2)(b)(vi). The supports or services must be employment supports or services within the meaning of the Disability Services and Inclusion Act 2023.

 (2A) This section applies to a person if:

 (a) a mobility allowance is payable to a person at the rate specified in subsection 1044(1A); and

 (b) the person would, apart from this section, cease to be qualified for the mobility allowance because he or she ceases, in the Secretary’s opinion, to satisfy one or more of subsections 1035A(2), (3), (4), (5), (6), (7), (8) and (9).

 (2B) This section applies to a person if:

 (a) a mobility allowance is payable to a person at the rate specified in subsection 1044(1A) because the person satisfies one or both of subsections 1035A(6) and (7); and

 (b) the person would, apart from this section, cease to be qualified for the mobility allowance because he or she ceases, in the Secretary’s opinion:

 (i) to receive jobseeker payment for a reason other than because the person ceases to satisfy the employment pathway plan requirements and other than the application of subsection 42AL(1), 42AO(1), 42AP(5), 42P(1) or 42S(1), or section 81, of the Administration Act; or

 (ii) to receive youth allowance for a reason other than because the person ceases to satisfy the employment pathway plan requirements and other than the application of section 550B, 551 or 553B of this Act, or subsection 42AL(1), 42AO(1), 42AP(5), 42P(1) or 42S(1), or section 81, of the Administration Act; or

 (iia) to receive parenting payment for a reason other than the application of section 500J of this Act, or subsection 42AL(1), 42AO(1), 42AP(5), 42P(1) or 42S(1), or section 81, of the Administration Act; or

 (iii) to undertake job search activities, under an agreement between the Secretary and a service provider nominated by the Secretary, for work of at least 15 hours per week on wages that are at or above the relevant minimum wage.

 (3) A person to whom this section applies continues to be qualified for the mobility allowance for 12 weeks after the person would, apart from this section, have ceased to be qualified for the mobility allowance.

 (4) If:

 (a) a mobility allowance is payable to a person; and

 (b) the person would, apart from this section, cease to be qualified for the allowance because of circumstances other than those described in subsections (1), (2), (2A) and (2B);

the person continues to be qualified for the mobility allowance for 2 weeks after the person would, apart from this section, have ceased to be qualified for the mobility allowance.

 (5) If:

 (a) a mobility allowance is payable to a person because of subsection (3); and

 (b) circumstances occur that would, if the person were still qualified for the allowance, result in the person ceasing to be qualified;

the mobility allowance ceases to be payable to the person on the day on which those circumstances occur.

 (6) In this section:

vocational rehabilitation program means a rehabilitation program (or followup program) under Part III of the former Disability Services Act 1986 that provides a person with assistance to obtain or retain unsupported paid employment.

Note: A vocational rehabilitation program may include vocational training within the meaning of section 19.

vocational training means vocational training within the meaning of section 19, other than training provided as:

 (a) part of a rehabilitation program or followup program under Part III of the former Disability Services Act 1986; or

 (b) part of supports or services that are covered by an instrument in force under subsection (2AA) of this section and are provided under an arrangement or grant under the Disability Services and Inclusion Act 2023.

voluntary work means work approved by the Secretary undertaken in a voluntary capacity for charitable, welfare or community organisations.

Part 2.21ALanguage, literacy and numeracy supplement

Division 1Preliminary

1047  Definition

  In this Part:

designated social security payment means:

 (a) disability support pension; or

 (c) jobseeker payment; or

 (d) parenting payment; or

 (g) youth allowance.

Division 2Qualification for language, literacy and numeracy supplement

1048  General statement of qualification

  A person is qualified to receive a language, literacy and numeracy supplement in respect of a fortnight if:

 (a) the person is receiving a designated social security payment in respect of that fortnight; and

 (b) the Secretary is satisfied that, on a day during that fortnight, the person was attending a course included in the language, literacy and numeracy program administered by the Department of State responsible for education and training.

Division 3Circumstances where language, literacy and numeracy supplement not payable

1049  Language, literacy and numeracy supplement not payable in certain circumstances

 (1) Language, literacy and numeracy supplement is not payable to a person in respect of a fortnight if pensioner education supplement under Part 2.24A or under ABSTUDY is payable to the person in respect of a day in the fortnight.

 (2) Language, literacy and numeracy supplement is not payable to a person in respect of a fortnight if an approved program of work supplement is payable to the person in respect of that fortnight.

 (3) Language, literacy and numeracy supplement is not payable to a person in respect of a fortnight in relation to attendance at a second or subsequent language, literacy or numeracy course in that fortnight.

 (4) For the avoidance of doubt, language, literacy and numeracy supplement is payable in respect of a person’s attendance at a language, literacy or numeracy course whether that attendance is voluntary or is required under the provisions of, or of an agreement made under, any other provision of this Act.

Division 4Rate increase relating to language, literacy and numeracy supplement

1050  Rate increase attributable to language, literacy and numeracy supplement

  If a person:

 (a) is qualified to receive language, literacy and numeracy supplement in respect of a fortnight; and

 (b) nothing in section 1049 precludes the payability of that supplement to that person in respect of that fortnight;

the rate of the person’s designated social security payment in respect of that fortnight, worked out under Chapter 3 and taking account of any rate reduction provided for in this Act, is increased by $20.80, being the fortnightly rate of the supplement.

Part 2.22Advance payments of social security entitlements

Division 1Qualification for advance payment

1061A  Qualification for advance payment

Qualifications

 (1) Subject to this section, a person is qualified for an advance payment of a social security entitlement only if:

 (a) the social security entitlement is payable to the person; and

 (b) the person has been receiving an income support payment for a continuous period of 3 months immediately before the day on which the person’s application for the advance payment is lodged; and

 (d) the Secretary is satisfied that the person will not suffer financial hardship from reductions in instalments of the social security entitlement as a result of receiving the advance payment.

Note 1: Other provisions of this Act deal with advances of social security payments that are not social security entitlements. For example, Division 3 of Part 2.21 deals with mobility allowance advance and Part 2.23 deals with advance pharmaceutical allowance.

Note 2: For income support payment and social security entitlement see subsection 23(1).

Note 3: For the determination of the continuous period in respect of which a person received an income support payment see section 38B.

 (2) The Secretary may, by legislative instrument, determine that paragraph (1)(b) does not apply to a person who has applied for an advance of youth allowance or austudy payment and the determination has effect accordingly.

Disqualification—age and disability support pensions and carer payment

 (3) A person is not qualified for an advance payment of an age pension, disability support pension or carer payment if:

 (a) the maximum amount of advance payment to which the person would be entitled under Division 4 is less than 1/52 of the person’s advance payment qualifying amount; or

 (b) the amount of an advance payment of a social security entitlement that the person received in full (whether as a single lump sum or in instalments) more than 12 months ago has not been fully repaid; or

 (c) the person owes a debt to the Commonwealth (whether arising under this Act or not) that is recoverable under Part 5.2 by means of deductions from the person’s social security payment.

The amount worked out under paragraph (a) must be rounded to the nearest cent (rounding 0.5 cents upwards).

Note 1: Paragraph (a) does not prevent payment of an advance payment in instalments of less than the amount worked out under that paragraph.

Note 2: For advance payment qualifying amount, see subsection 23(1).

Disqualification—other social security entitlements

 (4) A person is not qualified for an advance payment of a social security entitlement not covered by subsection (3) if:

 (a) the maximum amount of advance payment to which the person would be entitled under Division 4 is less than $250; or

 (b) the person has received an advance payment, or an instalment of an advance payment, of a social security entitlement and has not fully repaid the advance payment; or

 (c) the person has received the amount of an advance payment in a single lump sum, or has received the first instalment of such an amount, on or after 1 January 1997, and the period of 12 months from the day the lump sum or instalment was paid has not elapsed; or

 (d) the person owes a debt to the Commonwealth (whether arising under this Act or not) that is recoverable under Part 5.2 by means of deductions from the person’s social security payment.

Note: Paragraph (a) does not prevent payment of an advance payment in instalments of less than $250.

 (5) Paragraph (4)(c) does not apply to a person:

 (a) who is receiving a pension PP (single); and

 (b) who applies for an advance payment within the period of 28 days after ceasing to be a member of a couple.

 (6) Paragraph (4)(d) does not apply to a person if:

 (a) the debt the person owes to the Commonwealth arose as a result of the person’s parenting payment rate changing from benefit PP (partnered) to pension PP (single); and

 (b) the amount of the debt is smaller than the amount of advance payment to which the person would be entitled under Division 4.

Division 2Applying for advance payment

1061B  Application

  A person who wants an advance payment of a social security entitlement under this Part must apply for the advance payment in accordance with this Division.

1061C  Form of application

 (1) The application must be in writing and must be in accordance with a form approved by the Secretary.

 (2) The application must specify the amount of advance payment sought.

1061D  Lodgment of application

 (1) The application must be lodged:

 (a) at an office of the Department; or

 (b) at a place approved for the purpose by the Secretary; or

 (c) with a person approved for the purpose by the Secretary.

 (2) A place or person approved under subsection (1) must be a place or person in Australia.

 (3) The applicant must be in Australia when the application is lodged.

1061E  Application may be withdrawn

 (1) An applicant for an advance payment or a person acting on behalf of an applicant may withdraw an application that has not been determined.

 (2) An application that is withdrawn is taken not to have been lodged.

 (3) A withdrawal may be made orally or in writing.

Division 3Determination of application and payment of advance payment

1061EA  Secretary to determine application

 (1) The Secretary must determine the application in accordance with this Act.

 (2) The Secretary must grant the application if the Secretary is satisfied that the person is qualified for the advance payment.

1061EB  Payment of advance payment

 (1) Subject to subsection (3), if the application is granted, the advance payment of the social security entitlement is to be paid on the next day on which the person is paid an instalment of the social security entitlement.

 (2) Subject to subsection (3), the advance payment is to be paid as a single lump sum.

 (3) The Secretary may determine that:

 (a) an advance payment is to be paid on the day specified in the determination; or

 (b) an advance payment is to be paid in the two instalments specified in the determination on the days specified in the determination.

Division 4Amount of advance payment

1061ECA  Amount of advance payment—age and disability support pensions and carer payment

Application

 (1) The amount of an advance payment of any of the following social security pensions is worked out according to this section:

 (a) age pension;

 (b) disability support pension;

 (d) carer payment.

Amount of advance

 (2) The amount of the advance payment is the smaller of the following amounts:

 (a) the amount of advance payment sought;

 (b) the maximum amount of advance payment payable to the person as worked out as follows:

Method statement

Step 1. Work out 3/52 of the person’s advance payment qualifying amount.

Step 2. Work out the annual rate at which the social security pension was payable to the person on the last payday before the application for the advance payment was lodged, disregarding:

 (a) any amount payable by way of remote area allowance; and

 (b) so much of the person’s pension supplement amount (if any) as is equal to the person’s minimum pension supplement amount; and

 (c) the person’s energy supplement (if any).

Step 3. Work out the smaller of the result of step 1 and 7.5% of the result of step 2.

Step 4. Subtract the following from the result of step 3:

 (a) each advance payment (if any) of a social security entitlement paid to the person during any of the 13 fortnights immediately before the application for the current advance payment was lodged;

 (b) each other advance payment (if any) of a social security entitlement paid to the person that has not been fully repaid.

Step 5. The result of step 4 (rounded to the nearest cent (rounding 0.5 cents upwards)) is the maximum amount of advance payment payable to the person.

Note 1: The amount of the advance payment will be more than the minimum qualifying amount for the person (see paragraph 1061A(3)(a)).

Note 2: For advance payment qualifying amount, see subsection 23(1).

1061ED  Amount of advance payment—pension PP (single)

Application

 (1) The amount of an advance payment of pension PP (single) is worked out according to this section.

Amount of advance

 (2) The amount of the advance payment is the smallest of the following amounts:

 (a) the amount of advance payment sought;

 (b) the maximum amount of advance payment payable to the person as worked out under subsection (3);

 (c) $500.

Note: The amount of the advance payment will be at least $250 (see paragraph 1061A(4)(a)).

Formula for maximum amount of advance under paragraph (2)(b)

 (3) For the purposes of paragraph (2)(b), the maximum amount of advance payment payable to the person is the amount worked out using the following formula:

Start formula 6% times annual payment rate end formula

where:

annual payment rate means:

 (a) if the person was receiving pension PP (single) on the last payday before the application for the advance payment was lodged—the rate at which the pension was payable under the Pension PP (Single) Rate Calculator to the person on that payday, disregarding any amount payable by way of remote area allowance; or

 (b) if the person was receiving benefit PP (partnered) on the last payday before the application for the advance payment was lodged—the rate at which pension PP (single) is payable to the person under the Pension PP (Single) Rate Calculator on the person’s first pension PP (single) payday after the application for the advance payment was lodged, disregarding any amount payable by way of remote area allowance.

Rounding

 (4) Amounts worked out under subsection (3) must be rounded to the nearest cent (rounding 0.5 cents upwards).

Example: 

Facts: Geoff has, at all times during the past 5 months, been receiving pension PP (single). His annual payment rate is $4,680. He applies for an advance payment of $290.

Application: The maximum amount of advance payment payable to Geoff is worked out under subsection (3) as follows: 6% $4680 = $280.80. This is the smallest of the 3 amounts referred to in subsection (2). Geoff can therefore be paid an advance payment of $280.80.

1061EE  Amount of advance payment—certain other social security payments

Application

 (1) The amount of an advance payment of benefit PP (partnered), youth allowance, austudy payment or jobseeker payment is worked out according to this section.

Amount of advance

 (2) The amount of the advance payment is the smallest of the following amounts:

 (a) the amount of advance payment sought;

 (b) the maximum amount of advance payment payable to the person as worked out under subsection (4);

 (c) $500.

Note: The amount of the advance payment will be at least $250 (see paragraph 1061A(4)(a)).

Formula for maximum amount of advance: benefit PP (partnered), youth allowance, austudy payment or jobseeker payment

 (4) For the purpose of paragraph (2)(b), the maximum amount of advance payment of benefit PP (partnered), youth allowance, austudy payment or jobseeker payment payable to the person is the amount worked out under the following formula:

Start formula 7% times Fortnightly payment rate times 26 end formula

Rounding

 (5) Amounts worked out under subsection (4) must be rounded to the nearest cent (rounding 0.5 cents upwards).

Meaning of fortnightly payment rate

 (6) For the purposes of the formula in subsection (4):

fortnightly payment rate means:

 (a) in relation to benefit PP (partnered)—the fortnightly rate of that benefit payable under the Benefit PP (Partnered) Rate Calculator to the person on the last payday before the application for the advance payment was lodged, excluding any amount payable by way of remote area allowance; or

 (b) in relation to jobseeker payment—the fortnightly rate of that benefit payable under Benefit Rate Calculator B to the person on the last payday before the application for the advance payment was lodged, excluding any amount payable by way of remote area allowance; or

 (c) in relation to youth allowance—the fortnightly rate of that benefit payable under the Youth Allowance Rate Calculator to the person on the last payday before the application for the advance payment was made, excluding any amount payable by way of remote area allowance; or

 (d) in relation to austudy payment—the fortnightly rate of that benefit payable under the Austudy Payment Rate Calculator to the person on the last payday before the application for the advance payment was made, excluding any amount payable by way of remote area allowance.

Division 5Payment of advance payment

1061EI  Advance payment to be paid to person or nominee

 (1) Subject to subsection (3), an advance payment of a person’s social security entitlement is to be paid to that person.

 (2) The Secretary may direct that the whole or part of the advance payment of a person’s social security entitlement is to be paid to someone else on behalf of the person.

 (3) If the Secretary makes a direction under subsection (2), the advance payment is to be paid in accordance with the direction.

1061EJ  Payment into bank account etc.

 (1) An amount that is to be paid to a person under section 1061EI may only be paid in accordance with this section.

 (2) Subject to this section, the amount is to be paid, at the time or times worked out under section 1061EB, to the credit of a bank account nominated and maintained by the person.

 (3) The account may be an account that is maintained by the person either alone or jointly or in common with another person.

 (4) Where the person has not nominated an account for the purposes of subsection (2), then, subject to subsections (5) and (7), the amount is not to be paid.

 (5) Where:

 (a) an amount has not been paid because of subsection (4); and

 (b) the person nominates an account for the purposes of subsection (2);

the amount is to be paid under subsection (2).

 (6) The Secretary may direct that the whole or a part of the amount be paid to the person in a different way from that provided for by subsection (2).

 (7) If the Secretary gives a direction under subsection (6), the amount is to be paid in accordance with the direction.

Division 6Protection of advance payment

1061EK  Advance payment to be absolutely inalienable

Inalienability

 (1) Subject to subsections (2) and (3) and section 238 and Parts 3AA and 3B of the Administration Act, an advance payment under this Part is absolutely inalienable, whether by way of, or in consequence of, sale, assignment, charge, execution, bankruptcy or otherwise.

Note: The effect of a garnishee order on an advance payment of a social security entitlement is dealt with in the Part of this Chapter that deals with that social security entitlement. For example, the effect of a garnishee order on an advance payment of age pension is dealt with in Part 2.2 (which deals with age pension).

Payments to Commissioner of Taxation at recipient’s request

 (2) The Secretary may make deductions from an advance payment payable to a person under this Part if the recipient asks the Secretary:

 (a) to make the deductions; and

 (b) to pay the amounts to be deducted to the Commissioner of Taxation.

Deductions from advance payment with recipient’s consent

 (3) The Secretary may make deductions from an advance payment payable to a person under this Part if the recipient consents under section 1234A to the Secretary making the deductions.

Note: Section 1234A enables the Secretary to recover a debt from a person other than the debtor if the person is receiving a social security payment.

Division 7Repayment of advance payment

1061EL  Repayment of advance payment

 (1) If a person receives an advance payment or an instalment of an advance payment under this Part, the person must repay the advance payment or instalment to the Commonwealth by one or more of the following methods:

 (a) deductions from the person’s social security entitlement under Chapter 3 (General provisions relating to payability and rates);

 (b) a method provided for by Chapter 5 (Overpayments and debt recovery);

 (c) a method (other than a method described in paragraph (a) or (b)) that is acceptable to both the person and the Secretary.

 (2) Subsection (1) does not affect:

 (a) the operation of subsection 1224E(1) (Debts arising from advance payments of social security entitlements); or

 (b) the Secretary’s powers and duties under Part 5.4 (Nonrecovery of debts) if the amount of the advance payment or instalment that has not been repaid becomes a debt due to the Commonwealth.

Part 2.22ASpecial employment advances

Division 1Qualification for special employment advance

1061EM  Qualification for special employment advance

 (1) Subject to section 1061EO, a person is qualified for a special employment advance at a particular time (the relevant time) only if:

 (a) the person is qualified for a special employment advance qualifying entitlement at the relevant time; and

 (b) the person has been receiving an income support payment for a continuous period of 3 months immediately before the day on which the person’s claim for the special employment advance is made; and

 (c) either of the following applies:

 (i) the person or, if the person is a member of a couple, the person’s partner has earned from casual work in Australia, but has not received, income (the unreceived income);

 (ii) the Secretary is satisfied that the person has received a definite offer of employment in Australia (the offered employment) for a period of not less than 6 weeks and needs financial assistance from the Commonwealth to enable him or her to take up the employment; and

 (d) subsection (2) or (3), as the case requires, applies for the purpose of determining whether the person is qualified for a special employment advance at the relevant time; and

 (e) where subparagraph (c)(i) applies—the person is in severe financial hardship; and

 (f) the Secretary is satisfied that the person will not suffer financial hardship as a result of the recovery by the Commonwealth of the special employment advance.

 (2) This subsection applies for the purpose of determining whether a person is qualified for a special employment advance at the relevant time only where:

 (a) the person’s claim for the advance was based on the effect of the unreceived income on the person’s special employment advance qualifying entitlement; and

 (c) either of the following subparagraphs applies:

 (i) if the person were qualified for the special employment qualifying entitlement on the next payday for the entitlement at a rate equal to the maximum basic rate of the entitlement, the rate of the entitlement on that payday would be reduced by at least 50% as a result of the person or the person’s partner having earned the unreceived income;

 (ii) subparagraph (i) does not apply in respect of the person but, if the person were qualified for the special employment qualifying entitlement on 2 or more paydays for the entitlement at a rate equal to the maximum basic rate of the entitlement, the average of the rates of the entitlement on those paydays would be reduced by at least 50% as a result of the person or the person’s partner having earned the unreceived income.

 (3) This subsection applies for the purpose of determining whether a person is qualified for a special employment advance at the relevant time only where the person’s claim for the advance was based on the person’s need for financial assistance from the Commonwealth to enable him or her to take up the offered employment and:

 (a) if the person were qualified for the special employment qualifying entitlement on each of the paydays for the entitlement that occur in the period of 6 weeks referred to in subparagraph (1)(c)(ii) at a rate equal to the maximum basic rate of the entitlement, the average of the rates of the entitlement on those paydays:

 (i) would be reduced by at least 50% as a result of the person having taken up the offered employment; or

 (ii) would be so reduced if Module J of the Youth Allowance Rate Calculator in section 1067G or Module E of the Austudy Payment Rate Calculator were disregarded; or

 (b) the person would cease to be qualified for the special employment advance qualification upon his or her taking up the offered employment.

1061EN  Meaning of in severe financial hardship

  For the purposes of paragraph 1061EM(1)(e) as it applies to a person who makes a claim for special employment advance, the person is in severe financial hardship if:

 (a) where the person is not a member of a couple—the value of the person’s liquid assets (within the meaning of subsection 14A(1)) is less than the fortnightly amount of the maximum payment rate of the special employment advance qualifying entitlement that is payable to the person; or

 (b) where the person is a member of a couple—the value of the person’s liquid assets (within the meaning of subsection 14A(2)) is less than twice the fortnightly amount of the maximum payment rate of the special employment advance qualifying entitlement that is payable to the person.

1061EO  Person not qualified in certain circumstances

  A person is not qualified for a special employment advance if:

 (b) the lump sum amount, or the total of the amounts of the instalments, as the case may be, of the special employment advance to which the person would be entitled under Division 4 is less than $50; or

 (c) the person owes a debt to the Commonwealth (whether arising under this Act or not) and the debt is recoverable under Part 5.2 by means of deductions from the person’s social security payment; or

 (d) where subparagraph 1061EM(1)(c)(ii) applies in respect of the person—the person is participating in a program for the placing of people in employment and the program has been declared by the Secretary, by legislative instrument, to be a program to which this paragraph applies.

Division 4Amount of special employment advance

1061EW  Where claim based on effect of unreceived income on special employment advance qualifying entitlement

 (1) This section applies where the claim was based on the effect of the unreceived income on the claimant’s special employment advance qualifying entitlement.

 (2) The total amount of the special employment advance payable to the claimant is to be the smallest of the following amounts:

 (a) the amount sought in the claim for the advance;

 (b) the amount by which the instalment, or the sum of the amounts by which the instalments, of the claimant’s special employment advance qualifying entitlement is or will be reduced because of the unreceived income;

 (c) $500;

 (d) if an amount of special employment advance previously paid to the claimant has not been repaid to, or recovered by, the Commonwealth—the difference between that amount and $500.

1061EX  Where claim based on claimant’s need for financial assistance to take up offered employment

 (1) This section applies where the claim was based on the claimant’s need for financial assistance to take up offered employment.

 (2) Subject to the following provisions of this section, the total amount of the special employment advance payable to the claimant is to be the smallest of the following amounts:

 (a) the amount sought in the claim for the advance;

 (b) the amount of financial assistance needed by the claimant from the Commonwealth to take up the offered employment;

 (c) $500.

 (3) If:

 (a) an amount of special employment advance previously paid to the claimant has not been repaid to, or recovered by, the Commonwealth; and

 (b) the sum of:

 (i) the amount referred to in paragraph (a); and

 (ii) the amount of financial assistance needed by the claimant from the Commonwealth to take up the offered employment;

  is not more than $500;

the total amount of the special employment advance payable to the claimant is the amount referred to in subparagraph (b)(ii).

 (4) If:

 (a) an amount of special employment advance previously paid to the claimant has not been repaid to, or recovered by, the Commonwealth; and

 (b) the sum of:

 (i) the amount referred to in paragraph (a); and

 (ii) the amount of financial assistance needed by the claimant from the Commonwealth to take up the offered employment;

  is more than $500;

the following paragraphs have effect:

 (c) where the amount referred to in paragraph (a) is less than $500 and the claimant satisfies the Secretary that the claimant would have sufficient financial resources to enable him or her to take up the offered employment if the total amount of the special employment advance payable were an amount equal to the difference between $500 and the amount referred to in paragraph (a)—the total amount of the special employment advance payable to the claimant is an amount equal to that difference;

 (d) where paragraph (c) does not apply—no amount of special employment advance is payable to the claimant.

 (5) If:

 (a) the claimant is not a member of a couple; and

 (b) the value of the claimant’s liquid assets (within the meaning of subsection 14A(1)) exceeds the fortnightly amount of the maximum payment rate of the special employment advance qualifying entitlement that is payable to the claimant;

the total amount of the special employment advance that, apart from this subsection, would be payable to the claimant under subsections (2) to (4) is reduced by the amount of the excess.

 (6) If:

 (a) the claimant is a member of a couple; and

 (b) the value of the claimant’s liquid assets (within the meaning of subsection 14A(2)) exceeds twice the fortnightly amount of the maximum payment rate of the special employment advance qualifying entitlement that is payable to the claimant;

the total amount of the special employment advance that, apart from this subsection, would be payable to the claimant under subsections (2) to (4) is reduced by the amount of the excess.

Division 7Repayment of special employment advance

1061EZC  Repayment of special employment advance

 (1) If a person receives a special employment advance or an instalment of a special employment advance under this Part, the person must repay the special employment advance or instalment to the Commonwealth by one or more of the following methods:

 (a) deductions from the person’s special employment advance qualifying entitlement under Chapter 3 (General provisions relating to payability and rates);

 (b) a method provided for by Chapter 5 (Overpayments and debt recovery);

 (c) a method (other than a method described in paragraph (a) or (b)) that is acceptable to both the person and the Secretary.

 (2) Subsection (1) does not affect the Secretary’s powers and duties under Part 5.4 (Nonrecovery of debts) if the amount of the special employment advance or instalment that has not been repaid becomes a debt due to the Commonwealth.

Part 2.23Advance pharmaceutical allowance

Division 1Qualification for and payability of advance pharmaceutical allowance

1061F  Qualification for advance pharmaceutical allowance

 (1) A person is qualified for an advance pharmaceutical allowance if:

 (a) the person is receiving a social security pension; and

 (b) the Secretary is satisfied that the person’s ordinary income is not more than $20.50 per fortnight.

 (2) For the purposes of this section, a person’s ordinary income does not include:

 (a) a payment:

 (i) that the person is entitled to under the law of a foreign country; and

 (ii) that results in the person’s social security pension rate being reduced by an amount equal to the amount of the payment; or

 (b) a periodic compensation payment to which Part 3.14 applies.

 (3) For the purposes of this section, if a person is a member of a couple the amount of the person’s ordinary income is worked out by adding the couple’s ordinary incomes (on a fortnightly basis) and dividing by 2.

1061G  Advance pharmaceutical allowance not payable in some circumstances

 (1) Even though a person is qualified for an advance pharmaceutical allowance, the allowance is not payable to the person if the person is not an Australian resident.

 (3) Even though a person is qualified for an advance pharmaceutical allowance, the allowance is not payable to the person if pharmaceutical allowance is not used to work out the rate of the person’s social security pension.

Division 3Amount of advance pharmaceutical allowance

1061JC  Amount of advance pharmaceutical allowance

  Subject to section 1061JD, the amount of a person’s advance pharmaceutical allowance is:

Start formula start fraction pharmaceutical allowance rate times 7 over 26 end fraction end formula

where:

pharmaceutical allowance rate is the yearly amount of pharmaceutical allowance that would be added to the person’s maximum basic rate if a pharmaceutical allowance advance were not being paid to the person.

Note: Pharmaceutical rates are to be found at:

(d) point 1066AD8 of Pension Rate Calculator D;

(e) point 1066BD8 of Pension Rate Calculator E;

(f) point 1068AC7 of Pension PP (Single) Rate Calculator.

1061JD  Annual limit

  The amount paid to a person in a calendar year by way of:

 (a) pharmaceutical allowance; and

 (b) advance pharmaceutical allowance;

is not to exceed the total amount of pharmaceutical allowance that would have been paid to the person during that year if the person had not received any advance pharmaceutical allowance.

Note: For the amount paid to a person by way of pharmaceutical allowance see subsections 19A(2) to (6).

Part 2.23ACrisis payment

Division 1Qualification for crisis payment

1061JG  Qualification—release from gaol or psychiatric confinement

 (1) A person is qualified for a crisis payment if, after the commencement of this section:

 (a) the person spends at least 14 days in gaol, or in psychiatric confinement that starts because he or she has been charged with an offence, and is released so that he or she is neither in gaol nor in psychiatric confinement; and

 (b) the person claims the crisis payment either while the person was in gaol or psychiatric confinement, or within 7 days after being released; and

 (c) on the day on which the claim for the crisis payment is made (including the day on which it is taken to have been made under Schedule 2 to the Administration Act):

 (i) the person is qualified for a social security pension or social security benefit; and

 (ii) the person is in severe financial hardship (see section 19D).

Note: A person does not cease to be in gaol merely because he or she is transferred between a prison and a psychiatric institution where he or she is lawfully detained while still under sentence. See subsection 23(5).

 (2) Disregard subsection 23(9) in determining whether a person meets the condition in paragraph (1)(a) of this section.

Note: Subsection 23(9) provides that the confinement of a person in a psychiatric institution when the person is undertaking a course of rehabilitation is not to be taken to be psychiatric confinement.

1061JH  Qualification—extreme circumstances forcing departure from home

 (1) A person is qualified for a crisis payment if, after the commencement of this section:

 (a) the person has left, or cannot return to, his or her home because of an extreme circumstance; and

 (b) the extreme circumstance makes it unreasonable to expect the person to remain in, or return to, the home; and

 (c) the person has established, or intends to establish, a new home; and

 (d) at the time the extreme circumstance occurred, the person was in Australia; and

 (e) the person makes a claim for a crisis payment within 7 days after the extreme circumstance occurred; and

 (f) on the day on which the claim is made:

 (i) the person is in severe financial hardship (see section 19D); and

 (ii) the person has made a claim (whether on the same day or on an earlier day) for a social security pension or benefit and the person is qualified for the pension or benefit; and

 (g) during the 12 months immediately preceding the day on which the claim is made, no more than 3 crisis payments have been payable to the person based on:

 (i) the qualifications set out in this section; or

 (ii) the qualifications set out in section 1061JHA (remaining in home after removal of family member due to domestic or family violence).

Note: Examples of extreme circumstances that would qualify a person for crisis payment are the person’s house being burnt down, or the person being subjected to domestic or family violence.

 (2) A person is not qualified for a crisis payment in respect of an extreme circumstance if the Secretary is satisfied that the extreme circumstance is brought about with a view to obtaining a crisis payment.

1061JHA  Qualification—remaining in home after removal of family member due to domestic or family violence

 (1) A person is qualified for a crisis payment if:

 (a) the person has been subjected to domestic or family violence, in Australia, by a family member of the person; and

 (b) at the time of the domestic or family violence the person was living with that family member; and

 (c) the family member leaves, or is removed from, the person’s home because of the domestic or family violence; and

 (d) the person remains living in the person’s home after the family member leaves or is removed; and

 (e) the person’s home is in Australia; and

 (f) the person makes a claim for a crisis payment within 7 days after the day on which the family member left or was removed; and

 (g) on the day on which the claim is made:

 (i) the person is in severe financial hardship (see section 19D); and

 (ii) the person has made a claim (whether on the same day or on an earlier day) for a social security pension or benefit and the person is qualified for the pension or benefit; and

 (h) during the 12 months immediately preceding the day on which the claim is made, no more than 3 crisis payments have been payable to the person based on:

 (i) the qualifications set out in this section; or

 (ii) the qualifications set out in section 1061JH (extreme circumstances forcing departure from home).

Note: For family member see subsection 23(14).

 (2) A person is not qualified for a crisis payment if the Secretary is satisfied that the family member left the person’s home with a view to the person obtaining a crisis payment.

1061JI  Qualification—humanitarian entrant to Australia

 (1) A person is qualified for a crisis payment if:

 (a) the person arrives in Australia; and

 (b) that arrival is the first time the person has arrived in Australia as the holder of a qualifying humanitarian visa (see subsection (2)); and

 (c) the person makes a claim for a crisis payment within 7 days of that arrival; and

 (d) on the day on which the claim is made:

 (i) the person is in severe financial hardship (see section 19D); and

 (ii) the person has made a claim (whether on the same day or on an earlier day) for a social security pension or benefit and the person is qualified for the pension or benefit.

 (2) The Minister may, by legislative instrument, specify visas that are qualifying humanitarian visas for the purposes of paragraph (1)(b).

1061JIA  Qualification—national health emergency

 (1) A person is qualified for a crisis payment if:

 (a) on the day on which the claim for the crisis payment is made:

 (i) the person has made a claim (whether on the same day or on an earlier day) for a social security pension or benefit; and

 (ii) the person is qualified for the pension or benefit; and

 (b) the person satisfies the requirements determined in an instrument under subsection (2).

 (2) The Minister may, by legislative instrument, determine requirements for the purposes of paragraph (1)(b). The Minister must be satisfied that the requirements relate to a national health emergency.

 (3) Without limiting subsection (2), the requirements may depend on the Secretary being satisfied of one or more specified matters.

1061JJ  Crisis payment not payable in addition to disaster relief payment

 (1) A crisis payment is not payable to a person in respect of an extreme circumstance if the person is qualified for an AGDRP, a Disaster Recovery Allowance or other disaster relief payment (whether under this Act or otherwise) in respect of the same extreme circumstance.

 (2) However, this section does not affect a person’s entitlement to a crisis payment in respect of an extreme circumstance if:

 (a) the person has claimed the crisis payment; and

 (b) the person subsequently qualifies for an AGDRP, a Disaster Recovery Allowance or other disaster relief payment in respect of the same extreme circumstance.

1061JK  Crisis payment not payable if assurance of support in force

  A person is not qualified for a crisis payment if the Secretary is satisfied that at the time the person would otherwise have been qualified for crisis payment:

 (a) an assurance of support was in force in respect of the person (the assuree); and

 (b) the person who gave the assurance of support was willing and able to provide an adequate level of support to the assuree; and

 (c) it was reasonable for the assuree to accept that support.

Note: For assurance of support see subsection 23(1).

1061JL  Person not qualified for crisis payment if qualified for crisis payment under ABSTUDY scheme

  A person is not qualified for a crisis payment under section 1061JG, 1061JH, 1061JHA, 1061JI or 1061JIA in respect of a circumstance if the Secretary is satisfied that:

 (a) the person is qualified under the ABSTUDY scheme for a crisis payment in respect of that same circumstance; and

 (b) the crisis payment is payable under that scheme in respect of that circumstance.

Division 4Amount of crisis payment

1061JU  Amount of payment

 (1) The amount of a crisis payment payable to a person is half the fortnightly amount at the maximum basic rate of the social security pension or social security benefit that is payable to the person.

 (4) In this section:

maximum basic rate, in relation to each of the following social security payments, means (unless otherwise stated below) the rate worked out at Module B of the relevant Rate Calculator:

 (a) for the following pensions if the recipient is not blind:

 (i) age pension;

 (ii) disability support pension (recipient has turned 21, or is under 21 and has one or more dependent children);

 (iii) carer pension;

  the Rate Calculator at the end of section 1064; or

 (b) for age pension and disability support pension (recipient has turned 21, or is under 21 and has one or more dependent children) if the recipient is blind—the Rate Calculator at the end of section 1065; or

 (d) for disability support pension if the recipient is under 21, is not blind and does not have any dependent children—the Rate Calculator at the end of section 1066A; or

 (e) for disability support pension if the recipient is under 21, is blind and does not have any dependent children—the Rate Calculator at the end of section 1066B; or

 (f) for jobseeker payment—the Rate Calculator at the end of section 1068; or

 (h) for a pension PP (single)—the Rate Calculator at the end of section 1068A; or

 (i) for benefit PP (partnered)—Module C of the Rate Calculator at the end of section 1068B; or

 (k) for special benefit—section 746; or

 (l) for youth allowance—the Rate Calculator at the end of section 1067G; or

 (m) for austudy payment—Step 3 of the Method statement in Module A of the Rate Calculator at the end of section 1067L.

Note: For dependent child see section 5.

Part 2.23BDisaster Recovery Allowance

Division 1Qualification for Disaster Recovery Allowance

1061KA  Qualification for Disaster Recovery Allowance

 (1) A person is qualified for a Disaster Recovery Allowance if:

 (a) the person is at least 16 years of age; and

 (b) the person:

 (i) is an Australian resident; or

 (ii) is the holder of a visa that is in a class of visas determined by the Minister for the purposes of subparagraph 729(2)(f)(v); and

 (c) under subsection 36A(1), the Minister determines that an event is a Part 2.23B major disaster; and

 (d) if the person is under 22 years of age—the Secretary is satisfied that subsection (2) of this section does not apply in relation to the person; and

 (e) the Secretary is satisfied that subsection (3) or (4) of this section applies in relation to the person; and

 (f) the Secretary is satisfied that the person has suffered a loss of income as a direct result of the event; and

 (g) the person is not receiving a social security entitlement; and

 (h) the person is not receiving a payment prescribed in an instrument under subsection (5) of this section; and

 (i) the Secretary is satisfied that the person satisfies the requirements (if any) prescribed in an instrument under subsection (6) of this section; and

 (j) the person’s rate of Disaster Recovery Allowance, worked out under section 1061KC, is greater than nil at the time the claim for payment of Disaster Recovery Allowance is determined by the Secretary.

Qualification rule for persons under 22 years of age

 (2) This subsection applies in relation to a person if:

 (a) on the day of the determination under subsection 36A(1), the person is wholly or substantially dependent on another person (except the person’s partner); and

 (b) on that day, the person is not a parent of another person; and

 (c) the person’s income in the financial year in which that day occurs will not be more than $6,403.

Qualification rule if affected industries and areas

 (3) This subsection applies in relation to a person if:

 (a) under paragraph 36A(5)(a), the Minister specifies, in a determination under section 36A, one or more industries affected by the event and one or more areas affected by the event; and

 (b) the person earns, derives or receives income from one of those industries and the person does so by working in one of those areas.

Qualification rule if affected areas only

 (4) This subsection applies in relation to a person if:

 (a) under paragraph 36A(5)(b), the Minister specifies, in a determination under section 36A, one or more areas affected by the event; and

 (b) either or both of the following apply:

 (i) the person earns, derives or receives income from one of those areas and the person does so by working in one of those areas;

 (ii) the person resides in one of those areas.

Legislative instruments

 (5) The Minister may, in writing, prescribe payments for the purposes of paragraph (1)(h).

 (6) The Minister may, in writing, prescribe requirements for the purposes of paragraph (1)(i).

 (7) An instrument made under subsection (5) or (6) is a legislative instrument, but section 42 (disallowance) of the Legislation Act 2003 does not apply to the instrument.

1061KB  Disaster Recovery Allowance not payable if assurance of support in force

  A person is not qualified for a Disaster Recovery Allowance if the Secretary is satisfied that at the time the person would otherwise have been so qualified:

 (a) an assurance of support was in force in respect of the person (the assuree); and

 (b) the person who gave the assurance of support was willing and able to provide an adequate level of support to the assuree; and

 (c) it was reasonable for the assuree to accept that support.

Note: For assurance of support see subsection 23(1).

Division 2Rate of Disaster Recovery Allowance

1061KC  Rate of Disaster Recovery Allowance

 (1) The rate of a person’s Disaster Recovery Allowance is a daily rate. That rate is worked out by dividing the fortnightly rate worked out in accordance with an instrument under subsection (2) by 14.

 (2) The Minister must, by legislative instrument, specify a method for working out the fortnightly rate of Disaster Recovery Allowance for the purposes of subsection (1).

 (3) That fortnightly rate may be nil.

Maximum rates

 (4) For a person who is under 22 years of age, that fortnightly rate is not to exceed the maximum basic rate of youth allowance that would be payable to the person if:

 (a) the person were qualified for youth allowance; and

 (b) youth allowance were payable to the person.

 (5) For a person who is at least 22 years of age, that fortnightly rate is not to exceed the maximum basic rate of jobseeker payment that would be payable to the person if:

 (a) the person were qualified for jobseeker payment; and

 (b) jobseeker payment were payable to the person.

Division 3Other matters

1061KD  Period that Disaster Recovery Allowance is payable

  A person’s Disaster Recovery Allowance is payable to the person for a period of 13 weeks.

1061KE  Nonreceipt of social security payment

 (1) This section applies for the purposes of a provision of this or another Act if:

 (a) the provision provides a benefit (whether the benefit is a pension, benefit, payment, supplement or any other sort of benefit) if a person meets specified criteria; and

 (b) one of the specified criteria is that the person is receiving a social security payment, or is a recipient of a social security payment.

 (2) For the purposes of the provision, a person is not taken to be receiving a social security payment, or to be a recipient of a social security payment, merely because the person receives a Disaster Recovery Allowance.

Part 2.24Australian Government Disaster Recovery Payment

Division 1Qualification for Australian Government Disaster Recovery Payment

1061K  Qualification for Australian Government Disaster Recovery Payment

 (1) A person is qualified for an Australian Government Disaster Recovery Payment if:

 (a) the person is at least 16 years old, or is receiving a social security payment; and

 (b) the person:

 (i) is an Australian resident; or

 (ii) is the holder of a visa that is in a class of visas determined by the Minister for the purposes of subparagraph 729(2)(f)(v); or

 (iii) is receiving a social security payment; or

 (iv) is an Australian citizen who is not an Australian resident and who is covered by a determination under subsection (2); or

 (v) is covered by a determination under subsection (3A); and

 (c) the person is adversely affected by a major disaster.

Note 1: For Australian resident see section 7.

Note 2: For adversely affected see section 1061L.

Note 3: For major disaster see section 36.

 (2) The Minister may determine in writing that a specified class of Australian citizens who are not Australian residents can qualify for an AGDRP.

Note: For Australian resident see section 7.

 (3) A determination made under subsection (2) is a legislative instrument, but section 42 (disallowance) of the Legislation Act 2003 does not apply to the determination.

 (3A) The Minister may determine, by notifiable instrument, that a person can qualify for an AGDRP if:

 (a) the person has been in Australia for a specified period, or for a period or periods within a specified period, ending on the day a major disaster is determined under subsection 36(1); and

 (b) the person is one of the following:

 (i) an Australian citizen;

 (ii) the holder of a permanent visa;

 (iii) a special category visa holder who is a protected SCV holder.

 (4) A person cannot be qualified for more than one AGDRP in relation to the same major disaster.

1061L  Meaning of adversely affected

 (1) For the purposes of this Act, a person is adversely affected by a major disaster if the person is affected by the disaster in a way determined by the Minister in relation to the disaster.

 (2) The Minister may determine in writing, in relation to a major disaster, the circumstances in which persons are to be taken to be adversely affected by the disaster.

 (3) A determination made under this section is a legislative instrument, but section 42 (disallowance) of the Legislation Act 2003 does not apply to the determination.

Division 2Amount of Australian Government Disaster Recovery Payment

1061M  Amount of payment for disasters in Australia

 (1) The amount of an AGDRP payable to a person in relation to a major disaster that occurs in Australia is the sum of:

 (a) the adult rate for the financial year in which the major disaster is determined under subsection 36(1); and

 (b) if the person is the carer of one or more children on the first day the person is adversely affected by a major disaster—the amount worked out by multiplying the child rate for that financial year by the number of children for whom the person is the carer on that day.

Note: For major disaster see section 36.

 (1A) For the purposes of this Division, a person is a carer of a child on a day if, on that day:

 (a) the person is the principal carer of the child; or

 (b) the person is receiving another social security payment and is treated as the principal carer of the child for the purposes of that payment; or

 (c) the person is entitled to be paid family tax benefit by instalment (within the meaning of the Family Assistance Administration Act) and:

 (i) the child is treated as an FTB child of the person for the purposes of that benefit; and

 (ii) the child is under 16 years of age; and

 (iii) the person does not, under section 59 of the Family Assistance Act, have a shared care percentage for the child.

Note: For principal carer see subsections 5(15) to (24).

 (2) For the purposes of this Division, the adult rate for a financial year is:

 (a) the amount that the Minister determines under subsection 1061P(1) to be the adult rate for the financial year; or

 (b) if the Minister has not determined an adult rate for the financial year—the amount that the Minister last determined to be the adult rate for a previous financial year; or

 (c) if the Minister has never determined an adult rate for any financial year—$1,000.

 (3) For the purposes of this Division, the child rate for a financial year is:

 (a) the amount that the Minister determines under subsection 1061P(2) to be the child rate for the financial year; or

 (b) if the Minister has not determined a child rate for the financial year—the amount that the Minister last determined to be the child rate for a previous financial year; or

 (c) if the Minister has never determined a child rate for any financial year—$400.

1061N  Amount of payment for disasters outside Australia

  The amount of an AGDRP payable to a person in relation to a major disaster that occurs outside Australia is the sum of:

 (a) the amount that the Minister determines under subsection 1061P(4) in relation to the disaster; and

 (b) if the person is the carer of one or more children on the first day the person is adversely affected by a major disaster—the amount worked out by multiplying the amount that the Minister determines under subsection 1061P(5) in relation to the disaster by the number of children for whom the person is the carer on that day.

Note 1: For major disaster see section 36.

Note 2: For carer see subsection 1061M(1A).

1061P  Determinations of rates

 (1) The Minister may determine in writing for the purposes of subsection 1061M(2) the adult rate for a financial year.

 (2) The Minister may determine in writing for the purposes of subsection 1061M(3) the child rate for a financial year.

 (3) A determination under subsection (1) or (2) must be made in the financial year preceding the year to which the determination relates.

 (4) The Minister may determine in writing for the purposes of paragraph 1061N(a) an amount not exceeding the adult rate for the financial year in which the determination is made.

 (5) The Minister may determine in writing for the purposes of paragraph 1061N(b) an amount not exceeding the child rate for the financial year in which the determination is made.

 (6) A determination made under this section is a legislative instrument, but section 42 (disallowance) of the Legislation Act 2003 does not apply to the determination.

Division 3Recoverable payments etc.

1061PAAA  Recoverable payments

 (1) If, apart from this subsection, the Commonwealth does not have power under the social security law to pay an amount (the relevant amount) to a person (the recipient) purportedly as an Australian Government Disaster Recovery Payment, then the Commonwealth may pay the relevant amount to the recipient.

Recovery

 (2) If a payment is made under subsection (1) to the recipient, the relevant amount:

 (a) is a debt due to the Commonwealth by the recipient; and

 (b) may be recovered by the Secretary, on behalf of the Commonwealth, in a court of competent jurisdiction.

1061PAAB  Recoverable death payments

 (1) If, apart from this subsection, the Commonwealth does not have power under the social security law to pay an amount (the relevant amount) in any of the following circumstances:

 (a) the relevant amount is deposited to an account kept in the name of a deceased person;

 (b) the relevant amount is deposited to an account kept in the names of a deceased person and another person;

 (c) the relevant amount is paid by way of a cheque made out to a deceased person;

the Commonwealth may pay the relevant amount in the circumstances mentioned in paragraph (a), (b) or (c), so long as:

 (d) on the last day on which changes could reasonably be made to the payment of the relevant amount, no Department official knew that the deceased person had died; and

 (e) apart from this subsection, the relevant amount would have been payable as an Australian Government Disaster Recovery Payment to the deceased person if the deceased person had not died.

Note: For Department official, see section 1061PAAE.

 (2) If a payment is made under subsection (1), the relevant amount is taken to have been paid to the deceased person’s estate.

Recovery

 (3) If a payment is made under subsection (1), the relevant amount:

 (a) is a debt due to the Commonwealth by the legal personal representative of the deceased person; and

 (b) may be recovered by the Secretary, on behalf of the Commonwealth, in a court of competent jurisdiction.

1061PAAC  Reports about recoverable payments and recoverable death payments

 (1) During the applicable publication period for a reporting period, the Secretary must cause to be published, in such manner as the Secretary thinks fit, a report that sets out:

 (a) both:

 (i) the number of payments made under subsection 1061PAAA(1) during the reporting period; and

 (ii) the total amount of those payments; and

 (b) both:

 (i) the number of payments made under subsection 1061PAAB(1) during the reporting period; and

 (ii) the total amount of those payments.

 (2) However, a report is not required if:

 (a) the number mentioned in subparagraph (1)(a)(i) is zero; and

 (b) the number mentioned in subparagraph (1)(b)(i) is zero.

Deferred reporting

 (3) Paragraph (1)(a) of this section does not require a report to deal with a payment unless, before the preparation of the report, a Department official was aware the payment was made under subsection 1061PAAA(1).

Note: For Department official, see section 1061PAAE.

 (4) Paragraph (1)(b) of this section does not require a report to deal with a payment unless, before the preparation of the report, a Department official was aware the payment was made under subsection 1061PAAB(1).

Note: For Department official, see section 1061PAAE.

 (5) For the purposes of this section, if:

 (a) a payment was made under subsection 1061PAAA(1) or 1061PAAB(1) in a reporting period; and

 (b) either:

 (i) because of subsection (3) of this section, paragraph (1)(a) of this section did not require a report to deal with the payment; or

 (ii) because of subsection (4) of this section, paragraph (1)(b) of this section did not require a report to deal with the payment; and

 (c) during a later reporting period, a Department official becomes aware that the payment was made under subsection 1061PAAA(1) or 1061PAAB(1), as the case may be;

the payment is subject to a deferred reporting obligation in relation to the later reporting period.

Note: For Department official, see section 1061PAAE.

 (6) If one or more payments made under subsection 1061PAAA(1) during a reporting period are subject to a deferred reporting obligation in relation to a later reporting period, the Secretary must, during the applicable publication period for the later reporting period:

 (a) prepare a report that sets out:

 (i) the number of those payments; and

 (ii) the total amount of those payments; and

 (iii) the reporting period during which the payments were made; and

 (b) if a report is required under subsection (1) in relation to the later reporting period—include the paragraph (a) report in the subsection (1) report; and

 (c) if paragraph (b) does not apply—publish, in such manner as the Secretary thinks fit, the paragraph (a) report.

 (7) If one or more payments made under subsection 1061PAAB(1) during a reporting period are subject to a deferred reporting obligation in relation to a later reporting period, the Secretary must, during the applicable publication period for the later reporting period:

 (a) prepare a report that sets out:

 (i) the number of those payments; and

 (ii) the total amount of those payments; and

 (iii) the reporting period during which the payments were made; and

 (b) if a report is required under subsection (1) in relation to the later reporting period—include the paragraph (a) report in the subsection (1) report; and

 (c) if paragraph (b) does not apply—publish, in such manner as the Secretary thinks fit, the paragraph (a) report.

Reporting period

 (8) For the purposes of this section, a reporting period is:

 (a) a financial year; or

 (b) if a shorter recurring period is prescribed in an instrument under subsection (9)—that period.

 (9) The Minister may, by legislative instrument, prescribe a recurring period for the purposes of paragraph (8)(b).

Applicable publication period

 (10) For the purposes of this section, the applicable publication period for a reporting period is the period of:

 (a) 4 months; or

 (b) if a lesser number of months is prescribed, in relation to the reporting period, in an instrument under subsection (11)—that number of months;

beginning immediately after the end of the reporting period.

 (11) The Minister may, by legislative instrument, prescribe a number of months, in relation to a reporting period, for the purposes of paragraph (10)(b).

1061PAAD  Review of decisions

  Part 4 of the Social Security (Administration) Act 1999 does not apply to a decision under this Division.

1061PAAE  Department official

  For the purposes of this Division, Department official means a person:

 (a) who:

 (i) is an official (within the meaning of the Public Governance, Performance and Accountability Act 2013) of the Department; or

 (ii) is a Departmental employee (within the meaning of the Human Services (Centrelink) Act 1997); and

 (b) whose duties consist of, or include, matters relating to Australian Government Disaster Recovery Payments.

Part 2.24AAAustralian Victim of Terrorism Overseas Payment

Division 1Qualification for Australian Victim of Terrorism Overseas Payment

1061PAA  Qualification for Australian Victim of Terrorism Overseas Payment

Qualification for AVTOP

 (1) A person is qualified for an Australian Victim of Terrorism Overseas Payment if:

 (a) the person is a primary victim or a secondary victim of a declared overseas terrorist act; and

 (b) the person and the person’s close family members were not involved in the commission of the terrorist act; and

 (c) the person:

 (i) is an Australian resident on the day the terrorist act occurred; or

 (ii) is covered by a determination under subsection (6).

Note: For declared overseas terrorist act see section 35B.

Meaning of primary victim

 (2) A person is a primary victim of a declared overseas terrorist act if the person:

 (a) was in the place where the terrorist act occurred; and

 (b) was harmed (within the meaning of the Criminal Code) as a direct result of the terrorist act.

Meaning of secondary victim

 (3) A person is a secondary victim of a declared overseas terrorist act if the person is a close family member of a person who:

 (a) was in the place where the terrorist act occurred; and

 (b) died, before the end of 2 years starting on the day the terrorist act occurred, as a direct result of the terrorist act.

Meaning of close family members

 (4) The following are a person’s close family members:

 (a) the person’s partner;

 (b) the person’s child;

 (c) the person’s parent;

 (d) the person’s sibling;

 (e) the person’s legal guardian.

Meaning of involved

 (5) A person was involved in the commission of a declared overseas terrorist act if the person:

 (a) aided, abetted, counselled or procured the terrorist act; or

 (b) induced the terrorist act, whether through threats or promises or otherwise; or

 (c) was in any way (directly or indirectly) knowingly concerned in, or a party to, the terrorist act; or

 (d) conspired with others to effect the terrorist act.

Ministerial determination

 (6) The Minister may, by legislative instrument, determine a specified class of persons for the purposes of subparagraph (1)(c)(ii).

1061PAB  Whether a person can be qualified for more than one AVTOP in relation to the same terrorist act

Only one AVTOP for primary victim as primary victim

 (1) A person cannot be qualified as a primary victim for more than one AVTOP in relation to the same declared overseas terrorist act.

Only one AVTOP for secondary victims for same family member

 (2) A person cannot be qualified as a secondary victim for more than one AVTOP in relation to the same close family member.

When victims can qualify for more than one AVTOP

 (3) A person can be qualified for more than one AVTOP in relation to the same declared overseas terrorist act if the person:

 (a) is a primary victim and a secondary victim of the terrorist act (whether as a secondary victim in relation to one, or more than one, close family member); or

 (b) is a secondary victim of the terrorist act in relation to more than one close family member.

Division 2Payability of Australian Victim of Terrorism Overseas Payment to secondary victims

1061PAC  When AVTOP for secondary victims is not payable

  If:

 (a) a person makes a claim for an AVTOP as a secondary victim in relation to a close family member who has died as a direct result of a declared overseas terrorist act; and

 (b) either:

 (i) before the claim was made, one or more persons were granted an AVTOP as secondary victims in relation to the close family member; or

 (ii) the Secretary had notified the person under subsection 35B(2) of the Administration Act of the person’s entitlement to make a claim, but the person did not make the claim before the day specified in the notice;

then the AVTOP is not payable to the person.

Division 3Amount of Australian Victim of Terrorism Overseas Payment

1061PAD  Amount of AVTOP for a primary victim

 (1) The Secretary must determine the amount of an AVTOP payable to a person who is a primary victim of a declared overseas terrorist act.

 (2) The determination must be made in accordance with subsection (3) and the AVTOP Principles under section 1061PAF.

 (3) The amount must not exceed $75,000.

1061PAE  Amount of AVTOP for a secondary victim

Secretary to determine amount of AVTOP

 (1) The Secretary must determine the amount of an AVTOP (the relevant AVTOP) payable to a person who is a secondary victim in relation to a close family member who has died as a direct result of a declared overseas terrorist act.

 (2) The determination must be made in accordance with subsections (3) to (5) and the AVTOP Principles under section 1061PAF.

 (3) The amount must not exceed $75,000.

Limit on total payments in relation to close family member

 (4) If the person is not the only secondary victim who has made a claim as a secondary victim in relation to the close family member, then, when working out the amount of the relevant AVTOP, the Secretary must ensure that the sum of all the AVTOPs (including the relevant AVTOP) that are paid in relation to the close family member does not exceed $75,000.

Limit on total payments to secondary victim

 (5) If:

 (a) the person is also a secondary victim of the terrorist act in relation to one or more other close family members; and

 (b) an AVTOP has been paid to the person in relation to any of those other family members;

then, when working out the amount of the relevant AVTOP, the Secretary must ensure that the sum of all the AVTOPs (including the relevant AVTOP) that are paid to the person as a secondary victim of the terrorist act does not exceed $75,000.

1061PAF  AVTOP Principles

 (1) The Minister must, by legislative instrument, determine the principles (the AVTOP Principles) to be applied for the purposes of determining the amount of an AVTOP payable to a person in relation to a declared overseas terrorist act.

 (2) Without limiting subsection (1), the AVTOP Principles may provide that the following factors are to be taken into account when determining the amount of the payment:

 (a) for a primary victim:

 (i) the nature of the injury or disease suffered as a direct result of the terrorist act; and

 (ii) the duration of the injury or disease; and

 (iii) the impact of the injury or disease on the person’s bodily and mental functions; and

 (iv) the impact of the injury or disease on the person’s life; and

 (v) the likelihood of the person suffering future loss, injury or disease as a direct result of the terrorist act; and

 (vi) the circumstances in which the injury or disease was incurred; and

 (vii) whether the person was directed by an official of Australia or a foreign country not to go to the place where the terrorist act occurred;

 (b) for a secondary victim in relation to a close family member who has died:

 (i) whether the person was dependant on the close family member; and

 (ii) the nature of the relationship between the person and the close family member; and

 (iii) the circumstances in which the close family member died; and

 (iv) whether the close family member was directed by an official of Australia or a foreign country not to go to the place where the terrorist act occurred; and

 (v) whether there are other persons who have made a claim for an AVTOP as a secondary victim in relation to the close family member; and

 (vi) if there are such other secondary victims and the person and each of the other secondary victims agree on the amount of the AVTOP that each should be paid—that agreement; and

 (vii) if there are such other secondary victims and the person and each of the other secondary victims have not agreed on the amount of the AVTOP that each should be paid—whether the person has also made a claim as a secondary victim of the terrorist act in relation to another close family member;

 (c) for a primary victim or a secondary victim:

 (i) whether there was travel advice on an Australian government website advising against travelling to the foreign country, region or place where the terrorist act occurred; and

 (ii) whether the person has been paid or is likely to be paid an amount by the Commonwealth, a State, a Territory, a foreign country or any other person or entity in relation to the terrorist act.

 (3) The AVTOP Principles may specify circumstances in which the amount of an AVTOP is nil.

Division 4Other

1061PAG  Consultation on the AVTOP Principles

 (1) Before determining the AVTOP Principles under section 1061PAF, the Minister must consult with representatives of the following groups (the consultation groups):

 (a) victims of overseas terrorist acts and their families;

 (b) community or welfare organisations;

 (c) health professionals;

 (d) international humanitarian agencies;